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I i S-jA ruoUcalloii OfflM, eoroM ft Uuliaua "d Ji street D.nol(briaIofrnp'rtonBTniliilrert,oppolw the Genual I"nt Office. PUBLISHED BY W. J. MUKTAQH A CO. OEOKOK at. WESTON, Editor. NATIONAL KEWBLICAN. Saturday, Angu.it 3, 1881. No xtTtrtlMinraU or notion, except to refular & VtrUiers, will be taaerteil without pavmeat In advance WtW The appointment of Hobatt Berrien, Esq., of New York, as Fourth Auditor of the Treasury, has been confirmed by the Senate. Aj? Hon. T. J. D. Fuller, Second Auditor, hai resigned. JQrW. H. Jones, late messenger of the Clerk of the House, has been appointed mes senger of the same gentleman, (Col. Forney,) now Clerk of the Senate,. JsWe are indebted to Taylor- Maury for the July number of the always welcome Blackwood. " Captain 0. V. Fox, chief clerk of the Navy Department, has been appointed Assist ant Secretary of the Navy, under the new law. Thomas A. Scott, Esq., military superintend ent of railroads for Government, has been ap pointed Assistant Secretary of War. JsT" Secretary Cameron being abont to go home to Pennsylvania for a few days, for the benefit of his health, 'the President has ap pointed Assistant Secretary Scott Acting Secre tary of War during his absence. A Fno or Trcce. Yesterday morning, a letter from Oen. Johnston to Gen. McDowell, ent under cover of a fiag.of truce, was sub-, mitted to the President. The contents have not transpired, but are not supposed to have any political significance. CoilaroxicATiON South. Adams' Express Company are permitted to send any letters Sooth, provided the United States letter stamp is put upon them. Their charge for sending letters is twenty-five cents. They send every thing, sealed, just as they receive it, and with out any examination, either of their own, or by any official. This means of intercourse with the rebels ought to be stopped, or some examination should be provided for, which would prevent the traitorous communication of information useful to the rebels. JO" Captain W. G. Sherwin, of the Queen City Flying Artillery the inventor of the breech-loading cannon was, on Thursday last, promoted to the rank of colonel. He goes home to Cincinnati to organize and command a regiment of artillery, consisting of ten bat teries, of six guns each. We learn that at least one of the batteries will be supplied with his own quick-shoot log invention. He has been familiar with artillery from bis earliest boyhood, and is a practical as well as theoreti cal cannonier. Catamt Regiments Accepted. The Sec retary of War accepted yesterday three regi ments of cavalry, viz : Col. Young's Kentucky cavalry ; Col. McReynold's Lincoln cavalry ; and CoL Warreu'a Western cavalry. Col. Young's regiment is to consist of twelve hundred men, and to be ready for service in twenty days. The officers assigned to it are Col. William H. Young, of Kentucky; Lieut. Col. 8. W. Owen, of the President's Mounted Guard of this city, who rendered the Gov ernment valuable service in the late three months' campaign; and Major Ernest M. Bennet, well known as one of the literati of our country. The officers of the other two regiments have not yet been Lamed. Jr An enterprising gentleman at Franklin, Ky., who rejoices in the name of " B. White aides," has a pleasant little scheme of assisting in the transmission of letters to the seceded States. His card, which we have, reads in this wise: "Private letter Mail Direct each letter to your correspondent as usual, envelope that with 16 cents in money, anddirect to ' B. White sides, Franklin, Ky.' " Letters exceeding half an ounce or going over 600 miles must have additional amount enclosed. "For single newspapers enclose 10 cents." As the Confederate letter postage is five cents only, our friend Whitesides pockets ten for his trouble, if he chooses to forward the letters sent to him. If he throws the letters into the fire, he pockets the fifteen, intact. The first operation is a good one. The last is positively brilliant. Tnt Maine Second. The Maine regiment which returned home the other day, was the first, Col. Jackson, and not tho second, Col. Jameison, as erroneously stated by our neigh bors of the Intelligencer. The second regi ment is enlisted for the war. Col. Jameison's regiment, although not ex hibiting more bravery than several others in the battle of July 21, inflicted more damage upon tho enemy. It was Col. Jameison's regi ment which bud tho conflict with a Georgia regiment, in which the latter was reported on the other side to be " annihilated." A Connec- ucuv cuiuuei wdo witnessea it, says mat the fire of the Maine second, on this occasion, was moii ueauiy. ine same regiment routed a regiment of South Carolina, in a style which was pronounced to be most admirable, by nn officer of the United States nrmy who saw it. There is not a more effective body of men in the service. They are now veterans, and if new opportunities for distinction are offered, tney will maintain and increase tho honors which they have already achieved. Importance of Honest Letter Carriers for tub Regiments. Soldiers complain that they omotimes fail to receive letters containing money sent mem by their friends. There is reason to believe that in many cases this is caused by proper care not being taken in the selection l-vmv. of honest carriers to convey and receive the mail matter from and to the Post Office for tho different regiments. We would therefore call the attention of the colonels of each 'regi ment to the importance of selecting as earners or postmasters for their regiments, men in whom they have implicit confidence j other wise, soldiers and officers may be robbed with out any possible means of detection on the part of the Post Office. NUMBER OF THE ENEMY AT THE BAT TLE OF JULY 21. We shall not be suspected of any disposition to defend the military authorities against any censure in respect to tho battle of July 21, to which they are justly amenable, but there is one charge made against them for which we are satisfied there is no foundation whatever. We refer to the charge of leading our troops against such overwhelming odds, as is implied in the statement that the enemy had eighty or ninety thousand men at the battle of July 21. The military anthoritics, of course, would be en tirely inexcusable in ordering a battle without knowing, with tolerable accuracy, what the force of the enemy actually was. We are satis fied that thev did know, and that there was nothing in the numbers of the enemy wbicb, of itself, indicates rashness in the attack which was ordered. It certainly did not exceed fifty thousand, even after the addition of General Johnston's army. If it had been ninety thou sand, the reserves would have been sufficient to have annihilated our army, after it was thrown into disorder and retreat. If the military authorities were deceived at all, it was in the fact of the junction of General Johnston with General Beauregard, and even that is not certain. The reports are, that Gen. Scott was slow to believe that fact, and there were good reasons for his incredulity. But it is much more positively known that General McDowell, and the other general officers in the field had arrived at the conclusion, before the battle commenced, that a portion, at least, of Gen. Johnston's army, had arrived to support Gen. Beauregard. We failed in the battle, but there was nothing in the relative numbers to convict our generals of rashness. If we had succeeded, as we came pretty near doing, that accusation would never have been made. A VIGOROUS WAR. We find, in the published letter of an Ameri can gentleman resident in Paris, tho following very just observations upon the war in this country : " The gain or loss by time for preparation is equal to both sides. The exhaustion of re sources is most rapid on the strongest side, which has the heaviest expenses, and suffers most from interruption of its affairs. As to the saving of life, short wars are least destructive. The great loss of life is not in battle, but in hospitals. It results from exposure, fatigue, bad fare, imprudence, and irregular life. In the excitements of active campaign, soldiers do not sicken in the field in any climate whatever ; but when excitement subsides, aud they go into quarters, death enters with them, and be gins his work. Delay is the policy of the weaker, and not tho stronger side. A pushing and vigorous policy is most certain of success, and least expensive in money and life." These views are those which have controlled the President and the Administration from the first. The immediate future will remove all doubt on that subject. It is apropos to observe, that the wiseacres who have supposed it to be possible to starve out and subdue the rebellion by blockade, must now be satisfied of their error, if such sort,of people can ever be enlightened by experience. There is no more abundant food-producing re gion on this wide globe than the slave States ; no region capable of submitting with less loss to the total exclusion of all foreign trade. If they have been dependent upon others for manu factures, it is only because agriculture has been their most profitable pursuit. Bat they can adapt themselves to the condition of commer cial seclusion, although, of course, not without sacrifices. The suppression of a rebellion does not ad mit of a Fabian line of tactics. Vigor and promptness are the qualities demanded by the matter in hand, as is shown by experience, wherever those qualities have been displayed. CONFEDERATE FINANCIERING. At the Southern Bank Convention, holden at Richmond, on the 24th of July, under the inspiriting influence of the Confederate quasi victory of July 21, it was resolved to take Treasury notes in payment of dues, and to ad vance money for the use of the Government until the Treasury notes could be issued. Res olutions were also adopted, approving of the course of the Confederate Government in vigor ously prosecuting the war. The following res olutions were also adopted : " Resolved unanimously, That it is the duty of the banks, capitalists, and property holders generally, to give the Government all the sup port in money aud other means demanded by the war. " Resolvedunammously, Thalitis thoopinion of this meeting that the capital resources of this country are abundantly adequate to sup ply all the demands created by the war, and that this Convention will cheerfully contribute its aid to render those resources available to tho people and the Government." This is going one step further than the last Southern Bank Convention, holden (if we re collect aright at Atlanta, (Georgia,) and which voted to receive Treasury notes on deposit and pay them out as currency. The Richmond Convention, as will be seen, votes to receive Treasury notes from their debtors. We do not know whether the New Orleans banks, the only ones at tho South which have any real capital, were represented in this Rich mond Convention, or will concur in its action. If they do, their speedy bankruptcy is, of course, inevitable. 1 he action of this Richmond Con vention can result in nothing, but the conver sion of nil the assets of the banks into Trea sury notes, which will be utterly worthless, as soon as the Rubble of the Jeff. Davis govern ment is pricked. But without reference to the ultimate effects of these measures upon the banks, the imme diate effect will be to give such a circulation to . iVVO v-l K c - - - - -nn mr i f 0 the Confederate Treasury notes, as will make them available to a large extent, and thus leave the Confederate Government quite easy for a period in money matters. The issue of circu lating paper is a very available and effective form of taxation, so far as it goes. But it has its limits, and cannot be repeated when certain limits are overstepped, depreciation commen ces, and when the channels of circulation are' once filled, the Confederate financiers must try some other expedient to raise the wind. J-We publish the following telegraph, with the remark that the disrobing of a judge or a priest would be more intelligible than the disrobing of a soldier : " Sandy Hook. August 1, P. it. About three hundred of the disaffected men of Col. Mann's regiment having refused to be sworn In, were to-dav disrobed and sent to Harrisbure under a guard. The scene of disrobementwas one of humiliation to the men, being considered as a light punishment for their disaffection. It is not known whether the remaining men will be attacked to some other regiment or sent home to recruit, or be disbanded. " Citizens of Harper's Ferry report seeing se cessionist pickets at Charlestown in citizen's dress. " Col. Gearish's Pennsylvania regiment was inspected this afternoon." Cairo. Yesterday's Star has the following dispatch : Cairo. August 2. The scouts report that tin rebels at New Madrid are well armed and drilled. They have got five batteries of 10-pounder field pieces, and two regiments of cavalry, uenerai nuow is in commana, ana he promises twenty thousand men to drivo the invaders from Missouri. Jeff. Thomson has five thousand men thirty miles south of Bird's Point. The following, to the Tribune, gives a much more probable account : Cairo, August 1. Scouts just in report Jeff. Thompson, with 600 rebels, encamped thirty miles south of Bird's Point. There are 3,000 between Charleston and New Madrid, and 7,00d at the latter place. We cut tho following from one of our exchanges : " Lieutenant General Scott is said to own property in Virginia, and under the ordinance of that State, which took effect yesterday, it will be confiscated to the public treasury ot the Commonwealth." There is, we believe, no other foundation for this statement, than tho fact that Mrs. Scott, who is a Virginia lady, inherited some planta tion property there. If there is any disposition in the Richmond cabal to confiscate it, which is not probable, it wl'l not be in their power to make the confiscation effective, as their juris diction over the locality will be soon terminated. Egyptian Cotton. It is well known that the cotton crop of Egypt, which forty years ago exported no cotton, is large and increasing. But if the capacity of Egypt to produce further supplies is as j;reat as stated in a recent ad dress of the British Cotton Supply Association to the viceroy, it is far greater than has been supposed. This address affirms that the ca pacity of Lower Egypt is equal to three mil lions of bales, and concludes with the following offers of assistance towards realizing that amount of production : " Your memorialists, as an association, will be prepared to afford to your Highness, or to any associated body of merchants or cultivators in Egypt, whatever information they possess on the subject of cotton cultivation, as also a sup ply of agricultural implements, cotton gins, cotton presses, cattle or other power machinery, with a view to assist in improving the growth ad preparation of cotton for the market; and they will further be glad to furnish, free of cost, models of such improved machines and imple ments as are made in this country, and, if needful, to supply them in any number, at cost price the freight, and all other incidental ex penses, being paid by the parties ordering them. Your memorialists will also be glad to present to your Highness, for distribution, copies of their treatise on cotton cultivation as pursued in the United States, which thev would recom mend should be translated into the language or languages of Egypt, and circulated exten sively; your memorialists being of opinion that the introduction of the New Orleans variety of the cotton plant may be found to be of great advantage to your subjects, the market for this class of cotton being much more extensive, and the demand more constant, than for that of any other variety of the staple. " Your memorialists would again nrge upon the attention of your Highness the great im pprtance of adopting speedy medsures for stim ulating an increased growth of cotton in your Higbness's dominions, believing that the time is at hand when every pound of cotton that can be supplied will be eagerly sought after in the markets of all the cotton-manulacturincr coun tries of Great Britain and the continent of Europe." IsF-Mr. Bing, a German by birth, but a British naturalized subject, who went out to Manassas as a spectator, July 21, was taken prisoner, and carried to Richmond. His re lease was effected by the British consul, and he has returned to this city. The reports brought by him and others, are given in the following from the Washington correspondence of the New York Tribune: " Mr. Bing says that on the whole our pris oners are well treated. But the Zouaves are at Richmond, caged in a factory, with bars through which the people stare at tbem as a curiosity. The accommodations at Richmond arc so very limited and poor, that there is talk of distributing the prisoners among the States. The officers at Manassas appear to ho very much pleased with the bearing of the prisoners, and spoke of them as brave and honorable men. The Hon. Alfred Ely is well treated, and may be released. Col. Corcoran is in Richmond. His wound is n slight one, but he is in delicate health. Among the prisoners at Manassas is Captain Powers, of a Rhode Islund regiment, and a young man named Lawrence from Massa chusetts. An Episcopal chaplain of one of the Maine regiments, named Meirs, we believe, and re lated to Dr. Pyne, of this city, won the rebels' hearts by his coolness and courtesy, and prob bably will be released. His kindness to a little negro boy, whom ho tied on bis horse for safety, won the Southern heart. From another trustworthy source, we learn that Col. Cameron was shot by Col. Wade Hampton, of South Carolina. Hampton, in tho early part of the engagement had lost a nephew at the hands ol the 69lb, and swore revenge. Taking tho 71st to bthe 69th, he took rifles successively from his men, and aimcjoyacers only, and ft is thought one fell at-H'shot He fired twice at Col. Cameron, who' was in full officer's dress, and at the second shot killed him. I be rebel cavalry was instructed to pass by our men, but to shoot the officers. The following information of the battle, the present strength and desigus of the rebels, comes to us from an intelligeut and trustworthy person, who had recent opportunity of seeing and hearing whereof he affirms. Beauregard s force at Bull Bun was 27,000, which was in creased by 8,000 of 'Johnston's the day before, and by 6,000 more during the engagement. This statement is confirmed from an Indepen dent and trustworthy source. Davis did not assist on the' field until late In the afternoon. The whole number of troops in, Virginia does not exceed 70,000. Only some 4,000 or 6,000 of these are at Richmond. Reinforce ments reach there to the extent of several hun dred dally." For tta National Republican. TRAITOROUS ANGEL WOMEN. . It is said three-fourths of the women of Wash ington are secessionists. We shall not under take either to diminish or Increase the fraction, but relate a fact or two during a recent and first visit to the "Old Capitol," where some prisoners, taken at Bull Run, are confined. Whiio looking in at the door, a carriage drove up, and two sisters of slender form, dressed in deep mourning, alighted and entered the prison, evidently not a first visit They went to other apartments than the ante-room, bearers of let ters to and from the prisoners. Those of the latter class, on being read by the orderly, were put into their satchels and brought away. In the meantime another carriage drove up with ladies, from whom went in packages of food, clothing, fans, &c, communications written in the carriage which they did not leave smiles nodded to the prisoners in the second story windows. Some of the prisoners conversed with the ladies in the carriage in tho deaf and dumb Unguage. Other females, visitants, were at the same time inside the prison, and a person brought a note reciting, and accompanied by bed clothing from the South. These womeu, pious souls, most confiding Delilahs and itisanatural and logical inference withal nevervisit the sick poor of the hamlet. Mention the starry blue of the old flag, that has been the olive branch of peace and good-will to the nations, and neaven s great missionary over all oceans, seas, and in lets of the globe, and these amiable traitors wonld curl the lip in derisive, contemptuous scorn. Treason is defined by the Constitution to be "adhering to their enemies, giving tbem aid and comfort." Perhaps this phrase cannot be considered applicable to these times. It must have had relerenco to Aaron Burr, Bene dict Arnold, and such like. But if the Consti tution has any force, then are theso men not simply prisoners of war. Military rules and etiquetto cannot supervene tho Constitution. They are convicted in the very act, and con demned and adjudged by the Constitution, "the supreme law of the land," and the law conse quent thereon demands the infliction of the penalty, death by hanging, withont benefit of clergy. Jt the allegations as to these petticoat traitors are proved in court, then do they fall into the same terrible demands of the Constitu tion and the law. It is said, also, that a Senator is adhering to these enemies held captive, giv ing them aid and comfort. We repeat, no laiuiarr usage van come in uuejuucu ui or override the Constitution. Now, look on this picture. After the battle of Bull Run we desired to so and brine awav our dead and wounded ; this was denied. Four days alter the battle, the stench was insufferable miles around, and some of our wounded were yet alive, but dying from putrefaction. Can mortal pen describe the sufferings of these men for lour long days ? P. THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION. Friday, August 2, 1861. SENATE. On motion of Mr. FESSENDEN, the Senate reconsidered the vote agreeing to the amend ments of the House of Representatives to the bill of the Senate to punish fraud on the part of officers entrusted with making of contracts for the Government. Mr. TEN EYCK presented resolutions of the Legislature of New Jersey expressive of confidence in the Uovernor of that State in the present crisis in our national affairs, approving of the patriotic efforts of the President of the United States to maintain the Union, the Con stitution, and the laws, and of the belief that the most speedy mode of restoring peace is by the most vigorous prosecution of the present war. Laid on tbe table. Mr. GRIMES introduced a bill declaring the unconstitutionality and invalidity of an act making a retrocession of a part of the District of Columbia to the the State of Virginia. Mr. CHANDLER reported back, from the Committee on Commerce, a bill to suspend a part of the operation of an act relative to re venue cutters and steamers. Passed. Mr. HALE reported back, from tbe Com mittee on Naval Affairs, a bill authorizing the construction of twelve small side-wheelstcamers. Passed. Mr. WILSON introduced a bill to authorize an increase of the corps of topographical en gineers. Laid over. A report was received from the committee of conference on tbe disagreeing vote of both Houses on Senate resolution No. 6, to pay tbe widow of Hon. Stephen A. Douglas the amount due hjra for his senatorial duties. The House to recede from its amendments. The report was concurred in. On motion of Mr. SIMMONS, tbe Senate took up House joint resolution relative to the ad journment of both Houses on the 2d instant. He offered the following amendment: Strike out all after the enacting clause, and insert that the Speaker be, and he is hereby author ized to adjourn the House of Representatives on the - instant, at 12 o'clock M., to meet on the first Monday in December next, unless sooner convened by proclamation of the Presi dent, and that the President of the 8enate be, and he hereby is, authorized to adjourn the Senate at such time as may be determined upon by a resolution of that body, to meet at the same time as herein fixed for the meeting of the House of Representatives. The bill was laid over. Mr. SIMMONS moved that after to-day, tho Senate meet at 11 o'clock. Agreed to. Mr. TRUMBULL, from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported back a bill relative to appeals in certain private land claims in the State of California Laid over. Mr. WILSON moved that the Senate pro ceed to the consideration of joint resolution No. 1, to approve aud confirm certain acts of tbo President. Mr. TRUMBULL objected to the present consideration ot the resolution. While he was disposed to givo the Administration nil the power it needed, yet, he said, there was a bill beforo the Senate which coveted all the points embraced in the resolution, and thought there was no need of tho consideration' of the resolu tion until the bill has been passed. Mr. MORRILL did not consider tho resolu tion of much importance, though he betieved all of the acts of tbe President to be valid and constitutional, and consequently they did not need ratihcatlon. At some luture oay, it a discussion on this resolution was indulged In, he would answer the arguments advanced by the Senator from Kentucky, (Mr. Breckinridge,) in which he arraigns the President as an usur per of power. Mr. POLK asked the Senator if he did not vote against the postponement. of the resolu tion on the first oay of its introduction? Mr. MORRILL said he had no distinct recol lection. Very likely he did. Mr. POLK laid a marvellous change had come over some of the Senators. He liked to see consistency In all things. Mr. MORRILL retorted by saying, be would take care, on bis part, of his consistency. He contended that the measures used by the Pres ident were within the constitutional scope of the Federal Executive ; and in using this au thority the Executive had not trampled the Constitution under foot Mr. BRECKINRIDGE said he did not know how Senators could maintain the constitution ality of the acts of the President, when, in his message to tho Senate, he acknowledged that a part of his doings were not strictly legal. He supposed that if Mr. Morrill could finale- gality in the Constitution for the usurpation of power oy me executive, iue agreement wuuiu be glad of it He thought the Senate wonld, in some mannc, endeavor to avoid this bill. The Senate agreed to take up the resolution; yeas 28, nays 11. Mr. DOOL1TTLE moved that the resolution be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. Mr. WILSON said he did not like to resist this motion, but confessed he was somewhat surprised. Day after day this question has been laid aside at the instigation of Senators. It is a plain and simple proposition ; it is as clear as sunlight, and he thought it was as simple as anything could be to the comprehen sion of the Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. Doo little. He urged an immediate consideration. Mr. DOOLITTLE said the resolution has never been referred to any committee. Mr. WILSON. "It has been referred to the Committee on Military Affairs." Mr. DOOLITTLE thought that the Commit tee on the Judiciary was the most proper com mittee to which the resolution could be referred. Tho Senate refused to commit the resolution to the Committee on the Judiaiary by a vote of yens 17, nays 23. Mr. SHERMAN agreed with some portions of the resolution, but he did not think all of tbe acts of the President were in strict observance of the laws of the Constitution, and therefore should vote anainst it Mr. HOWE said be should vote for the reso lution on the assumption that the acts of the President were not legal. His approval and admiration of those measures were not in exact mathematical proportion to the extent that the acts of the President were in violation of exist ing laws. He contended that this war did not coinmeuce wifh the idea of securing indepen dence, bpt with an jdea of subverting tbe in dependence of the whole country. Tbe rebel lion spread beyond seven States, What could the President do, except what he did? He referred somewhat at length to various acts committed by rebellious States, and to the con duct of the former Administration in not sup pressing this rebellion in its bud. Mr. THOMSON approved of all the acta of the r resident, except in authorizing a general to suspend a ffrjt of habeas corpus. On this ground he should vote agaiost fhe resolution. A report of the committee of conference on the disagreeing vote of both Houses upon the tariff bill, in which the Senate is to recede from its disagreements (o the IJouse amendments. The committee further reported a substitute for the amendments, in which tbe ten per cent additional duty is stricken out, and duty is raised on spirituous liquors. The income tax i placed at three per cent U&Ir. TRUMBULL asked to make a privileged motion, and he moved to reconsider the vote by which the natipnal loan hi" was passed. Mr. BRECKINRIDGE rose to make a per sonal explanation. In the course of the debate yesterday between the Senator from Oregon and himself, that Senator asked, " What would have been tb011bt if, in another capitol, in another Republic, in a yet more martial age, a Senator as grave, not more eloquent or digni fied than the Senator from Kentucky, yet with the Roman purple flying over his shoulders, had risen in his place, surrounded by all the illustrations ofjioman glory, and declared that advancing Hannibal was iuat and that Car. thage ought to be dealt vi'b. in terms of peace t" He was under the impression that the audible voice who told that Senator " he would have been burled from the Tarpelan rock," came from a person whom he did not suspect, and in looking over the report of the Globe this morn ing, he discovered his mistake, the audible voice coming from the Senator from Maine, (Mr. Fessenden.) He desirod to say that he had no unkind feelings toward that Senator, aud did not intend to say anything unkind in any way. The Senate refused to reconsider the vote by which the national loan bill was passed yeas 16, nays 24. The report of the committee of conference was again taken up and agreed to, yeas 34, nays 8. House joint resolution, expressing the sym pathy of Congress for the bereaved families and friends of the soldiers who have fallen in the defence of their country, was taken np and Mr. FES9ENDEN reported back, from the Committee on Finance, a bill making an addi tional appropriation for the support of the naval service for the vear 1862. (The bill appropriates $390,000, $30,000 of which is to be appropriated for tbe purchase of a patent ir me manuiacture ot signal lights. Mr. SHERMAN moved that the appropria tion for night signals be stricken out. Lost. Mr. GRIMES moved to make the sum for the purpose named $20,000 instead of $30,000. Agreed to. Mr. RICE moved to amend by inserting an appropriation of $7,000 for the repairs of Fort Abercrombie. Adopted. Mr. WILSON offered an amendment add ing $20,000,000 for the collection and organiza tion of the volunteer forces. Agreed to. Mr. SHERMAN moved to strike out all re lating to night signals. Lost. The bill was passed. Mr. FESSENDEN introduced a resolution requesting the House to return Senate bill No. 43, relative to the punishment of fraud on tho part of officers entrusted in making Govern ment contracts. . On motion of Mr. BRIGHT, Ordered, That 2,000 copies of the tax bill bo printed for the use of the Senate. On motion of Mr. FESSENDEN, the Senate reconsidered the vote by which Senate bill No. 43 was passed. The bill, with tho amendments, were laid on tho table. Mr. SHERMAN reportod back from tho Committee on Finance, House bill No. 99, making appropriations to pay tho expenses of tho investigating committees of the House and Senate, and for other purposes, for this session of Congress, with amendments. The amendments of the committee were adopted, and the bill passed, Mr. FOSTER, from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported back n memorial and tho credentials of F. P. Stanton, of Kansas. Or dered to be printed. Mr. LANE, of Kansas, nsked that certain papers referred to the Department ol War, and the answer of the President to a joint resolu tion adopted a few days since relative to him self, may be printed with the memorial. Ou motion of Mr. WILSON, the Scnat went into executive session. . Adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. lMt. COX offered the following resolution : iiesolved by the Senate and Mouse of Repre sentatives if the United States of America in Congress assembled. That we acknowledge the faithful services and loyal devotion of our sol diers, who have fought and fallen In defendiog our flag, and in vindicating the supremacy and majesty of the Republic, whether successful or compelled by the overwhelming numbers of the enemy to resign a victory already won; their graves are honored, and history invests their names with unfading renown;: and while the National Legislature exprss0 the sympa thy of the nation for their breaved families and friends, we commend to a generous peo ple, and to the army, which is ready to renew the contest with unyielding courage, the 'im perishable honor of their example. Passed. Mr. R. CONKLING offered the following resolution : Resolved, That this House, provided the Senate consent thereto, adjourn to-morrow, at 12 o'clock; and, further, that the House fur ther consent that the Senate may adjourn at such time as they may determine for that pur pose. Mr. KELLOGG, of Illinois, moved to amend, by striking out " Saturday," and insert ing " Monday." Accepted by Mr. Coukling. Mr. HU1CHIN3 moved to lay the resolu tion on the table. Agreed to. Mr. BINGHAM, from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported a substitute for Senate bill to confiscate property used for insurrectionary purposes. Rejected. He also offered an amendment to tho origi nal bill, subjecting alt the property employed in resistance to the laws of the United States, and to capture whenever found ; and that it is tbe duty of the President to cause the same to be seized, confiscated, and condemned. There were several questions asked by Mr. Burnett, which were responded to by Mr. Bingham. Mr. CRITTENDEN said it had been con sidered for a long time that the Federal Gov ernment has no power to legislate on the sub ject of slavery in the States, and the absenco of power to legislate in the time of peace must certainly prevail also in time of war. The constitutional power does not come and go ac cording to the changes of circumstances. Mr. McCLERNAND would inquire of the gentleman whether the ownership of horses found in the service of tho enemy could not bo confiscated. Mr. CRITTENDEN replied, Leave it there; bnt here you are making a positive aud im. perative law affecting slave property. Mr. KELLOGG would suggest to the gentle man that he had offered an amendment in effect " that we are not attacking the institu tion of slavery." Horses, houses, lands, and mules, and the right of one man to the service of another, can be confiscated when their pur pose is rebellion. Mr. CRITTENDEN said, that such a law as that now proposed would be a violation of the principles of the Constitution, and he repeated again if slavery could be abolished in time of war, it could be abolished in time of peace. Why, then, pass such a bill, which would only tend to irritate those the more who are now in resistance to the laws. He was not here to plead for slaveholders, but for his country, with the sincerity of his heart, and, therefore, would appeal to gentlemen to stop and pause beforo passing such a bill. It was not by such mea sures as this that peace could be secured. The vote was then taken to lay the whole bill on the table, with the following result : Yeas 67, nays 71. The House refused to lay on the table. The question then recurred on the adoption of Mr. Bingham's amendment, when it was. lost . Mr. PENDLETON desired to submit a.few remarks on the bill. He thought the votef the House, just taken, showed the tejnper of the House to carry out the principles of the bill. He thought that the whole policy of this bill was wrong. It was necessary for them to determine whether those now in rebellion against tbo United States are publlo enemies, aud to be treated as such, or as citizens who, while subject to all penalties which attach to treason, shall always have the benefits and charities of the Constitution, however criminal they may be. He concluded his remarks by offering an amendment that no seizure of prop erty shall be made except by warrant in the ordinary way, and on proper causes. Mr. DIVEN said he would yield to no man, in his devotion to the Union. He had no de sire to outlive it If It goes down in blood, then let his blood go down with those who fall. He thought the chairman of the Committee on Judiciary placed him in an attitude not very desirable. He would vote against the bill, while he was in favor of all means known to citizen warfare in putting down this rebellion. Mr. STEVENS thought that in times like these the laws of war were to govern them. Those who applied those doctrines here are the advocates ot the rebels. He meant in a legal point of view. He contended that it was a constitutional right, according to the laws of nations, in a time of war to confiscate the rights and property of rebels. Every one agrees that a nation has the right to strip an enemy of every dollar to do every thing to weaken his hands instead of putting him to death. When slaves aro confiscated and made free, God forbid that they should bo returned to their masters. He did not say that the war was made for this purpose. If the whole South should be laid waste, he had no objection. Let it be so, so that the Union was saved. Mr. PENDLETON moved to recommit tho bill, when the yeas and nays were ordered, re sulting as follows: Yeas 71, nays 61. The motiou to recommit was, therefore, agreed to. Mr. STEVENS, from the Committee on Conference, made a report on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the tariff and direct tax bills. He explained that the committee took up the House revenuo bill as tbo founda tion of the conference. They have reduced the duty on coffee from five to four cents per pound, cocoa from five to three, sugar from two and a half to two, chickory from four to two. The report of tho committee was then adop ted, by a voto of 89 in the affirmative, and 39 in tho negative. Mr. BINGHAM, from tho Judiciary Com mittee, reported a bill to punish certain crimes. It proposes that recruiting in any State or Ter ritory for service, the armed hostilities agaiust the United States, be considered n high misde meanor, punishable with fine find imprison ment of from one to five years. Passed. On motion, the Uouso adjourned. General Henningsen, of Nicaragua noto riety, is nt present connected with Governor Wise's legion.