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t N ' K iw 1 iibi i IV 16 I if lll il t M H l V. I . si NATIONAL REPUBLICAN! ,r Fobllibcd Daily, Snndayi Eiwpted, BY W. J- MUKTAGH GO. i i i Uto. M. V.tn. Kdltor. gr The publication offlee of the A'afioruil tfepublicati It at tho northeast oorner of D ami Seventh street, seoond floor, over W. D. Shep herd's Hire. Kntranoo on Bevenih street. :j rvti ) ' . , Saturday, October 19, 1861. jjil' i 49- lltkdf nat, Matter am every page.-C , , TUB RBQOLAU AHHV. The &ar, while censuring ns for saying that f although' pie great bulk of the regular army officers are loyal, some of them hare sympa thlea which hare, Interfered with the vigorous; proe;utlon of this war, proceed!, Itself, to charge the whole of, them (and most unjustly) with Ibe preoiae thing which we alleged against only a few of, them. It says : "The officers of the teenlar service are. none of them, abolitionists. All of them are doing their hMt tn ilefnnil the Constitution and the Union, while not one of them wonld draw a sword to work out the purposes of Cheever, Garrison, Greedy, & Co , whose ends and alms are quite as reprehensible ns those of Jeff. Da vis, Beauregard, Johnson, & Co. quite." This means that the officers In the regular service prefer slavery to the Union, and that, if It becomes necessary to exterminate slavery, In order to preserve the Union, they will sheathe their swords. It means, also, that they entertain the opinion of the Star, that Cheever, Garrlsori, and Greely, who are all law-abiding citizens of tho United States, are no better than men who have forfeited their lives by the greatest crime known to the law, that of trea son. We have had about enough of this threaten ing, that If this thing is done, or that thing not done, the officers of the army will throw up their commissions. The Star has Indulged In ti repeatedly, and to the great annoyance, as we happen to know, of army officers themselves, the great body of whom know what their ap proprlate duties are, and have no disposition to dictate the political action of the Government by menaces of any kind. The Baltimore correspondent of the New York TrSiunt, writing under date of October 14, says: "I can bear testimony to the truth of Mr, Russell's statement, that there are some officer of the regular army who say they, will not Ogbi the battles of the Republic against the rebels il the slaves of rebels are to be confiscated. I was told that this was the case, a few days ago, while in Washington, by an officer high la command, and bo freely condemned any attempt on the part of any officer of the regular army to die tate the policy of the Government. Their duty, be well said, was 10 obey, aad If their scruples hindered them from earnest fighting, they ought to go at once down to Jefldom. This tender ness and respect to the slaves of rebels, I learn, does not extend very widely amongst the regular officers. I am glad to be able to say, however, that many of tbese cases havo come to the knowledge of the Government, and the parties have all been assigned where their incipient treason can do no harm." Financial. In the money article of Thurs day's New York Tribune, we find the following "The banks bave also in contemplation to take the tl00,000,000 of seven per cent, stock authorized by tbe loan act, and a portion 01 Mr. Van's mission Is understood to be to obtain tbe option of taking this amount. If not there is a party of capitalists in the street ready to .take fifty millions at once. They are connected with foreign capitalists, and proposed some months since to Mr. Secretary Chase to place the whole of this loan in Europe. Mr. Chase declined, preferring, if possible, to raise the money at borne. There Is also a disposition among- tbe bask manaeers we think a mis taken one to stop the sale of the 7 80 per cent, notes at par after a given date, and bets have been mada at tbe Union club that these notes will bear five per cent, premium in sixty days.. We think such a course weuld check the enthusiasm prevailing at present In regard to tbe national loan, and might react uofavora bly upon other Government securities." We muBt be permitted to donbt that Mr. Chae refused an offer of money at seven per cent., when be. has been borrowing at seven and three-tenths per cent We must oho dis sint from tbe opinion that a movement of the banks, to put up the 7.30 per cent, notes to a premium, can act unfavorably upon other Gov ernment securities. The truth Is precisely the reverse. So long as 7.30 per cent, notes are ob tainable at par, Government cannot borrow at lees rates, and It Is only by tho running up tho 7,30 notes to a premium, that It will become possible to borrow at ordinary rates. Westibn Virginia. The correspondent at Charleston, on the rtanawha, of the Wheeling lress, saye : " In our letter of this morning, referring to the sentiments of the population here, the Union men were restricted to the number of a , dozen. This was intended to Include those who have ever been loyal among thoao who rank themselves as tbe aristocracy of the town. But further Investigation has elicited the fact among the masses of tbe people Union men are largely In the majority." A gentleman of this city, of great accuracy of statement, and who had a minute acquaint ance In Western Virginia, derived from a 1 .ng practice of the legal profession there, down to within ten years, Informs us that nearly all the old, wealthy, and slaveholdlng families recol lected by him, have gone Into secession. On the Ohio river bottom, from opposite Gal Hpolia; down to the Guyandotte, he says there Ik not one, which has not furnished some member of It to the rebel army. It Is the " mases of the people " everywhere In Western Virginia, and not those who'1 rank themselves as the aristo cracy," who have stood by tbe Government at this crisis. IT" -SJ- - FROM TBE GRAND ARMY , r t w i ; ., ANOTHER FIGHT AT BOLIVAR , IIKleilTS. A gentleman direct from Harper's Ferry an nounces that the rebels again appeared upon Linden and Bolivar Heights yesterday morning and renewed the attack, on the Union forces, under Major Gould, with artillery. Major Gould fired upon them with canister from the columblad captured on Wednesday, and drove them back, bnt not nnttt the vandals bad burned the mill of A. H. Hero, Eq., and took the miller prisoner. They charged htm with giving Information to the Union trocps of the twelve thousand bushels of wheat being brought there to grind! The firing was progressing when our informant left. Women and children were fleeing In great terror to the Maryland shore, In anticipation of the town being burned. Major Gould was throwing shot and shell from the Maryland heights after the rebels, and was confident he could keep them off until re lnforcementa coulaTreaca him. Colonel Geary's wound-received In his affair or Wednesday, is only slight cut In the calf ol tbe leg from the explosion of a shell. OENUUL WADSWOBTII RSC0NX0ITXR3. 'General Wadsworth, on Thursday afternoon, escorted by a company of cavalry and one of Infantry, after receiving tbe report of his scout, proceeded to Wllcoxon's large brick residence, which is about half a mile this side of Fairfax Court-Honse. He found no one in the house but an old colored woman, who had been left to look after the premises, the rest of the fam lly having taken refuge under.tbe protecting wing of Jeff. Davis. General Wadsworth re mained at this house some time, and from his position there paw several regiments of tbe enemy, one of which (cavalry) was drawn up in line, apparently under the Impression that tbe reconnolteriog party was the advance of a large force- Wilcoxon's house, It will be re membered, Is a portion of tho property which was alleged to have been so much damaged by our own troops on the first advance. M0R A110CT THE BXrBMtSB BKTOND FALLS CTItraCH, Late Wednesday afternoon a party of about twenty-live men, rrom toe new i one inirry-niin, went out two miles beyond Falls Church on a scout They encountered a force of thd enemy, and some brisk firing ensued. One of our men, private Allen, of company H, while firing from behind a fence, was wounded and left on the field. A retreat being; ordered, the party fell back to our lined. A larger force waa then sent ont with an ambulance, to recover tbe body oi Allen, In which tney were successful. Oar scouts In the vicinity of Upton's ?o, al most dallv. four miles west of tbe line of Mun son's Hill, and two miles beyond the line of our pickets, uar outposts nave nsen extended to a point a mile beyond Falls Church, on the Lecoburg turnpike. The rebel picket lines have been correspondingly drawn in. Yester day one of the topographical engineers made a reconnoisance of the country Immediately north of Falls Church. He proceeded to the foot of the bill beyond, with two wagons, and was not moiested. Daring the same day, Lieu tenant Colonel Wlnslow, of the New York thirty-fifth, with a scouting party of twenty fire, when four miles northwest of Mttuson's Hill, discovered about a dozen rebel cavalry, lie moved cautiously forward in the hope to capture the whole parly, but one of the rebels, who was in advance, came upon our scouts aud was ordered to surrender. He refused, and turned his horse to run. Lest he should escape and elve information to a larger force of rebel civalry supposed to be In .the vicinity, he was fired upon and both himself and horse killed. Our men then retreated to our lines. The practice of shooting pickets has been dltcour- aged by Gen. Wadsworth, and this Instance was much regretted. VISIT OF OEN. M'CLELUN TO VIENNA, VA. Yesterday, General McClellan, accompanied by Generals Smith, McCall, and Hancock, and a strong escort of regular cavalry, proceeded to Vienna, which Is five miles west ol Lewie-, vllle, and remained there several hours. ' Clir OF INSTRUCTION. Colonel Berdan has been authorized, by the Secretary of War, to establish a camp of In struction in this city, for his new arm in the service, and to collect all the sharpshooters he can daring tbe next ninety days. NEWS FROM TOE FOTOXAC. Thursday night, quite a large number of Gov ernment boats came up tbe river, loaded with Government stores. These vessels were fired upon by the bat teries, without damage, as, owing to the bad skill of the rebels, the shots did not strike either of tbe boats. Tbe steamer Cceur-de-Llon spoke the Pawnco, In Chesapeake bay, on her downward trip. She reports that the Pawnee was not at all disabled by'the shots received by the batteries. COLUBI0N. Tbe steam tug Robert Lesllo ran into the steamer Hugh Jenkins, loaded with horses, just below Mount Vernon. Upon examination It was found that she was struck about ten feet from her bow, and completely disabled. She was Immediately run Into shoal water, when assistance was sent to her, and everything on board taken off. Nobody was hurt Several tugs arrived last night, and report that vessels are constantly passing tho batteries bound up the river, but very few of them escape without being fired upon. The Harriet Lane is lying near Indian Head. Tho Mount Vernon, It Is thought, will leave the navy yard to day. w --.. 1ST "!- i IFUO PRESPTATM. Wfj Yesterday afternoon, fane Interesting.-cere mony of presenting the flags sent from Califor nia, to the second Rhode island regiment, took place at the encampment ot the second and fonrlh Rhode Island, near Fort Slocum. A large number of ladles and gentlemen, from this and neighboring cities, and from Rhode Island wera nrmenL i ' . . . . visitors wcro received in a isrge marque, elegantly fitted np, and decorated.wlth flags, and within which were tables, covered with lnxnries seldom seen upon the tented field, and of which all were Invited to partake. About half-past three, the booming of can non announced that tbe presentation ceremo nies were about to commence. The second regiment, prepared for dress parade, marched to the parade ground, and were formed in line Gov. Spinous, accompanied by a number ol officers and dlstloirulsned gentlemen, then as sumed e, position near the center of the line, aud the regiment passed before him In review. The review being over, the President and his lady, accompanied by the hero, Gen. An- aerson, were aucovcrcu on meir way iu iur cump. They were received with the usual military honors, and then tbe gallant Rhode Hinders marched In review before the Pre-I-d nt. This ceremony being over, tho bcantl ful California standards were brought by the color guard, before the regiment, when Mr. Coleman, the private secretary of Governor Sprague, read tbe letter of the' donors, which accompanied the flags ; it was an eloquent and patriotic letter. The letter being finished, Gov. Sprague made a brief presentation speech, and through the hands of President Lincoln, pre sented the flags to Col. Wbeaton, the successor of the lamented Slocum. Colonel Wheatou very gracefully received them, and made a modest, but quite effective little speech. The flags were passed into the hands of the color-guard, and tho presentation ceremonies were ended. The fourth Rhode Island regiment, com manded by Colonel McCarty, was now tho ob ject of Interest. After pass'ng in review before the President, the two rt giments were drawn up near each other, when the Governor Intro duced Blihop Clark, of Rhode Island, who made an eloquent and stirring speech, which elicited rapturous applause He was followed by Rev. Mr. Wbeaton, ol Brooklyn, New York, who also made a patrlotlo speech, and closed by Invoking the blessjhgs of Heaven upon our cause, and the gallant men who bave bared their bosoms to the storm. As tbe last words of the eloquent preacher died upon his lips, tho noble second made tbe air resonnd with the harmony of their voices, by slngiag the good old doxology. These were strange sounds to bear in such a, place, where all before had been martial mnsto and the clang of arms, but the effect was grand, solemn and sublime, and will nevT-be forgotten by those who were fortunate enough to hear them. These regiments were handsomely nut- formed,-at'd appeared to be quiti proficient in their manual of aruu, and when the next struggle comes, we doubt not they will cover themselves with glory, and maintain the Integ rity and honor of New England. CI " " IMPOETANT FROM TJIE 80UT1I! farther Particulars of the r Reported Naul Efipgcmriii at New Orleans. HOW THE PREBLE WAS SUNK tatMSM dUL New Orleans Illuminated for a Victory. The Petersburg (Va) Express, ot the 16th Instant, received by way of Fortress Monroe, has the following additional particulars in re latlon to thi late naval action at New Orleans: Tho Turtle ran against the Preble without firing a gun, and Immediately sunk hor, by slaving In her sides, she, In the meantime, be ing fired upon by the whole iquadron, but the balls glancing from her Iron form without effecting the least damage. The Turtle then turned on the other two vessels, which, seeing the fate of their com panion, endeavored to gel out of the way, lu which effort they were driven on ihoro, their crews deserting thrm. Commander Holllns, lu his report, says ho thinks be will ba able to o plure and carry them.-both Into New Or leans. The Preble cannot be raised. A large num ber of prisoners, arms, ammunition, to , weie tnkeii during the action. Commander Holllns confirms the account or the defeat of Billy Wilson's Zouaves on Santa ltosa Island. Commander Holllns arrived lu New Orlaans on tho 14th ultimo. Tho city was illuminated on the receipt of tho intelligence. Tho number of men under Commander Hol llns was threo hundred. Tho Federalists num bered one thousand. The same journal has the following com ments on the aflatr: " The Confederate cause has again been vic torious. Captain Holllns, of our little navy, has succeeded lu driving the blockading squad ron of the Yankees, at the mouth of tho Mississippi, ashore, capturing a prize, aud linking tbe crack Bloop bf-war Preble. Such particulars as have reached us will be found In our tclegraphlo dispatches. They are, as yet, quite meagre Just enough to create a desire for moie, and enkindle a most lively feeling of sat isfaction'. ' With a large1 force, we should think the stranded vessels might eatty bo captured. At all events, they will not soon forget the IhoJtMlsh .peppering Capt. Holllns informs us heSHkS administered. We regret that our kncnSfftgo of Capt. George N. Holllns, the hero (rT-ahis fight, Is too limited to enable us to give "($ a Bketch of his life as we know would' stove hlzhlv Interesting at this time, but the Naval Register of 1839 informs us that be is a native of Man land, and was appointed from Maryland, but was, at the time or bis ap pointment, a citizen of Florida. We may add th&l Holllns entered the service of the United Stales navy on tbe 1st of February, 1814, and his oommlutou of captain was dated on the 14 th September, 1665. As soon as tbe present troubles commenced, he reslgaed bis position in the navy, after drawing considerable pay, and was Immediately appointed with a post of equal rank in the L'onledarate Stales navy. It is weil known that Holllns bad much to do with the captuie of the side-wheel steamer Kt. Nicholas, Capt. KIrwan, of tbe Baltimore and Washington line, which was taken a few months since, near the mouth of the Potomao river, by Col. Zirvoona Thomas. IMrtHtTAN COItltKIPONDHNCIC. ,,, Lord Zyont to Mir" SetcarJL WA8HiNaTO!iOutobor'H,UGl;" Hihi Her Majesty's Unvernmont wero muoh concerned to and that two British labjeots, Mr. Patrick and Mr. Rabmlng, had been subjeoted to arbitrary arrest; and although they had learnt from a telographto dispatch from mo that Mr. Patrick bad beon released, they could not but regard tbe matter as ono requiring tbelr very serious consideration. Hor Majesty's Government perceive that when British sublocls ns well ih Amerloun citi zens are arrested tlicv Hro Immediately trans lorred to a military itrl.tnn. Knd ihut thn mill. tary authorities refufo to pay obedlenco toV writ of habeas corvus. Hor Maieatv's Government conceive that this practice la directly opposed to tho maxim of the Constitution of tho Unltod States, " that no person shall be deprived or liro, liberty, or property, without due process of law." Her Majesty's Government aro willing, how over, to make every allowance for the bard necessities of a time or Internal trouble ; and thoy would not have beon surprised If tho or dinary socurltlos or porsonal liberty bad beon temporarily suspended, nor would they bave oomplalned If British subjeots falling under suspicion bad suffered from the consequences or that suspension. But It docs not uppear that Congress baa sanctioned In this rexpect any departure rrom tho due oourso or law; and it Is In theso cir cumstances that the law officers or the Crown bave advised hor Majesty's Government that the arbitrary arrests or British subjects are Illegal. -Bo far as nuneara to her MhIcsIv's Govern ment, the Seoretary or Stale or tho United Buues exercises, upon 'no reports or spies ana imurraers, wo power oi uepriving uritisn bud JecU or tholr liberty, of rotnlnlng thein In prison, or iiDoraung mem, Dy tils own will ana ploasuro. Her Majesty's Government cannot but regurd this dospotlo and arbitrary power as Incon sistent with the Constitution or tbo United Statos, us at variance with tbo treaties ornmi'y subsisting between tbo two nations, and ax tending to prevont the resort or British subjects to tbe Unltod States for purposes of trade and Industry. tier Majesty's Govornmcnt bavo there foro felt bound to Instruct me to remonstrato against such Irregular proceedings, and to say that In their opinion, the authority of Congress Is necessary lu ordor to JUBttry the arbitrary arrest and Imprisonment of Bi Itish subjects. I have the honor to bo, sir, with the highest consideration, your most obedient humblo servant, Lyons. The Bon. Williau II. Seward, Ac. UOHP1TAL 0 KR TUE IlIVEn. Since the army bas advanced on the other side or the river, tne targe House or Mr. van derwerken. which for a long time bad been on tbe extreme lines of our plcketa, has been con verted Into a Hospital, anu now contains some sixty pallents. This hospital Is under the charge of Brigade Surgeou Waters, of this city, aud l)r. Webb, oi tne tniriy imra regiment renn sylvanla volunteers, as resident physician. SICKNESS IX LKE'H ARMY. A letter, dated tbe latter part of September, Irnm a rebel soldier In Lee's army, says sick ness prevailed to an alarming extent. Out ot one regiment of nine hundred, but ninety-seven reported for duty. Thft Impression prevailed that Lee waB ordered to join Beauregard, but waa unauie io move Decause ol slcKness. nEAUREHARD'fl AHMV. We learn Irom a lady residing near our out- posia ou me oiuer wiio oi tne river, around who'e house the enemv flocked In numbera not Awoihted. William n. Colledge, of the long since, tint three-foui tin of those she has District of Columbia, bas been appointed to a lately seeu are very ragged and shockingly second-Cass clerkship in the office of the Au- aeZ ,wha,,::,"rs.0rAuC,i1nte, dltorof the Treasury for tbe Post Office D-. ' contraband belonging nt Kail fai Court Houe partment. brings similar information hither. Coumekce. The Imports and exports at ' ffew. Yprk, exclusive of specie, for the monib of September, were as follows : .Extfqrt',.,,: $10,172,090 Imports... .;... 0,074,449 The New Orleans Affair We give in an other column some additional particulars of the loss of the Preble at New Orleaai. The famous Iron steamer, of which so much has boastlngly been said by the rebels, mode ber first essay in warlike operations, and, as tbe story goes, waa entirely successful. It peems that the whole squadron fired into ber, without producing .any euect, masmnco- as tbe balls glanced from ber iron-cased sides. We think the whole story Improbable, first, because It comes exclusively through Southern channels!' which, in warlike matters, are not entitled to credit. Gross exaggeration has been their game from the commencement ;Jt is in this way, they keep up the courage ol tbe Southern people ; and second, because experiments have been made, to test the strength of Iron-clad vessels, and in no case, have the results been like that recorded In the New Orleans affair. We shall wait with some anxiety, for a true statement of the case, which can only be bad by the arrival of some of onr national vessels from the Gulf squadron, or direct news therefrom. Maps. Topographical colored maps of all the border Stales, prepared in Collon's best style, are now for sale at 240 Broadway, New York, or In this city, by Mr. Dlsturnell. They are the most accurate maps, among all those lately published, showing railroads, water courses, counties, towns, districts, tc, and Bell for the very moderate- price of twenty-five cents. r-On ThurBday.at Pittsburgh, Governor Lurtln presented flags to tho regiments com posing General Negley's brigade of 3,000 men Tbe brigade left that night for the Wost in five Bteamboals. Sr- Governor Seward's circular of October 14, In respect to lortlfylng the coast, produced a panic In tho Btock-markota of New York and Philadelphia. In Boston, It produced no un favorable effect, and was approved of. p3f The degree of L. L. D. has been con ferred upon tbe Rev. R. M'Murdy, D. D., of Frankfort, Kentucky, by tho Northwestern University. ,arThe Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun expresses great gratification at the oppolntment of Mr. Kelly as ReglBter ol Wills. 50 Bland Ballard has been appointed Unl ted States District Judge for Kentucky, In place of Judge Monroe, who has joined the rebels. Utah. Tbo last comnanv of tbo ceneral immigration had arrived, making upwaids of lour wouBoau lor tne seusou. The harvest. just gathered In, Is said to bave been the best ever Known m Utah. The rfewYork Irteh American states Dosi lively that Gen. Shields bus uot ilei'Jinetl the couimission.oi n Aingauier uenerai. llOIlMNU TIIK. UOVKUNMKST. Hoiists. Tto Chicago 7Vioune, of the 15lh, says : ' "One of the latest oulrages.perpelrated on tbe West, Is tho shipment, to this point, of bro ken down hopes, bought up fay the ariny'Ia I'ennsylvanln. The first instalment of these wretched hicks, some 260 In number, arrived Irom Pittsburgh on Sunday last, designed for Colonel urncKi'U a cavalry, iney were oi an colors and sizes, aud afflicted with almost ev ery disease In tbe catalogue of hone distem pers. We understand that many of tbe sol diers are ready to mutiny before they will mount such pcareciowa; and, if thero Is any good cause for mutiny In the army, we cou oetva.tbls to be one, under the circumstances. krifv.l. IlrapkMtL under order from the Onar- UsHater General, had gone on ond purchased several hundred horses ot the very finest qual ity for the service, when he received a telo ffranblo dispatch that horses would be sent on trcm Pittsburgh for hla regiment. Who sent them nobody knows. -These Pennsylvania horses, we aru told, cost the Government $135 apiece, while far better ones are furnished here for $110. Besides, the cost of transportation of a regiment of horses from Pittsburgh to Chicago cannot be much less than five thous and dollars." If the facta are as stated above, soma In spector of horses has been bribed. Tho Gov ernment has already dealt summarily with some cases of (hat klud, and doubtless will in this, when the guilty party Is discovered. A Venerable Hlro and Patriot of Ken tucky. The Tribune's Frankfort, Ky., corres pondent, In giving a view of war matters In Kentucky, thus speaks of Ibe venerable patriot, Hon. W. P. Thomasson, who, although his hair Is whitened with age, has shouldered his mus ket, and united with the Louisville Legion, being a member of a company commanded by his own son. What a glorious spectacle. The Hon. W. P. Thomasson. formerly a mom- -ber of Congress from the Louisville district, later a citizen ot unlcago, aud an Independent volunteer attaencu to company u or mo seventy first New York regiment at Bull Run, bas ar rived In camp and attached himself to a com pany commanded by his son in tho Lonls vlllo Legion. Mr. Thomasson was an ardent Emancipationist before be emigrated from Ken tucky, and was defeated for the Constitutional Convention, lu 1819, upon the Emancipation ticket. He Is now an old man, gray-headed, and somewhat stooped by age ; but bis burn ing black 'eye has lost none of Its former fire, and bis heart none of Its fervid philanthropy. This romantic woodland camp affords no Bight so interesting as mo naie, reBoiute oia man, in bis plain citizen's dress, silting; In some retired nook with his home-made Kentucky rifle in his grasp, wrapped in his meditations. Whiio we may not, with rash Impatience outstripping the plans of God, hope that ho will be spared to witness the triumph of his cherished principles throughout the world, vet let us exult In the glorious hope that his purified spirit and ours, bending from the battlements of Heaven, will heboid a new earth, wherein dwelleth the righteousness of universal frcolom. The Forreht Divorce Case. The long con tested case of Catherine N. Forrest vs. Edwin Forrest Is again before the New York courts on an appeal, ine reieree, 10 wuom mo mut ter was referred, awarded Mrs. Forrest alimony at the rate of $4,000 per annum. His report wai confirmed at the special term, from which the appeal Is carried to the Superior Court. The Conrt beard argument ou both sides, and rexerved Its opinion. pff" Hum. J. M. Ashley, of Ohio, arrived In this city yesterday. Mr. Setcard to ford Ai"s. DlTARTHENTOr BTATB, Washington, October 14, 1601 Mr Loan: I have the honor to acknowledge your Lordship's note or tbe present date. In that paper roll Inform mo that tho Brltlih Government Is much concernod to find that two British subjects. Mr. Patrick and Mr. llahmlnz. havo boen Drought undor arbitrary arrest, and that although hor Majesty's Ministers luivo been advised by you or tho releaso or Mr. Patrick, yot thoy cannot bat regard tbe matter ns re- Sulrtng the very serious consideration of this overumont. You further Inform me that her Majesty's Government percolvo that when British sub jeots, as well as American citizens, are arrested, they are transferred to a military prison, and that the military authorities refuse to pay obo- uiuuuu iu a wru ui iiuueas corpus. zou nuu,iuai nor uajesiysuovernment cou celve that this pructlce Is directly opposed to tho maxim of tho Constitution of tho United States, that no porson shall be deprived of lite, liberty, or property, without due process of law. You then otservo that her Majesty's Govern ment are. nevertheless, wllllnir to make overr allowance for tbe bard necessities of a tlmo of uternal trouble, and tuov would cot havo been surprised If the ordinary aeo initios or nernonul noeny una ueen temporarily suspended, nor would they h-ive complained If British subjects, railing under suspicion, had suffered from-the-consonuencos of that suspension. But that it dooB not appoar that (jongrei,a has sanctioned, In this respect, any departure-rrom tbe due course of law, and It la In these circumstances that tbe law officers of tbe Crown have advised her Majesty's Government that the arrests ol British subjects are Illegal. YouremarK runner, that so far as appears in iter amjcsiy-a uuvenuneni, me aeureiary oi State for the United States examines, upon tbe reports of spies, and assumes the power of tie lirlvlnKBilllsb subjects or their liberty or lib erating them by bis own will und pleasure; and you Inform me that hor Majesty's Government cannot but retard this deanotio and arbitrary power as Inconsistent with tho Constitution of the United atalcs.as atvnrlance with tbe troatles of amity subsisting between the two nations, as tending to prevent tbo resort of British subjects to tho Unltod States for purposes of trado und Industry. You oonclude with Informing ma that upon these grounds ber Majesty's Govern ment nave ion uounu to instruct you to remon strate against such Irregular proceedings, and to say that, in their opinion, tho authority ot Congress la necessary In order to Justify the arbitrary arrest and Imprisonment of British subjects. The facts In recant to tbe two persons named In your note aro as follow : Communications rrom tho regular polico nl tho country to the Exeoutho at Washington showed that disloyal persons in tbe State of Manama were conducting treasonable corres pondence with confederates. British subleets and American citizens, In Europe, aimed ut tne overtnrow or ine i-eaerai union by armed forces aotually In the field and besieging the Capital of the Unltod States. A portion of this correspondence which was Intercepted was addressed to tbe firm of Smith & Patrick, Brokors, long established and doing business In the city of New York. It uppeaied that this firm had it branch at Mobile, that the partner. Smith, Is a disloyal citlen of tho United Btates, und that bo was in Europe when the treasonable papers were sent Irom Mobile, addressed through the bouse or Smith X Pat rick, In New York. On receiving this lnlorniu tlon, William Patrick was urreated and com mitted Into military custody at Fort Lafajette, by an order or the Secretary or War of tho United States, addressed to the polico of the city or Now York. These proceedings took place on the 2bth of August lost. Representations were thereupon mado to the Seoretary of State by friends of Mr. Patrick to tbe effect that notwithstanding IiIb associations ho was personally loyal to this Government, and that ho was Ignorant of tbo treasonable nature of tbo correspondonco whloh was be lug carried on through the mercantile houso ol' which ho was a membor. Directions wero thereupon ctvon by tbe Secretary of Kbiln to u proper agent to luqulro Into the correctness of tue lactsiutis presented, and this Inquiry re sulted in tho establishment of their truth. Mr. William Patrick was thereupon promptly re leased from custody by direotlon of the Secre tary of State. This releaso occurred on the thirteenth day or September last. On the second day of Soptombor the Super intendent of Polico In the city of Now York Informed tbo Secretary of Stato, by telogiuph, that ho bad undor arrest J, O. ftahmlng, who bad Just arrived from Nassau, whore ho bad attempted to Induce tbe owners of tho sohoonor Arctic to take cannon to Wilmington, tn North Carolina , Tor the use of tho rebels, and Inquired what should ho do with the prlsonor. J. C. Bahmlng was thereupon oommlttedlr.to milita ry oustody at Port Lafayette, undor a mandate from the Seorotary of Stato. This commitment was mado on the second day of September. On the seventeenth day or that month this prison or nfter due innuirr. was released from ousto. dy, on his executing a bond In the penalty ol two thousand flvo hundred dollars, with u con dition that he should tlioroaflor bear true allo wance to the Unltod States, ami do no act hostile or Injurious to thorn, whllo remaining unaor uiuiriiroiuuuou. I have to regret that, nftor so long an official Intercourse between the Governments of the United States aud GreatBiitaln.it should bo necessary now 10 inrorra her Mujosty's Min isters that all Exootitivo nrncnertinpfi. wlmtlmr or the Secretary of War or of the Seorotary of Dinm aiu, uuiess uisavuweu ur revoiceu Dy tne Prosldent, proceedings ur the Presldout of the Unl led Stales. Certainly it Is not nocessary to announco to the British Governmont now that au liiKitrreo- tlon, attended by civil and even social war, was existing in inn unuou mates wnen tne pro feedings which I have thus related took place But It does seem necessary to btate, for the Information of that Government, that Congress Is by the Constitution Invested with no execu tive power or respoi slblhty whatever, and, on tho contrary, that the) Prisldont of tho United States layby the Constitution and laws, Invest ed with the whole exooutlvo power of tbo Gov ernment, andoharged with the supreme direc tion of all municipal or ministerial civil agent', as well as of the whole land and naval forcei of tho Union, Knd that, Invested with tbtno ample powers, be li charged by the Constitu tion and laws with tho absolu'o duty of sup pressing Insurrection as well as of preventing and repelling Invasion t and that for these pur pesos he constitutionally oxorclses the right of suspending the writ or natieascorpm, whenever and wheresoever, and in whatsoever extent tho puouo satety, endangered by treason or Inva- . vasion in arms, in uisiuugmem requires. Tko prooeodlngB or wblch the British Goy. ernmont complain were talc on upon Informa tion conveyed to the President by logal police authorities or the country, and they wero not Instituted until after ho-had suspended the f;reat writ or Freedom In Just the oxtent that n view or the perils of tho State he deemed necessary. For the exorcise or that dlsoretlon he, as well as bis advisers, among whom are the Seoretary or War and the Seoretary ol Judicial tribunal or the Republio, and amena ble, also, to the judgment or his countrymon anu ine eniigntenoo opinion or tne civilized world. A oandld admission, contained In your letter, relieves me or any necessity for snowing that tho two persons named thoroln wore nelthor known nor supposed to bo British subjeots when tbo proceedings nccurrod, aud that, In evory enso, subjects of ber Majesty, residing 1U UiO uuuuu pinvvB. nnu uuuci high iiruieu- tlnn, are treated, during the present troubles, in tuo same mannor, nnu wun no grenior or loss rigor than American clllrers. Tho military prison which was usod for the temporary detention of tho' suspectod parties Is a fort constructed and garrisoned for the publlo defence. The military ofllccr charged with their oustody has declined to pay obedl enco to tho writ of habeas corpus, but tbo re fusal was made In obedience tn an express direction ot the President, In the exercise of his functions as Oommandor-ln-Chlef of all tho land and naval forces of the Unltod States. Although It Is not very Important, It cortalnly Is not ontlrely Irrelevant to add, that, so far as I am Informed, no writ of habeas corpus was attempted to be served, or was even sued out or applied for In befaaU or elthor or tho persona named j although In a case not dissimilar tbe Writ of habeas corpus was Issued out In favor of another British Subject, and was disobeyed by direction of the Prosldent. ' Tbo British Government bave candidly con ceded, In tbo remonstrance before me, that even in this country, bo remarkable for so long an enjoyment by its peoplo of tbe highest Immu nities or porsonal froedom, war, and especially civil war, cannot be conducted exclusively In tho forms and with tbe dilatory remedies pro vided by munlo'pal laws which are adequate to tbo preservation of publlo order In a time of peace, treason always operates, n po.'siuie. by s iy surprlso, and prudenco and humanity tbero-i f, lore equally require inni violence concocted tu sacrot shall be prevented, tr practicable, by un usual and vigorous precaution. I am fully awaro of the lr conveniences which result from tho practlco of such precaution, embarrassing communities In social life, and affecting perhaps trado and Intercourse with rorolgn nations. But tbo American peoplo, after having tried in evorv way to avert civil war, bave accepted It at List as a stern necessity. Tbe clilet Inter est, whlto It lasts, Is not the enjoyments of society, or tho profits of trade, but the saying of tbo national lire. That llfo saved, all the other blessings which attend It will spoedlly return, with greater assurance of continuance than ever borore. The safety of the whole peoplo has become, in the present emcrgoncy, the supremo law, and so long as tho danger shall exist, all classes of society equally, the donlzenandtbe citizen, cheerfully acqulesco tn 'tho measures which that law prescribes. This Government does not question the learn ing ot I he legal udviserx of tho British Crown, or tbojustlco of tbe deference which ber Ma jesty pays to them. Nevertheless, the .British Government will hardly expeot that the Presi dent will accept tbelr explanations of tbe Con stitution of the United States, especially when tho Constitution, thus expounded, would leavo upon him tbo solo executive responsibility of suppressing the existing Insurrection, while It would transfer to Congress the most material and Indlspensablo power to be employed for that purpose Moroovnr, these explanations find no real support In the letter, much less In tho spirit, of tho Constitution Itself. He must be allowed, therefore, to prefer and he govern ed by tho view of our organlo national law, which, while It will enable him tf execute his great trust 1th complete suocess, receives the sanction of the highest authorities or our own country, and Is sustained by the general con sent ot tho people, for whom alone that ConBti tlon was established. I avail myself or this opportunity to offer to your lordship n renewed assurance of my vei y liign consideration. William IT. Sgwakp. The Right Hon. Lord Lyons, &u. Ainarlruns In I'atrls The Wife nf L.UM unant General Scoti. Correspondence of the London btar. "aris, Septtmber 28, 1BC1. Among tho Northeruers now In Paris Is the wife or Lieutenant Genet il Scott. Shi) had a very narrow escape ot being among the pan sengersln the Great Eastern when that steamer mot with Its latest and most serious acciden. Her passago was actually taken, and the was on tbe eve of setting out, when au American gentieman, whom General Scott had requested to como ali tbe way fiom New York to be lift escort over tho Atlantic, arrived at Paris, asil having some matters to arrange here, wliuh would cause a delay of two or threo days, elis was obliged to defer her voyage for a few days, and has not since been able to leavo PitrK Mrs. Scott Is in a very delicate statu ol bealt'i and quite a martyr to nervousness. Sho la not able to read the newspapers till some friend looks over them, assures her that there are no evil tidings from the North, and that nothing bas happened to any member of her family, ol wblch her husband Is not the only one who hi s taken up arms lu defenco of tho Federation Mrs. Ritchie. Closo to tho house In which Mrs. Scott is staying lives another American lady of sorao celebrity in her country MrR. Ritchie, who Is better known as Mrs. Anna Cora Mowatt. This lady, who Is of Northern birth and education, retired Irom the stage ou her second marriage with a wealthy Southern planter. She Is still remarkably pretty as well as peculiarly fascinating In her manners, and although past middle age, dots not look a day older than she did fourteen years ago ; nor is the slightest ttkon of advancing years to bn seen In her hair, which still preserves the beautifully burnished look, and would be re markably luxurious even for a young girl. There are also some near relations of General Johnston amoug the American's here, who, how ever, are not less anti-slavery thau any of tho Beecher family. 3- PKOailKHS OF SLAVERY IN THE UNIlkD STAThS BY OKOHGE M. WESTON. Copies of this work are for sale at the publication office of the Nativnal Kejwllkan, corner of Setuitli and D streets. Bound edition, $1 per copy, rami hlet edition, "a j cents per oopy. spr 0 tf ttir Army Uliaiilulna. The Cliuptulns of the? army, in Washington and iti vicinity, are requtsted V to meet in Trlnltj Church, Washington City, oj Saturday next, October 19, at 11 o'alcok A M-, for J the purpose of conjlderlag toms niatliod of seourlngu a more systeinstio distribution of pools and tracUlnS, their respective regiments, and alsq for general con femice in refereno to the prcmotlonof religion and morality la the army. Clergymen, resident, or. liltl( others who are Interested ! fully Int Ited to attend., cct 17 Sll"