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The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, April 01, 1862, Image 2

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PakUiM Dtllr, IhbUji UffH
i i i
sar The pabliotlicra oBot of ths JvaliOMi
ipuNdwn 1 t the northeast oorner of D and
Seventh stmt, teona oor, over W. D. Bhtp
ssrd'e stors. aatranoe on Seventh strtst.
Tiesdar, April 1, 1MI.
tsr- Beadlasj latUr amy stage.-?
We bare been Induced to offer our daily pa-1
per to soldiers, who shall form clubs, at the
following low rates :
1 copy, months $1.60
6 copies, 4 months. : COO
10 copies, 1 months 10 00
All oyer ten copies, at the rate of one dollar
per copy for four months.
pf The names must always be accompanied
with tne money.
snV Write the names distinctly, and give
the company and the number of the regiment.
pW The papers will be mailed to one name,
or the names will, be written separately, It de
Oitsidi A variety of news, In addition to
miscellaneous matter.
The published debate la the rebel Senate,
March 12, upon the proposition to prohibit the
planting of cotton this year, brought out the
reluctant admission that " cotton" Is no longer
" king," In the sense la which the secession
politicians hovo claimed royal prerogatives for
that useful plant It Is discovered, at last, that
it may be produced In maay quarters, and that
the South has only held the markets of tho
world by producing it abundantly and cheaply.
These gentlemen hare discovered another
thing, upon which we have been Insisting for
a year past, that Great Britain desires nothing
to cordially as the entire ruin of the cotton
cultivation In America, and that she never had
the slightest desire to raise the Southern block
ade for the sake of getting cation. That was
a pretext merely. The real cause of the with
of the British politicians for the success of the
Southern rebellion was anil Is their Jealousy
of our great and increasing power as a united
nation. That has been the difficulty, and not
cotton at all. Her policy for twenty years has
been to stimulate the production in India ol
all she wants. Independence of the American
cotton planters is one of her fixed maxims, and
she la the last Power In the world likely to
come to their relief. They see It now, and
would have seen It beforo but for the judicial
madness which has led to their present ruin.
We make the following extracts from the de
bate In the rebel Senate :
Mr. WIgfall, of Texas, said be was not sure
that It waa good policy for us to neglect rais
ing cotton. Unless we continue to raise the
staple In abundance, England would foster Its
cultivation, and after the war It would be dlffl
cult for us to monopolize the markets of the
world. If we raised no cotton In 1862, it
would keop the price up so high that it would
fiay the other nations of the world to Invest
argely. This Is tho policy most desired by
English statesmen, and It is that which has pre
vented JUie raising the blockade.
Mr. avarnwell, of South Carolina, was not
prepared to abandon the cultivation of cotton
under any circumstanced, though he admitted a
great deal of labor should be bestowed upon
the production of supplies, especially at this
juncture. On the cultivation of cotton and
increase of supplies for market depends not
only our sources of wealth, but our Importance
and consequence and weight with foreign na
tlooi. All our Interests appeal to us never to
give It up. We must raise it, hold it, and fight
tor it. We must let the world know that we
have It, and that we wilt sell it cheap, and that
we will fight to keep ft from our enemy and
to protect it. We should not only protect our
selves against our enemy, we should not give
our sole strength to the production of articles
of subsistence, but we must keep up the culti
vation of that which gives us position In tho
world as nations, and bv which wo will control
the world. We must have a monopoly of all the
markets. We begin lo Hod out that we have
not a monopoly, that cotton can be produced
elsewhere. Plentiful crops, low prices, and
superiority of the article will alone achieve our
ends. These, at the end ot the war, will give
na our former preponderance.
Mr. Hunter, of Virginia, said that the
policy which diminishes the supply of cot
ton will hold out no Inducement for Eng
land to break up the blockade, lly keep
ing cotton scarce and high, its production
Is stimulated la other countries. India for In
stance. If we are denied admission to the mar
kets for several years and the price is kept up
to 25 or to 30 cents, see what powerful Incen
tives are given to its production uUewherc
To bring about thU state of things, and to be
come the main producer is the aecret of all
British legislation. This stimulates the planters
In their tropical colonies to raise cottoo under
any disadvantage otherwise their Interests as
manufacturers would have compelled them to
raise the blockade. Cotton Is a source of
power and Influence only so long as wa can
raise and keep It in vast quantities at low
air. Scmmes, of Louisiana, hal long since
abandoned the Idea that cotton is klog, lie bad
arrived at the conclusion that this was a mis
take. We have tested the powers of King Cot
ton, and have found him to be wanting. lVs
must now abandon all dependence on foreign
intervention. England never will interfere,
because It Is not to her Interest Kather than
make war with the United stales, she would
convert her Government Into nn eleemosynary
for the maintenance of her hordes of starring
operatives. She would do this because it would
be cheaper, and because the darling projects of
her statesmen could be fostered, and cotton be
produced In her colonies.
Mr. WIgfall acknowledged that cotton was
not king, but merely the badge of royalty to
to him who possessed It This was the reason
England abstained from raising air blockade
She wished to see us destroyed as cotton pro
ducers, so that she could become raiser as well
u spinner, and thus command the world.
pm United States sixes now sell at about
95, having risen from 88 within a few weeks.
They would be at par to-day, but for the Issue
of notes bearing an interest of seven and three
tenths per cent. Until those notes boar a pre
mium, the sixes must remain below par. We pre
tested earnestly, but in rata, Against the grant
of authority by Congress lo lbs Treasury to
oner more than six per cent, for sooner. We
foresaw then all the consequences of enlerinj
aipot tfj.it unfortunate policy.
BLitxwook for March has already made lis
weVosaMppearanoii upon our taole. Among
its IsajK articles wo find a very Interesting
one deroted to Lord Castltrcagb; another upon
the Characteristics of Language; and besides
these several poems and songs by David Win-
gate, any one of which la worth the price of
e number. It may be bad of Hudson Taylor,
aMPenntylvanla avenue.
tub nnvKKKD MPOUROBD rnon
..try f ntwiiuni. v- r
We hire read with surprise tone editorial
artlces la the New Yoik papers, la relation to
the condition if our wounded soldiers Just ar
tltod ltNw York from tho city of Newborn.
Toe ftrnet heads on of these nrtlclcs"AChaOcr
for the Charitable," and appeals to the "benevo
lenoe" of New Yorkers to come forth and fire
oar soldiers attention and help. Now, we res-
pectful.y .ubmlt that there ha. bn enough c.
thla begging and appealing to the "charlU-1
hie" In behalf of our alck and wounded, (;
persona who pnt contributions received fur
that purpoee into their own pockets. No gov
eminent ever made auch comfortable provl
lou for lla tick and wounded soldiers a ours;
and the editor of the Timts, Mr. Henry J.
Raymond, now absent from his editorial chair
at Albany, knows this from personal obscrra
lion, and hu taken occasion, more than once,
to administer severe rebukes to "a commission"
that now evidently seizes upon the fact of the
arrival of Ibese wounded from Newborn to re.
Iterate Its chsrgea of "want of system," and
-inattention" to our men on the part of the
Government, and to recommend that lis own
organization be foisted on the support of the
War Department, and employed to do its work.
We havo hinted beforo at this espensive desire
on 'he part ol this commission. Us secretary
and prlmo agent la now in New York. The
7ttnes has his plan, and proposes that an ex
pensive egency be established at different
points. Here Is the scheme In Its own words:
41 An extraordinary commission should bo at
once appointed at all place. where such
services aro needed. As for the means to
support such a commission, If thay aro not al
ready provided for by law, or are not within
the power of the War Department, which tee
cannof bclievs," Ac itc.
The Tunes indulges In the old flings at ' the
present army organlzition," to be found ucf
fiotfum In the pamphlets of this "commission,"
and which the facts and the experiences of this
war have persistently disproved, and proceeds
to hold "the Department" responsible for the
trrival from Newbern of eighty wounded men
"on a cold, blustering March night," without
food, clothing, Burgeons, or anybody to take
care of them, and says it Is not right Cor
talnly It is not right. And we may ask why
were these few wounded men sent whilo their
wounds were bleeding, to New York at all,
but especially at this time, "on a cold, bluster.
tog March night," from one of the loveliest
little cities in North Carolina, which the com
manding general of the division to which they
bslonged had Just taken possession, with its
" nice hospital," which the Times speaks or,
and Us comfortable and commodious dwellings
deserted by the rebels I These wounded men
were not ordered to New York by the War De
partment or tho Medical Department, nor did
they know anything whatever of their arrival
at New York until It was announced in the
There seems to have beeu uo reason at all
for sending them to Now York " In cold, blus
tering" weather, with their wounds open, and
certainly there waa little humanity in (ending
them "without food, bandage, changes ol
linen," Ac, Ac. No general would go into an
action without maklog atiple provision far bis
wounded Government ollowt him carls
blmche for this. Tho number of our wounded
at Newbern was not vast, and the supplies at
band in the city, besides the general's own
resources, would provide amply for a far
greater number. Theta men were sent to New
York by ordor of Brigadier General Foster.
The reason does not appear. It Is too earlyyet
to removewounded men north, and there teems
to hare been no need of It la this case. Tbe
Medical Department arc making ample ar
rangeinenta for the transmission of the sick and
wounded to northern climates, and will be
ready for Ihelr reception when the proper
lime for their reception toineB A Medical
Board from the Department Is now In New
York, making preparations to this iffdct
They may hare lc and snow in New York yet,
and it would be well for brigadier generals
who ttko poesea on of comfortaVe rebel
quarters, to locate their sick with their own
surgeons for the present.
The following from the New York Tribute,
proves how little the YJ'nej knew of the fails
of the subject of whLh It treals so implor
ingly ;
Woimied Souuziu A rotiuporary having
aaserted there baa been no proper and sufficient
provision made for the care and comfort of
wounded and sick soldiers passing through this
city, we have takn pains to Inquire into the
matter, and learn the following facts. Tie
State iA Hew York has mad a Bpeclal arrange
ment with the trusted of the New York hoB
piUi for tho care ot alt sicfc: and wonnded sol
diers belonging to the volunteer regiments of
tbiahtate. Special nurses are emraired. and
the patients are under the care of Drs. McK-ft
anu iiogan i ne uenerai uovernmsm nave
also a contract with the trus'rea ef the
hosDital for the ro'eplloo of eoldlers pass
Ing through the clt, (0 the nninbcr of
300 or mora at any one Unu. Thu'e will bo
readily admitted upon the application of the
proper persons, w nere me uiucss or injuries
are not too severe, it Is desirable that the (ol
dieri should bo sent on lo the S'ates to which
tbey beloDg, as soon as piuu-lble. The wounded
soldiers from Newbern, who arrived on Tues
day night, were expected at the hospJUl, and
would nave received all proper care and atten
tion, but as nearly all of the men were able and
detirous of returning home with the least delay,
it was dimmed advisable to quarter them at the
Park Barracks, std but five of the number were
sent to the hospital, ttiir are ample accom
modation) for S00 patUnta at the uosfltal, while
at present there are but about 300 inmates It
will therefore be sien that the Government has
not been necllsei t of Its dilv In this resnect.
and all seldiexs likely to require hospital ac
commodations In paalog through Ihe city will
ue aaequamy proviuea ior ai ims inauwwon.
In connection with Ibis subject, wo have re
ceived the following, to which we cheerfully
give place:
Swiuxil Aid for our iroumfed floldiers Jit
tunUn'j from the JinitltjitUl The surgeons con
nect! u wuu tn dinrreut hospitals ot new l nn
und Brooklyn, and tloe who have served In
thosn institutions as naUlaots, ns well bD other
practitioners of eurgtry, are Invited to attend
a meeting at the New York hospiUl this dayi
(Friday) at 2J o'clock, to adopt measures for
uttordiug surgical aid to the wounded soldiers
on thcii arrival and during their stay In Ihe
ViiKkrivK Miiit, M.ll.
AltxiMitn II Stivk.so, M. II j
Now, let this ambitious ' cotnmisiUn,'' aux
lous lor the funds of the War Department, who
have the ear ot Its becretary, and who have
ulrrepresented and assailed the Medical Bu
reau chiefly because Its head would not lend
his 'auction to their schemes on the treasury,
wait until their services ate really needed as an
auxiliary to the Medical Bureau lu establishing
expensive agencies at every city in the Union.
There will be a meeting of the Committee of
the Washington Lecture Association, at the
IlepuUium oftico, to-night, at B o'clock.
Kimira or inoi. budd akd othim
The mnboat Bienville arrived at the navv
yaid yesterday, with the bodies of Lieut. Budd
and Aotlng Haalcr Mather, killed In the affair
described In the following extract from a dii-
patch received at the Navy Department, from
Com. Dupont, dated March 21 :
"I ordered the Penguin, Acting Muter Com
mondial T. A. Budd. and the Henry Andrew.
Acung nailer o. w. miner, to proceed to inu
... Y. . .. 4. .. . 'a....
.SfiEfi iZJTStwSZ
the latter tocroee the bar, eatabllah an Inaide
blockade, caoture anv rebel vessels there, and
luara irom incenaiarum large quantities oi
live osx lumner on tne uovernment janas, ont
and ready for shipment, to which the Depart
ment naa cauea my attention.
" Oa reaching here myself on the 22d Inst,
I was boarded by the executive officer of the
renguin.ana iniormea tnai unit, uommana
Ing Budd, with Acting Mas'er Mather, had or
ganized an expedition from the two vessels,
and had moved southward, through the Inland
passage leading Into Mosquito Lagoon, passing
Smyrna, with four or five light boats, carrying
in an some lorty urea men.
" Soon after this resort, which I beard with
anxiety, the results were developed. It appears
that alter going some fifteen or eighteen miles
without any incident, and while on their relurn
and In eight of tho Henry Andrew the order
ol the line being no longer observed the two
commanding officers, quite In advance, landed
under certain earthworks (which bad been
abandoned or never armed) near a dense grove
or live oak, with underbrush. A heavy and
continuous fire was unexpectedly opened upon
them from both covers. Lieut. Com'g Budd
and Actine Master Mather, with three of the
five men composing the boat's crew, were killed ;
too remaining two were wounaea ana msa
" As the other boats came up they were nlso
urea into, ana suuerra more or less, ine rear
boat of all had a bowllrrr, wh'cb, however,
could not be properly secured or worked; the
ooat not heiog uuca lor toe purpose, anu couia
therefore be ol little use Tbo men had to seek
cover on shore: but as soon as It wasduk. Act
ios Master Mcintosh returned to the boats.
brought away the body of one of the crew who
bad been kllleu. alt me arm, ammunition ana
flag, threw the howitzer into the river, passed
close to the rebel nickels who hailed, butelic-
ited no reply, and arrived safely on board the
nenry Andrew.
" On bearing of this untoward event, 1 dl
reeled Commander Rodgers to send off the
launch and cutlers of this ship (the Wabah) to
the support ot Ihe Andrew. Two boats cross
ed the bar at midnight, and the next morning
the vessel was hauled close up to Ihe scene cf
the late attack, nut no enemy couia oe aircov
" The bodies of Lieutenant Budd and Acting
Master Mather were received under a fUg of
truce, and the commanding officer, a Captain
Hint, wno nau come irom a camp aiaaisiancr,
made some show of courtesy by returning pu
oers and a watch, as If ashamed of this node
of warfare ; f r these were the very troop
tbat, witn sumcleot rorce, means, ami material
for a respectable dclencc, had Ingloriously fled
irom &t Auguuine on our approaco."
Baltiuoke and Ohio IUilboid We repub
lish, to day, an article upon Ihe opening of this
road, from tho Baltimore Anvrlcan. We con
cur with that paper In acknowledging Ihe im
mense BsrviccB ot the new Secretary of War,
services by no means limited to this particular
matter of restoring the old connection of BU
tlmorc and Washington with the West, but ne
do not endorse, what few will fail lo eeo Is In
tended to bo implied, that tbo late Secretary of
War kept the Balllinoic and Ohio railroad
closed, in order lo increase the business end
profits of the Baltimore and Harrisburg road,
in which ho Is largely interested. We know
that that Is the opinion a'most universally held
in Baltimoro. Not Improbably, also. It Is gen
erally ucqulesced In by tho country, but Ihe
foundation upon which it rests, never appeared
to ua quite sure.
Undoubtedly, the abandonment for months
to a contcmptlblo enemy of the valley ol the
Shenandoah, with its command of tbe course of
a great military routo to tbe West, was alto
gether unac:ountable. But was It any more co
than permitting the Potomac river to be block
aded for five months, by a lorce known all the
while to be ready tn run at a moment's notice,
and the chief scat of whoso strength bristled
with nothing more formidable than charred
pine wooden guns with chalked muzzles T I it
necessary to hunt up In tho personal Intorists
of Geo. Cameron, tho explication of a pirtlcu
lar fact, which is only one of a whole casi of
facta! Must we not seek tbo true expllcallcn
In something which will account for a)l which
baa been done hero on the Potomac f
OLTiATa run Wisuinoton Somo of our
contemporaries, we observe, refer to the rail
road now built Irsst Alexandria lo Leeaburg,
u promising, by au extension from Lxcsburg
to Harper's Ferry, a new outlet for Washing
ton to the West That road, known as the
Hampshire and Loudoun Rtilroad, was the
enterprise especially of Alexandria, and njay
be expected to be resumed and pushed lo Its
completion, upon the restoration of peace and
prosperity. Georgetown and Washington may
have connection with it by a brunch. This
la all feasible, and vll) doubtless be realized
In due lime, but expectations of that sort do
not detract Irom the importance of tbe other
proposed connection with the Baltimore and
Ohio Ralroad, at the Point of Rocks, and
thrcugh Maryland territory. A road through
Virginia and ca tbe south sldo of the Potomac,
hu elements of uncwrlcioly ulicut it which
need not be commented upon.
E".I)lif, fijK AuiiiTiov One great reconv
mendalloo of the piopujitlon to abolish slavery
in this District, is, that it win frmlm" ":'
ci'inj agllalion of that piut Ion. j
If slarcry Is abolished, nobody will proppsu
to restore It, but so long ae it is suffered to
continue, rpp shall bare constant remonstrances,
debates, and controvert- arout it. i.et us
abolish II, not gradually, but at out aud com
pletely, and that bone of contention will be
forver removed.
We iirge tbfs view, upon those especially,
who appreciate to yalu a of qnlet and harmony.
We can never have ellhei, eo loo; as the sub
ject matter of disquiet and discord remalss.
The way to get rid ol agitation and agitators,
Is lo remove the thing which cuuscs the agita
tion Nobody has anything to lose by it, ex
cept the pro-slave rv demagogues, who will find
their occupation gone, when tb,re aro no more
slaves to quarrel about
A PM ion "Pjrson Bbowmiw." Among
tho many testimonials of kind feeling towards
the patriot martyr of Kast Tennessee, It is pro
posed by his New York friends to give hint a
" Hoe's last fast " with which to uproot tbe last
vestige of secession at bis old home. He has
been Invited to make Ihe Astor House hit home
u long u be remains In New York. His notes
of the rise and decline of secession in Tennes
see, will take the name of "Brownlow's
A Nkw Govi.unok run Utah. blvpheu S.
Uardleg, of Indiana, was yesterday confirmed
by tbe Senile as Governor of Utah.
NoaTjl Cisotiii. II would appear from the
fact of ihe occupation of , Beaufort and Wash
logton, 'since the battle of Newbern, Ibat the
Immediate, objest of Geo. llurnslde has not
been to advance' Into the Interior and cut off
the railroad connection of the Virginia rebel
army with the South, but to occupy the coast
of North Carolina. As, at the last reported
dates, he was still acting under lb instructions
r n. UirfiuiUn il till veneral-ln-chlef
of the army, ws mly'lnfeTfrom Ms' mo?f
menls, that the popular notion that enmag cm
this railroad connection was a part ot what has
been called " the plan," was Incorrect
CourLinm. Writers from our forces on ths
Tennessee report that our soldiers complain
bitterly of having been cooped up many days
on board steamers, and of the delay (a advanc
ing upon Corinth, when the enemy Is concen
trating a large number of troops. The general
Impression In our army there, is that there hu
been an egrrglous lack of energy In taking
advantage of the rebel panic, consequent upon
the fall of Fort Donelson, and that the leralt
will be, that wo shall be forced to fight some
bloody bal ties, which might have been avoided.
Sums. Tho progress ot shams is likely
enough to terminate In the y ar 1862, In a litter
of boous (Halts, got up for the occasion and for
a variety of pnrposes and with a variety of re
sults. We may have, even before the Sommer
Is over, braces of gentlemen asking for admb
eion Into the Senate, who would not dare to
show themselves among their constituents, ex
cept under cover of tho United States army
What sort of a Congress we shall have, if the
doors aro opened to that sort of material, It It
cosy enough to foresee.
sv- In Ihe rebel Congress, the Senate has
voted down the resolution of the nouse against
planting more cotton this year. Tbe majority
of the rebel Senators maintained that it was
the interest of Ihe South to have cotton abun
dant and cheap, In order to prevent l's cultiva
tion elsewhere.
Consul to Nice The Sonata, In executive
session, yesterday, confirmed the nomination by
Ihe President of Hon. William Slade as Consul
to Nice. Mr. Slade has been for a number of
years a leading politician in Northern Ohio, and
Is a son of tbe late Gov. Slade, of Vermont
log gentlemen have been appointed chief en
gineers in the navy: William C. Wheeler, Fran
cis C. Dade, William S. Stamm, William J.
Lamdin, Mortimer Kellogg, Andrew J. Klcrs led,
and John A. Greer.
fiS- L. C. Baker, of the Government detect
ive police, was yesterday appointed by the War
Department a special agent to take chargo of
all abandoned rebel property In Virginia.
fi9 A dispatch from Manassas, March 29,
Thekorso'bt Lieut King, of tho Fourth or
Mllery, and nephew of Gen. King, was poisoned
last night A bottle of strychnine was found
among Ihe rebel forage abandoned in the vi
cinity of Warrenton Junction.
A secret meeting of the secessionists was
held at Fairfax Court-House last Wednesday
Several of the troops have been killed by the
rebel avmnathizers in the neighborhood of the
Court House during the week. Steps have
been taken to detect tbe perpetrators, and to
prevent a similar occurrence.
Gl. HiTCHcocx. It is understood that Ger.
Illkhcock has recontldered his first determina
tion, and will accept tho position of msjor
plflha statement tbat tbo eeat of '(Jen.
Lane, as Senator from Kansas, la lo be lurther
contested, is without any foundation. Ue is not
to be further persecuted in tbat way.
S-Thc Baltimore und Ohio Railroad It
opened to-day for travel lo the Ohio river, and
is slid to be now in excellent order through
its whole length.
Wjuuiimjton, (N. C) A correspondent of
tho IJalllniore .Sun, says :
" The expedition sent to Washington wu a
complete success. Washington is, for North
Carolina, a smart little village, located ut the
bead ot Pamlico Sound, near Ihe mouth of Tar
river. The ex peditiou consisted of about 1 ,000
men, with an escort of gunboats. Two com
panies of the Massachusetts 21st landed and
took tbe town I The stars and stripes were
nailed to a tiee beforo lie court house, and lelt
there. Tbe citizens received the 'invaders'
without any apparent excitement or apprehen
sion some few expressing Union sentiments,
while the mass bad nothing to saj either way.
After holding Urn place one day, and gather
ing all the loornutfon possible, the expedi
tion returned lo Ijewlj 'rn " v
BuiilKU 0'as.vo.s liEtol ititiit Tho following
dispatch, dated Manassas, March 20, has been
received :
Conductor Franks lo day look out a large
excuision party to Manassas, consisting 01 Col.
Baker, of Ihe Government detective police,
with a number of other cfficials, uucompanled
by their ladles. The telegraph lit es weru com
pleted to.Wnrrenton Junction last night, and
are working admirably. The Colonel, this ar
ternoon, found five cannon, which tbe rebels
had buried about n mile and a half beyond the
Junction It appears that the car broke dowu.
and tbe guns were tumbled off to one side of
the track and burled, and the ground smoothed
nicely over them. Three of them are Iron, tbe
otner nrass, me neaviesi weighing lortysix
hundred pounds Tbe guns will be taken to
Alexandria lo IrfOfrlt "
A New Pal Kit bu been started at Honolulu,
Sandwich Islands, by nttlve printers, and lu
Ihe native language. The following item of
0,? vs Jl selscted from its columns ai of general
and positive interest:
"Ualoho mal makou I ka poo shuamakll
aulla I ka hoomakabon oka Watiine otcn f.ua e
no a ml I knma kukul a ma kllaues; nolali paha
lee oiai e noonaueui mai net i na rnnau."
Wo understand that some of the prominent
lnloo inep of Western-Viiginia intend lo urge
upon General Fremont, who is now in the city,
me importance oi arreeimg iwo or loreo nuna
reil ot tha leadlnir secsslonlsts of this section
of thu State, and holding ihem as hostages fur
the rcleasu of the Union mm arrested aod 1m.
prisoned in Richmond und other places.
WhttUny ( Vii ) InttVlijmetr.
Emancipation in WkoTzh Vhiuima A large-
meeting ol the people oi upsnur couuly, West
ern Vlrrlnb. was recently held at Buekhan
non, to take Into consideration what should be
their action u regard to the adoption of the
constitution teccnlly adopted Ijy thu convention
at Wheeling, for tbo new Stato ol Wcstprn Vir
ginia. Resolutions weru adopted endorsing
and nocoptlog tbe President's emwolpallou
policy. Slucn rnwusissm was maniicstea,
Cosvs.ithiuss The Boston Trad Juurnui
says: " Probably a larger number or conver
sion have taken placo among our soldiers,
during the present season of inaction, than
among any equal number of persons clsewhero
in the country.
' ' '"' " ' ,' j i? r I '
The Wounded -at Winchester.
fssT -JF!I!SlJZ
WiNCHssra, starch SI. The report, that ths
wounded in the tat battle at this p'ace wen
neglected, Is pronounced by Snrgeon C. O.
Keeney, medloal Inspector, U. S. A , to be to
tally unfounded. He was ordered hit r by
the surgeon general, to Investigate tho hospital
and surgical departments, and, If necessary, to
remove the wounded to Washington, Balti
more, or elsewhere ; but he reports that tbey
are all well quartered and well treated by the
surgeons ot the division, and that they an gen
erally doing well. De niggests tbat It would
be Inhuman lo remove them to other places at
tho present time.
Surgeon Keeney, having plenary powers,
his sent the sick to Frederick, to make room
for the wounded. W
General Shields hu so far recovered u to
be able to rlar't for Slruburg to-moirow.
Soma firing was beard by officers In titras
burg yesterday, which teemed apparently In
tho rear of Jackson's rendezvous.
The cause of" the firing Is yet unkoown.
rMOJU Misaovnr.
Important Special Order!
Gen. Curtis Cites Liberty to
Three Slates who had been Em
ployed in the Mtebet Service !
St. Loud, Msrch Si, Gen. Curtis bu l-sued
a special order directing that three colored
men formerly slaves employed In the rebel ser
vice, and who were taken u contraband of war,
are hereby confiscated, and not being needed
for the public service of this Government, are
permitted lo pass the Federal pickets north
waid.and are foreveremanolpited from tbe ser
vice ol their masters, who have allowed tl em lo
aid In the efforts to break up the Government
From Winchester.
Wiwuijrrzn, March 30 The followlrg, who
nere wounded in ino late battle, uteu yesterusy
and to day, and wero burled by Caplaln Van
Michael Martin and Jacob Wolfe, of ihe
Sixty-scvcnlb Ohio; George Gardiner, of the
l oureeenin jnutaoa: usxnown, oi ine'iwcniy
ninth Ohio; Via Whlteway, or the Thirteenth
Indlina. and Grace Jarkson. of the Twentv-
sevrnth Ohio. Tbe following died of fever: 11.
L. Brown, Eighth Ohio; Wallaie Colburn,
sevmin unio; ii ft. iiunce, uignin uuio oony
delivered to nil friends; James Gordou Evans,
rebel comnanv C. Twcntr first Virginia.
Previous tn tho foregoing, our lo,s strod 10.1
killed own died ol their wounds, only a liw
of tbe details nf the rtglmcntal reporta hive jet
been received. Offing lo tho dlstanci and
scattered positions of tho regiments, Ibrce or
four days will elapse befure a full list of names
will be received.
Ihe wounded are now eonUlned in two lies
nitals, and arc under the imm'dlati charge of
Dr. it. isryant, tieaicai Director oi onieiass
division. About 230 sick and wounded have
been lent to Froderlck. biziy or tbo rebl
wounded havo been taken from the hospitals
and placed In the houses of their mends, on
parole to report on their lecovery to tbe ws-.
est commanding officer of our forces.
Our wounded aro reported as generally doing
wen. rney number nere aooui suu.
Col. Annisahel. cf Ibe First Virginia cavalrr,
rendered great aid to Col. Kimball, and was In
tbe hottest or tbe ogbt le bu just been n -formed
of his acquittal ot tbe charge of cow
ardlrr, brought against him by the late Gen'l
Our cavalry tn day brought lu two guerillas
from Hampshire, one of tbem belonging to
Sheet a mouniea miiiua.
The following Is a complete list of the killed
or tho Firth Ohio:
Privates Pleasant A. Brown, J W. Nychous,
Charles Gill, Wm II. Boztnt, Henry HIU. Mar.
tin Halley, Henry bipper, l'e er llnpel, Wm. B.
Msjors; Corporal Charles lalbotl; David John
son, J B Sheridan, Thomas B. Ordell; Captain
Geo. B. Whitcnm; Sergeant David Johnson.
Wounded First Lieut Thomas Starchinan;
Sergeants Elwin Swain and Frederick Fash;
Privates Patrick Maloney, Jacob Kaust, Peter
Keefort, James Simpson, slight; James Craig,
slight; Daniel McDougall, Blight
Privates -John C Cllghf n, Wm. Miller, Pbll
lip Llppart, John Nolan, Wm. Frank, Joepb
Goodall, Joseph Hunter, Alonzo Vile, Fred
erlek Lamporsblck, P. D Hollow. Alfred Cole
man, slight, Alonzo Colloban, Charles Peet
Teddy Vaughn, Mirlln ll'.w, H. A Dileanj
Corporal Henry Teal, Corporal Charles Lsff,
Corporal Henry Gaslrlll, Corporal John O.
Klinonds; Wm P. Sandy, Thor. Arken, and
Jos. Cord. '
J Addil1onal-110JiPcnnylranla,W.II.Rcck
bergcr. ' '
Gen Shields contl),ny to Improve.
'.I 1 s .
.to Actlvn operation,. Vet
Cairo, March 30. There is nothing linporl
ant yet from Ihe Tennessee river. It Is not ex
peeled that actlvo opt rations will commence
until Ibe prriral of Si 11' army unless our
forces are attacked by Beauregard.
SV-Washlngton Eiltnllfla Association.
A meetlrg cf this Auculation Kill be bel I at the Hall
of the Ucorgetown Ms dical College, corner of F aod
Twe'fth streets, on till tluesday) evening, at 8
o clock Drl 1 I.OOlin.rrcstdeotortlio As
s clstlon wilt read a pap-r on "CorreUWoa and
Conservation of toroea In Ktrmeatatlon " Admls loa
Free t) cllUens and strarg rs
apl-'t JlacordlDg Secretary
S3-The Ladles' tsstlval assil Talr at
AllKKlt'S HAM, will continue tills wcik.wlth
additional tttraotltm'. Kelresbments of all kinds
Useful and fancy articles tt moderate prices. Ad
mlttasce 10 cents P J
arar Drake's Plantation nitlirs. S. T.
1881 ft Invigorates, stisogtliena aod purifies
Ihe srstem,l a perfect sppellur, and the most
aereesblo and erTeotual tonic in the world It h
eimnoscd of the celebrated CalUiya bark, rcots
herbs, and pare tit Croix rum 1'artlrnlatly
ulinted ludellcste femilrs. cures Dyspepsia and
Weakness, and Is Just tbe thing for ths changes of
stas.ips I old Dy all grccers, arugsui, uoicix, wj
saloons I- 11- vieAier. eu ,
sp ia,u Vt Broidwsy, N, T.
kv- Dlasonte Notice. . Bpeclal Comma.
nloillou of Union Lodge, U l , will be h,ld at the
alcxindila Washington Lodge K'-om, this (Tues
dsy) evening, tt 7 o clock 1 lie i rtternity are cor
dlslly Invited lo attend
Tte last toat for Alexandria will leave Wulhlng
ton from f e foot of Stvenlh street, at 8 o'o ock, and
will a-rlve la time for visitors to attend
' JUS llOHl.N'TIIAL, beo'y
()y order r.O.l'atika.Vir.M spl-ll
vlicll NQtlpeUa apd after Tuesday,
April I,18S2, the train i e.n Iks Baltimore and Ohio
Itall'oad will commence lu nl'f dally, (Sundays
excepted,) leaving tats Blslloo at 7 41 a m , and
connecting at Washington Junction with Mail
Train for all ptrlsof the Watt rta Wheeling or
1'arkeriburx Throuih tickets told and biggagt
cheoked W.f. 8UUH,
M of Transi ortallon II ar O It It
apl-dtf (otaraUlobrJ
H avSONDBov3SION. "J t
; IN BHNATK. j9'
I Momht, Marsh Sl, UotAi,
-aavSlW p
The following were presented atxl arfcro'nrl-
otely referred:
from ciutens ex Wisconsin, ror a general
bankrupt law.
From citizens and workmen of Earner's
Farrv Armorv. remonitratlna? arainit the re
-naval of the national armory at that place.
From citizens oi tsicnigan, praying ror ue
establishment of null routs by land, Instead
of by ths usual water routes, during tbe winter
months. Alio for tbe Improvement of White
Lake harbor.
From the Maine Legislature. In favor of ex-
tending old to States for Ihe gradual abolition
of slavery, and professing a willingness to bear
the burdens thereby incurred.
From George W. Rose, of New York, asking
tbat leadlnsr rebels mar be hunt-, the seceded
States reduced to Territories, and slavery abol-
isnea in tne funnel oi uoiumoia.
Mr. COLLAMER, from the Library Commit
tee, renorted ibe House resolution annotating;
Theodore D. Woolsey, of Connecticut, Regent
of the Smithsonian institution, In place of
Cornelius C. Feltoo, deceased, and recommend
ed its passage.
The resolution was agreed to.
KisourrioN Auszzn to.
On motion or Mr. NE3M1TU,
itMOltcd, That the Secretary of War Is here
by directed to furnish to the Senate a copy "f
the report nf Brigadler-Ceneral Joseph K. F.
Mansfield, relative to the ensacsraent with tbe
rebel steamer Merrimae, on the 8th of March,
niLLs ttmtonccin.
By Mr. LATHAM: A bill to create a bureau
of transportation.
This bureau is to consist of one colonel, one
lieutenant colonel, two msjors, and six captains,
to oe enuiica to me ranx, pay, ana emolument
or officers of the tamo grade In Ihe quartermas
ler's department: ths bureau lo be under tbe
direction of the quartermaster general. It Is
made toe auty oi tne chiel or the bureau to
purchase or hlro transportation for the armv. Its
eqnlpaga and supplies. The e (Beers are re
quired to give bonds, and are prohibited from
trade on penalty of being ignomlnbualy dis
charged. The bill was referred to the Military Com
mittee. By Mr. WADE: A bill to provide ror a tem
porary government or the Territory or Ari
Tblt bill is that of Mr. Ashley, (II. R. No
J.')7,) introduced on tho 12th Instant, and ex
cludes slavery from Arizona, and all other
Territories which mav be formed 1
By Mr.POMEROY: A bill loquiet the titles
OI certain lonns in riansas.
On motion or Mr. TEN EYUK, to chango
the location or tbe port of entry for tbe Puget
sound collection atsirict, was taken up, con
sidered, and passed.
On motion or Mr. CHANDLER, the Senate
proceeded to Ihe consideration or the nouse
bill providing for tbe appointment or light
house Inspectors, which was briefly discussed
by Messrs. Chandler. Ten Eyck, Clark, Colla-
mer, urimes, anu ressenoen, ana us lurmer
consideration was laid over.
Mr. SUMNER, having tbo floor upon Ihe
snecial order.the bill for'he abolition cf slave.
ry in the District of Columbia, made an argu
ment against Ihe constitutional existence of
slavery in tbe District or UolutLbia, and upon
Ibe propriety and constitutionality of psying
money in compensation. He would appropri
ate the money required, not ai compensation,
out as a ransom. .
On motion, the bill wan laid over till lo mor
row at 1 o'olock.
On motion of Mr. WILSON, of Massachu
setts, the Senate went Into exicmlre session.
case or j. ntnousON a kaui.
Mr. DAWE3, frem tho Committee on Ulec
tlois, called up ibe resolution reporting ad
versely to the claims of J. Ferguson Vcach,
from tne seventh congressional district ol Vir
ginia, to a seat In tho House. Report adopted.
On motion or Mr. STEVENS, nf Pennsylva
nia, the Naval Appropriation bill, with Sen
ate's amendments, providing $13,000,000 ror
the construction of iron clad war vcsset, and
the completion or the Stevens battery, lyas
appropriately referred.
TAX Dili.
On motion of Mr. hTKVENS. tbe House
went Into Committee of Ibe Whole, and re
sumed tbe consideration or Ihe lax bill.
Several changes and amendments were made.
among which are the following :
Tbe duty on leather ot various kinds was
reduced fjfty per centum. On wine made
from grapes, reduced from ten to f)vo cents per
gallon. Qn varnish, made wholly or in part
from gnm copal or other gum' or substances,
five per centum ari valorem.' The tax on (four
was stricken out On cloth, woolen and cot
ton fabrics, three per centum ad valorem. On
raw cotton one cent per pound, un uil ffli(on
on hand May 1, Igfji, held py any pgrsoos,
corporations, or associations
On furs, five ncr centum oul valorem, nravtd
ed no duty on furs be collected until after the
expiration of the Reciprocity Treaty with
Great Britain. On diamonds, emeralds, and
jewelry, three per centum ad valorem. Oa pi
anos, organs, anu meioaeons. ciccdi inose used
In places of worship, the duty is graduated as
follows :
On Instruments worth 150 and under $100,
fift cents. ' " '
' Qn instruments worth $10p and under $200,
one dollar.
un instruments worm zuu and under lijuu,
two dollars.
Oa Instruments worth $300 and under $100.
tnrae dollars.
On instruments worth $100 and under $300.
five dollars,
On Instruments worth $300 and under $000.
six dollars.
Mr. ALDRICn, or Minnesota, olfered an
amendment to the seventy firth section, fixing a
tax of flvo dollars on tbe " harp ol a thousand
smogs," wnicn passed, aniiaei mucn merri
The seventy sixth section, relating to slauch
tercd cattle, hogs, and sheen, was so amended
ks lo apply only to persons engaged In the
smugniering business, and not lo persons
slaughtering mesa animals ior tneir own use.
Alter niriner cntnges oi a minor character,
the committee arose, and the House adj urned,
Ibe Oath of Fidelity and Alleglanca.
By tbe act pasted by the General Assembly
of Virginia on the 10th or February last, the
following parsons are required to lake ths oath
ol allegiance aod fidelity prescribed by the
convention which assembled at Wheeling, on
mo inn oi June, ieoi,viz:
Persons desiring al llcenso to practice an
nrofesslon. or to carrv on anv hnslness nr mil
log for which a license Is reqnlr d by existing
laws. i
Resident attorneys.
Agents of mining or manufacturing comna
nles or Bsaoclatlons.whether Incorporated or not :
agents of coat or timber companies, foreign of
domestic, having a depot In the State. All
clerks and agents of persons who are required
to take the oath. .
Ministers celebrating the rito of matrimony.
Physicians, surgeons and dentists.
Bank directors and officers.
Keepers or bridges, roads and ferries.
Officers snd clerks of corporations, aatocia
tlons and institutions In which Ibe State has an
Interest '
Clerks and deputy clorks ol courts.
Comralitioaers In chancery,
Tbe act provides for registering the oaths,
and for punishing violation! of them.
Tbe law continues In force until the end of
tbe present war, aod no longer,
Tho oath has to be taken on or before the
J Hh day of April next.
IIiadom, Pkovost Marshal's Orrtcc,
Citt or Washikotox. March 29. 186.'.
Spcolal Ordsr No. 21,
The requirement of Pastes from persontytslt
log Maryland will ocas from this date.
By order:
MsJ. W. E. DosTxa, Provost Marshal.
Cbuuxh E. Robinsom, AdJ't.
Pkovost Marshal's Orncx,
City or. Washington,
Wnrti. 9fl IfiAO
Sptolal Order, No. 19.
All passes heretofore Issued from these Head
quarters to the Slit Instant, will not be renew
ed, bnt recognized until further orders.
By order or MsJ. W. E. Dostxh,
'Provoat Marshal.
0. E. Robinson,
mar29-lw Adjutant.
DzrARTvzxT or Stats,
Washington, March 28, 1803.
The following eztraet from a dispatch re
ceived at this Department from Mr. John de la
MonUgnle, the Consul or the Unlttd States at
Ntntet, Is published for general Information!
" I have the honor to lay that vessels coming
from the United States to this port surfer losses
through the Ignorance or owners as to existing
faots here.
" I propose to briefly and concisely present
these faots to the Department.
"Vessels usually take charters to deliver
cargoes either at Palmboeuffor Nantes.
" There Is water enough Rt Pslmboeuf, but
the exposures In reaching this roadstead are
sometimes perilous.
" The lowest river water between St. Nszalre
and Nantes is from ten to twelve feet In winter,
and as low as seven feet In summer.
" A vessel drawing over ten feet must lighter
part or all hsr cargo at n cost of money and
time tn her owners.
" If the vessel comes to Nantes, she mutt pay
pilotage, and, optionally, towage.
" If partly discharged at St. Nazalre, the
cargo la at the risk of the ship or tbo Insurance
until delivered at Nantes.
"The vessel pays half brokerage atSLNa
zalre, and full brokerage added at Nantos.
" The risks on Ihe river are considerable.
Damage rrom ' fouling ' Is frequent In a crowd
ad, narrow, and swift river.
" I would adoise all charters to bo made to SI.
Nazairc, nof JVanfcj or FaimboevJ. Here la a
large safe deck.
" The following eipensos of a vessol of four
hundred and ttcmlyour tons will give shipown
ers an idea of costs of rivor navigation:
"Steam towage from Bt. Ntzalro to
.Nantes ar, francs.
" Iteturn towage to St. Nsralro 250 "
" Itlvor pilotage from Bt. Naralre to
Nantes, with steam 8 "
" Itlver pilotage from Nsnlen, )n SI.
Nazaire,wllh steam 62 "
"Total pilotage with ste.im ... 1M "
" River pilotage Irom St. Nizatre to
Nantes, without steam Ho "
" Itlver pilotage from Nantes to St.
Nszalre, without tteam no "
" Total without stosm 2aO "
" Lighterage rrom Bt. Nazalre to Nantes,
about J francs per ton for uhcat.
" Lighterage on fumocr, about 2 franos per
" A work Is In contemplation on the Loire
which ezpects to maVe fifteen feet water In the
most shoal parts of the river. Its success Is
"Shipowners should know that advances on
freight are not usually made here until all the
freight is delivered."
mar SI Stir
March 21, 18o2.
BuUera ol bonds or tbe United States dated
October 1, 1801, and payable three years from
date, are hereby notified that provision has
been made for Jbe paymenf, In ooln, or the
coupons of semi annual Interest which will be
come due on the 1st April, proximo, agreoably
to their tenor, by the Treasurer of the United
States at Washington, by the Assistant Treas
urer at Boston, New york, and Philadelphia,
and by the Depositary of the United Slates at
Cincinnati, Ohio.
All suoh coupons, together with sohedules
showing tbe number of each coupon, and the
aggregate sum ol each parcel, must he pre
sented for examination and verification atleast
three full business days before payment.
becrotary of the Treasury,
mar 2' dtAl
Dbpartuent or Statb,
X IfajWniilon, Jan. 23, 1862.
The Secretary of Sta,to will hereafter receive
members of Congress on business on Saturdays,
commencing with Saturday, the first ol next
February , 1882.
Noras Is hereby given df the readiness of
this nepartmfcrit to redeem tne Treasury notes
fiayable In dny y,r from date. Authorized lir
he apt of Congtess approved ueoember 23d,
1837, and the Treasury notes payable tn tlxty
days rrom date, authorized by tbe aot of Con
gress approved 2d March, 18Si.
Interest on Treasury notet of the above la
sues will ceaae on the 7th day of April next by
the terms of those acta respectively,
rah 6-Up7
War Dzpartuvnt,
January 21, 1862.
Ordered, That the War Department will be
closed Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and
Fridays against all other business but that which
relates to active military operations In tbe field.
Saturdays Will be devoted to the business of
Senators and Representatives.
Mondays to the business ol the public.
Edwin M. Stanton,
Ja22 -tf Secretary of War.
Juit published, In sealed envlope ritco.lx cents
A Ltcturc en tho nature, Treatment and
IUdrO14'ure of gpermitoirha-i or Seminal Wealf
neat. lOvOionlarjF Kmiaalons, bexiul Debility, acd
Imi'tdlnenta 10 Hariligo"rencrallji,,Nerrontiradl
CrnumptloQ, Kpltepny ttd rlU Mental and Fhyfi.
cal Incftnacliyiv re u It in r irom Self AbuMo.&c Jljr
HOUr J UULVKUWKLT M D , Author of the
Uneo Bxk,io
"A Boon to Thousands of Sufferers."
Sent under ral. In a plain envelope, to any addreu,
poat paia, on re-ceiti oi tux ccm. or two
a-tunD, by ,,
Vr Ul J. U. KLINE,
137 liow-T, Nrw York,
Tost Offloe Box, 4U0.
p l-dwl3m
aoldlera without money t 1 rerybody without
mane I iVe, howerer, wilt remind our many
friend In tbe Army and Navy, that we continually
keep allY- and actlM, and .hill be pleated to fill
even tine jmalluat order of oufi,
Of General., Coloncla, I adjea, to , $o . which are j
U I'tc.pei luawa Ha vaiutJU uy iiingn crciybout
uur uuiiceuuD uumucn i( biki increusjes quit.
UAUI) FOltrUAlTS lor One Dollar , md a larger!
dleoouDt made to agenti alnce we reduced the refill 1
pneo. uircniar ana lennmeni on application to
No 620 Seventh itreet,
sp 1 tf I our Door above 1, up atairs.

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