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I J! ' h : ; issn r't A.' I b p, St f K N I.- I? fj fcl' NATIONAL REPUBLICAN, MUM Wj, lufcyi bNpM, BY W. J. MUKTAOH 4 Ot. atonal m. wiitoh, editor. OT The psblloatlon oBee of tha Jfaltcmal dwoHoa M at tho norttwit eonnr of D tad devealk street, aoiid oor, over W. B. Bhtp herd1! store. Intranoe on Seventh tlrttt. Fritter, April 18, IMS OT MI Bauer am evar jr faffs' CLUBI nE Til DAILY HAT10MAL, HJePCBMCAU lO OLDIBIM. A PAPERTHAT EVERY SOLDIER SHOULD IIAVB. We hove beeu Induced io offer oar dally pa- I per to soldiers, who shall form clubs, at the 1 following low rales 1 copy, 4 months tl.80 8 copies, 4 mouths 6.00 10 copies, 4 months , 10.00 Alt oyer tan copies, at the rato of one dollar per copy for four months. & The names mast always be accompanied with the money. pm Write the names distinctly, and give the company and the number of the regiment & The papers will be mailed to 00s name, or the names will be written separately, If do sired. Octsidc Official Report (In full) of Gen. Grout; Report of the Pursuit of the Enemy by Gen. Sherman, Ac , As. THE CinCULATIOS OF TIIK H ATIUNAL REPUBLICAN. Vast numbers of persons hare been brought to Washington by the present war, and hare remained here long enough to understand the political views of the national Republican, and to ate the place It fills and tho opportunities whloh It has for Influencing public opinion. These persons, If of Republican sympathies, hare almost inrariably cipreescd themselves In a very kind manner of our enterprise. They appreciate Its Importance, and hare been dis posed to look Indulgently upon ihort comings. When this psper wis established, Washing ton was quite as much of a Southern town as Baltimore, and not at all inclined to favor a Republican journal. Things are changing for the better In that respect, but the difficulties to be encountered are still Tcrj considerable. In order to place this paper on an Indepen dent and therefore useful basis, It Is necessary that Its circulation in the Slates should he en larged. We publish, In addltlcn to a dally, a large and handsome weekly, at prices ranging from two dollars to one dollar per annum, accord lag to the number taken. It contains all the matter of the dolly, not strictly local, and li eheap at the single subscription price of two dollars. To obtain the circulation we ought to hare, will require the friendly exertions of many persons. If each one, who takes an interest In our enterprise, will exert himself, when he gets tome, to send us subscription!, few, or many, as he may hare opportunity and success, tte aggregate result will be large. AN ACT OF INDEMNITY. The salt commenced by Mr. Butler against General Cameron for an act done by the latter while Secretary of War, has led to the sugges tion that a bill should be posted by Congress to Indemnity the President, Cabinet, and " all others In authority," for such judgments ai may be recovered against them In cases I'ke this of Hr. Butler, when, under the urgency and ne cessity ol a great rebellion, executive author!!? has been assumed and exercised, beyond what the courts may adjudge them to have pos sessed. Persona In office must take the risk of con struing the laws differently from the courts. Bo, too, it may be their highest duty to over step the boundaries of law, even when there Is no doubt about the construction of It. To obey me laws Is a duly; but, as Mr. Jefferson said. " nU Un Mjiwl duty "which is to save the country. Men in office, acting conscientious)! and with the best lights they have, ought to be protected against personal consequences, when uey go beyond the strict letter ol law. Our statute books are fall of acts of Indem nity, paused lu favor or officials under these circumstances; as, lor rumple, the act refund ing to General Jackson the amount exacted from him as a fine by a judicial functionary at New Orleans. But as it would bo monstrous to pass a bill of Indemnity for all future cases of transcended official authority, so It is hardly less monstrous to propose such on act for all past esses. In the lump and without discrimination. Etch case must stand on its own peculiar circumstances. The passage of such u sweeping bill, vide frcm other consequences, would have the effect of Inviting suits by individuals Imagining them eelvee to have been aggrieved. It would also have the effect to Induce juries to find verdicts against official?, and to inflate the amount of such verdicts. With a general law making such verdicts payable out of tho public treas ury, It would be a question of nionov dircctlv between an Individual and lbs Government, ana individuals command sympathies which the Uorernment never does. It Is proper to be said.lbalwe do not uuder. stand that the Administration desire the pas sage 01 any eucn sweeping bill of Indemnity as we have referred to. So far as we understand anything about it, our Information is that the Administration has discountenanced the sug gestlon when made. This is most probable, as 11 caauoi out ue loreseen mat such a measure nvuiu ue must 1UVIU10US. r-In his mescage of April 8, to the Con. federate Congress, Jeff. Davis, hovlng then oc ooturU of the first day's bailie at Pittsburg Landing, speaks or It as "a glorious and deci sive victory." Be says ; " After a hard fought battle of ten hours, the enemy was driven in disorder from his posi tion, and pursued to the Tenneaseo river, where, under the cover of the gunboats, he , iasi accounts, endeavoring to effect his ., Uj mi 01 nis transports. The disappointment at Richmond. UDon learn, Ing the result of the second day's battle, must nave oeen overwhelming. T-J. SMIliogton, corner of 4j street and Pennsylvania avenue, will pleaso accept our thanks for a copy ol Godey's Lady's Book lor May. It contains a beautiful cneravlnir rn. tilled "May Flowers." Godev's fashion, for May, and other good things, for which. Qoicy't is so justly celebrated. BEN AND THUGS AT TUB CAPITAL. Tw noun iMsrl roitTS. The worldienowned. contest between Ike HerrimattDimt Jfonttor hM "dona for" tW present itjltyt eoastf lortlnootlons. This w learn Is the deliberate Judgment of the mllllory and naval committees of Congress. No more tone forts ore needed slier the experience the other day at Fort Pulaski. Then was one of oar best forts, costing over a million of dol lars, yet, when the hoar of trial came, she wis found utterly unable to moke a defence against the enterprising "Yankees." The rebels are very fond of their nick-name, "the Yanks," jet somehow those Terr "Yonks" teem to be superior to the chlTolrie, Kalp-laktng South ern gentlemen. The Military Committees of GoDgreea will recommend that no more money be squandered upon forts and fortresses, but that every dollar that can be spared be at once pat Into floating batteries, Ironclad vet selt-ot- war, and tho like. These we the true defences of the country hereafter. We learn that If the Stemmac does not very soon come out that she will be very likely to find reinforcements to the Monitor. The rebels possibly ore a lit tle ahead of 41s In tho construction of two or three of these vessels, but It will take but a ihort time for Yankee gumption to beat Ibcm. If the mechanical genius of the free Stales can not build five Iron-clod gunboats where the rebels can one, we ought to be beaten. 'There can be no doubt as to which party In this great controversy will be benefited most by the rev olution in naval science. WILD RUMORS. There is a clssi of people who live upon Im probable rumors. To keep them alive, the sensalionlits every day coin some wild story respecting the war or a Cabloet change. Ru mors were thick yesterday at the hotels of the resignation of Mr. Stanton, the vigorous Secre tary of War, and of Mr. Welles, the Secretary of the Navy. The news mongers were greatly delighted with them wild speculations aod foundatlonleas reports. Doubtless, there ore persona In this city, as well aa elsewhere, who would like to drive Messrs. Stanton and Welles from the Cabinet, but tbey will never accom plish their object In this way. conomso. Yesterday was a dull day in Congress. Noth ing stirring in the debate relieved tho general dullness In cllh-r House. Quito a number of persons were gathered to hear McDougall and Wade upon Gen. Stone, but they were dlsap- pointed, the debate not being resumed. In the Mouse, the Pacific railroad bill was discuasscd pro and con, but no vote was reached. It la evident that the bill will not pass without amendments perhaps It will be postponed, The Senate went Into executive session for a few moments -long enough to refer several nominations appropriately; among others, the emancipation commissioners. They were sent to the District Committee. We hear that the committee will move to reject the nomination of ex Mayor Berrelt, but this may be a mistake. Of course no one knows this to be a fact. Sea ator Wilson and family left town by the lire 0 clock Irian lost evening for Natlck, Maasachu setts, their home. Mr. Wilson returns early next week. THE WEATHER. There Is a wondrous change in the weather since the snow storm of a few days ago. The lean from winter into the midst of spring is a quick one. some of our generals might learn a lesson, If they would, from Nature's "strat egy." To be sure, she Is generally " slow" In her movements, but what wondrcus results are occasionally wrought by her lightning changes! The movers will soon be upon the Capitol lawns, and the breezes which sweep over the Capitol grounds will be freighted with the swout odois of May ilawcrs. Summer soon will be upon us. Let the corporation remember this and the dead horses on the city frontiers. A few hundred dollars expended now may s ire the city from asummer plague losplte of the water catts, the Avenue is pestered with clouds of dosl, It will do very Utile good to care for tho Ave nue, uolesi the adjoining tirects are alto cleaned aud watered. C1TT XAILWAT. When alU Congress give us a railway : We are In Instant need ol one. The Immense dis tances ol the capital would no longer remain a nuisance with a good system of horso railways, why will not tho parties who are quarreling over rival charters get out of too way, unite their forces, or do something which will give us the road Let Congress pasefa bill before this month closes, and by tho 1st of August lb cars will be running from the Capitol to George town, and before next winter all the way to the Wavy lard. SrzcTAToa. Kcnmmi oiF SLivta. We have noticed In our total columns several Initances of the run ning off of slaves from this city, Immediately nciore the signing of the emancipation bill. A case occurred on Thirteenth street, where we lire, at six o'clock in the morning of Wed nesday, the day of the signing of the bill. two horse wagon load of negroes (one nun and the balance women and children) was driven by under the direction of a white man on horse back. The walling of the women will not soon be forgotten by those who heard it. Mori Pay W4.nti;d. A petition to the Sen ate from tho medical army corps of cadets, as drolted by a committee for that purpose at a meeting In this city, on the lllth Instant, asks an Increase of rook and pay, (which is now $30 per month,) to the rank und pay ol Brevet Second Lieutenant of infantry. It premises that a cadet must have a liberal education, have studied medicine two years, attended one full course of lectures, and passed aa exam- notion belore tho Army Medical Board; that by any and every circumstance of position they are thrown Into association with commis sioned omcers, and that not one, after an ex perience of eight months, has been able to pay expenses without assistance from friends. The Sanitary Coraulsalon endorses tho demand as just, reasonable and proper. Marvusd. Charles Carroll and Charles McTavlsb, grandsons or "Charles Oirroll or Carrollton," the last survivor or the ' Signers," are both reported to be In favor or emancipa tion In Maryland. Thb NiiauTTFKU.ow.-Tbe Nashville Union of the 12th Instant says: "Some of the furious she rebels of Nashville are ugly, scrawny, lanK, ana toothless old girls, wuo can 1 aunici us nonce 01 me union sol diers. Tbcy are the worst of rebels, ' without a 11 or a out.' " Governor Johnson ought to take caro.ot that kuuw 01 me Union. IITEM MRAP1L T T'S 1 iy JFBOMiXOMOfl Sf srt ITho Ball Opened"! ' An Artillery Engagement. Htbel Bmtteritt KUeneedl Nun Yohtowh, April 17. DnrlngTuesdoy and Wednesday the gunboats amused them selves by shelling the woods below Gloucester, One of them approached within two miles of Yorktown, yesterday morning, when the rebels opened Irom a new battery conoeoled In the woods. The boat having ootainea ue position of their guns, returned to her position without receiving any damage. The firing was renewed to-day at long Inter vals. Tho rebels yesterday morning, with 1,000 men,commenced lo strengthin a battery located abont three miles to the left of Yorktown, when a battery was brought to bear, causing them to beat a hasty retreat The rebels opened with their heavy guns, when a second' battery was brought lorward. A brisk fire was now kept up for four hours, during which three of tho enemy's guns were dismounted, when both parties ceased for a while; bnt the contest wss resumed an our part late In tho afternoon and continued till daylight this morning, effectually prsvenUng the rebels from repairing the domogo they had sustained. The loss of the enemy must be con siderable, as the firing of our artillery was very accurate. Our loss was, Sergeant Bsker, Sec ond Michigan, killed, and F. Page, Co, K, Third Michigan regiment, hod his fcqt shot off ; also, four horses, which were killed. Yeaterday Richard Painter, of the Berdan Sharpshooters, was probably fatally shot, while on picket. Other engagements took place further to the left, and near James river, in which our troops showed very great gallantry. The results have not yet been fully ascertained. Mt. Jackson Occupied by National Troops! Reported that the Eebols will Show fight! Several of litem taken Prisoners AVillliABLECONDUCTUFOVR TROOPS GEN.SniELDS COMMANDING IN PERSON. Tho following was recolved yesterday at the War Department: Movxt Jocxsok, April 179 a. m. Our troops occupied Mount Jackson at 7 o'clock this morning, snd are now In front of Reede's mil, whero the enemy appeared lobe in fores. The peoplo report that they Intend battle there. They resisted our advance In order to gain time for the burning of bridges and railway cars, engines, Ac, that-bad accumulated at the ter minus or tho road; but our' movement was so sudden, and the retreat of the rebels so precip itate, that we were enabled to save the bridges, two locomotives, and some cars. All these had been prepared with combustible material for conflagration. Many prisoners have been taken, and several fine horses captured from the enemy. The troops have acted adtrlrably; they were in motion at 1 o'clock, a. m. Col. Carroll's brigade, ot Shields s division, I'd I he advance on the back road lo the rear of Mount Jackson, aud Gen. Kimball on tho turn pike; Gen. Williams, with his splendid division, bringing up the reserve column. We shtll occupy New Market to night. Gen. Shields, has so far recovered as to be able to command his division lu person. From the Shenandoah. Capture of Mlallroad Hotting Stock, tie. Uen. Banks on the Advance ! Sriusumu, April 17. It Is reported hero by reliable officers, that General Williams's and Shlelds's commands passed Stoney Creek last evening, and odranced towards Ht. Jackson. Tbey surprised, in a church, a company of Ash by's cavalry, 50 to CO strong, in company with 3 lieutenants nud horses of tbecompiny. So secure did they feel, that they had neglected to post pickets. The prisoners ore now here In charge of Col. Candy, commander of the post, to bo forwarded to Baltimore. Col. Candy, in person, keeps up au active soul through the mountain haunta of the rebels. Hit cavalry, between two forks ot the Shenandoah, captured and brought lu several prisoners who aided in an attack on his pickets. lie reports the inhabitants as almost desti tute of the necessaries or life, and ignorant of our force, bat request protection against rebel depredations, having never taken part lo the war. It Is thought they are generally and de cidedly In favor of the restoration or the Union. SECOND DISriTCU. Dispatches from Banks, dated Mt. Jackson, this morning, states that be hod seized two locomotives, several cars, saved bridges, took many prisoners, and several fine horses. Ills advance was so sudden that tho enemy had not time to destroy work or properly, although every preparation had probably beeu made to do so. Gkkit Accuhcution of Ncwsrarzrm it tuc Ni8iiiu.K Post Omce. The Post Office De portment has received information thot news papers from nearly all the principal cities of the North and West, directed lo the rebel States and to offices long since discontinued, are being sent In large quantities to the post office In Nashville, Tcnn., for distribution. These papers cannot be forwarded and accu mulate at that point 10 such an extent as to make It difficult to find room for them In the office. To relieve the poetmnetcr from the heavy burden thus Impropeily Imposed upon him, It has becoind necessary to Instruct bim to sell, as waste paper, such as cannot be de livered, or forwarded, under present postal uriuugimeuts. There ore 1 J68 juonloyew in the Philadel phia navy-yard. P The 1 b4 Ohio Ball .md to 'OtiMtraet aa Iron ' (JridfrawtfcoPotomao at Hfcrpwir'a Perry ! j 1 Blel Court rllt.& la the Bad I" Tlkrce Ifetott MmgUtmltt hold 1 1 f he Venn I y-, , MARTINSBURQ BECOeTHO-LIVELY I ,, r'Wiir,'.. Rtbti fotntrs d Sefngctt Flotklig In ! , " t 3f fc! AURIVAL OFA'BSCESll HEROINE! MiKTUNBCBO, April 17, The designers and engineers of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad Inform your correspondent that during the present month they will commence the erection of a superb Iron bridge over tho Potomao at Harper's Ferry. The structure la to be or a highly ornamental as well as or permanent pat tern, costing, II Is stated, uboutf250,000. The piers of the present structure arc lo be raised five feet-far above any danger from future- freshets. Mr. Qulnoy, constructive engineer of the company, will superintend the erection of the bridge, which his been designed and nearly completed by Mr. Dollman, the well known bridge architect and builder, of Baltimore. A little episode In the history or the rebel lion transpired hero yesterday, which was the date fixed by both the former and Confederate constitutions for the convening of the court of Berkeley county. At tho appointed hour, Ihe sherlu, under the Confederate regime, en tered the court-house, and Was about to ring the bell, summoning the late Confederals judge, John B. Nodenbush, to bb seat, when Thomas Noakea, a well-known loyal clllzsn, sHaed the sheriff by Ihe arm, and emphatically notified him thai " no rebel eourt ahonld here after conveno In Borkeley ooaaty without pass ing over bis dead body." The sheriff desisted, and the rebel court did not convene. Subsequently, by permission and under the direction of Msj. C. M. Walker, Tenth Maine volunteers, provost marshal of the town, three Union magistrates were selected by the loyal citizens, and held the csjurt. Sjiiio official bu siness was transacted, court aod county officers appointed, and the court adjourned until the next term without ordering any election, but awaltiog the action of the constitutions! Slule authorities in the premises. The town begins lo assume the appearance of new enterprise. The railroad depot la crowded with heavy trains of merchandise, and hundreds or hands are employed in erecting new structures and repairing the damage done by the ruthless Confederate military. The town Is filled with refugees and inserters from Ihe rebel ranks, the latter of whom are not very kindly received by 'the fcVmer, and frequent collisions ensne, requiring "tho interference of the Provost Marshal. Among the recent arrivals, Is Miss Bell Dojd, who figured some months eg.) at Manassas Junction, In supplying tho rebel troops with whbky, and was the heroine of a fatal con flict between two military companies who were rivals for her stimulating donations and sweet smiles. From the South. Our Mortar Fleet Pass Forts Jackoon and I hlllp, in the Mliaiaalppi, without Opposi tion. THE REBELS REMOVING THEIlt GUNS FROM PKN3ACOLA. PuiuiiKLnm, April 17. A letter to the Now York Herald from Key West, pays that In formation Irom Fort Pickens states that leu mortar boats and three steamers have passed Forls Jackson and rhlllp, on lbs Mississippi river, wlihout a shot being tired on tbem. Pensacola baa uot yet beeo evacuated. A desert-r from Pcnucola says that enly a thousand men remained there. The heaviest guns have bean removed, tho others arc burled or spiked. Forts McRae and Barrancas, are mined, to be blown up whenever an attack Is made. The Herald has rxlrscts from N01 folk papers l the loth Instant, and Richmond papers ot the Hth. FROM FORT PILLOW. Progress of its Siege ! Ei-lltnt. Hugtr, I1. S. rUty, la Command" ! UOLLISS - UOSK HELOWI" The Navy Departmcut Las recolved the fol lowing dispatch: Cimo, April 10 The mortars opened on the Hth, and soon cleared the river of all vessels. Our shell fell In the rebel camp. The rebel works aro strong and extensive. Two deserters came on board I be gunboats and say that ex Lieut. Thomas Hugcr (of tun U. S. Navy) Is in command at Fort Pillow, and that General Pillow and Commodore tlolllos bare gono below. SaiI Accident on (lie hlienaudoau Troops Drowned. Wr&cuKSTt-n, April 17. Yesterday, a large boat containing a number of men and officers of the 75th Pennsylvania regiment, was swamped at Castlt man's Ferry, ou the Shenan doah. Between forty and liny men and sev eral officers were drowned. Amunir tho latter were Adjutant Yealman and ('apt. Witoon, or ice on ungaue. ine cnuiuussiry ana uapL Uatk will endeavor to oblaiu a full list on the arrival ol the regiment here. The regiment was formerly commanded by Cob Bohlca, now acting brigadier general 3d brigade Blenkcr'a division. Ills Birdaa Sharpshooters. HsilxjuiBTiiis i'onun'ti Division', Third Army Corps, Camp near Yorktown, April 8, mt. CUond Berdan, Commmdimj Sharpiltooleri : Colonel: Tho Commanding General Instructs me to sav to vou that he is slad to learn, from the admissions, of the enemy themselves, that uiey negin 10 tear your etiarpsnooiers. rour men have caused a larve number or the enemv to bite the dust. The Commanding General Is giaa 10 learn moi your corps ore proving themselves so efficient, and trusts that this In telligence will encourage your men, give tbem, ir nosslble, a clearer eve and a steadier hand. so that when their trusty riBt-e are pointed at the roe tney will maae one rebel less at every discharge. I am, truly, Your obedient servant, Fiixd T. Locie, Assistant Adjutant General. Tho Sacred College at Rome Is composed of seventv cardinals. The Cardinal Mocchl. the oldest, Is In his ninety second year, and the youngest Is but 43 years sflk while ten are 78 and upwards. .The American flag Is once more waving over ten 01 ue principal towns u Aiaoama. Latest from Fortress Monro . V&1 3sVstsirijaa.4ao I r'fh s-- n u 1 BiuiiioH. Ami IT. f from tfartrMs Mnnroe. April 10.) -The calm weather prevolllngiii'ir Roods has been moat propitious for the ,i I-"'-ance of the Merrlmac.but aa she does not eomc out, 11 is concluded that the was most iiaiiy Injured bv cettlnr omnnd when lost down. ,The Richmond D'isjtnlch boa acme comments On the Merrlmoo, which, It says, spent two days in Hampton Roods, bantering the Monitor and the Yankee fleet to come "no In rarure'bf oar shore guns. They claim that ate la master of nompion uoous. The exploit of tho Jomestowo, In seizing three vessels, la regarded aa showing the terror with which the Yankees view the Merrlmoo. Considering It not worlb whllo to wsste any more coal in irultlcas euort to entice ue Moni tor to conflict, the Merrlmoo returned to her anchorage. ine neuei u very general nera mat messer rlmao received some injury during her recent raid, which compelled her to go back to Nor folk She vis undoubtedly aground all the second day, and from the heavy weight of her armament she may have sprang a leak. .She Is, however, back at the-Norfolk navy yard, and there Is, little doubt has been taken back them for repairs of somo kind. When moving about Ihe upper Roods on Fri day lost, and exchanging shots with the Nauga luck, she was verv close lo the Enallsh U amcr Racer at one time close alongalde. In con versation with one or the English sailors yes terday, an experienced gunner, he assured me that the last gun the Merrlmao fired ellher the gun or tho shell exploded before II left the muzzle of tho gun. Be was cloeo enough to see a great commotion on board, and Ihe escape irom me port noies. Corn randenos of the Associated rrcss. Bonthern Raws ItsinsM-Tha Attack on the Fsru at tm nonm or tits nisaissiupi River! FostrcfcsH Mokooc. Anrll 1C Tboro la noth ing ol interest stirring In this neighborhood l; day. The Merrlmao Is still out or right. The Norfolk papers or to day contain tbs following : Kicaxono, April 12. Both Houses of Ccn Kreea have adopted a res ilutlon to adjourn on Monday next and to meet again on Uie 3rd onaay in August. Report! have been recelved-here of the land ing of Yankee troops at Tappahaonock, Kssex county, Virginia, (on Ibe Rappahannock river.) Richmond, April IS Fivo gunboats went to Wilana on the Rappahannock river on Sundav, on4 next day proceeded to Tappahaonock. No troops were landed and Ihe movement Is sup posed to be a reconnolsance or feint Official Information from New Orleans stales that the attack on Forts Jackson and Philip commenced vesterdav, Hth Inst Savj,n.vaii, April U. The Morning News icarnvinat jacuonvuie, ria., was evacuated by the Federals last Tuesday. They said tbey were going to Tybee. The town is now lo possession or the Confederates. The conscription bill was passed by Congress 00 the 8th Inst The Norfolk Dsy Book announces the arrival there of the French frlrrnte Gassendl with the Frerch Minister, and slates that Ihete was great curiosity and many surmise on the occasion. The editor ssys thot M. Mercler has dispatches from the French consul at Richmond, which Is sue causu 01 we visit. I'mcncE wmi nto orxs. The nracllce vesterdav with the ITnlnn una Llucoln guns was very line, and attracted gen eral attention. First a ricochet shot was fired from the Lincoln gun, which skimmed along, striking the water and bounding forward sev eral times, at each touch throwing up a sprsy of water thlrlr feet In the air. and dlsannnrfnn in tho water finally about a mile from Sewellfe roiab The second shot was fired from Ihe rifled Union gun. an elongated bolder of Iron welirh. Ing Ave hundred and twenty pounds. The tun was ciBTouia ai iwcniy nine aegrees, ana whb a report thot fairly made the earth tremble, the Immenso shot went whistling and shrieking through the air, and la about forty seconds It cs mo down In tho water cloeo la to the shore ou tMweirs roint, a distance or roily five mllca This morning a new tilled guo, mounted on ue rampans 01 me ion, was tented Dv several shots In Ihe direction of Sewrll's I'olot. The result was tail ooesun:i struck In tho woods near the I'oiut, und the others fully commanded the channel. There bu been an extensive Smoke arising all day to day from the camp at Newport News, lesuuig to ue oeiiei mat preparations are ina klnc to evacuate It. There Is no doubt of ihe fact that Ihe Merrlmao can come them and shell the camp oulwnenever sho is inollnea to do so Whether it is better to evaouui It than leave It lo be destroved and plundered bv the enemv Is a question easily decided by the military authorities. It has never ceased lo bo a pest lion of Importance to us, and Gen. Mansfield is not the man to leave the enemy to do what he can do for them. The warm weather renders huts and barracks ended there of but little present Importance, as the men all now prefer idu Hsu 01 laoir tears. Capture of a Rebel Fort on Sauta Rosa islands Ns.w York, April 17. Tbo steamer Phila delphia arrived at Havana- on the 10th Instant trom Fort Pickens. She brought nine refugees troin tbo rebel camps, oue of whom was a sut ler in the army. The party lau away from the rebels, taking with them 10,000 In gold and it large omouul ul Confederate sciip. Ttiero were only live hundred rtbel soldiers hi rensacoiu. Kurt Mcliae bad been abandoned. The fort ul Iho eastern end of Santa Rosa Island hd bi.cn taken by the United States iroops. RtUKNOIHitNCE ti' int RiPrilUNXOCO- Adviccs received by the Mary Bell, which or rlti d at the navy yard yesterday, giro particu lsrs ul a rcconnoissauco up the Kippabaunock on Monday in company with tho Island Belle, jUelllte, Resolute and Reliance. In Ihe after noon, Uiey eutcied a creek upon which Urbana is located, nod wero fired upon from rifle pits. but without loss, when the boats wero brought to, and the rebel were speedily shelled out Approaching tho town, white flags were fly ing Irom nearly eviry bouso. Nouo but old or infirm mcu were seen, the able-bodied having enlisted or had been Impressed into thai tbel service Fort Lowry was evacuated. Anchor ing In Trout ol Fort Lowry, they shelled the woods, and going ashore, raised tbu star i-pan-gled banner upon tho rtbel ilagstau". Tho pluce had just l""i vacated; bread was found warm lu tho ovens. Tbo hospital was la order, well supplied with medicines, nud nearly a hundred oumfortablo frame buildings had been creeled there. A boat bad beeu sunk lu front of the tort. Two C8-pounder guns had been sunk In attempting to remove their equipments. The remaining stores wero removed by our fleet, and tbo buildings were burned. The next day tho fleet proceeded lo Tappa haonock, where Lieut. M'Crea landed a small force, raised the flag, assured the frightened inhabitants ol safety, and Induced them to return to their stores and dwellings. On Wednesday, Master Street, with Ihe Island Belle, captured the rebelsloop Reindeer, with military stores and a rtbel mail. Two schooners were also taken by the expedition, and two prisoners In uniform were arrested at Union Wharf, fifteen miles from Tappahannock, "who gave their names as K. L. Murlngo and Jamce A.Conan, and slated that I hey bad been limited and were 011 1 Mr w ty to camp Gold was selling in Memphis, oil tho lSlll ultimo, at seventy-five percent, and sllvir ul fifty percent, premium. TsaiRTf-8EVEftn'c!lE8it -pr 8 O Q NDBBBB 1 ON . i TaMsoar, April 17, 18fe2. '1 tjf AKKoatslft. I V 'lVfolloIT leembcUal wsri submitted and spbroprlstely referred: "' I '"r By Mr. WILLKY: From cltizra of Harper's Kerry and workmen at Ihe armory, praying for tho re establishment of Ihe national armory at that place. By Mr. WILSON.of Massachusetts: From tho medical cadets of the United Btates armv, prov ing an Increase or the rank and-peyoi-tba medical cadet to the rank and dot of brevet second lieutenant of Infantry, , United Stoles army, ' 1 1 " 1 , t , Also, by Iho some: Two petitions from citi zens 01 stassacouseiis, praying ue aaopuon 01 the Mlnclnle of "Internal taxation simplified," as inggeoted by E. B. Blgelow to 1 Hon. Toad- ueus elevens. . . Bv Mr. II AtmtS: From citizens ol New York, remonstrating against the tax bill before Con great and the issuing of Government bonds bearing Interest, and praying thot Treasury1 notes ue issuea lor tnc tun amount 01 toe un funded dehL Bv Mr. HOWARD: From citizens of Mlchl- gan. praying me passage 01 ine out reportea y Hon. F. P. Blair, providing for the construc tion of a ship canal rnm Lake Michigan to the Mississippi river. aarooT or iimam-st:. r Mr. II ALB. from the Committee on Naval Affairs, renorled a foist resolution. ODDronrla- ling $7,000 lor the relief of Ibe marine battalJ lion, the members of which lost their personal effects In the foundering or tho steam transport "uovernor," in me rxpeaiuon to rort uota'i -.ki.i. .-. .i.i....i .-j ....1 wuiui mn vuiswiriv svu yisn u. xicanu-TioN iurcs.il to. Onraollonof Mr. GIIIUES. a resolution or li'oulrv was adooted. asklnir from the Prcsli deut a copy of Ihe testimony and judgment of the recent naval court In the caao of Lieutenant Charles E. Flemleg, U.S. N.j also the testimony and finding or the naval Retiring uoara in me case 01 taia Lieui. 1 iemiog. uuijjriuiTioha op votzss. Mr. GRIMES called u Ihe bill prescribing Ibe qnsllfioatlone of volets In the cilice of Wash ington ana ueorgepwn, in ine visinci 01 to- lumDia; wnicn was cons uereu ana passeu, DKrinrMrNT 01- auricvltcoi:. Mr. SIMMONS Called up the House bill to establish a, Department or Agriculture. The Senate amendments were adopted. Mr. 'WRIGHT 'oflrrcaMiia substitute as an amendment, prov Idiot; a-Depsrlment ofAgrl culture ctmrieuiic 01 lour uureaus. lie present cd facta and arguments showing the neglect with which tha subjrcl ol sgrleuliure bad been treated by Um Govirnment, aod Its Immense Importance as Ihe foundation of all our prosi parity, and pur deieidcnoe mainly for tbo pay ment of Ihe national debt. ' He spoke of the Immense value or a single new train in sgri culture, and cited the revolution produced in cattle growing oy Ihe discovery 01 a new gross in iiouana, one in Jamaica, one on tae atrrri moo river. In New England, and the blue grass in Kentucky. We bad been shut out Trom the sugar crop or Louisiana, but Ihe Chinese cane In tbo West Is rapidly taking Its place. In three or four of the Western Slates there were produced last year 10,000,000 gallons cf sorghum syrup. Vlr. gima produced, in louu, iu,vuu,uuu pounaa 01 tobacco, but the supply was utterly unavail able lost rear, and 10.000.000 pounds had been produced In the lost season In lour connllee of Ohio. lie spoke or the Immense value or the several crops, Instancing the 20,000.000 tons of hay, ana their appreciation 01 value uy new Improvements in new products. Improved cul ture, or machinery. He declared that the value of products had doubled In a hair century, by Imnrovemenls In agricultural machinery. He alluded to the cam with which these Interests were fostered in Europe, and said be had seen eighty tevea vailoiics, ot wheat gathered at a European lair. He stated that there woa Use statistical In formation in this country than in any other la Ibe world. He showed bow our poverty of statistical mtormauen was used oy speculators to mt ud nanlcs. bv which the former was swindled, and ot lost the foreign buyer would come In aod buy heavily at low rates. Laid over. imiiix irrsMirnuTios nn.L. On motion or Mr. FESSENDEN. the Indian appropriation bill, for expenses of the ensuing yi ar, was taken up, amended, the amcadmouts agreed lo ordered to be printed; and the bill postponed to Monday. HINT AT DENVER. On motion of Mr. FESSENDEN. Iho bill to csuollsh a branch of the United States mint at Denver, in tbo Territory or Colorado, was taken up, briefly considered, and passed. UEN. STOXE. Tbo resolution of inquiry relative to tb Im prisonment of Gen. Btono was taken up, when. On motion of Mr. McDOUG ALL, It was post poned and made the special order for Monday, o lal atdef eai.lavA Ha UlUl UtMW sWTirt! ' l Mr.X.ATHAM called up the blirreUUvo to a steam mall line to California and obtained the floor upon it, when the Senate went Into executive session. Adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. OriNINQ riUTER, The Chaplain, (Mr. Stockton,) In the opening nraver. returned thanks to God for the aboli tion ol slavery In this District for tho emauct- Fallon 01 slavery in me capital 01 our country. Is soil Is now tree from slavery. Its air is also free, aud so may It remain forever aud ever. That especially Is It a great blessing, not so much for political purposes as It Is an evidence ol the Intervention of Dlvloe Providence In Ihe development or another form ol confirmation ol the great and glorious purpose lo bo carried on, ami complete the great cause of human ireeuom. OATH Or AIXKOIAKCE. Mr. CRITTENDEN, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, reported back the bill ad ministering Ibe oath of alleglanco to American citizens 10 loreign countries ; wnicn was tucro upon referred to the Committee of the Whole. HMITIISONUN IMiTITVTION. Mr. Hcl'HERSON, from the Library Coin mltlee, reported back the joint resolution sup plying the Smithsonian Institution with a copy ot each of the volumes or Uapt. wilkcs' bjpiu ring Expedition. Passed. raLNTisu. Mr. Hcl'HERSON, of Pennsylvania, ouered a resolution, that 2,000 copies or the bill In creasing the medical department or the army be printed for the use ol this House Helen ei) to tho Committee on 1'rlnung. CUNVIIIUATIOg OV KEUEL 1'UOrKRTr. Various joint resolutions, reported from, the Judiciary Committee by Mr. Bingham, relating to the confiscation of lie slaves and properly of rebels, A.o , were read, but no octlon taken thereon. mUNi'H 1-ost omcu. Mr. Hay, Private Secretary, delivered a mete axe Irom the President, announcing his ap proval and signing tho bill authorizing the Post master General to establish branch offices In cities. I-ACIIIU HAIUIOAl). On motion ot Mr. CAMPBELL, of Pennsyl vania, the House resolved lleelf Into the Goui rnitieo ol the Whole on the stale of the Union, (Mr. Hickman In tho chair,) and took up lor consideration, under the special order, House bill No. 'JU tot the construction of a railway aud telegraphic line from the Missouri river to tho 1'aclOo ocean. A motion to limit tho debato to ono hour was rejected. Mr. LOVEJOY, of Illinois, said ha did not Intsnd making a lsncy speech; the bill was got up by " log rolling," to represent the Interests of certain railway companies. It exempts from taxation lands granted for right of way, an unheard of tiling, and It an objectionable feature. H provides that If any of the lands granted to old In lis cousltocUon shall bo found worth less, the company, may select lands la lieu thereof in any part of the nation, which Is llk wise iibjeclloiinble. It 11 1 lows the company, alter compleilug 10, 80 1.1 120 miles ol the roid, to receive the money appropriated and the Ijn I granted for tbu intlre line, without obljjztiigjlic,in' lo gj on further fa the construction thereof. The bonds ksurd are a lion on Ihe road, bat only a lien oil a particular section of Ibe road. It provides that the company nity pay back its evidences of lodeblednev In Treasury notes at P. several railways win uouuiiers ue pusnea out that way. but none ever can or will be built under this bill. The main trunk will cost fifty millions, and tbeildo roods or branches seventeen millions. The construction of the road Is not 0 military Decently, but a commercial and social necessi ty, lit objects to voting millions upon millions recklessly when our country Is so mnch In debt. He is not opposed to tuch a road, but Is In fa vor of it, though he dues not consider this a proper tlmeto naas'thls bill. " ' ' -Mr.' CUADLEBAUOIIor Nevada; sold no persona hoy a greater interest In Ihe construe llM of this toad uan the people of Nevada. Tkayt rej.'.reparatrd. from Jiriallfornlo. by 1 the Sierra Nevada mountains; arid although their territory it out two yean Old 11 not xu.uou in habitants. Corson City then composed of a rew tenls, now hoe 4,000 Inhabitants. Tbelr people carry on a trade with California amounting iosevital millions annually, which arises out of IU mining operations In the pre cious melalit1 fire millions Invested in mining operations; two millions per month of gold and sliver ore are extracted from tbelr miner. Ills not on agricultural or mannroclurlog country, therefore their supplies of groin, dry goods, groceries, 4o., bavo lo bo transported across the' mountains at enormous rates. He hoped the bill would poos. Mr. DUNN, of Indiana, favored the measure, regarding It as the greatest enterprise of the tge; making It the great commercial thorough fare of the world; and hoped It would be con structed. Mr. EDWARDS, of New Hampshire, thought It would be a useful to Ihe Evit as the Wrs. The communication between the Atlantic end Pacific Stales Is circuitous. Tim vast icglnd Ol country west of the States would he settled up by tho building r suih a lead. The great and growing interests ol our nation demand such a road, while, In a political point utvicw, it will be or iuesUmablevaliie to the country. It would bind the two dialant regions together, which must tiever bo dismembered, ft Is a work too gigantic for private enterprise. It de serves our entire support. Mr. WILSON, or Iowa, lavortd the measure, but objected to the form of the bill, which bad no provision for Ibe construction of a branch lo the Iowa line, so as to connect with the East ern roads terminating In lowu. Bo explained the .various routes connecting at various points on the grand Union tosd, and desired the bill amended to as to do ustlce to bis own Stale. Mr. WATTF, or New Mexico, sold Ihe world never produced such a potion as this; but lis great defect Is. loo much talking too little ac lion. Tho Pacific ralway bad liern talked ot lor the last ten years, but nothing dene yet, beyond explorations. We stole those lands from the Indians, and ought not to object to devot ing tbem to publio use; those plains ale Ibe most glorious the sun ever shone on. The gieat West needs such a road- Mr. PIKE, or Maine, lamed Ihe poelpone- men! of the bill until next soeoloti. Mr. KELLY, ol Pennsylvania, considered the work a great une, aud the lime a fit one. The Installments ore placed so. far in Ihe future as lo enable tho Government lo pay tbem read ily. Mr. FESSENDEN, of Maine, thought the war makes Ihe construction ef the bill a necessity; the Interests of tha country imperatively de mand il it would ue n great cnaio, unoing the East and Wett together. Mr. MORRILL, or Vermont, acknowledged lis Importance to the country, but did unl regard this as a suitable Urn-) lo liecin the woik. Capilallsui wbald engage In It anil finally swal low up tue jauus witnout completing ino roau. IX thb railway were now finished and donated to tho Government, we could not run Ihe road. f he local busloew which Is tho life ol a road would. amount to ncHblug, n tho couulry Is unsettled. Mr. BLAIR, of Mbuourl, did Dot consider Ihe war in Ihe way or the project. Tho rebel, lion Is a mere mouthful thai wo can swallonr without difficulty, and that loo without chatt ing it. We must leglrlalo for Ihe mighty fu ture of this Government. Mr. CAMPBELL, or l'ennsylvauU. stated that it had been shown by official fiuureB Ibat Iho expenset paid on IroTcht by the ocean route was over S7,OUO,000 annually, which would pay the entire interest un the bonds. The general debate having closed, the Home adjourned. The Western Virginia (election. Tho returns or the recent election In Weil era Virginia come lu very slowly, t)ut so far as received, show large msj irilbs f'r the new constitution and emancipation. 1'ho lollowing ore the returns from nineteen counties : OmUII uti m A-ma ijuf iiui For. Acslnil. r or Agslcit Barbour I'.D 7 Doddridge 610 1". Preston 1,4011 11 1,-ii'i 93 Urooke.., XU ii 218 4J Mason HJO S3 Wirt 311 3 . ... Cavell (Ourandolle.. preolnct) 200 1 ... Upshur tot ! Mil 8 Third Reg't Va. Vol. zvl 2-U 73 Marshall 1.0.U 31 733 71 Wood 1,3110 13 Jacksou t7U l! Tucksr 513 n .... ... Hancock 223 73 227 It Ohio 1,023 31 873 it Trier tlt II ill 28 Hancock 223 71 Wetial Ill li in,' b I'leaaants .' 322 2 lul 40 Hardy (part) lb'J Totals. , ,11,373 370 3,293 410 It will be seen that teu counties voting upon the question of ''constitution," did not vote upon the question of "emancipation," no arrangements lor that purpose having been made in them. Thu vole upon the last ques tion was lu all tbo counties voluntary and in furuiaj. In the counties given ubore, lhie which voted upon both questions, cxhib't tho follow log nsulls : Cbufitufiori. Z.'mantijalion. Far. Against. For. Against , .lrM8 gA- 6,223 410 'W.' I Unfon BWcjtlnB'ikl Vairfax C'ouillons. We learii that on last Saturday ibe uncon ditional lAlon citizens ol Fail fix counly held 4 larrrT aud enthusiastic meeting Oil being colted to order, Mr. John Hawxhursl, delegate from Fairfax county, was chosen pruldeul, and Mr. Brooks, tha'newly appointed post master, secretary. Whereupon llu president explained tho object of Ihe meeting, and called upon tho Ilou. Jamei T. Cloie, Stale Senator of that district, who cam) lorward aud in id J a patriotic and spirited speech, giving a history of the restored government ot Virginia, Irom Its organlz illon up lu tho present time; urging the citizens to lake t-Ups ut once to defend themselves against tho tiruied invaders, who ore now prowling around in gturilla bands, murderlug tbelr citizens, burning their houses and barns, destroying their property, and cur rying them off as prisoners to Richmond, bo causo they dare to uphold H13 Union, and go in for the Constitution, iho Union, and the enforce moot of the lows; to organlz! tbo counly offices, put the militia low In lorce, and once mom establish civil law under the protection of tho restored Government of Virginia. It was also ascertained thot there was not a loyal counly officer; that they bad all turned secessionists under influence of tbelr leaders such traitors ai II. W. Thomas, W. Diitany. ami Extra Billy Smith; that they bad stolon the county rccordt when the rebel army retreated, leaving every thing' In disorder und confusion. Wo also learned (hat Iho mettlng passed resolutions re questing Ibu government to order an electlou lor all Iho county ofilcce, 011 the fourth Thurs day In May, Alter disposing of tbelr bus noes, they ad journal to meet again ou Saturday, the 19th Instaa.