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tnbliiutt Daily, Mimlaji Kiwptet, 1V W. J. MUHTAOII 4t CO. 01001 M. WIITON, IOITOR. a Tb publication offlot of the Ntrioiii. RtrutuoiH U at lb northtast corner of D sntl Seventh ntreata, eeoond floor, over W. D. Hhep herd's book store. Entranea on Bsrantb street Frtdiy, Asw 2i, 186. llW'NltOU till tlKCmiVSeD WITall OUR I.IMC AT HEW 0.t l, SCANS. Tho Mow Orleans correspondent (August 5) of tbe New York llerM givet the following version of an affair to which we hare once be fore alluded: " Yesterday morning wo had a little skirmish with tome thirty armed negroea who were te. k 102 their freedom. They cam from the plan tations of Messrs. Morgan and Walker, abooi thirty miles down the coast. They arrived h, the city at lour In the morning, nod aa the were marching up the levee, when near the trench market, they were ordered bj foil uolioi men to halt: and on refuting to do Mi, lh policemen attempted to arrest them and culled lor aid. A numner of otner policemen tool arrlf ed. and Immedlatelr a serious fight euane-d, the negroes being armed with togar cone knlvrs. TDey were gelling ue oeei ol inn po llcrmen, when four eoldien of the Twellth Maine regiment came to their aid; when, after a struggle. In which the negroes fought die perately, the pollca and soldiers were victo rious. One negro wai killed, nine wonuded, and elx taken prisoner. Five of the police were pretty badly wounded. Tbe negroea said they were armed only to retlit any attempt on the road to return them to slavery. There can be no question but that the polio men did their duty in arreetlng any baod ol armed men, whether black or while but II etiatom had not made It a law In this Shite for a planter to pay 2J for every runaway negro arteated by a policeman, I doubt If they would have becu to zealous In performing their duty."' Other accounts place the number of these t s caplng negroea considerably higher, but the variations In the detail otherwise an not Im portant They came Into oar line, and If their maater are rebels, a tbe presumption It that thiy are, they an emancipated by the Gontlt- catlon Act. Gen. Butler mutt aee to it that that act it enforced, and not suffer It to be overridden by a pro slavery police, or by po lice regulations heretofore established tt New Orleans In the Interest of slavery. It Is a mere pretence that those negroea wen set upon, because they were armed. They would have been equally set upon by the police II they had not been armed. There are contingencies In which It would be very convenient to have a la-ge negro po pulation In New Orleans. It would be a secu ilty, quite f qual to gnnboats, against any trea sonable outbreak on the part ol the disaffected portion of the whites A New Orleans corre ipondent (August 10) of the Boston Journal says: "The troops In Ibla department are not yet up to me idea Obaraung toe negroes, toougo It cannot be denMTtSat Ihey an rapidly com ing to It II an attaca wen to be made by a mob or unyilher tnlernal force, a free fig bt from the darkeys would be unanimously at lownl. If not applauded. The fact Is. we are getting tolerably tick of the pride and Inso lence of these slaveholders, who talk about tbe constitutional rights' of the South. I do not btl)tte that the time Is fully come to arm the negro, but I am convinced that a little more guerilla warfare will fit our .people for almost anything." KDITOaUAl, OOHKBIIMIIDKNCBt Boston, August IS, 16C2. I understood here this morning that the pub lic tone waa mwlfNnors eWrtul-'tlrrougliout New England than it wat three weeks (go, the favorable change being caused by the draft ordered of J00.MD men, tie letpelni given to volssWertnt? by that order'lie active "move ments of Gen. I'ope, and finally the withdrawal of McClellan'a force from it III starred expedi tion to the Penhntrs. This evening, Boston li jubilant over the authentic account received of the bloody repulse of Gen. Breckinridge at Baton Rouge. The people see that the wiris only to be ended by fighting,' and they prefer even defeat to Inaction. If they can have victories, so machine better. But at all event, they want fighting. I tee that the Fourteenth Vain regiment was In the battle at Baton Rouge,'and lost heavily. That I the Aroostook nglmenl, raised in the extreme northeait extremity ol the Bute, which run up quite to the latitude of Quebec Aroostook county, with a popu lation of twenty thousand, has atnt two thou sand men Into the field, and no hardier or braver soldiers can bo raited. In the world; By what a strange f irtuae it Is, that they are nbw combating in eeiiil tropical Loalsana, In a ell- mate and among scenery different from that which Ihey left behind. A the Italian letles of Napoleon dreamed of the warm son el tbelt native tklea, whtlo they were perishing among the enow of Russia, o the last thought ot tbeee eon of Northeastern Maine, who have fallen at Baton Rouge, may have turned to the pines, the rocks, and the oool streams of their Arctic homes. I observe the statement that Albert Tike, cf Arkansas, assigns ts on reason for leaving the Confederate service, the " rulu " of his private affairs. He never had any private affaire, ex plundering the Government by mean of In dlan treaties and claims, and waa always In a ooodltlon of " ruin," as too many people at Washington know to tbelr sorrow. As Gor. Marcy one said to me about one of my clients, whose Intolerable sufferings I waa expatiating Upon, " he ha been ruined ever since I knew him, and always will be " I notice ben and then among claas of news paper of the stamp of the N. Y. Times, which invested all their political capital in the success of Gen. McClelUn, a little fling at the Secretary of War. Six week ago they were pouring whole broadside Into Mr. Stanton. What we hear from them now, I nothing but scattering shot from a defeated and flying army. The event ha demonstrated tbe wisdom of Mr. Stanton's opposition to the Peninsula policy, and he ha at this moment a strength with the country, which make the malice of hit ene mies utterly Impotent They know it, and their cries ol foiled malice may be patted by with silent contempt, A VARJCY IKKTCII. The bt Louis RtpulAican tayt. " The framer of our Constitution and the fathers of our country thought It possible and quite practicable to unit under one head Iree bd slave communities. For years tha political arrangement they made worked harmonlonsly The slave flomtnuuilles extend themselves only in their proper sphere a tphere indicated li conllngulty, climate, and agricultural produc tions. The free did the same. None but one ida men, or Agitators thought of planting si i very In Michigan, or of refusing it to the wishes of the people of Tennessee. And nnder th's pimple and obvious rules the work or peopling the Hulled States uilgbt have gone forward lu dt-tlniU-ly." There are several ol j cllone to this state ui'nt of the history of the country, the prlncl pal one being that there Is not a word of truth la It The fathers of the country not oue did not Intend Ibat slavery should bo extended any where, but Ihey intended and expected that it would be short lived where It then existed. It Is nearly seventy years sines ben. Washing I ton wrote inai lis auoimou m saaryiauu cuuhi "not be long postponed," and bo desired and labored for the same remit in Virginia. There Is no reason In "contiguity, climate, or agricultural productions," why slavery should be tolerated in Missouri more than In Illinois, and It wonld be eveo more profitable In the latter Stale, than it la or ever caa be In Florida The "fathers ol our country" certainly never thought of "planting slavery" anywhere, but they never had any difficulty about "refusing It te the wishes of the people." They "relused" it to the repeated "wlihcs of the people" of Indiana and Illinois, expressed through Ihalr Territorial Legislatures Several reports wero mide and accepted, In onr earlier Congresses, against complying with this sort of "wishes.'' One ot these reports was made by John Ran dolph, of Virginia. If the editors of the St. Louis ItepuKlcan will take the trouble to read the history of tbe country, they will write no more such paragraphs a the one we have quoted. Imputing to the "father of our coun try" a policy contradicti-d by all tnetr acts Limui'iTioN or but at. A few days ago, tbe bt Louis provost m trahal general soId and euitnclpated twenty two slaves claimed to belong to WilIU Hoard, William Gardner, and one Doraft all actHe and nohy rebels, who have been arrested and confined In the Gratiot street prison. Tha negroes have received thuir free tuners. There were twelve of them In one family, women and children Included. It waa reported that kidnappers wero on their track trying to persuade tbe delighted crea tures to j;o Into the Interior of Missouri, on tbe promise of comfortable homes and good wairea : but this gam waa blocked by the efforts of a few Intelligent free colored men, who provided them with mean to reach a eater locality. Fsxk Nsouou OvcajumxiNo the North Gov. Boutwell, In his speech at the War Meet ing in this city, made one ot too best practical point on the negro question, which we have noticed for some time, viz : that, In the actual condition of lblcg, nothing but the entire ab olition of slavery at the South will prevent a large Influx of blacks into ths free States Uo der the legislation of Cotgress, freeing al slaves who aacapa Into our lines, all found In place which we may capture, tbe Immediate families of inch a we may employ a soldiers or a laborers connected with our armies, and all who may be employed for the purposes of tbe rebellion, tbe number emancipated, most at all event be immense. If slavery survive at the South, these emancipated negroes will not be suffered to live there. A few may be dis posed of by colonlzUloo abroad, bot thousands must be driven North. The slaveholders of the South had commenced expelling free ne groea before this war b-gan, and when tbe number waa small They would push thin policy with reiloubUd xeal, If tlavery aurvivta tbii war. They would be compelled to do It, in order to tave what wou'd remain of the Institution. The alleruative then is, tbe abolition ol slave ry so that tree negroes can remain at the South, or lis continuance and the consequent mpulslon Into the free States of all the blacks emancipated by tbe progress of our armies. Tun WiMTmirritii Rariew for July (Scott's edition) has just been received, and for sale by Hudson Taylor. Ills an interesting number, as will be teen by tbe contents: The I Ifa and l'olloy of I'ltt, Dr. Davidaon'a intriMjuouon in me uiu inaiameni: ueoium Expanses, Hfr WIHlHrn Hamilton: bis Uontrlnes i f Perception and Judgment ISnglish Rule in India. Celebrated f.lterarv Friendships: The lliwn of Animal Life, Contemporary Litera ture AltMV HIT OP TUBS WKITKIUt TATstS. Wo havo received from the publisher, Geo B Smith, box 1 HI, Chicago, a copy 'of the Official Army Lis! of the Weatern States, con taining the name of all the officers In the va rious regiments from the State of Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, and Colorado. This book must be invaluable to all classes of our Western people, and most especially to all who have basinwtss with the army. Postmast ers, who certainly bavo more business with them, in thes'j timet, than any other class, should each have a copy of this work In thtlr respective offices. Au unfortunate habit has grown up among persons having friends in the army, in direct log their letters iu (he car of captains without giving the numb r of the regiment, and the Tvtms of tbe Bute. The book before us will, in somu respects, obviate this d acuity, but we call attention to this lad at the request of per sons engaged In the pott ofljje In this city, who hare the best reasons in the world for knowing, because of tbe vast number of mill tary letters pasting through their bands dally. and we know of no better wty to call attention to it, thaa In connection with this work. We hope the publisher will extend hi list, and Include especially the Slate of Ohio. We do not know whether the Northern States have such lists ; if not, tiny should tpeedily get them out, Tha price of this work, post paid, Is til) cent. Address George B. Smith, Box VM, Chicago, Illioois. Ctasamardetted A UUHIC Vtiu. TUB DMIO. The President hasvwilh characteristic wisdom hod lMievoknKoJimend4 ohemof(pl antarftjpauhtloii'io the (roe ptcpl ol color In th United Btatek He ha Mt loll the ,.. . .-. .. ... l.u... . i i. inai iseir presanc J onetsaw a vim; jst n urelt-uotri. no,d Vt that,' ws cause or tnj demerit In themselves, tt would IX prejudicial to tha country j for h a turelt doe nolJUT that it would. BuU(ls looked upon tbe realities around him and qom prehended them aright, and ratolvtd'to obey tha Injunction to mulfeatly ratting upon him, and to pat forth bit arm to tav onr country Ifrnm ih nvtla nf alavstrr. and to raacua an on Wasted i-aca trstn bondat tn tha 8onth and It-M - l-l-'l. VlM Hl.lt, l tt Hi4ll The necesaltv of holdlnt- the nes-ro In slarerv n the Soulb.'an'd of tobjectlni him to political 'xclttjlon and "social 'oppression ia th North, la not been 'discussed by tha President and ierd not be discussed by the people, the facta art deplorably manifest, and mutlb tompreheuded and dealt with a they exist It s true, that bnt ons-tWA of tha people of the trolled States an of African descent. It la also true that more than one-fouita of th peo ple ol Wathlngto-i City an of that race, (vide Census of 1850,) add that, thought most of them are free from the! bonds of slavery, Ihey hare proved a peaceful, Isnooenl, and a thrifty as any people ever did or eonld nnder equal disadvantages and discouragement. Bnt these facta have no bearing upon the practical quel lion before us. Th Southern people will tot, of their own free will and accord, permit the negro to dwell among them In freedom. The Northern people do not desire hi presence, In large numbers at least, under any clrcnrn stances. Yet a terrible war la now raging In h!ch the destiny of the ueg-o la Involved ; n war that cannot terminate until the future and permamnteonditloo of tba negro thallhavabeen established. It kin vain to think ofmodlfylmr the sentiment of the people and1 th legislation of the Slates la either wolloa of the Republic The border State may and will prefer the Union to slavery. But that will not settle the question. The negro must Roger unwelcome! among them, If permitted to remain at all; un welcome la th region hi bbor ha redeemed from tha forest and th Jungle; unwelcome in the fields hli hand hava so long cultivated ; unwelcome near the home enriched by hi unrecompensed toil ; unwelcome In tha pret ence of th muter and the mistress hit fidelity and lore have cherished. It a rigid, cruel truth. God' avenging hand I now chastening us because ot it existence, and Hi wrath will not be appeased until tha day ot deep repent- ence and thorough restitution. Then Is room upon God's footstool for thes five million or his creatures room for thm to enjoy life, and liberty, and happiness. It may be found wherever sought Seek ths spot and place thtmthcreas they themselves shall choose to go. Th civilized world will approve th act Tha nation of th earth will unite with ui in cherishing tha Infant nation. No violence it necessary for tha accompllih meat of this gnat design. Tens of thousands of the people are now ready. Tent or thou sands will be offered by tbelr patriot matterr. Ten of thousands will continue to Bee from rebel masters to our camps. No violence need bednoa. No evil need follow. The fitldt of the Sonth will baa fertile a ever. The competition for employment will be a eager at ever. If tha recompense of tha laborer most b added to th prloe of tha product of these fields every benevolent heart will rejoice at the privilege of paying It The battle of the Union mast be fought. The Untou must be prest rved : in the blood of its children It mat be ; yet this not In vain for a more perfect Union, a more enduring basis, a more equitable spirit, and more benev oleut aspirations, thall bo established at the characteristics of our Republic and transmit ted as the inherllanco of our children, TftOMAIl C. Oui ou T. Washington, August kl, 18C2. ' Tiiiku Dimmer Rxuiuknt. Th recruiting for this regiment ts'progreaslag Duely, and the oitlzens ot the District will soon have another regiment to represent them la the gnat battle for the Union. The organization la under the control ofGen. Wadiworth, who baa madegood selections for officers, and hence tha moce which baa already been attained. In hi effort bahaH been ably and diligently sustained by hi staff, to whom great credit 1 due. Every.! loyal citizen of the District cannot bat feel sincere pleasure at th tuocest which add ad ditional credit, to the citizen of Washington. IMP6RTACT. CmESreNDENC Lttttr froi) JFVt H. Uufhtt "!. ecrsiasri inwnh kUnu Jut m W a liu statin Malt- mmet- Mr ItWArdSeqaeited to pat mHeewraKiHgJitmjkt Mmmprt J.,..iiLi.. & Ju nUrfiLj. List at MllaTliihaahlial tiiiaiaWnftatin laetai v. MXaX'aeKtVaaw. bvlvaBaWr Wl BY TELEGRAPH. ' JJA'xicSHaQ . M1U.UK WAHU Tba liollowteg Important Mitttoluo tw FiawUW;Bnt, Vef , Ohilrmaa of the Dttjtoefttlc .Bute Central Comallt, ciftarjprara,wiu r. r. w-ue ia, ttt,nii qi, ' d II I im vi - l-Mle-t.. t Mr. HS-taWs. l III" njDtfiwT-r or T DiaocsXiTTO a.lT-if,A " " UWrm-LC)MinTTlittPiMi(i':',rt '" f'PblladlpbHliAg.'li:i8-:.1, Um. VPS-fa 11. Sewvil. &otatT of BUte : ': Dtum Sit r VVIth tome betltatsM 1" take the- liberty of -Cldting.to 70s ilrrt' documents, vis. W Address bt th DamocrtlUo Butte Central Ooamlttee of liU,rJesrt an Address Mas oay uwoea dv myseir, - uosirmen, nu t-vvona ov m coil tors si ism -- meeting, abant tn Vb IdkSJI Sm IMar-llv." - "" " ' --..- . - - - - -. Allow m to eav that the address of the Com mittee HaHveen much astmltad by leading arid IrBnMUal kmraalii. ewnductttl bV (hose who Claim to be your political frVseds. the denun ehUon baa been so decided as to yronoonb tt irttswnt-Me. whather or not it I trsaaonabU. twea) beat determine If 70a read it' It It '-gthy and mar take up too much oT yon. ume, not tin Marees itsoea m myseu, um dsy, I comparatively short, end at Uttatot poslfiooa utBolntly to determine the character cf lb farmer-, it will relieve you of labor 1 you wnrreaa tn isnier. - A thi address of the committee kVwell at that by myself, as chairman, are) both from my ' own pen, I should bear the greater part of whatever reproach thvtiLI attach to their pub-' llcttlon. Still, allow' Bis to assure youUwtt they oontala the sentiments of not let than -tin-. tiniut-M. th, inaajwl of th anen of Peariavl vasta, and, 1 oeuere, ot over one million 01 men in tha central States of New" Jersey, Penn sylvanla, New York, Ohio, I idlana, and 1(11 101a. twill eau.wo, toaii neneve mere ia a nttmr mill-. Jffin In tbe wholel (MUntrv of more devoted pWriMs. andjoyally. i( J P 1 will add. too.-thsr 1 belletelhlt million ot 1 1 men will, amid polltloal ohasga,t remain pa trljtlo and loyal. If 7011 will read one or both ol the enclosed ad-t.eeat.a-d rT.ra connection wit. the faoat'I have UtM tu regard. t thetr menortera. it will atlmnlate voa or aerve Ton In any degree to protaote pnlley cd M part of rthf . adplnlMraUoo, ( PretMenti llrkM- to pui aowu (aw svtwos- vi aouiiuuai-a-, sbj fuv objtct'ln sdelraawlar yem thl (perhape pre. inrtptuoat) note shall be more than abundant) ly tbtalned. At all rants, rest attired that I addreaiyon with ths profound respect, due your nign personal ana omcisi cnaracur. F. W. nconra. Respoaia mt eaeearf teWaird. Dtrtnin or Stitk. a Wsshlogtoa, August 19th, 1861. 1 T. F.-W.'Hvnhtt, a- Headauarters of the Democralls But Central Committee of Pennsylvania, Phlladaiphiat Dsjji Bra: I hav had the honor of recelvX lag your letter ef the 14th Instant, together with tbe three paper to Which It rerei. two of there beiu anneal written bv vourself. and .. ..- .. ..r. . .-. addreaaea ny vne Liemocrauc ctate uentrai Committee 'to the Democrata and all other frltndaof th CoMtltatloo la Penatylvanla," sad the ottan1 being a call for a mass meeting of tbe cttb.a.1 of- Philadelphia, the object of ", lht.bo-we.o -a . -ja r. isr tawsTiewas. ov waawaiar r or mors laaa aoaion woo ara onamployed during the winter, and offer them to the Government for ocean aervlce; the aev eral.baawda payUf thth jsagaa, te the they will tKLol no expense to the Government, ex fe) gcaAlniand equlpaenls, nctKnilUff- lesltltwfeDortiral. I nji 11 an . ti i'i 1 I nx-uU,i 'ia .1 jeHne.n. In reward Utt l-MMM rwiftftlot. tffaATstoCleltaa U -rrtrnj of the MM.jp mimtfon. Plievwd Mwetl IswcrmedMrtt- Ih"lbl-,c1ty to LATEK ,rtW. (UCJ.Irft)ND;: I -u w I be-lt .qn ' 1 il ' 1 ' ' 1KortnUikOf tHe ' jtifiilft I Meet the Xntlv Jfoiemtnt 1 .' MgmrtftUhmon. I A IUw WalAiigust Il--Tni. JTmtJJ ,nai'a fepateh dated Poolntlll.' Maryland, giving e ttatemeut ol rt civilian who left 'Richmond nib 1 Jib, that the 'rebel' troop were then wiring ontxf ltkhmond on the Virginia On- IT It was then'krown'liht tit evacnatloa of Birrisoet ksuwrag naa commeucea, aua ucavy rhoveroeaft efiatoopewen being made, sup posed to be for the purpose of meeting the federal operation against Richmond from the He stopped two hours' at Gordonsrllle, and saw tea train arrive, trow Richmond and Lynchburg, bringing troop and tupplle. He jtdgea that the entire rebel army concentrated along ine'Yirguie'-uentrarrnnroaa amounts to Oiir thousand mem HebeHsveethatefliAk movement wainVoded (gainst fopa'i right Tjacaton. , , ,. , ,, , I aMamesw Vsaaaaw 11 (Pleaa - " fAlnm blaha arrived trwn Havana, with advice to the sixteenth. Tjp yelow,fever ,wa decraa- 1BST, BUS ror VUV piss uiuueu B una oij Dates from Orizaba to tbe 28th ultimo and Vera Crnz to the let Instant are received. ' lueaeraiuuDiaaonaaonenaueneraiuoDos, who succeeded Mirqnez In cohimand, $100 POO le) tdmhUtroripe ovsrtpth' Mexican Govern' nteaVthetastmeV to.Mlptldout'of a loan ne gotiated vrtBVepreMhUflve dfth 'United I The) French steamer Grenade' botabarded Campeaobr, destroying several bousot, but was drive otT by schooner hastily armed br the zz&zzri1' a k . .. .... -1-1 b T. .. Al 1 Vi W I &s NivYom, Anguil 20.WefctatCham- Ion, Mm AtMt wall on IhtHMk law; arrived tint tort tMtthk. en tsjatecr. at aayt tor the tteftner CUrieitJIale, Wafahoul heariag any lldlnglCrromeV-ffe stl,W tVtfecle, and seventeen passengerafront AsptttVall.) uartnagena date snow oonsiaeraoie acsrviiy in tbe Interior, and an ennMrneat.am" soon eipeotedbetweea Utuera.aaad-AtbtUea. I . for eighty eM -navey maintained onr Government Iree from bloody strife; r Item a The Indian were being armed to oppose Mos- qaera. a paragrapn in ino ranama auw liases ua th Krenoh blockade of Mexlosci-port trva deretood to be only for the puree cf prevent ing arm and amsjunUloo being iandd,Hkad will not Literfero with legitimate trade. eiqnn The steamer 1 Pruaadr, from Livtryeel) ar rived at Asplnwall on pe ista luMUAVi n,l -ni i The iteamar Lima ,wu totally lot. I lth of Julv, tVtjrthreenUaifUnth ol jOoWi. hat Uje mall and paugere wet eared eat taxen 10 uonu dj in aaip taoontig n,,a ji . 1 1 I 11 I 'lr in j 11111 Maine Bglatttati vm then WtJ U -ll llJ tl-lU-'U' j PoaTUM), He., August 20,-iTb Sbrtaenth Malna realment. which deft Veaterderi fn tbe oat of war, will be followed to-morrow ay th Seventeenth m-tment: on Mondnv. 1 by 1 tbe Eighteenth , regiment, on Wednesday, by the Nincveenui regiment: ana on ue baturaey 101 lowlng by th Twealieth regiment i'i 1 . . tiw 1 , nl. Gnt. Fjtr.navr in MKSormi, A 8ULania correspondent tpeaklng of iRCrallln; W. Mlr sourL, MJt that the German would contribute Immensely to Ihe'iww reilnten,' U there traHW leader1 to rouse aid animate them. AL one ,of their great mat meetings, lately, a tpeaker al Inded to Ibis, and 'remarked that the only thing needed was n name to rally around. He nenuoned a uenerai, nut in response, ,",re- montl" "KmikostI" lntUtrtly came fro UouMnds of throats, and the asaembly rent the' air with the heartiest cheers 'for 'the Pathfinder. Th Germans are true to tbelr lint tore) .to this day, Fremont' nkme stirs more en'wrailastn among hem than would the presence of alt bar other General ol American birth. Tbe tarn ia largely true with every elate' of Loyalist throughoot the Norlb-West. In a very able and stirring discourse, preached 'vet Unit v to a 11 11 ...i-ii 1.1 .-.. .,..,- ,':., large congregation, in me union ttsanoum PpUoopal Church ef St Loui; the ilev. George Joervn. Pretldant of tbe Iowa Unfversllv.tDoke oj Frtmont a " lhfrealef l. jajjjjef l,(ot our fjtncrtl "an, allusion whlob,.1ioalTed lb most emphatio endorsement at tlb close of the strvics. ArVstAlaTOTIIaC MEN Or MAHYLAMD. r ixxa (lu caaaou. Mitt Carroll, who tekee a lively Interest In tbe general coolest, and especially in every thing touohlog Maryland, ha published an appeal to the men of hnr native Stat, to !re- apond promptly to the Preddtnt's call for more troop. A portion of her "Appeal" ran tha: tingle difference between tbVstateV and tha National OovenimAaL thai has net hail a fMaeas . , , ,r-T -'I .7 V.7 . mi eoiuuoa at ue nonet oox. Eardi WIHUA WU MerMI. Idderjrl kMHSiA Jk Ipeihueen eohrhrsed ai-d revolutlon- UtuonvD RKKiiivaTiui or d'es UcClJ'tliK The 1 larlford Vain W, August 20, says: " We havo private but direct and Irnttwortby in formation that General MoClellan will resign tbe command of the Army of the Potomac us soon as the new change of position It effected. The visit of the President to the Peninsula, toon after the battle week, Is said to have had connection with this event" CdMiacATin Canuoca Sold On Tuesday last eight hundred bales of cotton and other goods, comprising the cargoes of two vessels the schooner Magnolia and Andromeda con fiscated on account of attempting to run the blockade, were told In New 1 ork at auction by order of tbe United Siatra Marshal, nnder BT- We call attention to the corretpoodtne between Mr. Hughes, of Pennsylvania, and tha Secretary of State. Mr. Hughes, who seemi to be more of a poullcnl demagogue than statesman, it very much exercised tbout the Abolitionists, and desires Mr. Seward to exer cise hi authority la putting them down, which certainly illustrates Mr. Hughes' Intelligence and wisdom The response of Mr. Seward is meet excellent, aud should cauw thu Pennsyl vania demagogue to hide bit head for ehtiue. which metaiM will be "to extras Inn pur pose to tend by tbe maintenance of the Na tional Constitution with devotion 1. to -the American Union," and, farther, "to declare hostility to the policy and measure 1 of all who seek to prostitute th country to lb purpose of Abolitionism, and formally to express the Intention of the Democrat 0 party to d as It ha always hitherto aone, namely, u support 10 rori uov. ernowot- In- the exercise of il eontituUoa al power, end to defend it, at whatever peril, gainti in insianou ana treasonaoia usacn Intra of Abolitionists." T You tellm that tern Influential Journals, condnestdby political friends of mine, censure one of these paper a treasonable, and that the others ar conceived in the same spirit with the one which la so harshly judged. You desire am I read .them and welsh tbeni for mjre L You farther Intimate a hope that tbe perneal of the papers will have the efl ct ol proli clng exertion on my part to Indue the r rvKasni to lavor a policy to put down ue d man nf Abolitionism. I have read the document thus submitted to mt, with a high respect lor the authority by which Uuv were Itsusd. and with a full confi dence In the linearity of the devotion to the Union which, a their author, you hay avowed, ' You will allow me to lay that this nation it now engaged, not in a DoliHoal Bears be tween opposing parlie about question of civil nwrn-nirr-UT- out in a civu war, carnea on bit ofsnnawg armies on an iaeue of national life or'desaw. wjl,ie resolution prevails, there will, be no Jiutswoti e sumtntatrauon im' 10 Mine, ir 11 all, therewill be Urn enough to settle sjl inch questions. I tat not to dlotale a conn for other to pursue in this critl. But I mutt ssy for my self, that neither as a publlo officer, nor as a oltli.tt, can I 'know, with favor or dlafavor. parlie among the supporters of tbe United Bute, say more uan 1 can make a euatinction betwesn faotloM which unite In aiding (ha re- oeiuou. mi -atluujtl- -Advlees from Marllnlqns1 report that 4.000 of the French rtHnrorcemenU lor the French army In Mexico had reached there 25,000 troops were expected." '", 7 Tlie New Adstxiniitratlon In Kentucky. - ViiJltix Inml tdiiSti Jftriilliff at 11 A'f-lArir-nnn. iimM F.ltabfnafSn'waa InanffU rated Governor of Keotuclcy.la the hall of the Moute of Repreaentativta, the Senate and lis oncer being present sir. Robinson made tbe best speech for the occasion f ever beard. He Bweae the entire' bonfldsno of tbe Union parry or Kentucky, ana n wuipnjTn uimreu equal so we emergency. v j nicmue, vi iuo Lexington Obsereer and Btporler, u to be Becre ten el Slaw, and Jams W. Tate I to be A .lsVinf8ecretanr." These are most admirable appointment, and will meet the approval of all Union men. Tbe Senate by unanimous vote re elected Hon. John T. Flak, Speaker of tbat htata ThW. la a blah and deserved compliment to Mr. Flak, and la Indicative of the estimation In which he Is held by.Uie Union men oi Ken- Tht John Morgad snsrj'hu tubtlded. I ! jr.W 'w '?aHlrt. New Itasaip, Aug. tO-Ai foroe of csvalry from here, nnder Captain Freak Moore, while on an exptdlllon to Charleston, attacked a rebel camn on. White OaklidM. waS Af ntnVi ' . .. ,.r';-T ...- "--- nan, ana giueovjioar or it enemy and took nineteen prisoners, Including three captains. ue oiao capureo 21 norste ana about luo Hand of arms. Captain Moor aad on private were wounded, but none were killed. KiNui vitt, Ma, Augnst 10 Th Federal lose in the engagement at Lone Jack, on Friday ia, it uuuenwoa so navo rjeen loo tinea wounded, and mlrelng. Tbe balance of the force escaped to Lexlnitnn 1 Tbe section of artillery lost la tha fight was taken and retaken foot timet, and via fln.illv spiked and abandoned by II Federals. ' au inn pgni! at laaepenueaoe, on tne iltD, Gab. Hughes, who commanded a rebel regi ment at Carthage and a brliadt at th battle of. Wilson's Creek, wa killed, and the notorious tnd brutal Coi. Boyd and Col. Thomnson were wounded, the former fatally. . ' ' " ,1 SI J Point Loococt noarmt. The latest ac count rtom th " Uammoad Hosplul," located upou Point Lookout, represent the general condition of the Invalids, same 1,300 In nam ber, as very comfortable and satisfactory. Dr. Wagoer ha charge of tha hospital, Mrs. Gibbons, or New York, who Is dlttln gultbed for her benevolence and philanthropy, it at the head of the female nurse. A large num ber of the patients are from Harrison's Land log. tsT We ar happy to learn that tbe talented MistEllda B Rumsey is to give a musical entertainment at tbe Navy Yard Protestant Episcopal Cburoh, this Friday avenlntj, at 7 3d p. m , for the benefit of the sick soldiers in that part of the city. She will be fully sus tainrd by competent talent. Go and hear her, If you would like a good musical treat Ile..vrr Lino In answer to Inqnirio whether Union volunteers are to receive bounty land, we would say that no soldiers' bounty land law was passed by Congress; but the homestead law provides that all soldiers serving In the Union army, whether citizens or not, thall be entitled to'iae hundred and sixty acres upon settling on the tame. Tuc Colokko Mix or Silkii Tbe oolored people of Salem, Massachusetts, are to bold a meeting to take Intd 6ant!deratlon the, iahject " .. .. ..i..,. , ,.., mi.. ..... ........ ai. , I the dlrecuoa 01 inernze uomuusBiouera. me oi iu i resiaeni s sources conceruiue; emier amount realized wal 11(0,203, 43. lion to Central America. v ' A nation, like an individual, can do only one thing effectually at one time. It cannot wisely turn aside from tbe chase of the fearful demon of disunion, to pursue an. Inferior demon, wneutr imaginary or real. I think that the wrangles which occurred amoig tbe Crusaders about their respective creei t, when they tat down to the siege of Je- rusr i m were Just as rational ana Just a wise at deputes about abolitionist! would now be in thti nrmy of tbe Potomae In front of Rieb mojij. What It unwise In tbe camp at tuch a moment cannot be wise In the Cabinet 'Or In till assemblies of Iho people. I am occupied here either in meditating be tween different parties and Jsalons sects, or els in watching and counteracting tbe In trigues of traitort In Europe, But I otntlnas thiol, that ir, Instesd of being charged with thesa duuVs, I were at liberty, a you seem to be tu serve the country In my own way, I coul 1 make uo appeal to Democrat and, IU publicvus Ai olltlualtl and tlaveholdert In be half ofuur di trected country that would bring the whole people at once under arms, and eead treai-on reelkg back Into the dea of darkneat from wbin.ee it sprung;' I do not know bow tbla ivuld I-, but I do know that if I wore in your place, I should try I am, very respectfully. Your ob't rto4. WitxianH-Sawuu . From ForfLrMs Monroe. PoRTaassHoi-ao, Aug. JO -UentColj Uol tldey, of the Ninety olaUvNsv York regiment, died yesterday, at Norfolawof typhoid fever. The itatAshlp Yanderbtlt and Baltic, after laytlng at anchor fromjwoto three, weeka abreast the fort, steamed up to-day, and both itotd out toward nee. fhir'wer1 not loaded A new steamer, the City ef Hudson, arrived here todayj.i.d- i ' THE 'JTAM IN WISWPRl. Defeat of the .Rebels at Charleston. 1 Coramaoleatcd Twktrrirra Malta Yoixinjui Col. Asus, Governor Washburn has shown his aagaally In the appointment of Lieut AdelberiAmes, Filth artillery, U. S. army, to the colonelcy of the Twentieth regiment, Maine volunteers Although still a young man, Colonel Ames is eminently qualified In every way to command a regiment offijhllnr men, such as the brave soldier from th "Pine Troo State" ha'v wet proved themselves. Col. Ame entered West Point when twenty years of arte he was appointed from Maine In 1866 and graduated In 18G1, the fourth in hi outs. lath battle or Bull Run, where he wa severely1 Wounded, be wa attached to and commanded a tcotion of arlffloVbaUerT- Ulti gallaut conduct on that ocoaaloh Is too widely known to need repeating. We learn from au thentic sources, that In the batfles of Malvern Hilt and the Chickahomlny Col. Ame, 'behaved la sach a manner a to oommaad the reepeet and praise of his superior' officers, by whom he has been recommended 'for brevet,, ' , We confidently anticipate a brllUanl oareer for thl young commander and lb Twentieth Maine regiment. -Jbe first payments of postage parrn"c were ujitjo jester jay Ly the Treasury, Tbe note are delivered to the-Treasurer, perforated lllos the costes-e stamps. They are Brlhte'd bn the best bank note paper,' and therefore, moe' difficult to separate (ban the stamp In The publlo must be cautions when separstlng them 'and not mutlat them, at 'their receipt, and redemption by the Treasury are subjep( fo tl tame regulation now in force for,UHed States notes, namely, 11 any parlor ue now ia missing, a proportionate sum Is deducted from th nominal amount. For tome days' paymas ters will absorb a large portion of tbe delive ries. The new denominations of on aad two dollars of United States notes are delivered and distributed the same as that of higher denominations. ." (ted; oottlng a eacrlfles of human life of not test uan two rauarsa ana in million. I And yet, Irom tha dar-we achieved our In dependence, the tarpon m r Europe have secretly bean agalnat ot; and especially, has England erjneptrai th destraetlon of onr dent- Etlo Institutions. ' It was for this purpose', not from pensMeratton of a philanthropic imanenaarectei', that England, after hav ing forced slavery'tipon' be, abqllthed Jt la her own dominions.,, , , , It wm tejWseJtttvEoclaad, not to save re- EublloanUbrtj,thatlrranoe bictme onr ally I the American Revolution. It waa to check the 'growth cf England and France, and not from' arty love for th. prlact eiet of Iree government, that hu maintained ibr oil the frlendablp pf Rossi., . ! To lunpose, In um event of a final dlsmem bermentof th Union, that th bonier 8tate can maintain their liberties, by anllug with th Oonlederate States, will M1 a fatal mhtuk. Let 'thl be understood now, for hereafnr it Will be ten tela. ' ' " . The traitors never designed to unite tn a per manent government, wlli the border Suite, inles by the destruction of the political right of tbe people of these State. For th philosophy of the entire secession movement Ik that alavsrv and tha rlaht nf anf. frag cannot eo-eira, And th perpetuate sla very, they cVsstred t rid taemeelvee M a Gd ernmeat which allow the laboring mart bis vote and recognizee, the right of tbe majority Ml ruia, They know fall well that the laboring classes, being -tha atsjorlly, hold the poHUeal power In all the botdtr .States, and ooceeqaentW would oontrol the dettipy of their new empire, and thereby defeat tha very end of their revolution, unlet they eonld deprive' labor of tuffrtge. The traitor waa nave now usurped the po litical power from the,, people, wilt sever sur render It If they saoeeed la achieving tbelr In dependence; therefore their purpiae It, and baa'Mea tfroat tbe beginning, merely to use ih, krt)fltte. daring tkevsar; with no rsoreslncefily for tjielrweal thaa wa exhibit. ed'inMIhe formation of their Cooatltatlon, which riroolblted th Afrlotn stave trade. The bor der ncaies nave' not reauy any more intereet in common with the cotton States, than the nave wiin me mate ot new Bogiana. The traitor who nlmned the destruction of thl Government, for the phrpbse of building op ma aristocracy on the substratum of tlavery, never designed that any poor white man should have political rights. These rights, it their scneme proves luccvssiui, are exclusively tor the arlttoeratla class. i If, then; all tbe (lave Slates were recognized 16 day; as' an- Independent power, and every soldier of th Uamn were withdrawn north of Mason'' and Dixon's lint, there would be no beats) for Marvland and tha Border States. For they would then have to appeal to th word, ror the very right and privilege they, as Ireemea, now'eojey. Hf tee hostility to the majority principle should prove sofflolently powerful to dlsmem- ear a union or winy lonr Htatee. numnenog upwards of thirty millions of people, It wonld surely be Strong enough to establish thtlr aris tocracy' brer fifieen Slates, numbering some" twelve million of people', by taking the politi cal power from the laboring man and reducing nim o aiavpry. And It aftta highest Wisdom on her part to IbAt1 and to fitht now. Id the Union, nnder the old flag ot v7Mtigton. for tha right of the ma jority principle, and' nte'right of labor to an ' For. If by her apathy," the allow the Union to be lost, the will hereafter have to fight alone foi the recovery of tsdee very right the now o abundantly enjeja The "demon of 'aristocracy, which Is now drenching 'the country In Internal blood, In order to Transfer the pilUlcal power from the majority o the 'minority, most now be met I utterly overthrown, or else sli inai is vai- MiA AletdtS "OeVi Theriai ri SuvixataciruiaTO luinu- UlteVwArArkt,ysi' J' moe still warsf with centrabanda. nowcernmt largely from acroe the river) ia MUaltslppV, j- W I to be done with therd I da not kaowl Otbt there was a place of refuge, a land which they could easily reach, and become Industrious and happy freemen 1 ' We are happy to say that th President has found fuck a "place of refuge," and that htMpi will toon extend a general Invitation tp Ihcm to accept the proffered boon. , m , n r : ssT-We learn front,, aa undoubted tource, that thre la no trulh whatever tn the report that Urn. Dlx JT UJ 'eupersede Gaal.liatUr U oommaad of New Orlesaw, and that How;rvei New Miosis. Mo. Au. 20 -A force or cav alrV from this post, under Capt Frank Moere, while on an expedition to Charleston, attacked a rebel , camp on White Oak Ridge, weat of Hickman jind klilttl lour of the enemy and took nineteen prisoners, luoludlcg threw captains They also captured .twenty ttven horses, and about one hundred stand of arms. Capt Moore aua oue oi us private wero wounaea I none killed. The Hi jqr'st HtiuUrD, Kentucky, Aiitoidwl. ' .i.I.n ' AstjafbresasieaU Sesit Into Keatwckyl , PliiunKLruu, Aug. 2L A special dispatch from Indianapolis lays that tbe Mayor ol Hen derton, Kentucky, pis fled to tbe rebel army, aud!that he entife city council have been ar retted forrefuslcK to take the oath of allegiance, but were reltatednpou retigniog aud giving hnnil In tlm mm al aA.flnn Aaeh. Ths nrnnarlw of tie Mayor ha been seized, and a new oleo- .Im'a.iI.mI Tfu Indiana, regiments, feur companies of cavalry, and one battery bavo already gone into Ksntocxy, ana outer regiment were ex pected to leave last night More Ballet tstiiiskatw. . CtstunuTi. Aua. 21jtA fruliht train on th Covlnirtonand Lexinsrlon ralroadj which left Covington t 10 o'clock last n ghl, after naming uerneu s oaooj ran over onauucuoas paaoea on t)ie track, and waa precipitated down a twee emnansmeni. - ir nii . llknrv D. Smith, engineer, and Aba iTatasr. hrakfcsman.iwere Isatantlv killed. -. The loco motive, gnu , ctevsn.) oars were completely wrecked,., i j .1, i i. It Is suppoted that the design of throwing ths train off tha track orurinated with aeeea Viopltis, It wa,undersload that a number of trooaa would oaas over the road laat sight. .. ... -. .i.. .... . ..". ... iqe Jin. aua low maiana ana torn uuo ptaseu Hipugfi aivni w-us y. Mevaaaeavts eg tlaaalua II. Clay. jPrrrasuso, August 20 Casaius M. Clay ar rrived this evtnlnc and waa serenaded at the KQunganaia tioute, ue roaat a long pi dy Johnson ii to.be Provjsioaai flsrrarsat t tea large audteno. fliis romuluwera pt-V Louklaa. u T i 'at"' creaijy denuBelalory of SsgUnd. i nl Guar EicmnaNT in Nxw Yorx. We learn by a private dispatch from New York, that, the city paper issued extra yesterday, aaoouno log the retreat of GW. Pope' army at' far' Fairfax, and tbat Jackson wa In pursuit with 120,000 men. This extraordinary i tut, hs4 upon a mere rumor, canted a great excitement tn the oily. Itwasagoodstorylo sell extras, which, doubtless, waa tbe objeot. i L The Mti.iTinr GovraNoa or Akukiu A correspondent writing frfiin Helena, Arkantas, tbul speaks of J. S. Phelps, the newly tp; pointed military governor : The appointment of Mr. Pbelpt is a most unlorlunaw oue. Ills Intense pro slavery feel ing will prompt llm to do ths very thing' for wnica tne reoeiuon is waxen, namery : oco- aerve the Interests of slavery, binder the ten- aenoy to emancipation, ana give aia ana com-. lore to ine enemy in mis paiuouiar, wuning Kulden opinions Irom tbem, and dlsappolatlnc tne menus ot u regenerswa oiaio governmtni, In which tlavery thall not be tha controlling Inteiest u tti Throughout Arkansas there are many of Us class, who ardentlv wish to see slavery not In Course of ultimate extinction, that the Slat may rite to aa Improved civilization, and as similate to the institutions of freedom. .1 What bad J. S Phelps dose, that, he should have merited this honor!, li ha opposed the President's Diana, and nollor irom the bexio-i nlng. lie has been tn moat Intensely prii- alavery ol au tne oia iwmoeraua congressmen froql lie slave State. Ji was the open apolo gist and juttlfier of tbe border -raman raids ppon Kansas ; and there are loyal men la hit own district ia Southweati Missouri; hla former supporters, who openly delara .that ht eras at first to lull, sympathy wlthi the rebellion, and won d have joined the rebels if heliad net held a te t in Oonireet. and. from hi habitual ou. lionj waited to see which way Uie.oateitwma liktlv to turn. Was this an apaointment fit to be,, made 1 Verily I tha magnanimity ofi our toast Fretidrni, it great I n rt I i.,. ' BNaoixuio Buou. The Attorney General ot Massachusetts ooncludes a letter on th en rolimtnt oT oolored cllizsna as follows i Tbe authorltie of Massachusetts have ho' more right to diminish' It quota'iof ' trdbp ly refusing to enroll black man than they would or military aervlce terminate from forty-lire to forty years. The only posalbl question now openj li, whether oolored men are "oluteni of Mssaathusetts, which no j one, I presume, will bare tb hardihood to deny, lnasmuohastbiy are tax payers, vbters,'jarorsv and ellgibrVVi tnaljle Ira tiie achievements of our revolutionary It la enough 'to make one, weep tear ot blbod to see a laboring man fighting now against a Government wntoh secures to him every right, for the taHrpok of establishing one which by the Inevitable logic of Its principles will 'deprive him of all political power. To are Dim lorglog cnains to mauacie nimteii ana US nnterltr, only to be broken by another bloody emr, when there-will be no government to protect him tn the recovery or hla lost liber ties, attryianaers, let as aisoaru an uougnta but the single one of saving our common country. Let as consecrate to this work onr energies and rcsOurcea. Let every son and very daughter resolve upon one united effort now, to do their part heroically to tare the most beneficent and glorious Government tb world ha ever known. I I ANXl KJXA piUtOLL. " Igmrl6th,lli(l2. ' ,' , 141 f!3 T. JifiiaTLwooiJf HP T Wooman Sotnuiatv A aromlnant marchant ol Botton.mho ha been amending a few day In thl cllymanlfeallng a deep Interest In jib welfare of the tick and wo jaded soldiers, hen, h pUoed l the head of ue,Preldent' wife the um of 11,000, to be approprieiaq oy per lor ue neneut ui uiv mmm In ihe mliltarv hofDlUla. Ha baa observed the quiet, and unostentatious Manner ia which Mrs. Lincoln contributed to tbe oomrort ot the Buffer Jig, Union soldiers, and oonaluded to ask the pnyitege oi piacvag ue mnouna iwm u, b hanjbi, balieflng that In no, other way would lheraoney be better or more judiciously appro priated. The charge waa promptly and cheer fully avceptodr-aV. Y. Pott Wiriim Allkh. of Ohio, who wa United Stele Benatar daring tbe Administration of Van Buren and Tyler, maae a tpeecn at uniiu cothe on the 13th instant Ha gave a history of the war, defined the natun of constitutional obligation,' and1 declared It Impossible lor a rttafc to-seoed from the Union. Ha eulogized Mr. Lincoln lor Iho lavor which he bad shown td geoeral of Democratic politic, remarking thai be bad Only reproved Republican com madden. " GkK.Sniiors's OomuKn. It It said that the following regiments hav been assigned to tb oommaad of Gen. Sturgit : Twelfth Pennsylva nia tavalry, Seooad New York batttry, Eighty, tlxti New 'York, BUty third Indians, Tbir teerJh 'Maatachoaelte, and the Ninety Oral and Onelbuadred-afld-foarteeuth Pennsylvania regi ments. It; I it "i m' ' i Oi ran War. A dispitcb-was received yee day morning statlfig that 7,00 troop wen al Port Deposit, I walling transportation to thl ally J a j I. 1 tsceraltlaer. irnr .--i ........ .,.-. offlco and than Is no Inequality founded npoa r'JNl VuDrTO IliUl-, aialtaa lor ihraa tarn. ,...."-s.lw diaiineilon of race known to our law. . I . u n no c.ifl i1 lathi cltrts obralng up manfully. Twnty war nerulttd In thsBeoond Dlstrlot Columbia rsitjntiityettercUy, " I1" l t I ' . ' HKIJsTBOU'n'SlaCT UOHU, ,. IIU1UU1I U...AW..W, isattr; i 'aiastra,' nm, "" ' ........j.Wir-ArtfflSl.V . TafAlM sail AasSBSveM V nesav taiatj wan"BH . . 8j ad? titlMWrtiK BoiMr oolmm. Xt it ot( ud mm ior tut mtsitB - cbufwl oa U fitum fan MUf tiKVtt latTa, li . BYtUKit, V . """TlV ll.J iqx W ll e'