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The national Republican. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, September 25, 1862, Image 2

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jar Ths I ub'lcallou office ot the N'itmit
BtrcsLtCAX U at tbe northeast corner of D iind
Seventh streets, secoid Uxor, MitW.D, Shep
herd's bookstore. Ertrarce en Peve nlh slrset.
SOrlCR TO ADVERTISERS. -All trsna'em
adverilstmont rauFt be pa-i " In advance
and shou'd hi bunded In bei tr o'clock, r- to
to ensure tbrlr npiMrirco on the filluw r
NOTICE. Mr. A. It. Henry Is agsnt f.ir the
Jlfalwnal Republican f.r the mules formerly
erred by A. Bkln Mid D. 8. Van VIeet. Sub
scrlbsrs will please nettle with him fr paper,
receited since the 1st of August.
A PKr)CL..M.T10N.
Wberess It has become necessary to call Into
service. Dot only volunteers, but also poitlons
of the mltl'lt cf the States by drift. In order
t- suppress the insurrection existing In the
Colled Statee, and disloyal pereoca are cot
adiquately restrained, by the ordinary pre
coma of l.iw, from hindering tbls mea'ure, and
from giving aid and comfort lo various ways
to the Insurrection :
Now, therefore, be It ordered
First. That, during the existing Insurrection
and as a necessary measure for suppressing the
earn, all rebels and Insurgents, their aiders
and abettors, within the United States, am) all
persons discouraging volunteer enlistments,
resisting militia drain, or guilty of any dis
loyal practice, aft jrdlDg aid and comfort to
rebels against the authority ot the United
States shall be subject to martial law, and liable
to trial and punishment by courts-martial or
military commissloc.
Second. That tbe writ nf HlU.it coyus Is
su-peoiled In respect to all parsons arrested
or who are now or hereafter dutlrg tbe rebel
lion, shall be Imprisoned in any fort, camp
arsenal, military prison, or other place of con
finement by any military onthcrity, or by the
sentence of any court martial or military com.
la witness whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand, and caused the seal of the Uuited
Stab to be affiled. Done at the city of
Washington, this, twenty fourth day ot
L.t September, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred ind sixty two,
and of the Independence of the United
Stalts the eighty seventh.
At: -mum i.Lscoil.
By the President :
Will in U. Siward, Secretary of State.
TiiKBiLtiMttv ruairiuit.
This subject may be disposed of In a few
Everything Is reported quiet on tho upper
Tbe rebel attack on Louisville Is cot yet
made, bat is saU to be " postponed for two or
three davs."
It is reported, from Kaoxville, Sept. 19 via
Richmond, that Gen. Morgan has evacuated
Cumberland Gap.
"Patkovaoe" and tu Stik. The Si'ar,
which Is prluttd on a new prree, bought out
of tbe prcflts of a piece of patronage obtained
last winter by pandering to the most corrupt
Influence which ever Infested Amtrican poii
t cs, raise's a hue acd cry about Imaginary j .bsi
sought after by us. This stuff, nfdil by wbat
ever lafamou-ly falsa personal attacks upon us
It may ba brsz-n eniugh to coi Jure up, will
not strve the purpose of diverting public at
tenllm fiout thj fact that in btar, which as
sail d degrees almost dull, for six months tor
Its po icy of emancipating the slaves of rebels,
Is Instantly sileLCed as soon as ib-j President
endorses that policy. The public koow that
the ist.r has toadied to Mr. Llncolo, just u It
toadied to sir. Pierce and Mr Buibanao, and
Just as It would toady to Jeff. Davis, If he
should get poteesrlon of this ciiy to morrow.
Tuk Mjsai.cnc.tTT3 U.MON CoWINTIOI The
followlig is an extract from tbe call ol certain
gemlitnenol Maseachu.'elts Tor a Union con
Tentlon In that State, to i omlnate State officers.
Alier what has transpired, we are anxious to
eee how three men will act when they meet on
thi 7 b of Oct, ber.
Dow will lhy deal with the "fmpif nf proc.
lamatih?' Weiballete. For tbeprereot we
foibear further comments, and wait for the
actioD of these highly resectable gentlemen
tbe conrervatlre men of all parties ;
" Fur once in such a crisis let us come to
xe'l er as one neinle. lavine MUlda i.ti imrtT
d ffirerces, and devote all touurouuntry lutbis
hour of her sore and direful Derilt ardwn u,n
unite on the comoo-n ground of tbe defence of
our uovernment, constitution, and laws. The
neceeslly is the mure constraining in tbls time
of struggle, amid the din of arms and tbe bor.
rors of civil war, that we should hold fast by
that sheet anchor ot our safety, the mowi exact
observance of the laa a of tbe land, ir we swirg
awny from that anchor we are adrift on a aea
of violence, withnutcbart or rudder.
"Now, more Iban at all other times, the ark
nf our polltloal ealvatliin Is the Cnnsmutinn and
tbe laws. If we bro, kf up Into parties, foment
discords and differences, set at naught the C'in
stllulloi. ant the law, the vlnlence and blood
abedof civil diutenaion aro surely at our very
dimrs. Dot the people do rot, cannot wish for
iui, moy want nn piny oiurfrences, no discus,
aions. nn waenf wind,, no tmnolant nenrl-mu.
lions now. Tbe lime tor all that has gone by."
TiiariTtM.D RatoLT We have It on pretty
gooa autoority, trom a gentleman from Alex
andrla, that many of tbe soldiers sta'ioned In
that city, with th-Ire Beers, are ahowlig tome
spirit of insubordination in consequence of tbe
President's proclamation.
The case of these so-dlers will probably be
atusnaea to, ana ine snoaiaer etrappea gentie
n n who arc so sure that they did not ccme
out to fight for the negro, may possibly have
a alee opportunity to slink into the obscurity
from which they came.
Captcri. ,w a RtuiL MAtr, Tbe schooner
" Caroline," Captain Bawn. loadU wllh mer
cbandise, Intendtd for conveyance into Dixie,
was captured yesterday near Fort McIIenry,
Baltimore, together with her ciptain and crew.
The vessel bad set sail when abe was over
hauled On board was found a large rebel
mall, in which were a great many letters from
parties In this city to their friend in Rich
mond and other places South.
Tbs Teasel and Its contents were, of course,
confiscated, and the crew sent to the Old Capi
tol, la this city.
A Serenade to President Lincoln,
A lute crowd of our cttliena called on the
President, at the White Iloaeo, list evening,
accompanied by the Marina Band, tod after a
national air performed In excellent stylo and
with thrilling effect, the President cams lorth
and u received with loud and enthusiastic
When silence was restored the President ad
drcsied the Tart throng u follows:
Ftitow t'ttims i I appear before you to do
little mi'ro tnan acknowledge tbe courtesy you
pay me, and to lhnk you for It. I hare no
been distinctly Informed wby It Is on this i c
celon jou appear to do me this honor, thougli
I suppose (Interruptions. "It la because of the
tiri'ifaroatlon." Cries of "Good." Applause
t waa about to s ly, 1 ruppose I urderstand It.
Laughter. V.ilces. "That you dot you
ihoroimtly urd.rstand l!.j What I did 1 did
irT.,r mil diiN.ratfcn. and under a Ten
ana '"J' "ense oi "r""1''
of "Good." "flod bless you," and ap
. I nan only trust In Cod I have made no
-. rn.tae S'V. rntatuVik ssll rierht VrMi'traa
m stale, tunes, "no mistaae.aiiriKni. you va
rate in mistake yst. Uo ahead you are
right." I shall make no attempt on this oo
caslon to sustain wbat I have done or said by
any comment, ivotces, "Tnavs unnecessary,
we understand It."
It Is nnw for tbe country and the world to
pass Judgment on I , and may be take action
up .n it. I will say no mora upon this subject
In my position, lam environed with d faculties,
f L voice. " That's ao.'l Yet ther are scaroel)
a i ffreat as tbe difficulties of those who. upon
the battle field, are endeavoring to purchase
w in ineir n ooa ana nves me luture nsppineas
and pruperlty of this country. Applause,
innf continued. 1 Let us never rorgei mem
un ine i unsentn ana seventeenia aavs ui
bis present month, thsre have been battles
oraveiy, sKiiiuny. ana suocessruny icaxni
I Appliuse V7e ao not yet know the partlcu
lars. Let us be sure that In giving praise M
particular Individuals, ws do no Irjuatlce to
others. I only aik you, at the conclusion of
t ese few remarks, to give tnrssbearty cheers
to all gnod and brave t ffloers and msn who
fought those successful battles.
Cheer after cheer was given, when th) Pres
ident bade the crowd good night and with
drew. Tbe crowd then proceeded to tho residence
of Secretary Chase, when the band discoursed
some excellent music, after which Mr. Chase
was called out, and addressed th;m In his u-ual
felicitous style.
As Mr. Chase appeared upon the porch, he
was greeted with three rousine. cheers, follow
ed by cries of "A light; a light." He said :
My friends, all the 1 ght you can have this
evening will be tbe light reflscted from the
great act of the President. jCrlet of " Good;
good. Thai's light enough." 1 understand
that you have Just paid your respects to tbe
C iler Magistrate of tbe Rspubllo to assure him
inai me prociamai on wdicd no nas recently
lMued finds Ha echo In tbe heartsof tbe Amer
ican people. Great applause
No one can rejoice more sincerely, in the be
lief that tbe Judgment nblch vou hvn ex
pressed of that act will be thejudzmnt of the
wh"Ie people of the United States. Loud ap-
I am. fellow citizens, better accustomed tr
work than I am to speak. I love acta better
ihn words. Vnlos "Good; good." Ap
plause. oicea it a ao ini; me 'green
oatsa ' abow that " LondaaiUuae.l
But, fellow. citizens, nothing has ever given
me more sincere pleasure than to ray amen to
tne last creat act or tbe Chief Mae strata
I'-uooa. gooa " j 1.1 my juacmeni. It Is the dawn
ui a new era; aua aimougn mat act ti per
formed under an Imperious sense ot duty,
created br the mllitarr exieenelea wh'oh rlva
him power to perform it, it is nevertheless an
aci, inougn necessarily Daptizsa la blood, 01
humtnlty sndjustlcs. Applause
The latest ceneratlona will catebrate It. ra
Voice "And the whole world, loo." "That la
so."i ine wnote worm will par nomaee to the
man wno naa perrormea it. lapplauie.l Ton
wilt excuse me, rellow-cltlzena . "Go on."
uo on."j
If there la another word to be added to nleht
! 1 this, that the time bascome when we should
bury all Jealousies, all division, and all personi-1
atm, all personal aspirations, In or e common n
solve to atand by the Integrity of the Republic.
Great applause Lsl Dim have the most of
our approbation, applause, and confidence,
who does most, whether In the field or at the
head of the nation, or In tbe Cabinet, for tbe
country, appuuse Dismissing all the past,
let us look only to the future, and tencefortb
let tbe day of dissension, defeat, and d scord
be ended. Let us do nothing except lo work
Tnr our country wherever Providence may dlo
At the close of Secretary Chase's speech calls
Wdre made for " Forney," in response to whlcl
the following dispatch was read and received
with Bpplaase:
PniLiniLrma, Sept. 24.
Hon. Jon C. Undsbwo d;
Dipii.li received t,.o late to be acted on
Uphold the bai d of the President ia his lsi
great ct. Il la a pledge of that new and mri
vigorous policy which baa been demanded b)
l yal meu Xortb and South, In and out of thi
a i my,
J. W. Foiimt.
Numerous calls being made for Gen. Clay
tbu' gentleman came forward acdwasrcceirid
with vociferous cheers.
Re said be came there, as well as those be
fore him, to do honor to the great aot wblcl
would make Abraham Lincoln Immortal amung
mn. He knew, all ought to know, the grea
d fflculliea under which bts Excellenoy had
snugged, from the beginning or tla torm u;
to tr.U time, which waa tho oulmlnating point
In hla administration. Uo did not attribute this
cause ot d n,rence to the fact that four million
i f men, born upon American soil, becauae th-y
happened to tie of a spec flo color, tere the
slaves or certain other mn, but to one deeper,
w der, and more expansive than this, ind of
which was the great principle whtch had been
loccntest fri.m tbe beginning of this Govern
ment to tbe present, acd that was "whetbei
roan should govern himself or whether other
should g ivern him." Applause. It was a
contest between tbe Interests of slavery and
ariatocracy on tbe one side, and tbe upholder
of self gorornmenl on tbe other. Abrnbam
Lincoln, standing; as a representative of self,
g.ivernmsnt, b melf one of the people, had
ibrnwn up the club, and It Is now to be. He
thanked God tbe Issue now was between free
dnm and slavery, and none could doubt the
triumph of liberty.
Many said this proclamation amounted to
noining, Inasmuch as simply proclaiming these
mm free, when they were held In slavery by
a large and powerful army, would not make
them free. He bad never anticipated that
aurb a proclamation would have any direct
Influence upon the men m bondage.
Placed In the position they wet e, no material
aid could ne expected to be rendered sy these
men In tbe achievement of their own liberty;
but It was for tbem they were the one upon
whom it whh to act. It was lo determine who
was for and who was against the Government,
ana ne wnuia neresay, inai any maniniue
North. Snui b. Etst or West, who did not stand
by Abraham Lit coin ai d his proclamation, a as
a iranor. 11, iua ana prmnrigen applause J
He also ttiowid how it would have a lavor
able f fleet upon the eight millions of poor, op
pre.aed, laboring wl Ite men of the South,
lie for some time dilated on tbe embarrassing
Position In wblcb It would place those foreign
'owers which bad been constantly upbraiding
usiirv,nai luey lermta our nypooruiral lu
The people then proceded to the houre of
I Mr. Bates, and he delivered to thetn a speech,
a synopsis of which follows :
Mr. Ba'es said that It was an unuual thing
for him tn be cal'ed upon In tt Is manner, no
had for a long time been In great distress.
Cries of " Vou need not be uneasy now,"
Wake up." But he was uneasy, n twlth
standing We are still unsettled. Tho great
valley of the Mississippi la still divided That
valley Is capable of sustaining millions of peo
ple within Its bound. It la not un original
people who have taken pnsnemlon of that vaat
and rich territory. They have been grafted
on tbe nation nnd made up of men of all cilmea
E'gbt millions Inhabit that valley north of
Mason and Dixon's line who drink the waters
of that great valley. South of that line, are but
one million of people, and we of the northern
portion of the valley are not going to let that
one million south of us prevent our free navt
aatlon to tbe ooean. fADD'ause.l We mar
have reverses. They need not discourage us;
ws will try again. It is not a doubtful ques
tion. He bad faith In this matter, whlon ail
may not bave. Ha firmly believed that God
will take care of tbls country. A voice, "So
do we, now." We are bslng punished for our
past sins, and is soon as Tie has sufficiently
uunisnea us, no win wiibuibw w "
rod. Voices. " The proclamaUon-ay some
thing about the proclamation." luball not
dlsouss that before yo now, 1 will not dis
cuss matters pertaining to the Cabinet In the
pressnes of a promiscuous auaMecce.
While the people were cheering Secretary
Bates, a crowd of secession sympathising
women assembled on the steps of a house not
Tir from the Secretary's residence, and gave
vent to their Intense dislike to the glorious
proclamation of freedom by the) nict,llsmal
groans, and other domoastratlons. cf the dying
agonies nf tho slave power.
It Is impctslble to rnd.thla war, If we leave
the ccmy la Ihs possession of four millions ol
""7"", "' '"" ' , T . 7 t , T a
such efficient, decile, and cheaply maintained
.borers as the negroes. With such a resource,
, , . , . . ,
the enemy can maintain ti's contest foreTer.
I I LI .. .. . .Ia SS.ta
Leaving him that resource, we make this a
straggle between twenty millions and twelve
millions la luch a straggle, wllhtho over
whelming advantage of Its being a dtfenstTe
war on the part ol tbe twelve millions, we have
not, and never had, the slightest chance ot sue
Consider how cheaply these negro laborers
are kept, A peck of corn per week, and half
a pound of meat per day, is the established al
lowsnce for a full hand. To lodge them In
ooarse cabins, and clothe tbem to meet tbe mere
necessities of a mild climate, Involves only a
nominal cost. They stl labor, old and yonng,
and both texts. The women are driven In the
field, exactly as the men ere. With such labor,
so economically supported, and upon so fraitfol
a soil, the enemy's strength Is literally Inex
War does not appreciably impair It, It does
not affect the production of wealth In the ene
my's conntry. The men whom be sends to tbe
war were these who were Idle la peace. How
d ffrrent at the North, where tbe soldiers are
taken from the workshop and tho farm I
No form of society Is to favorable to war, as
one founded upon slavery, provided shvery
Itself be respected as something sacred. Such
a form of society forobihes for officers men ao
customed to corrmaod, ar.d fori soldiers meo
who are mere drones and coosumera in peace.
In such a form of society, nil tbe labor which Is
ever employed remains untouched, and In Its
fullest and most advantageous activity.
What Is to be done with tbe negroes? Any
thing rather than leave ttrm In the possession
of the enemy. The cot cf rupportiog the
whole body of tbe Southern L;roeeIn perfect
Idleness for an entlreyear would not exceedlhe
cost of supporting oar army for n elnsle month,
If we support prisoners In Idleneie to deprive
the enemy of soldiers, why msy we not support
negrees in Idleness to deprive him of (.cnvilblng
equally essential, laborers
It Is not necessary, howev.r, lo support ne
groes In Idltnes. We on to day employing
wm to men, In labors connected with the army
and fortifications, for which the negro Is per
lectly adapted, and In which we could nroflta.
bly use a million of negroes, reckoning the
families of tho adult male workeis. That is
more negroes than we are likely (o get for a
long time, and when we get more, there Is
great poverty of statesmanship In this country,
If proTielon cannot be made for tbem. But at
any rate, the enemy must not be allowed to
use their labor.
It is said that we must not give up the
South to massacre. We must take care of our
selves. The slaveholders bare from three to
Ore bucdred thousand men In the field, for no
other purpose than to murder our people and
subject our properly to robbery and destruc
tion. It Is tbe labor of their shves which alone
CLb'ee them to keep these armies on foot. 1
there is danger of servile Insurrection and
n-sacre et the South, of which we believe
very little, it crises from the fact that so large
a proportion of their able-bodied white male
re In thtr field, shooting, or endeavoring to
boot, the loyal men who bare rallied to th
letir.ee f the Uulon and tbe Constitution. Ii
'heir famllii s ate In danger of servile massacre
let these rebel soldiers go borne acd Uke care
of them.
If there has been danger of servile Insurrec
tion st all, It has been because the course ol
events bss been rncb until now, as to cause the
slave-) lo believe that they could obtain liberty
lu no ether way. It Is Ireedom which tbe
negro wants, net revenge; and the fact that
i he natlonsl Government iffers him freedom,
immaanrably diminishes the danger ct Insur
rection. But we will not argue this question, with
eference to the Interests of rebels. It Is our
paramount duly to take care of our own In
terests and of our on Imperilled Government
and coantry. This is a wur to the death, be
tween the white men of the loyal States and
he slaveholders of the South Ono tide or
the other must corquir. One side or the other
must go to the wall. It Is no time for tentl
mentality. We must put these rebels down, or
they will pnt us down. We must so deal oar
blows as to be most effective, not so as most to
spare them. We know where their vulnerable
part Is. and It Is thsre we must strike, and with
no half blows, but with oar whole might and
Thi Cabimct. It Is not true, as staled In the
Washington correspondence of the New York
Tribune, that all tbe members of the Cabinet,
with the exception of Mr. Blair, " agreed " to
tbs President's proclamation. Undoubtedly
Mr. Blair moat conspicuously opposed it, but
two other members of the Cabinet also dis
sented from the po!lc7 of tt. Tbe other state
ment in this correspondence, that all tbe mem
bers of the Cabinet will now "support" Ibis
policy, ought to be true, and, wo believe, will
be true. The polioy of Congrees and of the
President, Is the policy ot the Government of
the nation, aDd will be "supported" by all
loyal men, In and out of tbe Cabinet.
The Mel fjencer of yesterday argues that the
President baa yielded his own convictions to
the clamor of the "radicals," In issuing bis proc
lamation, and that this clamor will be renewed
to press him Into the " next step," viz: the
dismissal of all the generals who have opposed
the emancipation policy. Certainly, every
military efflcer who disobeys the laws and the
orders of the President, must be removed, but
we apprehend that lew will be found who will
not conform to tbe new direction cf public
The Nzw Yoax Usitdlicin Con vkmion met
yerterdey, at Syracuse, A telegram, from Sj
raeuse, announces that tbe Wadaworth men
have tbe State over Morgan, and Ibat a hun
dred Influential Wadswortbltes were on the
ground as early as Monday night, among whom
were Horace Greeley and David Dudley Field,
The subjoined account of recant military
operations In Maryland, down to the battle of
Sbarpsbnrg , Is from the Richmond Asgutrcr of
September 10. II gives the aspect or affairs
from tke rebel point of view, and will be read
with Interest
It will be seen that the great object ot Gen.
Lee, was to arrest lb progress of Geo. Mo
Clsllao, until the capture) cf Harper's Ferry
was! completed, and that be was successful In
Seeling tbls object.
It Is confirmed, by these accounts, that the
sharp action of Sunday, September 14, was
with a rear guard of tbe enemy, consisting
principally ol Gen. D. H. Bill's division, to
which was added the cavalry of Gen. Smart,
which had been the last of tbe rebel army on
tho whole route from Frederick. Gen. Loog
slreet participated la tbo action of Sunday
only to the extent of arriving In season to
cover the discomfited division ot Gen. Hill.
It Is Impossible not to admire the general
ship and good fortune cf tbe rebels. They
protracted operations until they bad secured
the rich prize of Harper's Ferry, and then fell
back to Sharpsbnrg, aToldlng a general battle
until the arrival of tbe force engaged In that
capture: ,
From lbs Kleemoad Eaqaim ef Sspteraber M.
rrasa tke Ltbtratlwc Arrajr 1 tie Battle
Isa axarylaad Aadltlamal Pattlewlan
Tke ftwrrskcisr anr uarp.t'a rrry-um
claltteportenTGest JaekMM, atctte.
We are enabled to live some authentic Intel
llgeace of the operations of our army beyond
Harper's Ferry, ai late as Tneediy night last.
ise came oi ounaay, toe ism, wnicn nas
bees Tariouely called tbe battle ot Booneebo
ru' and Mlddletowo. took place, In fact, be
tween these two places, where the turnpike
road creeses the Blue Rldgo. General Lee, In
marchlnr west from Frederick city, bad posted
Generali D. U Hill and Stuart at the passes
ot the aountaln, to hold back McClellan's
forces, sbloh were advancing to tbe relief of
Harper's Ferry.
Harper's Ferry having beld out somewhat
longer than waa expected, and McClellau's ad
vance having beet mi rapid, Generul Leo sus
pected that be might attempt to force ibe pas
sage ol Ibe mountain, and rail upon the roar of
General MoLaws, who was occupying tbe
Uarylasd Heights, and assisting In the reduo
t on or Htrper's Ferry. He accordingly re
turned with General Loogstreet'e division, on
Sundav, t Gen. Hill's support.
On approaching Booneahoro', couriers were
met from BUI, atnonncmg that the enemy
were pressing him in strong force at the mala
pass oc Ibe Frederick aod Bsgerttown road
and that he required Immediate reinforcements
Longttreet thereupon hurried his march, and
very seen had his troops In position. By
this tine Hill's right had been forced back;
and here tbe gallant Gen. Garland had fallen
while rallying nla brigade.
Gen. Lougsireel soon sneceeded in restoring
our right, which alterwards ruccessfully re
slated tc the very laat the efforts of the enexty.
Tbe eiemy's superior numbers enabled him
to make bis line outstretch oars, both on the
right aid left. Uia right reached the summit
ot the mountain to onr left, annoying us con
elderablr from that direction.
Ibe battle raged until after night Tbe
enemy's determined effort to force a paresge
had been successfully resisted; and tbe object
ne naa in view, ine reiiet oi uarper s rer-y,
was new tendered Impossible of accomplish
ment Late in the evenlor Information was sained
that the enemy had obtained possession of
Crsmpton's Gap, on tbe direct road from
Frederick city to Sbsrpsburg. This enabled
a m sun to ureaien hclaiw s rear. uen. us
bavin received Information that Harper's
Ferry would probably fall next morning, de
termined to withdraw Gens. Longatreei and
Hill from tbelr position, ana retire to bharps-
nurg, anoui ten asuee norm oi uarper s rerry,
and about ten miles west of Booneaboro'.
Lee's determination waa rendered tbe more
expedient Irom the fact that Gen. Sumner's
corps of fresh troops had come up to relieve
tneir wearied comrades, wane on our side, wo
were wudchi any sucn aid
The trains were accordingly sent off first,
and our armv lollowed. ai d about dsv break
Monde? mornlDK our position waa taken in
tront of Sharpsburg. Our march was entirely
uninterrupted by the enemy.
McClellan's trocps did not pass through tbe
mountain gap until 8 o'clock ol Monday morn
tog, and about 2 p. m., of the same day, their
idvance reached a position In front of our
Hots at Sharpiburg. They continued to
gather up their lorcee ; but up to Tuesday
-light had made no attack.
Gen. L-e also remained Inactive, waiting
lor the junction ot Jackton's lorces. A part
bad reached him on Tuesday evening, and the
rest were near by, save Gen. A. P. Hill's di
vision, which had been left at Harper's Fern
to guard the place and protect the public
Proscription or Kf arrlsswdsrs.
Teaterday afternoon four Marylandera, refu
ges from Richmond, arrived in tbls olty. Ihey
have been engaged as msohanics In Richmond
for about two ysars, but since the Intelligence
of the coolness of "My Maryland" towards the
Confederacy, the cold shoulder has bssn turn
ed towsrds the Marylanders In Rlobmond; so
these men, who bave relatives and friends In
Baltimore, concluded that It was about tlms for
them to sksdaddls.
They obtained passss on the railroad to Han
over Court Rouse, and from thencs worked
thstr way to the Potoraao river by private con
They arrived at tho latter river at a point he
low AfaleGreek. There they obtained paasaga
on tbs gunboat Taaser to tbls olty.
Thsy Islt Bichmoad last Friday, and say that
thsy met no pickets tbls slds of Hanover Court
liouao. There are but few troops about Rich
mond. They confirm the accounts of tbe enor
mous prloss of the necessaries of life, which
prices nre still rapidly running up.
Apprehensions of an approaching famine are
felt by tbe poorer classes.
The military authorities are now forcing the
Marylanders Into the army. About thirty na
tives of that State, who were In the habit of
lourging around the corner of Main nnd Four
teentb streets often called "Maryland Corner"
in conseqaenoe were arrested about a week
ago and put Into Castle Godwin. A number of
refugees are leaving as fast as they are able to
get away. The feeling In lllcbmond Is aa bitter
Hgalnat the North aa ever, but there Is still a
amsll Union element waiting deliverance.
The Banna's Fraar ArKitn Gen. White,
Col. d'Utassy, Col. Trimble, and Col. Ford,
have jast arrived in this city from Harper's
Ferry, where they and tbelr commands wsre
surrendered by Miles. They were ordered by
Geo. Ualleck to report themselves under ar
rest, for the purpose of undergoing an exami
nation before a court of Inquiry. We are In
formed from authentic sources that Gen. J,
White demanded a court of Inquiry, through
Adjutant Gen. Thomas.
It is also understood that Col. d'Utassy was
highly lodlgnant at the proposition to surren
der, and that he begged to be allowed to cut
hla way through tbe enemy's lines ana only
surrendered after bis batteries bad no more
shot, and further reeietacet would bavt) bsto
a useless sacrifice of life.
schstBC Peltllcat FrtMmeM.V
Oar excellent Military GoTernor, Brig. GdK
Wadtworth, has for months been maklDgeTsty
exertion for tho relief of our unfortunate Union
mm who have been rotting In the" vile sod
dirty prisons of the South, for no otbsr cause
than a manifestation of love of oounlry.
Mr. G. H. 0. Rowe, ol Fredericksburg, a
political prisoner held In this city, was sent to
Richmond to negotiate an ezchango for himself
and others. The mission was successful, and
TtsUrdsy Mr. Howe arrlvedjn .this city, ao.
companies; ty ice following union citizens,
some of whom h.ve been beld la the loathsome
prisons of Richmond and Salisbury as long as
elercn months, tIzi
Major Charlrs Williams, Moses Morrison and
Thomas Morrison, ot Fredericksburg! Abra
ham Tan Doren, Peter Couse, Squire Ralstoo,
and A. M. Pickett, cf SpottaylTanta county;
Geo. Bayllst, of Fairfax; Ezra Breedcn, of
Greene; John 0. Gllllleo, of Greenbrier; E.S.
Baker and Christopher Bolton, of Richmond;
J. H. Keagy, of Rockingham; F. Boggs. of
Poothontas; E. Bnsb, of Fairfax; Benjamin F.
Humphreys, of Richmond; Zacharieb Breramer,
of SpoltsylTsnla; J. T. Prltcbsrd, of Richmond;
Samuel Holden, of Fairfax; Richard ntllyan
of 8pottsylvaola; 3. Thorn, of the Penlssuls;
B. Fuller, of Cabell; Rrr. Henry W. Reed, of
Philadelphia; G.W. Sand ford, Tho. Shtckle-
lord and Robert Cross, of tbs Seventh ward
wasningioni u a. u.nowe, si iTeatertcxsourg,
A. P. Carnal, of Maryland, was also discharged
under tbe terms ol tbe exchange from darest on
parole, but declined to return with the rest
Burnbam Wardwell, ot Richmond, It is under
stood here, was discharged from custody mt-
eral weeks since, and credited to this exchange
list He It now with bis family in Richmond.
Yesterday afternoon tbe seoesh nolltlcal pris
oners exchanged for the above were sent to
A HANDaonm tixpruUiT at Atliqva
The Star of last evening has the following:
" Colonel It. B. Price, of the Beoond Pennsyl
vania oavalry,commandlngabrlgade of cavalry
and two pieces of artillery, started on Saturday
evening last upon a reoonnoiasanes, rrom oar
front on the other side of the river, at far as
Ashby's Gap of tbs Blue Bidge, which be found
snarded br the 8lxtb regiment of Virginia cav
alry, under tbe command of Llent. Col. Green,
iprooaoiy ins uroen formerly oi me u, Biaiea
marines.) At Aldle he found pickets of that
regiment, wblcb he drove back to Ashby's Gap,
sixteen miles. Tbls gap Is situated where Lou
doun, Fauquier and Clark counties corner.
There be engaged the enemy, whom he dla
fiersed, killing four, wounding twelve, that fall
nto his hands, with three others, and wound
ing others who were carried 'eff by their re
treating comrades. Ua lost one only Captain
Perkins, of the First Vermont cavalry, a de
tachment of which regiment distinguished Itself
In the affair. Among the nrlsonsrs are Lieut.
Col. Green, the rebel commander, and two rebel
lieutenants, wno, wan ine rest, were auiy
brought In this morning."
A RrrcnsxD Psisomr, Among the returned
paroled prisoners, who arrived from Richmond
yeateiday, was Ber. Henry W. Reed, of the
Trearury Department, who was captured upon
the Savage Station bett'e-fleld, where be went
to render arslatapce to our wounded men. Af
ter he was arrested, be was offered his liberty,
but chose to' remain with our wounded sol
diers, and, with tbem, was taken to Richmond,
where he baa been closely confined until a few
dsys ago. During bis confinement be btt been
able to devote hla whole tlma to the rick) tho
wounded, and tbe dying Union prisoners, so
that his serrloes have beea of great ralae. He
Is in good health, and was heartily welcomed
to bis home.
Oixxsal Hooua. General McCitllanbai
written a very cordial letter to Gen. Hooker,
In which he expresses bis regret at-General
Hooker's wound, and Intimates that In conse
queues of this wound, the battle waa Interfered
with In Its successful prosecution to a conoid
ersble extent. Thoso who know of General
Hooker's ability and bravery .as a soldier, will
readily understand that It must have been a
disaster at that critical Juncture.
General MeClellan recommends that Geaeral
H. be appoiated a brigadier in the regular
Such an appointment would be one emi
nently lit to be made. The whole loyal country
would rejoice to see "fighting Joe Hooker,"
as be Is called, promoted to any place In lb
army la the power of tbe Government to confer.
Box. B. F. TnoMAS. This gentleman, In a
letter to tbe Boston Journal, declines peretnp
torlly a re-election to Congress, Judge Thomas
is a msn of liberal culture, an able lawyer,
and doubtless an honest and sincere patriot
We differ from him entirely In regard to the
beet meant of putting down the rebellion. Mr.
Tbomat thinks that the Statet can be restored
with slavery Intact, and that tbe only thing to
be desired, is the restoration of the Uulon aa it
was and the Constitution at It is. To this end
he has labored, no donbt sincerely : but ell
such laboraare rain. II cannot be done, how
ever desirable it might be.
Judge Thomas consented to serve his district
for one term only, and he means to be true to
bit engagement
We trust that a man who more thoroughly
represents Massachusetts, at d whose oplnlona
harmonize with President Lincoln's policy,
will be nominated and elected In the old dls
trie t once represented by the elder and youngt r
Briu. Gin. Silas Oasit, U, 8. A Tho cor
respondent of tbe N. Y. Commercial Adtitrtlttr,
(0. W. D.,) writing under a recent data from
Washington, apeaks thus of this distinguished
" The great Increase of troops In Washington
has added materially to tha labors ot this abls
and experienced officer. He bas good oppor
tunities, In the numerous camps, to apply bis
system of drill and practice. It Is said to ba
his design to mako a special effort with the
Fifteenth Connecticut regiment, under com
mand of Col. Wright. Tbls gentleman, a lawyer
of North Haven, has given much attention to
military mattsrs, and bis fine regiment doee
great oredil to himself and omosrs.
It ts to be hoped that Ibe time is not far dls
- aha (inn. c.Anmv wtu wear two stars In
stead of one. There Is no man In the United
States on whose shoulders tbey would be went
... rcnetMi. ilia character as a Christian
gentleman Is very blgbj he is a conscientious
onnonent of slavery as ths mainspring of this
bloody war, a brave and skilful soldier, a da
1...1., a Tmitor of ths ultimate will of Preal
dent Lincoln for emancipation, as the death
blow of tbe rebellion. Gen. Case) must share
largely in tbe oonfldenoe and honors of tbe
American people. A better man oould not he
found to prepare our vast army for battle."
Naw EcaaTRitK fob Cottos. The London
newapapera, led off by the Timet, are lo a per
fect furors over the substitute, for cotton,
which they think bos beea found In jute, of
which the supply obtainable from India Is In
exhaustible. We doubt very much whether
jute will furnish a cheaper substitute than flax.
At any rate, we mutt take the Brst sanguine
nradletlona of lnrentore with allowanoe. But
textile labrlct will be produced, and oheaply,
too, If no cotton is oyer again raised anywhere.
Latest from 'Gens XoOleUan's
Hajuuhcro, September J4 A gentleman,
who baa arrived bero from Wllliamiport this
morning, says no troops had passed into Vlr
(bia tip to Tuesday afternoon at 3 o'slcokj
neither had any of the different divisions
received any orders for a forward movement
.The.lmrjrestlon teemed to prevail among th
loldlers that when they did move, they would
proceed "into Western Virginia, crossing 'at
WlllUmsport The enemy, he says, will un
doubtedly dlapute the crosslig at that point,
and, when General MeClellan orders a forward
movement, a battle will, no donbt, take place
at that point
This gentlemen dined at a bout la Hsgers
towa, where Geaeral Lee and staff bad made
their headquarters. The lady of the bouse
ssyt she heard General Lee Instruct his off!
cers to see that no depredationi were commit
ted by hla toldlen whl'e In Maryland, but
when they entered Pennsylvania they might
pillage and destroy everything on their route.
Ho Attsuk Tea riie City CesutdtreJ
BkfeUea rlntll Cloae aspatat UiwtTg
ClHCTtrxATI. Sect 21 Brass has advanced
with hla rebel army as near as Bsrdetowo
neisou county, approacniog uouiSTIIie. Ilia
force it about 30 000 men. with the nrosneot
of an increase by Klrby Smith's column. We
nave a oumner oi gunooats at ijOiiisTiiie and
a large force of men well entrenched, and ws
can bold lbs city. General Buell is close upon
Bragg. No attaok on Louisville can be oon
sldered ss probable for two or tbreo days.
Louisville. Bent 24. The Louisville Jour
nal has information that Humphrey Marshall's
rorces reacneo eneiovvine last eyeninn.
Louisville nreeenta a martial snoearanee.
All business Is impended, and a large force It
ai worK on ine entrenchments.
The Republican Union Slate
Convention at Syracuse.
Sraicrsr. September 21. The Uennbllcan
Union Slate Convention, which met hero to
day, nominated James e Wadaworth for Got
ernor ot New York on the first ballot
Hew York Stock mat tut.
New Yonx. Sent 24. HI a. m. First Board
U. S. Coupons, 1881, 1011; Seven nnd-three.
tenths Treasury Notes, 101 ; U. S. Demand
Notes, 11.1 ; Gold, 119
Fbom WracursTxn. Several prisoners, cap
tured by Gen. Slgel's scouts, near Csntrevllle,
were bronght here yesterday.
They tay that the main body of the rebels
have concentrated at Winchester which place
they are fortifying, and where their leaders In
tend to mako a 'fight.
They say that their officers confess to a defeat
In Maryland, though they consider the capture
of Harper's Ferry an offset to the loss of tbt
battle on the Antletam.
The rebel loss In the different engagements
la Maryland la fall 20,000. The loss among
their offloers is particularly sey-re.
Thi Loans at Hasrin's FraaT. General
Jackson, In bit official dispatch, claims to hare
capture! 73 guns, S00 wsgsaa, nd m " large
amount of oamp and garrison equipage." Tbe
Richmond Enjutrtr claims that tbe capture In
eluded eighteen hundred horses, which may be
taken wllh tome deduction.
Col. Edward A. Wild, of the Massaohuastts
Thirty-fifth regfmsnt, who was wounded In tha
battle of the 14th Inst, bss had his left arm
amputated. It Is thought that ha will soon bs
abls to Join his regiment
Six thousand exsmpts have been stricken
from tbe enrolment Hat In Boaton. There are
now about nineteen thouaand aubjeot to draft.
Governor Sprague was received, the other
day. In a most enthusiastic manner, at Wester
ly, llhode Island. Be made a speeoh In whtoh
he said, thsre must bs Infused In the army tbe
energy and power of a definite objeot. To end
the rebellion, it was necessary to strike It In
vulnerable points. Our aaorlOco of life and
treasure should not be for naught. The coun
try should not rest upon a magazine which
traitorous bands might at any lima Ignite and
again deluge the land In blood, and re enact tbe
scsnss we are now passing through,
The following Massachnsettt regiment! were
In the fight at Antletam t Fourteenth, Flf
tsentb, Twenty first Beoond, Twentieth, Twen
ty eighth, Twelfth, Thirty-fifth, and Thirty
ssoond. The two last named were new regi
ments. Llent. Col. Devereux, of the Massachusstls
Nlnstssntb regiment, and Lieut. Col. Revere,
or uen. bumper's staff, are now at home wound
ed. It Is thought thsy will soon recover.
The Springfield iJepuUican says the Otis mur.
der remains a profound mystery. The negroes
who were arrestsd on suspicion have been
dlsobargsd, It having been proved that on the
day of the murder they were not In the vicin
ity. There are now three full organized regiments
in Camp Ltnooln, Maine, ready for the war
tbe Twenty-second, Twenty third and Twenty
fifth. We are glad to learn that Col. Baal, of the
Halne Tenth regiment, Is not dangerously
woundett Tbe Colonel Is a braye and gallant
ofllcer, and has been lo front with bis rsglmsnt
In most of the battles In Virginia and Maryland.
As the steamer Queen was pssslng the "Dsv
ll's Head," on her way up river laat week, a
man standing nsar the summit of Ihs high bluff
took bis hat and gave three cheers for Jsff
Davis. ajfpor Sentinel.
A Mohstik CArrcaxD. Msssrs. P,ke,Mewry,
and others, of Lubeo, on tbe 6tb instant, oaught
In thstr weir a monater " Llrar Shark." Bs
was killed wllh axes and harpoons, and towtd
up to town. The liver, when out up, filled up
barrels, and produosd 170 gallons ot pure oil,
worth, at retail prlcaa, one dollar per gallon.
The dimensions of the monster, by aotual
measursmsnt, weret length, thirty feet, and
girth around the body, eighteen feet. JfacAiaa
Mr. Ordwar, apeolal agent of the Poat Office
Department, has suoeeeded In arresting one
James Brown, who, In conjunction with John
Wilson, already In eustody, Is oharged with
robbing tbe post offices at Neponset, Uarrison
Square, Brookllne, South Bralntree, and Wey
mouth Landing.
There are now no less than eight hundred
dead naraons men, womon.and children em
ployed at the United Statea araenal, at Water
town, in the preparation of cartridges and In
the manufacture or oiuer munitions ot war.
Crl. Ludlow, Gen. Dix't assistant inspector
general, bas just returned from James river,
where be has exchanged about 10,000 rank and
file, and 300 officers. He states that Pope's
offloers now prisoners, are promised to be re
leased tnta weea.
Geo. White Is here under arrest, to await an
invettigstaoo ot th olrcumstanoea attending
the surrender of Harper's Ferry,
Soathern Net.
tromtht Htshraoal Dispatch, Sept to.
The Reorstarv of War veaterdaT received
dispatch Irom Gen. McKnown, commanding la
East Tennessee, dated Knoxvllle, September
lttb, in which be states that the Federal forotw
evacuated Cumberland Gap on Thursday night,
and that Gen, Stevenson was pursuing then.
CArreau or thi kahawda salt woau
The followlnc dispatch dues not state Go.
Lortog's operations to qolte as late a period
as Ibat whlih we published yesterday, aid
which stated that be had-already captured
Charleston. Bat tbe details which it supplies
aa to salt and the salt works will be very gra
tifying: '
BrTVlgraphfromDablla, Sept. ltu.
11m Omrtit W. AauJotol; General Lorlnir'f
command entered the Kanawha Salines on I Jt
Saturday morning, and took possession ot tbs
sail works, closely pursuing the enemy tnmU
lor Ubsrieston. eaiiwomsooi mucn injure ta,
A very large quantity on band, selling it
thirty five (Si) cents per bushel.
An order hat beeo sent to me) urging tt-w
farmers to send forward tbelr wagon', loaded
with lorage, 4c., and return with salt,
Toon. L. Baotm,
Major Commanding Pott.
Hoi I or Llt.coMA.--We find the following
la tbo New York trptii of Tursdsy t
Tni roloalJATloH Pcnixi U. S. Marihai't
Office, Srpt 23. Tns AaOainM Bsorstary ot tha
Interior, Ron, J. B. Usher, aco-'mpanled tjr
Senator Pomeroy, paid a visit to Marshal Mur
ray this mornlig. The object of tbelr vlrlt
was to Inspsot the prize steamer Circassian,
with a view to adopt the sams for the trans
portation of such parlies as lntsndsdto avail
themselves or Mr. Pomsroy's colonization
Upon Inspection It was found that the Clr
oaaatan would not nnswsr the purpose. Semi
tor Pomeroy and Mr. Usher return this evening
to Washington, and will endeavor to onta n
psrmlssloa to use the steamor Vanderhtlt Tar
the required project.
It would seem, by the above, the protest of
the Costa Rlcau minister has not been stroig
enough to arrett tho progress of the expedi
tion, which is now expected to ssll about tbt)
10th of October.
7b all wham If may Concern .
Satisfactory evidence baying bwu exhibited
to me that C. F, Adai has been appointed
Consul of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg
Sehwerin, at Cincinnati, I do hereby reco
nlze him as such, and declare him free to ei'
erclse and enjoy such functions, powers, aol
privileges, as aro allowed to the Consuls of th
most favored nations, In tbe United States.
In testimony whereof, I have caused the:
letters to be made patent, and the Seal
of the United Slates to be hereunto af
fixed. Given nnder my hand at the city
t. 8 'of Washington, the 16th day of Septem-
ber,A.D. I8C2, and of the Independence
of the United States of America tbj
AssAsuii Lincoln.
By the President:
William h. Seward, Secretary of state.
7 all whom ittnay Cbnctm :
Satisfactory evidence baying been exhibits!
to me that Liotold Scnauor bas been appoint
a Tire Consul of the Kingdom of Saxony, at
New York, I do hereby recognize him at such,
and declare him free to exercise and enjoy snob
functions, powers, and privileges, as are al
lowed to tbe Vice Consult of the most fayor.'d
nations, in the United States.
In testimony whereof, I have caused these let- '
ters to be made patsnt, and tbe seal ot
tbe United States to be hereunto affixed.
Given under my hand, at the city of
(L. a. Waahisgton, the 18th day or September,
A. D. 1862, and of the Independence ol'
tbe United States of America the eighty-
Armniii Laoou.
By tho President:
W'n.uAM A. Scwiati, Secretary of State.
Washington, Jan. 2A, lbCI.
The Secretary of State will hereafter recelvn
members of Congrees on business on Saturdays,
commencing with Saturday, the first of net
To tha Pabllr
DrrABTHiNT or the iMtinoa,
Office Indian Jffatrs, ctyfemoer 19. 1862.
From Infoiraatlon received at this Depart
ment, deemed sufficiently reliable to warrant
me In ao dolr-g, I consider it my duty to wain
all persons contemplating the crossing of thi
Plains this fall to Utah or the Pacific coa-t
that there ia good reason to apprehend hostili
ties on the part or the Bannock and Shoshone t r
Snake Indians, aa well as the Indians upon ttv
Plains and along the Platte river.
The Indiana referred to have during the part
summer committed several robberies and mur
ders. They are numerous, powerful, and war
like, and, should tbey generally assume a hoe
ille attitude, are capable of rendering the emi
grant rcutea scrota the Plaint extremely peril
out. Hence this warning.
By order ol Ihe Secretary ot the Interior :
Chablis E. Mix,
Acting Commissioner. ,
Koll to Vessels tEaatertnef or LsbtIsik
the Potomste rttver.
The guard yeas sis off Alexandria and Pluey
Point, on the Potomac river, will be distin
guished, during the day, by a tsucinx wants
flau witii A bed cnoss, (St Andrew's,) and at
night by two red lioiits.
The officers la command of these vessels will
furnish the Naval Potomao Peas ts all masters
of ycssels navigating the river, after they shall
oave given proof that they are lawfully em
ployed. Vessels entering or departing from the river
will Ij" subject to detention If unprovided wllh
And'w A. Barwood,
Commodore Com'g Potomao Flotilla.
MlatJ OBUoKt'S ...UlaU AN - MlhUUI
No 180 1'ei.astvsaia Avaaoi,
Seotm Auttttapr, WothimghM, D. C.
This lBtltatioa Is aow open lor tbe rsoepUoa of
put lis Circulars to bs had at tbe Bookstores and
at tbe sohceil.
3& dozea India Bobber Coats.
to Oe de Blaakets.
to so' do Ponehoe
10 do de Caps, x
SO do do Capes
10 do do Uavelosks.
Cheap to dsalsrs.
tn Pens, avtaat, bst. ttb tad totb alma.
tap It eolmlf

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