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The southern press. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1850-1852, August 17, 1850, Image 1

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f Ellwoorl Flatter jk Idwia De I-eoa.
| TH I-WEEKLY, 5 00
WEEKLY, 2 00
Subacriptioua payable in advance. Any person
procuring live subscribers ahaU receive one copy
pratls. All letters to tins Editors to be post-paid.
rillN'tkl) bv u. a. mtt.
IOmct, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between
3d and 4| streets.
- 1
From Texas.?We have later advices from
Texas. The cholera was prevailing on the Bra- '
zos river.
The Governor has issued <z*itys Tor the immediate
enrollment of ^toonL * A meeting of J
volunteers will be Jield i^l tfufplncu on Satur- |
day week, the 17th tilt. Those wishing to re- (
port themselves ready, for service will not fail to
Public meetings have hceir^jtdjtt Fort Bend J
in leon county and in TylcF^Jbnty; many i
other meeting have also l>een held; all approv- ^
, ing of the course and sentiments oH&overnor
' Bell respecting the Santa Fe territMBLaod recommending
"prompt and eflk'uditMpMsOr^''
for taking possession of the territwjvi question
anu quelling the insurrectionary movements of ,
the inhabitants. &e.
; ' . WA*j&fcdf0N Art'.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 17. 18 5 0.
Y. here the Responsibility really rests.
Lt is recorded by the historian that the shock
of an earthquake once rolled unheededly away
while two armies contended?so rapt were
they in their own strife. A similar phenomenon
is witnessed here at this moment, in the course
and conduct of the party presses and politicians,
who, in the intensity of their interest in the Congressional
strife, strangely forget that Congress
is not the Country, and seem neither to hear
nor heed the movements of the masses throughout
the Southern States, sternly significant of
coining perils. Tiie exhibitions of popular feeling
at the South, arc indeed suclisis to awaken
the interest of every true patriot, every one
who desires not to patch up ahajlow truce, but to
establish once more the reign of peace and permanent
tranquility?to settle the existing dlfliculties,
not fan the flame of the present dangerous
That such discontents do exist, and that they
have found utterance in most impressive forms
in popular assemblages and associations
throughout the Southern, and particularly the
Southwestern tier of States, can neither Is* eon
|j coaled -nor denied?and it is therefore the part
i notn oi pruaence ana 01 patriotism to listen to
| those remonstrances, nnd devtta peaceable means
, of satisfying that public sentiment so strongly
I proclaimed.
I Ours is not, nnd cannot be made a Government
of coercion?and those who resort to such
stupid threats to frighten States or citizens into
silence, comprehend neither its clmracter, nor
that of our people. Its firmest foundation is in
ithe utfectioDs of a people who prize it as the
safeguard of Ahefr rights and liberty8?who regard
it as mi <>fc>w>efw>t of servile worship, but
P *k^-1' * W noJonal H' ffiPsc
olijects?but who never have and never will
adopt the doctrine of "passive obedience," a
doctrine repudiated even in Greut Britain two
centuries ago at the cost of a civil convulsion.
The very use of epithets and insolent dep
liiinciutiona tends to increase, not Ur allay the
excitement in the public mind; anf were the
purposes of this press such as its enemies and
slanderers pretend, it would seek to provoke j
such scurrilities as the stipendiaries of the North- j
em press have poured out upon the hends of all i
who have warned the ranjority of the oonse- j
qncnces of their acts.
.Men conscientiously convinced of the justice
of their complaints, nnd of the wrongs inflicted
upon their section and themselves, by a course
of legislation which strips them of their privileges
and their property, are not apt to be soft '
ened down in their feelings by such fraternal
answers to their indignant remonstrances, as the
, epithets of w traitors," H disuuiouists," " agija- ]
tors," or by threats of coercion and the rope.
The true disunionists are fTiosc who exnspcrate
anger into implacable Indignation ; and who
seek to intimidate, where they Well know they
must fail to convince. The greatest peril that
can mennre any country arises from the suppression
of the voice of protest?from ffitoth- ;
crcd indignation, smouldering in secret until it ;
burst* forth a consuming flame.
There lias been nothing stealthy, nothing secret
in the action of these slandered " agitators;'' |
they have almost exhausted the language of
warning and of remonstrance; and if ft has
fallen on deaf nnd disregnrdful ears, the fault-is
not theirs. No sane man seeks disunion as a
matter of first choice, hut only suggests it as jn
last resort, when Southern rights and honi#
shall fail to command the security which the
Constitution in its purity affords; and it is indeed
a most stupid libel on the intelligence of
the public, to Rs%-rt that this press was established
for such a purpose, or has sought to hasten
such a catastrophe.
Its whole effort since its establishment, has
been to arrurr to the South the simple acknowledgement
of those rights, the withholding of
^ which has nlonc c.uuwd the excitement there;
and the hope was entertained, and has not yet
been abandoned, that u full knowledge of Southern
feeling and of Southern movements on this
great question, would tend to force upon the
minds of the Northern majority the conviction
that if they really desired to preserve the Union,
and with it fraternal concord, that it must be
effected by adherence to the Constitution?not
by ovei iM'nring arrogance, and threatened coercion.
The temper and feeling of the Southern
people nt the present time is l>est shown in the
reeord of the public meetings, which, as far ns
our spneo permitted, we have laid before the pub.
lic : and in the obliteration of old party differ
ences, and old party lines which they prove?for
in Georgia and other Southern States, we find
leading men acting in concert on this question,
whose whole previous policy has been directly
antagonist ieal.
Every Southern mail now comes freighted
with such manifestations of |mpulnr sentiment:
and the j>nliticjans who cannot see the dangc.ra
. brewing, must Indeed be smitten with judicial
! ** blindness, and he who doea see them and fears
to give the warning is the real traitor.
The solemn appeal of Senator pArti, of
Mississippi, to the Senate, and the stern warn,
ing of Senator ClE*KX? to tbe same body,
? ?
, ^ -Ml*
?? '?L-ji ?-..a 1.1:1^.
' I ? %.
Vol. 1.
just befoto* the consuifinuition of adinis
sion of California,' speak the sehtUpenfv o
the great masses of the Southern ]^JMe Urea
peetive of party,?as events will ?Ww if tin
majority will still persist in hurrying tm-n pe w
erful minority to the hfink of resistance,"agains
their expostulations and waruujgs. P"
As to the slanderojisv imputations on tlu
motives, .and denAiciationj^ on the eomko o
Htis press, and those wild concur in its
they art* scarcely worthy of contempt, eoofinj
from sources whoso approval'only wouMK&
libellous?from a class incapable oCappreeiatin)
or understanding either.
But there is a more resjteetable class of 0|)
pouents, from whom the South may yet caper
something from a sense of returning justim
those oid politician# who cstortidu a retd
ence for the very name of tho Union, and dee*
it sacrilege to calculate its value under an
contingency?and the prejudices of these ui
, .4. A ? ...t4 -a* ? mi..?
worthy of respeci u 1101 01 muiauon. xm?
will /not pqrmit themselves to look the rei
issue in the'luce, disguise the naked truth froi
their readers and themselves, Jjnd revel in th
obstinate conviction that the rising deluge
but a passing shower.
The mere hungry horde of Swiss scribble)
can do no mischief comparable to that wliic
these produce, for the former carry no weigi
with them, while the latter do command publi
opinion to ascertain extent through long pr<
If, then, their love of the Union is equal t
their professions. IWrtlwni open their eyes t
the signs of the times, ancfibbkin'g out over tli
whole wide field, instead of contracting the limit
of their vision to the walls of Congress, war
their countrymen in time, that the Union is i
peril, ami can he jrrcserred only by hearing ah
heeding the call of the South for justice at
Our paper of yesterday contained 11
response of .Mr. Gregg to Mr. Foote, and U
day we publish the reply of Mr. Chesnut to tl
same gentleman.* We also publish to-day
letter of Mr. Wallace against Mr. Houston.)
Nobody regrets more than we do, these pe
sonal controversies?none have more desired t
avoid them. But wc consider it the right <
every citizen to be heard in bis own defence,01
also to assail those who avail themsol/es of the
official position to scatter their assaults over tl
land, through the officiul printing of public* d
* We regard as no better than a slid low artift
the attempt made T?y Messrs. Poors, Horsro
nrin the cifltorofthe f ?/?//, to impute tlil- "prrsft
w ide-spread excitement of the South at Fcdci
i;.... 4.. ?i
"'"'I""""1 """"" ** ? ",,v* " ?- "
popularity of General Jackson's uamu again
the present discontent, as against Nulliticntii
formerly. In their eagerness to effect this tin
have made, uuwarnntable ]>cr*onnl attacks,
which it socms they are not indulged with li
impunity they expected.
No. 3 of the nhlo papers of "Rammh.1
or Roanoke*1 on the rig'Dt of secesiuon, will a
pear on Monday.
Wcdo not see that Mr. Clay, in 1
Northern tour, in kissing as heretofore the crow
of women that flock to see -him. We suppo
he is sick of ?mni-birjtsinff.
Deceivivo a Mgxe.?At one of our ir
mines in I^high count)', where the water
drawn out of tlic mine l?v mule power, one
the nniinnln refuses to work unless ho is riddt
To save a hand, they have mounted an artitie
monkey upon him. and he works steadily, p<
fiH'tll* IUlti?tir>(l A w Viiri' fit* Jim
The condition of tie rhtile is very much tt
of the two great politic id parties tluno day*.
for the Southern ftta.
Letter from Col. Cheanut.
Camddkk, South Carolina.
GrNTLrMrv:?I will ask ? small apace in yo
columns, thnt I mny lake a brief notice of M
Senator Foote, who has seen fit to indulge I
taste before a senatorial audience, in a course
very flippant and scurrilous remarks, reported
the Union of the 4th of August; a copy of whi<
a neighbor has just placed in my bands.
it is a very easy thing for any one who is sul
rfrntly regardless of truth and decency, to deal
harsh words and vulgar epithets. I entertain t
much respect for myself, as well as for tho
friends, whose good opinion I value, to becot
the imilntor of Mr. Foote.
The court at Washington, it appears, has i
jester, as well as the courts and princes in tim
past had theirs; when choaen auditories we
made merry by the bought w it or buffoonery of t
collar men. Mr. Foote in litis w ay scema "a f<
low of infinite jest," and I doubt not that his ha
lequin performances will serure for him, io n ct
tain quarter, a comfortable allowance, when
wronged and indignant Hurtc shall cast him fro
her bosom.
This senator from Mistffssiprf has affected gre
indignation, at the slight mention I had /vessh
to make of hint before a pubfic. meeti.irat Car
den. This he mnkes the pretext fur the <iut|>ou
ing of thnt sort of slang, which oiua would fa
hope and believe was unknown in hkMtb oiite, b
fore he disgraced that body withtnltg pgrsance.
The rrsramsn of rnv iiAenOfMMl to lie thnt
had the temerity to link the time iiwno d enph'
niou? and nuggtutirr Mine of Fi?nte to J^at of M
Benton. If the senator from Missouri, or li
friend*, hnd thought at nil of remark* made hy
person so inconsiderable a* mynelf, I doubt in
that IkiiIi he and they would have been qui
as wrath Ail an the little senator from MinsiNnipp
at the association in which he in found. My n
tention was nttrnr.ted to the senator, not for nji
wisdom he uttered, hut because he was the mot
of the Committee of Thirteen?because he was r
eternal chatterer and actor of scenes in the Sena
?because ha had recently made himself very bux
in conjunction with his unexpected ally, in blnel
balling citizens of the South, by imputing to the
"treason, strRtegem and spoils"?because I pi
ccived that the lion roar which ha indulged in tl
early part of the session, de die in diem, ss
Southern flag-bearer, had dwindled down into tl
smallest possible squeak.
In alluding to sonig of the causes which plan
I sour
i 111? i ill. m*
i? the South In her present attitude of hopeless de-, ti
t fence in Cortfcress, I mentioned the defection of tl
Senator Foote nut) others from the Southern plm-1
p Ituix. And did he not debert hie Southern friends
and allies in the hottest of the flgbt? Hid he not
t desert them when with' un eager haste, impelled by
a ridiculous vanity, he became theassuilant of Mr? 1
Calhoun at the rending of his last speech in the
e Senate? That^uaaifrVnical movement;for up to
' that time the Oieuda wftjf/lFHsu^iJ.i the Seqate (
l? presented an almost unbroken front. They stood f,
% clearly on the yf&Uage gfound. This movement d
C made'under the abst^d idea that lie would be held
| responsible for the phtfr#iophical opinions etc- jj
1 pressed by Mr. Calhoun, and which it is clear he (
^ fMs?- Foote) did not understand, produced evir "
,t dently a disastrous effect. Mr. Foote would he a j
, leader without any of th%tf quisite qualities. He , e
^ is m?Jleut iu his place. t^iiow of no one who i
can better badger and* wruitft thegMhter men of
the Senate bv an incessant and dwraclintr tempest
y of fuss anil fury, lie is great to draw the
v fire of the larger guns out of the right direction.
10 Serves admirably, as the hat on the ramrod,
t! held out by the hunter to delude the Indian, who,
it when he fireH, has iiie mortification to find that he
|e.' has wasted his powder on a stick, nniLperhaps hit >
i.s something which only looked as if the head of *
a man might be in it. Far be it from us todispar- ' '
age the senator. He is good in his place?very I
. > good?!>ut for (ienrral^Foote to assume the leader1
ship of a great party in the country and before the j c
11 Senate, would he liite pitching General Tom j1
lc Thumb, at the head oftheAmericanarmy.smoth- |
ered in tlie long boots amf cocked hat of Winfield ,
Scott. Did he not leave those same friends and j 1
o allies when lie became the blind and rabid advo-j .
o caieof the bill of surrender, which proposed to
e give all to the North, and to take all in dispute t
is from tlie South, under the delusive name of Com- '
promise.5 but from recent indications it would
11 .... 1
seem that his position is well understood by the (
good people of Mississippi. The Benator informs <
" us that he bus vicariously suffered for the South, f
monstrous flagellation by the Abolitionists; and |
j that he has endured this as retribution for fiercely
; assailing each and every one of them whom he
11 lids encountered?but has he not since been an- |
'"jmoulted from Northern vessels? Sugar plums j
have followed the birch from the same hands. He
,a is horrified at the idea of resistance to the uncoil- j
"I stitutional acts of the Government, which inter- j (
preted by him is treason. His Whig leader j i
r- | pitched this tune, and he sings the chorus in the
tn | long metre of Jackson's proclamation.' ffqw long
| has it been since hr was regarded us lighting daily
J(j in the Senate the lurid fires of rebellion?threatening
it as unavoidable without change of affairs ?
On the 6th of March 1850, when he was ^avilling |
le | at Mr. Calhoun's last speech, what occurred?!
e" ' Mr. Calhoun. "Butna things now stand, I aj>.
i peal to Uie senator from .Mississippi,*if he thinks
j that the South can remain in the Union on terms'!
of equality?"
'* | Mr. Fuole. "We cannot, unless the question j
;rt | be. si-uM?Initio my optuion the q'uertnm may be j
(l settled, and honorably settled in less than ten,days 1
'u> j lias it been settled? Are not things worse j
"d | than they were? . Can we, however, remain in j
mi ! the Union on terms of equality? If he who,
i?v ! thinks we cannot, be a traitor, then Mr. Senator, !
in ; you were one on the 6th of March 1850. When, :
|?, j and what new lights have broken in oil you?
I But it appears that the senator, while rending a !
report of my speech, which he has honoixti 1^11
i>i, . so many complimentary phrases, was g' a^lv dts- j
j! tressed to think that he had titver hearC^Mbsi
I person, or imagined that he might be somelAeof j
! il,? iim-iioiiaiiii. .if linn. u. 1mm Mr. Fuole enMs
,j9 j vored to render as absurd as himself. Weill
(j j i his, I have the ad vantage of the senator. I have
j heard of him?before now?and have known hiin, !
H(* I
| at least in Ins puhlie character, since he has been
! honored by the State of Mississippi. Perhaps it j
would be well for Mr. Foote if he could be twitted '
jK with his obscurity, lie is in no such danger.
of: He has a wide notoriety. He has been too long '<
n. ' the horn-blower to the several drivers of the late
ial | omnibus, not to hate led the whole country to :
si"* inquire and learn who made all that noise. Surely
! it would be needless now to inquire who we noisy :
int j senator is?this very peculiar and ludirrous|ineci-1
rnen of the genus homo. I believe no natiiWhst
has written nl>out it, but M Voltaire alludes to ,
the singular cross between the monkey oiid the
tiger. Jjg _ |
From his own aefount, Fauquier county, Vir- [
ur gini", has the honor of being his birth-place. 1
i_ Km, o irrmi ,-?i vreixrn. fur Vii -inia: and is it nos
lis sible that Senators Mason, Hunter, and Foote,
of are of thy *arti^ nn^ernity ? But such things do
in sometimes happen. 1 remember,nt the time of
ch the famous pistol scene in the Senate, when the
redoubtable senntor (I believe a General, too,? |
certainly a great strnegisf) wns advancing, by a
in parallel mnrrmrnl, on his adversary, I heard his
no' nativity rUttch discussed; and, judging from the
se evidence furnished by his vocabulary, it was eonne
I eluded, that wherever he was born, he must have J
been reared from 44 an abns-luviket of refuse,
its words."
ok j 1 think the senator may well calculate on his
re fame; for if he should fail to reach a remote pnslie
teritv, through the rkketty contrivance of his,
si- diejAinirt and unlimhered omnibus, he will no
ir- dnubHlnfl hie way through the history of those
T- bhtwls by whirh be has so much graced snd ele-j
a vltfed the rharacter of the Senate of the Union
in I hate observed that the condescending person.'
i who has given me a Tiiaional notoriety, is some- j
i times called (jrm-ral FopTK. I shall not rpiOution :
>n J his military fxWtiice. The greater it be, the
more I shall lio|x , thai in ca*r ^nen'* souls are to (
r" i be tried, the enemy C*ho must he in common to
'n Mississippi and (' roiimO mrv not have that tooer '
e" j of Strength. I am sure, noWever, shut nobody ^
twill he linrt, rrtn on the tented field, if battles |
ore to be fought bv Committees of Thirieen, or
i enemies to lie met liv marching in parallel lines.
r ' (Experience has recently illustrated both propoei'*
1 fions, though (lie latter restfl teen rely on a innthe*
mntirnl principle.
And now, gentlemen, yu will allow mo, for ,
( your information na well ih oii my own account,
' to any that the people of South Carolina nre not
^ dieitnionieta, in any proper sense of the term. |
'I'hev are willing tr> peril nil for the UoiiatiUilion,
Pi ' |
and to stand l?y tlie Union tinder it. Nay, sire,
for myself, and I believe it is the sentiment of my
countrymen, I ant willing to sacrifice much of
^ everything, ante honor, to have the distracting
m I question* thnt diattirb the rotmtry aettled with
r I permanent safety and honor to the South. 8uLf<
)e I * e regard some things as worse than duumWK ^
a | We may have htgh and dilhculiduiiei to perform. 1
|e We truat that the necessity may not come, or,
| coming, may pass away; but, should it not, then
id we trust also, that every mail throughout #he en'
! - jji.? j--- t*. .iLii j-iaa
? - "
fton, Saturday, August
re South is ready, without flinching, to discharge
lose duties.
Most respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
- mm ^ ^ - i'
Me the Editors of the Southern Press.
House or Rkpresuttativei,
Washington, August 15, 1850.
On the 14th instant, I was informed that on the
irevious day, the Hon. Sum Houston, a senator
rom the Stale of Texas, introduced my name in
ebate in the Semite, in connexion with that of
rlr. Calhoun, for the purpp,M>f creating the imiresaion
that the conveiitliSf^eld at Jackson-,
Mississippi, in October last,and the Nashville
Convention which followed, were gotten up by an
nfluence exterior to the State of Mississippi, and
hat Mr. Calhoun and my/ielf, an his agent, had
teen the means by which that extraneous, uiflu-, t
nee had been brought to bear upon the public
niad ill that State.
Upmf tW-receipt of this informal ion, 1 addressed
i note to that senator, which was delivered to him *
iy Senator Butler, of South Carolina, of which
he following is a copy.
House of Representatives, IT. S.,
Washington, August 14, 1850.
Sir r I am this moment informed, that you in
i uuut~.ru. my immc m ucuaic m nic ucunic y i;nitilay,
in connexion with that of Mr. Calhoun,
vith the apparent purpose of creating the iinpreslion,
that I upended the convention at Jnckaou,
Mississippi, in Octol>er last, aa the agent of Mr.
'alhoun, with tiie view to influence that body to
all a convention of the Southern States.
An explicit contradiction of this groundless
barge, was extensively published in the month
>f May or June Inst, over r.ijr proper signature,
n many Southern papers, including the National
ntelligencer of this city.
I have to express my surprise, that you should
hink proper, in your official character as a senaor,
to revive this groundless junior, after it hud
>een thus explicitly contradicted.
Hut as you linve thought proper to do so, I have
o request, that you will, upon the receipt of this
lote, furnish me with a written statement of w hat
foil did say upon the subject yesterday, in your
dare in the Senate, that 1 may in justice to mylelf,
as well as to the memory of Mr. Calhoun,
nake such response as the nature of the case may
teem to demand.
Waiting your early reply, I have the honor to i
rr your obedient servant,
Hon. Sam Houston, Washington, D. C.
To the above note, 1 soon after received the fol- j
owing reply:
44 Senate Chamber, 14th August, 1850. j
Sib: 1 have just received your note of this morn-!
ing, by the Hon. Mr. Butler. In reply, I can assure
you, that 1 did not use your name, nor the
name of .VL-. Call.oun, nor the name of any gentleman
with disrespect, in the debate of yesterday.
Not having received the notes of my remarks
from the reporter, 1 cannot furnish you with a
statement of them at this time, but so soon as they
are published, I will lie happy to comply with
your request.
I have the honor to he your obedient servant,
Hon. D. Wallace, Washington City, D. C."
I ha\ e not received from the senator himself,
the report of his remarks upon the subject referred
to, as indicated in the above note, but I find in the
columns of the Washington Union of this morning,
the following report of his speech. 1 have
not th? senator's own authority fbr saying tlmt
this is a cor red report, but the production bears
lipon its fticc inherent evidence of its paternity.
The 44 guessh.g" propensity w hich it exhibits, the
dark insinuations and jnurndnc* by which it is
marked, stamp it with the unmistakable impress
of its author. I shall, then, treat this report of|
the senator's reniurks, for the want of a more au- j
tlioriintive one, us genuine :
44 Mr. HOUSTON. Well, then, it appears,
Mr. President, that a few individuals gave the impulse
to all this excitement in Mississippi, and
other States also. That this was the case cannot be
doul>ted,and that it was lend ing individuals who did
jt. It was under this impression, that the people
hbd, originally, nothing to do with it, thnt 1 said
hfenuld guarantee their fidelity, arid thnt, if there
iMkno infraction of their constitutional rights,
t^cJPwould be found to be quiet and unobtrusive,
moth tar bed to the institutions of the country. If it
had ubt^ecn for the efforts of leading politicians,
ine people wotun never nave uracil up mm n* n nweinu
question of debate, snd have undertaken, with
reference to it, to calculate the value of the Union.
That is what I say, Mr. President. It was that
which was denied in the little controversy which
look place l?etm een the Senator from Mississippi
and myself. It was also denied thai any one foreign
to Mississippi had any thin? to do with the
matter. Sir, recent disclosures?disclosures subsequent
to that controversy?hnve proved that
there was a master-spirit operating upon that convention,
and thut the course was suggested from a
foreign Stat?. I was right, then, sir, even while
I did not know it. 1 was asserting the truth?
though I guessed at it. A master-spirit was governing
the proceeding. The eagle seeks s prey
from a distance ; it doe* not take it from about its
own eyry. I apprehended that there was a master-spirit,
and I met it by such opposition?feeble
as it ia?as I was able to make against it. I
knew the odds tvers fearful. 1 was moved by no
spirit of resentment; but still, for one at least, nnd
as far as the State which I represent wna concerned,
I felt it my duty to place my veto upon
the principles which it was attempted to disseminate,
and in pursuance of which the Nashville
Convention was called. I speak not for other gentlemen.
Their dutifs are their own. I have my
constituency, to whom I am accountable fur the
faithful performance of mv duties, not only as a
senator, out as a citizen, which ia s far higher
distinction. I nm not in favor, air, of striking
down the rights of this govefnment of 'he Slates,
nor of any single man. Hut I do not wish to see
the people hoodwinked into acting upon principles
which they do not really hold ; and tl?eref<>rc 1
will do what I ran to prevent it.
"Mr. DAVIS, of I am sorry to
continue this colloquy ; hut the sfnatorS remark*
compel me to do *o. When he first commenced
this delmte, I rend to him the fimt in a aeries of
resolution* adopted in that Mississippi convention,
which reaolution. if the senator wanted to confirm
the attachment of the people to the eowatituttnnal
Union under which we live, \vonld hnve enabled
him to do ?o, That resolution I will, for his information,
read aenin.|'?
The honorable senator here rend the resolution.
" That, sir, ia a declaration that the people will
adhere to the Union aa far aa the Cenatilution is
ohserved. Sir, do these rcsolutiona lend to any-j
thintr elae, or, as I hnve stated before, affirm all
which the Nenntor himself affirms in other wurdnf
But, sir upon a former occasion I stated that the
action of the people of Mississippi arose from'She ;
people themselvea. I wtatq it a^ain. A slander
which has heen put forth, that the action of that
State arose from the dictation of the lamented
Calhoun, has heen nailed to the wall. It never
rested upon any better foundation than a letter of
that tfrent statesmen, which was written po ste
rior to the fiction of the convention. It followed
it. It might he contended th/it the act inn of the
people of Mississippi had some influence over the
letter, hut not that letter had any influence!
over the convention All this, eir, has been
railed forth in the paper* of Mia*i1i*i BFlletter
itnelfhaa been puhliahed, togetler with the;
date arid the njimr of the man to ? hofti" rt.ieaa nd- t
dressed. 'Wieteme miereprcacntntion Ima been j
favored by the fact that n citizen of South ('are- j
lina descended the Mississippi river and visited |
Jackson nhout the time of theponventinn, although I
he had not neon the distinguished statesman of hie
own State, and although he wnr, I believe, erf-i
tirely ignorant of the intended meeting of the convention.
Sir, if the senator knew who composed
thsf convention, it would he unnecessary to tell
him that they were men whose action could not
he influenced by dictation from any quarter. It
Would l>e unnecessary to say that tnev were neither
dictated to hy Mr. Calhoun or ny any one
" Mr. HOUSTON. Tt i? very strange that that
letter should have nrrii -d at the convention and
have had no influence upon their deliberation*."
fc f; i * *
I' ' X ,* *
17, 1S30.
" Mr. OA VIS of Mississippi. I( did ncl arrive."
" Mr. HOUSTON. Wan Unot received pending
the convention ?" >
' Mr. DAVIS. I understand not."
" Mr. HOUSTON- I understand it was received
by ColoncbTarply, the genilemun to whom it I
woe addressed, at the convention,and there shown
byh im. It was a singular coincidence, too, that ]
no honorable citizen of South Carolinu should have
happened to be passing down the river, should
have visited the convention, should have l>een invited
to-uppear anil he seated in the assembly,
should have remained there during the time (for 1 1
believe he was very civily treated) until tl.e delihberytions
were concluded, and then have departed.
Now all 1 suy is, that thia looks suspicious. I
do not say that there is anything in it. It would,
however, have led my mind to the conclusion that
the uuthor of this letter had had something to do
with the suggestions according to whicli this convention
was assembled, and that by some appropriate
arrangements the honorable citizen of South
Carolina was there at the time. It would seem
to me I ::?t k * as a mutter of concert, and that that I
concert lutd much to do with the deliberations of j
the convention."
" Mr. DAVIS, of Alississippi. All suspicious
about what that citizen of South Carolina was engaged
in, and what led him to Mississippi at that
time, can easily he removed. He is now a inenibe
of the House of Representatives, and the senator
can consult him at any day."
The senator in his note in reply to mine is
pleased Uwsay, "I tlitl not use your name, nor the
name of'Mr. Calhoun, nor the name of any gentleman
with disrespect in the debate of yesteritav.
ft is not my lot to be known to fAine, like the J
senutor from Texas. I have not tlie notoriety to .
be acquired by Assuming the costume and bearing |
of an Indian chief, the insignia of u governor of'
a State, the president of a gallant Republic, or the !
official robes of a senator. Rut unlike the senator
from Texas, I have been content in my humble
sphere, to receive such marks of distinction only,
as those with whom I have been associated have
thought proper to confer upon me. I have to inform
the senator, however, that there are few beyond
the limits of-his acquaintence who are more
intimately acquainted with his history than I am.
It is certainly the privilege of all, In be familiar
tri'/i the lives of the great, even in their oirn coneeit.
Heing thus acquainted with the 'characteristic
doublings, and cunning evasions of the senator, 1
could not be surprised at the marked attempt at
evasion, the labored and disingenuous effort to
avoid the true issue, which is so manifest in the
above clause of bis note. lie did not name Mr.
Calhoun, or myself, but he used other means not
less palpable, to make known to the Senate the i
persons to whom he alluded. He Reeks to ac- j
mmplish by insinuations and inuendos, what lie i
dared not openly avow, least the stamp of tin- |
truth shou\l be fixed upon bis unfounded state- i
ments. He retreats behind the screen, and stabs |
without setrn^iag to do it, with the adroitness of a j
profession^) .assassin, that he may avoid the responsibility
of his act, and the condemnation due
to his offence. In this the-senator is true to his
instincts. He resorts to- flic subterfuge of the
I calumniator, "who is willing to wound, yet afraid
to strike," and fixes a blot upon reputation, whila
j he escapes the punishment of the offended law.
The senator does not act without a motive. He :
could not have been ignorant of the fact, that the !
i stale slanders which, like the witch of Endor, lie I
was calling up from the tomb where I had buried 1
' them, had been pronounced false by me in the pub- !
lie journals of tne country over my own signa- :
ture. This was not enough to weun the.senator I
front his besetting sin of prevarication, when lie I
bad ? design to rcenmpfuti, or n rewange to ernt- j
tfy. That senutoi is perhaps awnre, and if he is I
not the public certainly are, that to deprive liii'rt i
of the privilege of distorting facts, and concealiug
the truth, would, like the ehareing of Saippson
of his locks, deprive liiui of all his ill-gotten
notoriety and consequence. lie cannot therefore
surrender the right arm of his strength which he
i wields so dexterously, hy yielding the privilege to
! retail exploded calumnies, either for the purpose
I of giving vent to his malignant feelings, or of grat-,
I ifying his personal ambition,without n struggle,tutd
, rather than give up this privilege, the senator vtay
I even be induced to undergo some risk, at leaJT
j upon a question of veracity.
Hence, in the ninlter under considMuion, nl;
though lie oould not but be aware,U^Ahe allegations
he uttered were fitlse, tu^gMTl whd pub
liahed to the world U^-tyyi^Wrerc aoj^eLto
withhold them, was towetiuflr lbe,.rtIbY$
'then making in thrfjPtnate,4 U$ atrui upon tmj
luge, under tlieJJRglleV a'btiie .tyirf airthJ
uy," would Inv^ben to aftpwtgefi'xnjyft ptflflR
pn\ in winch, nAis incwdinaU |un;iy, he (Jouhflj
less HiippoHcd he^Lut nulling,jf Hot surpassing,
tlie great AihcuialBtii^Ouly lijm which be li/VU elf
deemed of any^^MS,^JDfl|Sarnj|Ation wlb>
for the sen.Vtr to Hi. ffl WAs Ql>:
gaged in his u oiiird\c?4fin?,"Sr;cnilawvortft* taj
make falsehood trunu|um^aojSr '"nhXqnfljr
tin- of (uKV^BBzeJ^Hpch
lie has grown grey;and it is no ivuu^^|jugMruie.
therefore, that he still persisted in hr^eftWn,
notwithstanding his declarations were so often
nailed to the counter, as unmitigated fabrications
by Senator I>avis, while he was in the act of ul
tiering them. The senator verifies the maxim,
j that there are moral, as well ns physical diseases,
| which, if |>ermitted to lukr deep hold of the sysi
tern, becomes chronic and incurable, and i am
j unacquainted with any nostrum of the moral
plinrmacopeu, which can cure the malady under
! which the senator suffers so much ntlliction. In
j charity to the senator himself, but more especially
j to the country, I would apply n healing (mini to
I Ilia moral ulcers, which exceed, in nttmoer, itioae
j under which Joli Buffered; but, a* this in beyond
niy art, I muat leave luni to tlint alow decay, to
whicl^iine, and hi* own mural obliquities and
j infirm?'-, coiiNpirf to consign him. Ilia tijenl
| leant, should, ere this, huvr taught hint llt? value
I of iieceaanry prudence, und he would do well to
remember that, which at onetime wiu uppennnMt
i in bin mind, that he has no ratine to complain if
| lie nhould occasionally receive a wound from the
j thorn of the tree w hich he liu.s himself planted, j
J It ia aoroewhat remarkable that there in a single j
| truth to he found in the statements uf the aenutor. '
I did travel, form brief period, on the boaum of
| the Misaiaaippi, about tne lime to which lie alI
I tide* in such romantic terms. Ibu unlike the
journeying* of the senator himself, upon the!
! "father of waters," I did not travel because I
had renounced civilization, and the restraints
which law and order impose upon brutal appe- J
tiles. Unlike him, too, at the time to which ij
refer, I did not travel in the carl) of a stooge, to f
the ijiappurels of a savage land, to seeK, in the
wigwnm, a freedom of indulgence denied to the
libertine in the country I left behind me, nor to
.avoid the merited caatigations which an outraged 1
community sometimes inflicts upon the man, for
whose guilt, die law titliirdia no adequate punishment.
The studied assault wlucli the senator has tnmle .
upon inc, may not, perhaps, be characterized by
the element w hirh always attends the critnf of j
felony, to wit: malice aforethought. The malignant
hate which, while living, he bore to another,
who in life, lived upon n mural eminence, which
his malice coulJ never reach, burns so fiercely in
hit bosom yet, that ha Cannot permit his nshet to
remise in oeace. The sanctity of the crave, af
ford* no shield Against the senator's imfioient vituperation,
end lie attempts to drag me into v(,ew, j
to enable him to add venom to the arrow ? hiich he
hurl* at the memory of the honored dead', and I
shall perhaps tench that senator in the end, that
he shall not use my name, ei directly or hy
implication, for such a purpose, without having
administered to him merited rebuke. .
An act like this, which includes in its rnrpu?
iblitti, " the sweepings of nil other vices," and
which can be truly chnrnrterized only l>v the term
nicimnr.ti, is without paliation or justifiable pretence.and
enn produce no results, hut to cover its
author with the scorn and contempt of mankind.
The senator says the eagle aeeks his prey at a
diatance; ha does not seek it about the eyrie." I j
will bring to the mind of the senator another it* |
I lustration of the qualities sf the eagle, to which he
has aptly compared Mr. Calhoun.
The senator and Mr. Cnlhoun ones sat together
in the Senate Chamber. They were equal in sen-!
atorial rank, but there the equality ceased. The
country will bear me out in the testimony I give,!
no. ?4. j'
p : ?
111tit there was a wide difl'erenfebeiween the tw?. j
Thin difference wasv?.l thftf which exists b
between the eagle ana the owl. The one soars t<
aloft in the broad light of day, and gazes steadily a
upon the face of the sun. 1 he other shuns the
day, hides its ignominy in darkness, and disputes (|
with the reptiles with which it broods, the right to si
batten on garbage. The senntor can be nt no loss al
to determine the place assignedIhint, in the back z
ground and twilight of this picture.
1 have said the senator does not net without n si
motive. I muy be able to t>d*6rd the publics key tl
to the motive which has,prompted the senator to ai
assail Mr. Calhoun, ana South Carolina, with
unmitigated malignity 'for the last quarter of a C
century. I will, for a moment, Messrs. Editors, ri
change the venue from you to the senntor himself,
for the purpose of propounding to liirn a tl
few direct and jtlain interrogatories, and hope tl
he will favor the public with u distinct answer to oj
I ask you, sir, did or did not Mr. Madison ai
soon after the battle of the "Horse Shoe," ap- ti
point you to the office of sub-Indian Agent, for si
one of lite Southern tribes? li
Diil or did you not, sir, hold this office until a
Mr. Monroe come into power, and Mr. Culhoun tl
under him, as Secretary of War? r<
And did, or did not Mr. Calhoun cause you to P
be removed from the office of sub-Indian Agent, ii
for malfeasance in office ? Mark the word, air, I ol
nay malfeasance, not deeming; it altogether in good ni
taste tp use a term with which all are familiar, m
who are acquainted with the titles of the criminal
code. Will .Vou, sir, give a direct answer ft
o ityese;- interrogatories, without resorting to
vour?sunJ prevarication? The public wttt be grat- tr
ilied, doubtless, to. hear your response.
If these qUestionk. be answered in the affirma- m
live, orV ydfe reniuk the public will be no
longer ut a Ions to ovtcojer the source of that hy- rr
pocritical pretense of patriotism, undercover of a
which, you have for the last twenty-five years, si
give vent to your sjileen^against Mr. Calhoun, and h
South Carolina. Until you answer these inquiries j>
in charity to yourself, nii-, if not to those compelled
to listen to your croaking, pray cease to make a
yourself hoarse, with the parrot cries of "Calhoun" a
?"South Carolina," "Union." it is said to be n
a fact well known to those who are acquainted tl
with the history of criminal jurisprudence, that a h
convict who has once stood in the pillory, never a
looks at that instrument of punishment afterwards ti
without an involuntary sensation of anguish. Vou,
sir, would perhaps be a credible witness on tiiis
subject. p
If any thing is to be learned from the history of H
your life, you belong to a school of philosophers,
whose creed is only to be found in the moral and *
political lex non scripta. That creed is briefly litis, "
that dishonesty is a cardinal virtue, and knavery
an accomplishment, which alone can qualify a t(
disciple to act his part upon the public stage. Of 11
all the honors of this school, you sir, have shown
yourself to be worthy, and casuists might even
conclude that the pyramid of transgressions which
time has erected to your memory, and upon which 0
your epitaph may be written, entitles you, with- ?
out any additional achievement to an honorary
membership for life. l'
if I sir, in conclusion,?felt authorized to offer
you a word of counsel "at parting, I would tell ''
you in all sincerity to retire at once from the "
gaze of a world, from whose sentence of reproba- "
lion, youcun never be reprieved, and, to the society n
of which your presence can impart 110 value. Posterity,
if it should oondescend to notice you, will
be at loss, whether to assign you thet rank of a d
knave or a fool. The present generation who are c
belter acquainted witli your qualities, will beat no r
los.> to determine, that you possess in your person 1
and character, the most extraordinary combina- 11
tion ofbolb. As you cannot thjfc, "if, liflfpetn
reverse this sentervte, retire to merited obsenrrty, "
and devote the fe# remaining dafi ?dlotU;iRo you *
under the nun, igf preparing yourself f?y repentance
for a coming nour, when you must yield ufc c
a life which you nave spent without adorniiif oiv
u w.w. j ,
either good, wise or great. L). WALLACE. '
It in proper that 1 should say, that after the ^
greater part of the above was written, 1 received *
from Air. Houston a copy of the National Intel- .
ligHVcer containing the report of his speech. As
Tt did not difl'er materially froi.Y the report in the !
1 Union} I thought no change necessary. t) W.
Friday, August 16, 18.V). ti
Mr. EWING, of Tennessee, moved, and the
iHouse resolved to, go into Committee of the S
ll^'hiile on the Male of the Union.
C^Mr. HURT, of South t;arolina, was called -to p
Chair, and stated the order of business to be d
consideration of 11.? < ivil and Diplomatic Ap- 1
^^Rnriatinn Aii'l.
EWING, of Tennessee, took the floor, re- tl
nMHting that he did not intend to spenk to the bill e
Before the Committed, but to that |>ortion of the t!
Flate message of the Executive, which recomI
mended certain measures to Congress in reference ti
] to territory east of the Ilio Grande claimed by
' Texas. He thought it particularly unfortunate li
that at this time rucIi a message should have
einnnated from the Executive of this Government, n
He denied that under any circumstances this
Government was empowered to coerce u sovereign
State into obedience to any law. o
He was in favor of the hill from the Senate, n
proposing to Texas an adjustment of her boun- e
dury. He thought it would be better for Texas, i
i than if her limits were bounded by the Rio r
Grande'; better than if we gave her two hundred !
and fifty thousand aqua re miles of territory. Such i g
i an acquisition to her limits would he a blight on
her prosperity, whereas, an appropriation of ten
millions of dollars, in lieu of it, would enable her y
to nay her debt, construct railroads, canals, Ac.,
sno otherwise improve her pre* nt territorial surface,
and consequently add to the prosperity of ?
her people. He would go for it also, berausa he 0
believed it would be for the salvation of the conntry.
He believed the political power of the South ,
would be diminished rather than increased by the
; extension of the limits of slavery.
Mr. 8 WEETZER, of Ohio, commenced some
remarks in reference to the President's message, It
when the hour arrived for terminating debate on l<
the hill.
At. II.V\ I V \ Ii-ffinw .it .1 u n*at lh? Aiuip nl
twelve o'clock, m..aud as chairman of the Com-1
mitlee of Ways and Means, was entitled to make 1
die closing speech on the bill before the commit-1,J
tee. Hefore doing so, he addressed a few remni ks I
Ifttrefjrrenc.e to the President's late message? a
^H^csting its tone and doctrines as calcuin- \
^^H^exacerbate the already alarming .stale of
the South, to an extent that it was I
mflKftVrsrftil to contemplate. If the Kxccutive 1
could first assume a law existed, and then execute ?
it rta proposed in the message, he thought we were L,
fast approxtmct.1 ng to a military deapotumi. The
President could n<?t move in a foreign war, much
less in a civil war, unless ant homed bjr act of
Mr. H. then went, in part, into the merits ofthe j|
hill, nod contended that fifty-two millions of dollars
would not lie requisite to carry on the Gov
eriynent for the present fiscal yenr, aa contender!
by the gfutlemun from Tennessee, [Mr. J?vr.?.J
He affirmed that the gentleman hnd overstated the |
amount which would be required, more than , p
511,0t?0,000?that $40,000,000 was all that was , p
required. He admitted llj* reckless extravagance
of expenditures generally, but the committee being j
I called on to appropriate to meet the ret] nisi 'ions of'
existing laws, of course had no control of then. ,-(
After he had concluded, the Clerk oomtrenccd
reading the bill with a view to amendnitftit*, ! Qi
when I
Mr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee, moved that the
first section require that ull salaries above 51,000 /
be, on and after the 1st Monday of December
next, rednred one-fifth; provided iliat it was coni
11 111 >na I ,.rwl Kr.XiU'Kl nn ft: i'? I* v hftlntr Cl (Kin
The amendment was rejected.
Mr. SWBE'FZER, of Ohm, moved to amend
the first aection, which reads, u That no auch '
member of either branch of Concrete, residing
Baal of ihe Rocky mountains, shall receive more
than *1,000 mileage for each session, and no auch
member or delegate residing Weet of thd Rocky '
mountains, shall receive more than *8,000 mtlaeage
fur each session," by reducing the first sum
to *500, snd the secon* to f1,000. I
After some remarks by Mr. 8 tnr, and Me. I
TtttavTos ageinat the amendment. , J
JH i M ' ,f' ,
D. C. - POR T FOi "' |
* \
1 j, . i l a
"The SoutfeWu ft?,'VTrt-w?ly
> published ou Tnsmlays. Thursdays and Saturdays
of each weak.
The Southern PreM,"?Weekly, ,
Is published every Saturday.
advertising rates.
'or one square of 10 line*, three insert tons, $1 0t?
" every subsequent insertion, - 15
Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising.
{^Individuals may forward the amount of their
ubecriptioiw Rt our risk. Address, (post-paid)
.. '-.l&LWOOD i'lSHKlt,
Washington City.
Mr. MORSE, of Louisiana, moved to amend it
y increasing the f.rsi suiu to $3,000, and the last
> $5,000 and argued in its luvor. It was not
greed to.
Mr. VENARLE moved to amend the first sum
J500) by substituting $625, and supported it by
:tine remarks, when it was negatived, as wu.%
Iso, subsequently the amendment of Mr. Sweeter.
Mr. ORR, of Houih Carolina, moved to
rike out from the first section of the bill, all of
ie proviso which aiiects the payment of mileage
i now authorized.
Mr. ORR supported his amendment, and Mr.
artter, of Ohio, opposed it. It was not cared.
Mr. SCHENCK, of Ohio, moved to amend
vat portion of the first section which prescribes
ie mode of computing the mileage by adding'
a follows : * '
" At the rate of ten cents per mile for going to
ltd returning from the seut of Government, Proided,
that (rom and after the present Congress, '
rnators, representatives, and uelegates shall, in
cu of their per diem compensation, be paid an
nnual salary for their services ef $2,500, or at
iat rate for the time at which such senator, rep'sentative
or delegate shall continug in office, ;
'rovidtd further, that he shall have actually taken
is sent and entered upon the duties as a member
f Congress, and the computation for such afftry
to relate back to, and to begin from thq.comlencenient
of the Congress."
Mr. mWEETj&JEK and Mr. DU*.Rj arguea in
ivor nf if. # ,. '
Mr. THOMPSON', of Mississippi, iboyed
> substitute, in the amendment, #2,000 for
2,500, and gave his views in favor vf it, but it
'as decided in the negative.
Mr. WILMOT moved to amend thb ante^dlent
nf the gentleman from Ohio, by stinking out
II relating to mileage, and inserting for compenmibn
in full #10 per diem. After some remarks
y Mr. Wilmot and Mr. HttBBAgp, it was rented.
Mr. BUTLER, of Connecticut,, tpoved^p
mend by adding the words "an amount MHje ,?
soertained, by l<\king the average aggregate^M^
ual amount paid for mileage ana per diem- du^jlg"
le last live years, deducting therenom theaoloUDt
ereiu allowed as mileage, and dividing the balnce
by the number of senators and repre^pta*
It was disagreed to. ^
Mr. THURSTON moved to stike out the last
roviso of Mr. Schf.nck's proposed ameudment,
nd supported it by some remarks.
Mr. ASHMUN, of Massachusetts, asked if it
as competent for a d.legate to move an amendlent.
The Chair decided that a delegate was entitled
> debate, but was not authorized to make a moon.
Mr. McLEAN, of Kentucky, appealed from
le decisioh.
After some conversational debate, the decision
f the Chuir was sustained, and the anqpndpient
f the gentleman from Oregon was ruled
Mr. HUBBARD, of Alabama, moved to amend
lie amendment, by adding as follows:
" And provided further, That for every day that
e is absent from the House without leave, there
hall be deducted from the pay of such member
bn dollars, unless he shall be sick, and on that
cconnt unable to attend to his duties."
Mr. H. and Mr. POTTER, of Ohio, spoke to
he question, when upon taking the Vote, aquorum
id not appear upon the record. The roll was
ailed?absentees reported, and the committee
ose und reported the fact. In the meantime, a
uoruin appeared and the committee resumed its
ess ion.
-Mr. 14. substituted eight do Mars for ten in kin
intendment, and the question being Ukaw on it,
.9 modified, i; wan rejected.
The question then recurring on the amendment
>f Mr. Sciienck, it was disagreed to.
Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, moved to amend
he bill by striking out after the first section
Hating to mileuge, aitfT insert: " And hereafter
embers of the House of Representatives and
fnntors shall not receive mileuge, but instead
frereof, their actunl necesaary expenses in traveling
to and from the seal of government shall be
iaid, and each representative and senator shall be
ntitled to a per diem compensation of twelve dolirs,
computing the time from the day he leaves
iome until the day of his return, but no member
hall be allowed pay for more than tweniy^ays
ravel in going to or returning from CongresC^'
After some remarks by Mr. B., and Messrs.
curves and Woodward,
Mr. ALBERSTON moved to reduce the proosed
per diem from" twelve dollars" to eight
ollar8. It was disagreed to, as was also Mr.
Ihown's amendment.
Mr. MEADE, of Virginia, moved to increase
he allowance proposed by the bill to members
ast of the Rocky Mountains to $1,500, and to
Imse west $5,500. It was disagreed to.
Mr. WOODWARD, of South Carolina, moved
i amend the first section, by adding as follows:
Provided alxo, That no member shall be paid
?9s for one session than $] ,300.
Mr. W. supported his pro^rosition by some re-. "*
larks, and Mr. Toombs opposed it.
It war disagreed to.
Mr, PARKER, of Virginia, moved to strike
Ml of the 1st section, the words " by which the
nails are transported,"and insert " usually travlletl,
so to Ire rirtified by thein in writing. '
After some remarks by Mr. P. and Mr. Hasis,
of Illinois, it was disagreed to,
On motion the committee rose, renorterf promts,
and the House adjourned. Cholera
at Uviuwtowr, Pa.?The^Brown*.
illo Press, ot' Wednesday, snys:
' We believe this dreadful scourge has auhided
al Pnfotifbwn. SI nee our list issue, how. 1
ver, several persons have died nt or in the viinity
of the Old Pajrer Mill, in Redstone townhip.
Mil Richard Keoter niul child have fal n
victim* to the pestilence.
Later.?Si,ice the above was in type, wo
-am that several colored persons died in Ctiionown
within a few days past."
Tkoobs.?A iluUrliincnt of 274 United JiUtcs
roops arrived at Rochester, N. W on tha 20th
lit., from Governor's Island, m route for Santa
Y. New Mexico. < tf the whole nuashnr. eiwhte
,re drtooon*. All nro now recruit*. for Hllini;
ip the preaent oompiwucs, in accoi l;u*? with
lie recent law of Congress.
Tim iC 'pim of Columbia, Tenn., have voted to
tihm-ribe <l'J0,000 for the improvement of the naviation
of Duck rirer.
The Di*rri'-: Court c unmem-r* it* next eestop
on the l!>th iurtant, tiine/ Jnetice Cranch
iteairiin;. There will be aexert^ lntereeiingVaae*
Sp'"*ed of.
Paiccs or Aoutitinw.
I'-ea* Circle and Parquette sente . . 50 cent*.
pper Circle 25 cent-..
Children under 10 year* af age half price. No
hildren in arms admitted.
Private boxes can be obtained. Box book open
om 10 a. m. to I p. m.
Door* open at 7 o'clock. Entertainment to
ommenoe at 8.
Open every evening during the week.
iiM night of the grand burlesque Opera, in
three acta, of
ro conclude anth the laughable burlesaue of the
celebrated "Ravel Family," <
THELOVIR8. lectived
in Philadelphia ai)4 Baltimore, for sixtjrt|^fl
nights, with enthusiastic applause and

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