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The southern press. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1850-1852, April 09, 1851, Image 4

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Tbe Little End of the Compromise.
The champions of the Compromise seein bent
on rendering themselves as ridiculous as possible
North and South; and the pretexts which
they set up to screen themselves from public
contempt, are so petty and frivolous as to excite
commiseration rather than derision. As though
desperately bent on " whittling down to the little
end of nothing" the cause of which thoy profess
to be the champions, they have staked it first on
one issue and then upon another until ut last
they have suspended the safety of the Union,
and the success of the Compromise measures on
the delivery of the runaway negro captured last
vf?k at Boston!!!
With a most melo-dramatic mournfulness and
affecting pathos, the Southern compromisers,
?;.L a a..:. ... : l 4L_:_ u..u?
wiui bCKns ill uicir vyra, iiupiurc uicii iiuovun
bre there n to give Mr.Potter his negro back, or
the dissolution of this confederacy will be a fixed
fact! while with a firmness and self-devotion
surpassing the examples of Roman story, the
Northern Compromise journals declare that the
Uuion shall be preserved, and the " veneration"
of the Administration be still afore exalted?for
Marshal Tukey, liko a new Napoleon, shall
disperse the rabble rout, and do that which
Webster, Cass, Clay & Co. failed to do?
u give peace to thfB distracted country." Talk
as men may of the friends of the Administration
?of the signal services of the new " holy alliance"
that partitioned off the South like another
S& . Poland among the Northern powers?the main
stay?the prop?the bulwark?the forlorn hope
of this Administration now, is Marshal Tukey.
For if the safety of the Administration?and
the acquiescence of the South in the Compromise,
depend upon the success of their new case
in Boston, who can doubt that Tokey is the
. man to whom that success will be due.
While that Achilles remained in his tent,
Crafts eoolly defied the friends of the Administration,
and Shadrach was triumphantly torn
from the very horns of the altar. Vain were
the struggles of the Commissioner?equally impotent
the telegraphic messages of the Secretary
of State, in the former case?ludicrously
futile the effort of his son, the collector, in the
latter, whose ill-directed demonstrations in favor
of law and order, resulted in his own incarceration.
The genius and influence of Tukey
and hia constabulary alone could ride and rule
the storm?his marshal arm alone could curb
the " fierce Democracy" of Rastoul, or the
frantic ? Whiggery" of Chas. Francis Adams
?and the pious exhortations of Parson Parker,
like a new " Peter the Hermit" preaching
a new crusade.
Honor then where honor is due. If the Union
is to be saved by the efforts of Tukef, let the
praise be given where it is justly merited?and
let it not be monopolized by those who did not
take the responsibility, nor front the danger of
those " carving knives, ground and sharpened,"
taken from the persons of those desperate dogs,
the " two colored men," who seemed to consti.
tute the effective force captured by the " New
England Guards." '
The perils that environ the people of Boston,
and the excitement which prevails there, may be
judged from the following minutes of the proceedings,
which we clip from the Boston papers.
They are sufficiently terrific to freeze the blood
of peaceful citizens, and cause their horrent hair
to stand on end u like quills upon the fretful
porcupine." List! Oh list!
Arrest of Armed Men.?After the crowd
which gathered in Court Square last evening,
bad dispersed, four or five negroes, who had
been loitering about the sauare throughout the
day and evening, continued to remain in the vi.
cinity, and about two o'clock this morning demanded
admission into the armory of the New
England Guards, in Franklin Avenue, where
that corps were quartered for the night. They
were 101a mai uiere was noimng ior them to
aee, and, as they had no business there at that
late hour, they had better retire. This the negroes
refused to do, and continued to annoy the
company, and caused so much disturbance that
Cspt. Brad lee and Lieut. Col. Boyd called upon
the watchmen, who arrested and committed two
of the number, named Charles 8. and Isaac H.
Snowden, upon whose persons were found pistols
with powder and ball, and a large carving
knife, ground sharp on both edges, with an artificial
hilt around the blade next to the handle.
These two colored men were brought before
the police court this morning, for examination,
when Messrs. Phillips, Norris, and others or the
Vigilant Committee, appeared for the defendants.
The examination had not been concluded
at half-post two o'clock, when our paper went
to press.
Arrests.?IJjnry D. Cashing and Daniel J.
Orcutt were arrested and taken to the watchhouse
about half-past 8 o'clock last evening, for
refusing to leave Court Square when requested
to by CapL Barry. They were reproved, and
afterwards discharged.
The feats of Falstaff with those M rogues
in buckram," were nothing to these " arrests of
armed men." They must be desperate dogs,
The Boston Journal gives a quiet sneer in
the following, showing that the danger is not
ao dreadful as persons yjight imagine:
From the Sublime to the Ridiculous.?At
the fugitive slave rescue meeting yesterday afternoon,
Wendell Phillips, in a speech full of
Bound and fury, counselled the colored men to
arm and resist, and advised the people to assemble
around the Court-house and free the fugitive.
The Rev. Theodore Parker, who followed Mr.
i Phillips, said he hoped the kidnappers in our
L midst would not be mobbed, but would .be
watched, and if they smoked cigars or used profane
language in the streets, that they might be
arrested by Marshal Tukey's men, and dealt
with according to our Puritanical laws.
The Commonwealth?the Abolition organ?
thrown out the following intimation, inviting the
renewal of an agitation by which itn cause
profits?for who can doubt that the importance
and the consc<juenceattached to these movements
of the Abolitionists, in the very thing they desire,
and is calculated to strengthen their hands.
The Commonwealth says:
" There can be no doubt in the mind of any
sane man, that the repetition of such scenes as
we are now witnessing, will lead to an organization
of the people which will effectually resist
the execution of this unconstitutional law by
the same weapons aa are now used to enforce it.'
The whole proceeding has partaken infinitely
more of the character of a farce, than any ye1
enacted on the public boards.
All the fuss and fury which has been mad<
over this case by the Admininistration and Com
promise organs, would be a proper theme foi
ridicule only, were it not for the serious signifi
pence which iurka beneath such preposteroui
v o. " r,
-.v -<>4 S? ,'Wv,:^'^'
| condu#?tlie attempt to raise false issues, and
distract and divert the public mind from matters
i of real interest and importance.
The clue to this apparent fhlly on tho part of
' the Adminiuistration and tho Compromisers is
very easy to got hold of.
There are two purposes to be subserved.
They feel that they cannot stand on the old is;
sues, the merits of the Compromise and the
| course of the Administration, and that it is neces,
sary to open on a new scent North and South,
; and this Boston case has gladly been seized us
the pretext for the perpetration of further frauds
on the confiding simplicity of Southern ac|
quiescents. There is a wheel within a wheel?
, a local cause?which is worthy of notice. The
trade vf Boston has svffered in consequence of
the bud odor of Abolition which clings to her
merchants?and tho cry of her commercial community
afr the absence of the Southern sheep,
who used to come up annually to be sheared,
has made most melancholy music through their
organs for the lust two months. Even the
Atlas, the Whig Free-soil organ, which repudiates
Webster, and swears by John Davis,
has condoled with the afflicted wholesale men,
and indignantly denounced the machinations of
! j the Union Committee of New York, asintendod
1 trv nKatrnnf nnrl inti?ri*ai)t. th*? nf Rnatnn
And the Post has proven that their pockets
will be beneiitted by patriotic demonstrations.
Boston has heeded this appeal to her pocket.
The crockery and hardwure of th? Boston importers
lies idly on their shelves, for the bull is
in their China shops. Lynn shakes in her
shoes?and a clamorons cry comes from the sea
shore, that starvation will be the reward of their
" philanthropy," if the supplies from the South
be withheld. The public sentiment on the subject
is stronger than ever there?as witness the
defection of Rawtoul, the position assumed by
both the senators from Massachusetts last session,
and the voice of her people through public
gatherings, and her legislature.
But the merchants of Boston are no doubt
| anxious to " throw a tub to the whale," and present
a peace offering to Southern submissionists
! in the person of a solitary negro?more especially
when adjured and implored to do so by an
; Administration, of whose u veneration" and sympathies
they have been so well assured.
A want of business tact has never yet been
imputed to the Bostonians?and as the foreign
\ element largely preponderates in that city, the
! stubborn fanaticism of their Puritan blood is
i counteracted and controlled by the cosmopolitan
instincts of traders. We have never doubted that
i it was a comparatively easy thing to secure a
I slave in the city of Boston, and that the opposij
tion there would be less obstinate than in any
! portion of New England, where the old Puritan
I leaven still prevailed; hence, we deemed the resuit
of all the previous trims the more disgracej
ful; and we are confident that the result of the
present trial will prove the correctness of our
belief. They connived at the outrages which
! they were too cunning openly to countenance,
until their pockets began to suffer; then their
dormant patriotism awoke?and conclusive eviI
dence is afforded how easy the same line of
I conduct would have been all the time, had tni
clination only prompted what interest now comI
uiands. ?
The proclamations, and parade through the
papers, are all intended for effect?and <Jia!
play a lamentable want of materials nevertheless.
It is a new vision of the old play uMuch
Ado about Nothing"?and the idea, evidently, is
; to impress upon the minds of the Southern merchants
the prodigious peril and immense sac<
rifices made by the Boston importers in guarding
Mr. Potter's negro, and sending him back
to service and labor?in consideration of which
; all past offences are to be forgotten, the trade
withdrawn from Boston restored, and the shoes
of Lynn put on a proper footing once more.
Judging of the future by the past, the expecta.
I tion is not an unreasonable one?and to such a
| modest proposal, all the Southern submission
I journals would heartily respond "amen"?for is
not "the case of Boston the cause of all ?"
Thus it will be seen that, so far as the city of
1 Boston is concerned, the speculation is a good
one?the trick a "cute" one. But the stultification
of the compromisers in entering into the
coslition, rises to the sublime of stupidity?for
uncertain as was their footing before on the precarious
platform of the Compromise, this leap
leaves them dangling in the air, with the rope
i around their necks. These gentry who hsve so
bitteily denounced the opponents of the spoliation
bills as disunionists?have actually (unmindful
of the FareweH Address) staked the perpetuity
ofuthis glorious Union" against a single
runaway negro from Savannah !
In " calculating the value of the Union," never
yet, did the most " wicked" of all the " 8outh
Carolina nullifiers" estimate it at one thousand
dollars?the maximum value of Simms?and
the " disunion organ" as these consistent com,
promisors term this paper, takes this occasion
emphatically to cite the warnings of the " Father
of his country," Mr. Madisos, and other fathers
of the republic, agninst this " disorganizing, factious
and treasonable" doctrine of the compromisers.
What striking consistency, what wonderful
wisdom do these patch-work politicians
Hisrtlnv ! With achf-erfnl nln/?ritv I
J 4 - ? . / ]
on their backs all the burdens which the Northern
Free-Boilers chose to pile. When it was in
their power to obtain the aid of the more moderate
and politic of the Northern men, in securing
a share of the common property for their consti
uents, they magnanimously insisted on surrendering
the whole, for th" sake of preventing
all peril to this " glorious" Union.
The alienation of an emprie?the dismemberment
of a sovereign State under the menace of
coercion and the seduction of a bribe?the completion
of the free-soil cordon around the doomed
i slave States?the entering wedge to the abolii
tion of slavery in the District?the taunts and
the triumphs of the victorious Abolitionists?the
open defiance of some, and the covert scorn
others of the Northern States?the elections
and the legislation which showed the triumphs
of abolition in all of them?these indignities and
' wrongs moved the compromisers only to cheer
more lustily for M Union and harmony."
And recently, these very men, with a hypoc.
risy and inconsistency as marvellous as their
t previous patience, shout aloud fur the rendition
of a few wretched fug.tive negroes, at a cost
s equal to their value to the owners, aa the sole
condition on which the Union can be preserved
r ?and plunging deeper, now,have the blind folly
- to make this the turning point, the pivot of the
i whole controversy?as though one recapture,
' .y; .
' . - .V.-.
nrr "*r *r v r T
' 4 ^'i V
under such circumstances, could wipe out the ty
deep stain of bad faith which all her previous
course in relation to this matter, has stamped vot
on the annals of- Boston. But four cases before tm
ever had come up, and in all the ends of justice ^
had been defeated, the law,trau)plod on and de- abl
lied, by the higher mob-law reigning paramount
and supreme. the
The people of the South may be duped and cor
deluded by Hpecious suggestions and false hopes, fli
for a time?but tho masses of that population em
are neither idiots nor dastards: and such monstrous
drafts on their credulity and ignorance Ad
as the compromisers have ventured recently to ma
draw, must finally be protested and dishonored WH
by all who love truth, consistency, honor, and am
justice. Let the result of the Boston farce be or^
what it will, it cannot effect the denouement of us
the great drama, in which the Southern States, 'P'
. an!
thus far, have been made to play so insignificant |atl
and suicidal a part. * ant
A Friend to tile Administration. ^
We find the following curious editorial notice
in the Republic of yesterday:
"Senator Wade.?The Ravenna (Ohio)
Whig of the 2d instant, has been gratified witli
a brief conversation with Judge Wade, the new So
Ohio Senator, and in an article on the subject on
" Those who have harbored the idea that Mr an
Wade has alienated himself from the Whig rei
party or abandoned its principles, may as well m'
undeceive themselves first as last. He has never ur(
yet concealed his attechment to the Whig
party, and those Free-soil presses which pertina- (, u
ciously assert that he has abandoned that party, col
in the face of all tho evidence to the contrary, w;
are engaged in a business of misrepresentation, 8pi
which illy comports with their vaunted regard Ur
for the teachings of conscience. It would be >gf
well if their consciences would permit them on ar<
this occasion to give heed to the command- re?
. ??. . .. ma
ment? tnou snail not Dear iaise witness
against thy neighbor."'
" Senator Wade is a plain, frank, outspoken siu
man. He possesses the virtue of candor in an fe?
eminent degree, never seeking to conceal or disguise
his real sentiments, and never evading
proper inquiries. He will act with the Whig
party, and advocate old-fashioned Whig princi- .
pies in the Senate, as he has elsewhere. Those
who entertain the idea that he will studiously *11
seek to embarrass the Administration or indulge the
in a spirit of factious opposition, will wake up UJ(
one of these days to find out their mistake." ?
NoWthe Republic knows, or ought to know,
what Judge Wade considers " the principles of ^
the Whig partyand in the attempt to bolster (
up the orthodoxy of the new Senator, does ^
grievous injustice to the intelligence of its read- ^
ere. We do not doubt that he is equally as reli- |utj
able as Senator Fish, the particular "personal and in i
political friend of Mr. Fillmore," and of Senator
Seward : but the inference intended to be hai
drawn by the endorsement of this statement of
the Ravenna Whig, is evidently based on a suppressio
veri. tak
We gave, some time since, a report of a portion
of a recent speech from Judge Wade, cop- Th
ied from the Ravenna (Ohio) Star, which never ^
has been Contradicted. As that extract possi- ,
bly escaped the attention of the Editors of the ^
Republic, we again append it for their especial .
benefit and behoof, hoping they may adopt the hei
spirit of the commandment " not to bear false ini'
witness against their neighbor," so as to give
Judge Wade the benefit of his own bold avow- pre
als. As the Whig says, "Senator Wade is a plain fnr
frank, out-spoken man," and this is the way he j,,
proposes "to act with the Whig party." The far
Star, alluding to his speech on the Fugitive "J10
slave law says:
" Judge Wade fairly electrified the audience pat
by the earnestness and energy with which he val
denounced the Fugitive law, and all who bore
a part in inflicting it upon us. lie said'he JU('
had always been a Whig, was still a Whig, but
here were considerations which arose far above '
party and party influences, and he for one was me
prepared ttf unite with any men, or any party, in to
opposition to this law. He condemned in strong- wa
eat terms, Whigs and Democrats who aided in 4
the passage of the law by their votes, or by
dodging; rebuked with energy and spirit Fill- (lU!
more and Crittemlen, and visited Daniel Webster nc.
with the most withering and biting sarcastic de- Cft,
nunciation. lie said the law, bristling like a , ,
porcupine with the pains and penalties, was the
most infamous enactment known to the statute "!
hoiks of this country, and such as even the cor- *J?
rupt governments of the old world could not f.ei
pass without driving their people to revolution, p"!
For himself regardless of fines and imprison- a
ments, if called upon, ho would grant to a C?"
fugitive slave the writ of habeas corpus; nay, ,er
more, would give him his liberty under it lie
would hot counsel the people to forced and
armed resistance against the execution of the ,
law, but he woula siy, that in his judgment, J
should thoy ll? artmpla Wjr tke old r
fathers in regard to the Stamp Act and the Tea
Act, itxey wouui noi err mucn. ^
The Toledo (Ohio) Republican, gives the fol- i>or
lowing additional information, which the Repub- ing
lie can also re-publish : lift'
Senator Wade cursf.d the day when *".?
Milliard Fillmore was Born.?The editor of
the Geauga Free Democrat has recently had fre- "U!
Juent interviews with Senator Wade, and thus
efinea the viewa of the newly elected senator, ,
on the peace meaturet and their great champion, f
.Milliard Fillmore. re''
He denounces the "peace measures," the Ad- to I
ministration, and all connected with it. We have his
heard him curse the day that Milliard Fillmore was
born, declaring that he was a disgrace to
any country and any nation. Can you stomach lric
such opposition? Wade will give the Whig tho
party jessie, or we have mistaken the man. The jng
Whig partizans and Whig presses begin to feel .
and realize it too."
Now the shabbiest part of this dodge of the l,In
Republic is, that the same paper (yesterday's) r,'p
contains in one column, a denunciation of Ran- ^?"
toul (Democrat,) for taking the same course as '
Wade, (Whig,) for whom it puts up this plea in re^
j extenuation.
~ ma
Georgia and Alabama. mo
The Augusta Rtpuldic gives the following |ea
cheering nssurances that the true men of that pnt
Statd are " up and doing " in the good cause: ^j
Tnr. 8ot;Tiiasv Rioiits Pastt.?We rejoice to ,
see the spirit which animates the 8outhern rights
party, in view of the approaching canvass for gov- for
ernor. This is as it ought to he. No obstacles n|n
should dampen our spirits?no difficulties appal? ,
no defeats intimidate. The loss of one contest
should furnish but an additional incentive to in- onl
. created exertions, in order to obtain a glorious pot
triumph in the next. The late canvass for the tioi
State convention, by no means, showed the true
strength or numbers of the party. Many causes, mj,
which do not now exist, aided to bring about its
defeat, and contributed to the triumph of submission
to the wrongs of the past. "The masked
battery" opened its galling fire upon the flank, 1
while the strength of party ties, the blind devotion
to political leaders, and the monetary prosperity 10
of the country operated more or less deleteriously, i>0!
upon the minds and feelings of the people. n|n
There is much to encourage us in view of the
future. The complete surrender of the rights of del
the South in the passage of the so called Compro- on
mise bill, is becoming every day more and more
apparent, while the hollow cry of Union has lost
all its terrors. The people are fast opening their Ei
eye a to the fearful truth of the fact that the institutiona
of the South are in imminent danger from
the aggressive strides of our enemies. No securi- tjL
or repose hu bean obtained, even from the paa;e
of the late billa,which aurrendered everything
the North. The anti-slavery party atili de- .
e themeelvea to the propagation of their doc- ^
tea and to the carrying out of their infamous
rposes. u
There is still a necessity?great and unavoid- y
e?for the existence of toe Southern rights par- C)
on its old basis of a disconnection from all ^
ier parties. The times are as full of danger to \
South, as ever before. The only part of the .
npromise, which favored the rights of Southern
n, has been totally disregarded and nullified, b
e recent elections in Ohio and New York, the q
pire States of the North and the West, show w
i growth and influence of the abolition power. a(
e fact that Seward is in full fellowship with the ^
ministration, shows too plainly what theSouth g|
y expect from that quarter. Every thing con:ted
with the political history of the country
rns us to be on our guard, and to effect a union ai
ong ourselves, on the basis of a Southern rights 0
Ionization. c<
We say then, "stand, to tour colors." Let a<
be firm and dauntless. Let us place the princ- ir
es for which we ara contending, above party tl
d above men. A victory awaits us, sooner or j
er. The nature of things renders this certain
I inevitable. * ?
From Alabama the indications are equally tj
Bering. The Mobile Advertiser, (most sub- ci
ssive among subuiissionists,) in one of its edi- tl
*ials in view of nn approaching convention in ^
it State, to which Gov. Quitman and Mr. a
ule have been invited, thus cries aloud in ag- h;
y: . y
It will thus Ufe seen that the disorganizers ?
tong us have no idea qf giving up the ship or ^
naining idle, but, on the other hand, are deterned
to push their disunion doctrines with in- d
fased zeal and renewed energy. Under such a;
cumstances.it becomes the true friends of the
iion to organize at once, to counteract their in- w
ence and arrest their progress. Unless it be
ncluded to give Alabama over, an easy and a .
lling prey to the secessionists, there must be
sedy action on the part of the conservative P
lion men throughout tne State. We cannot be Vl
lorant of tl e fhet that Whigs and Democrats ir
? cordially uniting under the disunion banner, tl
jardless of" former differences, and are together y
iking common cause in sowing poison among 8]
> people. n
For anything which tells against its jncn m
!e, the Advertiser'may safely be credited. Its b
ir is a very consolatory thing, for its insolence ^
ually soars to a high pitch. w
The Virginia Resolutions.
The States Rights men of Georgia find the ft
rginia resolutions as hard to swallow as do b
>se in South Carolina, to whom thoy are ad- P1
Iressed. ^
rhe Augusta Republic, a Whig State rights ^
3er, dismisses them with this brief notice, ai
ich will show that the Southern Press does ct
t stand alone (out of South Carolina) in the ?
[gment passed upon them: rt
/ircinia Resolution's.?We give these reso- J'1
ions onlya passing notice. We intended to do so f(
our Tri-Weekly of Tuesday morning, butfrom S
dvertance.it was not done. We simply ex- b
ss our deep regret that theOld Dominion should
rt fallen so low. She is as submissive as if she
1 wronged the North, and not the North, her. ~
:r delegat's to South Carolina would no doubt
politely received, but her present position will
e from her all the weight and influence, which '
ier other circumstances she might have, with ci
> true and patriotic State of South Carolina. 1!
e contrast between her noble resolutions of
16-7 and these, present her to her sister States vv
1 the world in a humiliating light. c(
The Augusta , Constitutionalist, (the leading tl
mocratic print,) also says: ?>
We apprehend that South Carolina will decide
course with reference to her views of her own a'
crests, safety, and honor, and consider that she B
i prudence, intelligence, and statesmanship tc
>ugh within her own limits to guide her to a
?per conclusion. The Union was established hi
mutual benefits to the States composing it. tj,
hen 3<>ulhCarolina, one ofthe original thirteen, ct
convinced that it has failed in its purposes, so
as she is concerned, and that she would be
re prosperous out of it than in it, she will withiw
, but qot till then. She will not wait for aders
from Virginia on this point. Nor will she in
ise in the calculation to inquire the extent of the fa
ue placed by other States on the benefits of the ei
ion. This is a question which each State must u
ge for herself, and carry out for herself. re
Qjf We take the following curious statent
from the Albany Argus. It will be news er
most people that the Patron Saint of Ireland w
s a Scotchman : ' >n
'Was St. Patrick as Irishman?"?This
nation, which you proposed to me on "St Pat- J,"
< a aay," is mil* answered by the best histori- JT
authority extant. ^
larlcstiiie, the bishop of Rome, first sent Pal- a
ius into Ireland, to spread Christianity among ce
barbarians of that island, whose labors were
t crowned with inueh success. After his
ith, in the year 432, Coelestine sent Succa- ^
s, a Scotchman, whose name he changed to
.ricius (Patrick.) a man of vigor, and, as ap. or
>rs from the event, not unfit for audi an un- c0
Ilence, St. Patrick, although there were .
ne Christians in Ireland before this day, has f
in justly called the ''Apostle of Ireland."? 0
'osheim's EccL Hist., vol. 1, p. 316, Murdoch's *'t'
nslatio* )# iu
In an article on this subject, the PennsylvaInquirer'of
a recent date saya:?" St. Pat<
waa not a native of Ireland, nor was he
n in Scotland, as many suppose: but, accord- 0
to Mdrris' History of Ireland, he firsttffcw
it in the neighborhood of Boulogne, ii^We
ient ainoric Britain, during the year 387." It
I be seen that historians disagree.?Eds. Ar. | ^
' J _____________ 8U
Tlio Greenville Patriot, (the forlorn Pf
?e of the submissionists in South Carolina.) m
uses to publish the reply of Col. J. W. Havnf. hj
the speculations of its editor, in relation to st
views and opinions. The reasons assigned
this refusal may be satisfactory to the Pait,
but will scarcely plead ita apology with w
se who are not of its peculiar way of think- m
. Tlie Mountaineer, published at the same T
ce, the long established organ of popular sencnt
in that district, supplies th$ omission by m
ublishing the letter, accompanying it with the et
lowing pithy and pertinent remarks: 'ri
Positios or our Distinguished Me*.?By ^
erring to the communication of Col. I. W.
yne, taken from the Mercury, correct infof- ec
tion of the political position of some of the
st distinguished men in our State may be ^
rned. It will be seen that there is no sym- j?,
hy between them and the suhmissionists of al
eenville, who have, to some degree, created
i impression that they occupy the same plat111.
The latter, as we have before said, stand *1
Wiaf BAlilaev on/1 "ftlnno" in /'osaIU- 1?
We publish the communication,as desired, not f*1
y to grntify our fr'enda, but also for the pur?e
of informing the pepple of the true poai- cr
n of these gentlemen, whom many have sup- ?'
?od to aland on the same ground with the sub- m
ision leaders of Greenville. <P
n- in
Mr. Gllddoo'a Lectures.
We would invite the attention of the public hi
the proposed course of lectures by Mr. Glid- th
i, the first of which will be delivered this eve
g. The reputation of this gentleman is so
lervedl v high as to render all recommendation 0f
our part superfluous. In another column we in
e a very able editorial from the Richmond fe
:amin*r, suggested by the result of his re- ^
relies, which will richly repay perusal. Mr. w
iddok should secure a good audience, gi
~ - *
. .<v y> *\ <
(; For the Southern Press.
1 Parish, La., Feb. 18,1851.
[on. J. W. Downs, Washington, D. C.
Dear 8iu: By the last mail 1 was fuvorei
nder cover of your frtink, with a copy of th
/asftkigton 'Union of the 21st December las
>ntaining an article under the head of " Tl
'oule meeting in New Orleans," which wt
istinguished by marks with a pen intended I
ivite my attention. I make no pretensions 1
0 invulnerable to polite attentions from hig
uurters, but feel proud to acknowledge tlii
'ith others of your favors; but from the chu
jter of the article to which my attention lu
een thus directed, I infer that you uiisunde
Land my opinions, and I consider it a privileg
' not a duty, to correct the error. I lind tl
rticle alluded to, to consist of an extract froi
pinions given out by the New Orleuns Cre
ml and Picayune, respectively, relating to a
idress of Mr. Soule before a public meetin
1 that city. And by a remark introductory t
ie extracts) I infer that those opinions arc a<
uced to counteract a previously published n
ort of the same meeting put forth by the No
irleans Delia. Judging from this act of attei
on, you either suppose thut I approve yoi
aurse in the lute congressional legislation upo
ie slavery question, or by an array of formi<
ble authorities in our own State, you desire t
iflueuce such approval. If the former, you ai
listuken; if tbe latter, I can onlv say that yo
uve been very unfortunate in the selection <
our authorities. To one who lias watched th
no sided and Btrictly partizan conduct of tl;
few Orleans Crescent and Picayune, during tli
lavery agitation of the past yenr, and who ui
erstands the extent to which those newspapei
re influenced by Northern feeling and intei
sts, the reference to them as " neutral papen
rould seem more like irony than sober earnes
As for yourself, sir, I will say that, beside
ie partiality which usually obtains betwee
oliticians of the same family, I had formed
ery high estimate of your statesman-chnracte
i which patriotism was even more prominei
rnn your other distinguished abilities. Ik
our agency in the reputed " settlement" of th
lavery question by Congress?while it has lei
ie nn confidence in the wisdom of vonr ntntei
lanship?hits, at least, placed your patriotic
eyond question. It may be some relief t
ou to know that you have the companioushj
f many great names in the fatal mistakes int
'hich your senatorial action was beguiled: fo
must be admitted that such consolation ha
een amply furnished you in the hecatombs oi
jred upoa the altar of a mistaken patriotisi
y many of the Southern statesman during th
ast year. Your love of country, sir, ough
ever again to he questioned, whatever may h
lought of your tactics; for, surely, the exh
itions you have made in offerings to the peac
ad union of these Stutes, entitle you to all th
ansideration ever conceded to the most patr
tic views and feelings. But that your actior
i conjunction with other patriotic hut mistake
ten, has been prejudicial to the interests whic
ou and they intended to serve, I have neve
>r a moment doubted. The crisis upon whic
outhern institutions was precipitated by th
old measures of the late session of Ccfngres1
as, in my judgment, fore-doomed the institu
on of negro slavery in the Southern Statec
'his fixed fact will be more and more appareni
nd a few brief years will not only confirm il
ut will bring to you your full share of mortiti
ition for the part you acted in the drama o
Regrets are always fruitless when the error
rhich occasioned thein arc beyond the reach o
irrection. It is, therefore, useless to discus
le merits of measures so thoroughly consid
red by yoji, which have been carried out t
leir issues, and the consequences of which ar
ready determined by a relentless dcstinj
ut may I not be pardoned for simply alludiiij
> the grounds of my despairing conclusions.
For more than a quarter of a century past,
ive been a careful observer of American poli
cs, and have noted with no little anxiety th
nnmencement and progress of the slaver
jestion. Upon the first movement. I remem
?r how the then Argus-eyed South discernei
tnger in the distance, and 44 snutfed treason
every step taken by the few cohtemptibl
natics to whose custody the question thei
cclusively belonged. I have marked, toe
nidst the clamor and menaces of Southeri
?entment, the insidious but steady progress o
e abolition cause, until the great body of th
ee States had become leavened with its in/lu
ice, and the halls of the national legislatur
as infested with its open advocates. But dur
g all this progress, and under the repeate<
>ulition of Southern passion, as it emanate*
bullying threats, and furious but harmlea
nuncintion, I have observed that, with th<
owing strength and insolent demands of th<
>otition power, so has been the constantly re
ding movement of Southern resentment N<
ne mind can fail to see the final issue of i
ntroversy thus conducted ; for no truth in th<
lowledge of men is better establiahed thai
at, in all disputes, the spirit of aggression 01
le side, will be measured by the tamencss nn<
ncession of the other.
If we overlook the refinements of Christiai
orals, there is no conduct which can more ce'
inly insure the contempt of mankind than tha
' a bullying coward. It is well Jtnown tha
eh a character is mAro apposed to the insult
the world than one of more quiet but reso
to purpose. Now, sir, I do not mean to sai
at Southern people are cowards, or that thei
iblic functionaries are wanting in the chivaln
' this great age; but I do intend to say thai
i the slavery question, the Southern people >t
excepting their rulers?have lietrayed thi
eakness of as hopeless and ruinous a policy si
that of the nen^lesa individual who seeks ti
oid collisions by a uniform and rmtoriou:
ihmiasion to injuries. The sturdy and safi
ilicy in all controversies, whether personal o
itional, of asking nothing but right, and sub
itting to nothing wrong, has been disregards
r the South in the entire progress of all he
niggles with the North. He who asks nothing
it what is obviously right, is seldom in an;
mger of suffering wrong, hut when the deman<
lis below well-defined rights?which has al
nys marked the position of the South?tha
oment the door is opened to encroachment
he spirit of aggression will as naturally ente
such an opening as water will escape througl
brenk in the dike. And, as the first brenl
iy be mended with a finger, but unrepaired iti
er widening and deepening progress becomei
resisfable; so are the insolence and extrnva
ince of power increased and emboldened b]
'ery concession made to its demands.
Such haa been the progress of the slaver]
ntroversy, and such must be its termination
rom the stand-point we now occupy the en<
in be easily discerned. One step more re
ains to be taken. That step will, under ex
ling circumstances, bo impelled by a fore<
most equal to destiny. It will not be fore
nded by pronunciam^ntos of Southern patriot
in or Southern chivalry.
Those who have observed the history of th<
lolition cause up to the consummation of iti
te daring movements, and who can supposi
at this mischievous spirit is now pacified wit!
i spoils, and will not again be aroused to in
eased disturbances, have studied the histon
' ambitions power to but little purpose, am
ight never to have been entrusted with tht
inrdianahip of delicate and important nations
teresta. The fate of the Fugitive slave law?
nfessedly the only crumb of concession ob
ined by the South for all her deprivationsis
already become gravel between the teeth o
ose most thankful forit, and will be a standing
ockery of all hope of ever auieting this ngita
vi by any Congressional legislation. I'revioui
the abolition agitation, the law of Congres;
' 1793 had proven adequate for all purpose!
tended by it; and, under a just and fraterna
gard for the Constitutional rights of the Soutl
r the free States, ths pompous array of enmu
tive details which distinguish ths Iaw6f 1850
ould be as unnecessary as, without such re
ird, they muat be ineffectual and nugatory. ]
therefore looked upou the great interest manifested
for the passage of that law, as a parasitical
infirmity of panic-struck statesmen, even
had its provisiortd conceded to the South some?
thinp more than her acknowledged rights. The
'? rejoicings of the populace over its passage,
, ' shows how contentedly the human mind can
! endure heavy injuries, if they can but feel that
18 ! they have just escaped some still more weightier.
| A subdued spirit is apt to be most grateful for
the smallest favors.
' The net spread for the South in the anomas'
lous State organization of California, and ber
r" unrestricted admission as a State of the Union,
18 was a daring exploit in tho abolition progress.
r* That bold stroke was a death blow to the
e' slavery institution.' No one can now doubt that
10 the abolition of slavery in the States will soon be
111 attempted, or that it will be carried triumphants"
ly. A government finesse, equal to that which
in concocted the California State constitution, to
march in front of the colonization hobby, already
'.? backed by your "compromise" coadjutor, Mr.
Clay, will finish the job for us; and, judging
B' from the strength exhibited of Southern attachw
uient to the Union at all events, 1 am not sure
11 * that tho South will not quietly acquiesce and
,r relinquish her property " us the best she can
'n do," to avoid the cut-throat alternative.
The united South might have tripped the col;?
lossal stride of Northern arrogance, in excluding
e her people from the common territories, hut
divided by tho slavish elements of lingering, partizan
-feeling, and beguiled by the charm of a
Ie single word," Union," she closed the eye of her
le vigilance, and must awake shorn of the locks of
,e her strength. Now, a bound captive shut out
from the light of freedom and her just equality
rs in the confederation, she mav choose, like a
r,", blind. Sampson, between a lingering life of ser'
vitude and the early struggles of a death of violence;
revenged only, it may be, by the com!S
panionship in death of those who #ere her opn
pressors. That the latter will be the South's
a desperate alternative, I can no more doubt than
r' that Sampson did grind in the prison-house of
the Philistines, and by a desperate, 9elf-destroying
struggle, toppled over the temple of Dagon,
and perished himself in the common ruin.
From a glose observation of the habits, tastes,
,l- and prevailing sentiments of the people of the
n free States, as.exhibited among themselves and
0 upon their own soil, and, from what I have witP
nessed of the easy transformation of sentiment
0 and character when they cptne to reside among
,r us, I am satisfied that nineteen-twentieth of the
p whole population nre destitute of the least true
sympathy for the black race, whether bond or
D free. It is true, with some few, the abolition of
e negro slavery is the ebulition of a sincere, but
sickly and ignorant phi'anthropy. Others are
}' prompted by a sheer feeling of envy?regarding
Southern slaveholders as a lazy, dissolute, indoe
lent race, living in luxury and ease upon the la,e
bore of their slaves. But another and more imposing
class entertain no sincere regnrd for either
^ the moral or religious aspects of the question,
" caring little for the abstract principle involved,
1 and less about the happiness or misery of the enr
slaved.* This class is the most noisy and most '
dangerous?using the theme of abolition as a 1
e hobby te gain credit with a party.
'' It is vain to reason with either class. The '
'* only avenue to their conviction of the right or 1
* wrong of their demands, is the medium which
' extends to their pecuniary interests. Strike
' that chord, and region and common sense will
respond, and the fanatical abstractions, now inlf
dulged in with so much puritanical pertinacity,
will be dissipated. Am I asked how we couid <
* effect this object ? I answer, some of the statesmen
of North Carolina have hit the expedient.
,s Whether the courage of their legislature equaled (
* the genius of the projector I have not heard.
0 The truth is, we never needed congressional i
e action on this subject A Southern State, single'
handed, if need be, could protect itself. The
E> lev# of an exhorbitant State tax on all articles
of American fabrics, with adiscripiination greatly '
' favorable (even to an entire exemption! to the
produce of all States which, by their legislation
e or by their representation in Congress, should
J treat our interests with fairness and justice?
this is the specific for Southern wrongs, and
,, would be an appeal stronger than all the congressional
eloquence ever uttered, and far more '
e availing than all the bragadocia threats everful- |
n minated by Southern indignation. Some high i
'' authorities regard the measure' a constitutional 1
remedy, but suppose it were questionable, must
' the Southern people be the only sufferers for .
e conscience sake .' Must we bear the loss of our
* property, and be degraded of our equality in the
e confederacy, while those who inflict the injuries
'' by a palpable violation of the compact?and only
j for the sake of maintaining an idle abatrsction?
are to be regarded pinks of political purity? Ins
deed! must we strain at gnats and be reckoned
p grievous sinners, while fanatical and perjured
e Vermonters may gulph down camels, and be
" models of patriotism for all that ? No, sir, I re1
peat: the only way to recover or to retain our .
1 just equality, is by adopting measures of stern
8 retaliating. It is not onlv expedient, but just i
1 and proper. It is the onlv mode of redress left I
J for a hopeless minority. Iiet those who stickle
* about the constitutionality of such n remedy, ,
consider that the parties to be effected by it, are i
1 those only who have openly repudiated the re- I
* straints of tne compact by which our obligation
1 is made muturfl?that the obligation they fear
' to rinU>t, ?lr???djr violated lij lite parties to
* be nffected by our act?and that where an obli
" gation it mutual between two parties, a vio'a>
tion of it by one party destroys the mutuality
r and absolves the injured party. At any rate, a*
? a helpless minority, this is the only power left
? us to restrain a reckless majority. Our appeals
" to their magnanimity have been fruitless. Our
8 threats have not deterred them ; but this nppeal
* to a?base passion, is the rod to force them to the
* path of honor and duty.
* The Union-loving party of the South have, by
p their misguided action, precipitated this crisis
r upon the country. The responsibility for all
" the results is theirs. Posterity will foot the bill.
' In the very act of quiet submission to injuries,
r I wondey they are not ashamed to blunter now.
* Their Union conventions any ltoUly{!) that if
jj the Fugitive slave law is repealed or materially
' modified, they will?what? secede and dissolve
the Union? No. What then ? Will tliev nul'
,lify ? That is an odious name, and w'ould dis.
h grace any State South of Mnson's and Dixon's
r line. What then, I ask, wiU become of the
1 threats of a great Southern State convention ?
' This party have no grounds left for any re*ont*
ment to rest upon, and must quietly abide the
' issue, be it what it may. The pugnacious stti'
tnde which their orators are obliged to assume
f while discoursing upon Southern wrongs, may
no longer serve to keep the party in countenance.
1 It is said, "(?od helps them who help them*
selves." This they have refused to do, and now
let them grr'nrf in the prison-house of the l'hilis- i
tine*. I am too old to spare their degradation, ?
and posterity may take care of themselves. Bot *
9 the loss of the property of the South may tnrn "
out to he a harmless event, after all. They
ought to begin in time to tench their children to
work. This will at least furniah them a passport,
and entitle them to citizenship in the far9
famed golden regions of the West.
8 On looking over what I have said rcprehen1
sive of the tame inactivi'y of the Southern
|>eople, 1 feel that my language has not been
' properly qualified. -This I will subjoin in a
word of explanation. The truth of the matter 1
8 is, however capable of understanding their rights, (
and however prompt to resent their injuries,the c
habits of the Southern people?their active en"
terprize, and money-loving propensities, lead t
" them aside from the stndy of political affairs. 1
^ When they return from the ballot-box, they 1
f prefer to leave the management of such qnes- 1
" tions to their government rulers. f
' Broad limits of discretion are thus accorded 1
1 to their representative, in whose wisdom and 1
1 vigilance they indulge a generous confidence.
' They are not accustomed to look abroad from ?
1 their retired pursuits to watch the political signs
" of the times. With the responsibility of that t
duty they have invested their chosen delegntes. t
- While impending e its have not yet reached I
' them, and are not appreciable by direct contact, i
they lire easily pursuaded to disregard all pnrtenta
; add, fortified by an instinctive self-reliance
and a resolute determination to defend theii
rights in the last resort, they are prone to linger
in their resentments.
. Unlike the French, the American people new
stir up revolution for public amusement; tl >
are too sober for that. But with the powei <
hand for redressing abused confidence, no peo
on earth hold their rulers to u stricter resporbility.
If their representatives?set as U
watchmen?are blinded to the appearance
evil, or seeing it, fail to give the alarm, and
evil comes and surprises the confiding peo|
the hour of retribution will be fearful. If 1
government is ever shattered by a rude and '
natural conflict of its powerful elements,
should the ]>eople of the South submit to m . .
extreme exaction of the No*th, and her sut >
soil be desoluted by the extirpation of the gr '
source of her present wealth and power?tfi
if not sooner, will the remnant that escape '
mourn over the desolation, hold in execra <le
memory the pur-blind political trimmers of t *
generation. A nd long before this sad consut.'?tion,
it may be, that the people of the Sou'
awaking to dangers which have been partly c< .
cealed by your temporizing policy, may bring to
judgment the compromisers of 1850?when
Yankee dynasty of the New Orleans press shvl
cease to rule the sentiments of our own Stt ?,
and their efi'orts to defame one of her ablest t id
purest public men (Mr. Soule) shall meet a j it
With the highest consideration I have -he
honor to be your fellow citizen,
ft. A. UREEWF.
Massachusetts Legislature.?In the He jsu HP?
of Representatives, on Nuturday, an order .vhs
offered bv Mr. Eurle of Worcester, in reTereuoe
to prohibiting the transportation of pernors "
(riven up as fugitives, without due process oi
aw, and was laid over till Tuesday. ? >th
Houses decided not to sit on Monday, that '>eiug
the day for various town meetings.
jji the Senate, a petition was presented fi
Sims, the alleged fugitive slave, that some f
son might be empowered to issue a writ of n
beus corpus, so as to teBt the legality of his rtention.
The petition was laid on the table.
Friday next was assigned for the considerati
of Mr. Buckingham's Dill for impeding the opeiu
tion of the Fugitive slave law.
Boston, April 7th, 2 P. nr.
The Fugitive Slave Case?Arhest <
Marshal Tukey.?Marshal Tukey was arrested
to day on the suit of Randolph, negro, for arresting
and searching him forconcealed weapons.
Tukey gave bail in the sum of $1,000.
An attempt was made to take Sims out of the ""
custody of U. S. Marshal by virtue of a Massachusetts
law. The Marshul refused to give
him up.
The city is quiet and the military in readiness ~
to assist the authorities.
Mr. Rantoul, counsel for Sims,argued against
the constitutionality of the law. Upon his concluding
Chief Justice Shaw stated that the
court would give their decision at 3 o'clock today.
Mr. Rantoul has declined the congressin^!
contest. The election is now proceeding vc
JSS^The following lines from the poem*
Motherwell, condense in a small space, all I
it bus taken minor poets volumes to say:
Perchance, far out at aea, thou may'at have foi nd j
Some lean, bald clitf?a lonely patch ofground,' I
Alien amidst the waters?some poor isle 1
Where summer blooms were never known to T
Dr trees to yield their verdure?yet around I
That barren spot the dimpling surges throng, '
Cheering it with their low and plaintive song,
And clasping the deserted castaway
In a most strict embrace?and all along
Its margin rendering freely its array I
Of treasured shell and coral. Thus we may 1
Note love in faithful woman: oft among j
The rudest shocks ot tile's wide sea she shares I
Man's lot, and more than half the burden bears, J
Around whose path are flowers strewn by her t< A
der cares. ' I
The Weight or the Human Brain.?T U
Journal of Medical Sciences contains a pap- 1
which gives the weight of the human brain at d < I
Cerent periods of life, the facts stated being the ri- fl
suit of recent investigations by Dr. Thomas T. I
Peacock. The average weight was as follows:
Maltt. . Frmaltt. 1
oz. dr. oz. dr. j
1 to 2 years - - 39 7 31 1.3 J
\S U? 3 " - - 44 1 37 5 J
3 to 5 " - - 44 13.16 41 0.5 V
5 to 7 " - - 45 4 25 41 A
7 to 10 " - - 46 14 33 40 6
10 to 15 ' - - 47 15.2 40 10.06
13 to 20 " - - 49 5 45 4.1
90 to 25 " -- 50 13.9 46 1.8
25 to 50 " - - 50 3.8 45 0.6
50 to 90 ** - - 48 9.4 43 0.3
"The extreme range," Dr. P. observes, "in th
weight of the encephalon of the audull male is fr H
14 oz. to 62 oz. 12dr., the number of bra i?
weighed having been 197; and in the adult feir e
the range is from 36 oz. 12 dr. to 54 oz., the nt i
!>er weighed having been 107."
Specie akd Bullion.?The freight liet of h?
iteamship Severn, at Southampton, England, H
the 9th ult., comprises the following specie i rd * H
From Tampico " " " $ 56,04
From Vera Cruz ... 760,67)
For account of Mexican dividends 51,00
From the Parifi? and California 521,96 H
From Carthagena ... 121,49
From Jamaica .... 20,33
From other parts of the West Indies 72,37
Tout $1,618,68 B
Of this amount there is $1,083,510 in ailw.
ind $520,318 in gold, besides which the par H
jrings on freight platina,value $1,750, and pea Is. ,
ralue 613.100.
Thb Dblioht* or a Pjm*craphirr.?There fl
itory told of a provincial editor who, d'acove H
hat one of hia neighbors had hung himself, w< I H
lot cut him down, nor mention the discover;
tny one, but kept the body under lock and ke> r<r
wo whole days. His reason was simple and suffe:ient.
His papier appeared on Thursday; the paper
>f his nvsl on \^dn?aday, and " Do you think,"
te triumphantly asked, " I was going to say anyhing
about the suicide, and let lk*l ttoundrtl have
hr paragraph ? That was the true editorial passion. |j
rhe desire for special news in the soul of an editor
s intense, all absorbing. Life itself is viewed only A
with reference to the "paragraphs" it will farnish,
Calamities are god-sends. A murder is like rain in
he drought seasons. Kevolutionsehe fortunes. We
tnow n gentleman whose position being one which
laturally makes him acquianled with the deaths of
listinguished foreigners, is haunted by a newshuner
in the necrological line. The crow isnotawifter
o pounce upon carrion than this resolute hunter
ipon announcements of death. ]
He enters with a glowing face, eyes sparkling
vith expectant gratification.?"W ell, any bod*
lead.'" Nobody has died for ths moment. Ht .
eels somewhat aggrieved?if not insulted, tin'.
f there is a death to announce, then how his band*
ire cheerfully rubbed, how elastic his step, ?r?w
lis eyes dilate with the vision of ths "paragraph"
-if not "article"?this death will furnish! H* if
lappy: some one has died, and he has occupation . |w
[ he sexton of literature, he sings only while <J I
;ing a grave.?leader. , I
[Tel?crmph?d for tho Southern Praia.] V 1
New York, April f
The George arrived here thi* evening fr
lavana, bringing California maila and paaa i?
(era by the Falcon, which aailed from San Fi
:isco March 6th.
The legialatgre balloted 160 timea for Se.?a- ^
or without success. Wethered and Butler
King were the Whig candidate!?Fremont and
deydenfeldt the Democratic. Wethered and J
leydenfeldt *ere withdrawn. Waller waa sub- J
itituted for Heydenfcldt. On the laat ballot I
iVeller and Fremont were even, and King ahead, J
)ut lacked six or eight vote* of an election.
The Convention adjourned without making a H
ihoice, till the Ipt of Jan. next.
A gambler named Roe ahot a person by the
lame of Meyers in Sacramento city. The popllace
seized Roe, tried him by lynoh law, and
lung him 6 hours after the commission of the

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