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The southern press. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1850-1852, January 15, 1852, Image 4

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1I V
SOUTHERN PRESS
WASHINGTON CITY.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 15, 1852
Tkc (dm PrlBtlag.
The proceedings in the Senate la.it Tuesday,
on the resolation authorizing the joint Committee
on Printing to contract with Messrs. Donelson
& Armstbobg, " on auch terms as in the judg
ment of the committee may be deemed just and
reasonable," for the printing of the seventh
census, were rather abruptly terminated iu a
postponement of the whole subject for three
weeks. The debate, however, was not destitute
of information. It elicited the following facts:
1. That the work of the Executive departments
ia required by law to be given out to the
lowest bidder, under the supervision of the head
of the department to which the woik may belong.
2. That this work of the ae\ enth census, prop.
erly under this law, would fall under the supervision
of the Secretary of the Interior.
3. That the resolution of Mr. Brig ht proposes
to supersede this existing law, by a special act
for the benefit of the firm of the Union office.
Mr. Bbight's reasons for making this special
exception to the rule of awarding the printiug to
the lowest bidders, are plausible, though not calculated
to be satisfactory to those who would
prefer to compete for the work of printiug the
returns of the seveuth census. They would
probably prefer' the existing system of contracting
with the lowest bidder, or even the
amendment of Mr. Smith?a separate contract
each for the printing, the binding, and the paper;
and responsible securities in each ease. To be
sure, here is the precaution of an unusual number
of checks and balances, but they are belter
than a positive exclusion, and an invidious specification
of a favored agency.
Tbeu reasonable terms" upon which tliia work
i9 to be given out to the Union office, may be
according to precedent, and the result m:iy prove
to be satisfactory to ail parties, and advantageous
as well to the government as to the priuters ;
but it is an invidious discrimination, and may
well justify the opinion of Mr. Hale, that it is
an expedient for 44 raising the wind" for the
benefit of a partizan press.
For the Bake of the argument, let ua suppose :
that such is an object, if not the object, of the
particular personal specification of this resolution,
and what is the conclusion? It is an assumption
that the Union is entitled to this mark
of favor as the organ of the National Democratic
party. Is it so ? Are the fragments of the late
Union party of Georgia, Alabama and Missis,
sippi, Democratic ? Are the old Statos Rights
men of those States to be ruled out as heretics,
with all of that ancient party throughout the
South ? Will not this act of special favoritism
ia behalf of the Washington Union, be tanta.
mount to the excommunication by act of Congress
of the Southern States Rights party from
the Democratic ohprch, as far as it may claim an
identity with the national Democracy ?
But, again.?By another set of Congress it
appears that the printing of the census was reserved
for its special disposition, apart from the
general mass of the public printing. Why bo '
Does the resolution of Mr. Bhiqht disclose the
object according to the interpretation of Mr.
Hale, or was the purpose a more faithful exe
eution of the work by a special arrangement?
' We believe that under competent securities, the
wnrlr Mn Ko liono actiafantnvilu Kv nnnfrnnL
- ? ?;
tog with the lowest bidder, as by spscisl contract,
on terms to be left with the discretion of the
committee.
It appears, according to the system ventured
upon by the superintendent of this work, thst
the extra-constitutional margin of the law providing
for the late census, was not broad enough
to meet bis enlarged conceptions, and that in addition
to the mass of atatistfes collected, Mr.
Kxkrkdt proposes a historical sketch of each
State, and of every county in the Union. The
imrnenaity of thia job of printing, if this plsn
should be sdopted, msy be imsgined, but csnnot
be described. Bat the bsre mention of it sppears
to have brought the Senate to a halt. And
accordingly the reselntion is postponed for three
weeks. In the meantime, the superintendent o'
the census, with his clerical force of one hundred
and sixty-one men, more or less, is to prepare
a sample of the work, under his plsn, for
one entire State?including the history of the
State, the history of each particular county, and j
ail the voluminous statistics ordered by Congress.
And we incline to the opinion thst the
public msy wait with some degree of confidence
upon M the sober second thought" of the Senate
A three weeks' postponement is an aognry of
calm delftrration.
Ma easoeravy.
Here is s plank of the Ohio Democratic platform
which the Lnion declares to he the true
Democratic doctrine.
HRe?olved, That the people of Ohio now, as
they always have done, looked spun slavery as
an evil, and unfavorable to the fall development
of the spirit, and practical benefits of free institutions
; and thst entertaining these sentiments,
they will at all times feel it to be their doty to
. use all power clearly given by the terms of the
national compact, to prevent ita increase, to
aaitigate, and finally to eradicate the evil: but,
be it farther
"Rsaoiw.i, Thst the Democracy of Ohio do at
the aame time fully recogniae the doctrine held
by the early father* of the republic, end till
maintained by the Democratic party in all Uic
States, that to each State belong* the right to
adopt and modify its own municipal law*, to
regulate its own internal affaire, to hold, and
maintain an equal and independent novereignty,
with each and every State, and that upon these
rifhta the national legmJature can neither legia*
late nor encroach.
a_m1 The Albnnv Allan, the Via HflRER or.
gan, seems exceedingly well satisfied with the
election of delegated to the Democratic National
Convention in that State. It says:
Plectio* or Delfo atir.?In thia State, and
in Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and
Texas, the Democracy elected their delegates to
the national convention, yesterday, the 8th of
January, the anniveraary of the victory of New
OfliMf.
In this State, the reenlt is, in part, heard from.
The majority of the>s/?g<?e? chosen are men rf
the radical stamp, and nearly all are known to
be desirous of proeerving the anion of the Democracy
of thie State, on its present platform.
There are some exceptions?nnder the district
system this was inevitable?but only enough,
we fancy, to prove the role.
It is said that a large number of French artinana,
principally from the industrial associations
of Paris, are about to emigrate to the United
States
a> a
m 1 -maBtsesasKasmmm
fbfMii
Gov. Jotimon s message was seat mio the
legislature oil Tuesday laat. The greater por*
tion of it ia devoted to the internal interests oi
the State, and towards the conclusion, he thus
briefly, but pointedly, lays down hie platform in
relation to federal politics:
Since the adjournment of tile last legislature
nothing has transpired particularly calculated to
disturb our federal relations. The. excitement
growing out of an unwarrantable and uuconstitutional
interference by the general government
with the subject of slavery, has partially subsided,
and it is to bo hoped that the agitation of this
subject will hereafter be avoided?that the
restless spirit of fanaticism which kindled the
tlauie will be discountenanced, and peace and
quiet restored to the public mind. If in this
patriotic and reasonable expectation we shall be
disappointed, the most serious apprehensions
may well be entertained for the safety of the
Union, which has just passed through a difficult
and momentous crisis.
The series of laws passed during the last
Congress, denominated the'* compromise," were
unequal and unjust to the South, and constiluted
just cause for complaint. But regarding
lliem us a full and final settlement of that dangerous
and vexed question, (and in that light
only,) the Southern States manifest a willingness
to acquiesce; not because of their justice ol
euuulitv. but for the sake of that Union, to main
tain which, whilst under und controlled by the
irrillen Constitution, every patriot would "pledge
his torluue, his life, and his sacred honor; hut
which, without the Constitution, is worthless,
and deserves not the veneration of any. If it
be true that those provisions effect a settlement
of the question, be it so; it is what we want.
To let us and- it alone is all we have ever contended
for ; and any effort to re open the wound
or renew discussion upon the subject should be
frowned upon by every patriot.
Whilst, therefore, a proper regard for self
respect and the respect of tho nation, as well as
patriotism and policy, dictate that Virginia
should inflexibly maintain the position she has
heretofore taken upon this question, let us do so
calmly, aijd with as little agitation as possible.
If the law for the rendition of fugitive Blavea,
which but provides the means for the exercise ol
a right secured to us by an express provision of
the federal Constitution, and the only one of the
scries calculated to be acceptable or beueficial
to the South, should be made a dead letter upon
the statute book, eilbor by open -resistance, 01
by evasive legislation or other devices which
shall prevent its faithful execution in the nonslavcholdiug
States, or should Congress repeal
or mateiiully modify its provisions, the last hope
entertained by the South for that justice and
protection, guaranteed to her by the written
compact under which she entered into the Union,
I -?111 k? Ucl Thntirrk Hio unirif in wkii?k thisj
n III UC IUQV. a iivUpU ?><v WJ/IIIH nmvii mtiu
law fas been received iu the Northern States,
is well calculated to excite our serious apprehensions,
yet it is to be hoped thut those who
have it in their power to avert so great a calu >
ity to us, to themselves and to the world, will
see the abyss upon which we stand, and stay a
policy which, if persisted in, must precipitate us
into irretrievable ruin.
I cannot close without availing myself of this
opportunity tQ call your attention to those great
political landmarks which have and should ever
characterize the foreign policy of this government.
Surrounding circumstances every where
admonish us that these are revolutionary times.
The potent events passing before us indicate an
approaching crisis in the political affairs of all
European nations, and 1 deem this a fit occasion
when we should be admonished to religiously
observe the American doctrine of " non-intervention,"
and the avoiding of all "entangling
alliances," first taught us by the " father of his
country," and followed by those patriotic statesmen
who succeeded him, until it has been regarded
ajj the settled policy of this government.
The Richmond Examiner thus refers to the
Governor's expression of his opinions:
the governor's message.
This important document is published in thii
day's issue. It is an instructive and well digest
ed State paper, creditable to its distinguished
author, and abounding in'judicious and catholic
recommendations. No sectionalism appears in
its sentiments. An enlarged and liberal atten.
tion to the great, general interests of the commonwealth
characterizes the document.
It may be regarded as the first State paper issuing
from the new government, although the
old is scarcely expired. It is the first of a series
of messages that will emanate from the first
governor of the State elected by popular suf.
frage. It recommends a policy to the new
legislature which must meet the hearty support
of all good citizens. In brief, that policy is, to
encourage agriculture as the primary interest ol
the State, to increase the efficiency of ouredu.
cations! system, and to strengthen the finances
of the commonwealth by confiding appropriations
to the completion of productive works
leaving others leas important in respect to the
? '? ? - f ? ? ? w n/4 Ia t Vin Wanfa a f I In nn?n
IIIKJV ul i "IIIJMCIIUII smiu .??*: nmim vi mic u\nii
mnnity, for a season of leas embarrassment tc
the treasury.
The opening portion of the message, which ii
devoted to an appropriate train of reflection!
upon the organization of the new government
ia felicitous and eloquent The conclusion
which discuaacs in brief terms the recent " Compromises"
of Congaess, announces the true sen!
timent of Virginia and the united voice of Boothem
Slates Rights men.
The message is appropriately brief on federal
politics. Virginia haa raid enough upon tiiie
subject of late. Her silence henceforth, in i
prudent degree, will be more significant than i
multitude of words. The governor displayi
proper taste in contenting himself with a brief
announcement of the determinations of Virginii
upon tho-e grave subjects.
In the general policy of the message upon
internal improvements, we heartily concur. If
ia possible, however, that we shall diflicr with
that document in regard to specific recommendations,
on s careful examination of them here
after. Meantime, we invite our readers to ar
impartial study of ita contents, assuring then
that their pains will not be unattended wit)
prom lo inemseives.
International Cspyrlxht.
A treaty haa Keen entered into iwtween Crea
Britain and France, by which the sale of pirate*
works, whether from England or France, or an;
other country, is prohibited, and all such con
trabsnd works are, under the treaty, to be seize*
and destroyed, and the persons who produce*
and sold them aro liable to be prosecuted.
By one of the articles, the Queen of Eoglam
is to present a bill to the British Parliament fo
the ratification of auch clauses in the treaty a
require the legislative sanction, after which tb
provisions of the treaty will be enforced, unde
which articles from newspapers may be freel
translated and republished, provided the orig
nal paper is credited from which such selectio
is made.
Masylaiw axd Nos-Istervextiox.?th
following is the resolution that passed the Hons
of Delegates of Maryland on Monday. It wa
adopted by a vote of 50 ayesjto 16 naya.
Reroltrd, That, while this body concur i
the resolution of invitation extended to Lou
Kossuth to visit this House, we, the represent*
lives of the people of Maryland, do most en
phatically disavow the doctrine of interventioi
and do earnestly recommend to the people (
this State the policy heretofore pursued by th
general government, in relation to the domesti
contentions of foreign nations.
So far as aasartained, it is said that 12 Marcy
ons Douglas, and six Cass delegates to the Bsl
timore convention, havs bean elected in Nei
York. t
Maryland aad Pennsylvania
la his meesage to the legislature, Got. Lowe
thus refers to tiie result of the Christiana cases.
It will be seen that, justly indignant at this
mockery of justice, the governor calls on Uie
legislature to vindicate the outraged honor of
the State. 4
On the 11th day of September last, Mr. I'M
i ward Gorsuch, a highly respectable citizen of
Baltimore county, accompanied by several friends
and relatives, and a deputy marshal of the U.
, States, went into the county of Lancaster, in
the State of Pennsylvania, for the purpose of
1 recapturing four fugitive slaves, under the pro1
cess, provided by the act of Congress, commonly
known as the fugitive slave law. information
had been, it appears, previously communicated
1 to the people of that neighborhood, of the approach
and intentions of the marshal and his
, party. Shortly after their arrival, they wore
surrounded by armed bands of nogroes, (nuui,
boring about one hundred and'fifty,) who had
been called together by a preconcerted signul.
, Three white Abolitionists were present, giving
; open countenance and encouragement to the
mob. Finding that it was useless to attempt an
arrest of the fugitives, the murshal was already
io the act of retreutiug, and had called upon his
companions to follow him, when, with tierce
yells and execrations, the infuriated rebels made
' till nnulon rvli f niwtn llioSs twixiunKL n ml nnrntMuL
VtlQ.UUgllk "|'""vutu UI1U I4IIKCTOVing
victims. Mr. Edward Gorsuch, the aged
nn i venerable father, whs killed, and his dead
body was brutally insulted ; whilst the son was
left upon the field, as dead. When the news of
this atrocious butchery and rebellion against the
laws of the land reached Marylund, the people,
and especially the community of which Mr. Gorsuch
was u cherished member, manifested a
great and very natural degree of excitement.
Private letters, and the resolutions of public
meetings poured in upon me, calling for my
executive interposition with the federal authorities.
My duty would have been apparent, in
the absence of any appeal. I immediately addressed
to the Piesident of the United States
such a communication, as the magnitude of the
occasion seemed to demand. His Excellency,
through the Department of State, took an early
t opportunity to assure me of his deep abhoN
r rence of the crime committed, and of his
' determination to exert the energies of the law
, to bring the offenders to justice, and to pre
| vent similar occurrences in future. Copies of
i this correspondence are herewith transmitted.
Without designing to exibit the least want of
i confidence in the will and power of the officers
. of the general government to make good the
I assurances given by the President, I determined,
i nevertheless, that Maryland should not be an
idle spectator of such proceedings as might be
instituted by the federal authorities. The blood
of a Marylander cried out from the earth; whilst,
, the genius of this Union called aloud for a
vindication of outraged laws, upon the faithful
observance of which alone it can rest. 1 anticipated,
and it soon became apparent, that the
name of excitement would spread from the hilts
of Maryland to the Savnnnahs of the extreme
South, until every Southern State would
unite in one common feeling of horror and indignation.
To see justice done, and to guard
against disastrous results, were now the two
main objects of my solicitude. Experience has
shown to every man, that the guilty may occasionally
escape justice, without culpable design
or neglect on the part of its administrators.
Courts, juries, and counsel may be pure and
firm; yet tbe evidence may fail, or the law prove
insufficient. In view of such a possible contingency,
1 felt the importance of placing myself
in a position to be able to satisfy the people of
Maryland, and other Southern States, that, the
failure to convict the Christiana rebels was not
to be taken as proof of the negligence, apathy,
or prejudice of Northern judges and jurors.
Therefore, I determined to send the attorney
general of Maryland, either as a participant in,
or witness of the prosecutions. His high personal
character, acknowledged ability, and official
station, would, I well knew, command the
respect and confidence of all. His report could
. r_:l l.it.
iiuv iau iu k1"3 n J"upcl uiicvuuii iu puunc sentiment.
Upon his testimony, the people ot
Maryland, and the South would rest contented,
even though tho trial might result in the acquittal
of the murderers, if be vouched for the fairness
and impartiality of the proceedings. In
the absence of such reliable testimony, I wAs
aware that an acquittal would be regarded
here aa prima facia evidence of the triumph of a
corrupt fanaticism.
Such was the very evident prospect before
me, when I resolved upon my course. I accordingly
instructed the attorney general to attend
the preliminary investigation, held at J*ancaater.
before Alderman Reigart, (whose firm and noble
bearing entitles him to the respect of every
honorable and patriotic citizen,) and to report
the result to me. He did so. As soon as I
ascertained that the criminals had been arrosted
and held for trial upon a charge of hi^h treason
against the United States, 1 further instructed
the attorney general to apply for permission to
participate in the prosecution; and,in the event
of a refusal, then to be present at the trials, and
report the proceedings to me. The application
was readily acceded to by the federal government
I likewise employed the Hon. James
Cooper, (United States Senator from Pennsylvania,
a distinguished lawyer and statesman,
and a friend of constitutional right,) aa assistant
counsel. Thus represented, Maryland made her
nppesrance at the bar of the publicfustice of the
United States, and before a Pennsylvania jury;
I claiming, not the worthless breath of Individual
? traitors, hut the vindication of the chartered
> rights of the South, which had been trampled
i down in the blood of her own citizens. Mary>
land stood there, and plead for the Constitution,
F through tho wounda of her murdered sons.?
' The result is before us. The peace-loving, the
' Union-loving, the law-abiding State of Marv I and
> has failed to secure justice.
1 Although she is a border State, and Is, prscti*
1 rally, more interested in thin fugitive slave law
than all other States beside, nevertheless has
she admonished South Carolina against seces1
sion, and cheered on Virginia in the ways of loy'
ally. Although she would never have entered
1 this confederacy, (as every instructed man well
knows,) without the insertion in the federal
Constitution of the very clause for the enforcement
of which the fugitive slave law wnn passed,
t nevertheless has she patiently and almost nni
complainingly stood by, and witnessed the trea
aonable assaults upon the Constitution made by
Abolitionists in and out of Congress. When
' Kennedy was murdered she was passive. When
i Gorsuch was murdered she spoke through her
A executive only. She has been mild as the dove,
and uentle as the lamb. Mow far she is to be.
, come the derision of her sister Htates it will he
for you, gentlemen, to determine.
r I do not hesitate?nay, it is my sworn
duty to speak the truth to you, and to say, thai
e the trial of Castner I Ian way waa a faroe, which
r only added new insult to old injury. The
offensive manner in which the trial waa conduct,
y sd by subaltern officers, the manifestations ol
i- the rebel sympathisers, and the extraordinary den
cision of the court, will more fully appear t<
you by reference to the lucid and powerful re
port of the attorney general, herewith transmite
ted. This judicial exposition of the lew of trea.
p son, as applied in Hanway's case, utterly snnihi
I ate the fugitive slave set, if there was evei
any thing of substance in it susceptible of so
nihilation. It lays down the extraordinary doe.
n trines that the criminal must be shown to have
i? had actual knowledge of the law which he ha?
a- violated, before he can be declared guilty ol
I. treason, and that the fugitive alave act ia a pri
vate remedy, and not in the nature of a puhlk
,f general law, armed resistance to which would
e amount to levying war againet the government
je These are the practical deductions from the
charge of Judge Grier, and will apply to all
other probable cases, as well as to that of Han't
way. I state them broadly, aa they mav eer.
U tainly be expeoted to operate hereafter. If Hanv
way's offence waa notof treason, then no resist1
ance to the fugitive slave act, henceforth, can br
brought within the lew of treason. Any one '
must see, at a single glance, that if this decision
stands, the fugitive slave act is a mockery and a
delusion. If this be the law, then why were |
1 those trials undertaken? Cut bono.1 Was it;
to smuoth over an unprecedented outrage with
soft phraseologies and the formalities of legal
routine ? This cannot be supposed. It is pro.
per here to remark that the jurors stand blamei
leas, because the charge of the court prohibited
a conviction. Neither will 1 question the integrity
of the judges, by ascribing to them any but
the most correct motives, however fallacious
j their decision inuy be, through which the blood
of Gorsuch has gone unrecognized, and the
Constitution of the country unviudicated.
That decision has closed the doors of the United
States courts, and the violators of the law
have gone buck to Lancaster county, to answer
the cliarge of murder, before juries of their own
neighborhood, and the judges of their own local
tribunals, liow far Pennsylvania uiuy yet succeed
in wiping from her ancient escutcheon tin*
foul dishonor, 1 shall not venture to predict. But
it is time, representatives of Maryland, that you
should make it knowu, by positive measures,
that the blood of your constituents shall not be
shed by mobs, in the face of the son, and the
Constitution ot your fathers, without a justification
or a remedy. You should leave no lawful
and constitutional power unused tobiing home
to recreant Stales the force of your displeasure.
Although a decided majority of the nennle of
Pennsylvania may be, and doubtlessly are, in favor
of the right, yet they will be held accountable
for the treaaon and inurdera perpetrated by
thoir fanatics, whose lawless violence they fail to
suppress or punish. No people can plead innocence
who stand by as passive spectators of
crimes committed within their jurisdiction.
They are bound to enforce the right, else we
hold thcin guilty of the wrong. Let that commonwealth
be distinctly given to understand
that, henceforth, words will gave place to acts.
You owe it to your honor; it is necessary to
your peace; it is essential to your domestic security.
Heretofore the cry of il peace, peace, ,
when there is no peace," has hod the eilect to
embolden your assailants, who have learned to
believe that your indignant denunciations are 1
mere occasional explosions of light wrath?mere
elevations of the " Southern safety xaloe" as
they have insultingly termed it. Beware that
your State does not becomes mockery! Rumember
that of all the bitter curses which can 1
.afflict nations, a border welfare is the most direful.
Consider the likelihood of that result,
springing from tho exasperated feelings ol
friends, relatives and neighbors, when they gaze
upon tho mangled remains of such men as 1
Edwuid Corsnch, who may hereafter be butchered,
.as he was, in the exercise of a coustiturional
right. Do not shut your eyes to the pregnant
truth that human reason will master human
passions only so long as hope points to
relief by lawful means. Firmness now is patriotism.
Candor now is wisdom. It may be
too late hereafter.
With an abiding confidence in the mercy of 1
Providence, whose fatherly nvn hath watched
over ilie infancy of this republic, 1 commit to ,
your prudent counsels this momentous subject. ,
Ohio and Abolition. t
A correspondent of the N. Y. Evening Post l
thus explains the attitude of Ohio. He seems to j
speak uuderBtaudingly.
r-, Ohio, Jan. 2,1852. i
It has been stated Beveral timas lately that a <
mnjority of the Congressional delegation from ,
this State are of the Democratic party; bo that
if the presidential election were thrown into the
House, the vote of Ohio would be given to the 1
Democratic candidate. And generally, those i
who are making calculations for 1852, set down |
this State for the Democratic nominee. All thi* |
is to be taken with some allowance.
Our delegation in Congress consists of ten *
old line Democrats, nine Whigs, one Freesoil <
I L<nuwrut onH nno l^roiiu/.ilui< t hut urna a VA7 I?i r? I i
... , . .W^HV. I""'" > ? ' ' "'o- |
The Freesoil Democrat, Dr. Townsend, has |
shown by his not voting for Mr. Boyd, for
speaker, that his vote, and consequently the vote 1
of Ohio in the llouae of Representatives, cannot <
be cast for a friend of the fugitive slave law. ,
This is well, for otherwise the State would be
misrepresented. Dr. Townsend waa one of the
most active members of our legislature at the '
session when Mr. Chase was elected to the i
United States Senate. These two men repre- ,
sent in Congress an important part of the Ohio (
Democracy?the anti-slavery part?comprising
many men who did not vote for Mr. Cass in (
1848, and racny more who did, but r.ever would I
again if he were nominated. - \
A great majority of the Democratic party in j
Ohio are well known to be friends of freedom,
and opposed to the infamous fugitive law; but 1
1 speak now of those who not only feel so, but '
are resolved to vote so upon all proper occasions. '
These fiee democrats have been acting with the j
Democratic party in its great State nleasure# of
constitutional reform and equal rights, upon '
which the late election turned. They curried I
the adoption of the new constitution by their (
votes last summer, and this fall they swelled
the party majorities beyond all precedent.?
During the last three vvars, they havo been
growing in number*, and they are conscious of
their strength. They hold the M balance of
power * in tho State, as Dr. Townsend does in
the delegation at Washington; and like his, their
votes will not be cast for an avowed supporter
of the fugitive Isw; they will not support sn
eremy of freedom. Eta. I
i
Moret Matters hi New Orlkars.?The
New Orlesns Bulletin of Monday saya:
ll la wen Known by the entire community, and i
moat feelingly so by the active business portion |
of it, that for some weeks past the pressure in ,
the money market has been most uncomfortably
severe. Some of our most responsible houses '
have been strained to meet their obligations, I
although abundantly able to do so, could they |
have realized upon the produce consigned to
them, but which has been delayed in traniiiu
by either low water in some of the rivers, or
ice in the others. Saturday when a large quan- |
tity of paper fell due, embracing the first and ,
fourth of the month, amounting, as we learn, to
some two millions of dollars, was looked to as a
crisis, or turning point, and by many with fear- 1
ful forebodings Happily, all these fears have
proved groundless; the rubicon wss passed
> easily and successfully; meat or all of the paper
was met, and we have heard of no failures. The
banks were exceedingly liberal, and discounted
to the very extreme of their ability, and we hear
of their praises in the mouths of their grateful
[ beneficiaries. Our affairs are now beginning to
brighten ; the rivers in the interior are opening,
and the prospect of a rush of business is most
encouraging.
Cottow at Apalachicola.?The Price Curi
rent of the Apalachicola Adiertiter says that
t H the total receipts of cotton at thia port the
i present season, are variously estimated, ranging
from 150 to 170,000 bales. There is little donbt
. that the production of cotton thia year in the
t section of country which has heretofore nought
. an outlet at this port, is greater than it has ever
? before been, and were it all to come forward
. through this port, would reaoh the highest of
. the above figures."
The editor thinks the receipts will not fall
. shoit of 160,000 bales, which is greater by some
r four or five thousand bales than they have ever
. yet received.
Thk Christiana Cases aoain.? -A second
i edition of the trial of the Christiana Treason
r cases was oommenced in the U. S. District Court,
in Philadelphia, on Monday. The negro, Sam'
uel Williams, who, it was alleged, first gave the
I information to the fugitive slaves at Christiana,
, that their owner Mr. Gorsnch, of Baltimore
1 county, and the U. 8. Marshal and his officers,
I were in pursuit of them, was put upon biatrial for
misdemeanor. District Attorney General Ashmead
appeared for the government, and David
' Paul Brown, esq., for the defendant. The usual
difficulty was experienced in empannelling a <
jury. i
For tke SfitUktrn Prm
latcrniltM.
No. 9.
In Ihe proceeding numbers I have endeavorei
to show that the interests of America and Europ<
have no natural affinity with each other, but an
rather autagouistiual than otherwise; thut tin
establishment of republics in the latter, wouh
have uo tendency to change these relations
that Russia is our naturul ally, and Englandcui
natural eneiny in Europe ; that by adopting the
policy of intervention, the United States woult
be inextricably involved, not only in the polities
but wars of Europe; and that by making that
declaration in conjunction with England, they
will inevitubly become instruments in maintaining,
if not greatly increasing, the power and influence
of h government which has at all times
employed both to their ptejudice.
If I am rigiit, there is then no motive of policy
or interest operating with sufficient force to
induce the United States to adopt the system
of intervention, so eloquently enforced by the
Hungarian exile. The obligation to do this,
must then rest on the basis of some high moral
principle, equivalent or superior to all domeatic
interests, and not only justifying but demanding
the sacrifice of that policy and those interests.
This obligation is supposed to arise out
of the grijut principle of universal philanthropy,
which, as now interpreted, discards all the duties
of patriotism, and converts the love of our country
into a crime against the rest of mankind.
VVe arc told that Hungary has been trodden under
foot by a combination of despots ; that
Europe is either in a similar condition, or about
In - thot llki.*., lo H f
wv i/wv/ii 1 u ou j i>iniv uuoi vj 19 IIISW VII bltC CVO VI
a last decisive contest with oppression in that
quarter of the globe J.nnd that the result will in
all human probability be fatal to the former, unless
the United States become a party with England,
in checking the progress of those who are
in league for its destruction. Two questions
are here presented. First, are the United States
bound by any duty which they owe, either to
the people of Europe or to themselves, thus to
interpose? Second, would their interference be
decisive in establishing the liberties of Hungary
and Europe ?
Until within a brief period of past time, the
first question would have been answered in the
preceding letters, which, unless I am greatly
mistaken, show that the United States have no
interests involved in this struggle, sufficient to
call for their interference. But the world?at
least a considerable portion of it?has latety got
on a higher horse than it ever mounted before,
and I fear is galloping off pretty much in the
same direction with the beggar, immortalized in
the old proverb. Talk of comets! their speed
is nothing compared with this little ball of ours,
which is whizzing and smoking round like a
squirrel in his cage, and raising such a cloud of
dust it can't see its own way, but believes it is
making most prodigious strides towards the
millennium. The Golden Meam, so lauded by
the sages of yore, is scoffed at and despised ;
and extremes are now your only effectual expedients
for reforming the world, which like a
blind old woman has been poking her way, for
.he last six thousand years under the guidance
if a Deity, apparently as blind as herself. Man-1
rind, it seenia, ever Bince the creation, have all
heen a set of aelfiah villains, wilfully and wickedly
attending to their own happiness and that
of those immediately connected with, or depend
ant on'4hera; and with a diabolical depravity,
limited their duties to their families, their neighbors,
their country, and their God. The new
lect of reformers?to wit?the Mormons, Soci
iliata, and Abolitionists, think it is high time to
correct this system of enormities, and that, in-1
itead of concentrating our affections in this narrow
circle, it is our bounden duty to expand
them to a comprehension of the whole universe,
including Die planets, moet especially the moon,
ill the inhabitants of which are without doubt
within the sphere of universal philanthropy.
They insist upon it that we are bound uot only
;o love our neighbor as oureelf, but a great deal
>etter, and that this.obligation equally extends
;o all men, and most especially to all women.
\ccording to their doctrine, it is the extreme of
telfishnesa in man to attempt to monopolize a
woman, and the extreme of folly in women to
tuppose herself under any obligation to submit
to nuct) an absurd pretention. She ia bound by
.he canon of universal philanthropy to love not
>nly her neighbor aa herself, but all the rest of
nankind; and to limit her duties to her parenta,
lusband, children, and those immediately withn
the sphere of her practical duties, ia asserted
,o be an offence to the Great Being who prescribed
them. To be a disciple of universal
philanthropy therefore, is todiscsrd all domestic
ind social duties, as well as sll the obligations
jf patriotism; for if the duties of universal phi),
inthropy are superior to all others, and incompatible
with them, it clearly follows that they
;annot exist together. One or the other must
be abandoned, and the question is thus directly
presented, whether it becomes a rational, free,
md happy people to relinquish all those social,
moral, and political principles on which that free
doro and happiness is based, and rush into a
whirlpool that will inevitably swallow them in
its vortex t Are they ready to stake those institutions
and that happiness, which are the envy
and admiration of the world, on an experiment*
equally absurd and impracticable; or which if
practicable can only be accomplished by a bloody
1 ...... -I
ivviiiuiiuii , iui ue?e( wero nuui rauivai cnin|{in
brought about, without convulsing the world j
nor are mankind ever justified in attempting
them, except to relieve themselves from the last
extremity of misery and degradation. They are
the product of despair, and despair alone can
justify them; and they have arisen out of a Enropean
revolution which in its throes has, as yet,
produced nothing but monsters. When the people
of the United States are reduced to the condition
of those of Europe, they may perhaps be
justified in resorting to such desperate remedies;
but if they wantonly adopt them at the instiga
tion of foreign emissaries, nrtd their native disciples,
they will deserve, and they will meet
their reward in the consequences that must inevitably
follow. The laws of God, the labs of
nature, the laws of man, and his very being
muat be changed, before the doctrine of universal
philanthropy can he practically Applied to any
thing like the extent contended for by the apostles
of "the higher law." Does any rational man,
conversant with the history of mankind, dream
that such a revolution can be accomplished without
a struggle that wilt convulse the world ? Did
any one ever read of a radical change in the sooial,
political,or religious system of nations being consummated
without deluging the earth with hlnod*
No ' Such change* bring into direct collision
el) the interest*, opinions, prejudices, and passions
of mankind, and never did they, and never
* will they, take place, without costing the lives
0 of inillious.
B Read the history of the progress of Chris- i
9 tianily4 every step of which is marked with
1 blood. From that, turn to the career o( Islam'
ism, which passed over Asia in a tempest of j
r blood and fire; and from that, turn to the strug5
gle between the Roman Catholics and the dis- '
' ciplea of Luther and Calvin in Europe, which is (
> computed to have cost the lives of thirty mil'
lions of Christian men, women and children. j
Shall the United States, happy \mder the aus- '
pices of u benign and national religion, which ^
has never yet stained their soil with blood; an j
1 equally rational system of freedom of body and
mind, and absolutely revelling in. the full en- v
joyment of every constituent of prospeiity and |
happiness; shall they wantonly, wilfully, and |
unnecessarily place all these in imminent jeop- >
ardy, by plunging head foremost into a chaos, ']
I may say, a Pandemonium 1 Let them unswer
for themselves. f
The next question involved in the mission of f
the Hungarian exile is, whether the intervention ^
of the United States and England will enable u
Hungary, and the rest of the nations of Europe,
to establish a system of republics identical with, t
or similar to that of the United States ? It can 1
only produce this consequence in one of two
ways. Either in frightening Russia, Austria, fi
Prussia, Naples, and His Holiness the Pope, ^
~~ *i i <* ?i ? i
iruui iiikuncnug wiui me M,ruggies ui llie people ^
for freedom; or, failing in this, coercing them 0
into submission by arms. Much has-been said
of the " moral effect" of such interference, on cthe
part of England and the United States; and "
whenever I see despotism adopting the princi- t(
pies of morality as its guide, I shall have some b
faith in moral effects in regulating their policy.
But until then, I "do not believe they will be ^
governed by anything but their interests, their
ambition, and their fears. There seetns to me
not the slightest reason to believe that this o
proposed declaration against intervention will ^
have any effect on those lordly conspirators
against the rights of the people of Europe, ex- y
cept that of including the people of the United ei
States in their plans, in consequence of their ft
making common cause in these struggles for ^
freedom. Should it be thus disregarded, it must s|
be either abandoned, or enforced by commercial 8(
restrictions and blockades; and, if these fail, by
a resort to arms. This brings us to the last act ^
of the tragedy, or rather farce, and it remains
only to enquire whether,should this intervention, 0
in behalf of non-intervention, bo successful in tl
reducing these refractory monarchs to submis- ^
sion, the liberties of Europe will be established
on a secure and _ permanent basis. l
This opens a wide held for discussion. 1 shall itconsider
it briefly, and express my opinions It
frankly. I do not believe that such would be the ^
result, and will give my reasons for this conviction.
The people of Europe?at least a large c<
portion of them?differ as much with those si
of the United States, in their ideas of freedom,
as do the wild Indians of North America. The ^
prevailing doctrines are those of socialism, which a[
will bring us back to a state of nature, or a state is
ofinarchy. They are not struggling for poliU lb
ical freedom alone, but for social equality : they p
are contending not only for equality of rights, aj
but of pr- perty. In short, they are aiming at di
the entire overthrow of that system of social mid 0<
political organization, which subsists in the Uui- ^
ted States: and their disciples here, are just aa nj
much enemies to that freedom which rests on p<
our institutions, as the despots of Europe arc to th
the rights of their subjects. Have the people of 18
the United States any common interest or com- ^
mon iinmofKir in snftK /Ia/iIhoao as "?>?
UIVM OJUIJ/RI.IJ St? "MVI1 UWUI.IVO, VI ail J UULJ ^
connected .with them, except that of opposing tb
their progress so far as they themselves are immediately
affected ? Shall they enter on a erasade
to overturn their own government, as well d,
as those of Europe! Will they commit suicide
in a vain attempt to save the lives of others, or 01
drown themselves in the desperate attempt to
pluck theui up by the hair of their heads! Let ^
them beware of the contamination of European ti
principles, which, on one hand, are those of unmitigated
despotism, on the other, those of licerw |?
tious, unrestrained, ungovernable anarchy.
I have in a previous letter, if I remember right, s<
laid down a principle, which 1 defy any one to P1
invalidate, namely: that no people, not well ^
grounded in the principles of reason and justice,
are susceptible of the enjoyment of national liberty,
or onpable of self-government. There are 0
but two ways of governing man, and these are
reason, and force. If they aro incapable of being d
restrained by one, they must be coerced by the f<
other, or permitted to run wild liko the beasts
of the forest. The question then is, whether ^
the people of Europe are in a condition to be 0|
best governed by reason, or by force ? To de- $
cide tiii', let us contemplate the past, and look
steadily at what is now presenting itself to our
view. The question is every day becoming of j,j
greater practical consequence, and I propose to m
consider it in a succeeding letter. I cannot
promise to do it impartially, for I have s moat J
decided and inveterate bina in favor of the freo- w
dom of mankind, and at the name time, implicitly
believe, that the great arbiter of nations will be- tr
atow on them that inestimable boon, whenever 01
they become worthy of its enjoyment, by a vol- y
notary submission to the restraints of reason g
and justice. A N
A Northers Mas, ann d<
A Friend to the Ukikji.
(To he continued.) ^
Lectueb at the Skuthsowas IifaTrnrrE.? "J
Lint night. Professor Rodoers, of the Virginia ,h
College, delivered the first of a series of four lec- *!
tureson the atmosphere. It was chiefly of an '{
introductory character, however, in which alio- n'
sion.was made to the superior advantages, ponsensed
by the leant favored of the present gen- b<
ciatiun, wivii reierecce vo scipntinc discoveries, W
over the snges and philosophers of antiquity. '
He entered into an investigation and explanation th
of tlie properties of nir, and its variona agencies, m
and accounted satisfactorily for the mistaken
opinions that formerly prevailed, aa to the abaence
of pondaroaity; which he illuatrated by
experiments.
Professor Rodokrs is evidently a practical
man, who is well acquainted with his subject; .
and from his unpretending nppenranco and man- *
nera, the audience were little prepared for the i>(
flights of pathoe and eloquence, which frequently
called forth the applause of those prea* M
ent. In concluding the lecture, which he said ar
was intended as a foundation, upon which to b<
rear a future superstructure, Professor R. took ,b
occasion to state, that he did not^vlsh to be u|
misunderstood. Beyond the physical condition pi
of man, science, he said, does not pretend to ^
Contrate; hie spirituality remaining a closed j>
ok, to the most diligent observer of the pi.a- th
nomena of nature.
it
fitMril Sunury.
Governor Roane, of Arkaniaa, declinea a reelection.
One thousand emigrants, principally German
and Swiss, arrived at St. Louis on the 4th InBtant.
Dr. Robinson, of Cincinnati, wus robbed of
$3,300 at Pittsburg, lust week.
f The snow in Western Maryland lies on the
ground to the depth of 15 or 18 inches.
The Charity Hospital, at New Origans, revived
during the last year 18,400 patients.
The population of New Orleans is 116,497,
if which 17,009 are slaves.
It is stated that but three applications have >
ret been made to establish bunks under the new
ree banking law of Illinois.
It ia stated that in the past year <$'3,621,000
vorth of ciga^yvere imported into the United
States. Som^were also made here.
On the 1st Inst., tlm Hon. Robert McClelluod
vas inaugurated governor of Michigan.
' A New York paper, commending the Kossuth
lat, says that it is made of a material w calcu- :
uted to allow the free escape of the /fas fiotn
he head," an important quality in that kind of
iat.
Th^ Wheat Chot.?The Kockville (Md.)
Journal says the wheat begins to bIiow the efacta
of the cold weather; before the late snow
ell it looked rather sickly.
Kossuth, in reply to an invitation to visit Aumrn
and Syracuse, states that he cannot accept
intil he visilB Boston.
The council general of Genoa, the birth.pl tee
?olumbus, has just contributed 15,000 franca
owards the erection of a monument to the
lemory of that great navigator, in that city.
It h said that Mr. Webster has nearly ready
or the press, a history of the administration of
Vashington.
The Faris corespondent of the Courier <let
Ztats Unix says that M. Guizot applauds the act
f Louis Napoleon.
Below Zero.?Rev. Mr. Atwood, Abolition
undidate for governor in New Hampshire, opened
le campaign,a few days ago, at Franeonia!
The people of Texus are making great efforts
> connect the different localities of that State
y railroad communication.
It is now reported that Jenny Lind will not
sturn to tho land of her birth in the Atlantic,
ut that she will remain some months longer in
lis country.
Kossuth visited Annapolis, Md., on Monday; (
n Tuesday and Wednesday he was to be at
iurrisburg, and on Friday and Saturday at Pitfesurg.
The Norfolk Beacon says the machinery of
le United States steamer Jacinto has proved
ntircly unfit for service. It will take three or
iur months to repair.
A banking house in New York has bought
00 shares of old U. S. Bank stock at per
tare, suppose for Amsterdam, where there is
ime speculation in the matter.
The Exeter (N. H.) News Letter is authored
by Capt Long, of the Mississippi, to say,
lat Kossuth while on board the vessel preumed
to dictate to the officers upon subjects
ver which he hud no control, and in a manner
mt could not be endured. This Kossuth w as
lade to understand, but no challenge pas.-od
etween hiui and Capt. Long.
Active measures are, we perceive, about to
s taken for carrying out a submarine telegraph*
communication between England and Ireland.
; will, it is said, require about sixty miles of
tble, or three times the length of that between
'over and Calais.
Cincinnati, Jun. 13.?The weather has 1 eirne
extremely cold, and navigation is ag. in
impended, owing to the floating ice.
The city of London stands upon 620 acres.
he fixed property Jn houses located on this j|
nail spot, is estimated at ?40,000,000 sterling;
id the value of moveable property in the ci',y
considered to hp wort h P. 1 aaa aaa aaaa -
9 >VVv,,v,vv,vwv ou I?K
The nmonnt of gold coined at the mint of *
ranueln 1848. was about ?o,uuu,uvu; in I8*5?,
lout $5,800,000; in I860, about $17,000.00 );
iriog the firat ten month* of 1851. about $51,)0,000,
showing a great increase in proporti< >n
> silver.
Copt. George Stavro, of Norfolk, while gunng
a few days since, in company with another
union, was accidentally Bhot by his companion,
le charge taking effect in the face. The wound
not a dangerous one.
According to religious statistics, it is assert d
nt church goers have declined 30 per cent in
ew York during the last thirty years, while
leatrcs have increased 50 per cent.
The organs of the Austrian government are
>ud in their landations of Louis Napoleon,
he Hungarian journals disapprove of his conuct
The Kentucky legislature adjourned tine die
n the 9th inst. The apportionment bill failed
i become a law.
Gen. Butler was nominated for the Presidency
y the Democratic State convention of Kenicky.
Among the recent arrivals in this city, are C<4.
enton, Miss Catherine Hayes, and Miss Char
>tte Cushman.
The free banking law has passed the Tenms;e
house of representatives, and will no doubt
isa the senate.
Gen Houston was recommended for President
y the Democratic convention of Navarro county, *f
'exas, lately.
M. Kossuth has not been very successful in
btsining substantial aid in this city. Very f.-w
rid very limited contributions have been madn;
erhaps not so much in the aggregate as would
: u ii ? -
i-vuurgt; me con oi a single oay a inbtrtftiniDril
>r himself and suite at Brown's Hotel.
Turner, the great English landscape painti r,
ist deceased, was never marked, and leaves a
pry Inrge fortune made by his art. His finished
II paintings have latterly ranged in price from
3.500 to $7,000.
Hongart.?The latest advices from Ilungr rj
ate that for the pronent all foreign newspap* rs
e forbidden in Hungary. No pasaportsof any
nd, or on any pretence, are granted for Hu tiry,
which is to be shut up from the knowledge
f the rest of Europe, as much as China or
ipan. The Austrian newspapers are forbidden }
i refer to any movements of the imperial family,
ithout authority.
U. 8. Treasury.?On the22d December, the
eaaurer had subject to draft in all the depos U
ies $12,784,294?of which the assistant trei ?.
rer in Boston held $1,009,612 53; in Nc?
ork, $1,732,209 85; in Philadelphia $1.224,.
19 40. In the Philadelphia mint $5,684,699;
ew Orleans mint $1,100,000; San Franc in o
ipository $217,903.
Virginia I eo^lature.?The first session jf
e legislature of Virginia, under the new co v
itution, commenced on Monday. Mr. Leakj, .1
le lieutenant governor, presides in the Sensis,
id Mr. Crutchfield probably speaker of the
ouse. Governor Johnson's message was pro V
>ly sent in on Monday. ?
Germans in Texas.?An unnsnally large * \
>dy of emigrants hnve come info Texas within
ie past year, and a great proportion of the o < *
e Germans. They settle almost exclusively in * A
e western part of the State.
"DIRECT TRADE."
C. G. BAYLOR & CO.,
Ctnnliiltn Mtrihtad,
AMSTERDAM, NM,
I*' ILL receive on consignment, !! ?, Lumr
f k?r, Rice, Wool, ( tlti-Itra, Tlnkt 'i
abaero, etc., etc.
tender our services to the Plantin *r
'anufacturing and Shipping inter eat of the South,
id will be hhppy to give any statistic* which may
i desired for the information of our frienda ar d
e aocietiea formed at the South, for the promn>n
of the Commercial, Manufacturing and 8hi|>ng
intereetn of the Southern Statea. It^The
Charleaton, Savannah, Mobile and
emphia papera, the New Orleane Pienune, TVt a ^
tka and Bulletin, will please inaert and for war | ^
eir arrounta to thia office. 11
Jan. 6 - 6mw.
- '' ... I -

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