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The southern press. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1850-1852, February 17, 1852, Image 1

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it 1* published on Tussday, Thursday and Saturday
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Washington City.
r \ (Concluded from fourth page )?
,j flame of patriotism in his bosom. I ^leld to
hone in my devotion to this Union. And all the
* sentiments which have been expressed in favor
j of its preservation by the great sages and patrii
ota to whom 1 have referred, apply as truly to
my position, and in my judgment far more ao,
then to the position ef those who sing their lo
' Paeans to a union of eompromises, which, if they
do not certainly violate, at least jeopard the
' Constitution. Sir, in the American Pantheon
I which I have read, there is no separate God to
' the Union. In the great temple of American
[ liberty which 1 have visited, in which American
I freemen make their worship to the divinity of
; their country, there is lio separate statue to the
Union: but. in its midst and around its great al
tar stand the several statues of the several, sovereign,
independent States, as they came one by
one. to build up the great compact of the Union,
and in their midst stands the great statue of the
Constitution, having inscribed upon its heart, in
letters more brilliant than gold, and radient with
the pure light of Heaven, the words " The
Union." Let no one, then, say the Union is in
J danger, while the Constitution i? safe, because
f you cannot touch the one, until you have touched
1 the heart of the other, upon wh'cli the life of
* both depends.
I Mr. President, we have a government which
If we all love, and of which we are proud?a gov.
If eminent under which we have prospered for
T more than sixty yearn, in a degree heretofore
| unknown in the history of mankind. *"l'his
| government is founded on n Union of the States.
And that Union is established, defined, and
| sanctioned by the Constitution of the United
I - States." My hopes for its preservation aro in a
| strict construction of that Constitution in all the
| legislation of Congres?in confining the action
| of the government in all its departments, strictly
| within the limitations of the instrument in which
| r the government itself finds the origjn and limit
|u of its powers. My fears for its overthrow are,
|f in the usurpation of power by the federal gov
|| ernment, not warranted by the Constitution,
II which the Father of his Country, in his Farewell
| Address, cautioning us against those usurpa|
tions, says u is the customary weapon by which
|f free Governments are destroyed." Lnt us, then,
|; Mr. President, conduct all the legislation of the
| government, in future, strictly within the limita|f
tions of the Constitution, and the quiet which
| now so happly rests upon the country, after the
|f exciting contest through which we have passed,
| will never again be disturbed.
| The harp of national freedom may bo tuned
| to harmony at the Capitol, and when the trial
note is struck upon it, its vibrations will find a
| sympathetic chord in every State of the Union,
| and its echoes w ill come back to the mother ear
in tones sweeter than iney went out, irom every
contented and happy daughter of the republic.
The Bird of Jove, so beautifully imaged over
your head, Mr. President, the emblem of our national
power and glory, will continue to whirl
aloft, with untiring wing, eternal in his flight
' through the bright heavens of political freedom,
holding in its talons the arrows of war, quivered,
but undrawn, nt! pointing in one direction, indi
eating that they are never to be sped unless
against a common enemy, bearing in his beak
the streamer with no star missing from the constellation,
none dimmed in its lustre, and having
written upon it forever, in words that car.not be
erased, the motto of the dignity and equality of
the States, M E Pluribui Unum," not many of
one, but one out of many. >
Monday, Feb. 16, 1852.
% executive communication*.
The CHAIR laid before the Senate a report
from the Secretary of the Interior, communicating,
in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a
list of the suspended or rejected applications for
pensions, with the grounds of such suspension or
rejection, dtc.
Also, a communication from the Secretary of
the Navy, transmitting eighty copies of the Navy
Register for the year 1*5*2.
A message from the President wat also received,
*by the hands of his secretary, transmitting a report
of the Secretary of the Interior, respecting
the delay and difficulty in making the apportionment
anions the several Statea of the representatives
iti the .1.Id Congress, in consequence of the
want of full returna of the population of the State
of California, ami suggesting the ne< esmty for
immediate legislation; and earnestly commending
the subject to the early consideration of Congress.
Also, a message from the President, transmitting,
in compliance with the resolution of the 2Gth
ult , a report fYoni the Secretory of 8tate and other
documents rslatirs to the iu.msiuii of M. Balestier,
late consul at Singapore, to Eastern Asm.
Mr. GWIN presented a memorial of a convention
of citizens of California, now on a visit to the
Atlantic Slates, recently held at Browne'hotel, in
tt.ia city.' The memorial fills some thirtv cloaely
written pages, and cjIIs the attention of Congress
to a great variety of subjects connected with the interests
of California. Among other things, it prays
for a more vigoroue prosecution of the surveys of
the public lands of that State, and for liberal
grants of the same to various literary, and benevolent
institutions; for the construction of the great
Atlantic and Pacific railway, and also for telegraphic
communication along the route of the
same; for the opening of communication with
China, and other porta in the Pacific; for the erection
of fog-bells and light-houses, and for such
other measure* as the interests of commerce and
navigation require; for a weekly mail between
California and the chief cites of the Atlantic
coast; for the modification of the rates of postage
. j ... ,k.,
on raCWT* anu nrw?)iri?.. m> ...? ?v... ..... u...,
for the substitution of a branch mint at San Franciaco,
in place of the a*aay offices; for tha repayment
of duties collected on importa before California
became a State ; for the aettlement of the mili.ary
claima of the early aettlera in that State ; for
the regulation of the Indian trihea, Ac., Ac. The
memorial likewiae eomplaina of the officer* who
were engaged in taking the late cenau* of that
State, that they underrated the population. It eatimatea
the preaent population of California at full
350,000, and, to ahow tha importance of a liberal
policy toward* the Pacific State*, conjecture* that
by tha lat of January, 1855, there will be in California,
Oregon and the Sandwich lalanda, a popu.
lation of upward* of two million).
Mr- GWIN moved that the memorial be printed;
which motion waa referred to the Committee
on Printing.
Mr- CLARK presented a petition of inhabitant*
of Providence, R. I., praying the liberation of
Drayton and Sayrea, who were impriaoned in the
penitentiary in thia city, for attempting to abduct
a large number of alavea from Georgetown.
The petition, on motion of Mr Clarbk, wa*
referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
VLt.t iwTaonrcan, arc.
Mr. FISH introduced a bill amendatory of the
act of 1847, regulating the carriage of paaaenger*
in merchant veaaela; which waa read twice and
referred to the Committee on Commerce.
The bill making land warrant* assignable wa*
reported, with a recommendation that the Senate
diaagree to the amendment* made by the House,
tow* aAit.aoAD ait.t.
The Senate reaumed the conaideration of the
bill granting the right of way and making a grant
of 'and to the State of Iowa, in aid of the construction
of certain railroad* in aaid State, when,
Mr. BELL, of Tenneaaee, proceeded with hi*
remark*, advocating in particular, the amendment
of the Senatar from Kei,tacky (Mr.UwntmwooD,)
and presenting the intereaie of Tenneaaee in the
subject. Having voted for a similar bill granting
three or four million* of acres to the Stgta of lilt,
* V >
i ?? mmmmmmm?mmmmmmmrnrnm
"i 1 ?
nois, he should not oppose thie bill. Mr. Bell
having concluded
Mr. HUNTER took the floor, upon whosa
motion the Senate adjourned.
Mohday, Feb. 16.
mint in new york.
Mr. BRIGGS, of New York, preeented a memorial
from members of the general assembly of
that State, asking for the establishment of a mint
in the city of New York, which was referred.
territorial business.
Mr. STUART, from the Committee on Territories,
introduced, by leave, a resolution setting
apart the third week in April, or so much thereof
as may be necessary, for the consideration of ter- t
ritorial business, and that during that time snch
business shall lake precedence. ~ The resolution
was agreed to.
prosper m. wetmore.
Mr. ORR, of South Carolina, by leave, intro- J
duced the following resolution : a
"Resolved, That the President of the United i
States be requested to inform this House whether
the accounts of Pjrosper M. Wetmore, late javy t
agent in thccity of New York, ns adjusted, show c
any defalcation on his part; and if so, what steps
have been taken to collect the amount which said
Wetmore failed to pay over, and when proceedings
were commenced, if at all, to colled said
amount. Also whe.her any compromise was at
any time made between the Secretary of the
Treasury, or the Solicitor thereof, and said Wet- 1
more, or any arrangement entered into respecting
such alleged defalcation, and if so, what was such v
compromise, or arrangement, and whether the
same was complied with. t
The resolution was agreed to.
mileage op members.
Mr. HENDRICKS, of Indiana, from the Committee
on Mileage, by unanimous consent, re- fi
ported a bill regulating the mileage of the delegate
from Oregon, *
[The bill simply repeals that portion of Ihe act F
establishing the territorial government of Oregon, R
which limits the salary of its delegate to $2,50(1.]
v A debate ensued, in which the subject of mile- F
age of members generally was discussed. Much e
confusion prevailed in the hall. The Speaker re- B
peatedly called for order, and said that, unless it
was preserved he should be compelled to call merr- '
bers by name.
After a short discussion by Messrs. Hendricks,
of Indiana, Woodward, of$outh Carolina, Fowl
er, of Massachusetts, Cartter, of Ohio, and l<
Toombs, of Georgia, ^
Mr. EVANS, of Maryland, moved an.amendment
to the bill, providing that the clerk shall add l'
together the amounts paid to all the members for n
mileage, dividing the sum by the number of mem- <
bers, and that the Sergeant-at-arms be directed to
pay to each member his proportion as soon ns as 1
Mr. EVANS advocated his amendment.
Mr. RICHARDSON, of Illinois, proposed an a
additional amendment, providing " that the capi- 8
tol be removed to within 50 miles of the residence '
of each member, aa soon as convenient." which 0
the Speaker derided lo be out of order. u
Mr. RICHARDSON proposed a further amend- H
ment, providing that $'2,500 per annum be paid s
annually to members, in lieu of their present per
diem and mileage, which was decided to be out of _
After further remarks by Messrs. Robinson, of l"
Indiana, and Stiakt, of Michigan,
Mr. ALLISON, of Pennsylvania, moved an "
amendment, providing that the mileage of mem- 1
bers be computed by the nearest travelled route, s
fromtheir residences to Washington. t
Mr. MARSHALL, of California,said that the J
gentleman from Maryland (Mr. Evans,) had as- t
aerted that, by leaving his business, a^ a lawyer,
and coming here, he lost money. He (Mr. M.) <
also lost money, as a member of the same profes- t
sion, bycoming here. In California, he presumed f
that he had received more for one single fee than the
gentleman from Maryland was accustomed to re- ?
reive in a whole year's practice. Mr. M. spoke '
further in relation to the expense of coming from j '
California, and of conducting eleclionering cam- c
paigne there. It required a nine months' trjp.and I
a large sum to procure a life insurance. Mule feed ]
actoss the Isthmus was Ml cents per pound, and t
the expense of drinks in canvassing 35 cents in t
San Francisco, and as high as 50 cents further j
back in the country. He was willing to declare
for the sake of "Buncombe"?and he wished the '
reporters to notice particularly, what he said? f
that he cared nothinr about mileage, and was willing
to go for a bill riving members the simple per
diem. He thanked God that he had the means to
live without mileage. The interests of California, 1
however, were badly cared for by Congress, li
which, while it was appropriating three millions j
of dollars for a custom-house at New Orleans,
gave only one hundred thousand for one at San 1
Francisco. He pretexted against the neglect of c
Congress on the one hand, and its spasmodic ac- ..
tivity on the other. It ought to be known that ''
California had a voire here, and the means to ul- f
ter it.
Mr. WOODWARD, of South Carolina, spoke
of the high salaries paid under the executive de- ,
partment of the government, in its different grades, '
and said that thr President, cabinet, chiefs of 1
bureaus, clerks, drc., never came to Congress >
for a reduction of their salaries. Members of
Congress, on the other hand, were continually 1
found ready to take any of those places. He t
asked,could this body maintain its dignity by reducing
its own pay ? Members should receive r
such compensation as would place them beyond
the temptations held out by the executive branch. i
Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia, advocated the .
passage of the bill as reported. Those who are .
in favor of equalizing the mileage of members, in '
his opinion, were not disposed to degrade the le- '
gidlative department thereby. He moved to lay "
the bill on the table. I
Mr. MARSHALL explained what he had said t
in relation to the expense of conducting political n
campaigns in California. ?
Mr. 8 FEPH ENS was opposed to allowing con- j
aiderations of that character influencing the action
of members on those matters, and alluded to the
expense of campaigns in Baltimore.
On the question of laying the hill on the tahle,
it was rejected, the yeas and nays being (aken, SO
to 101.
Mr. 8WEETSER, of Ohio, move! to recom- ^
mit the bill to the Committee of the Whole on the a
stats of the TJnion. Rejected; the yeas and nays t
being again taken, 77 to Off. e
Another motion to lay on the table, was reject- j
ed; the yeas and nays being taken, 79 to 94, and .
without Anally disposing of the matter.
On motion of Mr. H*mii*,of Tennessee, at 3
o'clock the House sdjourr.ed.
Spread of^snmrnau**."?A ronventionof
Spiritualists in to take place shortly at CleveImd,
Ohio, at the urgent request of the spiri'a.
The object is to call togethi r the mediums, com- ^
pore notes, counsel together in relation to recent s
manifestations, and strengthen the raose of spiritunlism.
It is said the invisibles have promised I
to be present! ! c
At Masillon, a yqiing l?dy "medium" was arrested
for causing rappings in church during
divine service, but, after a trial of three days, t
was discharged. ^
Steam Lire to Geroa.?It is stated that the f
Sardinian government has made a liberal grant
to the proposed steam line between Genoa .and I
New York, and that the parties connected with
it in New York are making every exertion to
carry the project through.
News from EtiRofE?The Canada was to '
leave Liverpool on the 31st ult., for New York,
and may be expected at any moment. I
! sou
??ri? order to make room for the residue
>f Senator McRae's able speech, w? are compelled
to excludo several articles on hand.
$5r* We inadvertently copied into yesterday's
paper a table which hud appeared in the Indiana
Slate Sentinel and Ohio Statesman, which stated
hat the Presidential electoral vote of 1852
vould be according to the apportionment under
he census of 1850. This is a mistake; the apportionment
under the census of 1840 will gov>rn
the next Presidential vote.
33gjf" From a brief notice in the Richmond
Whig of Suturday, we percieve that E. W.
Iohnston, esq., has withdrawn from the editcrihip
of that paper, and is to be succeeded by Mr.
Alexander Mosely, esq. Mr. Johnston states
hat private and not political considerations have
ccasioned bis Withdrawal.
Massachusetts and Texas.
The indignation of the Freesoilers has been
iindled by the summary proceedings adopted in
fexas, in relation to the Massachusetts negroes
vho were caught enticing away slaves.
The Massachusetts senate has taken the mater
in hand, and the sympathizers in other States
ire shedding crocodile tears over this " outrage."
Jo strong had grown their conviction of the ininite
acquiescence of the Southern people in uny
rejects of plunder, public or private, that this
rompt proceeding in Texas seems to have
hocked and startled them. The chief mouth
liece of the Sewardites, the Evening Journal,
xpreascs its sympathy for "these misguided perons,"
and denounces the act of Texas as " inamous."
Thus speaks the disciple of the " higher law,"
vidently seeking to taunt the Massachusetts
Hgislaturo into some action or. the subject. Afer
all the clamor Massachusetts has made about
he temporary imprisonment of her colored sealen
at Southern ports, she will doubtless feel
ound to do something equally silly in that case.
iMie Journal says:
We published an item, a dny or two since,
nnouncing the sale, in Texas, of four free ne
roes from M ass .chusetts, charged with atempting
to run off a slave. We have no word
f apology for this system of robbery. It is
inlawful and mischievous. It tends to irritate
lavehcdders, without, in any wsy, benefitting the
Nevertheless it seems a piece of barbarism to
ell free men into perpetual slavery for such a
rime. The highwayman, or burgler, or counerfeiter,
would not be visited with a punish
nent so vastly dit-prop .rtionate to the crime.
[\> steal five or six hundred dollars worth of
lave " property" is certainly no greater crime
han to steal a like amount of gold or silver,
knd yet no one would deem such an one delerving
of perpetual, hopeless bondage.
Massachusetts, of which Stats these free colired
men were citizens, does not intend to pass
iver this outrage in silence. A motion has been
nade hi the Senate for a committee to report
iron the most feasible mode of securing the
iberation,or the modification of the punishment
>f these four men. It would be a disgrace to all
ionccrned, if these misguided persons were slo-ied
to remain in perpetual slavery. If the
)ey of Algiers should have done the same thing,
he whole country would have been up in arms
o demand immediate redress. But as the inumous
proceeding lias transpired in one of our
>wn States, it is likely to be pasted over as a
natter ofbut little consequence.
EUTThe New York lleraU snvs. rents in that
ity ure in a transition state. In some streets
louses and stores are inc'caslng*"in value, while
n others they are very rapidly diminishing. In
he aggregate, however, the rental of the whole
ity has probably not varied tor the last four or
ive years, and will not vary tnuch for four or
ive >ears to come.
J-#f~An interpolation in the name of the
Southern M Union " party has been made in
^ouinana, as the following notice from the
ilew O. leans Countr will show. Coupled with
he Milledgeville proposition for merging in
he Democratic party, this opposite tack looks
ather odd.
Cokstitctioral Usioh Whkj Party.?The
lullftm of this morning speaks of the " Const!
utional 'Union Whig psrty of the Sta e of
jouisiana." What does the linlletin mesn!
tre not all of oor (olitica) parties constitution
J? If so, why speak of the Constitutional
Jnion Whig party ?n Ju t as thongh our par
lea were not eonalitnlinnal. The Whig* are
ver fond of pompous name*. They now have
tretched themselves out into the Conatitotiooal
Jnion Whig party!"
The New York Journal of Commerce thus
hroniclea a remarkable trip acroM the Atlantic
The Shortest P*?a*oi Yet.?The New
fork packet ahip Racer, Captain Steele, hence,
irrived at the bar below Liverpool on the 25th
lit., making the passage in leee than fourteen
\ay*. S >e waa Itorlvr day* from land to land,
ind waa detained in the channel 10 hour* by
Arrival of the Steamer El Derade.
New York. Feb. Iff.
The steamer El Dorado with mail- of four da ye
ater newa from California, arrived to-day.?
the bring* yleiren hnnlred thousand dollar* in
fold duet and two hundred passengers. The
cgi*l dure of California ia in neaeion and pro
eeding quietly.
The city of Sacramento ia crowded with stran[era.
The senatorial candidatea are stumping it
hrooghout the State.
O* ing to the scarcity of water in the dry dig
jing* in? miners are nocKing to the cities.
More new n ines have been discovered North
if Scott's river.
She brings twci.lv passengers, among them
"elix Argenti, of Washington.
Lowrli. Mii.i.s. -All the works on the Maasahusetts
corporation are in full operation, and those
ying idle on the Preacott are to be started up imnediately.
The Connecticut Freeeoilers h*ve nominated
Francis Gillett for Governor.
r R I -W EEK
have in course of publication, in paetb, pric
twentt-riVE cent! each,
A Dlctiona of Machinec, Mechanic
Engine Wok, and Engineering.
Designed for Practical Working-Men, and tho
intended for the Engineering Profession.
Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, Londot
Jhahor and Inventor of "The Calculus affirm,
" The .Veto and Improved System of Ixigmrkkims,
"The Elements qf Euclid by Colors," e(f., etc.,et
THIS work is of large 8vo. size, containing near
<100 thousand pages, upwards of ffbstn husulr
plates, and six thousand wood.cuts. It will prese
working-drawings and descriptions of the roost in
portant machines in the United States. Indepei
dently of the results of American ingenuity, it wi
contain complete practical treatises on Mechanic
Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering; wi'
all that is useful in more than one thousand du
lars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and othi
books, among which may be mentioned the fa
1. BibJu'thaque des Arts Industrials. (Masso
2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journa
3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackii
4. Publication Industrielle. (ArmengaudAim
5. Jamieson's Mechanics of.Fluids.
6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.)
7. Allgemine Bauzeitung mit Abbildungei
(Forster, Wien.)
8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwi
sens in technischer Beziehung.*- (Von Wa
degg, Wiesbaden.)
G. Sherwin's Logarithims.
10. Byrne's Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works <
Oliver Byrne.
12. Silliman's Journal.
13. Algcmeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (Hull
se, Leipzig
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain an
America contrasted.
15. Hollzapffels' Turning and Mechanical Manif
16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eisenbahn-Zeilung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instrument)
20. Dictionnaire des Arts et Manufactures. (Lt
boulaye, Paris.
21. Sganzin's Civil Engineering. *
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmetor.
23. Origin and Progress of Steam Narigatiot
24. Essai sur l'lndustrie des Mutieres Textile
(Michel Alcan, Paris.)
25. Macneill's Tables.
26. Criers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Templetou's Millwright's and Engineer
Pocket Companion.
28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary.
29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Weisbach's Mechanics and fogineering.
31. The Mathematician. (Lonuon.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. Hann's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering an
Architecture. (Mosley.)
35. Journal of the Frauklin institute.
36. The Transactions of the Institute of Cir
Engineers. (London.)
37. The Artisan
38. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Pul
lisbed by Weale, London.)
39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) . >*
40. Student's Guide to the I^ocomotive F-ngin
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Ba
low, London,)
42. Recueil des Machines Inslrumens et Apparei
(Le Blanc, Paris.)
43. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and M:
chines. (G. kennie.)
45. Repertoire de l'lndustrie Franquaise et Etrai
gere. (L Mathias, Paris.) '
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (A<
com, London.)
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Lav
48. Hodge on the Steam-Engine
49. Scientific American.
50. Railroad Journal. (New York )'
61. American Artisan.
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architei
54. Dictionairc de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeu
(De Bonnefoux, Paris.)
f. .nil Mirnai Tiibulet Rridres Fai
56. Brees' Railway Practice. ?
57. Barlow's Mathematical Diclionw.
56. Bowditch's Navigation. *
59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Mei
60. Engineers'and Mechanics'Encyclopedia.
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal \ Ixmdon.
62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering.
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Cras;
64. CraddocL's l/cctureson the Steam-Engim
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Ha
66. Mechanieal Principia. (Leonard,)
The great object of this publication is, to pla<
before practical men and students such an amoui
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a coi
densed form, as shall enable them to work to tf
best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes wbic
they might otherwise commit The amount i
useful information thus brought together, is almoi
beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there
hardly any subject within its range which it im
rated with such clearness and precision, that eve
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail <
nnderstanding, and thus leartnng from it muc
which it it importrnt for him to know.
From the annexed list of the principal authoi
and subject comprised in this work it is tell-ev
dent, that all citizens engaged in the practical an
useful arts^etc., may derive essential advsntagi
from the possession and study of this publicatioi
The following may be especially designated:
Millwrights. ?
Moulder and Boiler Makers,
j Artificers in Brass, Copper and Tin.
: Cutlers, and Workers ol Steel in general.
: Carpenters.
Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn.
Civil Engineers, Railway Contactors, end Cot
tractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of aver
Architects atH Bridge Builders
Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers,
"hip Bnildera, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carper
tera, and others connected with Building an
Docking Ships.
Block and Pump Makers.
Hemp Dressers and Rope Makers
Manufacturers of Linen and Cot'on Fabrics.
Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Rovin
Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Draa
ing Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connec
ed with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery.
Calenderera, Bleachers, and Calico Printers.
Uioin r owers, >na .vieasurers, ana peraooa iniei
ested in Sewing Machinery.
Anchor and Chain Cable Manufactnrers.
Cutting and Turning Tool Makers
Pin and Needle Makers.
Nail apd Rivet Makers.
Bolt and Screw-BoIt Makers.
Nail Cutler*. .
leather Dressers and Curriers.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms.
Candle Makers.
Biscuit and Cracker Makers.
Leee Maker*.
Ribbon Weavers.
Stone Cutters and Marble Masons.
Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scotirc.
v . *.
JARY 17, 1862.
J Sugar Plantations.
Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
:i ^heel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persona connected with the
Locomotive generally.
, Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills.
Veneer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
</ Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
l(> and Bran-Separating Machinery.
Farmers and Persons using Grain-Sholling and
Thresning Machinery.
c. Buhl'Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornament
ly " Makers in general.
td Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
nt Meke.-s of Copper and Lead Tubing.
11- Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
n- Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others inter
ill ested in Dredging Machinery.
:s, Well Sinkers.
lh Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Phil'1
osopbical Apparatus and Instruments,
sr Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pump>1
ing Engfnes
Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
? Warehousemen, and oiaers, using Hydraulic
Presses, Dytianometrlc Cranes, Jack Screws,
j . Common and Feed Cranes.
Workers in Metals and Alloys.
e> Tin Plate Workers.
' Spring Manufacturers.
B Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c.
' The publishers have expended a large sum of
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
lt almost every work on the sudiect, whether .pnblished
in England, France, or Germany, the most
s. essential parts of which being comprised in this
|. Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored
to use great economy in type, so that each page of
the work contains at least four times the number
>t of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate working-drawngs
of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic
y. may construct accdsately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, regardd
less of cost, to make the work as complete as possible
j and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain
). the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
The work will be issued in semi-monthly uumkflp,
commencing in January, 1850, and will proiBkon
iiiifh nrriint rom 1 al*itV
"lfc" 6lv"fc ?v6u.?..y.
i. The whole work will be published in 40 numl
bers at 25 cents per number, and completed within
the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance
> shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
Notice to Proprietors of Newspapers throughout the
United States and Canada.
If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five
's times durL? the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis
American Statistics.
A short time past sve published some statistics
relative to ths number of soldiers supplied from
the different States to the revolutionary war. De
d Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables relative
to this,-and other subjects of equal interest,
which we copy,
il 1. The number of soldiers furnished by the j
American States during the revolution, and the |
papulation of each State in 1790 and in 1847.
?- 2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several
dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on
each side.
s. 3. Amount of continental money issued to supr
port the war, and the estimated cost in speci
Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1847.
New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000
, Mass. (incf'ng Me.) 67,097 475,257 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - 5,908 69,110 130,000
, Connecticut, - - 31,959 238,141 330,000
"* New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000
? New Jersey, - - 10,726 181,139 416,000
Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000
Delaware, - - - - 2,386 59,098 80,000
v' Maryland, /- - - 13,912 319,728 495,000
Virginia, .... 26,678 748,308 1,270,000
North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000
South Carolina, - 6,417 249,073 605,000
Georgia, ..... 2,589 82,548 800,000
Total, - - - -231,971 2,820,95911,546,000
r* Wlitre When Jimtr. Briluk
fovgkt. ftmcKi. Com. Lou. Com. Lou.
Lexington, Apr 75 ? 64 ? 245
Bunker Hiil-Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054
FlaPttsh, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400
W. Plains, Oct '76 Waaht'n 300 Howe 300
Trenton, Dec *76 Waaht'n 9 Rah I 1000
' Princeton, Jan *77 Waaht'n 100 Maw'd 400
Bennington,Aug *77 Stark 100 Baum 600
Brand ywine.Sep *77 Waaht'n 1200 Howe 500
"Saratoga, Oct *77 Gates 350 Burg'e 600
Monmouth, Jun *78 Waaht'n 230 Clinton 400
h R. (aland, Augk78 Suh "an 211 Pigott 260
BriarCpeek,Mar79 Aaha 300 Prevoet 16
" Stoney P'l.Jut *79 Wayns 100 Johns'n 600
Camden, Aug *81 Gates 720 Cornw's 375
Cownens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
e Guilford, Mar*81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523
it Eu. Spring*,Sep*81 Green* 555 8tewart 1000
? The surrender of Comwallia at Yorktown, Oc'?
tober 1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073.
?l *5,752 British taken prisoner*. ,
?t Amount issued in 1775 % 2,000,000
>n ? 1777 - - 20,000,000
?1 " " in all to July, 1799 356,000,000
h The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
specie, amounted to ?135,193,703.
J| We compile from the New York Shipping List
' and Price Current, of the 11th September, the fo4n
lowing statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
' the several Slates for the year ending 31st August
1850; 1850. 1849.
Louisiana ------ 781,886 1,093,797
Alabama - ... 350,952 518,706
Florida - 181,344 200,186
Texas - 31,263 38,827
Georgia 344,635 391,372
I South Carolina - - - 384,265 458,117
I "?.l. n 1... ... 11 Hfil in Oil
nunn vwvium - - - ?-?? .v|v^i
?- la 11.509 17,.>50
1 Tola! crop - - - 2.096,71$ 2,728,596
Dereaae from laat year 631,881
Flecreaee from year before - 250,928
d Tna Paer, the PartrwT awd the Fotoee.?Of
the cotton trade, from the London Economiat,
Auguet 94, 1850. " It ia calculated that upurarda
of 4,000,000 peraona depend entirely upon thia
trade in all ita branchaa." American cotton crop
a 1835 6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875
7- 1836-7 1,422,930 1843 4 2,030.409
1. 1837-8 1,801,497 1844 5 2,394,503
1838-0 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537
1839 40 * 2,177,835 1846-7 1,378,651
. 1840 1 1,639,945 1847-8 2,347,634
r 1841-2 1,684,911 1848-9 9,798,596
Average 1,635,591) * Average 2,251,315
Average crop of the laat aeven yearn exceed a
that the prior 615,719 balee, and the crop of tha
laatjual double that of the firat?and tha crop^of
1848-9 wan more than 1846-7 by fifty per. cent. *
Average conaumption in Great Britain of American
cotton the firat 7 yeara 1,153,219 balee
The 2d period of 7 yeara 1,449,396 balee
Largeat conaumption, 1849, 1,5*6,608 balee
| AA neweet patterna Evening Dreee Fana
(Spaniah) mounted in Pearlf Ivory
' Papier mache, juat opened at PARKER'S
fancy and Perfumery Store, under the Na
[No. 80.
signed, Attorneys and Agents, practice Law
in the Supreme Court of the United States, and
the Courts of the District of Coltvnhia, and attend
promptly to elaims against the United States, including
the settlement of all accounts of officers
and agents of the Government Bounty Lands,
Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions,
Ac., Ac.
They^end$r their services to members of the
profession at a distance, and, when the case in
prepared by a loval agent, will abate one-half their
usual fee. All information relative to the formsand
usages of business in any of the Departments
will be furnished to our regular correspondent*
without charge. They have made arrangements
for the payment of 'axes, and for the sale or loca
tion of bounty land warrants on the best Western
JCJ"Office on Pt'nsylvania avenue, Lane A
Tucker's Building
Oct. 14?3taw3m.
LEONARD SCOTT A Co.,JYo.54 Gold itreet
Mu> York, continue to publish the four lead
ing British (Quarterly Reviews and Blackwood'
Magazine; in addition to which they have recently
commenced the publication of a valuable Agricultural
work, called the
" Farmer's Guide to Scientific and Practical
By Henry Stephens, F. R. S.,of Edinburgh,author
of the "Book of the Farm," Ac., Ac.; assisted
by John P. Norton, M.A.', New Haven,Professor
of Scientific Agriculture in Yale College, Ac., Ao
'This highly valuable work will comprise two
large royal octavo volumes, containing over 1,400
pages, with 18 or 20 splendid steel engravings,
and more than 600'engravings on wood, in the
highest style of the art, illustrating almost every
implement of husbandry now in use by the best
farmers, the best methods of ploughing, planting,
haying, harvesting, &c.,<&c., the various domestic*fcnimals
in their highest perfection; in short,
the pictorial feature of the book is unique, and
will render it of incalculable value to the student
of agriculture.
The work is being published in semi-monthly
numbers of 64 pages each, exclusive of the Steel
engravings, and is sold at 25 cents each, or $5 for
the entire work in numbers, of which there will be
at least twenty-two.
The British Periodicals re-published are as follows,
viz :
The London Quarterly Review (Conservative),
The Edinburoh Review (Whig),
The North British Review (Free Church),
The Westminster Review (Liberal.)
Blacewood's Edinburgh Magazine (Tory).
Although these works are distinguished by the
political shades above indicated, yet but a small
portion of their contents is devoted to political subjects.
It is their literary character which gives
them their chi^f value, and in that they stand con.
fessedly far above all other journals of their class.
Blackwood, still under the masterly guidance of
Christopher North, maintains its ancient celebrity,
and is, at this time, unusually attractive, from the
serial works of Bulwer and other literary notables,
written fbr that magazine, and first appearing in
its columns both in Great Britain and in the United
States. Such works as "The Caxtons" and "My
New Novel" (both by Bulwer,) "My Peninsular
Medal," "The Green Hand," and other serials,
of which numerous rival editions are issued by the
leading publishers in this country, have to be ref
printed by those publishers from the pages oBlackwood,
q/trr it has been issued by Messrs. Scottf
Co., so that subscribers to the reprint of that
Magazine may always rely on having ike earliest
reading of these fascinating talcs.
Per an.
For any one of the (bur Reviews - $3,00
Forpnytwo do. - - 5,00
For any three do. 7,00
For all four of the Reviews, - - 8,00
For Blackwood's Magazine, - - 3,00
For Blackwood and three Reviews, - 9,00
For Blackwood and the four Reviews, - 10,00
For Farmer's Guide (complete in 22 Sob.) 5,00
i o >- lm ~..j. .11 .1.1 \
A discount of ticenty-five per cent, from the above
prices will be allowed to Clubs ordering four or
more copies of any one or more of the above
works. Thus : 4 copies of Blackwood or of one
Review will be sent to one addreu for $9 ; 4 copies
of the four Reviews and Blackwood for |30 ; and
so on.
% Orders from Cfuks must be sent direct to the
publishers, as no discount from these prices can be
allowed to rfgentt.
Money, current in the States where issued, wil
be received si per.
Remittances and communications should be
always addressed, post-paid or franked, to the
79 Poltow Street, New York,
Entrance 54 Gold st
{n5"Subecrintione received in Washington by
Fiank Taylor, Taylor A Maurey.and W.Adam,
WE beg leave to call your attention to an ad
vertisement, and to the memorial annexed,
and tender our services "in the prosecution of any
claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you
may send to us. We will allow you one half our
usual fee, which is fire dollmrt for obtaining a warrant
for 160 acres, and thru iolletrt for a warrant
of eighty acres or less, for publishing our advertilement,
and preparing and forwarding the papers
to us.
If you accept thi? proposal, please insert this
circular and our advertisement in your paper,
with the following editorial notice:
" We call the attention of our readers to the advertisemert
of Messrs. Duff Green, Ben. R
Green, and Richard H. Clarke, Attorneys ana
Agents at Washington, D. C., and would say
persons having claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions,
that we have made arrangements fbr the
requisite forms, and that claimants calling at our
office can nave tneir paper* properiy prepared ana
forwarded to theae gentlemen at Washington,
who will properly attend to them in their proper
Please get each claimant to aign the memorial,
and forward it to your member of Congreee.
Please send us a copy of your paper containing
our card, which wi'f notify us that you accept our
proposition. DUFF (JREEN,
To the Smote end H?u* of Rrm-eteniativ* of Ike
United State I ia Congreu atsemkfed : The memo
rial of the undersigned, respectfully represents that
they are entitled to Bounty Land, under the act
of$8th of September, 1850, that they are informed
and beliere that the unlocated warrants are wbrth
more to them than the patented lands would be, I
that they do not expect or desire to reside oil thr
land thus granted; that if patented to (hem, the
expense of agencies and taxes will be an aii iual j
charge, reducing the value of the grant, which
they eould avoid if permitted to eel' the warrant ;
Your memorialists further represent that the law, j
by preventing the sale of the warrants, assun at j
that the officer* and volunteers entitled to bounty
lands, are not competent to act for themselves,
whereas many of them are among the most intelligent
and rea pec table citizens of the Statee. They
therefore respectfully ask that the act aforesaid
may be so niudilivd as to make the warrants for
bounty lands assignable, and thay will aver
prey, Ac. |
that belong to the Library of the House of Representatives,
are requested to return them thie week
with their nartkes upon them, eo that their aoi
counts may be properly credited.
P. WILLIAMS, Lib., B R j
' I l.
DAILY, ... |10 00
8EMI-WEEKLY, (Tri-wsekly during mwod) ft 00
WEEKLY, ft 00
C/- Subscriptions payable in advance. Any per
ion procuring five subscriber* shall receive one cop*
gratis. All letters to the Editor* to be PcmT-PiP.
Office, Pennsylvania jSvenue, between Third end
Four ssnd-a-half streets.
Established in 1820, and Empowered by act of
For the Insurance of L ves,andthe Endowment
of Children, <Lc
CAPITAL 3,000,000
Office on Pennsylvania avenue, one door
west of Jackson Hall.
A RESPECTABLE man, who has his foret\
noons unemployed, would like to occupy
himself in a suitable way during that time. He
writes a good hand, and would undertake copying
translating from the French or German, keeping a
set or two of books, where a regular book-keeper
is not employed, Ac. Please inquire at the office
or tnis paper. 6?tf
QTEVENS, No. 1, Broten's Hotel, has just re|T)
ceived a further and full supply of. Beebe's
Hats. Also, a complete assortment of his own
make, of every quality and style. Qentlemen
wishing Hats of fancy shapes can have their orders
filled at
STEVEN'S great Hat, Cap, and
Gent's Outfitting Establishment, No. 1 Brown
Nov. 30?6tif. (Intel. Repnb. Uniort.)
THE United States Mail Steamship Company
will despatch the splendid double-engine
steamship GEORGIA, on Wednesday, Dec. II,
at 3 o'clock, p. m., from the pier, foot of Warren
street, North river, New York, with the Government
mails and passengers for San Francisco
and intermediate ports.
The connexion at Panama will be carefully
kept up, and passengers for San Francisco are
guaranteed that they will not be delayed at Panama
beyond the usual stay in port.
The books are now open, and passage can be
secured at the following rates :
State-room berth ------- #100
Standee berth, forward salooon - - - 80
Steerage berth, found bed A separate table 50
State-room berth #300
Steerage berth, found bed A separate table 150
State-room. Standee. Steerage
To Charleston or Savannah #25 #20 #10
To Havana - - - - 70 55 25
To New Orleans - - 75 60 25
Freight to New Orleans 30 cents per cubic foot
Freight to Havana will be taken In limited
quantity at reasonable rates.
Passengers for Chagres will be transferred at
Havana to the new and splendid steamship PACIFIC.
To secure freight or passage, apply at the office
of the company, 77 West street, corner of Warren
steet, to M. O. ROBERTS.
Special Notice is given to shippers by this
line, that the company have prepared a form of
bill of lading adapted to their business, which will
be furnished to shippers on application at the
company's office, and with which they are requested
to provide themselves, as no ether form
will be signed by the agents of the company. All
bills of lading must be signed before the sailing of .
vessel. Dec. 7. 1X50.
or THE
To Mechanic*, Inventor*, and Manufacturers:
J HE Publishers of the Scientific American respectfully
give notice that the sixth volume
his valuable journal, commenced on the 21st
of- September, offering a valuable opportunity fbr
Hi to subscribe who take an interest in the progress
and developement of the Mechanics' Arts
| and Manufactures of our country. The character
of the Scientific American is too well known
throughout the country to require a detailed account
ot the varioue subjects discussed through its
It enjoys a more extensive and influential circulation
than any other journal of its class in
It will be published weekly, as heretofore, in
Q,uarto Form, on tine paper, affording, at the end
with an Index, and from Five to Six Hundred
ORIGINAL ENGRAVLYGS, described by letters
of reference; besides a vast amount of practical
information concerning the progress of SCIENTIFIC
MANUFACTURING in its various
short, it embraces the entire raLge ot
< the Arts and Sciences.
It also possesses an original feature not found in
any other weekly journal in the country, via., an
Qffleiml List of PATEMT CLAIMS, prepared etpreaaly
for ita columns at the Patent Office,?thus
constituting it the " AMERICA*REPERTORY
Tcaus?$9 a-yaar ; #1 Tor six monthe.
All letters muat be poet paid and directed to
Publishers of the Scientific American,
. . 138 Fulton street, New York.
MuctrotrUt for Clubber.
Any person who will aend us _Jr subscribers
for aix months, at our regular rates, shall be entitled
to one copy for the same length of time ; or
we will furnish?
10 copiec for 6 moa., *8 I 15 conies for 19 mas. $99
10 do 19 15 | 90 do 19 2*
Southern and Western money taken at par for
subscriptions; or Post Office Stamps taken at
their full value.
Any person sending us three subscribers will be
entitled to a copy of the " History of Propellers
and Steam Navigation," republished in book form
?now in press, to be ready about the first of October.
It will be one of the most complete works
upon the subject evar issued, and will contain
about ninety engravings. * J
Oct. 99?tf
TIFE IN8URANCE.?British Commerce
J J Lifb Insurance Company, established in 1890,
and empowered by act of Parliament, for the Insurance
of Lives and Survivorships, and the endnemtnt
nf Children. Ar... Ar CAPITAL
story Colonisation Buildings, I
near Jackson HaJI, Pennsylvania avenue, Wash*
inton city, D. C
October 91, 1850?dif
WILL be opened at Mra. S. Parker'a, on Sat*
urday,23d inst., at \0 o'clock A.M.,in tha
new atore under the National Hotel, a rich aaaort
ment of Winter Millinery, consisting of Hata,
Cape, Head-Dreeeea, Peathera, Florences, Rib*
bona, Ac. Ac. PARKER'S
DRESS COMBS.?We are juat opening an
other and prettier assortment of those hand
some Rope and Chain pattern Shall and Buffalo
Dreaa Tuck Combs; prices from $9 to $90 eac'
Also, 900 different patterns Spanish Dress 1* .it
Lacea from 75 cents to $10 aaeh ^ ^
THE Subscriber returns his thanks to tna
public and the old customers of Siwwe A How
and informs them that THE GROCERV AND
WINE BUSINESS heretofore carried on by tnsm
is contiued by Edwabp Snewt; he has adden a
full and fresh supply of the finest TEAS, BLAt.'K
has also on hand a full^meortment of the Itnast #
WINK, and will be so^kt tha lowest rat*., ,
amongst which will he found 100 hasketa of tna
choicest brands of Champagne, Hock, and C<ara
Win as, of Iks purest kinds,
I 'il

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