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The southern press. [volume] (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1850-1852, February 17, 1852, Image 3

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pllsh the purposes for which It wis crafted
Certainly not. ~
Itia said that in the formation of the federal
Constitution the States huve not secured tc
themselves this right of secession; in other
words, that Secession is not a granted right
found in the Constitution. When, 51 r. President,
has the doctrine obtuined that the States
have to look into the Conatitution to find out
what rights and powers are granted to tlieui 1
The.States were originally sovereign. They
had all the powers of sovereignly; they made
, the federal government, and conferred upon
that government all the powers which it has. It
is the most monstrous doctrine of federalism I
have ever heard announced, that the States have
to look into the Constitution of the United
, States to find wlnt powers are granted to them
in that instrument. Why, the Constitution itself
says that the powers not granted to the
government of the United State", nor prohibited
to the States, are exp essly reserved to the
States or the people respectively, showing that
the Constitution was a grant of powers to the
federal government, and simply a prohibition in
some instances of certain powers to the States.
The Constitution never make* a grant of power
to the States. That would have been granting
things to themselves. Therefore, it is entirely
reaadnable that this right of secession should
not he found in the Constitution as a granted
right to the States, because there were no
granted rights to'the States in the Constitution.
Nobody ever pretended tli it this was a constitutional
right, meaning by that a right expressly
granted in the Constitution. No man in his
senses ever took such a position as that.
But, sir, as the Constitution says that the
powers not granted to the federal government,
nor prohibited to tiie States, are roserved to the
States or the people respectively, then if thu
- ? J ?- t__ :? ,u. r>
power 19 noi IOUIl'J ill UII I nnnoi IUU in mo uuustitution
to the States, and if it whh mi original
power of the Stutes, it rem tins to them under
the reserved powers. That is the true position
in reference to this right.
No one denies, as I have said before, that the
States were originally sovereign ; that they were
declared separately sovereign and independent
by the treaty with Great Britain, and that before
they entered into the compact of union they were
sovereign. Then this right to resume sover
<eignty is one of the reserved rights. It is a
right reserved under that clause of the Consti
tution which says: "The powers not delegated
to the United Stales by the Constitution, noi
prohibited by it to the States, are reserved tc
the States respective'y, or to the people."
This is the only way iii which it has ever beer
contended that this right of secession is a conIstitutionnl
right; and in this sense it is as much
a constitutional right as any other reserved right
I think that all the reserved rights of the State;
are recognized by the Constitution in the same
way, and in this respect may be called conatitu
tional rights. I should like some gentleman tc
point out where this right, if there ever was or
original right of sovereignty in the States is pro
(libited to the States in the Constitution. Tc
be properly understood, this ri^ht df secessioc
must be considered in three points of view?at
an act,a right,and a remedy. Most persons arc
led into error on this subject by confounding the
act of secession with the right <>f secession. The
act is only the means by which the right is secured.
The right itself is the right of a State
to resume its original sovereignty whenever that
State decides that the compact is broken, or thai
the acts of the federal government have become
too oppressive to be borne. The remedy is, the
relief which the State has from oppression, by
the exercise of this right
Whether this remedy may, in all cases, be t
practicable one or,not is another question. Il
it is a remedy, however, growing out of an actual
right which the State has, then it ought to be i
peaceable one; and it would be peaceable were
* it not that the federal government the party op
Doainir it. but. having no right to oppose it bv
force, might, from motived of interest or power
or for other purposes, prevent its peaceable ex
etcise. As, then, the remedy would rightfully
be s peaceable one, to also is the right. Ir
strictness, air, in the exercise of the right of se
cession there would be really no act of seces
sion, because the exercise of the right goes upot
the assumption that the federal government bar
already destroyed the compart; that the ConatiItution
no longer exists in its binding form upon
the parties ; and that, therefore, there is really
no act of secession, by withdrawal on the pari
of a State; but as some of the other States
would doubtless still remain together, even il
usurpation were exercised by the federal govern
tnent to an extent not to be borne by others, il
would be regarded as the State performing the
set of secession by the exerciso of the right, ir
resuming her original sovereignty. Then, ss 1
have said, whether it would be s peaceabh
remedy or not would depend upon the feders
I government, influenced hv its interest in do
Iicrmining whether it would compel a State to
be subjected by force of arms, because it hoc
the power, but not the right, to do so.
It has been contended that no such right ex
ista, because, under the articles of confederatioi
it was said the Union was to be per/Wua/, and
because in the preamble of the Constitution i
is said the abject is to form " a more perfect
Union." It is a common en* torn in all treatin
made between one nation an I another, to as]
that they shall be perynuui, mi J there is notliin;
in this. But, air, the main point to which I wist
to draw ycur attention, in connection with Mm
idea that this right cannot exist, for the reasor
that it is said that the object of the Constitutor
ia to create *a more perfect Union," and that tha
Union is, therefore, to be " perpetual," ia, tha
the Union waa to be a more perfect Union, and
a perpetual Union for a certain purpose. And
what waa that pnrpoae? It ia laid down in th<
preamble to the Constitution itself, that it wai
to be a jpore perfect Union. *' to establish
justice, toTnsnre domestic tranquility, to providr
for the common defence, to promote the genera
welfare,and to secure the blessings of liberty V
ourselves snd our posterity." So, eir, if tb?
Union in the beginning was to be s vrrpctua.
Union, it waa to be a more perfect Union foi
these great purposes; and whenever it fails U
accomplish these purp >aes, then the object fm
which it was declared a more porfoct Union ha<
ceased, and tha reason why it waa to be per
petual.no longer exists. Do gentlemen moan t<
aay that this ia to be a "perpetoal and more perfec
Uiron," whether it su> serves the uoda for whirl
it waa established or not I Do they mean to asj
I that thin is to be a perpetual and more pence*
Union in proportion aa it becomes a Union o
mora power, grasping wi'h a stronger anr
a tighter hand, right* which belong to the State*
and centralizing them in the federal government
nntil the whole ia merged in de*poti*m ? Tha
ia not my view of the object for which thii
Union wan eatabliehed, and for which it ia de
clared in the preamble to the Constitution, tha
| ft ia to be a more perfect Union. That object I
" to eetabliah joatice, to inaure domestic tran
qoility, to provide for the common defence, t<
' . promote the general welfare, and to aeenre th
. bleaajpga of liberty to oaraelvitand oor poi
f terity." When that object case*, it ia n
U . longer the Union of the Constitution.
j [to si coscmtord to morrow.]
Trass-Ati.asttc Co.MwusrcATros.?'Ion. Al
I bott Ijawrence writes, in answer to an invltatio
of the mayor and chamlwr of commerce of Lin
crick, that he baa received varioua chart* an
| f mapa of the harbora of Ireland, which have bee
I tranamilted to the thiwWf <>f commerce of Nei
I York: and oheervea that the people of the Unite
I Htates are folly impreaeed with the henefite ?
I eecure and rapid trana Atlantic communicationi
I Mr. I,awrcnre compliment* Ireland in enth*
I eiaatic terma, treat* of the beauty of ita *ccnc rj
I the fertility of ita aoil, and the great re*ourc?
I I of the country yet undeveloped, and tenders hi
I acknowledgment* for the generous hospitalit
I ||rith which he waa greeted on hia recent visi
I hither; and promiaea a eontinnanoe of hia el
I s forta, in his official position, to strengthen th
I i bond* of friendly feeling now existing bet wee
I V that ooontry ami this.
* General Scott for Pretident.
Rochester, Thursday, Feb. 13.
The Whiff convention of Genesee county
' met at Batavia yesterday to appoint eight delegates
to tho district convention. A strong rea1
olution in favpr of General Scott for President,
was adopted.
Chief Justice for Mississippi.
Louisville, Feb. 1*1.
Win. Yerger has been appointed chief justice
for Mississippi, vice Sharkey, consul to Havana.
??m m ?
Declaration of Independence.
Our readers are aware how much interest the
matter of the Mechlenburg Declaration of Independence
has created in the minds of the students
of the revolutionary history of this country.
The Presbyterian Magazine for February,
contains a letter from Mr. Samuel J. B.iird, enclosing
"a scrap of history" from Mr. McRee,
who is represented as a citizen of Summerville,
Tennessee; and " his lady is a daughter of Adam
Brevard, to whom he attributes the Michlenburg
Declaration of Independence." Mr.
Baird states that Mr. McRee gave him the following
statement, at his request:
" Mr. McRet's Statement.?The Mechlenburg
(N. C.) convention, was composed of delogates
from each captain's company of militia,-in the
county oi ffiecKienourg, perhaps two delegates
i from each company. Dr. Ephraim Brevura was
a delegate, and one of tho committee that was
appointed to draw up a declaration of independence,'
to be acted on by the convention. Adam
i Brevard was then a student of law, living with
his brother, the doctor, who. got him to write
i out the declaration. After it was adopted, Gen.
, Thomas Polk read it, at the court house door,
! to the multitude that was standfag outside, when,
\ after hearing it, they raised a shout r.nd threw
their hats into the air. Some of their hats fell
on the court house, and they did not get soo>6
of them off till the next day.
"All the delegates in that convention,and nearly
all the citizens of that section of country, were
: Presbyterians, mostly emigrants from the north
> of Ireland.
" Adam Brevard, from whom I got iny infor\
raation, told me that he took the Westminster
) confession of faith for his guide.
" The above I got from Adam Brevard, and it
i is confirmed by others." Respectfully yours,
July 14th, 1851. James P. McRee.
1 Rev. Samuel Baikd, New Castle, Tcnn.
, O'Connell'a Last Appearance In the House
of Commons.
D'Draeli describes this scene in his " Life ol
Lord George Bentinck
" He sat in his usual place?in that generally
occupied by the leader of the opposition, and
^ spoke from the red box, convenient to him from
| the number of documents to which he had to
[ refer. His appearance was of great debility,
( and the tones of bis voice were very a* ill. His
( words indeed, only reached those who were immediately
around him, and the ministers sitting
t on the other side of the green table, and listen(
ing with that interest and respectful attention
( which becomes the occasion. It was a strange
, anl a touching spectacle to those who retnem(
bered the form of colossal energy, and the clear
, and thrilling tones that had at once startled, disturbed,
and controlled senates. Mr. O Qonnell
was on his legs for nearly two hours, assisted
occasionally in the management of his docu.
ments by some devoted Hide-de-camp. To the
t house generally, it was a performance of dumb
' j..... . ?ij >. u.r ...i.i? .
t biiuw, a iccuio wiu uiukbcnn^ uuiuio a iui;io ,
| but respect for the groat' parliamentary personage
kept all as orderly as if the fortunes of a
party hung upon his rhetoric; and though riot
1 an accent reached the gallery, means were taken
' the next morning that the country should not
' lose the last, and not the least interesting of
1 the speeches of one who had so long occupied
1 and agitated the mind of nations. This remarkable
address was an abnegation of the
' whole policy of Mr. O'Connell'a career. It
proved by a mass of authentic evidence, ranging
over a long term of years, that Irish outrage
was the consequence of physical misery, and
1 that the social eVlls of that country could not
' be s'ucceeafdlly encountered by political reme
dies. To complete the picture, it concluded
1 with a panegyric of Ulster, and a patriotic qao1
tat ion from Lord Clare.
I From the Philadelphia Bulletin.
The Black Swab.?Some people's " geese
' are all swan," and this seems to be the case with
1 those foolish individuals who hare been lauding
r the vocal powera of Eliza Greenfield,in the Jen
ny Lind style, and christening her M the black
1 swan." She Bang on Tuesday evening in Bos
! ton, before an audience who piid a dollar a
' head to henr her, and even in that city, usually
' so con phisant to a dark complexion, there is
' no denying that the made a failure. The Bre
' says of hur:
" The personal appearance of Misa Greenfield
' ia not very attractive. She ia a stout built ne'
greaa, not quite so dark as the Nof.hcrn blacks.
She was modestly altered, in a blue and w hite
brocade. She wore nothing on her he. d but
i what nature gave her. We are told that ahe
I makes no pretensions to be in arliite. and that
he contemplates a visit to Europe for the pur
poae of finishing her musical education. But
netting aside all this we are really it a losa to
discover any peculiarity in the " Black Swan"
that should entitle her to be a "musical won
der." It la true that she has a great compane
of voice, and can aing " Down among the dead
m?r," a* well as she can aing " Ah, dont inin
gle," from " Homnambula." Vot she has neither
taate, method, or atyle. We have far better
aingera among our own black population, and
certainly far more gracefol and attractive per
Miaa Drx.?The Senate of Alabama htve
done one good thing, and done it well, this sen.
sion, and our State looka up. Miaa Dix'a bill for
a State hospital for the insane, which remained
among a good deal of unfinished Knaineas the
last session, in conseqoence of the loss of public
property by the total destruction by fire of our
State capitol, has passed the Senate by an overwhelming
m jorily. The !foo?e will do no
lose, as far as we can see. The people are more
than satisfied. The chairman of the committee
made two amendments last session, vis : appointing
the judges of the Supreme Court instead
of commissioners to locate the site and
plantation, and reducing the appropriation from
#100,000 to #60,000. These amendment are
alricken out, and the first reading of the b H restored.
With one hunlred thousand we shall
have a first rate hospital, and soon it jwill cease
to be necesaary to send our pstient* miles to
have them enred of this drerdful mslady. Our
eister on our north border, Tennessee, is going
ahead, and is opening her new hospital. We
. see that the commissioner* ano legisuunre no
| fall justice to Mi** Dix there. Her n*me, cot
h in an.id granite on the walls, show* that they
. don't forget her or her work*. The fact la, that
a ahe aak* nothing and wi?hea nothing for hert
aelf, and ahe more dcaerres all thing*.? Srmlhgm
? Heaver* th th* South.?A correspondent
of the Natrhea Tree Trader, writing from Co.
piah county, aaya:
"At the place from where I now write, a com
naralirely new branch of bnsines* hna sprnng
n Into existence, m: bearer trapping. Large
i* ndmbera of bearer exiat all along the awamp oi
d Bayou Pierre, and one or two gentlemen havi
n taken them with aucccaa. Mr. Anderaon, with.
" in a few day*, caught thirty five very fine boad
vera, one of them weighing about aixty p >unda
if Theae animate have dammed up an itomenat
i. tract of land, and their work ha* been prepared
i- with a care and atrength pp. uliar only to them
r, aelrea. They hare not been hunted mnch ol
ia late yeara, and consequently their number* have
? increaaed to auch an extent aa to reward thr
^ labor* of enterprising trapper*."
r* A Tall Shot.?Gilbert M. Hears, of Baysida
Talbot county, Md., killed and bagged at one aho
n ?n the 94th ultimo, forty-fire canraabsck and red
I head ducks
Mr. ?. A- MARSHALL. Sole Lnsu?Mr
. W. M. FLEMING, Staqe Manaues.
MONDAY EVENING, February; 16.
First lime in thiii city of the new play, in 5 acta
entitled the BETROTHAL. Mr. COULDGCK
' and Mies KATE HORN have been engaged u
sustain the characters of Marsio and Filippm.
Overture, by the Orchestra. To conclude with th<
, popular farce of the V1RGINNI MUMMY.
Prices of Admission: Private Boxes, $5; Dresi
Circle and Parquette, 50cts; Reserved seats 75cts
Orchestra Serts, 75; cts.; Family Circle, 25 cents
Third Tier, 50 cents; Colored Gallery 25 cents.
Doors open at 61 o'clock ; performance wil
commence at 7}. The Box office will be oper
daily, from 10 o'clock, a. m., to 4 p. m.
An efficient jtolice u ill be in constant attendanci
to preserve strict order. Feb. 16
Baltimore, Maryland.
" Hang out your Banners on the outward walls
for the cry is still they come."
Only look at tkla!
Nos. 34 60 70, the Magnificent Prize of $50,00(
sent to Pittsburgh, Pa.
Nob. 20 54 65, another beauty of $20,000 sen'
to Ohio.
Nob. 17 41 42, a New Year's gift of $12,00(
sent to Boston.
Nos. 13 33 55, a pretty one of $8,000 sent tc
Nos. 3 10 22, a snug Prize of $5,000 sent tc
York, Pa.
Nos. 9 37 38, a Prize of #4,000 sent to Eliza
beth City, N. C.
We could enumerate many other Prizes o
smaller denomination, sent by mail to correspond
ents in various parts of the (Jnil?t States. W<
can trdly say that we have sold and cashed mori
Prizes than any ten offices in America, when suet
is the fact, it is to be hoped that no person wh<
reads this paper will hesitate a moment in sending
us their orders. We will do all we can in sending
you Prices. Should you fail thsfJirst or seconi
time, persevere, and all will be right. Reader
ponder on this advice. Make your hay while the
sun shines. A fortune is within your reach, foi
recollect Shakspeare says "'1 here is a tide in llu
qffairs of men, which, if taken at the flood, leads on U
, Fortune.
Date. Cap'ls. Price of Price of Price of Qrs.
Tickets. Wholes. Halves,
i Feb. 2. $30,000 #10 #130 #65 #32.
' 3. 18,000 5 70 35 17.
> " 5. 5,000 1 15 7J 3j
" C. 21,500 5 70 35 171
7 . 40,000 12 160 80 40
'? 9. 8,000 il> 32 16 8
"11. 33,397 10 120 60 30
"12. 20,000 5 70 35 171
"13. 13,500 4 60 30 15
"14. 50,000 15 240 120 60
"17. 20,000 . 5 60 30 15
"18. 33,000 10 13 ) 65 32j
"19. 20,000 5 70 35 17,
"20. 9,000 2i 30 15 7j
"21. 4,000 1 15 71 3;
"23. 25,000 8 100 5u 25
"25. 30,000 10 140 70 35
"26 . 20,000 5 - 60 30 15
" 27. 15,000 4 50 25 12j
The last, but not the least.
To be drawn February 28ih.
65,000 Dollars.
#32,820?3 of #10,000?6 of #5,000? lOOof $3,000
Tickets only #20?Shares in proportion.
Certificates of Packages of Whole Tickets wii
cost only #300?Halves #150?Quarters #75?
Eighths #37 50.
JLJ" The glorious little Lottery is now drawr
*1 1? -L .a?t. TIIDOUA V rpTirrno
Hirer uiucs 111 rai n wcru, a \j loua I 9 l ll u ivo
$3,000$4,000! $3,000! $2,000! $l,00tfl
Tickets only $1.
A Package of Whole Tickets, containing ever]
number id the wheel, will coat $15, Halves $7,i0
(Quartern $3,75.**
Prompt and confidential attention paid to all or
ders addressed to us.
Prizes cashed immediately on demand.
Official drawings sent by mail as soon as over.
We nay postage on all letters orderinj
tickets. Tickets for sale in all the Maryland Stati
Lotteries on the most favorable terms.
Be sure to address your order to the far famet
prize sellers, MARION & CO.,
Jsn. 30, No. 2 Calvert st., Baltimore, Md.
Pension end Bounty Lend Agency
THE subscriber has opened in the city of Wash
ington an AGENCY for the prosecution o
all descriptions of claims against the Genera
) His perfect knowledge of all the Pension Laws
and the piaces where are deposited all evidence o<
service now extant, will enable him to establish
many claims which have long remained suspend
ed for want of proof and proper attention.
|ie, therefore, offer* to the public his services
particularly in the following cases, viz:
Suspended and rtyected claims under all the Pen
sion Laws:
Applications for increase of pension, under any
of the Pension Laws, whare the pensioners art
dissatisfied with their present allowance.
For all those widows who received, or are knti<
tied to receive, the ten years'pension due on the 4th
./ fad L ILIIO. J iL. ..*. _d* I..I ? I. IdOu
or iYiarrnf jn^n; unurr uic acta ui juij jwi, icuoi
March 3d, 1843, and June 17ih, 1844, being thoa?
who wereanarned before the lat of January, 1794
he will undertake to eatabliah, under the act ol
Fel-ruary 3d, 1848, their claim* to penaiona foi
life, commencing on the 4lh of Merely 1848, wher
their penaiona under the foragoing acta termiuated.
Por all thoae widow* of revolutionary officer*
or ooldiera, who were married after 1793, but before
January 8d, 1800, he will undertake to eatabliah
their claim* to penaiona for life, commencing
on the 4th of March, 1848, under the act of July
39, 1848.
To all thoae widow* of revolutionary peneioner*
whoa* claim* have been rejected or euapended for
want of proof of aervice; or thoae who are in the
receipt of a penaion under any of the penaion
law*, le?a than that received by their -huaband*
under the art* of May 15th, 1838, or June 7th,
1833, he will enaure the aame amount per an
nam that their huabanda received, from the time
the penaion ia made to commence by the law under
which they claimed or have been penaioned
Por the aurviving, or the widow*, or minor child
ren of deceaaed officer* and private*, who aerved
in the war of 1813 with Great Britain, the Mexican
war, or in any of the Indian ware, aince 1790
Term* moderate, where the claim ia eatabliahed,
otkmritr no ehmrgt.
The *ub*crtber ia alno appointed Agent for th?
Diatrict of Columbia for tne BrUith Commercial
I Aft fiuwrmri Company, eatabliahed in 18311, and
tmpowrrea oy m oi r?nmmrni, tor in? innirnnrt
of Iitm and the endowment of children, io London,
New York and Washington city. Capita!
Communications adi!re*sed to the subscriber,
Washington, D. C., will receive prompt attention
Jlltome y end Counsellor at I aw, and Commitmini
oner of [feeds for Ji'nrtk and StnUh Carolina
Washinton Citt. Orlnbr ill, )8i?l ?6taw*
?RY mn IR (HUI1XT01, R. C.
Goods, are happy to inform their friends ant
! customers, that they are now receiving by ever]
arrival from Europe, additions to as complete i
i Stock of Slitnit and Fancy f)ry Good*, as has eve
. been offered in their market. Good Goods an
furnished at lots prices, and those who purchase ii
their city, are invited to examine their Style*
' which will be found peculiarly adapted to thi
, | Southern Trade.
ladies Ifrtss Good* and Pome*tie Fahrirs in ever]
" ' variety of .Vqjvo Cloths Blankets and Plantation
' Dry Goods, a complete assortment. Ilonae Keepini
i 1 artiele* in their line in every variety, together will
i a full stock of Ctusimerei, Vesting*, and Cloths
Also Linens, which will be found free from an;
mixture of cotton.
All articles sold, are guranteed to prove ae re
I presented. Terms Caeh, or city acceptance.
909 Northwest cor. of King and Market eta.
i Charleston, Sept. 9, 1851c Iaw6l
or the
Maryland State Lotteries,
for february, 1853.
F. HOitKIM k Co., Ruagm.
' FOrTe bruary 28th, 1852.
$ 3,000, Capital Prize.
j 100 Prizes of #3,0<0 each.
Class F, ,
* To be drawn in Baltimore, February 28th, 1852.
1 Prize of $65,000 ia 65,000
1 do of 32,820 80 ia.. 32,820 80
1 1 do of 10,000 1
1 1 do of 10,000 Sure 30,000
1 do of 10,000 S
s ' 1 do of 6,000 )
1 do of 6,000
1 do of 6,000 ( ,n
1 do of 6,000 ( * 30,00u
1 do of 6,000 |
1 do of 6,000 J
100 Prizes of 3,000 300,000
109 do of 300. 32.700
66 do of 200 ,.13,300
66 do of 100 6,600
) 132 do 5f 80 10,560
132 do of 60 7,920 .
t 3,960 do of 40 158,400
25.740 do of 20 514,800
30,316.... Prizes amounting to $1,202,000 80
' Tickets $20?Halves $10?Quarters $5.
Certificate of Package26 Wholes $3050 0
> Do do 26 Halves 170 00
Do eo 26 Quarters -..35 00
'Do do 26 Eighths 7 500
JEJp* AH orders from a distance for Tickets, in
f theabove Splendid Schemes will.be promply filled
- by return Mail. Address
f F. MORRIS & CO., Managers.
? T cvr n
J Charleston Preparatory .Tlcdlcal School.
< ri^HE session of this Instiulion will begin on
r JL the first Monday in April, and terminate on
I the last Saturday in July. The different Chairs
, will be occupied as follows :
? Anatomy and Physiology, by F. T, MILES,
r M. D.
e Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by D.J.
, CAIN, M. D.
Materia Medica and Therapeutics, by F. PEYRE
Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children,
by E. BEL1N FLAGG, M. D.
The Chair of Surgery has been offered to a
, gentleman now in Europe, who, it is hoped, will
f accept it. Should he not do so, it will be filled
before the time appointed for the opening of the
\ School.
' Clinical Instruction will be given at the Marine
Hospital and Alms House, by Drs. D. J. CAIN
During the session of the Medical College of the
1 State of South Carolina, members of the class
will be examined regularly on the lectures delivered
in that institution.
The Students will be shown cases among the
; patients of the Teachers, and such as can be taken
f to the lecture room will be exhibited to them and
! explained.
1 The most distinguished Surgeons in the city
have promised, whenever they can do so conveniently,
to perform operations before the class.
Doctors It. LEBBY and J. S. MITCHELL,
1 who have each a large obstetrical practice, will
(as well as the teachers,) give the Students access
to all i^theircases of this description, which
they cat^vith propriety be allowed to visit.
In short, ample opportunities will be afforded
for acquiring practical, aa well as theoretical knowledge
of the profession.
Her mortuary statistics prove that Charleston
!>oasesse* a salubrity of climate enjoyed by very
ew cities in the world, and strangetaare no longer
- deterred from visiting her in the summer.
Board and lodging can be obtained from $3.50
to |5 a week.
, ' Terms, fitly dollars, including examinations
. during the winter. Jan. 27? eowtal
The Great Inveatiea ?f the Age!?MeanSap",
planted ! Gas Triumphant!
T^HE first half of the nineteenth century will be
recorded as iheage ofSteam. It haapassed,
and with it will pass the steam engine with the
f things that were.
t The second half of the century will be known
as Lummuiuiigi uic ag* vi ?ii agtin ucsiiuru
- not only to Ughl but to enuohtkn the world.
This age has now commenced, and with it ia now
introduced the Gaa Engine.
Professor John C. F. Salomon, after twenty-aiz
J yeare of cloee observation upon the experimenu
p of hia own and of othera in atiempta to make the
principle of the condensation of carbonic acid gaa
1 available aaa mechanic motor, haa perfected the
aame .and,havingjuat received letter* patent for hia
"Improved Carbonic Acid Engine," now olTera to
diapoae of right# for the uae thereof to the U. >
State# government, and to individual# or to com.
paniea, the righla of State#, counliea, or citiea.
t The immenae aaving of money at d labor, and
I of human livea and suffering, aecured by the ure
of thia new motor,'will inevitably inaure ita apeedy
, adoption in all places where (team power ia now
f used, and in thousands of other places where the
i great expenae, bulk, and weight of the steam en.
gine has precluded its use.
This nefr motor may be applied to all purposes
, as a propelling agent, irotn the single-horse power
for the cotton-gin to the two thousand horsepower
. for ocean steamers, with the expense laee than that
required by the steam engine, of boilers and furr
nacea, fuel and firemen, and of bulk and weight?
i 1(10 tons weight sufficing for the aame power of
1,900 tons ol the ateam engine.
These facta ars established by the experimental
i engine of twenty-five (tf5) horse power, now
, "working well" at Cincinnati, as noticed in the
i following fronn the Cincinnati Nonpareil of the
, letth instant:
r "We are pleased to etatethat J. C. F.Salomon,
r late of thiscity, haa received a patent for hia motor
I ef carbonic acid gaa, in iu application to an engine.
The successful experimenu of thia invention were
not l.mg since given in tha Nonpareil. The aame
i gentleman haa received another patent for the ateer
ing and propelling power."
Aleo, rights for the uae of hia "Improved Pronellinr
aud Steerine Apparatus." one peculiar ad
vantage of which givea the pilot each complete control
oft he veeeel .independent of the engineer, that
i he ran"nght-about-f?ice"a man-of-war in leaa time
than ia required to load her guns,
i Alan, rights forhia "Improved Spring Saddle,"
i for military and common purpoaaa, designed for
i the greatest possible comfort of both horae and
i rider
. Any information in regard to the above invalui
able inventions, and of obtaining rights, Ac., may
be promptly obtained by addreaing
Attorney and agent for the patentee, 7lh street,
opposite Odd Fellows* Hall Washington, D. C.
/ tOM M loSION ER of Deeds ofNorth and South
1/ Carolina ; Agent for Revolutionary Pens on
Claims, Bounty Land*, and every other descrp
tion of Claims against tne various Depatmenta of
| the General Government and before Congress.
Also, Agent for the British Commercisl Life Insurance
Company; Capital f3,000,(tt)0.
Ice one donr PTrit of Jar Icon Hall, Prnn'
ijlnwi* .fwsw, WstniKOTON, D. C.
P. 8. Refer, if necessary, to the Heads of Departments
and to Memh-r < nngreaa generally.
Knlldiag Assaelallnn an a Hew Plan.
CAPITAL,Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand
Dollars. Shares, Twenty-five dollars each,
payable in monthly instalments of one dollar.
Loans made to members for five years, on security
of real estate,
Books of subscription are now open at the office
of D. N. CALLAN, eaq., P street, near 15lh
street, D. A- HALL, esq., C and !M streets, H.
M MORFIT, esq., 4J street, GEORGE PARKER
A CO., Pennsylvania avenue, near 6th at.,
f and at the office of the Southern Prrn.
rraur itl?i !< (?.
"I HE next session of thin Institution will com-,
I m?nrt on the first Monday in Oct. ai.d ends
i on the (set Friday in July.
- Prof. Mental and Morn) Philosoyhy.
J D. Lee Powell, Prof. Mathematics.
Uuillaiime Richards De Rinrie, Prof. Languages
Robt. J. Morrison, Prof. Mat. Phil, and Chem,
for ten months, (exclusive of washing,)
; IILM).
Professor's fees for entire academic, course, per
' session of ten months, |70. Payable in advance.
No deduction made except in cases of protracted
Those who wish farther information are fe<|uested
to address .
>, | President Board of Trustees.
CtaaluUa Herehants,
WILL receive on consignment, Cotton, Lumber,
Mice, Wool, Cotton-Tarn, Timber
Tobacco, etc., etc,
JCJ** We tender our services to the Planting
Manufacturing and Shipping interest of the South
and will be happy to give any statistics whjich may
be desired for the information of our friends and
the societies formed at the South, fdr the promotion
of the Commercial, Manufacturing and Shipping
interests of the Southern States.
JC^?The Charleston, Savannah, Mobile and
Memphis papers, the New Orleans Picayune, Trut
Delta and Bulletin, will please insert and forward
their accounts to this office.
To tientlemen who Shave themselves.
fvUR customers can now be supplied with the
purest and finest Shaving Soaps. We open
this day
1 gross, large and small jars Roussells, Rose
Shaving Cream.
1 gross, lanre and small jars Roussells, Almond
Shaving Cream.
6 gross, Military Shaving Cakes.
Also, a splendid assortment of Badger Hair
Shaving Brushes.
All the above is genuine and fresh, as we have
selected them ourselves from the manufacturers.
PARKERS Perfiimery, Comband Fancy Store,
under National Hotel.?Nov._
laclfle Ball Steamship Company.?The only
Llue for Callfonla and Oregon.
THE public are informed that, under the new
arrangements of this company, steamers inspected
and improved by the Navy Department,
and carrying the United States mails, will continue
to leave Panama and San Francisco on the
1st and 15th days of each month, unless detained
by unavoidable accident, and will touch at Acapulco,
San Diego, and Monterey The following
steam packets belonging to the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company, one of which will be always
in port at each end of the route, are now in
the Pacific:
Oregon. 1,099 tons
Panama 1,087 "
California .'....1,050 "
Tennessee 1,300 "
Northerner 1,200 ?
Columbia 800 "
Antelope "
Republic........ 1,200 "
Carolina... 600 "
Columbus 600 "
Isthmus " Unicorn
600 "
Fremont 600 41
The new steamship Columbia will ply between
San Francisco and ports in Oregon, awaiting a!
the former ports the arrival of the mails and passengers
from Panama, and returning without delay
with the mails and passengers for the steamer
from San Francisco.
A regular line of propellers will be kept up for
the transportation of freight and transient passengers
between Panama and San Francisco.
The well-known steamship Sarah Sands, o
1,500 tons burden, now under charter to the company,
and peculiarly commodious in her cabin
arrangements, will be kept running as an extra
family boat.
One of the above steamers will keep up the
connexion between Acapulco and the other Mex
ican ports.
The connexion in the Atlantic willibe maintained
by the United States mail sleamsmps?
Georgia 3,000 tons
Ohio .....3,000 44
Empire City.. 2,000 44
Crescent City 1,500 44
Cherokee 1,300 44
Philadelphia 1,100 44
Leaving New York for Chagres on the 11th
and 26th of each month.
The new steamer El Dorado and the Falcon will
form a direct line between New Orleans and Cha![res,
leaving at such periods as will insure as
ittle detention as possible on the Isthmus, and
forming with the Pacific steamships a through line
to and from New Orleans and ports ih Mexico,
California, and Oregon. Passage from New Orleans
can be secured from Armstrong, "Lawrence
& Co., agents at that place.
The fare for through tickets from New York U
San Francisco has been reduced from?
$400 in state room to $330
$330 in lower cabin (b. ...$290
$200 in steerageto $165
The rates from New York to Chagres will be
the lowest adopted by any safe sea-steamer between
these ports
L-.?U out IU. -.-.....I
baggage free, not exceeding io measurement 10
cubic feet.
Freight will be taken to Chagres at 70 cente per
foot, and from Panama to 8an Fancieco at the
rate of $100 f er ton.
For choice of bertha apply at the office of the
company, 54 and 55 Soutn etreet, or at their
agency, No. 177 Weal etreet, New York city.
Aug 13?dly
Adam* a Co. Express Oppice,
73 Camp Street.
ATTENTION is reepectfullycalled to my new
undeitaking as General Agent for all Newopapera.
Periodical Magazine*, Ac., published in
the United States ana Europe. I shall receive
and canntoafor subscribers, as well as collect all
accounts against parties heie and in Mobile that I
may be entrusted with, having had an experience
of over ten years in the Book and Newspaper business
as proprietor of The Mobile Library Depot. I
flatter myself that I can and will give general satisfaction.
The following are the rules that I have adopted :
]. Principal Office to be in New Orleans, where
I shall eonnne myself strictly to the interest of my
agencies alone, for which I shall charge the usual
commission*, or ouch as may be agreed upon.
3. I shall confine myself strictly to the cash
principle accompanying my orders (when a draft
nan lie Kati fnr tlx* aennainl \ wilK a aewk akaelr
when not so accompanied, the publisher can draw
on mc at tight for the amount from receipt of the
jrder, or if requested in writing, I will enclose the
rash its* If and remit, but in all euch cases it shall
be at the risk of the Publisher.
3. Publishers wishing me to act for them are
expected to ftamish me with written authority,
and send me specimen coptsa of their publications
free of charge.
My object ia to establish a General Southern
Ijoeml Agency far Pnbluhm throughout the Union.
New Orleans in a central p ace, commanding the
whole Valley of the Mississippi, Texas and other
Races, making it a point of great importance for
iibiiahera to hare a good Agency for the better
circulation of their publications In the hone
that my efforts in this enterprise will be properly
appreciated and duly encouraged by your favors,
I hereunto annex a blank Certificate of Agency,
which you can fill and return to me by return
Respectfully, your Ob*t Serv't,
Proprietor of the Mobile literary Depot
N. B.?In the* above I do not ask for a sole
agency, but merely authority to receive and collect
AVw Or lean*.?Lumsden, Kendall A Co. D.
Corcoran & Co. J. D. B. DeBow.
New York.?W iMmer A Rogers, H. Long A Bro
James Gordon Bennett, 8trtnger A Townsend.
Philadelphia.?L. A. Godey, Geo. R. Graham,
Andrew McMakin.
Bout on.?C. A V. Putnam, E. Littell A Co.
Wank inert on. I). C.?Piaher AT )e Leon Hon. W.
J. Allston, M C
Ckmrieaton S. C-?Walker A Richards.
Montgomery, Mm.?A. P. Pfieter.
Mobile?C C Langdon, Mm* Balentyne A
McGuire, Mrwri Thadeus Sendford.
Ixmxtvillt, Ky.?W H Halderman, Sam! Hyman
St, fyomit, Mo?Joseph M Field, Ansel Edwards.
lArrrjtool?Willmer A SmithProspectus
of the cuban libera
TOR, a neat Book of 900 octavo pares, illua
trated with engravings. Price 11, payable inva
riably when subscribing, to enable the author to
have it done in the finest style of the'Arts.
: Editors who copy this, and postmasters whf
will frank remittances, are authorised to act ai
agents for the work, and retain 35 per cent com
mission. Confident of the moat liberal support in
this enterprise, I shall endeavor to merit it, and I
close a hnsty penned Prospectus upon the mountain
waves of the Ocean, as well as the draughts
for steel plates re^ tea*.. *ng the author before tht
" Inquisaters," and American Ladies and Gentle
men in Havana, throwing bags of gold as an of
frring for his liberation, upon the desk of thi
American Consul. EDWARD STIFF,
Author of " The Texan Emigrant," aqd late ed
t o rof t ha Cherokee Sentinel," at Cedar Blul
[March 14.
8. gr18w0ld a co.,
(Bucoeaaors to Denial Pratt if Ct*,)
Respectfully informs th? public. thai
thsy are now manufacturing
cotton gins
at Prattaville, Autauga county, Alabama.
> Their arrangement* for manufacturing are exten
sive and complete, which will enable them to furniah
Gina to planters on the moat favorable terms.
As to the superiority of their Gins, they have only
to refer to the reputation which the manufacture
and sale of over 1(),UU0 has acquired for them
throughout the entire cotton growing region.
From 25 years experience, with every facility and
good workmen, iney are confident that they will
' be able to give satisfaction to all who may patron
' ize them.
JCy*Their Gins are warranted to perform well.
Engagements for Gins can be made with their
travelling agents, who will call on planters gene1
rally, or by letter directed to Prullville, Autauga
county, Alabama.
A supply of Gins always on hand with Camp1
bell ft Co , Mobile, and H. Hen dull, Sf Carter Co.,
JVew Or leant.
Rev Fashionable Tailoring Establishment.
Mens' Mereert and Tailors, Browns' hotel, Pa. a tie.,
HAVE just opened their new store, with.a
large and well selected stock of goods for
, gentlemens' wear, such as Cloths', Cassimerea,
Vestings, and Furnishing Goods generally.
Army, navy, marine, and revenue officers, will
find an assortment ofSwords, Epaulettes, Sashes,
Passants, Laces, and such other articles as the
latest regulations of their respective corps prescribe.
An experience of many years in legitimate
? Tailoring?a new and select stock of goods?a
desire to please?with the cash system to protect
: customers against high prices, ore inducements
1 that we offer; and most respectfully solicit patronage
' Nov. 18?tf.
The approach of Congress calls for the renewal
of my proposals and preparations to spread its
debates before the public. The success which has
hitherto attended tliis undertaking it is hoped will
continue, and enable me to perpetuate the full
history of the proceedingsNlnd d iscussions of the
body on which the destiny of the Republic depends.
The adoption of Congress has given the Globe
an official character as the reporter of all that is
said and dons in the body. This sanction has
been voted at every successive session for many
i years, and by members of all parties. The press,
: too, of all parties has borne testimony to the fidelity
with which the duty thus confided has been
Derformed. The annexed notices, taken at ran
' dom from the general expression in favor of the
work, are submitted in proof of its fullness, fairness,
and usefulness. I am compelled to omit,
for want of room, a page of notices which are in
'i'he great celerity with Which the letter-writers
for the distant press circulate through the telegraph
their hurried accounts and views of the
debates of Congress, renders more important than
ever the full and exact official reports of the Congressional
Globe. The hasty, and in many
"instances ex parte, relations by telegraph of what
occurs in Congress supersede, for the most part,
the eyect reoorts taken down bv reporters, and
wnich formerly, in a shape more or less abbreviated,
went the rounds of the press. Now (he
telegraph accounts, with all tneir imperfections
and variety of colorings, take the run of the coun'
try, and no press but the official of Congress ever
publishes the full debate with the proceedings of
Loth HouMaunmutilated. Indeed, no newspaper
can give them, and have room for advertisements
and the miscellaneous matter essential to their existence.
While, therefore, the telegraph administers
to the eager appetite of the public for Congress
news, and meets the. necessities of the political
press, by furnishing a rapidly-written epitome
suited to the taste of its patrons, perfect information
of what passes in Congress is greatly diminished.
The circulation of the official reports has
, been, to some extent, cut otf by the crude and
diversified accounts which, flying along the electric
? wires, satisfies curiosity, and it is almost in vaira
that truth puts on his boots to follow. Still there
are a great many men of leisure and thought who
like to see wl at is actually said and done in Congress,
and to judge for themselves, rather than to
> receive impressions altogether from galvanic bat
teriee. There are others, loo, who, for the sake
of the future, willingly patronize a work which
preserves a full recoraof the doings of the great
moving and controlling power of the Republic.
The undersigned has made preparations commensurate
witn the increased importance of
duty he has undertaken as the only reporter slid
publisher of the complete debates and proceadinga
of both Houses of Congress. The coming session
will probably b? extended nine montha, and
the reports will not be comprised in less than 3500
royal quarto pages of brevier and nonpareil type
?making 4 volumes of near 900 pagee each.?
The reports for the last long session made MM <
royal quarto pages, and were bound in four rol- i
utries, averaging 974 royal quarto pages each. i
1 will publish in the ArpENDiE for the next see- i
aion all laws that may be passed during the see- i
sion, sfoich has not been done heretofore. Although
this will increase in no small degree the
expense of the publication, the subscription price
will be the same that it has been for several years
past. ?
The Dailt Globe will be published during ?he
aesaion on a superfine double my,I sheet. It will
contain the debates as taken down by the reporters,
and as altered by the speakers, whenever they
make any alterations; the current news of the
day, and miscellaneous.matter. The main object
for publistng the dailv papet ie, to enable Members
to aee their remarks in it,and alter them ifthey
shall think proper before they are published in the
CoHoaassioNAL Globb end A return*.
The comeaxtsiomal Globe is made up of the
daily proceedings of the two Houses of Congress,
and printed on a double royal paper, with small
type, (brevier and nonpareil,) in quarto form,
each number containing sixteen royal quarto
pages. The speeches of the Members, in this first
form, are sometime condensed?the full report of
the prepared ej?eeehes being reserved for tne Appendix.
All resolutions, motions, and other pro- i
ceedinge, are given in the form of the Journals, I
with the yeas and nays on every important'ques- i
lion. i
The Appendix is made up of the President's
Annual Message, the Reports of the principal J
Officers of the Government that accompany it, and i
all Speeches of Members of Congreia, written
out or revised by themselves. It is printed in the |
same form aa the Cowsskssional Globe, and i
ii? ?.Lo. sIwmii ?ha an mm numlifr of nAPM
daring a ih-ioii.
During the first month or six wevki of sesi
sion, there is rarely more buatneae done than vill
i1 make two numbers a week?one of the Conosbsttok
al Gi.osr and one of the Appkndii ; but dur- ,
ing the remainder of a session, there ie usually i
sufficient matter for two or three numbers of eagJi ,
every week. The next session will be unusually i
i interesting ; therefore, we calculate that the Cow- |
aecskiowAi. times and Apptwmi together will i
make at leaat 3S00 large quarto pages, printed in i
small type? brener and nonnaretl. We furnish j
complete Indexes to both at the end of a aeasioa. t
We will endearor to print a sufficient number o ,
surplus copies to supply all that may be miscarried,
, or lost in the mails; but subscribers should be t
very particular to file their papers carefully, for i
fear that we should not be able to supply mil the |
lost numbers. ,
If sut*<riber* shall not be satisfied with the
work, the money paid by them for it will be re- 1
funded to them whenever they return the numbers
which have been received by them. I will give
the subscription price for any previous volumes of
the CoMoaKstiowAL Gi.oar. or the ArraMt>ix,and
will thank any person who will let me have them.
I have a few copies of the back volumes of the
CovoacssioNst. Globk and ArecHBix for sale at
volume bound, which it is probable will be {
disposed of soon ; end when they are, they will
then.wo doubt, command at leaat $10 a volume,
as they cannot be reprinted fbr less than that sum.
There are 25 back volumes. .
i c?n. mo.
For on. copy of th. De,t, Oto.? during the ae.1
For ona copy of the 'CoH0?.,f<)W4L OtoM^ ??
luring the aeaaion 3 00
; '?or on* ??P7 ?f Appendix during the
fltasion * ., 3 qq
! mar bvmiu#d hy " ? * mr rwk.
' ?*nk current where a aubacriber reeidea will
be received at nar. 8ubacriptiona ahould roach
i .luhS'nnli'J
i c^no. fV ,l!*T* P*P* *> low that 11
J cannot afford to credit them out; therefor, no I
' I
Loan of the GovernouM U* JUvMvitt & liew I
#6,725,000 to be reimbwu^l with #16,588,610. I
iu?ut or Tin iLictoiiuiDici. I
'PHIS State Loan, contracted in the Year 1845, I
I by the Government of the ELBCToaaTB or I
(Tests, and with the conaent of the Chamber of I
Deputies, through the Banking House of Masses
Rothschild and Sons, consists of 6785 Series o f I
25 Bonds each, to be redeemed by 60 Diambu- I
nous in such a manner that the received Capital I
of #6,725,000 will be repaid with #16,588,610,^1 I
the following 168,125 Dividends :? I
14 Prizes of #40,000 #560,000 , I
22 ? 36,000 .... 792,000
24 ? 32,000 768,000 I
60 ? 8,000 .... 480,000 I
60 I! 4,000 .... 940,001* I
60 ? * 2,000 120,1 f0 I
120 .. 1.M0 .... JgMJJ I
180 ? 1,000 .... }?y?ui0 I
300 ? 400 .... 120,0U. I
600 ?' 5400 - I
1"' .. I
200 ? 140 .... |
100 ?' 135 I
100 ? . 130 ....
100 " 125 .... .UJJJ |
600 ? 120 .... 72,000
4,860 :: loo .... I
37,375 ,. 90 .... I
29,250 ? 85 .... 2,466,250
24:25? :: so .... I
19,250 ? 75 .... t'O*'1*}" *1
14,250 ,, 70 .... mm I
il.750 ? 65 .... W*? I
9,250 ? 60 .... 555,000
15,250 ? 55 .... 838,750 I
168,125 Prizes, amounting to #16,588,610 I
From the 1st of December, 1845, to the let of I
June, 1855, there will be Twenty Drawings, which I
will take place every Six Momha; and from tha I
1st of June, 1856, to the 1st of June, 1895, there I
will be Forty Drawings, at which period ail Bonds I
must be drawn. I
The 1st of June and December of each year I
mentioned in the Prospectus for the Drawings to I
take place, are those of the Series ; and One Month I
after there will be the Distnbution of the Money I
Prize# among th** onde of these Selected Series, |
accuruiug vu i ?p?uius.
The Re-p?j : of the Bonds and Dividends
will be madeV. ..e Chief Electorate Hesse Bank,
at Cassel.
Will take place, by Authorit? or the Got . j
ernment, the Thirteenth Draw ..;; of Twenty
Series, or Vive Hundred Bonds of the ove mentioned
1 n, which must gain in the Distribution
on the >f January, 1852, the following. Five
Hunc - ividends 11
.end of $36.1*10 ...... $36,000
1 ? H-Miai 8.000
1 ? ?.u*> 4,000
1 ? V.taW 2,000
2 Dividens s.MH) 3,000
3 ? .-i?)0 3,000
5 ? <00 2,000
10 ? W0 2,000
20 , *20 2,400
31 , (JO 3,lu0
425 , 15 23,375
500Dividenus a mounting to $88,875
1.?The Tickets see oayabla to Bearer.
2.?The Prizes will tie naid in cash, at the option
of the holder, either in Frankfort-on-the-Maine,
London, New Yora, or in any other Commercial
3.- -The proceedine ot the Drawing will be performed
in the preaence of the Public and superintendence
of the Ruyal Authorities.
4.?The result will, immediately after the Drawing,
be advertised in Uie German Journals and by
Lists, which will be inrwarded to every Share
price op the ticket! for this DUTRTStrriOH.
One Ticket one puunu sterling, or five dollars
The Purchaser oi a certain number of Tickets
enioyi the following advantages, viz.?
Six tickets five pounds st. or twenty-five dol.
. Thirty ditto twenty ? one hundred ditto
Sixty-five ditto forty ? two hundred ditto
Remittances can oe made by Bank Notes,
Drafts, or Bills on Europe, which may be sent to
Messrs. 8. Sties el a Co., 32, Nicholas-lane,
Lombard-St., London.
?LJ~TickeU and Proepectuaearaay be had of the
undersigned Banking House, who has undertaken
the principal Sale of Tickets for Germany and
Foreign Countries, and by whom the Official
List of Drawing will be sent to each Shareholder.
Sept. 26?tf rtrank/brd-on-tht-Maiiu.
.Itlomtys at Lew, ffashington City, D. C.
PRACTICE in tne Supreme Court of .
United Slates, and in the Courts of the Dis
tnct of Columbia ; and attend promptly to all
claims against the United 8taies, or Foreign Governments.
w aihivoton, jrugusi t, ir?i.
Sia t-After consulting many persona interested in
tha principal Rail-Roada in the United States, the
undersigned propose to establish agencies in thia
city and in New York, for the purpose of collecting
full and authentic Rail-Road autiatica and
tuch other information aa will enable them to serve
persona desiring to invest in Rail-Road securities,
or to procure information of any matters connected
with the construction and administration of RailRoada.
They alao propose, especially, to urge
upon Congress a modification of the laws relating
to contracts for carrying the mail, so aa to authorise
tha Post Office Department to contract for
the perpetual use of Rail Roade, and, instead <f
paying,aa now, quarterly on contracts for foti
veara, to advance in live per cent, bonds of th?
United 8ti.tee, chargeable upon the revenues of
the Post Office Department,an amount, tha inre
rest upon which at 6 per cent, would equal th
pavmen's now made.
The government now paya $300 per mile f carrying
tha mail on first class Ra l-R<>a<ie Th
la 6 per cent, on $5,000. The undersigned w>>u.
urge that, instead of paying $300 a n*w, per at
num, the.DeparWner.t?hould deliver, ? Vico>iir?c<
n perpetuity,five |1,000 bonds, heorfllg an tnie
rest of five per centum. At thia rate the eharg*
upon the Department would be reduced from |3l t
to $250 a mile, per annum, and the |50 per n.ne
saved would create a sinking fund which will, in ?
fewyeare.pey oflihe Bonds,sod give iheu e o? suef
rosda fbrever thereafter, free or all charge } i)ierehy
effecting a vaet aaving on the present annual
expenditures of the Po t Office Department, and
a consequent reduction of the rates of postage.
The effect will be no lees advantageous to Rail
Road Companies than to the government. For
inetance, euch a contract would give to the Baltimore
and Ohio Rail-Road Company more than
$2,000,000, which would enable that complete ue
road at an early day, and greatly incraase its business
and profits.
But to meet objections and impress the public
mind with a proper sense of the benefits u> result
from thin measure win require cuimn vi mai
and continued srtive effort, through the press <nd
otherwise. The *r*igned tender their eerricee
to your Com pat expecting a reasonable compensation,
partly nlingent. upon the eucceae ot
the meaeure ; at respectfully suggest the propriety
of your . Jing one or "tor* delegates to
ihia city, on the firat WedetwUoT in December .
next, to corf r with delegates >ther RailRoad
Companies, as to the aeuuls . t.. j opoeed
arrang nent and the beet mode ofb ging the
uhject ' >re Congress.
Shoo : be your pleasure to sceept of our
ereice his matter, we will promptly attend
to all o business, which you, or your Company,
n> hare with ths Post Office Department,
?r other branch of the government.
Hoping to h>ar from you at your earlieat eonrenience,
we.are, respectfully, jrour ob^ senr'u.
R ?2r?Yi fTm lh* ub*"r,b?\ October TJth
I V 1837, from hit reeidenc* on Willow Swamp,
fifcuth Ed into Riear, Orangeburg Dietnct, South
Carolina, a negro man named HOWARD, a hoot
IX feet high, and otherwise well proportioned
and of black complexion, full faced, high fore- I
head, a prominent none, and no whiekeee; hae??f
on one " hn arroe the letter 8, or a mark raaenil
ling i tie had a aoar on the inner ankle of, t
presume, the left foot. He epeaka with pjaueioelitjr
and eaie; ia rather aeaoming inhie addiem,
jret mild and hupible in hie mannap. He it a I
keen, ehrewd fellow, wa ike fa at and quite erect,
and inapt to hear uncommonly much on hie tone
when hurried. He aaid that he originally helonged
to a fhrmer named Joe hue Lee, near Clinton,
in Virginia; either there or Norfolk or Rich,
mond, in that State, I preeume he took up quarter*.
Any pereon finding and apprehending the
enrne, and delivering him nafel v into the hande or
the eubecriher, ah all receive the above reward or
one hundred dollar*, bee idee reasonable expert sea
>. ?*xn.'!Mll-?.

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