OCR Interpretation


The southern press. (Washington [D.C.) 1850-1852, June 25, 1850, Image 3

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014764/1850-06-25/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

0
its part* cohere, the spirit in which it originated
will fc*v? departed, wad the value ut what remains
will not compensate the trouble undertaken
for ita preeervatiori. But above things, the ,
idea of force wielded by a moiety of these Stales !
to coerce obedience from the other moiety, i# most'
preposterous. We may, by a proper and speedy !
adjustment uf this delicute pohu in our relations
with each other, open the uaw leaf of our national
history, with tfle most cheering; prospect of in-i
si-rihiug thereon the peaceful progress of . arts,,
commerce, and manufacture*?the story of a people
wisely continuing to govern themselves bv
the hottest observance of mutual good faith, and
steadily developing the resources, physical and
intellectual, of a noble country. By proving ourselves
unequal to the duty which lies before .us,
we may write upon thai page the last history of '
a splendid empire, whose bright hopes were pre-,
maturely crushed by the unworthy jealousies, the !
unbridled cupidity, or the reckless ambition of her i
own degenerate sous, for future ages to content-1
plate with g?ef and wonder.
1 have not spoken of disunion. Kentucky haa '
not contemplated it. With unswerving confidence
in the good faith of the great l>ody of the people
of other Stales, she continues to rely upon the
maintenance of the Union aa a fixed fitct?an axiom?a
thing taken aa granted. She nmkea no
calculation of its value ; all her political arithmetic
embraces the good and glory of our common country
To peril the Union by any policy which impairs
its value and integrity, will be deemed by
lier people a crime of the deepest dye. To nienuce
its safety and perpetuity by unconstitutional
and oppressive legislation, inviting resistance to
usurpation, is to summon the people whom 1 represent
to look to the security or their hearth-stones
and the honor of their families. To do any act
which should dissolve the Union, would be to
coucentrale upon their heads the horrors which
must attend such a scene. My mind refuses to
contemplate the transformation of Kentucky in
the event of such a catastrophe. I look back upon
her origin, a wilderness?upon her present, a
garden?upon her future, the very centre und heart
of a glorious and mighty nation, claiming sympathy
in the successes or reverses of its remotest extremities,
with all the pride and devotion of filial I
affection. Amid her green-woods, cities have
risen, where enterprise and toil gamer wealth
? ' vt i.? I
irom growing cwiimcixf. ujwn ucr icruw nviun, i
industry sows with the assurance of abundance
in the harvest. Amid her cottages, the nterrv shout
of innocence is heard, and in her churches the
prayers of pious age. 44 Peace tinkles on the
shepherd's bell and sings among her reapers."
Her homes are abodes of plenty, and the fires
of patriotism still burn upon her altars. Were
this Union lost, the bugle would wake the echoes
from her hills, and the martial drum would sound
along her rallies?the pruning-hook would be exchanged
for the sword?the cnurch would be turned
into a barrack?her fields would be trodden by
the feet of soldiers, instead of farmers, and her
frontiers would constantly bristle with bayonets
f>r protection or aggression. It is for her a
proposition to exchange the smiles of peace for
the frowns of war?prosperity for adversity?
abundance for desolation.
I have seen war upon the face of one country,
and whether force be "an army of occupation" or
of invasion, I know that the presence of an army
is a stern and awful calamity. " I am a native of
Kentucky. Never by act of mine will she be
made the Belgium, upon whose bosom is to be reFeated
in America tne contests of rival nations,
behold her interests plainly. I know her people
intimately. Her voice strikes upon my ear from
beyond tne mountains with the authority of paternal
command. She is true to the Union.
When her assembly inscribed upon the marble
from her quarries, fashioned for the monument to
the Father of his Country, "Under the auspices of
Heaven and the precepts of Washington, Ken
tucKy will tie tne last 10 give up ine union, iney
only engraved upon the stone the undoubted sentiment
which throbs in every pulsation of her own
great heart. Her delegation in this Congress,
with unanimity, will lend the sentiment full and
unequivocal approbation.
Kentucky is thus attached to the Union, because
a tie regards it as a Union of equal sovereign States,
based upon equal rights, equal dignity, justice,
goodfaitn, international regard, as well as constitutional
obligation. She knows her own duties
and rights in the Confederacy. She will perform
the one and maintain the other.
Should she be disappointed in her just anticipations
of the course or ner sister States, and a line
of conduct be entered upon by them destructive
of the value of the Government; by an abuse of
power for the manifest purpose of oppression, or
to attack the right to and security of, property
held by Kentucky, as well as her more Southern
neighbors, by a tenure independent of the Constitution,
no suggestion of the proper remedy will
be required by Kentucky. She will be found fit
for ''honor's toughest task," ready to vindicate
her rights, and to redress her wrongs. I hope,
however, that a spirit of justice will preside here;
that a patriotism comprehensive enough to embrace
the whole country will guide our action;
that, by wise and timely concessions to one
another, a patriotic forbearance and regard for
the interests as well as rights of each other, the
landmarks set by the fathers of the Republic
may not be lost sight of, and the Union may be
immortal.
Beautiful Extract.
Stand, 0 man! upon the hill-lop?in the silliness
of the evening hour?and gaze, not with joyoua,
but with contented eyes, upon the beautiful world
around thee! Sec where tne mists, soft and dim,
rise over the green meadows, through which the
rivulet steels its way! See where, Droadest and
stillest, the waves expand to the full smiles of the
setting sun?and the willow that trembles on the
breeze?and the oak that stands firm in the storm,
are reflected back, peaceful both, from the clean
glass of the tides. See, where begirt by the harvest,
and backed by the pomp of a thousand j
groves?the roofa of the town, bask, noiseless, in
the calm glow of the sky. Not a.sound from those
abodes floats in discord to thine ear?only from
the church tower, soaring high ubove the rest, perhaps
faintly heard through the stillness, swells the
note of a holy bell. Along the mead, low skims
the swallow?on the wave, the silver circlet, breaking
into spray, shows the sport of the fish. See
the earth, how serene, though all eloquent of activity
and life! See the heavens how benign through
dark clouds, by yon mountain, blend the purple
with the gold! Gaze contented,lbrgood is around
thee?not joyous, fbr evil is the shadow of good!
Let thy soul pierce through the veil of the senses,
and thy sight plunge deeper than the surface which
gives delight to thine eye. Below the glass of
that river, the pike darts on his prey ; the circle in
the wave, the soft plash among the reeds, arc but
the signs of the destroyer and victim. In the ivy
round the oak by the margin, the owl hungers for
the night, which shall give its beak and its talons
food for its young; ana the spray of the willow
trembles with the wing of the redbreast, whose
bright eye sees the worms on the sod. Canst thou
count too, O man ! all the cares?all the sins?that
those noiseless roof-tops conceal? With every
curl of that smoke to the sky a hitman thought
soars as dark, a iuinmn hope melts as briefly.
And the bell from the church tower, that to thy ear
gives dm music, pernnps uncus xor tne aeaa. 1 ne
swallow but chases the moth, and the cloud that
deepens the glory of the heavens, and the sweet
shadows on the earth, nurse but the thunder that
shall rend the grove, and the storm that shall devastatethv
harvest. Notwith fear, not with doubt,
recognise, O mortal, the presence of evil in the
world. Hush thy heart in the humbleness of awe,
that its mirror may reflect as serenely the shadow
as the light. Vainly, for its moral dost thou gaze
on the landscape, if thy soul put no check on the
dull delight of the senses. Two wings only raise
thee to the summit of the truth?where the cherub
shall comfort the sorrows, where the seraph shall
enlighten the joy. Dark as ebon, spreads the one
wing, white as snow gleams the other?mournAil
as thy reason when it descends into the deep?
exulting as thy faith when it springs to the day
star.?Bultcer.
. A gentleman of Newport, Florida, has recently
raised from the bottom of the famous Wakulla
spring, near that place, several bones of some
huge animal,larger, the editotof the Times states,
than those composing the mammoth skeleton in
the Philadelphia and New York museums. A
part of a tusk was secured, measuring fall eight
inches in diameter, the length of which must have
been eight or ten feet. The bones and tusk were
resting on the bottom of the spring at a denth of i
forty-five Jiei, where they had been frequently ob-1
served with sufficient distinctness to enable the
beholder to determine their character. Further
particulars and a description of the Wakulla
spring are promised in the Times.
A "Manifest Dkktint" Man.?Walter Savage
Landor publishes an article in the London Examiner,
in which he predicts that the United States
will proceed in annexing foreign States and establishing
in them the English language and laws,
until the Union will embrace all fraternities and
flimates*
I
0
THE SOUTHERN PRESS.!1
I
OITY OF WASHINGTON. <
TUESDAY, JUNE 25, 1850. 1
. '
(p$. Mr. Soul*, of Louisiana, yesterday I
commenced but did not conclude his argu- i1
menU in opposition to the coajpromise-and (
in advocacy of his own projet, given in j'
this day's paper. His admitted powers of j1
eloquence and close, compact reasoning were j
both signally displayed in this ctfort. He
untnusked, with sarcastic mockery, the by- 1
pocrisv of those philanthropists, who shudder '
?r _i,r..? 1 -
ai oiii i/i aiavwi y uiiiiv 11 aA,ufj
and insolent on the proceeds of the sales of j'
of the ancestors of those "very slaves, intro- j'
duceJ into the conntry by their forefathers,'1
and sold as u speculation to the Southern (
planters. The picture he drew was a very
vivid one, and no doubt will find its way to ;
the hearts and hum's of the merchant prin- :
ces and mischief makers of the North and |1
East?heedless of the golden rule of " mind- j1
ing their own business." He then proceed- j I
ed to examine and analyze the provisions of
the Bill, and the power it bestowed on the
United States and California respectively?
and raised the question as to the power of
the Representatives of that Territory to act
in two capacities here?first, a; ambassadors
to treat with this Government, then as representatives
of a State under this Government.
Mr. Socle insisted that, by the action of
the bill as introduced, the right of eminent
domain over the public lands in California
would pas's with her sovereignty, and become
vested in her, to the exclusion of the
United States.
To sustain this position, he adduced the
authority of Vattel, and cited the precedents
of the previous legislation in relation to the
Territories.
He further pointed out that the authority
of the United States was only to rell the
vacant lands of California?which lands were
the most valueless of the whole?and that
the mining region would not enure to the
benefit of the country but to that of the State
alone, under this bill.
He gave way to a motion to postpone the
debate, and will conclude his able argument
to-day. We have not attempted to give
even nn outline of this argument, because it
was impossible to do it justice, compact and
omplete as it was in all its parts. At the
earliest possible period we shall lay the
whole speech before our readers, who can
then judge of its m erits for themselves.
(jMr. Doty did not renew his motion
yesterday to take the California bill out of
Committee of the Whole, consequently the
anticipated debate did not take place.
The session of yesterday was spent in discussing
the Land Bounty Bill.
Hon. .Robert W. Barnwell, Senator
elect from South Carolina to fill the vacancy
occasioned by the death of Mr. Elmore,
was sworn in and took his seat yesterday.
Mr. Barnwell is a gentleman of
high character and decided abili y. He
served as member of the lower House a few
years since, and was subsequently President
of the South Carolina College.
Sectionalism?TJltraism?Party.
We make our acknowledgments to the
numerous exchange papers, we have received
from the North as well as the South, for the
courteous and complimentary manner in which
they have, with very few exceptions, greeted
our appearance. No paper, we think, has
ever had a kinder or more welcome reception.
Some objections have been made to the
sectional title of the paper, although in most
cases it has been admitted that its principles
are not in that respect censurable.
The Albany Argus in an article whose 1
general tone is very fair expresses some
doubt as to the tendency of such a paper as 1
this to allay sectional excitement and pro
mote the constitutional rights and interests
of the Union. (
It must be considered that the press of
the United States is principally connected '
with cities and comnfcrce, and that these 1
7 i
abound much more at the North than the
South. Hence, the principal portion of the '
press is by its location and its connections
more or less devoted to the interests of the
North?for it cannot be supposed that such .
a press would not be partial to the opinions
and policy of its supporters and its locality. ^
It happens, also, that the principal Northern ^
cities arc situated nearer to Europe, which
comprehends the chief States of the civilized i ?
world, and those from which we receive the I
g
most important news. . Hence the Northern j ^
papers Irve enjoyed the widest circulation, | ^
although that advantage has been lessened 1
by the recent introduction of the Telegraph.;
Still from these and other causes the intiu- ^
ence of the press of the country has prepon- i
derated decidedly in favor of the North, and ^
has been sectional. The attention of news- '
paper readers in Missouri and Mississippi
is more constantly directed to New York i ^
and Massachusetts than to their neighbors ^
of the South. Hence the whole South has j f,
permitted its attention to be engrossed in an , ^
undue degree with Northern opinions, interests,
resources, and movements.
To counteract this, we propose through hi
this press, located at the seat of Govern- i ?
mcnt, to have a medium for the interchange j bl
and inter-communication of Southern opin- q
ion, intelligence, and interests. The eyes of ol
the South as well as the North are direct- w
ed to this place. Hither comes direct the
news from every State, and hence it can be 3
diffused to al|, Here, then, we propote to
rolled a knowledge of the resources, the
novements, and the sentiments of the
South, and give it a more general diffusion 1
ihrcugh the South. And we shall, we trust,
ifford to our Northern readers more comitate
and impartial knowledge of the South
han they have heretofore received. Of
rourse we shall also communicate to the
South information of whatever in the North
s interesting.
If this does not allay but provokes sec:ional
feelings it w ill be the fault of the offendng
section, not ours. It is too notorious
:l?at tiic North is now, and has been for:
1 long time, the assailant?and that through ^
i large number of the Northern presses, i
the assault has been made. We are happy ;
to acknowledge that the Albany Argus is
me of the most blameless in this respect;
we agree, also, with that paper that such
strife is to be deprecated, but we cannot
acquiesce in its intimation that the best
mode of allaying this strife, of putting down
sectional feeling, is to leave the principal
part of the field to the aggressor.
We regret that the Argus has inadvertently
fallen into the cant of classifying any
portion of the South, with those whom it
condemns at the North, as ultras. This is one
of the worst symptoms at the North. And
we beg to assure the Argusy that while the
most moderate men at the North persist in
this irritating and unfounded imputation ou
the South, or a very large part of it, they
will make poor progress in conciliation and
harmony.
What aggression on the North has been
proposed by the most ultra of the South ?
Have Northern institutions been assailed?
Have Northern territorial rights been
invaded ? Has the admission of Northern
States into the Union according to the Constitution
been opposed ? When the seat of
the Federal Government was located by a
compromise at Washington, slavery and the
slave-trade existed there. The North now
proposes to violate that compromise. It
proposes to violate the Missouri Compro
mise. It proposes to vio ate tne i exas
Compromise, made in accordance with the
Missouri. The North violates the constitutional
provision for delivering fugitive
slaves. At least a portion of the North
does, and it is a very large portion. Now
what provision of the Constitution does the
South, or aifv portion of it, violate or attempt
to violate ? None.
To class, theiefore, any portion of the
South with Northern abolitionists and FreeSoilers,
and condemn both as ultras is unjnst
and absurd, and is a poor specimen of
Northern moderation, anti-sectionalism and
conciliation. We know it is a common but
it is a very weak affectation of impartiality to
split the difference between all disputants,
and to call both of them extreme. -Such an
arbiter would always give the plunderer
half the spoil?the robber half the purse.
Of course in all contests there is, as a general
rule, a liability to extremes. But in the
present contest there arc circumstances that
effectually restrict such a tendency on the
part of the South. She is the weaker, and
knows that at most she can get no more than
justice. She knows that every public man
is looking to the attainment of Federal, even
of Presidential honors?that her own aspiring
sons are too apt to be tempted, to aim at
what is, by the prevailing cant, called a national
reputation, rather than to stand sternly
for the rights of his section: and that as the
North has a stronger Presidential vote than
the South,there is a disastrous tendency to sacrifice
Southern rights to Northern popularity.
Hence there is, there can bi no such tendency
to ultraism at the South as at the
North, and all the history of this country
and of the present controversy but too plainly
proves it. As for any reliance on either of
the existing parties, the present position of
the party of the Argus, tells too us plainly
what that is worth. .The party of the Argus,
for assuming even the position which the
Argus flatters itself was moderation, is left
with one or two representatives in Congress
jut of thirty-six.
As for the plan of adjustment tr'..i<,b tb/
Argus advocates, it is in r.cccrcaxc- \. i'i.
he Argus notions of modunTfin, 1
lave"already expressed cur (f iric'J x;; j
ng it.
A Specimen of Free Speech.
An Ohio pr.per alludes to the late convention
n the following chaste and classic terms?as
emperate as they are true. The abuse of
anguage, and eloquence ?f epithet, have
een very freely lavished on this assemblage
>f free citizens, exercising their undoubted
ight ander the Constitution "peaceably to J
issemhle," by the very persons ami papers
hat encouraged and abetted the Buffalo
Convention?the whole aim and obj.-ct of
rhicb was to trample the Constitution under
jot. Consistency is a jewel ?but we would '
emind these coarse ribalds that epithet is not i
rgument, nor vulgar vituperation strong wri
ing, for in hoth respects an ancient fish-woman i
an excel the ablest editor. Reasoning and ]
rgument aimed at the South we are always i
rilling and ready to meet, but cannot de- j
cend to l> ndy abuse with men who deal in <
iat commodity for the want of better man- <
ers or materials. j
Tbc Ohio Editor says: c
The Nashville Comvewtiqv.?This assent- r
lage of tdaveholding traitors, after sitting nine r
ayc, have adjourned. They tallied about getting i c
p a Southern party?about casting cannons and | v
iillets, and all tnose sort of things that usually r
iske up a portion of Southern gasconade. This 1
onvention has only proved the utter impotency t
!* all disunion movements. The Union yet
ands all unharmed. The people look down t
ith contempt and pity upon this Nashville Con- r
tntion and it* deluded members. They have 1
freed to meet six weeka after adjournment of tl
ongrcsa. This will give them time to cool off. a
Jo tlje majority of these rfc-Sjpeoch" 5
gentry, we would recommend the couplet of |
Pope?
" Immodest words admit of no deft nee, |
For want of decency is want of sense."
Those who aim at strict moral reforms! *
should commence by reforming their own ;
morals and manners, previous to underta-I
king, unasked, that task on behalf either of I'
individuals or communities.
For the sake of contrast we subjoin the j
following frank and courteous notice from a ; j
Northern paper also, in Pottsville Penn,!
which speaks the words of truth and sober- '
ucss: i'
The iNaiiimue Convention.?This body, r
which ul one time it was feared threatened the j I
stability of the Union, adjourned on Wednesday
of last week, to meet again at the same place six '
weeks ufter the adjournment of the present sew- (
si on of Congress.
Its proceedings throughout, we are happy to I
say, were characterized by moderation, good feeling
and a spirit of patriotism. An Address to
the people of the South was adopted, the main i
points of which were embodied in a series of
Resolutions passed by the Convention, and which
contain the peculiar Southern views touching the 1
relative rights of the States and the Generul Government.
They declare that the territories are
the common property of all the States, and that
the South has an eoual right with tin- North to
their possessions. Tney deny the right of Congress
to prohibit slavery in any of the territories,
and claim that the Southern man who emigrates
thither with his slave property, is entitled to protection
under the Constitution, the same us the
Northern man claims for any other species of proP?rty.
_
Richmond (Va.) Times, a print
which advocates the Compromise plan of
the Committee of Thirteen, speaking of
the Nashville Convention, closes its article as
follows:
[The italics are our own.]
Still we are not without hope that the resolves
of that body may have a salutary influence.?
Northern statesmen should reflect that in times of
excitement, extreme men are generally the pioneers
of important movements. It will not require
a very long continuance of the present agitation
to arouse a spirit of resentment throughout
the South. Men of moderate opinions have hith
erco iookcu upon uie corneal ai wusuingiou wun
a confidence, that things would work right in the
end. But the apjturenl perseverance of the Northern
majority in the House of Representatives, in the purpose
of carrying offensive measures to their enactment,
cannot fail to beget alarm and alienation amongst the
coolest and most temperate Southern men. Let the
North remember, white yet there is time, the
great truth expressed by Daniel Webster, before
the people of Boston, that the great security of
every thing prosperous, and great, and glorious, in
the future, is the united love q/' a united Government."
A CARD,
Washington City, June 24th, 1850.
As the remarks of Mr. Soule in the Senate
to-day on the Ordinance passed by the
Convention of California may create, an erroneous
impression, I conceive it proper to
make the following statement.
The Ordinance was offered in Convention
by me, and amended as published in the report
of the proceedings of the Convention by
J. Ross Brown, official reporter, in page
472 of his book. The paper presented to
the Senate by the Hon. Mr. Douglass was
a copy found among the papers of the Reporter,
and believed by me to be correct.
The amendment was, in my opinion, merely
verbal, and I accepted it as such when proposed
in Convention ; and as this copy was
marked as amended, 1 presumed it cotrect,
and did not deem it necessary to examine
the proceedings of the Convention critically.
It was supposed by me that a copy of this
Ordinance would have been forwarded with
the copy of the Constitution to the President
of the United States, by General Riley.
It was published at the time in the Alta
California newspaper, with the copy of the
Constitution, and I was of the opinion, up to
the time of my arrival here, that it had been
republished in the newspapers in the Atlantic
States.
An official copy of the Ordinance was applied
for by the Senators and Representatives
from California, after they were elected,
but it could not be furnished to them prior to
their sailing, as the official records of the
Convention had not been removed from Monterey,
where it met, to San Jose, the seat
of the State Government.
WILLIAM M. GWIN.
North Carolina.?The Democratic State Con"
vention assembled at Raleigh on (he 13th instant,
and nominated Col. David S. Reid ns their candidate
for Governor. From the resolutions adopted
we select the following:
3. Re?olvtd, That the Union of these States, as
formed by our forefathers, is dearer to us than
everything else, besides our vital interests and
honor; that we will cherish it and stand by it, so
long as it realizes in its operation the design of
those who founded it as equals; but that, while
we thus yield to none in our attachment to it, we
are still determined, happen what may, to resist
all palpable violations of the Constitution, and nil
attempts to wield this Government by a mere
sectionul majority, to the-iryury and degradation
of the Southern people.
7. Revolted, That the Compromise, known as
the Missouri Compromise, was adopted in u spirit
of mutual concession and conciliation; and though
the Snuthfbels that it detracts from her constitutional
rights, yet for their love of the Union, this i
Convention is willing to abide by it* and would
cheerfully see ull the distracting questions settled
on this basis.
The Compromise?Will it keep ovt tiie j
Wilmot Proviso??It has been urged in favor of t
the compromise, that the disposition which it
makes of New Mexico and Utah, will forever
prevent the agitation of the Wilmot proviso. In i
the meantime, say the Union and Enquirer, the i
slaveholder! of the South will have an opportu- i
nity to carry their slaves therp, and thus, when the i
time comes, bring them both into the Union as i
slave Slates! This reasoning, as we showed the i
other day, is diametrically opposed to that of Mr. 1
Clay and General Cass. But admit that it were ;
just ; admit that the establishment of Territorial ;
governments in New Mexico and Utah would I
rause the introduction of slavery there. Cnn the 1 {
flninn r?r fhp Tenniiirpp rnnrpive of anv niPthnrl nf l ,
reviving the Wilmot proviso more certain than f
?uch introduction ? Tlis main feature of the Free i
loil doctrine is, that slavery cannot be created in i
^rritory now free, and Mr. Clay ia decidedly
>pposea to the introduction of alavea into any
mch territory! Can it be attempted without at t
>nce reviving the Wilmot proviso ? It certainly
^rnnot.?And yet a great part of the South believe ,
irmly that the introduction of thia proviso would J]
ause a disruption of the Union. The Union '
tewspaper, one of the strongest friends of the
ompromise, itself has said, in view of such appliation
of the proviso, " the time will have come ti
trhen the people of the South can rally as one H
nan against aggression, and they will be justified v
n marshalling all their strength for their protec- ?,
ion." (
We hope that time may never come, as it would jj
>e certain to come, were the attempt made to! i
nake slave territory of these two territories. ,j
rhere is but one way to prevent this state of
hiugs, as far at least as we can see, and that is to
dopt the plan proposed by President Taylor, for
here seems to be little hope of re-enacting th# a
dieeouri ComproflMse.-'-RicAmopd IVKif.
Spirit o( the Southern Frees.
From such of out Southern exchanges as
>ave already come to hand, we have collated
jxtracts, to show the tone and temper of
:heir several sections on the great question of
he day. A portion of these will be found
ippended, and we shall follow them up from
lay to day as our space will permit.
It is all important that the real sentiment
jf the Southern people on this subject should
be properly understood from the exposition
>f their own presses, in order to prevent Ic
gislation based on a public opinion made to
arder in this city. Our extracts are taken
from Whig and Democratic papers indifferently?and
without reference to their particular
bias as to the different plans now before
Congress.
We trust they may be carefully and critically
examined and weighed by all of our
legislators, who honestly desire to ascertain
the real views and feelings of their constituents.
F\ om Ike h\Jeral Union, (Ua.)
Was it ali. Gasconade!?From the day that
the Wilinot Proviso was first broached, or that
any manifestation exhibited itself at the North, of
a determination to exclude slavery from the new
territories, there has been at the South, a uniform
expression of sentiment from all parties and all
classes, that such an indignity ought not, could
not, and would not be submitted to. This has
been the common language in every social circle.
Primary assemblies, irrespective of parties, have
declared that they would resent such an infringement
of their constitutional rights,at every huzurd
and to the laNt extremity. Conventions of Whigs
and conventions of Democrats, as well as Legislatures
composed of both parties, have uniformly
reiterated the sentiment. Well, the crisis lias
come, and whut is to be done? Are those who
have talked so patriotically and valiantly, going to
swallow their own words? By their acts, arc they
going to admit that all they have said, wns mpre
idle bravado; that all their high sounding resolutions
were mere empty gasconade? But some of
them will say, they go for the compromise. Well,
what do they get by it? Chin they, underit, carry
a slave to Calitbrnia? Not one. Can they carry
him to New Mexico or Utah ? If they do, it is at
the hazard of a law-suit, which may be decided
for or against them? And for this glorious privilege,
what do they pay? Why, to get,it they have
to give to the Free Soilcrs 140,000 square miles
slave territory in Texas; to consent that the principles
of the Wilmot Proviso, once so hated and
A-J I . 1 ..L .11 1- . 1_J .1 .
acouieu oy mem, simn oe exienueu over uiui
portion of their own acknowledged territory.
But it may be said, 110 submission to the Wilniot
Proviso is contemplated. True, the "Wilmot"
is an obsolete idea, but the same object is
accomplished by the compromise in another way.
The former was a bold, undisguised, manly assault;
the latter is disguised, covert and stealthy.
Both ride rough .shod over the South;.both deprive
her of her rights; and both degrade l;er by destroying
her equality as un integral part of the
confederacy.
Now we are not disunionists or agitators.
Honestly believing, however, that the South has
rights, our columns have heen devoted to their
assertion and maintenance. They have reflected
the popular feeling, and as we supposed, the popular
will. When the people of the South spoke,
we believed that they meant what they said, tuid
would do what they dcelarcd.
The crisis is upon them, what will they do? If
they consent to the compromise, there is not a
foot of the new territory that they can call their
own. If they do concede, we have but one word
to say. Let them pass no more conventional or
legislative resolutions. "Braggart" will be inscribed
upon all their past acts, and "braggart"
will be the taunt thrown back upon them in all
coming time, when they shall dare to speak of having
any rights at all.
From the Miens Whig, (Gu.)
At the time we go to press, intelligence of its
(the Nashville Convention) final action has not
reached us; though it is confidently asserted that
tho Clay Compromise will bo repudiated, and
that resolutions in favor of the Missouri Compromise
will be unanimously adopted as the
Southern platform. It is the only plutform which
the South can now stand, without usacrifice of her
honor, her independence, and her interests. Let a
firm,determined and united demand forits recognition
go up from the people of the South ;uud if this
shall fail, then it is time to determine what course
to pursue! Let Jigitaiion be the watch ward now.
The North seems determined to agitate?nothing
can check funatical agitation there. Then, why
should the South remain quiet?
So far as we are able to judge; the tone of public
sentimental the South is rapidly changing, and
we believe the Missouri Compromise line will be
demanded as the only basis upon which the question
can be settled. Let the people of the South
unanimously determine upon accepting nothing
short of this, and the question may yet be set
tied.
From the Macon, ((<a.) Telegraph.
The Nashville Convention.?This Conven!
lion nfter a session of seven days, adjourned on
thp 12th instant, to meet again at Nashville, in
six weeks after the adjournment of the present
Congress. We Jay before our readers to-day, the
resolutions adopted by the Convention. The
Address we have also received, but at too Jate an
hour to give it in this weeks issue. The Address
is particularly strong and good. The Missouri
Compromise to the Pacific, is recommended as the
last and utmost concession. The Resolutions
and Address were adopted unanimously, with the
exception of one delegate, Mr. Gohlson, of Virginia.
The utmost hnrmony and good will prevailed
throughout its sitting. Its deliberations
no less than its decisions, were manly, dignified,
conciliatory but firm, and it only remains for the
people of the youth to give the recommendations
of tne Convention a hearty second, to secure their
rights and preserve the Union. But we have no
room to finish all we have to offer on this subject,
in the present number. We will turn to it next
week. "Meanwhile we call upon the friends of
Southern rights, and equality of all parties, upon
all men, that would not debase themselves to a
cowardly surrender of every thing under Heaven
that the enemies of the South would demand, to
rally upon the Nashville platform.
From the .Ingtula Constitutionalist.
The Sot thern Convention.?The extension
of the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific
is recommended by the Nushville Convention, by
which the Territories are to be divided between
the free and the slave States. It is certainly not
an inequitable division, so far as the-frec States are
concerned. Thev have no right to compluin on
the score of its fairness.
The Southern people will sustain this recommendation,
and if carried out practically and in
good faith, will give "finality" to the territorial
question. It is the only proposition yet made that
will do this.
Since writing the above article we have received
? copy of the Resolutions reported by the Committee,
and unanimously adopted by the Convention.
Read them attentively. They occupy
itrong, dignified, and patriotic ground. They usk
Tor the South only what she is entitled to under
the Constitution, and offer a platform on which i
Southern Wtiigs and Democrats can stand together.
Let the South, as one man, stand up for ,
16 degrees 30 minutes, and an end will speedily j
>c put to the disgraceful scenes enacting in Con-1
jress, and the occupation of the Abolitionists, j
yho agitate but to make capital at home, will be .
jonc. We have not room to comment on these I
(solutions this morning, but will recur to them
.gnu.
From the *Vubile, (.llu.) Tribune.
The Augusta Rcpxeblic, a whig paper, says: j
' Wc believe a large majority of the people of (
Jeorgia are opposed to the compromise." We!
mve no doubt of it. In Alabama we believe that
our-fifths of'the population are opposed to it.
From the same paper.
Some of the journals at theNorth, catching their
rtne front the anti-southern journals of the South,
re Mill laboriously disparaging the Nashville condition,
They will have it that it was designed ]
a destroy the Union. Hereafter the Missouri (
'ontpromise will be considered reasonable by j
hesc fellows and their colaborer* in the South. ,
'hey aeem to understand the value of the maxim f
bat "a lie well stuck to is as good as a truth.", t
From the Jackson .Mistissippian. j
The Augusta Constitutionalist, in a well-digested
rficleon Die Nashville Convention, says:
If the-SonthWl Convention wjjl recommend a '
air basis of settlement of the territorial question,
which ahull huve us one of its feat urea The Extension
or the Mmoi'm Compromise like to
the Pacimc, we believe the South can be rallied
to it. Wc believe if the South will agree upon
what sort of a compromise she in willing to take, '
and will iinitedlv declare she will take no less, she
can carry it. The North will accept terms if they
be not unjust to Iter. This they could not well be,
us the South is oil the defensive in this mutter, unci
she could scarcely make a claim thut would not t
huve the Constitution and justice on its side. (
We could carry Mississippi on this issue by
one of the most overwhelming majorities ever cast '
in the Slute.
Congressional.
In Sen atk, Monday, June 514.
Mil. HUNTER presented the credentials of
the Hon. Robert W. Barnwell, appointed by
the Governor of South Carolina, a Senator from
that Suite, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the
death of Mr. Elmore.
Mr. B. being present, received the oath of office
at the hands of the Vice President.
After the transaction of morning business,
The Senate resumed the consideration of the
bill for the admission of California, the establishment
of the Territorial Governments of Utah and
New Mexico, and making proposals to Texas for
the settlement of her northern and western boundaries.
MR. SOULE submitted the following amendment
of which he gave notice on the 3d instant. (
AMENDMENTS
Intended to he proposed by Mr. Soule to the bill
(S. 225,) to admit California as a State into the
Union; to establish Territorial Governments for
Utah and Alto Mexico; and making proposals to
Texas for the establishment of her lYestern and
Northern boundaries.
After the word "Governments" in the title, insert
the words "South California."
Strike out the first, second, and third sections of
the bill, and insert the following:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House if Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress
assembled, That as soon as California shall nave
passed in Convention an ordinance providing:
That she relinquishes all title or claim to tax,
dispose of, or in any way to interfere with the
primary disposal by the Utited States of the public
domain within her limits;
That she will not interpose her authority and
power so as to obstruct or impede any control
which the United States may aeem advisable to
exercise over such districts in the mining regions,
(eifher now discovered, or to be discovered hereafter,)
as may not be included in any lawful grant
iiiriuu ui |Mtvuic iuui\mutt in, ur iu curwuiunuiin,
prior to the cession of California to the United
States;
That the lands of the non-residents shall never
he taxed higher than those of residents;
That the navigable waters shall he open and free
to all citizens of the United States, those of California
included; and
That her southern limits shall be restricted to
the Missouri Compromise line, (thirty-six degrees
thirty minutes of north latitude.)
And as soon as she shall have produced to the
President of the United States, satisfactory and
authentic evidence that the terms above set forth
have been fully and exactly complied witlv, the
President of the United States be, and he is hereby,
authorized and requested, without any fttrther action
on the purt of Congress, to.issue his proclamation
declaring that California is, and she shall
thereupon he, admitted into the Union upon an
equal footing with the originul States in all respects
whatsoever.
Six'. 2. ,1nd he il further enacted, That such
portions of the revenue collected in the ports of
California, as may remain unexpended at the time
of the issuing of the President's proclamation as
uforcsnid, shall be paid over to the said State of
California.
Sec. 3. .Ind he it further enacted, That the Senators
and Representatives elect now before Congress
for the said State of California, shall he entitled
to receive, and shall receive, the mileage,
and the per diem pay, allowed to the delegate from
Oregon, from the duy that the message of the
President transmitting the Constitution ol" California
was received by Congress.
Sec. 4. Jind be il further enacted, That the country
lying between the thirty-six degrees thirty
minutes of north latitude, and the boundary line
between Mexico and the United States, established
by the treaty of Gunddfoune Hi?3^o, uud extending
front the Pacific to the Sierra Madre, shall
constitute a territory under the name of Territory
of South California, and shnll be organized, as
such, under the provisions of litis bill applying to
the Territory of Utah, (changing names where
they ought to he changed,) in all respects whatsoever
; and shall, when ready, able, and willing to
become a State, and desiring to be such, be admitted
into the Union, with or without slavery, as
the people thereof may desire and make known
through their constitution.
Mr. S. addressed the Senate nt length, in support
of his amendment, but had not concluded
when he yielded the floor for a motion to postpone
the further consideration of the subject
until to-morrow, which was agreed to.
After the consideration of Executive business.
The Senate then adjourned.
House ok Representatives.
In the House yesterday, Mr. Carttek introduced
a resolution instructing the Committee on
Commerce, to inquire into the propriety of pass- i
ing a Jaw to compel the owners of steamboats I
and other vessels employed in our inland navigation,
to carry, always, the means of rescuing
their passengers from the dangers arising from
fire, which was agreed to.
The House then went into a Committee of the
Whole on the State of the Union, and taking up the
General Bounty Land bill, amendments thereto
were offered by Messrs. Root, Hii.i.iaro, Buti.k.r,
of Pennsylvania, Evans, of Maryland, Potter,
Bayi.y, Nelson, Houston, Toombs, Sackett,
Caldwei.i., of Kentucky, Mason, Bi shell,
Stanton, of Kentucky, Moore, Giddinos, Conrad,
Crowell, Meade, Duncan, Cobb, of Alabama,
McLane, of Maryland, Williams, Durkee,
Taylor, Kino, of Massachusetts, Haralson,
Hoaci.and, and Venable, all of which were
voted down; the mover of each making his motion
the basis of a five minutes speech.
After the committee rose, the House adjourned.
The struggle over the Bounty Land bill, yesterday,
was strictly between its supporters and opponents,
upon the merits of its general features
and principles, rather than really to the points
involved in the particular amendments, nominally
under consideration. Before the House went into
committee, however, an amendment was made to
induce them to proceed to the regular order of
business, which would at once afforded to Air.
Doty an opportunity to introduce the bill for the
admission of Culiforniu as a State, of which that
gentleman gave the required notice (under the
rule,) on Friday. This is presumed to be almost j
... .....I ...... a(' i I., nrntuuilinn In tlin aairiD Kiul I
' l"" "'iv "" i"?? ........
now before the Committee of the Whole on the
State ot' the Union. Having; been first brought
forward therein, it is beyond Mr. D.'s reach. j
Hence, the movement tliat gentleman designed ;
making yesterday. I
Dot the House agreeing 011 that occasion to the
motion ot' Mr. I nge, to go into Committee ot' the 1 ?
Whole, it can hardly happen that the subject of '
California and the Territories can be reached until y
the Galphin re|?orts, th< special order for to-mor- (
row, 44 in the House "?find the Bounty Lund bill,
the current speciul order in the Committee of the
Whoicon the State of the Union, are disposed of. J
The Richmond Times tells the following: f
A good joke is told of the HotU Barbecue in '
Powhatan. When the guest of the o.tension had f
innounced in his usual emphatic manner, with a
<nowing look at the fair portion of hla audience, f
hat he was a candidate for nothing rxrept matrimoly,
nn old gentleman in the crowd exclaimed, so
hat all the mdien could hear: 41 Ah well I reckon ii
rou can lie elected to th.'it?it tnkr* only onr rotr." r
rhat one, however, as some of our bachelor con- h
cmporame m^y be competent to testify, is some- it
im?a hard to |et. i'
"" ' II ?
correspondence
From our Baltimore Qorrearomdent.
Baltimore, June 24?5 p. n.
Change of Heather.? The Union Mooting.?Mr.
Clny.? tyt Mayor'* Edict.?.1 Young Importer.
? City Mortality.?The Marietta, S(c.
The weuther to-day it at least 10 degrees cooler
lian it wus any day during the past week, and
nir streets areconsequently thronged with ladies
Attired in all the colors of'the rainbow, and glow- I
ing with that sparkling beauty for which the
belles of Baltimore are so {jtmoua.
The Union Meeting ut Monument Square on
Saturday evening was verv well attended, though
the rumor tliui Mr. Clay was to be preaent turned
out to be a very false rumor. Mr. Clay was at
the time spending a few days at Dahorregan
Manor, the country residence of Charles Carroll,^,
Esq., in Howard District.
The Muyor of Baltimore has issued an edict
against street beggurs, all of Whom are to be taken
to the ulms-house by the police and taught to
work for their living. This is a very good
movement, as many of the children who have
been thronging our streets as beggars have been
ascertained to be the children of parents who *
spend their time in idleness and debauchery, on
the pennies picked up by them during their
rumbles through the city. Many of then) also
enter houses to beg und steal everything that they
can lay their hands upon.
A young man, representing himself to be the
son-in-law of the Hon. Jofin C. Calhoun, has
bepn imposing himself upon the merchants of
Philadelphia iu the purchase of goods. He was,
however, discovered to be an imposter before he
had time to secure his purchases.
The health of Baltimore continues very good,
considering the heat of the weather, and the commencement
of the fruit season. The Board of
T_T 1*1. < 01 /IM-Iiks !.A ..r^Ah aV
rrraiiii icjjuii 01 uccimn umui^ uic jmnv wccr, ui
which number f>l were under 10 yearn of age.
The details of the news from California, by the
steamer Cresent City, is looked for with much
interest. She in also supposed to have the mails
011 board, brought by the Isthmus, though the despatches
do not say whether she has brought them
or not.
The Baltimore Market continues-steady. The
salcsof Howurd street flour this morning amounted
to 1000 bis. at $5.25. Thirteen thousand bushels
of Maryland white wheat were sold at $1.30,
and 1800 bushels red at $1.10. Sales of yellow
corn at 62, and of white at 5',1 a 60.
The offering of beef cattle at the scales to-day,
amounted to 9f>0 head, of which 540 were sold to
a
city butchers, 400 driven oft", and 100 left unsold.
Prices ranged from $2.50 to $4 per 100 lbs. on the
hoof, equal to $5.00 a $7.75 net, and averaging
$3.25.
New Oh lean*, June 21.
True Bill found against General Lopez and other
Cuba Invaders;
The grand jury, to-day, sitting as a grand inquest
for the United States, found a true bill
against Gen. Lopez, Mr. Hcgar, of Louisiana,
Governor Quitman. Judtre C. Pineknev. Mr.
Smith, of Mississippi, Kx-Senator Henderson,
Mr. 0'Sullivan, former editor of the Democratic
Review, and ten others of the expeditionists
against Cuba. They are indicted for the otfenre
prescribed by the/ laws of our country in reference
to the matter in question. Thev have been
held to bail for irittl before the U. S. Court
Late from Ifavana and Guadaloupe.
^ Neiv York, June 24,1850.
By an urrivnl at this port, there hoa been received
later advices from Guadeloupe, which confirm
the burning of that place. Several of the
blacks have been shot.
By the brig Rapid, from Havana, we learn that,
the trial of the prisoners captured during the
Lope/, insurrection is still going on.
It was the general impression that they would
he acquitted, if the Dili ted .Stales'Government demanded
it, especially those who were*captured on
Woman's Island. The U. S. sloops of warGermnntown
and Albany were lying off the harbor.
Several of the prisoners captured by the Spaniards
have since died.
Cincinnati, June 22.
The Cholera at Nashville.?The cholera is
at Nashville. There were six cases and three
deaths on Wednesday last, and three new cases
yesterday.
I.ate from California?.Irrival rf the Crescent City?
Great Fire at San Francisco?Discovery rf mere
Gold Mines, S,-r.
New York, June 24, 12 M.
The ateamihip Crescent City arrived here this
morning at an early hour from Chagres, bringing
inte and important news from California.
The city of San Francisco has again been
visited by an extensive conflagration, destroying
full one-third of the buildings in the city. The
loss is said to be $500,000.
The news from the mines is said to be very
favorable. The miners were doing a fine business,
and some new placers have been discovered
that exceed in richness anything before dreamt of.
The Crescent brings about $'250,000 in gold
dust, and 156 psr.sengers.
The steamer Isthmus arrived at Panama on the
16th inst., having left San Francisco on the 15th
ult., bringing the mails, $300,000 in gold dust,
and 134 passengers.
The steamer New World arrived at Panama on
the 7th inst., and was to sail soon for San Francisco.
New York, June 24, P. M.
The weather here is fine to-day.
Sales of U. S. New I,oan of 1867 at Saturday's
prices.
A moderate business has been done in flour.
We note sales of Southern at $5.44 a $5.56.
The Cotton is firm, and small sales arc making
at the figures of Saturday.
The Grain market has undergone no change.
Provisions about the same.
Awfully Destructive Calamity.?The crevasse
in Grand Levee, Point Coo pee, of which
accounts were published in our yesterday evening's
edition, will, we fear, prove one of the most
disastrous and calamitous events which has taken
Clacc in Louisiana for many yeara past. This
reak occurs at a point where the river has long
indicated a tendency to break through to the sea,
in a direction which would he less than one-half
the dial .nice it is now compelled to mennner, oetlnc
it readies its dentinutiou. ~ln other words, the
distance flom the Grand Levee, in Point Coupee,
to the sea shore, by a straight line, would belittle
nore than one-third the distance flrom that point
o ihe L'alize. This tendency of the Mississippi
awards lilt sea shore, litis been developing itself
very year, until, by the unfortunate and unwise
ct of cutting the Ilaccourci C'ut-oft", the whole
Of rent was brought down with such mighty pros
ure, that gradually all tlie barriers erected in
'ointe Coupee have given way; and even preious
to this break in tne Grand Levee, nearly one
ialf of the pariah had been put under water.?,V.
?. Delta, Jnnc 14. t
ArpoiVTMEKTS by the President, fcjf and tcilk
he consent nf' the Senali.?Charles R. Webster,
o be Consul of the United States for Tehuantelecand
Huatnleo, in Mexico; Wm. Tudor Tucker,
o he Consul of the United States for Bermuda;
idniund Flag?, to he Consul of the United States
or the port of Venice, in Austria.
Anson Dart, to he superintendent of Indian Afiiirs
in the Territory ol Oregon
The quantity of sugar manufactured in France,
* greatly on the increase. Beet root is the mateial.
There are 288 manufactories, and the num- *
*r of pounds produced up to this time, this year,
? almost double what it w?a for the correspondig
season last year.

xml | txt