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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, July 26, 1850, Image 4

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At k large meeting oi S&UthdM tneffibers s
ol bsffh Houses of Congress, held at the Cap- v.
itol on the evdhing of the 7th ultimo, the ^
Hon. Hopkins L. Turner of Tennessee, ^
having been appointed Chairman at a pre- g|
vious meeting, took the Chair; and, on motion ^
ol the Hon. David Hubbahd, of Alabama, ,
tfce Hon. William J. Alston, of Alabama, |j
was appointed Secretary. l
Whereupon, the Hon. A. P. Butler, of g
S<>uth Carolina, from the committed appoint- ^
er'. at a preliminary meeting, reported an Ad- j
diess to the Southern people, recommending
the establishment, at Washington City, of a ^
m wspaper, to be devoted to the support and
d< fence of Southern interests; which was ||
read, and with some slight modifications, y
? adopted. ^
The. following resolution was offered by n
the Hon. Thomas L. Clinoman, of North j
Carolina, and unanimously adopted by the Q
meeting. o
Iteaolved, unanimously, That the committee, in
publishing the AtUireae, be inatructed to give with it .
the tiAiue* of the Senators and Representatives in 11
C?wipress w bo concur in the pmpneition to establish n
the Southern Organ, as manitested by their subscriptions
to the several copies of the plan in circulation, ?
or who may hereafter authorise said committee to in- fa
chide their names. J
Maryland.?Senator: Thomas G. Pratt, g
Virginia.?Senators: R. M. T. Hunter, ii
J. M. Mason. Representatives: J. A. ii
Seddon, Thos. H. Averett, Paulus Powell, r
R. K. Meade, Alex. R. Holladav, Thos. t
ft* Bocock, H. A. Edmundson, Jeremiah c
Morton. f
North Carolina.?Senator: Willie P. I
Mangum. Representatives: T. L. Cling- i
man, A. W. Venable, W. S. Ashe. I
South Carolina.?Senators: A. P But- '
ler, F. H. Elmore. Representatives: John <
McQueen, Joseph A. Woodward, Daniel |
Wallace, VVm. F. Colcock, James L. Orr, J
Armistead Burt, Isaac E. Holmes. (
Georgia.?Senators: John McP. Berrien, 1
William C. Dawson. Representatives: Jo :
seph W. Jackson, Alex. H. Stephens, Rob- t
ert Toombs, H. A. Haralson, Allen F. s
Owen. (
Alabama.?Senator: Jeremiah Clemens. <
Representatives: David Hubbard, F. W. s
Bowdon, S. W. Inge, W. J. Alston, S. i
W. Harris.
Mississippi.?Senator. Jefferson Davis. ]
Representatives: W. S. Featherston, Jacob i
Thompson, A. G. Brown, W. W. Mc- !
Louisiana.?Senators: S. U. Downs, I
Piorre Soule. Representatives: J. H. Har- J
manson, Emile La Sere, Isaac E. Morse. I
Arkansas.?Senators: Solon Borland, W. \
Sebastian. Representative: R. W. Johnson.
Texas.?Representatives: Vol. E. How- \
ard, D. S. Kaufman. r
Missouri.?Senator: D. R. Atchison, u
Representative: James S. Green. t
Aen/Mclfcy.-'-RepreBentatives: R. H. Stan- p
ton, James L. Johnson. p
Tennessee.?Senator: Hopkins L. Tur- t
ney. Representatives: James H. Thomas, ?
Frederick P. Stanton, John H. Savage, n
- - I-. . Ti . T-V n
J-'lorida.?senators: jacKson iviorion, v. i
L. Yulee. Representative: E. Carrington c
Cabell. J"
And upon motion, the meeting adjourned. ti
HOPKINS L. TURNEY, Chairman. 1
Attest : "
Wm J. Alston, Secretary. p
71, p committee to which was rejerred the !s
duty of preparing an Address to the peo- 11
pie of the slaveholding States upon the
subject of a Southern Organ, to be estab- b
Imbed, in the City of Washing ton, put c
Jorth the following : si
.Fellow-citizens : A number of Sena- ti
tors and Representatives in Congress from si
the Southern States of the Confederacy deep- si
ly impressed with a sense of (he dangers P
which beset those States, have considered b
carefully our means of self-defence within ti
the Union and the Constitution, and have t<
come to the conclusion that it is highly impor- f<
tant to establish in this city a paper, which, si
without reference to political party, shall be n
devoted to the rights and interests of the p
South, so far as they are involved in the ques- d
tions growing out of African slavery. To ti
establish and maintain such a paper, your a
support is necessary, and accordingly we o
address you on the subject. p
In the contest now going on, the consti- p
tutional equality of fifteen States is put in tl
question. Some sixteen hundred millions u
worth of negro property is involved directly, o
and indirectly, though not less surely, an in- fc
calculable amount of property in other forms, ii
But to say this is to state less than half the t
' 1 \r :_i ?
doom mat nangs over you. x our sucim ?
forms ami institutions?which separate the
European and the African races into distinct
classes, end assign to each a different sphere
in society?are threatened with overthrow
Whether the negro is to occupy the same
social rank with the white man, ahd enjoy
equally the rights, privileges, and immunities
of citizenship?in short, all the honors
and dignities of society?is a question of
greater moment than any mere question ol
property can be.
&uch is the contest now going on?a contest
in which public opinion, if not the prevailing,
is destined to be a most prominent
force ; and yet, no organ of the united inter
ests of those assailed has as yet been established,
nor does there exist any paper
which can be the common medium for an
interchange of opinions amongst the Southern
States. Public opinion, as it has been
formed and directed by the combined influence
of interest and prejudice, is the force
which has been most potent against us in
th?? war now going on against the institution
of negro slavery; and yet we have taken
no elfectual means to make and maintain
that issue with it upon which our safety
and perhaps our social existence depends.
Whoever wPl look to the history of this
3uestion, and to the circumstances uner
which we are now placed, must see
that our position is one of imminent danger,
and one to be defended by all the means,
moral and political, of which we can avail
ourselves in the present emergency. The
warfare against African slavery commenced,
as is known, with Great Britain, who, after
having contributed mainly to its establishment
in the New World, devoted her most
earnest -tforts, for | urposes not yet fully explained,
to its abolition in America. How
wisely this was done, so far as her own colonies
were concerned, time has determined;
and all comment upon this subject on our
part would be entirely superfluous. If,
Itfiwevi-r h*r niirnmn woo r/?r>rh and em
bnrraw us on this subject, her efforts have
not been without success. A common origin
a common language, have made the Knglish
literature ours to a great extebt, and the
1orit t/f ebfl Itritiih Government and people t
i tnonld the public opinion of all who i
wak the English language, have not been <
iin or fruitless. On the contrary, they i
ive been deeply felt wherever the Eng- i
jh language is spoken; and ths more ,1
ficient and dangerous, because, as yet, <
te South has taken no steps to appear and
lead at the bar of the world, before which
le has been summoned, and by which she
as been tried already without a hearing,
iecured by constitutional guaranties, and
^dependent ot all the world, so far as its
omestic institutions were concerned, the
louth has reposed under the conciousuess
f right and independence, and toreborne to
lead at a bar which she knew had no jurisiction
over this particular subject. In this
ire have been theoretically right, but pracically
we have made a great mistake. All
leans, political, diplomatic, and literary,
ave been used to concentrate the public
pinion, not only of the world at large, hut
four own Country, against us; and resting
pon the undoubted truth that our domestic
mstitutions were the subjects ot no Government
but our own local Governments, and
oncerned no one but ourselves, we have
ieen passive under these assaults, until
anger menaces us from every quarter. A
;reat party has grown up, and is increasing
n the United States, which seems to thinK
t a duty they owe to earth and heaven to
nake war on a domestic institution upon
vhich are staked our property, our social
>rganization, and our peace and safety.
Sectional feelings have been invoked, and
:hose who wield the power of this Government
have been tempted almost, if not quite,
ueyond their power of resistance, to wage a
war against our property, our rights, and
>ur social system, which, if successfully
prosecuted, must end in our destruction.
Kvery inducement?the love of power, the
lesire to accomplish what are, with less
ruth than plausibility, called "reiorms"?
ill are ottered to tempt them to press upou
hose who are represented, and, in fact,
teem to be an easy prey to the spoiler. Our
sqality under the Constitution is, in effect,
lenied; our social institutions are derided
md contemned, and ourselves treated with
contumely and scorn through all the: avennes
which have as yet been opened to the public
opinion ol the world. That these
assaults should have had their effect is not
surprising, when we remember that, as yet,
ive have offered no organized resistance to
:hem, and opposed but little, except the isoated
efforts of members of Congress, who
lave occasionally raised their voices against
vhatthey believe to be wrongs and injustice.
It is time that we should meet and mainain
an issue, in which we find ourselves inolved
by those who make war upon us in
egard to every interest that is peculiar to
is, and which is not enjoyed in common with
hem, however guarantied by solemn comlact,
and no matter how vitally involving our
irosperity, happiness, and safety. It is time
hat we should take measures to defend ourelves
against assaults which can end in
othing short of our destruction, if we oppose
o resistance to them. Owing to accidental
ircumstances, and a want ol knowledge of :
le true condition of things in the Southern <
tates, the larger portion of the press and of '
re political literature ol the wotld has been |
irected against us. The moral power ol
ublic opinion carries political strength along
nth it, and if against us, we must wrestle
nth it or faQ. If, as we firmly believe, truth
i with us, there is nothing to discourage us
isuch an effort,*
The eventual strength of an opinion is to (
e measured, not by tne number who may 1
hance to entertain it, but by the truth which 1
ustains it We believe?nay, we know, that <
uth is with us, and therefore wa should not 5
brink from the contest. We have too much
faked upon it to shrink or to tremble?a 1
roperty interest, in all its forms, ofincalcu- 1
ible amount and value ; the social organiza- !
on, the equality, the liberty, nay, the exis- 1
?nce of fourteen or fifteen States of the Con- 1
?deracy?all rest upon the result of the 1
truggle in which we are engaged,. We
rust maintain the equality of our political
osition in the Union ; we must maintain the 1
ig-.iity and respectability of our social posi- 1
ion before the world ; and must maintain !
nd secure our liberty and rights, so far as |
ur united elforts can protect them ; and, if 1
ossible, we must effect all this within the f
ale of the Union, and by means known to J
je Constitution. The union of the South 1
pon these vital interests is necessary, not 4
.QnufK litifr nprKrmc I
111y 1UI VlIO SUIVC 1/i nil/ wvuiiij j/v. .,?p, ,
>r the sake of the Union. We have great
aterests exposed to the assaults, not only ol
he world at large, but ol those who, constiuting
a majority, wield the power of our
iwn confederated States. We must defend
hose interests by all legitimate means, or
;lse perish either in or without the ellort. To
make successful de'ence, we must unite with
jach other upon one vital question, and make
the most of our political strength. VVe must
lo more?we must go beyond our entrenchments,
and meet even the more distant and
ndirect, but by no means harmless assaults,
which are directed against us. We, too,
;an appeal to public opinion. Our assailants
ict upon theory, to their theory we can oppose
experience. They reason upon an
imaginary state of things to, this we may
appose truth and actual knowledge. To do
this, however, we too must open up avenues
to the public mind ; we, too, must have an
wgan through which we can appeal to the
world, and commune with each other. The
want of such an organ, heretofore, has been
perhaps one of the leading causes of our prelent
There is no paper at the Seat of Government
through which we can hear or be heard
:airly and truly by the country. There is a
japer here which makes the abolition of slavery
its main and paramount end. There
ire other papers here which make the mainenance
of political parties their supreme and
ontrolling object, but none which consider
he preservation of sixteen hundred millions
)f property, the equality anu iiDcrix 01 ioureen
or fifteen States, the protection of the
white man against African equality, as paramount
over, or even equal to, the maintenance
of some political organization which is
to secure a President, who is an object o(
interest not because he will certainly rule, or
perhaps ruin the South, but chiefly for the
reason that he will possess and bestow office
and spoils. The South has a peculiar position,
and her important rights and interests
are objects of continual assault from the majority;
and the party presi, dependent as it
is upon that majority tor its means of living,
will always be found laboring to excuse the
assailants, and to paralyze all etlorta at resistance.
How is it now? The abolition party
can always be heard through its press at
the Scat of Government, but through what
tfgan err pre? ft W?t?m%Urn e?n Scmtbtn
men communicate with the world, or with (
such other, upon their own peculiar interests?
So far from writing, or permitting
anything to be written, which is calculated 1
to defend the rights of the South, or state its j
case, the papers here are engaged in lulling (
the South into a false security, and in man- i
facturing there an artificial public sentiment, 1
suitable for some Presidential platform, t
though at the expense of any and every in- <
terest you may possess, no matter how dear i
or how vital and momentous. j
This state of things results from party ob- ,
ligations and a regard to party success. And <
they but subserve the ends of their estab- '
lishment in consulting their own interests, j
and the advancement of the party to which |
they are pledged. You cannot look to them i
as sentinels over interests that are repugnant 1
to the feelings of the majority of the self- (
sustaining party. i
In the Federal Legislature the South has i
some voice and some votes; but over the public
press, as it now stands at the Scat of (
Government, the North has a controlling in- i
fiuence. The press of this city takes its !
tone from that ol the North. Even our
Southern press is subjected, more or less, to ,
the same influence. Our public men, yes,
our southern men, owe their public standing
on,l roniitatinn tnn nften to the commendation
""" ?
and praise of the Northern press. Southern
newspapers republish from their respective
party organs in this city, and in so doing,
reproduce?unconscious, doubtless, in
most instances, of the wrong they do?the
northern opinion in regard to public men
and measures. How dangerous such a state
of things must be to the fidelity of your re- .
presentatives it is needless to say! They <
are but men, and it would be unwise to sup- 1
pose that they are beyond the reach of temp- .
tations which influence the rest of mankind.
Fellow-citizens, it rests with ourselves to <
alter this state of things, so far as the South
is concerned. We have vast interests, which
we are bound, by many considerations, to
defend with all the moral and political means
in our power. One of the first steps to this
Sreat end is to establish a Southern Organ
here, a paper through which we may commune
with one another and the world at
large. We do not propose to meddle with
political parties as they now exist; we wish
to enlist every southern man in a southern
cause, and in defence of southern rights, be
he Whig or be he Democrat. We do not
propose to disturb him, or to shake him in
h.o nnrtir rol-lflnnj All that WP ask is. that
he shall consider the constitutional rights of 1
the South, which are involved in the great
abolition movement, as paramount to all
party and all other political considerations. 1
And surely the time has come when all 1
southern men should unite for the purpose of
self-defence. Our relative power in the i
Legislature of the Union is diminishing with i
every census; the dangers which menace us J
are daily becoming greater; ar?d, the chief in- ,
strument in the assaults upon us is the public.,i
press, over which,owing to our supineness, the
North exercises a controlling influence. So j
far as the South is concerned, we can change ,
and reverse this state of things. It is not .
[o be borne, that public sentiment at the South
should be stilled or controlled by the party [
Let us have a press of our own, as the
North has, both here and at home?a press ,
which shall be devoted to Southern rights, i
and animated by Southern feeling; which
shall look not to the North but the South fur !
the tone which is to pervade it. Claiming
our share of power in Federal Legislation, let ?
us also claim our share of influence in the
press, of the country. Let us organize in f
every Southern town and county, so as to i
send this paper into every house in the land.
Let us take, too, all the means necessary to
maintain the. paper by subscription, so as to
increase its circulation, and promte the
spread of knowledge and truth. Let every
portion of the South furnish its full quota of ,
talent and money to sustain a paper which
ought to be supported by all, because it will
be devoted to the interest of every Southern
man. It will be the earnest effort of the
committee who are charged with these arrangements,
to procure editors of high talent
and standing; and they will also see that the |
taper is conducted without opposition, and v
A-ithout rejerence to the political parties of "
he day. With these assurances, we feel a
ustified in calling upon you, the people of
he Southern States?to make the necessary v
slTorts to establish and maintain the proposed c
)aper. ,
I, i i_j c
An association of sixty-three Members of Congress,
Senators and Representatives, have constituted the j
undersigned a Committee to superintend the esta- .
blishmenl of a Southern Piess at Washington City, (
to be devoted to the exposition and defence of Southern
Rights and institutions?the dissemination of
correct information as to Northern Policy, and the (
course of Political affairs generally, without reference
to the old party lines of Whig and Democrat. Arrangements
are now in progiess, promptly to ensure (
the issue of such a paper under the title of (
for the conduct of which, suitable Editors have been ,
engaged, who will also receive the aid of a number ,
of eminent and and able contributors.
There will be a daily, a tri-weekly, and a weekly
issue?the latter to contain substantially, the same |
matter as the former, and intended to reach those ,
points of the country whose mail facilities arc limited.
The paper will not be exclusively political?but
will embrace on its broad sheet tho General News of
the day, Domestic and Foreign, by mail and telegraph
; Commercial and Agricultural Intelligence,
Literary Criticisms, Original Essays, Literary and
Miscellaneous; and, in short, all those items of
general interest, the collected aggregate of which
constitute* the interesting and valuable Newspaper.
Ureat care will be taken to give full and correct
Reports of the Proceedings and Debates in both
Houses or Congress, as well as the action of the
local 1 legislatures on the Southern question.
A limited number only of Advcitisements will be
received?the mai* object being to furnish a large
amount of reading matter.
The papi r will be printed on a sheet equal in size
to those of the other Washington papers, and the material
will be procured especially lor the purpose.
It is confidently hoped that every true friend to the
South will aid in procuring subscribers, and forward
tlic names, with the amount subscribed, to some
Southern Kcpiescntative at Washington, forthwith.
Postmasters are authorised hy law to remit subscriptions
tree of postage.
For Daily?the price will be per annum, - J10.00
For Tri-weekly during the Session of Congress,
and Semi-weekly during the recess, - 5 00
Weekly paper, - - - - - '2 00
The price of subscription must lie paid invariably
in edvance, and the cash accompanying the name
All persons procuring ten names shall be entitled to
receive a copy gratis for one year.
"j ' i'.. *1
The Southern Quarterly Review.
^ommenceu oh the 1*t or April, 1850, * j
Walker dt Richards, Proprietor* tr Publishers, j
TERMS?$5.00 p?r annum, payable in ad- !
The publisher* of the Soitthern Quarterly
Ikview beg leave to entreat the attention of tlie
lublic to that Work, to return thanks for the inrariable
indulgence which haa smiled upon its
irogress hitherto, and to expreaa the hope that
.his countenance will not be withdrawn, now that
he publication, passing from the hands of the
ormer publisher into their own, makes, as it
ivere, a fresh start in the pursuit of a well known
orogess. They cannot allow themselves to doubt,
hat?with all their former contributors, with the
Addition of many new ones, not less valuable and
listinguished?under the conduct still of Mr. W.
jilmohe Simmh, its sole Editor during the past
year?and with the assurance which the subscriaers
now beg leave to give, that the work will be
henceforward issued in a style very superior to
that of the past, on better paper, with a fine new
type, and with a regard to neatness and finish,
which will leave it second to none in the country?
they will continue to receive that patronage which
thair own endeavor and the claims of such an organ
seem reasonably to demand.
The writers for the Review include the greater
nnmber of the best and widest names of the
country. Tbey represent vhe highest literary
talent of the South, and reflect truly, with n native
earnestness, force, and fidelity, the real policy
and the peculiar institutions of our section.
We entreat the people of the South, who feel
the importance of such a periodical as the Review,
to e7.cuse its deficiencies, and generously lend
themselves to its assistance. With their countenance
and concurrence, it can become the established
organ of domestic opinion?the champion
of our rights and character abroad?the guide and
counsel to intellectual progress and proper taste
at home?the arena in which the better minds of
the country may always distinguish themselves,
anil find the proper provocation to execution una
perfVirnuince?-the wholesome authority to wiiich
we may always turn tor the correction und restraint
of crude and undigested speculation, These
are all objects of the Inst necessity to a civilized
people, who have anything to gain by enterprise,
or any thing to lose by remissness and indifference.
Once more, we ask from the patrons of the
Review, indulgence for the past, and such sym
pathy and support for the future, as are due to the
vital interests which it faithfVilly serves, and the
character which it seeks to establish.
53"* All communications should be addressed
Publishers Southern Quarterly Review,
or THE
Was commenced on Saturday, the 4th of May,
1850, under its original name?instead of Richards'
Weelcly Gazette?as more significant of its peculiar
character, it being the only weekly organ of Literature
in the entire South! It is
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns of
matter. It is, moreover, in an
Entirely New Dress
"fVom head to foot," and upon beautifhl wnrte
puper, so that, in mechanical excellence, it is not
surpassed by any paper whatever in the United
States! It continues under the same Editorial
direction as heretofore, uml no pains or expense
will be spared to make it
./? n.hn*** bWmihi
"as cheap as the cheapest, and us good as the
best!" Utterly discarding the notion that a
Southern journal cannot compete with the Northern
weeklies, in cheapness and interest,
The Southern Literary Gazette
rivals the best of them in all tl^e characteristics of
n truly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim is the
diffusion of cultivated and refined taste throughout
the community?and it embraces ip its tpnple
folds ever species of intelligence that can tencl to
this result.
Original Contributions,[
from many of the ablest writers in the South,
thiefly occupy its columns, but not to the exclusion
of choice miscellany, selected from the best
American and European sources.
The tone of the "Gazette" is independent ,n
iriticism and in the discussion of every legitimate
opic, but it is strictly
Mutral in Politics and Religion !
Its columns are occasionally embellished with
Southern Portraits and Landscapes,
jngraved expressly for the work, and accompanied
by biographical and topographical sketches.
Its General Information
ts copious, but carefully condensed from the
leading journals of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in the size
Mid attractions of the paper, it is still published at
'Pico Dollars Per Jlnnum, in Jldrance !
it will be furnished to persons becoming responlible
for the whole number of conies, and having
.hem sent to one address, 011 the following terms :
Three copies, $5
Five copies, 8
Ten copies, 15
Fifteen copies, 20
Twenty copies, 25
Fifty copies, GO
All orders must be accompanied with the
money, and addressed, post pal, to
Charleston, S. C.
OF 1861.
Pursuant to the notice given, the Central Commitaenicteat
the rooms of the National Institute, in the
'utent Office, on Thursday evening, the 13th instant,
t 8 o'clock.
The meeting was called to order by Professor Waler
R. Johnson, on whose motion Col. Peter Force
vas called to the Chair, and Charles F. Slanbury
Lose 11 Secretary of the meeting.
This temporary organization having been effected,
he committee proceeded to organize permanently by
lie appointmens of the Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice
'resident of the United States, Chairman, and Prof.
IValter It. Johnson Secretary.
At the the request of the Chairman, (Col. Force,)
he following papers were read by Prof. Johnson, in
explanation of the appointment and duties of the
:omniittee :
State Department,
Washington, May 17, 1850.
To the President of the National Institute
for the Promotion of Science.
Sin: I have the honor herewith to transmit coJies
of a correspondence which has taken place beiwccn
the Minister Plenipotentiary of her Majesty
:he Queen of Great Britain and this Department relative
to the proposed Industrial Exliibition to be held
in Condon in the year 1851.
From the circular of the Royal Commissioners of
[ireat Britain, hereto annexed, it will be observed that
ill objects intended to he introduced from foreign
countries and entered for that Exhibition are required
to have been first submitted to and approved by a central
authority or commission of the country from
which they shall be brrought, and thit no other will
be recognized as a central authority except snoh ns
shall have been so certified by the Government of the
country in which it exists.
That American industry and arts may be enabled to
appear in the place allotted to them, it will be indispensable
that a recognized central authority should be
constituted; and I am under the impression that the
National Institute, having been regularly incorporated
by act of Congrcs?, and being habitually engaged in
matters pertaining to the arts and sciences, is the
proper body for taking the initiative in constituting
such a central authority.
I therefore beg leave to submit to its consideration
the interesting and important subject which has been
brought to the attention of this Department by the
distinguished Envoy of her Majesty's Government,
and to request such action or suggestions as may seem
necessary in order that the natural productions, the
ingenuity, industry, and arts of the United States
may be fully anil suitably represented on the interesting
occasion herein referred to.
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours,
This communication was laid before the National |
Institute, and by it referred to a select committee,!
which brought forward the following report:
Hrjmrt qf the Committee of the National Institute:,
The special committee, to which was referred |
the communication from the Hon. John M. Clay- I
ton, Secretary of State, relative to the formation j
of a central authority for transmitting articles to
the Industrial Exhibition to be held in London in
1851, oilers the following report:
The eommiltce, impressed wi'h the importance
of (he subject commended to the Institute, have
given to it their earnest and careful attention.
The rcsourscs, the ingenuity, the industry, and
arts of the United States arc conceived to tnerit
he best eddeavors to procure for them the opporUnities
of being adequately represented in the
great Industrial Exhibition at London. |
Aggrecably to the programme adopted by the Royal
Commission, no articles are to be received Irom
Korr.ign Exhibitors except those which shall have
been approved by a central authority, recognized as
such by the Government of the country from which
they ate sent.
YW? Imrttnte befaf (twenty* Hociefy kff Oh frontum
of HcleutM and the A/U> directly incorporated I
by the Government, the Secretary of State hu deem- 1
ed it Ute appropriate body to take action or make sug- i
sections relative to the fulfilment of the wishes of the
Hoy *1 Commissioners, by the establishment of such a
central authority as the caac seems to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Sec- j
retary of State, the committee consider the National '
Institute in duty bound to respond.
Iu accordance with this view, the committee respectfully
recommend the following resolution :
I. Resolved, That the Institute will take action
on the subject submitted to it by (be Department of
9. Resolved, That the Institute do now proceed '
to constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by 1
the Government as a central body to bold correspondence
with tba British Commissioners, and to secure
the reception of American pioductions at the proposed
Industrial Exhibition ia Loudon.
Nation a i. Institute,
Washington, May 27, 1850.
Sir : I have the honor to make known to the Department
of State the action which this Institute has
taken on uie sunject ol your communication oi tne
17th instant. That action is comprised in the following
resolutions, unanimously adopted after full discussion
at the meeting held this evening.
"Resolved, That the Institute will take action on
the subject submitted to it by the Department ol
. "lit Halved That the Institute do now proceed to
constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government to hold correspondence with the
British Commissioners, and to secure the reception of 1
American productions at the proposed Industrial Exhibition
in London.
"Resolved, That a committee of not less than nineteen
be appointed to constitute a Central Committee
011 the Industrial Exhibition, and to correspond with
societies and local committees throughout the U nited
"Resolved, That the President of this Institute be
a member of the Central Committee.
"lie solved, That the Corresponding Secretary communicate
to the Secretary of State a cofiy of the foregoing
resolutions, together with the names or the
Central Committee."
The following are the names of the members of
the Central Committee appointed in accordance with
the foregoing resolutions :
Hon. Millard Fillmorq, Vice President of the United
States, andcx officio Chancellor of the Regents of
the Smithsonian Institution. '
Col. Peter Force, President of the National Institute.
Hon. James A Pearce, U. S. Senate, member of the ;
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Hon. Levi Woodbury, M. N I., Associate Justice of 1
the Supreme Court of the United States. 1
Commodore Lewis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography.
Prof. Joseph Henry, Vice President of the N. I., Secretary
of the Smithsonian Institute.
Brof. Walter R. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary of 1
the National InstituteProf.
Alexander D. Bachc, M. N. I., member of the 1
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute, and
Superintendent of the Coast Survey.
Commander Charles Wilkes, U. S. N., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition.
Hon. William W. Seaton, M. N.I., Mayor of Washington.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, U. S- Senate, member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute.
Lieut. Matthew F. Maury, U. S. N., Vioe Prcsidont
of the National Institute, and Superintendent of the
National Obsservatory. ,
J. James Greenough, Esq., M. N. I.
I'liirlnu It' SlonsKiirv F.sn U??i*nrrlinrr Q/mi>.>favn ol'
the National Institute.
Col. J. J. Abert, M. N. I., Chief of the Topographical
Gen. Joseph G. Totten, Vice President N. I., Chief
Engineer. U S. Army.
Thomas Ewbunk, Hsq , Commissioner of Patents.
William Easbv, Esq., Treasurer National Institute.
Leonard D. tale, M. D., M. N. I., Examiner of
Joseph C. G. Kennedy, Esq., M- N. I., Superintendent
of Census,
zra C. Seaman, Esq., M.N.I.
I have the honor to be
Very respectfully, your ob't scrv't,
* Cor. Secretary of the National Institute.
Hon. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State.
Department op State,
Washington, June 8, 1850.
Sir : I have duly received your letter of the 27th
ultimo, communicating to this Department the proceedings
of the National Institute on the subject of mv
note of the 17th of the same month. Those proceedings
appear to me to be perfcctiy satisfactory ; and I
have accordingly transmitted thcmtotlio British Minister
in this city, with the communication, a copy of
which is enclosed for your information.
I am, sir, respectfully, your ob't scrvt,
Walter N. Johnson, Esq., Corresponding
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department op State,
'Washington, June 1, 1850.
Sin : I have the honor to transmit to you herewith
a copy of the correspondence which has passed between
this Department and the National Institute for
the Promotion of Science, respecting the organization
of a committee to constitute the central authority required
by the regulations of the Koyal Commission on
the proposed Industrial Exhibition, to correspond with
.u i ......i I
and individuals in this country, and to sanction the
forwarding of articles applicable to the exhibition.
I need hardly say to you, sir, that the proceedings
of the National Institute, as set forth in this correspondence,
meet the approbation of the Department, which
has full confidence in the committee named by thai
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to you
the assurance of my high and distinguished consideration.
Itight Honorable Sir H. L. Bui.wer, kc.
Extract from the Circular of the Royal Commissioners.
" The Commissioners have felt that it would be
desirable, as far as possible, to prevent any persons
from sending hither articles which cannot be
admitted, rather than to reject the articles after
their arrival in London. They feel also that the
delicate and responsible task of deciding on the
admission or rejection of articles destined for exhibition
by foreign contributors ought not to be imposed
upon any Fnglish tribunal, but should be
referred to one i aving the confidence of the exhibitors
themst.ves, and standing entirely free from
possibk ..iputations of national partiality. They
accc?-.ingly propose to admit to'exhibition such
foreign articles only as may be forwarded to them
by the CentrnI Authority (whatever may be its
nature) in each country. They will communicate
to sucn Central Authority the amount of space
which can he allowed to the productions of the
country for which it acts, and will hIno state the
conditions and limitations which may from time
to time be decided on with respect to the admission
of articles. All articles forwarded by such Central
Authority will then be admitted, provided they
do not require a greater aggregate amount of
apace than that assigned to the productions of the
country from which they come; and, provided,
also, that they do not violate the conditions and
limitations of which due notice shall have been
given. It will rest with the Central Authority in
each country to decide upon the merits of the
several articles presentod for exhibition, and to
take care that tiiose which are sent are such as
fairly represent the industry of their fellow-countrymen.
" Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider
that to be the Central Authority in each ensetrhieh
is slated to be so hy the Government of its countiij.
Having once been put in communication with a
Central Authority in any country, they must decline,
absolutely and entirely, any communication
with private and unauthorized ,individuals ; and,
should any such be addressed to them, they can
only refer to a central body. This decision is
essentially necessary, in order to prevent concision.
" JNo articles or foreign manufacture, to whomsoever
they may belong, or wheresoever they may
be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
come with the sanction of the Central Authority
of the country of which they are the produce.
The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles
being in all cases actually forwarded by the
Central Authority, though they consider that this
would generally be the most satisfactory arrangement
t but it is indispensable that the sanction of
such authority should in all cases be expressly
given, and that it be held responsible for the fitness
of such articles for exhibition, nnd for not
authorising the exhibition of a greater quantity
than can l>e accommodated in the space assigned
to the productions of the country in Question."
A f\ill discussion was then hnd of the subject
thus laid before the committee, and, on motion of
the Hon, W. W. Seaton, it was?
Rmolvrd, Thnt the Committee of ft ve first charged
with this subject by the Institute (substituting
Mr. Kennedy for Mr, Greenough, who is absent)
be an Executive Committee to take all necessary
steps to carry out the views of the general comI
mittee. n
' I II -t
Hie folloirtng gentlemen e&nwmvre the Eveev
iv? Cwnmiiftfe : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
#. Johnson, Prof Joseph Henry, J. C. G. Kentedy,
Esq., Capt. Charles Wilkes.
On motion?
Rrnolvttl, Thitt the, Secretary be requested to
irepare the proceedings of this meeting for pubication.
And the Committee adjourned,
Secretary of the Meeting.
N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals
Jesirous U> make propositions or to receive information,
are requested to address their communications
to J. C. G. Kennedy, Esq.
Daguerreotypes by Brady?Engraved by
D* Avignon.
UNDER this title will be published, during the
year 1850, twenty-four Portraits and Biographical
Sketches of American citizens who have become
illustrious in the service of the country. Every portion
of the wjrk will receive the moot careful attention,
and nothing will be spared to render it a worthy
nad enduring monument to the great men of the Republic.
Mr. Brady has been many years engaged, at great
expense, in collecting Portraits for a National Gallery,
and those which are being engraved for this
work are believed to be superior to any that have
ever been taken. In the accomplishment of this great
object be has experienced the utmost courtesy and
encouragement from distinguished men. Mr. Brady's
reputation uas ueen too long csiamisnea 10 neca any
recommendation. His daguerreotypes are in the
highest sense the works ot art, glowing with the soul
of the living countenance.
The drawings and engravings of D'Avignon have
been pronounced by Europeans of taste to be fully
equal, and in some respects superior to those of the
best artists of London and Paris ; and every impression
in this Gallery will be taken under his immediate
supervision. The typography will be executed
as carefully and in as superb a style as the engravings
themselves. The entire work will be on
the finest imperial folio paper, 16 by 23 inches, made
expressly for this purpose. i
This work has nothing sectional in its scope ; it
will therefore be comprehensive in its spirit. The
names of those men only are admitted ,w nose talents
and public services have won for them an honorable
fame throughout the nation. Each of the great departments
of life will have its representatives. Art
and Literature are universal in their spirit, and the
Gallery is intended to be a worthy and enduring monument
to the great men of the Republic, whose
achievements and fame constitute the chief glory of
the nation. , We hope that every lover of Art, and
friend of our glorious U nion, will respond to our appeal
for encouragement and aid in sq commendable an !
undertaking, that its publication iniy make an era in
the progress of American Art, and by grouping the
illustrious mer\ of the Union together, consolidate it
still more firmly.
As no work of this kind has appeared in America,
and the prices they sustain in Europe would place it
beyond the reach of most of our citizens, the publishers
have resolved to merit a large circulation, by
charging a very low price. They have, therefore,
established the following
A year's subscription for 24 numbers, . $2(1
2 copies for the year, (each) . . . , 18
5 " " " 16
10 ? ? ? ? 15
20 ? <? <' ? 14
50 ? ? " 12 20
All the numbers sold separately. For a single
number, $1; and a larger quantity of any single No
at the rates as above.
All orders for single numbers, or more, will be
promptly filled on the receipt ol the money. The
whole can be sent without danger of injury, by the
expresses, to any part of the country.
Any Bookseller. Postmaster, Librarian, or any
other person, may obtain subscribers, and his orders
will be filled when the money is received.
Advertisements which concern the Fine Arts, in
every department, will be admitted on the cover in
the style of the European Journals, on the following
For one square (of eight lines) once, ... $1
For n square for one year, 10
A corresponding reduction for larger space.
Cards of Artists and others, (of half a square) for
the year, . 5
N. B.?All orders and business communications
may be addressed (post paid) to Brady, D'Avignon
6t Co., 205 Broadway, New York.
Subscription lists are opened at all the principal
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Taylor and Mauty and Franck Taylor, Agents for
New York, Jan. 1, 1850
Premiums to New Subscribers.
OWING to the late revolutions and counter-revolutions
among the nations of Europe, which have
followed each other in quick succession, and of which
the " end is not yet," the leading periodicals of Great
Britain have become invested with a degree of interest
hitherto unknown. They occupy a middle
ground between the hasty, disjointed, and necessarily
imperfect records of the newspapers, and the elaborate
and ponderous treatises to be furnished by the historian
at a future day.' The American Publishers,
tliercfore, deem it proper to call renewed attention to
these Periodicals, and the very low price at which
they are offered to subscribers. The following is
their list, viz :
In these periodicals are contained the views, moderately,
though clearly and firmly expressed, of the
three great parties in England?Tory, Whig and Radical?"
Blackwood " and the " London Quarterly "
arc Tory j the "Edinburgh Review" Whig} and
the " Westminster Review " Liberal. The" North
nrinsn Heview " owes us estaoiisnment to tne last
great ecclesiastical movement in Scotland, and is not
ultra in its views on any rnc of the grand departments
of human knowledge ; it was originally edited
by Dr. Chalmers, and now, since his death, is conducted
by his son-in-law. Dr. Hanna, associated with
Sir David Brewster. Its literary character is of the
very highest order. The 44 Westminster," though
reprinted under that title only, is published in England
under the title of the ?' Foreign Quarterly and
Westminster it being in fact a union of the two
Kevicws formerly published and reprinted under separate
titles. It has therefore the advantage by this
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of both as heretofore issued.
The above Periodicals are reprinted in New York,
immediately on their arrival by the British steamers,
in a beautiful clear type, on fine white paper, and arc
faithful eopics of the originals. Blackwood's Magazine
being an exact fac simile of the Edinburgh edition.
Fur any one of the fotir Reviews, $3 00 per annum.
For any two do. i> 00 '
For any three do. 7 00 44
For all four of the Reviews, 8 00 44
For Blackwood's Magazine, 3 00 44
For Blackwood and three Reviews, 9 00 44
For Blackwood and the four, 10 00 14
Consisting of back volumes of the following valuable
works, viz :
Bentley's Miscellany,
The Metropolitan Magazine,
Black wood's Magazine,
London Quarterly Keview,
Edinburgh Review,
Foreign Quarterly Review,
Westminster Review.
Any one subscribing to Blackwood, or to one ol the
Reviews, at $.1 a year, or to any two of the periodicals,
at $5, will receive, gratis, one volume of any of
the premiums above named.
A subscriber to any three of the Periodicals, at $7
a year, or to four of the Reviews, at $S, will receive
two premium volumes as above.
A subscriber to Blackwood and three Reviews, at
$9 a year, or to four of the Reviews and Blackwood,
at 10, will receive three premium volumes.
Consecutive premium volumes will be furnished
when practicable ; but to prevent disappointment,
subscribers are rcipicsted to order as many different
woiks for premiums as they may rcipiire volumes.
Four copirs of any or all of the above w orks will
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Entrance 54 Oold-st. Jan 4.
Published Monthly, by J. D. B. Do Bow,
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Bound set* of the Commercial Review complete
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ui at Charleston. They will be sent to any point on
oi der.
?7- K. WARING 1O0R, Traveling Agent for
tie South.
Agents: R.Morris k. Co., and their Sub-Agente.
This work has been regularly published for nearly
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it has gained a larger circulation than any other
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has advocated and upheld the
Commerce and Agriculture of the Southern
and Western States.
and exhibited from time to time their complete
in the city Baltimore, Maryland, commences the
6th volume of the present series on the 1st July,
1850, (which will be the 32d of its existence.) It
is published on the 1st of each month, e ch number
containing thirty-two large oc'avo pagesTerms
: $4 per annum ; six copies for $5 ; thirteen
for #10; thirty for #20, in advance.
The publisher offers for the large-tlist of new
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r\f tho Vlopvlonr) A rrrinn If lira I Slotp Va("i?1v n*k
the 22d October, when the decision will be made
Parmer is peculiarly adapted to e Middle
Atlantic States, and, being the organ of tne Maryland
State Agricultural Society, all their prize essays,
reports, and proceedings are published in its
pages. The increase in its subscription list during
the past year, particularly in eastern and middle
Virginia and the Carolina*, has been unprecedented.
Its correspondents are among the ablest and
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has been aroused, principally through
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and we are authorized to promise to its readers a
still increased supply communications from good
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The work of this gentlemon on Calcarous Manures,
much altered from the preceding editioh, it is expected,
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the privilege therefor having been secured, of
which due notice will be given In the Farmer.
Those wishing to subscribe will forward their
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Orders, post paid, to be addressed to
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fT'HE next annual session of this Institution will
1 commence on the 2d Wednesday in October.
The Right Rev. John Johns, D. D., President
and Professor of Moral Philosophy.
Judge Beverly Tucker,Professorof Municipal
and Constitutional Law.
Benjamin S. Ewell, Professor of Mathematics
and Astronomy.
Morgan J. Smead, Ph. D. Professor of Humanity.
William F. Hopkins, A. M., Professor o
Chemistry and Natural Philosophy.
H. A, Washington, A. M., Professor of History
and Political EconomyRev.
Silas Totten, D. D., Professor of Intellectual
Philosophy, Belles Lettres, and Rhetoric.
There are two courses of study for under-graduates?the
regular course for the decree of Bachelor
of Arts, and a Science course, occupying two
years. Candidates for admission to the Science
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esiring to join a regular class may, for special
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thev may be found qualified to pursue.
The necessary College expenses range between
$186 and $196 per annum.
Circulars will be forwarded to all who may desire
fuller information, or specific inquiries will be
if or! A vnono/1 i r\ Prr*f7?fionv MftRfiihl J
Smead, Williamsburg, Virginia.
July 15?1 uw.
Formerly Solicitor of the General Land Office.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Continues to practice in the Supreme Court of
the United States, in the Courts of the District of
Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, to prosecute
claims of all kinds against the United States, either
before Congress or any of the Executive Departments,
and to procure letters patent for inventions.
Business confided to his care, will be
promptly attended to.
N. B. Particular attention paid to the prosecution
of claims before the Brazilian Commission
now sitting in Washington.
Washington City, D. C. July 11, 1850.
ON CONSIGNMENT.?Oak Tanned Rxu*ett
BROG.Q.YS,?1,000 pair Oak Tanned Russett
Brogans, a prime article of Southern Manufacture.
For sale by R. A. PRINGLE,
No. 30, East Bay street,
July 10, 1850?d im Charleston, S. C.
Will practice in the several courts in the District,
and attend to the prosecution of claims
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7lli streets, opposite the
july 14? ____
rpAYLOR & MAURY, bookseller* near 9th
street, have for exhibition a complete copy
of this valuable and beautiful work, now publishing
in numbers, to be completed in twenty-five
parts. Subscriptions taken, and tbe work supplied,
Vsrr.h 27 __ _ TAYLOR & MAURY.
J. Knox Walker,
.ftloritry at Imp and Central *1grnt,
OF F KR8 his services in his piofcssion and as
Agent for the Prosecution and Collection of
Claims before Congress and the Departments, also for
obtaining; Patents.
All business confided to him will be promptly atended
to. jl7 tf
To Southern Gentlemen or Literary institutions.
A young man, n graduate of St. Mary's College,
Baltimore, wishes to obtain as ituation
as Assistant in an Academy, or Private Tutor.?
He is qualified to teach tne highest branches of
Greek, Latin, French, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry,
Mathematics nnd F.nglish Literature.?
The highest testimonials as to character and qualifications
can be produced. Address, post-paid,
C. X. Y. Post Otfice, Baltimore,Md.

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