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BIvn4 FUMr * Bdwia De Lwa.
i % ~ TERMS. DAILY, ...... f?0 ? THI-WEEKLY, ? ? WEEKLY, * ? ?k Subscriptions payable hi advanca. Any per MM uncaring Art itWibui than secure one copy |nUL All fcatliwa to the Editors to be paer-paio. printed bt e, a. saob. OrrtCE, Pennsylvania Avenue south tide, between 3d sad 4| streets. MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES. D. APPLETON &. CO., NEW YORK, hat* if course or publication, im parts, prici T WCNTT'PIVE CENTS BACH, A Dictionary of Machine*, Mechanics, Engine-Work, and Engineering. Designed for Practical Working-Men. and thou intended for the Engineering Profession. Edited by Oliver Btrnb, Jhrmerly Pressor q| Mathematics, College of Civil Engineera, London , Author and Inventor <j/"' The Calculus tf Form,' "The Mete and Improved System of Logarithims," "The Elements of Eudidby Colors," etc., etc.,etc. PPHIS work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly A (wo thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred plates, and six thousand wood cuts, it will present wnrltinir-dpAivinM ian/4 linkArintinna oftkA moat im. m mm ' ' ' THE SOUTHERN PRESS, j > . i i DAILY. Vol. 1. Washington, l^sjaftay, Jnly 31, 1850. Mo. 38. portant machines in 1 he United States. Indepen dently of the results of American Ingenuity, it will contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering i witn all that is useful in more than one thousand dollars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other books, among which may be mentioned the Setlowing : L Bihlioiheque des Arts Industrials. (Masaon, Paris.) 2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (Loudon.) 3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackie, Glasgow.) 4. Publication Industrielle. (Annengaud Aine, Paris.) 5. Jamieson's Mechanics of Fluids. 6. Treatise ou Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgemine Bauzeitung init Abbildungen. (Korster, Wien.) 8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesensin technischer Beziehung. (Von Waldegg, Wiesbaden.) 6. Slur win's Logaritbims. 10. Byrne's Logarithms. 11. The Mechanieal and Mathematical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12 Silliman's Journal. 13. Algemeinc Mascliincn-Encyclopedia. (Hulsse, Leipzig. 14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. HoltzapfTels' Turning and Mechanical Manippulation. 16. lite Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.) 17. Eisenbahn-Zeiiung. (Stuttgart.) 18. Tregoid on the Steam-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictionnairedes Aits et Manufactures. (La oouiaye, raris. 91. Sganzin*s Civil Engineering. 39. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 93. Origin and Progress of Stearin Navigation. (Woodcroft.) 94. Essai sur l'Industrie des Matieres.Tcxtiles. (Michel Alcan, Paris.) 95. Macneill's Tables. I 26. Griers' Mechanic'a'Pocket Dictionary. 27. Teinpleton's Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary. 29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (London.) 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 33. Hann's Mechanics. 34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture. (Mosley.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil Engineers. (London.) 37. The Artisan. 38. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. SiudeBtV Guide to the Locomotive Engine. 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow, London,) 42. Recueit des Machines Instrument et Appareil. (Le Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill-Work. 44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Ma chines. fG. Hennie.) 45. Repertoire ae ('Industrie FranquaiseetEtrangere. (L. Maihias, Paris.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom, London.) 47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, London.) 48. Hodge on the Steam -Engino 49. Scientific Ametican. 50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik.) 51. American Artisan. 52. Mechanic's Magazine. 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture. 54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, (De Bonnefoux, Paris.) 55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.) 56. Brees' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia. (Luke Herbert.) ^ 61. Patent Journal ; London. 62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering. 63. Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. 64. Craddoclt's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide, (liaskoll.) 66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The great object of this publication is, to place before practical men and students such an amount bf theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed form, as shall enable them to work to the best advantage, aad to avoid those mistakes which they might otherwise commit The amount of usciui miui mauun inus Drougnv log^uicr, 19 annum beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is hardly any subject within its range which is not treated with such clearness and precision, that even a man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of understanding, and thus learning from it much Which it is importrnt for him to know. From the annexed list of the principal authors and subject comprised in this work it is sell-evident, that all citizens engaged in the practical and useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages from the possession and study of this publication, The following m iy be especially designated: Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers. Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. Cutlers, and Workers of Steel in geueral. Carpenters. Brickmaker*. Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. Civil Engintcrs, Railway Contractors, and Contractors for Earih-Work, and Masonry of every ! description. Architects an I Bridge Bui*ders. ouilde.-s, Muster Masons, and Bricklayers. Ship Builders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpenters, and others connected with Building and Docking Ships. Block and Pump Makers, liemp Dressers and Rope Makers. Manufacturers of Linea and Cdtton Fabrics. Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Drawing Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connect1 ed with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. Jalenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers. Jloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons interetted in Sewing Machinery. \nchorand Chain Cable Manufhctnrer*. Jutting and Turning Tool Makers. 'in and Needle Makers. Vail and Rivet Makers, lolt and Screw-Bolt Makers. Vail Cutters. Joiners. rather Dressers and Curriers. danufaciurers of Great Guns and Small Arms. to-idle Makers. Iiscuit and Cracker Makers. ace Makers. .ibbon Wearers. tone Cutters and Marble Masons. Ijers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers. !ooper?. 'ider and Cheeee Manufacturers. 'rown, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers. I I * |I 11 i I ; Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Propiielors of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. 1 Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the i Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels. > Managers of Stationary Engines. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. r Veneer Cutters. Owners of Planing Machinery. , Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting , and Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and Threshing Machinery. ' Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornament 1 Makers in general. ' Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. 1 Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing. 1 Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others inter- * ' ested in Dredging Machinery. Well Sinkers. i Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical. Apparatus and Instruments. . j ' Miners Engineers, and other interested in Pumping Engines. > Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws, 1 Common and Feed Cranes. Workers in Metals and Alloys. Tin Plate Workers. Spring Manufacturers. Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c. , The publishers have expended a large sum of j money to get original drawings of machinery in 1 practical use in this country, and have procured almost every work on the sudject, whether pnb lished in England, France, or Germany, the moat essential parts of which being comprised in this Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored . to use great economy in type, so that each page of the work oontains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. This has also secured to each plate working-drawngs of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic may construct accuiately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, iegardless of cost, to make the work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every ono desirous to obtain the work will procure it at issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers, commencing in January, 1850, and will progress with great regularity. The whole work will be published in 40 numbers at 25 cents per number, and completed within the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will be made to agents. Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance shall receive the work through the post oflicc free 6f expense. Notice to Proprietors of Newspapers throughout the United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five times during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy of the work will be seat gratis in payment. THE SOUTHERN PRESS. ; JULY 31. ' From Blackwood's Magazine for July. I The Year of Sorrow?Ireland?1840. j SPRING SONO. I Once more through God's high will and grace, Of hours that each its task fulfils, Heart-healing Spring resumes its place ;? J The valley throngs and scales the hills, I f In vain. From earth's deep heart o'charged, 11 The exulting life runs o'er in flowers ; I The slave unfed is unenlarged : In darkness sleep a nation's powers. j Who knows not Spring? Who doubts when blows ' Her breath, that Spring has come indeed ? The swallow doubts not; nor the rose ' That stirs, but wakes not; nor the weed. I feel her near, but see her not, For those with nuin-uplifted eyes Fall back repulsed ; and vapors blot J The vision of the earth and skies. i I see her not; I feel her near; j As, charioted in mildest airs, She sails through yon empyreal sphere, < And in her arms and bosom bears The urn of flowers and lustra! dews, c Whose sacred balm, o'er all things shed, ( Revives the wreck, the old renews, ( And crowns with votive wreaths the dead. i Once more the cuckoo's call I hear: J I know in many a glen profound, The earliest violets of the year j Rise up like water from the ground ? The thorn I know once more is white ; And, far down many a forest dale, ' The anemones in dubious light I Are trembling like a bridal veil. \ I 1 By streams released that singing flow j From craggy shelf through sylvan glades, <, The pale narcissus, well 1 know, j Smiles hour by hour on greener shades. j The honied cowslip tufts once more r The golden slopes ;?with gradual ray The primrose stars the rock, and o'er ' The wood-path strews its milky way. 1 From mined huts and holes come forth I Old men, and look upon the sky! ( The power divine is on the earth :? a Give thanks to God before ye die! ^ And ye,'0 children, worn and weak, Who care no more with flowers to play, Lean on the grass your cold thin cheek, ' And those slight hands, and whispering say, " Stern Mother of a race unblest? In promise kindly, cold indeed ; Take back, O Earth, into thy breast. The children whom thou wilt not feed." ' _ d Certain it is, we know of but two Democrats in . Lynchburg who are in favor of the "adjustment," . and the Major is one of them. It is true, that . w hen the "measure" was first reported?coming 1 to us endorsed by high Democratic and Whig authority, many Democrats, without scrutinizing its ( provisions, were inclined to favor it, asgiving peace to our distracted country. But, a little examine- ^ tion enabled them to discover the alarming and insidious character of its provisions. As wwn as they saw that it not only denied the South all par- j f tir.ipation in the finest held for slave lalior in the y world, South California?but absolutely despoiled f the slaveholding State of Texas of one third of her i p finest domain, and to cap the climax of injury and J , insult ; abolished the slave trade in the iJistrict oi Columbia?thereby serciaine a power, in the language of Major G. himselfin other and better days, whirh would make tia "subjects or an ' IRON DESPOTISM" WHICH "WOFLD rROHIRIT ALL J INTERCOURSE IITWIIK TIIE STATES, IT PROHIBI- C TINO THE BfTINO AND SELLING OF STOCK, AGRICDL- n TCRA1. IMPLEMENTS AND MANtrP ACTDRER " R change came over the spirit of their dream?a powerful reaction took place in public sentiment, which is still accumulating force and strength from every li day's develonements and every moment's reflection, a And this feeling is not conflned to the Democratic party, hut, we know that it extends in a great measure to all parties. We have recently travelled over fhc greater portion of the glorious little Democratic County of Appomattox?during which time we mingled freely with both Whiga and Democrats, and we did not see a single solitary man, whoexpreased himselfin favor oftne"adjusunent.* v As it is in this quarter, we believe it is throughout t the Slate.?l.ynchburj Republican. J f Southern Sentiment. I Public Mkktihg.-?At a large and resnecta- 1 ble adjourned meeting of the citizens of Lathy- 4 ette county, held at Oxford on Thursday, the 11 Ui mat, the Chairman called the meeting to \ order, and on motion, W. B. Johnson, Esq., was requested to act as Secretary. Capt. W. Delay moved that a Cominittteo of six be appointed by the meeting, composed of three Whigs and three Democrats, to report resolutions expressive of . the sense of this meeting, whereupon Messrs. Benj. F. Dill, J. F. Cuslunan, and James Brown, ( (Democrats,) and Dr. Z. Conkev, W. H. D. 1 Wendel, and E. B. Dooley, (Whigs,) were ap- ' appointed said Committee. ' Col. Young, of Lowndes, and Judge C. P. Smith, of Wilkinson, being loudly called for, ad- ' dressed the meeting in able and efficientspeoches, ' supporting the Missouri Compromise line as recommended by the Nashvil e Convention and in ' opposition to the report of the Congressional 1 Committee or Thirteen. Capt. W. P. Rogers, 1 of Monroe, being called on to address the meet- , ing, responded in n few hapny remarks, ni which he said he was not, from his long absence from the United States, sufficiently i< formed upon the questions the meeting had been called to deliberate; but that he was with the South in 1 any and every emergency in which her Constitutional rights are violated or her domestic insti- ' tutions invaded. The Committee having returned, unanimously reported through Col. W. H. D. Wendel. the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted: Whekkas, we, a portion ot the people of Lafayette county, without distinction of party, believe that the repeated aggressions of the Northern States having been persisted in until they have reached a point beyond which, with 119, i* forbearance eeases to be a virtne"?and whereas, we believe the question of Slavery is )ne of suuh vital interest to the South that all uirtu <?AnuiHiiPutiAna uiul ^iatimd'i/inu uVimilfl Ka f left o,ut of view, it being one exclusively South?rn it addresses itself particularly to all Southern men. Resolved, That the preservation of the Fedjral Union of these States ns guaranteed by the Constitution is dear beyond price to every Southern patriot Resolved, That we ask of our Northern brethsrn, and all shall insist upon those guarantees which the Constitution gives the South, and whilst we cannot submit to less, we do assure them, that these granted, peace and harmony takes the place ot' discord and eonfusion. Resolved, That the newly acquired territory has been obtained, by the joint blood and treasure .of all the States, (to which the South has :ontributed her full quota,) and said territory is ind should be regarded as the common property of fill the States, and that the attempt by the North to exclude the South from a free participation in tho enjoyment of the same is illiberal aid unjust in the extreme, to the South. Resolved, That we consider the line of 36 deg. )0 rain., as established by the Missouri Compronise, as fair and equitable an adjustment of the jucstion as the South should offer, by projwsing which, we feel that the South adopted that eomjromise which the North insisted upon at the time >f its adoption, but which the South felt and still feels as having been a concession exclusively on lier part. Resolved, That when this meeting adjourn it idjourn to meet again two weeks utter the adournment of Congress, with a view to consider She propriety of appointing delegates to reprejent us in the next meeting of the Nashville convention should it be necessary for the same So meet again. Resolved, That the proceedings of this meetng be published in the newspapers of this town; ind all others throughout the State friendly to the nf tlio li'n ronnratnH tn wirn; tlin laine. JAMES M. HOWRY, Ch'n Wm. B. Johnson, Sec'v. Call, for a Southern Meeting.?A Voire rotn Autauga.?At a large and respectable meetng of the citizens of Vernon and vicinity, hold >n Friday, 19th July, 1850, on motion of Dr. J. '. De Jarnette, Col. Joseph B. Wilkinson was ailed to tins chair, und A. W. McNeel appointed i Secretary. The chairman then arose and explained the : (bject of the meeting to be as follows:?The ibject of the meeting was to recommend to the :ounty the propriety of holding a county meetng, to express its news in regurt to the all-im>ortant subject of slavery, which is now agitatng our whole Union. Whereupon the following resolution was offered by L. Howard, esq., which was unAiiinously adopted: Resolved, That a committee of thirteen be ippointed by the chair to report, at this meeting, ;he most appropriate time for a county meeting: vhercupon the chair appointed on said commitee Rev. D. B. Smcdley, D. James Mitchell, L. tf. Whetstone, L. G. Caven, R. P. Houser, W. ItringfeUow, Dr. B. F. Davis, L. Howard, Dr. fosepli P. De Jarnette, D. John W. Golsan, M. Jo ward, W. P. De Jarnette, and Joseph Goodioh. The committee after a brief absence, reported, hrough their chairman, Mr. Smedley, as fnlows:? Resolved, That we do hereby recommend (ingston and the 3d Monday in August next, the 19th prox.,) as the most appropriate place ind time for holding said meeting, which was idopted. On motion, Resolved\ That the Montgomery ind Wetumpka papers be requested to publish j he proceedings of this meeting. I On motion, the meeting adjourned. J J. B. W. WILKINSON, Ch'n. < A. W. McNef.l, Sec'y. ? Southern Meeting in Pike.?a preliminary ? neeting was held in Troy, Pike county, on the t 'venino of July 18th, 1850, for the purpose of nviting the people of tie* eountv to assemble r tere at some future time, to ratify the proceed- J ne? of the Nashville Convention. t The meeting selected (ion..?. Met 'nleb Wiley,! f Thairmnn, and R. Cook, Srerehvrv. f The object of the meeting was explained by i be chair. I <3 On motion of A. \. Worthy, r. committee of J our was appointed by the chair lo invite the! k ?oople of the county to attend nt this place, on ? he first Tuesday in \u<ru?t next, for the pur* I ( *>so alxvve mentioned?to select a county dele-' f itte to the Nashville Convention, and to select 1 ielegates t<> the District Convention to lie held ; J it CWton, on the first Monday in September. ' Phe chair appointed A. N. Worthy, John Key,, udge Fit7-i>r.trick, and Win. M. Mnrplirrp, said , * ommittee; and on motion, the Chairman wo* i c dded to the committee. On motion of A. N. Worthy, ! Rrxrthrd, That these proceedings bo pub- i . ished in tl?o " Journal." nnd the " Advertiser (s md Gazette." Tho mooting then adjourned. J. McCALEB WILEY, Ch'n. ,f R. T. Cook, Soc'y. Ciliwis of Pike. Coiin/u? ' In discharge of the duty assigned us, we in- < ite yon, one and all, without distinction of par- > y, to assemble at the Coart-houae, on the ( irat Tuesday in August next, to take such i preliminary steps an will tend to maintain our rights, una support our dignity, in the present rnsis. A. N. WORTHY, JOHN KEY, BIRD F1TZPATRICK, Corn. WM. M. MURPHREE, J. McCALEB WLLEY, , Ratification Meeting.?Voice of tfie Empin County.?A very large and respectable meeting of the citizens of Marshall county, without respect to party, assembled at the Court House in Holly Springs, on the 15th July, 1850, to ratify the proceedings of the Nashville Convention. Upon motion of Capt Taylor, Roger Barton was appointed Cliairman, and J. II. Kilpatrick, Secretary. After a brief explanation of th? objects of tho meeting, by the chairman, the following committee was appointed to draft a preamble and resolutions, to wit: James II. R.Taylor, John B. Fant, J. C. Holland, John Gibbons, Henry Mbore, Peter W. Lucas, Ilugh McBridc, Matthew Ileum, Maj. T. Mull, and W. S. Randolph. The following preamble and resolutions were reported by said committee : Whereas, A Convention of the Southern States of this Union, convened at Nashville on the 1st Monday of June, 1850, to take into consideration the course of action which it become the said section of our common country to take inj the present unhappy controversy which is agitating us in relation to our Southern institutions ; and whereas, we, a portion of the people af Mississippi, feeling a deep interest in nil tnat relates to this question, ns it involves so largely rinr ritrlitu nf* nrnnnrtv *w woll au mir fntiirA ? *"o " ? r-"f"- v > ?* ,,v" ?- *"? peace juid security, having assembled together to express our opinion us to the action of said Convention?therefore, be it 1. Resolved, That the resolutions adopted by mid Convention, express, in our opinion, in a plain and forcible manner, a just sense of the rights of the Southern people, and of the principles upon which they depend. 2. Resolved, That whatever difference of opinion may exist in relation to the address accompanying said resolutions, either by members of said Convention, or the individuals of this meeting, we hope and believe they will be seen to be such as do not affect substantially the merits and truth of said paper, and that the objects of the promoters of said convention, so far is they seek an equality of rights and privileges under the Constitution of our common country, will be seconded and sustained by every man having an interest therein, without regard to political distinctions amongst us,and will command the sympathies of the enlightened and just throughout our country and the world. 3. Resolved, That our thanks are due, and ire hereby tendered to the members of said Mushvillc Convention, for the ubility and devotion to our rights manifested in the proceedings of said body. The above resolutions were enthusiastically received by the audience, and passed with only )ne vote in the negative. A motion was then made to appoint a committee of ten to draft resolutions approving of be course of Senator Davis, and our Represents dives from this State, and express disapprobation of the course pursued by Gen. Foote. Upon the suggestion of Mr. Clapp, said committee was appointed entirely of Democrats, as he was a Democratic Senator, and they alone responsible for his election. Tlin aoin m iftoo ivmrv noi\Aid/i<l flm a ^uuiiuiLt^t, iim i i viii iii^f ivj'wi ivu uir following preamble and resolutions: The committee to whom was referred the resolution directing them to draft and report resolutions expressive of the sense of this meeting n regard to the course pursued by the Senators ind Representatives from this &tate in Congress, upon the subject of the aggression committed by the Northern people up6n the rights of the Southern and slavcholding States, and npQn the various measures which have been proposed upon the subject of slavery, have directed mo to report the following preamble and resolutions, to wit: Whereas, For a series of years the people of ;he Northern States have manifested a disposition to intermeddle with the domestic institution >f slavery in thfc Southern States, and have foU owed up that disfKisition by a variety of acts ggressive towards the rights of the South, and ridicative of a settled determination ultimately o abolish slavery which exists by law and the 1 Constitution, and in open defiance of the guarintees of the same, and against the expressed vishes of the Southern people; and whereas, ho people of the South, influenced by their love or the Union and peace and concord, have hitherto forborne to do more than quietly to rononstrate against the unauthorized acts of their irethren of the North; and whereas, resolutions >f this character proved' wholly unavailing in itaying the hand of aggression and outrage, nnil at last, seeing that forbearance only encouriged and emboldened their enemies, the people ?f the Southern States determined to submit no onger to such outrages, but in primary meetings n nearly all of the slaveholding States, resolved o take the question of their rights into their >wn hands, and the determination was emphatially expressed throughont the South, that any nrthcr measures of aggression on the part of he North, would be resisted " at all hazards and o the last extremity." And whereas, a full rcpcsentation of a majority of the Southern States onvened at Nashville, on the 1st Monday in (une last, reaffirmed by suitable resolutions the ense of the Southern people on this momentum subject; and whereas iastily, the delusive neasure rej>orted by the Committee of Thirteen, o the Senate of the United States, ns a means >f compromising the question between the North md South, received the explicit condemnation >f that body, and that condemnation has been anctioned nnd ratified by the unanimous vote of his meeting?therefore. Resolved, That we have viewed with extreme : egret the course pursued by the Hon. H. Stuart j ?*oote, one of the Senators in Congress from I his State, in the support and sanction he hns I ifforded to the bill called the Compromise bill, is reported by the Committee of Thirteen ; that n giving said measure his support, as he has lone, he has aided in carrying into effect the fry measure against which th$ slaveholding States have so loudly remonstrated, and has [Tossly misrepresented the wishes and interests >f his constituents. In view, therefo e, of the peat interests at stake, and the imminent peril \ 11 which the interests of our State and of the j Jnion is involved, we hereby invite the said ''unto tn muiorn flip no t, tlint, he now holds in ho Senate of the United States, and hope that' iinilar resolutions may bo passed in every ounty in the State. Rewired, That, for the reasons which have led is to adopt the foregoing resolution, we do icreby express our hearty npproval of the conluct of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, our other Senator in Congress, and of our Representatives n the lower branch of the National LegisUtnr , i mi this subject Rewired, That the late condnct of ihe Mili- ( ary Governor of the District of New Mexico,: inn a few other persons, in establishing a State ! Constitution, is iltegal and unconstitutional?a I dotation of the faith pledged by the General i government to the State of Texas, in the joint) evolution of annexation-?and that we will aid j and assist Texas, if necessary, in maintaining the i integrity of her territory. THO. MULL, Chairman. M. D. R0BIN80N. W. 8. RANDOLPH. C. H. MOTT. W. EPPES. J. H. R. TAYLOR. JAMES GREER. J. F. TROTTER. B. ROGERS. J. W. FANT. P. T. Scruggs offered the following amendment : Strike out all after the word u whereas," and insert the following: Resolved, That although in some of its features we would prefer some amendment* in the bill now before the Senate of the United States, commonly called the "Compromise bill," yet us a measure of peace and quiet to the country, we are ready to approve its adoption and acquiesce in its provisions. Upon motion of Major Thomas Mull, the amendment was rejected and the report and resolutions of the committee were passed by u very large majority?four to one. Upon motion of Judge Chalmers, it was Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the newspapers of this town, and that the Secretary of this meeting furnish our Senators and Representatives with a copy of the same. The meeting was addressed by Governor Matthews, who made a bold, lucid and eloquent defence of the Nashville Convention, and attacked the compromise proposed by the Senate Committee of Thirteen. The Hon. D. B. Nnbors, of Tippah, responded in defence of the Compromise. Mr. Nabors made nn appropriate speech in Ijehalf of a cause where there were but few to approve, and many i, _ J IX ~ 1 * l~ J io cunuuiiiii. lie wiia ciuquciii, nuiiiuruun ?uu witty, and occasionally poetical. Atler Mr. Nabors concluded, J. C. Holland was called to the stand, who replied in a rich, original and amusing manner. His speech was happy and was well received by the audience. Col. Glenn, of Jackson, being present, was called for by the audience. He made one of his happiest and best efforts in support of the Nashville Convention. He took bold Southern ground, and his speech was enthusiastically received by an admiring auditory. Mr. Scruggs prefaced the introduction of his amendment with a few brief, but pertinent remarks. ROGER BARTON, Chairman. J. H. Kilpatrick, Secretary. Ratification Meeting.?At a large and respectable meeting of the citizens of Jackson and its vicinity, held at the City Hall, on Saturday, the 6th of July, 1850, at 11 o'clock, A. M., for the purpose ot ratifying the proceedings of the Nashville Convention, On motion of Muj. Mosely, the Hon. John I. rinin uritu oallarl fri tlin ( !linir on/] nftnr hnviniY addressed the meeting as to the objects of its assemblage in terms of glowing patriotism, On motion of Co!. Tarpley, E. P. Russell was appointed Secretary. On motion of Gov. Quitman, Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed to prepare resolutions expressive of the sense of this meeting. Whereupon, the ehnirman appointed Messrs. J. A. Quitman, J. E. FitzpntricK, S. C. Tarpley, George Fearn, D. O. Williams, G. M. Barnes, and H. J. Shackelford. During the retirement of the committee, on motion, the address of the Nashville Convention to the people of the Southern States, and the resolutions adopted by said Convention, were , read to the meeting. The committee, through Gov. Quitman, the chairman, presented for the consideration and , approval of the meeeting, the following resolutions, to wit: 1. Resolved, Tliat this meeting fully approve the address and resolutions of the Southern Convention, lately held at Nashville, and will maintain and defend the principles and determinations therein set forth. 2. Resolved. That in addition to the resolutions ado ted by aid convention, and which are hereby ratified and confirmed by this meeting, we affirm that neither the territorial legislatures, nor the inhabitants of the territories have power to exclude slave property, until such time as such territory shall have been organized and empowered by law to form a State eonstit tion, i and that all exercises of such assumed power by i the inhabitants of a territory, is revolutionary j and sub ersive of the rights of the people of the j States whose property is thus proscribed. ( 3. Resolved, Tliat the attempt of a portion of , the inhabitants of California to usurp dominion , over that extensive territory, and to establish therein u fundamental law forever excluding the | slaveholder and his property, is nn act of uaur- , pution and injustice, which, so far from deserving the countenance and sanction of Congress, i should receive their unqualified rebuke and re- , prehension. 4. Resolved, That any act of Congress admitting C lifornia as a State with the boundaries and constitution now claimed, and thus sanctioning the illegnl and unjust act of depriving the people of fifteen of the States of this Union of their equal right in and to the common territory of the States, would be a gross outrage upon the constitutional right of th j Southern States. 5. Resolved, That the employment of slave labor in California would be highly beneficial , to the whole Union in more rapidly developing ( the rich mineral resources of that country ny a permanent and fixed system of industry; and would lie especially beneficial to the slavehold- , ing States, by opening new and immensely profitable investments for slave labor, thereby i tending to enhance the value of slaves, and to abstract surplus labor from the growth of our \ great staples now verging to over-production ; i and therefore, illegnl and arbitrary exclusion of i property from that territory, would not only be i a violation of our rights as equal members of the confederacy, but highly injurious and detrimental to our property interests. 6. Resolved, That tliis attempt to exclude the slaveholder from the most valuable of our ac- , qnisitiona on the Pacific is too flagrant a violation of common justice to be made acceptable to us under any dreas.?We therefore declare A... MnnAoUUn 4 si ?|.A svT A ' UUI ill III upp?>oiVivii iv mv j/itin in HUJUHtniCnV or compromise reported by the Senate committee, no conceding to unjust demands the substance of our rights, and leaving us naught but the Hhadow to hide our disgrace. 7. Rf solved, That the instructions of our legislature to our Senators in Congress, requiring them to resist by nil constitutional means the admission of California as claimed, and to oppose the abolition of the slave iradc in the District of Columbia, are imperative and unconditional, and in these essential particulars, at war with the Compromise bill. 8. Resolved, That it is advisable to form associations in each county of this State to be de- i nominated Southern States Rights Associations i for the purpose of sustaining the resolutions of i the Southern Convention, and prodncingconeert | of action in support of Southern rights. j Which were received stwl agreed to. The i question then recurred upon their adoption. Mr. Fearn remarked, that he wu in fafor of all the resolution?, except the seventh; that this eaolution hud nothing to do with the object* for wMh'h the meeting had been called, that he was opposed to the action taken by the legislature, and should vote against the resolutions. Gov. Quitman supported tlie resolutions in a spirited and masterly manner and being con- | scions of the truth and justice of the glorious cause he espoused, challenged those who differed with him, to a public dl<cussion of the questions that are now agitating the country. His remarks , were listened to with the deepest interest, and repeatedly elicited the applause of the audience. Judge Hutchinson said he wished for a consideration jtersonal to himself, to urn 'e n single remark in order to show his approval of all the resolutions reported by the committee, including the 7th, to which there was one dissentient, (Mr. i Fearn,) whose objection is not to the principle ; of that resolution, but to its supposed effect up- \ >n the community. Judge H. thought that the i resolution might be withdrawn. The instruc- t tions of tho legislature were b afore our Senators < in Congress, win would perceive what we pro- i pos to assert, their iin erative character; l>e- I sides he believed the resolutions and address of the Southern Convention would furnish uddi- i tional^round for conformity to the legislative i instructions. He hud no doubt but that the entire delegation of this State would occupy and maintain to the last extremity that Southern i ultimatum?yet if the 7th resolution he put he i would vote for it. Cr?l (' N TurnloV mnviJ Ihn i/\n nf tho . X---J - r?.?.. ...? , resolutions reported by the committee, with the j exception of the seventh; which was uunni- \ mously carried. I Gen. C. M. Price moved that in order to cut i off discussion and test the sense of the meeting, ji that the 7th resolution be laid on the table; > which was lost. * After some discussion upon the resolution, in \ which Messrs. Deavenport, Tarplcy and Work, t took part, the question was taken on its adop- \ tion, and decided in the affirmative, Mr. Fearn dissenting. I On motion of Col. C. S. Tarpley, i ResolvedThat the Mississippian and the i pnpem throughout the/S^ate, be requested to ] publish the proceedings of tiiis meeting. I The meeting then adjourned. i JOHN J. GUIN, Ch'n. E. P. Russell, Sce'y. ] From the Savannah Georgian. Public Meeting?The Nashville Conven- t tion. I In pursuanco of a call made by many citizens, inviting all persons approving of the proceedings of the late Nashville Convention, to meet at the Exchange'Long Room on Tuesday evening, the 23d inst., at half-past eight o'clock, a large nnmber of the citizons of Savannah convened at the appointed hour and place, when, on motion, Dr. James P. Screven was called to the Chair, and Montgomery Cumming appointed Secretary. The Chairman of the meeting having stated its object, on motion of John Bilbo, Esq., the Chairman appointed a committee of ten, to report suitable resolutions for the consideration of the meeting. i The following named gentlemen were np- s pointed said committee, John Bilbo, John Bos ton, Andrew Low, Dr. R. D. Arnold, R. G. 1 Guernrd, Octavus Cohen, E. J. Harden, Joseph t Liptnan, Mr. J. Buckner, C. A. Lamar. The ? committee retired, and during its absence, the meeting was add reused by S. Y. Levy and John M. Millen, Esqrs., in reference to the great subject now agitating the country,?the rights of South, and its duty in this crisis, in appropriate ayd patriotic 8|>eechc8. 1 The committee having returned, reported * through their Chairman the following preamble ( and resolutions: Both the crisis and the consequently excited state of public feeling throughout the South, demand everywhere a full and free expression c of public opinion. ' Hitherto the voice of submission, or of com- j! promise equal to submission, has been ever loudest in our midst, deluding the North as to J the state of public sentiment in the South, and strengthening the arm of the oppressor to acta r of further aggression. The occasion now calls ( for a more decisive stand, and it behooves all who believe submission has ceased to be a virtue, and a further surrender of their rights to be . a disgrace to themselves and a crime uguinst pos- 1 terity, calmly yet firmly, to speak in the clearest 1 accents of warning to the ear of the aggressor. ' We believe the prevalent opinion now throughout the South to be that the Senate's 1 Compromise is no compromise at all. It takes c from us the whole of California with its almost J illimitable boundaries, nnd leaves New Mexico ind Utah to be the subjects of a like fraudulent 8 idmission to State sovereignty, during the next session of Congress. It seeks to bribe Texas to a surrender of a vast nortion of her slave Ter. ritory for the purpose of annexing it to a juris- 0 diction where it will inevitably become free soil. * It abolishes the slave trade in the District of Columbia, a District which as trust property is common to the Union, and finally tends to prao- c ticc a deception upon the South, by making ? \ matter of Compromise of the clear Constitutional i right which we have to the aid of Congress in 1 Congress in recovering our fugitive slaves. Feeling therefore that the Senate's adjustment ^ instead of closing will widen the breach between ' the North nod the South, t It is therefore Resolved, That we fully endorse r the positions assumed in the resolutions passed t by the patriotic assembly lately convened at B Nashville, and tender to the members thereof our warmest gratitude for the dignity, firmness c and ability with which they discharged the du- ? ties that devolved upon them. Resolved, That "in agreeing to take the Mis- c souri Compromise, we do so only because such 11 ^ basis has been heretofore acquiesced in as a ^ means of preserving the Union. , Resolved, That any Compromise tluit yields c more on the part of the South than the Missouri Compromise, or of which that Compromise is b not the basis, is oppressive And degrading to the t slaveholding States as equals with the North in f the Confederacy, and 11s binding one portion of t the Confederacy, to a state of abject dependence a upon the other. 1 Resolved, That under the present eircumstan- c ces of the country and the known want of a proper representative population within its borders, ' the admission of New Mexico as a State, would ? justify the most extreme measures on the part j of the South. n Resolved, That the course pursued in Con- n gross by our Senators and several of the Repre- n sentatives from this State, upon the slavery d ouestion. and osneeinllv hv the Hon. MePlieraon tl Herrien, and the Hon. Joseph W. Jackson, prove them warm and devoted potriota, worthy ^ the confidence of the whole South, and the enteem and approbation of their immediate con- [ stituent ?. 1 The chairman then announced the preamble 1 and resolution* a* reported, to be before the i mooting and open for discussion. The resnlu- < tions as reported by the committee, were then ! advocated bv John bilbo, Esq. Dr. R. D. Arnold, ! and Edwarn J. Harden, Esq., in eloqnent and appropriate addresses, folly sustaining and sup- 1 porting said resolutions. After which the preamble and resolutions wore unanimously adopt- , ed by the meeting. On motion, H was Resolved, That the proceedings of this meetng be published in the papers of the city, and ( 1 ~ "The SautUm Fum,"?Tri-wwkly, Is published on Tuesday^ Thursdays and Saturday a The Southern Proas, "?Weekly, Is published every Saturday. ADTISTISINO EATS I. 'or one square of 10 lines, three insertions, |1 Ob " every subsequent insertion, - 35 Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising. CP Individuals may forward the amount of their uibscriptioni at our risk. Address, (post-paid) ELL WOOD FISHER, Washington City. that a copy of the name be transmitted to the Hon. John Mcpherson Berrien, and William C. Dawson, our Senators in Congress, and to the Hon. Joseph W. Jackson, our Representative, to be laid before the Senate and House of Representatives. Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be tendered to the Chairman and Secretary, for the able and efficient manner in which they have discliorgcd their several duties. fin mntirin. thn m<u?tin<T nHinnrrii'il ' JAMES R SCREVEN, Ch'n. Montgomery Cumming, Sec'y. From the Savannah Georgian. Meeting at Camden County, Ga.?At a >ery large and respectable meeting of the citizens of Camden county, held at Centreville, at vhich were citizens from the counties of Glynn ind Ware, for the purpose of taking into consideration the subject of Southern rights, General Milliard, of Ware, was called to the Chair, and John Viilolonger, of Camden, was appointed Secretary. The object of the meeting having been explained by Judge R. P. Burton and A. S. Atkinson, esq., the following preamble aud resolutions were proposed, ana after being discussed by Judge Burton, A. S. Atkinson, Doctor Barnard, Mr. Jeffreys, and James C. Smith, were unanimously adopted: . Whereas, The rights of the South have re;ently been placed in great jeopardy, by the unust interference of the Northern States; and vherens, there is a bill now before Congress, crown as Clay and Frote's Compromise, vhich tukes forever from the Southern people in 1110 rigm iu uiai vitai territory acquired in our vara with Mexico, for which Southern blood va8 spilt and Southern treasure expended; and, vherenn, our silence at this time may be conitrued into an acquiescence of the odious provisions of that Compromise: 1. Be it Resolved, That Clay and Footo's Compromise bill, with the amendments, are nothing but base concessions, which, if sub] in it ted to by the South, will exclude her people from a vast and fertile country, to which they liave a just and perfect title, and that we will resist it in every possible manner and form. 3. Resolved, That we approve heartily of the Vashville Convention, ana especially of the adiress of the Convention to the Southern people. 3. Resolved, Tiuit as the least and last pro>osition of a settlement, we are willing to abide >y the Missouri Compromise line of 36}, exended to the Pacific ocean, and think that tho South should resist any other further encroachnent at all hazards. 4. Resolved, That as a part of the constituency )f the Hon. Joseph W. Jackson, we hereby ex A. i.i a : al.4 L. -i--ii iL [in*sr* iaj nun uur ucmro, uiut nu mum upputw uitt taid Compromise with all his tale"t and energy. fi. Resolved, That the first drop of Southern blood spilt in Texas should be a signal to the whole South to " stand by their arms," and that we will sustain the people of Texas in contendng for their rights. 6. Resolved, That until the present question s settled, we dissolve all party distinctions, and >tand upon the Southern platform. 7. Resolved That n copy of those resolutions >e forwarded to the Hon. Joseph W. Jackson ind otl\ers?to the editors of tl?e Republican ind Georgia, in Savannah. THOMAS HILLIARD, Chairman. John Villalonger, Secretary. Prom the Central Georgian. Meeting in Washington County.?The friends of the extension of the Missouri Line to he Pacific Ocean, arc requested to meet at Sunlorsville on the first Tuesday in August. From the Forsyth Bee. Southern Meeting in Monroe.?The friends if the Union, who are in favor of the settlement >f the slavery question upon the basis of the Missouri Compromise line, in oppposition to Clay's compromise bill, do cull a public meeting if the citizens of Monroe county, without disinction of party, on the first Tuesday in August text, to be held i i the court house in the town >f Forsyth. Signed bv 188 Whigs and Democrats. Public Meeting in Henry.?The citizens of Eienry county, without distinction of party, are 'equestcd to meet in the court house at McDolough, on the first Tuesday in August next, for ;he purpose of publicly expressing their views ipoti the slavery question. The present crisis lemands such action from the citizens of every ounty in the State, and while others are stepping brward in this i i portaut matter, we should njt tand aloof. Whigs and Democrats. McDonough, July 20,1860. The Overland Emigration.?A correspondent f the St. Louis Republiean, writing fVom Fort .uiramie, June 2d, says : The tide of emigration is still sweeping across he prairies in great force, carrvine alone: in its current all our floating population" such "as mechanics, laborers, hunters, Indian traders, Ac. &c. Jp to the present time, the entire number of men, vomen, children, wagons, horses, mules Ac., that rave passed thin point is as follows : 9972 men, 15 women, 76 children, 2797wngons, 9830 horses, 1127 mules, and 2304" oxen. The emigration is at east three weeks ahead of at of last year. An to the number of emigrants that will pass by his route this season, it has been greatly overated. 1 feel convinced that it will not exceed hat of last year by more than five or ten thou-, and. Another party of footmen passed yesterday arrying everything, provisions, blankets, Ac., trapped to their backs. One provident fellow, n addition to all this, had a small sheet iron ooking stove slung to his back, with which he ippeared much delighted. The health of the migrants thus far has been good, but few if any laving died on the road. Some half dozen have reen left here sick but all are now convolesent. A Man Flayed Alivk. Horrible Atrocity! A tate merit was copied into the newspapers some inie ago, that a man belonging to a party bound or California, having declared that he would ahoot he first Indian that he met, deliberately ahot a quaw, and, being taken by a party of Indians, vas skinned alive. The report waa subsequently ontradicled. Notwithstanding this, the Bangor Mercury says, hat a letter has been received from one of the arty to which the man belonged, which was a ompany bound to California overland, givingthe etails of hie crime and its punishment in the tanner stated. Soon after this cold-blooded turdcr of the squaw, the party, about twenty in umber, was surrounded by three hundred Inians, and threatened with instant death unless hay disclosed the perpetrator of the atrocious ieed. After consulting together, they determined o point out the murderer, who m as at once seized ty the Indians, bound to a stake, and his skin leeled from him even to his toes. The operation asted two hours, and the victim survived two lours after it. The company, among whom was lis own brother, were compelled to form a ring tround the stake and witness the terrible torment >f the wretched man. Four or five >f the party, ind among them the one who railed down upon riimaelf such a terrible punishment, went from Troy, in the Slate of Maine. . i ferdotand moulton, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Will practice in the several courts in ths District, and attend to the prosecution of claims against the Government. Office corner of E and 7Ui streets, opposite thg ienernl Post Office,