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WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE.
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The Right Rev. John Johns, D. D., President
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July 15?1 aw.
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~TUjFaMERICAN FARMER, published
in the city llultimore, Maryland, commences the
fitii volume of the present series on tho 1st July,
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!l. 41. Ul-.t I
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ITNDER this title will be published, during the
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nad enduring monument to the great men of the Republic.
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Gallery is intended to be a worthy ami enduring mon
. ?? ,?... ti.? nki:.. ...u
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/ l\ CONSIGNMENT.?Omk Tantud Rxuselt
1 \J BROGJLYS ?1,000 |>ajr Oak Tanned Ruasett
Brognos, a prime article of Southern Manufacture
For sale by R. A. PRJNGLK,
No. 30, East Bay street,
July 16, 1850?d4nt Charleston, S, C.
THE GRIND INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION
MEETING OP THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE TOR THE UNITED
Pursuant to the notice (riven, the Central Committee
met* a) the rooms of the National institute, i? the
Patent Office, on Thursday evening, the 13th instant,
at 8 o'clock.
The meeting was called to ordei by Professor W|lter
K. Johnson, on whose notion Col. Peter Force
was called to the Chair, and Charles F. fSlanbury
chosen Secretary of the meeting.
This teinpoiary organisation having been effected,
the committee proceeded to organise permanently by
tlie appoiutmens of the Hon. Millard FiUuiore, Vice
President of the United States, Chairman, and Prof.
Walter U. Johnson Secretary.
At the the request of the Chairman, (Col. Force,)
the following p.ij>er? were read by Prof. Johnson, in
explanation of the appointment and duties of the
Washington, May 17, 1850.
To the Prcsulcnt of the National Institute
for the Promotion of Science.
Sir: I have the honor herewith to transmit copies
of a correspondence which lias taken place between
the Minister Plenipotentiary of her Majesty
the Queen of Great Britain and this Department relative
to the proposed Industrial Exhibition to be held
in London in the year IMSl.
From the circular of the Royal Commisaioncm of
Great Britain, hereto annexed, it will be observed that
ail objects intended to be introduced from foreign
countries and entered for that Exhibition are required
tit have been first submitted to and approv ed by a contra)
authority or commission of the country from
which they shall be birought, and ihtt no other will
be recognized as a central authority except such as
shall have been so certified by the Government of the
country in which it exists.
That American industry and arts may be enabled to
appear in the place allotted to them, it will be indispensable
that a recognized central authority should be
constituted; and I am under the impression that the
National Institute, having been regularly incorporated
by aet of Congress, and being habitually engaged in
matters pertaining to the arts and sciences, is the
proper body for taking the initiative in constituting
such a central authority.
J therefore heg leave to submit to its consideration
the interesting and important subject which has been
brought to the attention of this Department by the
distinguislied Envoy of her Majesty's Government,
and to request such action or suggestions as may seem
necessary in order that the natural productions, the
ingenuity, industry, and arts of the United States
limy be fully and suitably represented on the interesting
occasion herein referred to.
1 have the houor to be, very respectfully, yours,
JOHN M. CLAYTON.
Tins communication was laid before the National
Institute, and by it referred to a select committee,
which brought forward the following report:
Report qf the Committee iff the National Institute:
The special committee, to which was referred
the communication from the lion. John M. Clay
ton, Secretary of State, relative to the formation
of a central authority for transmitting articles to
the Industrial Exhibition to be held in London in
1851, offers the following report:
The committee, impressed wi'h the importance
of the subject Commended to the Institute, have
given to it their earnest and careful attention.
Tin* i.<ijnnr?caq IKa inrr^nnifv (Ha imlli&frv flnrl
* ' V-O^V.. , V-?, .j, .<f,
arts of the United States are conceived to merit
lie best eddcavors to procure for them the opporunities
of being adequately represented in the
great Industrial Exhibition at LbndonAggreeably
to the programme adopted by the Royal
Commission, no articles are to be received front
Foreign Exhibitors except those which shall have
been approved by a central authority, recognized as
such by the Government of the country from which
tlmv *ie sent.
This Institute being the only Society lor the Prooiion
of Science and the Arts, directly incorporated
by the Government, t lie Secretary of State has deemed
it the appropriate body to take action or make suggestions
relative to the fulfilment of the wishes of the
Royal Commissioners, by the establishment of such a
central authority as the case sec ins to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Secretary
of Stale, the committee consider the National
Institute in duty bound to respond.
In accordance with this view, the committee respectfully
recommend the following resolution :
1. Resolved, That the Institute will take action
on the subject submitted to it by the Department of
2. Resolved, That the Institute do now proceed
to constitute a eommittcesnitablc to be recognised by
the Government asj.oetffr.il body to hold correspondence
with the British Commissioners, and to secure
the reception of American productions at the proposed
Industrial Exhibition in London.
PETER FORCE, 1
WALTER R JOHNSON, Committee.
J. J. GREENOUGH,
CHARLES WILKES, J
Washington, May 27, 1850.
Sir : I have tho honor to make known to the Department
of State the action which this Institute has
taken on the subject of your communication of the
17th instant. That action is comprised in tire following
resolutions, unanimously adopted after full discussion
at the meeting held this evening.
"lie solved, That t he lu-titutc will take action on
the subject submitted to it by the Department ol
"Resolved That the Institute do now proceed to
constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government to hold correspondence with the
British Commissioners, and to secure the reception of
American productions at the proposed Industrial Exhihition
"Resolved, That a committee of not less than nineteen
be appointed to constitute a Central Committee
on the Industrial Exhibition, and to correspond with
societies and local committees throughout the United
''Resolved. That the President of this Institute be
a member of the Central Committee.
"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary communicate
to the Secretary ol State a copy of the foregoing
resolutions, together with the names of the
The following are the names of the members of
the Central Committee appointed in accordance with
the foregoing resolutions :
Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice President of the United
States, and cr officio Chancellor of the Regents of
the Smithsonian Institution.
Col. l'ctcr Force, President of the National Institute.
Hon. James A Pearee, U. S. Senate, member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Hon. I>evi Woodbury, M. N I., Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United States.
Commodore Lewis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Oidnancc and Hydrography.
Prof. Joseph Henry, Vice President of the N. 1., Secretary
of the Smithsonian Institute.
Erof. Waller K. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary of
the National Institute.
Prof. Alexander D. Bache, M. N. I., member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute, and
VI ii iiiifintii ni t < nf nf llio ('nant Slirvi'V
Commander Charles Wilkes, U. S. Nl., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition.
Hon. William W. Seaton, M. N.I.) Mayor of Washington.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, U S Senate, member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute.
Lieut. Matthew F. Maury, U. S. N., Vice President
of the National Institute, and Superintendent of the
J. Jaincs (ireenough, Esq., M. N. I.
Charles F. Stansburv, Esq., Recording Secretary of
the National Institute.
Col. J. J. Abert, M. N. I., Chief of tha Topographical
Gen. Joseph fi. Totten, Vice President N. I., Chief
Engineer. U S. Army.
Thomas Ewhank, Esq , Commissioner of Patents.
William Easby, Esq., Treasurer National Institute.
Leonard 1). Gale, M. D., M. N. I., examiner of
Joseph C. (1. Kennedy, Esq., M. N. I., Suporinlcndont
ara, C. Seaman, Esq., M. N.I.
I have the honor to be
Very respectfully, your oh't scrvt,
WALTER R. JOHNSON,
Cor. Secretary of the National Institute.
Hon .Totiv M Pi o"tow. Kcorrtarv of Stut?
, Pefartment np State,
Wahhingtim, June 8, 1850.
Km : 1 have duly received your letter of the '27tli
ultimo, communicating to tics IVpartment the prt>(
ceedings of the National Institute on the subject of my
note of the 17th of the tame month. Those proceedings
appear to me to be perfectly satisfactory ; and I
, have accordingly transmitted them to the British Minister
in this city, with the communication, a copy of
which is enclosed for your information.
I am, sir, respectfully, your ob't servt,
Walter N. Johnson, Esq., Corresponding
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department or State,
Washington, June 1, 1850.
Sir : 1 have the honor to transmit to you herewith
) a copy of the correspondence which has passed beItwcen
this Department and the National Institute for
the Promotion of Science, respecting the. organization
of a committee to constitute the central authority required
by the regulations of the Koyal Commission on
the proposed Industrial Exhibit inn, to correspond with
them in London, and with societies, local committee*,
and individuals in this country, and to sanction the
forwarding of articles applicable to the exhibition.
I need hardly say to you, sir, that the proceedings
of the National Institute, as set foith in this correspondence,
meet the approbation of the l)e]>artment, which
lias full uonhdencc in the committee named by that
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to you
the assurance of my hign and distinguished consideration
JOHN M. CLAYTON.
Right Honorable Sir H. L. Bulwku, Hu*.
Extract frtnn the Circular qf the Royal Commutioncrs.
" The Commissioners have felt that it would be
desirable, us far as possible, to prevent any persons
from sending hither articles which cannot be
admitted, rather than to reject the articles after
their arrival in London. They feel 'duo that the
delicate and responsible task of deciding on the
admission or rejection of articles destined for exhibition
by foreign contributors ought not to be imposed
upon any English tribunal, but should be
referred to one jviug the confident of the exhibitors
then'su.ves, and standing entirely free from
poaBib)* imputations of national partiality. They
accc .mgly propose to admit to exhibition such
foreign articles only us muy be forwarded to them
by the Central Authority (whatever may be its
nntureVin each country. They will communicate
to such Central Authority the umnunt of spaee
which can be allowed to the productions of the
country for which it acts, and will also stule the
conditions and limitations which may from time
to time he decided on with respect to the admission
Of articles. All articles forwarded by such Central
Authority will then be admitted, provided they
do not require a greater aggregate amount of
space them that assigned to the productions of the
country fVom which they come; and, provided,
also, tliut thev do not violute the conditions and
limitation* of which due notice ahull have been
given. It will rent with the Central Authority in
each country to decide upon the merits of the
several articles presented for exhibition, and to
take cure that tlioHe which ure sent are such as
fairly represent the industry of their fellow-couutrytnen.
" Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider
that to be the Central Authority in each case which
is stilted to be to by the Government of its country.
Having once been put in communication with a
Central Authority in any country, they must decline,
absolutely and entirely, any communication
with private and unauthorized individuals ; and,
should any such be addressed to them, they can
only refer to a central body. This decision is
essentially necessary, in order to prevent concision.
*' No articles of foreign manufacture, to whomsoever
they may belong, or wheresoever they may
be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
come with the sunction of the Central Authority
of the country of which they are the produce.
The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles
being in all cases actually forwarded by the
Central Authority, though they consider that this
would generally he the most satisfactory arrangement
; hut it is indispensable tlrnt the sanction of
such authority should in all cases be expressly
given, and that it be held responsible for the fitness
of such articles for exhibition, and for not
authorizing the exhibition of a greater quantity
than can be accommodated in the space assigned
to the productions of the country in question."
A fltll discussion was then hud of the subject
thus luid before the committee, and, on mutton of
the Hon, W. W. Seaton, it was?
Resolved, That the Committee of five firstcharged
with this subject by the Institute (substituting
Mr. Kennedy for Mr. Greenough, who is absent)
be an Executive Committee to take all necessary
steps to carry out the views of the general com
The following gentlemen constitute the Execu
tive Committee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
R. Johnson, Prof. Joseph Henry, J. C. G. Kennedy,
Esq., Capt. Churles Wilkes.
Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to
prepare the proceedings of this meeting for publication.
And the Committee adjourned.
CHARLES F. STANSBURY.
Secretary of the Meeting.
N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals
desirous U make propositions or to receive information,
are requested to address their communications
to J. C. G. Kennedy, Esq.
I ^i.in m, ,r?n . . r .W
lilt, iruuu AiHi>UAL VUi_,UiVI?,
SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE,
Was commenced on Saturday, the 4th of May,
1830, under its original name?instead of Richards'
Weekly Gazette?as more significant of its peculiar
character, it being the only weekly organ or Literature
in the entire South! It is
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns o',
matter. It is, moreover, in an
Entirely Arte Dress
"from head to foot," and upon heautifUT wnm
paper, so that, in mechanical excellence, it is not
surpassed by any paper whutever in the United
States! It continues under the same Editorial
direction as heretofore, and no pains or expense
will be spared to make it
JI Choice Family New*]>npe.r,
"as cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the
best!" Utterly discarding the notion that a
Southern journal cannot compete with tiie Northern
weeklies, in cheapness and interest,
The Southern Literary Gazette
rivals the best of them in all the characteristics of
a truly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim is the
diffusion of cultivated and refined taste throughout
the community?and it embraces in its ample
folds ever species of intelligence that can tend to
from many of the ablest writers 111 the South,
chieily occupy its columns, but not to the exclu |
sion of choice miscellany, selected from the best
American and European sources.
The tone of the "Gazette" is independent
criticism and in the discussion of every legitimate
topic, but it is strictly
Mutral ill Politics and Religion
Its columns are occasionally embellished with
Southern Portraits and I^indscitpes,
engraved expressly for the work, ana accompanied
by biographical and topographical sketches.
Its General Information
is copious, but carefully condensed from the
leading journals of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in die size
and attractions of the paper, it is still published at
Tiro Dollars Per Jlnnnm, in Mrance !
it will be furnished to persons becoming responsible
for the whole number of copies, and having
them sent to one address, oil the following terms :
Three copies, $5
Five copies, 8
Ten copiesj 15
Fifteen copies, 20
Twenty copies, 25
Fifty conies, 60
rcr Air orders must be accompanied with the
money, and addressed, post uai, to
WALKElt & RICHARDS.
Charleston. S. C.
WORTHINOTON G. 3NETHEN,
Fount rly Solicitor of the General Land Qffice.
Attorney ano Coi-nsf.li.or at Law,
Continues to practice in the Supreme Court of
the United States, in the Courts of the District of
j Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, to prosecute
claims of all kinds against the United States, either
before Congress or any of the Executive Departments,
and to procure letters patent for inventions.
Business confided to his care, will be
promptly attended to.
N. B. Particular attention paid to the prosecution
of claims before the Brazilian Commission
now sitting in Washington.
Washiwotov City, D. C. July 11, 1850.
RA. PRINGLE, No. 30, East Bay street,
Charleston, South Carolina.?Importer of
French CALF SKINS; Manufacturer's Agent
nnd Dealer in BROG.WS, BOOTS and SIWES\
Advances made on consignment of Ilrogans of
Southern Manufacture. Parties wishing to consign,
will send samples of their make, und on receipt
of their consignment, a liberal cash advance
will be made. Information promptly inipnrted,
as to the stylo, but adapted to the trade.
Charleston, S. C., July 16, 1850.?dl y
To Southern Gentlemen or Literary institution*.
4 young man, a graduate of St. Mary 's College,
Baltimore, wishes to obtain as ituntion
as Assistant in an Academy, or Private Tutor.?
He is modified to teach the highest branches of
Greek, Latin, French, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry,
Mathematics nnd English Literature.?
The highest testimonials as to character and qualifications
can be produced. Address, post-paid,
C X. Y. Post Office, Baltimore, Md.
Address to the People ot the Sou the rn
At a large meeting ot Southern members
of both Houses of Congress, held at the Capitol
on the evening of the 7th ultimo, the
Hot). Hopkins L. Titrney, of Tennessee,
having been appointed Chairman at a previous
meeting, took the Chair; and, on motion
of the Hon. David Hubbakd, of Alabama,
the Hon. William J. Alston, of Alabama,
was appointed Secretary.
Whereupon, the Hon. A. P. Butler, of
South Carolina, from the committee appointed
at a preliminary meeting, reported an Address
to the Southern people, recommending
the establishment, at Washington City, of a
newspaper, to be devoted to the support and
defence of Southern interests; which was
read, and with some slight modifications,
The following resolution was offered bv
the Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, of North
Carolina, and unanimously adopted by the
Resolved, unanimously, That the committee, in
publishing the Address, tie instructed to give with it
ttie names ot the Senators and Representatives in
Congress who concur in the proposition to establish
the Southern Organ, as manifested by their subscriptions
to the several copies of the plan in circulation,
or who may hereafter authorise aald committee to illelude
Maryland.?Senator: Thomas G. Pratt.
Virginia.?Senators: R. M. T. Hunter,
J. M. Mason. Representatives: J. A.
Seddon, Thos. H. Averett, Paulus Powell,
H. K. Meade, Alex. R. Holladav, Thos
S Bocock, 11. A. Edraundson, jeremiah
North Carolina.?Senator: Willie P.
Mangum. Representatives: T. L. Clingman,
A. W. Veoable, W. S. Ashe.
South Carolina.-?Senators: A. P Butler,
F. H. Ehnore. Representatives: John
McQueen, Joseph A. Woodward, Daniel
Wallace, WTm. F. Colcock, James L. Orr,
Armistead Burt, Isaac E. Holmes.
Creon/ia.-r-Senators: John McP. Berrien,
William C. Dawson. Representatives: Jo
seph W. Jackson, Alex. H. Stephens, Robert
Toomhs, H. A. Haralson, Allen F.
Alabama.?Senator: Jeremiah Clemens.
Representatives: David Ilubbard, F. W.
Bowdon, S. W. Inge, \V. J. Alston, S.
Mississippi.?Senator. Jefferson Davis.
Representatives: W. S Featherston, Jacob
Thompson, A. G. Brown, W. W. McYVillie.
Louisiana.?Senators: S. U. Downs,
Pierre Soule. Representatives: J. H. Harmanson,
Emile La Sere, Isaac E. Morse.
Arkansas.?Senators: Solon Borland, YV.
Sebustian. Representative: R. XV. Johnson.
Texas.?Representatives: Vol. E. Howard,
D. S. Kaufman.
Missouri.?Senator: D. R. Atchison.
Representative: James S. Green.
Kentucky.-?Representatives: R. H. Stanton,
James L. Johnson.
Tennessee.?Senator: Hopkins L. Turney.
Representatives: James H. Thomas,
o ctn?f?n i.-vi.n IT SZK-OSY-O
A' 1 VTUCI JUiv A. . uiamuuj cvuii ax. k^uvu^v.
Florida.?Senators: Jackson Morton, D.
L. Yulee. Representative: E. Carrington
And upon motion, the meeting adjourned.
HOPKINS L. TURNEY, Chairman.
"\Vm J. Alston, Secretary.
The committee to which was rejerred the
duty cf preparing an Address to the people
of the slaveholding Stales upon the
subject of a Southern Organ, to be established
in the City of Washington, put
jorth the following:
Fellow-citizens : A number of Senators
and Representatives in Congress from
the Southern States of the Confederacy deeply
impressed with a sense of the dangers
which beset those States, have considered
carefully our means of self-defence within
the Union and the Constitution, and have
come to the conqlusion that it is highly important
to establish in this city a paper, which,
without reference to political party, shall be
devoted to the rights and interests oi the
I South, so far as they are involved in the questions
growing out of African slavery. To
establish and maintain such a paper, your
support is necessary, and accordingly we
address you on the subject.
In the contest now going on, the constitutional
equality of fifteen States is put in
question. Some sixteen hundred millions
worth of negro property is involved directly,
and indirectly, though not less surely, an incalculable
amount of property in other forms.
But to say this is to state less than half' the
doom that hangs over you. Your social
forms and institutions?which separate the
European and the African races into distinct
classes, and assign to each a different sphere
in society?are threatened with overthrow
Whether the negro is to occupy the same
social rank with the white man, and enjoy
equally the' rights, privileges, and immunities
of citizenship?in short, all the honors
and dignities of society?is a question 01
greater moment than any mere question ot
property can be.
Such is the contest now going on?a contest
in which public opinion, if not the prevailing,
is destined to be a most prominent
force ; and yet, no organ of the united inter
ests of those assailed has as yet been established,
nor does there exis'. any paper
which can be the common medium for an
interchange of opinions amongst the Southern
States. Public opinion, as it has been
formed and directed by the combined influence
of interest and prejudice, is the force
which has been most potent against us in
the war now going on against the institution
of negro slavery ; and yet we have taken
no etlectual means to make and maintain
that issue with it upon which our safety
and perhaps our social existence depends.
Whoever will look to the history of this
question, and to the circumstances under
which we are now plaoed, must see
that our position is one of imminent danger,
and one to be defended by all the means,
moral and political, of which we can avail
ourselves in the present emergency. The
warfare against Afi ican slavery commenced,
i _ 'ii. n A i> A i i\
as is known, who vjreai oruain, wno, auer
having contributed mainly to its establishment
in the New World, devoted her most
earnest efforts, for purposes not yet fully explained,
to its abolition in America, llow
wisely this was done, so far as her own colonies
were concerned, time has determined;
and all comment upon this subject on our
part would be entirely superfluous. II,
however, her purpose was to reach and em^
barrass us on this subject, her efforts have
not been without success. A common origin
a common language, have made the English
literature ours to a great extent, and the
efforts of the British Government and people
to mould the public opinion of all who
speak the English lauguage, have not been
vain or fruitless. On the contrary, they
| have been deeply felt wherever the Eug
lish language is spoken; and tb3 more
efficient and dangerous, because, as yet,
the South has taken no steps to appear and
plead at the bar of the world, before which
she has been summoned, and by which she
has been tried already without a hearing,
i Secured by constitutional guaranties, and
independent ol all the world, so far as its
domestic institutions were concerned, the
South Iras reposed under the conciousness
ol right and independence, and ioreborne to
plead at a bar which she knew had no jurisdiction
over this particular subject. In this
we have been theoretically right, but practically
we have made a great mistake. All
means, political, diplomatic, and literary,
have been used to concentrate the public
opinion, not only of the world at large, but
of our own country, against us; cud resting
upon the, undoubted truth that our domestic
institutions were the subjects ol no Govern
ment but our own local Governments, and
concerned no one but ourselves, we have
been passive under these ussaults, until
rlinivop monaeou 11 a fmm ov<?rir minrtpr A
great party has grown up, and is increasing
in the United States, which seems to think
it a duly they owe to earth and heaven to
make war on a domestic institution upon
which are staked our property, our social
organization, and our peace and safety.
Sectional feelings have been invoked, and
those who wield the power of this Government
have been tempted almost, if not quite,
beyond their power of resistance, to wage a
war against our property, our rights, and
our social system, which, if successfully
prosecuted, must end in our destruction.
Every inducement?the love of power, the
desire to accomplish what are, with less
truth than plausibility, called "reforms"?
all are offered to tempt them to press upou
those who are represented, and, in (act,
seem to be an easy prey to the spoiler. Our
eqality under the Constitution is, in effect,
denied; our social institutions are derided
and contemned, and ourselves treated with
contumely and scorn through all the avennes
which have as yet been opened to the public
opinion ol the world. That these
assaults should nave nau tneir eneci is not
surprising, when we remember that, as yet,
we have otlered no organized resistance to
them, and opposed but little, except the isolated
efforts of members of Congress, who
have occasionally raised their voices against
what they believe to be wrongs and injustice.
It is time that we should meet and maintain
an issue, in which we find ourselves involved
by those who make war upon us in
regard to every interest that is peculiar to
us, and which is not enjoyed in common with
them, however guarantied by solemn compact,
and uo matter bow vitally involving our
prosperity, happiness, and safety. It is time
that we should take measures to defend ourselves
against assaults which can end in
nothing short of our destruction, if we oppose
no resistance to them. Owing to accidental
circumstances, and a want of knowledge of
the true condition of things in the Southern
States, the larger portion of the press and of
the political literature of the wotld has been
directed against us. The moral power ol
public opinion carries political streugth along
with it, and if against us, we must wrestle
with it or fall. It, as we firmly believe, truth
is with us, there is nothing to discourage us
in such an effort.
The eventual strength of an opinion is to
be measured, not by tne number who may
chance to entertain it, but by the truth which
sustains it We believe?nay, we know, that
truth is with us, and therefore we should not
shrink from the contest. We have too much
staked upon it. to shrink or to tremble?a
property interest, in all its forms, c? incalculable
amount and value ; the social organization,
the equality, the liberty, nay, the existence
of fourteen or fifteen States of the Confederacy?all
rest upon the result of the
struggle in which we are engaged. We
must maintain the equality of our political
position in the Union; we must maintain the
dig;,i.ty and respectabikty of our social position
before the woild; and must maintain
and secure our liberty and rights, so far as
our united efforts can protect them ; and, if
possible, we must effect all this within the
pale of the Union, and by means known to
the Constitution. The union of the South
upon these vital interests is necessary, not
only for the sake of the South, but perhaps
for the sake of the Union. We have great
interests exposed to the assaults, net only of
the world at large, but of those who, constituting
a majority, wield the power of our
own confederated States. We must defend
those interests by all legitimate means, or
else perish either in or without the effort. To
make successful de!ence, we must unite with
each other upon one vital question, and make
the most of our political strength. We must
do more?we must go beyond our entrenchments,
and mee$ even the more distant and
indirect, but by no means harmless assaults,
which are directed against us. We, too,
can appeal to public opinion. Our assailant;
act upon theory, to their theory we can op
pose experience. They reason upon an i
imaginary state of things to, this we may j
oppose truth and actual knowledge. To do j
this, however, we too must open up avenues
to the public mind; we, too, must have an
organ through which we can appeal to the
world, and commune with each other. The
want of such an organ, heretofore, has been
perhaps one of the leading causes of our present
There is no paper at the Seat of Government
through which we can hear or be heard
fairly and truly by the country. There is a
paper here which makes the abolition of slavery
its main and paramount end. There
are other papers here which make the maintenance
ot political parties their supreme and j
controlling object, but none which consider
the preservation of sixteen hundred millions
of property, the equality and libertv of fourteen
or fifteen States, the protection of the
white man against African equality, as paramount
over, or even equal to, the maintennance
of some political organization which is
to secure a President, who is an object of
interest not because he will certainly rule, or
perhaps ruin the South, but chiefly for the
reason that he will possess and bestow office
and spoils. The South has a peculiar position,
and her important rights and interests
are objects of continual assault from the majority;
and the party presi, dependent as it
is upon that majority lor its means of living,
will always be found laboring to excuse the
assailants, and to paralyze all effoits at resistance.
How is it now? The abolition party
can always be heard through its press at
the Seat of Government, but through what
' n J. I .1 I ,1 . *
organ or press at Washington can Southern
men communicate with the world, or with
each other, upon their own peculiar interests?
So far from writing, or permitting
anything to be written, which is calculated
to defend the rights of the South, or state its
case, the papers here are engaged in lulling
the South iuto a false security, and in manufacturing
there an artificial public sentiment,
suitable for some Presidential platform,
though at the expense of any and every interest
you may possess, no matter how dear
or how vital and tnoineutous.
This state, of things results from party obligations
and a regard to party success. And
they but subserve the ends of their establishment
in consulting their own interests,
and the advancement of the party to which
they are pledged. You cannot look to them
as sentinels over interests that ar$ repugnant
to the feelings of ttie majority of the selfsustaining
In the Federal Legislature the South has
some voice and some votesj but over the public
press, as it now stands at the Scat of
Government, the North has a controlling in
nuenee. 1 he press of this city takes its
tone from that ol the North. Even our
Southern press is subjected, more or less, to
the same influence. Our public men, yes,
our southern n en, owe their public standing
and reputation too olien to the commendation
and praise of the Northern press. Southern
newspapers republish from their respective
party organs in this city, and in so doing,
reproduce?unconscious, doubtless, in
most instances, of the wrong they do?the
northern opinion in regard to public men
and measures. How dangerous such a state
of things must be to the fidelity ol your representatives
it is needless to say! They
are but men, and it would be unwise to suppose
that they are beyond the reach of temptations
wnich influence the rest of mankind.
Fellow-citizens, it rests with ourselves to
alter this state ol things, so far as the South
is concerned. We have vast interests, which
we are bound, by many considerations, to
defend with all the moral and political means
in our power. One of the first steps to this
Sreat end is to establish a Southern Organ
here, a paper through which we may commune
with one another and the world at
large. We do not propose to meddle with
political parties as they now exist; we wish
to enlist every southern man in a,southern
cause, and in defence of southern rights, be
he Whig or be he Democrat. We do not
propose to disturb him, or to shake him in
his party relations. All that we ask is, that
he shtill consider the constitutional rights of
the South, which are involved jn the great
abolition movement, as paramount to all
party and all other political considerations.
And surely the time has come when all
southern men should unite for the purpose of
self-defence. Our relative power in the
Legislature of the Union is diminishing with
every census; the dangers which menace us
are daily becoming greater; and, the chief instrument
in the assaults upon us is tlie public
press, over which,owing to our supineness, the
North exercises a controlling influence. So
far as the South is concerned, we can change
and reverse this state of things. It is not
to be borne, that public sentiment at the South
should be stifled or controlled by the party
Let us have a press of our own, as the
North has), both here and at home?a press
which shall be devoted to Southern rights,
and animated by Southern feeling; which
shall look not to the North but the South for
the tone which is to pervade it. Claiming
our share of power in Federal Legislation, let
us also claim our share of influence in the
press of the country. Let us organize in
every Southern town and county, so as to
send this paper into every house in the land.
Let us take, too, all the means necessary to
maintain the paper by subscription, so as to
increase its circulation, and promte the
spread of knowledge and truth. Let every
portion of the South furnish its full quota of
talent and money to sustain a paper which
ought to be supported by all, because it will
be devoted to the interest of every Southern
man. It will be the earnest effort of the
committee who are charged with these arrangements,
to procure editors of high talent
and standing; and they will also see that the
paper is conducted without opposition, and
without rejcrence to the political parties of
the day. With these assurances, we feel
justified in calling upon you, the people of
the Southern States?to make the necessary
efforts to establish and maintain the proposed
A. P. BUTLER,
PROSPECTUS OF A NEW SERIES OF
The Southern Quarterly Review.
Commenced on the 1st of April, 1850, bv
Walker & Richards, Proprietors Sf Publsshcrs.
TERMS?$5.00 per annum, payable in advance.
The publishers of the Southern Quarterly
Review beg leave to entreat the attention of the
public to that Work, to return thanks for the invariable
indulgence which has smiled upon its
progress hitherto, and to express the hope that
this countenance will not be withdrawn, now that
the publication, pnsaing from the hands of the
former publisher into their own, makes, as it
were, a fresh start in the pursuit of a well known
progess. They cannot allow themselves to doubt,
that?with all their former contributors, with the
addition of many new ones, not less valuable and
distinguished?under the conduct still of Mr. W.
Gilmohk Simms, its sole Editor during the past
year?and with the assurance which die subscribers
now beg leave to give, that the work will be
henceforward issued in a style very superior to
that of the past, on better paper, with a fine new
type, and with a regard to neatnass and finish,
which will leave it second to none in the country?
they will continue to receive that patronage which
thair own endeavor and the claims of such an organ
seem reasonably to demand.
The writers for the Review include the greater
number of the best and ablest names of the
country. They represent the highest literary
talent of the South, and reflect truly, with n native
earnestness, force, and fidelity, the real policy
and the peculiar institutions of our Bection.
We entreat the people of the South, who feel
the importance of such a periodical as the Review,
to ezcuse its deficiencies, and generously lend
themselves to its assistance. With their countenance
and concurrence, it can become the established
organ of domestic opinion?the champion
rxC mil* pirrlito anil eliamrlov nlirnnil tlm ??>.!
counsel to intellectual progress and proper taste
at home?the arena in which the better minds of
the conntry may always distinguish themselves,
and find the proper provocation to execution and
performance?the wholesome authority to which
we may always turn for the correction and restrain!
of crude and undigested speculation. These
are all objects of the last necessity to a civilized
people, who have anything to gain by enterprise,
or any thing to lose by remissness and inaitlerence.
Once more, we ask from the patrons of the
Review, indulgence for the post, and such sym
pathy and support for the future, as are due to th?
vital interests which it faithl\illy serves, and lh?
character which it seeks to establish.
JE3" AH communications should be addressed
WALKER & RICHARDS, H
Publishers Southern Quarterly Kevinc,
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