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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, August 07, 1850, Image 1

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T*'" > "I I iri ir ir n I f I - I
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ElJirood Fisher A Edwin De Leon.
DAILY, - |10 00
TRI WEEKLY, ----- 5 00
WEEKLY, 2 00
Subscriptions PtyiUe in advance. Any person
procuring ive subscribers shall receive one copy
gratis. All Tetters to the Editors to be post-paid.
raiNTED it e. a.sane.
OppiCE, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between
i i-; * i in - ^ r i _ __ - ??
..ii i .1 . ? i|, ',11 ,i i. , . ....... ... -BB
Vol. 1. Washington, Wednesday, Asgmst 7, 1850. No. 44.
3d aud 44 aureus.
have in course ok publication, in parts, price
twenti-rive cent* each,
A Dictionay of Machines. Mechanics,
Engine-Wok, and Engtneexing.
Designed for Practical Working-Men, and those
intended for the Engineering Profession.
Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor qf
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineer*, London ;
Jluthor and Inventor of "The Calculus cf Form,"
"The New and Improved System of Logmrithims,"
"The Elements of Euclid by Cedars," etc., etc., etc.
TH13 work is of large 8 vo. size, con tain it g nearly
two thousand pages, upward* of fifteen hundred
plates, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present
working-drawings and descriptions of the most important
machines in the United States. Independently
of the results of American iugenuity, it will
contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics,
Machinery. Kntri tie-work. and Emrineerinir : will.
all that ia useful in more than on* thousand dollars'
worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other
books, among which may he meuiioned the following
1. Blb'iolheque des Arts Industrie!*. (Masson,
2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal.
3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant (Blackie,
4. Publication Industrielle. (Arraengaud Aine,
5. Jamieson's Mechanics of Fluids.
6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.)
7. Allgemine liauzeitung mit Abbildungen.
(l'orster, Wien.)
8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesens
in technischer Beziehung. (Von Wat
degg, Wiesbaden.)
6. Sherwin's Logarithims.
10. Byrne's Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of
Oliver Byrne.
12. Silliman s Journal.
13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (Hulsse,
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contrasted.
15. Holtzapflels' Turning and Mechanical Manippulation.
1G. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eisenbahn-Zeiiung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20- Dictiennaire des Aits et Manufactures. (Laboulaje,
m a n ?;i r?:
o^aiii.iii a v>.?n ungnicci n.g.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter.
23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation.
24. Essai sur l'Iridustrie dcs Matieres Textiles.
(Michel Alcan, Paris.)
25. Macneill's Tables.
26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Templeton's Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lad} 'a and Gentlemen's Diary.
29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Matnematician. (London.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. ilanri's Mechanics.
34. M-chanical Principles of Engineering and
Architecture. (M sley.)
35. Journal of the Franklin "institute.
36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil
Engineers. (London.)
37. The Artisan.
33. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published
by Wesle, London.)
39. Imperial Die'ionary. (Glasgow.)
40. Student's Gu.de to the Locomotive Engine, j
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Bar- (
low, London,) ,
42. Recueil des MachinesInstrumens et Appareil.
(Le Blanc, Paris.) ,
43. Buchanan on Mill Work. ,
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Ma- 1
chines. (G. Kennie.) j
45. Peperioirede I'Industrie Franquaise etEirangere.
(L. Maihias, Paris.) }
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Ac- t
com, London.)
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, ?
London.) a
48. Ilodge on the Steam Engine
49. Scientific Ameiican. t
50. Railroad Journal. (New Toik.) a
51. American Artisan.
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dictionaire de Marino a Voiles et a Vapeur, ?
(lift hnnnnfmit. Paris 1 1
55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fair- I
56. Brees' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
58. Bowditch's Navigation.
59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men.
60. Engineers'and Mechanics'Eucycl ipedia.
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London. r
62. Bree's Giossary of Engineering.
63. Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy.
64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. n
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Has- f
koll.) J
66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) 0
The great object of this publication is, to place
before practical men and students such an amount j\
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a con- _
densed form, as shall enable them to work to the
best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which
they might otherwise commit The amount of I
useful information thus brought together, is almost ,
beyond a precedent m sucb works. Indeed there is
hardly any subject within its range which is not
treated with such clearness and precision, that even
a man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of
understanding, and thus learning from it much A
which it is importrnt for him to know. "V
From the annexed list of the principal authors
and subject comprised in this work it is self-evident,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages G
from the possession and study of this publication,
The following m <y be especially designated :
Moulder and Boiler Makers.
Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. f
Cutlers, and Workers of Steel in general. ^
Carpenters. ,
Briekmakers. 0
Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. te
Civd Engineers, Rail-vay Contractors, and Con- ?
tp.ir.tori for Flurlh-WnrL' onrl Matnnrv nf nvnru *"
Architects an 1 Bridge Builders.
Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. '
Ship Bmlders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpen- C<
ters, and others connected with Building and Si
Docking Ships. Si
Block and Pump Makers. C,
Hemp Dressers and Rope Makers. *!
Manufacturers of Linen and Cotton Fabrics.
Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving .
Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Drawing
Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected
with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery.
Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers. At
Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons interested
in Sewing Machinery. T<
Anchor and Chain Cable Manufactnrers.
Culling and Turning Tool Makers. D<
Pin and Needle Makers.
Nail and Rivet Makers.
Boll and Sc'ew-Bolt Makers. pi(
Vail Cotters. pr
^oiners. ^
Leather Dressers and Curriers. f()
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms. ati
Handle Makers. .
Biscuit and Cracker Makers. |
..ace Makers. 01
tibbon Weavers.
Rone Cutters and Marble Masons. w'
[)yer-, Cloth Washers, and Scourers. by
Hoopers. of
rider and Cheese Manufacturers- fat
Crown, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers.
Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Propi letors of
Sugar Plantations.
Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the
Locomotive generally.
Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engine*.
Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw M ils.
Veneer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
aod Bran-Separating Machinery.
Farmers and Pei>uus using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Oroamenj
Makers in general.
Persona employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
Milkers ol Copper and Lead Tubing.
Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Owners, Harbor Master-, and others interested
in Dredging Machinery.
Well Sinkers.
Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Phil
uaupuiuai npparsius miu iiiajiuuicnia.
Miners Engineers, and other interested in Pumping
Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic
Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws,
Common and Feed Cranes.
Wotkers in Metals and Alloys.
Tin Plate Workers.
Spring Maeufacturers.
Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c.
The publishers have expended a large sum of
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
almost every work on the sudject, whether pnblished
in England, France, or Germany, the most
essential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The puDlishers have endeavored
to use great economy in type, so that each page of
the woik contains at least four times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate woikmg-diawngs
of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic
may couslruct accurately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, iegurdiess
of cost, to make the work as complete as possible
; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain
the work will procure it a* issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
The work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers,
commencing in January, 1850, and will progress
with great regularity.
The whole work will be published in 40 numbers
at 25 cents per number, and completed with- .
in the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will J
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance
shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
Notice to Proprietors of Newspapers throughout the 1
United States and Canada. {
-If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five 1
times during the year, and the paper containing it ?
sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis t
in payment. |
rPHROUGH TICKETS by United States Mail t
Steamship GEORGIA, Captain D. D. Per : !i
ter, United StutesNavy. On TUESDAY, August b
13th, at 3 p. m., from her dock, foot of Warren *
street, N. It., with the Government mails for San *
Francisco. ?
The arrangements for the transportation of pas- 1
sengers direct from New York to Chagres, and a
from Panama to San Francisco, being now com- '
plete, the voyages for which tickets were issued 4
saving been rupidly and successfully performed, n
.he Company are now prepared to issue through
tickets to Sail Francisco. h
The books for the GEORGIA on the 13th Au- ^
just are now open, and passages can be secured "
m application at the office of the Company, 117 e
West street, at'the corner of Warren street, at the
bllowing rates: P
From Panama to San Francisco?State-room ?
icrths $300. Steerage berth $150, found with beds >t
tnd a separate mess table. h
From New York to Chagres?State-room $100. 'I
standee berth $80. Steerage berth $50; found bed a
ind separate mess table. ti
Early application will be necessary to secure a rc
hrough ticket by the Georgia, August 13th, a ai
mall number only being for sale by her. K
State-room. Standee. Steertge. tli
Charleston .... 25 20 10 pi
lavannah .... 25 20 10 th
Invana 70 55 25 at
"few Orleans .... 75 60 25 te
Freight to Chagres, 70 cts. per foot, prepaid.
To secure freight or passage, apply to F'
117 West st., corner of Warren, New York. fii
Aug. 5.?tl3. m
rHE UNDERSIGNED, Administrator of the ta
Estate of Thos. J. Johnson, decensed, hereby
otifies the creditors of said estate that, in jmrsu
nee oi un oruer 01 uie nonorauie urpnans' c.ourt, m
e will be in attendance at the Orphans' Court to
Loom, on Saturday, the 24th inst. for the purpose vi
f paying all just claims against said estate. th
THOS. J. JOHNSON, Administrator, as
.ug. 5.?3td. (Union & Intelligencer copy.) gr
_?.?? ?.? th
Factors and Commission Merchants, for Cotton,
Rice, Bagging small country Produce, Vun- ;
erhorst's Wharf, Charleston, S. C. w
Aug. 3?la.w.Gm. 1u
(Till practice in the several courts in the District, fel
and attend to the prosecution of claims sla
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7th streets, opposite the to
eneral Post Office.
2aw,tf 1 m<
J. Kncx Walker,
Attorney at Loir and tientral *9gent, j jU)
)FF?H8 his services in his ptofesaiort and as ' ?
Agent tor the Prosecution and Collection ol I
Lims before Congress and the Departments, also for (
itaining Patent's.
All business confided to hiin will be promptly at
nded to. jl7 tt |P?
1 ' * : c))
U. S. Mint.?The following is the amount of1
>ld deposits received in July, 1850, the I fUi
nited States Mint, iu I'hila., . . #2,605,000 00 j
linage of gold, same period, . . 1,027 *35 00 mi
lvcr deposits, 40,637 14 *i*
Ivor coinage, 24,350 00 j00
opper do 1,236 03 Pj!
mount of gold deposits received
in 1850, #13.791,210 00 1 ^
mount of gold coinage, .... 12.669,46(5 50 I ni;
mount of silver deposits received I th
in 1850, . ....*. 286,342 62 j co
mount of silver coinage in 1850, . 221,037 14 | tai
44 copper 44 44 ... 8,183 90 ! .
itnl amount of California gold received at the ,
Philadelphia Mint, #178.350,000 00 , J
>. at Branch Mint, New Orleans, 2,584,310 00 1 u
Smith's Folding Machine.?1*11is wonderful va
?ce of mechanism attached to the Trnnseript
eas, for folding newspapers, has attracted visit
rs by the hundred, every afternoon for the last
rtuight, to witness its novel and curious ope- tj,(
ions, and oar press room has become quite a Hei
ice of call, during the printing of our inside of
rm. It moves with the provision of a ehro- ph
metor, is never out of order, and does its Work
th more accuracy of fold than could be done
the most experienced folder. It is capable 24
folding a sheet a second when attache^ to the on
it presses.?Bostoiy Transcript. A
For the Southern Press.
Justice, the Boou we ask.
Brothers, a boon! a boon !?not on our knees we
But brow erect, as free-born men,
And calmly bold, as sue the brave,
In peace we seek our ends to gain :
Brothers, a boon we crave.
Brothers, a boon ! u boon!?no treasure's hoarded
But justice due, to equals given,
Those rights for which in days of yore,
Our fathers hand in hand have striven :
This boon we crave ;?no more.
Ay, from our heart of hearts. Brothers, a boon!
a boon!
As truth would plead to truth wo sue.
Forgetful of each injury gone.
To kindly old Hlfections true :
Brothers, we cruve this boon.
Close linked our fathers stood, in true and noble
Oh! by their valor?by their blood,?
By every tie that linked them tight,
In serried ranks of brotherhood :
Brothers, grant us our right.
Not often used to sue, hot boils our Southern
When taunt on taunt but mocks our claim,
And bold Injustice, fierce hath stood
The sword and halter to proclaim :
Guardians of brotherhood!
Brothers! not thus, not thus! are peace and Union
The Southern patriot meets your threat,
And doubly holds that bond accurs't,
Which thus yourselves teach him to hate :
Yourselves its links thus burst.
Then Brothers hear us plead! Oh, by our brotherhood,
Grant us but justice, grant our right,
By all that's noble, all that's good,
By all that's true and all that's bright,
By Souuthern heart and Southern blood,
In earnest faith our troth we plight,
Witness it, Truth anil God !
The Tailors' Meeting.
As we write, the tailors and their friends are
nuking some striking speeches at their muss meetng
in the Park. We walked among them in the
tope of guining some farther information on the
mbject of their agitation, but it was a fruitless stem
pt. In the first group we found a crowd of
lonest looking Germans, alternately listening to
nd applauding an orator "bearded like the pard,"
inly infinitely "more so," who was addressing
hem in fierce German, with violent gesticulation,
ike Rome unhappy man who has fallen among
>roken consonants, and is struggling with nn
wful clatter-to get out of them. Farther on wan
nother group, above whom Mr. Brisbane was voiferating
anu drinking cold water. He forbore
0 touch upon the subject of their grievance, b ut
stonished them with a picture of the beauties <rf
Association,and by denouncing with a deliberate
1 ttfAP?Urnf> umo t * ' all nns *v? n 1?
.. ?wv ? ???/v ? (mi uui mci vuanirj, naiincrsy, j
lewspopers, and "selfish capitalists." He was ^
ttllowen by a young man who could have been
etter employed than haranguing his fellows, and ^
,'ho floundered in the wake of Brisbane, knockig
his head against theories about which he was 8
videnily profoundly ignorant. ^
We are bound to say that the utmost decorum
revailed throughout. There were some terrific
rbal assaults upon absent bosses, &c., but noth- j(
fig more. The worst feature of the proceedings, 0
owever, was a demagoguish placard posted in t]
le Park, denouncing their employers as "thieves p
nd idlers," and informing the world of a new n
uth recently discovered, that "the laborers are ^
utters and otoners of everything they create,"
rid declaring the resolution of four thousand men ^
? go to prison, rather than return to the shop- y
oard, without "the trifle of advance" demanded
as conceded. On inquiry we were glad to find p
iat the better part of the mass lamented the ap- n
arance of this strange production, and averred
leir ignorance of the quarter from whence it emlated.
Such an exhibition of ignorance and ill- o1
mper would injure the best of cnuses.
Since the above was in type, the preamble and (l,
isolations passed at that meeting have been Q|
nided us for publication. We do *o willingly
id commend most strongly that portion of the
fth resolution which enjoyns upon the journey- ^
len tailors 'Uhe necessity of doing all they have jf
> do with the employers in the most orderly maner
possible," and which urges them "to mainin
their position quietly." t|
Whereas, the day has come when the working ^
en of this country feel it incumbent upon thein
assemble in public meeting to express their
ews in regard to the righls of themselves and 8|
eir fellow-laborers, and to do the'.r duty as men, j(
i fathers, and as brothers ; to support with their tj
eatest energies the movement now making
roughout this broad republic in behalf of downidden
labor ; to prevent the r,nu6e of revolution g(
id blood-shed by maintainin g a " living price " n|
r their labor; to prevent tl,e growth of an unliolesome
aristocracy, wh ose only aim is to aclire
wealth by the robbing of the toiling masses nj
to place lliemsclves in a. |>osition to successfully o)
mbat capital ; to brine: labor up to its proper
ivution, and take tha'?, position which God in- 17
idea man should till-?truly independent of his ^
Iowf, and above th-? position of a mere "wages ,
ive.' Therefore, be it st
1. Re solved, Thav the laboring man is entitled
the full product, of his toil.
2. Resolved, T hat it is the duty of all laboring jn
>n to give er.rnest and effectual support to every w
ort to im move the condition of the laboring
sses, provided such effort be based upon strict
3. Rewired, That the demand of the journey?n
tailors l'or advanced wages is just and motlite,
and meets with our entire approbation.
4. Resolved, That we deem it our duty to suprt
the journeymen tailors in their efforts ; and, '
order to do so, we pledge ourselves .#>t to purase
any article of rlothiii? from, or in any way ?
rect custom to, ihose employing tailors who re*e
to pay their scale of prices. "
5. Rmoleed, That we deem it the duty of every ?
in, whatever his condition, to support and as- er
<t the laboring classes ; and particularly, we re- *
mmend the various trade associations to take
ompt measures to sustain ih< journeymen tailors Wl
this city in their present effort; and that we
join upon them the neccssiiy of doing all they *h
ve to do with the employers in themoet orderly or
inner possible -, that we urge them to maintain f?
eir position quietly, and the employers will *F
me to them "as the prophet went to tite mounin,
when the mountain refused to r.ome to him." * '
6. Rcso,'red, That the general appliances of capil
is unjust, oppressive, and ruinous to the poo?,
and should be met by a prompt, temperate, I''
t unyielding opposition.
7. Rewired, That the capitalist who takes ad- ,f
ntage of the necessities of the laborer, to force rr
n to work at starving prices, is. no less a robber f
in the thief. 'j]
8. Rewired, That it is the du ,ty of the working 'J
isses, to tnke immediate i neasures to make '
;mselves independent of th ose capitalists who rl
'k to oppress them, and to rvoid the necessities ei
"strikes," while they seen re to themselves am
> prices for their labor.?Jt. Y. Sunday Times. ?
Fire attd Loss of Life.?JS'&c Orleans, Jvly ?
.?Six buildings on St. I *nn street, and three n
St. Claude street, wem consumed to-tiny.? n
child perished ip the pit jcs.
Spirit of the Southern Press.
PsorLB.?The subject of slavery is now decidedly
the greatest one before (be American people, and
us a single question involves by far, the greatest
interest. For a long time is has been a matter of
political strife between the Northern and Southern
portions of our republic, and never before has
presented an aspect of danger in a more terrible
form, than at present. And it would seem that
in a matter like this, involving the dearest interests
of the nution, true patriotism would readily tind
ait amicable mode of adjustment. But when we
consider the vast amount of political hypocrisy in
our nation, we almost despair of any amicable
settlement of the exciting question.
Tbe South has long complained of unjust and
oppressive legislation, but when it comes to the
test of loyalty to the Constitution and devotion to
the interests of her people, some of her representatives,
instead of boldly facing the difficulty, are
seen filing ofT under the flag of some Northern
clique, to the support of the enemy. Is is not
strange that men professedly patriotic, will sacrifice
the interest of their country, to some political
abstraction ? If the integrity of the'representatives
of slave Stutes was coextensive with their professions
of patriotism, this dangerous question might
Khva I w>ui i unflliul Inrnr uarn until tn ?l*a
,,MfV "vv" wv",v'* PW*IW*WVVWil fcV U*c
The Missouri line could liuve been passed as the
boundary of California, if the senators from the
slave Slates had voted for it. Spruance, Wales,
Pearce, Badger, Manguni, Clay, Underwood and
Benton are all front slave States, and had thev
voted for this measure instead of against it, it
would have passed 31 to 24. Just in this way is
the South defeated and cheated out of her rights,
by her unihithful representatives.?Fincastle (la.)
We are not surprised that the people of
Georgia should be corning en masse "to the rescue.
I give you peace, says Mr. Clay to the
South, 1 have annihilated the Wilmol Proviso, but
I have given the territory to the North, and with
it power, says Mr. Clay's feelings. 1 have paid
Texas for her disputed territory, and circumscribed
her limits?yes, and why not add, her slave
power. 1 have established Territorial Governments
for Utah and New Mexico, says Mr. Clay
to the South. Is not this a boon? But where is
the assurance that they will not apply for admittance,
in a different form, within a month. Does
the rejection of the Wilinot Proviso exclude their
rights. All these things are being duly considered
and are producing userious change in the minds of
the people throughout Georgia and the adj ining
States. Let us yield up this immense area of continent,
for we can call it nothing else, and we
Hank ourselves with two mighty powers?against
whose encroachments our feeble resistance would
he but u shadow. It would not he one State against
js. Our neigh bors have observed, we would get
lour States?we say yes. One great continent?
but her influence is against us, and will continue
to be, unless we take some position to arrest its
progress. Southern members will uudoubtedly
feel the new impulse given them, by the almost
unanimous voice of Georgia, South Carolina, and
Alabama, and will meet the bill in accordance with
[it.?Columbus(Ga.) Sentinel.
The horizon is now more clear. A signal failire
1ms met this attempt to fasten upon us a
nensure full of injustice and utterly subversive
>f the rights of tlie South. This failure is full
>f proof tliut Southern senators will not lend their
lid to secure the adoption of any measure of aduslment
unless perfectly equitable and protective
jf equal right. At all events, the South has now
reason to nope for a better compromise?a compromise
which will regard her interests with the
Mime favor as it does those of the North?a compromise
containing a spirit that scorns to make
the dictator of right?a compromise founded in
justice and equal privileges to both sections of the
Could unity of sentiment and union of action
c obtained at the South, such a compromise
nul d be obtained; ss it is, with divisions and disensi
on* among her people, her success may well
e put' down as doubtful.
And yet, cheering signs are visible which lend
s to h< fur the final passage of a hill embraclg
the I Missouri Compromise. The amendment
f Mr. L'utler establishing the line of 3G? 30', as
he lower boundary of California, received the
otrs of all the Southern senators, with the exception
f four. H/e*ars. Clay, Benton, Spruance, and
Vales, voteu' against it. And now since the de?nt
of the CI u>* Compromise, no measure can be
rought forward, in a!l probability, in the Senate,
rhicn will unite th e Southern senators to so great
n extent as the Missouri line extended to the
'acific. This, we .think is evident from the vote
jferred to above, an.d is full of encouragement to
s supporters. This almost entire unanimity of i
mtiment, among the Hyouthern senators, in lavor j
r the Missouri line, is a cheering omen, and all
lat is necessary to its fin al adoption by Congress
the present session, is a firm, steady, and zealus
perseverance on their part, in urging it upon
ic attention of that body. Let our senators and
presentativea be united in its favor?let them
low a serried and united fror.'t, and its adoption
i inevitable.
Could this line of settlement be obtained who
ties not know that our rights w-ouid be secured,
le Union preserved, the country saved from disiption
and the republic protected from detrilent.
At a time like the present, the course that every
idividual who cherishes a regard lor justice,
lould pursue, is open and manifest. The crisis
mands of those who love their country and
leir section, that their best endenvors should be
irectcd towards effecting a union of Southern
intiment. Union at the South for the Rake of the
(Hith should be the aim and directing principle of
I our movements,
We have been, nllnlong,ardently endeavoring, to
ie best of our ability, to bring aljout such a uimimity
of feelin<r and sentiment among the people
f the South. While the prints of the North are
led with such expressions as, ''sooner let the
nion be shattered into a thousand pieces than
iffer slavery to be extended into what is now free
rritory," it becomes the people of our section to
nnd their ground manfully, and resist every enoachmeni
upon their rights.
For our part, in our future, as in our past course,
referenc- to Southern rights, we have but one
ord to say. it is this :
" God so prosper us as wc stand by them,
God abandon us, if we betray ! "
Let evi ;ry friend to the South adopt the same
niimeiit, and our rights, our honor and our
fety nr-s placed beyond the reach of danger, 1
iwe'ver I brmidable.?Augusta Republic.
Mass A Ieetino iv Macok, Thursday, August j
Id, 185(1. ?It is now settled that this meeting shall .
ke place, that it shall be in Macon, and on the 22d I
August. A large number of the friends of South-!
n rights in that city, of both political parties,
ho have planted themselves on the line of 3G? j
nave n?i?uca uteir cnra 01 invuauuu. nvuiu
e extract the following:
"We most cordially invite our fellow-citizens
rougboul the Stnte, to unite with us upon that
easton. The amplest provision will he made
r their accommodation, and no pains or expense
pared to procu # every thing for their comfort
id convenience. We expect a large crowd and 1
isll prepare for it. Let none stay itway through
difference. Let private and personal considers- (
>ns yield to the public good. It is time that the
>ople of Georgin and the South should assemble
i matte, to meet and maintain the issue which has
en forced upon us. It is time that they should
insult and take measures of defence against aslults
which, if unopposed, may ultimately end
their destruction. To make successful defence,
leremust be union and harmony of action among
le friends of the South. We call upon all
aises and all parties, to forget their former difTerices,
and to unite as brethren in one common
utse. Let our motto be, "THE UNION OF
rNION." " Let our rivalry and competition be,
ot about old party feuds; but who shall most
toutly stand by the cause of bis section, and
tost gallantly bear its standard against the cornion
"The friend* of the Missouri ?>ine, without dis- j
Unction of party, are most respectfully invited to
be preront, and all others who are for a compromise
honorable to the South?who are for a division
of the Territory, and opposed to any measure
which takes our land to convert into "Free
Soil"?and then takes our money to buy more for
the same purpobe.
The people will be addressed by a number of
distinguished gentlemen from this and the adjoining
State* whose names will be smaounced in due
Who is there that loves the South, that sees her
danger and the necessity of union iu senfment
and action, who will fail to attend this meeting?
The great mass of the people favor an adjustment
on the Missouri line. Let them meet, und with
united voice define their position- Their voice,
thus expressed, will be heard. I t may save the
South?SAVE THE UNION.--Federal (Ga.)
An Adjoirnko Meeting.?An a djourned meeting
of the citizens of this county who wish to assert
their independence of Northern capitalists
and manufacturers, will be held in Oxford, on the
10th of August. A committee combating of 11
members was appointed to meet in this place next
Friduy, to agree upon n preamble and resolutions
to be reported at the next meeting, 10th Augu.lt.
Some excellent resolutions were under consiuenttion
at the meeting on last Saturday which werO
not Airnished us tor publication in lime for this
Not believing that the union between the Mrthern
manufacturer and Southern customer is quite as
glorious and advantageous us some would nuve us
believe, this meeting, we understand, will consider
of the best means to bring about a speedy,
but peaceable separation in a permanent and business-like
manner. It meets our entire and hearty
approbation, and we bespeak for the meeting a full
attendance.?Oxford {Miss.) Organizer.
The Compromise.?It should be kept before
the people of the South, that the Clay Compromise
if adopted, would prevent a slave-holder from carrying
his own negro into the District of Columbia,
for the purpose of selling him. And the penalty
for violating the provision of this abominnble law,
is, that your negro, that you have labored for perhaps
night and day, shall be declared free. This is
a proposition Southern people for you to nccced
to, and we regret to see tnut there are occasionally 1
a man in the South who in so unmindful of his 1
duties to his country as to give this insulting proposition
a support. This proposition under the
feature of a compromise, is far more outrageous
than what abolition petitions hnve ever purporteil
to be?the abolition petitions have never asked
more than to prevent the slave-trade in the District
by enforcing fines ; but this proposition declares
the negro shall be free if be is found in the
District of Columbia for the purpose of sale. It
would in its construction, give negroes from Virginia.
Maryland and every slnve State, an onnor
tunity of running away from his master, nnu getting
an Abolitionist to ofi'er him for sale in the District
in violation of the law, and he would be declared
free, just the very thing the individual
wanted this offering?there is no penulty, it will
he recollected upon the person offering the negro,
only that the negro is to be declared free, it is immaterial
by whom he is offered. This, Southern
people, would be the practical operations of this '
bill of pretending compromise, which you find a 1
few men in the .South giving a support. No man, 1
who will read the bill carefully, and look upon it c
in its true light, can support it, if he is in favor of j
slavery, and those who have reflected upon it, and j
favor it, we would udvise them to go to a non-negro
holding State, for the soil of Alabama will get
too hot for them in a few months.
Gov. Q,ijitmav has become an object of attack
on the part of Whig newspapers. The big dogs
and little dogs of the Submission press are pursuing
him with all the fury which characterizes hungry
animals of the canine species, when the prey
is beyond their reach. An idle rumor to the effect
that lie was ready to march to the assistance of
Texas at the head of ten thousand troops, recently
found its way in one of the Washington 1
papers, whereupon tndy set up a terrible howling. 1
One of the most infamous of the yelpers, cried '
aloud that "an example should be made of him." <
Now, we have it in our power to state thnt in ;
the event of a collision between Texas and the
troops of the General Government, Governor
Clubman will immediately call an extra session of
the Legislature; submit the facts to tbe representatives
of the people, and leave it for theni to determine
what course shall be pursued. While he
feels conscious of the justice of the cause of
Texas, and would feel that un attempt to wrest
her property from her, will bean indignity offered
the entire South, yet he will not resort to the summary
-ourse indicated by this rumor.
No doubt can be entertained as to the determination
of our legislature with regard to this vitally
important matter. Reflecting the will of a chivalrous
and justice-loving constituency, they will not
stand idly by while u young sister is struggling I
for her rights against the strong arm of power? '
rights which have time and again been recognized
by Mexico, and by this Government?rights i
winch are snnctilietl hy the blood of her noblest
sons. Let one drop of Texan blood be spilt, and :
we predict that it will be the signal for the rally '
of the men of the South from Mason & Dixon's (
line to the Rio Grande.
? ,
Pubmc Sentiment in Georgia.?Meetings <
have been held in county after county, in which
the action of the Nashville Convention if fully
confirmed and approved. A number of other
calls have been made for county meetings with
the same object. We recollect, at this time but
three that have l>een held on the other side, at
Macon and in Morgan, and one other. So far
as public meetings and their proceedings show
the sentiments of the State, Georgia w ill np.
prove tiie course of the Nashville Convention hy
an overwhelming majority. If the relative strength
of the Missouri line arid Mr. Clay's plan should
he tested by the numbers thnt have declared in
favor of the one or the other, we may safely
conclude that there are ten in favor of the for- I
mer to one friend of the latter.?Marietta Gear- ]
gia Paper. i
The Madrid Hcraldo, of the 2d July, says j
thnt the whole paragraph alluding to the insnlt
offered hy Narvnez to the American Minister is ,
absolutely false. ' (
Hioh Handed Outrage in Texa*.?Ltvcii '
Law by U. S. Troop*.?On Monday evening, I
1st inst.,n party of United States soldiers left
their ramp, near Fredei icksburgh, and marched I
into town, mounted and fully urrned. They im- i
mediately surrounded the store belonging to ?
Messrs. C. J. Cook & Co. of this city, and having ;
-?I" ? "Onrr rrnae/ld tn Atroru A i eoe f lAn t M nco.
(.Illtru ... ,
vent the approach of nny of the citizens of the .
town, proceeded and broke open the store. A
young; man about 18 years of age, a clerk in the ?
establishment, was ordered to procure them a light, 1
which order was enforced by a pistol presented at
his breast. They then ordered him to leave the 1
store in hts night dress, not even permitting him 1
to tako his own clothing. The burglars then de- (
liberately piled a quantity of combustible nialeri- ,
als in the centre or the floor and set it on fire, the ,
guards on the outside, in the mean time, preventing
the approach of any person, either to extinguish
the flames or to save the least article from '
the store; and the result was that the store and
its entire contents, including the archieves and re- i
cords of Gillespie county were entirely destroyed.
The building was the property of Mr. Chester
B. Stark, of Fredericksburgh, and cost J],500.
The book accounts, notes and merchandize dcs- j
troyed is estimated at from |9,000 to f 10,000. In
addition to this, all the archieves and records of r
Gillespie county, including deeds, mortgages, Ac. <
belong to private 'persons, as well as bonds nnd t
vouchers of administrators and executors?in I
short, every thing appertaining to the county and
Probate Courts, were entirely destroyed. (
The circumstances that led to this disgraceful ;
affair was an affray that occurred the day previoua,
between Mr. J. M. Hunter (a person in the employ
of C. J. Cook A Co.) and a soldier, in which '
the latter was unfortunately killed.?Son Jlntonio '
(Ttxo*) Ledger, July \1. I
Tone of Southern Sentiment.
Southern Rights Meeting in Frsnkun.?
We notice in the Southern Whig the proceedings
of a meeting of the citizens of Franklin
county, held at Carnesville on the '23d ult. Drs.
Henry and Freeman were called to the Chair,
and A. F. Attaway, Esq., appointed Secretary.
A committee having been appointed to report
resolutions for the action of the meeting, Gen.
Morris, chairman, offered the following among
otiters, which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the territory acquired from
Mexico, is the common and joint pro]*?rty of all
the States, and that the people of each and every
State, have an equal right to emigrate with their
property of every description whatever, and that
the attempt of the North, to deprive the South
in its peculiar property, of an equal participation
I in the territory, is a nalnable violation of the
Constitution, nn<t un outrage upon Southern
rights, and should be resisted at all hazards and
to the last extremity.
Resolved, That waiving a portion of our con.
stitutional rights for the sake of the Union?for
the sake of peace and harmony between the two
great s( ctions of the confederacy, and to quiet
all excitement?we .?*re willing to acquiesce in
a n equal division of the pjiblie domain, upon the
ba sis of the Missouri Compromise li"? ?f 36.30,
as c*et forth in the resolutions of the Nashville
Resolved, That we most cordially appr(Jv<?
the resolutions and address of the Naso v'"e
Conventk'm.ns the ultimatum to which the Sout.1*
should sub mit.
Resolved, That the bill reported by the Committee
of Thirteen, commonly called the Adjustment
bill, is no compromise ut all, but a surrender
of Southern rights and honor, and an insult
to the South.
Southern Rights Meeting at Upatoio.
A lnrge and respectable number of the citizens
of Muscogee with many from the ndjoining
counties of Talbot and Harris assembled at Up
ntoie in Mnscogee county on the 517th ult., to
give an expression of their views in relution to
the question now agitating the country.
Messrs. Rockmore and ltiley were called to
the chair and Dr. Mathews requested to act as
Secretary. After tho object of the meeting
had been stated by the chair in a few and appropriate
remarks, a committee, consisting of A. S.
Ruthtbrd, Hon. W. G. Smith, A. Iverson, jr.,
W. G. Booth, R. Brooks, W. T. Colvin Esqs.,
were appointed to report resolutions for the ac*:
.jiu. 'PU- f,.il ......
mm ui tilt? lueeiAW' inr luiiuwui^ uiu BUIIIC
of tho resolutions passed unanimously. Eloquent
and able speeches were made in their
favor by the Hon. J. W. G. Smith, Dr. Mathews,
Messrs. Ivcrson, Booth and Brooks.
Resolved, That wo witness with pleasure and
hope tho unanimity a.nd moderation of the Nashville
Convention, and heartily iqiprovo the resolutions
of that body. Tlie Territories are the
oinmon property of the people of the United
States, and we are entitled to afull enjoyment of
:ho whole of them without let or hinderanee.
But if the two sections of tho confederacy cannot
hold occupancy without dispute, it is natural
and right that the territories Ihj treated aaajoperty,
and divided between theui; tho ri\^w? of
both being adequately secured, that in dividing
the property, the Missouri Compromise line, if
not the most equitable, is an honorable division
line, having been adopted by our fathers, and
acquiesced in by all parties for thirty years.
Resbived, That our Senators and Representatives
eannot truly servo us by voting for Mr.
Clay's Compromise Bill, or any other measure
which shall not give to the people of the South
equal rights on the public domain at least to 3d.
110 north lutitude.
From the H'ctampka (Jlla.) State Guard.
Beuton County Meeting.
The citizens of Benton county held n large
and enthusiastic meeting at Jacksonville,on the
4th inst. Mr. K. L. Woodward presided as
Chairman, and Wm. H. Forney and W. B.
Wynne, acted as Secretaries.
'Phe following gentlemen were appointed to
draft resolutions: Hon. A. J. Walker, John It.
Clarke, J. C. Francis, Daniel Bush, W. P. Davis,
M. W. Abcrn.ithey, R. (J. Earle, E. T. Smith,
B. C. Wyly, W. L. Terry, John N. Young, C.
C. Porter, W. B. Wynne, A, 8kel ton and S. J.
r. Whatley.
After due deliberation, they reported the folowing
resolutions, which were unanimously
idopted. The meeting was addressed by John
Roster, Esq., Gen. R. T. Earle, and others. Well I
lone Benton: i
Resolved, Hint the Andreas nnd resolutions
idopted by the Nashville Convention, present a
orreet exposition of the rights of the South,
xnd the duties of the Federal Government, and
Lliat we adopt and ratify the same.
Resolved, That the report of the majority of
the Committee of Thirteen, to the Senate of the
United States, usually termed the 44 Compromise,"
is a surrender of principles for which we.
have always contended, to the unjust exactions
of the North, without any equivalent in return:
nnd if passed, instead of allaying notation and
averting that which threatens to divide the
Union, will only heap new indignities and injuries
upon the South.
Resolved, That we view the Missouri Compromise
ns nil extreme concession on the part
of the South, yet having been twice sanctioned
by both sections of the Union, acquiesced in for
thirty yenrs, nnd in order to promote the pence
and perpetuity of the country, we would still
accede to its extension to the Pacific. We will
submit to nothing less. If this compromise be
rejected we will trilh our Southern brethren plant
ourselves on our constitutional rights, make no
other offer of compromise, nnd maintain our
position at all hazards, and to the last extremity.
Resolved, That we approve the recommendation
of the Nashville Convention, to re -assemble
n six weeks after tho adjournment of Congress,
ind that this meeting, when it adjourns, it adjourn
to meet agnin on the 22nd inst., and that
l committee be appointed by the Chair to report
:o the adjourned meeting the names of five
uiitable persons to represent Benton county in
lie Convention.
Resolved, That we. tender to Hon. T. A.
Walker nnd G. 8. Walden, Ksq., Delegates from
liis Congressional District, our thnqjes for at:enditifr
the Nashville Convention, and that we
I'iew it as an evidence of their patriotism and de-1
motion to the constitutional rights of the South.
The following committee were appointed by
!he Chairman under the fourth resolution :
W. !'. Davis. J. Forney, John Foster, E. T.
"?mith, and G. C. Whatley.
In Camden county, a larjje meeting was or,o?iizcd
bv calling Gen. Hilliard of Ware to the
Jliair, ami appointing John Villalonger, Secrctay.
The meeting was attended by citizens of
Jlynn and Ware. The preamble and resoluions
are the strongest, and therefore among the
>est we have yet seen. They are as follows :
Whereas, The rights of the South have re- i
cntly been placed in great jeapordy, by the nnust
interference of tne Northern States, and
vhereas there is a bill now before Congress,
mown as Clay and Foote's Compromise, which ,
lakes forever from the Southern people all right i
to that vast territory acquired in our wars with 1
* -It "
The Southern Pieee,''-Tri-weekly
I< published on Tuesdays. Thiuadsss ud Saturdays
of eacn week.
" The Bouthern Pieee,"?Weekly,
Is published every Saturday.
advertising rate*.
For one square of 10 lines, three insertions, ft Oh
" every subsequent insertion, - 25
Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising.
O Individuals may forward the amount of their
subscriptions it our risk. Address, (post-paid)
ri I wool) FtMHF.R
Washington City.
Mexico, for which Southern blood won spilfand
Southern treasure expended ; and, where s, cur
silence at this tirne may bo construed into an
acquiescence of tbe odious provisions of that
1. Be it Resolved, That Clay and Footc's
Compromise bill, with the amendments, arc nothing
but base concessions, which, if submitted to
by Uh> South, will exclude her people from a
vast and fertile country, to whicn they have a
just and perfect title, and that we will resist it in
every possible manner and form.
2. Resulted, That we approve heartilv of thu
Nashville Convention, anu especially ot' the address
of tlic Convention to the Southern people.
3. Resoied, That as the least and last propo
sition of u settlement, wo aro willing to abide
by the Missouri Compromise line of 3d 1-2, extended
to the Pacific ocean, and think that the
South should resist any other further encroach?
inent at all hazard.
4. Resolved, That us a part of tire constituency
of the Hon. Joseph W. Jackson, we hereby
express to him our desire, that he shall oppose
the said Compromise with all his talent
and energy.
6. Resolved, That tho first drop of Southern
blood spilt in Texas should bo a signal to the
whole South to * stand by their arms," and that
we will sustain the people of Texas in contending
for their rights.
6. Resolved, That until the present question
is settled, we dissolve all party distinctions, and
stand upon the Southern platform.
7. Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions
bo forwarded to the Hon. Joseph W. Jackson
and others?to the Editors of the Republican
-ud Georgian in Snvnnnoh.
John Villalohgeh, Sec'ry,
Public .^??Uog la Auburn, Ala.
Whereas it hi. H ^een communicated to the
citizens of'Auburn, that a certa?? '"dividual
calling himself by nnm.^ ('|-'orR? Frarey, in the
I employ of Messrs. McCom. Ross, as a caraiage
painter, has been both <?6*"0U8'',g ?"d contending,
publicly, in the heart ot ^ Southern
clime, for tho doctrines of Abolitiom '"h and believing
as we do, that tho South has sun *ir?" a'"
ready too many encroachments upon her rij,'''1^We,
as Southern men, born and raised underthd
genial rays of a Southern sun, and unwilling to
stand any longer tho encroachments of the North,
through her representatives, or permit Northern
men with Northern principles, to live and havo
their being among us, therefore be it
Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting
that (Jeorge Frarey be notified by a committee,
to leave Auburn and its vicinity by Monday next
at 12 o'clock, M., and for his future safety we
would reeommend to him a speedy return to his
bonsted clime of the North. And be it further
Resolved. That he nlso bo notified that in case
i he is found here nfter the time allotted him to
leave, punishment adequate to his crime will
be duly inflicted by an enraged community.
On motion it was resolved that the proceedings
of this meeting be published in the Macon
Republican, and other papers throughout the
State be requested to copy.
On motion the meeting thou adjourned to
meet on Monday evening next at 3 o'clock.
E. REESE, Chairman.
F. W. Dn.LARD, Secretary.
Mr. Clay.
A correspondent in this morning's Mercury
fires pretty sharply into Mr. Clay for his lute
assault on South Carolina, and he expresses no
more than the general feeling of the Stute, as exhibited
by the press, as to the wantonness, impropriety
and bad temper of that ussault. Mr.
Clay himself appears not to have been insensible
to the wrong tic was doing, und in his carefully
revised speech he hns so pared down and modified
his language, as reported by all who beard him,
that he has in fact almost deprived it of meaning,
and but for the evident disposition to offer insult,
which he allows to remain, we should be at a loss
to guess what object he hud in view in alluding to
the Charleston meeting.
His denunciation or Mr. Rhett has force only
on the supposition that this gentleman contemplates
the raising of an insurrection against the
Government. We know that he dreams of no
such thing. The only dissolution of the Union
that Mr. Rhett, or any other Southern man, contemplates
the possibility of, is through the action
of the States in their sovereign. The question
that will then be raised for the citizen, is not
? ? -?- i ? i?* .l . n~.i- 1 n.
wnemer ne will reoei uguuim uu rtuemi uuvcrnment,
but whether he will refuse obedience to his
own lawful sovereign.
Mr. Clay indeed says, in his reply to Mr. Barnwell,
that if Keutncky should rise against the authority
of the Federal Government, nnd he thought
her cause a bad one, he refuse to support her.?
But this ony further shows how very hard it was
for Mr. Cluy to give vent to his spite v. ithin the
limits of law and common sense. He is carefbl
not to say what he would do if he wns profoundly
convinced that the cause of justice and nonor, and
the defence of her dearest interests against aggression
and insult. This, and this only, iB the cose
of the Southern men who go for resistance ; and,
until Mr. Clay can tell us what he would doVith
convictions such as theirs, and sufficient leisure
from the pursuit of the Presidency to be able to
follow his convictions, he can tell us nothing that
has a bearing on the question.?Chariest. Mercury.
Push Democracy?Some of Hie readers of the
Whig, we have no doubt, were indebted for a
good laugh to the article of Thomus Dorr Rynders,
published in Tuesday's paper, from the Winchester
Republican. He is not the only wag who iS
trying, tliis warm weather, to amuse himself and
the people with the propositions of candidates for
the Convention. Jack Cade, in an address to his
fi-iends, the radicals of the counties of Albemarle,
Nelson and Acuherst, published in tho Charlottesville
Advocate, presents the following views as
to the Legislature:
" Owing to the difficulty of adjusting representation
here, upon a satisfactory basis, nnd the
anoma'y of the idea amongst a ' people competent
to govern themselves,* of investing a few with the
power of enacting laws, positively binding upon
the Stale, I would greatly diminish the powers
of this body. It is admitted dial the people are
the source of nil power: I see not why all laws
should not derive their active being alto from their
direct fiat. It is udmitted that it is beat for them
to appoint every officer, from governor and judge
down to overseers of the poor and constables.
Why not, then, allow them to pass upon every
measure, before it has the force of a law. Tin*
Legislature, then, should possess this single and
isolated power, that of framing bills, and presenting
them to the consideration of the people, who,
by their votes, should decide whether they should
become laws or not. And then we would have
that beau ideal of government, emphatically, a
government of the people ; and more especially if
farther provision was made, which could readily
be done, that these billls should only be operative
as laws in those count;es where they respectively
received a majority of votes. Or what, perhaps,
would be bett'r still, dispense with the Legislature
altogether, and get rid of all this bother about biennial
and annual sessions, as well as with the
heavy sum it now costs us. In lieu of it, let the
people of each county prepare iust such bills as
they want, forward them to tne governor^ and
make it his duty to lay them hefbre the people of
the State, to be voted upon by them as before
stated. By this means would concord and harmony
be secured throughout our borders, no sectional
jealousies and bickerings would arise; a
happy millennium would be upon us. If any portion
of the citizens of one county should feel dissatisfied
with the laws in existence there, all they
would have to do would be to remove to another
county where they had rejected such laws ; and
then tne sons of Virginia would remain upon her
own soil, instead of emigrating to other States, and
the destiny of our State would be upward and on*
ward.?Richmond tVhif.

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