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Ell wood Fisher A Edwin De Leon. TERMS. DAILY, $10 00 TKI-WEEKLY, - 5 00 WEEKLY, t 00 Subscriptions parable in advance. Any per- ; on urucuruix live subscribers shall receive one copy grails. All letter* to the Editor* to be PubT-Paid. ' fEINTtl) BT o. A. SAGE. Office, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between ?lrl ami 41 ntfiitts. the southern press. ^ ? daily. " ' Vol. 1. Washington, Thursday, August 8, 1S50. Mo. 45. ? ; MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES. < I D. APPLETON fit CO., NEW YORK, hate ik course of public stion, in parts, prick. ' twkntv-five cents each, , A Diction ay of Machine*, Mechanics, , Engine-Wok, and Engineering. Designed for Practical Working-Men, and those j intended for list Engineering Profession. ] Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor qf j Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ; Author and Inventor of " The Calculus cf Form," 1 '' The .Yew and Improved System of Logarithims," ' "7 'he Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc., etc. THI S work i-> of large 8vo. size, contamirg nearly tiro thousand pages, upwards of Jtftetn hundred plates, and six thousand woodcuts. It will present working-drawings and descriptions of the most im- . portant machines in ihe United States, lndepen dently of the results of American ingenuity, it will : contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, J Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering; witn ' ajl that is useful in more than one thousand dollars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other books, among which may be memioued the following : 1. Kib'iothequc des Arts Tndustriels. (Masson, Paris.) 2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (London.) ? lv._: j *,*?i.. i /DI..I,L O. r*ii?inuGr uuu iviuGiiiiusi-a assiaiuuv. ^uiuvaic, Glasgow.) 4. Publication Industrielle. (Armengaud Aine, . Paris.) 5. Jamieson's Mechanics of Fluids. 6. Treatise ou Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgemine liauzeitung mil Abbildungen. ] (Forster, Wien.) 8 Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwe- j sens in technischcr Bezichuug. (Von Wal j degg, Wiesbaden.) 6. Sherwin's Logarithims. 10. Byrne'* Logarithms. 11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of ' Oliver Byrne. 12. Silliman s Journal. 13. Algemeirie Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (Huls- ! se, Leipzig. 14. Cottju Manufacture of Great Britain and ' America contrasted. 1 15. Hollzapflela' Turning and Mechanical Manip- . pulation. 16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.) j 17. Eisenbahn-Zeiiung. (Stuttgart.) 18. Tregold on the Steam-Kngine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. , 20- Diciionnaire des Aits et Manufactures. (Laboulay e, Paris. * ' 21. Sganzin's C vil Engineering. . 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation. I ( Woodcroft.) 24. Essai sur Plndustrie des Ma tie res Textiles. (Michel Alcan, Paris.) ! 25. Macneill's Tables. 1 26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. 27. Teinpleton's Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary. 29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering. ' 11 Th? Mulhomatirisn fLondon.I 1 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 33. llanu's Mechanics. 34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering and I Architecture. (Mosley.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. f 36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil Engineers. (London.) i 37. The Artisan. 38. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published by Weale, London.) i 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) l 40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine. I 41. Railway Engine aud Carriage Wheels. (Bar- ' low, London,) < 42. Recueil des MachinesInstrumenset Appareil. 1 (Le Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. ! 44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Ma- ! chines. (G. Kennie.) 45. Repertoire del'Industrie Franquaise etEtran- 1 gere. (L. Mailiias, ParL.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Ac- ' com, London.) ' 47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, , London.) 48. Hodge ?.n the Steam Engine 1 49. Scientific Ameiican. 50. Railroad Journal. (Mew York.) ' 51. American Artisan. 52. Mechanic's Magazine. 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture. ( 54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, < (De Bonnefoux, Paris.) 55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fair- ; barn.) 56. Brees' Railway Practice^ 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowdilch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia. (Luke Herbert.) 61. Patent Journal ; London. 62. Bice's G.ossaiy of Engineering. 63. Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. 64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine, i 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Has- j koll.) ] 66. Mechanical rrincipia. (Leonard.) ] The great object of this publication is, to place befoie practical men and stude nts such an amount 1 of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed foim, as shall enable them to work to the * best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which they might .otherw ise commit The amount of useful information rhas brought together, is almost . beyond a.precedent in such works. Indeed there is hardly any subject within its range which is not treated with such clearness and precision, that even ' a man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of understanding, and thus learning from it much w hich it is importrnt for him to know. From the annexed list of the principal authors . and subject comprised in this work it is selt-evi- " dent, that all citizens engaged in the practical and useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages from the possession and study of this publication, The following m y be especially designated : 1 Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers. Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. Cutlers, and Workers ol Steel in general. Carpenters. Brickmakers. Workeis in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. Civil Engineers, Railway Contractors, and Con- ' tractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every ( description. " Architects an 1 Bridge Builders. Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. Ship Bnilders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpcn- j ters, and others connected with Building ami ' Docking Ships. ' Block and Pump Makers. I TTwmr. IlrACunrO r% T\l\ R AflP iVT 1 If f P* ( Manufacturers of Linen and Cotton Fabrics. ' Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Koving 1 Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Draw- < ing Frames' Wiilow9,and Pirkers, etc., connect- i ed with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. Halenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers. 1 Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter Cited in Sewing Machinery. Anchor and Chain Cable Manufactnrers. Cut.ing and Turning Tool Makers. Pin and Needle Makers. Vail and Hivet Maker*. IJolt and Screw-Bolt Maker* Vail Cutlers. Joiners. rather Dressers and Curriers Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms. handle Makers. J iitcuit and Cracker Makers. -ace Makers. libbon Weavers. i Stone Cutters and Marble Masons. , >yer?, Cloth Washers, and ScourerJ. hoopers. "idcr and Cheese Manufacturers, Lrown, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers. Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Propuetors of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Kngine Dt ivcrs, and Persons connected w ith the Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessel*. Managers of Stationary Engine*. Lumber Dealers and owners of'Saw Mills. Veneer Cutters. Owners of Planing Machinery. Lorn Millers, aitd Persons connected with Bolting and Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers arid Persons using Grain-Shelling and Thresh fctg Machinery. Buhl VVorkeis, Carvers Engravers, and Ornamenj Makers in general. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Mekers ot Copper and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makes. Ship Onne s, Harbor Masters, and others interested in Dredging Machinery. Well Sinkers. Astronomers, Philosopheis, and others using Philosophical Apparatus and Instruments. Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping Engines. Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic Presses, Dynannmetric Cranes, Jack Screws, Common and Feed Cranes. Woikers in Metals and Alloys, l'in Plate Workers. Spring Maeulacturers. wheel*rights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c. The publishers have expended a large sum of money to get original drawings of machinery in j practical use in this country, and have procured j iliuost every work on the sudjcct, whether published in England, France, or Germany, the most essential parts of which being comprised in this Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored louse great economy in type, so that each page of Ll.e woik contains at least four times the number j jf words found in ordinary pages of the same size. | This has also secured to each plate woiking-diaw- , ngs of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic inay construct accuiately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, iegardlessofcost, to make the work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers, commencing in January, 1850, and will progress witigreat regularity. The whole work will he published in 40 numbers at 25 cents per number, and completed within the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will be made to agents. Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance shall receive the work through the post office free if expense. 'Notice to Proprietors of .Newspapers throughout the United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five limes during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis in payment. FOR SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA. " 'PHROUGH TICKETS by United States Mail ' J_ Steamship GEORGIA, Captain D. D.JPor:er, United States Navy. On TUESDAY, August ' 13th, ut 3 p. m., from her dock, foot of Warren Jlreel, N. 11., with the Government mails for San Francisco. Tlie arrangements for the transportation of passengers direct from New York to Chagres, and from Panama to San Francisco, being now complete, the voyages for which tickets were issued having been rapidly and successfully performed, the Company are now prepared to issue through tickets to San Francisco. The books for the GEORGIA on the 13th August are now open, and passages can be secured an application at the office of the Company, 117 West street, at the corner of Warren street, at the following rates: From Panama to San Francisco?State-room berths $300. Steerage berth $150, found with beds Mid a separate mess table. From New York to Chagres?State-room $100. Stundee berth $80. Steerage berth $50; found bed xnd separate mess table. Early application will be necessary to secure a hrougn ticket by the Georgia, August 13th, a 1 nnall number only being for sale by her. 1 RATES OF PASSAGE. i State-room. Standee. Steerage, i Charleston .... 25 20 10 Savunnah .... 25 20 10 Havana ..... 70 55 25 New Orleans .... 75 CO 25 Freight to Chagres, 70 cts. per foot, prepaid. To secure freight or passage, apply to M. O. ROBERTS, 117 West st., corner of Warren, New York. Aug. 5.?tl3. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. THE UNDERSIGNED, Administrator of the I Estate of 'I'hos. J. Johnston, deceased, hereby i notifies the creditors of said estate that, in pursu- ' iince of an order of the honorable Orphans'Court, I he will be in attendance at the Orphans' Court | Riinm. nn Kntnrdnv. the 24th inst. at 10 o'clock i A. M. for the purpose of paying all just claims lgainxt suid estate. THOS. J. JOHNSTON, Administrator. Aug. 5.?3td. (Union & Intelligencer copy.) MATHEWES & ROPER, | Factors and Commission Merchants, for Cotton, | Rice, Bagging small country Produce, Vnnierhorst's Wharf, Charleston, S. C. Aug. 3?]a.w.6m. : I FERDINAND MOTJLTON, ( ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, , Will practice in the several courts in the District, and attend to the prosecution of claims against the Government. Office corner of E and 7th streets, opposite the ; 1 General Post Office. 2aw,tf , J. Knox Walker, M .Ittorruy at Late and General .Ignit, .! i OF I" E R S his services in his profession and as ; Agent lor the Prosecution and Collection of j ' Claims before Congress and the Departments, also foi obtaining Patents. All business confided to hini will be promptly at ended to. i 17 t f , ^ ' I I I, I The Mexican borndarv Commissioners, np- ' pointed by Government to determine the boundary ine of Mexico and California, left New York on Saturday afternoon in the steamboat Galveaton, | 'or Port Lavaca, in Texas. The party consists if about 105 persons, and they are accompanied I jy an escort of United States infantry, numbering ome 140 or 150 men. The military officers are, ! Col. McClellnn, of the U. S. Topographical En- i jineers, and Liculnant Strain, of the Navy. Mr. J. R. Bartlett is the Commissioner ; Bt. | Lieut. Col. McCleilan, of the Topographical Engineers, is the Astronomer, who will be assisted ; ry Captain Hardcastle and Lieut. Whipple, and >thers of the same corps. Bt. Capt. Sutherland, ! )f the U. S. marines, also accompanies the expe- j lition in the Commissary Department. Mr. Gray s the Chief Surveyor of the boundary commission. He will he aided hy numerous assistants. Mr. Bartlett will not leave with the expedition, out must await the appointment of a Secretary of the Interior, to give him his finsl instructions. He a-ill probably depart about the 13th instant, and join the main l>ouy at San Antonio.?Bait. Sun. Nr.tv COTTO*.?We had yesterday left at our office an open boll of cotton of the present sea- ! *on, from the plantation of Mr. Woods, of Rus 1 sell county, Alabama, the first, we presume, that has been seen in this section.? Marietta, (Geo.) Paper. THE SOUTHERN l'RESS. For the Southern Press. The Compromise. Two honest neighbors once fell out, they say, About the fair division of some prey, And came together, like good men and wise, To settle matters by a compromise. Quoth Mister North, "the matter as it stands, j, Is just as easy as to kiss your hands ; Provided you will only keep quite cool, And not get in a passion like a fool. In equal portions we'll the stake divide, Place all on one, the rest on 'lother side, And then good neighbor, if you think it best, I'll take one all, and you'll take all the rest. Then equally the treusure we'll divide, Each will have all, and both be satisfied ; And then mv friend if vou are cool and wise, ; We'll settle matters by a compromise." Q,uoth Mister South, "I thank you for your care, And should have no objection to my shure, Could you my reasrfn in your net enthrall, And prove that all is nothing?nothing all! Till then, I do not think the plan expedient, And are, my worthy friend, your most Obedient." "So,"grouled out North, "he scorns this just communion, And wants a dissolution of our Union." Nkw York. Paris, July 18, 1850. Parisian Fashions for August, 1850. Though Paris is almost deserted, the /diseases de modes are very busy in modelling new fashions for the Summer season. The strangers who visit Paris, as well as the people who arrive here from the provinces to buy their articles of toilette, are sufficient in number to excite the energy and emulation if our merchants. The large houses of Paris arc also busy at importation. If you admire in the stores an elegant guipure, a splendid dress, a garland and garniture of flowers, in which the grace of our best modistes is to be remarked, be assured that you will be told?this goes to London, that to Russia, the other to the United States. A nriAit iv I Kn nrnff inef nntrnlfmo I Imvn ' n_ .nuiisiui> j;t vnicov nu * v-iiiuo a iiiivu v.marked whilst visiting the stores to collect my fashionable intelligence, I will describe the following articles : A dress made of taffetas glace of pink and sky-blue color. Long wa st, tight to the body, without any plit, low-necked upon a ficher of crape; white, and covered with small embroideries. 0:r the stomach of the dress there is a beau of gauze, in the centre of which is placed a very small boquet of roses and forget-ine-nots. Another drees, compelled of two ski its of white crape; trimmed with a garland of elematiles At the end of the small leaves there is also another garland of the same flower; in front of the boddice, the cletna- j tiles are placed in small bunches, and t e ; head-dress is composed of a wreath of the 1 same. Bracelets of gold coin united together with a chain. The robes of neglige, or rather " walking dress," are made as follows : 1st. A rcdingotle-peignoir in printed nankin, made with volants bordered with embroideries called valencienncs The boddice is open, adorned with four small ruches made with the goods of the dress, and also [rimmed with embroideries and Valenciennes. The sleeves are made large, with two ruches equally trimmed with broderies, and having under a pair of sous-manches of muslin. 2d. A silk dress of blue color, spotted with white bunches of roses. Jt is made a la Pompadour, the'waist being only marked on the form of the body, but not cut as in the other dresses. In front of it, running from the stomach down to the feet, are four couillunncs of white silk twisted with a small blue ribbon assorted to the dress. The sleeves are large and composed of six ranks of that couillonne. The boddice is opened in the f rm of a V, and high-necked. Under it there is a chemisette of plitted cambresis, with a collar au petit point. It is necessary with such a dress to have the hair fixed " a la Pompadour," which is reive around the head in the form of a big rope. Although the mantilla or caraco of the same goods as that of the dress are much cn vogue, the pardessus of black silk, trimmed with ejfiles are much in favor, as they are considered the more fashionable. White mantillas of embroideries are less fashionable than they were last year. Those af the season are pointed behind ; nd in front as a shawl. They are trimmed with volants, festooned and bordered with lace. The last attempt made by the fashion, for the mantillas, is called manrelet-echuipe, (scarf mantilla.) It is a light and elegant thing, which covers with much grace the shoulders of its bearer, and allbws the waist to lie seen with much ease. They are made af a band of taffetas or silk, and trimn ed all around with a ruche and lace. The bonnets and capottcs the more a la mode for this season, are called " half-andhalf." Let me make you understand what I mean. Take the front of a -tiaw hat, of any color, description and style, and the bottom o" a silk bonnet. You them together, aii<1 you have a fashionable bonnet. J lie I only thing to be observed is this : that the! silk trimming ought tube assorted to the i color of the straw, ami if the i?traw is only' yellow, you cannot have it trimmed other-' wise than with white and yellow ribbon. | This trimming i* generally made twisted as I a net. It is the latest fashion. For a grand I toilette, the ;>ink or white chnpcarj a.e al-i wav* in demand. The luxury of linen is also recherche! I have just seen some chemitet made by the most skilful coupeur ol Paris, which are th( ne phi* ullra oi elegance and grace. The body is made of Holland linen, and the shoulders and sleeves ato surrounded w ith a splendid embroideiy, trimmed with ralencirnnes. j That invoice goes to-morrow to the United States, and the lady for whom it has 1 een bought may show it to her friends as a specimen of hen gout and refinement. The dress of the gentlemen is not much altered since my last'batch of fashions. With the exception of the silk jacket, wliich is very much worn during the warm part of the day, the frock coats are always made with short skirts?the driss coats with pointed! basques and high collar. The pantaloons,' of green maroon, gray and blue drap de e/e, with large stripes or bands, are much in J favor. The linen drill is not so much worn i as before. The weather is not warm enough j here for it. Hats with high form and broad brim, of; giay or black fur, are also much in use. hoots and gaiters are made in a pointed : shaoe. cut rour.d at the toes. Small shoes. with silk colored stockings, are well partes. Short sticks, or a whip, are also the great fashion. The hunting dress is always the same: high boots of patent leather must be worn by a gentleman of ban ton. Ng change in the dress of children. B. H. It. From the Louisville Democrat. Malaria not the Cause of Cholera. Whatever may be the cause ol Cholera, it is in my judgment impossible to account for it upon malarial theory. It is so perfectly unique and anomalous in its character, that is sets at defiance all the laws of epidemics, and confounds the wisdom of the wise. If it be dependant on malaris, how did it get to Nashville, one of the healthiest cities in the world ? Any one acquainted with the topographical and geological character of the country around Nashville cannot fail to perceive the absurdity of the malarial doctrine, so f.:r as that city is concerned. Again, 1 ask, if it depends on malaria, how did if get to Drennon Springs, to Bedford, and other watering places remarkable for their exemption from this imaginary c use of the pestilence ? How did it get to Hanover, one of the driest and best ventilated spots in Indiana ? That little town, in a few days, lost thirty inhabitants out of a population of only 200. While Jetfersonville, Brownstown, Columbus Indianapolis, and many other malarious cities and towns have been but moderately affected by the cholera. In the autumn of 1832 we had but four deaths in Jetfersonville ; in '33 about twice as many. Last year we had eleven and this year we have had twelve.? The population of our city must be about 1,000. In 1833, Salem, remarkable for its freedom from malaria, lost nearly 100. Charlectown, in[a hilly country, suffered severely. The sudden outbreak of the disease in your city, is attributed to a pond, or something else, west of the point of invasion ; but unfortunately for the discovery, the wind throughout that day was from east to west. The following day it was but slightly variant.? It is a fact worthy of nutice and fatal to the malarial hypothesis, that in regions of country where billious fever is an epinemic, the cholera has prevailed but moderately. Among the marshes, swamps, and bottoms north of JefTersonville, where the chills and fever and ague and fever are annual visitors, the disease is scarcely known. How is this exemption to be accounted for ? Why, sirs, from the fact that the billious habit in these localities oonstantly prodoniinates, and excludes other diseases. There is a universal predisposition to a disease of an opposite character, which takes precedence of other susceptibilit;es. Hence I conclude that the settlers in the malarious districts are safer than those in other localities. It is also a fact that an overwhelming majority of the intestinal diseases, of malarious districts are of the billious character ; nearly all are the native billious diarrhoea of the country. While I do not deny that the Asiatic cholera may depend ? a T r _ _ i j i I a. upon physical causes, yei i ieei assured uiui we know nothing about its etiology. All that we can do will not stay its destructive march. The hand of God is in it ; and for wise and benevolent purposes, inscrutable to us, he directs the. c ;urse of the fearful scourge in its mission of death. The best sanitary measures will avail nothing in the absence of a recognition of the providence of God, and a reliance upon his power to shield us against the destroying pestilence. I am, dear sirs, very respectfully, Your obedient serv't, N. FIELD, M. D. Jeffesronvtlle, July 26, 1850. Small Sweet Courtesies of Lile.?i want to tell you a secret. The way to make yourself pleasing to others, is to show that you care for them. The whole world is like the miller at Mansfield, "who cared for nobody ?no, not he?because nobody cared for him." And the world will serve you so, if you give them the same cause. Let every one therefore see, that you care for them by showing them, what Sterne so happi y calls, "the small sweet courtesies in which there is no parade ; whose voice is too still to tease, and j which manifest themselves by tender and ; affectionate loo!.s, and little kind acts of at- ! tention?giving others the preference in every ' little enjoyment at the table, in the field, walking, sitting, and standing." This is the spirit that gives to your time of life, and to your sex, its sweetest charms. It constitutes the sum total of the witchcraft of woman. Let the world see that your first care is for yourself, and you will spread the solitude of the Upas tree around you, in the same way, by the emanation of a poison which kills all the juices of affection in its neighborhood.? Such a girl may be admired for her understanding and accomplishments but she never will be loved. The seeds of love can never grow but under the warm and genial influence of kind feelings and affectionate manners. Vivacitygoes a great way in young persons. It calls attention to her who displays it ; and, it it then be found associated with a generous sensibility, its execution is irresistible. On the contrary if it be found in alliance with a cold, haughty, selfish heart, it proJuces no further effect, than on adverse one. Attend to this my daughter. It flows from the heart that feels for you afl the a ixiety a parent can feci; and not without hope which constitutes the parent's highest happiness? j may God protect and bless you. Your affectionate Father, Wm, Wirt. A Woman or a Thousand.?A correspondent of the N. Y. Commercial instances a remarkable display of genuine patriotism, by the wife of a geutleman of that city: l' If you would like to see a sight ' worth seeing,' go and take your lunch at ' Gosling's American and French Restaurant,' 17 Nassau street. You will there find behind the lunch table, waiting on the guests with modest dignity and cheerful assiduity, a tine-looking, rosy-cheeked, black-haired female, a specimen of perfect health and cheerfulness, and younger, in appearance, than the vast majority of women at forty. This is the wife of the host?the mother of twenty-four children?the eldest of whom is ,1 ft... ...... ..in . inn ijr-i it u, uiiu uit jruuu^coi vvyu jcd in uiu ? thirteen of whom, with ten grand-children, are still living. She rises every morning at five, and does the marketing for this great establishment, and, during several of the busiest hours of the day, sees that the guests are properly waited on and attended to. She confesses to forty-eight years, but without the confession she would not be deemed guilty of forty. Had she lived in the days of ancient Rome, she would have been entitled to, and wjould have received the honors of tlie republic, and certainly it cannot be misplaced to bestow this brief notice on one who has contributed so many citizens to her country, and whose good conduct in her daily walk in life, and modest demeanor, and cheerful efforts to aid the partner of her lot, present so useful an example for imitation." Death of Commodore Jones. Commodore Jacob Jones, whose very dangerous illness we raentained on Saturday morning, we are now painrd to announce, expired during the same evening, at his residence on Chesnut street. He died in his eighty-third year, and, therefo:e, as lull of age as of honor.? His name has long stood third on the list of captains of the navy of the United States Commodores Barron and Stewart being his only seniors. At the late hour at which we receive the intelligence of his demise, it is not in our power to prepare a detailed sketch of his life and services such as would properly accompany thisjannouncernent. We are only ably to mention that he was born in the State of Delaware, which will long be proud of his memory, and to refer to the glourious seafight on which his fame is founded, the affair to the Wasp and Frolic, which his country \xt111 npupr allnw hp Thi<a antinn 1,1 t> was fought on the 18th of October, 1812, and hence was one of the earliest, as we.l as one of the most brilliant, of the naval victories of the war. It was deemed of so striking and important a character that the Legislature of New York, Massachusetts, Delaware, and, we believe, some other States, voted Captain Jones their thanks, with sword, and pieces of plate ; that Congress conferred upon him, his officers and men, a handsome pecuniary testimonial?his prize and his own vessel, as will be remembered, having captured immediately after the fight, by the Poictiers seventy-four ; and that the Government promoted him, as a mark of its approbation, to the command of the frigate Mecedonian. He deserved t!.e honor ; he deserved the fame he acquired, which was not a little, as he deserved the regard of a multitude of friends, who knew how to prize the manly virtues of his private character.?Philadelphia No. th American. Thf. First Steam Voyage Across the Atlantic was made in 1849, by the -steamship Savannah, which was built in New York city, made a passage of seven days to Savannah, four of which was under steam, and thence went to Liverpool in eighteen days, seven of which was under steam. When entering St. George's channel, off Cork, two revenue cutters seeing the smoke ascending from the vessel, took her for n ship in distress and bore down upon her. She entered the harbor of Liverpool with her sails furled and the American colors flying, and the news of her approach having been previously telegraphed, many thousands of persons thronged the pier heads and greeted her with enthusiastic cheers. From Liverpool she went to Copenhagen and St. Petersburg!), being visited by the King of Denmark and the Emperor of Russia, and then returned to America. U^gT-The mortality of the city of New York is greater than that of New Orleans even now in midsummer. Health of New York City.?The weekly mortality is steadily increasing. Jly the city insiKictor's report, the total of deaths last week appears to be 520, nil increase of 53 over the previous week. Of the victims last week, there were men 93, women 71, boys 197, girls 159. making 356 children. We see that there are no cases of cholera recorded. The other bowel diseases, however, are quite prevalent. The following table compares the deaths by some of the diseases for the last week and the previous one: Iaist week. Previous week. Cholera infantum 81 81 " morbus 7 7 Diarrhoea - - 32 25 Dysentery - - 37 48 Consumption - 37 33 Convulsions - 58 51 Comp de Soliel - 13 0 During the week ending August 4th, 1849, the number of deaths in Mew Vork city was 1.373, of which 678 were bycholi ra; from other diseases 505, or 75 more than in the corresponding week of the current year. The cabinet ministers now on duty, and who were present at a regular cabinet council held on Saturday, are? The Secretary of State, Mr. Welwter. The Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Corwin. The Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Graham. The Postmaster General, Mr. Hall. The new Attorney General, Hon. J. J. Crit tenden, has not yet reac.ied the city. Major General Scott is acting, ad int^im, as Secretary of the Department of War; and D. C. Goddard, esq., is acting, ad interim. Secretary of the Interior.?National Intelligencer. Theodore Parker having preached a sermon on the death of the President, reflecting severely on the wickedness of a warrior's life, Fuller, of the New York Mirror, cornea down as follows: Knowing something personally of both Mr. Parker ana General Taylor, we believe that had they changed places in their youth, General Taylor would have proven a better preacher than his reviler, and that the preacher would have boon a worse soldier and a harder master than the General. I*r The New York Evening Post, which sneered at the insignificance of the tailors strike in that city, lias the following: Tailors' Riot.?Two Men Killed, others seriously Wounded.?Another of those riots, more fatal, however, in its consequences, than any of the previous affrays, took place yesterilay afternoon, about two o'clock, in Thirty-eighth street, near the Ninth avenue. The Herman tailors, who have been on a strike for the last two weeks, proceeded in a body of about two hundred, to the house of some workmen who had taken work from the shops for less than the prices demanded by those on the strike. A tight ensued, when the polieo of the Sixteenth ward, under command of Captain Freeman, hearing of the disturbance, proceeded to the r>^<,.,n.l .,.,.1 II it 1... I -twuini aim inuiuav\'iru hi ijucii 11, uy aiit'ntui^ the ring-leader and four or five others, who were taken to the stiltion-houso and loeked up. The matter did not end here, however, for s ntill larger party of Germans, numbering about three hundred, not deterred by what had already occurred, proceeded, about two hours after, to the scene of the previous riot, and, attacking an obnoxious store, destroyed ull the clothing and furniture they could find in it. The police, again called upon, made their way to the spot, accompanied by Justice Mountfort, and a force of the Eighteenth ward police. A desperate light took place, during which, knifes and clubs were freely used, and it is said two pistol shots were fired. Justice Mountfort was severely injured, and a number of policemen were seriously wounded, one of whom was stabbed in the abdomen by a knife, in the hand of a German. The fight, which lasted about half an hour, resulted in the arrest of about forty of the tailors, several of whom had their pocket filled with stones. A number of the wounded were carried home by their friends, two have since died, and others are not expected to survive their wounds. The foregoing is the account given by the police, which will be found to differ very materially from the following statement, made by the tailors. A committee, consisting of a large number of those out of employment, were, it appears, on their way to filoomingdale, to obtain members for the society lately formed in that city, when the police, without provocation, made an attack upon them with their clubs, killing the two above mentioned and wounding others seriously. None of the tailors were armed as the police have asserted, and to this, it appears, may be attributed their having escaped with very little injury. The clothes alleged to have been destroyed, consisting of one hundred and fifty coats, were taken from the store by a number of firemen who had assembled upon an alarm of fire. It is the intention of the tailors' committee to have n strict investigation set oil foot, that the true cause of the riot may by ascertained and laid before the public. A Southern State.?The following sketch or the State of Georgia is from a speech of Mr. Stephens, of that State. It will be read with interest. It shows what a Southern State is, and what the South may be : " Georgia has her beds of coal and iron, her lime, gypsum and marl, her quarries of granite and marble. She has inexhaustible treasures of minerals, including gold, the most precious of metals. She has a soil and a climate suitably fertile growth and culture of almost every product known to husbandry and agriculture. A better country for wheat and corn and all the coreal plants, to say nothing of cotton and tobacco, is not to be found in any equal space on this continent. There, too, grow the orange, the Oliver the vino and the fig, with fotreat of oak nnd pine sufficient to build and mast the navies of the world. She has mountains for grazing, rivers for commerce,etc.. water-falls for machinery of all kinds without number. Nor have these great natural advantages and resources been neglected. Young as she is, she is now the first cotton growing State in the Union. Her last year's crop will not full far short of six hundred thousand bales, if it does not exceed it. She lias I believe, thirty-six cotton factories in operation, nnd great many more hastening to completion?one of them has, or soon will have, ten thousand spindles, with two hundred looms capable of turning out eight thousand yards of cloth per day. Iter yarns are already finding their way to the markets of the North and foreign couutries ; and the day is not distant when she will take the lead in the manufacture, nH well aa the production of this great staple. She has also her flour mills and paper mills?her forges, foundries and furnaces, not with their fires ex iiiijimsiicu, no liic ^culiciii.in iiuiii i ciiiikj iviuna said of some in his State; but in full bhist. Her ports last year were not less than thirty millions of dollars, equal to, if not greater than those of all New England together. She has six hundred and forty miles of railrond in operation, nt a cost of fifteen millions of dollars, and two hundred more in progress of construction. By her energy and enterprise, she has scaled the mountain barriers and opened the way for the steam car, from the southern Atlantic ports to the waters of the great valley of the west. But this is not all. She has four chartered universities?nay five, for she has one devoted exclusively to the education of her duughters. She was the first State, I believe, to establish a female college, which is now in a flourishing condition, and one of the brightest ornaments of her character. She has four hundred young men pursuing a collegiate course; a greater number, 1 believe, than any State in the Union, in proportion to her white population. You will find out not only these things to be so, but I tell you also what you will not find. You will not find anybody in the State begging bread or asking alms. ^ ou will find but few paupers. You will not find forty thousand beings, pinched with cold and hunger, demanding the right of labor, as I saw it stated to be the case, not long since in the city of New York. Mr. Sweetzer interrupted, and asked if the i /i. i i * i i 11 * i lactones in ueorgta nau not noeu erected oy me northern capital ? Mr. Stephens said : No, sir, they were built by Georgia capital. The six hundred and fifty miles of railroad now in operation, to which I have alluded, were built by Georgia capital. One hundred and thirty-six miles, from Atlanta to Chatanooga, on the Tennessee river, which is one of the age, was built by the State. But her public debt is only a little over eighteen hundred thousand dollars, while that of the State of New York is over twenty millions, besides the fourteen millions owed by the city alone ; and the debt of Pennsylvania is forty millions of dollars. The bonds of the State of Georgia are held mostly by her own people. You do not see them hawked about in northern or foreign markets, at a depreciation. But they, as well as the stocks and securities of the private companies, are held mostly by her own citizens, and are commanding premiums at home. TheFrvvkivg Privilege.?In the report of the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, made to the Senate on the 3d of last month, we find the following estimate of the amount of matter franked by mentbera of Congress, during the 30th Congress:?House documents, 467,762 lbs.; House speeches, 411,531 lbs.; Senate documents 261,434 lbs,; Senate speeches, estimated by comparison with the House, 200,000 lbs.; total 1,340,727 lbs. It is said that Mr. Geyer, of Missouri, declines the appointment of Secretary of the Interior. " The Botttfietn Tttm " TUmtftlj la published on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturday4 ol each Week. " The southern Press,"?Weekly, la published every Saturday. advertising rates. For one square of 10 lines, three insertions, ft in* " every subsequent insertion, - *5 Liberal deductions made en yearly advertising. Individuals way forward the sNMant of their subscriptions at our risk. Address, (pent-paid) ELL WOOD PI8HRK, Washington City. Mnoting In Ooorgla. It is now quite probable that every cotthtT in this State will hold Southern meetings, ihe work goes bravely on, and every mail brings us the proceedings or notice of a meeting in one or more counties The citizens of Savanna!), Chatham, county, spoke out on the 23 d. alt. They fully endorsed the Nashville Convention proceedings, and among other things, Resulted, That in agreeing to take the Mis- ' sonri Compromise, we do so only because such a basis lias been heretofore acquiesced in as a means of preserving the Union. Resolved, That ?uy Compromise that yields more on the part of the 8outh than the Missouri Compromise, or of what that Compromise is not the basis, is oppressive and degrading to the slave holding States as equals with the North in the Confederacy, and as binding one portion ot* the Confederacy to a state of abject dependence upon trie other. Resolved, That under the present cfteumstnnces of the country and the known want of a proper representative population within its borders, the admission of New Mexico, as a State, would justifiy the most extreme measures on the part of the South. A very large meeting was held in Camden about the same date, at which it was Resolved, That Clay and Foote's Compromise Hill, with the amendments, arc nothing but base concessions, which, if submitted to by the South, will exclude her people from a vast and fertile country, to which they have a just and perfect title, and that wo will resist in every possible manner and form. r? 1 ) TM.?* 1,, nf )hn WZUil'rUy lllttl) tVO Uff'IWV IIWMWI; VTA w..V> Nashville Convention, and especially of the address of the Convention to the Southern people. Resolved, That as the least and last proposition of a settlement, we urc willing to abide by the Missouri Compromise line of 36 1-2, extended to the Pacific ocean, and think that the South should resist any other- further encroachments at all hazards. m A moss meeting was to have been held in Clarke county (Speaker Cobb's district) on the 27th ult. Georgia now evidently leads the Soutli in resistance to Northern aggression and insult? Montgomery (Alabama) Gazette. From the (Va.) Spirit of Jefferson. The Compromise?Its Defeat. It will be seen by reference to our Congressional summary, what has been the fate of this bill. By several different amendments offered and passed ut different times, the parts of the bill relating to California and New Mexico and Texas, were stricken out and all of the bill that remained was the establishing of a territorial government for Utah, fixing the southern boundary at the 35th degree of north latitude. Thus, by the vigilance and statesmanship of Southern senators, the Constitution so far bus been preserved from infraction and mutilation. It is true that they were aided in this work of patriotism by Northern fanatics, but it is well uu dcrstood by what motives these were actuated. The Southern senators that were opposed to the bill hod nought but a patriotic purpose in view?to protect Southern rights and preserve the Constitution in its purity?while those of Xi_ fcT -ii I? J iL: ..!? W1H ]\orui USUI liliy tiling vicugna >vu umi uuikuivi;, but a patriotic object in view. But their fanaticism wan made to subserve a noble purpose for once. An effort has been made to cry down Southern men who were opposed to the bill by dubbing them "djsunionists,' and in Huch slanderous and impertinent epithets, none seems to huve indulged of late so fully as one of the correspondents of the " Baltimore Sun." It is hoped, however, that it is not with tho approbation of the editors of that paper. The " Sun'' lias a circulation in different Mparts of this State, and we presume in States further South, and it may be important to know in what estimation the Southern opponents of the Compromise bill are held by it; especially in view of the fact that it permits its columns to be used to denounce them as disunisnists. That paper professes to be an independent, not a neutral, journal, and we hope, it may have the independence to avow explicitly its approval or disapproval of the language, referred to. The South should know her friends. Wo mean to attribute no want of patriotism to those advocates of the Compromise bill who really believed that it was the balm by which the agitation on the subject of slavery was to be healed, but we cannot admit that they were governed by any higher or purer motive in their advocacy of it than were those of tho South who opposed it, for we religiously believe that these were true friends of the Union, as their efforts to preserve the Federal Constitution in all its purity and provisions abundantly prove. We know that there is ultraism in the South, and no one condems it more heartily than ourselves. We have been pained at the utterance of some sentiments by a few Southern men; but we feel assured that there are but a very few indeed in the South who look to a dissolution of the Union as the only remedy for the evils of which we complain. The South will stand by the Union as long as there is a fragment of it worth preserving; nor will we look to its dissolution as a means of averting more dreadful evils, until the thought is forced upon us hy the injustice and despotism of our Northern brethren. We will not dispair of this Republic yet. We are amongst those who still cherish the fond belief that there is enough of that patriotism which swelled the bosoms of our ancestors, left in the descendants, to keep this Union together. Ashes and Lime for Plum Trees.?I have in my garden n plum tree, which, for three or four years past, has borne very full; but not till Lea ur?tr i\t nlnmw hopfl flAUIld. ""They" were ft)I bored, or rotted and fell from the tree before they were ripe. Two or three other plum trees, of a different kind, which have borne less, shared the same fate. Last year, a young tree, which stood near an ash-leach, and which hud never borne before, produced a solitary plum, and that was sound. This suggested the idea that its preservation was owing to the ashes which had been scattered around the roots of the tree. Following out the hint thus given, 1 hist spring spread ashes and lime, with manure and salt, around all my trees. The result has been, that they all have borne this year more than usual, and most of the fruit has been sound. This result 1 ascribe, in part, to the ashes and lime. The same, I find, is recommended by ' An Old Digger." And the conclusion is obvious that alkali enough will destroy the young insects as they lie burrowed in the ground, or attempt to emerge from it in the spring. It in this way sound plums can be raised, it will be found a very eusy way. i?et some ot our readers try the experiment, and note the result.? Berkshire Culturis/. Emigration to America.?The latest accounts from Norway state that preparations were being ma le on a grand scale fbr emigration to the l/nitod States. * The number of persons who propose expatiating themselves in order to go and try their fortune in America, is estimated at 20,000 persons, being two per cent of the entire population of the kingdom. From one commune alone, that Loelag, in the province of Akershans, which contains 6,195 inhabitants, individuals arc about to embark for Now York,"