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The southern press. (Washington [D.C.) 1850-1852, August 20, 1850, Image 3

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THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
WASHINGTON CITY.
TUES D A Y. A UGUST 80. 1 850^
Position of tits South.
The majority in Congress, in attempting to
wrest all the newly acquired territory, and a port
of Texas besides, from the South, in order to create
at once two Free-soil States, met with an
awkwnrd difficulty. The claim of Texas was too
strong to be totally disregarded. So it was resolved
to treat that State as we have heretofore
treated Indians whose lauds we coveted. A price
was offered her?the price of the purchaser, with
the money in one hand, and the sword in the other.
This has long been the fuahionof treat'ng a weak
or an inferior people, and the North although it
pretends now to be asserting the principles of universal
equality and philanthropy, cannot so far
conceal its hypocrisy as to abstain from denoucing
the South continually, as inferior in morality
and progress, nor can it abstain from presenting
the sword to enforce a treaty of cession.
Well it seems that the people of Texas don't
admire this method of negotiating, nor do they
like the policy of selling sovereign rights to the
Federal Government for money, merely to enable
the latter to manufacture a free soil State in
its immediate neighborhood of such very raw
material as a Mexican population just conquered.
The majority in Congress is eager for the trade.
It would be a grand exploit?in fact it would be
a capital joke?for a Northern demogoguc returning
from Congress to tell to his constituents,
that a Free-soil State had actually been bought
of the South, and she compelled to pay half the
purchase money.
But then the refusal of Texas to sell will spoil
this tine speculation. In that event the Federal
Excutive threatens war against Texas. This
however would be very inconvenient?the place
is not such as would be chosen by the aggressor
for such a conflict Texas is in the neighborhood
of Arkansas, Missonri, Mississippi, Kentucky,
Tennessee and Louisiana, who would all
send hosts of volunteers to the aid of Texas, and
South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Florida
would be quite ready to engage also. The portions
of the North-western States in that vicinity,
of Illinois, Iowa and Indiana, have a large population
of Southern origin, and would therefore
have no disposition to aid the North.- In such a
contest the advantages of position would bo with
the South.
uui iurcnermore ine claim 01 rexas extends
lip to latitude 42 deg. That territory, if held,
either cuts or commands all access to California
and Oregon by the overland route. And in case
of a conflict, a few privateers on the South Atlantic
seaboard would cut the present communication
by way of the Isthmus. Thus the North
might find, as often liappens in such cases, that
in attempting to grasp at too much, she lost all.
We have heard Northern people refer to the remoteness
of California from the South, and
chuckle over the difficulty the South would experience
in obtaining her Hhareof it in any event.
But the possession of Texas commands California?so
far as her connection with the Atlantic
States is concerned. And if a dissolution of the
Union should unhappily occur, the North need
not flatter herself with remaining connected
either with California or Oregon. That is out
of the question.
One of the worst signs of the times, is the
prevalence of that abuse of terms called cant.
It is an invariable symptom of degeneracy. As
the moaning of a people becomos bad, their
words are apt to become fine. It is only the
last and lowest stage of vice that throws off the
mantle of hypocrisy. Accordingly, there never
yas a time, when we heard so many loud professions
of philanthropy, justice, conciliation,
patriotism, union as now. But these words no
longer mean what they did formerly.
They are still the current coin of controversy,
but bankrupts in principle as well as the despots
who are bankrupt in purse, will debase the
sterling coin by a large alloy of baser metal,
and then attempt to pass it at the same as before.
Accordingly we see, that now when a
scheme of fraud and spoliation is g- ing on
which challenges all history for atrocity, the
land is filled with the most sanctimonious professions
of principle, of liberty, of union, of
patriotism, of philanthropy. Even when the
sword is threatened against seven millions of
people, it is done on pretence of giving fifty
thousand fresh caught Mexicans the sudden
dignity of State sovereignty, in order to enable
them to help the North with its ton millions of
people, to keep the minority South from governing
the country. And some scores of Northern
editors assure the country that President Fillmoke
and Mr. Webster waive the sword in the
most mild and conciliatory manner!
Now, the times are becoming too critical to
trifle with words or things. It is not true that
the preservation of this Union depends on the
love of it, or on the justice of the parties composing
it, or on that of the majority that governs
it- The Union now rests on one of two things;
either the abject submission of the minority
to anything the majority may do, or on the
power and will of the minority to protect itself
from aggression, and thereby to deter the majority
from attempting it. As Randolph once
said, " tho only restraint upon power is power."
Now it happens that in this ease the South,
though rujmerieably less than the North, has
the advantage of position and can defend herself.
And although it depends on the North to
attempt this aggression, it is entirely in the
power of the South to say whether it shall be
accomplished.
A True Woman.
There is a delicacy of sentiment, and a grace
in the mode of doing a generous action, that is
peculiar to the female sex, and which the ruder
sex cannot attain. A most beautiful exemplification
of these qualities and of that ingenuous
shame that .
"Does good by stealth,"
and w blusheR to find it said," is to be found in
the narration of the simple ineident we subjoin;
"The Mayor of Georgetomn, D. C., acknowledges
the receipt of a note through the post-office, i
in these worda;
"For the poor of dear old Georgetown, from
one who spent many Happy hours in that dear
place twenty years ago. Eleew."
In the same, which was postmarked Washington
City, was received the sum of one hundred
dollars, which has been deposited in the hands of
the "Female Union Benevolent Society," to he
disposed of in accordance with the wishes of the
benevolent donor."
Amid the discordant notes which rise from the
political strifes of this capital, such breathings
of humanity as this are doably precious and
touching. We envy the feelings of the generoue
donor.
mmmmm?m i ??
Tha Abolition of Abolitioinats.
Wonders will never venae, and the Etlilop it
seem* ia to be enabled to change lib color at
perfect convenience hereafter. From one of our
Northern exchuMges we clip the following marvellous
announcement:
"A 8trawge matxhokthotis.?The New York
Evening Pvti ays that Barnuui , whose peculiar
abilities as a curiosity hunter, has gained for him
a world wide notoriety, has procured one of the
strangest cases of metamorphoais ever presented
for public exhibition, it is that of a colored man,
who is undergoing a complete change of color,
produced, according to his own statement, by the
outward application of the juice extracted from a
weed, the name of which he will not disclose. It
appears that while a slave in the South, he discovered
this weed, and on further investigation
found that it possessed the peculiar property of
completely changing the color of his skin from
black to white.
When applied to any part of the body it causes
much pain, and gives the flesh a scaly appearance
so says the man himself. His aims, legs,
and portions of his face and neck are uf a pure,
natural while, presenting no perceptible difference
in appearance to the skin of a while man. He
will not reveal the name of his master, or what
part of die South he made his escape IVom, alleging
as a reason that he is liable, if discovered to be
retaken and carried back into slavery. Tiie story
he tells of himself is strange, and, if true, he
should receive the attention of the scientific. He
expects to be completely changed in color in the
course of a year."
Now those sympathizers, whose sympathy ?s
but skin deep, will be robbed of all their thunder
by this discovery! and the plan proposed is
just as rational anil us feasible as any of theirs.
If the reverse of the process could only be successfully
practised, there might bo some danger,
that those who entertain such an affection for
the sable hue, might put themselves on a footing
of yet more perfect equality by adopting
that livery, and there are many whom it would
suit wonderfully well.
Slav a Labor in Cotton Factories.
Some time since we referred to the successful
application of slave labor to manufacturing purposes,
citing the Saluda Factory of South
Carolina as an example. From the Charleston
Mercury we take the following account of a
visit to that establishment:
Saluda Factory.?We had the gratification
recently of visiting this factory, situated on the
Saluda River, near Columbia, and of inspecting
its operations. It is on the slave labor or antiFree-soil
system; no operators in the establishment
but blacks. The sujarintendent and
overseers arc white, and of great experience in
manufacturing. They are principally from the
manufacturing districts of the North, and although
strongly prejudiced on their first arrival
at the establishment against African labor, from
observation and more experience, they all testify
to their equal efficiency, and great superiority in
many respects. So as not to act precipitately,
the experiment of African labor was first tested
in the spinning department. Since which, the
older spinners have been transferred to the
weaving room. They commenced in that department
on the 1st of July, and are now turning
out as many yards to the loom as was performed
under the older system. A weaver from Lowell
has charge of this department; and she reports
that, while there is lull us much work done by
the blacks, they are much more attentive to the
condition of their looms. They all appear
pleased with the manipulations on which thev
arc employed, and arc thus affording to tjjc
South the beat evidence that, when the channels
of agriculture are choaked, the manufacturing of
our own productions will open new channels of
profi able employment for our slaves. The resources
of the South are great; and it should
be gratifying to all who view these facts with
the eye of a statesman and philanthropist, that
the sources of profitable employmeut nnd support
to our rapidly increasing African labor are
illimitable, and must remove all motives for
emigration to other countries. By an enlightened
system of internal improvements, making
all parts of our State accessible, and by a judicious
distribution of our labor, South Carolina
may more than double her productive slave
labor, and not suffer from too dense a population.
Georgia Sentiment.
The Savannah Georgian speaks in terms of
just indignation of the course of" a certain class
of semi-Soulliernized presses in our midst," are
fostering the advances of the Abolitionists, by
administering every disgraceful epithet in their
vocabulary against those who dare to take
strong Southern grounds, and thus adds the following
sensible suggestions which their con,l^v
...,.11 k.. ?l.?
uuv^tuin nuuiu uu >? uu iu uj uuiuit; lilt'
advancing tide of public indignation sweeps
them into the arms of their Northern allies:
" It is hard to resist public feeling once it is
aroused to its rights. And the terms ultra Zelot,
Disunionist! are bad substitutes, and would
come in better place from such j npers as the
Northern Abolitionists might send to us, than
from the public presses of Georgia, and applied
against our own people. Such presses may
claim a very high degree on the scale of South-,
orn interest, but we could not hazard much to
say, n Northern pulse beats somewhere at the
foundation.
We might give the sentiments of several
Whig journals at the South,coming out strongly
against the President's Message, but we prefer
to give it the widest birth possible, and to go
north of Mason aud Dixon's line, where certainly
people cannot be influenced by any mercenary
motives, that a few of our Southern cotemporHries
may consider their ridiculous position, while
lavishing their exultations on Mr. Fillmore's
Message."
The editors of the Washington Southern
Press exult because a Georgia newspaper, formerly
a supporter of Mr. Clay, has turned against
him. It might perhaps, rather astonish those
editors to learn how many of Mr. Clay's life
long opponents, in this State at least, are expressing
an ardent desire to support him for the
next Presidency. It is not probuble that these,
lis old opponents, will ever have an opportunity I
of gratifying their expressed desires, hut, in the
event of their having such an opportunity, we
hope, though we can hardly say we trnst, that
they will remain true and faithful to their present
very ardent protestations.?Louisville Journal
We doubt whether any Democrat in Kentucky
would now support Mr. Ci.ay, unless it is the
editor of the Louixville Democrat. We observe
he supports mongrel tickets?and the late
Omnibus parly here was mongrel enough.
tsr- This, therefore, is the real issue; AI !
else is collateral. The " Equilibrium'' or a dis- j
solution of the Union ! And this being the issue j
the sooner it is met the better. If the Union
can only be saved by a surrender of Free Terri- j
tory out of which Slave States can be carved,
let us know it at once."?Albany Eten. Journal. I
If the Union can only be saved by a surrender
of Southern territory, out of which Free Soil
States can be carved, let us kno\v,it once. And
of every inch of Territory acquired by the
Federal Gover ment.
The South " of plain and river, bcir
Will with strong hand redeem her share.."
if she does not get it by law.
Protosed New State.?A proposition is before
the Convention of Michigan, fbr the erection,
with the assent of that State and of Congross,
of a Territorial Government in the region
of Lake Superior, with a view to the formation
there of a new State for admission into the
Union.
1 ."WM
Mot* Rochaatei Knocking*.
Tiie Rochester Advertiser says:
Strike among Wheat Buyers.?We understand
that our nullers aud wheal buyers this noon
flatly refused any loiigcr to pay nine shillings per
be hoi fbr wheat. The cause assigned is the
downward tendency in prices, and no room to
store uiiy more at present in their mills. Eight
shillings and eight and sixpence, are now the highest
figu-ts. It remains to be seen whether this
move will be maintained.
Combinations of all kinds seem now to be
the rage throughout the "free North." The
name paper contains an account of a frustrated
elopement between a dualling young widow, irf
a few days, and a man who ulrcady had us many
wives as the law allows. The Police intercepted
the (light, and fastened him to ltis matrimonial
ties by legal process.
It is'stated that the parties are recently from
England.
The whole Northwestern Democracy, commencing
with Illinois, lias shown itself imbued
with a thorough national spirit. u I hope," said
Henry Clay, before he left Washington, " that
[every member of the patriotie Democratic dele- e
gation from Illinois, may be re-elected to Con- "
jgress." He will, no doubt, bo gratified.?Cor. s
1 Boll. Sur.. \
Wo suppose the Northwestern Domocrncy {
have entitled themselves to the endorsement of (j
[Mr. Clav. We think tliut will do them little *
good with their constituencies. 1
A man once otfered a note for discount to a *(
capitalist, who looked at it suspiciously. A bye- i
slander with a fine gold guard chain and dashing <
air, stept up and remarked to him, " Sir, if you (
have any doubt about the note I'll endorse it." |
* Thank you, sir," said the capitalist, " the note t
is suspicious enough already." s
1
Our Southern and Southwestern ex- 1
I changes are crowded with accounts of Southern 1
Rights Meetings, all of which breathe the spirit J
of calm resolve. A resistless flood-tide of }
public sentiment sets strongly in one direction,
and pettifogging politicians might as well seek I
to swim up the current of the Mississippi as to j
stem that resistless current, or change its direc- j
tion. The people of the South understand their s
rights, and will most certainly maintain them. 1
Neither force nor fraud will avail now to pre- t
vent them?thev will neither be bullied nor ?
juggled out of their equality in this Confederacy. <
? a
?3^*? It is with extreme regret, says the Mem- t
phis Apjxal, of the 3d inst, that we announce ?
the hopeless condition of Gen Coe. Tor the '
last week he has been gradually sinking, nnd we ?
o o' C
learn that his life is now despaired of by his n
physicians. A few days more will probably ter- t
minnte his earthly existence, and deprive so- ^
eiety and the State of one of their most valued v
members and able and useful citizens. 0
CONGRESSIONAL.
IN SENATE. h
Movoat, August 1!), 1850. t
Mr. CLEMENS presented the proceedings of a e
public meeting held at Catnba, in Dallas county, (]
Alabama, approving the address of the Nashville .
Convention, and urging the adoption of the Missouri
Compromise line of 36 deg. 30 min., north a
latitude, as the only just and proper basis, for the c
settlement of the slavery question ; which were g
ordered to lie on the table. li
Mr. SOULE, from the Committee on Com- d
merce, reported a bill to create collection districts v
hi California. ^
FUGITIVE SLAVES.
Mr. MASON called up the special order, being
the bill to provide for the more effectual execution 11
of the third clause of the second section of the ?
fourth article of the Constitution of the United '
States. t
Mr M. moved the following substitute for the v
whole bill : t
Amendments proposed by Mr. Mason to the bill t
(?S. 23) to provide for the more effectual execu- v
tion of the third clause of the second section of 0
the fourth article of the Covstitution of the a
United States. v
Strike out all after the enacting clause and in- a
sort the following : a
That for the purpose of enabling the citizens h
of one State or Territory, or of the District of u
Columbia, to reclaim fugitives from service or c
labor, who have already or may hereafter escape o
into some other State or Territory of the United n
States, a8 provided for by the third clause of the r
second section of the fourth article of the Con- a
stitution of the United States, it is hereby mnde ti
the duty of the judges of the several district h
courts of the United States, and of the judges p
of the superior courts of the organized Terri- i?
tones, as soon as may be convenient after the d
passage of this act, to appoint, in the exercise n
of a sound discretion, from among the several d
persons who may for the time being hold office ai
under the Government of the United States, any a!
number of commissioners, not exceeding three, el
in each county within their respective districts n
and Territories of the United States, and to n
cause such appointments to he made out and f
certified, under their hands and the seals of their tl
respective courts, authorizing and requiring such n
commissioners to administer all necessary oaths, h
to examine witnesses, and to hear and deter- o
mine all cases arising under the said clause of fi
the Constitution and the provisions of this act, b
concurrent with the jurisdiction hereby confer- o
red upon the judges of the circuit and district b
courts of the United States, in their respective cl
circuits and districts within the several States, w
and ?Ton judges of t',e superior courts of it
the Territories, severally ana collectively, in tl
term time and vacation ; and to grant certificates p
to such claimants, upon satisfactory proof being t<
made, with authority to take and remove such d
fugitives from service or labor, under the restrictions
herein contained, to the State or Ter- nl
ritory from which such persons may have es- hi
caped or fled. < <
Sec. 2. And he if further enacted, That it shall u]
be the duty of all marshals and depntv marshals f<
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts b
issued under the provisions of this act, when to tl
them directed: and the better to enable the said o
commissioners, when thus appointed, to execute ir
their duties faithfully and efficiently, in eon- w
formity with the requirements of the C'onstitu- cl
tion of the United States and of this act. tliov <
are hereby authorized and emjmwcred, within a!
their counties respectively, to appoint, in writing n
under their hands, any one or more suitable per- ni
sons, from time to time, to execute all such war- ci
rants and other process its may Ik- issued 1)}' h
them in the lawful |?erfonnahee of their respec- st
tive duties; with authority to such commission- e
crs, or the persons to he rppointed by them, to p
execute process as ttforesjiio, to summon nnd call ] ji
to their aid the bystanders, or jtoxre eoniitatun of n
the proper cotmty, wboit necessary (o ensure a I
faithful observance of the clause of the ConatU cl
tution referred to, hi conformity with the pro- a
visions of this act; anil all good citizens arc tl
hereby commanded to aid and assist in the p
prompt and efficient cxeeution of this law, when- h
ever their seprices niav be required, m aforesaid,
for that purposo: and said warrants shall run ai
and be executed by said officers anywhere in the o
State within which they are issued. si
Slc. 3. And be. it further enacted, That when s<
a person held to service or labor in any State or a;
Territory of the United States, has heretofore n
or shall hereafter escape into another State or si
Territory of the United States, the person or p
persons to whom snch service or labor may he p
due, or his, her, or their agent or attorney, duly rt
authorized, by power of nttorney, in writing, ac- a
knowledged and certified under the seal of some c
legal officer or court of the State or Territory in a
which the same may be executed, may pursnc b
and reclaim auch fugitive person, either by pro- t
curing a warrant from some ono of the courts, ?
judgee, Or commissioners aforesaid, of the proper s
circuit, district, or county for the apprehension t
* '
)f such fugitive from service or labor, or by seizing
und arresting such fugitive, where the same
be done without process,; nd by taking, or
-aitsing such person to be taken, forthwith before
such court, judge, or commissioner, whose
iuty it shall be to hear and determine the case
jf such claimant in a summary manner; und
Jpon satisfactory proof being made, by deposiion
or affidavit, in writing, to be taken and ceriffied
by such court, judge, or commissioner, or
)y other satisfactory testimony, duly taken and
lertified by some court, magistrate, justice of the
>eace, or other legal officer authorized to admirtster
un oath and take depositions under the
aws of the State or Territory from which such
arson owing sendee or labor may have escaped,
vith a certificate of such magistracy or other
mthority, as uforcsoid, with the seal of the proper
murt or officer thereto attached, which seal ahull
*e sufficient to establish the competency of the
>roof, und with proof, also by affidavit, of the
dentity of the person whose service or labor is
laimed to be due as aforesaid, that the person
io arrested does in fact owe service or labor to
he person or persons claiming him or her, in the
State or Territory from which such fugitive may
lave escajrcd us aforesaid, and that said person
tseaped, to muke out and deliver to such claimnit
his or her ugent or attorney, a certificate
letting forth the substantial facts as to the se ice
or labor due from such fugitive to the
luimnnt, and of his or her escape from the State
>r Territory in which such service or labor was
lue to tbe State or Territory in which he or she
L'ftftl nrroutiiil wifli nntliAi-itv tn ail/?li olnSmnnt ai>
""" V.U.UWI),
us or her agent or uttorney, to use such rcusonible
force and restraint as may be necessary,
inder the circumstances of the case, to take and
emove such fugitive person back to the State
>r Terri ory from whence he or she may have
. scajied as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing
under this act shall the testimony of such alleged
fugitive be admitted in evidence ; and the certificates
in this and the first section mentioned
thall be conclusive of the right of the person or
persons in whose favor granted, to remove such
ugitive to the State or Territory from which he
?scuped,nnd shall prevent all molestation of said
icrson or persons by any process issued by unv
sourt, judge, magistrate, or other per. on wliotntoever.
Sfx. 4. And be it further enacted, That any
Jerson who shall knowingly and willingly oh
itruct, hinder, or prevent such cln'mant, his
igent or attorney, or any person or persons lawujly
assisting him, her, or them, from arresting
men a fugitive from service or labor, either
vilh or without process as aforesaid; or
ihall rescue, or attempt to rescue, such fugiive
from service or labor, from, the custody of
mch claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or
ither person or persons lawfully assisting as
foresaid, when so arrested, pursuant to the nuhority
herein given and declared ; or shall aid,
ibet, or assist such person so owing service or
abor as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to esape
from such claimant, his agent or attorney,
>r other person or persons legally authorized us
foresaid; or shall harbor or conceal such fugi11*4a
un nu i/k nrDVunt. iln? nrul nmiul r\f
ueli person, after notice or knowledge of the
act that hiicIi person was a fugitive trom serine
or labor as aforesaid, sliall, for either of suid
(fences, be subjoct to a fine not exceeding one
housand dollars, and imprisonment not exceed'
rig six months, by indictment and conviction
efore the district court of the United States for
he district in which the offence may have been
ommitted, or before the proper court of crimiral
jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
he organized Territories of the United States;
nd shall moreover forfeit and jury, by way of
ivil damages to the party injured by such illegal
conduct, the sum of one thousand dollars, to
ie recovered by action of debt, in any of the
istrict or territorial courts aforesaid, within
rhose jurisdiction the said offence may have
een committed.
Skc. 5. Arid, be it further enacted, That the
larslials, their deputies, and the clerks of the
aid district and territorial courts, sluill be paid
or their sorvices the like fees as may be allowed
o them for similar services in other cases ; and
chore such services ure rendered exclusively in
he arrest, custody, nnd delivery of the fugitive
o the claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or
chore such supposed fugitive may be discharged
>ut of custody for the want of sufficient proof
s aforesaid, then such fees are to be paid in the
chole by such claimant, his agent or attorney ;
nd in all cases wheie the proceedings are before
commissioner, he shall be entitled to a fee of
i>n dollars in full for his services in each cjuic.
pon the delivery of the said certificate to the
laiinant, his or her agent or attorney; or a fee
f live dollars in cases where the proof shall
ot, in the opinion of such commissioner, warant
such certificate and delivery, inclusive of
II services incident to such arrest and cxauiinaion,
to be paid, in either case, by the claimant,
is or her agent or attorney. The person or
ersons authorized to execute the process to be
isued by such commissioners for the arrest and
etention of fugitives from service) or labor as
foresaid, shall also be entitled to a fee of five
ollars each for each person ho or they may
rrestand take before nuy such commissioner as
foresaid, at the instance and request of such
[aimant, with such other fees as may be deemed
casonable by such commissioner for such other
dditional services as may be necessarily perormed
by him or them; such as attending at
lie examination, keeping the fugitive id custody,
nd providing him with food and lodgingduring
is detention, and until the final determination
f such commissioner; and in general for perunning
such other duties as may be required
y such claimant, his or her attorney or agent,
r commissioner in the premises, such fees to
e made up in conformity with the fees usually
harged by the officers of the courts of justice
ithin the proper district or county, as near as
jay be practicable, and pai l by sucli claimants,
leir agents or attorneys, whether such suposcd
fugitives from service or labor be ordered
> be delivered to such claimants by the final
ctermination of such commissioners or not.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That upon
ffidavit made as aforesaid bv the claimant of
ueh fugitive, his agent or attorney, after such
prtificatc has been issued, that lie has reason to
pprehend that such fugitive will be rescued by
tree from his or their possession before he can
e taken beyond the limits of the State in which
ic arrest is made, it shall be the duty of the
fficcr making the arrest to retain such fugitive
1 his custody, and to remove him to the State
'hence he fled, and there to deliver him to said
Inlm.int III* ........ t ... 44 ...r.., ,r A ., .1 4 ? 4 I. I
iniiuaiiv) iijo ui avwu?c|. /iiiu iu |?u1^
nd, the officer aforesaid is hereby authorized
nd required, to employ so many persons as he
my deem necessary to overcome such force,
nd to retain them in his service so long ns cirumstances
may require. The said officer and
is assistants while so employed, to receive the
une compensation, and to be allowed the same
vpenscs, as are now allowed by law for transortation
of criminals, to be certified by the
ldgc of the district within whieh the arrest is
lade, and paid out of the treasury of the
inited States: Provided, That before such
barges are incurred, the claimant, his agent, or
Itorney, shall secure to said offieer payment of
ic same, and in case no actual force bo oposed,
then they shall be paid by such claimant,
is agent, or attorney.
8ec. 7. And be it further cnaeted, That when
ny person held to service or labor in any State
r Territory, or in the District of Columbia,
ball escape therefrom, the party to whom such
jrvice or labor shall be due, his, her, or their
gent or attorney, may npply to any court of
jcord therein, nnd make satisfactory proof to
uch court of the escape aforosnid, and thnt the
erson escaping owed service or labor to such
arty. Wh ercupon the court shall cause a
gcord to be made of the matters so proved, and
lso a general description of the person so esaping,
with as convenient certainty as may bo :
nd a transcript of auch record, authenticated
iy the attestation of the clerk and of the seal of
he said court, being produced in any otlier
State, Territory or District in which the person
o escaping may bo found, and being exhibited
o any judge, commissioner, oj outer officer
authorized by the law of the United States to
cause persons escaping from service or labor to
be delivered up, shall b?* held and taken to be
full und conclusive evidence of the fact of escape,
and that the service or labor of the person
escaping is due to the (tarty in such record
inentio led. And upon the production by the
said (tarty of other and further evidence if necessary,
either oral or by affidavit, in addition to
what is contained in the said reeord of the identity
of the person escaping, be or she shall be
delivered up to the claimant. And the said
I court, commissioner, judge, or other person
authorized by this act to grant certificates to
claimants of fugitives, shall, upon the production
of the record and other evidences aforesaid, grant
to such claimant a certificate of his right to take
L ! J _ . J J J 1- -
iiny aucu person lueuwiieu anu urovcu 10 oe
owing service or labor as aforesaid, \. hicli certificate
shall authorize such claimant to seize or
arrest and transport such person to the State or
Territory from which he escaped.
Provided, That nothing herein contained shall
be construed as requiring the production of a
transcript of such record as evidence as aforesaid.
But iu its absence the claim shall be heard
and determined upon oth . satisfactory proofs,
competent in law. And s' ould such fugitive
at any time after being arretted as aforesaid by
warrant as aforesaid be rescued by force from
those having such fugitive in custody, then it
ahull be lawful for such claimant, his agent or
attorney, to exhibit proof of such arrest, and
secure before any judge of the circuit or District
court of the U .itcd States, for the State whe c
the rescue was ulfected, and upon such arrest
and rescue being made to api>ear to him by satisfactory
nroof, and that the same without collusion,
anu further that the service or labor claimed
of such fugitive was due to such claimant in the
State, Territory or district, whence he fled, it
shall be the duty of such Judge to grant to such
claimant, his agent or attorney, a certificate of
the facts so proved, and of the value of such service
or labor [in the State or Territory, or district
whence the fugitive fled] to said claimant,
to bo proved in like manner; which certificate,
when produced by such claimant or his attorney,
shall be paid at the Treasury, oulof any monies
therein not otherwise appropriated, and the
same shall he filed in the Trensury, as evidence
of so much money due from the State or Territory
where such rescue was effected, to the United
States, and shall be by the Secretary of the
Treasury reported to Congress at the next session
ensuing its payment; Provided, That not
more than ft iu ense of a male, or ft in
ease of a female fugitive uhall so allowed or
paid.
8ec. 8. All acts, and parts of nets coming
within the provision of this net, shnll be and the
same are hereby repealed. This act shnll be in
force from its passage.
Mr. DAYTON moved to amend the amendment
by substituting therefor the bill amendatory of the
act of *93, laid upon the table by Mr. Webster on
the 3d June last.
Mr. D, advocated his amendment very brifly.
Mr. MASON opposed the amendment. He was
satisfied that if its provisions were adopted, the
bill would be utterly inefficient, and would be considered
by the slaveholding States as conclusive
evidence of the refusal, on the part of the Federal
Government to perform its duty in relation to the
delivering up of fugitive slaves from service. The
commissioner to be appointed under the amendment
would be overawed by public sentiment, and
thus fail to perform his duty. The owner of an
escaped slave would be compelled to prove even
that slavery existed in the State from which the
fugitive had fled. There would be countless de
lays anu vexations, wnicn wouiu ueier ine owner
of the fugitive from attempting to recover his property
when it had once escaped into a free State.
Mr. DAYTON ^replied, contending that the
rights of the slaveholder could not rest on a safer
foundation than the verdict of a sworn jury of
twelve honest men. As to the objection made to
the commissioner, who, the senator thought would
be overawed, he would only ask if the senator
from Virginia did not, in his own bill, provide for
exactly similar officers, to be appointed in the
same way? The objection, that under his amendment,
the claimant of a fugitive would be compelled
to prove the existence of slavery in the State
from which the alleged fugitive had fled, amounted
to nothing, because the master was obliged to
prove that now, and the amendment permitted the
proof of this fact by parole evidence.
Mr. BERRIEN called the attention of the Senate
to that part of the amendment allowing the
trial by jury, of the claim of the master, in the
place to which the fbgitive has fled, and expressed
the hope that Southern gentlemen would refrain
from debate unon the subject and let the vote be
taken. He asked the yeas and nays, which were
ordered.
After somefurtherdebate,in thecourse of which
Mr. Underwood expressed himself in fhvor of an
amendment of the law of '93, much as recommended
by the Committee of Thirteen, by which
federal officers shall be appointed to execute the
provisions of the law, tne yens and nays were
taken upon the amendment of Mr. Dayton, and
resulted as follows?yeas 11?nays 97.
An amendment was offered by Mr. Chase
which was rejected without division.
Mr. W1NTHROP then moved an amendment,
which wns rejected?yeas 10?nays 90.
Mr. PRATT gave notice of an amendment,
which, together with the amendment submitted
by Mr. Mason, wns ordered to be printed.
A motion was then made to postpone the further
consideration of the subject till to-morrow,
and carried.
The census bill, from the House, wns then taken
up for consideration, and after a statement wns
made by Mr. Underwood, in reference to the
amendments by the House, they were disagreed
to. The Senate then adjourned.
House of Representatives.
Mr. ANDERSON, of Tennessee, asked consent
to introduce a resolution calling on the Judiciary
Committee to report a bill extending the
time for taking the census.
Mr- THOMPSON, of Pennsylvania, (consent
being given,) reported from the committee a
Senate bill, supplementary to that recently enacted
for taking the census, with amendments,
which he said was calculated to effect the object of
the gentleman from Tennessee.
The bill provides that such inhabitants of the
territories of the United States, who have emigrated
from any State of the Union with a view
to settle in them and become permanent citizens
thereof shall be enumerated; and also for increasing
the pay of sistant Marshals, for making
copies of returns, by allowing them one cent per
hundred words.
Mr. THOMPSON' moved first to strike out the
requisition " to become permanent citizens thereof;"
and second, to make the compensation ten
cents per page instead of one cent per hundred
words.
Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, inquired whether
the amendment proposed by the gentlemen from
Pennsylvania content plated the enumeration, as
inhabitants of California, of the mass of migratory
persons who were constantly going and rctnrningto
and from that territory.
Mr. THOMPSON admitted that it was intended
to enumerate those found there after the 30th of
June last.
Mr. BROWN protested against the propriety of
including:, as the population of a given territory,
a migratory and unstable class.
Mr. THOMPSON moved the previous question,
which was carried.
The question being upon the first amendment,
to strike out. It was carried.
The second amendment wus also agreed to,
and
The bill, as amended, was passed, and sent to
the Senate.
Mr. BROWN, of Indiana, moved a suspension
of the rules to enable him to introduce a resolution
to take up, to-morrow at twelve o'clock, m.
and make them the special order from day to day
until disposed of. Senate bills an follows:
Bill to provide a government for the territory ef
New Mexico.
Bill proposing to Texas an adjustment of her
Northern and Western boundaiy lines.
Bill for the admission of California us a State,
and the
Bill providing for a government in the territory
of Utah.
The yeas and nays were ordered on the question,
and were as follows:?yean 87, nays 98.
Mr. ASHMUN, of Massachusetts, moved a
suspension of the rules to take up, to-morrow,
the same bills in the order in which they were received
from the Senate, and make them the special |
order until disposed of. This arrangement would
make the Utah bill first, and the New Mexico
bill last?Texas and California cowing in between.
The yew and nays being ordered, ware?yeaa
94, navs 95.
So the motion wna negatived.
Mr. Harris, of Tennessee, moved a auepeneion
of the rules for the reception of a resolution for
the adjournment of both Houses on the second
Monday in September next. It was refused?
yeas 81, nnva 104.
Mr. (JOTT, of New York, moved that the
House resolve itself into a Committee of the
Whole on the State of the Union. Agreed to.
Mr. BURT, of South Carolina, wua called to
the Chair, and the Civil and Diplomatic appro
priation bill being under consideration,
?.lr. HARRIS, of Tennessee, moved to amend
the amendment proposed by Mr. Scuencx on
Saturday, for providing new members with certain
books, witn a view to restrict the appropriation
to $40,000. It was disagreed to.
Mr. 8CHENCK then modified his amendment
as follows, in which shape it was inserted in the
bill:
"To enable the Clerk of the House of Representatives,
to fbrnish and deliver to each of the
members or delegates of that House of the presenf
Congress, who nave not nlready received them,
such books as have been furnished to the members
28th, 29th, and 30th Congresses, including to
all members and delegates of the present House
the residue of the 8th volume of Statutes of the
United States already published, the 9th volume
of that work and the index; also, the collected
opinions of the Attorney Generals of the United
States, published under the direction of H. D.
Gilpin, late Attorney General, and the Finance
reports which have been prepared in obedience to
the act of Congress of May 10, J^'00, $30,000.
Provided, that this shall not authorize the re-printing
of any of said books; and the Clerk shall,
before delivering them, cause each copy to be
marked or stamped in some ineffaceable manner,
on the cover and title page, with the name of the
member receiving them.
Jlnd provided further, That no book thus authorized
to be furnislrd shall be obtained or delivered
by the Clerk, unless he shall be able to procure
a sufficient number of copies thereof to furnish
a complete set to each member and delegate
entitled thereto."
Mr. MORSE, of Louisiana, moved to amend
the appropriation for the salary of the President
by adding an umount of $I(>,319 to be paid to the
heirs of tlie late President Taylor, as a balance of
salary, which would have been paid to him had
he lived in office until the 4th of March next.
The Chair decided the umendment not to be in
order.
Mr. ASHMUN, of Massachusetts, appealed,
but the committee sustained the decision of the
Chair.
Mr. MOREHEAD, of Kentucky, moved to
amend the appropriation for the contingent expenses
of the State Department, which provided
$988,000 for printing the laws in one newspaper
in each State, and three in the City of Washington,
and that the public or stale printer, in States
where such exist, should be selected, by striking
out the restrictions as to the number and designation
of the newspapers, and increasing that appropriation
to $10,850 thus leaving it to the discretion
of the Executive.
Mr. JOHNSON of Ark. moved'to amend so
that two papers of opposite political parties should
he selected to publish the laws in Washington,
and supported it by some remarks.
Mr. GIDDINGS of Ohio, moved to amend the
amendment so that four papers should he selected
in this city having the lnrgeat circulation. It was
disagreed to, as, also was the motion of the gentleman
from Arkansas.
Mr. STANTON of Kentucky moved to amend
so that the number of news|>npers designated by
the bill should select from those having the largest
circulation. It was disagreed to.
The question then recurring on the amendment
proposed by Mr. Moreiiead.
Mr. SCHENCK, of Ohio, moved to amend it
so that a newspaper should be selected in each
Congressional district. It did not prevail.
Mr. BROWN, of Indiana, moved to amend so
tlmt three newspapers in each State should be selected.
It was disagreed to.
The question then recurring on the amendment
of Mr. Moreiiead, was decided by tellers?ayes
G9, noes 59.
Mr. CARTTER, of Ohio, moved to reduce
several appropriations for the State Department
for miscellaneous-purposes, each Department
amounting to $1000 or more, to $500. Rejected.
Mr. BaILEY, of Virginia, moved to amend
the appropriation for clerks, &c., in the 2d Auditor's
office, by inserting $38,850 in lieu of $51,057.
Agreed to.
Mr. CARTTER, of Ohio, moved to strike out
the appropriation of $2,8C0 for the Treasury Department
for miscellaneous purposes, lie audit
followed immediately alter a miscellaneoushlppropriation
of $15,000 to the same office, and if
lie could not get some explanation of the object of
this appropriation he hoped it would be stricken
out. It was disagreed to.
Mr WHfTI? Mv?..i, ?,1 1
by appropriating for the Pension agent nt Albany
two percent, on bin disbursements. Not carried.
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, moved to increase the
appropriation of $34,034, for the clerks, Ac., in
the office of Commissioner of Pensions $34,234.
Carried.
Mr. VINTON, of Ohio, moved to increase the
appropriation of $500 for library, maps, Ac., for
the office of Secretary of the Interior to $5,500.
Carried.
Mr. WALDO, of Connecticut, moved to increase
the appropriation of $0,300 for the clerks,
Ac., in the Bureau of provisions and clothing to
$6,500.
On his motion, before taking the question, the
Committee rose.
Mr. MATTESON, of New York, asked that
the rules be suspended to enable him to offer a
resolution to make House bill for the reduction of
postage und for the abolition of the franking privilege
the special order on the 4th Monday in August?pending
which,
The House adjourned
Cholera in Louisville.?We take great
pleasure in stating, that the epidemic, has almost
disappeared from Louisville. The official report
shows hut four deaths by it on Saturday
last, and three on Sunday. Of other diseases,
fourteen interments were marie on Saturday,
and eight on Sunday.
Chot.kra in Wisconsin.?Dodgeville, Wis.,
in the northern part of the Lead Mines of Wisconsin,
has a population of about 2,000; and
since the 4th of July to Aug. 10, about 50 have
died of cholera, and the disease is yet prevailing
Visitors at the Virginia Springs.?A correspondent
writing from the Red Sweet Springs,
Alleghany county, Va., on the 12th inst., says,
after describing the beauty of the surrounding
country and the beneficial effect of the mountain
:
The mountains are more resorted to this summer
than at any previous season since 1830.?
At the White Sulphur there are 700 visitors; at
the Sweet, 200 ; at the Red Sweet, 80 ; at the
Salt, 100; at the Itluc, 75; at the Red, 90; at
the Warm, 150, and at the Hot about 80?and
still tlicy conic. The report this morning is that
two stages left Charlottsvillo, each with twelve
passengers, on last Tuesday?so there will vet
nean accession to the number. How they aro
to be accommodated is yet to be seen.
Mass Meeting at Montgomery, Alabama.
From a telegraphic despatch received in this
city from Montgomery, Alabama, wo loam that
a mass meeting was held at that place on Saturdny
Inst, at which strong Southern Resolutions
were unanimously adopted.
Great enthusiasm is said to have prevailed.
The line of 36. 30 and the declaration of sustaining
Texas in the integrity of her boundaries,
constitnted two of the resolutions thus adopted.
Hon. T. c. Hackett.?The Cnssville Standard,
says: "We aro glad to ehroniele the rapid
improvement in the health of this gentlemen. Ho I
left Rowland's Springs on Tuesday to visit his ,
parents in Gwinnett county, where he will remain
for a week or two, and then return to the
Springs. His friends think he will soon be entirely
well again. There can be no doubt that
the water, pare atmosphere, the attention and
nursiilg he has enjoyed at Rowland's has produced
the tvonderfUl chanf in his health.',
"
" - - r~7
Akrjval or Tire firsvrstf W*a Steame* Pizarko.?
TKe Count do Jtlemf atU family, and the Governor
of Cardena*, inuaongers.?In yesterday's
Herald we announced the arrival of the .Spanish
war steamer Pizarro, which anchored at Staten
Island late on Thursday evening, under the command
of Captain Mivila, and having on board the
Countesa de Alcoy, lady of the Governor-General
of Cuba, and her family, who embarked at Havana,
together with her compagnon de voyage,
Don Ceruti, the Governor ofCaruenaa, who made
such a noble and heroic defence with the Spanish
troops under hia command, against General
Lopez, in hia ailly, ftitile, and un-adviaed descent
upon Cardenas. The Countess de Alcoy, who is
a mild, affable and dignified woman in appearance,
ia accompanied by her three children, the
eldest of whom is an interesting young lady, about
uiiccii ur hi.vircu ycure ui ttlrc; iuc aaunu, a sum,
of aome nine or ten years old, and the third a girl
of seven. The boy has just recovered from an attack
of small nox, but in every other respect the
voyagers look remarkably well, buoyant and
healthy. The Countess is on her way to Europe,
whither she will go in the course of a few days,
and intends sojourning in Spain, but her husband
the Governor-Genera! of Cuba, still remains in his
official capacity at that island. The Pizarro sailed
on the 10th of August, making an excellen passage
to this port in five days. She is a hndsoine vessel
of remarkable sea powers, unique, commodious
and well manned, and possesses the interest of
being the same war steamer that captured the
Sqsan Loud and the Georgians, ana gave hot
chase to the Creole, all of which were engaged in
the Lopez Cuban expedition. The Pizarro will
return from this port to Havana in a few days.?
The Countess de Alcoy and her family are stopping
at the Union Place Hotel, where they enjoy
every comfort and attention for which tlmt house
is provertiial.?A'rte York Herald.
New Cotton.?On Sunday a bale of new
cotton, the first of the season, was received from
the plantation of Alfred Brown, Clarke county.
It came consigned to Messrs, Boykin, McRca it
Foster. The bale weighs about 300 lbs. The
cotton classes good middling and possesses an
excellent color, has been well handled and has
the appearance of being better matured tbun the
first pickings usually are. We have no information
as to the extent of the opened cotton
in the section it came from. The general
opinion of cotton dealers, it is proper to add, is
tliat the bjile in question is of tho old crop. It
has none of ttie peculiarities of newly picked
cotton, and we cannot ourselves resist the impression
that it is old cotton newly dressed up.
Last year two bales were received on the 16th
of August, one from Marengo and the other from
Washington, and on the following day the third
bale was received. In 1848, seven bales of the
new crop arrived during the week ending 11th
of August.?Mobile Tribune.
The Potato.?A correspondent writing from
Jameston, Rhode Island, says that the blight has
appeared upon the potato throughout that state.?
We are not aware what his means of information
are, and therefore cannot say whether his report is
correct or not.
But, our correspondent's statement is confirmed
by the fact that the rust has made its appearance
upon the potato tops in the western part
of Maine. It is not known to what extent it prevails.
The Wyoming (N. Y.) Mirror, too, learns from
a farmer in Warsaw, that the potato blight has
begun to make its appearance in that neighborhood.
The tops of some are dying, and on digging them,
he finds that some of the potatoes have begun to
rot.
New Cotton.?The Mobile Register of the
12th instant, states thnt a new bale of cotton,
tho first of tho season, and grown on Major
Austin's plantation, in Clark county, was brought
to that market on the 11th by the steamboat J.
L. Webb. It classes as middling fair, and it
consigned to Messrs. Boykin, McRac &. Foster.
From ihe Baltimore Patriot.
hale ami Important from Rio?Trouble Imtween
Brazil and Great Britain?Four Brazilian
Vessels Burnt by a British Steamer.
New York, August 17.
The barque Ernstus Corning, arrived at this
port this morning from Rio Janeiro, whence she
sailed on the 9th ult.; twelve days later tlian the
lust advices.
I learn from passengers that a few days previous
news had been received that the Rritish
Admiral on the station with the British steamer
Cormorant, had entered the port of Paraguay,
[probably Parainaba or Poraiba?] and burnt
four Brazilian vessels.
The Captain of the Brazilian fort in the port
opened fire upon the steamer and killed one of
the men.
It was supposed that the Admiral was acting
undor orders received from home l'or the suppression
of the slave trade.
There was a great excitement in Rio on the
huDjocif una it was inougm mat a serious aitni'liltv
would urine between the Brazilians and
the ^British.
Tlie sickness at Rio had nearly subsided. No
other news of interest.
Kentucky Elections.?The following are the
additional returns received at the Courier office
since our issue yesterday morning. All the Senatorial
districts have been heard from except two,
and the result is 24 Whigs and 12 Democrats are
elected. All of the counties tor Representatives
have been heard from hut the following: Butler
and Edmonson; which are entitled to one Representative;
Cloy, Letcher and Perry, 1; Crittenden,
1; Floyd, Pike and Johnson, 1; Hickman and
Fulton, 1; Lawrence and Carter, 1; Pendleton;
and Russell, 1. So far as heard from, the result
is 54 Whigs and 39 Democrats?leaving 8 still to
be heard from. The Whig majority in each
House will be about 12?certainly sufficient for
all useful purposes.
senators elected.
Hopkins, Union and Crittenden?Dr. Davis
Delaney, Whig.
representatives elected.
Calloway and Marshall?Dan'l Matthewson,
Dem.
Grayson?Wm. M. Gray, Whig.
Henderson?Allen, Dem.
Hopkins?Wm. Bradly, Dem.
Muhlenburg?John F. Gooch, Whig.
Meade?Jessee Taylor, Whig.
Morgan and Breathitt-?Wm. S. Black, Dem,
Whitley?Dan'l Cain, Whig.
Louisville Courier.
A DELPHI THEATRE.
Prices or Admission.
Dress Circle and Parquette seats . . .10 cents.
Upper Circle ... - 25 cents.
Children under 10 years of age half price. No
children in arms admitted.
Private boxes can he obtained. Box book open
from 10 a. m. to 1 p. m.
Doors open at 7 o'clock. Entertainment to
commence at 8.
Open every evening during the week.
DR. BROWN'S EUTERPEAN BVRLESQE
OPERA TROUPE.
ON TUESDAY evening, august 20.
First night of the grand burlesque Opera, in
three acts, of
l a som n ambula,
To conclude with the laughable burlesque of (he
celebrated "Ravel Family,"
THE LOVERS.
Received in Philadelphia and Baltimore, for sixty
nights, with enthusiastic applause and bursts
of laughter.
PUBLIC MEETING.
At an adjourned meeting of the citizens of the
First Ward, held at the Union Engine House on
the evening of the 16th instant, it was
Raoleed, That a committee of five citizens be
appointed to take into their consideration the object
and purposes of this meeting, to wit: the
preservation of good order in this community,
and thut they make report to another meeting,
which shall be held in this building at 8 o'clock,
p. m., of the 21sl instant, for consideration and
approval.
The following named gentlemen compose the
committee: '
Gen. J. H. Eaton, J. H. McBlair, Esq.,
Rev. C. A. Davis, Dr. E. Maynard,
Maj. W. B. ScoU.
Nathaniel frye,
Chairman,
j4mes j. Dicnvt, Sttrtfaru.
Aufit 17, 1850.

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