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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, August 23, 1850, Image 3

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y-W We again yield up the greater |>ortion (
of our paper to-day, to the record of Southern
meetirigs?-deeming it important that the voice ,
of the Southern people should be heard.
Tho language breathed in all these resolves {
cannot be mistaken?and it comes, not from pro- |
fessional politicians, but from the mosses of the
people, roused by a sense of wrong to warn the
plotters against their peade and safety, tliat their
luai iiiuui iwuo muni
Should these warnings full on deaf or disregarded
ears, the consequences no man is gifted
with the prescience fully to foresee, Like the
ground-swell of the ocean, these popular movements
indicate the mighty upheaving of the elements,
which may aoou burst forth into a fearful
The Richmond Enquirer eontaius the .
We advise the " Southern Press"' to be more
consistent in its oracular revelations. Its words
conflict. Some time since, it unnecessarily complimented
us?in its Monday's issue, however,
its tone is exactly the reverse. We are not in
the least disconcerted?but we do complain, that
it should present us as endorsing the story that
Southern members intended to vote for the
Wilmot Proviso to the territorial and California
bills. The Press should hr.ve known that no
paper is responsible for the speculations of the
letter-writers, taken from other {tapers. VVe
have, moreover, expressly declared our disbelief
in such a statement.
If in our commentaries on the Enquirer, at
different times, our words conflict, it is because
its course conflicts.
We did not suppose, however, that the Erujuirer
would be reduced to the following, which
we take from another article in the same paper.
"We never did advocate the Senatorial Compromise,
as it was reported from the Committee
of Thirteen. We regarded it as a basis, on
which, with proper modifications, might he erected
a structure of compromise of all the vexed questions,
acceptable to the South,and giving udeath.
blow to the agitation of the Northern fanatics,
whose poisonous blast is so ruinous to the peace
and safety of the South. Both publicly and
privately we urged important amendments, which
would have made the measure acceptable to the
South?and, though we do not ask others to
agree with us, we are satisfied by evidence which
we cannot disregard, that, had not the adjustment
been from the first assailed in such uncompromising
and bitter terms, it might have been
?l?v ? "V *~ceiving
tlic customary annual supplies from the
public crib in the way of expenditures, jobs, con- v
tracts, salaries, &e. The quickest way they can c
take to get at the appropriations, is to speak ?
with emphasis, to their own members to abandon s
the scheme of Southern spoliation. F
About nine-tenths of the people of several v
large Stales, have already spoken, and liave re- v
pudintcd the Senate Compromise in whole or in
parts most emphatically. And they can live p
very comfortably without depending-on Federal ll
expenditure. When the Government becomes
hostile to them, they don't expect their repre- tj
sentatives to give it the aid and comfort of 8
Political Economy.
The Southern Press continues its croakings tl
and its threats; but they only serve as conai- tl
ments to season the breakfasts or give additional ti
zest to the mint juleps of Southern extremists, h
There arc men, no doubt who derive comfort
from the consideration that there are persons J,
more mad than themselves, and to such the j.
"Southern Press" will always be a welcome L.
visiter. If we believe the senior editor of that' j,
redoubtable sheet?so young, so promising and I
yet so modest?there are no greater means of
increasing the wealth of nations than the cholera, v
the yellow fever, and the plaguo; for, by dimin-1 ^
ishing the numher of those among whom pro- ^
pcrty is to bo divided, eacli individual will t|
receive a l.rger share; labor being, I presume,! t|
a mere concomitant of property.
And the reverse is also true:?There is 110thing
so destructive to the wealth of nations as >
marriages and the birth of white children, for f
they increase the divisor of the great division 11
sum in political economy, and by that means J
diminish the rpiotirnf. If the happiness of man J
were the some as that of pigs, ho would, no '
doubt, grow fat, if, the swill-trough remaining
the same, the number of animals to be fed were
reduced. This would be the solution of the 1
aristocratic problem of the greatest good to the *
smallest number.?X. Cor. Bait. Sun. c
If men or pigs could bo multiplied indefinitely *
yfjthout any correspondent increase of corn toj?J
ao suapea us 10 meet wiui me jjciin.u
cence of the South." I
Nobody, not even the Southern ultra*, ever i
opposed the Senatorial Compromise with modi- '
fications. 1
However we are glad to see the Enquirer \
hacking out, even although awkwardly. '
The Slavery Agitation and Public Opinion.
?If the public opinion in the United States
were properly canvassed, we arc satisfied that I
nine-tenths of our adult population, North,
South, East, and West, are in favor of an immediate
and final settlement of the slavery agitation,
on the basis proposed by the Senate, and .
the bills passed by that body, and which are now <
before the House of Representatives awaiting ,
their action. Notwithstanding that this state of
public opinion cannot but be well known to the *
members of the House of Representatives, we <
see them from day to day, idling away their j
time, and indulging in all kinds of factionism,
without any apparent desire to arrive at any con- 1
elusion, and without any intention ostensibly of '
doing so. This is really too bad. Wo are
positively beginning to lose all patience, and
almost to despair of the republic. Is there no 1
way by which this spirit of faction can be put (
down, and in the House of Representatives ? Is
there no method by which the members can he
brought to a sense of their duty ? We think .
there is; and while those gentlemen are engaged
in endeavors to defeat the passage of those bills, (
public meetings ought to he held in all the lnrge 1
c.ities, composed of all parties, from which should i
emanate a voice that would carry terror to the t
hearts of all factionists. The House of Representatives
are trifling with the feelings of the fl
people, as well as with the best interests of the
country, in their movements in reference to the
great and exciting question of the day. Let c
them be awakened to a proper sense of their H
duty and informed, in a peremptory and unmistakeable
voice, that they hold their places, not
to foment schemes for dissolving the Union, but 11
to carry into effect the will of the people, who, r
in an unfortunate hour, selected them to do so. (
?New York Herald.
We must do the people " of the large cities" ^
the credit to say, that they have manifested more
justice, sense and moderation on the slavery
question, than their representatives, or the inte- ^
rior population of the North. But we hardly
think it will be worth while for the large cities, r
if they have failed in bringing, their own representatives
to reason, to attempt to frighten those *
of sovereign States into submission.
We know that people of large cities are apt I
to have an overgrown estimate of their import- I
nnce. And we know also, that about this time
liz-vtr Konnminrr fmnm*v fi'Am th? in rn_
feed them with, the correspondent of the Balti- j
more 8un would, no doubt, have a )>olitical |
mill en hue.
Meanwhile, until the genius of this corres- '
pondent discovers a mode of living without
eating, we think his own mode of multiplying
himself into eleven writers is the safest. It
fills up an awkward vucuucu of supporters for
his favorite men and measures, and the corn
required is only enough for one?and more than
he is worth.
Southern Members of Congress.
The Columbia (Geo.) Times says: The attention
of our readers will be arrested by the proL-ecdings
of tne Southern members at Washington.
Like faithful sentinels they are joining in
council to arrange the mode of doing battle in
beluilf of their constituents. The resolutions
reported by the Committe of Fifteen, of which
Mr. Toombs is Chairman, virtually adopt the
Nashville platform of 36.30. The Georgia
it-legation, (Mr. Cobb, excepted) are said to be
i unit. Mr. Cobb will come in after a while.;?
He cannot hold out forever, and just before the
last bell rings, we think he will step aboard the
rare, that contain his constituents of Franklin
uid Jackson counties.
We say to our members from Georgia, stand
is firm ns you will, your people arc up to the
mark. Heretofore they have been before you,
md nothing gives them so much pleasure as to
jee you uniting and taking the lead and the post
of danger and of honor," in offering a stern resistance
to the offensive measure now before Congress.
Georgia will back you in every thing you do
fxcept in bac'cvig out.
Extract of a letter from a gentlemun, dated Taadega
county, Ala., August, 14, 1850.
" In this State, we are becoming much excited
ay recent events at Washington. By telegraphic
iespatch, we have intelligence that JVlr. Fillmore
las announced to Congress his determination to
ise the military force of the Gove nment to pro:ect,
what he is pleased to consider a portion of
>few Mexico, from the claims of Texas. If this
je true, nnd the threat is carried into execution,
he days of this Confederacy are numbered, and
he sun of our Union will set in a sea of blood.?
Surely, " 'tis madness rules the hour." Oh ! that
*'e had taken the stand which became us, years
tgo ! We have seemed to be cravens, and the
Vorth has been fool enough to believe it. May
3od, in infinite mercy, overrule the madness and
irofligacy of the times to the ultimate good of our
children ! I lmve but a few more years to live?
>ut I would rather spend them ail on the battle
ield, than live one day as a degraded Southerner."
.\huuctiuk ok ;>k(ikok?.? i lie jxe]uuiliran,
published at Lake Providence, La^ of the 27th
lit., says there was a considerable excitement
there on the Tuesday previous, by the run nil
iff of forty-five or fifty negroes from the. Peru
plantation in Washington county, Miss., b_,
Jiose who assumed to be heirs to the property.
Sheriff Mosley declined to follow them, as by
ioing so, lie was informed his life would be
placed in danger.
We arc glad to learn, says the New
Ifork Courier, that the statue of the late lion.
Iohn C. Calhoun has been found by tiic ollicers
>f the U. S. Revenue Cutter, Morris. Lieut.
Francis Martin will immediately return to the
ipot with the sub-marine armor, for the purpose
>f propsrly slinging the box previous to lioistng.
Lieut. Martin iuforuis us that the statue is
u perfect order, andean be got up with but lit:le
Jesse Miller, Esq., Secretary of State of
Pennsylvania, under Gov. Shunk, died at Ilar isburg,
on Tuesday last.
Aldermen on a Seree.?An official visit was
laid the other day by a number of the aldermen
)f New York to Boston. On Saturday morning
ibout 2 o'clock, a disorderly party were arrested
? XI.? _X X . ?J ... X-l-2 XL ? i- il-- 1 1
ii uic oirueia, uiiu liner uiauig uiuiu iu uie iockip,
it was discovered tliat three of them were
Mermen of the city of New York.
Idiocy.?An Eastern exchange says a careful
xploration of one hundred towns in Massachuietts,
brought to light five hundred and seventyive
cases of idiocy. Of these, four hundred
ind twenty were idiots from birth, and of this
lumber they obtained information respecting
he parents of three hundred and fifty-nine. In
ill but four of these examined cases, it was
'ound that one parent or other, or both, had in
iome way departed from the laws of life and
lealth, being either scrofulous, predisposed to
irain nffections, interperate, grossly sensual, or
mnaturally intormarried with blood relations.
Hie lessons taught by such disclosures should
irove n warning.
JSS^iMystcrious Knockers have appeared nt
ndian Springs, in Georgia, and frightened the
odies terribly.
United States District Court.?This court
ommenced its session on Monday, and after some
inimportnnt business, Judge Cranch took up the
r.se of the United States vs. Carly, who was on
rial some months ago in the Criminal Court, on
,n indictment for the murder of Wm. Brown, a
eamnn, while lying in one of our neighboring
mrts. In the course of the trial exceptions were
iiken to the jurisdiction of the court, and the case
vas consequently brought before Judge Cranch,
vho is of the opinion that the Criminal Court lias
urisdiction. We shall give condensed reports
f the proceedings of the District Court during its
ireseiH ses ion, and also all matters of public inercst
occurring in the other courts of the District.
Hon. T. S. Borocn is, we regret to hear, deainedat
his home in Virginia, in consequence of
ickness in his family.
Is there no Remedy??We obserie many of
lie largest and finest shade trees on the Capitol
rounds, and on the avenue entirely stripped of
lieir foilage, looking as though tire had run j
lirough their branches. Upon examining these
rees that have been but slightly effected, they will !
e found to be covered with myriads of little inects,
three or four upon every leaf; und they have !
luis far resisted all the appliances and dosis that !
' Jemmy Maher" has been able to administer.? |
le says, "it's an ugly littli Cniylliur, that I
an't be cured." Can't some application be made j
i the early part or the Reason ?
The Opera brrlesqrr.?-The "Virginia Girl"
n?s introduced for the first tinte Inst night at t! e
idelphi, und will be again performed to-nigi v.
t is a very amusing und laughable ufTair, ni.
hrows the old opera "the Bohetnan Girl" ull !.i
tie shade. "The Doctor knows just when to find
tie public pulse and administers discreetly.
Pkempent Fillmore.?We have received from
dr. Bennett an admirable lithograph likeness of
resident Fillmore. It has all the finish and polihed
appearance of a fine steel engraving, and is 1
>erfectin every respect?so says the President
limsclf. It was taken from one of Mr. Bennett's
aguerreotype pictures. He has a supply nt his 1 '
allery on Pennsylvania avenue.
Pinet Point.?A card appears in yesterday's
if public from a large number of gentlemen, visit- 1
rs at the "Potomac Pavillion" at Piney Point, '
ontradicting the minors that dysentary, Ac. pre
ailed there, and further declaring that they are
II in good health and living luxuriantly, and they 1
ndirectly give us all an invitation to join them. 1
Thursday, August 22, 1850.
connecticut resolutions.
Mr. BALDWIN presented the free soil resolutions
recently passed by the Legislature of Connecticut,
1. The admission of California immediately.
2. The prohibition of slavery in the territories.
3. The abolition of slavery in the District of
Columbia and compensation for the slaves releas?d.
4. A trial by jury to fugitive slaves in the State
where apprehended.
Mr. BALDWIN moved the resolutions belaid
upon the table and printed.
Mr. DAVIS of Kliss. d esired to know where
lit i mor.ty wits to come from for the remuneration
of the owners of the slaves to be set free in this
Mr. BALDWIN declined todiscuss the subject |
now but at the proper time he would answer the
question of the senator front Mississippi.
Resolutions laid on the table.
adverse report.
Mr. BUTLER,from the Judiciary Committee,
reported l>ack the bill providing for the reformation
of the Judiciury of this District, recommending
that the bill be rejected.
indian indemnity bill.
The Senate then took up the bill providing that
the act of 1836, authorizing indemnity for Indian
Spoliations, shall be extended so as to cover the
Indian depredations on our Western frontiers.
After debate by Messrs. Atchison, Underwood,
Yulee, Rusk, and others the bill was laid
aside for the day.
book fight.
Mr. BENTON asked if the resolution provid- (
ing for the printing of 3,000 copies of Mr. Aaron i
H. Palmer's book on the commerce of the Oriental
nations, was not now in order.
The CHAIR replied it w ould come up to-mor
Mr. BENTON gave notice that he should then
commence the fight on this hook business; we
shall have the book fight, sir, on this question of
Mr. FOOTE said he should be prepared to defend
fugitive slaves.
The bill, with the several amendments pending,
making further provisions, by law, for the recovery
of fugitive slaves, was next taken up as the
special order. The question being on Mr. Pratt'i
amendment, providing to indemnify out of the
federe.l treasury, the owner of a fugitive for his
loss, in certain cases, where the authorities designated
for his recapture and delivery, have neglected
to do their duty, or failed in it.
After debate by Mr. MASON,
This amendment of Mr. PRATT was rejected,
YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Budger, Downs,
Foote, Mangum, Mason, Marlon, Pearce, Pratt,
NAYS?Messrs. Baldwin, Barnwell, Benton,
Berrien, Bradbury, Bright, Butler, Chase, Clarke,
Duvis.of Mass., Davis, of Miss., Dawson, Dayton,
Greene, Hamlin, Jones, King, Phelps,
Smith, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Uphatu,
Wales, Wlntcoinb, Winthrop,Yulee?27.
The question next recurred on Mr. UNnF.nwood's
substitute for Mr. Mason's bill. Of this
substitute, the most distinctive feature is the recommendation
reported by the Committee of Thirteen,
providing a jury trial in behalf of fugitive
slaves in the Stale where such recuptured fugitive
is claimed as a slave.
Mr. UNDFRWOOD discussed his amendment,
and was followed by Messrs. Mason, Jefferson
Davis and Foote, pend'ng which debate,
Mr. JEFFERSON DAVIS moved to strike out
from the hill of Mr. Mason, the qualified provision
for indeinnificalion^out of the treasury for the
loss of fugitive slaves in certain cases, where all
proper means for their recovery have fuilrd.
Mr. FOOTE argued against the motion to strike
out this clause of the bill.
Mr. JEFFERSON DAVIS replied in defence
of his motion, that the clause in question opened
too wide a door for the expenditure of the public
money, of which upon such a precedent 110 nian
could see the extent to which it may be carried.
The debute upon the constitutional question involved,
was continued to a late hour by Messrs.
Turnev,Foote,underwoodand again by Messrs.
T.mivtw imH Vootf. to the hour of adiourniiient
without nuy decisiou U]?on the amendment pending.
Tiiuhsdar, August 22.
Mr. STANLV, of North Carolina, called for
the regular order of business.
Mr. RICHARDSON, of Illinois, moved to go
into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the
The motion was ugreed to. Mr. Buht, of South
Carolina, was called to the chair, and the Committee
took up the civil and diplomatic appropriation
bill for consideration.
The pending amendment, being one moved by
Mr. Richakuson, to strike out an appropriation
of $2,000 for the Washington Infirmary, was disagreed
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, moved, and the Committee
agreed to an appropriation for constructing
a sewer from the east side of I4th st. across Pennsylvania
Mr. BAYLY, of Va., moved an appropriation
for remitting duties due on certain religious books,
imported at Baltimore from England, for benevolent
and religious societies in this country and valat
X1S, 4s., 6d. Agreed to.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, moved an
appropriation of $250, for refunding to the Bishop
of Natchez, that amount paid for duties on a
Mr. T. stated that this splendid bell was one of
rare and curious workmnnship, weighing 3000 lbs.
and cost at Rome $3000. it was presented by
Prince Alexander Torlonia to Bishop Chance as a
memento of his high appreciation of his character
and his interest in the success of the church in
Ame icn.
The munificent donor provided for all the expenses
necessary to the erection of the bell, and his
agents paid the duty. He thought it became the
Government to relinquish this contribution to its
coffers?not only because we exempt certain j
books, works of art, instruments, ate., ror the
use of colleges, but out of courtesy to tlie distinguished
donor, who, though a foreigner, was a
friend of America and American institutions.
Mr. HOLMES, of South Carolina, moved an
appropriation of $25,000 for continuing the publication
of the works produced by the exploring
expedition. It was disagreed to?ayes 71, noes 85.
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, moved an appropriation
of $8,000 for repairs, alteration, &,c.,to the
custom house at Portlund. Agreed to.
Mr. FULLER, of Maine, moved an appropriation
of $3,GOO tor repairs, Ac., to the custom
house at Cnstine, Me. Agreed to. >
Mr. DISNEY, of Ohio, moved an nppropraition
of $55,000 for purchasing a site and erecting
a new building at Cincinnati, for the purpoc;a of
a custom-house and post-office. Agreed to.
Mr. CHANDLER, of Pennsylvania, moved
an appropriation of $7,500 for lining the arches
and vaultg of the Philadelphia custom-house, so
as to render them proper for storing goods.
Agreed to.
Mr. BOWLIN, of Missouri, moved an appropriation
of $50,000 for purchasing a site and
erecting a custom-house and post-office at St.
Louis. Agreed to.
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, rooted an appro-1
priution of $30,00(1 for the purchase of a site and |
the erection of a custom-house and post-office at
Bangor, Maine. Disagreed to. ,
Mr. Mb".ADH, of Virginia, moved an appro- (
priution of *>25,000 for the purchase of. a site and
the erection of a custom-house and po.,t-office at
i ui-ervijur^v ?
Mr. BAYLY, of Virgiitiu, oppose I the amendment
on tlie ground th it it had not undergone nn
investigation l>v the Committee of Ways und
Means, nor line] the Secretary of the Treasury
recommended ni y of these new custom-houses not
reported by he committee. He look the occasion
of un appropriation for one in his own State
to protest against such loose expenditure. It was
disagreed to.
Mr. EWINO, of Tennessee, moved an appropriation
of $40,000 for the punliase of a site ar.u
ouilding k custom-house untTpoeTWfice, and other
Government offices, st Nashville, Tennessee.
Mr. SCHENCK, of Ohio, moved to provide
that the cost should he paid out of the nett rev- i
enue from duties collected nt Nashville, w hich
was agreed to, and the appropriation was then
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, moved an appropriation
of $20,000 for the purchase of a site for
* custom-house and post-office at Bangor, Maine.
Agreed to.
Mr. MARSHALL, of Kentucky, moved an
appropriation of $50,000 for a site, custom-house,
and post-office at Louisville. Disagreed to.
Mr. STANTON, of Tanneaaee, moved an appropriation
for aimilar purposes at Memphis,
Tennetser. Disagreed to.
Mr. CABELL, of Florida, moved un npproEriutinn
for aimilar purposes at Apaluchicola
disagreed to.
Mr. STANTON, of Kentucky, moved an appropriation
of $1,(100 for a log edifice, thatched
with straw and mud, to be built for revenue purposes
near the source of some river in the mountains
of Virginia. Disagreed to.
Mr. BAYLY moved an appropriation of $50,000 I
for building u new custom-house, post-office,
court-house, &c., at Mobile, in addition to the
amount of the proceeds of the sale of the old
Mr. ALSTON, of Alabama, moved to increase
the sum to $100,000. Disagreed to.
Mr. HAMMOND, of Maryland, moved to
amend Mr. Bayly's motion by adding an appropriation
of $100,000 for increasing the accommodations
of the Baltimore custom-house, so as to
atTord shelter for the courts, post-office, &c. Disagreed
Mr. MORTON, of Virginia, moved to increase |
the proposed appropriation for the Mobile customhouse
to $1120,000. Disagreed to.
Mr. BAYLY, of Virg nia, moved an appropriation
of $50,000 for a custom-house at Wilmington,
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, objected on the
ground that no specified estimate of the cost had
been famished.
Mr. BAYLY stnted that the proviso to the appropriation
was an adequate guarantee. It was
agreed to.
Mr. BAYLY moved an appropriation of$25,000
for a custom-house at Bath, Maine. Agreed to.
Mr. POTTER, of Ohio, moved an appropriation
of $09,000 to provide Baltimore with a new
l..v 1
tuuii-uiiusu nuu J Mjsi-uim t*.
Remarks were made in support of it bv Mr.
P. and Mr. Thompson, of Pennsylvania. It was
disagreed to.
Mr. HARALSON, of Georgia, moved an
appropriation of $5,000 to aid in tlie erection of u
building at Marietta, Georgia, now about being
constructed by the county for its courts.
The appropriation to carry with it the right on
the purt of the United States Government to occupy
a portion of the building for its courts and post
office. Ruled out of order.
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, moved to strikeout
a proposed appropriation of $1^6,000 for the Coast
Survey, including compensation to superintendants
and their assistants.
Mr. HOLMES, of South Carolina, was opposed
to striking it out. The north Atlantic i?.ost had
hud the advantage of the Survey, and now that it
had commenced on the southern line of the coast,
he hoped it would not be discontinued.
Mr. SWEETSER, of Ohio, moved to reduce
the appropriation to $150,000.
Mt. STANTON, of Tennessee, opposed it and
argued against the propriety of thus crippling the
operations of that service. The reduction was
Mr. THURSTON, of Oregon, moved an appropriation
of $25,000 for continuing the survey
of the Pacific coast.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, stated that
the appropriation already placed in the bill, was
sufficiently general to enable the Secretary to apply
a portion of it to the Pacific coast.
Mr. CARTTER, of Ohio, did not wish to be unilprHtnnfl
mm lipim*- nnrtniipd tn nn iicpii rut i* mirvMv
of the coast, but it did seem to him to be a wasteful
appropriation oftlie people's money, to create
a corps fur swell a purpose, when we hud so many
idle flirting midshipmen, loafing lieutenants, and
rusty commodores, attached to our navy, who
ought to be required to perforin this service in
consideration of the good keeping they owed uncle
Sam. Instead of being collected on stations,
making their ships places for frolicking and loafing,
a larger portion of litem should be applied to
this service in place of the civil corps.
Mr. MORSE, of Louisiana, rose and defended
the army and navy from the reflections of the gentlemen
front Ohio. For their services in our wars
they were entitled to the respect and gratitude of
every patriotic citizen. They were as gallant and
serviceable a class of men as could be found. And
though the coast survey might require persons of
greater science and skill for some purposes, yet
navy officers did already perform duty in this
Mr. HOLMES, of South Carolina, moved to
increase the appropriation to (50,000.
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, was of the opinion
that this service properly belonged to the army
and navy. lie believed that the creation of this
civil cori?H for this purpose was unconstitutional.
Mr. HOLMES remurked that he did not perceive
how the gentleman from Virrinia, could regard
the service as unconstitutional, us it now existed,
but constitutional if performed by the navy.
Mr. BAYLY replied that it was an appropriate
duty of navies all over the world to survey the
coasts of their respective countries. Their own
safety, convenience, and welfare, were most closely
identified with such improvements.
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, denounced the
the practice of many members who were ever
ready to vote profuse appropriations of^he public
money for all sorts of purposes, but strongly opposed
to increase the taxes. He believed that at
th*? nnvt KPNNinn nlTuntrrpnH u*p filiniiM ItP nlilitrprl
to borrow money (in time of pence) to pay the
current expenses of the government. By Home
plausible pretext or other we were led to vote a few
thousand dollars for the nucleus of whut has
now become a national observntory, costing an
annual expenditure of $100,000, nnd our const
survey had now increased to more than twice that
Before taking the question, the committee rose,
Mr. GRINNELL, of Muss., introduced Mr
Eliot, the new member front Boston, to the
Speaker, who administered to him the oath of his
office, and
The House adjourned.
For the Southern Press.
Jacksonville, Ai.a., Aug. 12, 1850.
Messrs. Editors?The news reached here
by last nights' mail, that it was telegraphed to
Montgomery, that President Fillmore had sent
a message to each house of Congress, announcing
his determination to eject Texas front iter
possessions in New Mexico by force. But one
sentiment seems to pervade the community, and
it is, that President Fillmore is certainly mad.
We were much surprised to see the fiendish and
threatening language of Mr. Clay, when he
declared in the Senate, but a short time since,
that lie was anxious to see, by actual combat
between the Union and some member of the
Confederacy, " whether, in fact, this Government
was a rope of sand, or, indeed, a capable
and efficient Government." Wo were surprised
that Mr. Clay could be carried so far bv the
'l;., .o
% ??Juiicu wi 1110 crcii 111 uriMit, iin IU
make such a remark. Hut how much greater
the surprise and indignation of the whole country,
to see a President of the United Spites
deliberately descending from his elevated position,
to make war at the head of this powerful
Government,upon a member of the Confederacy,
for what she claims, and has always claimed, as
her just rights.
it is not believed here, that a single State
south of Mason and Dixon's line will permit the
Government troops to pass over their territory.
All the Southern States must feel, nay see, that
the attack made on Texas is an indirect assault
upon the institutions of the South, and a stab ,
direct at the rights of the States. And while it j
shows Mr. Fillmore to be an able tactician, it
proves him a man destitute of principle, and wor-1
thy of no place higher than to be a party leader in !
county polities, where his want of scruple could j
do no further damage than the petty confusion i
produced by the defeat of a favorite candidate I
for bailiff or sheritf.
But this is no matter for amusement. This !
Northern roan with Southern principles (as wns j
said of him by the friends of General Tavlor, in
his late canvass,) is determined to make himself
infamous, by inflicting with bis own hand the
fatal blow to our Union. This man of accident, j
thus to use his brief power, shows the necessity, i
should we ever again elect a President and Vice I
President, for the people to look with as much j
scrutiny to the j/rinciples of the candidate for
Vice President as to the candidate for the Presi- j
dency. But such a precaution is now useless,
if indeed the President shall be empowered by!
Congress to carry his hellish plan into execu-;
tion. That glorious privilege will bo gone,
forever. The first drop of blood that is spilled
on this question, will be the signal for a general
rushing to arms. The whole South, with a'
few exceptions, (dishonerable exceptions,) will
buckle on the sword, not to be removed until
the Union is established on fair and equal terms, i
or a Confederacy built up at the 8outh. We 1
feel that this matter is being daily urged on us by .
our oppressors, and while we feel it, we feel also
I that wo are much more duly apprised of the
I tone of public sentiment than those who thudaily
goad us into violent measures. \Ve feel
assurred that we carry with us the power of
right and intrinsic wealth; and with these, backed
by a warm ami patriotic population, we are sufficient
to sustain ourselves, and extort our rights
however unwilling, frotu those who are governed
alone by cupidity.
last whatever will come, Alabama will be
found true to the South. And it is hoped, that
no Southern man in either House of Congress
will be so unnatural, as to countenance this hideous
conduct of the President, and be willingly
taxed to pay an army to strip the States of
their rights?which will be followed, on them, one
by one, until the doctrine of State Rights will be
forever gone, and our government become completely
federal. Would it not be better for us at
once to dissolve a confede ution, which promises
nothing ahead, but oppression or civil war? lathe
act of dissolution the nr.. / would be dissolved;
the navy would be dissolved; the Government
would be dissolved, and each individual member
of cither might go to his proper element, or to
tlie section of country most suitable to his inclinations.
la?t the South establish an army on
a lib ..1 plan, which would induce officers of
the present army of the United Stutes to attach
themselves to itl and the same bv u navv: ull of
which should he done so soon as a government
South could he organized. In the event of a
Southern confederation, there are many reasons
to believe that the Middle States would adhere
to the South, so soon as a sober second thought
should have time to op ..to on the minds of the
people ; and in that event it requires no prophet
to foresee that the Western States would soon
follow their example. And that New England
thus driven to see their folly, would seek an alliance
with Canada, or otl'er herself on proper
terms, for re-membership into the Union. Nothing
but strong measures, and those taken in
wisdom, can save the honor and integrity of the
country. It becomes us of the South, as much
for the advantage of the North us of the South,
to take such steps us will, by saving ourselves
from ruin, at the same time screen our foolish
and bigotted brethren of tho Eastern States from
bringing disgraee upon themselves, by driving
our Chief Magistrate to head a civil war against
a portion of the Union.
For the Southern Press. '
Letter of Cora Montgomery.
On tiie Loss of the West Indies to the White
Is the black race to have the entire dominion of the
West Indies 1 This ominous question of empire
now sleeps a dim unheeded speck in the chambers
of the future, but it is ut this moment ready to
awake and spring to a sudden decision. We
should not shut our eyes to this near and inevita
uie iact, as u 11 whs in no wise 01 our concern tor
the total loss to the white race of those vast
realms of trade and production, is an all'air of real
moment. Not only will the Union feel the pressure
of three millions of blacks upon her border,
but civilization und commerce must sensibly feel
the depression if the whole magnificent family of
islands, embosomed in the lieurt of our double
continent, passes under the exclusive dominion of
the inert, unproducing negro race Every statesman
who glances, no matter how lightly, at the
peculiar situation of our American islands, their
proximity, their speciul and bounteous products,
of which all our citizens make daily use; the commodities
which our industry furnishes them; the
profitable employment of our shipping interest,
must admit, and should be prepared to meet, the
necessity of choice between the free and energetic
rule of white civilization, und the indolent retrograde
of negro supremacy.
Let it not be said that it is a dream of fancy,
this necessity of choice between the supiemacy
of the negro race in this whole splendid circle of
islands that sparkle like so many precious gems
in our Southern seas, or the vigorous redemption
of those islands to the influence of white energy.
It does exist, und that, too, in imminent nearness,
and it rests with the people of this country to decide
this question of empire. If they decide to
sustain the negro power, they will never be entirely
able to compute their loss, us in the flowing
abundance of their prosperity, millions cun he
wasted without perceptible inconvenience; but if,
011 the other hand, they lend the support of a
kindly sympathy to the whites, the guin will be
obvious, magnificent, and complete; for it would
turn into our fields and factories, millions of annual
profit. This, every intelligent merchant,
conversant with the character of the products
and purchuses of those islands, knows without
argument, and we will confine ourselves, for the
moment, to the certainty that an unkind antiwhite
policy, on the part of our Government, will
consign the entire wnite race in the West Indies
to vassalage to the negroes, and to abject ruin.
The changes of a few years have converted nearly
every one of this splendid family of islands intou
helpless political blot 011 the fair map of American
Si. Domingo?scarcely inferior to Cuba herself
in magnitude and rich capabilities, was the first to
fall under negro dominion, and herdecreased production,
her barbarous and blood-thirsty government,
and her backward steps in every good and
useful point, nttest the present and probable value
ui uiir* Linui^c iu ub miiu iu uiviiI/.<nluii. jumnica
the next in rank, with a beautiful train of smaller
inlands was placed more gently under negro sway.
Under the tender fosterage of England, who is
emphatically the nursing mother of the African
race?whatever she may be to Ireland and India
?the local laws and local legislature is systematically
fostered in negro huuds. In church and '
court, at every public resort and in every private
circle, the blacks are studiously urged in the foremost
place. The white man, even to the American
consuls und merchants, who would be daring
enough to associate exclusively with whites, or
who might be so fastidious as to object to his wife
or daughter taking the arm of a negro gentleman
in the dance or promonnde, would be ostracised.
The colored gentry of the British West Indies
use their power graciously, but even their good
natured condescension will not tolerate airs of
exclusiveness in any white man whatever. Yet
with all these social and political advantages, the
colored pits of Great Britain are making a miserable
cypher of the lovely realms thus bestowed
on them by European power. 1
Martinique ana Guadeloupe have fared even
worse, for France,; 1 "// <itemizing" with the colored
inhabitants of her West India Islands, omitted
to guard against the frantic outburst of sudden
emancipation. INot at all content with being set
free, and invested with the power of legislating
for their late masters, the emancipated slaves manifested
their delight and their capucity for self-government
at the same time, by a joyous carnival of
conflagration and rapine. Wherever their numbers
and the unprepared condition of the whites
enabled them to do so, they burned the houfces and
murdered the families of the white planters with-1
out discrimination. Thevoumrand accomplished '
wife and sister of Mr. Lebel, who was wlmt we i 1
would term an abolitionist, were spiked to the floor [ i
arid burned alive in their home, after enduring in- I
suits a thousand times worse than death from the
negro rioters. Order, industry and prosperity are |
deserting the Freneh West Indies with their white (
citizens, and at tins moment those islands must be ^
counted as under negro control. The law, and
perhaps the policy, of France, keeps step with !
the law and policy of England?to trunsfer their
American islands to the negroes, and render them '
profitless neighbors to the whites of the United I
States. |
A corner of St. Domingo?which is threatened 1 ,
day by day with ruin?remains under its white :
owners; but the blac!t emperor, Faustin, who '
threatens them with annihilation, is graced by the ;
protection of England and France ; so it can hardly
oe termed a political existence. Cuba alone re- 1
mains, and if a free and stable government is allotted
her white citizens, she may be a leader and
sign of redemption to the others, or at least to 1
i _ i r l$ n ? i _ r> _ .
me wiine* ni ohm l/oimii^?i turn iu rurio rvico ; |
but if tlint fair queen of the Antilles is given over |
to the blacks, as Kngland advises and Spain threat- t
ens, the question is settled. The whole West In- j
dian empire is lost to civilization and the white
race ; lost through the careless indifference of the '
American people, whose every interest is against (
this catastrophe, lost by the consent and countenance
of an American Cabinet, who were bound by j
every oath of duty to guard against such a detnment
to the Union.
C. M. |
Foreign Fugitive Arrested.?A man by the
name of James Forbes was arrested at New York (
on Monday, on board the ship Caroline, from (
Glasgow, charged with forging a promissory note ,
of ?400 sterling, upon & certain house in Aberdeen,
Scotland. He is detained to await a requisition
from the British Consul.
r"tn*cs or Baltimore.?The parties engaged
In enumerating the population of this city, havt
been busily employed for tome tinte past, and,
we learn, nftve nearly completed their task. Although
the work is not yet finished, enough is
known, we believe, to establish the fact that the
population of the city will not be far short of one
hundredi'iiJ sixty thousand. The population in 1840
was 10^,313, so that the increase will be shown
to be nearly Bixty thousand. This in truly a gratifying
statement, and is an evidence at once of the
rapidly increasing prosperity of our city, us of
the resources we possess to continue it. We shall
look with interest to the details of the statistics
gathered by the sub-Marshals, not only in this,
but in all the other parts of the country; and w?
have no doubt many interesting facts will lie elicited
which will add greatly to the stock of public
information, and enable the people to form a jusi
and proper estimate of the country and its wealth,
Baltimore jftnerican.
The Shooting Stars or Acoust.?In the yeat
1836, Mr. Quetelel, of Brussels, directed the attenlioh
of the scientific world to the periodical recurrence
of an unusual number of shooting stars,
qii or about the 10th of August. Since then hit
observations have been confirmed by those ol
other astronomers. There was a fine display ol
them this year. Professor Caswell, of Brown
University, counted forty-four of them within
three hours. They generally moved in a southwest
direction, with un extremely rapid motion,
und a brilliant appearance. It may be added that
the evening was reniarkubly clear, wind light at
northwest, the temperature falling, the air passing
from u humid to u dry stale, und the barometer
not high, but rising.
In looking over our exchanges from the interior,
we observe that public meetings are being held in
the various counties of the State, giving an expression
of public feeling on the Santa b'e question.
There appears to be no difference of opinion
on this subject. The resolutions are generally
couched in the strongest language, declaring
in unqualified terms a determination on the part of
the people to maintain, at all hazards, our claim
to the territory east of the Rio Grande. In our
next we shall endeavor to lay before our readers
the prominent ground assumed by the several
meetings, the proceedings of which we have perused;
all of which will be highly interesting to
the public at this particular time.?Nueces (Corj)iis
Chris/i) Valley.
Troy, N". Y. August 21.
Horrible Muhder and Suicide.?A horrible
affair was discovered in this city, this forenoon,
at the St. Charles Hotel.
A man and woman took lodgings there as travellers
on Monday afternoon, and not appearing at
seasonable hours, excited some suspicions.
The landlord, this morning, after trying the
door, which wus locked, raised the window of
their room, when a most horrible sight was presented
to his view, lloth man and woman had
their throat cut from ear to ear, and luy weltering
in blood. An inquest was immediately held.
The man is named Wm. A. Caldwell, of White
Hall, about 30 years of age, und the woman
named Louisa C. Van Winkle, about the same
age and very beautiful. The jury rendered a
verdict, that Louis C. Van Winkle came to her
death by the hands of Caldwell, and Caldwell
came to his death by his own hands.
Cholera in Columbus.?Tilings have grown
much worse again at the State Capitol. The
cholera has been prevailing there for several
weeks now?the population ts at present probably
not over 10,000 persons?yet there were sixteen
deaths there on Wednesday and Thursday last,all
but three of which were of cholera.?Cincinnati
Gazette, Aug. 17.
Later from California.
further news by the philadelphia.
The Philadelphia left Chagres August 8, at 10
A. M., and arrived at Kingston, Jam. at 6 P. M.,
l.? 111.1. i i.* in... o 1. * **
UII mc 1WUI. UCH fit g II uum, 2V. JV1.,
on the 14th nnd arrived off Sandy Hook nt 4
o'clock, A. M. on the24th, ntuking the passage
home it) 9 days and 4 hours, running time.
The steamship Falcon from Havana had nft>
arrived atChagres when the Philadelphia sailed.
The steamship Columbus arrived nt Acupulcc
from Panama July 25.
The brig Emily Farnham, Russell, of Roston
wont ashore on the 8th of July in Humbolt Ray
Vessel and Cargo total loss; captain and crew
The whale ship Cowabaw, Swan, of Nantucket
was spoken June 5, south of the line, with 8(K
barrels sperm oil; reports speaking the ship Em
peror of Nantucket at the same pluce with 1,501
barrels of oil.
Died, on board of the steamship Tennessee, or
her passage from San Francisco to Panama, July
22, Andrew Meade of Lowell (Mass.) At Crue
ces, Mr. Joseph Abourn of Marion county, Ohio
The Philadelphia brings a block of gold bearing
quartz, weighing 193 pounds, filled with gold?the
nrat specimen ever taken front the mines at Mari
Mr. Collier, son of W. Collier, was left sick al
i lie passengers report u very HicKiy nr unagres.
Among the passengers by the Philadelphia is
Gen. Herran, President of the Republic of New
Grenada. Gen. Herran, was formerly minister
from New Grenada to this country. He returns
with the intention of residing here for a term of
years. He has in his charge five young men,sons
of gentlemen residing in New Grenada, who come
to this country for the purpose of obtuining a collegiate
An election for Vice President of New Grenada,
was held on the 1st of August. At Panama it resulted
in the almost unanimous^ choice of Gov.
Obalda, the democratic candidate.
From the Alta California 13th ult.
The news fr< m the various diggings which
we extract from the Sacramento papers, and from
our correspondence is certainly the most encouraging
we have had lor some length of time.
The discoveries of rich placers, and the frequent
exhibitions of large and immensely valuable
specimens, have imparted a degree of activity
and life to all branches of business throughout
the up river towns, such as has not been known
since last fall.
The Marysville and Yuba Mining Company
had almost finished their work of turning.?
From the peculiar natural configuration of the
ground the labor of twenty-five men is sufficient
in a few days to divert the course of the stream
for nearly four miles. Most of the citizens of
Maryaville went up on Wednesday to see the
opeiations. The stock in the association has
advanced more than one thousand per cent, already.
In the numerous streams running out from the
lakes in the mountains they found gold in quantities
which warranted their despatching their
animals immediately for full supplies of provisions.
We saw a gentleman from Culotna yesterday,
who takes things easy, and dont follow the rush,
but makes a fresh look out for himself. He has
pros|?ectcd for three months past through the
canons between the middle and North Forks.
He cnmc across two or three rich spots of no I
[rreat extent, Liking out from one of them
$1000 in six days, chiefly in the large lumps,
many of which were shown us?Placer Times.
Marysvit.le, July 10, 1850.
We liave just been called upon to look at a
4 big lump," taken from the vicinity of. the Yuba
river, and which arrived in town last evening.
It was taken about six n.iles from the forks, and
rbout 75 iniles from this town. The weight of
lie piece is something over 33lbs., composed of
juartz and gold intermixed.
JUaryttilk Cor. of the S. Fran 'o. C our., July 15.]
Persons coming in during the past two or
hrec days, from the mountain regions, whither
hey have been prospecting. One or two has
ieen as far over hb Humboldt's Bny, and from
[hence along at the Trinity river to its source.
Phey *peak discourngingly of the prospect for
iiggings on Trinity; but represent tho country
iown towards i)s mouth, and the Bay, as being
admirably ad- pted to agricultural purposesbeing
well timoered and watered, and the soil
extremely fertile. Besides, there have been
many fine valleys discovered by some of those
I parties thin spring, of considerable extent, on
> both sides of tne ( oast Range, near the sources
i of the Sacramento River. I have endeavored to
procure as accurate u description of these valleys
1 and their location, from the individuals, us possible
; as they are represented as being well
adapted to the purposes of agriculture, and are
considered new "discoveries.
Those who have been working on Deer Creek,
have confined their operations to working in the
bed of the creek, but some (Jeruians at work
' struck out in the hank, and commenced digging
1 some four or five miles from Navadn city, and
' they struck a very rich lead, finding it in lumps
. of from an ounce to 8150, This I had this
, morning from a miner who haa just left there,
l and is removing to Feather river; and who, himself,
saw the lumps, the three men having taken
out 8700 in the course of a couple of hours in
lumps gold.
Wherever discoveries are made, there is ft
rush nude at once, and every loot of ground located.?8oiue
new discoveries have been mode
[ on the Middle Fork of Feather River,?an acr
count of one of which I have heard from various
f other persons, and this morning from one of
i the lucky individuals. This location was a point
i some thirty miles above Spring Town, where
these poi-sons had made a nice and drawn off the
water and found a rich deposit, from which, with
one more engaged in liailing out the water, and
two working the rocker, they took out #1)00
in three hours, and the next ?lay $700 in the
same time, when the water rising, and breaking
through their dam compelled them to quit work.
So rich is the deposit that my informant says
that just as they were leaving the work, he made
a grab and got a single handful of earth, out of
which, on a wager, he ..ashed out an ounce by
panning. A gentleman of this place, and a friend
of mine has made an offer this morning, of
#2500 for one of the three shores?and he is
well posted up on there matters.
From the Placer Timet, 29th ult.
Maiirsvii.i.k, Linda and me Mines.?The
Gold Luke excitement, no much talked of and
acted upon of Inte, has almost entirely subsided.
A crazy man comes in for a share of the responsi
"ini^ , uikhuci ic|?;i i m, inm mcjr unrc iuuiiu uaic j
of the pretended discoverers, and arc about
lynching him at Marysville. Indeed wc are told
tnat a demonstration against the town is feared
by many. People who nave returned, after travelling
some ISO to 200 miles, say that they left a
vast number of parties roaming about between
the sources of the Yuba and Feather rivers. It is
asserted, also, that a fair order of diggings are to
, be found in that region, and that if they choose
to be content under their disappointment they
could do tolerably well, as provisions are superabundant.
Our advices are 110 later than those brought
by the previous steamer. We glean a few items
or interest, however, from the extracts in tho
San Francisco papers.
The Carolina left Astoria on the 27th, and
the mouth of the Columbia river on the 28th of
June. The members of the military court martial,
Majors Miller and Sewell, and Capts. Andrews
and Westeott, with several of the rifle
regiment, were among the pussongcrs. The
court hud finished their sessions, but tho result
had not transpired.
Tho five Indians, convicted of the murder of
Dr. Whitman, were publicly executed at Oregon
City, by hanging, on the 3d of June. The three
who were tried for killing a portion of a party
of immigrants, were executed early in May.
The report that Governor Lane had resigned
his post us Governor of tho territory, is confirmed.
Tho brig Portland arrived on the 25th of
June, the barque Eliza, at Astoria, on the 24th ;
the Tarquina sailed from Portland on the 26th.
A letter dated St. Helens, June 26, says:?
The steamer Carolina will hike down to you
4- 41.? A: ..! - 1-1 5
uccuuius ?.?i uirH:??vury ui u gum uimnct m
the upper country. They nre not certainly con.
tinned us to the richneaa of the deposit, but we
know <ia n f .ct that gold Ima been found, and I
? have no dopht that it is in quite as large quantities
as in the Sierra Nevada district The re'
ported mines would be extremely healthy in
contrast with those of California, arid the coun'
try abounds in wild cattle. There are also ru\
mors, to which I attach some importance, of
gold being in this neighborhood, at the foot of
f the volcanic Mount, St. Helens. An exploring
) party are about starting to prospect in that di
rection. Coal also has been discovered beyond
a doubt, on one of the tributaries to the Columbia,
and only a short distance from tliis.
Macon Auoust 23d?Half pa*t 11, p. m.
Editors Southern Press?Our Mass Convention
has just adjourned?it was one of the
largest and most enthusiastic ever held in this
It was addressed by Messrs. Rhett, Yancy and
Cochran, of Alabama; Colquitt, Stiles, Jones,
Gibson, Ramsey and Piatt, of this State,
and others. The resolutions passed were of
the strongest and most decided character. The
following will serve as an indication of their
Resolved, That should the event occur in
which it shall become the duty of the Governor,
unier the direction of the last Legislature, to
cull a Convention of the people of Georgia, to
j__ , f al a!*.. 4^
consular ui trie live miry inunnurca ui hoj^jt iu
the State, it is the opinion ot' this meeting that
onr Senators and Representatives in Congress
should immediately return to their State, and
unite with thcif constituents in consultation and
action on such measures.
Public Meeting.
At an adjourned meeting of citizens of the First
Ward, held at the Union Engine-house,on Wednesday
evening, the 21st instant, General Eaton,
from the committee appointed at the meeting
of the 16th, submitted a report, which was
discussed and amended; but before the question
was taken on its adoption, the meeting adjourned
over to meet again at the same place on Friday
evening, the 23d inst, at 8 o'clock, P. M.
NATH'L. FRYE, Chairman.
James L. Dickins, Secretary.
August 22, 1850.
JC|t*Thk Union. "Can any act of Congress
justify an attempt to dissolve the Union ?"
This question is up for discussion this (Friday)
evening, in the " Society fnr Free Debated' at
Temperance flail. The public are respectfully invited.
Prices or Admission.
Dress Circle and Parquette seats . 56 cents.
Upper Circle 25 cents.
Doors open at 7 o'clock. Entertainment to
rAmmAr.ro at Q
Second night of the grand Opera, in two acts of
or de Bile ob de I Vild Coon,
A burlesque on the Bohemian girl.
To conclude with the laughable burlesque of the
celebrated " Ravel Family,"
Will practice in the several courts in the District,
and attend to the prosecution of claims
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7th streets, opposite th?
General Post Office.
| 2aw,tf
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