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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, August 24, 1850, Image 1

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EBffwd FUher 4k Edwin IX Leon.
TERMS.
DAILY, - flO 00
TRI WEEKLY, - 5 00
WEEKLY, * 00
Subscription* payable in advance. Any person
procuring five subscribers shall receive one copy
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Office, Pennsylvania*Avenue south side, betweea
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C O i\ (J H E S S 1 O N A L .
IN SENATE.
Fbidat, August 33, 1830.
indian indemnity bill.
The Senate resumed the cons:deration of the
bill to mnend the act of 1834, by providing for
indemnity to such citizens in the States of Alabama,
Florida and Texas, as may iiave suffered
from the depredations of the Indians.
The hill was discussed by Messrs. Underwood,
Yulef., Chase, Bradbury, Bell, and
others, and ordered to a third reading, 37 to 14.
. fugitive slaves.
The bill making further provisions by law for
the rc-capture and restoration to their owners of
fugitives from service, escaping from the slaveholding
States into the Northern States, was
resumed as the special order of the day. The
question was on the motion of Mr. Jefferson
Davis to strike out the clause from the bill
which provides for the puymcnt out of the Fed(trul
rP?v?iiMlirv_ ftf th.A vmIiim nf ? ul?ivn whn mnv
' 4
' * " 1 ' - -- i -r
THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
daily . ~~
Vol. 1. Washington, Saturday, August 24, 1850. Mo. 59.
::;r' 't ; j.. ILJifc
J ' ? ? ^?.. .....J
have C8caj>ed the agents of the law io certain
cases.
After debate, by Messrs. Mason and Davis,
the motion to strike out was carried.
On motion of Mr. Jefferson Davis, the
clause of the bill which provides the payment
of charges of recovering a fugitive upon the
owner or agent, in ease no netual price is offered
to him, was stricken out.
Mr. UNDERWOOD then moved his substitute
for the bill before the Senate.
[This substitute provides for the appointment
of commissioners to aid in the re-caplure of fugitive
slaves, prescribes their duties and the duties
of the marshals, &c., provides that, the claimant
of a slave shall give bond to secure him a
trial by jury in the State where his service is
claimed to be due, if the said fugitive shall require
it, &c., &e.]
Mr. CHASE moved to strike out the second
section of the substitute bill, so as to confine its
operation to the States, and to exclude the Territories
from the operation of the law.
Mr. CHASE spoke in support of his motion.
Mr. BUTLER opposed it as an extravagant
and perverse proposition, wholly incompatible
with ihe fundamental law of the Constitution.
ana a proposition wmcii can only be accounted
for ns an emanation from that peculiar hostility
of the North to the Southern institution of slavery
; a hostility which admits of no right of
protection, and of no laws except such us look
to the prostration of the South.
Mr. BALDWIN took issue with Mr. Chase
on the constitutional question.
Mr. CHASE vindicated his position upon the
principle of the common law, and upon judicial i
decisions touching the. subject, rendered by the
Courts of Louisiana and Mississippi.
Mr. DAYTON contended that good faith required
the extension of the law over the Territories,
and that the power and the duty were so
clear that they did not admit of debate. He
asked, too, if the senator from Ohio desired to i
make the Territories a grand rcceptaclo or ren- l
dezvous for the runaway slaves of the South. 1
He hoped the amendment would be voted
down.
Mr. CHASE contended that there was no ob
ligation in the Constitution to surrender up a (
fugitive slave from the territories. We are not
bound to go beyond the terms of the Constitu- i
tion, and as a mere matter of accommodation a .
proposition of this sort is not an obligation.
Mr. BALDWIN maintained the ground that 1
the spirit of the Constitution, and its evident 1
intent, ao^rthe intent of the compact of 1787,
requiredrthe extension of this act to the territo- (
ries as'veil as to the States.
Mr. YULEE took very little interest in this ,
bill, and in its discussion, as he did not feel that i
it could result much to the relief of the South. |
He.read from a report of a convention of whites <
and blacks, lately in session in the village of '
Cazenovi , in the State of New York. Some '
thirty of the fugitive slaves present were placed
in a conspicuous position, to be seen bv the
delegates. Mr. Yulee read from the address ,
of the fugitives at the meeting, to the slaves in i
the South, recommending them to commit mur- i
der, robbery, and arson, if necessary to effect
their escape. While such monstrous outrages I
were permitted in the Northern States, there '
was but little hope of benefit from this bill, and ^
but little for the preservation of the Union.
Mr. DODGE, of Iowa, (per contra) read from
the laws of that Territory and that State, against
runaway sluves, and the harboring and secreting
theni in said State, to show her soundness on
this question. He believed that the people of
the North were generally sound, and that the
State of New York was no more responsible for
that fanatical Convention, than is Florida for the
late expedition of Lopez.
The amendment of Mr. Ciiase was rejected?
Yea, one, Mr. Chase, nays 41.
Some verbal amendments were next agreed
Mr. MASON moved next an amendment pro- (
viding, \
1st. A fine of $1,000 upon the Marshal or
his deputies, for default of duty in the recapture
of a fugitive slave.
2d. A fine, to the value of the slave, for the ^
escape of a fugitive from the custody of the f
Marshal or his deputies. j
The amendments were agreed to?the second i
by a vote of 22 to 13. t
The same amendment was applied to the bill t
proposed by Mr. Und#rwood, and the question 8
recurring upon adopting Mr. Under worm's bill s
in lieu of Mr. Mason's, it was rejected, 14 to
23. ;
On motion of Mr. MASON, the first three ?
sections of Mr. Underwood's amendment were s
substituted for the first sections of Mr. Mason's j
bill. They relate to the appointment of the \
commissioners, &c. e
The question was at length brought to the
engrossment of the bill, when
Mr. JOHN DAVIS moved an amendment pro- J
viding that when any mariner or other free t
colored person from any State, shall be seized
and imprisoned within the limits of another p
State, it shall be the duty of the District Attor o
ney by writ of habeas corpus to cause such per- C
son to be brought before tho Circuit or District 8
Court, to try the legality of his imprisonment, ?
ah/4 If* nrnt'on f A lui nnloiv'fnl f K<i U
case shall have been so tried, shall he discharged,
and the costs of the trial shall he paid out of ?
the Treasury of the United States. (
The amendment was debated by Messrs. Jons
Davis, Butler, and Berrien, the two latter n
briefly suggesting the delicate and dillieult principles
of law, and the dangerous issues, contin- d
gent upon the proposition.
Other amendments of a verbal character were tl
moved by Mr. Mason and adopted, with the
object of perfecting the bill. n
The question recurring upon the amendment ^
of Mr. John Davis, lie called for the ayes and '
noes, and they were ordered. v 0
Mr. JEFFERSON DAVIS hoped the bill ,|
would be postponed, to allow the senator from d
Georgia -an opportunity to speak on Monday tl
upon the subject. He would perhaps show
that if Massachusetts objected to the police
regulations of South Carolina, it was because "
she did not understand them. J"
Mr. BERRIEN was willing for the vote to
be taken. ,
Mr. WINTHROP took occasion in reply to ^
the remark of the senator from Mississippi, to p
speak in defence of the State of Massachusetts, ti
and of her objections to tiiia law of Charleston,
under which the free colored citizens of Massachusetts
were seized and imprisoned in the
South.
With sotne conversation between Mr. WinTHKoi'
and Mr. Berrien and others,
Mr. ATCHISON moved to postpone the bill
till Monday. Lost.
The amendment of Mr. John Davis was rejected,
13 to 24, ns follows:
Yeas.?Baldwin, Clarke, Cooper, Davis of
Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge, of Wisconsin,
Greene,Smith, Spruance, Upham, Wales, Wulker
Winthrop.?13.
Nays.?Atchinson, Badger, Barnwell, Bell,
Berrien, Butler, Davis, of Mississippi, Dawson,
Dodge of Iowa, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, King, Mangum, Meson, Pearce, Rusk,
Sebastian, Soule, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood,
Yulee.?24.
And the bill of Mr. Mason as amended was
ordered to be engrossed, 27 to 12, as follows :
Yeas?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Barnwell,
Bell, Butler, Davis of Mississippi, Dawson,
Dodge of Iowa, Downs, Foote, Houston, Hunter,
Jones, Kin<j, Mangum, Mason, Pearce, Rusk,
Sebastian, Soule, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney,
Underwood, Wales, YuIee-^-27.
Nays?Messrs. Baldwin, Bradbury, Chase,
Cooper, Davis, of Massachusetts, Dayton, Dodge,
of Wisconsin, Greene, Smith, Uphain, Walker,
Winthrop?12.
[We shall give a corrected copy of the bill
hereafter. A prominent feature is the heavy penalties
upon the Marshals ami Deputies for default
of duty in recovering a fugitive; and for
suffering, when recaptured, to escape?being
$1,000 on the first instance, and the value of the
slave in the second.]
The Indian indemnity bill was passed, and the
Sonniii jiHinnrnml tn TMnn/lotr
House or Representative*.
Friday, August 23, 1850.
The House resolved itself into Committeee of
the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. BURT, of South Carolina, was called to
the Chair, and the committee took up for considsideration
the civil and diplomatic appropriation
bill.
The pending question, being to agree to an appropriation
of ?25,000 for the survey of the United
States Pacific coast, was rejected.
Mr. THURSTON, of Oregon, moved an appropriation
of ?24,000 for continuing the Burvey
of the Pacific coast.
Mr. T. remarked that he thought that if the
committee were aware of the state of things now
existing on this coast in reference to this survey
they would not have rejected his previous motion,
and would vote for that he now offered. The
estimate of ?10,000 made ten months ago for this
service was not adequate under the present enhanced
prices of labor.
Mr. TOOMBS, of Georgia, said the gentlemen's
argument could not be sustained by the
facts. The present rate of prices there now was
less than it was ten months ago.
The motion was disagreed to.
Mr. BROWN,.of Mississippi, moved to strike
Dut the item of ?1,710, for furnishing members of
the twenty-sixth Congress with the 8th volume of
the American archives.
Mr. B. remarked that he thought it very doubt
ul it Hair the mem hers of the twenty-sixth Congress
were living, and that the whereabouts of the
remainder would l?e difficult to ascertain. Disigreed
to. Ayes 45, nays 75.
Mr. BROWN then moved a provision for redlining:
the books in the possession of Congress.
Agreed to.
A similar provision was moved and carried in
reference for an appropriation for these books for
new members of the twenty-seventh Congress.
Mr. FITCH, of Indiana, moved an appropriation
for supplying delegates the usual number of
popies of the Congressional Globe. Carried.
Mr. McCLERNAND, of Illinois, moved an
ippropriation of $15,000 for paying the proprietors
of the "Globe," in addition to the amount
paid by Congressional subscriptions for copies
the paper, $7 50 per column for the publication
if the House proceedings during the present seslion.
Mr. McC. supported his motion by some renarks
to the effect that the publication of the Senite
proceedings in the Union and Intelligencer by
pontrnct, excluded the House proceedings from
.hose journals in consequence of the want of room
n their columns?that Mr. Rives, of the Globe,
vas losing money in consequence of the large expenditure
to which he was now subjected in pub-*
ishing the House proceedings.
Mr. ASHMUN, of Massachusetts, said that
pe was willing to pay any reasonable price for
mstaining the " Congressional Globe," but if the
proprietors could not continue the present ar angement
in reference to the "Daily Globe," he
;hought the House better drop it. Its circulation
ivaa too limited for the object to be obtained.
Mr. DUER, of New York, was opposed to
pontinuingthe present or adopting any other mode
Tor the publication of their debates. He thought
he present mode of full reports of every thing
hat was done and said by them, had the pernipious
effect of increasing the quantity and debaling
the quality of the debates. And if their
ipeeches were left to the energy of private enterprise
to reach the eye of the people, while it
vould lessen the quantity, it would enhance the
quality. Comparatively but very few, even
imong politicians, perused these proceedings.
Life was too short thus to waste It.
Mr. FEATHERSTON of Mississippi, said he
vas for sustaining the Congressional Globe, as an
iccnrale parliamentary journal. As to the Daily
5obe, if it was enabled to live when it enjoyed a
lubscription by this House of but twelve copies,
t certainly ought now to be able to get along with
lie subscription increased to twenty-five copies to
ach member. We now paid the proprietors of
his paper thirty-three thousand dollars, and that
mm, he believed, would defray the expenses of
my newspaper in this city.
Mr. TOOMRS, of Georgia, was in favor of
:ontinuing and sustaining the reports as now pubished
in the Globe, by all legitimate means. It
ifforded a faithful parliamentary history of Con-1
pess ; and the fact that it was a neutral press
>articularly recommended it for this purpose. He
vas totally opposed to any connection of the Gov-1
rnment with the party press.
The motion was agreed to,?ayes 93, nays 33.
Mr. BJIOWIS' of Mississippi, moved an approiriation
of $10,9(10 for the binding of the Congrcsional
Globe, to be furnished the House. Agreed
o?ayes 84, nays 44.
Mr. McLAN'E, of Maryland moved an appropriation
of $100,000 to defray the actual expenses
>f printing for the House, and providing that thp i
Committee on printing might allow to the printer
uch a ner rentage on sriid nnt.nf ?li?>
nme, as to them might seem just and proper.?
tuled out of order.
Mr. STANLY of North Carolina, moved an
ppropriation of $18,400 for providing the House
brary with two hundred and forty seta of the
'-ongressional globe from its first number.
Mr. DUER of New York, moved to reduce the
umber of sets to sixty. Disagreed to.
Mr. Me.MULLEN of Virginia, moved to reuce
the number to one hundred. Agreed to.
Mr. STANLY'S amendment as amended was
len agreed to. Ayes 68, nays 57.
Mr. JONES of Tennessee, moved an amend- j
lent providing for the delivery of one of the saw)
ne hundred copiea to each State and territory.?
igreed to.
Mr. RUMSEY of New York, moved to strike
utanitem of $6,125 providing for the purchase by
le Clerk of the House, of one thousand two hunred
and twenty-five copies of Mayo's " work on
is Treasury Department."
Several amendmenta were proposed.
Mr. FEATHERSTON, was opposed to paying
or compiling books fbr teaching official funciionaies
their duties, or to facilitate claim agents in
tinting up obsolete claims.
Mr: VINTON, of Ohio, was in favor of making
Its appropriation for the distribution of these
oolrs among our custom houses, and the various
ublic offices in thia city and throughout the eounrr
Mr. SCHENCK, of Ohio, took a similar view
of it.
" Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, was opposed
to the making and distribution of bonks by Congress.
As to this book, every office in this city wan
ulready supplied witli it, but lie doubted if they were
ever looked into. And if it was of any utility when
compiled the operations of the Treasury Department
lind been so changed by the creation of the
Department of the Interior, that its processee
i were now disjointed and changed from their formei
I method.
The motion to strike out was agreed to.
Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, moved a provi;
sion to the appropriation of $110,000 for the com
! pletion of the east wing of the Patent Office, that the
President institute an examination into the work,
and, if it has not so far been well constructed and
in accordance with the contract, he be reuuireJ to
withhold the appropriation or uny part thereof ai
his discretion.
Mr. B. remarked that it might be that, so far
the work had been done according to contract.
But rumor, whether accurate or not he was noi
I certain, had reached him indicating a state ol
things far different. Having no object in view
but to subserve the public interest, he thought thi
special investigation proposed by him should b<
adopted.
After some conversational debate betweer
Messrs. Schenck, Thompson, of Mississippi, aiuJ
Stanton, of Kentucky.
Mr. KING, of New York, moved to increase
the item for collecting agricultural statistics by the
: !. - /* *"> A / Jin r/?/i . m * eAi\
is(>iiiui:h:<iuiict oi raienia irom 10
Agreed to.
Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, moved to strike oul
the appropriation for paying an instalment ol
$3,000,000, due next May, under the Mexican
treaty, as not being in order in this bill. Agreed to]
Mr. BAYLY moved an appropriation of $1,70'J
for compensation to Lieut.Thom,for travelling anil
| personal expenses while engaged in running the
| Northeastern boundary line. Agreed t>.
Mr. BAYLY moved an appropriation of $15,
400 for replacing the mups, <v.c., appertaining to
j and defining the Northeastern boundary under the
treaty of '42, which were burned in this city in
1848. It involves a re-survey of a portion of the
route between Vermont and New York.
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, made some remarks
in opposition to the motion, and moved to reduce
the amount to $10,000 for the purpose of obtaining
a copy of the maps, &c., from the British government.
Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, Mr. King, of New
York, and Mr. Bayly, debated the question.
Mr. JONES' amendment wasdisagreed to, and
The amendment of Mr. BAYLY was agreed to.
Mr. ORR, of South Carolina, moved to strike
out the item of $10,000 for payment of taxes due
on the mint in Philadelphia, lor which a judgment
lias been obtained.
Mr. ORR remarked that if Pennsylvania was
determined to tax the United States mint in her
limits, and hud pursued the matter to a judgment,
we had belter let her sell the property to satisfy
her judgment, and place a mint elsewhere.
Mr. BAYLY Rtated that the taxation was made
under a general law of the State, not intended to
authorize the levy that was made on the mint.
Thut it was not now in the control of the legislature
of the State, but in the city and county of
Philadelphia. That the United States court had
decided the question of the right of Pennsylvania
to tax the property in the affirmative, and a.s
judgment had been obtained it was proper for us
to vote the sum, and leave it for Philadelphia to
say whether she would take it or not.
After some remarks by Mr. CAIITTER in opposition
to the appropriation, and Mr. Chandler
in favor of it.
The Committee rose,
And the House adjourned.
Union and Disunion.?We frequently hear the
terms Unionist and disunionist applied to individuals
and some times to States. It was formerly
considered an epithet of opprobrium to call a man
a disunionist. But it has now become of so common
use, that the meaning of the word is being
changed, and it is beginning to be considered in
the same light, that the term rebel was during the
revolutionary struggle with England. Before thut
day a rebel, was pne who resisted and rebelled
against lawful authority. But during those times,
these called rebels, turned out to be the true patriots,
who adhered to the rights and interests of the colonies
and resisted the unjust and unlawful demands
of England. So a disunionist, was formerItr
o/inoir)arorl tn Ivo aha suIia nm*, at??a?aJ a l? a
v,c
Union of the States, under the Constitution, with
all the protection and guarantees that instrument
afforded when in full force. But now it seems the
term is applied to those who adhere to the Constitution,
claim that protection of their rights and
priviledges which was intended to be secured by it,
and threaten resistance to serious refractions of
that instrument. The South is at this time insisting;
| that the Constitution shall remain inviolate, that
I all the States shall enjoy the equal rights and privi
ileges intended to be secured to them?and like
i their revolutionary sires, hersons declare that they
j will resist the insult and degradation attempted to
: be put upon them by a majority of Congress.?
> And these men are cafled disunionistx. Terms arc
said to be arbitrary?not so, however, are their
significations?these will be governed by facts n*
they appear in the history of events. Facts are
I now fixing the modern meaning of disunionist,
and men will not be looked upon as entitled to an
opprobrious epithet, who nre in favor of upholding
the Constitution of their country' and insisting
upon it being the bond of the Union.
Whether the word Unionist, will undergo a corresponding
change, remains to be seen, but it is
in the South fast becoming synonymous with snbmissionists.
The man who is willing to leave the
' interpretation of the Constitution of our governJ
ment, to an irresponsible majority, and will subI
mit to a violation of it without resistance?may
| prate about Union, Union, as much as he pleases,
and hold on to the name, unionist, hut its meanin?:
will he fixed beyond his control, ns certainly
and inevitably as was the meaning of the word
Tory, during the revolution.
We have been led to the foregoing reflections,
by observing the^frequency with which newspapers,
politicians, and members of Congress, indulge
in the use of these terms; evidently for the
purpose of bringing upon their adversaries, ridicule
and contempt?and noticing what effect this
low and degrading practice has hud upon the
country, the people themselves.
Fortunately, the virtue and intelligence of the
people, enable them to place the proper estimate
upon such practice*, and their authors are very
soon visited with the reproach and contempt,
which they vainly imagine, they have cast upon
others.
Now for ourselves we do not think there is a single
ilunnioviKt, in the v hole South?no, not even in
South Carolina, aoonrtiing to the original and proper
signification of that word. We hope and pray
that there is not a single union man nruong its, according
to the modern signification that character
is assuming?not fine who is willing to submit to
violations of the Constitution of t rie country which
will bring disgrace and degradation unon the
South. It has l?en truly said that the Union of
the Slates " lias grown into a M-niimetit " with
the Southern people?with the enjoyment of the
rights and privileges intended to he secured by
the Constitution, there is not a people upon earth,
more attached totuiv one thing, than they would
be to the Union. But when they honestly believe,
that this Constitution has been violated and attempts
are again and again made to deprive them
of equal righto with the other States of the confederacy,
and tlio Constitution proves to be no longer
a barrier to these aggrisstons, they will give
up thnt sentiment, and begin to calculate its value.
Let the Northern people bewure how fur they
press the slavery question, by forbearance they
may save the Union. But sot?ure ns they deprive
the South of an eaual participation in the territories,
just so sore they will give up their love for
the Union, and it becomes a rope of sand.?Eutaw
(*1la.) Democrat.
"I stand upon the soil of freedom,cried a
stump orator. "No," exclaimed his shoemaker,
"you stand in a pair of boots that have never
hocn paid for."
8r8f~Barnum has ?cen one of the legs of the
multiplicatvoti table.
THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
For the Sonlhern Prtss.
1 The late ' Union Mais Meeting in New
Market, Virginia."
| New Market, Virginia, is situated In the midst
. of a hardy, industrious, patriotic and penco(
loving community. That community have never
failed to roll up their thousands of votes in support
of the Constitution, the Union, State rights,
and popular rights, when involved in issues j
' thoroughly canvassed before them.
It would seem that this Union Mass Meeting
was gotten up in hot haste, to commit the Deino'
cracy of the "Tenth Legion," in favor of the
, so-called " Adjustment" scheme of the Senate's
t Committee of Thirteen, as a measure indispensable
to the salvation of the Union ! Is it, in,
deed, true that the Union of these States is
staked upon the success of that measureT The
idea is superlatively ridiculous; uifll those who
r inculcate it, are the veriest huinbuggers?or are
, swayed by tlie influence of humbuggers and
; political schemers?or are panic-stricken sul>misaionists
to tbosc who are really warring
i against the Union.
I Who are thus warring? Senator Mason
answers the question in a single sentence. In
I ins juiiur in uic inecung, 110 says, ~ mat our
; glorious and once happy Union, is brought into
serious danger, by the perverse ?nd wicked
counsels of those telio seek to destroy the equality
j, of the States, and to break up the social organiza:
tion of our Southern institutions," and he reminds
j the meeting that, of this fact, " wo have been
again solemnly and impressively warned by our
I own General Assembly dn-ing the last winter,
reviewing and re-affirming the deliberate posture
of resistance it was forced to assume in 1847."
Thus writes Senator Mason to the New Market
meeting. Thus solemnly spoke the General
Assembly of Virginia to all the world. Thus
have spoken the representatives of the "Tenth
Legion" again and again. And thus have spoken
the people of the whole State, over and over
again at the polls. Everybody knows that the
Abolitionist^and Free-soilers in Congress and
out of Congress were thus referred to?and
justly branded as the fomentcrs of disunion.
And yet Governor McDowell,nnd perhaps others
who tigured at the meeting, endeavor to hold
every opponent in Congress, of the far-famed
" Adjustment," as responsible for the dangers
which now innr the pence of our people and the
Union of these States.
Neither the ex-Governor, nor anybody else,
who agrees or co-operates with him, can show
that in a single particular, his colleagues in
Congress, who oppose this nick-named " Adjustment,"
have derogated from the line of
du'y, indicated by the voice of their State,
lie will not say that they ask for anything
wrong. Can ho say, that in supporting the
" Adjustment," he is not submitting to wrongs,
against which his State has solemnly protested,
and for submitting to which he has not a tittle
of authority ? If lie has any such authority, he
cannot find it in the Constitution. Can he find
it in the voice of the Democracy of his district?
If so, then they have assuredly backed out from
the position taken more than once by their
representatives in the Geneaal Assembly of
V lrgima, and more than once sanctioned by
their own votes at the polls. They may be in
a back-sliding and backing-out condition, but I,
for one, shall be slow in believing it. Some of
them, may, as many others have, and as I believe
the Governor himself has, expressed approbation
of the "Adjustment" without thoroughly
considering its provisions, in their practical operations
and tendencies. Thousands have gone
off half-cocked for the scheme as its projectors
and leading friends have represented i>. In he?to
wit: as a fair and final adjustment of all difficulties
about the slavery question. Upon closer
scrutiny, however, many who nt first approved
it, since finding that it is not likely to be any
adjustment at all, much less a fair and final
adjustment, are now firm and decided in their
, opposition to it. So, I verily believe, it will be
with the Democracy of the " Tenth Legion."
So I hope it will be with ox-Governor Mc
Dowell. So it ought to be with every unflinching
friend of tlio equal rights of the States
and the people, under the Constitution as it was
. handed down to us by our fathers.
I would be the last man to wrong Governor
McDowell. I love the man; I have never
warred against him as a politician. When
others have assailed him, as " unsound upon the
slavery question," I have always refused to join
in the line and cry against him. But with the
dangers now menacing the rights of the South,
the perpetuity of the Union, and the peace of the
country, the real sources of mischief ought to
, ho fearlessly pointed out, and the real friends of
equal rights ought to be fearlessly defended from
all attacks and insinuations, come from what
quarter they may Dangerous and unauthorized
concessions, such as I humbly think, the Governor
ha -- made, ought not to be silently acquiesed
in. I cannot but think that upon reconsideration,
the Governor himself will admit, that in
so far as he has insinua'el that the Southern
opponents of the "adjustment" are warring
against the Union ; in so far as his let'er to the
meeting at New Market, tended to inculcate
upon the hearers and readers of that letter, the
impression that the Southern opponents of that
"adjustment" were responsible for the dangers
which now menace us, he has itrron^ccjl them.
And in so far as he has conceded, or rather contended,
that the admission of California as a
State, involves no violation of the Constitution,
he assuredly has written without duly weighing
his words, or else without thinking f the means
used in the last Congress, to deprive the people
of the South of their equal rights in that country.
He must have lost sight of the Executive
measures, and of all the influences and measures
and circumstances, which have presented California
to Congress claiming admission as an abolition
State. If he thinks there has been no violation
of the Constitution in the history of the
California question; if he thinks there is no
I uun^iiiivii iuouii^ vuii-i\.oo W UIII Uil! i
licr boundaries?and in otlwT respects to provide,
as in not provided by the " adjustment,"' for;
! the right* of the United States in California, he
! rendu not the Constitution as it has ever boon
read bv the people of Virginia. Icannot believe
that he thinks that in ratifying the measures
which have raised the issue of admitting or rejecting
California, by this Congress, there would
be no violation of the obligation "to support
and defend the Constitution.' If those measures
were unconstitutional, it cannot bo constitutional
to ratify them, in nil their length and
breadth.
But usurpations now o'days, arc slurred over i
as mere " irregularities," too common and there-;
fore too insignificant to stickle about. And 90
too, some of our public men are beginning to
look upon back-sliding fi om solemn resolves of
State Governments?and solemn sanctions of
the people at the polls. Consider for instance
the inching off in certain quarters from the Vir-1
ginia Resolutions in regard to California nnd
New Mexico: Certain would-be manufacturers 1
of nublic sentiment, would now have the world 1
to Dclicve, that thoso resolutions were adopted 1
with certain mental reservations, not to be 1
found on the record?not dreamed of by the 1
great body of the sonators and representatives
who adopted those resolutions, and which the
people or Virginia will utterly repudiate, unless
they too hare become bockabdera. Was there ,
any mental reservation surren<Vring our equal
right* in the whole of California?a large por- i
tion of Texas, and paying for it to boot?aequi- I
escing in a law of Congress prohibiting the buy- <
ing and selling of slaves in the District of Columbia?in
truth, virtually, effectually hastening i
the abolition of slavery in the District, and male- t
ing it a den for vagabond free negroes and no- i
gro stealers ? Were there any such mental re- <
servations as these in the reported adoption and '
popular sanction of the Resolutions of Virginia ? i
I utterly and indignantly deny it.
It cannot be disguised in Washington?it 1
ought not to he concealed from the people of c
Virginia, that the Abolitionists and Free-aoilers, J
in and out of Congress, are confidently calculat- i
ing upon sectionalilissentinn in that glorious old '
State, which will insure them nn ultimate tri- i
utuph over those who are contending for her <
rights. These calculations are founded upon I
certain developments in the western and north- <
western section* of the Stnti? nnii imwimrMt tliosi. s
the developments from this New Market Mass i
Meeting. And is it for those who foment sec- <
tionnl dissention in the State to whicli they owe I
a primary and paramount allegiance; is it '
for those who thus encourage men who have 1
really sown the seeds of sectional discord, and
brought the Union into peril, to denounce their
own Southern brethren who are contending for <
even less than their acknowledged rights, as sec- <
tionalists, ultraists, and disunionists ? Those I
wlio thus calculate and denounce, may Jrely upon I
it that the people of Virginia, soon or late, will 1
rebuke them in n voice of thunder. <
A Citizen of Virginia. 1
Be it Remembered. ,
Wc take the following article from the VVnsli- i
ington Union, in favor of the admission of California
: j
The Protest.?We published yesterday the i
protest to the California bill, which was pre- i
sentcd to the Senate on Wednesday, nnd signed
by ten Southern senators, viz: Messrs. Mason
and Ilur.ter, of Virginia; Messrs. Butler and
Barnwell, of South Carolina ; Messrs. Morton I
and Yulec, of Florida ; Mr. Davis, of Mississippi; j
Mr. Soule, of Louisiana; Mr. Turney,of Ten- ]
nessee; and Mr. Atchison, of Missouri. I
This protest gave rise to an animated discus- <
sion, which continued until yesterday, when the i
Senate determined, by a vote of 23 to 19, to lay I
upon the table the motion to receive and order l
it to be spread upon the journal. We do not I
pretend to decide whether the Senate acted 1
properly in making such a disposition of the i
paper; for we have not been able to give the I
......a*;,.,, ui..
i|urniiun umb rwiinnuri.inOII WHICH YVUUIU UIIUUIC 1
us to form ii definite opinion. But we cannot i
refrain from saying that we have always opposed
the admission of California as a separate and j
distinct proposition. Great irregul rities have i
been committed on the Pacific?'^regularities l
which we condemned in emphatic language when |
they were first made known to ns. The last ail- <
ministration interfered with the people of Cali- j
fornia in a manner which cannot be justified.? (
The proclamation of General Riley cannot be
defended by any sound principle ; nor can there
be found any satisfactory reason for turning over (.
the territory (and with such ex tensive bounda- t
ries, too) to the authorities appointed under the ?
State organization without the previous consent 1
of Congress. But it cannot lie denied that the I
condition of California is without a precedent,? I
In a few months, and as if by enchantment, all i
the elements,of a State sprang into existence on i
the shore of the Pncifie; while Congress, torn 1
and distracted by a sectional agitation, was unable
to extend to California even a territorial
organization, or give its inhabitants the benefit 1
of American laws. As we hold it to be within
the power of Congress to overlook the irregularities
which have been commitled in deciding
upon the question, we can seo in the facts we
have mentioned a strong reason to induce it to
exercise its power with great moderation and
forberance. But still we do not think that reason
would have been strong enough in itself to
justify the admission of California, if Congress
were now in a condition to extend to her a suitahlo
territorial organization, and if there were
not grievous mnlodios which afflict the nation,
and must continue to afflict it until the Territories
acquired from Mexico nre finally disposed of.
Unhappily, Congress cannot give to California a
territorial organization, and there are serious i
dangers which threaten the nation. Under these i
circumstances, we think it the course of wisdom I
to overlook the irregular manner in which Cali- i
fornia demands admittance, and to allow her to <
come into the Union as a part of a system which i
will give perce to the country. The Compro- c
mine which was proposed hy the Committee of \
Thirteen has been lost; but nil its principles i
have since separatalv passed the Senate, and we (
cannot but regard them as constituting in elfect I
a frerwrcil schein? of adjustment. We doubt not <
that they will be so considered hy the House of
Representatives. We nre not of those who can
sec the wisdom of insisting upon irregularities 1
committed in California, to such an extent ns to
endanger the Union by arraying the, two sections
against each other. That would be purchasing
regularity at too dear a price ; for any protracted
effort to punish California by remanding her 1
to a territorial condition, or by forcing her to remain
in her present anomalous condition, would I
inflict permanent and lasting1 injury on tho States
of the Union, and menace the existence of the 1
confederacy itseif.
From Nevada and Gold Run.?A friend |
lately from Nevada informs us, that the, streams
that run through that place,culled Gold Run, of
which surprising accounts have been given, have t
all been dug over, up to the hills in which they t
commence. On coming to the hills, however, '
the leads continued extremely rich, and the I
miners are still working into the hanks. In j
some instances forty feet of earth have been
thrown off Irefore reaching the deposits of gold,
and iis tho laborers continue penetrating, the s
amount to be removed will increase. When- i
ever the gold is reached, it is found in large f
quantities. Of course the larger share were not f
so fortunate. Quite a serious accident hap- t
poned in the side of one. While a party of four c
men Were digging, undermin:ng a place, and >
following a lead into the bank, the earth above 1
caved in upon mem, and nil were crushed to I
death instantly. Our informant did not know 5
their names, but they were from the State of Maine.
i
The hills nnd ravines around Nevada have all s
the appearance of being very rich with gold. It I
has lntely been found scattered pro \ iscuously 1
over the hills, mixed in with the very top soil, p
where the earth is dry and dusty, like ashes. 'J
Quite a large number are engages! in gathering li
up this soil from the hills, and packing it on p
mules, or carting it to Deer Creek, where it is 1
washed.
Nevada is becoming. a lively little town.
Some four or five thousand people are said to
be in its vicinity.?.Sir. IVanxcript, July 11.
Democratic Meeting akd Barbecue.?Wo'"
ire authorized and requested to invite a meeting
r>f the Democrats of Leon county, on Saturday F
the 17th August at the Capitol, for free conference P
and union upon an Assemhly ticket. n
A Barbecue will be served up on the occasion, P
of which the people generally are invited to par- '
take. 8
It is earnestly hoped that every Democrat in the o
County will be present nt the meeting.?Flerida I
Journal. I 8
Extract from a letter written by a prominent
member of the Whig party, in the interior of the
State to his brother (also u strong Whig) in this
ii[y*
The political excitement that you allude to,
a truly ominous, and is u subject of deep rellecion,
especially for those who expect to bear the
-esponsibility of taking care of and protecting
>ur peculiar institutions. I have seen and
cud so many dillerent opinions by men, both
n and out of Congress, (and I fear most of
hem are tinctured with the demagogue) that
hardly know how to arrive at any deiiidtf
conclusion ; but it is a fact that cannot be disguised,
that the free States have infringed upon
>ur rights, and are at this time, endeavoring to
ise our vast Mexican territory, by every means
n their power (regardless of the truo iu'ention
>f the Constitution,) to bring about, at some
"uture, and r.ot very distant day, an entire ex:inction
of slavery. You and 1 may net live to
?oe the difficulty that it is their nim to produce,
f persisted in, but some ef our children will
:ertainly luivo to combat it You know that I
have a ways been a great admire- of Mr. Clay,
but his letter to the free soil convention at Cleveland,
and his letter of emancipation to the convention
in Kentucky, with other views, and astertions
in regard to the extension of slavery,
:auses me to fear that lie would not be a sale
iaptuin to steer onr ark clear of the abolition
breakers that are already in sight. lie has
fiercely denounced those Southern men who
a-ould not follow his lead into the quick sands
)f free-soil as dinunionists and traitors. In n
word, can it be doubted, that Cluy stands at the
icad of the emancipationists and free soilers,
ind is entirely opposed to the extension of
ilavery.?Columbus (Ceo.) Times.
jj-t?" An experiment which promises well for
the destruction of the boll-worm is being extensively
tried in this section of country by planters.
The process is simple and not expensive.
Earthen plates are procured and placed upon the
top of a small post cut oil'a few inches above
the top of the cotton. A small quantity of molasses
is poured upon the plate, and many contend
that vinegar should be mixed with it 111 suflicent
quantity to produce fermentation ; we
think this advisable. The insect that purely
lepositcs the future gerin of the worm, is taken
n large numbers?15 to 190 have been removed
from one plate in the morning. The insect, of
he miller species, now seen rising in large numbers
over cotton fields just at twilightis known,
Yom repeated experiments, to be tlisj generator
if the boll worm. The molasses it is said atraets
them, and this is likely, for it is seen that
in large fields where there are but few plates
spread, large numbers are taken in one night.
The plntes are put out in the ratio one to two
vnd on6 to eight acres. We should sav the
inore plates the better. We have heard that
Col. Chfts. Gates, an old and experienced planter,
has fifty d07.cn plates spread through his
jotton field?Col. Kirk Prewett, another old
ind experienced planter, has twenty-five dozen
>ut. Many others are following suit.->l/a. paper.
Qcick Intelligence.?On Saturday the telegraph
communicated a message from Washing,,ii
? v..,., /v-l........ ..e mi. ?
.... ... .. .. uucuiio uiicou 111 nine, xnc mes- i
ingc loft Washington at thirty minntes print elciron
o'ciock, Washington time, and reached here '
five minute* past eleven, New Orleans time, thus
traveling1 about twice ns last iih tic apparent
motion of the nun round the earth ; or correctly
speaking, double the velocity of the earth's moLion
on its own axis, as the difference of time
between the two places is about one hour.
When we see these instances of what the telegraph
can do, it only increases our regret that
its performances arc not generally more satisfactory,
for about the same time that the above
message came "faster than the huh," we reeoivad
one which had been four days coming the
same distance.?New Orkans Bulletin.
Hurricane Year.?The oldest Creoles arc
all prophesying the early appearance of a hurricane,
for this is the ninteeuth year since the last
one, in 1831, and they say ever since the country
was settled, there has always been a hurricane
every nineteen years, besides occasional
visitations in the intermediate years.?There
were hurricanes in 1812 and 1793, both much
more violent than the one of 1831. If, as asserted,
a long spell of very hot weather is the
usual precursor- of a hurricane, we certainly
Imve had that sign in the most decided form
xny time these last four or five weeks; and an
jxpericnced " old salt," without any previous
cfcrenee to the subject, observed to us yester1
... ii.i :?!- ?
lay, ma il loosen very nnicfi " like hurricane
.veather." Wo sincerely hope, however, that
ill the signs will fail as those of rnin do, " in
Iry weather." It may, however, be as well for
;hose " who go down to the sea in ships," to be
jn the look out.?.V. (). Bulletin.
From Hayti.?We learn from Cnpt. Tlansocks,
of the brig Moselle, which left the Island
on the 3d inst., that the Emperor S> louque has
not yet left on his intended expedition to the
Spanish part of the Island, but was still making
preparations to do so. The time when he would
commence his march was uncertain. The fact
is, we pereume, that he will not go at all.?A'.
Y. Tribune.
The translation which wc gave yesterday from
a Havana paper, leading to the inference that
the difficulties between St. Domingo and Hayti
lad been finally settled, it would seem, is not
fully borne out.
A Kingston paper, of the 14 th inst, says:
The .British Government have ratified the
reaty with the Dominican Republic, and will
dso mediate between that Republic and Ilayti.
The representatives ofFrnnee and the United
States are said to have Interested themselves in
ho settlement."?Bait. Sim.
Thk Virginia Senators.?By the firm and
iteadfnst devotion of Messrs. Mason and Hunter,
our senators in the Congress of the United
States, to the true interest, honor, and independnee
of Virginia, no less than the whole South,
hey have become especially and particularly
41--4 -1 - - " ? ' *
luiuun iu 11 mi fin km in correspondents irom
iVnshington, who publish their balderdash in the
Vbolition journals of the North and West, no
ess than in the Baltimore Sun and Clipper.?
Jotne of these attacks are so vulgar nnd indecent
?so utterly ridiculous and contemptible, that
t would be an act of wrong nnd injustice to our
enators, to give to them even a passing notice. <
'or spotless integrity, honesty of purpose, no
ess than high nnd commanding intellect, in Virlinin,
these gentlemen need 110 vindication.?
Their whole life stamps with infamy and falsclood
these miser ih e maligners of public and i
irivntc worth.?Spirit nf Jefferson, Charlestoxcn,
Virgin in.
The determination of President Fillmore tosjistin
the course marked out by Gen. Taylor in reard
to the arrogant presumption of Texas, will
every satisfactory to the friends of law, order
nd the Union, throughout the nation.
So aava the Boston Atlas?the lending whig
'ree-soil paper of Masaachusetta. Mark ye; thin
oragraph was written before Mr. Fillmore's Arty,
Navy and Militia message had made its ap
earance. Ere this time, it has doubtless thrown
he old enemies of Texan annexation in the free
States, into delightful convulsions ! How it will
nerate on "the friends of law, order and the
jnion, throughout the nation," remains to be
een.?.Vashrillt Union.
' !L ?? L j
" The Southern PreM,"?Til-weakly
published on Tuesdays. Thursdays and Saturdays
ol' each week.
"The Southern Preee,"?Weekly,
Is published every Saturday.
ADVERTISING RATES.
For one squark of 10 lines, three insertions, $1 Ob
u every subsequent insertion, - 23
Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising.
Individuals may forward the amount of their
subscriptions at our risk. Address, (post-paid)
ELL WOOD FISHER,
Washington Citv.
Letter of Gov. Bell.
Our reudern will find in another column a condensed
summary of the letter from the Governor
of Texas to the senators and representative* of
that State in Conrress. We regret that our columns
are so inucn occupied that the publication
of the whole letter, is impossible. We have however,
supplied the defect to some extent, by stating
briefly the substance of such passages an we
were compelled to omit.
The subject matter of this letter is important,
and should be carefully perused by all our readers.
It furnishes u full and complete statement
of all the important ficts in the case, proclnims
the vulidity of the title of Texas to the disputed
territory, and expresses in forcible terms the de
termination of Texas to stand by her right, evidently
just and equitable. It has been presented
to President Fillmore by the Texas delegation,
and an answer is promised so soon as the Cabinet
shall be fully organized. Upon his answer depend
momentous consequences?consequences affecting
the sovereignty of the States, and perhaps
the the continuance of the Union.
We cannot believe that the conclusion at which
Mr. Fillmore may arrive, nfter a careful consideration
of the question, will be prejudicial to the
claim of Texas. The title of Texas to the territory,
tunc first brought into dispute, was vested in
her previous to her annexation to the United
States, and was fully and expressly recognized by
that instrument. During the debates in Congress
pending the admission of Texas, General Tuylor,
by command of the War Department, took position
upon the Rio Grande as tne western boundary
of Texas. When the question of annexation
was debated in the Senate, there were, it is true,
a few senators, among whom Col. Benton was
the most strenuous, who contended that Texas
had no claim to any territory west of the Neuces
?that her limits on the west only extended to
that river. But this view of the case wus not allowed
by Congress, and when war was declared
against Mexico, it was for the reason that the
territory of the United States, viz: a part of
Texas, was invaded by a Mexican army. The
territory invaded lay between the Nueces and the
Rio Grande, and this declaration of war clearly
shows that was considered a part of Texas, or
why was a long, bloody, and expensive war
waged on this account?
On the bank of the Rio Grande, Genenil Taylor
met the invading hordes of Mexicans, drove
them back, carried the war into Africa, and after
a succession of brilliant victories, succeeded, in
union with the gallant army under ueneral Scott,
in conquering a peace and obtaining an acknowlI
edgment on the part of Mexico of the independence
of TexaH. If the Itio Grande was not the
western boundary of Texas, why was war declared
when it wan passed by the Mexican army ?
If it wus and is not the western boundary of
Texas, why was it recognized by Andrew J. Donelson,
our minister to Mexico, when forming the
treaty between thut country and ours ? Why was
it recognized by General Kearney, when he took
Sonsession of Snnta Fe, as territory of the United
tales, and having been for some time in possession
? Why was it fully and expressly recognized
by the late President Polk in various Messages to
Congress in which the right of Texas to the territory
lying between the Neuces and Rio Grande
was repeatedly allowed and distinctly asserted ?
The cluim of Texas is as clear ns that of any
other State to the possession of any of their territory,
and her right to it is as equally manifest.?
She will, doubtless, defend that right, if attacked,
and will find thousands of gallant spirits to aid her
in her just and righteous cause. Let justice be
done to Texas. This, we feel assured, is the sentiment
of the whole South, and should be of every
State in the Union. All are interested in this
matter. If one sovereign State can be deprived of
her rightful territory, what guarantee have the remaining
States, that they, in turn, may not Ruder
dismemberment ?
What guarantee have the Southern States bordering
upon the free, that they may not in like
manner be'robbed of a portion of their territory to
increase the area of free soil, and add to the rapidly
growing power of anti-slavery ? What protection
Imve they, if their sinter Texan in dishonored,
that a similar disgrace may not in time be
inflicted upon them ? There in but one light
in which this question can be considered by
the Southern States. All are cquully interested
and nil will be found ready to repel the gross
and shameful outrage. The whole matter can be
summed up in three words : Is Texas n free and
sovereign State? Is her title to the territory in
dispute valid, and her claim just? Has it heretofore
been recognized as such by Congress? But
one answer can be made tothe.se questions, and
they settle the whole point in dispute.?Jlugustu
Republic.
Insanity from the use op Camphine.?Two
females have recently died in an adjoining county
from the effects of camphine used in washing.
It produced insanity, which resulted in death.
Mrs. Harriet Spencer, of Rome, and subsequently
her mother, Mrs. Chapman, at CJarkville, Mndison
county. The Rome Sentinel describes the
melancholy bereavement as follows.
Mrs. Spencer, who had been married but a short
time, was spending some time at the residence of
her father in March last, had occasion to do some
washing, and, as we believe lion been customary
with many, used camphine in llie process; whether
the quantity used was too large, or from what
cause we are not informed, but immediately after
its use Bhe was attacked with severe pain and suffering,
similar to inflammatory rheumatism, anil
which finally caused temporary insanity. After
remaining in this condition several weeks, and
suffering most intrn :ely, she found an opportunity,
notwithstanding the greatest watchfulness
on the part of her friends, to commit suicide.
Mrs. Chapman, the mother of Mrs. Spencer,
was in the room with Mrs. Spencer at the time
camphine was used, and was attacked in nearly
the snm6 manner. She continued in ill health
with occasional spells of insanity, untill two or
three days ago; when she also committed suicide,
[ by twisting ner handkerchief so tightly around
her neck, while in bed with her husband, as to
deprive her of life.? O/trgo Journal
Mr. Fillmore's Message.?The message fo
Mr. Fillmore on the subject of the Texnn boundary
would occupy near three columns of our paper;
and, as the telegraphic sketch of it which we published
a few days since, embraces the main points
made by the President, we omit the official copy.
It is Dreciselv such a document as the telegrnph
represented tt to be, and advances sentiments to
which Texas cannot and ought not to assent, and
utters threats which we are sure will not frighten
her from the position taken by Gov. Dell. If the
United States has any right to interfere at all in
this matter, it should be to defend the boundary
claimed by Texas, which she hat twice solemnly
recognized. But Texas is a slave State and New
Mexico will lie a free State. Hence the Free-soilers
of the North take the side of New Mexico.
But trhy do any Ten neneeana take it, when it is not
only the tide of Pree-soilism,bvU of oppression, wrong
and outrage !?Nashville American.
Mr. Seward irt trying hard to get into the good
graces of the Whiga of thit State. All thetpee -hes
he makes are tent in packages of 100 to 1000 each,
franked, but not directed, to the office-holders and
book agents in this city, for free distribution.
They are mailed hereto all parts of the State, by
those who act as his agents. Hundreds, we un.1
1 1 1 J: I I , fV.,m
urrniuiiu, nave oeen uircciru nnu vcw? vu
7Vibutif, Custom-house, Markham's, Ac., Ac.
Seward in an untiring man, and has secured the
aid of nearly all the Government officials to make
him the next Whig candidate for President.??.\t
Y. Globe. _
A New Cuticle.?The Scientific American says
that " Plasters of dissolved guttn percha havebeen
in use among the 'regular faculty' for two years.
Chloroform is employed to dissolve the gutta per|
cha?the solution is first rate for cuts. If a printer
gets the points of his fingers cut, or the cuticle
worn with new type, let him go to a druggist
and get them pointed with this gutta percha liquid;
no sooner it is applied to the fingers than they are
covered with a thin, white, hard, yet flexible,and
firmly adhering skin?the chloroform evaporates
in an instant, and leave* the gutta percha behind.
Gun cotton dissolved in chloroform makes a good
plaster also, but not like gutta percha for the hands
of a working man."

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