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EDIT SB >t EUweod Fisher A Edwin De Leon. TERMS. DAILY, #10 ou TRI-WEEKLY, 6 00 WEEKLY, ...... 2 oo (/ Subscriptions payable in advanoe. Any perio n procuring fire subscribers shall receive one copy gratis. All Utters to the Editors to be PoOT-paid. F SWT ED IT S. A. SAM. ?.i nil i i.ninrT -rmm-* " A-\ ? , -aIlium kt . .>? 1 ;"v,<uul'v'",nu,i '*' vj v ? V ,.j t-i? ) i.? -?.\ ' 4 *.4; If irr , ? U lon 7i?v?k *?r> Nl* #*'' ' ^ ' * . vs*.. >* I ' 1 ? ^ Ak.iift', r1 ! .vj ' nl '' V I eiUt;.. ?, u [U t /I * ** *** | f*K> RllttilJW ! ' J $v 1 ^ (|0i J tff ^ HI H* ' . > ' I ' 1 1I iiII , up . i'lj .' 1 i mm^mmmsrn-" ' THE SOUTHERN PRESS. DA I L Y . I Vol. 1. Washington, Saturday, August 31, 1850. Wo. G5. I. II -s-amtsxss m i 1? . ; : ! UrriCE, fauayivaiiu Avenue souta uae, ottwtcu IJ tod dj streets. SOUTHERN CENTRAL AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION. THE Pif.h Annual Fair of the Southern Cent, [ ral Agricultural Aosociation, will beheld luring the week embracing Wednesday, the l-Uh lay of August next, which is the day of the fifth innual nvreling at Atlanta Georgia. The Committee charged with (he duty of prexibing ouch general rules as they may deem netoesary to a proper management of the approaching Fair, hare adopted the following Gkmenal Regulations. lot The Fair Grounds and Buildings will be ipened for visitors on Monday morning, and coninue open until Friday evening. It is therefore deirable that all persons hav ng articles forexbibiion, ohall be on the ground as ear.'y as Friday or Saturday, the 9th and 10th August when a Connittee will be there ready to receive them. 2d. The Aosociation has-an ample fund, and will, n nil cases, become responsible for the safe-keeping i. articles which may be placed in the hands of its ? ? "i ..t.k:.... .k..l. inters ana comnnuees, imc mwiki <.>?? for the same,) until the close of the Fair, which mtIII be announced beforehand, in ample time to give them op.ortunty to recover their good*, and .0 prevent thereby the leaving of any goods or irticles unprotected after the adjournment of the Association. 3d. Mark A. Cooper, Richard Peters, David W. Lewis, Wm, Ezzard. and James M. Calhoun, are ippoinled a committee whose duty it shall be to see hat all articles entering the fair grounds for exhiItion,shall have first been euteredin the Secretary's took or registry?then labelled w th the owner's* tame and reside ioe?-and price, if for sale*?giving o the owner a corresponding card?and then class iied and arranged by departments, and io such order is to facilitate the labors of the several committees on premium*; and also to employ such police and loorkeepers and clerks, as shall be necessary for the protection of the grounds and buildings, and >uch clerks as they may need in the arrangement ind labelling of articles. 4th. There will positively be required, in all tases a minute and accurate written statement illustrating and explaining every articld sent for exhibition?the statement to be delivered to the Secretary. For instance, if a Machine, a statement jf is powers and uses, cost, time of invention, aud any other fact deemed valuable by the inventor or maker. If Horticultural or Agricultural Products, mode of preparation of land and soil, manure and time of planting, mode of cultivation. If an Aoiraai, the pedigree or stock, age, mode of raising, &c. if Needle-work or Painting, or any work of Art, the length of time bestowed on it, or the amount of labor) the age, if by children or very old persons die value, uses, See- Since this is the most reliable mode of collecting such information as may be worth publishing in the transactions of the Society, visitors, patrons and members, all will take notice, that a premium will not be awarded to any article, whatever its merit, unless accompanied by iiinairatiir* anH pvnlanatorv statement!*, made out in legible hand, and in a style fit at once for the press. , 5th. The delegations of the scrveral county Societies are requested and enjoined to make out. upon consqlation, a report of the present condition of Agriculture in tneir several counties, of the improvements in farming, tillage, draining and manuring, which hare been or are in progress of being adopted. The leading products of their counticcs the modes of preparation, time of planting and modsf cultivation. The means and measures of preserving and Increasing the fertility of lands. Accurate Agricultural memoirs from the serveral county moieties would make up an amount of valuable information to be sent out in tho published transactions of the Society. 6th. It is desirable to make the Fair a Central Southern Agricultural and Manufacturers Exchange We request individuals who have a surplus of choice articles, or who make them for sale?euch as choice seeds, machines, stock, &c?to carry [hem there for sale, and not alone for exhibition for a premium. 7th. Premiums.?It is impossible to name in a nolice like this all, Use various articles to which premiums will be granted. However comprehensive we might make any enumerated list there would still be many articles of merit offered which would' not be embraced in it, and yet richly deserving premiums, lest therefore the announcement of premiums for particular articles might be construed by someintoan exclusion of all articles unannounced, the Committee requests the people generally to observe, that it is intended to give the action, of the Association the very widest scope, embracing every thing that is ingenious or useful in business or art, All then, with whatever they have for sale pr exhibition, are invited to eome. The only regulation further necessary on this point perhaps ja, that, on all articles of the highest merit in the department of Stock, Mechanics, Agricultural Implements, and valuable Improvements or inventions in any of the departments, a premium of a eup worth $ 10 will be given; on the second best articles a cup worth $ 5 will be given, on the third best ? 2. 50; on the fourth an honor. And on all arli. cles of the highest merit in the remaining depart ments a cup worth $ 5 will be given ; on Che second best 4 2. 50 ; on the third an honor; on the fourth, 3d honor. On miner and miscellaneous articles, premiums from one to three dollars?these, however ^tre general regu'ations, and in particular case or cases of peculiar merit the committees will tie permitted, indeed are requested, to vary the rule. 8th. A hsll will be prepared and assigned particularly to the Ladies for their garden proaucts, fruits, flowers paintings, needlc-work, &c, They are cordially invited to attend. Their assistance in many departments of the fair is absolutely necessary to a proper management. 9th. The facilities of getting to this central point induce us to invite, and to expect the presence and contributions of many of our fellow citizens of Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and F lorida. Wc hope they will unite with us in making Ibis institution indeed, what it is in name, a Southern Central Agric ultural Association. JOth. The Piesident upon a consultation with such members as he can call to his aid, shall appoint committees and assign to them their respective dcpdrtments, and to these committees so appointed the committee of reception shall furnish lists of the articles classed and arranged in their respective departments. In order to the perfection of this arrangement, the committee appointed to publish these regulation?, will lore repeat, and enjoin upon all to take notice that articles for exhibition may be received and arranged on Friday and Saturday the 9th and lOUi of August, so that when the President shall appoint his committees on Monday morning, the committee of reception may have their lists of articles, and the several committees proceed at once to the examination of articles, ana thereby have ample time to make their reports to the annual meeting on Wednesday. Thursday will be devoted to sales?Friday to general re-delivery of Articles. The exhibition continuing the whole time. 11th. Any alterations of, or additions to, the foregoing rules, will be published at Atlanta early Monday morning of the Fnir week. 12th. The annual oration will be made on Wednesday, the day of the Anniversary meeting, immediately preceumg me rrporn. 01 wiuiuuikck, by Col. Jonn Billapn, of Athens, Georgia. 13th. The Committee have the prospect of making arrangements with the Macon, State and Georgia Hail roads, to run accommodation cars parly every morning and late ip the afternoon, to Uriffin, Marietta, Stone Mountain, and Decatur, lo give visitors the opportunity of the accommolatinos of the good Hotels at those places while in ittendance upon the Fair. 14th. The citizens of Atlanta have provided omforuble quarters for Committees and Officers, ind others engaged in the laborious business of he fair. 13th. The Secretary iN directed lo publish hese regulations in the Ccltivator, and to pro:ure as far as practicable their publication in the vrekly papers of this and the adjoining States. I By order of the Committee of Arrangements. | DAVID W LEWIS, ec'y Semi hern Centra! Agricultural Association. Sparta, SSth June, 1850. t MATHEWES & ROPER, Tractorsand Commission Merchants, f i Cotton, H; Hice, Bagging small country Pr.vKice, VanBerhorst's Wharfj Charleston, S. C MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES D. APPLETON & CO., NEW YORK, have in course or publication, in parts, price twenty'pivb cent* each, Dictiouay of Machines, Mechanic#, Engine-Wok, and Engineering. Designed fir Practical Working-Men, and those intended fur the Engineering Profession. Edited by Oliver Btrne, fbrmerly Prqfessor qf Mathematics, Callage of Civil Engineers, London ; duthor and Inventor of "The Calculus qf Form," " The Ji'ew and Improved System of Logaritkims," " The Elementsof Euclid by Colors," etc., etc., etc. THIS work is of large 81/0. size, containing nearly 11 CO thousand pages, upward* of fifteen hundred plntes, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present working-drawings and descriptions of the most int poruini maoiuncs iu umieu duws. inuepcudently of the results of American ingenuity, it will contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, Machinery, Engine-writ, and Engineering; with ail that is useful m more than one thousand dollars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other books, among which may be mentioned the following : 1. Dtbliotheque des Arts Industriels. (Masson, Paris.) 3. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (Loudon.) 3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackie, Glasgow.) 4. PublicationIndustrielle. (Armengaud Aine, ' Paris.) 5. Jamieson's Mechanics of Fluids. 6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgemine Bauzeitung mil Abbildungen. (Korster, Wien.) 8. Organ fur die F-ortschri'te des Eisenbahnwe- ; sens in techoischer Beziohung. (Von Waldegg, Wiesbaden.) i 6. Sherwin's Logarithims, 10. Byrne's Logarithms. i 11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12 Silliman s Journal. i 13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (lluls so, Leipzig. 14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. HolUapflels' Turning and Mechanical Mjnip pulution. 1G. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.) * 17. Eisenbahn-Zeitung. (Stuttgart.) 18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictiennaire des Aits et Manufactures. (Lahoulaye, Paris. 21. Sganzin's C.vil Engineering. 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation. (Woodcraft.) 34. Easai sur I'Industric des Matiercs Textiles (Michel Alcan, Paris.) 25. Macneiljl's Tables. 26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. 27. Teinpleton's Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemeu'a Diary. 23. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) | 30. Weisbach'a Mechanics and Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (London.) 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 37. Hann's Mechanics. 34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering aud Architecture. (Moalev.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the Initilute of Civil Engineers. (London.) 37. The Artisan. 38. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. Student's Gyide to the Locomotive Eogine. 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow, London,) 42. Recueil des Macb ines Instruinens et Appareil. (La Blanc, Paris.') 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. 44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Machines. (G. Kennie.) 45. Repertoire ael'lodustrie Franquaise etEtrangcre. (L Alathias, Paris.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom, London.) 47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, London.) 48. Ilodge on die Steam Engine 49. Scientific Ameiican. 50. Railroad Journal. (NewYoik) 51. American Artisan. 52. Mechanic's Magazine. 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture. 54. Diciionairc de Marine a Voiles et a Vapcur, (De Bonuefoux, Paris.) 55. Conway and Meuai Tubulor Bridges (Fairbarn.) J?6. Braes' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's . Mathematics for Practical Men. CO. engineers' and Mechanics' Encycl <pedia. (Luke Herbert.) 61. Patent Journal ; London. 62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering. 63. Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. 64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Haakoll.) 66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The great object of this publication is, to place before practical men and studenta such an amount of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed form, as shall enable them to work to the best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which they might otherwise commit The amount of useful information thus brought together, ia almost beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is hardly any subject within its range which ia not rented with such clearness and precision, that even a man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of understanding, and thus leani ng from it much which it is importmt for him to know. From the annexed l ist of the principal authors and subject comprised in this work it is self-evident, that all citizens engaged in the practical and useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages from the possession and study of this publication, The following m >y be especially designated : Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers. Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. Cutlers, and Workers of Steel in general. ^arpenier*. Brickmaker*. Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. Civil Engineers, Railway Contractors, and Contractoia for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every iHu.rinlinn Architects an I Bridge B aiders. Huildem, Master Masons, and Bricklayer'. Ship Builders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpen-1 tcrs, and others connected with Budding and J Dociini Ships. Block and Tump Makers, ifemp Drc.-sers and Hope Makers. Manufacturers of Linen and Carlton Fabrics. Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, D: aw- 1 ing Frames1 Willows, and Pickersf etc., connect- j cd with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. Calenderers, Bleachers, and CaUeo Printers. Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter c*ted in Sewing Machinery. Anchor and Chain Cable Manufactnrers. Cut'ing and Turning Tool Maker*. Pin and Needle Makers. Nail and Rivet M Aers. Bolt and gcrew-BoU Makcis. Nail Cutters. Coiners. Leather Dressers and Curriers. Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms. Cot.die Makers. Biscuit and Cracker Makers. Lace Makers. Ribbon Weavers. Stone Cutters and Marble Masons.. Dyer*, Cloth Washers, and Scourers. Coopers. Cider and Cheese Manufacturers a 'rown, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers. Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of , Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Etigutc Drivers, and Persons connected with (ho Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels. Managers of Stationary Engine*. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. fencer Cutter*. Qwners ef Planing Machinery. L'orn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting and Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers and Per?ons using Grain-Shelling and j Threshing Machinery. Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornamenj ] Makers in general. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interested in Dredging Machinery. ttcii oinsen. t Astronomers, Philosoplicis, and others using Philosophical Apparatus and Instruments. Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping Engines. Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic Presses, Dynanontetric Cranes, Jack Screws,' Common and Feed Cranes. Workers in Metals and Alloys, fin Plate Workers. Spring Manufacturers. Wheelwrights, Clock Makers llorologists, &c. The publishers have expended a large sum of money to get original drawings of machinery in practical use in this country, and have procured almost every work on the sudject, whether pnblislied in Eugland, France, or Germany, the most essential parts of which being comprised in this Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored louse great economy iu type, so that each page of the woik contains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. This has also secured to each plate woiking-diawngs of ample aiz? and clearness, so that a Mechanic may construct accurately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, tegardIcss of cost, to make tiie work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The work will be issued in semi-monthlv numbers, commencing in January, 1850, and will progress with great regularity. The whole work will be published in 40 numbers at 25 cents per number, and completed with in the current year, 1850, A liberal discount will he made to agent?. . Any one remitting the publishers #10 in advance shall receive the work through the post office free of expense. Motiee to Proprietors of J^ewspqjitrs throughout the United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted live limes during the year, and the paper containing it sent to U9, a copy of the work will be sent gratis in payment. FOR CALIFORNIA. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY?THROUGH PASSAGE TO ' CALIFORNIA. THE public will be gratified to learn that the I United States Mail Steamship Company are enabled to announce that their arrangements are now complete for sending passengers through from New York to San Francisco and back. In the first attempts of this Company to meet the wants of travel to California, by providing ships on the Pacific, in connection with their ships from New York to Chugres, they were prevailed upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for through passages from Panama in advance, for their ships then going round. This was done froht a desire to nccommodutet those who could procure passages in no other quarter, and by whidi, whatever might be the detention, they would reach San Francisco sooner than by any other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, prevented their ships from reaching Panama as soon as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus, which was increased by the impatience of passengers in going forwurd, against the advice of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship could possibly reach Panama. These interruptions are now all removed. Three of the four ships of the Company, intended for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama, and several of them have performed trips to San Francisco and back. So that the Company arc I now able to give the public the assurance that the ! voyage through from New York to San Francisco, will be performed witli regulurity and des- ; patch. Their Pucific Line, from Panama to San Francisco, consists of the REPUBLIC, Capt. Hm*ov. ITHMUS, Capt. Hitchcock. COLUMBUS, Capt. Pat*. ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.et. mi _? a A n..l# T - e vr?-l 1 neir AlinnilC nnu VJTUII liinr, uum ivin to Chagres, of the GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N. OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N. FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, u. s. N. The connection between the two linea will be carefulliy and regularly kept up, so that no delay beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama, will arise. The large sine, well known speed, and superior accommodations of their New York and Chagres Line, and the speed and accommodations of the ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, rapid,and pleasant through passage to California. M. O. ROBERTS, Cor. Warren and West sts., New York. Aug. 1:>?1 m United States Mail Steamship Company. d?AKGE or DATE OE SAILING TO MONDAY, AUGUST 26, at 3 p. m. From the pier foot of Warren street. The UNITED STATES M AIL S T E A M S III P OHIO, J. F. Sciiks'ck, U. s. Navy, Cemmnnder. 7B^IIIS splendid steamship will anil as as above, JL with the Government mails for the West Indies and California. The arrangemepts l- r the transportation of pas- | sengers to Sun Franc.sco, without delay on the Isthmus, being now completed, the Company are now preparing to issue Through Tickets, of nil classes, at a reduced ruse of passage. The books for the OHIO on the 26th instant, arc now open, and tickets through ' an be obtained at the follow ing jaiooa : FROM new.york to c hag res. State-room berth .... #10?l Standee berth, forward saloon . . SO Steerage berth, found bed and separate table. 50! FROM PANAMA TO SAN FRANCISCO. J State-room berth . . . ?300; Steerage berth, found bed and board . 150 i Passage ran also be secured for the intermediate porta, as follows : From New York to Charleston or Savannah? State-room, ?25 , Standee, ?20 ; Steerage, ?10. From New York to Havnnna?State-room, ?70; Standee, ?55; Steerage, ?25. From New York to New Orleans?State-room, ?75 ; Standee, ?60 , Steerage, ?25. Freight to New Orleans, 25 cents per cul>ic font for measurement goods ; other merettandize nsper 1 agreement. -I Freight will also be taken to Havana in limited I quantity, at 25 cent* per cubic foot, or per agreement. The consignee at Havana to attend to the merchandize immediately after the vessel arrives. To secure freight or passage, apply at the office of the Company, 77 West street, corner of Warren street, New York. Aug 21?126 M. ROBF.RTS. THE SOUTHERN PRESS, j ffdtfWc publish from the New York Ilerald j ii statement of the members of Congrws, clua- i sified according to their party polities. As important measures are before the House, soon to be decided, we shall keep the list standing until the voting takes place, that our readers may understand their position. 5 The Government or the United States or America, a. d., 1850. The Executive. Mil.lard Fillmore, of N. Y. . President. William It. Kinu, of Alabama Vice President. The Cabinet. Daniel Webster, of Mass. . . See. of State. Thomas Corwin, of Ohio,. . . Sec.oftheTreus. William A. Graham, of N. C. Sec. of the Nary. Charles M. Conrad, of Ln. . . Sec. of War. Thos. M. T. McKennan, of Pa. Sec. of Interior. Nathan K. Wall, ot N. i. . . V. M.usneral. John J. Crittenden, of Ky. . Alt. General. The Judiciary. supreme court op the united states. ' Rooer B. Taney, of Maryland . Chief Juatice. John McLean, of Ohio Associate. James M. Watne, of Georgia . . " John Catron, of Tennessee ... " John McKinley, of Kentucky . . " Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia " Samuel Nelson, of New York . " Levi Woodbury, of N. Hamp. . " Robert C. Grier, of Penn. ... " THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS. 7Vr?i commenced March 4,1849, and mil end March 4, 1851. Senate. Number of States represented. 30. President. William R. Kino. Secretary. Asiibury Dickens. Whigs in Italics; Natives in Small Capitals; Demo- I crats in Roman; Those marked F. S. are Free Soilers. Term Term Expires. Expires. Alabama. Michgan. Jeremiah Clemeos 1853 Lewis Cass 1851 Win R King 1855 AlpheusFelch 1853 Arkansas. Missouri. Wm K Seliastian 1853 Thomas H Benton 1851 Solon Borland 1855 David R Atchison 1855 Connecticut. New Hampshire. Roger S Baldwin 1851 John P Hale (F S) 1853 Tnunan Smith 1855 Moses Norris, Jr 1855 Delaware. New York. John Wales 1851 Daniel S Dickinson 1851 Presley Spruance 1851 William H Setcard 1855 Florida. New Jersey. David L. Yulee 1851 Wm L Dayton 1851 Jackson Morton 1855 Jacob W Miller 1853 Georgia. North Carolina. John M Berrien 1853 Willie P JUangiim 1853 Win Q Dawson 1855 George E Badger 1855 Indiana. Ohio. Jesse D Bright 1851 Thomas Firing 1851 J W hitcomb (F S) 1855 S P Chase (F S) 1855 Ili.inois. Pennsylvania. ' Stephen A Douglas 1853 Daniel Sturgeon 1851 James Shields 1855 James Cooper 1850 1 Iowa. Rhode Island. George W Jones 1851 Albert C Greene 1851 Aug C Dodge 1855 John H Clarke 1853 Kentucky. South Carolina. Jos R Underwood 1853 Robt W Barnwell 1853 Henry Clay 1855 A P Butler 1855 Louisiana. Tennessee. Soi U Downs 1853 Hopkins LTurney 1851 Pierre Soule 1855 John Bell 1853 Maine. Texas. Hannibal Hamlin 1851 Thomas J Rusk 1851 Jus W Bradbury 1853 Sam Houston 1853 Massachusetts. Vermont. Robt C Winthrop 1851 Samuel S Phelps 1851 John Doris 1853 William Upham 1853 Maryland. Virginia. Thomas G Pratt 1851 James M Mason 1851 James A Pearee 1855 R M T Hunter 1853 Mississippi. Wisconsin. Jefferson Davis 1851 Henry Dodxe 1851 Henry S Foote 1853 Isaac P Walker 1855 THE SENATE IN FIGURES. Democrats. 32 Whigs. 25 FreeSoilers. 3 Total number of members. 00 Democratic majority. 7 Two senator* from California, Wm. M. Gwin and John C. Fremont, are in Washington, await* ing the admission of that State. The hill for its admission has already passed the Senate. House of Representatives. Speaker,. Ho will Cobb. Clerk. Wm. L. Yoijnc Dist. Arkansas. Martland. -1 Robert W Johnson 1 Richard J Bowie Alabama. 2 Wm T Hamilton 1 William J Alston 3 Ed w W Hammond 2 Henry W HUliard 4 Robert M iVfcLane 3 Samuel W Harris 5 Alexander Evans 4 William M. Inge 6 John B Kerr 5 David Hubbard M asaachusetts. 6 William. R W Cobb 1 8 A Elliot 7 Frnncis W Bowden 2 Vacancy Connecticut. 3 James it Duncan 1 Lorenzo P Waldo 4 Vacancy 2 Walter Booth (F S) 5 Charles Allen, [FS] 3 Chaun'y F Cleveland 6 George Aslimun 4 Thomas B Butler 7 Julius Rocheell California. 8 Horace Mann 9 Orin Ptncler Delaware. 10 Joseph Grinnelt 1 John W Houston . Michigan. Florida. I A W Buell 1 Edward C Cabell 2 Wm Sprague, (F 8) Georgia. , 3 R S Bingham 1 Joseph W. Jackson Minnesota. 2 M J Welborn H H Sibleyf 3 Allen T Owen Missouri. 4 H A Haralson 1 James B Bowlin 5 Thomas C Hackett 2 Wm V N Bay 6 Howell Cobb 3 James S Green 7 Alexander H Stephens 4 Willard P.Hall 8 Robert Toombs 5 JohnS Phelps Illinois. Mississippi. 1 Wm H Bissell 1 Jacob Thompson 2 John A McClernand 2 W 8 Featheraton 3 Thomas R. Young 3 Wm IV^cWillie -4 John Wentworth 4 A G Brown i> Wm A Richardson Nebraska. 6 Edvoard D Baker ? ? 7 Thomas L Harris New Jerset, Iowa. 1 Andrew R Hay 1 Vacancy 2 Wm A Newell 2 Shepherd Lelller 3 Isaac Wildrick i. . a i..a- r.? rvt. ? .?<? ?? r ai> 1 Nathaniel Albertson 5 Jetme* G A'?n/?2 Cyrus L Dunham new Mexico. 3 John L Robinson ? ? 4 Geo W Julien (K S) Mew Hampshire 5 W J Brown 1 Jlmo* TWk, (F S) 6 Willi* A Gorman 3 Chan H Peaslec 7 Edward McGaughry 3 James Wilson 8 Joseph E McDonald 4 Harry Hibbard 9 G A Fitch North Carolina. 10 Andrew J Harlan 1 Thorn** J. Clingman Kentucky. 2 J P Caldwell 1 Linn Boyd- 3 E Dehtrry 2 J I. Johnson 4 .1 A* Shephertl 3 FE McLean 5 A W Venable 4 George A Caldwell 6 W S A she 5 John B Thompson 7 J R J Daniel G Daniel Breck 8 Edward Stanley 7 Humphrey .Marshall 9 David Outlaw 8 Charles 8 JVorehead 9 John C Mason New Yor*. . 10 Rich'd H Stanton 1 John J! Kin* Locisiana. 2 David .1 Hnkee i 1 Emile La Sere 3 J Phillips Phemix 2 Vacancy 4 Walter Underbill 3 John R Harmonson 5 George Briggs "4 laaac E Morse 6 Jamet Breaks Maine. 7 William Jullaem 1 Elbridge Gerry, 8 R Halloway 2 Nat'l S Litlleneld 9 Thomas Ale Kissoek 3 John Otis 10 Herman D Gould 4 Rufns K Goodenoir 11 C R Sylvester 5 Cullen Rawtelle 12 Gideon 0 Reynolds 6 Charles Stetson, 13 .lohn I. Srhoolerafl 7 Thomas J D Fuller 14 Grorge R .Indrrws ' [5 J. R. Thunnan 17 Samuel Calvin 6 Hutrh What 18 .1 Jack ton Ogle 17 VI I* Alexander 19 Job Mann 18 Premon King (F 8) 90 R R Reed 19 Charles E Clarke ill Moses Hampton Ci W OBMattuon 22 John W Howe (F S) " II Hiram Walden 23 Jamea Thompson u fcl Henry Burnt It 24 Alfred Gilmore 'I' 13 H illium Duer Kiiodc In.and. I" 14 Daniel Gott 1 Gtarge G King to 15 Jlarman S Conger 2 -Valium Dixon PJ 16 H T Jackson South Carolina. c' 17 Hr.1 Sockett J Daniel Wallare l> 18 JJ M Schermerltorn 2 J L Orr HI Robert L Rose 3 J A Woodward 1,1 10 Dkrid Runwey 4 Jamea McQueen J' 11 E. Risley 5 Armiatead Burt d 32 E G Spaulding 6 Isaac E Holmes Cl 33 Harvey Putnam 7 W F Colcock u 34 L Burrows* Tennessee. a Ohio. 1 Andrew Johnson 1 n- * rn r\- c\ aii a n ?f , i 1\ i isnviu a i/mnpv iiorri i# rruintw UJJ Campbell ( F S) 3 JestaJk M Anderson [ 3 Robert C SchencR 4 Samuel Turney ! jj 4 Closes Concin 5 Geo W Jones 5 Emery D Potter 6 James F1 Thomas e 6 Amos E Wood 7 Meredith P Gentry a 7 Jonathan D Morris 8 Andrew Ewing P 8 John L Taylor 3 John G Harris t( 9 Edson B Olds 10 Fred'k P Stanton 10 Charles Sweetzer 11 Chrit'r H Williams ' 11 John K Miller Tkxas. m 12 Samuel F Viuton 1 David Kaufman 8 13 W A Whittlesey 2 Volney E Howard 8 14 Mithan Evans Utah. c 15 Wm F Hunter (F S) ? ? 16 Moses Hoagland Vermont. 17 Joseph Cable 1 Dm Henry u 18 David K Carter 2 Ifni llebard ? 19 John Crtnrell (F S) 3 James Meacham ' 20 Jos R Giddings (FS) 4 Lucius B Peck . 21 Joseph M Root (F 8) Virginia. Oregon. 1 John S Millson 1 S R Tnurstonf 2 Richard K Meade 1 Pennsylvania. 3 Thomas H Averett 1 Lewis C Levin 4 Thomas 8 Bocock 1 2 Joseph R Chandler 5 Paulua Powell " 3 Henry D Moore 6 James A Sedden v 4 John Robbins, jr* 7 Thorns H Bayly 1 5 John FreedUy 8 Alex R Holliuay 6 Thomas Ross 'J Jeremiah Morton 7 Jesse C Dickey 10 lliphard Parker 1 8 Thaddeus Stevens 11 James McDowell ' 9 William 8tror.g 12 H A Edmundson ' 10 M M Dimmick 13 F M'Mullen " 11 Cluster liuller 14 J M H Beale 12 David Wilmot (F S) 15 Thomas S Haynwud 8 13 Joseph Casey Wisconsin. ' 14 Charles W Pitman 1 Chas Durkee, (F S) j ? 15 Mnry Ms 2 Orsasmus Cole 11 lb Jus A. lucuuianan J junits u. uoiy_ Contested by Mr. Littell. |Delegates frpm the Territories. tub house in figures. Democrnts 111 Whigs and Natives J01 Free-Soilers 14 Vacancies 5 Total, exclusive of Delegates 231 Should the vacancies be filled as before, and dividing the Free Soilers into Democrats and Whigs, as they are on all other questions but that of the territories, the House will lie as follows :? Democrats 117 Whigs 114 Democratic majority ? 3 Two members from California, Edward Gilbert and George W. Wright, are now in Washington, awaiting for tlie admission of that State into the Union. The General Result in Figures. Old Parties. Free-Soil. Vacancies. States. IfTitg. Dem. Whig. Dan. Whig. Dein' Arkansas ? 1 ? ? ? ? Alabama 51 5 ? ? ? ? Connecticut 1 52 ? 1 ? ? Delaware 1 ? ? ? ? ? Florida 1 ? ? ? ? ? Georgia 3 5 ? ? ? ? Illinois 1 6 ? ? ? ? Indiana 18 ? 1 ? ? i Iowa ? 1 ? ? ? 1 Louisiana ? 3 ? ? 1 ? Maine 2 5 ? ? ? ? , Maryland 3 3 ? ? ? ? Massachusetts 7 ? 1 ? 2 ? Michigan ? 2 1 ? ? ? Missouri ? 5 ? ? ? ? Mississippi ? 4 ? ? ? 1 ? ( New York 32 1 ? 1 ? ? j New Jersey 4 1 ? ? ? ? N. Hampshire 12 1 ? ? ? N. Carolina 6 3 ? ? ? ? Ohio 5 11 5 ? ? ? Kentucky 6 4 ? ? ? ? Pennsylvania 14 8 1 J ? ? Rhode Island 2 ? ? ' ? ? ? S. Carolina ? 7 ? ? ? ? t Tennessee 4 7 ? ? ? ? ^ Texan ? 2 ? ? ? ? , Virginia 2 13 ? ? ? ? Vermont 3 1 ? ? ? ? Wisconsin 11 ? 1 ? ? Total 102 111 9 5 3 1 Democratic majority in the 31st Conjjresa 3 J Whig majority in the 30th Congress 5 i ? I Democratic gain H i Aspect of Congress. Whig. J)rm. ' Exclusive of Free-soilers 102 111 J Free-soilers 9 5 Vacancies 3 1 ( 4 Total - 114 117 t t Actual Democratic majority 3 ' Free and Slave Stale Classification. ' Whig. Dem. Trte-toil. . Free States 75 51 14 , Slave States ' 30 61 ? t Total 105 112 14 J 77k Arte Territories. t We give the names of the new territories, al- ? though they have not yet been organized. Cali- ' forma will, in all probability, be admitted into the ^ Union as a State, with two senators, and one or ' two representatives to Congress. Utah and New f Mexico, and probably Nebraska, will be granted ' territorial covernmenta. and delegates admitted a from each, Tiefore Congress adjourns?perhaps. I * Second Annual Fair of the South Carolina |! Institute. Optn nn Hit 18/A ?Yot>rmArr ixtxt. 0 THE Second Annual Fair of the South Caroli- I na Institute, for the promotion of ART, ME- u CHAN1CHAL INGENUITY, Ac., will be held v in Charleston, opening on the 19th November, p and to continue during the week. s Specimen# of ey#ry branch of Industry are r earnest! uypdiciteA. ^Premiums will he awarded? for the wrt specimens, n Silver Medal; for the p next best, a Diploma. For original Inventions, a a suitable premium, nt the discretion of the judges, e A selection will be made of the best specimen of c Mechanism and the Arts?of Cotton, Rice, Sugar, ti Tobacco, Corn, Wheat, Flour, Rosin and Tnrpen- C tine?and sent to the World's Fair, to be held in F London, in the spring of 1851. ti A large nnd commodious building litis been sr- u lected for the exhibition, and every attention will i g be paid to the reception and care of articles sent tl to the Fair. All articles must be directed to L. si M. Hatch, Chairman of Committee of Arrange- (j metits, and be delivered by the 14th of No- al v ember. f< Communications addressed to Jaws* If. Tat-1 tl Lou, Chairman of Committee on Correspondence, n will meet with prompt attention. v The Hon. Jo?. 11. LnMrsiw, of Georgia, will u deliver the Annual Address, on Tuesday night, n the 18th November. tl Arrangements have been made with the South d Carolina Railroad Company, to let all articles in- } tended for the Fair, return Tree of charge. ti Wh. (iirr.c, President. b E. C. Jov*?, Ser'ry. ' For the Southern Press. Monongahzi.a Hoist, ) Pittsburg, August ;15, 1850. S Sin: A friend has just placed in 'my humid u ?py of your paper containing n letter from John Drennen, of Arkansas." This letter id ilonluted, n? it ia avowedly designed, to injure le business of this house, of winch 1 um prorietor; and since it grossly misstates the leading icte of the occurrence which suggested it, I upsul to your fair dealing for the privilege of piling " a statement from the other side" in the autue auer that had given publicity to the attack. As he atatee, John Drennen arrived at the Moongahela House about midnight, on the 514th of uly, I was at the time, and Had been for neverul ays previously, confined to bed by indidpoailiou; onsequently, I waa not aware of his presence ntil apprized in iny chamber of the loss of his ervnnt and the trunk' containg her clothing. So soon as 1 was thus notified, u police-officer, At. Hague, was sent for, who promptly got upon hp track of the fuiritive. and renorled, within m our, that the trunk, which he had represented to ie, Drennen'a property, would he returned in the venine, hut that he cuuld not reach tlie girl, or acertnin her hiding place; and it would he at the leril of hie life if he would make the attempt to ake her. The trunk was brought back, and the reason )rennen had not received it, was, that in his pasionate excitement he left no directions whither it hould be sent, and it was handed over to his inter in this city ; the house having paid for its reovery. /could do-no more. Our uniform practice is, when Southern people rrived with slaves in attendance, to warn them f the danger to which they are exposed. This aution, and rigidly requiring the servants of the louse, on pain of dismissal, to abstain front all nterference with the slaves of guests, have suficed, so fur, to make an abduction or escape from he Monongahela House extremely rare. But Drennen gave no notice that this girl, apmrenily of Indian blood, was a slave. Arriving it midnight, and being taken at once to the room vith the family, a bed being made for her on the loor, and not leaving the room, except when ailed to breakfast; her mistresH watcning her luring the meal, the girl not being seen again intil the dinner hour was announced, it is obribus that the servants in tlip house, who were hen necessarily all in the dining room, could have mown nothing of her escape. These facts conspire to prove, what has been ince well ascertained, that tne escape was plunned m board the steamer, on which Drennen ascend d the river. A gentleman, travelling onboard he same boat, was able to inform us, that he had ibserved her in frequent private conversations with tlie colored servants during the trip, and his white female servant told us she overheard them iddress to her the impressive injunction "be ready." If Drennen 'a insane heat and unmanly violence if language and demeanor hud permitted him to lear any thing, he would have heard arid been jonvinced of this on the spot, to the complete exineration of the Monongahela House. But 'John Drenuen, of Arkansas," w-ho is a Pennlylvanian by birth, origitmllv from this neighborlood, and a Southerner only by adoption, like lome other Northern men who have domiciled at he South, has failed to acquire the sense of diglity, of justice to others, which characterizes the rite Southern gentleman; and has picked uji iuitead, the violence, heat, and bad temper, too ft"ten found among the lowest class ol Southern population; hence, I was compelled to listen to the most revolting profunity, and indiscriminate abuse of servants and house, to certify his loss and his sense of the aggression. An to the servant " Wash," of whom he r?mplains of aiding the escape of the girl, Drennen should have hud the candor to slate, that influenced by his insulting deincano^to tneand the liousehold, when he charged positively that " Wash" had abetted the escape, J discharged iiim instantly, a punishment which 1 have now jood reason to believe was wholly undeserved. His charge that the servants at present em ployed n this house, are 44 insolent and impudent,'' is the irst I have heard of the kind. A single complaint by a guest of insolence or neglect of duty On the part of a servant, has ah ways been sufficient cause for immediate dismissal. With regard to the general question of the insecurity of slaves in the Northern Slates, to which you refer In your editorial comments, I have nothing to say. Bbt, whilst I do not counsel Southern people to bring slaves into Pittsburg, where I honestly believe "there is a secret and pow erful organization of free negroes to promote escapes, I do protest against any attempt to fasten upon the Monongahela House, or its proprietor, the odium of unlawful or officious inference between uaster and slave, or of having in any instance ; jiven countenance or aid to audi interference. I im content to rely, forthe vindication of the house igainst the injurious aspersionsof John Drennen, ipon the facia of this statement, and I think I am milled therefore at your hand to hnve a hearing lefore the same public, to wliour he. has accused lie in your columns. 1 am, sir, yours, respectfully, JNQ. McD. CROSSAN. To the Editors of the Sou thern Press. A letter from Port au Prince to the New York rournal of Commerce, copied into your paper of he 29th August, has the following, in reluiion to ;he last invasion of the Dominican Republic by he Haytians : 44 In this march they took two or three small Iowim on the Spanish frontier, and then marched ipon Azua, which they took after a three days' ight." * # ?4 * However, with grent Joss if life they (the Haytians) succeeded in reaching Aux bords de la riviere d'Ocpa.' .On the bank if the river,which they occupied, was a level plain, >ut the opposite aide was a high cliff, and the Doninican forces, with a few pieces posted on this minence, were euabled successfully to resist all heir efforts to cros-s the river. Here the army eniained for five days broiling in a hot sun, tnilh lot so much as a thrtth to shield them from its iutensiu, and the great body of them utterly destitute of "ood and water. The young man of whom I have ijioken told me that fur five days lie had not a paricle of food or water. He kept his moutli damp, ts his comrades did theirs,by holding; a lend ballet in t. Wells were dug, but they could get no water, fet while the men were thus suffering, and the torses, on which the officers rode, were dying rom thirst, the river Ooon rolled immediately bebre them-, and the Spanish women, in their ecstacies 11 their distress, would go down to Use river on their ide and dip up the water and pour it into the rirer rfore them.' Yet every man, and company of nen, who undertook to reach the water, paid for lis temerity with his life." The above is the flaytien account of the battle f Ocoa, or " de las Carreras" (the races,) as the Dominicans now call the scene of one of the most inequalconflicta and glorious victories, that the vorld has witnessed since the duys of Thermolyhr. There are several inaccuracies in this * * - of mlw'nlt null/ inlprpal VAiir raicmeni, ? uurrreuuu v. ?J ?? -J enders. There wan no litre* days fight at Azua. That luce, though strongly fortified and garrisoned by n army of several thousand men, waa surrendred without a blow. The retreat of the Dominion army from Azua waa doubtless the result of renchcry; but whether properly chargable to the Henerals in command at that place, or to lite then 'resident of the Republic, Jiinenes, impartial his>ry has not yet decided. Being ordered to reeat, lite Dominican soldiers, suspecting both the enerala and the Oovernment, disbanded, leaving ie road to the cnpitol open. The greatest con lernation prevailed. The Congress called upon ieneral Peilro Santnna, then at his reoidence I Beybo, to come to thecapitnl and take measnres >r the safety of the Republic. Sautana obeyed te calf and left the city of Santo Domingo, with j ot more than a dozen followers, to meet the adancing Haytien forces. On the mad, he picked p, (I tise the word advisedly) about five hundred ten of the diitmnded army, who were seeking fiefl-homes. Of these, about two hundred were j etailed, aa a forlorn hope, in case of accidents.? Vith the remainder, about ftX), ha met the Hav- ! iens, between 7,0(10 and R,000 strong, on the j ianks of the river Ocoa. The East bank, which j vas orrnpied hy the Dominicans, is an open plain, j " The BoatWt PMN,"-*~Tri-wMkiy is published on Tuesdays, Thursday* ?nd Saturdays of e?ob week. " Tb? Southein W??kly, Is published every Saturday. ADVKBTISIMO u||l For one square of 10 linee, three isaertmus, $1 Ut? " every subsequent insertion, - - 25 Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising. Individuals may forward the amount of their subscriptions st our risk. Address, (post-paid) KLLWOOD FISHF.K, Washington City. with a few cuctus bushes; the West bunk, which wits occupied by the Ilavtiens, is thickly wooded and backed by high bills, commanding the ford as- ? .L- i.'.?i _:J - r*'u _ ir Hllll Llie piHlll Oil inc nmr. x lie unyunia lu?d one field piece ut llie water's edge on ihe West bank of the river, ai the ford, and four others on commanding points adjacent. The Dominicans had no cannon and but ft?w rmiskuts, being armed chiefly with machetes or cutlasses. When Hantaan, with 200 iiieNi advanced to the ford, Gen. Alfon, who hud crossed the river, with about 100 men, crept up under the cover of the dense foliage and attacked the enemy on the flank with the aword. The IJaytiena thus naaaulted fled, at the first onset, leaving the road strewn with dead men and horses. The ph^e has since been called " Las Carreras." 1 went over the field, with our intelligent guide, who was in the battle, and I left it filled with admiration of the daring gallantry of the victors, which would lose little by a comparison with the achievements of their ancestors, the conquerors of Mexico. As fast us it became known that Santann was in the field, the disbanded soldiers who were dispersed through the country, seeking their homes, turned to join him, and within u few days after the battle lie found himself at the head of 6,000 men; but loo late to secure all the fruits of victory. Had the troops from the northern provinces, ithe Cibao) moved in time to his aid, the whole isytien army might have been captured or slain. It is not true, as stated, thai the Spanish women would go down to the river, dip up the water and pourit back again, for the purpose of tantalizing the thirsty blacks. So far from that, no Spanish women remained near the enemy. All had fled from outrages worse than death, to thecapitol, as the last place of safety. Instances were known of women who, in their hasty Jlight, were overtaken by the birth of children, which they carried two daya in their arms without food or water ; and of others, who died in child birth on the banks of this very river Ocoa. VIATOR. California. Business?Building in Ihe Burnt District?Rents? Taxation?Charges for Medical Service*?huligva- 1 Hon Meeting?The Mines. Correspondence of the Tribune. Sam Francisco, July 14, 1850. Bus in ess has not been equal to our expectations this Spring. Owing to the high waters in the rivers above, the miners have been unable to work on the liny; and the gulches and dry diggins do not, at uie present iune,iuiii>*u tmuicicui mun to wash the earth to obtain the gold after digging it. These causes, and the destructive fires which have visited our rather limited city, have had the effect to throw a damper over our business community ; although they are by no means disheartened'; for the character of the buildings which are now going up are of a more substantial material.? Several very fine brick fire proof hotftes will be finished, in the Fire District, in less than a month. Among the most noted are, a fine four stoiy brick fire-proofbuilding, with marble floors, nmyinished in every respect as well as houses are in your city built for Mr. Delmonico, in Monterey street, and which will be opened in a few days as a Restaurant, a la Varia. Mr. T. Q. Wells, of Boston, is building a fire nropf Bnnkinghouse on die same street. H. M. NagleA in also building A fire proof /tanking bouse on the same street. Mr. B. Davidson, Agent of the Rothschilds, and several others, intend putting up some brick fire-proof buildings shortly, on ground they have purchased. The Agents of Brown, Brothers & Co. are also here, and intend doing a banking busines. Scarce two weeks has elasped since the last fire, and, strange to say all traces arc vanished as to the gpol it oecinred on, although much property has been destroyed, and many persons have been ruined. Still, upon the whole, as men of capital will fill their pluces, a better class of buildings will occupy the sites of those destroyed; and none but brick or irion bouses will be considered safe, or meet with tenants at the high prices of rents.? Real estate in business locations has rather advanced than declined; although out-lots, which have been bought by speculators last Fall, do not sell readily, even at cost. Rents have declined, and may sull go lower: there is ample margin yet and tlien be KM) per cent, higiier than with you. Our City Authorities have not yet commenced collecting taxes, although the Assessors are hard nt work, and i presume the collection will com- . mence before lung. In tlis meantime, the city debt is rapidly increasing, by the enormous salaries paid to, or to he paid, its officers; and the many improvements that are nccessafy, in streets, sewers, ?fcc. arc, an yet neglected. As the dry season j i.s rapidly passing, and as much lima will he iipctossary to make all these improvements, I doubt i much whether we will be nny better off next winter, wall regard to streets, sewers, At. then we I were the last. The proceeds of the city proper| ty which has been sold, will be absorlred us fast as it fells due, by city officers. Until the City Treasury is supplied by the payment of taxes, Aw", those who have demands against the city, will have to be content with city scrip. Everything seems to have been in an unnatural state here for ntore than a year pant, and it is difficult to convince men that wc muatgradually come to our senses. Tbe'exorbitant charges which are made by pro. fetminnal men for the slightest service they render fou, is without a parallel in any part of the world. will give you an instance: A. friend of mine wan taken sick, and was uttended by a physician six weeks; although his mqludy was nothing very serious; nfker his recovery, he asked the Doctor for his bill f.r attending him. He received in a note the next day, a bill for the modest sum of $1,700? for medical attendance. Another friend of mine, informed me that lie called one day upon a lawyer, and merely asked him a few questions regarding an affair of very little moment, and probably occupied his time for fifteen minutes; a few (lays after he was handed a bill for $100, for advice. The above are not the only instances 1 might recite, of the extreme flexibility of the consciences of our professional community; but fifty just such instances have come under my observation, or have been spoken of by others in my presence. 1 must confess, however, that the disease is not confined entirely to professional gentlemen; hb I think our whole commmunity are affected by it more or Jess; this epedemic seems to belong "to this country, as very few who come here escape the contagion. There are, I think, some symptoms of approach ing sanity in our community. A few weeks ago our Common Council thought it best to vote themselve $6,000 a year. Their time being valuable, (as all think here,) and having to meet at the.Hoard twice a week, they thought the sum reasonable enough for performing such service for the public good. Some of their constituent, however, differed from them in opinion, when the act became known, and the consequence wns, a meeting of those who ventured to differ with the city fathers, took place on the public square, which was styled "An Indignation Meeting;" and here, by a very large assembly, the proceedings of the members or the council were publicly condemned, and a commilU- appointed to cnll on them to resign, Ac. All this you may have seen in the papers sent to you by the last steamer. Willi regard to the Mines, Ac. the prospects there, so much ia written on that sulyeef, by erery steamer, that it would only be to repeat what you will see in all (he papers from this quarter. One tiling ia very certain, not more than one out of every twenty who come to this country, will erer realize one half of their expectations. And a large per centage will never return home, but find a final resting place in the sand hills back of our city. P. 8.?Jolt 15.?Business, it is thought is gradually improving. Merchants from the River towns have commenced buying more freely; and the sales in the neighborhood of the Mines will increase daily, as many <>f the overland adventurers are coming into the Mining Districts. Every day will make it more difficult to buy gold dust here, as the miners are now making shipments of their fcold home direct, through agents of the Express offices, who^ receive it on deposit in the up country towns, and send it here for shipment a few days previous to the sailing of the steamers for Panama. In this manner our market is drained of most of the good lots of lump gold; and that which reaches us, is that which is taken out with quicksilver, Ac. and which, being of less value, the miners pass it off for $16 per ounce, in trading for what goods or provisions they may need, to those who are selling goods in their ricinity.