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: fHE SOUTHERN PHESS. daily, tio 00 tri weekly, -------- 5 00 || weekly, - - 2 00 STATE RIGHTS MEETINGS. Ratification Meeting.?A very large and respectable meeting of the citizens of De Soto county, Miss., without respect to party, assembled at the Court house in Hernando, pursuant to previous notice, on the 5th day of August, to ratify the proceedings of the Nashville Convention. Upon motion of Judge John C. Thompson, Mai. S. Olive was appointed President, Drs. J. (i. Hall and R. C. Hancock, Vice Presidents, and J. K. Connelly and J. P. Anderson, esqrs., Secretaries. After a brief explanation of the objects of the meeting by the President, the following committee was appointed to draft suitable preamble uiiu rvsuiuuuus, ml. Wm.G. Huddleston, Col. George Footc, Hon. J. C. Thompson, Hon. J. II. Morgan, Hon. J. T. Mosely, Rufus Carter, Maj. J. K. Connelly, Dr. Win. N.Rains, Drew Smith, Dr. R. S. Taggart, Col J. P. Anderson, S. B. M'Corkle, Joseph S. Boon, James Garrett, Dr. J. O. Lusher, Gen. J. S. Oliver, C. B. Payne, W. O. Mabry, Jordan Pavne and Samuel T. Cobb. i'lic Committee having retired, the meeting m-s addrcsssed by Col. 1* Iailiauve, in his usual terse and forcible style. The Committee, through their chairman, reported the following preamble and resolutions: It cannot be denied, or any longer concealed, that the minds of the people of the United States are at this time more intensely excited than they ever have lieen since the formation and establishment of the government. A fearful departure from all former usage?denials of right by .. is*s i i i: s i? o. a: i :?u.. . a |#uiiui:ai iiuu reii?MMisiy lmiuuitii uiajuriiy?a liriu determination declared in private circles, in public meetings, iu cccleaiastic.il conventions, in state legislatures, and in Congress, to exclude the slave holding states frotu any participation in the public lands, and to circumscribe slavery within its present limits, evince a desire and de- ; termination to reduce to an object and disgraceful inferiority the slnveholding states of the I South and West. It becomes, therefore our j duty as freemen, desirous of perpetuating our' institutions and transmitting our liberties un- | impaired to posterity, that we should meet to- j gether and boldly express our opinions, and : take'counsel how to meet this fearful crisis. 1 l-'rom the days of the revolution to the present, the South has ever evinced a cordial and habitual attachment to the union of these stntes ; and whenever required, has cheerfully yielded more thnn her just proportion in men and money to sustain the goververnmen,.?She has for years submitted with scarcely a murmur to n I partial and unjust system of legislation, which j has enriched the North at the expense of the South. Concession and submission have served ! but to provoke increased aggression and usurpo- j tion, and the time has at length arrived when | further submission to usurpation would demon- i strateto the world that we had not the spirit to maintain our rights nnd were no lonper worthy I to be a free Dconlc in a free renublic. i It im all important that we Bhould he united? 1 that party feeling should be smothered, and discarding all former political animosities, that we rally around the altar of liberty, and there sacrifice w hatever would weaken the strength of the South. Union, harmony, and concert must be the rallying cry, and every true-hearted patriotic son of the South will promptly respond to 1 the call. Resolved, That we cordially approve of the j ddryas and resolutions of the Nashville Condition. Resolved, That the hill, as reported by the I committee of Thirteen, is in direct violation of 1 Southern rights and all constitutional usages, and ought not to be submitted to. Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting In- tendered to our Senator, Col. Jefferson Davis, and our Representatives, Jacob Thompson, W. S. Featherston, W. M'Willie, and Albert (J. Brown, for their fearless and patriotic opposition to the principles of this bill. Resolved, That we deeply deplore the course pursued in regard to this bill by the Hon. II. S. Foote, and we hereby request iiitn, if he cannot carry out the views of his constituents, to resign his seat in the Senate. Resolved, That the boundaries of Texas are fixed and established beyond cavil or dispute by : the resolution acknowledging her independence; ! by the articles of annexation, and by every act j of the United States' Government in relation ' thereto; and that we will aid and assist her in ! Maintaining iter rights. Resolved, That in the event of a collision between the authorities of Texas and the Gen- ' cral Government, that the Governor of this Mt.iti* Kn criniiAutn^ tu nAnvunn tltA I .I'trwljit nri? ..... . ? -- V ?- " Uf.soi.vei>, That we cordially approve of the jirojxiscd Convention of Southern Merchant* to la* held in the citv of Charleston, or at some central point, ana we recommend that the , Mechanics and Manufacturers be represented in said convention. Kesolx ed, That in accordance with the recommendation of the Nashville Convention, the ; chairman of this meeting appoint four delegates, irrespective of party, to attend the said convention when it assembles. Resolved, That we recommend to the patrouage^of our fellow citizens the Southern Prrss, a newspaper published in the Citv of Washington, without reference to political party, but do- , voted to the rights and interests of the South. | The above resolutions were received with manifestations of deep determined feeling; and after an address by Judge Thompson of nearly an hour in hi* bold lucid and eloquent style, and after some practical remarks submitted by the ' chairman, they were unanimously adapted. In conformity with the eighth resolution, the ; chair appointed the following delegates to the Nashville Convention, viz, Hon. John C. Thompson, R. T. Saunders, W. G. Iluddleston nnd Hon. John T. Moseley; nnd on motion, the 1'resident, Maj. Simeon Oliver, was added us a delegate. Maj. J. K. Connelly submittted the follow ing resolution, whidh was enthusiastically received arid unanimously adopted. Resolved, That it is the duty of all patriots to forget the old divisions of parties at this present crisis, and to throw nwav the bitter feelings engendered by past political struggles, and, in the lrngu&ge of a chivnIric Virginian " lot ourrivalr > and competition be not about old party feuds, or bygone responsibilities, hut who shall now iiio*t gallantly bear its standard against the common adversary? Judge Thomas followed in a few very happy nnd pertinent remarks, lTpon motion of Judge Mosely, it was Resolved, That the proceedings oi' this meeting be published in the newspapers c.f this town, and in the "Southern Pre**" at Washington Cjty, with the request that all papers favora -> *i ?'ii- :ii a.. Ule to 1110 inaaiivinu v-umiuiiun win copy me same. Resolved, That copies of the same be forwarded by the Secretaries to our Senutors and Representatives in Congress. SIMEON OLIVER, Prest. JOS. G. HALK, ) Vice Pre*?* R. C. HANCOCK,} VICC lrrM*' J. K. CoMBLLT, I Serous J P. Anderson. } *>**** DeKalb, Mba. Aug. 13, 1850. Prsuc Meeting.?At a meeting of a portior of the eitizens of Kemper County, Aiwa, held al DeKalb, irrespective ot party. On motion of A. M. Jack, Mr. W. Sanders, was called to the chair?Mr. Perry and J. T. Ball, were called upon to aet as Secretaries. The former decliued, when, Mr. Wm. Buughton was nominated in his place. On motion of Mr. M. P. Jones, a committee of five, composed of the following gentlemen were appointed by the chair to report resolutions 1PT"' ? "' ?? ?r-? ?w expressive of the sense of the meeting viz: M. P. Jones, Jno. Kerr, L. Garrett, Jno. T. Muse- j ley and L. Brewer. The meeting then adjourned nntil after dinner, j After the recess, the committee through their 1 chairman reported the following resolution : 1 ( Resolved, That this meeting ratify and ap- p prove the proceedings of the Nashville Convention held at the city of Nashville in Jane last u Mr. M. R. Jones addressed the meeting in 0 support of the resolutions. Mr. Jones was fol- tl lowed by Hon. John J. Pettua, in support of | the resolution. Mr. I. V. Welsh, represents- fi j tlve from this county, was then culled for, who C I opposed the resolution- Mr. Walsh was fol- hi J lowed by D. P. M'Allum, in opposition to the it ! resolution. The resolution was then negatived y ! by a vote of 59 to 52. pi On motion it was unanimously agreed that c< 1 the Mis8issippian and Eastern Clarion, be re- pi i quested through the Secretaries, to publish the A proceedings of this meeting. It The meeting then adjourned informally. w WILLIS SANDERS, Chiirn. S John T Ball, ) \y m. iwh'uhton, $ ! _ ? di THE SOUTHERN PRESS. S I V1 WASHINGTON CITY. n TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1850. ui Georgia. Wc have not, and shall not presume to ad- P, vise Georgia. We trust she is equal to the |, i exigency, and that she wants no advice from g i here. As the irreat Etnnire State of the South, she lias a great destiny to accomplish. Results of the Session. P Both Houses of Congress yesterday resolved c ' to adjourn in three weeks. And we can now h see the result of the session. tl ' The greatest question, perhaps, that could ^ come before Congress, was as to the govern- al nient of the territory acquired from Mexico, ir For ill that question was involved, so far as Congress could decide it, the destiny not only V of that territory, but of the two great sections g of this Union. tl A majority of the Northern delegation in Con- w gress, demanded the entire exclusion of the ? c 1 South, or of her institutions, from the whole of _ this territory and n largo part of Texas besides, v ' ? ... it. is....1 j. i ..a?.. j /v majority 01 me cmjiuultii uni-gauuu uucicu j to give up all to the North, above the line of " 36.30, if the South could have a common right t| with the North of colonizing the part south 1 of that line?something like one-third of the c' whole. Congress Iks given all of California to the L North, which thus monopolizes our entire Pucitie ni coast from latitude 32 to <17?a const with its rJ sinuosities about fourteen hundred miles in ^ CI length. Congress also voted to transfer to New ^ Mexican jurisdiction the entire valley of the h Rio Grande above 32 deg., although Texas, a P slave State, claimed all on the east side of that ^ o river up to 42 deg., and the resolutions of an- j novation provided that slavery should be prohib- s ited only above 36.30, and then only with the tl consent of Texas. This was done after the :l New Mexicans formed what they called a Con- t| stitution, excluding slavery. a Having thus cut off the access af the slave- si holding population to the interior region of il Utah, by running tin* Free-soil line down on ^ ( both aides, the. Pacific and Rio Grande, to the ^exican territory, Congress passed a territorial I bill for Utah, without excluding slavery from it 1 in that bill. It had been done in the Texas, Now ! Mexico, and California bills, the people of the j: ; two latter having already declared their inten- t i tlfin lit' dihitirr it 1 *.w.. w. We quite agree with Mr. Clay, that by these j1 measures the North gets all, except the country t. I on the east side of the Rio Grande, below 32, s which we hardly supposed was in dispute. The ^ South loses nil. The Mexican war, by which this vnst region f was acquired, cost,together with the fifteen mil- c lions paid Mexico, about one hundred millions J' of dollars. Of this, the South paid her full share, and much more than her share of the ti ! blood. a Within the last few days three steamers have ? arrived at New York, from Panama, with two or [j three millions of gold. These are semi-monthly m Packets. The product of gold in that region, 01 counting that which goes direct to England, ?| with that which goes to the North, is about forty millions a year. it. If California alone, were now in market, the si territory would be worth at least five hundred v' millions of dollars. The share of the South at lenst two hundred millions. That has been t| voted by Congress to the North together with n all the right of the South, to the residue of the U acquired territory. The total spoliation of the 8' South may be put down at the sum of two w hundred and fifty millions, together with the loss in value to her property resulting from being P cut off from California enterprise, and the future ^ restriction of her political power.?The impor- g tance of this power may be indicated by the fact, ti that at this very session bills will be passed for ft the expenditure of at least sixty millions of dol- | lars in cash, and we dont know how many millions in land, will be distributed. ti But the South is patriotically urged to submit v to the two huiHlFCd nnu luiy million territorial 1 H|>ollation, to t he final establishment of her ter- !j ritorial limits, and to the Iors of her political 1 |>o\ver, all for the sake of the Union, of harmony t and conciliation. Well, this is the most costly harmony that linn , yet been offered in the market The melody of i Jenny Kind is rather expensive, but the harmony I of Messrs. Cass and Clay,?it would bankrupt ' an empire. j ( " The Bong of love Alphesibeus sung And Damon?when the wondering heifer hung, Forgetful of her food, upon the Hlruin, And Lynxes stopped to list the lay divine, And headlong torrents paused, nor sought the main." ?this, all this, was nothing to the harmony the j heavenly harmony of Messrs. Clay and Cass. Now if it costs so much for the harmony of | these worthy gentlemen, how much ought wo j to pay for that of the Democratic organ ? If the Northern members don't vote an immense extra allowance on the Printing Contract, they are the most ungrateful fellows alive?particularly as half tho money comes from the South. And as tor the Intelligencer, let Mr. Fillmore shower 1 upon it jobs, richer than "barbaric pearls and gold." ( The Intelligencer was even more harmonious ! i than the Union. On the memorable 26th August I i , last, the Intelligencer could not hear so much as 1 u one discordant voice." Perhaps, perhaps, these worthies will soon hear something from the South, that will mar this harmony and innkc their ears tingle. There was a great firing of guns, beatng of drama, and mutual felicitation among ;he friends of uThe Adjustment," on Saturday light last, in which several of the Southern lepresentatives figured conspicuously. We optend two accounts of these demonstrations, one f a serious character from the Intelligencer, the ther of a less solemn cast from the "items" of lie Republic: Patriotic Rejoicings.?The general joy difised through all classes at the final passage by 'ongress of the measures which will restore nrmony and peace to the country, manifested self in a most signal maimer in our city on aturduy evenihg and night. Soon after the nssuge, on Saturday, of the lost of the acts of jinpromise by the House of Representatives, reparations were made to testify the public joy. ccordingly,*ubout sunset the cannon of the Coinibiu Artillerists, under Captain Buckingham, ere drawn to the Washington Monument quare, and one hundred guns were fired in honr of the occasion. But the demonstration of the public feeling id not stop there. About seven o'clock there as a handsome display of fire rockets thrown ito the air from the Mall,east of 7th street. A ist body of our citizens then formed into proission, marched to 'be National Hotel with the larine Band, and there played several national rs, and loudly cheered in honor of Mr. Clay, ho, being absent from the city at Mr. Calvert's mntry residence, could not respond to the coiuliineut thus intended for him. The National [otol was, however, brilliantly illuminated in onor of the great event, and of the distiniiiwlii'il Stiiti-Mimin ivho*i> natrintic .labors, and Iiosc of his noble coiuljutor. in the counsels of lie nation, had on that day been brought to a appy und glorious consummation. After the recession had visited the National Hotel, they .lurched to Mrs. Peyton's boarding-house, and ailed out Senutor Foote, who responded in a rief and fclicitons speech. Leaving Mr. Foote, lie procession halted at the Potomac House, diere they paid a similar compliment to Mr. Senator Cass, who, amidst loud cheers, appeared I nd responded to the visiters in a very felicitous lanner. The procession then inarched to Gadsy's Hotel, ana utter a few patriotic airs from le band, called out Mr. Speaker Cobb, who adressed the people in a very happy manner, conrutuluting them upon the auspicious events of le last two days, which ho firmly believed rould restore harmony and good feeling throughnt this lately distracted country. The Speakr's address, though brief, was very pertinent, atriotic, and eloquent. The procession next isited Mr. Senator Douglas, who. on being ailed out, spoke to his visiters in u clear, anilatcd, and patriotic strain, predicting the grcatst possible good to the country at large, from le auspicious legislation of the last two days, ^e address of the honorable Senator was revived with hearty cheers, in the midst of which e bowed and retired. After leaving the lodgings of Senator IKiugas, the moving mass proceeded up 6th street, nd presented itself in front of Mr. Webstek's isidence on Louisiana avenue. The honorable lii>innr lrmrllv i>tuw?ri>d nnH ri*r>i>ntedlv v>,vw<*" **? "r ???v illed for made his appearance. Hero we minled with the multitude, and got near enough to ear a part of what was said. Thanking tl e eople for tlicir kindness, Mr. Webster said ?at his claim on their regard was not so much n account of any efforts made by him to prouce the great result, as on the depth, and trcnghth, and intensity of his participation in lie fueling of joy and gladness which seemed to nimate all hearts. "Truly, gentlemen, (said Mr. Webster,) ic last two days have been great days ; work has been accomplished whicli disipates doubts and alarms, puts an end to ngry controvorcies, fortifies the Constitution f the country, and strengthens the bonds of the Jnion. "Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer : And all the clouds that lowered upon our house iln the deep bosom of the ocean buried." 44 This language, fellow citizens, is highly loetical but, in inv opinion, not too strong for he occasion. The decisions of the popular ranch of the Legislature appear to me to suria?s in importance any acts of legislation which have known for thirty years. A criJl? has onie upon us, in which men's minds have been trangely agitated by notions of seper.tion and isunion. Phantoms of new confederacies, Drilled out of the now united body of the old liirteen and the new seventeen, have, swam be ore the eyes of some ; separate state oxistnoe\have amused the visions of others ; while ncal controversies have raged with uncommon ittcrness, and local and partial interests csouscd with so much of the exclusive spirit of parisanship, that the hopes of the most confiding ppeared sometimes to waver. Ilut these causes fapprehension and disquiet, these ivlouds, so ortentuos of disaster, are now " in the deep osom of the ocean buried." We ought to be lost thankful to Providence that the results of nr deliberations have been so pacific. When, i to-morrow's sacred morn, the sun shall bein to ascend in the east, thanks from devout ?arts ought to rise with it, and fly beyond s orb, to that gracious Being who has > kindly overruled all things for the preserition and perpetuation of our liberties and our jace. " Yes, gentlemen, we shall be thankful indeed, lat you, and T, and all of us, bear a common line and a common character; that we are all hiited Americans; that we can yet without liatne open the books which record the deeds f our fathers, and can still look upon their graves ,-ithout remorse." Mr. Webster's remarks were listined to with rofouud attention, and were most enthusinstially received. Next, the Hon. Mr. Iiilliard, of ilabama, addressed the crowd. He spoke with rent earnestness and eloquence, and attributed t? Mr. Webster's commandiiif^talents, influence, nd patriotism a principal share in producing hose happy results which would fill the heart f the nation with joy and gratitude. The enthusiastic feeling which pervaded this lumerous assemblage or our fellow-citizens, ras only exceeded by the good order which irevniled during the whole of this spontaneous mblic demonstration. We never saw, on Pcrinylvania avenue, so much good order and reguarity united with so much enthusiasm and pariotie joy.?Malioml Intelligencer. Rejoicings in Washington.?Sat unlay last vas a bright, u lively, and a joyous day in W' shngton ; and if we mistake not, our Items got lis head a little muddled upon the subjects dis-usscd. Items, in fact, has no pretensions nor aspirations politically, and when he is forced by circumstances to attend to such matters, he frankly confesses that he can look into but nol through them. We asked him on Saturday afternoon what the fuss was about, and he re plied that it was because Texas was to reeeivt ten millions. " But," said we, " do they win pay it to her rejoice too ?" " Eh-eh-yes!" saiti he, with a confused look. " And why so, Items ?' u Eli-ch because," said he, refleetingly, M becaust they havn't to pay her twenty !" " Very good Items; very good. Now, don't trouble youi head any more about the cause, and just keep > bright eye for its effects?for any sort of bub Iwry the boys may kick up." Items was sooi off in pursuit of a couple of handsome brass cannon?beautiful six pounders?that Cuptair Buckingham and some of his men were conduct ing up the Avenue. On reaching the Island just beyond Nth strce bridge, the two pieces of ordinance were unlim bered, and it is seldom that the echoes of th< clouds above and around us have been so lout in their responses. One hundred guns?or rather as Items precisely relates it, two guns, fifty times each?shook eveiy thing around them except the patriotism of the people, which ros< higher and higher w ith each successive boom When this was over, it was found that the sui and the tea-tables were set, and there was silenct for an hour : but it was the dread silence tha portends a storm; and presently rocket after rocket was seen ascending from the foot of 6th street, an" then Professor Grant's Calcium light, from the west front of the Capitol, shone forth with such splendor as to make the people imagine that old Sol had risen with the first watch to see the fun. While all eyes were intent upon these wondrous sights, there came stealing upon the ear the well-loved strains of the Marine bund, which passed along the Avenue with a longer trail than any comet ever wore; and halting in front of the National Hotel, (from every window of which poured forth a golden blaze of glory!) up went the shout, "Hurra, hurra, hurra for Senator Gwinn, of California!" and this was followed by the inspiriting strains of the band. The serenading party next proceeded to the vicinity of the apartments of Henry Clay,and in shouts and music manifested their gratitude to the gallant old statesman and patriot. Neither of these gentlemen responded. Mr. Clay, we learn, had left the city for his accustomed retreat, the private mansion, of Mr. Calvert, beyond Bladensburg. 1 Senator Foote was next visited, at Ins lodgings, at the corner of Four-and-a-half and C streets. He responded most eloquently and ardently, and drew forth the hearty applause of the multitude. General Cass was then visited, at the Potomac House, and from him ulso a fine address .1* Wilfl l-IWILCU. ? Mr. Cobb, Speaker of the House of Representatives, at Gad shy's, also responded most appropriately. Senator Douglas, at his lodgings opposite the Potomac House, was next visited. His response was thriilingly eloquent. At Brown's Hotel, S nators Houston and Rusk were greeted, and replied in v. arm and ardent terms. Mr. Webster had a dining party at his house. He came forth amidst the deafening applause of the multitude, and delivered one of the most terse, vivid, and eloquent little addresses that ever fell even from his lips. Mr. Milliard, of Alabama, was one of Mr. Webster's guests, and was recognized by the people, when his name went up with a shout of delight und enthusiasm ; and to say that he was himself is to say that he spoke eloquently, and us a man of warm heart and genuine patriotism. There was unanimity of sentiment amongst all these speakers. They spoke as men who loved the union of the States, und as men whose hearts were full of joy that the counsels had prevailed of those who could sacrifice every thing but honor for the welfare of their common country. At an early hour?long before 11 o'clock? the crowd had dispersed, the music was silent, and all was as still throughout the city us though an approaching Sabbath were waited for.?Republic. Literary Notices. A number of new publications, and periodicals, have recently accumulated on our table, to which our other engagements have not permitted us to pay that attention due their own merits, and the politeness of the publishers to whom we are indebted for them. As the most exciting debates in Congress have ceased, and the most important measures before it been disposed of, as far as its present action is concerned, we shall give our readers a respite to-day from much political lucubration,and turn their attention towards those lighter matters to which we ha\ e already referred. To Mr. Farnham we are indebted for a yiost interesting series of historical sketches, enti tied " Tlio I.ily and the Totem," from the pen of our accomplished countryman, Wm. Gilmohe Simms, giving the romance of the history of the early settlement of Florida and Georgia.? Indeed it may he said with perfect truth, that the simple chronicles of that history in themselves not only constitute the richest materials for romance, but are redolent with its spirit; the lives of the early adventurers being a constant succession of hair-breadth escapes and thrilling incidents, in the struggle between early training and the wild freedom of forest habits and savage impatience of all restraints. Dangers, too, in varied shapes had to be encountered at every step, and many of those fcarlesss spirits who, like Ponce De Leon, sought in Florida, " the fabled Fountain of Youth," tasted there the waters of death from the hands of the progenitors of the Seminoles, even in our own day no contemptible foe, .but for the paucity of their numbers. The title of the book is significant of the subjects treated, the "Lily" being the eml.l..-. ..C nnit tlm " Tnfum" t.lin Indian I/ICI11 VI A 111111/(7) WIIM VUV * V?VM? ...V symbol. IIow Mr. Shims has treated his attractive theme wo cannot yet say from personal perusal, but the subject is so well suited to his peculiar vein of fancy and flowing style, that it could not bo otheru ise than attractive in his hands. There are few more vigorous writers and stronger thinkers among our American literati thai) Mr. Simms, and we anticipate much pleasure in the early perusal of this his latest contribution to the stock of "books that are books," and will give our readers also extracts hereafter. We are aware that our critical acumen will be underrated by the confession of incapacity to judge of the merits of a book bv the title-page? as is usual with editors, who deem a "puff" the legitimate payment of the publisher's civility? and an English Reviewer has also declared that reading a book was apt "to prejudice one so." Vet we can conscientiously recommend most of Mr. Simms' works, as they always have something in them?and nre not like Peter Pimlir's razors "made to sell." The next work on which our outstretched hand rests, is another donation from Mr. Farnham?"Reminiscences of Congress," by C. W. March?a well written and interesting work, the author of which is (if we mistake not) connected with the Press as a reporter or letterwriter. From the internal evidence of the book, we should judge that he was a Massachusetts man, for all his Congressional reminiscences group themselves around Daniet. Webster, as the colossal central figure, for which he entertains a most reverential admiration. In fact, the ! title of the book does not indicate the real charj actor of its contents, for the biography of Mr. > I Webster occupies almost the whole volume, | and Ilia compeers are only introduced incidentally, as it were. In the course of his Congros sioual reminiscences, however, some very intorr eating incidents are detailed, and some judicious 1 discriminations drawn as to the peculiar characj! teristics of leading statesmen?although the , politics of tlie writer appear to be intensely i Northern. Still the writer is a man of fairness, I and where prejudieo does not warp his judgmeat, inclined to do justice to opponents as well as allies. Take for instance the following j parallel between the characteristic differences 1J of Clav and C'aliioui*. Every impartial ob' server must admit its entire truthfulness and ! justice: i "But, after all, Mr. Clay's style, whether o! . thought or manner, is not senatorial. It lack? i dignity, elevation, gravity. Hia speech is often a too colloquial, and even in some of its mosl t effective passages, disfigured by provincialisms He was never ft Scheldt; has never studied those ehaste models of Style, the sncient classics, and, conseq uently knows, but imperfectly, how grand[ ly to express a grand idea. The House of Re, presentatives Was the theatre of his greatness ' and his glory: there, his emphatic manner, his I fervid eloquence, his earnest, though unehastenj ed thought, gained him an admiration ainouutj ing almost to enthusiasm. Polish of style or I accuracy of expression, was unnoticed or for! given, in the abandoi of feeling which his bold : imagery, his vehement denunciation, and passionate appeals produced. As a popular speaker, he has had hardly an equal, cerbiinly.no superior. How different in manner, in thought, and in diction, Mr. Calhous appeared! The fertile I brevity of hie expsession, his power of thought, I and the severe simplicity of his manner, placed him in violent contrast to his sometime rival.? His speech had all the terseness of Tacitus, without his obscurity. It was illustrated more by axioms than imagery. Yet his language was so well-selected, so appropriate, so full of-decorous words, that it required no other ornament." Upon the whole, this work will well repay the reader for au attentive perusal. Through Messrs. Taylor & Maury, the agents at this place, we have aKo received the July Nos. of the British Quarterlies, well stored, as usual, with interesting and instructive matter. The Weilminxler contains a very elaborate and painful expose of the condition of a large proportion of the female population of the larger cities, as well as the depth cf degredation into which thousands full by the pressure of circumst.it ces over which they luive no control, and the social organization of which they constitute a disregarded pat t. Born to an inheritance of hopeless misery-?existence is but a struggle for the bare means of sustenance with thousands of these hapless beings, and vice a necessity not the result of inclination, but resorted to with repugnant Horror. In the images of wo and pain conjured up by the stern imaginations of the old Hebrew Prophets, when denouncing doom, or in the horrors of Dante's Vision of Hell and Purgatory, can alone be found the parallels to the unimaginable suffering, sin and shame, which the reviewer drags to light from the cellars, and moral cess pools of Liverpool and London. It is a revolting thing to probe such moral ulcers to the quick, and expose them to the public view?but the skilful surgeon can only apply the cure, and teach the true character of the disease by thoroughly investigating it. Hence articles like this alluded to, in the Westminster, 4 I L A. 1 : 1 uiougn uiey may jar our sensiomues, suoserve most useful sanitary purposes. The Edinburg and the Quarterly, present very attraetive bills of fare, but as we have not yet had time to test the quality of the cookery, we cannot say how the dishes are served up? though the ability of their contributors always secures some good articles for each number, along with what is technically termed " bulaam," by the publishers, put in to fill up the interstices between their leaders. One article in the London Quarterly, we would especially commend to the serious deglutition and digestion of the head of the Post Office Department?that entitled "Mechanism of the Post Office,"?since some screws are out of order in its mechanism here, the mails from North and South not following each other of late days in "Indian file," but tumbling in, pell-mell, two or three of each at a time, in most admired disorder. If "yrder" is "heaven's first law," as Mr. Pope says, it certainly is the last law that governs the delivery of the mails to the citizens of this country, whose complaints are loud, long, ana universal. inereiorc we aavisc iiie siuay of this English system, that a happy deliverance from the present mail delivery may he had with the least delay. Black wood's Edinburgh Magazine for August, has also reached us through the same channel. It has some spicy and some spiteful articles? but who ever knew Blackwood to be dull ? The leader is devoted to the high Tory doctrine of protection, and a plea put in against Free trade ?and the closing article is devoted to the perilous exploits in Africa of a Scotch gentleman, who hunted nothing larger than Elephants, and nothing more dangerous than Lions. A stirring and thrilling narrative he has made of bis perils by flood and field, ample extracts from which Blarkwood gives. A review of Ledru Rollin's work on England proves the possession of a poetic faney on his part, as he has drawn on his imagination for many of his facts?the Reviewer roasts him well, yet his extracts prove that Ledru has dealt some " facers" to the friends who have afforded him n shelter in his exile. " The courtship in the time of James 1st," is like the restoration of an old painting?it ca-ries us back to those days of primitive simplicity, when the parents did the courting by proxy, and the "consideration" was avowedly pecuniary, not as is now often the lr OA O 1 ?A it 1<3 PnAvtcll I 11 fT ffl COO nCVil CHJ ov , lb iq i vii \ aim iv ovt the naivete with which the matter of money is canvassed between those, literally the contract ing parties. By the way, the new volume of Blackwood commenced with the July number, and those who have not already subscribed for it and intend doing so, had better commence with that number. The price of the reprint is but S3 00 a year, and in fact the whole series can be had at a very reasonable rate on application to the agents here. No Yki.low Ff.ver at New Orleans.?The New Orleans True Delta of the 31st ult., denies that there is any yellow fever in that city, though, there had been sixteen eases reported for the previous week, by persons unknown. It says also that from the coolness of the weather, rendering woolen clothing, &e., necessary, there is no prospect of there being any. The VVoodvlllc (Miss.) Republican says, ai t . l 11 i*.._ .. lw> I14.I.I mere mix ueen a can u>r <? iiiituii^ iu m-iu, irrespective of party, at Raymond, for the purpose of ratifying the Resolutions of the Nashville Convention, signed hy five hundred and forty-eight or fifty of the most respectable citizens of Hinds county. ?#* The Washington correspondent of the Haiti more Clipper, says : " last night and to-day the joy of almost everybody, except the few in Congress who pant i and desire a dissolution of the Union, was un hounded. A crabbed old fellow, who had not | smiled for a year, l?ognn to laugh! Cannons were fired this afternoon,and everybody is talking about the bills. I Several gentlemen iu this city, whom we know, will realize?one twenty and the other f thirty thousand dollars on their Texas scrip." 1 Confirmed.?Hon. D. D. Barnard, of Albany, it is said has been unanimously confirmed as . Minister to Berlin. ^ ?- - - g CONGRESSIONAL. ' IN SENATE. Monday, September 9, 1850. The Clerk of the House reported to the Senate the passage of the Texas bill, with the House amendment thereto; and, also, the passage by the House of the Senate bills for the admission of California, and providing a Territorial Government for the Territory of Utah. more railroads. The Senate passed a bill making a grant of land and a grant of the right of way to Missouri for a railroad from St. Louis to her western borders. And a bill of a similar character for the benefit of Indiana was ordered a third rending. Also, a bill to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to permit vessels from the British North American provinces to load and unload in American ports in certain cases, not heretofore specially provided for by law. texas and new mexico. The Texas boundary bill with the House amendments was taken up. Mr. CHASE, moved to amend the House amendment respecting New Mexico, which provide that " no citizen shall be deprived of his life, liberty or property, without a trial by his peers and the laws of the land, bv striking out " citizen," and inserting " person" and by striking out the " laws of the land," and inserting " by process of law." The two branchetftof die amendment were separately rejected. The amendment adding the New Mexico bill to the Texas bill of the Senate was agreed to, 31 to 10, as follows, several Southern senators not voting upon it. < Yea*.?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Bell, Bright, Cass, Clay. Dawson, Dickinson, Dodge, of Iowa, Douglas, Downs, Felch, Foote, Houston, Jones, Mnngum, Morton, Norris, Pearce, Pratt, Rusk, Sebastian, Shields, Smith, Spruance, Sturgeon, Undewood, Wales, Whitcomb?31. Nats.?Messrs.Bald win, Benton, Chase,Davis, of Mass., Dodge, of Wis., Ewing, Hamlin, Sew- . ard, Upham, Winthrop?10. [A message from the House. The Speaker had signed the Utah and California bills.] gen. Houston's defence of himself. Mr. HOUSTON, conformably with a notice which he gave to the Senate on Friday last, rose to a personal explanation. He had been recently very well abused by a member of the other House. He, Mr. Houston, had, asa rule, been regardless heretofore of the abuse heaped upon him; but the relations which he occupied as a representative of the people, and the official positions which he had filled heretofore, would not permit him to pass by this last attack unregarded. He had attacked the reputation of no man. He was not the aggressor in this case. He had not been the assailant of any man. His object now was not to attack, but to repel the charges made againRt him in a recent article published in the Southern Press. For twenty-six or twenty-seven years paRt he had been, from time to time, a member of deliberative bodies, conventions, and legislatures, and as well as his recollection served him, he had never been called to order for the violation of the rules of order and decorum. Mr. H., with some other remarks, proceeded to the consideration of the direct accusation against him, contained in a recent communication published in the Southern Press. In the letter of Mr. Wallace, published in the Southern Press, of August 17th last, he inquires of Mr. Houston if he was not, for malfeasance in office, discharged from a sub-Indian agency by Mr. Calhoun, Secretary of War under President Monroe?mind, "J any for malreasance in office. In reply to this allegation,Mr. Houston contended that he was never discharged from any office. He had caused the public archives to be ransacked, covering a period of 30 years past,and he had found that he had left behind him n remarkably smooth track, not a brush in it. From his first entry into the army in J813 to the time of his ietirement from it as a lieutenant in 1818, there was not a mark against him; or, if there were a mark, it was the mark of the enemy upon his hody; there was no mark upon his escutcheon. He cited the official records in support of his .fidelity as a subIndian agent under Mr. Monroe. He had met ullhis enemies heretofore without vaunting, and all that he had ever asked was that they should not attack him when his back was turned. Respecting the facts in the charge of " malfeasance in office," Mr. Houston exhibited that wheii his salary as sub-Indian agent was reduced from $1,300 to $500 a year, he resigned, and went to Western Tennessee. Some lime aflerwards, a suit was instituted against him under the order of Mr. Cai.houn, for a balance due to the Government. But on the trial it was found there was u balance due to the accused of $287. And this constitutes the evidence of his malfeasance in office. After disposing of the other question of his exile among the Indians as involving no obloquy, and from which he has had the honor at length to appear upon this floor; nnd expressing his surprise at the mystery with which this charge of " malfeasance" had been nestled away so long; and after referring to some threats heretofore made of extracts from some distinguished " diary," and disclaiming any intention to touch upon the memory of Mr. Calhoun, the senntor from Texas turned his attention to South Carolina, and her peculiar institutions. Mr. Houston concluded with a congratulation of the country ,i ft.iif i T* i upon iiie passnge 01 ine i^auiurum nuu lerriiuriui bills, and upon the blessings of the Union, and contended that he who would strike a parricidal blow to dissolve the Union was a more detestable traitor than Benedict Arnold. Mr. BUTLER had nothing to say in this personal controversy. Respect for his collenge and for the senator from Texas would forbid it. He took occusion, however, to deny very explicitly that Gen. Wallace had from any conversation with Mr. Calhoun, or from any information from Mr. Calhoun, directly or indirectly, brought forward his charges against the senator from Texas. The information upon which these charges were made was derived from Gen. Thomas J. Green, of Texas. Mr. HOUSTON . No, sir, not of Texas. Mr. BUTLER. He is now of California, but was formerly of Texas. From that gentleman, I understand the information was exclusively derived. With regard to the institutions of South Carolina, Mr. Butler said that every free white man in the State had the right of suffrage,and in voting for the membersof the Legislature,they selected their agents in the choice of Governor and President. And in the conservative institutions of South Carolina there was a safer guarantee Ul ... W..V rU6,V?..I?UCII|Ucracy of modern days. Mr. HOUSTON did not charge or intend to intimate anything against. Mr. Calhoun. As regards Gen. Thomas J. Green, he is a most notorious man, and is known all the way round from California to Boston,?a rather roundabout way. He was in Texas a Bhort time,but left in a hurry, not much regretted by some, and very much regretted by others. All that I have said of South Carolina was, that I regretted her citizens had not a direct voice in the election of their Governor and the President of the United States. dat of adjournment. On motion of Mr. Jefferson Davis, the resolution was tnken up from the House fixing the 30th of September as the day of the adjournment of Congress. He moved to substitute the 22d. Mr. Walker and Mr. Radoer opposed the motion, on account of th e pressure of public business. Mr. Jefferson Davis, replied that after the act that had been passed, he was anxious to go home and turn over the results to the people. If the session continued much longer, he could almost hope that some Executive agent with a black wand, would march in and dissolve this Rump Parliament. The debate upon the amendment of Mr. Davis, was continued uy Messrs. Rkrrien, Jefff.rson, Davis, Benton, Badger, Downs, and Ewing, when the motion to adjourn on the 22U was re-1 jected?23 to 27. And the House resolution that Congress shall | adjourn on the 30th instant, was agreed to; and j on that day the present session will close. president's messages. The CHAIR laid before the Senate a message from the President, covering a report from the! late Commissioner to China. Also, a copy of, the State constitution of New Mexico, upon which the President says, that a | territorial government having been provided for i New Mexico, he does not deem it advisable to make any recommendution respecting a State government. On motion of Mr. DOUGLAS, the State constitution of New Mexico, was laid upon the table. On motion of Mr. UNDERWOOD the Senate went into Executive session. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Monday, September 9,1850. Mr. HARRIS, of Tennessee, moved a suspension of the rules to enable him to offer a resolution I Citv of Pkovidexce.?A list of the taxable property of the city of Providence, in the year i 1850, gives the total amount at $31,959,600, on which the assessment is 53 cents on each $100. One huu ired and six persons, corporations and estates, own over $14,000,000, or nearly onehnlf of this amount. % * hi : ? \i' i* '& 4k?? requiring the President of the Senate, and the . Speaker of the Houae, to adjourn tbeir respective Houses mm die on the 23d instant. Two-thirds of the members assenting, the rules vats suspended and the resolution received. Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, moved to substitute the 16th fbr the 23d instant. Mr. HIBBARD, of New Hampshire, moved to amend the amendment by substituting the 30ih for the 16'h instant. Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, made some remarks in support of his motion. He argued that the sooner a day was fixed, the quicker would the necessary business be despatched. Mr. VINTON, of Ohio, opposed the motion of the gentleman from Mississippi. There were many bills, he said, which should be passed, but which which would not be if so early an adjournment was ordered. Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, also opposed it on similar grounds, and demanded tne previous questidn. The previous question having been ordered, the amendment to the amendment was agreed to? ayes 114, nays 54. The question then recurring upon the amendment as amended, it was agreed to?uyes 117, nays 71. The question then recurred upon the resolution as amended, to adjourn this day three weeks,and it was adopted. Mr. EwfNG, of Tenn., moved to suspend the if lea, u> enable him to introduce a resolution to make the bill providing for the repair and improvement of the dam at the head of Cumberland Island, on the Ohio river, a special order for the 17th instant. Lost. Mr. KAUFMAN, of Texas, moved a suspension of the rules to enable him to offer a resolution, that the Conimitteeof the Whole be discharged frQm the further consideration of the bill " to authorize the President to incorporate the officers of the late TeXas navy into the navy of the United Stales," and that said bill be put upon its passage. Lost. The SPEAKER directed the reading of a letter from Mr. Wilson, representative from the third congressional district of New Hampshire, resigning his seat and announcing his intention of going to the new State of California. Mr. REED, of Pennsylvania, moved a suspension of the rules to enable him to offer a resolution calling from the President a report on the results of a Mission to Liberia, by Rev. Mr. Qurley. Lost. Mr. CLARKE, of New York, moved, bv consent, a resolution to increase the pay of the Superintendent of the folding room or the House from |2,50 to A3 pe- day. Mr. STANTON of Kentucky moved to amend by adding authority for the Clerk of the House to increase the pay of James T. Walker from that of a Messenger to that of a Clerk. TKo roonlnfinn urua an mnoiwloil nnrl noroorl In Mr. BOYD, of Kentucky, moved to proceed to the business on the Speaker's table, with the view of reaching the fugitive slave bill. Carried. Before any business was taken up, Mr. Batlt, of Va., moved that the House resolve itself into Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. Agreed to. After sometime spent therein, the committee rose and reported the Military Academy appropriation bill to the House, together with A special bill appropriating $160,000 to supplydeficiencies in the mileage and per diem for members and delegates of the present Congress?including members from California and delegates from Deseret and Utah?and fixing the mileage and pay of the California members the same as the Oregon delegate, at $8 per day, and $2000 mileage for a session, and tne mileage of the Deseret and New Mexico delegates at $2000, and their.per diem $5, from the time of their arrival to the close of the session. The bill also appropriates $50,000 to be paid for boo'<s to be furnished to new members of the present Congress. The bill having been read a first and second time, Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, moved to strike out the provisions for pay and mileage to the delegates from Deseret and New Mexico? they not having been recognized as such by the House. Lost. The previous question having been ordered, The question recurred on the engrossment of the bill and ordering it to a third reading, and was curried. After being engrossed and read a third time, the question recurred upon its passage, and the Speaker declared the vote to be?ayes 78, nays 77. The Speaker then voting in the negative, the bill was rejected. Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, moved to reconsider the vote just taken, and to lay his motion on the table. Pending which, the following enrolled bills were reported as having been presented for the President's signature, and the House then adjourned without taking the question on laying the motion to reconsider on the table. a ? c._ .l. ...1 iL. ~ x\II iii;i lur nit; uumiSMUii ui uic oiuic ui vanforniu into the Union. An act to establish a territorial government for Utah. An act proposing to the State of Texas a settlement of Iter northern and western boundaries, &.c.t and to establish a territorial government for New Mexico. [In the proceedings of the House on Saturday, as they appear in our daily edition of yesterday, and our tri-weekly of to-uay, two short speeches of Mr. Toombs are misplaced. The first speech of his should have ^jeen placed after the second speech of Mr. Skddon, to which it replies, and his second speech after the third speech of Mr. S., to which it is in reply.] Horir. op Representatives, Monday, September 9th, 1830. Editors of the Southern Press : In your paper of this mornirg, my name is erroneously recorded in the negative, upon one of the propositions submitted by Mr. Thompson, of Mississippi, on Saturday last. I voted in the affirmative upon both propositions. Respectfully, THOMAS H. AVERETT. 2^" Extract of a letter dated, Madison, C. II., Florida, Aug. 26th, 1850. "Messrs. Editors:?I trust your valuable Pwtv* will litlfl n Inrnrn niiKtiilalintv in fits* clnim a. ftw.? ?*iii iiuu it uti^O tllWUlilllVMI III bliC OUl> 13holding States, it is what has long been wanting. Thus far your your course has met with an entire approval, both with Whigs and Democrats. The occasion demand bold and decided action upon the part of the entire Southern people, to hesitate as to what should be our duty under the present difficulties, is one of fearful import, but I assure you that Madison county and I hope the whole of Florida, are prepared to stand upon the Southern platform, equality in the Union or independence out of it.. The Nash ville Convention platform has been ratified by a large meeting of the citizens of Madison county, and the course of Messrs. Yulee and Morton is applauded by both parties. Excuse the liberty I have taken with you, but be assured I shall do all in my power to further the Southern Press in this community." f-$?~Extr::et of a letter dated "Holly Springs, August 30, 1850. Messrs. Editors:?There is a fived determination with the large mass of the people here, to resist the threats of the President in relation to Texas, should she take the proper stand, and he attempts to put in execution such menaces, by aiding Texas to the last extremity. We regard the message as tending directly to acentr. 1 or consolidated government, and if successfully carried out, destroys the last vestige of State sovereignty originally guaranteed in the Federal compact." * .Fravpoi-t West, with Havre de Grace rotes.?Pittsburg, Sept. 6.?The Ohio papers state that great excitement exists in the northern part of the State, on account of fraudulent circulations of Havre de Grace notes. It appears that a large number ol' cattle had been bought up, and these notes given in payment Subst Suently, the fraud was discovered, and the duped ealers, with a party of friends, sta ted in pursuit of the swindlers, whom they overtook, and after a desperate fight, succeeded in seizing the cattle. The authorities interfered and arrested portions of both parties, who were lodged in jail.