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EUwMd ^lihtr * liita Dc Lew. . TERMS. DAILY, *10 OU T HI-WEEKLY, ft 00 WEEKLY, ...... Y 00 Subscription payable in advance. Any persou procuring five suMeribers shall noun one copy gratia. AU latum to the Editors to be fust-paid. ruvTio st a. a. iim. OrriCK, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between 3d and H streets. VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY," For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy, Clan I, for 1850, To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, September 28th, 1350. J. W. MAUHY tf CO., Managtrs. BRILLIANT SCHEME. 75 numbers?14 drawn ballots. 1 grand prize of 70,(M)0 1 splendid do do...... 26,567 1 'do do do 20,g00 1 do do do 10,000 100 prizes of 1,000 100 do do 500 F"" .? ? x.mmmw.-* - . >svrarsK I JtUW^II||jj^ti-iL!-!-L Ji-1 -L' JJj 1LLLL-. _ .1.1?UlJ. H11J J... - X--ILJ-I? - -... ilUil. 1J. U 11 . - .. I L . , ,| L . '? . THE SOUTHERN PRESS. DAILY. Vol. 1. Washington, Saturday, September 14, 1S&0. No. 77. 160 do do juu &c. &c. dtc. Whole Tickets $20?Shares in proportion. A certificate of a Package of 35 whole tickets $220. Shares in proportion. Orders for Certificates of Packages?single tickets or shrres, in the above Scheme, if addressed to will receive prompt attention, and an account of the drawing forwarded, as soon aa received. Address J. W. MAURY & CO., Managers, sep7-2wd Richmond, Vm. C. A ?. L. KKRRISON Sc CO. DIRECT IMPORTERS FOREIGN DRY GOODS IN CHARLESTON, S. C. WOULD respectfully inform their friends and those who purchase DRY GOODS in their H city, that they are now prepared to oiler a large, choice, and well assorted stock of Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods. As they receive tne bulk of their goods DIRECT from EUROPEAN PORTS, they feel assured of being able to compete successfully with any other market in the United States. C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO. 209 King street, north-west corner of King and Market streets. Sep 3, 1850?3tn ninrr-r IMPDHTATIONS OF IRISH .1.1 HE US. THE subscribers are constantly receiving direct (Yom the manufacturers, MADETG THEIR ORDER, and expressly adapted to th? Southern trade, and to which they with confidence invite the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that the goods will be found PURE FLAX, to wit: Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted widths Damask Doylies, Napkins and Cloths, of various sizes Dowlass, Glass Cloths, Black, While & Brown Holland Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, etc. etc. C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO. 209 King street, Charleston, S. C. Sep. 3, 1830?3m FOR CALIFORNIA via CHAGRES? Without detention at Panama. rpHE United States Mail Steamship Company's l_ ship GEORGIA, on Wednesday, September 11th, at 3 o'clock, p. m., from the pier foot of Warren street, North river, wiih the Government mails and passengers for San Francisco and inter mediate porta. The connexion at Panama will be carefully kept up, so as to prevent any detention beyond the usual stay in port. The books are now open, and passage can be secured at the following rates : FROM MEW YORK TO CIUGRES. State-room berth - - , Standee berth, forward salooon - - - 80 Steejage berth, found bed & separate table 50 FROM PJUftoMA TO SJ1M FRJ1MCISCO. Slate-room berth ------- $300 Steerage berth, found bed & separate table 150 FROM MEW YORK. State-room. Standee. Steerage. To Charleston or Savannah $25 $20 $10 To Havana ----- 70 55 25 To New Orleans - - - 75 GO 25 Freight to Chagres, 70 cents per cubic foot prepaid. Freight to Havana, 25 cents per foot. Consignees to receive their goods at ship's tackle immediately after her arrival at Havana. To secure freight or passage, apply at the office of the company, 77 West street, corner of Warren steet, to M. O. ROBERTS. Special Notice is given lo shippers by this line, that the company have prepared a form of bill of^ladlnj adapted to their business, Which will be furnisl ad to shippers on application at the company's office, and with which they are requested to provide themselves, as no other form will be signed by the agents of the company. All bills of lading must be signed before the sailing of vessel. September 6, 1850. ODD-FELLOWS' HALL. MOMJX1Y, TUESDAY JMD WEDMESDJY E VEMLYGS. tiif. oi.o favorites, THE NIGHTINGALE ETHIOPIAN SERENADERS. T} ESPECTFULLY announce to their friends and thecitizens of Washington, that they will 1 .? 1 rrit'inrr throo nf9 thpir immitn nave me |iicaouit"i ? ble Concerts at the al>ove fashionable place of amusement. The Company have perforined for the last six months in the State of New York and ihe provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, where their Concerts were attended nightly by the beauty and fashion; and past Fifteen *Vights at the Holiday street Theatre, Baltimore. For full particulars, see bills of the day. Admission, 25 cents; Dcots open at 7, to commence at 8 o'clock. GEO. W. IIARVEY, Manager. Sept. 6. [Intelligencer & Republic.] PLAINS, BLANKETS, KERSEYS AND FLANNELS. THE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per Ships, "Gulnare," "Orion," and "Somerset," from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS, KERSEYS, WHITE and COLORED BLANK ETS, WHITE, RED, BLUE and GREEN FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey,Shirts, Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., &c., expressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and to an inspection of which, thev ^confidently invite all who visit the Charleston Market. C. A E. L. KERRISON A CO., 209 King st., northwest cor. King A Market sta. Charleston, 8ept. 3? To Editors and Publishers. rpHE advertiser has had much experience as a ? - . " ?l -1 .U.L'.I; ^ Uook and Jot) 1'rinter, arm hum uccn i?c suitor of two or three newspapers and one magazine. He is at present foreman of a daily morning paper, hot finds the situation too hard for his health. He desires a situation, either n* editor or assistant editor, or as foreman of a weekly office. He enjoys a respectable reputation in literature, being a contributor to several of the popular magazines and newspapers of the day. As an editor, he has been successful beyond the efforts of mere mediocrity. A situation in the country, that would allow him means to prosecute the study of the law, i? moat desirable ; out if his services will he of any service in any department of the printing- and pub-' lishing business, the person desiring them will please addrees W., Savannah, Geo. P. S. The best reference given as to ability and character. He would be willing to become mtar sled pecuniarily, in a paper where labor *-um conlidered capital, and where it could be turned into ranital. ? f Nov. 3?w3l 1 MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES D. APPLETQN It CO., NEW YORK, have in course or publication, in parti, prick TVCNTT-riVK crnti each, Dictionay of Maohinaa, Meohanics, Engine-Wok, and Engineering. Designed fur Practical XVorking-M&u and those intended for the Engineering Profession. Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Prqftssor qf Mathematics, CaUsgt of Civit Enrinetro, London; Author and Inventor if "The Calculus of Form," " The AVw and Improved System of Lognrithims," "'The Elementsqf Euclidby Colors," tie., etc.,etc. 'THUS vrork is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly A two thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred plates, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present working-drawings and descriptions of the most important machines in the United States. Independently of the results of American ingenuity.it will contain complete practical treatises on |Iechanics, Machinery, Engiue-wurk, and Engineering; with all that is useful in more than one thousand dollars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other books, among which may be mentioned the following -. I. Bibiiotheque des Arts Industrials. (Masson, Paris.) 2.. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (Loudon.) 3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackie, (iliurov. 1 ? -??or ? / 4. Publication Industrielle. (Armengaud Aine, Paris.) 5. Jamieson's Mechanics of Fluids. 6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgomino Bauzeitung rait Abbildungen. (torsler, Witn.) 8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesensin technischerBeziebung. (Von Waldegg, Wiesbaden.) 6. Shcrwin's Logarithiina. 10. Byrne V Logarithms. 11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12. Silliman's Journal. 13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (Hulsse, Leipzig. 14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. HohzapfTels' Turning and Mechanical Manippulation. 16. The Steam Engine, fj. Bourne.) 17. Eisenbahn-Zeitung. (Stuttgart.) 18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictionnaire des Arts ct Manufactures. (Laboulaye, Paris. 21. Sganzip's Civil Engineering. 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation. (Woodcroft.) 24. Essai sur ('Industrie des Matieres Textiles (Michel Alcan, Paris.) 25. Macneill's Tables. 2b'. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. 27. Templeton's Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary. 29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (Loudon.) 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 33. Hano's Mechanics. 34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture. (Mosley.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil Engineers. (London.) 37. The Artisan. 33. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Pub lished by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine. 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow, London,) 42. Recueil des Machines Insti umcns et Apparcil. (Le Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. 44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Machines. (G. Rennie.) 45. Repertoiredel'Industrie Franquaise et.Etrangere. (L Mathias, Paris.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom, London.) 47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, London.) 48. Hodge on the Steam Engine 49. Scientific American. 50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik ) 51. American Artisan. 52. Mechanic's Magazine, 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture. 54. Dietionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, (De Bonnefoux, Paris.) 55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Faiibarn.) 56. Brees' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encycl opedia. (Luke Herbert.) 61. Patent Journal ; London. 69. Bree's Glossary 01 Engineering. 63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. 64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Ilaskoll.) 66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The great object of this publication is, to place before practical men and students such an amount of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed form, as shall enable them to work to the best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which they might otherwise commit The amount of useful-information thus brought together, is almost beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is hardly any subject w ithin its range which is not catcd with such clearness and precision, that even man of the-most ordinary capacity cannot fail of understanding, and thus learning from it much which it is importrnt for him to know. From the annexed list of the principal authors and subject comprised in this work it is self-evident, that all citizens engaged in the practical and useful arts, etc,, may derive essential advantages from the possession and study of this publication, The following may he especially designated : Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers. Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin, Cullers, and Workers 01 Steel in general. Carpenters. Brickmaker*. Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. Civil Engini ers, Railway Contractors, and Contractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every description. Architects an 1 Bridge Borders, Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. Ship Builders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpenters, and others connected with Building and 1 Docking Ships. Block and Pump Makers, Hemp Dressers and Rope Makers, i*i an niacin re rs 01 i.iricn ana uniun ranno*. Manufacturer* of Spinning Machine*, Koving Machines, Card Breaker* and Finisher*, Drawing Frame*' Wtllews,and Pickers, etc., connected witii Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery, Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printer*. Cloth Folders, aod Measurers, and persona inter ested in Sowing Machinery. Anchor .and Chain Cable Manufacturers. Cutting and Turning Tool Makers Pin ami Needle Makers. Nail and Rivet Makers. Bolt ami Screw-Bolt Makers. Nail Cutlers. * v Coiners. i lieather Dressers and Currier*. Manufacturer* of Creel Guns sml Small Arms. | Candle Makers. Biscuit and Cracker Maker*. Lace Makers. Kihbon Weavers. Stone Cutters and Marble Mn*on*. Dyei?, Cloth Wasl ers, and Scourer*. Cooper*. | Cider and Cheese Manufacturers I , Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers. Sugar Boilers aiul Refiners, with Propnetora of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Engine Drivers, and .Persons connected with the Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels. Managers of Stationary Engines. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. Veneer Cutters. Owners of Planing Machinery. Com Millers, andPersons connected wilhr Bolting and Bran-Separating Machinery. ' Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and Threshing Machinery. Buhl Woikcis, Carvers Engravers, and Oruamcii) Makers in geperal. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Makers of Cpp|>er and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interested in Dredging Machinery. Well Sinkers. Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical Apparatus and Instruments. Miner's Engineers,1 end other interested in Pumping Engines. Persona interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic Presses, Dynanonietric Cranes, Jack Screws, Common and Feed Cranes. Wotkers in Metals and Alloys. Tin Plate Workers. Spring Maeufacturers. Wheelwrights,Clock Makers Horologists, &c. The publishers have expended a large sum of money to get original drawings of machinery in practical use in this country, and have procured almost every woik on the sudiect, whether published in England, France, or Germany, the most essential Darts of which being comprised in this Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored to use great economy in type, so that each page of the woik contains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. This has also secured to each plate woiking-drawngs of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic may construct accurately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, icgard' less oi cost, to make the work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it as issued.in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The wolk will be issued in semi-monthly numbers, commencing in January, 1850, and will progress w itvi great regularity. The whole work will be published in 40 numbers at 25 cents per number, and completed'within the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will be made to agent". Any one remitting the publishers $ 10 in advance shall receive the work through the post oflice free of expense. Notice to Proprietors of Jtcxrspapers throughout the United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five times during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis in payment. FOR CALIFORNIA. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY?THROUGH PASSAGE TO CALIFORNIA. rPHE public will be gratified to learn that the 1 United States Mail Steamship Company are enabled to announce that their arrangements are now complete for sending passengers through from New York to San Francisco and back. In the first attempts of this Company to meet the wants of travel to California, by providing ships on the Pacific, in connection with their shins from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for through passages from Panamu in advance, for their ships then going round. This was done from a desire to accommodate those who could procure passages in no other quarter, and by which, whatever might be the detention, they would reach San Francisco sooner than, by any other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence of fever at Ilio de Janeiro at the time, prevented their ships from reaching Panama as soon as anticipated, and caused detention ut the Isthmus, which was increased by the impatience of passengers in going forward, against the advice of the Company, at an earlier day thun the ship could possibly reach Panama. These interruptions are now all removed. Three of the four ships of the Company, intended for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama, and several of them hare performed trips to San Francisco and back. So that the Company are now able to give the public the assurance that the voyage through from New York to San Francisco, will be performed with regularity and despatch. Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco, consists of the REPUBLIC, Copt. IltTDBOv. 1THMUS, Capt. Hitchcock. UUL.UMHUS, Uapt. JTECK. ANTELOPE, Capt. Ackley. Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, fVom New York to Chagres, of the GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N. OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N. FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N. The connection between the two Jines will be carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panuma, will arise. The large size, well known speed, and superior accommodations of their New York and Chagres Line, and the speed and accommodations of the ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, rapid,and pleasant through passage to California. M. O. ROBERTS, Cor. Warren and West sts., New York. Ang. 15?1m United States Mail Steamship Company. CHANGE or DATE Of SAILING TO MONDAY, AUGUST 26, at 3 p. m. From the pier foot of Warren street. The UNITED STATES M AIL S T E A M SHIP OHIO, J. F. Schenck, U. S. Navv, Cemniander. f M1IJIS splendid steamehip wijl "ail as aa above, JL with ihe Government mails for the West Indies nnd California. The arrangements for the transportation of passengers to Sart Francisco, withouudelay on the | Isthmus,Jueing now completed, the Company are 1 now preparing to issue Through Tickets, of all classes, at a reduced Tote or (manage. The books for the OHIO on the 26th instant, are now open, and tickets through can be obtained at the following prices ; FROM NEW YORK TO CHAGRES. State-room berth .... $W Standee berth, forward saloon . . 80 I Steerage berth, found bed and separate table. 50 FROM PANAMA TO SAN FRANCISCO. State-room berth . . . $300 Steerage berth, found bed and board . 150 > Passage can also be secured for the interniedi- ] ate porjs, as follows i From New York to Charleston or Savannah? State-room, $25 , Standee, $20 ; Steerage, $10. From New York to Havannn?State-room, $70; ! Standee, $55 ; Steerage, $25, From New York to New Orleans?Stale-room. $75 ; Standee, $00 , Steerage, $25. Freight to New Orleans, 25 cents per cubic, fool for measurement goods ; other merchandise as per agreement. Freight will also be taken to Havana in limited quantity, st 25 cents per cubic foot, or per agreement. The consignee at Havana to attend to thamerchandize immediately after the vessel arrives. To secure freight or passage, apply at the office of the Company, 77 West street, corner of Warren "streel, New York Aug 21?<26 M ROBERTS. I THE SOUTHERN PRESS. FURTHER EUROPEAN NEWS BY TILE STEAMER ASIA. Louis Phillipfk, Ex-Kikg or Frarce.? Louis Phillippe was born in Pirns, on the 6th of October, 1773, and was tho oldest son of Philtipe Joseph, Duke of Orleans, (known to tho world by the sobrii/uet of 'Phillipo Egslite,") and of Marie, the daughter of the liuko de Penthiovre. Trained by careful and benevolent parents, the youth of tho future Kiag was marked by many acts of benevolence, bespeaking high character, sufficient to call forth the high commendation of the celebrated Madame de Qenlis, whose wise and judicious training was well calculated to develop any latent good qualities in the minds ofthose under herchargo. The diary of tho Duke do Chartres show that he was not altogether exempt from revolutionary doctrines, and these ideas wore fhr from being discouraged by his connection with tho Jacobin Club. In 1791 tho young Duket; who had previous received the appointment ofColunohin the 14th Regiment of Dragoons, assumed the coin lliuiKi 01 iiiai corps, uuu nunosi. uie iirsi act 01 his authority was tho Raving of two clergymen from the fury of the mob, consequent upon th ir refusal in common with inuny others, to take the oath required by the Constitution. Much personal courage was on this occasion displayed hy the Duke ue Chat res, and equal tact in guiding tlio feelings of an enraged mob. A similar amount of courage was shown by him in saving from drowning a M. de Siret, of Vendome, Hub-Engineer, in the Office of Roads and Bridges, and a civic crown was presented to him by the muneipal body of that town. In August, 1791, tho Duke de Chatros quitted Vendorno with bis regiment, bound for Valenceinnes. In April, 1793, war being declared against Austria, tho Duke made bis first campaign. Ho fought at Valmy at the head of the troops confided to him by Kellermun, on the 30th of September, 1792, and afterwards tin the 6th of November, under Dumourier, at Jemappes. During the period in wliivh the Duke de Chartres was engaged in tho military operations the revolution was hastening to its crisis1. Tho decree of banishment against the Bourbon Capetrace, so soon afterward repealed, seem* to have alarmed the uiind of tho Duke earnestly besought his father to seek an asylum on a foreign shore, urging the unhappiness of Ins having to s:t as a judge of Louis theXVI. The Duke of Orleans paid no attention to these remonstrances, and finding that his persuasions were to no avail, t lic Duke do Chartrea returned to his post in tho army.* The execution of tho Duke of Orleans soon after ward vcrtified the melancholy anticipations of hia son. He was put to death oil the 21st of January, 1793. Exactly seven months after the death of his fnthor, the Duke de Charfcres and General Dumouricr were summoned before the Committee of Public Safetyr and, knowing the sanguinary nature of that tribunal, both instantly tied toward the frontiers. In spite of the eager pursuit which was commended, they both escaped into the Belgian Netherlands, then in the possession of Austria. The Austrian authorities invited him to enter their s rviec, but, honorably refusing to take up arms against his country, he retired into private life, going as a traveler to Aix la Chapelle and Coblentz toward Switzerland, having at the same time but slender funds, and being hourly beset with danger. Adelaide, Mademoiselle d'Orleans, Hed into the same country with her preceptress, Madame do Genlis, and met her brother at Sehnflhaussen, and accompanied liirn to Zurich. The younger sons of the Duke of Orleans were after a confinement of three years, liberated on u promise of proceeding to the United Slates. On his arrival in the town of Zurich, the Duke de Churtres found tlio French emigran s unfavorably disposed towards the house of Orleans, and the magistrates of the canton dreaded to afford refuge to the fugitives, fearing the vengeance of t rance. (Quitting, therefore, as quietly as possible, tlie town of Zurich, they proceeded to Zug, where they hired a small bouso. Ueiny quickly discovered, they obtained, by the intercession of M. de Montesquieu, admission into tho convert of St. Claire, near Itaiunyarton, the Duke de Clmrtres proofoded through the dif-. ferent countries of Europe, by no means well provided with means, and mainly indebted to liis own tact and abilities for the means of subsistence. After visiting Basle, where be sold his horses, he proceeded through Switzerland,accompanied by his attached servant Buudoiu. The means of the nnhnppy traveller daily decreased, and it is literally a question whether the young duke should labor for his daily bread, when a letter from M. de Montesquiou informed that he had procured for him the situation of teacher in tho academy of Reichenau?a village in the southeastern portion of Switzerland. Travelling to that locality he was examined as to his proficiency, and ultimately appointod, ulthoqgh less than 20 years of age. lie here assumed the name of Chambaud Lototir, and here, for the first time, he learned the fate of his father. In eomequenee of some agitation in the Orisons, Mademoiselle D'Orleans quitted her retreat at Ilaumgartcn, and retired to the protection of her aunt, the Princess of Conti, in Hungary. At the same time de Montesquiou ottered the Duke de Clmrtres an asylum in his own house at Baumgarten, where he remained under the name of Corby until tiic end of 1794, when in consequence of nis retreat being discovered, be quitted t he place. The fugitive now attempted to go to America, and, resolving to embnrk at Hamburgh, he arrived in that city in the beginning of 1795. In consequence of his funds fading him, he aban| doned his project. Being provided with a letter j of credit on a banker at Copenhagen, he travelled | on foot through Norway and Sweden, reaching! the North Cope in August, 1795. Here he remained for a short time, returning to Tornen, going thence to Abo and traversing Finland, tat avoiding Russia from a fear of the Empma Catherine. After completing his travels through i Norway and Sweden,and having been recognized at Stockholm, ho travelled to Stockholm under an assumed name. Negotiations were now opened on the part of | the Directory, who had in vain attempted to discover the place of the young prince's exile, to induce him to go to the United States, promising, in tiro evcr.t of his compliance, that the condition of the Duchess D'Orleans should bo ameliorated,and that his younger brotlicrs should be |>erniitted to join him. Through the agency of | .\t. Westford of Hamburg, this letter was con-1 veyed to the Duke, who at once accepted the terms offered, and sailed from the mouth of the i Elbe in the American, taking with him hia servant. Bnndnin. Ho departed on the 24th of September, 1797, and arrived in Philadelphia after a passage of 21 days. In the November following the young Prince was ioinod bv his two brothers, after a stormv J _ . - ? ----- -- I passage from Marseilles, and the three brothers remained at Philadelphia during the winter.? They afterwards visited Mount Vernon, where they Wame intimate with Gen. Washington, ami they s.-m afterwards travelled through the western eon try, and after a long and fittiguing journey retur t*l to Philadelphia; proeeoding afterwards to Now Orleans, and subsequently i hy an English ship to Havana. The disrespect of the Spanish authorities soon eorn|>ellod them i to depart, and they proceeded to the Bahama J ! Islands, whore tli *y were treated with much kindness by the Duke of Kent, who, however, | did not feel authorized to give them n passage to England in a British frigate. They accordingly embarked for New York, and thence nailed to England in a pijvate vessel, arriving at Falmouth in February, 1800. After proceeding j to I^ondon they took up their residence at Twlck\ enham, where for sumo time they enjoyed comparative quiet, being treattod with distinction by I all classes of society. Here, however, their tranquility was not undisturbed, for, hearing that the Duchess D'Orloans was detained in Spain, i they solicited and obtained from the English i Government permission to travel to "Minorca in j an English frigate. The disturbed state vt : Spain at that time prevented the accomplishmenf ' of their object, and afte a harassing journey the i three brothers returned to Twickenham. Their time .was now principally passed in study, and no event of any importance disturbed their retreat until the death of the Duke de Montpcnsfor, on the 18th of May, J807. The Prince was interred in Westminster Abby. The health of the Count Beaujolias soon afterwards began to decline in the same manner as that of his brother. He was ordered to visit a warmer climate, and accordingly proceeded to Malta, whore he died in 1808. He was buried in the Church of St. John de Valletta. The Duke of Orleans now quitted Malta, and i vvniit In Mnaoinn i,? Sfi..!l.> f! ? .. v..v III Viviiyvui;v>upiiu|^ iUI JltWUItion from King Ferdinand During his residence at Palermo, he gained tiie affections of the Princess Amelia, ana, with the consent of the King and the Duchess of Orleans, he was married to her in 1809. No event of any material importance marked the life of the young couple until the year 1811, when it was announced in Paler-1 mo that Napoleon had abdicated the throne, and that the restoration of the Bourbon family was about to take plaee. The duke sailed immediately, and arrived in Paris on the 18th of May, where, in a short time, he was in the enjoyment of the honors ts which he was so well entitled. The return of Napoleon, in 1815, soon disturbed his tranquility; and having sent his family to England, ho proceeded, in obedience to the command of Louis XVJII, to take the command of the army of the north. FTe remained in this situation until the 24th of March, 1815, when he resigned his command to the Duke of Troviso, and retired to Twickenham. On the return of Louis, after the hundred days?in obedience to to the ordinance issued, requiring all the princes of the blood to take their scats in the Chamber of Peer*?the duke returned to France in 1815; and, by bis liberal sentiments rendered himself so littie agreeable to the Administration, that he returned to England, where he remained until 1827. In that year he ret urned to France, whore he remained in privnte life until tlje Revolution of 1830. It is neediese now to detail the events of this terrible period, winch terminated in the placing of Louis Philippe on the throne of France, and the subsequent history of his reign. These are so well known, and so fresh in the minds of the public, as to need no recapitulation. On Wednesday morning, at 9 o'clock, the body of this illustrions personage was deposited in the leaden coihn, to contain the remains.? The whole of the family, with the Abbe Gjuille; &c., were present, and tho coffin was hermetically sealed. This coffin will be placed in one covered with crimson satin, and tho interment will take place on Saturday (this day) at an early hour. There appears to bo some doubt as to the place of interment, but it is still thought St. George's Cathedral, in anticipation of its ultimate destination, being in the royal vault at Paris. GERMANY. The Peace Congress. This Coiigress assembled and commenced business at Frankfort, on Thursday, Aug. 22, in ! the Paulskirchc. Tho majority of the members were Englishmen and Americans. There were, however, many French and German representatives present. Dr. Jaup, of Darmstadt, was elected President. Tho chief speakers during the day were Rev. J. Rurnctt of Carnborwoll, M. Emilc Girardin, M. JBorinett, (pastor of the French Pro tenant Church at Frankfort,) and Mr. Cobden, M. P. It is worthy of remark that Gen. IJuynau, who commanded the Aiuatriar. troops in the Hungarian war, and who has frequently been denounced bv Mr. Cobdori ns M fIwi l.nC-lu.r Hiiyii:iu," was present during part of the sitting. I On Friday, the Congress was addressed by Air. Hindloy, Al. P., Ai. Girurdin, Dr. Roller, an American, Mr. Geo. Dawson of Birmingham, and Air. Cobden. The sittings were resumed on Saturday, and, in the evening of that day, the proceedings of the Congress finally closed. The meeting was addressed by an Ojibbewny Chief, by two Germans, Drs. Bodcime* and Weil, Air. Edward Aiiall of London, Elihu Burritt, the learned blacksmith, and Mr. Chippie, an American. Resolutions wt re agreed to oondemrritorjr of the 1 practice or' war, in favor of deciding international disputes by arbitration, urging the necessity of National disarmament, disapproving of loans for defraying war expenses, declaring the principle i of non-intervention and the sole right of every : state to regulate its own affairs, nnd recommending the convocation of a Congress of representatives of various States, with a view to tho formation of a ooda of international law. When the resolutions on the list had been J carried, a supplement-try one against duelling was passed. I his third annual session ot the Congress was terminated by u vote of thanks to the municipal authorities of Frankfort for the kind reception they had given to the pencemakers. The staid German were astonished at the hearty " Hip, hip, hurrah !" with which this vote was greeted by 250 English visitors, Mr. J Cobden acting as fugleman. A grave foreigner, puzzled to eoniprehcnd the meaning of such strange shouts, while Mr. Cobdeh bent time a la Julien, exclaimed, " Ah, ho Is always full of humor " The meeting next year is to he held in London. - SPAIN. Fop.cfis rou Cuba. Wo learn from Madrid that the Government had ordered,the frigates Villa do Jiilho:i and Ferrolano and the brig Ligero, which were to form part of tho Manilla squadrort, to hold themselves in readiness to sail for Havana, wbeif ?1 ..... ?,,?:i c,..t I,,.- T ! L?itr> wv num luiuiLi "luvii. j wu vessels of the Medjteranean division, the corvette Nen a anil the brig Sejpio, are likewise to proceed to Cuba. The Cotnerciu, of Cadiz, states that the Minister of Marine had purchased four steamers of live hundred horse power each fortius puspose of establishing a regular com-j inunicntinn between Spain and the West Indies. One of them is to be delivered in the course of next month, and the three others before the close of the year. They are to be commanded by officers of the royal navy. The corps ol t,0OU men which is to reinforce the garrison of Cuba will sail for its destination on the 1st of Sept. It was reported Hint Gen. Cordova the present Captain General of Madrid, displeased at the prtTurcnaw given to Gen. Concha for the Government of the Island of Cuba, intended to resign on th ruturn of the President of the Council from rucrto Liana. Thy ylergy, in imitation of their PieJmontcse brethren, evince syptoms of a desire toemharras the Government by refusing religious rites to theposessors of church property. /Vow the Southern Jl/ipeal. Count* Mketiwo.?At a meeting of the citizen, ()fYalobusha county, Mississippi, without distinction of pnrtiesr, lield in Colfeeville, on Saturday the 17th inst. On motion of G. 01- Martin, esq., Hon. '1'hos. Carbry was elected President, and Dr. P. W.Wood and Air. Nicholson, Vice Presiden's. Mr. Nicholson not being present, Col. L. Cleveland was elected in his stead, hut declined to act in consequence ofill heulth. Mr. Joel Hill was then called upon to net as Vice President, and took his seat. The chair then unpointed T. /. N. Hridgers and II, T. Cleveland, Secretaries. On motion of Mr. Tills W, Carr, ihe following 1 portion of the Farewell Address of Gen. Washington, was rend by one of the Secretaries :? ' "In contemplating the causes which may dis- ' turb our Union, it occurs, as a matter of serious 1 concern, that any ground should have been furnished for characterising parlies by geographical i discriminations?Northern and Southern?Atlantic > and Western; whence designing men mny endeavor to excite a belief that there is a real difference of local interests and views. One of the expedients of party to acquire influence within particular districts, is to misrepresent the opinions and aims of other districts. You caniuit shield yourselves too much against the jealousies and heart-burnings which spring from these misrepresentations ; they tend to render alien to each other those who ought to he bound together by fraternal affection. The inhabitants of our western country, have lately had a useful lesson on this head, they have seen in llie nt-f uluitinii bv tlic Executive. and in the unanimous ratification by the Senate, of the treaty with Spain, anil in the universal satisfaction at that event throughout the United Stales, a decisive proof how unfounded were the suspicions propagated among them, of a policy in the General Government, and in the Atlantic I States, unfriendly to their interests to the Mississippi ; they have been witnesses to the formation of two treaties?that with Great Britain, and that with Spain, which secure to them every thing they could desire in respect to our foreign relations, towurds confirming their prosperity. Will it not be their wisdom to rely for the preservation of ihese advantages on the Union by which they were procured? Will they not henceforth be deaf to those advisers, if such there ure, who would severthem from their brethren, and connect them with aliens? "To the efficacy and permanQncy of your Union, a government for the whole is indispensable. No alliance however strict between ihe parts, can be an adequate substitute; they must inevitably expe rience the infractions and interruptions which al alliances, in nil time, have experienced. Sensible of this momentuous truth, you huve improved upon your first essay, by the adoption of a constitution of government better calculated than your former for an intimate Union, and for the efficacious management of your common concerns.-? ThisOovernment, the offspring of oar own choice, uninfluenced, and unawed, ndopted upon full investigation and mature deliberation, completely free in its principles, in the distribution of its powers, uniting security with energy, and containing within itself a provision for its own amendment, lias n just cluint to your confidence and jour Support. Respect for its authority, compliance with its laws; acquiescence in its measures, are duties en joined by the fundamental maxims of true liberty. The basis of our political system is the right of the people to make and to ulter their constitutions of Government, but the constitution which at any time exists, till changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all. The very, idea of I the power, and the right of the people to establish government, pre-supposes the uuty of every individual to obey the established government. " All obstructions to the execution of the laws, all combinations and associations, under whatever plausible character, with tho implied design to direct, control, counteract, or awe the regular deliberation and action of the constituted authorities, are destructive to this fundamental principle, and of fatul tendency. They serve to organize faction to give it an artificial and extraordinary force, to put in the place of the delegated will of the nation, the will of a party, often a small "but nrtful and enterprising minority of the community ; and, according to the alternate triumphs of different parties, to make the public administration the mirror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects of faction, rather than the organ of consistent and wholesome plans, digested by common counsels, and modified by mutual interests. "However combinations or associations of the above description may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious, anu unprincipled men will he enabled to subvert the power of the people, and to usurn for themselves the reins of Government; destroying, afterwards, the very engines which had lifted tliem to unjust dominion. "Towards the preservation of your Government, and the permanency of your present Iinppy state, it is requisite, not only that you steadily discountenance irregular oppositions to its acknowledged authority, but also thnt you resist with care the i spirit of innovation upon its principles, however ?peciouB the pretexts. One method of assaults may be to effect in tho forms of the Constitution, , alterations which will impair the energy of the t system, and thus to undermine what ^unnot be | directlv overthrown. In all the changes to which i you may be invited, remember that time and habit , are at least ? : necessary to fix the true character of governments as of other hitman institutions; that experience in the surest.standard by which to tent tlie real tendency of the existing constitution of a conntryj that (HcUity in changes, upon the credit of mere hypothesis and opinion, exposes to perpetual change, from the endless variety of hypotliesis and opinion; and remember, especially, that for the efficient management of your common interests, in a country so extensive as ours, n Government of as much vigor as is consistent with the perfect security of liberty is indispensable. Linerty itself will find in such a government, with powera properly distributed and adjusted, its surest guardian. It is, indeed, little else than a name, where the government is too feeble to withstand the enterprir.es of faction, to confine each member of the society within the limits prescribed by the laws, and to maintain all in the secure and tranquil enjoyment of the rights of person and property. " I have already intimated to you the danger of parties in the State, with particular reference to the founding of them on geographical discriminations. Let me now tnlte a more comprehensive view, and warn you, in the most solemn manner, against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally." After the reading, Col. E. S. Fisher, presented the following resolutions, which were rend :? Rrsolrctl, That the Missouri Compromise line must be construed in the nature of a treaty entered info between the people of the free Sfntes on the one part, and the people of the slate States on the other part. Ry this compromise the people of the ( slave States stipulated not to introduce slavery into any of the territories north of this line, while the free States tacitly agreed, in consideration of this concession on the part of the slave States, to leave r ine insiimiion oi (inmcmir iiinin ? <der the control of those interested in perpetuating it in the States and establishing it in the terrilor- u ies south of this line. 9. That in nil cases in which the General Gov- . eminent has since acted, either in the formation of territorial governments or the admission of States into the Union, this principle lms been respected, ^ as well in regard to territories or States not spe- a clally included in this line as otherwise. t 1. That a return by the General Government to * the policy now about to be abandoned, would 1 speedily restore peace and quiet to the country, < and relieve the Union from the dangers which now < threaten it. >* > SI. That the people of tiie South, having once 1 yielded to the encroachments of the North, and 1 consented to establish this line to preserve the 1 Union which they then and now so much cherish, I 1 cannot and will not conaeat to surrender their equal rights in the territories acquired from Mex-, j ico otherwise than upon the terms prescribed by ' this compromise; and that these rights must be t sufficiently secured according to the principles t set forth in the first resolution. T. W. Carr then offered a preamble and reeoltl- . ' ions, which were also read, and are as follows:? 1 l| % - "Tbe &oatb*rn Pi?u,"-Triweekly is published uu "l'USsdJlyS, Thursday* and Saturday* til caCti wocit. "The Bouthern Pie*a,"?Weekly, la published every Saturday. advertising RATES. For one square of 1U lures, three insertions, ft 00 u every subsequent insertion, - - 'la L.literal deductions made on yearly advertising. . Individuals may forward the amount of their subscription* at our risk. Address, (poet-paid) KLLWOUU FlSHF.lt, VV i.t11in*;toll Citv. Whkrk.vs, Tlie agitation of the sabjfet of slavery in our natioual co unci I a has produced a feeling of deep solicitude and anxiety throughout the Union ; and whereas, the positions assumed by the extreme parties of the North and the South, if adopted generally by the two sections, will not only preclude the idea of an amicable settlement of this vexed question, but will inevitably tend u> a rupture of this Union ; and whereas, the Constitution itself, under the operation of which our country has assumed a .stand amongst the first nations of the earth, was framed from a spirit of compromise amongst the several States, and believing ib the present emergency that that instrument can only be preserved mid that the Union maintained bv the exercise of'the same soirit of conciliation and mutual concession which influenced those patriot statesmen who formed It: therefore be it 1. Resolved, That we entertain an ardent attachment to the Union of the States, that we Hineerely l ileBire its prosperity ; and thut we deprecate alike all other efforts of Northern fanatics uud Southern disunionuiu, tending to losen the bonds which have hitherto bound us .together. Resolved, That, inasmuch as the strength of the TJnon lius upon several occasiotiH been severely tried and has as often come forth unscathed from the ordeal, that we have an abiding confidence that the perplexing questions which now agitate the public mind, can and will be umicably adjusted by the constituted authorities of the Government. 3. lit xolvrd, Thill we believe the benefits accruing from a longer continuation of this Union would be cheaply purchased' by some concession made by either section of whut they believe their constitutional rights; and that it becomes every lover of his country to use his influence to allay the excitement which a discussion of this subject is calculated to produce, iri brder that n final consideration of it may be had by minds uninfluenced by the mere predjudices of either section of the Union. 4. Resolved, That we deem it highly inexpedient in the present aspect of ufi'airs for either the North or the South, by primary meetings or conventions, to present to tho other An ultimatum, or to advise to their representatives an ultimatum: that such a course would be calculated to arouse a greater opposition from the opposing section, and render the prospect of a Compromise of existing difficulties more remote and uncertain. 5. Resolved, That we deprecate any act by any portion of the Union tending to produce a physical collision until all constitutional measures have been tried fur un amicable and peaceable settlement, and all have failed. H. 1. Cleveland, moved to lay the preamble and resolutions of Mr. Curr on the table. A. C. Leigh, eiq. opposed the motion, and advocated the adoption ot said preamble and resolutions. He held that it was not tht* policy of the South to present an ultimntum as it might lead to a worse state of affairs then now exists. Col, Fisher,beingcalled upon addressed the meeting in opposition to the resolutions?dwelling at some length upon the history of the slavery agitation, the position and policy of the South, &c. Uev. Win. Minter made d few remarks, in allusion to the increase of the anti-slavery feelings of the North, as evinced in the proceedings of different denominations of Christians of the Upited States. F. M. Aldridge, esq., next addressed the meeting in opposition to the presentation of an ultimatum, and in favor of the use of mild and conciliatory measures on the part of the South. During the course of iiis remurks, Mr.'Aldridge referred to and read the resolutions adopted at a public meeting of citizens of Lownds county, held at Columbus, Miss., on the 3d.* [At the close of the reading of these resolutions some irregular proceedings occurred. Col. E. S. Fisher moved that the resolutions just read be adopted as the sense of this meeting. A sensation was produced in the assembly, which rendered it evident.to the Chair that the resolutions were favored by an overwhelming majority of those present, and it was announced tniit they were adopted by acclamation. A motion was then made to adjourn, and was carried. Complaint was immediately made by some, tliat they did not understand the resolutions, and a desire was expressed to hear something more of them. Upon cull, the meeting ugain organized, when Col. Fisher withdrew his motion to adopt the resolutions, and called for a reading of the report which preceded the resolution#, end also the resolution# themselves. After the rending, Dr. W. H. WHburn moved that the resolutions of Col. Fisher, those of Mr. Carr, nnd those of the Columbus meeting, he referred to ti committee, with instruction# to report immediately. This motion wtjs lost.J Mr. Cleveland then withdrew his motion to lny on the table the preamble and resolutions offered by Mr. Ctu'r, which resolutions were also withdrawn. Thereupon it was moved and unanimously agreed that the report and resolutions of the Columhus meeting be adopted n# embodying the sentiments and feelings ot this meeting. They arc as follows: REPORT. The Committee to whom were referred certain resolution# concerning (lie present issues between lie Northern and Southern portions of the Confederacy on the slnveiy question,-having readjusted and remodelled the samegbeg leave to report the following as the result of their joint and united labors: In the present crisis of our nationnl affairs, nnd iti view of the aggressions on the rights and institution#Tif the Southern States, by the Free-noil and Abolition ugitators of the Northern States, it is the duty as well a# the right of the Southern people to express hi firm and decided terms their opinions as regard the uction-und proposed action of Congress upon the subject of slavery, and the territories belonnuur to the United States. We issert as a fact, without a (ear of successful conradiction, that the territories of the United States, towever acquired, are the joint property of all the hates or people thereof; thut Congress has no constitutional authority to prohibit the citizens of my oftheStutes from moving; into said territories vith property of every description as allowed or ecognized in the States within which they may ive, and that they arfe privileged to claim and re:eive full, just, and equal protection from the General Government in the enjoyment and use of he same. All that the South have ever asked is .hat the govemmsnt may be eo administered and the laws of Congressso directed, as will secure tquai and strict justice to every portion of the Confederacy, in conformity with the intent and tpirit of the Federal Constitution. Notwithstanding, however, our indisputable right to emigrate, wfth our property ? of whatevtr kind < r description, into saiq, territories of the United States, and to claim and receive protection n the same form from the General Government ^et lor ttie sane or peace anu Harmony in me na ional councils, and amongst the peonle, and to |uiet the exciting issues connected witn the subert of slavery, we are willing to acquiesce in the dissouri Compromise line run through said terripries of the United States, not as a constitutional iglit or perogative of Congress, hut by common onaent of all parties to the Constitution ; or, as n equivalent lor this, any other fair and equitable djustment. With these views, therefore, we aak concurrence n the following resolutions : 1. ItetolveJ, Thai we are in favor of the prenerralioo of the Union of the States in all its vigor . tnd with all its countless blessings; and so long s >ur liberty anu our rights,guarant ed by the Frd(ral Constitution are securer! to us, no patriot rvonlil foment or excite geographical and sectional livisions?no lover of his country would del.b?rntely eelculsle the vshie of the Union. ? 2. "That it is a fundamental principle incur political creed, that a people in forming a couslilution have the unconditional right to form and id opt the government which they may think best to secure their liberty, prospertiy and happiness ; ?nd that in conformity thereto, no other condition s imposed by the Federal Constitution on a Slate n orrler to be admitted into the Union, except hat its constitution shall be republican ; and that he imposition of any other by Congress would rot only be in violation of the Constitution! nut n direct conflict with the principle" on which our lolitieal system rests."