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Ell wood Filter * Bdvti De Lnb. TERMS. DAILY, - $10 00 TRI WEEKLY, 5 00 WEEKLY, a 00 Subscriptions payable in advance. Any person procuring five subscribers shall receive one copy gratis. All letters to the Editors To be Post-paIDFHINTED IT O. A. (AO*. Office, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between 3d and streets. VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY, For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy, Chute I, for 1950, To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, September 28<h, 1350. J. If. MMJRY Sf CO., Managers. BRILLIANT SCHEME. 75 numbers?14 drawn ballote. ^ 1 grand prize of. .70,000 1 splendid do do... 96,567 1 do do do...........?90,oOO 1 do do do .10,000 100 prizes of 1,000 100 do do 500 icn .1- 'Till THE SOUTHERN PRESS. "tiffin? _ DAILlf. Vol. 1. Waaliingtou, Tliur?day, September 1?, 1S50. Wo. 81. ! mi ... .ill. nip ? ? iir; uu uv? ? ?? * .. Ac. ? Ac. Ac. Whole Tickets $99?Shares in proportion. A certificate of a Package of 25 whole tickets $220. Shares m proportion. Orders for Certificates of Packages?single tickets or shrres, in the above Scheme, if addressed to will receive prompt attention, and an account of the drawing forwarded, as soon as received. Address J. W. MAURY A CO., Managers, sep7-2wd Richmond, Va. C. AE. L. KERRISON A CO. DIRECT IMPORTERS i FOREIGN DRY GOODS IN CHARLESTON, S. C. WOULD respectfully inform their friends and those who purchase DRY GOODS in their city, that they are now prepared to offer a large, choice, and well assorted stock of Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods. As they receive the bulk oftheirgoods DIRECT from EUROPEAN PORTS, they feel assured of ! being able to compete successfully with any other market in the United States. C. A E. L. KERRISON A CO. 209 King street, north-west corner of King and Market streets. Sep 3, 1850?3m DIRECT IMPORTATIONS or IRISH LINENS. THE" subscribers are constantly receiving direct from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR | ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern trade, and to which they with confidence invite the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that the goods will be found PURE FLAX, to wit : Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted widths Damask Doylies, Napkins and Cloths, of various sizes Dowlass, Glass Cloths, Black, White & Brown Holland Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, etc. etc. C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO. 209 King street, Charleston, S. C. Sep. 3, 1850?3m FOR CALIFORNIA via CHAGRES? Without detention at Panama. THE United States Mail Steamship Company's ship GEORGIA, on Wednesday, September 11th, at 3 o'clock, p. m., from the pier foot of Warren street. North river, with the Government mails and passengers for Sun Francisco und intermediate ports. The connexion at Panuma will be carefully kept up, so as to prevent any detention beyond the usual stay in port. The books are now open, and passage can be secured at the following rates : FROM ME IV YORK TO CHAGRES. State-room berth ------- $100 Standee berth, forward salooon - - - 80 Steerage berth, round oea at separate tauie ov FROM KiJVlIMA TO SAM FRAMCISCO. State-room berth ------- ?300 Steerage berth, found bed & separate table 150 FROM ME W YORK. State-room. Staiutee. Steerage. To Charleston or Savannah ?25 ?20 ?10 To Havana 70 55 25 To New Orleans - - - 75 60 25 Freight to Chagrcs, 70 cents per cubic foot prepaid. Freight to Havana, 25 cents per foot. Consignees to receive their goods at ship's tackle immediately after her arrival at Havana. To secure freight or passuge, apply at the office of the company, 77 West street, corner of Warren steet, to M. O. ROBERTS. Special Notice is given to shippers by this line, that the company have prepared a form of bill of lading adapted to their business, which will be furnisl ed to shippers on application at the company's office, and with which they are requested to provide themselves, as no other form will be signed by the agents of the company. All jills of lading must be signed before the sailing of /easel. September C, 1850. ODD-FELLOWS' HALL. MOMDAY, TUESDAY AMD 1FEDMESDAY r- r-r- >?r K?nv II ?/F?M'TII'Tuu. THE OLD FAVORITE!, T1IE NIGHTINGALE ETHIOPIAN SERENADER& 0 ESPECTFULLY announce to their friends Xv and the citizens of Washington, that they will iave the pleasure of giving three more inimitable Concerts at the above fashionable place of amusement. The Company have performed for jhe last six months in the State of New York ?nd the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, vhere their Concerts were attended nightly by the >eauty and fashion; and past Fifteen Alghtt at the loliday street Theatre, Baltimore. For iull particulars, see bills of the day. Admission, 25 cents; Doors open at 7, to cornpence at 8 o:ciock. GEO. W. HARVEY, Manner. 1 Sept. 1G. [Intelligencer A Republic.] 'LAINS, BLANKETS, KERSEY'S AND FLANNELS. pHE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all 1- WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per thips, "Gulnare," "Orion,"and "Somerset," om Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS, LERSEYS, WHITE and COLORED BLAN K ITS, WHITE, RED, BLUE and GREEN 'LANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts, lilmurnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., Ac., cxressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and > an inspection of which, they confidently inite all who visit the Charleston Market. ? ? i- r a- rn (L/. CV Hi. i-i* iv uitiiivjx/x? w wv., [ing St., northwest cor. King A Market sts. arleston, Sept. 3? To Editors and Publishers. E advertiser has had much experience as a Book and Job Printer, and has been the Editwo or three newspapers and one magazine, at present foreman of a daily morning paper, r>ds the situation too hard for his health. He >s a situation, either as editor or assistant , or as foreman of a weekly office. He eni respectable reputation in literature, being a butor to severul of the popular magazines ewspapers of the day. As an editor, he has mccessful beyond the efforts of mere mcdiocA situation in the country, that would slim means to prosecute the study of the law, st desirable ; hut if his services will be of any e in any department of the printing and publ business, the person desiring them will addrees W., Sarannuh, Geo I. The best reference given as to ability nnd :ter. He would be willing to become .nttrpecuniarily, in a paper where labor was cond capital, and where it could he turned into I '* 3?w3t MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES D. APPLETON A CO., NEW YORK, HAVK IN COURSE OK PUBLICATION, IN PARTS, PRICE TWENTT-riVE CENTS EACH, A Dictionay of Machines, Mechanics, Engine-Wok, and Engineering. Designed for Practical Working-Men, and those intended for the Engineering Profession. Edited by Oliver Btknk, formerly Prqfessor qf Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ; | Author and inventor of " The Calculus qf Form," " The Mw and improved System qf lMgarithims," "The Elements qf Euclid by Colors," etc., etc.,etc. ! ?T<HIS work is of large 8vo. sixe, containing nearly 1 A tiro thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred plates, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present working-drawings and descriptions of the most important machines in Ihe United States. Independently of the results of American ingenuity, it will oentain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering ; with all that is useful in more than one thousand dollars* worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other books, among which may be mentioned the following : 1. Bibliotheque des Arts Iudustriels. (Masson, Paris.) 2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (Loudon.) 3. Engineer arid Machinists Assistant. (Blackie, Glasgow.) 4. Publication Industrielle. ( Armengaud Aine, Paris.) 5. Jamieson's Mechanics of Fluids. 6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Pois>on.) 7. Allgemine Bauzeitung mit Abbildungen. (Forsler, Wien.) 8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesens in technischer Bezichung. (Von Waldegg, Wiesbaden.) G. Sherwiu's Logarithims. 10. Byrne's Logarithms. 11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12. Sillimaifs Journal. 13. Algemeinc Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (Hulsse, Leipzig. 14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. Holtzapffels' Turning and Mechanical Manippulation. 16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.) 17. Eisenbahn-Zeitung. (Stuttgart.) 18. Tregold on the Sieam-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictionnaire des At tset Manufactures. (Laboulaye, Paris. 21. Sganzin's Civil Engineering. 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmetcr. 23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation. (Woodcroft.) 24. Essai sur 1'Industrie des Matieres Textiles (Michel Alcan, Paris.) 25. Macneill's Tables. 26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. 27. Templeton's Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary. 29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (London.) 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 33. Hann's Mechanics. 34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture. (Motley.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the lustitutc of Civil niiigincers. il*>uuuii.j 37. The Artisan. 39. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine. 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow, London,) 42. Recueil des Machines InslrumensetAppareii. (Le Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. 44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Machines. (<j. Kennie.) 45. Repertoire uel'Industric Franquaise et Etrangere. (L Malhias, Paris.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom, London.) 47. Setting out Curves on Railwa3'f. (Law, I London.) 48. Hodge on the Steam Engine 49. Scientific Anrctican. 50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik ) 51. American Artisan. 52. Mechanic's Magazine. 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Archilcc ture. 54. Dictionairc dc Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, (De Bonnefoux, Paris.) 55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.) 56. Brees' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia. (Luke Herbert.) 61. Patent Journal ; London. 62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering. 63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering, Crasy. 64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine.. a . v. d_;i ?.. /U.,^ OO. ASSISiani Eiligllicci a mnnaj uuiuc. ^uiir koll.) 6G. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The great object of this publication is, to place before practical men and students such an amount of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a con* densed form, as shall enable them to work to the best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which they might otherwise commit The amount of useful-informal ion thus brought together, is almost beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is hardly any subject within its range which is not catcd with such clearness and precision, that even man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of j understanding, and thus learning from it much which it is importrnt for him to know. From the annexed list of the principal authors and subject comprised in this work it is self-cvi- ; dent, that all citizens engaged in the practical and I useful arts, etc., msy derive essential advantages j j from the possession and study of this publication, j The following miy be especially designated : Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers, Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. Cutlers, and Workers ol Steel in general. Carpenters. BrickroakersWoikers in Ivory, Bouc, and Morn. Civil Engineers, Railway Contractors, and Contractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every description. Architects and Bridge Builder*. Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. Ship Bnilders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpi n- i ters, and others connected with Building and ' Docking Ships. Block and rump Makers. Iletnp Dressers and Rope Makers. Manufacturers of Linen and Cotton Fabrics. Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving Maehinei, Card Breakers and Finishers, Draw- : ing Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. I Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers, Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter c>t?d in Sowing Machinery. Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers, Cutting and Turning Tool Makers Pin and Needle Makers. Nail and Rivet Makers. ] Boll and Sctw-BoH Makers. Nai! Cutters. . Coiners. I Leather Dressers and Curriers. Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms, i Candle Makers, j Biscuit and Cracker Makers, j Lace Makers. Ribbon Weavers. Stone Cutters and Marble Masons. Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers. Coopers. Cider and Cheese Manufacturers C rystal, and Plate Glass Makers. Sugar Boilers aud Refiners, with Proprietors of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Bur, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the Locomotive geuerally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels. Managers of Stationary Engines. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. Veueer Cutters. Owners of Planing Machinery. Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting and Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and Threshing Machinery. Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornamen) Makers in general. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owne>s, Harbor Masters, and others iater-| ested in Dredging Machinery. j Well Sinkers. Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical Apparatus and Instruments. Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping Engines. Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws, Common and Feed Cranes. Woikcrs in Metals and Alloys. Tin Plate Worker*. Spring Mueufacturers. Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c. The publishers have expended a large sum of money to get original drawings of machinery in practical use in this country, and have procured almost every work on the sudject, whether pnblished in England, France, or Germany, the most essential parts of which being comprised in this Dicaouary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored to use great economy in type, so that each page of the work contains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. This has also secured to each plate woiking-diawngs of ample size and clearness, fo that a Mechanic may construct accurately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, regardless ol cost, to make the work as complete as possible ;and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The work will he issued in semi-monthly numbers, commencing in January, 1850, and will progress wit'i great regularity. The whole work will be published in JO numbers at 25 cents per nunrbei, and completed within the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will be made to agents. Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance shall receive the work through the post oflice free of expense. Police to Projnietors of Aeicsjiapers throughout the : United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted live times during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis j in payment. FOR CALIFORNIA. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP1 COMPANY? T11UOUGII PASSAGE TO CALIFORS'IA. rpHE public will be gratified to learn that the I United States Mail Steamship Company ureenabled to announce that their arrangements are now complete for sending passengers through from New York to San Francisco and back. In the first attempts of this Company to meet I uie wains or travel 10 Vyiiiiionuu, uy pruviuing ships on the Pacific, in connection with their ships from New York to Chugres, they were prevailed upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets lor through passages from Panama in advance, for their ships then going round. This was done from a desire to accominodute those who could procure passages in no other quarter, and by which, whatever might be the detention, they would reach San Francisco sooner than by any other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, prevented their ships from reaching Panama as soon as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus, which was increased by the impatience of passengers in going forward, against the advice, of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship j could possibly reach Panama. These interruptions are now all removed. Three of the four ships of the Company, intended for the Pacific service, have arrived nt Panama, and several of them have performed trips to San Francisco and buck. 80 that the Company are now able to give the public the assurance that the voynge through from New York to San Francisco, will be performed with regularity and despatch. > Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco, consists of the REPUBLIC, Capt. Hudson. 1THMUS, Capt. Hitchcock. COLUMBUS, Capt. Pkck. ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.ey. Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York to Chagres, of the GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N. OHIO, Capt, Schekck, U. S. N, FALCON, Capt, Hartstein, U. S. N. The connection between the two lines will be carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama, will arise, The large size, well known speed, anjl superior accommodations of their New York ana Chagrea Line, and the speed and accommodations of the ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, rapid,and pleusant through passage to California. M. 0. ROBERTS, Cor. Warren and West sts., New York. Aug. 15?1 in United States Mail Steamship Company. OHAVCE or PATE OF saimku TO MONDAY, AUGUST 26, at 3 p. m. From the pier foot of Wurren street. The nvrrrn qtatps \iair rtf a w s p i p OHIO, J. F. Sciiekck, U. S. Navy, Cemmander. f BYHIS splendid steamship will sail as as above,! _M_ with the Government mails for the West) Indies and California. The arrangements lor the transportation of pas- ! sengers to San Francisco, without delny 011 the Isthmus, being now completed, tJie Company are now preparing to issue Phrmigh Tickets, of all rlasses, at a reduced rate of passu*:*. The books for the OHIO on the 26th instant, are now open, and tickets through'can be obtained at the following prices : FROM NEW YORE TO CIIACRES. State-room berth .... $10'? Standee berth, forward saloon , , bO Steerage berth, found bed and separate table. 50 FROM PANAMA TO SAN FRANCISCO. State-room berth . . . $300 Steerage berth, found bed and board . 150 j Passage can also be secured ft>r the intermediate ports, as follows i Front New York to Charleston or Savannah?- j State-room, $25 , Standee, $20 ; Steerage, $10. From New York to Havnnna?State-room, $70; Standee, $55 ; Steerage, $25. From New York to New Orleans?State-room, $75 ; 8tandee, $60 , Steerage, $25. Freight to New Orleans, 25 cents per cubic foot for measurement goods ; other merchandize aaper agreement. Freight will also be taken to Havana in limited j quantity, at 25 cents per cubic foot, or per agreement. The eouaignee at Havana to attend to the merchandize immediately after the vessel arrives. To secure freight or passage, apply at the office of the Company, T7 West street, corner of Warren street, New York, Aug. 21?126 M. ROBERTS. THE SOUTHERN PRESS. For the SoNgkmi Prtu. IRON CHlMSi. BY A. J. REtil'ICR. There is a block of iron hung In the dim towera of Time, Which, when ita brazen belle are rung, Peals a portenlious chime ; Alarum of the monster-birth ! O'er empires wrecked and riven, It swings, to ring out wrong from earth, And ring down right from Heaven! In the sad moonlight of the peat Crepuscular it stands, And o'er the waste of things outcast Stretches its gloomy hands; Athwart ita face are map-like blent: Traces of blood and tears, And its colossal form seema hint. Under a cloud of years. The histories of trampled man Are wrought about its base, Which frown ingly declnreth when They fell into disgrace; Accursed of fate?their craven forms Withered and whitening lie, Dismantled like the drifts of storms, And shocking to the eye. Wretches, who hugged the rusted chain , Who cowered, cringed and bowed, Nor dared to speak in manlier (train And tell their griefs aloud : Slaves who were born to breathe and die, Hiding the stripes they bore, And, never once, invoked the sky To damn the prison door. Slaves of the heart, the head, the hands, Encrusted in the core.; Who blessed the ignominious bands And rapturously wore Its links that eat the flesh and kill All nobleness of soul? With blood that never felt a thrill In its insensate hole. For them the horologe hath rung The saddest of its chimes ; And round its hoary frame hath flung Grim tablets of their times ; O'er these its nether hand is stretched In token of their stains, To the young nations yet unmeshed By stratagem or chains. Look to the loftiest shade and see The circuit it surveys? A disk of blood and tears, ah ! me, But radiant with rays ; Lit with a glory not of morn, Moon, stars?nor peurl, nor stone? But with the glory of men born To hold on to their own. The glory of the Roman arm That struck a tyrant down, When his quick blood beat proudly warm, Under the purple gown ; The glory of the deathless few Whose fame survives a race, And of the later Greek who threw 1J is life blood on its face. OfTimoleon and Bruce?of Tell? Of Washington?whose grave Hath tolled a never-ceasing knell To potentate and slave ; Of those who dared to love the right More than they feared the wrong, And glow?the star-enkindled night Of chivulryand song! Look to it well, grave Senators, Who sit upon this land, Look to the clock of woes nnd wars With its prophetic hand; The ship of State is a good craft, As staunch as craft can be, But a storm may thunder on its mast And sink it in the sea ! i Look to it well?there is a shade Upon its troubled face, And deeper now gleam the tints made By every tearful trace; Sad brows are bending on us there, From the discolored past, And something darkens the noon air Which moaneth in the blast. The ship of State is a good craft, As staunch as craft can be, lint a storm may thunder on its mast And sink it in the sen ! And woe to them who tread its deck With parricidal hands, To drive it a dismembered wreck Upon the shoals and sands. There is a sound of brazen bells? A strange, mysterious chime, Which, ever and anon, upswells From the dim towers of Time ; A sound portentous it may be Of some impending woe? God help the good ship on the sea Tho' the North-easter's blow ! The Lind Prize Song.?The following, written by Epes Sargeant, was selected by four of the committee appointed to decide upon the prize song, but they yielded their opinions in deference tfcMr. Benedict, who preferred Bayard Taylor's, so says the New York Mirror i salutation to america. Land of the beautiful, land of the free, Often my heart had turned, longing to thee ; Often had mountain, lake, torrent and stream Gleamed on my waking thought, crowded my dream ; Now thou receivest me from the broad sea, Land of the beautiful, land of the free! Fair to the eye, in thy grandeur thou art j O doublv fair, doubly dear to the heart! For to the exiled, the trodden, the poor, Through the wide world, thou hast opened thy door ; Million? crowd in, and are welcomed by thee? Land of the beautiful, land of the free ! Land of the Future ! Here Art shall repair? Kinder thy gale than her own Grecian air! Since her true votaries ever have found Lofty desert by America crowned ! Where, in her pride, should she dwell but with thee? Land of the beautiful, land of the free! Sculpture for thee shall immoralize Form ; Fainting illumine, and poetry warm ; Music devote all her fervors divine To a heart service at Liberty's shrine Till all thy gifts doubly precious shall be, Land of the beautiful, land of the free! Hail! then, Republic of Washington, hail! Never may star of thy Union wax pale! Hope of the world ! may each onien of ill Fade in the light of thy destiny still; Time bring but increase and honor to thee, Land of the beautiful, land of the free 1 Mr. James's Lf.ctures. ? We understand that it is the intention of Mr. James to deliver a course of lectures on the history of modern civilization. in Boston and New York. He will commence a coarse in the former city next week, and during the week ensuing in this.? Mr. James has t*?on highly succecsful in England as an historical lecturer. He has given, before crowded audiences, a series of lectures abroad, on each of the following subjects: Public Education?The Crusades?The History and Institutions of the Anglo Saxons, df^c. There can be no doubt that the contemplated course of lectures, by so competent an author, which, we understand, are original, never having yet been delivered in public, will attract very mnrked attention.?AVw York Post. From the Memphis Jtppeal. A Severe Commentary.?The Eagle in discussing tiie merits of the fugitive slave bill now before Congress, gives utterance to the following truths relative to the practices at the North under the former laws on this subject: Heretofore, \vhilst the constitutional provision ! on this subject has been us pluin as language i could make it, the law passed, to carry this proi vision into effect, have unfortunately not been so pluin. Under them a number ot vexatious questions have beeu raised by legul subtlety and criminal desperation. There is no coinage of equivocation, no trick of cunning, which has not been made auxiliary to a gross and wanton outrage upon tie rights of Southern property.? | With some slow snow of legul argument, the practical execution of the constitutional provision for the restoration of fugitive slaves has been devolved not upon the State, but the > United Stutcs authorities ; and in this forced and violent construction of the Constitution, State legislatures have so far virtually wronged its spirit as absolutely to forbid State officers from assisting in the recovery of fugitive slaves.?Parties seeking to arrest such fugitives have been compelled to submit the legal process of un unusually dilatory character; the fugitives in the meantime having every facility for escape.?W here ow ners have been sufficiently fortunate to arrest fugitive slaves and prove property in them, they liave been dismissed the Court of law to encounter, unaided and unprotected, a furious mob at the door, through which to carry a slave were absolutely impossible, liurely, if ever, has the law vindicated its dignity in the punishment of such mobs; and where such vindication 1ms lieen attempted, it has only failed, to give the triumph of success and the boldness of impunity to criminal outrage. Here are the facts truthfully set forth by the Eagle, and we consider them rather a sevore commentary upon the course pursued by that paper for the last eighteen months. The truths here enumerated, taken in connection with other very serious and grave aggressions of the North upon the South, have had the tendency of arousing a large portion of the Southern people to a proper and just sense of their wrongs and their danger. These, through their State Legislatures, county, meetings, &.c., have made solemn expressions of their determination to submit 110 longer to sueh abuses, and to resist them by every means in their power. One effect of this course has been to incur the denunciations of the Eagle, and all other kindred prints, as "fire-eaters, disuuionists, Southern ultras," ami such other cuphoneous appellations as their fertile fancy might invent. Well, wo have borne our portion of such slang witli what we have conceived commendable philosophy. Feeling ourselves shielded by the sacred panoply of truth and justice, we have felt no fears of their harmless missiles. But whether we of the South who have vindicated her honor, her equality and her rights, have merited the epithets thus bestowed upon us by the subiuissionists who would lick the bund that smites them, we will leave to that judgment which every one will draw from the above statemont of facts. When we shall have reconciled ourselves to a tame submission of such insults from the fabricators of wooden nut megs, axe handles and broom sticks, we shall first be prepared to yield up all claim to the position of independent freemen. From the Jlugusta (Ga.) Republic. The Columbus Enquirer has the followingin i?*: *~ T .4in:...,u.,. iciuiiuii iu tut? icaiin iiinit. u11.v . ~ "Texas they say is about to be most outrageously wronged." Well let us look calmly at the matter, and see how far Congress proposes to wrong that young sister of the common family. There is a disputed boundury, and to avoid all quarrels and prevent bloodshed, Congress proposes that Texas shall cede a portion of her territory to the General Government, and receive the sum of ten millions of dollars. If Texas accepts the. proposition, then the arrangement is complete; if shs does not, it falls to the ground. It is her own business, and she is free to attend to it in her own way. Where is the fraud, of which men Bpeak and write so flippantly, in all this ? Where is the wrong attempted to be perpetrated on a sovereign State ? Of what rights docs Congress, in this arrangement deprive or attempt to deprive Texas?" The Enquirer does not tell its readers in the ' above that the President, in case Texas does j not accept the proposition, threatens to force | her to relinquish her title by the swokd. It asks "where is the fraud ?" Does it not see that the fraud consists in the fact, that tenitory claimed by Texas and acknowledged heretofore by this government as belonging to her, is now to be wrested from her grasp by force of arms, unless she sees proper to submit to any terms which the government may oiler her ? "Where is the wrong ?" It asks again. Need we reply to this question. "Of what right does Congress ntti'mnt <li>nrlv<? Ti>viih?" Th# Rnnillrnr knowH in its heart, that every right held dear by the sovereign States of this Union is involved in this matter.?Why seek to blind its readers ? ISfOur readers will remember the announcement a few months since of the sudden death of two prominent citizens of Eutaw, Mr. Graham and Mr. Judge. The circumstances under which those gentlemen died, created apprehensions at the time of a visitation from the cholera, but we regret to learn that some facts have since eomo to light, inducing the belief that their doatha were caused by poison, We forbear to state all we havo hoard upon the subject, as It is probable it will undergo an investigation.?'Mobile Register. More Abduction of St.aves from Pensacola.?We are informed that within the last three or four days, three more valuble servnnts, belonging to different individuals in this community, have disappeared.?From the characters and habits of the missing servants, there is little or no doubt, that they have heon smuggled on board of some vessel, bound North for the purpose of carrying them to a free State. This is now the third instance within a few moments, of slaves being stolen and carried off in Northern vessels from this port.?Captain Jordan and Mr. Guild, both lost most valuable negroes in this way, and now three more are doubtless disposed of in the aaino way. Will we as Southern men and slave-holders submit to this system of Negro stealing from our port, any longer, hy the Captains of Northern vessels trading to this port. Law or no law, self-defence, demands the strictest search and examination of all such vessels before they arc |>crmittcd to leave our Port. ?I' loruia uem <crm Ratification Meetino.?Almost every exchange paper, from Southern State a, contains accounts of one or more meetings to ratify the proceedings of the Southern Convention. The entire South is awake to the importance of union in the present state of aflairs, and well mny there be union, for the dominant majority in Congress seem determined to push war of aggressive legislation upo i the South, and the South is too week to resist it with success upon J the floor of Congress, but there is a field open to which if the South be driven, she will sustain her right*, and make the North know how to respect them. The Union nnd our just Constitutional rights or our right without the Union, is our motto.-? Prople't (Mix*.) Prest. From the .fugiuta (Georgia) Republic. South Carolina.?"South Carolina niakea no movo. There she stands 111 a defensive attitude, with her lance "couched, and not a leather quivering in her plume." Such is the position occupied by this much abused but truly noble and gallant State, as dofined by one of her own cherished sona, the Hon. h*. W. Pickens. It presents, in lew but felicitous terms, the calm, assured and determined bearing, with which she awuita the ominous future. The time for words with her has gone by?the argument is utterly exhausted.? She has asked ngain and again for justice and equal rights?she now patiently awaits the answer. Standing entirely upon the defensive, "with her lance in rest, and her visor down," she is the very personification of calmness and resoluteness of purpose. "The Blufton hoys," as the Chronicle and Sentinel so much delights to call the citizens of South Carolina by way of puny ridicule, are no "men in buckram," "no men of straw," but manly, firm and determined Southern men, who know their rights and are fully prepared to defend them. Unaeduced by golden promises, and uuterrified by empty threats, her sons arc ready to defend her cherished iight9 and maintain her stainless honor in any and every contingency. The attitude she has assumed is u glorious one?she will maintain it firmly but temperately to the last extremity. South Carolina is a modei, for iier sister Southern States. ? Her history is a history tilled with proofs of her noble devotion iu cousuuuionui ngnis ana u constitutional Union. " Tlie world knows her history by heart." There she stands, still ready to defend such rights?still willing to live under such a Union, but never none other. When it is to be made an agent of injury and oppression, her attachment to it necessarily fullers. She scorns submission to injustice, und doubly scorns the traitor. She wishes to enjoy her just rights in the Unjon if possible?if denied to her, she \\ HI not hesitate, und honored be she for it, to seek them out of it. She is truly a model for her sister States? Firm and dauntless, but yet cool and calm in her fortified position, she throws herself back upon her rights as guaranteed by the Constitution, and in her struggle for justice and perfect equality. " Let come what will, she means to bear it out, And either live with glorious victory Or die with fame, renowned with chivalry." Would that every Southern State presented the same front of battle to the free-soil host!? IIow full of hope and trust would then be the cause of the endangered South! IIow more than secure would be her periled rights?how more than triumphant would be her now almost utterly hopeless cause! Will not (leorgin and every other Southern State assume the same noble and exalted position, and present the same united front to the Abolition phalanx ? It is the last hope of the South for obtaining justice?the last and only remaining inenns of safety. With this unanimity of feeling existing among us?this union of hearts and union of hands in tho coming contest of sections, the South will not, cannot sutler? but without it, if divided, distracted, and untrue to herself, she will onlv invite accrression W OO- - ^ and reap a mockery of justice, a harvest of despair. Wo call upon tlio Southern people, every where, to unite. We must "hang out the banner on the outer wall" and rally around it for the protection of our rights. Misstating effect.?A sort of quietude seems to pervade the political atmosphere at the present time. We hear of few policul meetings being held, and the din of personal harrangue with which our ears were continually greeted a few weeks since, has lost its taut, and parties seem reluctaut to approach the political topics of ttie day. The feelings of the people of Georgia, are now most conclusively established in favor of the Missouri line, and satisfied of the fact, to a demonstration. They are quietly awaiting the action of Congress to realize the effects of their movements, before making any further efforts. Although these movements may have no immediate effect on the notion of Congress, they will undoubtedly show to what an extent the ftouth is aroused to the defence of her own rights. It is somewhat amusing to observe the tenor 1 of a clique of journal* who have heretofore caught at the meanest circumstances to allure public sentiment, and cast ridicule ard misconstruction on everything that did notcotne within their own narrow sphere of polities, now out with the loftiest pretensions for the Union? ready with the patriotic pen of defence to stand by this glorious Confederacy, while there is one drop of ink left to sound the heralds of their intended valor. It is a great blessing th^L Georgia is troubled with but few of such^Pbastefl heroes, and that those few have long since received a diploma for notoriety in the public estimation. Nothing can be more doubtful than to see men proclaiming their own honesty, or 10 use extra exertion to assert their views, fecling4hat they will be viewed with the same insincerity by the public, that the writer felt conscious they deserved. However diverting it may be to watch the course of two or three of those journals, since the Mass meeting at Macon, it nevertheless shows to what frivolous objects they arc found stooping to sustain a feeble position. Nothing can bo more characteristic of party weakness man to see 11 grasping ai every snaitow retlection, and using every paltry excuse and political juggling, to maintain sonic shadow of appearance, while their party influence is sliding from beneath their feet. Ono editor, at Macon, who had made a singular mistake in his optics, made out to bring his focus to fifteen hundred, however, after a time his conscience relaxed a little, and by the mist clearing up, he made out nbout threo thousand. There was some difficulty, however, in coming to this conclusion, and us the editor was already aware of his failing in making assertions, and hazarding tt.c truth for an after consideration, it was not until after nature consideration that ho could bring his optics to rcaiize that he had written something which savored of truth. The public may know how much sincerity these disaffected statements which are now going the rounds are entitled to?they are ludicrous in the extreme, and only show what an intolerable depravity exists in that spirit which clings to the dyino remnants of a party with wanton tenacity. They cry Union and undying faith with one breath, and wield the engine of party dissentions with the rest. Such men would preach their pretended love fortho Union when the last blow was about to be struck which would annihilate the existence of Southern institutions.? Savannah Georgian. Died.?At West Point, New York, on the 7th instant, Bvt. Maj. Wm. H. Shorer, Captain of 3d Regiment of Artillery, and Instructor of Artillery and Cavalry at the Military Academy. Major' Shorer has fallen a victim to disease contracted while on arduous service in the Mexican war, having served with distinction as a subaltern of Ringgold's (afterwards Bragg'a) B?ttery, throughout the campaign, under General Taylor, and, after his promotion, in the Valley of Mexico. His bereaved widow and child mourn the irreparable loss of an affectionate husband and fether; and 1 his brethren in arms lament the departure of an 1 accomplished officer and amiable gentleman. ill " Th? Bootfcaru P*aM,u-^Trl?weekly in published on Tuesdays, ThtufcUys .nd 8*tarS?r? ot each week. ''The Southern Preaa,"?Weekly, Is published every Saturday. ADVERTTfING RATS*. For one wjurrt of 10 tinea, three iusertioos, |1 00 j " avery subsequent insertion, - *5 Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising. tf- Individuals may forward the amouat of their subscriptions at our risk. Address, (puet-peid) KLLWOOD FISHER, Washington City. From the A'etc York Evening Post. The Resolutions o* the Syracuse CowVENTtow.?The nomination of candidates tnado last week for democratic party, at tlto Syracuse Convention, will meet witli a very general support among the democratic party. The Whigs themselves admit the probability of its finding favor with the people, and some of their journals are endeavoring to awake their readers to what they call the extreme danger of its success. The assent which the nominations of the convention will command will be withheld from some part of the resolutions adopted by the convention. These, however, to speak strictly, are merely an expression of the opinions of those who proposed them. They were drawn up by a committee in which the hunker faction had a ' majority not a very courageous one, and they j were hurried through the convention under the nrusnure of the nrevious uuestion, without ex ; animation or coi sidcrution. So far as they relate to the slavery < jural ion, they are. the merest and most pitiable drivelling in the world, and it would be. manifestly unjust to make the convention generally responsible, for them. The second resolution, for example, In which the country is congratulated on the recent settlement of that question by Congress, affirms what the proceedings of Congress, on the very day when the Convention adopted the resolution, prove to be false. They were quarrelling about the slavery question, in Congress, at that very moment; they had been quarrelling about it for weeks previous; they are quarrelling about it yet. Besides, the measures adopted by Congress do not themselves, even, purport to settle the question. As regards the udmission of California, that, to be sure, is a measure which cannot be undone; nn I so far, the eountry may well be congratulated on what Congress has done. The boundary of Texas is also virtually fixed by Congress, and in a manner for which we have reason to take shame, rather than express satisfaction. But w.th regard to the other measures, the passage of the fugitive slave bill, by which the citizen of the Northern States, arrested on u false charge of being1 a slave, is stripped of the right of a trial by jury, and curried off to a remote part of the Union, where it may be impossissiblo for him to procure the proof of his freedom, is no settlement of the controversy, I and no subject of congratulation. This law?for we take it for granted it has Mr. Fillmore's sig- <? nature by this time, inasmuch as Mr. Fillmore has not the courage to put his veto on a bill of the kind, however objectionable may be its provisions?this law is, like others, open to revision, to alteration, to repeal; nor is it of such a nature that it can be allowed to stand as it is.? i'lie metaphor-makers on the floor of Congress often talk of firebrands, but here is a firebrand which threatens to keep Congress in a flame for many sessions to come. The bills for the government of New Mexico and Utah also settle nothing permanently. The governments provided for these territories are open to examination and amendment. The question, what regulations ure needful for their welfare, is a question which may be brought under the notice of Congress at any time, and there is nothing to prevent its being made tlie staple of another controversy, as tedious as the one which has occupied the present session. Tien there is the question of admitting New Mexico into the Union us a State. It will unquestionably be again urged upon Congress at the next session, and it cannot be unceremoniously set aside. The second resolution is therefore as silly an affair as if it felicitated the country upon the abolition of the typhus fever or the dysentery. No doubt U would be a cause of congratulation, and of most hearty congratulation, if we could see this cause of contention removed from our midst, by the qdoption of some liberal and humane measure favorablo to freedom, and this is probably all that the majority ol the convention meant when they passed the hasty vote on the?e resolutions. The rosolutions referred to are aa follows: Mr. O'Conor, chairman of the cpmmittee on resolutions, presented the following: 1. Resolved, That the Democratic party of New York are proud to avow their fraternity with, and their devotion to the great principles of the Democratic party of the Union, as declared in the National Democratic Conventions held at Baltimore in 1840, '44 and '48, and they look forward in hope and confidence to the complete triumph of that party in 1862. 2. Resolved, That we congratulate the country upon the recent settlement by Congress of the questions which have unhappily divided the people of these States. 3. Resolved, That the Democracy of the State of New York, appreciating the value of union, fraternity and concord, standing upon their ancient principles, present their candidates witli a confident reliance upon the united and cordial support of all who desire the ascendancy of those principles in the State and National councils. 4. Resolved, That whilst we wage no factious war against the constituent authorities, and as American citizens, will stand firmly by our country, by whomsoever its government may be administered, we regard the action of the Whig Nfiifinnnl Aitminist.rut.inn. from tli<> first, cvliibi tions of its prescriptive and intolerant course, to the climax of the Gnlphin claim, ns worthy of the false pretences under which it came into power, ana of professions whicli have been invariably violated. 5. Resolved, That the whig administration of this State is a reiteration of the scries of extravagances in the public expenditure, and violations of the constitution, and of an unsound and lavish policy which have signalized the course of the party which aided by dissensions in the democratic ranks, brought that administration into power, and that the interest of the people and the character of tlio State demand a speedy return to the wise, safe and approved policy of the democratic administrations. 6. Resolved, That devoted to the principles and form of our confederation, ever mindful of the blessings it has secured to ourselves and to mankind, and regarding the citizens of all sections of our country as members of a common brotherhood, we cherish the union of the States as the ark of our political covenant, and that wo j deprecate all sectional agitations at the North or South, calculated to impair its sacred obligations, or to threaten its perpetuity. Greens. The Editor of tho Boston Post perpetrates the following: A Lady's Jest.?While wo were sitting at dinner, the other day, with a dozen pleasant people of both sexes, tho conversation turned upon Saratoga and its fashions and frivolities. A matron present remarked that a letter writer in the New York H had lately thrown a bomb-shell into the parlors of the ultra fashionables, by giving minute descriptions of several darling belles, whose style of dressing approached rather too near the society costume of mother Eve. "Ah V said the speaker, exultingly, dufrU he ink* off the low-nocked dresses!" "Tut-tut," said a witty lady who sat near us? "that would be but a poor way to mend the v matter!" At least one half of the company did'nt see the force of the comment, but It wis a very just one for all that.