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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, October 03, 1850, Image 3

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The "National" and the "Sectional" ,
We had confidently expected a full exposition | 1
of the actual position which the two wings of j'
the party would hereafter occupy, from the tw o ' ,
organs of the Whig party in this city, and j i
opened both yesterday with much curiosity to 1
see the programme of the performance, but our '
hopes were fallacious. Vainly did we scan the j
Intelligencer?idly did we pore over the crowded i
columns of the RejnMie, for even an allusion or I
a reference to th!a great crevasse in the Empire j
" Silence slept brooding o'er the vast abyss."
as though some Curtius intended imolating j
himself, that the yawning chasm might close
without leaving even a fissure for the noiniua
lions to lull through. But the augury was an !
erroneous one?for on opening the New York j
prints another l>al>el of discordant tongues broke
forth?and convinced us that "mischief was
still a-foot" on that "free-soil."
Tho papers from tluit section are filled with
suggestions and speculations about the split.
The seeeders have issued an address?repudiated
the nominations of the Convention?and culled
another Convention to be held in Utica on the
17th day of October.
They are evidently endeavoring to retrieve
their indiscretion, and make the best of a bad
bargain by contending that they, and not the
majority of the delegates to the State Convention,
are the real " Simon Pures" of New York
With an appreciation of the great importance
of names in party contests, which are often more
potent far than principles, they have called for
another convention?denominating themselves
the National and their opponents the Sectional
division of the party?in the hope of yet effecting
a division in favor of the Administration,
against whom Mr. Seward seems stubbornly
to have set his face. lake his famous ante-type,
Robespierre?the man of "the Mountain" in
the French Revolutionary Convention, who
crushed under his heel first the Girondins and
hia rivals, Senator Seward lias silently woven
his web around Mr. Dt:er and his "conscrvatives"
representing the Administration?induced
tliem to commit themselves substantially to his
platform by holding out the hope of a coalition?
and then presented them the alternative either
of stultifying their whole previous policy and
political action?or of being crushed as " factionista."
The position of these gentlemen seems to us to
be precisely parallel to thatof the Girondins, who
sought to occupy what they considered the safe
middle ground, by lending a half-support to the
measures, while refusing cordially to coalesce
with the men of the "Mountain."
Among those victims of the "Higher Law" of
the guillotine, were men as earnest, as sagacious,
as eloquent as Mr. Dur.n or Mr. Granger?
and they too fell the victims of a mistaken
policy?the policy of patching up a hollow truce
where they should have proclaimed open warand
treated only with their opponents as enemies.
The Girondins paid the penalty of their error
with their heads?tin1 reign of demagogneism
H on Free-soil, has not j et quite reached that point
of levelling Democracy, though progressing rapidly
towards it?consequently the heads of the
seceding party are safe literally, if destined to
be cut oft' from the main body figuratively.
The address writ en by Mr. Duer is marked
by his usual ability, plainly states the tacts of]
the case, and shews the concessions made by i
" the conservatives" to Seward, and in one '
sentence sums up the whole cause of the colli- |
u They did not choose, for the sake of placing j
a crown ?.f glory on the head of Mr. Seward, to ]
stamp with condemnation the President of the j
United States and such earnest Whigs as Henry ;
('lay and Daniel Webster."
The quarrel is in reality one about men not
rncaxtires, as the proceedings of the Convention, j
the resolutions, and the address conclusively
prove. The plea of superior nationality set
up now is evidently an afterthought, and can
deceive no one who does not desire to be deceived.
We give the testimony of one of the
strongest organs ot* the administration party in
the State of New York on this point. The
Commercial Adceilixcr in a long lending editorial
makes these pregnant admissions, which we
call upon every patriotic Southern Whjg to
ponder over, before being betrayed by this par\
rot cry of*' nationality." The length of the article
compels us only to collate a few extracts : |
" Thf. Minority Address.?We publish today
the address to the Whig party in the State, !
issued by the minority of the late convention, j
that readers may see for themselves what the
respected gentlemen, who now stand in direct
opposition to that convention, s ly in defence of
their proceedings. If the reading of it has the |
same effect upon the minds of others that it had j
upon our own, the antidote to the evil inflicted j
upon the Whig party will travel with the ad- '
dross. We have been accustomed to think and j
act with that branch of the Whig party repre-1
sented by certain of the gentlemen who have !
signed the address ; a more sincere and earnest |
friend of the conservative element of Whig j
" policy than this journal cannot l>e found; it ad- !
vocated the great constitutional compromise proposed
by Mr. Webster and Mr. Clay, perhaps j
earlier and more strenuously than any other in j
this region; and it is second to none in attach- i
nient to the principles an I policy of the present |
able Whig administration. We think it neces- j
sary to premise and reiterate these sentiments, for J
reasons which many readers and friends will
readily understand. It is not pleasant?it is <
painful?to us to differ from some of the gen- !
tlemen who composed the minority; we have
acted with them; they have our sympathies; J
hut inasmuch as we think that th -ir present
course is not justified by the provocation,and is
calculated to do much more harm than good, we
have no choice but to counteract, as far as we
bnve ability, the evils which may result from
their present course.
After establishing its administration orthodoxy,
that print goes on to say;
" With nil our advocacy of compromise, irr have
always held, ami have more than once so expressed i
ourselves, thai the non-extension of slavery is a
iVhtg doctrine hy which ire mean to stand. The
Wilmot Proviso was abandoned for the sake of
pence, by Mr. Webster, on the. express ground
that il u-as unnecessary, and not because any
douhts were entertained ot the porter nf Congress
to en force it, or of the propriety of enforcing it
should legitimate occasion arise ; and we apprehend
that should sneh n contingency arise as
that specified in the above extract, every Whig
?not less cordially the minority than tlu> majority
of the late eonventio?would demo d the
interference of Congress .There can W no doubt
however, thai our friends in the minority see in
llm endorsement of Mr. SeWihi the cloven foot ]
?f abolitionism i and this, both to them and to '
iuraelves, is the real mischief?the radically ob- '
ectionable portion of the Seward resolution.
The idea of dignifying the aubitittite resolutions
with the title of "Whig platform," set-ins
to us aiuiplv absurd. All know that, in the !
amnion estimation, Mil.laud FlLLMOKE and
VVillia m H. Seward represent the two sections j
?f the greut Whig jwrty in this State. The
:ourse of the former has always been causerva- j
live, national, practical; that of the latter radical,
icctional, theoretical. On the question of slavery,
the one is lor carrying out the spirit of the '
Constitution ; the other is, in theory at least, an i
abolitionist. Vet both these gentlemen the eon-1
reution endorses. Now, then, either the reso- |
lutions passed by that body are no u platform" j
at all, or they are just the platform the Whig
party requires. We have said that the two gen- j
tlemun represent two section or phases of the
Whig party. The numerical strength of each i
portion is considerable. But they are equally !
represented on this broad and indefinite platform. J
* * * * * *
Now we think our friends iiave acted uu- .
wisely in seeeding under existing circumstances
?miner their provocation, we are quite willing I
to say, for two reasons, the first of which is em-1
bodied, partly at least, in the foregoing remarks. |
The offensive resolution, we conceive had refer-j
ence rather to person than principle. Its de-j
sign was more to gratify and glorify Mr. Seward
than to endorse Mt. Seward's principles, although |
we admit that his principles, as shown in his
course in the Senate, icere of consequence incol- j
ted. But surely, bad the principles avowed by j
that gentleman been uppermost in the minds of j
the mover and supporters of that resolution, I
they would not,in the same breadth have approved
also of the principles of Mr. Fillmore,
almost the antipodes of those of Mr. Seward, on
the same great ami vital question. The whole
movement must liave been?and who will deny
that it was f?with the majority of the gentlemen
on botli sides, almost entirely a personal
matter; and if so, the course of the convention
does not necessarily imply a radical or abolitionist
And thus out of the mouth of their own advocate
and adviser, have we proven the quarrel to
have been based on jiersons not principles?if
indeed the production of any proof were needed
to establish that which is patent on the face of
the proceedings.
We have only sought to impress these facts
on the minds of Southern Whig*, because we
know full well tliat a prodigious pother will be
made bv the Administration Organs over the
self - sacrificing, patriotic, and national spirit,
which caused the difficulty with the Sew ardites
?and that the " conservative Southern Whigs"
will be called to the rescue of these their conservative
brethren of the North.
Whenever this plea is urged to a Southern
Whig, let him turn his eyes upon the rejected
resolution, which was tendered to the Convention
by the chief of these conservatives, Mr.
Duek, and say whether he can conscientiously
co-operate with the party, or confide his interests
and honor and those of his State, to the lining
of men who hold such a creed?though too conservative
for the latitude of New York. Here is
Mr. Durrs Rational Platform.
7. Resolved, That while the "Whig party of
New York remain unalterably opposed to the extension
of slavery over territory now free, and haie
no doubt of the constitutional power of Congress
to prohibit such extension, a liberal spirit of toleration
should be exercised in regard to conflict
ing opinions touching measures which have been
adopted by Congress for the adjustment of the
questions arising from our late territorial acquisitions
: that tre rejoice in the admission of California
as a free Stair, and are prepared to acquiesce
in the recent action of Congress for the
settlement of the boundary line between New
Mexico and Texas,and the creation of territorial
governments for New Mexico Mid Utah, in the
confident belief that these acts of conciliation trill
result in the exclusion of slavery from the territory
ceded by Mexico to the United States, and at the
same time tend to restore those cordial sentiments
and fraternal ties which ought ever to be i
cherished between the different sections of our
common country.
Free Speech on Free Soil.
The harmonies of both Northern parties are
rising above concert pitch. The following notes
from the Albany organ of the Van Bckens, is
on a high key, with more sharps than flats. The
Van Burenites lord it over their side with as
high a hand, as the Sewardites do over the other
?'lie consciousness of power over the masses
makes each insolent. From the Adas :
Backing Ot t and Backing In.?We published
recently an account of the proceedings in
Tammany Hall, laying on the table u resolution
proffering support to the Democratic State ticket.
One Stratum, who figured in the defection in
New York last year, which gave the Whigs half
the State ticket, and who attempted to disturb
the proceedings of the Syracuse Convention
this year, doubtless with the same purpose, was
conspicuous in lliis movement.
The N. Y. Globe, attempting to smooth over
this matter, says:
"The only objections made, we are informed,
to the resolutions, were, that it was premature.
It was not opposed on its merits."
But it adds, that the Committee had refused)
to approve the tiebot till the candidates had responded.
Probably the collective impudence of
the metropolis were desirous of a recognition
of their claims to pass upon the rights of delegates
to set in the State Convention, and to revise
the State nominations.
It is characteristic, however, that this attempt
was made in tho absence of n majority of the
committee: and was attempted to be concealed
from the puWie eye?trick and cowardice cliaraeterizing
the conduct of the disorganize to
the end.
On Friday evening the committee met in full
numbers, and the N. Y. Herald gives in part the
vote by which the motion to take the ticket off
the table was passed. It savs:
Ykai?T). Mehan, Geo. W. Isaacs, Jacob F.
Oakley, Florence McCarthy, John W. Avery,
W. J. Brislev, James C. Willett, Hiram Engle,
Robert Earl, John Marrenner, John Tilley, D.
Gathwaite, Michael Tuomey, James S. Halstead,
M. Sm. th.-Wm. E. Meeks, I,. B. Shepard, A. D.
Benton, Samuel Osgood and John Deharty?20.
Nats?R. T, Milligan, Chnrles Gannon, Wm.
H. Bolton, John Y. Savage, jr., Joseph Cornell,
Thoinna J. Bnrr, John S. M<K.ibben, G. Cohen,
Edward Strahan and Wm. D. Craft?10.
Of these voted at the former meeting to lay on
the table, Messrs. Edward C. West, Daniel H.
T AT AT I. T ? T I? ..It
Daniel Geary, Robert Berkley, M. W. S. Jackson
and John Queen, and were either absent or not
It will l>o aeon that Messrs. Stratum Co.
persist in their hostility to the lust. But the
veil of concealment under which they have
sought to carry on their intrigues, ia fortunately
stripped off, and they stand, henceforth, ex
posed and disarmed before the Democracv of the
Letter to Governor Quitman.?A letter
j has been signed by a portion of our citizens of
both parties, requesting the Governor to convene
the Legislature to take into consideration
1 onr Federal relations growing out of the admission
of California and other kindred measures.
No particular time, is designated. As the
Governor of Georgia will convene her legislature,
we think it advisible that ours should be
in session at the same time. By means of telegraphic
and other facilities, a constant communication
might be kept up between the two bodiea,
and thus a community of purpose and unity of
action be effected.
From tho Vlcksburg Mississippi SeiUitutl
we extract th? following very significant account ' \
of the state of things in Mississippi, ft fur- 1
Dishes additional refutation of the slander that '
tin- Southern Whig. will not stand up as man- |
fully in defence of Southern rights as their Democratic
h is possible that the blandishments of po- j
litical leaders, and the prejudices of party (the !
stronger in this case because of a Whig admin- i
istration) may seduce a portion of that party
into an acquiescence in these hollow measures I
of44 compromise."
Vet we much mistake the metal of which that j
party is composed in the Southern States, if the
ranks of resistance are not tilled as promptly !
from that side as from the other. Partisans ,
whose whole jmlitical capital is vested in the
continuance ofthe old party lines, and who, il'the |
u compromise" be not acquiesced in have committed
political suicide, may struggle for the perpetuation
of both : yet they cannot move the
masses by such considerations, nor by appeals
however artful or sophistry however skilful,
hide l'romthe people the real issue of resistance
or submission.
Even now, when the partisans of the Compromise
at the South strive to rejoice, their congratulations
sound like apologies?their applause
as mechanical as that of the hired claqueurs at
the theatre. Their"s is *'the most tragical mirth'*
that ever was perpetrated since the performance
of Pyruinus and Thisbc, and their lions, when
they roar you "as gently as sucking doves,"'
in favor of peace, concord, harmony, Arc., Arc.? i
do it its sheepishly us "Snug the Joiner."
Contrast the tone of a Whig print like the
Augusta Republic, with that of its acquiescent
neighbor, the Chronicle, of the same place, and
what a difference there is perceptible in tone and
temper! the one as heady and sparkling as
champagne, the other as Hat as the flattest of
stale small-beer?and in every other instance,
(except where the papers are edited by imported
editors, who advocate all anti-Southern meas-1
ures uici(h an appetite") the same contrast can J
Ihj drawn.
The persons who pretend to disparage the
movement in Mississippi, will soon have as convincing
proofs of their own short-sightedness,
as the "outsider" who turned up his nose contemptuously
ut the deluge, predicting that it
would not be much of a shower after all.
But we are detaining our readers from tlie
promised exposition of the signs of the times
in Mississippi. Col. Tompkins, it is well known,
was the sole Whig Representative from that
State in the last Congress :
The ahjocrned Mf.etino is limns?Speech
of Hon. P. W. Tomkins.?Pursuant to the resolution
adopted at the meeting in Raymond IhhI
week, a very large portion of the people of Hinds
assembled uf the Court-House during the recess of
the court on Monday last, for a public discussion
of the absorbing questions now agitating the
country. Col. C. S. Tarplay, Judge Tompkins,
Col. Glenn, Franklin Smith, esq , und Judge
Hutchison, delivered speeches during Monday
and Tuesday, all of which are spoken of as very
able efforts.
The opponents of the resolutions adopted at
the previous meeting were invited to join in a discussion,
on equal terms, but declined doingso. The
speech of Judge Tompkins i* spoken of as an
effort of great ability, and the effect was marked
and powerful. Weare proud to announce that lie I
came out fully and unreservedly for the maintenance
of Southern Rights?in the phrase of the I
day an " ultra" Southerner. He gave the result j
of his experience during his service at Washing- |
ton, and drew a vivid picture of the present state i
of affairs. He said that there is no party at the
.Vort/i, either among politicians or the people upon j
whom we can rely?that the movements of the aggres- |
sors on our rights are progressive and unrelenting,
and that the alternative was presented either of resistance
or base submission. His manner was earnest
and?fervid, and he was freqently interrupted '
by deafening applause.
I We hail this as another evidence that the old
party lines are fast becoming obliterated, and that
our people are uniting for common safety. Judge
Tompkins is the most popular and influential
Whig in the State, and we feel certain that the
noble stand he has taken will have a good effect,
in bringing about ulniost entire unity among our
people. As the most effective means of produc- !
ing this unity, we hope our Whig presses will j
cease playing into the hands of our enemies, by i
doing all tney can to weaken the force of a united ;
and determined resistance of the South to wrong, j
Let them join with the patriotic leaders of their party
? uion, Sharkey, Stewart, Tompkins, Wend, J)uffield,
Stearns, Clapp, If'm. /.. Harris,and others?
quit their intolerable abuse of Southern men for
maintaining Southern rights, and their laudation
of Clay, Filmore, &c.?stop their loud hosannas
for the glorious Union, when they find our ene
rnies at the North beating them at the same game
while they are robbing us of our negrbes, and :
battling down the barriers which protect lis under
the Constitution?let thern join harmoniously in J
demanding substantial justice, and all may yet be j
veil, If they had stood up for the South hereto-j
fore?if instead of captious cavalling on immate- |
riul points, and a reckless subservience to party
* ?i ?i i. 1
scnemes, <JIie IlllllUiUlU UIIC j>lll|nmcn ik.u ai/iunnw
uk nil in tlie South, our rights would have been
conceded, nnd there would have betn no voice
for accession from any quarter. But despite the
counter efforts of these presses and a few mousing;
politicians, the indications are unerring thHt when
the issue conies, the suhmissionists will be left in a ;
minority so infinitely smull as not to repay the i
trouble of counting.
? (
The Purification by Fire, &c.
The cool way in which the triumphant Sewarditcs
congratulate each other and the party on ,
the happy issue of their deliberations, must he j
very galling to the Decoders, who certainly j
strained a point to preserve the unity of the
The Evening Journal, before the ultimatum ;
of the seeeders was announced, bade them an
affectionate farewell thns:
' Instead of weakening the Whig party, or
lessening its ehances of success, the defection j
of certain Delegates, upon totally Insufficient I
grounds, imparts vitalitu and strength to the contest,
and ;nspirrs freshness nnd confidence in the ,
result. We are all the stronger for having I
passed through that ordeal. I'ar/iejt, like ore, I
<uiml hr tnirifiiit In/ tit;
>jr-4 ^ ^ " - ""I
The Syracuse Journal takes a barometrical
observation, and inroelain's th<- -clouds tliat lowi
ered o'er the hoiifc" (lisp' lied by the reflected
radiance of the "Son of Y ?;ik
"Just at the clow < t the proceedings in the
Convention, when the spirit ot' freedom sct'iuod
to have du eended upon the majority of that j
bodv, touching tlicir heart with ita living and
glo'ing tire?a cheerful breeze swept over tlic ;
face of the physical world, and eirriod away, far]
away, the clouds and nistswhieh bad previously ,
hung like a pall around toe horizon. The stars i
! that night shone out in their brightness, and the
i next morning the glorious sun rose out of the
East into an unelouded sky, kindling the promise
of an auspicious day, and spreading joy and
hope around the hearths and habitations of inen.1
// was the Sea of Attsteklit? " It "'as the
omen of a peril safely passed?of a del iterance
happily consummated,
The words italicised convey a ernel cut Well
might the seceders exclaim to the Sewnrdites
in the touching image of the poet:
| " Tie true you might hnve refused us your love,
Bui why reed you kick us down stairs."
The schism, however, bids fair to prove no
joke to the Whig partv in New York,
The Press of Cteorgia
From tho Columbus 'times we extract the ci
following" editorial. The submission stock (it ir
would appear) is rather at a discount in Georgia. S
The list of [>ap?r? which it promises will be use- It
ful?at such a time as this it is well thut the t?
public should know the bias of the prints which V
are <|uoted as exponents of Southern sentiments: t<
Skies Bright.?Our Southern exchanges this tl
morning come to us buoyant with hope, and ani- >i
mated Gy the noblest spirit of resistance to tyranny
and inflexible determination to stand by h
the South. This is particularly the case with the n
Pitts* of Georgia. As we have unfolded them
this morning one after the other, we have felt our
hopes for the South rising higher and higher; our
courage in ihe good cause elevated, and our pride ' "
in the spirit of our countrymen, and especially ?
our brethren of the Southern Press, raised to the
highest pitch of exultation, Georgia is not going to r
submit. Let no man believe it. The Savannah t
Georgian, the Augusta Constitutionalist, the Macon
Telegraph and Tribune, the Augusta Republic,
the Rome Southerner, the Dalton Times, the
Cherokee Advocate, the Griffin Jefferson ian, the *
Savannah News, the Southern (Athens) Herald,
the Lumpkin Advertiser, the Ringgold Republican,
the Columbus Sentinel are all glowing with
liiirlt lw>n? mvwI Mfprn (ipfprmiriMtton. 'Phpir liiiirL t*
notes ring in our ears, and reverberate from the j
mountain to the seaboard, to electrify the popular 1
heart and (ire it with courage to meet, repel, and 1
resent the wrongs done the South. 1 L.
We are preparing a lint of the resistance and |
submission papers of Georgia. As far an we have \
made it, the former outnumber the latter nearly i
tiro to our. And if they beat them in numerical c
force, they infinitely beat them in the spirit that
animates them. Submission is a hard doctrine to
preach in the land of Troup. 1 in presses and its
orators feel it so. It sits like an incubus on their
energies, and even their pro-union wuilings are as i
feeble as " Taunton water" that wont rundown i
hill. Of a like character is our editor's corres- (
pondence. Every letter we get from the people
liarps on the same string. The burthen of them I
ull is " stand firm?you are right?the people are |
with you?send me your paper" There is nothing
to fear in this contest, but a cowardly mistrust
of the people. Some men are afraid they (
will back out, when it is the pallid fear of their i
own hearts that fathers the thought. We judge
the people by our own feelings. If we burn at the 1
infamy to which our native country is reduced, ,
why should not other Georgia henrlN burn too? ,
if we reject with scorn and loathing, the cup of
wrong and degradation commended to our lips by i
Northern hands and Southern recreants, is it not j
equally bitter to our countrymen every where? If
w e were ready to face all consequences in preference '
to the certain ones of present disgrace and final
abolition and ruin, involved in submission, what
reason is there that every Georgian's heart has 1
not been forced to the satne determined conclu- (
sion ?
Away with the thought of submission. The '
people are sound, true and brnve. They will <
maintain their rights and overwhelm Northern
aggression. Southern submission and treachery in
a common and glorious defeat. i
Height of Impertinence.
It will bo soon from the follow ing extract '
from the London Atheiucum that those encroach- '
ing Britons want to steal our countryman, 1
Washington Irving, from us. He is no alien, i
it is true, wherever the English language is I
spoken or read, nor is his friend Paui.ding?hut
we can't afford to give up either.
Murray vs. Bohu and Rutledge, has advanced
one stage in the court of Chancery. Vice-Chanceller
Bruce, on Thursday last, ordered that I
both Mr. Bohn and Mr. Rutledge shall keep ac- <
counts of what they sell of Mr. Irving's works, |
pending the removal of the cause to another
court, and without prejudice. "The point in
dispute," lie observed, " was, beyond all doubt, a
very important one, and one which some day i
must reach the House of Lordsadding, as
appears bv the reports in the daily papers, that (
it was impossible to say that the questions
which the case involved were settled." The '
defence will rest in part oil the plea that Mr. i
Washington Irving is an alien, and on the authority
of the case decided in the Court of Exchequer
by: Sir Frederick l'ollock. The claim
to the injunction w ill rest in part, it in said, on
the plea that Mr. Irving is not an alien ; that
his father was a native of the Orknevs, and his
mother a native of Falmouth, and that though
he himself was born in New York, lie is the eon
or British born subjects, nnd tlierelbre no alien.
Voices from the National North.
Tlic Valparaiso (Ind.) Observer thus announces
the passage of the bill abolishing the slave
trade in the District of Columbia:
Triumph of Frekeom.?It will be seen by the*
proceedings of Congress published in this paper
that a bill to abolish the slave trade in the District
of Columbia has actually passed both
Houses, and doubtless before now been signed
by the President! Hail Columbia! A good beginning
is made towards ridding the General
Government of that institution. We did not
think this Congress capable of so glorious an
act! Ix't them try again. Tne next step should
be to prohibit slaveholding in that District after
a reasonable limited time, to be designated.?
Freedom throughout the jurisdiction of Congress
and non-interference as to slaver;/ in the States, is
the. only way the question can be settled.
That's one Northern national platlorm now,
from the North-west to the North east, as this
bugle blast from the Rejiublican of Ilartford
Connecticut, (a place noted for nationality!) wil
1st.?In the first place they have on hand a
stern reckoning with the doughfaces and traitors.
Make war 011 these creatures everywhere, and
let the war he stern and steady. Show them
up. Scourge them. Vote them down.
2d?Congress must prohibit Slavery and establish
Freedom in the Territories. Notice of
bills to this effect has already been given in both
3d.?Slavery must be abolished in the District
of Columbia. Long enough has it been there
to disgrace the nation. Let there be an end of
it. Th * National Government must be delivered
from this abomination. The attempt to naturali^n
Slnvi.iT rnni.1 tw> fnurrlit lltltil it is t lifiriill tr| 11 v
u-v .-iu.V.J "j"' "v> " "B**r "" n**V
defeated. If this chattelism of men is a Stale
institution, let it be driven to the States where
it belongs, and there let it die.
1th.?There must be no more slave States
added to this Union. Not another of these
sweltering bodies of death, these nurseries of
oppression, treason, bowie-knife civilization, nnd
Pitch Pine Chivalry, must eotne in to increase
ihe debauchery of public sentiment inthiscountry
and add to the influences that transform our
American democracy into a blustering sham.?
"No more slave States !" Speak, write, agitate
and vote with this watchword.
From the subjoined notice it will be seen '
that Mr. Ritchie has finally resolved not to dis-,
solve his connection with his paper. Wo clip
it from the Union of Monday :
"The rumors in circulation about the sale of I
the Union are not confirmed by the facts. More ;
upon this point to-morrow. The negotiation !
has terminated, nnd the present editor remains;
at his post, prepared, with his gallant associate,!
(Mr. Overton,) to do battle against his own cue-!
mies or those of his country. We shall address |
our subscribers to-morrow. If they will stand '
by us with the same zeal with which we shall
stand be our country, our own little Union isj
Darkness flies before, &c.?The passage
of the fugitive slave bill has created quite a com
motion nmong the runaway darkies resident in
Pittsburgh, who are fast making tracks for Canada,
fearing to be seized by their former nusi
ters. Canada is a cold place for tlie.se errand
children of the sunny South, and from what we
, have seen of the real " sympathy" of the provincials
for negroes, Sambo would be quite as well
| off in any other part of the world.
frif"Of the numberless prints that gave ready I.
irculation to the re|iort manufactured at Wash- j
igton, in relation to the insult offered the I'nited j
Itates flag at Charleston, not one ouL of ten
ave hud sufficient honesty or regard for truth. (
> insert the prompt denial which was given to it.
Vhen such low trickery is resorted to in order
i? pander to unworthy prejudices, what can be 1
bought of the cause which requires such support ?
'he endorser of the"counterfeit, knowing it to
? such, is as criminal as the drawer?and even
ioro contemptible.
Some of our printers yesterday having
node "an adjustment" of our editorial headed
The Higher laiw in the Ascendant," which
endered it entirely unintelligible, by divorcing
lie different parts, we republish it this morning.
These accidents will happen in the best reguited
families, but they mar one's meaning
The Cincinnati Enquirer says that the " oldst
inhabitant" of that city is a German woman,
ged 113 years, who is still in possession of all
icr faculties. She was born in Bremen, and
ame over to this country one hundred years
go, being then only thirteen years of age.?
Jhe distinctly remembers all the important incilents
of the revolution.
Geneual Episcopal Convention.?This
>ody, to assemble at Cincinnati this week, will
'ontain a number of Iaiv Delejrates. anions
which itre expected Messrs Clay, Duer, &e. The
I'ineinnati Atlas says: "The bishops of the
Protestant Episcopal Church number at this
time, we believe, ubout twenty-live. These
will meet the day before the convention to de ide
the Onderdonk case. That case tve beieve
is presented at this time, in the question,
whether Onderdonk may resign with the understanding
that lie is to designate his successor !
rhat question would seem to resolve itself into
mother, whether a maij who is adjudged by the
bishops unfit to be a bishop, is fit to nominate
% bishop ?
The Best Hit at Hydropathy.?The following
hit nt the Water-cure was made by
Charles Lamb, and no one but himself could
have had so quaint a conceit: "It b," said he,
' wither new nor wonderful, for it is as old as the
Deluge, which, in my opinion, killed more than it
t urcdr
A great improvement in the manufacture of
watches has just been made in Geneva, by which
watch keys are rendered unnecessary. By
simply turning a screw in the handle, the watch
is wound up, and another movement regulates
Lho hands.
First Frost.?The Bultimore Sun of Tuesday,
says: "We learn from the farmers in the
vicinity of the city, that there was quite a heavy
frost on the ground yesterday morning; the first
of the season. Luckily the corn and most of the
buckweut is ripened beyond the effects of frosts.
Another Trial.?The Governor and Council
of Massachusetts have fixed Monday, 11th
November, as the time for another trial to elect
members of Congress from the 2d and 4th Masluchuactts
districts, and precepts have been
ssued accordingly.
Whig Nomination.?Welearntliat George. M.
Brigga has been nominated at Worcester, as
the Wing candidate for Governor of Massachusetts.
The Address put forth by the Convention
approves all the other measures, butstrongl y
denounces the Fugitive Slave Bill.
Cotton Crop. The Sandcrsville Central
Georgian yesterday says: When cotton commenced
opening, we were induced to believe
that this would prove an average crop year in
Washington county, but from all the information
we can get, we believe that our planters
have come to a different conclusion, and now
bewail their present prospects. The last drought,
wo hud, happened just at the right time to produce
the most disastrous effects, which is seen
in the universal shedding of forms and bowls.?
Our only hope now is in a lute frost andti favor
ilI'll* season mi uic iiianni^; 01 tuii'nj uwiu imn
More Convicts from Bermuda.?Mr. Munroc,
our State Alien Commissioner, on boarding j
the schooner Sir Robert Sale, ('apt. Thomas,
froui Westport this morning, found nine convicts I
from the hulks of Bermuda on board as passed- I
gcrs. They represented themselves rs being j
stone cutters by trade, from Nova Scotia, but
our commissioner, discovering that" they bad !
served a time in the bulks of Bermuda, imme- j
diately placed police officer Tarlton and one of j
his men on board of the schooner, to keep the
convicts from landing on our shores.?Boslnn j
The Issue Made.?The contest in electing
Delegates to the Convention will be between
submissionists, ntld the defenders of southern
rights, which is but another name for
State rights. The South, through the Nashville
Convention, tendered the Missouri Compromise
line to the North. The offer lias been spurned
with contempt. Nothing less than the whole
terrritorv will satisfy Northern fanaticism and
cupidity, and nothing short of abolition will quiet
the. Northern conscience. Let.the issue stand
then, as it really is, against submission to repeated
aggressions?against a further surrender
of known and avowed rights.?Cherokee (da.)
Briefly and Well Said.?The Savannah
Morning News, though neutral in politics, that
is to say, though Diking neither side in the party
squabbles between Whigs and Democrats, is
neither silent or lukc-warm on the great question
of Southern riirhts.
The following true and pithy remark is con- j
t-ainod in its issue of the 1 Rtli inst.:
"The recent unconditional surrender of the j
public domain to Free-soil by Congress, is not I
regarded by the majority of the Houtliern pco- |
pie, as an honorable and satisfactory adjustment |
of our sectional difficulties, and few are found j
in Georgia who are willing to echo the notes of j
Northern rejoicing over the consummation of
their triumph."'
Navy Resiohattok.?We learn from Wash- I
ington that Lieut. Jauies McCormick has re- !
signed his commission in the navy of the !
United State*. Mr. McCormick was formerly i
of Portsmouth, bnt we understand is now largely !
engaged in private enterprizc in California.? !
Portsmouth ( Va.) Pilot.
' Silence is often an answer," says an Arabic )
proverb. How true it is, that when the tongue
of malice or anger fails to provoke a replv, it 1
reluctantly sheathes itself in chagrin or shame! j
In many caces no rebuke can be more powerful j
than sifcnee. There are men you cannot touch I
more acutely than by "letting them alone most ,
severely," ns Theodore Hook expresses it, when ;
they villify you.
/"1AUTION.?As my wife, M. A. Cross, lias j
left my bed and board without just catiae or
provocation, I hereby forwarn all persons from
harboring or trusting her on my account, aa I will
pay no debta of tier contracting after thia date.
By and witk the advice and cunseat of Ike Senate.
Daniel M. Barringsr, of North Carolina, to be
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
of the United Stales at the court of Iter
Catholic Majesty in tlie place of Romulus I..
Saunders, recalled at his own request.
Horatio N. Perry, of New Hampshire, to be
Secretary of Location at the same court.
Juduh P. Benjtuuin, of Uouisianu, to be District
Judge of the United States for the North* I
em district of California.
John P. lloaley, of Massachusetts, to be District
Judge of the United States for the South- |
cm district of California.
Calhoun Benhnm, of California, to be Attorney
of the United States, for the Northern district
of California.
J. M. Jones, of San Jose, California, to he
Attorney of the V ited States for the Southern
district of California.
David F. Dougluss, of California, to be Maraim!
ol' the United States for the Northern dUtrict
of California.
Augustus Humbert, to be Assayer in California.
Charles Keetnlo of Missouri, to he Indian
agent at Upper Platte agency, vice Thomas Fitzpatrick.
Courtland Cushing, of Indiana, to be Charge
d'Affaires of the United .States, at Quito, in the
Republic of Ecuador.
Joseph Huffington, of Pennsylvania, to be
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United
States for the Territory of Utah.
Perry E. Brocchus, of Alabama, to be an Associate
Justice of the Supremo Court of the
United States, for the Territory of Utah.
Zeruhl abel Snow, of Ohio, to be an Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court of tlu: United
States for the Territory of Utah.
Brigluun Young, of Utah, to he Governor of
the Territory of Utah.
Broughton Davis Harris, of Vermont, to he
Secretary of the Territory of Utah.
Joseph L. Haywood, of Utah, to be Marshal
of the United States for the Territory of Utah.
Sctli Blair, of Utah, to be Attorney of the
United States, in and for the Territory of Utah.
Rediek MeKee, of Virginia: George W. Barhour,
of Kentucky, and O. M. Wozencraft, of
California, to he Indian Agents for California.
Pablo Noriega, to be Marshal for the southern
district of California.
Elisha Whittlesey, of Ohio, to be Fiist Comptroller
of the Treasury.
William II. Smiley, of Rhode Island, for the
port of Rio Negro, in the Argentine Republic.
Isaac C. Bates, of Massachusetts, for Aix hi
Chapelle, in Prussia.
James Kiild, to be Deputy Postmaster at Albany,
New Y'ork.
Isaac R. Harrington, at Buffalo, New York.
Jucnh It .Moore, at San Francisco. California.
George if* Harrison, nt New Albany, Indiana.
George W. Gordon, at Boston, Massachusetts.
Chnuncey Abbott, at Madison, Wisconsin.
H. 1). Mason, at Toledo, Ohio.
Aaron F. Perry, Columbus, Ohio.
Daniel M. Haskell, at Cleveland, Ohio.
El dud Smith, at Racine, Wisconsin.
John McKeen, at Brunswick, Maine.
Isaac Piatt,at Poughkeepsie, New York,
Thomas Clowes, at Troy, New York.
Will. Jackson, at Syracuse, New York.
Littlebcrry II. Wilcox, Columbia, Tennessee.
F. S. Latham, at Memphis, Tennessee.
Edward R. Hunter, at Portsmouth, Virginia.
Henry II. J. Null'. at Wilmington, Delaware.
Simeon King, at Kenosha, Wisconsin.
From the Daily Commercial Journal.
Anti-Slave Law Meeting.?On Saturday eve"
ning, in pursuance of a call previously published,
a large number of the citizens of Pittsburgh, without
distinction of party, ussembled in the Diamond
to express their opinions of the fugitive
Slave Law, lately passed by the Congress of the
United States. Tlie following gentlemen were
chosen officers of the meeting:
Rev. Gil at. Avery, President; George W.
Jackson and George R. Riddle, Vice Presidents:
Joseph Snowden and R. C. Fltcson, Secretaries
The President, after calling the meeting to order,
made a brie! speecli in which he summed up
the most offensive leatures of the bill. He showed
that it east aside the Habeas Corpus net and I lie
right of trial by jury, and that it violated the
rights and insulted the dignity of Northern freemen,
by turning us into a band of slave-catchers.
He alluded to the fact that a minister of the Gospel,
whose duty it is to take part with the op
pressed, rrtuy oe compeueu iu usoini m mc lopun
of a slave.
Mr. Thomas M. Howe, the Whig candidate foi
Congress was then loudly called for. Mr. Howe
soon came upon the stand, and nddressed the meeting
in a speech which hud the double merit of being
short and very much to the point. He wasted
no words in idle citcumlocution. He denounced
the new lnw as a violation of the rights of the
North, and an outrageous insult to every Northern
citizen. He said that when the Constitution
was formed, a great many concessions were unI
fortunately ntude in favor of the system of sluI
very. We had ugreed to allow the people of the
South to protect and foster slavery within their
own borders. This indeed was hard enough, but
now we are called upon to go a step further, and
serve the South in the capacity of kidnappers.
He concluded by saying thut if the people of Allegheny
should choose him an their Representative
in Congress they might rest assured lie would
never be found on any other aide than the side ot
This speech was received with universal applause.
Mr. Salisbury, the Democratic candidate
whs then called for, but the gentleman was not
present. It is said, however, that he has promised
to nuend the meeting in Allegheny on Monday
night. i
CharleB Naylor, esq., then addressed the meeting
in a forcible und eloquent tnunner. He agreed
with the preceding speakers in denouncing the
A committee previously appointed by the chair
to draft resolutions, then came forward The resolutions
were read and adopted. They denounce
the hill as unconstitutional, and pledge the citizens
composing the meeting to \o!e for no man for
Congress who will not piedge himself to advocate
the repeal of the odious law .
The meeting was afterwards addressed by
Messrs. John Parrel, Cullen, John A. Wills,
and General Larimer. We regret that our space
will not permit a report of the speeches.
The meeting adjourned to meet in the the Allegheny
Market House, 011 Monday evening.
The Brazili an Slaver Difficulties.-?A letter
in the New York Commercial, dated Rio Janeiro,
July 30th, confirms the report that the Brazilian
Parliament bad remodeled the Brazillian laws relative
to the slave trade, and taken the most stringent
means to suppress it. The sentiment of the people
appears to lie turning in favor of this course.
One of the largest slave importers has been compelled
to leave the country for endeavoring to incite
a mob against the F.nglish naval officers, seamen
and citizens. The government has also sent
out two national vessels of war to cruise in company
with II. B. M. corvette Tweed, under command
of Lord Francis Russell; many slave denier*
and importers are winding up their alfairs, and
others talk of leaving the country.
To the Editors of the Louisville Journal:
Gentlemen*: The letter-writter for the Baltimore
Stin, in his letter of the 19th, "copied by you thin
morning:, speaking of the reception of the Turkish
commissioner, any*: "Thefriendly reception given
to the first Turkiah official visitor"?would lend
to the opinion that the prtsent visitor was the first
Turkish official sent to our country from that nation?when
there was n Turkiah Embassador or
official reaidentat Washington a considerable time
during the administration of Mr. Jefferson or Mr.
N'adison, the former I think. I wan n resident of
Washington at the time, and well remember the
Av Olp Resident or Waihingtok Citt.
Gkeat Meeting or Deaf Mutes.?A meeting
of deaf mutes to the number of four hundred, for
the purpose of presenting silver pitcher* to their
former instructors, took pi ice at Hartford, Connecticut,
on the 26th ult. The whole proceedingi
were highly interesting. The deciign of the meet
mg was stated in a mute speech, that is to say, h\
signs, by Lewis Weld, esq. Similar nddressct
were made by Messrs. Brown, Spnfford, Lot-mg
Gallaudet, and Clerc. The pieces of plate pre
sented to each gentleman consisted of a massivr
and highly-wrought silver pitcher, and large and
beautiful salver.
ao-au-gin*.. j
Correspondence of the Southern Frees?By Tele
Ualtimohk, Oct. 2?10 v. m.
Lowe, the Democratic candidate for Governor,
is reported to have received 2,777 majority?no
particulars given by our correspondent when our
paper went to press.
Havre de Grace?Clark, (Whig) 117?Lowe,
Hall's Cross Roads?Clark 313?Lowe 252.
Liberty district, majority for Clark 245.
Buckeyslown, majority for Lowe 13.
.View Market?mujorily for Clark 13.
Woodford?majority for Clark 13.
Jefferson?majority for Clark H.
Urbanna?majority for Clark 45.
Frederick City?mnjority for Lowe 20<>.
Middletown?majority for Clark 23.
Correspondence of the Southern Press?By Telegraph.
Boston, Oct. 2.
The ateuiner Canada sailed to-duy for Liverpool.
She takes out only twenty-seven passenj
New Orleans, October 1, 1850.
Henry Johnson, whig, who wan largely supported
by democrats, is believed to be elected to
fill the vtu.ancy created in the representation of
Louisiana in Congress by Mr. Conrad's being appointed
Secretary of War. The regular whig
nominee, Ballard, is thus defeated.
Cotton steady. Coffee advanced one-quarter
From the .'lugustti ((la.) Republic.
The California Fraud.?Wentake thefollowing
extract from a strong article (with the above
cuntionl of the Southern Herald merely to show
its spirit. The Southern Herald, us we have once
before informed our readers is the new name of
the paper published in Athens Gu.,formerly called
the Southern Whin;. It is doing good service in
the great cause of the South and we hope will meet
with extensive patronage among its friends.
" Yes, after all the efforts of the S )uth to have
even-hunded justice meted out to her?after all her
remonstrances and offers of compromise and conciliation:?her
rights lmve been violated, and by
the action of the Congress of the IJnitod Stales,
she is excluded now and forever, from the rich
and extensive domuin, known as the Stale of California;
and that too, by the voles of a full third of
the men tcho pretended to be Southern representatives.
The dearest guarantied rights of the. South'huve been
wrested from her, by the aid of some of her own degenerate
"We are, or have been, a sisterhood of States,
banded together for the purpose of perpetuating
[ the blessings of civil and religions liberty, and fur
our mutual safety uml benelit. Hut we are to be
so no longer. A despotism has been set up, under
the guise of a constitutional majority, and
that despotism is to rule, guided by what it considers
right, regardless of till constitutional obligations
and guarantees. Already since the adoption of the
California fraud, has the spirit of fanaticism waxed
men bold, antl recent intelligence from Congress,
hs may be seen from our columns to-day, shows
that it bus but commenced its aggressions upon
Southern rights and institutions?alreudy has Seward
offered a bill in the Senate for the abolition of
slavery ro instanti, in the District of Columbia, and
his coad jutor Chase has introduced a bill to apply the
IFilinot Proviso lo all territory belonging to the United
States. The end of it no man can foresee. Submission
to this act of violence will undoubtedly
result in the complete degradation and overthrow
of the Southern States of this confederacy.
The people of the South?the people of Georiria?now
hold their destinies within their own
power. Georgia will be called upon to act soon.
God grant that she may act wisely. A single
mishap now, will place her in a position from
which she will never he able to recovpr.
Distances Across the Ocean.?The nearest
geometrical distance been Liverpool and the North
American ports, is traced to the great curve which
sw eeps by Cape Clear, in Ireland, and Cape Race,
in Newfoundland, and thence down the coast tp
the vurious ports alluded to. The distance to
Cape Race, which is a common one to all ports,
measured carefully on a globe, in round numbers
is 36 degrees, or 1,980 marine miles. Truro Cnpe
Race to the different ports?or, inore strictly, to
bora?the distances are as follows, viz: To Hali
fax 390 marine miles; to Boston 840; to New
York 990; to Philadelphia 1050; to Norfolk 1190.
Hence the total distances from Liverpool to Philadelphia
are 3,030; to Norfolk 3,150. Boston is 45
miles further than Hulifax, New York t>00 miles
further; Philadelphia GOO; Norfolk 780.?Buffalo
Commercial Mcertiier.
Medical department of hampDEN,
VA.?The thirteenth Annual Goume of
Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of
October, 1850, and continue until the 1st of the
ensuing March. The commencment for conferring
degrees will beheld about the middle of March.
K. L. Bohannax, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
and Diseases of Women and Children.
L. Chambrri.ayne, M. D., Prof, of Mate
> rPL
ria ivifuirn aiyu a ncrupcum
S. Maupiv, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and
Cham. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery
and Surgical Anatomy.
Cartter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy
and Physiology.
David H. Tucrf.r, M. D. Prof, of Theory and
Practice of Medicine.
Artht7R E. PcTicom, M. D., Demonstrator
of Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may he prosecuted
with the most ample facilities, and at very
trifling expense.
Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
Infirmary, under the same roof with the College
and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
at all times well filled with medical and surgical
cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical
instruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under
the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities
for becoming fumiliar with the symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors'
fees, $105, Demonstrator's fee, $10.' Graduation
fee, $35.
The price of board, including fuel, lights, and
servants' attendance, is usually $3 to per
The catalogue, dec., containing fuller information
concerning the institution, will he forwarded
to those applying for it, or specific inquirie# will
be answeree by letter. Address,
Oct. 3 Dean of the Faculty.
! Charleston, South Carolina.
"tent being one of the most extensive
^5aa^vand fashionable retail HAT HOUSES
* in Charleston, the public may depend
on finding there a superior assortment of all the
I -?-!? -C u _._ r ?_n
i iciir-^L imjticb ui unin lur mm ran. r rnc i ichvu
Moleskin and Beaver Hats, with on extensive
variety of fine black, and blue cloth Caps for gin
tleinetiH, youths, nnd children.
Plunters can be supplied with Hats and Cape
for plantation and house servants. Blark, white,
pearl, and drab water-proof Wool Hats with good
! Iiair and coarse cloth Caps.
: J Fashionable Hatter, 231 King, opposite Hazelstreet,
- irrur rus to be no\e it.iti. v shoe; n
, pe well !>o.ve.
r [\ Washington without one of Parker's wonderi
ful Razor Strops anil a Swiss Razor; his Badg.r
, hair Shaving .Brush and Walnut Oil Shaving
Soap. A new assortment of all the above opened
. (his day PARKER'S Perfumery and
Fancy 8tofe\ Penn. av. near National Hotel.
*ept25 ? d 3
I o ill ,'5.1 it i.
Xi . !1| s a*i*t *

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