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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, October 07, 1850, Image 1

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TERMS.
DAIL.X, '* . |10 OD
T1U-WEEKLY, & 60
WEEKLY, * ?'
fy. SulMcriptioiio payable ia advance. An) p?-j
sod praoarioc fvt luncriben shall receive uoc wj't
gratia. All {altera to the Editors to be ii?t-p*io
raiNTso it o. a- iao?.
Ornct, Pennayivauia Avenue south side, between
3d end It streets.
ACA.RD.-JOHN H. GIBBS would uke
tii m opportunity of returning hie moat heartfelt
and sincere thanks to hia friends, and the citizens
of Washington and its vicinity, who for the
lust thirteen years have so liberally and kindly
patronized him in his business of liair-dreaaiug at
the National Hotel. At the same time, he begn
to make known his' intention of carrying on tbe
Leo.iohao r.i* hia fiYPIYtPr APMinftilillk. VI/ *
* % " "5' ^ . ... ' \ ' '' ~
i i ,m .. n li ' I "'"' m
THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
i. m luumitut. ; 1 I 1 w^agwiiii^MWMWWpwwwiw^ii . m m b ?gg ae ??.. =
. ..; V: '. DAI L T.
Vol. 1. Wanliiiigton, Hondayf October 7, 1850. No. 1M>.
Ill III II I'll I I Willi Q| I HB ||U?. _ ,1 I I. L .... ' ?
hair-dressing and cutting, hair dyeing, shampouning,
4c., on Pennsylvania Avenue, over his fancy i
store, where gentlemen and ladies will find roonnt
well and suitably adapted for their comfort iind
convenience in the above business. He trusts, by
giving his undivided and constant personal atteri- j
tion, to merit the future patronage of his friends .
and lite public, and aaaures them that no efforts j
shall be w n ting on his part to prove his deep sense
of past favors and appreciation of such encourage- j
ment as may be offered hiin in time to come.
To all those indebted to him at his late establish- j
ment on 6th street, lie would respectfully mention
that finding it eligible to make the above change
in his business location and arrangements, he
would esteem it as a particular favor that an early
settlement of their accounts should be observed,
to enable him to close up satisfactorily ahd at once.
The books of Hie concern will be found at the
fancy store, Pennsylvania avenue, between 9th
and 10th streets, where J. H. Gibbs will be ready
to receive all those who are favorably disposed towards
his new undertaking. His rooms will be
ready for the reception of customers on or about
the 1st of October.
N. B. A private room for ladies'and children's |
hair-cutting, &c.
Wigs, toupets, scalps, &c., always on hand.
Measures and orders taken and executed at the |
shortest notice. j
National Medical College, Washington, j
District of Columbia.
HE annual course of lectures will commence
A on the first Monday in November, the 4th
instant:
FACULTY.
Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Physiology.
Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics
and the diseases of women and children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Medica, Therapeutics, and Hygiene.
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of Surgery.
Grafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
and Practice of Medicine.
o-l ir: ?, ? Af n Prnro^nr
IXUUCIl UIll^ WIUIIC, J.?l. fc/.j
of Anatomy und Physiology.
Edward Foreman, M. D., ProfesHor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
[ James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three times a week, on cases
selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - ?90
Demonstrator's ticket - - - 10
Graduation fee - - - 25
Good board can be procured at from ?2 to ?5
per week.
JOSHUA RILEY, M. D.,
Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty.
C. <fc E. L. KERRISON & C O.
DIRECT IMPORTERS
or
FOREIGN DRY GOODS
IN CHARLESTON, S. C.
WOULD respectfully inform their friends and
those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
city, that they are now prepnred to ojl'er a large,
choice, and well assorted stock of
Foreig Fancy, and St.pie Dry Goods.
As they receive the bulk of theirgoods DIRECT
from EUROPEAN PORTS, ihey feel assured of
being able to compete successfully with any other
market in the United States.
C. &, E. L. KERR1SON & CO.
209 King street, north-west comer of
King and Market streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3m
DIRECT IMPORTATIONS
IRISH LIIVENSiJ
rPHE subscribers are constantly receiving direct :
| from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR
ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern
trade, and to which they with confidence invite
the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that
the goods will be found PURE FL.1X, to wit:
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns
Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens
Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers
Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted
widths
Damask Dcy.its, Napkins and Cloths, of various
sizes
Dowlas*, Glass Cloths, Black, White & Brown
Holland
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc.
C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO.
209 King street, Charleston, S. C.
Sep. 3, 1850?3m j
MEDICAL. COLLEGE OK THE STATE OF
SOUTH CAROLINA.
rpiIE Annual COURSE OF LECTURES in thin
Institution will commence on the first Monday
in November next, on the following branches:
Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D.
Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Henry
Dickson, M. D.
Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D.
rnysiology, by James Moultrie, M. D.
Materia Medica, by Henry R. Frost, M. D.
Obstetrics, by Thus. G. Prioleau, M. D.
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
, Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravenel,
M. D.
Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine
pitnl and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a
' week on the Diseases of thut Institution.
Dr. E. H. Flajrg, Physician to the Alms House.
Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Stir-\
getv at the College Hospital.
HENRY R FROST, M. D., De.n. j
PLAINS, BLANKETS, KERSEYS AND
FLANNELS.
rpHE SUBSCRIBERS, Dirtcl Lnp&rters of all !
X WOOLEN GOODS, have'just received per j
Ships, "Gulnare," "Orion,"and "Somerset,"
from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS, j
KERSEYS, WHITE and COLORED BLANK I
El'S, WHITE, RED, BLUE nnd GREEN
FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts, I
Kilmarnock Cans, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., iVc., ex- i
pressly suited to our Southern Plantera-trade, and
to an inspection of which, they confidently in-1
\ ite all who \ iMtt the Charleston Market.
C. A E. L. KERRISON A CO.,
J()0 King st., northwest cor. King A Market ata. j
Charleston, oepi. j?
To Editors and Publishers.
milE advertiser has had much experience n.s n I
? Bonk And Job Printer, and has been the Editor
of two or ti ree newspapers and one magazine.
He is at present foreman of a daily morning paper, j
but finds the situation too hard for his health. He
de.::. i\ sitn.iii.i.t, either r.s editor or assistant
editor, or as tori-m hi of a weekly office. Heen-j
joys a --especiftble reputation in literature, being n ,
contributor to several of the popular magazines !
and newspapers of the day. As an editor, he ha.s
(.. en successful beyond the efforts of mere medioc-;
rity. A situation in the country, that would nl-(
low him means to prosecute the study of the law,
is m<>*t desirable ; but if his services will be of any
.'-i ;-e in my department of the printing and pub-'
li 'i ' business, the person desiring them will
pleas* addreea
W., Serann.iA, Gto.
1' S T. ics' reference given aa to ability and
elme !' ter He would l,e willing to become inter-!
ested pecuniarily, in a paper wbere labor was considered
capital, and where it could be turned into
capital.
(JcoabCTOWM Collkok. D. C.
fPHE CLASSICAL EXERCISES ... lt,ia Col-j
I lege will be resumed on ihe Ifi.h uiatant.
.11 1-.I TW1FS I;YI?RR. Prcrh
L_ i
Mft&HAKICAl, AH1K fc HCIRNCIH*
D. APPLETOA tk VO .KMI fOAA
ma?h 111 (vi tu vr m iui mm i? utn ii ? ?
IDLMI-IiH (U?l kl< H,
A Diotiwajr of jjiofcinn. Moakmntom.
Buflui-Wok, |iH Bftiniti
/A I'qmrJ fcw I'rwin\tl M'**i V- h. utJ1s
in!null J f<>r the li tw* < ' ' ?'
Edited by Oitvaa !!?*? , tftuwif Pf^ww <J
Math*malice, Cuiiegt ot t'trW #.'?*< **r?,
.iuikm ttud Imrrntir, *f" ~l%t I aUrwitu <{f fW?.
"The A'tip ?m</ lmnr*rt4 {lifrfiw oj LmrnrUkom,
" J%e EUmcnJnof r.mrltJ *9 ('
rpi!Hwork h oflir^ H*<* MK, r(?t?ntitiy near**
A Iico (/Mitsamf jmfii, tip*unit of ' 'Wr* M*4rW
platen, >tiid sit UmuMnut trwd rut It will present
working-drawing* wJ deftrript <?u?of th< matt important
machines in ihe I mt<-d Htairs Iradepen
dcutly of the results i'f Anient *n ingenuity, it will
contain complete |>r^?~ti?~oI treatises on Merhaau ?.
tfachtnery, Engine-w jrk, j-J Engine) mg ttiUi
U that i? useful in more than one tli<>u??o<l <|ol
Urn' worth of folio volume*, inagsaines. arid of . i
books, among which may b? men lonol thi following
;
1. Bibliotheque ties ArU In Just.ieL (5l?no.
Pari*.)
2. Civil Engineer ami Arcliitcct'a Journal.
(Loudon.)
3. Engineer and Machinist* Assistant. (Backie,
Glasgow.)
4. Publication Industriellr. (Armc ra nl Aim
Pans.)
5. Jamieson'a Mechanic* ofaFluids.
(5. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poiason.)
7. Allcniine Il.iu/.eituinr mil Abhiidunecn
(forstcr, Wien.)
8 Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Kisrnhahnwesens
in technis'her Be/.ichui g. (Von Wal
degg, Wiesbaden.)
6. Sherwin's Logarilhiros.
10. Iiyrne'- Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Work* of
Oliver Byrne.
12. Sillimuns Journal.
13. Algemeine Maschinen Encyclopedia. (Hnl>se,
Leipzig.
1-1. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contracted.
15. 1 Iollzapfl'els'' Turtring and Mechanical Manip
pulation.
It). The Steatn Engine. (J. Bounic.)
17. Kiscnbahn-Zeiiung. (Stuttgart )
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
10. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instrument*.
20- Dictionnaire des Ai ta ct Manufactures. (Laboulayc,
Paris.
21. Sganzm's Civil Engineering.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter.
23. Origin and Progress ot Steum Navigation.
(Woodcroft.)
21. Essaisur I'lndustrie des Matieres Textiles
(Michel Alcan, Pari-.)
25. Macneill's Tables.
26. Criers' Mechanic's rocket Dictionary.
27. Teinpleton'a Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary.
20. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Mathematician. (London.)
32. Burlow on Strength of Mateiials.
33. Hann's Mechanics.
34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering and
Architecture. (M.slev.) ,
35. Journal of the Franklin Institute.
36. The Transaction* of the Institute of Civil ;
Engineers. (London.)
37. The Artisan.
33. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Pub- ;
lished by Wealc, London.)
30. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.)
40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine.
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Bar
low, L""don,)
42. Recue.il des Machines Instrumenset Appareil.
(Le Blanc, Paris.)
43. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Examph-s of Modern Tools and Ma*
..I,! \
dune*. ixciiriic.;
45. Repertoire de I'lndustrie Franquaise et Etrangere.
(L Mathias, Paris.)
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accorn,
London.)
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law,
London.)
48. Hodge on the Steam Engine
49. Scientific Ameiican.
5U. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik )
51. American Artisan.
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles ct a Vapcur, ,
(De Bonncfoux, Paris.)
55. Conway and Menai Tubulcr Bridges (Fairbarn.)
56. Brees' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
58. Bowdilch's Navigation.
59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practi cal Men.
GO. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encycl ?pcdta.
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London.
62. Brec's G ossaiy of Engineering.
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy.
64. Craudock's Lectures on the St cam-Engine.
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway G uide. (Haakoll.)
66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.)
The great object of this publication is, to place
before practical men and students vuch an amount
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed
form, as shall enable them to work to the
best advantage, and to avoid those, mistakes which
they might otherwise commit The amount of
useful information thus brought together, is almost
bejond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is
hatdly any subject within its range which is not
tated with such clearness and precision, that even
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of
nnderslauding, and thus learning from it much
which it is importrnt for him to know.
From the annexed list of the principal authors
and subject comprised in this work it is sell-evident,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
from the po-scssion and study of this publication,
The following may be especially designated :
Millwrights.
Moulder and Boiler Makers.
Artificers in Brass, Copter and Tin.
Cutlers, and Workers ol Steel in genera].
Carpenters.
Brickmakers.
Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn.
Civil Engineers, Railway Contractor *, ami Contractor*
for Earth-Work, ami Ma ,onry of eveiy
description.
Arrhitccis an i Bridge Builders.
Builders. Master Masons, and Bricklayers.
Ship Builders, Masters of Vessel*, Ship CarpcnIcrs,
and others connected *ith Building and j
Docking Ship*.
Block ami Pump Mnker?.
Hemp Dressers and Rope Makers.
Manufacturers of Linen and Cotton Fabrics.
Manufacturers ol Spinning Machines, Boring
Machines, Card Rreakcrs and t inishcrs, Drawing
Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected
w ith Cotton, Flax., and Wool Machinery.
Calcndercrs, Bleachers, and Calico Printers.
Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter
cried in Sewing Machinery.
Anchor and Chain Cable Maimfactnrcrs.
Cutting and Turning Tool Makers
Phi and Needle Makers.
Nail and Rivet Makers.
Boll and Screw-Bolt Makers.
Nail Cutters.
Coir.ers,
leather Dressers and Curriers.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms.
Ca die Makers.
Biscuit and Cracker Makers,
kaee Makers.
Ribbon Weavers.
Stone Cutters and Marble Masons.
*D>cr", Cloth Washers, and Scourer-.
Coopers.
Cider and Cheese Mannfacturers
*??? m4 |< ilia I'rafMWtort of
* {?? l'
Vt?ia*ftt nt Aft))-. - ?; :
Mat H*?4 |r<?
M \*k ?<> fer.',c MtUr
UgiM Um?n mmk fv? ? ?? ??*?m< u-t ? ?'h tha
Uw |?iiMWti
f*?> ? <% ??-d iJ * i .?iii V'tt i I'
Mmmqfm **f i*u **?? v Ktiftir
wl?i !> ?(cn iiiw?iM<r? i>( *>'? \f III
1??H I Vftr
O?o* r> ?f iwer?
tore MHiitrtifd wilh Hidiing
IVwSi H- p?f9(
y? narr* imI rietflt* >??n?g (arila JthrllHif: wnl
IhM-c M bit*'*
il.it i ?r*t?.) r- ?ii4 t)r?iHi?ii
Mali .? in ^ri'rril
fi r*.xn i wrd'ord i$ iW Mxtiifoiviv of U??
Mrk>r> <?l ?*? I.**A Tukti f
lwu**n and *?u< wr f?(<ai Mafcor*
kSIuji t)?w H*H<v M??i^ a:id tticr* liter
-tod iji Uhrc4fiiif )l?r'to*r?
Wrf! tttrlfi*
AHimmmM* n?i|?* ??d odtcr* itkinf Phil
| ???.ij??ik?I V|tf"t ?t??* if llHlftMMll.
Wirvrr'. KafUMkh, and otiwr iiiUn*Ud in Pumping
lingiue*
Pt'p* ?? ml<?r? ?tcd in Canals fettd Vj *durU.
Wan bowriii' ii, attd ottx ra, u?n.j Htdranlic
I'rraH*. Dyt.i. antrii f'in'NM, Ja * teftw*,
t'i>> in n ami Ktff(>*ii*?.
W?'k ra im Mf'alu ami Allot*
I' ll Pb'? Wntkitf
nprn i >ia> ii.?c<urrr?
Wlinl?r M?k?r- lh?roli gisl*, fcr
I'tw publisher* have ivprn>d alar;;'' Wltn of
m -ney t<> e t otigmal drawing in?< hi' cry in
practical in in (l'i? rttiumy, uml have procuitd
almost rtery wo k iw the *udirct, whether J lib.
islicd in Engine , France, or < > rmany. tie m"?>
I'wn1 i.il pirn of which bring fiiinprii'd in Inii
Diciiuimr}, rainier it ? ? perlvri ami coinprrheuas
|>- -ible. T r ptililnhrn lurt (nd> itaixl
low great cronomy iri type, so that (irli | age ol
il.e woik contains at least four turn- the number
| of wor ? found in ordinary pages of the same -nt*Thin
tia? also seemed to each plate mul
ms of ample iij >iddriri>r>i,?utliiti Mechanic
t may construct aoouiaktly any maroiiM described.
The publisher* arc, in short determined, legard'
less nl coal, In make tin- work as complete as po?|
silile ; and it i? Uopeii every one (ie*ir<>ua to obtain
tlie woik w ill procure it a? issued in number*, ami
thus encourage the enter pi mo.
The work will be issued in semi-manlhlv num|
ber*, cotin.ennng in January, I Mod, ami will progress
wit great regularity.
The whole work will tie published in 10 nun'.I
bcrs at &> cents per iimnbt i, and completed withi
hi the current year, leSblh A liberal discount will
j be made to agent*.
Any one remitting the publishers $l<l in ad* anre
; shall receive the work through the post office free
J of expense.
I .Vo/ice to Proprietors of A ur ?/><'/? rs throughout tl;<
United Stain anil Canada.
If the foregoing advei tiseuicrit is inserted live
times during the year, and ll.e paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will b< sent gratis
in payment.
FOR CALIFORNIA.
UNITED STATES M AIL St' E A MS I f II*
COMPANY? TUROL Ml P.18MGE TO
| C.11.1FORXL1.
THE public will be gratified to lenrn that the I
I it.\r nii to .I.,.. n ..... ..........
i I'm,, ..i ur
aided to announce that ttoeirnrranpenients arc nowcomplete
for Mending passengers through from
New York to Sun FrunciHr.o mid beck.
| In the fir8t ftUemptM of this Company to meet
] the wants of travel to California, by providing
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
' ships froni New York to Chngres, they were pre*
| vailed upon, at. the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
! through passages from Panama in advance, for
i their ships then going round. This was done
I from a desire to accommodate those who could
I procure passages in no other quarter, and by
I which, whatever might be the detention, they
would reuch San Francisco sooner than by any
i other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence
of fever at Rio de Janeiro ut the titue, prej
vented their ships from reaching Panama us soon
I us anticipated, and caused detention ut the Isthmus,
which was increased by the impatience of
' passengers in going forward, against the advice
! of the Company, at an earlier day tluin the ship
j could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now nil removed.
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended
for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama,
and several of them have performed trips to tjmn
Francisco und buck. 80 that the Company are
now able to give the public the assurance that the
I voyage through from New York to San Frati|
ciaco, will be performed w itli rcguL t ity and des
patch.
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco,
consists of the
1 PFPITRr.ir' t'nnl llrn.nv
ITHMUS, (*npt. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Copt. Feck.
ANTELOPE, Cnpi. Ackikt.
Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York
, to Chngres, of the
GEORGIA, Cnpt. Ponrtr., U. S. N.
OHIO, Copt. Sciienck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Copt. 11 AKTtTtiK, U. S. N.
The connection between tlie two linen will be (
carefullly and regularly kept up, ho that no delay i
I beyond the unuul stay of the nlnp in port at Pnnu!
inn, will arise.
The large size, well known srieed, and superior
i accommodations of their New York and Cnacre*
! Line, iind the speed Hiid accommodation- of (he
ship* of their Pacific Line, offer the most eertnin,
rapid,and pleasant through passage to California.
M.O.ROBERTS,
Cor. Warren and West sts , New York.
Aug. l.??lm
l United States Mail Steamship Company.
CltAN'BE OV HATF. OK SAILIXG
TO M O N D A Y, AUG U ST 2G, a- 3 p. m
From the pier foot of Warren street. The
j UNITED STATES MAIL ST E A M SII IP
OHIO,
J. F. Schevck, U. S. Navy, Cemmander.
11NHIS splendid aieani-diip will s;til as n:< above,
JL with ihe Government mails for the Wen'
Indies and Californi >.
The arrangement* or the transportation of passengers
to Sail Francisco, without delay on the
Isthmus, being now completed. the Company are
now preparing to issue Through Tickets, of nil
clueses, at a reduced rate <>f |>a-snge.
1 lie DOuKS lor ilie vii:' / un * ?f :uin
are now open, umi tickets through can he obtained
at the following prices :
FROM NEW YORK TO <'I I ACRES.
| State-room berth . *10'
I Standee berth, forward saloon . . Mil
Steerage berth, found bed und separate table. alt
FROM PANAMA TO SAX FRANCISCO, i
Sliitc-rotfhi beriii . $300
Steerage berth, found bed and boar?I . 150
Passage con also be secured for the intermediate
ports, as follows :
From New York to Charleston or Savannah?
State-room, $25 , Standee, $20 ; Steerage, $10.
From New Y ork to Havniina?State-room, $70;
Standee, $55 ; Steernge, $'25.
Front New York to New Orleans?State-room,
$75 ; Standee, $(>0 , Steerage, $25.
Freight to New Orleans, 25 rents per cubic foot
for measurement goods ; other merchandize aa per
agreement.
Freight will also be taken to Havana in limned
I quantity, at 25 cents per cubic foot, or per agreeI
ineut. The consignee at Havana to attend to the
I merchandize immediately utter the vessel arrives.
To secure freight or imssage, apply at the office
i of the Company, 77 West street, corner of Warren
street, New York.
I A?n. \r RORERTS. i
SOUTHERN PRESS
Richard Henry Wilde.
If, *? we suppose, we are bringing together
in |>rnif, for the tint tune, the following poeuif
i render 1.1 receiving, in one number of ;
paper, an embalmed treasure, for which, if no
otherwise attainable, the subscription manyfold
of t'o III me Journal, would be no equivalent
\in " < the friends of the author, (the lati
lamented Richard Henry Wilde, of (ieorgiu.
these beautiful tilings have, for yean, circulate)
in nuimseript; and we cannot positively .say tlin
thev have never found their way to publication
f >n? u as we linve seen thein in the hands of tin
:oi< epi, tirisis id' poetry, however, we havi
n, \? r - en thein in print, nor, till recently, a!
together in the |>o?aessioii of one person. Tin
peerh's lady to whom several of tliem wen
originally addressed, kindlv allowed us the col
.. ctinn wtiich nbe had pu served, in the iliigu
larly elegant hand-w riting of ths author, and w<
> g. ?'d them for publication, quite sure that w<
weie 11?ii? rendering a very grateful service t<
i n puked appn viator; of poetry who form on
circle of reader*.
I'ray look at the finiuh of tlicse poems! I;
th< acceleration of oar Hogged-up times, poetrj
s co .(Heiiuig i. to prose bv the haste with whiyl
<! sun*-. 1 from the pen, and, but for Bryant
! proper enamel of terse would have died ou
itn this our present subject of eulogy. Tb
i.-,r......... ..c ..... .. i,:..i. Af.. w:u
- -v I, u> p ir of hi* exquisite organization
i ided 1.1 tiif necessity tor polish which hi:
. i is it'll ; mid, nmvhiTc ill American poetry
oili l>e found Jims, a:il ciu?iir,> such as hen
below.
(ieorAt should r d-m n monument to Wilde
!-oli?:i.-d n iitlemnn, profound scholar, eleain
'titi o,romantically idolized frie:id,and tender
he rted poet, :is lie wan, the State should eherisl
us memory. If we tii iv quote .? verse from th
ignlt-tilth IN.din, which seems to show Lha
If sveii takes note of the prophets wiio receive
no honor in their own country:
"The I/ord ahnll count, when he writeth u]
he people, th t this mun was born there."
With the ho|K' that this brief word or w
vill sujfpest t i some intimate surviving frien<
i f Mr. W ilde to (five a sketch of his life mv
i.ii t.T, we proceed at once to the powins w
have in our keeping.?Home Journal..
TO MARY
Mary, farewell!?like the ill-omed toll
Or io. kiii, curfew-hour or passing bell,
Those words of fear and misery strike the soul
With an unutterable pang?Farewell!
Farewell!?to one so loved, so idolized,
So praised so flattered, hunihle verse call tell
No novelty?thou know'at how much thou'i
prized?
How much thou wilt be nii^s'd and mourn'dFarew,
II!
Farewell! farewell! tlrc parting hour draws nigh
When silently the bursting heart must swell
With all that Knrth but utters in a sigh?
'l'he ecstacy of w retchedness?Farewell!
Farewell! once more?how many nil hour of year
Are in those wolds?Oh that they w ere s spell
To save thy breast from grief?thine ryes fron
tears,
And I could die in breathing them?Farewell!
TO THE SAME
Mary! what lllTtughts Hnd feelings, deep an
strong,
That sacred name awakens and endears !
| What visions of the punt, though hiiried long.
Rise up I. iff and call forth Memory's tears !
It was my kind end tender Mothers's name,
A lovely sister's, withered in her bloom,
And hers, towards whom, if hearts may kindre
claim,
A brother's heart shall throb till in the tomb.
How oft in the Lnnd of Remit v. where
Love, dreaming Love, lies pillowed on the sk)
Swee' Reverie lingers in the listless air?
IVide?Genius?Mclancholly light the eye.
flow often in that land nt twilight's hour,
Wi'h holy music frmn the Vesper bell,
Ave Maris ! words of heavenly power
On enr, nerve, pulse, heart, brain and spirit fell
And oh ! at Padiiah, where Madonna's fare
Above her shrines miraculously wrought
In soft celestial lovelinesss and grace.
Drained on mv eyes and soul a world of thought
Amid that wor'd, alas' how unlike this!
How often have I called uoon that name,
As though mv prayers might win ft-nm it a bliss
Above all mortal joy; all earthly fame !
TO , WHO ASKED THE AfTHOR ROR rOETRT.
" ,V> pnemntn reuses
Scribrrt poster: inter lot curat lot que lahorrs."?11 o*
As evening's dews, to sun parched summer flow
era,
.-w ?? yiiuii^ urn mm: uirnan, linn vers" ore
given,
To soothe and rool the flush of feverish hours,
Even with the tears exhaled from Earth h
Heaven.
Cut when Life's ebbing pulee wanes faint an
alnw.
And mining Winter clouds the short'ning day
N<> dews the night no tears the eyes bestow.
No words the soul, to mourn its own decay.
Rut frosts instead, the wnstc of year* deform,
And on our head falls fast untimely .now,
Or worse?we prove volcanic passion's storm,
Whose earthquake ' alruncsa iw ks the fires H?
low.
These have no ymeo? yet might their ruins ipts
The |?ast and present, eloquently well?
Put, fiend-like, on themselves their rage the;
wreak,
Although tliey dare not burst the silent spell
For such, alas! Poetry is past.
Not even in History their thoughts aurvive
Like crowded cities into lava cast.
Oblivion-doomed, embalmed, while still alive.
Almve the stifled heart, a nation' gruve,^
I mrw, rrnoirirv, uiiiirniimn rirn iiiifni jtaiii,
Rut, o'er their barren Hunt no litre's ?<ivf,
Forth from their aahea apnnj n?? blade of j?ra;<s
Ores, in the darkest rnveroa of the earth,
Pcarla in the aen'a unfatliomed depths mat
shine?
Genta in the mountnin'e livinjrnek hare hirth?
Rut never Poetry in aottla like mine
What matter if the run
He a fixed alar or no
What time the plane run
^Thetr courae, why need we know
la the moon peopled, land and flood
What millions may he there ;
They never dtd*e harm or good,
< Aimut them need we careAway
w ith earh historian,
Ami the chiefa whoa# deeds they tell,
Romnn of Macedonian,
What matter* where they fell
While our sportive Inmba may wander
In this green valley free,
Whal'a Ctcsnr, Alexander,
King or Khan, to you and me *
The law protects our fold?
I apenk the word with awe?
If ita safe, need we be told
Of the wisdom of the law
The men who study, sutler
, Trouble, nnd toil and care :
Kach midnight taper-snutfer
Has a sad and solemn air.
' , What gains the sallow student?
? To doubt Ins studies tend ; I
* Doubt mskes new studies prudent, a
t In new doubts new studies end.
Thus passes life away '
In jealousy and strife,
Disputing night and day :
Oh, enviable life ! s
1 1 ... 1
t i. Bring wine, my girl! bring wine! fc
j With Love, and Song, and Jest, e
, \ .While there are eyes like thine, I
, I A tig for all the rest! i(
i I ' ' _ ' ' j
, I Aiiieiican Statistics. ,.
A short time past we published some statistics ' |
relative to the number of soldiers supplied from [ j
the different States to the revolutionary war. De j
Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables re- i |
Ltive to this, nnd other subjects of equul interest, |
'* which we copy. 3
' 1. The number of soldiers furnished by the v
f American States during the revolution, and the <
population oi each Slate in 171)0 und in 1847. i i
i 2. Principal battles of the revolution, their sev-! t
eral dates, commanders-in-chief, and lueses on j (
! each side. | .
3. Amount of continental money issued to sup- .
' port the war, and the estimated cost in specie.
, 1. REVOLUTIONARY STATICS.
. | Soldiers. Pop. 171)0 1847. f
New Hampshire, 12,41)7 141,81(1 300,0 >0
Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 67,097 475,237 1,450.000
" Rhode Island, - - 5.908 69.110 130,000 '!
Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238.141 330,000. <1
'* New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780.000
New Jersey, - - - lu,726 181,139 416,000 t
Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125.000 r
t Delaware, .... 2,386 59,098 80,000 t
. Maryland, - - - 13,912 319,728 495 000 I
I, Virginia, - - - - 26,678 748,308 1,270,000 t
North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,001 ,
South Carolina, - - 6,417 249,073 605,000
' Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000 '
Total, - - - - 231,9712,820,959 11,546,000 1
I' | 2. BATTLES OK TIIE REVOLUTION*.
Where When .hner. British
0 ! fought. fought. Coin. Cos*. Com. Los*. '
d I Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245 |
d Bunker Hill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054 i'
I Platbusn, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400 <
j W. Plains, Oet^'76 Washt'n 300 Howe 300 (
Trenton, Dec '76 Washt'n 9 Rahl 1000 j
j Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400 j
Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Baum 600
Brandy wine,Sep'77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500 *
"Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e (i(M) '
Monmouth, Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400
It. island, Aug'78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260
Briar Creek,Mar '79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16
Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wayne 100 Johns'n 600
't Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cornw's 375
"l Cowpens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
Guilford, Mar'81 Greene 400 Corn w's 523
~ Ku. Springs,Sep'81 Greene 555 Stewart 1000
The surrender of Cornwnllis at Yorktown.Ocj
tober 1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073.
! < . |
*5,752 British taken prisoners.
- 3. CONTINENTAL MONEY. ! '
s Amount issued in 1775 $ 2.000,000 | 1
J777 - - 20,000,000 '
n " " in all to July, 1799 3^8,000,000 j i
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in ! 1
specie, amounted to 5105,193,703.
cotton statistics.
Wo compile from the New York Shipping hist
d | and Price Current, of the 111h September, the fol-1
j lowing statement, showing the crop of Cotton in j
1 the several States for the year ending 'list August |
i 1850: 18.10. 184!). j
Louisiana 781,880 1,093.797
Alabama . 350,952 518,700
Florida 181,341 200,180
Texas 31,263 38,827
d Georgia 344,635 391,372 j
South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117
North Carolina .... 11,861 10,041 |
Virginia 11,509 17,550 i
r, j Total crop 2,096,715 2,728,596
I Decease from last year 631,881
I Decrease from year before .... 230,928
j Tub Past, tub Present ani> rut: Future.?Of
the cotton trade, from the London Economist,
: August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards
; : of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
trade in all Us branches." American cotton crop :
1835 6 1,367.225 1842-3 2,378,8751
1836-7 1,422,930 1843-1 2,030,4091
1837-8 1,801,497 1844 5 2,394.503 |
1838-9 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537
1839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651
1840 1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,6341 ,
18112 1,684,211 1848-9 2,728,596
Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315
Average crop of the last seven years exceeds '
' that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the
i Inst just double that of the first?and the crop of' '
i. 1H48-!) was more than 1846 7 l>y fifty per rent. j
A veruge cmtaump tion in Great Britain of Ameri-1
<,ui cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales. !
n The 2d period <>f 7 vohis 1,449,398 bales.
L uteal consumption, im.r, i,;>r<(>,oufl Dales. I
Y Fashion Plates and Ladies' Waists.?airs, j
Swisshelm, in a savage article against the mag;id
/'me Fashion l'lates, aavs:?
Wf know women now, who aro dying, dying
i?y their own hand, r.rnl piously saying their ;
pra.vr/v every day, and tor their death the Magazine
publisher* are accountable at the bar of the |
Kternal. T. e\ m murdering thern as truly as |
ever Dntid sle.v l ii ih by the sword of Aura- <
leite*. No human agency can touch tlieso vie- <
tun* of ft si i ion plate monger, that the long i
vvb .lehoee* sta king down into their sides, the i
k light strings tied around the amnll of thu linek, i
a : uta.iit of KHiris dragging on them, are :
>' i ru* ong tie ir lives out, and dragging liein to i
their gr.ives. They will not believe they arc en- ^
iaili ig misery nisi disease and death upon tlieir
elnaln n. Hut, ) ?!, many cf litem do know it,
and w ith all their tauotisl love for their offspring,
would rather ?<their little ones sutler ten i
thousand deaths, than they themselves sliould j c
j f dl to look "like Prometheus in my picture t
Itere"?-a lung sided funnel aet on a jug. I c
I
1
Prodi < t or tiie < vLiroasiA Child Mires.? i
It is esinn.it.si ttiat t 'ahfornia lias sent into v
tlie world during the putt two years, full one 1 f
1 itIII dred Slid li t\ Pid'iof's of dollars worth o| ! *
gold dust, which h?.s been distributed as fol-''
i Uaa: I i
/ nW/iffi'i/i of tiaU in to Aug. 1850.
S -h?1 f-. th. I'ni!. 1 St ?. *10.000,000 J
T;.k?m toO.-rgon, l?y miners io.ono.ooo J
T*??-n M mi". : y miner*, -jn.ono.ooo
i Takm U? KngUnd through Mexico, 15,oon,000 1
i Taken to KtijfUfwi, \ m Panama, 20,000.000
Slipped to South Amenta, 26.000,000 t
ShipjKsl t<> Sandviek lalanda, 5*000,000 j
SMpfi^dins'l t<> Kngtand, via C.I lorn,10.0002100 j
Stripped to other pnrt* of world, 15.000,000
Total, 9150,000.000 ^
| It will lie ?een by thia that but a aniall p<>r- h
tion of the product, up U? Una time, has reached
t T I it? d St.lt. - V
Gkxibal Wool, wrompnnled by hi* aid*, ar-1 t
| rived at Syracuse, Y Y?? n the I at in*ta> t, from u
the eat.1, and w .. recited a! the depot by the y
Mayor and authorities. :?nd escorted hvthc mlli- c
1 lary 9 '
From the Columbus Enquirer.
Destruction of the lloll Woriu.
Dear Sir:?! left home with the. intention of
ittending, on my nay home, the Agricultural i
<\iir at Atlanta, but on ray arrival here I learned
here was no public conveyance in that direction,
o I shall be compelled to forego that pleasure.
I have just returned from Badon Springs in
his State wheA I saw planters from Perry,
ilarengo, Dallas, and other counties of this State,
,nd Mississippi, all of whom represent the pre- J
ent growing crop of cotton as being at lenst
wo weeks behind that of last year. This has
ieen produced from several causes. First, the
arl\j planting was greatly returted in growth by
he cold wet spring, an insect; the late planting,
good deal of which w as in May, and some in
line, has not had time to develop itself. The
ains in the early part of July gave great im etus
to its growth, but with little tendency to
rectify; as they became more moderate the
ruit began to develop itself, and the hope whs
icing entertained that a pretty fair crop might
;et be made. More recently, and at this writing,
ve are suffering from a drought of four weeks,
if the most intensely hot weather that I ever
experienced. From the 10th tiny of July to this
ime, the thermometer has ranged from 92 to 9ti I
log. from9 a. m. to 6 p, m. without rain enough
o settle the dust in this whole section of coiiury,
with the exception of one or two isolated
mots. Previous to this drouirht the vouiif eron
ind most of the old li id become exceeding!!
oul, and theploug aid hoe luive been indispens
b!e in removing the grass, weeds, &c, vvhicl
t this season of the year under the existing
Irought lias been (juite injurious to the crop
arising it to wither and east its fruits. In th<
neantiine the Doll Worm lias commenced it
uvagos, and can now be traced to bolls twoliirds
gvown. The dry weather is thought to
>e unfavorable to their increase, yet many planers
are engaged in endeavoring to kill the Flv
.hut deposits tlie egg. The plan is a novel one and
is it is like y to prove successful I II mention it
Plates (either tin or earthern) are distributed
liroughout the fields, by being placed on stakes
>r stubs the height of the cotton, one to even
wo <* three acres, some say five, but it is clem
hat the thicker they are the better. In these
dates a mixure of Molasses and Vinegar is put
?say to one gallon of the former, and one quart
if the latter. It is believed that it is the viuegni
hat attracts them, and whilst they are atteiuptng
to feed upon tlie mixture they are caught
jy the adhesive quality of the molasses. I nslistcd
last evening in setting about twent y plates:
his inorning they averaged over thirty tlies to
he plate. We added a little cobalt to several
)f the plates, supposing some might partake ol
the bait w ithout being caught; we saw 110 difl'erenco
so far as the surrounding dead was eon:erned.
To day we are setting baits ever the
intire ero[>, 130 acres here, and 000 acres on
two other plantations. The unparalleled success
with all have met with who have tried it.
ius brought into requisition every pinto and
tinner throughout the country. The fields are
itcrnlly swarming with (lies, making their apnuiranee
about sun set, and closing in, 1 suppose
diout sun rise. The plan must succeed in exijrmm.'if
imr tlu?m r?ntirf?lv i f rrotntrti 1Iv
v b ?v..j viivii vj j i? "*l i ,VM er " v 1
tnd l)y cnmiftencing hereafter in our mm fieldiboutthe
lime tlie eorn begins to shape for roasting
oars, as it is generully admitted here that
Lliey are the same that prey upon the corn.
1 will close this by remarking that t>" crops
frotn Columbus here, as far as I have 'f en or
have been able to learn, is far from promising n
large yield. The stand is universally imperfect,
ana many crops have not more than thr -n.fourths
of a good stand.
1 hope our Agricultural Society will not report
through committee, or otherwise, as to the
prosperity of the crops?as nothing can he inore
uncertain?whilst it might to some extent mislead
public opidion. In haste, vours respect
fully, B. A. SORSBY.
From the True Southron, Charlotte, ,V. C.
The Southern Convention.?What will the
Southern Convention upon its reassembling do !
We aionot prepared to say, nor do we feel like
presuming upon advice. But as 30 do to the Pacific
was before laid down as an ultimatum, we
suppose tbey will recommend still contending for
that?iu what way we are to contend we are
perfectly willing to leave to them. We hope,
however to see n good attendance, and that they
a ill be quite as determined as before, arousing
attention to the enormity of the iniquity sinned
in the passage of toe recent acts.
So far as legislation goes we are whipped?
shamefully scourged; lying flat on our backs.
we are merely resting a spell from our stripes.
Numbers are congratulating themselves upon
peace?upon the fact that the lash is laid by for
iwhile, and calling upon craven spirits like their
own to rejoice over the temporary cessation ot |
hostilities. Like couiards we ought to be joyous j
and glad that we have a respite from the threshing
the North has been giving us. Let us be cool,
say they, let us not defend ourselves, but let us
be obedient in the household of the Union, and
if do get threshed occasionally it makes us feel
good when it stops.
Tiic advice of the traitorous cowards at the
South, who prate about peace and union, remind
us tiie advice our sago grand mother used
to {five us: "It is better," she said, "to rim like
i ln.iii tluin to stand and be whipped like a do#." !
What, v lid we, if one gets insulted I '-Oh, it's j
better," says she, "to take an insult like a man j
lban to get yourself into a difficulty.*' Just the
nay with the subrnissioueits: tiiey think it man>j
to take all the insult and wrong the .North
tuny be disposed to heap upon us.
the Southern Convention we wish to do j
loioething that will unite at least the true
Southerners, and teach traitors at home and
monies abroad,that we shall no longer be trod-1
Jen upon with impunity.
From the .llbuny Evening Jtltas.
Fugitive Slave Caw .Meeting.?A meeting
lumbering some th:eo or four hundred persons,
ailed hastily yesterday afternoon, was held a*.
Jic t itv Hall last evening. Win. H. Topp was
ailed to the ehair. Messrs. Lloyd, Pepper and
Lindolpli addressed the meeting, 'i'hey delouneed
tlie fugitive slave law as unjust nndun- ;
si stitiition d, and resolutions were passed ex-1
iressiug a determination to resist the law as
inch to the last. The meeting was conducted
villi gre t spirit, and the addresses were forcible
and eloquent.
It was stated in the course of the evening. Hint
here were 150 refugees f orn legal or illegal
ilavory. Whether his declaration was intended
it o|MT'itc as ;m advertisement to Mr. Fillmore'* ;
:oinniis*aries, or a* a caution, we do not know. ;
Tur. FftjiTivE Law.?Several of our colored ,
lilizons have left the city, and others are pre par- ;
rig to t'o to Canada, through fear of this most
ntarnoiM Lw.
They are unnecessarily alarmed. In our
udgment there is not the least particle of danger.
We have very much mistaken public opinion
tore, if it would not justify a colored man in reisiin^
by any means in his jwwer, any officer
vho v\ ould attempt to arrest iiim under this law.
We beliexe there is no man base enough in
his city or in Northern Ohio to accept an office
mdtr it It is a law that would disgrace Hungry.
snd nobody but a llaynau wouid aid in
arrytng out its provisions. ? Rnrhm/rr ( V. Y.) j
T hi 0 rmtirrat.
in . uMll- . g i. I
" TtM BODUMIQ Pimm,"?T'i -in IJ I
is published on Ttrfwrtaya, Thursday* and Haturdayi I
id ?<'.n week. I
"The Botltheui Press," Weakly I
U published every Saturday I
AUVLRTI1INO HATES. I
K?t one 04ua.ru of 10 lilies, thn? iiuntiuw, f 1 00 I
" avcry gubneijuciil insertion, its I
liberal deduction* m*d? <?n yearly adverti-;oy I
f/- Individuals mav forward the a mount of their I
'<ilijHMpMonnatourn.sk Address, (pout-paid) I
KLl.WOOH USHER, I
Vis.it i j in Citv. A
Frmn tht JVeicberry (,V. C.) Sentinel. I
The Southkb* Remedy.?An unavoidable I
absence ot' two weeks has hitherto prevented us I
from expressing our views more fully, than wo I
did on a former occasion, upon this momentu- I
ous subject?rendered still more important bv I
recent transactions in Congress. NVe deem it I
our duty to refer to it again, that we may assist- I
to the extent of our humble abilities, in the for, I
mition of a correct public opinion with respect, I
to the fearful crisis that is now before the poo- I
pic of the South:?witli respect to the grievous I
wrongs and aggressions that have been perpetra- I
ted upon their rights and their property, and I
the measure of resistance that should be adop- I
It will be remembered, we expressed ibeopi* I
nion tliat the remedy, proposed by some of the I
friends of the South?social non-intercourse? I
is wliollv inadequate to the purposes intended I
tti be ell'eeteil hi it uml r..t,d?.r..d n.o.-o.t.l..
by the misuhoviou* tolly of some of our own I
people. \\ r will ftuMw one other pt to, w bleh I
uurt been auggis'ed by Home, of correcting the I
popular sentiment and feelings of the North, I
mil thereby securing a proper observance of our ?
constitutional rights. We allude to commercial
non-intercourse.
How desirable soever it may be?and it is esI
pccially desirable in the present posture of affairs?to
Ireo ourselves from the connnerci.il
shackles that letter our energies and cripple our
resources, and to touch the North that she is
mainly, if not wholly,dependent upon the Smith
or all her commercial greatness, agricultural .
rosperity and success in manufactures, jet the
whole scheme cannot be wrought out nor made
fFcctual as a measure of redress in a day. It i
is true we can make a beginning in this great
work of disenthralmciit, ana indeed we have already
made considerable progress towards it.?
but time alone can effect this desirable, this
mighty change in the commercial relations that
subsist between the two sections, it will rejuire
long years of assiduous toil, and untiling
energy to accomplish the end in view. So few
-iiiparatively are the facilities of trade posses- ^
(1 by the metropolitan cities of the South, so
indirect is the commercial intercourse between i
Hem and the markets of Europe, so few and
feeble?though worthy of all encouragement?
are our infant manufactures, that our merchants
ire, in some degree, compelled to repair to Philadelphia,
New York and Hoston for many of
their supplies. Besides, were the Southern
merchants to make their purchases exclusively
in Charleston, Savannah, Mobile and New Orleans,
there are so many of the mercantile
houses in these cities that are mere branches of
similar establishments in Northern cities, thnt
even in that event the North would obtain the
principal share of the benefits of such trade.
There is still another objection to this scheme
of commercial non-intercourse. If it were carried
into full operation, it would have a reflex
influence upon the South. Were wo to refuse,
in our present state of unpreparedness, to purchase
the manufactures of the Northern people, ?
and to withhold from them, their usual supplies
of cotton, rice, sugar and tobacco, the injuries
resulting from the suspension or destruction of
a,,..I, .nnf....! - J'-'* -,J
lutu 1UUIII.II unci v Iiiin^r Ul tUIIIIflUUlU'^ WUllttl
not ho confined to them; those injuries would '
| recoil upon the South. And, if the present /><>- r a
UiiraL relations continue to exist between the jn
two sections, we would soon be as ready as tbey
to renew the suspended commercial relations,
l'he exigencies of the times perhaps require that,
our people should make such a sacrifice as that
demanded by this scheme of non-intercourse.
And there can be no doubt too that they could
withstand the shock consequent upon the commercial
revulsion, much better than the people
of the North ; for, upon the existence and continuance
of the present commercial relations, the
whole social fabric of the Northern States is
based. But the sacrifice would be followed by
injuries to ourselves, that would more than counterbalance
the benefits.
The chief objection, however, is the one alluded
to in the first part of this article. What
we want is not only an effectual means of bringing
the Northern people to their senses, and of
securing our institutions from their aggressions,
but an immediately effectual means. A remedy,
that depends upon the slow, though sure., o >era- tious
of time, is not the remedy that is di n>a ded
by the necessities of our ease?is not suited to
the crisis which is now at hand. Jt must be
sudden, as well as complete, to bo efficient in
accomplishing the salvation of the South from
the doom of deep degradation that now threatens
I to befall her.
We would by no means be understood as tin
derrating the importance and expediency of social
and commercial non-intercourse. To touch
the pockets of the Northern people?to withhold
the millions of dollars that are wont annually to
(low into them from the South, is a very powerful
way of teaching them good manners,?of
teaching them their dependence upon us, and
would he etVectual in securing our peculiar institutions,
to some degreo at least, from their
depredations, it it could be adopted and carried
our immediately. But these remedies at best, are
mere expedients that can have no other effect than
to postpone the final issue. Tha issue is secession
and independence on the one hand, or submission
and consequent political degradation on the other.
To this complexion it must come at I ist. Sooner
or later, the slaveliolding States of the South
will he forced to make choice of one or the other
alternative. The alternatives are placed before them
now. But were they even to tamely neqnief.ce
in the degrading measures of spoliation
and outrage that have been already enacted by
a reckless majority in Congress, even if the tide
of aggression should ha stopped for a while by
the means proposed, they will lie finally driven
| from their position of non-resistance. Other
schemes for the overthrow of the institution of
| slavery will he devised and perpetrated; and,
unless by submitting now they should lose all
spirit of resistance.?which is greatly-to be apprehended?they
will, as sure as time rolls on,
he driven to a separation from the North.
It is not. for us to say what course the Southern
States will pursue in the present emergency.
But we cannot forbear to express the opinion
that secession is the only means of redress and
security that is now left to them, and we will indulge
t!ie hope that they will exercise this sovereign
right. Political non-intercourse will he
uecessnrilv followed bv social and commercial
non-intercourse, and whatever advantages would
result iroin the adoption of the two last mentioned
measures of resistance, nil of them and
more and far greater advantages would follow
the adoption of the first.?The Southern Convention
will again shortly moot together. Wo
have 01 tire confidence in the prudence, wisdom,
patriotism and fore-sight of t'10 men who will
compose that august assemblage, and that whatever
measures ni:i\ l?e adopted by their judgments
and deliberations, will be for the honor
and welfare of the South. But were we of the
number of those into whose hands the institu
tions of our people, their present welfare and
' future destinies were directly confided, we could
j not aopiit ourselves of the fearful trust, unless
no counseled secession?not temporary secession,
but final and absolute secession, ns the,
only means of securing and perpetuating our
liberties and domestic institutions. This is the
only adequate remedy for the wrongs of the
South, the only immediate!v effectual remedy
the only complete remedv.
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