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Hiill IWw A.IMvto fiw imm. TEEMS. DAILY,. #W OU TRJ-WEEJCLY, - - - #00 WEEKLY, ...... 1 00 o anhsnsiplio? asjaMe ? advance. Any person procuring five subscribers shell receive one copy gratis- All letters to the Editors to be post-paid. rauiTKD it a. a. iaoi. < >rncc, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between 3d and 4) streets. REWARD?On the night of the 10th of September, 1850, my brother CoJ. Johu Jones of Pittsylvania county, Virginia, was very badly wounded by Dr. John Itf. Clop ton, of Henry county, Virginia. Col. Jonen bed colled to spend the night with Mr. Bryant W. Nowlin, who lives near Leotherwood Fast Office, Henry. About dark Dr. Ciopton rode to the gate and requested an interview with CoL Jones, who immediately started out to see him, and when lie had arrived within about (en steps of the gate, Ciopton inquired if that was Col. Jonea^ana be i ii i j.yfflL855S58 THE SOUTHERN PRESS. d A j L Y ^ ! , VoL 1. Waihiugtoiif Friday, October 11, 1850* Ho, lOO. ntg informed it was, aiacnargeu a gun ai mm ucuvily leaded with bullete and abut, which took effect in the left leg, breaking the thigh bone and otherwise seriously injuring the limb. I will pay the abore reward of two hundred dollars, for the M|>prehension and delivery of said Clopton to the j * roper authorities of JHeory county, to be dealt with, pursuant to law, where warrants have been ioual for hia apprehension. Dr. Clopton is about 43 years old, atout six feet high, hae blue eyea, very gray for his age; he ie singular in his manners and dress, at times quit* polite, converses well and weighs about KM or 170 pounds. THOMAS 8. JONES. Oct. 6, 1850. WHAT HAS TO B? DOJfE DAILY SHOULD HE WELL DOME. NO MEMBER OP C0NQRE88 should leave Washington without one of Parker's wonderul Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; hia Badgerhair Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Sliaving Soap. A new assortment of all the above opened this day. PACKER'S Perfumery and Fancy Store, Penn. uv. near National Hotel. sept25 - d .7 Library or Conorbss, Oct. 7, 1850. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the Library of Congress will be closed on Tuttday, the 15th instant, and will not again be opened until Thursday, the 14th day of November. JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian. Nov. 8, eod2w II/fEDrCAL DEPARTMENT OF HAMPM DEN, SYDNEY COLLLEGE, RICHMOND. VA.?The thirteenth Annual Course of Lectures will commence on Monday, thd 14th of October, 1850, and continue until the 1st of the ensuing March. The commencment for conferring degrees will be held about the middle of March. R. L. Bohannan, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children. L. W. Chamberlayne, M. D., Prof, of Materia Medica and Therapeutics. S. Maufin, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and Pharmacy. Chas. Bell Gibson, M- D., Prof, of Surgery and Surgical Anatomy. CaRtter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy and Physiology. David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and Practice of Medicine. Arthur E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted with the most ample facilities, and at very trifling expense. Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The Infirmary, under the same roof with the College and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is ut alt times well filled with, medical and surgical cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical instruction. Many surgical operations are performed in presence of the class; and the students being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities for becoming fumiliar with the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors' fees, ftl05, Demonstrator's fee, $10. Graduation fee, $25. The price of board, including fuel, lights, and servants' attendance, is usually $3 to per week. The catalogue, &c., containing fuller information concerning the institution, will be forwarded to those applying for it, or specific inquiries will be anaweree by letter. Address, S. MAUP1N, M. D., Oct. 2 Dean of the Faculty. FOR CALIFORNIA via CHAGKEH, WITHOUT DETENTION JIT PANAMA. rilHE United States Mail Steamship Company JL will despatch the splendid double-engine steamship GEORGIA, on Friday, October 11th. at 3 o'clock, p. in., from the pier, foot of Warren street, North river, New York, with the Government mails and passengers for San IjYancisco and intermediate ports. The connexion at Panama will be carefully kept up, and passengers for San Francisco are guaranteed that they will not be delayed at Panama beyond Uie usual stay in port. The books are now open, and passage can be secured at the following rates : FROM NEW YORK TO C HAG RES. State-room berth - $100 Standee berth, forward salooon - - - 00 Steernge berth, found bed & separate table 50 FROM PANAMA TO SAN FRANCISCO. State-room berth $300 Steerage berth, found bed & separate table 150 FROM NEW YORK. State-room. Standee. St en-age To Charleston or Savannan $jj.> yzu yiu To Huvana ----- 70 55 25 To New Orleans - - - 75 60 25 Freight to New Orleans 25 cents per cubic foot. Freight to Havana will be taken in limited quantity at reasonable rates. Consignees to receive their goods at ship's tackle immediately after her arrival at Hayana. To secure freight or passage, apply at the office of the company, 77 West street, corner of Warren steet, to M. >0. ROBERTS. Special Notice is given to shippers by this line, that the company have prepared a form of hill of lading adapted to their business, which will he furnished to shippers on application ut the company's office, and with which they are requested to provide themselves, as no other form will be signed by the agents of the company. All bills of lading must be signed before the sailing of vessel. October 4, 1850. ILLIAM TUCKER, Merchant tlitoz (of the late firm of Lane &, Tucker,) would call the attention of his fViends and the public generally to his stock of Goods now opening, which has been selected by himself from the largest importing houses in New York,and by far thegrenteat variety nnd richest styles I ever offered in this city. Strangers are respectfully nnd earnestly solicited to give me a call and examine my stock before purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to their advantage. And I would especially call the attention of officers, both of the army and the na%-y, to the fact thm I am prepared to execute all kinds of uniforms, according to the late regulations, at the shortest notice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both itt the cutting and making departments, equal to any establishment in this country. W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to his numerous friends for their long and continued patronage, nnd hopes, by the same diligeneff and attention to business, to merit a continuance of the same. All orders promptly executed. scr> 20?3tw3w?d&trw NEW FANCY GOODS. WILL BE RECEIVING every day during next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancy Goods suitable for PRESENTS, &c. Also a large assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums, Soaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining to the unlet. PARKERS'Perfumcrv and Fancy Store, Penn. av., near National Hotel. sep21?^3td Sept. I96tif F~RE6H KID GLOVES! KlBTiLOVES: KID GLOVES.?On Monday the 23d inst.,1 will receive another assortment of Fresh Kid Glotres, nod will thereafter be constantly receiving fresh supplies of the same of all sizes and colors. PARKERS' Fancy an J Perfumery Stor? septal?3rd Penn.av., near National H->te PARIS MILLINERY. Will be nj*ned at Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on 8at. r i .y, the 3th iitst., a rich assortment of FOR CALIFORNIA. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY?THROUGH PASSAGE TO C.1LI FOILS'J.i. THE public will b gratified lo learn (hat the J United State* Mail Steamship Company are enabled te announce that their arrangements are now complete for sending; passeugeru through from New.York to Sua Francisco and back. In the first attempts of this Company to me^t the wants of travel to California, by providing ships on the Pacific, in connection with their ships from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great number theu desirous to go out, lo sell tickets for through passages from Panama in advance, for their ships theu going round. This was done from u desire to accommodate those who could procure passages in no other quart?r; and by which, whatever might be the detention, they would reach San Francisco sooner than by any other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, prevented their ships from reaching Panama as soon as anticipated, and caused detention at the lathiiius, which was increased by the impatience of passengers in going forward, against the advice of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship could possibly reach Panama. These interruptions are now all removed. Three of the four ships of the Company, intended for theTacific service, have arrival at Panamu, and several of them have performed trips to San Francisco and back. So that the Company are now able to give the public the assurance dial the voyage through from New York to Sail Francisco, will be performed with regularity and despatch. Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Franoiean annuisilu nf thp REPUBLIC, Cant. Hudson. ITHMUS, Gupt. Hitchcock. COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck. ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.et. Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York to Chagres, of the GEORGIA, Capt. Pohter, U. S. N. OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N. FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N. The connection between the two lines will be carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama, will arise. The large size, well known'speed, and superior accommodations of their New York and Chagres Line, and the speed and accommodations of the ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, rapid,and pleasant through passage to California. m. oTroberts, Cor. Warren and West sts., New York. Aug. 15?lni National Medical College, Washington, District of Columbia. THE annual course of lectures will commence on the first Monday in November, the 4th instant: rac'ut.tt. Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and the disease? of woipen and children. Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica, Therapeutics, and Hygiene. John Frederick May, M. D., Professor ofSur^ clrnfton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology and Practice of Medicine. Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Edward Foreman, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy. James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator. Clinical lectures three times a week, on cases selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation performed before the class. v || r.ei^ti,ro? . . <<)f) Demonstrator's ticket - - -10 Graduation fee - - - 25 Good board can be procured at from ?2 to $3 per week. JOSHUA RILEY, M. D., Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty. C. & E. L. KKRR1SON A C O. DIRECT IMPORTERS or FOREIGN DRY GOODS IN CHARLESTON, S. C. WOULD respectfully inform their friends and those who purchase DRY GOODS in their city, that they are now prepared to ofl'er a large, choice, and well assorted stock of Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods. As they receive the bulk of their goods DIRECT from EUROPE.INPORTS, they feel assured of being able to compete successfully with any other market in the United States. C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO. 209 King street, north-west corner of King and Market streets. Sep 3, 1850?3m DIRECT IMPORTATIONS or IRISH L I HE IIS. THE subscribers are constantly receiving direct | from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern trade, and to which they with confidence invite the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that the goods will be found PURE FLAX, to wit: Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted widths Damask Dcy ica, Napkins and Cloths, of various sizes Dowlass, Glass Cloths, Blaok, White & Brown Holland Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, etc. etc. C. & E. I.. KERRISON <fc CO. 209 King street, Charleston, S. C. Sep. 3, 1850?3m MEDICAL COLLEGE OF THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. rpHE Annual COURSE OF LECTURES in this _J_ Institution will commence oil the first .Monday in November noxt, on the following branches: Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D. institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Henry Dickson, M. D. Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D. Physiology, by James Moultrie, M. I). Materia Ailed ica, by Henry R. Frost, M. D. Obstetrics, by Thos. G. Prioleau, M. D. Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D. Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravenel. M. D. Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine He* pital and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice n week on the Diseases ofthut Institution. Dr. E. B. Flage, Physician to the Aims House. Lectures twice a week on Diseases. Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Surgery at the College Hospital. HENRYR FROST, M. P., De n. PLAINS, BLANKETS, KER3ETS AND FLANNELS. THE SUBSCRIBERS, D.rrrf Importers of all WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per Ships* "Gulnare," "Orion," and "Somerset," from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS, KERSEYS, WHITE and COLORED BLANK ETS, WHITE, RED, BLUE and GREEN FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts, Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., Ac., ex1 pressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and I to an inspection of which, they confidently in, vite all who visit the Charleston Market. C. A E. L. KERRISON A CO., 300 K ing st., northwest cor. KinfA Market sts. i Charleston, Sept. 3? GronoxTowM COLLKGE, D. C. i tpHE CLASSICAL EXERCISES of this Col i I lees will be resumed on the 16th instant. sept 14?.I'd JAMES RYDER, Pres'i [MECHANICAL ARTS fe SCIENCES j D. APPLETON fit CO., NEW YORK, ! ha\t in ctuui or roslicatiosr, in piiti, ihjie TWKNTI-riVE CKMTI KACSI, A Dictiouay of Machine*, Mechanics, Engine-Wok, and Engineering. Designrdfar Practical Working-Men, and those intended for t!ur. Engineering Profession. Edited by Olives Byrne, formerly Prqfessor qf Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ; \ .luthor and Inventor of "The Calculus of Fortn," "The .Yew and Improved System of Imgarithims," "The Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc., etc. j THIS work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly ' tiro thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred plates, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present working-drawings and descriptions of the most important machines in 1he United States. Independently of the results of American ingenuity, it will contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, Machinery, Engine-work, a?d Engineering; with all that is useful in mere than one thousand dollars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other books, among which may be mentioned the following : 1. Bibliothequc des Arts Industriels. (Masaon, Paris.) 2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (Loudon.) , 3. Engineer and Machinist* Assistant. (Blackie, Glasgow.) A Olll.l If TI I/,.. In.l.ictfiollo Paris.) 5. Jamicson'a Mechanics of.Fluids. G. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgeiuine Bauzeilung uiit Abbildungen. (forster, Wien.J I 8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenhahnwescns in technis? her Beziehung. (Von Wol degg, Wiesbaden.) G. Sherwin's Logarithims. 10. Byrne's Logarithms. 11. The Mechanical and Matlicmatical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12. Silliman s Journal. 13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopeuia. (Hulsse, Leipzig. 14. Cottou Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. Iloltzapflels' Turning and Mechanical Manip pulatton. 1G. The Steam Tingin.' (J. Bourne.) 17. Eiseubahn-Zcitung. .(Stuttgart.) 18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictionnairedes Ai ts el Manufactures. (Labouiaye, Paris. 21. Sganzin's C.vil Engineering. 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 23. Origin and Progress ot Steam Navigation. (Woodcroft.) 24. Essaisur l'lndustric des Matieres Textiles (Michel Alcan, ParL.) 25. Macneill's Tables. 2G. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. 27. Tcmpleton's Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary. 29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbacli's Mechanics ai d Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (London.) 32. Burlow on Strength of Alutei ial*. 33.t liann's Mechanics. 34. Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture. (Moslev.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil Engineers. (London.) 37. The Artisan. 33. Quarterly I'apeia on Engineering. (Pub? lished by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine. 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow, London,) AO nb/MiAiliU MarhinAA TnM< i nmi?rm nt A nnnro.il (Lc Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. 44. Practical Examples of Modem Tools aud Machines. (G. itenuie.) 45. Repertoire dcl'Iudustrie Franquaise ctEtrangere. (L Mathias, Paris.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Acj com, London.) 47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, London.) | 48. Hodge on the Steam-Engine i 49. Scientific Ameiican. ! 50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik ) | 51. American Artisan. | 52. Mechanic's Magazine, j 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture. ! 54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, (De Bonnefoux, Paris.) 1 55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.) 5C. Brees' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. ; 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encycl >pedia. (Luke Herbert) | 61. Patent Journal ; London. | 62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering. | 63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. 64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Haskoll.) I 66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The great object of this publication is, to place before practical men and students such an amount ! of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a conj densed form, as shall enable them to work to the i best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which | they might otherwise commit The amount of i useful information thus brought together, is almost ! beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is ; hardly any subject within its range which is not i catcd with such clearness and precision, that even tnau of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of ! understanding, and thus learning from it much u hi?-h il w ininm trnl for him to kliOW. I " M,m? " " ?i From (he annexed list of the principal author* i and subject comprised in this work it is sell-evi| dent, that alt citizens engaged in the practical and ' useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages : from the possession and study of this publication, : The following m iy be especially designated : j Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers. Artificers in Bra??, (Copper, and Tin. j Cutlers, ami Workers ol Steel in general. Carpenters, i Briekmakers. Workers in Dory, Bone, and Horn. 1 Civil F.ngim ers, Railway Contractor*, and Contractors for Knrtli-Work, and Masonry ofcverv i description. Architect* an I Bridge ]?ji!?ler". Builders, Master Murom*, and ifi ir.kiayers. i Ship Builders, MavWr.n of Ve?>>i I-, Ship Carpenters, and others couii'.cU I w iiti Building and Docking Ship'. Block r.nd Pump Maker*. Hemp Dio-sers and Rope Mak*r?. Manufacturers of Unen and Cotton Fabrics. Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Rovir.g Machines Card Brc-kers and Fini-hcrs, Draw i ing Frames1 Willov.s. and Pickers, etc., conncct1 ! id with Cotton, J* lax, and Wool Machinery. Oulrndcrers Bleat hers, and Calico Printers. ] Cloth Foldeis, and Measurers, and persons inter c?trd in Sowing Machinery. > j Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers i Cut.ing and Turning Tool Makers i Pin and Needle Makers. >1 Nail and Rivet Makers. 1 Boll and 8crew-BoIt Makers. ! Nail Cutters. I Coiners, leather Dressers and Curriers, i Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms. , Candle Makers. , Bucuit and Cracker Maker*. I.ace Makers. . Ribbon Weertrs. Stone Cutters and Marble Masons. 1 Dyers, Cloth Washers, and 8eourcr?. Coopers. ; Cider and Cheese Manufacturers , Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers. Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Dar, Round Ilihhon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with th? Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessel.'*. Managers of Stationary Engines. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. Veneer Cutters. Owners of Planing Machinery. Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting j an J Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and j Threshing Machinery. Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Oruuineni i Makers in general. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Mukers of Copper and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owne-s, Harbor Masters, and others irterested in Dredgiug Machinery. Well Sinkers. Astronomers, Philosophers, arul others using Philosophical Apparatus and Instruments. i Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pump' ing Engines. | Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. ; Warehousemen, and others, u?ing Hydraulic I Presses, Dynanonretric Cranes, Jack Screws, i i P ! VUUIUIUII illiu 1 ecu ^nilll'9. ! Workers in Metals and Alloys. | Tin Plate Workers. Spring Maeufacturers. I Wheel* rights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c. The publishers have expended a large sum of 1 money to get original drawings of machinery in practical use i i this country, and have procured almost every work on the sudject, whether published in England, France, or Germany, the most i essential parts of which being comprised in this i Dictionary, render it as perfect and coiupreheu! sive as possible. The piiblibhers hsve endeavored j to use great economy in type, so that each page of ; the work contains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. This hag also secured to each plate woiking-drawngs of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic may construct accurately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, icgardIcssofcust, to make the work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it at issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. I The work w ill be issued in setni-raonthlv numi bers, commencing in January, 1840, and will pro, gross with great regulariry. | The whole work will he published in 40 num| bers at 25 cents pernumbci, and completed within the current year, 1S5U. A libgral discount will j be made'to agents. ! Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance i shall receive the work through the post office free of expense. Notice to Proprietors of Aetospapcrs throughout the United Slates and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five times during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy bf the work will be sent gratis in payment. American Statistics. A short time past we published some statistics ! relative to the number of soldiers supplied from the different Stutes to the revolutionary war. I)e I Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables reI Intive to this, and other subjects of equal interest, i which we copy. 1. The number of soldiers furnished by the ' American States during the revolution, and the I population of each State in 1790 and in 1847. 1 2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several dates, commanders-in-chief; and losses on each side. 3. Amount of continental money issued to supj port the war, and the estimated cost in specie. 1. I1EVOUITIOVARY STATES. Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1847. ! New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000 j Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 67,097 475,257 1,450,000 I Rhode Island, - - 5,908 69,110 130,000 Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330,000 New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000 \mi; i?r.rv . . . in 70'n ihi inn 41c ruin Pennsylvania, - - 25.678 434,37.*l 2,125,OOU Delaware, - - - - 2*386 59,098 80,000 I Maryland, - - - 13,912 319,728 495,000 Virginia, - - - - 26,678 ' 48,308 1,270,000 ; North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000 ! South Carolina, - - 6,417 249,073 605,000 j Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000 Total, - - - -231,971 2,820,95911,546,000 2. BATTLES OK THE lit VOLUTION. j Jf'here When Jhntr. British f fought. fought. Com. T.o.is. Com. Loss. Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245 Bunker Hill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054 Flatbush, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400 I W. Plains, Oct '76 Washt'n 300 Howe 300 ' Trenton, Dec '76 Washt'n 9 Rah I 1000 | Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400 I Bennington,Aug '77 Stark 100 Baum 600 i Brandy wine,Se| '77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500 , "Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e 6(H) ' Monmouth,Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400 ! R. Island, Aug'78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260 | Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16 Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wayne 1(H) Johns'n 600 I Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cnrnw's 375 i Cowpens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800 ; Guilford, Mar'81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523 Eu. Springs,Sep'8J Grtetie 555 Stewart 1000 The surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.Oc; tober 1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073. "5,752 British taken prisoners. 3. CONTIXEFTAl. MO VET. ! Amount issued in 1775 ? 2,000,000 1777 - - 20,000,000 '? in all to July, 1799 3.?8,000,0(H) The whole expenses of tlie war, estimated jn . specie, amounted to $135,193,703. COTTOV STATISTICS. We compile from the New York Shipping List mid Price Current, of the 11th September, the following statement, showing the crop of Cotton in the several States for the year ending 31st August 1850: 1850. 1849. Louisiana 781,886 1,093,797 Alabama . .... 350,952 518,706 Florida 181,344 200,186 i Texas 31,263 38,827 Georgia 344,635 391,372 South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117 1 North Carolina . . 11,861 10,04] Virginia .11,509 17,550 Total crop 2,090,715 2,728,590 j Dprease from last year 031,881 ! Decrease from year before .... 250,928 Tiik Past, thf. Prkskst asp tnr. Fptcrf..?Of ! the cotton trade, from the London Economist, Antrum 24, 1850. 44 It in calculated that upwards j of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this trade in all its branches." American cotton crop : I 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875 lH.36-7 1,422,930 1843-4 2,030,409 1837-8 1,801,497 1844-5 2,394,503 i 1838-9 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537 1839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651 1840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,634 1841-2 1,684,211 1848-9 2,728,596 Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315 Average crop of the last seven* years exceeds that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the last just double that of the first?and the crop ol 1848-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent. Average consumption in Great Britain of American co;4on the first 7 vears 1,153,219 bales. The 2d period of 7 vesta 1,449,39? bales, largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales. BARRY'S TRICOPHEROUS. | 1YARKKR, Agent, for the above very superior ! lK HAIR WASH, received, this day, 19gross. : Wholesale and retail, at i PARKERS' mm I SOUTHERN PRESS. The Season. BY T. HOOD. Skimmer'a gone and ever! Fogs are lulling down, And with russet tinge*, Autumn'a doing brown. Hows are daily rifled By the guaty thieve*. And the Book of Nature, Gettelh short ol leaves. Bound the tops of houses, Swallows bb they flit, Give, like yearly tenants, Notices to quit. Skies, of fickle temper. Weep by turns and laugh? Night and Day together, Taking half and half. So September endeth? Cold and most perverse? > But the months that follows Sure will pinch us worse! Laboring men ?t the South. The Columbus (Ga ) Times publishes the following letter from a subscriber, who, with three or four others, discontinued that paper on account of its support of the Nashville Convention, while 200 were added to the list. The letter is dated Fort Mitciicli., Russell, Ala., July 25, 1850. John Forsyth, Esq.?Sir: 1 am a poor laboring man, dependent on my own lubor for the supi>orl of inv familv. 1 have Ion? been u subscriber i to your paper, l>ut the present tone of your paper does not suit the class to which I belong; you will, therefore, erase my name from your list of subscribers. Enclosed you will find three dollars, the receipt of which, you will please acknowledge. Yours, Upon which it makes the following comment: Our reply to this letter was to send the writer a number of the " Times," containing our second article " The Future of the South," in which we undertook to show how poor men would fare, if Abolition hnd its way. The writer evidently refers to our " tone" on the slavery question. He stops a paper that is advocating a policy ta defend him and his labor, and the safety of his wife and children from a stute of horrors that he has never dreamed of. Is he so silly us to permit utry one to poison his mind with the belief that his condition as a " laboring man" will be bettered by turning loose 300,000 of free negroes to compete with his labor? Why, free labor in Ohio is oppressed by the presence of only thirty thousand blacks, and is now demanding their removal to Africa. Let the author of this letter?or the man whose name it bears?go the North and try what " Free Labor" is?try New England, where the conflict between capital and labor is already being acrimoniously waged?where the wages of labor are being pressed to u point that has driven laborers into strikes, and combinations, and trades-unions and other absurd and remediless measures to sustain theunequul war with capital. Let him go to any country that boasts the " dignity of free labor" if he wants to see while servitude?if he wunts to sec white men the slaves and dependants of their employers. Look at the needle women in northern cities, who, by incessant toil, night and day, are scarcely able to earn enough to keep soul and body ihe following pertinent suggestion: ' The great I and varied beauty of the leaven of some of the trees and plants in America, during the Indian summer, or autumn, (among which the Virginia creeper is exceedingly beautiful.) will, 1 hope, induce some of your readers in Washington, New York, Philadelphia and Boston, to preserve a J quantity in the beat possible, manner, nnd have them mounted into garlands, wreaths, chnplets I and boquets, for the exhibition of 1851, as orim| ments to adorn the fair sex." Ixtm x of Cauixjrma Gold.?To the 1st of September, the various mints have received during the-prenent year near $20.00 >,000. The receipts during the last part of the year must necessarily Ik* much the largest portion. The following are the receipts of California gold at the mint since the commencement of mining there: In 1848 $44,177 In 1840 6,145,610 In I860 to Jult 111 . . 14,835,623 1 1 11 Total $21,026,310 In the month of August, some three or four millions more were received, nnd since the 1st of September the packet* have brought three million* more. The probability i*, that very heavy amount* will be received in October and November, *o that we shall expect to see in *11 fifty millions arrive in this year alone. This large amount of gold will serve na a basin ol crrtiit to the amount of at least a hundred millions, and so fur keep up the abundance ol money.?IdmitriUt Journal, lugtuicr, iiiiu wurrr uiuunuiius ui jemuics are uriven to the brothel to escape starvation. Witness the hundreds of thousands of laborers pouring from the hives of European over-population, where labor is/ree, and famine lYeer. All these countless competitors ure rushing to the Free States to aggravate the evils of Northern labor. And fnun all these evils, the white laboring1 man of the South is exempt. 4lt is the institution of slavery that exempts him. It is African slavery that makes every white man in some sense a lor'd?it draws a broad lipe of distinction between the two races, and color gives caste. A poor white man in free labor countries, is the mere tool of capitul?there, society is divided into the rich and the poor?ure the slaves of the rich in all but name. Here the division is between white free men and black slaves, and every white is, and feels that he is a man. Slavery here protects him from excessive competition?it makes the wealth out of which his substantial wages aie paid?it created the demand for bis work?it elevates him in the abundant means of subsistence, in return for industry?in the dignity ol* his personal position?in the inward appreciation of his self-respect, and in tiie hopes of his future rise in wealth and character, the infinite superior of the laboring man on any other spot on the whole earth. The laboring man who wars on slavery as hostile to his interests, quarrels with his bread and butter, and is the blind instrument of a catastrophe whose direst blows will fall on bis own foolish head. On Saturday, about 11 o'clock, a fire originated on board the Niagara Hieumer, shortly after leaving Rochester. When about twenty miles on this side of Rochester, and a mile and a hulf from shore, the engineer discovered smoke coming into his room; seeming to issue from an immense quuutity of brooms and cotton bales which were piled up between decks. liy the exertion of the men these were removed; but the lire was not there. Tliey, however, commenced chopping nway the casing of the boiler, nrid the flameu came out mo powerfully they were obliged to run buck, j One of the passengers recommended the captain j to run the vessel ashore, which he inimcdiuielv commenced to do, and got into about nine feet of j water. Passengers and men were, however, exj erting themselves to get the fire under, nnd, with i a very excellent fire engine belonging to the vessel, | they mounted the hurricane deck, where, with a constant supply of water fom the engine tank, they j succeeded in subduing the flames, which for the i lime seemed rather alarming. The captain again started oil", keeping close alongshore for two or three hours until perfectly satified that the Are was quenched. The whole of the wood-work which encloses the boiler uboul an inch, was charred deep. The steamer arrived at the wharf on Saturday evening about half-past eight o'clock, being nearly four hours beyond her usual time; but part of tins delay was caused by a strong head-wind, which, while it acted as u? opposing force, tended very much to fan the flame which had well-nigh gained the mastery.? Toronto (Canada] Globe. , American Ornamkvt* for London.?A corresj pondent of the London Morning Chronicle ninkes A Damper to Bathing.-?The List number i of the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal utters (ho opinion tlmt ' once a week is often enough to bathe the whole body for the purpose of luxury or cleanliness. Beyond this we consider bathing ns injurious. Flannel worn next to the akin at all seasons is proper, and is infinitely more heallhv than all the daily baths now so fashionable.' The argument by which this opinion is supported is as follows: '.The oil which is sPereted by the sebaceous glands of the skin, serves the purpose of lubricating its surface. Now if this secret'ori is constantly removed as fast as exuded, its destined object is thereby defeated. The excretory ducts of the perspiratory glands, and the glands themselves, require this unctious matter of the skin to keep them in hculthy action. If very frequent i bathing of the whole body is practiced, it must i be obvious that this matter cannot he long present to n rforin its otlice. As to the assissiuii- i lation of functions of tliu skin and lungs, it will I be apparent, that when the.skin nets imperfectly, | or ceases to net at all, the lungs have an extra amount of duty to perform ; and it is generally just such cases that engorgement of tliein takes place, constituting inflammation, or pneumonia.' Appointment of Col. Washington as Commander-i.n-Chief of the Colonial Army.? This measure of imbecility, the second petition to the king, embarrassed every exertion of Congress ; it occasioned motions and debates without end for appointing committees to druw up a declaration of the causes, motives, and objects of taking arms, with a view to obtain decisive declarations against independence, See. In the meantime, the New England army investing 1 Boston, the New England legislatures, con- ' cresses and conventions, and lh? urhi,l? l,<utv the people, were left without munitions of war, without arms, clothing, pay, or oven countenance and encouragement. Every post brought me letters from my friends, Doctor VVinthrop, i Doctor Cooper, General James Warren, and i sometimes from General Ward and his aids, I and General Ifeath and many others, urging in I pathetic terms the impossibility of kcesing their men together without the assistance of Congress. 1 was daily urging all those things, but i we were embarrassed with more than one dilli| culty, not only with the party in favor of the petition to the king, and the party who were j jealous of independence, hut a third party, which was a Southern party against a Northern, and a jealousy against a New England army under the command of a Now England general. Whether this jenl usy was sincere, or whether it was mere pride and a haughty ambition of furnishing a Southern general to command the Northern army, 1 cannot say. Hut the intention was very visible to me that Colonel Washington was their object, and so many of our staunchest men were in the plan, that wo could carry nothing without conceding to it. Rich ann 1'. Robinson.?This person, ofllelen Jewett notoriety, was in New Vork city a few weeks ago. lie looked remarkably well, and reports himself as ono of the happiest of old fashioned married men, in the possession of u fond wifo'and three children, all simply provided for in the fertile vallev of Texas, lie maintains his entire innocence of the uwful crime for which he whs tried and acquitted.?JV. Day-Book. Wilp IlrssAR of IIungarv.?France, Rus sia, Prussia, nod other couutrrra ha* e introduced the llnssar into their armies, but these soldiers arc merely Russian, French, and I'rus-ian, cavalry, dressed in the Hungarian laced jacket; they , want the spirit, the horse, and?tiie 'Magycr Isten.' For this reason, the Hungarian Imssar will r.ot acknowledge them us brethern ; and i whenever he comes in contact with foreign hussars, he lets them feel in battle the full force of his contempt. A story is told, that during n campaign against the French in the war with Napoleon, the bivouacs of the Prussian and the Hungarian hussars were,near to one another.? A Prussian came over to his neighbors in n familiar way, with a glass of wine, and drank it to the health of his brother hussar. But the Hungarian gently pushed the glass back, and stroked his beard, saying, * What brother?no brother? I hussar?you jack-pudding.' This expression is not to be mistaken for ? [ brag. The Hungarian hussar is no fanfaron like | the French chasseur, but he is conscious of his j own powers, like a grenadier of the old Imperial j Guard. Tlu* dolmany, the esako, and the csiz| ma, have grown to his body; the form his liolv' day dress even when off duty?the national I costume transferred into the army: and as he is | aware that this is not the case in other countries, ; the foreign hussar's dress is in his eyes u mere : servant's livery; and logically the man is not j altogether wrong. The hussar, like the Magyars In general, is naturally good tempered. The finest man in the j service, lie is at the same time the most jovial , j companion in the tavern, and will not ait by and I empty his glass by himself when a Bohemian or I German comrade at his side, has spent all his ! money. There is only one biped under the sun l who is in liis eyes more contemptible and hateful than uny animal of marsh or forest. This is the Bat derial hussar?that half breed between Croat and Magyar, that caricature of the true hussar, | who serves in the cavalry, as the Croat in the i infantry, of the military frontier. Never was a j Hungarian hussar known to drink at the same table; if be meets a snake he crushes it under foot?a wolf he will hunt in the mountains? with a buffalo he will fight on the open heath? with a miserable horse stealer he will wrestle fur a halter ; hut ns for the Bnndarian hussar, he spits in his face whenever lie meets him. i It was at Ilatvan, or at Tapjo Bicske, that ' Hungarian and Bandcrml hussars were for the j first time in this war?the first time perhaps in | the recollection of man?opposi d to one nnnother in battle. If looks could slay, there would have been no need of a conflict.'Hhr the ! eyes of the Magyars shot death and contempt at their unworthy adversaries. The signal for nttuck sounded, nrtd at the same in-taut, as if i seized by one common thought, the Hungarian I hussars cluttered their heavy sabres brck into the ' I scabbard,and with a fearful imprecation.sueh as j no German tongue could echo, charged weaponJ less and at full speed their mimic enrrieatures i j whom fate had thrown in their way. The shock j was so irresistible, that the poor Croat, could i make 110 use of t ;eir sabres against the furious i onset of their unarmed foes : they were beaten ; ! down from their saddles with a fist and dragged j ,.fT ?t>,.ir 11 /1 rv 1 a liv fiti-ir il'ilmativ: tiiose who! j could save themselves fled. The hussars disdained to pursue them ; hut they complained to i their Colonel at luring been opposed to u such I a rabble." i Drought is Zacetti as.?By the way of : Paso, we learn that great suffering existed in ; the State of Zacetecas, by reason oi'a lon^ and j severe drought. Springs had dried upt animals were dying, crops were short, and corn h d rison to two dollars and a half per bushel.? \\e.?lern Texan. Progress op Civimzatio*.?A gentleman 1 who left Honolulu on the 29th Julv reports that king Kamehameha had recently had a very severe attack of da/mum irtemen* and was lying f dangerously ill, and his recover? was a matter of great doubt. 1 1 II1 ?,? * - rarr * ,f TlHk jpQIlUieffti t* jmhlsaiMf WTnsftiays. Thuisdsy. kiwi Sutoidwy# ul ?tch weak. "Th* flftothora PreM,"?W??kiy, LP published every Hatuidey. 1 ADTMTIMVU 1ATII. or oike ?|Wf nf W Mms, Ito^aifkMWiieM, f 1 00 H every subsequent insertion, 15 Liberal deduction# made on y?*fly edvertisin^. |> Individuals may forward the amount of their subscription# at our risk. Address, (post-paid) ELL WOOD FISHER, ' Washington Oitv. Jfc'41 . ??HBg? -vso tue New Yohkebs.?There is n shrifd for some divinity or other In every iiiinum txtffff lu this respeet the Americana, Are made pMqH much like the rent ol* uh. Tlicy tiave notJMicli reverence Cor a sovereign, or a lord, or lor a pope. In Let, their political engagununilu have rather cut them out of tl?e old tashioud circle. Oat act them once free, try them on & little new ground, and their initiate loyalty wlji couie out as strong an their own rivers ami flills. Jenny JJhtd, after flitting about Kurojm a? free as a lark jilting Queens, suitors uud Opera lessees, has lighted on the New World, and made it her own. The Caribs were not more awatruck at the landing of Columbus, than the Yankees at the advent of Jenny Lind. Our own ..countrymen were nt-id enough in all \ concience tiiut of the mult'tudes wlo raved about Jenny* not one in ten had heard a note of her voice; and though she sang for charities, die certainly did not sing t<? "the million." The Americans however, beat us out and in the pitch of thWevotioii, before a soul of them has seen her.' It is already their belief, as expressed by one of the soberest of their journals, that "she has licen raised up by the Great Spirit, to make the rest of the worlu humble, while they adore his power." There is always a certuin relation between the worshipper and the worshipped, and the most entranced homage will occasionally betray the contemplation of self. In the present instance, the prostrate multitude cannot help being proud of their city, of their visitor, of themselves, and of their own singulur good taste. "The Swedish Mghtingnle, tho soul of song, has at length arrived in the Empire City of the great republic of the New World, and her welcome lias been cordial and enthusiastic in proportion to her fame, utul that intuitive instinct by which the people of New York never fail to recognize and appreciate heroism, goodness, or genius." In this Pantheon of greatness, which is most admired, and which stands on the principal pedestal?the Nightingale, the Empire City, the great republic, 1 he New World, the people of NewYork, or the abstract excellencies tnut wind up tho sentence? Need we hesitate for an answer? They are all in proportion to one another, and the beauty of Jenny Lind consist in her being of u piece with New York.?London Times 24. ultimo. The Release of Kossuth.?A letter from Constantinople of the 3d. says:?" You perhaps supposed that the question relative to the Hungarian refugees, was terminated by the convention between the Porte, Russia and Austria, but mai is noi inc chbv. a his ^ucnuuii nvoiu^ v?w tined to drag on, like all those relative to the cast, and Austria has just raised pretensions which threaten to revive the matter with all the accessories of notes, negotiations, and interventions. According to the convention mentioned above, the Porte engaged to keep under its guard the Hungarian refugees for a year, conceiving that period to begin from the time when they sought refuge iu the Ottoman territory, unless the tranquility of Hungary was anew troubled within that period. " Hut as everything is tranquil in the Austrian monarchy, and as the term expires this mouth, the Vorte has manifested the intention of restoring Kossuth and his companions to liberty. For that purpose, measures were taken to plaee at tlie disposal of the refugees a state vessel to | transport them to England, or even America; and a Hum 500 piastres (125f.) was to he distributed to each man at the morrA'nt of his landing, to provide for his wants. These arrangements, however, frightened the Austrian government, and within these last few days M. de Klezl, its Charge d'Affuires at Constantinople, delivered a note, in which it pretends that the term of a year is to commence running from the time when they were removed into the interior, and protests against the liberation of the refugees. The Porte replied with energy, and at present negotiations are going on with equal warmth on both sides. "In an extraordinary council just held here, n u-u <Widi>H that the nretensions of Austria were ill-founded, and could not be admitted ; ho the mutter rents. The Chnrjjfe d'Affair* awaits fresh instructions from his court; and, on its side, the Divan appears resolved not to yield. It has applied to the representatives of Franco and England for advice. The Porte is the more irritated against Austria, that for some time past the journals of Vienna contained articles accusing the Turkish government of ill faith, and of exciting a new revolution in Hungary. When the Porte complained of this, it was stated in reply that, since the press was free in Austria, the government could do nothing with the journals; but the Porte knows perfectly well what it ought to think of tiie matter, as well as about certain intrigues in the Dmubian Principalities. Russia has shown affection in not appearing in any way in the matter ; it is thought, however, that she is not so unconnected with it as she pretends." The I,attnest Eaule Known.?On the 3rd j of June Mr. Cobb, of Ala., while the President's j California message was under consideration, ! said that he would not occupy the time of the i House by speaking, and gave notice that he ! should print his aponch.?This he did a few days afterwards ; and we now quot an extract to give our readers an idea of the largest bogle on record: "Do 1 not," he asked "at this nppalling moment, hear the eagle, the bird of liberty, cry out and say, "I have seen laurel after laurel gntuemi, I have heard the words liberty, liberty, victory, victory, reverberating over all the laud ? 1 have neon our stars and stripes wave. I have seen thetu unfurled by the North and South. I have seeti the citizens of Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut and Massachusetts, Vermont and other Northern States, mingle with the citizens of the sunny South, of the Carolina*, Georgia, the Old Dominion, and their Southern sisters not in strife against, but in defiance of each other. 1 have seen acquisition after ncquhdt-ion made through their joint efforts,?-(and here comes the grandolima.Y.?)until I ran now place my feet upon the dulf 0/ Mexico, flap my wings in the Pacific and Atlantic and dip my bill in the crystal stream of the Columbia." :-f:r'The Augusta Republic, a Whig paper of Georgia, has the following : " The South wants her sons now with generous licarts and firm resolves to stand bv her falling fortunes. They must come up to the great worn nuw, or prepare 10 *ee hit a nn-tui..^ ritiec at the hated altar of internal fanaticism. Southerners, are you ready for manly duty or abject submission ? As yet you are only shocked by tho'lbunrier of .the enemy. Suffer yourselves to be deceived into acquiescence, to present j wrong, and in a few more years, t he ihunder bolt will aasli you to destruction. We implore tho ! people of Georgia not to commit themselves, not ' to take sides against the Convention and action till the revelations of a few more weeka are spared before them. How sweet is the hour of despondency, when sick of all the "flat, stale, and unprofitable uses" of the first of the following linen?to find ourselves cheered by such precious words of consolation as are contained in the second : "Oh, I wouldn't live forever ; I wouldn't if I could, But I needn't fret about it, for I coudn't if ( won'd.''