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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, October 12, 1850, Image 4

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Thb Gouhmint or m United Statu or
Amkiuca, a. d., 1660
The Executlrt.
Millard Fillmore, of N. Y. . President.
William R. Kino, of Alabama Vice President.
The Cabinet.
Danirl Weriter, of Mass. . . Sec. of State.
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio,. . Sec-of the Treas.
William A. Graham, of N. C. Sec. of the Nary.
Charles M. Conrad, of Lu. . . Sec. of War.
A. H. H Stuart, of P?. Sec. of Interior.
Nathan K. Hall, of N. Y . P. M. General.
John J. Crittenden, of Ky. . Alt. General.
The Judiciary.
SUPREME COURT or THE UNITED STATES.
Hones B. Tanet, of Maryland . Chief Juati?e.
John McLean, of Ohio Associate.
James M. IVayne, of Georgia . . "
John Catron, of Tennessee ... "
John McKinlet, of Kentucky . . "
Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia . . "
Samuel Nelson, of New York "
Levi Woodburt, of N. Hamp. . "
Robert C. Grier, of Penn. ... "
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS.
Term commenced March 4,1849, and will rnd Marc!
4, 1851.
Senate.
Number of Slates represented. 30.
President. William R. King.
Secretary. Ashbvry Dickens.
If'kigsin Italics; Natives in Small Capitals; Democrats
in Roman; Thou marked F. S. art Fret Soilers.
Term Tetm
Expires. Expires.
Alabama. Michgan.
Jeremiah Clemens 1853 LewiH Cass 1851
Win R King 1855 Alpheus Fetch 1853
Arkansas. Missouri.
Wm K Sebastian 1853 Thomas H Renton 1851
Solon Borland 1855 Duvid R Atchison 185."
Connecticut. New Hampshire.
Roger S Baldwin 1851 John V Hale (F S) 1853
Truman Smith 1855 Moses Norris, Jr 185.1
Delaware. New York.
John Wales 1851 Daniel S Dickinson 185]
Presley Spmanct 1851 William H Seward 1853
Florida. New Jerset.
David L. Yulee 1851 Win L Dayton 1851
Jackson Morton 1855 Jacob WMiller 1853
Georgia. North Carolina.
John M Berrien 1853 ItVlie P Mangvm 1853
Wot C Dawson 1855 George E Badger 1855
Indiana. Ohio.
Jesse D Bright 1851 nomas Ewing 1851
JWhitcomb 1855 S P Chase (F S) 1855
Illinois. Pennsylvania.
Stephen A Douglas 1853 Daniel Sturgeon 1851
James Shields 1855 James Cooper 1850
Iowa. Rhode Island.
George W Jones 1851 .llbert C Greene 1851
Aug C Dodge 1855 John H Clarke 1853
Kentucky. South Carolina.
Jos R Underwood 1853 Robt W Barnwell 1853
Hewn) Clay 1855 A P Butler 185;
Louisiana. Tennessee.
Sol U Downs 1853 Hopkins LTuruey 185]
Pierre Soulo 1855 John Bell 1853
Maine. Texas.
Hannibal Hamlin 1851 Thomas J Rusk 1851
Jaa W'Bradbury 1853 Sam Houston 1853
Massachusetts. Vermont.
Robt C Winthrop 1851 Samuel S Phelps 1851
John Davis 1853 Hllliam Upham 1853
Maryland. ViKuikia.
Thomas G Pratt 1851 James M Mason 1851
James *1 Pearce 1855 R M T Hunter 1853
Mississippi. Wisconsin.
Jefferson Davis 1851 Henry Dod?e 1851
Henry SFoote 1853 Isaac P Walker 1855
California.
William M. Gwin,
John C. Fremont.
THE SENATE IN FIGURES.
Democrats. 32
??_:? ot
v* ?"k".
FreeSoilers. 3
Total number of members. GO
Democratic miyority. 7
House, of Representatives.
Sneaker. Howell Cobb.
Clerk. Wm. L. Youn?
Dist. Arkansas. Mississippi.
1 "Robert W Johnson 1 Jacob Thompson
Alabama. 'J W 8 Feat hers ton
1 William J .Uston 3 Win McWillie
2 Henry W Hilliard 4 A G Brown
3 Sampso W Harris^ Nebraska.
4 Samuel W. Inge ? ?
5 David Hubbard New Jersey.
6 William. R W Cobb 1 .Indrew R Hay
7 Francis W Bowden 2 H'm Ji ~\ewell
Connecticut. 3 Isaac Wildrick
1 Lorenzo P Waldo 4 John J'an Dyke
2 Walter Booth (F S) 5 James G King
3 Chaun'y F Cleveland new mexico.
4 Thomas B Butler ? ?
California. Mew Hampshire.
1 Jlmos Tuck, (F S)
Delaware. 2 Chas H Peaslee
I John W Houston 3 Janus Wilson
Florida. 4 Harry Hihbard
1 Edward C Cabell North Carolina.
Georgia. 1 Thomas E Clingman
11 Joseph W. Jackson 2 J P Caldwell
2 M J Welborn 3 E Deberry
3 Jlllen T Owen 4 .1 J*'Shepherd
4 H A Haralson 5 A W Venable
k Ttinman C. Hackett G W S Ashe
6 Howell Cobb 7 J R J Daniel
7 .Alexander IIStephens 8 Edward Stanley
8 Robert Toombs 9 David Outlaw"
Illinois.
1 Wm H Bissell New York.
2 John A McClernand 1 John Ji King
3 Thomas R. Young 2 David A linker
4 John Wentworth 3 J Phillips Phanix
5 Wm A Richardson 4 Walter Underbill
6 Edward D Baker 5 George Briggs
7 Thomas L Harris 6 James Brooks
Iowa. 7 William Nelson
1 Vacancy 8 R Halloway
2 Shepherd Leffler 9 Thomas McKissock
Indiana. 10 Herman D Gould
1 Nathaniel Albertaon 11 C R Sylvester
2 Cyrus L Dunham 12 Gideon O Reynolds
3 John L Robinson 13 John L Schoolcraft
4 Geo W Julien (FS) 14 George R Andrews
5 W J Brown 15 J. R. Thurman
6 Willis A Gorman 16 Hugh White
7 Edward McGaughey 17 IIP Alexander
8 Joseph E McDonald 18 Preston King (F S)
9 G A Fitch 19 Charles E Clarke
10 Andrew J Harlan 20 O B Mattison
Kentucky. 21 Hiram Walden
1 Linn Boyd 22 Henry Burnett
2 J L Johnson 23 William Duer
3 F E McLean 24 Daniel Got!
4 George A Caldwell 25 Harmon S Conger
5 John B Thompson 26 If* T Jackson
6 Daniel Breck 27 W .1 Sockett
t ir^iMu Marshall 28 A .V Schermrrhoin
8 Charles 8 Moreheail 29 Robert I. Rose
9 John C Mason 30 Do rid Rumsey
10 Rich'd H Stanton 31 E. Risley
Louisiana. 32 E G Spool ding
1 Emile La Sfre 33 llarrty Putnam
2 Vacancy 34 I. Burrows
3 John II Harmonson Onto.
4 Isaac E Morse 1 David T Disney
Maine. 2 E D Campbell(F S)
1 Elbridge Gerry, 3 Robert C Srhemk
2 Nat'l S Littlelield 4 Ptoses Cortrin
3 John Otis 5 Emery D Potter
4 Rnfus K Good/now C Amos E Wood
5 Cullen Sawtello 7 Jonathan D Morris
fi Charles Stetson, 8 John L Taylor
7 Thomas J 1) Fuller 9 Edson B Olds
Maryland. 10 Charles Sweetzer
1 Richard J Botrie \\ John K Miller
2 Wm T Hamilton 12 Samuel F Vinton
3 Edwr W Hammond l;t W A Whittlesey
. 4 Robert M McLane 14 Xathan Erans
5 Alexander Evans 15 irm Hunter (F S)
6 John B Ken- 1 fi Mosrs Ilbngland
Massachusetts. 17 Joseph Cable
] S Jt Elliot 1H David K Carter
2 Vacancy 12 John Crowell {F S)
3 James II Duncan 20 Jos R Giddingi (FS)
4 Vacancy ~1 Joseph M Rout(FS)
5 Charles Jlllen, [F S] Oheoon.
fi George .Ishmun S K. Thurstonf
1 Julius Rockwell Pennsylvania.
8 Horace Mann I Lewis C Levin
9 Orin Hurler 2 Joseph R Chaiuller
10 Joseph Grinnell 3 Henry D Moore
Michigan. 4 John Robhins, jr*
I A W Btiell 5 John Frttdley
1 IF? S/tragus, (F S) fi Thomas Ross
R. S Bingham 7 Jesse C Dickey
Minnesota. 8 ThaddesuStevens
H H 8ibleyj 9 William Strong
Missouri. 10 M M Dimmiek
James B Bowlin ,1 Chester Butler
Wm V N Bay 12 David Wilmot (F 8)
k3 James 8 Green 13 Joseph Casey
4 Willard P. Hall 14 Charles W Pitman
5 John 8 Phelps 15.NWy.\>?
*
116 Jam X McLanahan 11 ChrirVJV WiUiumt
17 Samuel Cmlain Tpxx?\
IS .1 Joekoon OgU 1 Dwid ttaiftn&n '
1 19 Job Mann 'J Volney E Howard
JO MR hud (JTMI. <
'21 Moatt Hampton ? _ <
i 2$ John W Hotee (F S) Vermont. i
i 23 James Thompson 1 Wm Henry
514 Alfred Oil more ? Wm lUbard <
Rhode l(LUil). . 3 Janut Mtaeham <
1 George G King 4 Lucius B Peck I I
; 2 AkHwDbos Virginia.
South Carolina. 1 John 8 Millaou
; J Daniel Wallace a Hicliard K Meade <
I 2 J L On , 3 Thomas H Avereit i
: 3 J A Woodward 4 Thomaa 8 Bocock ,
4 John McQueen 5 Paulue Powell
3 Armistead Burl b Jamas A Sedden
4! Isaac E Holmes 7 Thorns H Bayly
7 W P Colcock 8 Alex R Holliday
Tbnnkmeb. 41 Jeremiah Moiton
1 Andrew Johnson 10 Rich aril Parker
| 'J JUhtri G IVatkin* 11 James McDowell
| 3 Jotiah M Jlndtrton 12 II A Edmundson
I 4 JohuH. Savage S3 KM'Mullen
| 5 Geo W Jones 14 J M H Beale .
1 b James H Thomas 15 Thomas S Haymond (
i 7 Meredith P Gentry Wisconsin. ,
8 Andrew Ewing 1 Chas Durkee, (FS)
i I 9 Jaltain G Harris 2 Orsasmus Cole
: 10 Fred'k P Stanton 3 James D. Doiy.
i California. .
I Geotge W. Wright, ,
I Edward Gilbert.
"Contested by Mr. Litteil. I
! f Delegates from the Territories.
tiik iioi/sk in nut ans. i
Democrats 111 |
Whigs and Natives J01 ,
Free-Soilers 14 ,
Vacancies 5 (
Total, exclusive of Delegates 231
Should the vacancies be filled as before, and
dividing the Free Soilers into Democrats and
' Whigs, as they are on all other questions but that
of the territories, the House will be as follows :?
? Democrats 117
' Whigs 114
Democratic majority 3
The General Result In Figures
I Old Parties. Free-Soil. Vacancies.
States. Whig- Dem. Whig. Dem. Whig. l)etn"
1 Arkansas ? 1 ? ? ' ? ?
Alabama 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Connecticut 12 ? 1 ? ?
Delaware 1 ? ? ? ? ? ,
Florida 1 ? ? ? ? ?
Georgia 3 5 ? ? ? ?
Illinois 1 (5 ? ? ? ?
Indiana -1 8 ? 1 ? ? (
Iowa ? 1 ? ? ? 1
Louisiana ? 3 ? ? I ?
I Maine 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Maryland 3 3 ? ? ? ?
I Massachusetts 7 ? 1 ? 2 ?
) Michigan ? 2 1 ? ? ?
Missouri ? 5 ? ? ? ?
I Mississippi ? 4 ? ? ? ?
I New York 32 1 ? 1 ? ?
New Jersey 4 1 ? ? ? ?
N. Hampshire 12 1 ? ? ?
l N. Carolina 6 3 ? ? ? ?
Ohip 5 11 5 ? ? ?
Kentucky 6 4 ? ? ? ?
Pennsylvania 14 8 1 1 ? ?
Rhode Island 2 ? ? ? ? ?
S. Carolina ? 7 ? ? ? ?
Tennessee 4 7 ? ? ? ?
Texas ? 2 ? ? ? ?
Virginia 2 13 ? ? ? ?
> Vermont 3 1 ? ? ? ?
w: it i
?? lacuiiom x x ? x ?
Total 102 111 9 5.3 1
Democratic majority iti the 31st Congress 3
Whig majocity in tlie 30th Congress 5
Democratic gain 8
Aspect of Congi-css.
Whig- Dem. i
Exclusive of Free-soilers 102 111 ]
Free-soilers 9 .5 i
Vacancies 3 Is
Total 114 117 !
Actuat Democratic majority. 3 <
Free ami Slave. State Classijxcation.
T17?ig. l)em. Free-soil.
FreqpStatps 75 51 14
Slave States 30 (il ?
Total 105 112 14
Enlargement of the capitol.?
The Committee on Public Iluildiugs of the |
Senate, having been authorized by a resolution of i
that body, 44 to invite plans accompanied by esti- i
mates for the extension of the Capitol, and to al- I
low a premium of live hundred dollars for the :
I dan wnich may be adopted by the Committees on |
'ublic Buildings of the two Houses of Congress," i
accordingly invite such plans and estimates, to be i
delivered to the Secretary of the Senate on or before
the first day of December next.
It is required that these plans and estimates
shall provide for the extension of the Capitol,
either by additional wings, to be placed on the
north and south of the present building, or by the
erection of a separate and distinct building, within
| lite enclosure to lite east 01 me outiutng.
I The committee do not desire to prescribe any j
condition, that may restrain the free exercise of ,
architectural taste and judgment, but they would <
prefer, that whatever plan may lie proposed may ,
nave such reference to and correspondence with |
the present building as to preserve the general (
symmetry of the entire structure, when complete.
Although but one plan can be adopted, the com- s
mittee reserve to themselves the right to form such (
plan by the adoption of parts of different plans j
submitted, should such course he found necessani; in j
which event, the committee also reserve to them- ,
selves the right to divide or apportion, according (
to their own judgment, the amount of premium to
be awarded for the whole, to those whose plans J
may in part be adopted, according to the relative
importance and merit of each part adopted.
R. M. T. HUNTER,
JEFFERSON DAVIS,
JOHN H. CLARKE,
Committee of the Senate on Public Buildings.
Senate Chamber, 30th September, 1850.
N. B. The several daily papers published at
Washington will please insert the above daily for
two weeks, and send their accounts to the Serre- <
tary of the Senate. oct 4
PENSIONS AM) BOUNTY LAND 1
OBTAINED for the officers and soldiers of the j
Revolutionary war, or their legal representa- j
| lives.
Pensions for life, for the widows of such 1
| cers and soldiers who married previous to 1800. j
Bounty land for the surviving, or the widows, |
or minor children of deceased officers and privates,
who served in the war of 1812 with Great Bri- ,
latn, the Mexican war, or in any of the ludiun <
' wars, since 1790. (
Attention paid to suspended and rejected claims. (
j Terms moderate, where the claim is established, |
! otherwise no charge. ,
I Communications addressed to the subscriber, j (
I Washington, D. C.,will receive prompt attention. |
M. THOMPSON, (
Commissioner of Deeds for North nod South ,
Carolina. I
Refer to the heads of Department*, nnd to
members of Congress generally. ,
Oct 4?twtf ^ <
STEELE'S FASHIONABLE HAT
HOUSE.
Charleston, South Carolina. i <
A THE SUBSCRIBER'S establish- |
ment being one of the most extensive
and fashionable retail HAT HOUSES
in Charleston, the public may depend
on finding there a superior as?ortinent of all the
; latest styles of Hats for this fall. Fine French '
! Moleskin and Beaver Hats, with nn extensive
> vnriety of fine black, and blue cloth Caps for gen j
I tlemens, youths, nnd children. 1
TO SOUTHERN PLANTERS.
Planters enn be supplied with Hats and Caps
for plantation and house servants. Black, white,
pearl, and drab water-proof Wool Hats with good (
hair and coarse cloth Caps.
W.STEELE,
hnsliionahle Hatter, 231 King, opposite Hazel
fnit, fThsilssltn.17? j
J. Knox Walker, s
.Ittornry at Late and General Agent, E
01 1 L K S hit services in his ptofession and as J;
Agent for the Prosecution and Collection ol E
Claims before Congress and the Departments, also for E
obtaining Patrnts.
All buSine** confided to him will I*- promptly at
tended to. jl7 tl
SO(J THE? N CCVTRAL
AO ttICIffcTDRA L. AMOC1 ATJOIf,
pHE Fifvh Annual F?ir oftbe Southern Cent,
1 ral Agricultural Aifoctatioo, arill behakf
luring the weak embracing Wednesday, the 14th
lay of August neat, which is the day of the fifth
innuai meeting at Atlanta Georgia
The Committee charged with ihe duty of prev ,
-ribing such general rules as they may deem ne- |
seesary to a proper management ol the approaching
Fair, have adopted the following i
GKNKRAL RlCULSTtOMt.
1st The Fair Grounds and Buildings 'will be '
>pened for visitors on Monday morning, and con- 1
linue open until Friday evening. It is therefore desirable
that all persous having articles for exhibition,
shall bo on the ground as early as Friday or
Saturday, the ilth and 10th August when a Committee
will be there ready to receive them.
JM. The Association has an ample fund, and will,
in all cases, become responsible for the safe-keeping
i. articles which may be placed in the hands of its
i thcers and committees, (the owner taking a check
for the same,) until the close of the Fair, which
will be auuounced beforehand, in ample time to
jive them op. orlunty to recover their goods, and
to prevent thereby the leaving of any goods or
irlicles unprotected after the adjournment of the
Association.
3d. Mark A. Cooper, Richard Peters, David W.
Lewis, Wm. Kzzard, and James M- Calhoun, are
ippoinled a committee whose duty it shall be to see
that ail articles entering the fair grounds for exhi
ition, t-ha I have firsLbeen entereUin Uie secretary s
jook or registry?then labelled w th the owner's*
name and residence?and price, if far sale?giving
to the owner a corresponding card?and then cl&snSed
and arranged by departments, and in such order
as to facilitate the labors of the several committees
on premiums; and also to employ such police and
doorkeepers and clerks, as shall be necessary for
the protection of the grounds and buildings, and
such clerks as they may nerd in the arrangement
and labelling of articles.
4th. There will positively bo required, in all
cases, a minute and accurate written statement
illustrating and explaining every article rent for
exhibition?'he statement to be delivered to the
Secretary. For instance, if a Machine, a statement
of is powers and uses, cost, time of invention, and
any other fact deemed valuable by the inventor or
milker. If Horticultural or Agricultural Products,
mode of preparation of land and soil, manure and
time of planting, mode of cultivation. If an Animal,
the pedigree or stock, age, mode of raising, &c. if
Needle-vVork or Painting, or any work of Art, the
length of time bestowed on it, or the amount of
labor; the age, if by children or very old persons
Li e value, useB, &c. Since this is the most reliable
mode of collecting such information as may be
worth publishing in the transactions of the Society,
visitors, patrons and members, all will take notice,
that a premium a ill not bo awarded to any article,
whatever its merit, unless accompanied by
illustrative and explanatory statements, made out
in legible liand, and in a style lit at once for the
press.
5th. The delegations of the serveral county Societies
are requested and enjoined to make out, upon
consulation, a report of the present condition of
Agriculture in their several counties, of the improvements
in farming, tillage, draining and manuring,
which have been or are in progress of being
adopted The leading products of theii couutiees
the inodesofpreparatioii. time of planting and modof
cultivation. The means and measures of preserving
and increasing the fertility of lands. Accurate
Agricultural memoirs from the serveral county
societies would make up an amount of valuable
information to be sent out in the published transactions
of tho Society.
C#l? II S.i 'luuitiol.lu 1a mail a lltA I ? tx Par.li>nl
Southern Agricultural andMtr.ufucturcrsExcliangc
We request individuals who have a surplus of
choice articles, or who make them for sale?such
as choice seeds, machines, stock, &c?to earry
them there for sale, and not alone for exhibition for
a premium.
7lh. Premiums.?It is impossible to name in a notice
like this all, the various articles to which premiums
will be granted. However comprehensive
we might make any enumerated list there would
still be many articles of merit offered which would
not be embraced in it, and yet richly deserving
premiums, lest thereloie the announcement of premiums
for particular articles might be construed by
lomeintoan exclusion oi'uJl articles unannounced,
he Committee requests the people generally to
abserve, t hat it is in'ended to give the action of 1
the Association the very widest scope, embracing
svery thing that is ingenious or useful in business
or art. All then, with whatever they have for sale
or exhibition, are invited to come. The onlyregulation
further necessary on this point perhaps
is, that, on all articles of the highest merit in the
department ol Stock, Mechanics, Agricultural Implements,
and valuable iuiprovcmcntsor inventions
in any of the departments, a premium of a cup
worth # 10 will be given ; on the second best articles
a cup worth # 5 will be given, on the third best
?2. 50 ; on the fourlli an honor. And on all articles
of the highest merit in the remaining dcpait
ments a cup worth $ 5 will be given ; on the second
aest $ 2. 50 ; on the third an honor; on the fourth,
2d honor. On miner and miscellaneous articles,
premiums from one to three dollars?these, how
ever,are general regulations, and in particular case
or cases of peculiar merit the committees will he
permitted, indeed ore requested, to vary the rule.
8th. A hall will be prepared and assigned nar icularly
to the Ladies for their garden products,
fruits, flowers paintings, needie-work, &c. They
aie cordially invited to attend. Their assistance
in many departments of the fair is absolutely necessary
to a proper management.
9th. The facilities of getting to this central
point induce us to invite, and to expect the pre?cnce
and contributions of many of our fellow
;i(izens <.f Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and f 11ida.
Wc hope they will unite with us in making j
his institution indeed, what it is in name, a Southern
Central Agricultural Association.
1 Oth. iTic President upon a consultation with
lUch members as he can call to his aid, shall appoint i
uumtiittees and assign to them their respective detriments,
and to these committees so appointed i
ihe committee of reception shall furnish lists of the
trades classed and arranged in their respective
iepartments. In order to the perfection of this
jrrangcment, the committee appointed to publish
these regulations, will h*re repeat, and enjoin
upon all to take notice that articles for exhibition
may be received and arranged on Friday and Saturday
the 9ih and lOtli of August, so that when
the President shnll appoint his committees on
Monday morning, the committee of reception may
have their lists of articles, and the several committees
proceed at once to the examination of articles,
and thereby have ample time to make their
reports to the annual meeting on Wednesday. |
Thursday will be devoted to sales?Friday to general
re-delivery of articles. The exhibition continuing
the whole time.
11th. Any alterations of, or additions to, the
roregoing rules, will be published at Atlanta earlyMonday
morning of the Fair week.
12th. The annual oration will be made on |
Wednesday, the day of the Anniversary meeting, ]
mmediately preceding the reports of committees, i
oy Col. John Billups, of Athens, Georgia. i
13th. The Committee have the prospect of j ,
naking arrangements with the Macon, Slate and |
jieorgia Railroads, to run accommodation cars j
;ariy every morning nna late in me aiternoon, 10 |
jrilnn, Marietta, Stone Mountain, and Decatur, i
o give visitors the opportunity of the accommolationa
ofthe good Hotels at those places while in
ittendance u|K)n the Fair.
14th. The citizens of Atlanta have provided
jomfortable quarters for Committees and Officers, '
?nd others engaged in the laborious business of '
lie lair. '
loth. The Secretary is directed to publish
hese regulations in the Cultivator, and to pro- '
;ure as far as practicable their publication in the
iveekly papers of this and the adjoining States. ,
By order of the Committee of Arrangements. 1
DAVID W. LEWIS, 1
Sec'y Southern Central Agricultural Association. ,
Sparta, 25th June, 1850. ,
matheyves & roper,
Factorsand Commission Merchants, forCotton,
Rice, Bagging small country Produce, Vunlerhorsi'x
WharfT Charleston, 8f. C j I
FERDINAND MOULTON,
YTTORNEV AMD COUNSELLOR AT LAW, | ,
YVill practice m the several courts in the District, j ,
and attend to the prosecution of chunta I
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7lh streets, opposite the!
Seneral Post Ulfice, , , i
2nw,tf ?
FOR T1IE SPRINGS.
LADIES retiring to the springs or country, will
find at PARKER'S, just opening, a fresh !
upply of Toilette Articles, auch aa very superior j
JAY RUM,COLOGNE,in bottleaand on draught, j 1
:au lustral, ox marrow, denti'rice,
Ac.,comb, hair,tooth,and nail ( c
irushes, at '
parker s r
*" Fnnry Comb mul Perfumery Store, ' '
aug.8. Penn. Av, near National Hotel '
ir Hi- - ' ii I
' PKOiPJ&CTCi
"imSOUTHERN TRESS."
An.H^mnttoi, ol *i?ty-three MtaWo atCoacnM,
i>enatami mi Representatives, have constituted the
anden^ned 4 Committee U superintend the Mtatdisbinemtof
* Southern Picas at Washington City,
to he ihratU to the exposition and defence of Mouthcm
ft if hie end institutions?the liiuunriiuthe of
coejreet iutametion a* to Northern Policy, end the
course of Political atlaira generally, without reference
to the old purty lines of Whig and lJenoeitt. Arrangements
ere now in progress, promptly to eneure
the teeue of euch a paper under the title of
"THE SOUTHERN PRESS,"
for the r..uduct uf which, suitable Editors have been
engaged, who will also receive the aid of a number
oi eminent and and able contributor*.
'I here will be a daily, a tri-weekly, and a weekly
issue?tks latter t? contain substantially, the same
matter as the former, and intended to reach those
|K>iot* of the country whose mail facilitie* are limited.
The paper will not be txelmlvaly political?-but
will embrace ou its broad sheet the General News of
the day, Domestic and Foreign, by mail and telegraph
j Commercial and Agricultural Intelligence,
Literary Criticisms, Original Essays, Literary and
Miscellaneous} and, in short, all those items of
general interest, the collected aggregate of which
constitute! the interesting and valuable Newspaper.
Great care will be taken to give full and correct
Reports of the Proceedings and Debates in both
Houses of Congress, as well as the action of the
local Legislatures on the Southern question.
A limited number only of Adveitisements will be
eceived?the main object being to furnish a large
amount of reading matter.
The paper will be printed on a sheet equal in size
to those of the other Washington papers, and the material
will be procured especially for the purpose.
It is confidently hoped that every true frieud to the
South will aid in procuring subscribers, and forward
the uaines, with the amount subscribed, to some
Southern Representative at Washington, forthwith.
Postmasters are authorised by law to remit subscriptions
Ircu of ]K*?lage ,
Terms.
For Daily?the price will be per annum, - $10,00
For Tri-weekly during the Session of Congress,
and Mcmi-weekly during the recess, - 5 00
? _ _ 9 nn
vycchi" - The
price of subscription must be paid invariably
in cdvunce, and the cash accompanying the name
sent.
All persons procuring ten names shall be entitled to
receive a copy gratis for one year.
A. P. BUTLEll,
JACKSON MOliTON,
11. TOOMBS,*
.1. THOMPSON.
WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE.
1MIE next annual session of this Institution will
commence on the 2d Wednesday in October.
FACULTY.
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THE flEl?DyWW>U U3|iBM>
MSSTfMO or THE CEKTlAb OOetMtTTEE VOM THE IWfr
ted itmuPoreua**
to the notice civeo, the Central Com**
Kmcteat the roam of the Nalkmel bnrjtate, miks
teat Otkm, on Thursday e? cuing, the 13th Hlhrt)
at 8 o'clock.
The meeting mi called to order br FroCiraaorWak
tcr H- Jobneon, on whnae motion Col. Peter Fore*
was called to the Chair, and Charles F. SUnbory
etwees Secretary of the maetiag.
Tbia ttn^oniy uwipiifla having been elected,
the committee proceeded to organize permanently by
tbaeppointmeae of the Hoo. Millard Fillmore, vice
JtaAtentof the United gtatae, Chairman, and Ptuf
Wulflr R. Jokoson SocruUrv.
- At the the request of tbeChahrman, (Col. Force,)
the following papain ware read by Frof. Johnson, in
explanation of the appointment and dutiaa of the
committee:
flhrvre Department,
Washington, May 17,1850.
To the Prtoidont iff Ma JNhttonat InttUule
for the Promotion ?T Seiomo,
Sin: 1 bava the honor herewith to transmit copaaa
of a correspondence which haa taken place between
the Minuter Plenipotentiary of bar Majesty
the (fueea of Great Britain and tfcia Departasout (relative
to the proposed Industrial Exhibition to be held
in iionuaa in inn yrtr iboi.
From the cisoular of the Royal CaamuaaMawrs ?|
Great Britain, hereto annexed, it wilt be obaerved that
11 objects intended to be introduced front forrign
countries and entered for thnt Exhibition are rsqsdgsd
to have been tint aubmitted to and approved by a central
authority or eomminrkm of tne country from
which they shall he brrought, and tint no other will
he recognized aa a central authority except such at
hall have been ao certified by the Govenuneut of th?
country in which it exists.
That American industry and arts may be enabled to
appear in the place allotted to them, it will he indispensable
that a recognized central authority should b?
constituted; and 1 am under the impression that the
National Institute, having been regularly incorporated
by act of Congress, and being habitually engaged in
matters pertaining to the arts and sciences, u the
proper body for taking the initiative in constituting
such a central authority.
1 therefore beg leave to submit to its consideration
the interesting and important subject which lias been
brought to the attention of this Department by the
distinguished EuVoy of her Majesty's Government,
and to request such action or suggestions as may seen
necessary in order that the natural productions, the
ingenuity, industry, and arts of the United State!
may be fully and suitably represented on the interesting
occasion herein referred to.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours,
JOHN M. CLAYTON.
This communication was laid before the National
Institute, and by it referred to % select committee,
which brought forward the following report:
Report of the Committee of the Notional Institute:
The special committee, to which was referred
the communication from the Hon. John M. Clay
ton, Secretary of State, relative to the formation
of a central authority for transmitting articles to
the Industrial Exhibition to b? held in Loudon in
1851, offers the following report:
The committee, impressed with the importance
of the subject commended to the Institute, have
given to .it their earnest and careful attentionThe
resourses, the ingenuity, the industry, and
arts of the United States are conceived to merit
he best eddeavors to procure for them the opportunities
of being adequately represented in the
great Industrial Exhibition at London.
A trori'M hi v tn the nrrxrranimc udontcd hv the ttov
al Commission, no articles are to be received from
Foreign Exhibitors except those which shall have
been approved by a central authority, recognized as
such by the Government of the country from which
they are sent.
This Institute being the only Society for the Prootion
of Science and the Arts, directly incorporated
by the Government, the Secretary of State has deemed
it the appropriate body to take action or make suggestions
relative to the fulfilment of the wishes of* the
lloyal Commissioners, by the establishment of such a
central authority as the case sceins to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the port of the Secretary
of State, the committee consider the National
In-titute in duty bound to respond.
In accordance with this view, the committee respectfully
recommend the following resolution :
1. Resolved, That the Institute will take action
on the subject submitted to it by the Department of
State.
2. Resolved, That the Institute do now proceed
to constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government as a central body to bold correspondence
with the British Commissioners, and to secure
the reception of American pioductions at the proposed
Industrial Exhibition in JLondon.
PETER FORCE, 1
JOSEPH HENRY. |
WALTER R JOHNSON, ) Committee.
J. J. UREENOUGH, |
CHAKL.ES WILKES, J
National Institut?,
Washington, May 27. 1850.
Sir : I have the honor to make known to the Department
of State the action which this Institute bus
taken on the subject of your communication of the
17th instant. That action is comorised in the follow.
ing resolutions, unanimously adopted after full discussion
at tlie meeting held this evening.
liResolvcd, That the In-titute will take action on
the subject submitted to it by the Department ol
State.
Resolved That the Institute do now proceed to
constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government to hold correspondence with the
British Commissioners, and to secure the reception of
American productions at the proposed Industrial Exhibition
in Eondon.
"Resolved, That a committee of not less than nineteen
be appointed to constitute a Central Committee
in the Industrial Exhibition, and to correspond with
tocicties and local committees throughout the U nited
States.
<lResolved, That the President of this Institute be
i member of the Central Committee.
"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary comnunicatc
to the Secretary of State a copy of the foregoing
resolutions, together with the names of the
Central Committee."
The following are the names of the members of
he Central Committee appointed in accordance with
he foregoing resolutions :
don. MTUard Fillmore, Vice President of the United
States, and ex officio Chancellor of the Regents of
the SmithsoniaA Institution.
Hoi. Peter Force, President of the National Institute.
don. James A Pearcc, U. S. Senate, member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution,
don. Devi Woodbury, M. N. I., Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United States.
Hommodorc Go wis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography.
>rof. Joseph Henry, Vice President of the N. I., Secretary
of the Smithsonian Institute.
?rof. Walter R. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary of
the National Institute.
Jrof. Alexander D. Bache, M. N. I.j member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute, and
Superintendent of the Coast Survev.
Hommandcr Charles Wilkes, U. S. N., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition.
Ion. William W. Scaton, M. N. 1., Mayor of Washington.
don. Jefferson Davis, U. S. Senate, member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute.
Jeut. Matthew F. Maury, U. N. N., Vice President
oi me national institute, ana superintendent ot the j
National Obsservatory.
. James (ireenough, Esq., M. N. IJbftrles
F. Stansbury, Esq., Recording Secretary of
the National Institute.
Jul. J. J. Abert, M. N. I., Chief of th? Topographical
Bureau.
?en. Joseph (J. Totten, \icc President N. I , Chief
Enjcineer, U S. Arm v.
*homa? Evrbank. Esq , Commissioner of Paten's.
Villiain Easby, Esq., Treasurer National Institute.
^eonanl D. Gale, M. P., M. N. 1 ., Examiner of
Patents.
oneph C. (I. Kennedy, Esq., M. N. I., Superintendent
of Census.
r.t C. Seaman, Esq., M. N. I.
I have the honor to be
Very respectfully, vour nh't sorvt,
WAL TF.lt R. JOHNSON,
Cor. Secretary of the National Institute,
lion. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State.
Department op State,
L.? a , uzn
' ' iwri, www O, I o.?U.
Sir : I have duly received your letter of the 27th
Itimo, communicating to tlrs Department the prosedings
of the .National Institute on the subject of my
r?te of the 17th of the same month. Those proceed- 1
igs appear to me to be perfectly satisfactory ; and I
ave accordingly transmitted'tbc-m to the British Minter
in this city, with the communication, a copy of
hich is enclosed for your information. 1
I am, sir, respectfully, your dIPt serv't,
JOHN M.CLAYTON.
Walter N. Johnson, Esq., Corresponding
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department or State,
Washington, June 1, 1850. <
Sir : I have the honor to transmit to you herewith
copy of the correspondence which has pesstd be- '
reen this Department and the National Institute for j
i? Promotion of Science, respecting the organisation
a committee to eonatitute the central authority re- I
ired by the regulations of the Royal Commission on I
pplpiipiiipppippplpl
%
wmmmmmmmmmmmmamm
Hkm'pmmmt hAadbhdAlltfoihs* as t u li mi Ip*
Min&i
knvMH ?* i&mamRBR* tba aSStto.
ljwad?*<#y mj *f**i mifc* poypfdioy
oftW Nations 1 Iactituta, as M*3p^?0u* correso<^
' wSSW?*?*fe 9v F^L^Wtwra, r?Jf
Extract f*mm At Ctoafor ^ A* fsysl C?mmi* u
tkrnm.
r " The ^eandeAHNw have fell that H wdttld be
desirable, as for a*jpoastbts,iO prevent any per*
sons from sending huher MUm which cwmkm be
admitted, rather ato W ijpw* the articles after
, tbrir amrcd tn Loixtwy. tJWfc?d alee that the
admission uf 11jndllati"of'ssiialie rf<ietiii?i fw m.
htbtOott by forei^n^mrlbatam awhtpot <? be boaposed
upon any FhfjMl ttfo?nai,fc?t should be
referred to one * ?* ma eaoftdacwe of the #*bibHora
their*., ves, sndsNnihaw entirely free feotn
poaaibl' nputations ot national partiality, They
necc .ttgtv propose to admit to exhibition sack
foreign articles only as may be forwarded to them
by the Central Authority "(whatever may W its
nature} in each country. They will communicate
to sucn Central ^puthority the amount of apace
which can be alMvcd to the nndnntinM ?r >k?
country for which it seta, and will also atata the
conditions and limitations which may from time
to time be decided on witli respect to the admission
of artielea. All articles forwarded by Bach Central
Authority will then hr admitted, providwHhey
do not require a greater aggregate amount of
apace than that assigned to the productions of the
country front which they come; and, provided,
also, that they do not violate the conditions and
limitations of which due notice shall have been
given. It will rest with the Central Authority iu
each country to decide upon the merits of the
several articles presented for exhibition, and to
take ear* that those which axe sent are such e?
fairly represent the industry of their fellow-coun;
try men.
" Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider
that to be the Central Authority in each case vhkh
| u stated to bt to by the Government qf Us country.
Having once been put in communication with a
| Central Authority in any country, they must de,
cline, absolutely and entirely, any communication
i with private and unauthorized individuals ; and,
should any such be addressed to them, they can
only refer to a central body. This decision is
essentially necessary, in order to prevent concision.
I " No articles of foreign manufacture, to whom,
soever they may belong, or wheresoever they may
be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
come with the sanction of the Central Authority
of the country of which they are the produce.
The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles
being in all cases actually forwarded by the
Central Authority, though they consider that this
would generally be the most satisfactory arrangement
; Dut it is indispensable that the sanction of
such authority should in all cases be expressly
given, and that it be held responsible for the fitness
of such articles for exhibition, and for not
authorizing the exhibition of a greater quantity
than can be accommodated in the space assigned
to the productions of the country in question."
A Aill discussion was then had of the subject
thus laid before the committee, and, on motion of
the Hon, W. W. Sea ton, it was?
Resolved, Ti\at the Committee of five first charged
with this subject by the Institute (substituting
Mr. Kennedy for Mr. Greenough, who is absent)
be an Executive Committee to take all necessary
steps to carry out the views of the general com
miuee.
The following gentlemen constitute the Execu
tive Committee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
R. Johnson, Prof. Joseph Henry, J. C. Q. Kennedy,
Esq., Capt. Charles Wilkes.
On motion? ~
Resolved, That the Secretary he requested to
[irepare the proceedings of this meeting for pubi
cation.
And the Committee adjourned.
CHARLES F. STANSBUJtY.
Secretary of the Meeting.
N. B.?Associations,'committees, or individuals
desirous to make propositions or to receivelnformation,
are requested to address their communications
to J. C. G. Kennedy, Esq.
THE THIRD ANNUAL VOLUME
or THE
SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE,
Was commenced on Saturday, the 4th of May,
1850, under its original name?instead of Richards'
Weekly Gazette?as more significant ol its peculiur
character, it being the only weekly organ of Literature
in the entire South! It is
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns of
matter. It is, moreover, in an
Entirely .Veto Dress
"from head to foot," and upon beautifVit wnite
paper, so that, in mechanical excellence, it is not
surpassed by any paper whatever in the United
States! It continues under the same Editorial
direction as heretofore, and no pains or expense
will be spared to make it
A Choice Family Newspaper,
"as cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the
best!" Utterly discarding the notion that a
Southern journal cannot compete with the Northern
weeklies, in cheapness and interest,
The Southern Literary Gazette
rivals the best of them in all the characteristics ol
a truly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim is the
diffusion of cultivated and refined taste tliroughci't
the community?and it embraces in its ample
folds ever species of intelligence that can tend to
this result.
Original Contributions,
from many of the ablest writers in the South, vj
chieriy occupy its columns, but not to the exclusion
of choice miscellany, selected1 from the best
American and European sources.
Tl.? ?~r.? .u- "-?
jl..v vu><^ ui iuc uuiaie is inuepenaeni in
criticism and in the discussion of every legitimate
topic, but it is strictly
Mutral in Politics and Religion !
Its columns are occasionally embellished with
Southern Portraits ana La"-d*rapes,
engravtd expressly for the work, and accompanied
by biographical and 'oprgraphieal sketches.
Jls Ueneral Information
is copious, but caiefully condensed from the
leading journals of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in the size
and attractions of the paper, it is still published at
Two Dollars Per Annum, in Mtance !
it will be furnished to persons becoming responsible
for the whole number of copies, and having
them sent to one address, on the following terms :
Three copies, $5
Five copies, H
Ten copies, 15
Fifteen copies, 20
Twenty copies, 25
Fifty copies, 60
id3* All orders must be accompanied with the
money, and addressed, post pai, to
WALKER & RICHARBS.
Charleston, S. G
WORTHINGTON G. SNETHEN,
formerly Solicitor of the General Land (]fjict.
Attorney axi> C<thnsei.lor at Law,
Continues to practic^in the Supreme Court 01
the United States, in the Courts of the District ot
Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, to prosecute
claims of ull kinds against the United Slates, either
before Congress or any of the Executive Departments,
and to procure letters patent for inventions.
Business confided to his care, will be
promptly attended to.
N. B. Particular attention paid to the prosecution
of claims before the Brazilian Commission
now sitting in Washington
Washington City, P. C. July 11. 1850J
RA. PRINGLE, No." 30, East Bay street,
? Charleston, South Carolina.?Importer of
French CALF SKINS; Manufacturer's Agent
and Dealer in BROOM'S, BOOTS and SHOES-,
Advances made on consignment of Brogans or
Southern Manufacture. Parties wishing to consign,
will send samples of their make, und on receipt
of their consignment, a liberal cash advance
will be made. Information promptly imparted,
as to the style, but adapted to the trade.
Charleston, S. C., July 16, 1850.?djy
To Southern Gentlemen or Literary institutions.
A young man, a graduate of St. Mary 's ColjTjL
lege, Baltimore, wishes to obtain as it nation
*s Assistant in an Academy, or Private Tutor.?
He is qualified to teach the highest branches ot
Sreek, Latin, French, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry,
Mathematics and English Literature.?
The highest testimonials as to character and qualifications
can be produced. Address, post-paid.
H X.Y. Post Offer. Baltimore,MrW

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