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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, October 17, 1850, Image 1

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Ell wood Fisher A Edwin De Less.
TERMS. imsjfi
LLY, flO 00
I-WKKKI.Y, * 00
?KKLY, i 00
y- Subscriptions payable in advance. Any perprocurifif
ttre subscribers shall receive one copy
ti?. All letters to the Editors to be post-paid.
feinted ev o. a iaoe.
H-piCK, renasylvauia Avenue south side, between
and <4 streets.
'' ? .1 1 . . 1 . , . i1 - i. 1
Vol. 55. Washington, Thursday, October 17, 1S50. Mo. 5.
i i . ??? i
000*?^*?'?-?0" l^e night of the
wl/v/ 10th of September, 1850, my brother
I. John Jones of Pittsylvania county, Virginia,
a very badly wounded by Dr. John M'. Clopi,of
Henry county, Virginia. Col. Jones had
led to spend the night with Mr. Bryant W.
>wlpi, wno lives near Leatherwood Post Office,
enry. About dark Dr. Clopton rode to the gate
d requested an interview with Col. Jones, who
mediately started out to see him, and when he
d arrived within about ten steps of the gate,
opton inquired if that was Col. Jones, ana be?
informed it was, discharged a gun at him heay
loaded with bullets anil shot, which took efct
in the left leg, breaking ihe thigh bone and
herwise seriously injuring the limb. 1 will pay
e above reward of two hundred dollais, for the
(prehension and delivery of said Clopton to the
oper authorities of Henry county, to be dealt
itn, pursuant to law, where warrants have been
sued for bis apprehension. Dr. Clopton is about
i years old, about six feet high, has blue eyes,
try gray for bis age; he is singular in his mantra
and dress, at times quite polite, converses
ell and weighs about 160 or 170 pounds.
Oct. 6, 1850.
ftp. wr.i.r. nnjvF.
treet, JNorth river, new iora, wim me uu?cmnent
mails and passengers for San Francisco
,nd intermediate ports.
The connexion at Panama will be carefully I
:ept up, and passengers for San Francisco are
uaranteed that they will not be delayed at Panaaa
beyond the usual stay in port.
The books are now open, and passage can be
ecured at the following rates :
State-room berth $100
Standee berth, forward salooon - - - 80
Steerage berth, found bed & separate table 50
State-room berth - #300
Steerage berth, found bed & separate table 150
State-room. Standee. Steerage
?o Charleston or Savannah $25 $20 $10
?o Havana - - - *- 70 55 25
.\> New Orleans - ? - 75 60 25
Freight to New Orleans 25 cents per cubic foot.
Freight to Havana will be taken in limited
uantity at reasonable rates.
Consignees to receive their goods at ship's
ickle immediately after her arrival at Havana.
To secure freight or passage, apply at the office
f the company, 77 West street, corner of Waren
steet, to M. 0. ROBERTS.
Special Notice is given to shippers by this
ne, that the company have prepared a form of
ni imiinT nftnniPfl to their business, which will
e furnished to shippers on application at the
ompany's office, and with which they are reuested
to provide themselves, as no other form
rill be signed by the agents of the company. All
ills of lading must be signed before the sailing of
October 4, 1850.
ItTILLlAM TUCKER, Merchant Tailor,
VV (of the late firm of Lane & Tucker A would
all the attention of his friends and the public genrally
to his stock of Goods now opening, which
as been selected by himself from the largest imorting
houses in New York, and by far thegreatst
variety and richest styles 1 ever offered in this
ity. Strangers are respectfttlly and earnestly socited
to give me a call and examine my stock ber?re
purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to
heir advantage.
And I would especially call the attention of ofcers,
both of the army and the navy, to the fact
luu 1 am prepared to execute all kinds of uniforms,
ccording to the late regulations, at the shortest
lotice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both in
he cutting and making departments, equal to any
stablishment in this country.
W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to his Humerus
friends for their long and continued patronage,
nd hopes, by the same diligence and attention to
usiness, to merit a continuance of the same.
All orders promptly executed,
sep 20?3tw3w?dAlrw
ITT ILL BE RECEIVING every day during
W next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancy
roods suitable for PRESENTS, Ac. Also a
irge assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums,
loaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining
a the toilet. PARKERS'Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Penn. av., near National Hotel.
Sept. l'JGtif
GLOVES.?On Monday the 23d inst., I will
eceive another assortment of Fresh Kid Gloves,
nd will thereafter be constantly receiving fresh
upplies of the same of all sizes>nd colors.
PARKERS' Fancy and Perfumery Store
sept2i?3td Penn. a v., rear National Hole
PARIS MILLINERY. Will be opened at
Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on Saturday, the 5th
>st., a rich assortment of
\| Washington without one of Parker's wonder1
Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; his Badgerair
Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Shaving
oap. A new assortment of all the above opened
lis day. PACKER'S Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Penn. av. near National "Hotel.
Library of Congress, Oct. 7, 1850.
brary of Congress will be closed on Tuesday,
ie 15th instant, and will not again be opened until
"ftursday, the 14th day of November.
JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian.
Nov. 8, eod2w
VA.?Tie thirteenth Annual Course of
Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of
Jctober, 1850, and continue until the 1st of the
rnsuing March. The coinmencment for conferring
legrees will be held about the middle of March.
R. L. Bonannan, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
ind Diseases of Women and Children.
L. W. Ch amber la yne, M. D., Prof, of Mate ia
Medica and Therapeutics.
S. Maupin, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and
Chas. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery
ind Surgical Anatomy.
Carttzr P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatony
and Physiology.
David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and
Practice of Medicine.
Arthur E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator
>f Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may be prose:uted
with the most ample fhcilities, and at very
rifling expense.
Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the Colege
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
nfirmary, under the same roof with the College
ind subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
it all times well filled with medical and surgical
lases. and furnishes Deculiar facilities for clinical
nstruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
jeing freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under
he guidance of the Professors, unusual opportulities
for becoming familiar with the symptoms,
liagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors'
ees,^105, Demonstrator's fee, $10. Graduation
The price of board, including ftiel, lights, and
lervants' attendance, is usually $3 to m per
The catalogue, &c., containing fuller informoion
concerning the institution, will be forwarded
o those applying for it, or specific inquiries will
>e answeree by letter. Address,
S. MAUP1N, M. D.,
Oct. 2 Dean of the Faculty.
]1HE United States Mail Steamship Company
. will despatch the splendid double-engine
teainship GEORGIA, on Friday, October 11th.
t 3 o'clock, p. m., from the pier, foot of Warren
* 1 wr V JL !?L * I
H^HE public will be gratified to learn that the
I U nited States Mail Steamship Company are enabled
to announce that their arrangements are now
complete for sending passengers through from
New York to San Francisco and back.
In the first attempts of this Company to meet
the wants of travel to California, l>y providing
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
ships from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed
upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
through passages from Panama in advunce, for
their ships then going round. This w-as done
from a desire to accommodate those who could
nrivniv mistttttirptt in no other nunrter. nnH hv
which, whatever might be the detention, they
would reach .San Francisco sooner than by any
other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence
of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the lipie, prevented
their ships from reaching Panama as soon
as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus,
which was increased by the impatience of
passengers in going forwurd, against the advice
of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship
could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now all removed.
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended
for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama,
and several of them have performed trips to San
Francisco and back. So that the Company are
now able to give the public the assurance that the
voyage through from New York to San Francisco,
will be performed with regularity and despatch.
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco,
consists of the
REPUBLIC, Capt. Hudson.
ITHMUS, Capt. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck.
ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.et.
Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York
to Chagres, of the
GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Cupt. Schenck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N.
The connection between the two lines will be
carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama,
will arise.
The large size, well known speed, and superior
accommodations of their New York und Chagres
Line, and the speed and accommodations of the
ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, 1
rapid,and pleasant through passage to California.
Cor. Warren and West sts., New York.
Aug. 15?lm
National Medical College, Washington,
District of Columbia.
THE annual course of lectures will commence
on the first Monday in November, the 4th
msuuii ;
Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics
and the diseases of women and children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Merlica, Therapeutics, and Hygiene.
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor ofSur(iraflon
Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
and Practice of Medicine.
Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor
of Anatomy and Physiology.
Edward Foreman, M.D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three times a week, on cases
selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - $90
Demonstrator's ticket - - 10
Graduation fee - - 25
Good board can be procured at from $2 to $3
per week.
Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty.
C. ?fc E. ij. K ? R RI SO N & CO.
I TTTOTTr.D rennertfullv inform their friendH and
YV those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
city, that they are now prepared to offer a large,
choice, and well assorted stock of
Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods.
As they receive the bulk oftheir goods DIRECT
from EUROPEJW PORTS, they feel assured of
being able to compete successfully with any other
market in the United States.
209 King street, north-west corner of
King and Market streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3m j
rPHE subscribers are constantly receiving direct
I fVom the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR
ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern
trade, and to which they with confidence invite
the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that
the goods will be found PURE FI^IX, to wit:
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns
Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens
Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers
Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted
Damask Doylies, Napkins and Cloths, of various
Dowlu8s, Glass Cloths, Black, White& Brown
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc.
209 King street, Charleston, S. C.
Sep. 3, 1850?3m
Institution will commence on the first Monday
in November next, on the following branches:
Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D. ^
Institutes and Practice ol lVteaicine, oy o. rienry
Dickson, M. D.
Surgery, by E.Geddings, M. D.
Physiology, by James Moultrie, M. D.
Materia Medica, by Henry Ii. Frost, M. D.
Obstetrics, by Thos. G. Prioleau, M. D.
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ruvenel,
M. D.
Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine Ho-- ]
pital and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a
week on the Diseases of thut Institution.
Dr. E. B. Flagg, Physician to the Alms House.
Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Surgery
at the College Hospital.
HENRY R FROST, M. P., De..n.
Tiifci SUUSUKiiiftKQ, utreci importers or all
WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per
Ships, "Gulnare," "Orion,"and Somerset,"
from Liverpool, their fail supply of PLAINS,
Kilmarnock Cape, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., Ac., expressly
suited to our Southern Planters trade, and
to an inspection of which, they confidently invite
all who visit the Charleston Market,
209 King St., northwest cor. King A Market sts.
Charleston, Sept. 3?
Georgetown College, D. C.
I lege will be resumed on the 16th instant.
septl4?3td JAM ES RYDER, Pres't
- IWn.. 1 1 ?' V9f#
have in course .of publication, in parti, trick '
A Dictionay of Machines, Mechanics, j
Engine- Wok, and Engineering.
De.si?-ned for Practical Working-Men, and those j
intended for die Engineering Profession.
Edited hy Oliver Btrne, formerly Prqfessor qf, <
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ; ' <
Author and Inventor of" The Calculus qfEorm," i (
> "The Mw ami Improved System of Logarithinu," I
"The Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc.,etc. j ]
THIS work is of large 8*0. size, containing nearly i
tioo thousand pages, upwards of ffletn hundred ]
plaits, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present
working-drawings and descriptions of the most im- i
portant machines in the United States. Indepen- i
dently of the results of American ingenuity, it will 1
kuinaiu vuui|mcic jjiucucai ireausci on aiecnanics, i
Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering; with
all that is useful in more than one thousand dot- '
lars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other .
books, among which may be mentioned the following
: !
1. Bibliotheque desArts Industriels. (Masson,
2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal.
3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackit;,
4. Publication Industrielle. (ArmengaudAine,
Paris.) j
5. Jamieson's Mechanics of.Fluids.
6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.)
7. Aligemine Bauzeilung mit Abbildungen. 1
(1 orator, Wien.) 1
8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te dcs Eisenbahnwe- j
sens in technischer Bezichung. (Von Waldegg,
Wiesbaden.) <
6. Sherwin's Logarithims.
10. Byrne's Logarithms. <
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of 1
Oliver Byrne.
12. Silliman's Journal. j
13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (IIuls*
se, Leipzig.
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
, America contracted.
15. Holtzapffels'Turning and Mechanical Manippulation.
16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eisenbahn-Zcitung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20- Dictionnaire dcs A: tset Manufactures. (La- |
boulaye, Paris.
21. Sganzin's C vil Engineering.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmetcr.
23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation.
24. Essai sur l'Industric dcs Matieres Textiles i
(Michel Alcan, Paris.) ,
25. Macneill's Tables.
26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Teinpleton's Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary.
29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Wcisbach's Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Mathematician. (London.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. llanri's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and
Architecture. (Moslev.)
35. Journal of the Franklin Institute.
36. The Transaction# of the Institute of Civil j
Engineers. (London.)
37. The Artisan.
38. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published
by Weale, London.)
39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.)
4(1 Student's (luide to the Locomotive F.nfine.
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow,
42. Recueildes Machines Instrumenset Appareil.
(Le Blanc, Puri3.)
43. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Machines.
(G. Rennie.)
45. Repertoire dcl'Industrie Franquaise et Eiran_
gere. (L Malhias, Paris.) J
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom,
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law,
48. Hodge on the Steam-Engine
49. Scientific Ameiican.
50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik )
51. American Artisan. j
52. Mechanic's Magazine. i
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur,
(De Bonnefoux, Paris.)
55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.)
56. Brees' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
58. Bowditch's Navigation. i
59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. '
60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia. ]
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London.
62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering. <
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. ]
64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. ]
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Has- j
koll.) ?
66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) (
The great object of this publication is, to place <
before practical men and students such an amount <
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a con- 1
densed form, as shall enable them to work to the
best advantage, and to avoid tnose misiaKes wnicn t
they might otherwise commit The amount ot .
useful information thus brought together, is almost
beyond a precedent in sucb works. Indeed there is
hardly any subject within its range which is not
eatcd with such clearness and precision, that even i
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of
understanding, and thus learning from it much
which it is importrnt for him to know.
From the annexed list of the principal authors e
and subject comprised in this work it is self-evident,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
from the possession and study of this publication, f
The following m >y be especially designated :
Millwrights. ]
Moulder and Boiler Makers. 1
Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. ^
Cullers, and Workers of Steel in general. j
Carpenters. ^
Brickmaker-. (
Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. g
Civil Kngiix era. Railway Contractors, and Cor,* J
tractors for Earth-Work, ar.d Masonry of every )
Architects an I Bridge B ii!d;-r?.
Buildc:s, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. I
Shipbuilders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpcn- I
ters, and others counseled will building and
Docking Ship*.
Block and Pump Makers. t!
Hemp Dru-ser* and Rope Mal<rrs, f
\l,mifurtu!flis of Linen and Cotton Fabrics. o
Manufacturers of Spuiuir.g Machines, Roving ti
Machines, Card Ike-ken and Finishers, Draw- j
ing Frames' Willows, and P.ckers, etc., connect- j
ed with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. j
Calenderers, Bieachcrs, and Calico Printers j
Cloth Folders, and Measurers, aud persons inter j
estrd in Sewing Machinery. 1
Anchor and Chain Cuble Manufacturers. l
Cutting and Turning Tool Makers
Pin and Needle Makers.
Nail and Rivet Makers.
Bolt and Screw-Roit Makers. ,i
Nail Cutlers, nim ov I j(
J 1
Leather Dressers and Curriers.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms. c
Candle Makers.
Biscuit and Cracker Makers.
Lace MluBi. o
Ribbon Weavers.
Stone Cutters and Marble Masons.
Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers.
Coopers. ,
Cider and Cheese Manufacturers
- ' '
-r?, C rystal, and Plate Glass Makers.
Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of
Sugar Plantations.
Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the
Locomotive generally.
Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills.
Veneer Cutters.
Dwners of Planing Machinery.
Lorn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
and Bran-Separating Machinery.
Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornamenj
Makers in general.
Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing.
Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interested
in Dredging Machinery.
Well Sinkers.
Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical
Apparatus and Instruments.
Miner's Engineers, and other infcartptad in Pumping
Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
Warehousemen, und others, using Hydraulic
Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws,
Common and Feed Cranes.
Workers in Metals and Alloys.
Pin Plate Workers.
Spring Maeufacturers.
Wheelwrights, uiock Makers Horotogmts, ?.c.
The publishers have expended a large sum of
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
almost every work on the sudject, whether pnblished
in England, France, or Germany, the most
pssential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored
louse great economy in type, so that each page of
the work contains at least four times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate woiking-drawngs
of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic
may construct accurately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, leg'ardless
of cost, to make the work as complete as possible
; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain
die work will procure it as issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
The work will he issued in semi-monthly numbers,
commencing in January, 1850, arid will progress
with great regularity.
The whole work will be published in 40 numbers
st 25 cents per number, and completed within
the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance
shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
Notice to Proprietors of Newspapers throughout the
United States and Canada.
If the foregoing adveilisement is inserted five
times during the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis
in payment.
American Statistics.
A short time past we published some statistics
relative to the iflimber of soldiers supplied from
die different States to the revolutionary war. De
Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables relative
to this, and other subjects of equal interest,
which we copy.
1. The number of soldiers furnished by the
A .i,i,? i. .i .u?
lu v i iv^ci 11 uitticn uuiiug uic ICVUIUIIUII, UIIU IIIC
population of each Suite in 1790 and in 1847.
2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several
dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on
each side.
3. Amount of continental money issued to support
the war, and the estimated cost in specie.
Soldiers.. Pop. 1790 1847.
New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000
Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 67,097 475,257 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - - 5,908 69,110 130,000
Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330,000
New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000
Now Jersey, - - - 10,726 181,139 416,000
Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000
Delaware, - - - - 2,386 59,098 80,000
Maryland, - - - 13,912 319,728 495,000
Virginia, - - - - 26,678 748,308 1,270,000
North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000
South Carolina, - - 6,417 249,073 605,000
Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000
Total, - - - - 231,971 2,820,95911,546,000
fr itCTC rr iini wrier, wriiwii
fought. fought. Com. Loss. Com. Loss.
Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245
[JunkerHill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054
Flatbush, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400
W. Plains, Oct '76 Washt'n 300 Howe 300
rrenton, Dec '76 Wusht'n 9 Rahl 1000
Princeton, Jnn '77 Wnslit'n 100 Maw'd 400
Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Rautn 600
Brandy wine,Sep'77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500
'Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e 600
Monmouth,Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400
El. Island, Aug *78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260
Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16
Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wayne 100 Johns'n 600
Eamden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cornw's 375
Eowpens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
jfuilt'ord, Mar'81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523
Eu. Springs,Sep'81 Greene 555 Stewart 1000
The surrender of Cornwailis at Yorktown,Ocober
1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073.
*5,752 British taken prisoners.
3. contineftal monet.
\.mount issued in 1775 $ 2,000,000
?' " 1777 - - 20,000,000
" " in all to July, 1799 358,000,000
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
ipecie, amounted to $135,193,703.
cotton statistics.
We compile from the New York Shipping List
md Price Current, of the 11th September, the folowing
statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
he several States for the year ending 31st August
850: 1850. 1849.
Louisiana 781,886 1,093,797
llabama . .... 350,952 518,706
Florida 181,344 200,186
rexas 31,263 38,827
Jeorgia 344,635 391,372
South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117
tfnrth Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041
Virginia 11,509 17,550
Total crop 2,096,715 2,728,596
)erease from last year 631,881
)ecrease from yeur before .... 250,928
Tiie Past, the Present a.vn the Fixture.?Of
he cotton trade, from the London Economist,
lugust 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards
f 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
rnde in nil its branches." American cotton cron :
8156 ] ,367,235 1842-3 2,378,875
836-7 1,422,930 1843-4 2,030,409
837-8 1,801,497 1844-5 2,394,503
838-9 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537
839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651
840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,634
841-2 1,684,211 1848-9 2,728,596
Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315
Average crop of the laat seven years exceeds
tat the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the
ist just double that of the first?and the crop of
848-9 was more than 184Cr7 by fifty per cent."
Average consumption in Qreat Britain of Amerian
cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales.
The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales.
Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales.
[YARKER, Agent for the above very superior
r HAIR WASH, received, this day, 12gross.
Vhelesale and retail, at
From Ffastr's .Magazine.
At Swindon, when the night drew nigh,
Pew were the trains that went thereby,
And very dreary was the sigh
Of damsels waiting dolefully.
But Swindon saw another sight,
When the train came at dead of night,
Commanding oil and gas to light
Much stale confectionery.
By soups and coffee fast allured,
Each passenger his choice secured,
Excepting those locked in, immured,
By sly policeman's treachery.
Then ruslied the moli, by hunger driven;
Then vanished buns, In pieces riven;
And louder than the orders given
Fast popped the beer-artillery.
And further yet that train shall go,
And deeper yet shall be their woe,
And greater horrors shall they know,
Who bolt their food so speedily.
Time's up! but scarce each sated one
Can pierce the steam-cloud, rolling dun,
Where curious tart and heavy bun
Lie in dyspeptic sympathy.
The combat deepens. On, ye brave !
Who scald your throats in hope to save
Some spoonfuls of your soup, the knave
Will charge for all he ladles ye!
Few, few, digest where many eat,
The nightmare shall wind up their feat,
Each carpet-bag beneath their seat
Shall seem a yawning sepulchre.
From the London Punch.
To persons auout to marry.?On the present
occasion, Mr. Punch offers his felicitating c ompliments?
Mr. Punch feeling that the interests of the
blissful rite of marriage are best honored and advanced
by a serious and faithful report th ereof,
begs to inform the nuptial world that marriage?
(wlien the breakfusts are satisfactorily splendid
and the cakes sufficiently tasteful)?are punctually
Mr. Punch is induced to offer himself, and to
throw open his journal, to wedding-parties, (of
wid uigucni wun.uQiuirMi; nwiu n oci.bc ui impatience
und dissatisfaction at the manner in winch
the moat important moment of human life is too
frequently dismissed by the unreflecting and incapable.
Young ladies are really thrown nway
at the altar; when, with u little judicious treatment,
they might be made a most attractive feature
in the public newspapers. Now, it is the
purpose of Mr. Punch, either to attend himself,
or to give the necessary credentials to one of his
young gentlemen, who, capable of treating the
ceremony like an artist, shall take care that brides,
like flowers, do not bloom to blush unseen; who
shall wander from boquet to boquet of the bridesmaids,
like a honey bee, and who shall be further
warranted to carry away in his eye every bonnet,
cap, gown, jacket, visile, victorine, &c.,&c.,of
the partyIt
will be the object of Mr. Punch to mnke the
weddings of private families public to the meanest
capacity; and thereby carry out to the fullest,
a principle but poorly attempted by certain Brighton
contemporaries. Mr. Punch subjoins a skeleton
The abode of the Bride.?The morning sun
glows on the climWtig roses. The skylark, poised
immediately over the chimney, throws u gush of
notes down the fire-pUce. The hearth, where the
infant feet of the bride, &c., &c. And still the
lark sings, tira-lira, tira-lira, &c.
The gathering of the Neighborhood.?The
[ meadows are uoueu wmi uu ciussts or persons,
mostly women. The dots becomes lines?still
women. The church-yard becomes crowded?
and overflows, principally with women.
Interior of the Church.?Not less than a ,
hundred and fifty new bonnets?white, the pre- ,
vailing color. School-children anxioua and mot- I
tied in the gallery. Silence is so profound that !
the watch of theclerlt is heard convulsively ticking. '
Moment of intense excitement. The church
door opens. It is the Bride! No?the Beadle I
has a new pair of shoes that creak despite of the i
aisle. 1
Consider a in. e Sensation?The Bridegroom .
and his Brother.?The bridegroom wears the ,
mustachios of the Itoyal Sanguinary Bull's, and
the jingling of his spurs brings the color to more
than one fitir cheelr. It is remarked that the
bridegroom has bright buttons on his cout; and
his brother, vindicating his fraternity on so inter
esting an occasion, also has his buttons bright. i
The Bridesmaids.?The fourteen bridesmaids >
(the Misses Etcetera) descend upon the church |
floor, thereby disproving the old poetic error that j |
birds of paradise do not touch the ground. They
are all dressed in rainbow polkas, with apple-blos- f
som skirts of the garden of Eden, and it is further
remarked by the casual spectator, that each of 1
them has, in the words of the lamented Bayley, !i
"grace in her steps, heaven in her eye, arid in t
every gesture dignity and love." r
WArrivai. of the Bride.?The bride nppears, t
"and the organist in the loft is about to play God
save the Queen, he is so struck with the wonderful
likeness of the interesting fiance to Her Moat Gracious
Majesty; the bride being a sparkling brunette.
She is dressed in the mist of orient silver,
flounced with uphorite lace. She wears the veil j
of the morning, and is crowned with the apples of j
the Hesperides. (
The Group.?Looking at the gorgeous group
of distinguished friends that adorn this eventful !
moment, we rejoice to observe the noble (here 1
parties will of course supply the proper names) '
and the excellent , and the gallant , I
and the much respected , &c., &c. \
The Ceremont.?The bride whose color comes t
and goes, but stops when the ceremony is com- t
pleted, behaves with a fortitude that must, could .
if be possible, still further endear her to her now '
gallant lord. The ceremony is performed by IJr. *
Tye, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Knott, and we 1
were delighted to hear that a relay of three more j s
clergymen was ready at a minute's summons, had I *
such assistance been deemed necessary. I e
Egress from the Church.?The bride is led | d
radiant from the altar, when the spectators can no j a
longer control their natural anxietv, but mob the i j
Rnrtrtv nnir hiddintr defiance Ln the eHiirln nf the ..
tlJ r ? r * 7 7"*" ? ? *,,v j
blooming bridesmaids to rejoin their beauteous n
charge. At the hour we go to preen, three bridesmaids
are missing ; which fact will, we trust.il- *
lustrate the quietude and decorum with which 11
fashionable marriages are at present acted before "
H er Majesty's subjects. | v
The Wedding Cake is carved with the sabre r
of F. M. the Duke of Wellington ; the Duke himself
not being able to give the bride away.?Punch.
MfunF.soTA.?The young, but gigantic territory
of the Northwest, is making a vigorous *
struggle to bring herself into prominent political ?
existence, and to place conspicuously before the "
public, with a view to its influence upon etni- n
gration, the topographical character ana agricul- 1
tural capabilities of the land lying upon the St. ^
Croix and St. Peter's rivers, and the Mississippi "
above the fulls of St. Anthony. d
Governor Ramsay, In the discharge of his v
duties as Indian Agent in Minnesota, has made *
extended journeys into different parts of the ?
territory, of all of which he gives a good account.?On
the Mississippi, ns far North as
Cass Lake, which is described as a beautiful
sheet of water, ho found excellent crops of g
Winter wheat, at the stations of the Missions- tl
lies and converted Indians, with many kinds of *
vegetables, all growing rapidly and producing ti
Several parties from 8t Paul and other towns c
in Minnesota, have made excursions far up the g
St. Peter's River the present summer, and found n
good, safe navigation for a very comfortable h
class of steamboats, much beuutiful scenery, p
and n country which they describe as made up p
of alternate sections of land densely and valuably
wooded, and of beautiful prairie bottoms, ,
equal in fertility to those of the Miami* in ,
The timber of the St. Croix is extremely
bcautiftil and valuable, and produces lumber of
first quality, the demand for which is constantly
beyond all that the mills can supply. There is
much beautiful and rich farming land on this
stream also, which time will bring into use.
With a few days of extreme heat the past
month, when the thermometer rose as high at
St. Paul as it has been at any time in Cincinnati,
and a few days last winter when the mercury
sank below zero, the climate appears to be satisfactory
to the persons who went out frofti Ohio,
Pennsylvania and Kentucky, when the Terri
tonal Government was organized. The summers
are represented us less variable there than
in this latitude, and the winters are so much
more dry and agreeable as not to bo severe ,
upon the constitution of an emigrant from the
Ohio Valley, as are' the sudden changes hero
from cold to moderate weather, and vice versa,
with the intluenzas und fevers thus produced.
No gold has been discovered yet in Minnesota,
lior is the land one which holds out inducements
to the slothful and worthless to come
and live upon it. Men who go to Minnesota
must expect to work or watU; but land is cheap
?beautiful farms, in pleasant places are abundant?the
soil is found to remunerate generously
the toil that may be expended upon it?and we
have no doubt that, to industrious and provident
settlers, it holds out safer and better, and certainly
more manly inducements, than any part
of our broad nntionul domains wherein the richness
of the earth and the stimulation of the sun
and shower produce food without lul>or, or any
part in which pure gold lies upon the ground in
ounce pieces or can be dug from the beds and
sides of its streams in pound lumps.
The towns iu Minnesota, we understand, are
growing witn considerable rnpiuiiy, una uieir
immediate neighborhoods filling up with n thrifty
class of farmers. A good deal of attention has
already been bestowed upon common schools,
and several have been opened which are well
supplied with pupils.
Polities, lie, unfortunately, almost ull little
party ai.d persona! excitements are called in our
country, a rc beginning to rage a little fiercely in
the different council districts, and harsh words
are indulged, blit with the departure of the dog
dnys it is to be hoped that anything so un?!?cmly
and unnecessary vfill disappear.
Three members hnv0 been nominated for delegates
to Congress, viz: A. M. Mitchell, now
Marshal of the Territory ; II. II. Sibley, the present
delegate ; and David Olrnstead, an old and
apparently much respected citizen. Mr. Mitchell
comes out against what is called the monopoly
of the "Old Fur Company." Mr. Sibley is identified
with that company ns its acknowledged
head, but asks a re-election ou the ground of
long and important services to the Territory.
Mr. Olrnstead appears to he the favorite of the
nominating conventions, and has the support of
the St. I'aul Chronicle nnd Register.
This paper, we have heretofore neglected to
mention, has passed out of the hands of Messrs.
DI'Lenn nnd Owens, its founders, into those of ,
I,. A. Bubcoek, a member of the territoriol Leg- <
islaturc. The paper has been well conducted j
from its commencement, nnd taken particular
pains to make known the. real character of Minnesota,
by descriptions of its rivers, accounts of
its soil and productions, and articles on its timber
and other natural resources.
Looking at this tine country, and thinking
about the ten thousand tailors, shoemakers, and
other artizuns, (with their families,) who are
"striking," quarreling, disturbing the public
quiet, and often more than half starving, in the
cities of New York, Boston, Philadelphia, undso-forth,
we cannot but think how much wiser
it would be, how much more manly, how far
better in every respect, for themselves and J
thers, if they would change localities, nnd, for ,
die most part, pursuits : laying down their shears
uul needles, their awls and Inpstoucs, shaking ^
the dust of the big cities from their feet, and ,
firming themselves against hunger, and thirst, |
nnd nakedness, with the axe, the plow and the
hoe, on the fields of Minnesota. I
Or, if those fields are too far afT, there are hun- ]
dreds of thousands of acres in Ohio, Kentucky, ,
and Indiana yet?beautifully situated much of
it, and nearly nil of it as rich as garden spots? (
i. !.? i.?.. i...si.. - a..a
tviiivii uiu ?AC nar> unmi> ijvuium'U ill WHICH
the plow has never touched, which no foot h;is |
)een upon but the Indian's and the Surveyor's, f
\nd any of this "can be had for a song" and a (
rifle of money, and when possessed is a soveeign
remedy against " evils of monopoly" that ,
ire so much complained of, and " tyranny of r
imployers" which is so often the alledged cause j.
>f the outbreaks among the workirg classes in H
lie larger cities of the Union.?Cin. (Jazette.
From the Georgia Telegraph.
The reader will find in our columns this
norning, a very interesting letter from Gen.
iluston, of Natchez, to one of the editors of
Jus paper. This letter breathes the true Southern
spirit, and will meet with n responsive echo
in the heart of every true man. It comes from
1 man of undoubted integrity,?a man well
known to the people of the South and Southwest,
as a true and tried patriot, and who is actuated
alone by patriotic motives. His cxposiion
of the doctrine of non-intervention na e.xtounded
by Clay, Cass, and the compromisers
fcnerally, is unanswerable. What more effect inl
weapons to assail the South, can the Freeoilers
ask than non-intervention such as that
mbodied in the bills which have recently pass-1
d Congress' Jly it slavery is forever exduled
from all the territory acquired from Mexico j
ind Congress buys tVom a slave State territory
wire ns large as Georgia, to l>e converted into
ree-soil territory, and this is "non-intervention."
Phe same mighty authority abolishes the slave
rade in the District of Columbia, preparatory to j
ts abolition between the States ; and this too is j
non-intervention." The nuthor of Hitdibras,
vho understood human nature very thoroughly
emarks in his peculiar way,
"Surely the pleasure is ns great, ;
Of being cheated?as to cheat."
These Hues furnish an npt commentary on v
nu cunuuct ui iiiust* ^uuiiii'iii mi ll ? nu i?rr uir ^
favoring to persuade the poeple, that the series of s
tills lately paas?d by Congress are an eoibodi- a
lent of all that is equitable and just, in the doc- fi
rine of non-intervention us expouuded by Mr.
Calhoun. Those who have any delight in wit- I
leasing manifestations of superior talent for ft
iemagogistn, under unfavorable circumstances, tl
trill, we foe) certain, be gratified, by examining n
ho expositions of these new converts to the tl
loctrine of ' non-intervention.''
Natchez, September 7, 1850.
Samuel J. Ray?-Dear .Sir;?I am much t
Tatificd at your estimation of my views ns to c
fie military strength of the sluveholding States, i
et forth in my letter to the Nashville Conven-' <
ion' ; ' <w*'. '
From some cause or other only five hundred <
opies were struclCoflf?which, of course, cannot! '
ive it general publicity. I really think that this <
latter should be understood L i every neighbor- (<
ood, and then tliere will be no danger of '
isnics which may lead to the destruction of ourj *
iroperty. viiv.-.- - Jc
Jt ^
- I
"Tb? Southern Pioae,"?Trl-weejcly,
published On Tuesdays, Thuradsys and Saturdays
of each week.
"The Southern Pteaa,'?Weekly,
I. published every Saturday.
Kor one square of 10 lines, three insertions, fl 00
? every subaequeht insertion, - * - 25
Liberal deductions Aade on yearly advertising.
(p Individuals may forward the amount of theis
subscriptions at our risk. Address, (poet-paid)
Washington Cite .
I also fear that a mistaken want of confidence
in oar strength leads many to take council
from their fears and pursue a timid eourue,
winch will utterly rnin and destroy them.
You ask iny opinion as to the position of
Mississippi. I will give it candidly. The people
of this State are more generally united than
those of any State except South Carolina.
For a time when propositions for compromise
were made in (Jongrees and Senator Foote
sanctioned them, there was a disposition to wait,
under the belief that44 compromise" must mean
mutual concession and advantages. But hardly
any could realize uiul uuaer bo popuinr a name,
measures should be proposed which would effectuullydehnr
the people of the Southern States
lrom participating: in any of the advantages of
the territory conquered from Mexico without
leaving their slave property behind them.
As this fact is made manifest that the whole
drift of the compromise, or the hills passed separately
is to iorercr exclude the slaveholder, the
publie mind is busy in calculating the result of
thiiv state of alftir*. They are satisfied that it
will bo most deplorable ruinous.
All sco that if California is admitted with the
exclusion of slavery in her constitution, she carries
with her1 ihfe balance of the territory. No
ono can point to a slaveholder who is foolish
enough to move to Utah or New Mexico.?
Thousands upon thousands will move to California,
if tlicy could do so with their slaves?
but to go to New Mexico, to have their negroes
appeal to the laws of Mexico, and sue out a
"habeas corpus" to bo tried before judges to be
appointed by an Abolition President, would be
too great an act of folly for any sane man to
commit. And tlicn he would know that even
if the courts should decide the Mexican laws not
to be in foreo, Congress stands rendy to pass the
Wilmot Proviso the moment they deem it necessary
to excludo slavery.
Set it down, that if the South submit to these
monstrous aggressions there will never be
another slaveholding State admitted into the
Union. A child can make the calculation as to
what will be the fate of slavery.
* i.1 _.:u k..
i ou may resi nssureu Mississippi win uu
staunch in support of the principles Bho has
avowed, as any State in the Union.
You speak of the course of New Orleans as
shown by the papers. I do not believe that the
State of Louisiana will support the Compromise
bill collectively or separately. The upper part
of that State is as sound as the State ot Mis- *
b;?sippi, and I have understood that the citizens
?V descent may bo relied on; but it is
| c". . "U with certainty, as New Orhard
as yet to ape-. , nf ^ and ])1Ui
leans is nearly one-tluru v . ?f tUe Missisgreat
iniluunce, and the overflow v , t -^idc
sippi has for a time paralyzed the State, * . .
in ljouisiann, and feel confident that she will bo
in a short time alongside of her Southern sister
You refer to the course pursued by Speaker
Cobb. I read his letter with great pain. To insist
on the doctrines of "non-intervention" at
this time is to insult our understanding. When
the door was open for the admission of slavery
into the territory, we could not "et ' non-intervention"?but
now when the uoor and every
avenue is closed against us, to ask us to support
'non-intervention" to keep the door shut is preposterous.
Propositions are made with reference to timo
and situation. When Mr. Webster made his
great speech nt Baltimore in which lie stated
that all the North wanted was stability in our
turifl' laws?the tnrilF was high?now when the,
tariff is lower WPdoes not want stability he wants
change. Who blames him ? His propositions
were made lor a purpose. We had a purpose
when we proposed "non-intervention," and the
most of those who now proclaim that it it is
the true "Southern doctrine" would not go
with us. No attempt was made at the Philadelphia
Convention in favor of "non-intervention."
Butyvhen "intervention" has done its, work we
ire asked to ratify it by "non-intervention."
Intervention" began before the Territories
vere acquired by the attempts to annex the Wilnot
Proviso to the three million bill and to tho
reaty with Mexico.
fIMi? rofnanl /if' ^Anr?i?i?oa f A nnoo onr'lASinl
>ills without the VVilniot Proviso, and to estabish
thereby courts for the protection of property
was "intervention."
The passage of the Wilmot Proviso in the
Oregon bill was "intervention."
The instructions of Northern Legislatures to
Iieir Senators and Representatives to vote for
.he VVilmot Proviso, and against the admission
if any more slave States, was "intervention."
The assumption of Northern adventurers
lot attached to the soil, who had never laid a
ail or built a house, of the rights to make n
State Government in California and exclude 1
luvery, was most unconstitutional 'intervention.'
'I'h a most glaring act of thirteen thousand
oters of all languages,colors, andconntries, not
hree thousand of whoui would have been entiled
to vote under the most liberal franchise law
if any State in the Union, by which they undcrook
"to exclude slavery from ten degrees front
111 the Pacific, and from an area sufficient to make
lix States, was most insulting, unwarrantable,
md unconstitutional "intervention."
The action of the Executive Department of
;!ie General Government, in sending agents, and
;urning the officers of our army into emissaries,
o excite a gold socking rabble, to form a State
Constitution, when it was known that the slavelolding
States would have no voice therein, and
heir rights destroyed thereby, was a most gross
sur nation and unconstitutional "intervention."
Why, sir, we have had nothing but "intervenion"
for the last three years."
Why, sir, the lukewarmness, the support of
isurpations,nudthe treachery of Southern statesnen
has been "intervention" and tended greatly
o exclude slavery from the territories.
And now when "intervention" h.aa done its
vork, we are told that it is a violation of our
>wn doctrine of non-intervention for us to seek
o remove anv of the barriers whjcii have bc?u.
hrown in our way.
And forsooth, onr honor will he saved if the
<orth will magnanimously be content with all
lie Territory conquered from Mexico and bribed
rom Texas, and not pass the VVilmot Proviso.
Our honor was gone when the VVilmot IV>iso
was annected to the Oregon bill, and I do not
eo how it can be redeemed by stultifying ourelves,
now by applauding the miserable tricks
nd jugglery which nre for ever excluding us
oni our Territorial rights.
As for myself, sir, I am openly for secession,
do not think that the North will attempt to use
>ree to compel a political connection which
ley have not esteemed above the most nnrhnyliiided
prejudices- But if they do, wo will whip
hem into thoir senses. Verv truly,
Washington I aviso at Home.?A writer in
he Boston Transcript says:?I had the pleasure
>f encountering my old Iriend Washington Irvng,
at Potnam's literary head quarters yeateriny.
The author of the sketch book looks
jrounger than he did ten years ago. The new
fdition of his works is having a great sale, and
ie is still busy with his pen. In the quiet shades
>f Tnrrvtown, on thy very edge of the waters
if the iiadsou, he divides his time between his
riends of the past and the present?between
lis books and visitor* Hong may he live to
ontinue the pleasant companionship!
* *'tsiasruM I- ?
4* " A?U*ui '1l| ItfU *' \<i) " , " "WM
n k'nMrt' f *'

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