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Ellwovd Flatter A Kdwin l>e L?un. TERMS. DAIhY, - . - - . ' . flO 00 T1U-W LtlKLY, 00 WEfckLY, - . - - " - S 00 (/ Subscriptions payable in advance. Any peril) u procuring live aubsuribcrs shall receive one copy gratis. All retten to the Editors to be post-piid. | pitted ?t 6. a. sao*. Orrrcs, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, between 3d and streets. ? j d?QOO REWARD.?Oh the uighl of the i loth of September, 1850, my brother \ Col. John Jonea of Putaylvania county, Virginia, was verv badly wounded by Dr. Johu M. Clop- j ton, of Henry county, Virginia. Col. Jonea had j called to spend the night with Mr. Bryant W. Nowlin, who lives near Leatherwood Post Office, Henry. About dark Dr. Clopton rode to the gate and requested an interview with Col. Junes, who immediately started out to see him, and when he hud arrived within about ten steps of the gale, Clopton inquired if that was Col. Jonea, and being informed it war, discharged a gun at him lieavily loaded with bullets ami shot, which took effect in the left leg, breaking the thigh bone and otherwise seriously injuring the limb. 1 will pay the above reward of two hundred dollais, for the apprehension and delivery of said Clopton to the proper authoritiea of Henry county, to be dealt with, nursuant to law, where warrants have been -1 1 1 :* 1 " i- - . . 1 . i-- -i- - jl ' - -fp THE SOUTHERN PRESS. - J L , I ' U 1 1 L3 DAILY. Vol. 9. Washington, WIoil day, * November 4, 1850. Wo. 9?. issued for his apprehension. Dr. Clopton is about 45 years old, about six feet high, has blue eyes, very gray for his age; he is singular in his manners and dress, at times quite polite, converses well and weighs about 160 or 170 pounds. THOMAS S. JONES. Oct. 6, 1850. * WHAT I LiS TO BE DOKE DMLY SHOULD BE WELL DOM-E. ATO MEMBER OF CONGRESS should leave J\| Washington without one of Parker's wonderul Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; his Badgerhair Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Shaving Soap. A new assortment of all the above opened this day. PA.vKER'S Perfumery and Fancy Store, Penn. av. near National Hotel. sepi25 -d3 Library or Congress, Oct. 7, lb50. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, thai.the Library of Congress will be closed on Tuesday, t te 15th instant, and will not again lie opened until Thursday, the 14th day of November. JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian. Nov. 8, eodilw 1/1 EDlCAL DEPARTMENT OF HAMP1V1 SYDNEY COLLLEGE, RICHMOND, VA.?The thirteenth Annual Course of Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of October, 1?50, and continue until the 1st of the ensuing March. Thecoinmencment for conferring degrees will be held about the middle of March. R. L. Bohannan, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Childreu. L. W. Chambkrlaynk, M. D., Prof, of Materia Medicu and Therapeutics. S. Mauimn, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and Pharmacy. Cuas. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery and Surgical Anatomy. Cartter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy and Physiology. David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and ruclice of Mediciue. Aktiiur ?. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted with the most ample facilities, and at very trifling expense. Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The infirmary, under the same roof with the College and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is at all times well filled with medical and surgical cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical instruction. Many surgical operations are performed in presence of the class ; and the students being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities for becoming familiar with the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors' fees, #105, Demonstrator's fee, $10. Graduation fee, $'25. The price of board, including fticl, lights, and servants' attendance, is usually $3 to #3? per week. The catalogue, &c., containing fuller information concerning the institution, will be forwarded to those upplying for it* or specific inquiries will be answeree by letter. Address, S. MAUP1N, M. D., Oct. 2 Dean of the Fuculty. THIRD ANNUAL EXHIBITION ok the Maryland State Agricultural Society. APPEAL to the Members or the Maryland State Agricultural Society.?Wedesire that you should bear in mind, that on the 23d, 24th, and 25th days of October, your Society will hold its annual Exhibition and Fair at the city of linlihnnre : and we appeal to you, one and all, to bring for exhibition thereat portions of your stock, I the products of your orchards, and of your gardens. Don't presume that any animal, or product, you may own is inferior to others that will be here, and be thus deterred from bringing them, as it is only by comparison that the relative merits of any thing can be determined. The safer presumption for you to arrive at, will be that what You have is as good, if not better than that of others, and that it behooves you to gallantly enter the list of ' competition : if defeated nonorably, and the high character of the judges is a guarantee that you can be defeated in no other way, you will enjoy the luxury of knowing that others were more entitled to success than yourself. And while we address you to bring such articles as are properly in your department, we crave permission to solicit your interest, to induce your trives and daughters to bring whatever appertains to their peculiar departments, as embroidery, household manufactures, the products of the dairy and of the poultnj yard, preserves, domestic irines, confections, and, above all things, to come themselves, as Without woman, and the beautij'ul elaborations of her taste and genius, no display can be perfect, s To the Manufacturers of Jigricuttural Implements and Tools, we would say, that interest and patriotism both combine to enjoin upon you the propriety of making a grand exhibition of your machinery of all kinds, as from our present advices, we are led to believe that the assemblage of farmers and planters, and of distinguished strangers from most ot the States of the Union, will be greater than upon any former occasion here or elsewhere. We therefore say to the Agricultural Implement makers and Mechanics of the United States, make it a matter of pride to display your machinery at our exhibition, and vie with each other in having the best and lsrgest assortment on the p-round. Such ambition is laudable?is worthy of American genius, and should be cherished by the American heart. Editors with whom we exchange will confer a favor by copying this notice. WILLIAM TUCKER, Merchant Tailor, (of the late firm of Lane & Tucker,) would call the attention of his friends and the public generally to his stock of Goods now opening, which has been selected by himself from the Inrgest importing houses in New York, and by far the greatest variety and richest styles 1 ever offered in this city. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly solicited to give me a call and examine my stock before purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to thpii advantage. I And I would especially call the attention of officers, both of the army and the navy, to the fact thai 1 am prepared to execute ail kindsof uniforms, according to the late regulations, at the shortest notice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both in jthe cutting and making departments, equal to any establishment in this country. W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to his numerous friends for theirlongand continued patronage, and hopes, by the same diligence and attention to business, to merit a continuance of the same. All orders promptly executed. sep 20?3tw3w?d&lrw NEW FANCY GOODS. WILL BE RECEIVING every day during next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancy Goods suitable for PRESENTS, &c. Also a large assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums, Soaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining ko the toilet. PARKERS'Perfumery and Fancy Store, Penn. av., near National Hotel. ; sep21?3td Sept. 196tif ARIS MILLINERY. Will be opened a Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on Saturday, the $th I ust., a rich assortment of ' I FOR CALIFORNIA. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY"?THROUGH P.1SS.1GE TO CJL1FOK.SU. rpHE public will be "ratified to learn that the 1 United States Moil Steamship Company ureenabled to announce that their arrangements are now complete for sending passengers through from New York to San Francisco and back. In the first attempts of this Company to meet the wants of travel to California, by providing ships 011 the Pacific, in .connection with their ships from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for through passages from Panama in advance, for their ships then going round. This was done from a desire to accommodate those who could procure passages in no other quarter, and by which, whatever might be the detention, they would reach San Francisco sooner thun by any other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, prevented their ships from reaching Panama as soon as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus, which wan increased by the impatience of passengers in going forward, against the advice of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship could possibly reach Panama. These interruptions are now all removed. Three of the four ships of the Company, intended for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama, and several of them have performed trips to San Francisco and back. So that the Company are now able to give the public the assurance that the voyage through from New York to San Francisco, will be performed with regularity and despatch. Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco, consists of the REPUBLIC, Capt. Hudson. ITHMU8, Capt. Hitchcock. rvir ITMHITS Punt Prrr I ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.et. Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York to Chagres, of the GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N. OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N. FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N. The connection between the two linen will be carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay beyond the usual stay of the ship iu port at Punama, will arise. The large size, well known speed, and superior accommodation* of their New York and Chagres Line, and the speed and accommodations of the ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, rapid,and pleasant through passage to California. M. 0. ROBERTS, Cor. Warren and West sts., New York. Aug. 15?lm National Medical College, Washington, District of Columbia. THE annual course of lectures will commence on the first Monday in November, the 4th instant: faculty. Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and the diseuses of women and children. Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica, Therapeutics, and Hygiene. John Frederick May, M. D., Professor ofSur(irafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology and Practice of Medicine. Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Edward Foreman, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy. James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator. Clinical lectures three times n week, on cases selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation performed before the class. For a full course of lectures - - $'ju Demonstrator's ticket - - 10 Graduation fee - - - 25 Good board can be procured at from ?2 to >3 per week JOSHUA RILEY, M. D., Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty. C. St E. L. KERRISON it CO. DIRECT IMPORTERS OF FOREIGN DRY GOODS IN CHARLESTON, S. C. WOULD respectfully inform their friends and those who purchase DRY GOODS in their city, that they are now prepared to offer a large, choice, and well assorted stock of Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods. As they receive the bulk of their goods DIRECT from EUROPE^IJs"FORTS, they feel assured of j being able to compete successfully with any other market in the United States. C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO. 209 King street, north-west corner of King and Market streets. Sep 3, 1850?3m DIRECT IMPORTATIONS OF IRISH LIKENS. fPHE subscribers are constantly receiving direct j from the manufacturers, MADE TO rl HEIR ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern trade, and to which they with confidence invite the attention of purchasers, with h guarantee that the goods will be found PURE FLAX., to wit : Shirting and Fronting Linen* and Lawns Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens Russia^Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted widths Damask Doylies, Napkins and Cloths, of various sizes Dowlass, Gljpss Cloths, Black, Whitedc Brown Holland Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, etc. etc. C. & E. L. IvERRISON & CO. 209 King street, Charleston, S. C. Sep. 3, 1850?3m MEDICAL COLLEGE OF THE STATETOF SOUTH CAROLINA. THE Annual COURSE OF LECTURES in this institution will commence on the first Monday , in November next, on the following branches: Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D. institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Henry Dickson, M. D. Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D. Fhysiology, by James Moultrie, M. D. Materia Medica, by Henry R. Frost, M. D. Obstetrics, by Thos. G. Prioleau, M. D. Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D. Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravenel, M. D. Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine Hospital and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a week on the Diseases of thut Institution. Dr. E. B. Flagg, Physician to the Alms House. Lectures twice a week on Diseases. Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Surgery at the College Hospital. HENRY R FROST, M. D., Dean. PLAINS, BLANKETS, KERSEYS AND FLANNELS. THE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per <?rinln?r? " ?? Orion." nnd "Somerset." from Liverpool, their fell supply of PLAINS, KERSEYS, WHITE and COLORED BLANK ETS, WHITE, RED, BLUE and GREEN FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts, Kilmarnock Cape, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., Ac., expressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and to an inspection of which, they confidently invite all who visit the Charleston Market. C. A E. L. KERRISON A CO., 209 King at., northwest cor. King A Market sts. Cltarleslon, Sept 3? f^Gr.oBOETOwu COLLEGE, D. C. fPHE CLASSICAL ;EXERCISES of this Col 1 lege will be resumed on the 16th instant, sept 14?3td JAMES RYDER, Pres. MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES, i D. APPLETON & CO., NEW YORK, have in course of publication, in parts, prick twenty-five cfcnts each, A Dictionay of Machine*, Mechanics, Engine-Wok, and Engineering. # Designed for Practical Working- Men, and those intended for the Engineering Profession. Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Prqficssor qf Mathematics, College of Civil Engineerv, London ; \ Author and Inventor of " The Calculus of Form," \ " The JYew and Improved System of Logariihiins," i "The EU mcnts of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc., etc. THIS work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly ; tioo thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred plates, and six thousand wood cuts. It will prescuI working-drawings' and descriptions of the most im- | portant machines in the United States. Independently of the results of American ingenuity, it will , contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, 1 Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering; with j all that is useful in more than one thousand dollara' worth of folio volumes, tnagasines, and other j books, amoug which may be mentioned the fol- j lowing: 1. BTWIolheque des Arts Industrie!*. (Massort, I Paris.) 2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal. (Loudon.) 3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackie, Glasgow.) 4. PublicationIndustriolle. (ArmengaudAine, Paris.) 3. Jainieson's Mechanics of Fluids. 6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgemino Bauzcitung mit Abbildungen. (Forster, Wien.) 8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesens in technischer Beziehung. (Von Waldegg, Wiesbaden.) G. Sherwin's Louarithims. 10. Byrne'? Logarithms. 11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12. Sillimans Journal. 13. Algeineine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (Hulsse, Leipzig. 1-1. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. HoltzaptTels'Turning ami Mechanical Manippulation. 16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.) 17. Eiscnbahn-Zeiiung, (Stuttgart.) 18. Tregold on the Sieain-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictionnaire des Arts et Manufactures. (Laboulaye, Paris. 21. Sganzm's Civil Engineering. 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation. (Woodcraft.) 24. Essaisur l'lndustrio des Matieres Textiles (Michel Alcan, Paris.) 25. Macncill's Tables. 26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. 27. Ternpleton'a Millwright's and Engineer's Pocket Companion. 28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary. 2".). Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (London.) 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 33. llann's Mechanics. 34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture. (Mosley.) 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the Institute op Civil | Engineers. (London.) 37. The Artisan. 33. Quarterly Papets on Engineering. (Published by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine, j 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow, London.> 42. Ilecueildes Machines Inslrumcnsct Apparcil. j (Le Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. 44. Practical Examples Modern Tools and Ma- j chines. (G. Ronnie.) 45. Repertoire dcl'lndustrie Franquaise et Elran gore. (L Mathias, Paris.) 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accoin, London.) 47. Sotting out Curves on Railways. (Law, London.) 48. Hodge oa the Steam-Engine 49. Scientific Amciican. 50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik ) 51. American Artisan. 52. Mechanic's Magazine. 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architee- [ lure. 54. Dictionaire dc Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, I (De Bonnefoux, Paris.) 55. Conway and Menai Tubulcr Bridges (Fail -1 barn.) 56. Brees' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia. (Luke Herbert.) 61. Patent Journal ; London. 62. Bree's Glossaiyof Engineering. 63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. ' 64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. ' 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Haskoll.) 66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The great object of this publication is, to place before practical men and students such an amount of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed form, as shall enable them to work to the best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which they might otherwise commit The amount ol useful information thus brought together, is almost bejond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is | hardly any subject within its range which is not eated with such clearness and precision, thai even man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of understanding, and thus learning from it much which it is importrnt for him to know. From the annexed list of the principal authors and subject comprised in this work it is sell-evident, that all citizens engaged in the practical and useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages from the possession and study of this publication, The following may be especially designated : Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers. Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin. Cullers, and Workers ol Steel in general. Carpenters. Brickmakers. Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. Civil Engineers, Railway Contractors, and Contractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every j descriotion. Architects an 1 Bridge BuiMers. Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. Ship Bnilders, Masters of Veasels, Ship Carpenters, and others connected with Building and Docking Ships. Block and Pump Makers. Hemp Die-sera and Uope Makers. Manufacturers of Line* and Cotton Fabrics. Mauufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Drawing Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers. Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter eslcd in Sewing Machinery. Anchor and Chain Cable Manufactnrers. Cutting and Turning Tool Maker*] Pin and Needle Makers. Nail and Rivet Makers. Boll and Screw-Bolt Makers. Nail Cutters. Coiners. Leather Dressers and Curriers. Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms. Candle Makers. Biscuit and Cracker Makers. Lace Makers. Ribbon Weavers. Stone CuUert and Marble Masons. Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers] Coopers. CMer and Cheese Manufacturers^ , Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers, Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway. Bar, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Engine Drivers, and Persona connected with th? Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Ve&seli. Managers of Stationary Engines. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. Veneer Cutlets. Owners of Planing Machinery. Oorn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting aud Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and Threshing Machinery. Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornameni Makers in general. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Mekers ol Copper and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owdcs, Harbor Masters, and others interested in Dredging Machinery. Well Sinkers. Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical Apparatus aud Instruments. Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping Engines. V Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws, Common and Feed Cranes. Workers in Metals and Alloys. Tin Plate Worker#. Spring Maeufaeturers. Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, fitc. The publishers have expended a large sum of money to get original drawings of machinery in practical use in this country, and have procured almost every woik on the sudject, whether published in England, France, or-Germany, the most essential parts of which being comprised in tiiis Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored to use great economy in type, so that each page of the wotk contains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. 1 rua na? uiso sccurou 10 eucu pmc wuinu^-ui?*o ngs of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic may construct accurately any machine ^tacribcd. The publishers are, in short determined, tegardlessofcost, to make the work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers, commencing in January, 1650, and will progress with great regularity. The whole work will lie published in <10 numbers at 25 cents per number, and completed within the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will be made to agents. Any one remitting the publishers $1Q in advance shall receive the work through the post office free of expense. Notice to Proprietors of Jn ctcspapers throughout the United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five times during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis in payment. American Statistics. A short time past we published some statistics relative to the number of soldiers supplied from the different States to the revolutionary war. De How's Commercial Review gives some tables relative to this, and oilier subjects of equal interest, which we copy. 1. The number of soldiers furnished by.the American States during the revolution, and the population of each State in 171K) and in 1647. 2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on each side. 5. Amount of continental money issued to support the war, and the estimated cost in specie. 1. revolutionary states. Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1817. New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000 Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 67,097 475,257 1,450,000 Rhode Island, - - 5,908 69,110 130,000 Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330,000 New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000 New Jersey, - 10,726 181,139 416,000 Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000 Delaware, - - - - 2,386 59,098 80,000 Maryland, - - - 13,912 319,728 495,000 Virginia, - - - - 26,678 748,308 1,270,000 North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000 South Carolina, - - 6,417 249,073 605,000 Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000 Total, - - - -231,971 2,820,95911,546,000 2. battles of the revolution. Where When .Imer. British fought. fought. Com. fyoss. Com. Loss. Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245 Bunkerllill.Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054 Flatbusn, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400 W. Plains, Oct '76 Washt'n 300 Howe 300 Trenton, Dec '76 Washt'n 9 Rahl 1000 Princeton, Jan *77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400 Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Bautn 600 Brandy wine,Sep'77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500 Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e 600 Monmouth, Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400 R. Island, Aug 78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260 Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16 Stoney P't.,JuI '79 Wayne 100 Johns'n 600 Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cornw's 375 Cowpens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800 Guilford, Mar'81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523 Eu. Springs,Sep*81 Greene 555 Stewart 10(H) The surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 1781y closed the war; prisoners 7,073. *5,752 British taken prisoners. 3. contineftai. monet. Amount issued in 1775 $ 2,0(H),000 1777 - - 20,000,000 " " in all to July, 1799 358,000,000 The whole expenses of the war, estimated in specie, amounted to $135,193,703. cotton statistics. We compile from the New York Shipping List and Price Current, of the 11th September, the following statement, showing the crop of Cotton in the several States for the year ending 31st August 1850: 1850. 1849. Louisiana 781,886 1,093,797 Alabama ,'150,952 518,706 Florida 181,344 200,186 t? *11 oc1 *1q qot 1 pxhh 'J i j~\ur ) Georgia 344,635 391,372 South Carolina .... 3*4,265 458,117 North Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041 Virginia ...... 11,509 17,550 Total crop 2,096,715 2,728,596 Dereaae from last year 631,881 Decrease from year before .... 250,928 The Past, the Present and the Future.?Of the cotton trade, from the London Economist, August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this trade in all its branches." American cotton crop : 1835 6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875 1836-7 1,422,930 1843-4 2,030,409 1837-8 1,801,497 1844-5 2,394,503 1838-9 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537 1839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651 1840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,634 1841-2 1,684,211 1848-9 2,728,596 Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315 Average crop of the Inst seven years exceeds that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the last just double that of the first?and the crop of 1848-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent. Average consumption in Great Britain of American cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales. The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales. Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales. BARRY'S TRICOPHEROUS. TAARKER, Agent for the above very superior JT HAIR WASH, received, this day, 12groM. Wholesale and retail, at TARK ICRS' i THE UNITED STATES POSTAL GUIDE .LYD OFFICIAL ADVERTISER. ?C$*To show what is done, and what should be done, in tffice.*?jf Peter G. Wahhtngton, ) ? . , Charles M. W.llard, \ EiUortProprietor*. Terms.?" The United Slates Postal Guide mid Official Advertiser," containing about 32 super-royal octavo pages, is published monthly for one dollar only, per annum, payable in advance?or Jive dollars for six copies ordered at any one time. PREPARATORY NOTICE. The enterprise in which we now embark, and of which this paper ia at once the commencement, and a sample of the papers that are to follow, has for its aim no less a purpose, than to impart instruction, in the general and detail, to the Officers and Agents of the American public, in respect both to their duties and their rights,and to make them, and the people at large, acquainted with the organization, decisions and action of the Executive departments of their Government. There has hitherto leen no vehicle for the regular and proper communication of information of this kind. The publication of the Laws and the issue of instructions, more or less comprehensive, and at intervals more or less extended, have proved wholly inadefuute, in the absence of the construction of those .aws, as applied to particular.cuses, and of details and illustrations to make the regulations and instructions intelligible. The valuable documents annually reported to Congress,are too voluminous, and are printed in quantities too small for general circulation; whilst the debates in Congress and the commentaries of the press upon their proceedings, Hnd the proceedings of the Executive branch of the Government, besides turning mostly upon general principles, address themselves only to oarty ends, and to matters of national policy. These publications in their various forms are highly useful in themselves us far as they go, and some of them indispensuble; but there is much that do not reach the hands of all, nor if they did, do they furnish those rules, methods, and exam-, pies, hit ine uetspaicu or me punuc ousiness wnicn [ can render the discharge of public duty either eufe j or easy, whether in reBpect to the incumbent him-1 self, or the department or bureau under which he acts. We shall make an honest effort to supply this vacuum, and to provide for tlwse necessities. If we succeed in rendering the functions of the primary oflices more uniform, methodical, nnd exact, we ahull make the administrative duties of the departments more' easy and effective, and thereby promote the real and substantial interests of the country. And this we expect to do, to some ex- j tent at least?apart from, and independently of any party or personal interest or question whatever. It is known to most of those to whom this paper will be sent, that the Senior Editor was Auditor of the Post-Office Department until the month of November last; with by far the larger portion of both postmasters and contractors, lie has hud direct intercourse, in. person or by letter. He entered the department fourteen years since, and for many years previously, had been, first in the War Department, and subsequently in the Treasury. He has therefore had the best opportunities for understanding the arrangements or business in all the departments, and being acquainted with those who carry it on. Since his official connection with the Government ceased, he flntters himself lie has preserved the respect and regard of most of the present incumbents of the departments, and is on becoming terms of intercourse nnd civility with them all. The Junior Editor lias been asssiduously engaged for several years, in studying, by personal inquiry and examination, the practical and daily routine and details of the Post-Office and other branches of the public business. It is with this stock of experience, and these advantages for reaching the various sources of administrative action, and for imparting minute and illustrative in st ruction, and valuable periodical tnul statistical information, that we clmlleuge your confidence and solicit your support and patronage. We have fixed upon the 15th of* each month as the day for the publication of our paper, so as to afford time for obtaining from the departments, all the orders, notices andchnnges issued, or made by them during the preceding month. Tables of Post Ofiicen, and compilations of the Laws and Regulations, arc issued by the Post Office Department only once in two or three years. It is a mutter of inconvenience and complaint, for which hitherto there has been no remedy, that in one month from the time of these issues, there are offices in the tables which are no longer in operation, and offices in operation which are not in the tables. At this time there are perhaps over three thousand offices of the two descriptions. In like manner laws have been passed and regulations established since the issue of the last volume of regulations, of which many postmasters and others are wholly ignornnt. We propose to prevent, for the present, uny increase or the evil of either kind, and from the time another issue shall be made, our paper will furnish the additions, corrections, and modifications, made in each month, and by being filed and preserved, will afford to postmasters full and exact information upon both subjects, up to and for time being. How much of the present misdirection, remailing, doubt, confusion, error, and imposition, will be saved by the progressive state of full and exact knowledge, for which we have provided, and for which we engage, every intelligent postmaster can estimate for himself. These advantages alone and independentlyof all others, are worth many times the price we charge for the paper, and will, it is hoped, induce every postmaster who feels a just pride in his office, or a patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, and efhciency of the whole Post Office system?at once to subscribe. The same considerations apply to the orders and notices, decisions, and instructions of the War, Navy, Treasury, State, and Interior rfcniiriments. and the Raine course is intended in respect to thein. Notices of the decisions of the Supreme Court, in cases turning upon questions of official duty or national interest, will find a place in this paper. A department of our paper addressing itself not merely to postmasters and other officers of the Government, but to all other citizens who give attention to the nflTair8 of the nation and the progress and devolopment of the country, will embrace in a condensed form the matters submitted to, or arising in Congress. At each session a vast deal of valuable information is communicated to Congress, by the several departments and their subordinate bureaus, and profound and comprehensive reports are made by committees of both Houses. But the great mass of the community know nothing of the contents of these documents und reports, except the brief notices of them, which from time to time appear in the public papers. The standing number printed of cacli document and report, is only twelve hundred in the Senate, and fourteen hundred in the House of Representa| lives, which at once shows the impracticability of their dissemination. The Advertiser will contuin short abridgments or analysis of all these documents and reports, and the compend will therefore not only prove exceedingly useful and instructive in itself, but will furnish an easy index to those interested, whenever it is found desirable to obtain and examine the document at large. There is a large field before us, the materials are ample. It will be our zealous care to collect and arrange them in the proper form. We have every confidence that the subscriptions will be ample to enable us to accomplish it all. The information we propose to give, comprehending and confined to the action of the Government, is solid, useful, and (we might almost say) necessary to the officer?if not to the citizen. It is intended for all, anil nnl nt n nriro which run rnnntilnlp nn nliplm la with any. If at the end of the year, any subscriber shall find that he has not received the full value of his money, in intellectual enjoyment and in the increased light and aid afforded him, for the discharge of his official duties or in exercising by hiH vote bis just share in the conduct of our public affairs, then shall we be ready to admit, That our hopes and expectations have been disappointed, and that the contract on our part has failed. P. G. WASHINGTON, CHARLES M. WILLARD I Washington, D. C., June, 1850. FOR RENT, ^TIIE HOUSE now occupied by Mrs. SPRIGG, on Capitol Hill, Carroll Place, nmediate possession given. To a good tenant the terms will be reasonable. Apply to Oct. 17 It as ben. k green ? L ITT ELL'S LIVING AGE. Published every Saturday, at 12} cents a Number, Yearly, in advance, $6. BT K. LITTEI.L 4 CO., BOSTON. THIS work is conducted in the spirit of Littell's Museum of Foreign Lilernture, (which was favorably received by the public for twenty years,) but as it is twice as large, and appears so often, we not only give spirit and freshness toil by many things which were excluded by a month's delay, but while thus extending our scope, and gathering a greater and more attractive variety, are able so to increase the solid and substantial part of our literary, historical, and political harvest, us fully to satisfy the wants of the American reader. The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, Quarterly, and other Keviews; and Dlackwood'B notable criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural nnd mountain scenery; and the contributions to Literature, History, and common life, by the sagacious Spectator, the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athemeum, the busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the sensible and comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Christian Observer; these are intermixed with the Military and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with the best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, Fraser's, Tail's, Ainsworth's, flood's, and Sporting Magazines, and of Chambers's admirable Journul. We do not consider it beneath our dignity'to borrow wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think it good enough, make use of the thunder of The Times. W# shall increase our variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and from the new growth of the British colonies. The steamship has brought Europe, Asia, and Africa into our neighborhood, and will greatly multiply our connexions as merchants, travellers, and politicians, with all parts of the world; so that, mucn more than ever, it now becomes every intelligent American to be informed of the conditions and changes of foreign countries. And this not j only because of their nearer connexion with ourselves, but because the nations seem to be hastening through a rapid process of change, to some new state of things, which the merely political prophet cannot compute or foresee. Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages and Travels, will be favorite matter for our selections; and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully acquaint our readers with the great department of foreign affairs, withj out entirely neglecting our own. i While we aspire to make the Living *1ge desiral ble to all who wish to keep themselves informed of the rapid progress of the movement?to statesmen, divines, lawyers, and physicians?to men of business and men of leisure,?iris Hlill a stronger object to make it attractive to their wives and children. Wc believe that we can thus do some good in our duy and generation, and hope to make the work indispensable in every well-informed family. We say iiidupciuubU, because in this day of cheap literature, it is not possible to guard against the inllux of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply of a healthy character. The mental and moral appetite must be gratified. We hope, that by " winnowing the wheat from the chafi'," by providing abundantly for the imagination, and by a large collection of Biography, Voyages and Travels, History, and tnorc solid matter, we may produce a work which shall be popular, while at the same time j* will aspire to raise the standard of public taste. Letters in commendation of the plan and execution of the work from Judge Story, Chancellor Kent, l)r. Bethune, and Messrs. Jareil Sparks, W. II. PrcScott, George Bancroft, anil George Tick nor, have been published in formei advertisements. Postage.?When sent with a cover it is ranker as a pamphlet, and costs 4 J cents. Without th< cover it comes within the definition of u news pa per given in the law, and cannot legally bechargec with more than newspaper postage. Monthly Parts.?For such as prefer it in that form, the Living Age is put up in monthly parts, containing four or five weekly numbers. In this shape it shows to great advantage in comparison with other works, containing in each part double the matter of any of the quarterlies. But we recommend the weekly numbers as fresher and fuller of life. The volumes are published quarterly. Each ol them is equal to three ordinary octavos. I Orders should be addrissed directly to the pub usners. ?,. LiU'TELL & CO., oct 22 Boston. NEW PROSPECTUS or THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN. To Mechanics, Inventors, and Manvfacturcrs: THE Publishers of the Scientific American reJL spectfully give notice that the sixth volume of this valuable journal, commenced on the 2lsl of September, offering a valuable opportunity for all to subscribe who take nn interest in the progress and developenient of the Mechanics' Arts and Manufactures of our country. The character of the Scientific American is too well known throughout the country to require a detailed account ol the various subjects discussed through its columns: It enjoys a more extensive and influential circulation than any other journal of its class ir America. It will be published weekly, as heretofore, ir Quarto Form, on fine paper, affording, at the end of the year, an ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLO PEDIA, of over FOUR HUNDRED PAGES, witn nil index, mid trom five to Six Hundred ORIGINAL ENGRAVINGS, described by letters of reference; besides a vnst amount of practical information concerning the progress of SCIENTIFIC and M E C HA NIC Jt L IMPROVEMENTS, CHEMISTRY, CIVIL ENGINEERING, M .1JV UFA C T U R I NO in its various branches,ARCHITECTURE,MASONR Y, BOT! ANY,?in short, it embraces the entire range ol j the Arts and Sciences. It also possesses an original feature not found in 1 any other weekly journal in the country, viz., an ! Official List of PATENT CLAIMS, prepared exI pressly for its columns at the Patent Ofhce,?thu* I constituting it the ? AMERICAN REPERTORY OF IXYE.\TIOXS." Terms?#2 a-year ; $1 for six months. All letters must be post paid and directed to MUNN & CO., Publishers of the Scientific American, 128 Fulton street, New York. Inducements for Clubbing. Any person who will send us four subscribers I for six .months, at our regular rates, shall be enI tilled to one copy for the same length of time ; or j we will furnish? 10 copies for (i mos., $8 I 15 copies for 12 mos. $2*2 10 do 12 15 I 20 do 12 " 28 Southern and Western money taken at par for subscriptions; or Post Office Stamps taken at their full value. PREMIUM. Any person sending us three subscribers will be entitled to a copy of the 41 History of Propellers and Steam Navigation," republished in book form ?now in press, to be ready about the first of October. It will be one of the most complete works upon the subject ever issued, and will contain about ninety engravings. Oct. 33?tf LIFE INSURANCE.?British Commercial Life Insurance Company,established in 1630, empowered by act of Parliament, for the Insurance of Lives and Survivorships, and the en dowment of Children, dec., dec., CAPITAL THREE MILLION DOLUIRS! JL^Office 3d story Colonization Buildings, near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Washinlon city, D. C M. THOMPSON,-V" October 31, 18.W?dtf. i tmmmm B"1| mrnmmmmmmj* " Tb? Southern Pteaa,"?Til-weekly i? published oaTueadsys, Thursdays and Saturday# ? of each week. 7 The Southern Press, "?Weekly, | la publiahed every Saturday. ADVEATIS1MO UTtl. For one square of 10 lines, three insertions, |1 00 " every subsequent insertion, Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising. Individuals may forward the amotint of tbeif subscriptions at our risk. Address, (poet-paid) ELI-WOOD FISHER, Washington Citr. FOR IN8URANCE OF LIVES AND SURVIVORSHIPS. BSIT1S1I COMMERCIAL I IFE INSURANCE COMPANY, Established in 1820, and Empowered by act of Parliament, For the Insurance of Lives, and the Endowment of Children, Ac. LONDON, NEW-YORK AND WASHINGTON CITY. CAPITAL 3,000,000. M. THOMPSON, Agent. Jty" Office on Pennsylvania avenue, one door west of Jackson Hall. BRILLIANT LOTTERIES. FOR NOVEMBER, J 850. J W. MAURY & Co., MANAGERS. SPLENDID LOTTERY. CAPITAL PRIZE $60,000! Also f $40,000! $20,000! $11,460! VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY, For tlie Benefit of Monongalia Academy, Class L for 1850. To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, November 23, 1850. Under the superintendence of Commissioners. 75 Number Lottery?12 drawn ballots. BRILLIANT SCHEME. 1 splendid prize of - - - $60,000 I do 40,000 I do 20,000 1 prize of 11,460 1 do 10,000 15 do 2,500 25 do ....... 2,000 25 do 1,500 50 do 1,200 100 do - 1,000 63 do 160 63 do 120 63 do 100 63 do 80 3,906 do 40 23,436 do 20 &c. &c. Whole Tickets $20?Halves $10?Quarters $5 Eighths $2,50 f Certificates of pack 'es of 25 Whole tickets $240,00 ] Do do of 25 Half do 120,00 Do do of 25 Quarter do 60.00 Do do of 55 Eigth do 30,00 $40,000! $30,000! $15,000! 50 prizes of $1,000! VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY, j For the benefit of Monongalia Academy, Class 133, for 1850 To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, November, 30, 1850. i 78 Number Lottery?13 drawn ballots. SPLENDID SCHEME. 1 prize of ----- - $40,000 1 do 20,000 1 do 15,000 1 do 8,000 1 do ------ 5,000 1 do 3,842 50 prizes of 1,000 50 do 500 180 do - - 250 65 do 100 65 do ----- - 50 65 do ----- - 40 130 do 30 I 4,745 do 20 I 27,040 do - 10 &c. ' &d. ry^r Tickets $10?Hnlves $5?Quarters $2,50 I ertificates of imi-.k'es of 26 whole tickets A140.00 , Do do 26 half do 70,00 1 Do do 26 quarter do 35,50 ' For Tickets and Shares or Certificates of Packages in the above splendid Schemes, address 1 J. W. MAURY & Co., Richmond, Va. An account of the drawing will be sent to all who order from us. October 30th, 1850. t-a-w-for-3-w. AW AND AGENCY OFFICE.?The undersigned, Attorneys and Agents, practice Law " in the Supreme Court of the United States, and the Courts of the District of Columbia, and attend promptly to clniinH against the United Stales, including the settlement of all accounts of officers and agents of the Government, Bounty Lands, Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions, <fec., &.c. They tender their services to members of the ' profession at a distance, and, when the case is prepared by a local agent, will abate one-half their usual fee. All information relative to the forms and usages of business in any of the Departments, will be furnished to our regular correspondents \l/lt limit pluirirp TltAt/ hnvo mntin arrsnirsmonta for the payment of taxes, und for the sale or location of bounty land warrants on the best Western lands. ^Office on Pennsylvania avenue, Lane & Tucker's Building. DUFF GREEN, BEN. E. GREEN, . .RICH'D. H. CLARKE Oct. 14?3taw3m. TO EDITORS OF NEWSPAPERS. WE beg leave to call your attention to an advertisement, and to the memorial annexed, and tender our services in the prosecution of any claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you may send to us. We will allow you one half our, usual fee, which in/ive dollar* for obtaining a warrant for 160 acres, and three dollar* for a warrant of eighty acres or less, for publishing our advertisement, and preparing and forwarding the papers to us. If you accept this proposal, please insert this circular and our advertisement in your paper, with the following editorial notice: "We call the attention of our readers to the advertisement of Messrs. Duff Green, Ben. E. Green, and Richard H. Clarke, Attorneys and Aironlw nt Wn?hin<rtnn. D. C.. and would Snv to 1 persona having claims for Bounty Lands or tensions, that we have made arrangements for the I requisite forms, and that claimants calling at our office can have their papers properly prepared and forwarded to these gentlemen at Washington, who will properly nttendto them in their proper offices." Please get each claimant to sign the memorial, and forward it to your mcmlser of Congress. Please send us a copy of your paper containing our card, which will notify us that you accept our proposition. DUFF GREEN, BEN. E. GREEN, RICH'D H. CLARKE. MEMORIAL. To the 5tiuite and House of Representatives of the. United Stales in Congress assembled: The memorial of the undersigned, respectfully represents that they are entitled to Bounty Land, under the act of'i8th of September, 1850, that they are informed and believe ttiat the unlocated warrants are worth more to them than the patented lands would be; that they do not expect or desire to reside on the land thus granted; that if patented to them, the expense of agencies and taxes will be an annual charge, reducing the value of the grant, which they could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant. Your memorialists further represent that the law, by preventing the sale of the warrants, assumes that the officers and volunteers entitled to bounty lands, arc not competent to act for themselves, I whereas many of them are ?mon? the most intelligent and respectable citizens of the States. They ' therefore respectfully ask that the act aforesaid may be so modified as to make the warrants ft ? ' j bounty lands assignable, and they will evtr ' j pray, Ac. | " WANTED TO PURCHASE, ^A SMALL HOUSE on Capitol Hill, containing six or seven rooms, with consider* round attached ?Apply at this office, | Oct. 16?St. 1,7