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pitec ?? tturwxi ruh.r * cd?m m Leo*. TERMS. DAILY, glO Ob TKI-WEEKLY, 6 00 WEEKLY, .100 Subscriptions payable in advance. Any person procuring Mve subscribers shall receive one copy gral*. All letters to the Editors to be porr-raiOraiNTKo ar a. a. sag*. Orrtcm, Pennsylvania Aveuue south side, between Sd and H streets. tJJ-il-1 i i ...j j J" ^900 REWARD.-On the night of the tJp-vVv lOih 0f September, 1850, my brother Col. John Jones of Pittsylvania county, Virginia, was very badly wounded by Dr. John M. Clopton, of Henry eounty, Virginia. Col. Jones had called to spend the night with Mr. Bryant W. Nowlin, who livea near Lealherwood Post Office, 11 wiry. About dark Dr. Ciopton rode to the gate and requested an interview with Col. Jones, who immediately started out to see him, and when he had arrived within about ten steps of the gate, Clopton inquired if that was Col. Jones, anu being informed it was, discharged a gun at him heavily loaded with bullets and shot, which took effect in the left leg, breaking the thigh bone and otherwise seriously injuring the limb. I will p*y " - L '?' J-n? e a. *0+ ' * . ? * THE SOUTHERN PRESS. -i DAILY. *''' . ' 1 1 ' ' 1 ' Vol. 3* Washington, Tuesday, November 5, 1850. No. 31. the above reward or iwu uunurcu uuuan, ? apprehension and delivery of said Clopton to the proper authorities of Henry county, to be dealt with, pursuant to law, where warrants have been issued for his apprehension. Dr. Clopton is about 45 years old, about six feet high, has blue eyes, very gray for hig age; he is singular in his manners uud dress, at times quite polite, converses well and weighs about 160 or 170 pounds. THOMAS S. JONES. Oct. 0, 1850. WHAT HAS TO BE DOJYE DAILY SHOULD BE WELL DOME. "VTO MEMBER OF CONGRE8S should leave Washington without one of Parker's wonderul Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; his Badgerhair Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Sh^ying Soap. A new assortment of all the above opened this day. PARKER'S Perfumery and Fancy Store, Penn. av. near National Hotel. sept25?03 Library or Congress, Oct. 7, 1850. ATOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the Lii\| brary of Congress will be closed on Tuesday, the 15th instant, and will not again be opened until Thursday, the 14th day of November. JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian. Nov. 8, eod2w ED1CAL DEPARTMENT OF HAMPDEN, SYDNEY COLLLEGE, RICHtfD, VA.?The thirteenth Annual Course of Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of October, 1850, and continue until the 1st of the ensuing March. The commencment for conferring degrees will be held about the middle of March. R. L.' Bonannan, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children. L. W. Ciiamberlayne, M. D., Prof, of Materia Medica and Therapeutics. S. Maupin, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and Pharmacy. Chas. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery and Surgical Anatomy. Cartter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy and Physiology. David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and ractice of Medicine. Arthur E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. The study of practical AViatomy may be prosecuted with the most ample facilities, and at very I trifling expense. Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The infirmary, under the same roof with the College and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is at all times well filled with medical and surgical cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical instruction. Many surgi<yil operations are performed in presence of the class; and the students being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities for becoming familiar with the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors' fees, (105, Demonstrator's fee, (10. Graduation fee, (25. The price of board, including ftiel, lights, and servants' attendance, is usually #3 to *3* per ' week. The catalogue, &c., containing fuller information concerning the institution, will be forwarded to those applying for it, or specific inquiries will be answeree by letter. Address, S. MAUP1N, M. D., Oct. 2 Dean of the Faculty, j THIRD ANNUAL. EXHIBITION or THE Maryland State Agricultural Society. A PPEAL to the Members or the Maryland xx State Aqriculturai. Society.?Wedesire that you should bear in mind, that on the 23d, 24th, and 25th days of October, your Society will hold its annual Exhibition and Fair at the city of ,|| I Baltimore : and we appeal 10 you, u..o >?? , bring for exhibition thereat'portions of your stock, | the products of your orchards, and qf your gardens, j Don't presume that any animal, or product, you may own is inferior to others that will be here, and be thus deterred from bringing them, as it is only by comparison that the relative merits of any thing can be determined. The safer presumption for you to arrive at, will be that what you nave is as good, if not better than that of others, and that it behooves you to gallantly enter the list of competition : if defeated honorably, and the high character of the judges is a guarantee that you -can be defeated in no other way, you will enjoy the luxury of knowing that others were more entitled to success than yourself. And while we address you to bring such articles as are properly in your department, we crave permission to solicit your interest, to induce your wives and daughters to bring whatever appertains to their peculiar departments, as embroidery, household manufactures, The products of the dairy and of the poultry yard, preserves, domestic wines, confections, and, above all things, to come themselves, as wtthotU woman, and the beautiful elaborations of her taste and genius, no display can be perfect. To the Manufacturers qf Agricultural Implements and Tools, we would say, that interest and patrirtiimm hnth combine to enjoin upon you the pro priety of making a grand "exhibition of your maH chinery of all kinds, as from o^r present advices, H we are led to believe that the assemblage of farm era and planters, and of distinguished strangers from most ot the States of the Union, will be greater than upon any former occasion here or elsewhere. We therefore say to the Agricultural Implement makers and Mechanics of the United Stales, I make it a matter of pride to display your machi nery at our exhibition, and vie with each otiier in H having the best and latest assortment on the H ground. Such ambition is laudable?is worthy of H American genius, and should be cherished by the American heart. . iCy* Editors with whom we exchange will con fer a favor by copying this notice. I "1171LLIAM TUCKER, Mxrchaxt Tailor^ V V (of the late firm of Lane & Tucker,) would call the attention of his fViends and the public genB erally to his stock of Goods now opening, which B has been selected by himself from the largest im porting houses in New York, and by far thegreatfl est variety and richest styles 1 ever offered in this B city. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly soB licited to give me a call and examine my stock beB fore purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to B their advantage. B And I would especially call the attention of ofB ficers, both of the army and the navy, to the fact B that I am prepared to execute all kinds of uniforms, B according to the late regulations, at the shortest B notice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both in B the cutting and making departments, equal to any B establishment in this country. I W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to his numer oua friends for their long and continued patronage, | and hopes, by the same diligence and attention to business, to ment a conunuanw ?.... All orders promptly executed, sep 20?3tw3w?d&trw NBW FANCY GOODS. WILL BE RECEIVING every day during I next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancy Goods suitable for PRESENTS, Ac. Also a large assortment of fresh PerAimery. Pomatums, I Soaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining to the toilet. PARKERS' Perfumery and Fancy Store, Penn. av., near National Hotel. sep21?3td Sept. 196tif AR1S MILLINERY. Will beVopened a Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on Saturday, the 5th pet., a rich assortment of. I , FOR CALIFORNIA. UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY? THROUGH PASSAGE TO CALIFORNIA. rPHE public will be gratified to learn that the I United States Mail Steamship Company are enabled to announce that their arrangements are now complete for sending passengers through from New York to San Francisco and back. In the first attempts of this Company to meet the wants of travel to California, by providing ships on the Pacific, in connection with their ships from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for through passages from Panama in advance, for their ships then going round. This was done 1 fVom a desire to accommodate those who could procure passages in no other quarter, and by i which, whatever might be the detention, they would resell San Francisco sooner than by any 1 other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the preva- 1 lence of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, pre- 1 vented their ships from reaching Panama as soon as anticipated, and caused detention at the Istli- 1 mus, which wai increased by the impatience of passengers in going forwurd, against the advice of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship could possibly reach Panama. These interruptions are now all removed. Three of the four ships of the Company, intended for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama, i and several of them have performed trips to San Francisco and back. So that the Company are now able to give the public the assurance that the voyage through from New York to San Francisco, will be performed with regularity and despatch. Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco, consists of the REPUBLIC, Capt. Hudson. ITHMUS, Capt. Hitchcock. COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck. ANTELOPE, Capt. Ackley. Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York to Chagres, of the GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N. OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N. FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N. The connection between the two lines will be carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama, will arise. The large size, well known speed, and superior accommodationi of their New York and Chagres Line, and the speed and accommodations of the ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain, rapid,and pleasant through passage to California. M. O. ROBERTS, Cor. Warren and West ats., New York. Aug. 15?lm National Medical College, Waalilngton, District of Columbia. THE annual course of lectures will commence on the first Monday in November, the 4th instant: faculty. Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Wm. P. Johnson, M. D.t Professor of Obstetrics and the diseases of women and children. Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica. Theraneutics. and Hygiene. j John Frederick May, M. D" Professor of Sur^ drafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology and Practice of Medicine. Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Edward Foreman, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy. James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator. Clinical lectures three times a week, on cases selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation performed before the class. For a full course of lectures - - $90 Demonstrator's ticket - - 10 Graduation fee - - 25 Good board can be procured at from $2 to $3 per week. JOSHUA RILEY, M. D., Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty. C. ?fc E. L. KERRISON Sl CO. DIRECT IMPORTERS or FOREIGN DRY GOODS IN CHARLESTON, S. C. WOULD respectfully inform their friends and those who purchase DRY GOODS in their city, that they are now prepared to offer a large, choice, and well assorted stock of Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods. As they receive the bulk of their goods DIRECT from EUROPEAN PORTS, they feel assured of being able to compete successfully with any other market in the United States. C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO. 209 King street, north-west corner of King and Market streets. Sep 3, 1850?3m DIRECT IMPORTATIONS or IRISH LINENS. rpHE subscribers are constantly receiving direct I from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern trade, and to which tney with confidence invite the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that I the goods will be found PURE FLAX, to wit; Shirting and f ronung i_.meun nnu uiwno Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers 1 Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted widths Damask Doylies, Napkins and Cloths, of vari- 1 ous sizes Dowlass, Glass Cloths, Black, White & Brown 1 Holland Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, etc. etc, i C, & E. L. KERRISON <fc CO. 209 King street, Charleston, S. C. Sep, 3, 1850?3m , i MEDICAL COLLEGE OF THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. THE Annual COURSE OF LECTURES in this Institution will commence on the first Monday in November next, on the following branches! Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D. Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Hen- i ry Dickson, M. D. Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D. FnysioWv, by James Moultrie, M. D. Materia Medica, by Henry R. Frost, M. D. i Obstetrics, by Thos. G. Prioleau, M. D. Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D. Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravenel, M. D. Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine Hospital and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a weeK on Hie LMseases 01 mui iiinui.ui.iiMi. Dr. E. B. Flagg, Physician to the Alms House. Lectures twice a week on Diseases. Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Surgery at the College Hospital. JIENRY R FROST, M. D., Dean. PLAINS, BLANKETS, KERSEYS AND FLANNELS. THE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Import ert of all WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per Ships, "Gulnare," " Orion," and "Somerset," from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS, 1 KERSEYS, WHITE and COLORED BLANK ETS, WHITE, RED, BLUE and GREEN FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts, Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., Ac., expressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and 1 to an inspection of which, they confidently in- ! vite all who visit the Charleston Market. C. A E. L. KERRISON A CO., < 909 King et., northwest cor. King A Market sta. Charleston, Sept 3? . '"Gkoroetowm College, D. C. fPHE CLASSICAL ;EXERCISESof this Col I lege will be resumed on the 16th instant. "sept 14?3td JAMES RYDER, Pres. 1 MECHANICAL ARTS & SCIENCES. D. APPLETON & CO., NEW YORK, have in course of publication, in farts, price twentt-rive cents each, A Dlctionay of Machine*, Mechanics, Engine-Wok, and Engineering. Designed for Practical Working-Men, and those intended for the Engineering Profession. Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Prqfessor qf Mathematics, College of Civtl Engine ere, London ; Jluthor and Inventor of" The Calculus qf Form," ' " The Mw and Improved System of l-ogarithims," "The Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc.,etc. rTMIIS work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly two thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred plates, and six thousand wood cuts. It will present working-drawings and descriptions of the most important machines in the United States. Independently of the results of American ingenuity, it will contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics, Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering ; with all that is useful in more than one thousand dollars' worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other hooks, among which may be mentioned the following : 1. Bibliotheque des Arts Industriels. (Masson, Paris.) o r>:?:i i a u>. ? *yiTu uugiucvi auu Aivuuovia /uui u?i> (Loudon.) 3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Biackie, Glasgow.) 4. Publication Industrielle. (Armengaud Aine, Paris.) 5. Jamieson's Mechanics of.Fluids. 6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.) 7. Allgemine Bauzeitung mit Abbildungen. (lorster, Wien.) 8. Organ fur die FortschrPte des Eisenhahnwesens in technischer Beziehung. (Von Waldegg, Wiesbaden.) 6. Sherwin's Logarithims. 10. Byrne's Logarithms. 11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of Oliver Byrne. 12. Silliman's Journal. 13. Algemeine Maachinen-Encyclopedia. (Hulsse, Leipzig. 14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and America contrasted. 15. Holtzapffels' Turning and Mechanical Manippulation. 16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.) 17. Eisenbahu-Zeitung. (Stuttgart) 18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine. 19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments. 20. Dictionnaire des Arts et Manufactures. (Laboulaye, Paris. 21. Sganzin's Civil Engineering. 22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter. 23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation, (Woodcroft.) 24. Essai sur l'lndustrie des Malieres Textiles (Michel Alcan, Paris.) 25. Macneill's Tables. 26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary. ftT rr* 1^4 1_ IVA :ll I V, LV?;nAApL 41. icmpiovuu B Luuiwngiii a anu cAigiucu o Pocket Companion. 28. Ladj'sand Gentlemen's Diary. 29. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.) 30. Weisbach's Mechanic* and Engineering. 31. The Mathematician. (London.) 32. Barlow on Strength of Materials. 33. Halm's Mechanics. 34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and ; Architecture. (Mosley.) i 35. Journal of the Franklin Institute. 36. The Transactions of the InstiLute of Civil | Engineers. (London.) 37. The Artisan. 3d. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published by Weale, London.) 39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.) 40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine. 41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels, (Barlow, Loudon,) 42. Recueil des Machines Instrumens et Appareil. (Le Blanc, Paris.) 43. Buchanan on Mill Work. 44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Machines. (G. Kennie.) 45. Repertoire de l'Industrie Franquoiseet Etrangere. (L Mathias, Paris.) i 46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom, London.) 47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law, London.) 48. 4iodge on the Steam-Engine 49. Scientific American. 50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik ) 51. American Artisan. j 52. Mechanic's Magazine, i 53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture. 54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur, (De Bonnefoux, Pahs.) 55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.) 5G. Brces' Railway Practice. 57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary. 58. Bowditch's Navigation. 59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men. 1 60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia. (Luke Herbert.) 61. Patent Journal ; London. 62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering. 63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crnsy. 64. Craudock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. 65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide, (llaskoll.) | 66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.) The groat object of this publication is, to place j before practical men and students such an amount of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed form, as shall enable them to work to the best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which 1 they might otherwise commit The amount ol ' r * ? Wi./xiiffkt lAcnlhitr ia n 1 mnuf USeiMl II1IUIIIIUI1UI1 UIU9 U1UU^M> ?..., ? .... beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is liardly any subject within its range which is not eatcd with such clearness and precision, that even man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of nnderstanding, and thus learning from it much which it is importrnt for him to know. From the annexed list of the principal authors 1 and subject comprised in this work it is self-evident, that all citizens engaged in the practical and useful arts, etc,, may derive essential advantages , from the possession and stqdy of this publication, The following may be especially designated i Millwrights. Moulder and Boiler Makers, Artificers iifBrass, Copper, and Tin. Cullers, and Workers of Steel in general. Carpenters. Briekmakars. Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn. Civil Engineers, Railway Contractors, and Contractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every description. Architects an I Bridge Builders. Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers. Ship Bnilders, Masters of Vessel-, Ship Carpenters, and others connected with Building and - Docking Ships. Block and Pump Makers. ? i n Hemp urcsers anu ixupc junru, Manufacturers of Lineu and Cotton Fabrics. 1 Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving ' Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Drawing Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers. Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter esled ia Sewing Machinery. Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers. Cutting and Turning Tool Makers] Pin and Neadle Mak era. Nail and Rivet Makers. Bolt and Screw-Jtolt Makers. , Nail Cutters. I Coiners. Leather Dressers and Curriers, Manufacturers of Gseat Guns and Small Arms. ( Candle Makers. Biscuit and Cracker Makers. Lace Makers. Ribbon Weavers. Stone Cutters and Marble Masons. Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers] Coopers. Cider and Cbeeae Manufacturers , Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers. Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of Sugar Plantations. Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon, and Rod Iron. Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers. Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the Locomotive generally. Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels. Managers of Stationary Engines. Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills. Veneer Cutters. Owners of Planink Machinery. CAjrn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting and Bran-Separating Machinery. Farmers arid Persons using Grain-Shelling and Threshing Machinery. Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornament Makers in general. Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas. Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing. Linen and Straw Paper Makers. Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interested in Dredging Machinery. Well Sinkers. Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical Apparatus and Instruments. Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping Engines. Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts. Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic., Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws, Common and Feed Cranes. Workers in Metals and Alloys. Tin Plate Workers. Spring Manufacturers. Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c. The publishers have expended a large sum of money to get original drawings of machinery in practical use in this country, and have procured almost every work on the sudiect, whether pnb lished in England, France, or Germany, the most essential parts of which being comprised in this Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive as possible. The publishers have endeavored to use great economy in type, ao that each page of the work contains at least four times the number of words found in ordinary pages of the same size. This has also secured to each plate woiking-drawngs of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic may construct accurately any machine described. The publishers are, in short determined, regardless of cost, to make the work as complete as possible ; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and thus encourage the enterprise. The work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers, commencing in January, 1850, and will progress with great regularity. The whole work will be published in 40 numbers at 25 oents per number, and completed within the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will be made to agents. Any one remitting the publishers J10 in advance shall receive the work through the post office free of expense. Notice to Proprietors of Newspapers throughout the United States and Canada. If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five times during the year, and the paper containing it sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis in payment. American Statistics. A short time past we published some statistics relative to the number of soldiers supplied from the different States to the revolutionary war. De Dow's Commercial Keview gives some tables relative to this, and other subjects of equal interest, which we copy. 1. The number of soldiers furnished by the American States during the revolution, and the population of each State in 1790 and in 1047. 2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on each side. 9. Amount of continental money issued to support the war, and the estimated cost in specie. 1. REVOLUTIONARY STATES. Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1847. New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000 Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 07,097 475,257 1,450,000 Rhode Island, - 5,908 69,110 130,000 Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330,000 New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000 New Jersey, - - - 10,720 181,139 416,000 Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000 Delaware, .... 2,386 59,098 80,000 Marylund, - - - 13,912 319,728 495,000 Virginia, .... 26,678 748,308 1,270,000 North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000 South Carolina, - - 6,417 249,073 605,000 Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000 Total, - - - - 231,9fl 2,820,95911,546,000 2. BATTLES OF THE REVOLUTION. Where When %8nier. British fought. fought. Com. toss. Com. Loss. Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245 Bunker Hill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054 Flatbush, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400 W. Plains, Oct *76 Washt'n 300 Howe 300 Trenton, Dec '76 Washt'n U Kahl 1U0U Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400 Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Baum 600 Brandywine,Sep'77 Waaht'n 1200 Howe f>00 Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e 600 Monmouth,Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400 R. Island, Aug 78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260 Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16 Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wayne 100 Johns'n 600 Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cornw's 375 Cownens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800 Guilrord, Mar'81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523 Eu. Springs,Sep'81 Greene 555 Stewart 1000 The surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073. *5,752 British taken prisoners. 3. COVTINEFTAL MONET. Amount issued in 1775 $ 2,000,000 " " 1777 - - 20,000,000 " " in all to July, 1799 358,000,000 The whole expenses of the war, estimated in specie, amounted to $135,193,703. COTTON STATISTICS. We compile from the New York Shipping List and Price Current, of the ljth September, the following statement, showing the crop of Cotton in the several States for the year ending 31st August 1850) 1850. 1849. Louisiana 781,886 1,093,797 Alabama . .... 350,952 518,706 " sos ni i onn t i'loriUu toitoa* ?uu,i oo Texan 31,263 38,827 Georgia 344,635 391,372 South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117 North Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041 Virginia 11,509 17,550 Total crop 2,096,715 2,728,596 Dereaae from last year 631,881 Decrease from year before .... 250,928 The Past, the Present and the Future.?Of the cotton trade, from the London Economist, August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this trade in all its branches." American cotton crop : 1835-6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875 1836-7 1,422,930 1843-4 2,030,409 1837-8 1,801,497 1844-5 2,394,503 1838-9 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537 1839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651 1840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,634 1841-2 1,684,211 1848-9 ' 2,728,596 Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315 Average crop of the last seven years exceeds that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the last just double that of the first?and the crop of 1848-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent. Average consumption in Great Britain of American cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales. The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales. Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales. BARRY'S TRI COP HE ROUS. TjARKER, Agent for the above very superior Jr HAIR WA8H, received, this day, 12groaa. Wholesale and retail, at PARKERS' a THE UNITED STATES POSTAL GUIDE .WD OFFICIAL ADVERTISER. tLJpTo show what is done, and what should be done, in <j0ie<.?4DU Peter Q. Washi-voton, ) r . , n , , Charles M. Willard, \ E^ors and Proprietors. Term*.?" The United States Postal Guide and Official Advertiser," containing about 32 super-royal octavo pages, is published monthly Jbr one dollar onlt, per uMiiutn, payable in advance?or Jive dollars for six copies ordered at any one time. PREPARATORY NOTICE. The enterprise in which we now embark, and of which this paper is at once the sommencement, and a sample of the papers that are to follow, has for its aim no less a purpose, thun to impart instruction, in the general and detail, to the Officers and Agents of the American public, in respect both to their duties and their rights, and to make them, and the people at large, acquainted with the organization, decisions ana action of the Executive departments of their Government. There has hitherto teen no vehicle for the regular and proper communication of information of this kind. The publication of the Laws and the issue of instructions, more or less comprehensive, and at intervals more or less extended, have proved wholly inadequate, in the absence of the construction of those Laws, as applied to particular cases, and of details and illustrations to make the regulations and instructions intelligible. The valuable documents annually reportea to Congress, are too voluminous, and are printed in quantities too small for general circulation; whilst the debates in Congress and the commentaries of the press upon their proceedings, and the proceedings of the Executive branch of the Government, besides turning mostly upon general principles, address themselves only to narty ends, and to matters of national policy. These publications in their various forms are highly useful in themselves as far as they go, and some of them indispensable; but there is much that do not reach the haods of all, nor if they did, do they furnish those rules, methods, and examples, for the despatch of the public business which con render the discharge of public duty either safe or easy, whether in respect to the incumbent himself, or the department or bureau under which he acta. We shall make an honest effort to supply this vacuum, and to provide for these necessities. If we succeed in rendering the functions of the primary offices more uniform, methodical, and ex act, we snail maKe the administrative duties of the departments more easy and effective, and thereby promote the real and substantial interests of the country. And this we expect to do, to some extent at least?apart from, and independently of any party or personal interest or question whatever. It is known to most of those to whom this paper will be sent, that the Senior Editor was Auditor of the Post-Office Department until the month of November last; with by far the larger portion of both postmasters and contractors, he has had direct intercourse, in person or by letter. He entered the department fourteen yeurs since, and for many years previously, had been, first in the War Department, and subsequently in the Treasury. He has therefore had the best opportunities for understanding the arrangements or business in all the departments, and being acquainted with those who carry it on. Since his official connection with the Government ceased, he flatters himself he lias preserved the respect and regard of most of the Eresent incumbents of the departments, and is on ecoming terms of intercourse uud civility with them ail. The Junior ?ditor has been asssiduously engaged for several years, in studying, by personal inquiry and examination, the practical and daily routine and details of the Post-Office and other branches of the public business. It is with this stock of experience, and these advantages for reaching the various sources of administrative action. und for imparting minute and illustrative in struction, and valuable periodical and statistical information, that we.challenge your confidence and solicit your support and patronage. We have fixed upon the 15th of each month as the day for the publication of our paper, so as to afford time for obtaining from the departments, all the orders, notices anuchanges issued, or made by them during the preceding month. Tables of Post Offices, and compilations of the Laws and Regulations, are issued by the Post Office Department only once in two or three years. It is a matter of inconvenience and complaint, for which hitherto there has been no remedy, that in one month from the time of these issues, the: e are offices in the tables which are no longer in operation, and offices in operation which are not in the tables. At this time there are perhaps over three thousand offices of the two descriptions, In like .manner laiws have been passed and regulations established since the issue of the last volume of regulations, of which many postmasters and others are wholly ignorant. We propose to prevent, for the present, any increase of the evil of either kind, and from the time another issue shall be made, our paper will furnish the additions, corrections, and modifications, made in each month, and by being filed I ...Ml .. OV.? A. 11 I uuu J?I coci ?cu j win auuiu vu |;i;auuaDicia lUli ttllU exact information upon both subjects, up to and for time being. How much of the present misdirection, remailing, doubt, confusion, error, and imposition, will be saved by the progressive state of full and exact knowledge, for which we have provided, and for which we engage, every intelligent postmaster can estimate for himself. These advantages alone and independently of all others, are worth manv times the price we charge for the paper, and will, it is honed, induce every postmaster who feels a just pride in his office, or a patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, and efficiently of the whole Post Office system?at once to subscribe. The same considerations apply to the orders and notices, decisions, and instructions of the War, Navy, Treasury, State, and Interior departments, and the same course is intended in respect to them. Notices of the decisions of the Supreme Court, in cases turning upon questions of official duty or national interest, will And a place in this paper. A department of our paper addressing itself not merely to postmasters and other officers of the Government, but to all other citizens who give attention to the affairs of the nation and the progress and devolopment of the country, will embrace in a condensed form the matters submitted to, or arising in Congress. At eaoh session a vast deal of valuable information is communicated to Congress, by the several departments and their subordinate bureaus, and profound and comprehensive reports are made by committees of both Houses. But the great mass of the community know nothing of the contents of these documents and reports, except the brief notices of them, which trom time to time appear m me puouc papers. The standing number printed of each document and report, is only twelve hundred in the Senate, and fourteen hundred in the House of Representatives, which at once shows the impracticability of their dissemination. The Advertiser will contain short abridgments or analysis of all these documents and reports, ana the compend will therefore not only prove exceedingly useful and instructive in itleff, but will furnish an easy index to those interested, whenever it is found desirable to obtain and examine the document at large. There is a lar^e field before us, the materials are ample. It will be our zealous care to collect and arrange them in the proper fbrm. We have every confidence that the subscriptions will be ample to enable ns to accomplish it all. The information we propose to give, comprehending and confined to the action or the Government, is solid, useful, and (we might almost say) necessary to the officer?if not to the citizen. It is intended for all, and put at n price which can constitute no obstacle with any. If at the end of the year, any subscriber shall find that he has not received the full value of his money, in intellectual enjoyment and in the increased hght and aid afforded him, for the discharge of his official duties or in exercising by his vote ni* just share in the conduct of our public affairs, then shall we be ready to admit, that our hopes and expectations have been disappointed, and that the contract on our part has failed. P. G. WASHINGTON, CHARLES M. WILLARD Washington, D. C., June, 1850. FOR RENT, JcaL THE HOUSE now occupied by Mrs. Hii^ SPRIGG, on Capitol Hill, Carroll Place, a nairn mediate possession given. To a good tenant the terms will be reasonable. Apply to _Oct. 17?3t. BEN. E. GREEN.? LI TT ELL'S LIVING AGE. Published every Saturday, at 12J cents a Number, Yearly, in advance, $6. BT K. LITTKLL ft CO., BOITOV. THIS work is conducted in the spirit of Littell'a Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favorably received by the public for twenty years,) but ai it is twice as large, and appears so often, we not only give spirit and freshness to it by many things which were excluded by a month'a delay, out while thus extending our scope, and gathering a greater and more attractive variety, are able so to increase the solid and substantial part of our literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to satisfy the wants of the American reader. The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's notable criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural and mountain scenery; and the contributions to Literature, History, and common life, by the sagacious Spectator, the sparkling Examiner, the judicious AtnsnKum, the busy and industrious Literary Gazelle, the sensible and comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable CnristianObserver; these are intermixed with the Military and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with the best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, Fruser's, Tail's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Magazines, and of Chambers's admirable Journal. We do not consider it beneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think it good enough, make use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and from the new growth of the British colonies. The steamship has brought Europe, Asia, and Africa into our neighborhood, and will greatly multiply our connexions as merchants, travellers, ! and politicians, with all parts of the world; so that. much more than ever, it now becomes every intelligent American to be informed of the conditions and changes of foreign countries. And this not only because of their nearer connexion with ourselves, but because the nations seem to be hastening through a rapid process of change, to some new stale of things, which the me?ly political prophet cannot compute or foresee. Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages and Travels, will be favorite matter for our selections; and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully acquaint our readers with the great department of foreign affairs, without entirely neglecting our own. While we aspire to make the Liviitg Jlge desirable to all who wish to keep, themselves informed of the rapid progress of the movement?to statesmen, divines, lawyers, and physicians?to men of business and men of leisure,?it is still a stronger object to make it attractive to their wives and children. We believe that we can thus do some good in our day and generation, and hope to make the work indispensable in every well-informed family. We say indispensable, because in this day of cheap literature, it is not possible to guard against the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, in any other way than by Airnishing a sufficient supply of a healthy character. The mental and moral appetite must be gratified. We hone, that by " winnowing the wheat from the chaff, bv providing abundantly for the imagination, and by a large collection of Biography, Voyages and Travels, History, and more solid matter, we may produce a work which shall be popular, while at the same time it will aspire to raise the standard of public taste. Letters in commend&lion of thtfj^an and execution of the work from Judge Stor7, Chancellor Kent, Dr. Bethune, and Messrs. Jared Sparks, W. H. Prescolt, George Bancroft, and George Ticknor, have been published in former advertisements. Postage.?When sent with a cover it is ranked as a pamphlet, and costs 4j cents. Without the cover it comes within the definition of a newspaper given in the law, and cannot legally be charged with more than newspaper postage. Monthlt Parts.?For such as prefer it in that form, the Living Age is put up in monthly parts, containing four or five weekly numbers. In this shape it snows to great advantage in comDariBon with other works, containing in each part double the matter of any of the quarterlies. But we recommend the weekly numbers as fresher and fuller of life. The volume! are published quarterly. Each of them is equul to three ordinary octavos. Orders should be addressed directly to the publishers. E. L1TTELL & CO., oct 22 Boston. NEW PROSPECTUS of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN. To Mechanics, Inventors, and Manufacturers: rPHE Publishers of the Scientific American respectfully give notice that the ?ixth volume of this valuable journal, commenced on the 21st of September, otiering a valuable opportunity for ull to subscribe who tuke an interest in the progress and developement of the Mechanics' Arts and Manufactures of our country. The character of the Scientific American is too well known throughout the country to require a detailed account of the various subjects discussed through its columns. It enjoys a more extensive and influential circulation than any other journal of its class in America. It will be published weekly, as heretofore, in Quarlo Form, on fine paper, affording, at the end oi me year, un ii^i.us l KJt I K!) KJVC VUIA)PEDIA, of over FOUJi HUNDRED PJIGES, with an Index, and from Five to Six Hundred ORIGINAL ENGRAVINGS, described by letters of reference; besides a vast amount of practical information concerning the progress of SC/J2AT1FIC and ME C HANI CA L IMPRO VEMENTS, CHEMISTRY, CIVIL ENGINEER ING, MA N U FA C T U R ING in its various branchta, ARCHITECTURE,MASONRY, BOT ANY,?in short, it embraces the entire range of the Arts and Sciences. It also possesses an original feature not found in any other weekly journal in the country, viz., au Official List of PATENT CIJIIMS, prepared expressly for its columns at the Patent Office,?thus constituting it the " AMERICAN REPERTORY OF INVENTIONS." Terms?$2 a-year ; $1 for six months. All letters must be post paid and directed to MUNN &, CO., Publishers of the Scientifia American, 128 Fulton street, New York. Inducements for Clubbing. Any person who will send us four subscribers for six months, at our regular rates, shall be entitled to one copy for the same length of lime ; or we will furnish? 10 copies for 6 mos., 48 I 15 copies for 12 mos. 422 10 do 12 15 I 20. do 12 " 28 Southern and Western money taken at par for subscriptions ; or Post Office Stamps taken at their full value. PREMIUM. , Any person sending us three subscribers will be entitled to a copy of the " History of Propellers and Steam Navigation," republished in book form ?now in press, to be ready about the first of October. It will be one of the most complete works upon the subject ever issued, and will contain about ninety engravings. Pel. 22?tf T IFE INSURANCE.?-British Commercial I j Life Insurance Company, established in 18510, and empowered by act of Parliament, for the Insurance of Lives and Survivorships, and the endowment of Children, Ac., drx., CAPITAL THREE MILLION DOLLARS! ?l3"Office 3d story Colonization Buildings, near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Washinton city, D. C M. THOMPSON, October 21,1850?dtf. * t*lbU?btd tin Tu?rt?y^ T^idtyi afid Saturdays I * fit Sonthdtn Prnnn,"?Weakly, I la pubiiehed every Saturday. I ADVERTISING RATES. For one square of 10 lines, three insertions, f 1 00 I u every subsequent insertion, *4 Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising. I tf- Individuals may forward the anwunt of their 0 I subscriptions at our risk. Address, (post-paid) I ELL WOOD FISHEK, I Washington Citr. | FOR INSURANCE OF LIVES AND 1 SURVIVORSHIPS. I ?? * ' I UNIT I si 1 COMMERCIAL LIFE INSUR- I ANCE COMPANY, I Established in 1820, and Empowered by act of Parliament, For the Insurance of Lives, and the Endowment of Children, die. LONDON, NEW-YORK AND WASHINGTON CITY. CAPITAL 3,000,000. M. THOMPSON, Jlftnt. 53" Office on Pennsylvania avenue, one door west or Jackson Wall. BRILLIANT LOTTERIES. FOR NOVEMBER, 1850. J. W. MAURY A Co., MANAGERS. SPLENDID LOTTERY. CAPITAL PRIZE 160,000! J Also 1 $40,000! #90,000! #11,460! VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY, For the Benefit of Monongalia Academy, Class L for 1850. To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, Norember 23, 1850. Under the superintendence ofContmissioners. 75 Number Lottery?12 drawn ballots. BRILLIANT SCHEME. 1 splendid prize of - - - #60,000 1 do 40,000 1 do 20,000 1 prize of ------ 11,460 1 do 10,000 15 do - 2,500 25 4o 2,000 25 do 1.500 50 do 1,900 100 do 1,000 63 do 160 63 do 120 63 do 100 63 do 80 3,906 do 40 23,436 do 20 An Af Whole Tickets 420?Halves $10?Quarters $5 Eighths $2,50 * Certificates of pnck'es of 25 Whole tickets $240,00 Do do of 25 Half do 120,00 Do do of 25 Quarter do 60,00 Do do of 55 Eigth do 30,00 $40,000! $20,000! $15,000! 50 prizes of $1,000! VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY, For the benefit of Monongalia Academy, Class 133, for 1850 To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday, November, 30, 1850. 78 Number Lottery?13 drawn ballots. SPLENDID SCHEME. 1 prize of ----- - $40,000 1 do 20,000 1 do ----- - 15,000 1 do 8,000 1 do ------ 5,000 1 do 3,842 50 prizes of ------ 1,000 50 do ------ 500 180 do 250 05 do ------ 100 65 do 50 65 do-*---- 40 130 do - 30 4,745 do 20 27,040 do 10 &c. &c. 1!Sr Tickets $10?Halves $5?Quarters $2,50 ertificates ofpack'es of26 whole tickets $140,00 Do do 26 half do 70,00 Do do 26 quarter do 35,50 For Tickets and Shares or Certificates of Packages in the above splendid Schemes, address J. W. MAURY & Co., Richmond, Va. An account of the drawing will be sent to all who order from us. October SOth, 1850. -w AW AND AGENCY OFFICE.?The undersigned, Attorneys and Agents, practice Law in the Supreme Court of the United Suites, and the Courts of the District of Columbia, and attend promptly to claims against the United Suites, including the settlement of all accounts of officers nnd agents of the Government, Bounty Lands, Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions, &c., ?tc. They tender their services to members of the profession at a distance, and, when the case is prepared by a local agent, will abate one-half their usual fee. All information relative to the forms and usages of business in any of the Departments, will be famished to our regular correspondents without charge. They have made arrangements for the payment of taxes, and for the sale or location of bounty land warrants on the best Western lands. 2Cy?Office on Pennsylvania avenue, Lane & Tucker's Building. . DUPP GREEN, BEN. E. GREEN, RICH'D. H. CLARKE Oct. 14?3tawSm. TO EDITORS OP NEWSPAPERS. WE beg leave to call your attention to an advertisement, and to the memorial annexed, and tender our services in the prosecution of any claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you may send to us. We will allow you one half our usual fee, which is^re dollars for obtaining a warrant for 160 acres, and three dollars for a warrant of eighty acres or less, for publishing our advertisement, and preparing and forwarding the papers to us. If you accept this proposal, please insert this circular and our advertisement in your paper, with the following editorial notice: " We call the attention of our readers to the advertisement of Messrs. Duff Green, Ben. E. Green, and Richard If. Clarke, Attorneys and Agents at Washington, D. C., and would say to persons having claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, that we have made arrangements for the requisite forms, and that claimants calling at our office can have their papers properly prepared and forwarded to these gentlemen at Washington, who will properly altend^to them in their proper offices." Please get each claimant to sign the memorial, and forward it to your member of Congress. Please send us a copy of your paper containing our card, which will notify us that you accept our proposition. DUFF GREEN, BEN. E. GREEN, RICH'D H. CLARKE. MKMUKIAL.. To the Senate and Home of Rrpreuntativtn of the United Statet in Congress assembled: The memorial of the undersigned, respectfully represents that they are entitled to Bounty Land, under the act of 28th of September, 1850, that they are in/brmed and believe that the anloeated warrants are worth more to them than the patented lands would be; that they do not expect or desire to reside on the land thus granted; that if patented to them, the expense of agencies and taxes will be an annual charge, reducing the value of the grant, which they could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant. Your memorialists further represent that the law, by preventing the sale of the warrants, assumes that the officers and volunteers entitled to bounty lands, are not competent to act for themselves, I whereas many of them are among the most intelligentand respectable citizens of the States. They 1 therefore respectfully ask that the act aforesaid ' may be so modified as to make the warrants fo? " bounty lands assignable, and they will ever pray, Ac. > ~~ WANTED TO PURCHASE, A A SMALL HOUSE on Capitol Hill, containing six or seven rooms, with considerround attached.?-Apply at this office, J Oct. 1?~3|.