Newspaper Page Text
? ? 1-.. Jim I nil .
THE SOUTHERN PRESS. DAILY, ----------- #100 TRI-WEEKLY, 5 <; WEEKLY, - - - - r ,r< 2 0 From the Ohio State Journal. The Washerwoman vs. The Bachelor. V ZADOCK. One cold night came I stumbling, over chairs am tables tumbling, Making a mighty rumbling in the unlit hall be low, And J clamber'd upward, wondering, why mi heels made such a thundering, And most seriously pondering how I to bet alone could go, (n sheets as cold as snow. i nij d> rm.iirvio > iibiti-kh .Suddenly there cgme a rapping, with a kind oi hideous tapping As if my pate were slapping against the oaken floor; , Up raised I then my bruised head, and swore 1 would, alive or dead? >Ver grope my way again to bed when darkness hides the door? ?Mvermore ! Then through the door I hurried, and round the room ( flurried, Until completely worried with searching o'er ana o er, For the candle, lost or hidden, which to find I was forbidden,? Then to bed 1 slid in?may I meet with such a bore, .Vetifruiort And, an I lay there shivering?in the darkness, freezing, quivering, Beneath the scanty kiveritig, that had oft sheltered me before, 1 vowed a loving helpmate, I must have me soon or late, When something seemed to prate, from the window by the door? " Nevermore !" Then 1 raised my head all battered?with fright my teeth now chattered, And from my cranium scattered all thoughts of sleeping more, For the old bed curtains parted, and therefrom a female started? Looking vastly broken hearted?said I, " we've niet before*," Said she " nevermore !" Then my wits did leave me mostly, at that look so fierce, unghoslly, - And that word outspoken lastly, a " strangi relevancy bore When 1 asked her what she wanted, that she thu my chamber haunted, And with my finger pointed towards the nearet door? - ... - - - - Said she, " nevermore ! " Why treat me thus uncivil, thou infernal imp c evil ? lie thou saint or be thou devil, I'll have the here no more!" She not n step receded, and my threats were al unheeded? Shescowl'd upon me?she did?cried I, " won' you lei me snore ?" Quoth site "nevermore!' Then pale Luna came forth beaming', her ray through the window streaming? Was it so?or was I dreaming,? 'ticas my wash erxcoman there,.' " Hence!" cried 1, somewhat nettled?" JVottutfi your wash bill's settled Uuoth she, and she chuckled, as she cried on as before? "Nevermore!" Then with a look .mysterious?no solemn, gravt and serious, .... And a motion so imperious?she sailed arms the floor, A uJ grabbing up my.breeches?the only pair lei w hich is Without unbroken stitches?she bolted for th door? . . Saying, ".nevermore !" Then 1 sprang from under cover, to catch th nightly rover, ?< Tying, "stop, uhd Til fork over!" but si heeded me ho more \ And straightway, downward dashing,with a mo unheard of smashing, And a most outrageous crashing, she mad shut the door: " My breeches !" cried i?yelled she "nevermore From the National Intelligencer, JYbt). 2. I'd lite Editos s of the National Intelligencer : iikntlemen : My attention has been called an article on Hayti, in the Boston Journal of tl Jt) h instant, (copied into the New York Tribun of the 30th,) in which the editor says, on the at ihority of a Hay lien citizen now on a visit to thi . mm(ry : "The conduct of our commissioner, Mr. Green v. liO was recently sent there to adjust certain dil lieuItieo, was such as to prejudice the peopl a gainst this country and government. His beai no towards the Emperor is described as bein ongeiitlemanly ahd insolent?such as gave gret o If-Mice, and reflected dishonor on the governmer whose accredited agent he was." ITi willing to anticipate the action of the Exe< uiive; wnien nas noi yei maue nuiiiic ine resum my mission to Hayti, I have Heretofore avoide in iking any communication to the press in rela ii 'ii to the state of thing* in that Island, nlthougl I deem it very important that public atlentioi should be called to it. Hut the above attack upon me, circulated b} inn imls of respectability, makes it proper that should request you to publish this letter, denying ih..t there was anything in my deportment to tin Emperor at which he or his friends could rightful l\ u\ke olfence. On the contrary, I treated al i tie authorities of the Island with marked courte sy and respect, hoping thereby to produce a bet icr feeling towards our citizens who trade there old to remove some portion of that ill-will to wards all white men, and especially to Americans which has given rise to outrages on American citi -/ens, to demand indemnity for which was one r itie chief objects of my visit to Port-au-Prince.That indemnity I demanded, as required by m instructions, but not in a manner to give an cause of offence, or to reflect any dishonor on m government. I have the satisfaction Of knowin, that my conduct received the hearty approbatio <>f those who selected me for this very delicat business, and that the results of my missivn ii arranging for the recognition of our cotnmercin asrents, and in procuring the remission of the tei per cent, additional duty previously imposed 01 ?.or vessels and cargoes, fur exceeded their ex perflations. ^ If anything in my conduct gave olfence to tli Emperor or his subjects, it was my efforts to pro Juce a pacification of ths island, and the protes which I presented against his using the money justly due and long withheld from our citizens, u ? war of extermination on the whites of the ens tern or Dominician end of the island. In this mi conduct was approved, notonly by my own Gov eminent, but also by England and France, whicl subsequently instructed their respective consuls t follow my example, and protest against the fui 'her nronrcut ion of the umr A Huston merrhm ?aiding in Port-au-Prince, in a leuer recently at dressed to me, says: " Should the Dominicians be ai'.bdued, the Ha] liens will not be satisfied till they are .nearly t ?pjile exterminated. Cruelties will be practise! should this wicked war now proceed, such as hat not been recorded since the days of carnage an rapine during the insurrection on this Island i 1 <91 and *92. " For the cause of humanity, it is enrnestly I 1?? hoped that the United States Government wi take some measures to prevent the further wick* and unjustifiable hostilities against the Dom iccians. Soulouque is determined to march, if! in not prevented. If you still feel interest in tl matter, move soon, or it may he too late if lor delayed." besides the very strongly worded assaults upc me, the editor of the Boston Journal has been h into other erroneous statements as to the presei condition of Hayti, upon which 1 need only r i.iark that they are made on the authority of yenilenian of Port-au- Price," who is probably t agent of the Emperor Soulouque, sent to prevei or retard any action of our government whic might interfere with his contemplated massacre < ih* whites of the Dominician end of the Island. Your obedient servant, '> 41ENJAMLN &-GHESN. A new line of telegraph from Cincinnati t St. Louis, via Indianupolia, Terra Haute, am Allon, ti under construction by an agent ol Mi Aiorse. IW The foliowinf spirij^d letter pf a pro mincnt young Whig inj^uf,.! Co# Florida, y.o copy from thu Jacku*?vfl!c .Mtftow. It aeetna that hia name haU Loen used at a hiiiuII meeting 0 of Whigs who fuvoreft-the Comfyromi.se: 1V> the Editor* qf the Sir: In the published proceedings of the Gravelly Hill meeting 1 find my name among those of the committee of " Twenty-four," appointed to j draft a Preamble and Resolutions expressing the sentiments of the meeting?to be forwarded to our Senators and Representative in Congress. At the time that this meeting was held, I was absent ? from the county and knew not that I had been called in to participate in its proceedings until I j saw it in the papers of the day. As the Preamble and Resolutions contained sentiments which neve.* were and never will be mine, I feel boun.l to disown (hem: and to nay to those who have heretof fore honored me with their confidence that I have not turned litis summerset, which 1 appear by this 1 Preamble and these Resolutions to have done. My "conviction of right," and my "sympathies" [ never have been, and never can be, with the "friends of Clay's Compromise, which was re ported by a committee of the Senate," a measure at once so odious and so traitorous to the South, that my greatest surprise is, to find Southerners forgetting the rights of their native soil, and lend ' ing themselves even for a moment to its support. Yet such is the melancholy fact, though not without precedent. I am not a follower of either Mr, Clay, or those who are his followers or worshippers; fori sincerely believe, that if the rights, ilie liberties, and the destinies of the South were in his grasp, he would surrender them all to the Abolitionists of the North, and place about our necks the galling chains of perpetual servitude and slavery. Is not such a desire to be seen in his celebrated " Compromise?" Does he not propose by that bill to surrender to the North the enormous region of v?...? s tv.?? t ~ r.uufiiry nuuwn uo vmuuiuia ; jl/wso hc iiiii. pru- j pone to take from Texas, territory sufficient to form two Statea and surrender it into the grasping hand of Northern Free-soilers! Does he not propose to take from the Treasury ten millions of dollars, with which to quiet the claim of Texas to her territory thus wantonly torn from her grasp, that the Abolitionists at tne North may receive . the ultimate benefit? And do not the products of the slaveholditig States contribute largely, more than hplf of this sum ? Does he not also propose by this same ftimous " Compromise" to abolish the slave trade in the District of Columbin, on soil given td the General .Government by the slaveholding States of Maryland and Virginia; without the most remote expectation or apprehension having been entertained by those States at the time the grant was made that such an attempt would , ever be made? Thus forever depriving the citizens of that District of their inalienable rights s which never would have been done by their parent StatesAnd what is it proposed by the far!t fame.l " Compromise" that the South shall receive for all this ? Simply the passage of the " Fugitive >> slave bill" through Congress, by which he endeavors to hold out to the vision of the Southern if people the hope that this will be all sufficient to insure to us the perpetual en joyment of our rights e and everlasting peace to our now distracted country. As if Northern fanatics would not disregard II any such law, as they have already and for years disregarded the consitutional provision relating to t this subject! It is, sir, a delusion calculated to lull us into a fatal security, until our chains shall ' he forged and riveted upon lis, und their clanltings shall be heard over all the length and breadth of s our land. Then, lie might well lay aside his musk and receive the applause from his Northern friends, - for which, and for whose best interests, he lias so long and so arduously lubored. , 11 Such are the provisions of this celebrated ''Clay Compromise," advocuted by a man of gigantic it luminous intellect, who is capable of making the very chains he forges for us appear, to his friends .....f ?;i AaA l-I u tvniiM I,,,. tor away the best interest of the South nnd leave us but the memory of the past us a consolation for the rights of which he hud deprived us. Can it ia be, sir, thui Southerners can give their "sympathies" to such a ninnCan it be that their "symputhies" are enlisted in behalf of this "Clay Compromise," a measure calculated to deprive them of e their inalienable rights and gradually but surely and certainly ultimately to reduce them to the position of provincials and dependants of the j North? Sir, I cannot believe it! But what was the fate of this famous "Compromise" in the >e Senate of the United States ? Mr. Clay found existing among Southern senators a purer patriotism ^ than he had probably expected to find, and intellects that, not even all his eloquence could mislead ; . and his ardently cherished measure was defeated. ^ Since then he has avowed the most startling doc,,, trines that have ever been held by an American stutesman, and which in their effects would lead to the most fearful and disastrous consequences. They are in effect that no citizen of the country owes any allegiance to his parent State, and in tr) case of collision is bound to array himself upon ie the side of the federal Union even to the utter ie exierminnt'on of the rights and liberties of the State which gave him birth. Also, that no State ? (and by parity of reason no number of States') has even the slightest shadow of right, no matter ! how grievous the wrongs they suffer, to withdraw C* from the Union ; and should a fatal blow be struck |e at the liberties of the fifteen Southern States by . the majority in Congress with the sanction and ? approval of the Executive, the Southern States u must bow submissively to the yoke, and dare not lt raise their voice either individually or collectively right the wrongs which must forever blot them as sovereign States from the confederacy. >f This is the tendency of his monstrous doctrines, d nnd strikes at once at the basis of all free and coni federated government in America. The Federal h Union is a compact of the States composing it, a and had its existence long after their existence was known as free and sovereign States ; and by their y freely and voluntarily consenting to unite and form I one general head of Government, for mutual and y reciprocal benefit nnd advantage. They could not e have been compelled to enter the Union, for each . ?late was entirely tree ana inuepenaent ot me I others, and there was no power to coerce or coni pel the submission of any State that should have . chosen not to enter the Union. Had there been , a compelling power, and one State had been rom pelled to enter the Union against her wishes, there i, would have been an end at one# of all free govern* i- ment. But there was no such compelling power >1 in the government of the Federal Union, Such _ an idea is an absurdity. If then, there was no y such power at the time of the formation of (he Fedy eral Union, there can have been none since, uny less by the free consent of every Stale of the Cong federacy, and this we know lias never been given, n The Southern States having entered the Union c freely and voluntarily, with equal rights and prin vileges with each and every State forming the | Confederacy, they have a perfect and indefensible T right to withdraw from the compact as soon as t] their liberties or their rights shall he likely to he . subverted, or that Union shall cense to confer the benefits sought in the Union. At the time of the e formation of the Federal Union, the South pos_ sessed a more than balancing influence in the t country. Since that time, that influence has steadily, though slowly, and almost imperceptibly, derj clined, wiiile the North has increased in wealth, in power, and influence, with giant strides until Y now that portion of the Union has avowed doc - trines, and set up monstrous and unfounded claims, h which are calculated in the end to sweep from the o face of the world every Southern State, as a free f. and sovereign commonwealth, it The North has largely the majority in Congress, 1- and what may that section not do, conscious of power as it is, with a Northern President at the1 r- head of the notion ? The present Executive lind >r but just stepped into his present position when lie 1, announced to the world that the sword of the na'e tion should ftill upon the devoted head of Texas if J id the latter dared to assert her right to her own terin ritory ; setting up the plea that this territory was ceded by Mexico in the treaty of Guadalupe Hito dalgo, and thnt Texas never had undisputed right ill to it. This flimsy plea he well knew could not"be id sustained ; for it was upon the disputed ctaitft of i- the United Stales Alia Mexico to the territory te claimed by Texas, thnt the late war between the te two nations originated ; and which was terminated ig by the treaty aforesaid. The title of Texas to Jjer territory nevpr was undisputed by'Mexico. She in Could not claim a single foot of her soil not even d the island of Gnlveston, the head and foot of all nt her power and wealth, as undisputed. The Presie dent may as well have claimed all the country belt tween the Nueces aud liio Grande, nay more, he in might as well have claimed all of Texas an ceded lit to the United Slates by the treaty of Guadalupe ih Hidalgo, as to have claimed the portion of Texas ?f called New Mexico, as belonging exclusively to the Government of thf Federal Union, IJut a pretext wits all that wa? wanted. This territory, the - rightful property of Texas, was about to become slave territory. Mr. Clay, in endeavoring to pass his celebrated "Compromise," had labored with ? the -energy and intellect whieli surprised and dnz^ zletl a world, to keep it out pfjJr* hands of Texas, ' but be hod signally failed ; and when that fact became settled, we find the president ready to grasp by th?}iand of power what could not be, or wli.it ?C<M not, granted io the .North hy the South. The meswqgoof the President threatening the interposition ?f the Federal'arm to deprive lJexns of her territory, thui trampling upon her den rent righui as a free and sovereign State, is so perfectly consonant to the doctrines of force avowed by Mr. Clay, Outfit is not difficult to trace both to the same common author. But It has been said, and doubtless will be again, that Mr. Clay in offering his famous "Compromise" became the great "peace-maker," and being a Southerner he was offering to the I country u measure which would redound to the honor of the South. We have examined his compromise; let us turn to the history of a part of his I life and examine the directions his "sympathies" | had taken ut an early day. Do we iiQlfind, sir, that he advocated, in his early introduction upon the stage of public life, the gradual emancipation of slaves in Kentucky? an attempt which was scouted by almost every member Qf the body in which it was introduce! ? Do we not find also that upon every occasion that presented he again and again brought up this same measure, endeavoring at all times wnen an opportunity offered to thrust it upon the State of Kentucky ? Has he not for a great number of years been Vice President, and wns he not eventually made President of the African Colonization Society? Thus plainly showing in what direction his "sympathies" lay? Those who are acquainted with his history are well satisfied of the facts. And yet this is the man, and his celebrated "Compromise" the measure, that were to have had the "sympathies" of the people of Duval county! Sir, neither Mr. Clay's Compromise nor Mr. Clay, nor his followers and worshippers, nor the advocates of any Northern measure, can ever have any " sympathies," and there are others of our fellow citizens, who, upon the dav of trial, will be found to express and act out the same sentiments. Let men not deceive themselves! Mr. Clay in the councils of our country is an enemy more to be dreaded than Benedict Arnold in the camp of the British Army; for, the former with transcendent abilities is constantly endeavoring to undermine and destroy the rights of the South while he keeps his worshippers blinded to their fate; the lutter by his hot haste committed to overt an act of treason that the eyes of nil men opened to the enormity of his crime and his influence was thenceforward forever lost. There has been enough of this pandering to the interests and policy of the North, and I devoutly hope that our people will see to it in fbture that there shall be no more. The first net was the surrender of the Missouri Compromise line; the last was the attempted surrender by Clay's Compromise of the whole of the territory lately acquired from Mexico, with a large portion of the territory of Texas, and the rights of the South in the District of Columbia. It is time that the South should say as with one voice to the grasping North, we will have to the line of 36.30, with the guaranteed right of slavery South of it, we concede to you all the country north of it, guaranteeing to you free territory perpetually therein. This is the ultimatum of all that we will do. It will ere long behoove us to look to the step? we take, and jvhat we slmll do. Already the Government is concentrating troops upon the confines of Texas, with the undoubted intention of1 coercing her to yield her territory to the strong hand of the North. The day for conciliation and compromise has passed. The North has steadily marched upon us with constant strides, and step by step we have yielded our rights, until now there Is no course for us to pursue, but to surrender the whole that is left us, or, with one voice to say to the North we will retreat no farther. The first sword drawn aguinst Texas will see the days of the (Jnion numbered. The contest I|qs already commenced. There is no reason longer to shut our eyes to the painful truth. The next breeze that sweeps Prom tlio West may bring to us the intelligence that we are hanging upon lite verge of Southern liberty or Southern annihilation. Respectfully, OSCAR HART. From the Toledo (Ohio) Republic. SriniT of the Democratic Press of Ohio, on the Fugitive Slave Law.?Every mail brings cheering evidence of a correct public sentiment, on the subject of the Fugitiveslave law. The Democratic press of Ohio, without a single exception, as fur us we have noticed, denounce the law, in just and severe language, and declare it to be a dangerous usurpation of power, on the part of the Congress that enacted it. The following article is from the Sandusky Co. Democrat, edited by Charles J. Orton, a useful and prominent Democratic member of the constitutional convention. The editor of the Democrat is a true man, and is us faithful as he is fearless in his efforts to propoxate the Democratic faith, and defend the Democratic cause. From the Sandusky Co. Democrat. The Fugitive Slave Law.? Tliia lam, is, as it should be, received with one universal burst of execration from one end of the free States to the other. Public meetings have been, or are being held, in all the principal towns and cities, particularly in the East. We give the opinion that this !aw cannot be enforced, except in rare localities. It is vain to talk to the people about the sanctity apd inviolability of the law. They will answer "this infamous act is clearly unconstitutional and therefore not binding upon us. Our representatives sold themselves and betrayed us, an/1 that wilfully, when they enucted it. Further, it seeks by heavy penalties, to change us, the descendants of revolutionary fathers and mo/hers, who have always gloried in the name of freemen, into tools, pimps and jackals for slaveholders. It eeek? to coerce us into open ood daily violation of God's laws, justice and humanity ; and to make us the accessories and accomplices of kidnappers, man-thieves, and the vilest and most desperate race of vagabonds that the sun ever shons upon. We'll nope of it. We'll neither regard it, or be bound by it." Such at all events, is the sentiment, with scarcely an exception, so far as we know, in this community, which has never had an abolition society within its borders, and lias always been noted for not participating in anti-slavery excitement. The South has overacted in this matter, as it find Ia ifc anri'Au/ 'f'Laro will hp ton Alw^li tiojiists where there was one before, and the word slavery will coon be in reality n synonym for the "sum of all villanies'' as Father Wesley said. The necessity for such a law speak* volumes as tp the character of the institution?a law abhorrent to God, nature and humanity, and which therefore can not and will not stand. The following article is from the Hillsboro Qazette, a Democratic paper, edited by Hon, J. R. Emrie, late a Democratic senator from the Highland district: from tlit JfilUboro' (Vein.') Gazette. The Fugitive Law.?We puoliph the late act of Congress providing for the reclamation of fugitives from service and labor, on our first page.? We hope it will be read by every person, as we feel sure that it only needs to be universally condemned, It is monstrous in every feature, and has no redeeming provision, A-ud as no laW passed by Congress is so justly odious and cem surable, so no law passed by that body, will sp much contribute to the advancement an J permanent establishmeet of anti-slavery principles. It is a law that makes every freeman a slave-catcher ogftinst his will-^a law that offers it bpibe to pyery commissioner who may be called on to act under it! It is wholly odious and ought not, and if the North will it, cannot stand. It will be entirely disregarded in many portions of the country, and should bp treated with contempt every where.? We have no room for comments to-day, but shall show up its workings from ''me to time. Immediate and unfeigned repentance, only, can save those members from the North who voted for it, from political death. Let them be warned in time. Ths following article is from the Norwafk Exn?r?m/?nt n \a/pII lribmn f)Anmm*ntic intirnnl Ant] r- ?? " ? >? consistent advuente of free principles. Mr. Farr, the editor of the Experiment, is also a Democratic j member of the constitutional convention t We look upon those members present, who re. fused to vote, with far greater abhorence than those who voted directjy for the bill, because the net of dodging implies dishonesty ! They '.'anted the bill to pass, but did not dare to vote ior it Q.nd go home and tpeet their betrayed constituents.? Northern members yrho ma rafted tip and openly voUd for the bill displayed a degree of moral cour' age worthy a better cause, but which nevertheless entitles them to the benefit of honest convictipp. They place themselves upon the record in a questionable shape, where their constituents may understandinglv endorse or repudiate them. Not 10 with the dodgers. ... ?igjr*A wag ntCambridge, the other day, accosted. the joliy Grepk Prpfossorfn this-strange manner?''Good morning, Profoseor Folton?I'm happy to see ybu at large?I heard you had been arrested." "Arrested! for what/" replied the astonished Professor. "Why, for .Wirmt-elaugliter,v snys the other. ?? - - f J" II (Jafton Southern Rights Meeting, Savawmam, Oct. 29, 1850. Agreeably to notice, an adjourned meeting of thsflunion Southern Rights Association win held ihis evening. Dr. James P. Screven, in the Chair. The minutes of the laat meeting were read. The Nominating Committee wan reported to the meeting, and the Chairman stated that two of the Committee had declined serving. The minutes were then confirmed.* Hon. Thomas Purse, Cliuirman of the Nominal- j ing Committee, read the following j REPORT. The Committee appointed to nominate four Dele- . Sites to represent the county of (Jhntham, in the j onvention of the people of Georgia, respectfully j report that they have selected the following gen- I tlemen : hon. john Mcpherson berkien, DR. JAMES P. SCREVEN, R. T. GIBSON, Esq., DR. C. P. RICHARDSONE, In their selection the Committee was unanimous. They thought it was due to Judge Berrien for his patriotic course in the last session of the Congress of the United States on the Southern question, to tender him a nomination with the earnest hope that he may be induced to accept. His services would be invuluable in the Convention, from his knowledge of the entire subject in issue. The other gentlemen named with Judge Berrien, your Committee take pleasure in presenting for your consideration us eminently qualified to carry out your views and preserve untarnished the honor and true interests of the people of Georgia. The name of Col. J. W. Jackson would have been presented, but it was understood that it would be more agreeable with lus feelings to be relieved from serving. Respectfully submitted, by order of the Com niinee, THOMAS PURSE. On motion of Captain Robert W. Pooler, the report was adopted, and the nominations enthusiastically adopted. Dr. C. P. Richardson and Dr. James P. Screven I severally addressed the meeting, accepting the nominations. On motion of Hon. Thomas Purse, seconded by J. T. Buckner, escp, the officers of the meeting were directed to notify the Hon. John McPherson Berrien, and R. T. Gibson, esq., of their nomiua- j tion, and request their acceptance. The Chairman renorted to the meeting the names of the Executive Committee, which was unanimously approved. W. S. Businger, John M. Millen, and R. H. Griffin, esqrs., severally addressed the meeting. On motion of John Boston, esq., the meeting adjourned, subject to the cull of the Chairman, first giving three cheers for the cause, and three for the nominees. JAMES P. SCREVEN, Chairman. Attest: A. R. Wright, } c , Eowaro G. Wilsson, > Southern Rights Meeting.?One hundred guns for Hanover !!!?Pursuant to public notice, a meeting ot' the citizens of Wilmington and county of New Hanover, N. C. assembled at Masonic Hall, to take into consideration the course necessary to be pursued by them iu the present aspect of national affairs. The meeting was organized by appointing. Major Samuel R. Potter,Chairman; and John D. Bellamy and O. G. Pnrsley, Secretaries. On motion of G. J. McRce, the following resolutions were submitted to the consideration of the meeting and udopted. 1. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting the repeal pf the "Fugitive slave law," or the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia by tliu Federal Congress, will be such an indication of settled hostilities to the Southern institutions, us to justify and require as a measure of imperative necessity and safety, the secession of the Southern Spates from the Union. 2. Resolved, That in the present aspect of public affairs, prudence and policy dictate that Whigs and Democrats, burying all party animosities should rally around the standard of Southern Rights until it hat; become the emblem or victory. 3. Resolved, That in our opinion the war, waged upon the South !>y Northern politicians, does not spring from philanthropy or any honest regard lor slaves, but from a fixed and reckless purpose to acquire political power and political ascendency, even at the hazard of ruin to the Southland the dissolution of the Union. 4. Resolved, That policy, particularly at this time, requires that the Southern States should take immediate steps to establish a commercial Marine, and such a direct trade with Europe as will render them independent of Northern merchants, manufacturers and ship owners, 5. Resolved, That our thanks are eminently due to the Hon. VV, S. Ashe, of this district, T. L. Clingman, J. R.J. Daniel and A. VV,Venable, for their able and patriotic defence of Southern rights, and pledge to them our cordial support. 0. On motion, it was further Resolved, That a committee often be appointed to consider and determine the proper course to bo pursued,in order to carry out the 4th resolution as above, and that they report either through the public press or oirceryise bh 10 mem may seem uesi. 7. Resolved, That the papers Qf Wilmington are requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting. On motion of Daniel Dickson, esq., the thanks of this meeting were tendered the chairman and secretaries. Adjourned. S. R. POTTER, Chairman. J. D. Bellamy, > ? , O. G. Parsley, \ ^ecrelar1esCqmp)iJitee appointed under the sixth Resolution. A. J. DeRossctt, Jr., John McRao, John A Taylor, J. Cassnday, YV. A. Wright, G. A. McRee, P. K. Dickinson, O. G. Parsley, Daniel Dickinson, W. E. Anderson. From the Abbeville (Jlla.) Banner. Southern Association in Henry.? The Association met according to adjournment. G. W. Williams in the Chair, and D. McGrimmon, Secretary. The committee appointed at the organization of the Association, to appoint oiheors?through their Chair, Gen. Gordop, made the following report, which was unanimously coneurred In : VYe the Committee appointed to select a Pre?:J V:.,.. bw..U.ni SilitMIl/, I15U * i tOJVIVIW} ruvil.un ivo, l?n V VUIICOponding Secretaries W'd Treasures, make the following repoit: For President?Hon. II. E. Owens. For Vice Presidents?Jas. Murphey, of Searcy's Bent; H in ton J. Craddock, Scott's; H. E. Chitty, Pejlum's; Byrd M. Grace, Columbia; James Pynes, Woodville; Thos. Fowler, Chipo! la ; Thos. Y. Smith, Freeman's : G. N. Trawick, Brock's*, Richard Knight, AbbevHle*, W. T. Jfnklapd, hightvvood Knot; Joseph VVaston, i Abbeville. Secretaries?D. McCrimtnon, B. U. Kiesof. Corresponding Secretaries?J, \Y. Harper, E. W. Teague. Troasurcr?A. C. Gordon, Jes. A. Clendinen. B. C. Lnndsdale moved a copy of the constitution and by-law*together with members thereto subscribed shall be furnished to the Vice-President of each Captains' Beat, by our Secretaries. Carried, Col. John W. Harper then offered the following: Retulted, That it sliall be the. duty of ench Vtee-l'rcsident, throughout the county to moke monthly reports to too President of the Association of the names of nlj persons signing pur constitution and by-laws, as well ns the names of those who refuse to sign for the inspection of any member of the Association and that a record of the statue be kept by the Recording Secretaries in a well boy or) book. Passed. On motion of Gen. Gordon, the regalv pu*etiug of this Association shall be the first Saturday in each month, and that this meeting adjourn until the first Saturday in next month. (I. W. WILLIAMS, Chairman D. McCmmmon, Secretary. It is said that Jenny Lind remains in New York only two wceka longer, giving ttiic pr eight concerts?some m the morning. Top North River boats have undertaken to give1 return to all visiting her concerts, without extra charge. | - - - -- Proui the JifApkit ( Tena.) Jlppeal. A (iOOD ?At otir suggestion, tike Enquirer publishes the 7th resolution, the rejection of which produced the split in the Whig party of NewYork; bat wlwl we regnrd as a very bad feature in the matter, ia the fact that iU sentiments and principles are not repudiated by our neighbor, but rather endorsed, and regarded as conciliatory. ! Now the resolution establishes, in the first place, the unalterable opposition of the New Vork Wjiigs tp the extension of slavery to territory now free. Second, that Congress has the constitutional power to prohibit such extension, or in other words, that Congress has the power to pass the Wilmot Proviso. Third, it rejoices in the admission of California as a free State; and fourth, it acquiesces in the action of Congress relative to New Mexico and Utah, solely from Ike consist ion that such action will result in the exclusion of slavery front lliese territories. It is truo the nassertion and maiiiteiiHricn <if these principles by the Northern Whigs, is no J new thing : but that they should be ondorsed by , a respectable Southern Journal, and their advo- , eates and supporters eulogised as "noble and true-hearted," is not only liety but astonishing; 1 and it is to be regretted that the shackles of 1 party are so strong as to blind its victims to the true interests of their country. Mr. Van Buren went no farther than this resolution, and what mercy he met with at the hands of both parties in the South, is fresh in the memories oi all.? We all, with a unanimity unexampled, repudiated both the niau and Ins principles, as inimical and dangerous to Southern interests; and we confess we are truly at a loss to divine how sins in hiin become virtues in others. We are pleased, nevertheless, at the beginning the Enquirer has made in transferring Northern Whig sentiment into its columns, and we indulge the hope that it will continue the practice. It may indeed be somewhat disagreeable at first, but this will be compensated by the beneficial results which we feel, confident will flow from it. In reply to the concluding remarks of our neighbor's article, we can only say that neither time nor space will now permit us to recapitulate the principles we have advocated una the arguments we have made in support of the policy wc have deemed best suited to the correction of existing, and the prevention of future abuses; suffice to say, wo have uniformly and zealously favored, as both necessary and efficient, Southern union and a Southern convention. We have never doubted but that the assembled wisdom of the South could devise some measure or adopt some policy by which both the Union could be saved and the equality of the South in it preserved. 10 iiiim enu we nuve oeni an our energies and exhausted all our argument. To accomplish so desirable a result, wo have forgotten our party ties and renounced all party allegiance. But in an evil hour the ntad-dog cry of " disunion" was raised by the Whigs, and instead of uniting in favor of the convention and Mending members there to vote down any disunion movement, if any should be made, they throw themselves in opposition to the whole measure: and proposing nothing?nothing but submisaipn to the "decrees" of Congress?they weakened and measurably destroyed the efficiency which might otherwise have attached to tiie action of that body. From the Eufaula (Ala.) Spirit of the South. A Reflection.?It is an argument with those who attempt to frighten the people out of the idea of resistance, that when this Union shall be once divided, there will be subdivisions until this glorious Confederacy, cut up into petty States, and distracted by intestine wars, will fall to sneedv ruin. Ilistorv would, at the first blush, souin tq sipiptjon such a prophecy, but there is nn element in the social and political organization of the South that must perpetually defend her against such a fate, Isolated from all other nations by her peculiar institutions, with the pressure of a hostile public opinion bearing against her from all parts of the world, a sense ot coipmon danger would unite her in bonds, more stringent than pver bound a nation together. The North may divide, and the West may, for there is no common cause, or destiny, or interest, to link them to each other; but the South must ever remain a unit, and in her unity she will be resistless. Amply powerful for her own protection, she will be lott at liberty to employ her incalculable resources to the advance of a prosperity and a glory that will have no parallel in the history of the world. From the Soutluide Democrat. Hon. James M. Mason.?A correspondent of the Enquirer nominated the Hon. .Fames McDowell, as United States senator. Tho attempt to supersede the incumbent of an office, by nominating another member of the same political party, implies a censure which docs not justly attach to Col. Mason's conduct?conduct which lias been no less serviceable to his country than honorable to himself. He has defended the rights of his constituents with a courage and ability that reilect the highest honor upon him. He is the author of the only feature of the Compromise hill, that can be said to be in thp least yrji cc uu vaiiuigcviio iu uic wvuwi?wu uicmii tuu bill for the recapture of fugitive slaves. The only charge we have heard brought against Col. Mason (and those who acted with him) is an excessive zeal in defending the violated rights of his constituents?he is uecused of a too ardent patriotism. From this accusation we do not ipeari to defend Col. Mason ;?in his behalf we plead guilty to the charge; but we do not appeal to the mercy of the jury. No 1 Colonel Mason would sporn to do thjs. Conscious of having discharged the responsible and arduous duties of his station in a masterly manner, he appeals rather to the judgment and discerning gratitude of constituents, whom he has served so faithfully and wi.h such distinguished ability. $o doubt,'the V/liiga are insiduously seeking, by fluttering the yninty of a very vain mart, tp disorganize the Democratic party and "defeat Colonel Mason's election?wind, for aught we know, Gov. McDowell may consent to become tbe tool of this scheme. The intrepid and plo^quent Mason superseded by McDowell!!?a man whose boasted pretensions consist in, a meek subserviency to the caprices of Benton, a fluent llippancy of speech, and a thorough abgorjtti'm of nbolitioh feelings and principles. We cannot believe this nossible. There is one portion of Virginia, at any rate, we can answer for : South-side Virginia cordially and gratefully approves Col. Mason's senatorial career, and confidently expects his re-cjeotion, \Ve have lately travelled throughout this' entire region of Virginia, and we have yet to hear the first jnan condemn Col. Mason's course. If Gov. McDowell moans to act jrrudeiUly, he should at once publicly decline the frcaoherous oiler, and acquiesce willingly, in the election of a better orator, a wiser statesman and a more deserving reprepresentative?James M. Mtuum, ADJOtTRKNENT or THE VlROINIA CoKVENTfpN. ?We learn that on Saturday last, the Virginia Convention nt Richmond, by a vote of ayes f}6, noeH 02, agreed to adjourn to-day, until the first Monday in January next. We have for some days, suiti) tiiaf, Jhis result was inevitable ; and although there were reaaope against the measure, probably, upon the whole, it is best that it should hayp ended as it has. It is very cerjain how, thai if the Convention had remained in session,; very little business could have bean done, and excited tvelings between the East and West.1 would have been produced. $y the first of, January the statistics of the State will liaye bepn furnished, and there will be no longer excuse 1 for delay or difficulty .?Alex. Gazette. The Pejinsylvanian says: Slaves for California.?A vessel manned ' by twpjity or thirty slaves, and belonging to two gentlemen from the South, left this port a few days ago for California, with a number of pnasengers on hoard. The vessel was bnilt we believe, at this port, nnd was fitted Out for sen by the slaves. Thyy are to work in the rofnes, and have accepted their masters'proposal to set them I free ut the end of a stated period. i -- ' -?in i - - g?i^imuLi_a gggg!" From the A'ew York Exprtu. , Bona way MegWiiu in Boston. In order to" keep tire pot boiling," the " fugitive slare committee of vigilance," having succeeded in driving Maseru Hughes and Knight (the Southerners) out of Boston, have issued the following official " pronunciamento," which we give as part of the history of the times : " ArrtiL to the Citizens or Boston and its Neighborhood.?The committee of vigilance, appointed ut a late meeting of citizens of Boston and its neighborhood, liolden in Fnneuil Hail, on the 14th instant, to consider the condition of the fugitive slaves and other colored inhabitants of Boston, in relation to tbe new fugitive-slave bill, have entered upon the duty assigned iheui, and now desire to inform the public of what they have already done, and to ask their aid in carrying out certain measures agreed upon. " They have organized themselves by appointing Timothy Gilbert, president, Francis Jackson, treasurer, and Charles List, secretary. They have appointed a committee of finance, an executive committee, a legal committee, and a committee of special vigilance and alarm. They have also added one hundred persons to their number ; so that now the committee consists of one huudred and fifty persons. "The committee deem it proper to state that,in consequence of the enactment of the new fugitiveslave law, a great many fugitives who formerly lived in the border free States, finding themselves unsafe at home, have fied to Canuda and the remote free States for shelter. Many of them liaye sought a refuge in Boston?perhaps having heard that our fathers took some interest in the freedom of mankind, and thinking a few snarks of manhood might burn in our hearts. It is known to the committee that since the arrest of the slave, Huralet, in New York, about one hundred fugitives have reached 'Boston. Doubtless others have come of whom your commiUee have no knowledge. Many of these persons have no present means of sul> iatence ; for they fled oil in haute and fear, glad to escape with thetr lives. They left, behind them the little earning* they had painfully gathered while living in the free States, and brought off nothing but their manhood. They are here as strangers ; they belong to a race that is oppressed, hated, despised, and now hunted down. They find it difficult to obtain employment, and so earn their subsistence without the help of others. They come amongst us as suppliants for what is the natural and recognized right of every man that is born?the right to their own bodies. They come to us trembling and ready to perish. "The committee take it for granted that this state of things will continue, the evil now abating and then increasing again, so long us slavery continues in the United fStales -, for iflhe present emigration of fugitives from the border free States should diminish or cease, still the number of fugitives from the slave States is large?so that we can not look forward to any definite time when aid will not be needed for these victims of the nation and objects of Christian charity. "The committee take it for granted that the Christian people of the North will never consent that these fugitives shall be returned in any considerable numbers, either under.the present or any future law ; for we cannot think that the people of Massachusetts will ever knowingly suffer any fugitive from slavery, who has earned his liberty by manly and courageous llight, to be returned to the terrible bondage he lias escaped from. Wo are sure that the muss of the people at the North can never sink so low, become such aliens to their country, so false to their kind, ho forgetful of their fathers' blood, and so unfaithful to their religion, as to allow the slave-hunter to clutch his victim'in the midst of us, and carry him otf to a bondage worse than death itself. "in order to reach the present and future wants, the committee have established uu oilice, and uppointed an agent to whom the fugitive slave may apply, and receive such advice and assistance us his cu8e may require, The main business of the ugciu win uc iu uuiuiu riupiuymeni lur me lu^it pYfcs, and, after 'he arrangement in Known to the public, it wiU be easy to accomplish this. TIMOTHY GILBERT, President. FRANCIS JACKSON, Treasurer. CHALES LIST, Secretary. [Correspondene of the Tribune.] Boston, Thursday, Oct. 31. The Boston Slave-Hunt and the Vigilance Committee.-?'The slave-hunters, Knight and Hughes, left the city yesterday at two o'clock, p. m., fully persuaded, after a week's trial, that all attempts to arrest Mary and Ellen Crafts in the city of Boston were worse thnn useless. Yet not a blow has been struck, or an act of violence done ! As soon as it was known that they were about to take out u warrant, the vigilance committee was called together, and various subcommittees appointed. Among these was a committee of legal gentlemen, whose duty il was to give Crofts the benefit of every legal weapon of offence or defence. His committee consisted of S. C. Sevyall', Charles Sumner, R. H. Dana, jr., John C, Park, and George Minot In addition to these gentlemen, Charles G. Loring, esq., one of the most distinguished lawyers jn the State, volunteered his services. After full deliberation, this committee notified the commissioners that if they acted under the law they would be sued, on the ground of the unconstitutionality of their appointment, and that the same course would be taken with the marshal and his deputies, or any other persons who should act under the direction of the commissioners. Thp ground was taken that the process under this law. is a civil process, and that the outer door of a house cannot be broken in for the purpose of serving it, and the marshal was nptitied accordingly. Crafts moved his bed and clothing into his shop, and made it his domicii?his castle. In the mean time, Crafts, on his own responsibility, without advice from any parties, determined on resistance. He armed liimsell fully, and made yp his mind to sell his freedom with his life. His ahop is in the midst of the negro population, who were in a state of intense excitement, armed and determined upon resistance. No pinn could approach within a hundred yards of Crnft's shop without being seen by a hundred eyes, and a signal would call a powerful body at a moment's warning. The marshal's assistance made reco:.nolssnnces,andare perfectly satisfied that, if the "outer-door" doctrine prevailed, the process could not be served at all, and, if that doctrine was not adhered to, the process cop Id only bp served \vjtp bloodshed. It mukt be distinctly understood that this forcible resistance was a matter with which the committees had no p noorn whatever. They confined themselves to legal measured solely. As an offset to tlie Roman simplicity and grandeur of this poor man, seated calmly at work at his saddler's bench, in an upper chamber, thp Spartapus of his race, there'Was a ludicrous side of tfic picture. Knight and Hughes' were themselves arrested, and held to bail in J$10,0(,)0 each, on a eharge of slander. After some difficulty they found bail. The next day they were arrested on a charge of conspiracy to kidnap William Crafts, and again in the afternoon pn a similar eharge as to Ellen Crafts, Two arrests a day was their smallest allowance. After the last arrest, the excited crowd of negroes followed Knight's carriage, and he took flight through Court and Leveret strpets, over East Cambridge bridge, running tolls, to East Cambridge, and thence to Fortej..i?. Thp lilpb pyertook and threatened him, and it was yvith difiieulty that some of them were kept from violence, but no actual violenpp was inflicted, Kn|gl?t was thoroughly alarmed. A portion of the vigilance committee waited upon hjm and Hughes, and told them that they had no intention to threaten them, but that their presence perilled the peace of the city as well ns their own lives. They profited to leave the city the next mornJ n r? ? l.nf urliun ffm m Avniiw# tidmA tlmir ii'nrn nr>t VMl- Wlv VOIl^O ^||CV "VIC IIV/4. gone. Several complaints wore made against tfitm, and prepared to be ser.cd?otic for carrying C?iyj?ulcd weftdons; another for M smoking in the street*,contrary-to ^he eiiy ordinance; another under the statute against ^orpffcno pursing ami swearing," ,(a plenty of^whtch tliuy did;) another for missing toll over the bridge; and still another for fast driving through the town of Cambridge, Truly the Bostom'ans are a lawabiding peopfc. The combination of the trnidcal alio the comical, the serious and the ludicrous, with tlic harrassnient of handbills, arrests, and urowds at their heels wherever they went, and the certainty that their prpoess could not be served without bloodshed, overcame their obstinacy, and they took the express train for the , South, waited upon by a large and respectable committee. Knight and Hughes are said to be men of a low description?mere hirelings or speculators, deserving no better treatment than they received. These vurious arrests, however, were not made by the legal committee, but were the voluntary suggestions of parties taking the responsibility upon themselves. The committee were prepared to serve a writ de homine replegiando upon the marehul the moment the arrest should be made, and thus to raise an issue between the State and National tribunals. They also proposed to hold Cral'ts to bail for debt, in order to try the question whether the certificate of the commissioner will override the civil processes of tjie State, j made for other purposes. As a last resort, Crafts w is to be arrested on a criminal charge for vi - ] lent assaults with dangerous weapons, if he used them, and thus raise the final question of Sreeedcnce between n criminal process of the tate and the certificate of the commissioners. If no other criminal charge could be raised, it was proposed, with his own consent, to arrest him for fornication, (which is u criminal oU'ence in Massachusetts,) on account of the invalidity of his slave marriage. These various technical obstructions and contrivances were raised, not agninst the Constitution, but against the odious and unconstitutional statute. Had the statute been no more than the Constitution requires, no legal resist ance would have been made, except on the real issues between the parties. As for the forcible resistance of the negroes, how can they distil guish between the Constitution and a statute S I l'hcy only receive the simple idea that without I trial or notice father, mother, husband, wife'or | child, brother or sister, may be snatched from I each other and from home, and hurried into cap I livity in an unknown and hostile land. I There are rumors that the President has authorizod the marshal to employ a portion of tho standing army to euforco his precept, and to "punish ' offenders. We do not believe he has done or intends to do any such thing. He knows that the whole standing army of the United States which took Mexico and Monterey cannot break down a poor man's outer door to serve a civil process or "punish" any citizen for any crime whatever. [The above letter cotncs from a responsible source, and may be relied upon as a correct statement of this unsuccessful slave-hunt in the New England metropolis.?Ed. Tkib.] How he did the President.?There was in olden times (the oldest time is now) a conductor who ran an express train upon a railroad r.ot by any means a thonsand miles from Boston. This conductor who was an excellent officer, and a good, clever fellow. lie had a very plei sant habit of dead-heading or passing gratuitously attaches of otiier roads, editors, and such like. The President discovered this failing and determined to enter n nolle pros: so finding remonstrances with the conductor of no avail, he introduced a resolution before the bonrd of d:rectors thnt no one should be permitted to pass free over the road without an order from the superintendent. The resolution became a law. A few days afterwards the President seated himself In the cms, and as usual with no money in his pocket, for what di I he need of money? urnon't ho Pt?ouMor?l ri A ? A ...? x L - J1 . ..V/ ? iwciuiiiv . i^inu wan iuji CUSll in itio eight per cunt, better tlinn cash in a porte monnic f The Conductor entered the cars with his customary? "Tickets, gentlemen?plcnse show your tickets." He reached the Prcs'dent. "Ticket, sir f' "O, no; I'm President of the road 1" "Ticket, sir 1" "Yes ; but I'm President!" "I must see your ticket, sir. It's my orders." "But," said the President, "I have no ticket and don't need one?and have no funds with ino sir." "Then you must borrow; for I have special directions to pass no one without order from the Superintendent. I shall he obliged sir to set you down at the next station." Threats of discharge, etc., were of no use. The conductor was firm and the President was obliged to borrow money of his laundress, the only person present whom he recognized. At the next meeting of the Directory, complaint was entered against the conductor for neglect of duty, but the story hncl "got round"?preceding the complaint, and the Directors simply voted "served him right," and to this day the snir e Con duetor may be seen, his face wreathed with smiles, dispensing good nature, and presiding over the destinies of two and three hundred souls daily.? Chronolype From the Boston Courier. Tragedy at North Danvers.?For some little time past, the officers of the Village Bunk in North Danvers,have suspected that an attempt would shortly be made to rob tlmt institution, and accordingly employed Mr. Aaron Bateuian as a watchman. Yesterday morning, at about two o'clock, Mr. Bnteman heard some three or four persons approach the Bank and try the door. He hailed them and warned them to keep off, telling them that he was armed, and would fire on them if they attempted to break in. Tlu y persisted in their attempts on the door, rushing against it as if to force it in, on which lie took up his gun and fired through one of the panes of glass in the upper part of the door. Immediately on the discharge of the weapon the robbers fled, and the watchman was no more molested. The noise of the gun awoke Mr. John Page?an old and highly respectable citizen, and one of the directors of the Bank, who lives hard by, and he got up and went out to see what the matter wns. Finding all quiet, he returned.? Having occasion, however,Jo go out again at an early hour before breakfast, lie perceived a human form lying on the ground, nearly in front of his house, which he discovered, on examination, to be the body of his own son, John C. Page. He summoned his aon-ln-law, Mr. Western, thp Cashier of flic flank, and they conveyed the body into the house. The sufferer was still breathing, though insensible, but expired in a few moments. His father and brother-in-law ascertained that lie was wounded, but supposed that he hud been stabbed in some chance affray, as they then knew nothing of the affair at the Banty. Mr. B;iteman, likewise, \yns Ignorant that his shot had done iinv Itavtn #ir?? tlw? V.nr.1. 1VI mi; U<?1II\ V?UVi UU1 not opened till some hours afterwards in the morning. When the watch was relieved, the story of the attempted robbery was told, and it soon became known that Page had been killed in tho night. Of t^our-se everybody was convinced that ho was one of the gang, and that he fell by the watchman's bullet. His accomplice? escaped in a carriage, as is supposed, but there was a rumor hist evening that the police had obtained some clue to them, and wcrg 011 their track. The deceased was a])PMt forty-throe years old. He had formerly bpen a brjck-mgker, did business to a large extent, aud bare a good character. But he ipet with heavy losses, and fui twq or three years his habits hud been very irregular. Hp returned to his father's house not long ago, having reformed, as the family fondlv honed. He had an aged mother, several brothel and sisters, all of whom, as well ns the father are in the deepest affliction. Mr. Page, the cider is said to have provided liberally for his son'.wants and comforts. A coroner's jury was heli on the botjy yesterday afjevnoon, but their pro eeedings had noftraMpirfcd'tVhen the latest tVuji came up last evening. From tbt Baltimore FnA^t A Great Dinner to Amin Bet. / . Boston, Nov. 5th. \ great dinner was given to Amin Bey by th? merchants of Boston, at the Revere House, las night. T. B. Curtis, presided. Amongst ihosi present were Hon. Daniel Webster, R. C. Win throp, E. Everett, U. Appleton, L. A. Elliott,&c The table was spread with great magnificence am beauty. Speeches were made by Mesars. Web etsr and Winthrop. Mr. Webster in his remnrk^J said that the Turkish Envoy came to see th^l United States, not a broken and severed Union.