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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, November 19, 1850, Image 2

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the southern press.
DAILY. #10 00
I TRI WEEKLY. -V - . - i - 6 <jO
I WEEKLY. - *?' ' S 00
by raorEsioa w. e. aytotn, or euikiuaoh.
I [This narrative is supposed to have been add
rested by an aged Highlander, who had followed
Montrose throughout his campaigns, to his grandson,
shortly before the battle of Killiecrankie :]
Come hither, Evan Cameron!
Come, stand beside my knee?
I hear the river roaring down
Toward the wintry eea.
There's shouting on the mountain side,
There's war within the blast?
Old faces look upou me,
Old forms go trooping past.
I hear the pibroch wailing
I Amid the din of fight,
I And my dim spirit wakes again
Upon the verge of night!
Twas 1 that led the Highland hoht
Through wild Lochaber's snow a,
j What time the plaided clana came down
To battle with Montrose.
I've told thee how theSouthrona fell
Bene.ilh the broad claymore,
j And how he smote the Cantbell clan
By Inveriochy'e shore.
1 've told thee how we swept Dundee,
j And tamed the Lindsay's pride ;
But never have I told thee yet
IIow the Great Marquis died !
A traitor sold him to his foes?
O deed of deathless shame!
1 charge thee, boy, if e'er thou meet
With one of Argyle's name?
Be it upon the mountain's side
Or yet within the glen,
j Stand he in martial gear alone,
Or backed by armed men?
Face him, as thou wouldst face the man
Who wronged thy sire's renown ;
Remember of what blood thou art, 1
And strike the caitiff down !
They brought him to the Watergate,
| Hard bound with hempen span,
As though they held a lion there,
And not a 'fenceless man.
They set him high upon a carl?
The hangman rode below?
They drew his hands behind his back,
And bared his noble bro\v?
Then, as a hound is slipped ftom leash,
They cheered the common throng,
And blew the note with yell and shout,
And bade him pass along.
It would have made a brave man'a heart
Qrow sad and sick that day,
To watch the keen malignant eyes
Bent down on that array.
There stood the Whig west-country lords,, ij
In balcony and bow,
There sat their gaunt and withered dames,
And their daughters all a-row;
And every open window
Was full as full might be
With black-robed covenanting carles,
That goodly sport to see !
And when he came, though pale and wan,.
He looked so great and high,
So noble was his manly front,
So cilm his steadfast eye ;
The rabble rout forbore to shout,
And each man held his breath,
For well they knew the hero's soul
Was face to face with deuth.
And then a mournful shudder
Through all the people crepr,
And some that came to scod'at him,
Now turned aside and wept.
But onwards?ulways onwards,
In silence and in gloom,
The drearv naireant labored.
Till it reached the house of doom :
Then firBt a woman's voice was heard
In jeer and laughter loud,
And an angry cry and a hiss arose
From the heart of the tossing crowd ;
Then, as the Graeme lood upwards,
He saw the ugly smile
Of him who sold his King for gold?
The master-fiend Argyle!
The Marquis enze 1 a moment,
And nothing did he say,
But the cheek of Argyle grew ghastly pale,
And he tuined his eyes away.
The painted harlot by his side.
She shook through every limb,
For a roar like thunder swept the street,
And hands were clenched at him ;
And a Saxon soldier cried aloud,
" Back, coward, from thy place ?
For seven long years thou Jmst not dared
To look him in the face."
Had I been there with sword in hand,
And fifty Cainerons by,
That day through high Dunedin's streets,
Had pealed the slogan cry.
Not all their troops of tramplinghorse,
Nor might of mailed men?
Not all the rebels in the South
Had borne us backwards then!
Once more his foot on Highland heath
Had trod as free as air,
Or 1, and all who bore my name,
Been laid around him there!
It might not be. Tliey placed him next
Within the solemn nail,
Were once the Scottish kings were throned
Amidst their nobles nil.
But there was dust of vulgar feet
On that polluted floor,
And perjured traitors filled the place
Where good men sat before.
With savage glee came Wsrristoun
To read the murderous doom;
And then uprose the great Montrose
In the middle of the room.
" Now, by my faith as belted knight,
And bv the name I lu?nr.
And by the bright St. A ndrew's^cross
That wares above lis there?
Yea, by a greater, mightier oath ?
And oh4 that such should be !
By that dark stream of royal blood
That lies 'twixt you and me?
1 have not sought in battle-field
A wreath of such renown,
Nor dared I hope, on my dying day,
To win the martyr's crown !
' There is a chamber far away I
Where sleep the good and brave,
But a better place ye have named for me
Than by my father's grave.
For truth and right, 'gainst treason's might,
This hand hath always striven,
And ye raise it up for a witness still
In the eye of earth and heaven.
Then nail my head on yonder tower?
Give every town a limb?
And God, who made, shall gather them:
I go from you to liim !"
The morning dawned full darkly,
The rain came dashing down,
And the jagged streaks of the levin-bolt
Lit up the gloomy town :
The thunder crashed across the heaven,
The fatal hour was come ;
Yet aye broke in, with muffled beat,
The 'larum of the drum.
There was madness on the earth below,
And anger in the sky,
And young and old, and rich and poor,
Came forth to see him die.
Ah, God ! that ghastly gibl>et!
How dismal 't is to see
The great tall spectral skeleton,
The ladder and the tree'.
Hark! hark! it is the crash of arms
The bells begin to toll?
He is coining! he is coming
God's mercy on his soul I
One last long peal of thunder?
The clouds are rlmriJ
And the glorious sun once more look* down,
Amidm the dazzling day.
He is coming! he is coming!
Like a bridegroom from his room,
Came the hero from his prison,
To the scaffold and the doom.
There was glory on his forehead,
There was lustre in his eye,
And he never walked to battle
More proudly than to die:
There was color in his visage,
Though the cheeks of all were wan,
^nd they marvelled as they saw him past,
fbat peat and goodly man!
He mounted up the scaffold,
And he turned hrm to the crowd ; ~
' But they dared not trust the people,
So he might not speak aloud
But he looked upon the heavens,
And they were clear and blue,
And in the liquid ether
The eye of God shone through:
Yet a black and inqrky battlement
Lay resting 011 the hill,
Aa though the thunder slept within?
t All else was calm and alill.
The grim Geneva ministers
With anxious scowl drew near,
As you have seen the ravens flock
Around the dying deer, ,
He woutd not deign tneni word nor sign,
But ulone he beut the knee ;
And veiled his face for Christ's dear grace
Beneath the gallows-tree.
Then radiant and serene he rose,
And cast his cloak away ;
For he had ta'en his latest look
Of ea:th, and sun, and day.
A beam of light fell o'er him,
Like a glory round the ehriven,
And he climbed the lofty ladder
As it were the path to heaven.
Then came a flash from out the cloud,
And a stunning thunder-roll ;
And no man dared to look aloft,
For fear was on every soul.
There wus another heavy sound,
A hush, and then a groan ;
And darkness swept across the sky?
The work of death was done !
From the London Times, October 31.
The American Press and Jenny Lind.?It is
the peculiar boast of the modern republic that the
public opinion of her free and enlightened citizens
reigns with undisputed and absolute sway. Eschewing
the enormous faith of many mude for one,
she has adopted for herself the creed that the few
are made for the many. On every subject, in
every township throughout the States, the opinion
of the majority is final, conclusive, and indisputable.
The majority are everything?the minority
nothing. 5lor is this supremacy of the
muny connnea 10 mose suojecis wnicn may legitimately
be termed matters of opinion. Tlieie is
no right, however sacred, no privilege, however
unquestionable, which an individual may not, ut
any time, in this freest of all the nations of the
earth, be called upon to sacrifice at the summons
of public opinion. If it shall please the majority
to decree that a particular landlord shall no longer
receive rent, his right is extinguished as effectually
as by the most forma! release ; if it shall please
' the majority to make a foot-path across a citizen's
lawn, the road is tpsefuclo dedicated to the use of
the public. If the majority be of opinion that it
is expedient that a particular citizen should cease
to exist, he perishes in the face of day, with all
the formality of legal execution.
It becomes a people who are in the habit of investing
their convictions when once formed, with
such practical and serious consequences, to be
proportionately careful and deliberate in arriving
ut those convictions ; and as their opinions have
the force of sentences, their minds should have
the impartiality of judges.
Any one impressed with these reflections must
have perused with a painful interest the accounts
which have from time to time appeared in this
journal of the Lindomania in New York. It is
humiliating to a nation, which boasts tlmt it leads
the van of human improvement, so little capable
of appreciating the relative dignity and merit of
: different talents and employmeutsas to bow down
; in prostrate adoration at the feet of u woman,
who, after all, is merely a first rate vocalist. Sydi
ney Smith reminds the Pennsylvania!)* that there
' are some things worth living for besides gin sling
and sherry cobbler; and we should have thought,
but for our experience to the contrary, that it
were needless to have informed the countrymen of
Franklin, Washington, and Channing, that there
are things more worthy the admiration of a great
people than the power of producing sweet sounds.
Hut what isstrarger still than this moral obliquity
is, that the possession of litis much-prized faculty
by Jenny Lind was entirely taken for granted by
this acute and calculating people, who were so
I enraptured by her musical powers before they had
heard a single note of her voice that we verily believe
if, at her first concert, she had croaked like a
raven or howled like a hytena, public opinion
would have pronounced her performance a little
superior to the music of the spheres. We were
totally unable to account for the palpable surrender
of nil pretensions to common sense on the part
of the American public, till we fell in with an article
in the .Vete York tleralJ, '\n which that journul,
justly solicupus for the diguity of its calling, vindicates
th?A nerican press from the churge of
having excited the American public to so outrageous
a pitch of folly and self-abasement. It appears
from the urtiele of our able cotempornry, which
bears on its face the stamp of truth, that Mr. Hariniu4,
the great showman of the age?the exhibitor
of the living skeleton, General Tom Thumb, the
woollv horse, and the nurse of General Washington?had
struck out, for the express benefit of
Jenny Lind Hnd himself, a new idea, which the
blacking of Warren nnd the waistcoats of Moses
have never inspired their poets withal. He invented
what we must call, for want of a better
name, the police of puffery. lie had actually, for
months before Jehrty Lind'a arrival, a number of
provocative agents, as the French call them, in his
pay, whose business was to " get up a furore" for
Jenny Lind. The/nrorr once excited, was chronicled
by the newspapers, and thus infinitely multiplied,
as heat and light are increased by being reflected.
The whole susceptibility of the country
was soon in a blaze, and long before Jenny Lind
had placed her foot on the American continent,
public opinion had pronounced in her favor, and
she was peerless.
Not to be wanting to his good fortune, Mr. Bnrniun
employed his police in the congenial occupation
of puffing the ticket auction, till, at the miscalled
town of Providence, $625 were actually obtained
for a seat, and sold for a valuable consideration
the honor of entertaining the Swedish nightingale
to an enterprising inn-keeper. These are
facts, but we cannot help suspecting that the fight
about the peach stone, and the two shilling kisses
of the i i side of the glove, were little interludes got
up by the Barnum police, to keep the furore alive.
It is impossible to avoid the conclusion that Jenny
Lind was received with this enthusiastic worship
from the American public, not for her great and
acknowledged merit, but because in an evil hour
she had consented to lease out her fine talents to a
selfish and intriguing charlatan, whose paltry and
miserable arts easily obtained for her that homage
which might have possibly, to judge from Macready'a
Case, been withheld from their most brilliant
exercise. All, ami more than all, the success
she could hope to obtain, was gained for her
[ before she had done anything to prevent it, by the
action of the Barnum police on public opinion.
The inference is a sad one. That which can be
done by a private adventurer, may with more ease
ue accompusiiea oy me reauer 01 a taction. The
same arts which make a singer's popularity, may
create the political capital of a president or s cretary.
The deliberate substitution of prejudice for
reason and experience, may be applied to measures
as well as to music. It is mucn to be feared
that the same reckless system of exaggeration, the
I same intense vulgarity of means and littleness of
I ends, is to be found in the Senate as in the orchestra.
Who cannot see, in the angry and inflated
tone of American political controversy, and
its constant straining after dramatical effect,the ca|
reer of men to whom the most important measures,!
) the most sacred interests, and the most stirringap- i
i peals, are matters of the same indifference as the!
I comfort And quiet of Jenny Lind to Mr. Barnuin, I
1 when compared to the acquisition of a single cent? j
| Singular Verification of a Dream.?Just J
, two weeks ago, last Saturday night, a vougn ;
I lady residing in Hanover street, in this city, re!
tired to bed at her usual hour, and in her usual i
I cheerful, happy frame of mind. After havintrl
fallen asleep, she hod a frightful dream or vision.
She dreamed thai her brother, who was in the
western part of New York, whs killed, and hi?j
body horribly mangled in death. This dream;
seemed so vivid and real, and impressed herj
mind so forcibly, that she awoke, and even rose 1
from her bed and walked her room, weeping in
great anguish. Another lady, who was asleep
in an adjoining chamber, was awakened by lier
I wailinga, and, on going into the room to ascer|
tain the cause, found her sitting in a chair weeping.
The lady endeavored to soothe her fears,
j and finally persuaded her to retire once more to
bed, and try to forget the dream. The next
Monday morning, the young lady received a tele^r'vvTl
announcing that her brother,
u j r n ' R brakeman, on the Western railroad,
had fallen from the cars on one of the freight
trains, near Ka?t Chatham, New York, and been
run over and instantly killed. The accident
happened at shout 2 o'clock on Sunday morning,
precisely about the time of the dicam.?Botton
JYanfcrifH. /Vop. J J.
The Model Delegate.?A traveller, with
a porter behind him, bringing hia luggage, presented
himself at the principal hotel of Baden,
and applied for u room. It was ut the crowded
height of the season, and not a cupboard it) the
house was unoccupied.
' Thi? is a little too much,' said ihc new coot r
to the landlord, who civilly informed him of the
fact. Here is the sixth house in which 1 have
received the same answer! It is intolerable!
It is an indignity ! I'll stand it no longer!'
' Really, it is not our fault sir!' said the landlord,
' the season is unusually full?
' But you should make arrangeaionts to acconmiodutu
all who come !'
4 We can lodge no more than we have rooms
for, sir!'
4 You have no business not to have rooms!
I will not listen to your excuses, however, I am
tired of being hustled from pillar to post. I'll
go no further! Here I stay !'
' But I have the honor to repeat to you, uiy
dear sir, that we have not un unoccupied corner
in the house!'
4 We'll see!' muttered the traveller.
And beckoning to the porter to follow liiui,
and, followed by the astonished and deprecating
landlord, he malted up the staircase. Heeding
the entreaties and remonstrances not at all, he
entered the principal corridor, began with the
tilHt door, and opened every one that would
yield to his hand, and thrust in his head, and
g ive a scrutinizing look at the interior. It was
just before dinner time, and occupants, ull making
their toilet, were mostly taken by surprise.
Ladies were opened upon in stages of apparel
more or less simple, and the intruder's progress
was attended.by n succession of screams from
princesses, duchesses and other dames equally
susceptible of astonishment.
Horrified at this scandalous violation of propriety,
such as laid never before taken place in
his hous , the petrified and paralyzed landlord
at last recovered himself sufficiently to seize the
vehement traveller by the tail of his coat. lie
released himself with a blow, and the next moment
opened the door of a room in which there
chanced to bo no occupant. Unoccupied trowsers
and boots lay about upon the chairs and floor,
however, and these the traveller vigorously
gathered into n heap and pitched out over the
landlords head into the entry. Then seizing
his portmanteau, and giving the porter a piece
of money, he set hips, and stood, taking breath
app arently, before ejecting his pursuers.
41 knew very well I could find what 1 wanted,'
said he, 'this is thu chamber that suits me.'
> i(,.t ;* ;<> ?;-i? ,..,.,t,..i ti... i,?.,t ....it..
breathless at his audacity.
'Occupied by me!'
' But you have no right to dispossess the
occupant, and throw out his effects in this manner
' Pick them up, and lodge him elsewhere!'
'Once more, Sir! will you listen to me, and
understand that I cannot accommodate you!'
'My friend! cease to annoy me with your
importunities! leave me alone in my chamber,
and send me a barber that 1 may shave before
' You may be shaved where you please!' cried
the angry landlord, 'but it will not be here!
You must instantly leave this apartment!'
' We will see which of us will leave this apartment!'
said the traveller, and seizing the host by
the throat, and being a powerful athletic man.
he ran him expeditiously to the head of the staircase.
The servants were beginning to assemble,
however, and, as the invader retreated to the
lield he had cleared, they rushed in upon him ;
a pair of pistols, suddenly presented, brought
them to a halt, and a furious declaration that he
would blow out the brains of the first one who
advanced, was felt to he a 11 utter for consideration.
lie slowly brought forward his muzzles,
and tl.ey gradually retreated, till the last hacked
over the threshold, and he closed the door.
To send for the police was now deemed necessarv,
and the officer on his arrival found the
door barricaded, and the traveler prepared to
sustain a siege. Warning him in a loud voice,
of the risk of resisting the law, they proceeded
to break in, and were received with a discharge
*it tlinir IipiwIm nf <111*11 fit"* tlw* fnrm flint of the
chamber as could be conveniently used in the
way of missiles. Mis crockery and other ainunition
being exhausted, he looked for his pistols,
but the first who entered seized them, and he
was now reduced to his lists which he valliantly
employed till overcome by numbers.
Taken by force to the police office, and examined
before the judge, his name and profession
were demanded, he refused to speak,
whereupon the officer proceeded to examine his
passport and papers, when the warlike traveller
was discovered to be a delegate to the Peace
Austrian Police.?A correspondent of the
lloston Transcript, writing from Prague, on the
4th instant, mentions the mode in which the
police agents endeavor to entrap strangers, lie
While thundering away at mjr piano, a few
mornings ago, some one knocked at the door.
Thinking it a familiar acquaintance I sung out
for him to enter. A little old man, dressed at
the height of coxcombry, presented himself before
me. With a bow that would have made
the fortune of a modern dancing master, he en
tered upon a long string of apologies and compliinents.
He said that he Was a Frenchman,
and he had heard that 1 w is an American ; he
hiid never seen one of my countrymen before,
and he did himself the honor to call on me and
have a talk about the land of liberty. I handed
him a chair, ami seated myself beside him. He
commenced the conversation by asking me all
about the political relations of the United States
He was warm in his praise of that country,
which acknowledges the rights of the humblest
;.,/U..;,i?..i ,.r i,.,
...Ul, ... no ,,.ru.a?o.i. ? .ten !.*! """VI
me up to a certain pitch of patriotism, he somewhat
abruptly inquired: "Of comae you are a
republican ?" That one question gave me a
complete insight to his designs. I quickly answered,
" No.'* lie was much surprised at that:
he thought all Americans were republicans, <fcc.
Then he asked nie how long I intended to remain
in Prague. I answered that it depended
on circumstances. After some more of the like
questioning lie prepared to take his leave.
A malicious idea now took possession of me.
I begged he would not go without hearing me
play a favorite piece, lie assured me that nothing
would please him more, and he moved his
chair close to the piano. I sat down and played
"Yankee Doodle" with such force that I expected
at least six of the chords would snap right
off. It really makes me shudder when I think
how the piano suffered. The little old fellow
rubbed his hands, and declared himself in the
seventh heaven of enjoyment. Nothing would
satisfy him but an encore. Then I gave him
"Huil Columbia," with equal force ; he jumped
up and grasped me by the hand, and swore I I
was a young man after his own heart.
With halt a score of bows and apologies, he I
departed. I made enquiries about him in the i
hotel, and learned that he was an agent of the }
pol:ce. However, lie didn't make much out of;
your humble servant. Had I told him that I !
vvna n vannlilioon on/1 nluAn ^ *-??? !
M .v^uwi.vmki UIIU guuu VUIIV we/ my p>UI IUV I
ism, ere this I might have found myself in close
quarter*. American interference with Hungarian
affairs has made us in ill favor with the |
Austrian government.
? ^ mm
Trouble among the Students.?At the Detroit
University, the subject of secret societies
produces considerable difficulty. Several
student# were expelled for belonging to them,
a while since; eight more were expelled last
week?five from the senior and three from the
ju-vor class, reducing the former to seven in nttsn
The Philadelphia Election Frauds.?
The Grand Jury at Philadelphia, on Thursday,
found three true bills against James Bnrr, for issuing
fraudulent naturalization papers, and two
bills against Benjamin Lyndall, for forgery, in altering
the election returns of the district of
Southwark while acting in tbo capacity of return
l)epofrn.at|nn 0f xh? sasdwich l>la.nd* ?
The recant aceounto from the Pfceifia have re.
vived the subject of the depopulation of the
Sandw ich Islands?or rather, utore properly, of
tlie extinction of the aboriginal inhabitants, and
tlie occupation of the Islands by another race.
It appears from a late enumeration that the nutn.
bor of deaths during the past year has more
than doubled the number of births. This pro.
eess, it is evident, cannot continue through a
long series of years, without the extinction of
the entire population. This depopulation is not
a new thing, but has been going on for a long
series of years. Captain Cook, in 1778, estimated
the population of the Hawaiian Islands
at 400,000. Mr. Ellis, a missionary, in 1830,
states the number to be about 150,000. By a
census taken during the present year, the whole
population is found to have fallen since 1830?
that is, in twenty years?to 84,105; being a decline
of forty per cent, during that period. But
the census, giving us returns of births aid
deaths for the last year, shows that the ratio of
decrease during that year wus greater, much
greater, than the average mentioned. Thus the
whole number of deaths for the year was
4,320, while the whole number of births was
only 1,422; leaving an excess of deaths over
births of 2,898. Ti;e rate of diminution, therefore,
for the year, was no less than three and a
half percent, nearly of the whole population.
Should this rate lie continued, the race will be
entirely extinct before the close of the century,
in fact within thirty or forty years.
In speculating upon this subject, the Philadelphia
failed States (iazeLle observes:
" The general law under which barbarous
tribes, existing in a state of nature, melt awav
in the face of civilized r tees, is well understood,
and nowhere better than on our own continent,
where the red man vanishes from before his
white rival like a fog-wreath under the morning
sun. But it is not this law to which we must
look for the decay of the Polynesian families,
unless in the great New Zealand islands, where
recently nctual colonization and the strength of
the British arm have struck a direct and deadly
blow at the native race. Colonization, properly
speaking, lias not been attempted in the other
isles of the Pacific ; and in none of them have
there been long and bloody wars waged by European
invaders. They have been for years the
scenes of missionary enterprise, where religion
and civilization have been sown together in a
ready field, and peace lias succeeded a former
era Of strife. Before the missionaries came, the
islanders were rapidly decaying, and their presence
and humane efforts have been unavailing
to arrest the decrease. VVe can understand
how, when left to themselves, in a state of constant
warfare, isle with isle, tribe with tribe, and
almost man with man, professing a religion of
massacre and a code of systematic infanticide,
their numbers continually declined. The difti
culty is to account for their diminution now,
when all knoAii causes of depopulation have
been removed, and a salubrious climate and fertile
soil invite the rapid multiplication of the
species. Neither famine nor pestilence have had
a share in the work, the cause of which is a oays
tery that batflcs every conjecture. It seems a
thing of fate, strange, mournful, and impenetra- j
lilC. xIII* lOuttur-uu in vuiii iwiiurcM ui5? iu^cnuity
to discover the portentous secret. The
shaft Hies from an invisible bow. The victims
fall here, there, every where, singly, not in multitudes,
and therefore so quietly that the mortality
is scarcely noted or thought of until, annually,
the aggregate of deaths is made known
and contrasted with the interior aggregate of
births. Perhaps it is not altogether so much
the difficulty that more persons die in the Pacific
islands, in proportion to the whole population,
than in other countries, as that fewer are born
there. The river of life is poisoned ut its fountain."
The Argus publishes the followingletter from
the reported heir to $2,000,000, to whom we referred
a few days since :
Washington, Nov. 8, 1800.
Dear >Sfr?A note from Major General
W infield Scott was handed nio this morning,
inquiring my address. 1 called soon after upon
the General, and was shown a letter, addressed
to him from New York, and inclosing an article
of some interest to ino, cut from the Newark
(N. J.) Advertiser. 1 afterwards saw the same
article in your paper of the 7th, credited to the
Philadelphia Lc Igor. It is headed "A Windfall
f<tr Somebody." (Several letters have reached me
within the hist few hours from Boston, New Haven,
and New York, congratulating inc upon
bi ing (or being soon to be) a double millionaire.
I shall endeavor to " bej>r my honors meekly,"
and if the burdens of this mighty windfall do
not make mo more unhappy than the lack of
wealth has made me, 1 shall be truly glad that 1
am its recipient. There is no doubt that I am
the legatee ; I can have but little trouble in prov;?
'Ph.. .......a... u ? .r> i..nn ..
...g .1. j "...y ", - ... ..?a^ ? " tune
should attend such poor services aa mine.
.\irulcen hundred thousand dollars and upwards!!
Well, I will set about looking it up, and if ever
secured, I trust the means of doing good will
not find me with less of a heart for it than I have
hitherto had, I have many friends whom it will
please me to help. Yours truly,
J2?~Lamartiue, in tiie preface of his Genevieve,
s.nys : "At the present time more labor and
more literary talent are expended every morning
in France and in Europe, on the fragments
which in the evening litter the floor of a coffeehouse
or reading room, than would be necessary
to compose an excellent book, and to lay a
foundation for the renown of a great writer. I,
myself, who now speak to you, receive every
week more poetry, more polities and more philosophy,
confidentially, through the post than
could be contained in a thick volume."
Odd Fellow's Statistics.?The following
view of the operations of the Odd Fellows' Association
is prepared from the oflici d returns
mnue u> mc iuiu session ui me urnnq x.oage ol
the Unit' d States.?Several States failed to
make returns:
Revenue of Subordinate Lodges, $1,200,396 74
Contributing member*, 174,485 00
Number of initiations this year, 30 579 00
Number of brothers relieved, 23,882 00
Number of widowed families relieved, 2,?27 00
Raid for relief of brothers, 345,007 62
Paid to widowed families, -12,30101
Paid for education of orphans, 7,348 44
Paid for hurrying the dead, 67.595 90
Whole amount of relief, -162,252 97
Great Union Meeting in New York.?We
hope that no Georgian will suffer himself to be
misled by the cry over the great Union meeting
in New York. It consisted principally of merchants.
'l'hey have got frightened about our
talk of taxing Northern goods. Pennies had
more to do with that meeting than patriotism.
Some one remarked, rather unwittingly, at the
meeting, " We must sell these Southerners
goods." The meeting, however, was but n drop
in the bucket in New York. The State has
gone for the Seward party, and is dead against
us. Washington iinnt, w. o has been elected
Governor, declared that the Fugitive slave bill
must he repealed or modified. His modification#
would leave it worth about as much to the South
as the paper on which it is printed. Let the
people not be deceived.?Augusta Republic.
Michigan.?This State hns shown, by the
spontaneous election of two Free soil mem' ers
ofCongress, what might have been done if the
sentiment and sympathies of her people had
been properly stimulated.and directed by prominent
Whigs. But unfortunately the leading
press (Detroit Daily Advertiser) paralyzed
and chilled the energies and enthusiasm of the
rank nnd file. It is a tame, truckling, doughface
concern.?Albany Evening Journal.
New Hampshire Constitutional Convention.?The
committee have reported unanimously
in favor of striking out the religious
test, and the proper qualification fof office.
From Uu Southern (MnfoUc, Fa.) jirgm.
The Perils thai scrsourb us.?The people
of the ISoutb are becoming every^day more satisfied
of the folly of many of her representatives,
of the lute Congress, in weakly yielding to the
reckless destructives of the North. It is always
better to light for the liret foot of ground than
the lust. 11 >d the South maintained u firm and
united front, they might have dictated the terms
of adjustment, but ac<|uiesence in the measures
proposed, have only served to embolden the
North to renewed aggressions and an inexorable
war against our interests. The recent elections
at the Notth and the determination expressed
by both parties?Whigs and Democrats?to go
in M for the repeal or modification of the Fugitive
slave law," indicate the most hostile feelings
of the whole North against our peculiar institutions.
Such is the progress of the present
current of sentiment and action of the Free-soil
party, that the more moderate and sensible men
of that region are unable to stem the torrent
Even Mr. Webster, whose voice was once so
potential in the New England S'.ales, now stands
like the strong man shorn of his power, and it
is doubtful whether, at the present time, he could
be elected to the most ignoble office in the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts. There is such an
incninpauoiuiy 01 temper, ieeung ana interest,
and such a total want of sympathy between the
people of the two sections, that even the more
conservative men of the South now begin to
doubt whether the existence of a real and beneficial
Uniou between them is either desirable or
It is in vain to attempt to disguise the mournful
fact, that the "sceptre has departed from the
South," perhaps forever; each hour Bwells the
number of her opponents, while, under the existing
state of things, she is compelled to stand
stil!, and gradually sink down into a hopeless
minority. Stripped of political power and control
in the government, she has nothing left her
to rely upon foe safety, but the guarantees of the
Constitution and the defence of her rights. It
there ever was a time that called for union, harmony,
watchfulness, and eternal vigilance on the
part of her sons, that time is now. There should
be no more divisions and invidious distinctions,
factions or discords amongst her pe >ple?110 more
flinching or wavering on the great question thut
so deeply involves her destin ?110 more hesitancy
in flinging overboard every political Judas
within her precincts. The time has arrived for
action, not words. Nothing is to be gained by
idle vauntings and vehement declamation or disunited
councils. Let there be 110 more agitation
t\r m/i nut rw*o h>t nnrtv rlikitiruttiniiu !? ? 11 lint hi.
j"" "J -v. ..
1 it"d, and let all unito in one harmonious whole
for the preservation of our homes and altars.?
L t us teach the North, by acts rather than by
words, that we know our rights and will maintain
From tUr Low til American.
Massachusetts Election!
Webster and the Man-Steaeeks repudiated!?The
Old Kay State speaks for
Freedom !?iii the insp ring, exhilirating and
soul-enlivening language of the Boston Atlas.
"The Whigs of this glorious old Commonwe 1th
have been beaten by means of the coalition
effected between the Locofoeos and Frcesoilers."
The Fugitive slave law, and its author,
Daniel Webster, are repudiated by the
people, and the Fillmore Administration is voted
down by a vast majority. The Whig party
went into the contest approving of Daniel Webster
and Millard Fillmore. They had a popular
candidate for Governor, who got many votes
that the Administration itself never could have
obtained; yet the load he had to carry was too
heavy for his shoulders. Webster and his manstealing
law were too monstrous a burden, and
Briggs has broken down under the infliction.
Never was there a more righteous retribution
upon a political traitor, than this vote of want
of confidence in Daniel Webster. Let him remove
to New Hampshire as speedily as possible,
and reek the congenial embraces of Isaac Hill
and Moses Norris. Massachusetts spurns and
despises him and his infamous treachery.
The election of Horace Mann Is one of the
most gratifying results of this election. Under
the malign influence of Webster, the Whig
Convention threw over Mr. Mann, and nominal
ed the very respectable Samuel II. Welly, n
man who under other circumstances would no
doubt have been chosen, 13ut the taint of Websterism
killed him dead. The people threw
over the Whig convention nnd its candidate,
and have elected Mr. Mann by 260 majority.?
All honor to the eighth district, and to the
Whigs there, who had the manliness to spurn
Boston dictation nnd sustain an honest man in
performing bis duty !
The Free-soil party has effectually controlled
this election. The wisdom of its policy is now
plainly manifested. It has elected Horace
Mann and Orin Fowler to Congress. It compelled
Zeno Seuddcr and Mr. Goodrich to take
the most decided Free-soil ground before they
could be chosen, and it has defeated James ii.
Duncan, the only one of the traitors of the last
session w ho dared to risk himself before the
people. Duncan is beaten by three or four
hundred votes, a just reward for bis political
tergiversation and shuffling course of policy.?
We trust he will be kept at home finally. It
would be indeed a shame if Massachusetts,
which has done so grandly at this election,
should suffer this diminutive politician to represent
any portion of the people.
Middlesex county has done famouslv. Look
1 ?u_ i ii, J n'??J i?i.,
iiv iiiu vuica . nun?'ii\ uu i JLMiaiui mm i i>mouth,
nnd glorious Worcester, and Essex, and
Franklin ana Hampden?all have done grandly
and have covered themselves with glory. The
Senate is secure and the House will be beyond
a doubt. Let all the friends of freedom rejoice.
The nigger-stealing administration is repudiated
and Webster Whiggery in Massachusetts is
Refering to the recent outrages in Boston,
the Frcdricksburg News says :
Take these several paragraphs in connexion,
and compare thein with the facts as they exist,
nnd can the most sceptical doubt that the law
has been tlignntly violated? It is admitted
that Crafts, a slave from Georgia, and Helen, a
colored female slave, were in Boston, that warrants
were issued for their arrest, that after the
warrants were issued they were seen in the
streets, that they were married at the house,
nnd by that hypocritical scoundrel Theodore
Parker, that they set sail for England and are
now on the bosom of the Atlantic. These facts I
are known and conceded, and yet our rospected j
contemporary at Washington persists in doubt-!
iqg the vlulation of the law,
Everv incident related by the correspondent I
of the Tribune, we doubt not is strictly true, |
many of them are not denied. The fact that 1
Knight and Hughs were in Boston, that they
went there for the purpose of arresting slaves,
that a mob arrested them under false pretences,
that by this mob they were ordered to quit and
did quit Boston and that flie negroes against
whom the warrants were issued openly defied j
me orncers or ine raw, ana successtully evaded
its execution, are facts known to the whole country.
The Republic thinks the President should
wait for official inte.ligenoefrom the authorities
in Boston before coercive measures are adopted.
If this be done we mny safely entrust our rights
to heaven's chancery, u? the only tribunal which
will do us justice. We are quite confident the
bright inorn of the judgment day will first dawn | 1
before we shall hear the whisper of complaint j
from a Federal office-holder at Boston. Every '
artifice that hypocrisy can suggest or treuchery '
prompt will oe resorted to by those men in '
evasion of the responsibility which their offices '
impose. In execution of duties they are as slow '
as snails, deaf as adders, and blind as bats. 1
They could not see a fugitive ten feet from 1
their nose, tell them of their whereabouts and '
the lamp-post would heed you ns soon, and as
to the efforts to arrest, they will use them only
after the fugitive has fled beyond the jurisdic- 1
tjon of their authority. I
No law will be enforced where the officer is
opposed to it, unless a controI ling power demands
it- With all reapeet for tne President
(for whom personally and politically we entertain
abigh regard,) we must say tliat his duty
demands his interposition in this case. He has
pledged us that be would at every hazard see the
law enfo eed, and now is the time of redemption
of this pledge. ?
From tlu York Herald.
The Fugitive Slave Bill?The Late
Elections?The Stamtedk.?Of all the measures
comprised in the slavery adjustment, the !
Fugitive slave bill has worked most emphati- I
cally in the North. On the day that the bill
went through the House, Mr. Clay rose in his
place in the Senate, and expressed his congratulations
that the measure was finally passed, and
that the groat work of compromise only required
the abolition of the District slave trade.
That bill, also, was at length passed; when Mr.
Clay took occusion to express his convictions
that peace and harmony would speedily be restored
to our bleeding, agitated, and distracted
country. A few Abolitionists in the North, and
a few reckless ultras in the South, might, he
supposed, attempt to revive the agitation; but
their efforts would be ridiculous. The great
masses, of both sections, would bo satisfied.
Harmony would bo restored, and the North
and South, under the same vine and fig tree,
U'rtiilsi Knri' flio kafohni vtnsi ainnL'o (hu nSna aI
ponce together for a very long time to come.
Such was the prophecy ot Mr. Clay. What
is the fact ? The Compromise bills were but
the beginning of the agitation. The (luster,
bluster, bravado, clap-trap, gas, and terrible
threats of Abolitionists and Southern ultras, before
the settlement, were mere moonshine to
what has succeeded. It is just the difference between
the manoeuvorings of two armies before
an impending war, and the actual guerilla
warfare after the first battle is over. All the
peace measures of the last Congress only
carry us to buona Vista?the battles of the
Southern column of the army have yet to be
The Fugitive slave bill may well be called
the fiuena Vista of the compromise measures
As in the fight in Mexico, so in the contest in
Congress : there were many among the bravest
left upon the field, and many who, deeming "discretion
the better part of valor," kept quiet or i
took to their heels. In the Senate, Colonel Ben
ion was accidentally nosent on the engrossment j
of the hill ; and, owing probably to the "noise
and confusion," General Cass did not answer to |
his name. From one cause or other, (and, as ,
far as we are informed, we give the causes,) the 1
following Senators were absent, or dumb, or <
just stepped . ut, on the engrossment of the bill
[ which was the test question: '
absent, stepped out, or not voting. \
Alabama?Jeremiah Clemens, for several
weeks?gone homo. 1
Arkansas?Solon Borland, off in Arkansas,
all the session. J
Florida?Jackson Morton, absent.
Indiana ? Messrs. Bright and Whitcomb, j
(Bright stepped out, Whitcomb hard of hearing.) f
Illinois?Messrs. Douglas und Shields, (absent
or nuiflf) t
Kentucky?Mr. Clay, absent at Newport. t
Maine?Mr. Hamlin, (FreO-soil,) absent. t
Michigan?Messrs. Cass and Felch. Mr.
Cass was in his seat, but too much "noise and '
confusion" to h(jar his name called. Mr. Felch
accidentally missing. J,
Missouri?Mr. Benton missing; supposed to t
have stepped out. r
New Hampshire?Messrs. Halo and Norris.
Hale off home?Norris no answer. 1
New York?Messrs. Dickinson and Seward 1
?paired off, to allow Seward to visit New York.
New Jersey?Mr. Miller?gone home,
Rhode Island?Mr. Clarke?gone home. <j
Vermont?Mr. Phclns?absent from sickness i i
Total gone liomc, absent, stepped out, or not h
voting, twenty?or exactly one-third of the en- c
tire Senate?on the passage of the net. But to r
make the case more clear, we give the uyoa and j
noes, uud the missing, &c.; l
senate vote?fugitive si.avf. bill. i
aves. nof.s. ab'f.nt, or not 0
Atchison, Baldwin, voting, etc. t
Badger, Bradbury, Benton, "
Barnwell, Chase, Borland, r
Bell, Cooper, Bright, a
Berrien, Davis of Mass., Cass, a
Butler, Dayton, Clemens,
Davis of Miss., Dodge of Wis., Clay, a
Dawson, Greene, Dickinson, '
Dodge of Iowa, Smith, DouHns, a
Downs, Upham, Clarke, k
Foote,, Walker, Felch, ti
Houston, Winthrop?12. Hale, a
Hunter, Hamlin,
Jones, Miller, n
King, Morton. d
Manguin, Norris, a
Mason, Pratt, h
Pearce, Phelps, ti
Husk, Seward,
Sebastian, Shields, c
Soule, Whitcomb?20 ?
Spruance, *
Sturgeon, f
Turney, a
Underwood, q
Yulee?27. e
For the third reading of the Fugitive bill, . . 27 S
Against the bill, * . . 12 n
Absent, stepped out, or not voting . . 20 s
One vacancy from Ohio, . . 1
? e
Total, Senate (California not then admitted) 60 n
i nis voic was ominous or what was to come. '
The stampede upon it in the House, was also "
very significant and suspicious. Thirty-five *~
members absent, or just stepped out (J. B. f,
among them) or not voting! It was a fugitive L
bill in more senses than one. Seldom does n <1
single shot create such floundering and flutter- g
ing. The Democrats rushed ty through the 81
House, to throw the burden upon Mr. Fiilmore. f
It puzzled hiui prodigiously whether to sign or j!
not to sign?to veto or not to veto. He signed. 0
The Attorney General explained, or rather apol- (ll
ogized, for the President, in view of the New sj
York election.
Then commenced the re-action. It has been d
overwhelming; but it has not stopped with the J
Administration. Cass, Dickinson, Douglas, and *
all concerned in, or evading or consenting to, .
the measure fVom the North, have been abso- tj
lutely overwhelmed in the late elections, except- ;r
ing in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, where the
people want a modifiation of the tariff. All es
prospects of national platforms and national el
candidates, upon the prop of the Fugitive slave
bill, arc shivered into fragments. The very c[
thing which Mr. Clay considered the oap-aheaf
of the Compromise, has turned out to bo the
wooden horse to the Trojans, Cass, Fe'ch, and m
Benton, and Douglas, and Bright, smelt ihe rat, Cf
or rather the cat; but they have not esccped it. re
It has turned everything upside down,' rom ov
Cape Cod to the west bank of the Mississippi? gi
from Buffalo to Mason and Dixon's line-?and
all the arrangements, for all the Presidential favorites
of all the cliques, of both the old parlies, te
are scattered helter skelter in this nullification g'
excitement?this fugitive bombshell?this Pandora's
box to the politicians. Mr. Clay was
wide of the mark in supposing that the Fugitive
hill would end the agitation?it only begins it. ct
Mr. Mason thought it would do no good, except
to test the sincerity of the North in their r
professions of good faith. The test hns been 0j
nppiied. It works wonderfully. It has turned
VVhlgs and Democrats into fugitives; and it is q
difficult to tell whether they or the runaway e(
slaves run the fastest fVom the law. But there u<
is this difference?the fugitive politicians have 0j
been overtaken, while the slaves have generally th
?scnped into Canada. If such is the beginning Qj
af the stampede, what will be the end? Whig v<
uid Democratic hunkers?where are they?? a,
their platforms?their plans?their candidates? n<
their principles?their parties ? Swallowed up ar
n the Fugitivo bill. Gone ! bi
The Democratic Majority in Delaware, in in
he newly elected Legislature, will be one in the H
Senate and seven in toe House. or
\ Prom the Savannah Georgian.
Southern Rights Meeting in Laertt Countt.
?The friends of Southern Rights and Union, purauant
to previous notice, assembled at Hinesville,
on Saturday last the 9th instant. After a brief statement
as to the object of the meeting, W. C. Stevens,
esq., moved to proceed to the organization
of the meeting, by the appointment of Doctor
Samuel Way and Mr. B. A. Bushy, as Presidents',
and the further appointment of C. 8. Harris and
John O. Perry, as Secretaries.
After a few prefatory remarks by Dr. Way, one
of the chairmeo, a motion was offered that resolutions
prepared by individuals for the occasion,
be submitted to a committee of twelve, to select,
alter, amend, and report therefrom.
The following gentlemen were appointed on
that committee:
Win. Maxwell, W. C. Stevens, Charlton
Hines, W. G. Martin, Washington Winn, E. J.
Delegal, David Uaggs, John Perry, David Sliepard,
Abial Winn. 8. S. Moody, and James Smiley.
The committee, ufter a short abseuce, reported,
unanimously, the preamble and resolutions
of Dr. Raymond Harris, (which had been previously
read to the meeting) with a few slight alterations.
On motion of C. B. Jones, they were received
and adopted, without a dissenting voice.
The sentiments of the meeting, as set forth in
tneir preamute anu resolutions, are ub ioiiows:
The end of all well regulated governments, is
the security, prosperity, and happiness of the
people. This is true in relation, not only to confederacies
of States, but applies with enual force
to consolidated republics ar.u empires. We have
abundant evidence that such was the object of the
people in the establishment of our own confederated
form of government. The diversitied interests
of each section were duly considered and provided
for, by mutual concession and compromise.
When the government went into actual operation '
under the Constitution, the friends of liberty
throughout the world rejoiced at the prospect of
beholding a vast extent of territory, inhabited by
an enlightened people, in the enjoyment of the
blessings of liberty, security, prosperity and happiness.
But these fond hopes were soon obscured
by the fell spirit of discord. In the beginning of
our national existence under the confederition,
the foul spirit of abolition manifested itself in the
North, and has pursued tts course from small beginnings
with an energy, perseverance, and success,
unknown to other times and other parts of
the world.
We will briefly recount its progress and the
wrongs which have been inflicted by the Northern
upon the slaveholding States of the Union.
Quring all which, the latter have borne their injuries
wiih a patience and forbearance which exhibit
their deep and generous devotion to the institutions
of our common country. The rights of
the slaveholding States have been assailed.
1st. In the provisions of the ordinance of 1787,
by which they were deprived entirely of that vast
*nd fertile region which lies between the Ohio and
Mississippi rivers, now embracing live States and
ane territory.
2d. In the Missouri Compromise they were excluded
from all the Louisiuna Territory, north of
IG deg. 30 min., except that which is embraced in
.he State of Missouri.
3d. In the Territory of Oregon, they have been
sntirely excluded from all participation.
4th. In repeuted attempts to abolish slaverv in
he District of Columbia, the common property of
he nation.
5th. In the admission of California as a free
Stute, with five times the territory of any other
>tnte in the Union.
Gth. In the protection which has been afforded
o fugitive slaves, in violation of solemn constituional
engagements, amountingiu vulue to 16,000,100
7th. In the insult, violence, and in some cases
nurder of our citizens, in pursuit of their slaves.
8th. In the circulation through the U. S. mail of
tapers and pamphlets, filled with blasphemy,
itheisrn, fanaticism, and treason, by which they
lave attempted to incite our slaves to insurrection,
apine and murder.
And, finally, by the open declaration, that in all
ime to come, no slave State shall be admitted into
his Union.
The above are only some of the wrongs which
he slaveholding States have suffered at the hands
if their Northern brethren, to say nothing of the
lismemberment of Texas for Free-soil purposes,
ly the terror of federal bayonets on the one
innd, and the inducement of $10,000,000 on the
ither. To say nothing of the hypocritical declaation
that obligations higher than the Conalituion,
induce them to wage war upon our rights, j
luring all which, it is an undeniable fact, that we
inve paid more than two-thirds of the revenue for
he support of the Government, and that in time
if war, furnished much the largest proportion of
he soldiery upon the battle fields. These acts of
agression so onen repeated, ana pressed with so
nuch bitterness and vindictiveness, have at last
roused the slave Stutes to a sense of their danger,
nd the importance of the crisis.
The Legislature of the State of Georgia, having
t the last session, authorized the Governor, upon
he occurrence of certain anticipated events, to call
. convention of the people through their delegates,
le has acted in obedience to the law, and ordered
he elections and the meeting of the convention
Therefore, Resolved, That we will not support
,ny candidate for a seat in the convention, who
o.s not proudly and frankly declare that his first
llegiance is due to the State of Georgia, and that
e will cordially devote his life and hi-? property to
he maintenance of her honor and her institutions.
Resolved, That the delegates elected by the
ounty of Liberty, be anu they are hereby intruded
to use all their influence to procure a contention
of delegates from all the slaveholding States,
or the purpose of taking into consideration the
larming crisis now at hand, and to provide udeuate
remedies for the same.
Resolved, That our delegates be further instructd
to use their influence in order to place the | ^
Itate of Georgia in an attitude of defence, that she
nay be prepared for the evil day too plainly forehadowed
by past events.
Resolved, Thatourdelegates are hereby instructd
to encourage as fur as practicable the growth of
nanufactures and increase the commercial imortance
of Georgia, and support all other rneasres
for /ionic protection calculated to render our
itnte independent of the North.
Resolvtd lastly, That while we feel constrained
ir the sake of peace and the preservation of the
Inion to acquiesce in the systematic aggressions
etailed in our preamble, and require of our deleates
to the convention, that they pledge them- >
slves to support no secession ordisunion measure,
et our delegates are instructed to make known to
ur fellow-citizens of Georgia, that in the event of
irther encroachments upon our rights, the county
f Liberty will be ready lo co-op?rale with them
ad the whole South in the most determined res
Upon the adoption of the above as a platform of
le Southern Rights and Union meeting, Messrs.
ifm. B. Gaulden, W. Mclver, C. B. Jones at.d
V. C. Stevens severally addressed the meeting.
On motion of Col. Wm. B. Gaulden, the ineetig
proceeded to nominate candidates to represent
te county of Liberty in the Convention to be held
i Milledgeville.
The Hon. Charlton Hines and B. A. Bushy,
sq. were severally nominated, and by acclamation
ected without a dissenting voice.
On motion of Captain Abial Winn, a commitee
insisting of A. Winn, B. W. Allen, Wm. G.
iartin, Win. B. Gaulden, and C. B. Jones, were
pointed by the President to wait upon the nomees
and request their acceptance. After a few
omenta of anxious suspense the chairman of the
immittee reported their acceptance, which was
iceived with great oheering. The meeting throughit
was characterized by entire unanimity, und
eat enthusiasm.
On motion, it was,
Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be
ttdered to the presiding officers and Secretaries,
id the minutes of the meeting be published in the
ivannah Geotytnn and Republican.
The meeting then adjourned.
Illinois.?W. Malony and Campbell, Detnoats,
are elected to Congress. The latter sue>eds
Baker, Wliig. Browning, Whig, succeeds
ichardson, Dem. All are pledged to n repeal
T the Fugitive Law.
We rejoice heartily at the election of Mr.
ampbell. He js a radical Democrat and pledg1
to Free soil measures. Two years since he
u'd his personal influence with the Legislature
* Illinois to have the members in Congress from
at State instructed to vote for the application
*the Wilmot Proviso. He is no half way ad>cate
of principles which he espouses, nor by
vy means disposed to be silent when efforts are
;cessarv to support his cause. He possesses I
i excitable temperament, and is a ready and
-illiant speaker.
Mr. Browning is a Whig, and has been a lead?g
politician on that side for the last ten years,
e is also a man of fine talents, and was elected
i strong anti-slavery grounds.? Tol$do ftepub.

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