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TRI-WBKKLY. 5 oO WEEKLY, - - <--* * * 2 00 From (Ac (A. Y.) Fvtni*f Post. Crime is the City .?The report of U?e v Chief of Police, Mr. MateeH, was transmitted to the Common Council last evening, by tbe Mayor it gives the atatisiics of the-Pelice Department for the quarter ending on the 30th of fcmpI teinber last. Mr. Mataell lias arranged liis matter neatly in a tabular form, which gives at the same times comprehensive yet succinct view ol the whole subject. It appears from one of these tables thai during tbe last quarter, there have been ten thousand and ten persons arrested for offences against the laws of the State, showing an iuorease over the number of arrests during the previous quarter, of one thousand seven hundred and eightysix. This large increase of arrests was mainly for such offences as assault and battery, disorderly conduct, intoxication, and vagrancy, while there lias been a proportionate decrease in the number ol arrests lor tbe higher grades of crime. The captains of the several districts have reported eight hundred and eighty-five burglaries, grand larcenies, and petit larcenies, us having been committed in toe city during the quarter, and nne fVi/miomrt/l ansi fl.iidtr mamiohu (...???. L.. Wiiv Mivuot?MH rniu ?uu?jr j/uiouun ua ijuviug UVt'll arrested for the commission of similar offences. The report for the present quarter embraces two additional tables?one showing the amount of property lost and the amount recovered ; the other showing the number of offences against property in the several patrol districts. 1? roin the table in regard to property lost, it appears that property stolen by burglars amounts in value to three thousand one hundred and five dollars and seventy-three cents; of which five hundred and fifty-eight dollars and twenty cents have been recovered ; grand larcenies, fourteen thousand seven hundred and twelve dollars and thirty-five cents, of which nine thousand and fourteen dollars and two cents have been recovered; petit larcenies, two thousand six hundred and eighty-five dollars and twenty-eight cents, of which fifteen hundred and eighty-seven dollars and sixtv-one cents have been recovered ?making a total loss of nine thousand three hundred nud forty-three dollars and fifty-three cents; while there lias been property to the amount of twenty-one thousand five hundred and nine dollars recovered by the members of the police, which had been stolen in other counties or States. From the tabic in relation to offences committed against property, it appears there have been one thousand r\r.d forty eight offences of that description committed during.the quarter. . Three hundred and eighty-three violations of the corporation ordinances were reported to the corporation attorney. Durinar the ouorter. there were neveii thousand five hundred and eighty-nine persons accommodated with lodgings; twelve hundred and four lost children restored to their parents or guardians ; two hundred and four sick or injured persons aided; thirty-five persons rescued from drowning; forty-lour fires extinguished; three hundred and seventy-six stores and dwelling houses found open and soeured; ninety-foui cattle, and seventy-live horses found astray anc restored to their owners, by members of the de partinent; and ten thousand five hundred not thirty-six dollars and twenty-one cents takei from drunken persons and lodgers, and reslore< to them again. Mr. Matsell adds a new feature to the presenl report, and one that is likely to be useful, in a tabular statement of the number of days that each policeman has served, his absences, and the causes thereof, and the nature of his services. There is al^o a table appended, showing the number of places m the city at which spiritous liquors are sold, giving a total of 4,985, of which 3,716 are open on Sundays. The Sixteenth Ward claims 510 of these, the Eleventh Ward 415, and the First Wnrd 417. The Second Ward has the fewest, being ouly 108, and the Fifteenth?the next?being only 171. Another Public Convenience.?We learn from the Philadelphia Ledger tiiat the manager! of " The Magnetic Telegraph Company* hav? nsenniVA/l /\ Iiova n muoaonfroe ui ilxxx. a?ro \Tt\C\t the arrival of each through train at the severa way-stations between New York and Washing ton, who will receive any messages which pas scngers may with to send forward or back tc stations upon the lino. The Ledger says: "It frequently occurs that persons leaving home may have forgotten, and left something: or have neglected to give somo instructions in tended, in the haste of departure, or that the) wish to telegraph to their friends in ndvance, o to secure comfortable quarters at a hotel, an< we think this arrangement will prove to be quit an accommodation to the traveling public. B the way, the line of thia Telegraph Compnn has been undergoing extensive repairs duriu; this season, ana its regulations have been s thoroughly systematized that there is now littlr ground of complaint for wont of promptness fidelity and despatch of business. The line ha four wires up and in operation between Phila delphia and Washington, nnd Philadelphia am New York, and as it employs the best operators ought to be able to transact its business satis factorily." Great Rush.?There were mortf than fort) letters mailed on Monday for Mrs. Cole, the heii at law of the late John McDonogh, the saic letters bein", no doubt, from enterprising members of our bar, who desire to recommend them selves to Mrs. C.'s favor, with a view of up setting the will of Mr. McDonogh. We think it highly probable that the lawyers will be the principle legatees of Mr. McDonogh. This will not be a great misfortune, as some of them have a decidedly lean and emaciated appearance. That was a good toast offered some years ago at a meeting of the bar in London : "To the greatest benefactor of the bar,?the man who writes his own will."?Delia. Census of Lynchburg.?Capt. Shields, Deput; ing state.meht^Yh&'f White Males, '2,335 White Females, 1,843 Free Black Males, 223 Free Black Females, 268 Slave Males, 2,061 Slave Females, 1,341 8,071 Population in 1840, 6,395 Increase, 1,676 The increase in ten years, it will be seen hai been 1,676. This is not so great as we had an tioipated, but it nevertheless shows that on town is rapidly growing. Had we had the ad vantages of Rail Roads that Petersburg an< other cities have enjoyed, the census of 185( would have shown a very different state o things.?Lynchburg Republican. Rational.?A man residing in a New Eng. land town, at some distance from a near relative, received a message one cold evening in November to hasten to his residence, as he was in a dying state. When he arrived, he was told that his reasoms had entirely left liiru. The sick man presently turned his head, saying in a faint voice, "Who is that?" He was informed that is was his relative wIk had been sent for. "Oh?" said lie, "he must be cold. Make him i good warm toddy^?yes, a hot toddy." "I guess he ain't crazy," said the visitor, "In talks very rational." : | i?_ Nboro Voters.?At Detroit 1376 votes were given against the right of suffrage ib all persons t>f all colors, and 19$ for it, *!" Fa the .American Journal iif Bnrnce. There are but two Primitive CSeipn. , I Some monihasince, I made the proposition that there are but two primitive color*.?this proposition 1 was nmde in the Ch rleston Courier, ietouth Carolina. I now offer, through the ipatUtinr of your jjoumal, the following in support of it : j There are but tw^fnimitive for itoa, the straight and circular , and as color re the sensatioh or an impression, and all impressions are made through the mediant of forms, there being but two primitive ones, there can be but two primitive colors. When the elastic fluid, which causes, by im-! pression upon the sense of sight, the sensation ofj color, is unagilated, ita form impressing is that ofj a straight line and the color formed is black.? When the elastic fluid is put in motion and runs into waves that impress the sense of sight with a M s A ( \ Si , \ i : \ . . Y< \4 \ \ X v X The straight line, which is the base of the triangle, represents the elastic fluid stationary, making a mere pressure without agitation, and therefore without curved form ; and us they are curved, the curved impressions as they are less or more bo, form all the colors from black up, including white; the white being the &ensation of a full semicircle at the vertex of the diagram?the waves or curved lines diminishing in length according to Newton's measurement from the red up, including the violet near the vertex ; below the red and above the violet there hus as yet been no measurement. But as the violet has lately been proved by Profe.-sor Draper, of the New York University, to be the most intense, we have reason to believe that white is found above them?and still shorter than the violet waves, and therefore perhaps not appreciable by measurement?as also may be said of their times of undulation. The increase in the number of the undulations, from red to violet, makes nothing against this theory ? as with fewer undulations the colors | would only be of a lower tone?and these undula! tions would produce an effect corresponding with i the sensibility of the person upon whom they may r operate. The undulations, as the colors rise from I Ted to violet, increasing in number with the dimi- ] . nution in the length of the waves, tend rather to supJ port this theory. We here then see why white is , without black, as the circle is unmodified by the I straight line. We here see that all colors between black and white, are formed of black and white and so derivatives of black and white, being impres1 sions of forms partaking of each, of the circle and 1 the straight line and that, therefore, black and white are the only primitive or elementary colors. i It may be added, as another proof, that each color or degree of color has its wave length, as proved by Professor Draper, each color or degri e of color having its wave length ; white has its wave length, as black lias also its line of impression. I fit should be objected that black is no color, I ask, what is a color ? A color is a sensntion caused by an impression upon a special orgnmttttion. Now, should this special organization beaoeent, there would be no sense of color, or in i other words, there would be no color, any more j than without.an organization of a special sense for hearing, would there be a sense of sound, or i 1 sound as such. Man would have juRt as little i i idea of color, or notion of sound without a special . ' organization to appreciate them, as inanimate mat, ter, although the medium by which they are imi pressed, might beat upon him forever. lie might feel the agitation through his system that causes ' , sound, but not as sound, but as agitation, caused by other means upon nny other part of the body?and ' hence was given to him his special organization, that he might have the special sensation of color, [ sound, taste, and smell. If then, without the spe; cial organization of sight, we could have no idea . of color, or have color, then 1 take the position . that, there being a special sense for this purpose r without whicli we could have no color, no idea of ? color, and this sense being pressed by the elastic fluid that pervades all space, every animated body e must have a sensation of this pressure that has the Y special sense of sight, although this fluid may be JT unagitated. ? Without (he special sense of color, we should be o taken up with our other sensations. The world K would then be, to us, a world of sensations alone, , that we could have through the other senses with^ out that of sight. It would be, to us, n colorless world?and would be to us, what it must be to j some animals that we know have existence. " But if black be not a sensntion what can it be ? ?> And if it be a sensation through the organ of sight "r- why not a color? It will be observed by the render, that I have represented black as a straight line?a simple nrtiflBitfP ftf thp plnatir flnul nntitri tpf Pfl Itnf am flip fluid is never without some agitation, there is never seen perfect black?perfect black is then ' imaginary. The black, which we see, is the sen sation of an impression, by a slight undulation of the elastic fluid, and therefore, by a line of im: Boston Mob Law.?The Chronotype lias the I following account of nn nttempt at Lynch law i in Boston. It was reported on Monday afternoon, that a 1 colored man was in the city, and about the vicinity of South street, who informed against YVm. ' L. Chaplain, the champion of liberty, who is now on trial in Washington, charged with nn attempt to j?et men and women out of slavery f in the District of Columbia! As Hoon as it was - known that such n person was here, the colored . ? *?_.? iuok mm up. The supposed informant is about 45 years of age, and wos spotted on Monday by a fugitive from Washington. About 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, lie was seen to go into Plummer's grocery store, corner of Southac and Gardner streets. The store was soon visited by fugitives to the number of about one hundred. Such a crowd of course was the cause of inquiry, and very soon about one thousand persons armed with stones and cIiiIm were collected upuu the corner. Cries of u kill him."?" tar and feather the informant,"? " he is here to spot fugitives," 1 &c., &c., were made against the unknown, who nil the while declared his innocence of the charge. r Police officer Morrill was soon on the ground, J and succeeded in getting the man out of the J store. I When the officer left with his charge, the crowd followed close behind. Before they had proceeded far, officer Morrill was hit with n stone in the hack of the head. At the same instant a ; colored chap by the name of John Smith seized the supposed informer with the intention of taking him away from the officer. Suffice it to say, however, the man waa secured unharmed. Smith was arrested for assaulting the officer, and lodged in jail, and will be brought before the Court this morning to answer. A posse of police wore on hand and very soon dispersed the crowd and quiet was again restored. We did not ' learn the name of the man who is supposed to i be guilty of entrapping Chaplain, but understand that he acknowledges himself to be from Washington; says he has been a slave and belonged to one of the Lieutenants engaged in the Coast Survey, lie says he has been here from Wash- i ington with the officer referred to about twenty i times. He was biken caie of last night by one 1 i of the officers of the city and to-day will leave ' Boston. / perfect- sOtiHeiixIfc/ lhe: sensa(?hHT^tr:~-!W' as, however, these curves, from the straight line to the perfect semicircle, are innumerable, there would oe innumerable primitive colore. But as all corvee are but parts of circles of different diameters forming different impressions more or less straight> as thejrare of circles greater, or less in diameter, aH the colors formed by the different curves must ba resolved into the two of which they are modifications?these modified impressions of modified forms of curves, forming modified sensations of curved and straight forms from modified colors ? the colors from black to white. An illustration is offered here by the following diagram. This, although drawn without any numerical or proportionate accuracy, may yet serve to impress the reader more clearly with the views presented in this article : rsarrvrr 1st / \\ /, ! \ m / \. / \ : . I I " / / / pression slightly curved?by the curve of a larger circle than those which cause brown, red, yellow, &c. That the reader may more fully understand me, I will here stale that 1 include in the words special organization, all the nervous structure in the brain that is special to sight, or the appreciation of color, as such, for the optic nerve without the eyeball may feel light and darkness, as such, as in the case of the Planaria?although it cannot look and make a miniature picture of the external world. It may seem to the reader, that this theory confounds sensation with impression, and makes them identical. In answer, 1 offer that the sense of sight is intended to appreciate the motions and their forms of the elastic fluid, not appreciable by the other senses?that the feelings we have by these impressions, areof like character with those which follow the impressions of like forms upon any other part of the body?such as piercing and blunt, sharp and dull, as in the case of sounds. I nm nujiiro tlml mptnnhvh!cinns linvp nnid that the color of an object beam no resemblance to the form that produces it. In this they are mistaken. We feel the form that makes the color, and we feel nothing else. It is the sensation of the form, just us much us the sensation of a point pressed upon the hand is of the form of that point, only it is appreciated by a special sense of u different organization. We feel the form of the wave producing the color, as we feel the form of anything with the hand. If the wave is nearly straight in impression upon the eye, we feel through the eye this impression of nearly straight, which we call bythe name ofsome color. We feel colors,or in other words, colors are feelings, sharp or dull, and piercing, and flat, &c., as feelings produced by sharp, und dull, and piercing, and flat bodies impressed upon the hand, or any other part of our system. This is illustrated by the form of the lines of expression in the face and in the actions of the person under these sensations. It is more familiarly exhibited in the case of sounds. The motions of the body, under the influence of the sounds of inusic, are in the lines of the sounds impressing the sense of hearing?when the perfect sense exists to appreciate the waves of sound. This can be easily proved, ns the waves of the particular sounds can be ascertained by sight. In all cases, I think it may be affirmed, that, when the senses are perfect, the same line of sound, of color, of gesture?and even of taste, and smell, and heat, work in a hurmony of lines in the action of the person, and hence it is that the most effective orator is lie thnt suits the word to the action, and that whatever he may desire others to feel, he must first feel and express himself? forming in the mind of the spectator, if perfectly organized, the same line of personal action which he himself exhibits. In regard to sensation, I would further observe, as we know nothing about it but what we feel, and ns we feel it with the lines of the impressing object, we are led to conclude tlmt the lines of impression and sensation are the same. I have used the word primitive, instead of pri mary, used by writers on colors. I have used it because I contend, that all impressions made by forms, other than those of the perf.ct semi-circle and straight line, are parts of these, modified one by the other, although each wave, whatever may be the degree of curve in its impressions, forms immediately a particular sensation', or color; yet this sensation, or color, when anaylzed in character of feeling, is certainly, if less than a semi-circle forms it, composed of curved nnd straight, and so far may be suid to be derived from them as their elements. Primary signifying the first of a succession of things, does not imply that the one is derived from the other, nnd is properly used by those who speak in reference to the colors, as they succeed each other in the prism; but it is not applicable when the quality of the colors, or the elementary means that produce it are to be indicated. J. P. G. MITTAG. Power's Statue ok Calhoun.?Our citizens gathered in considerable numbers yesterday, at the City Hall, to visit this noble work of art, which is indeed an exquisite and masterly performance, at once worthy of the reputation of the great American artist wjjose chisel achieved it, and a fitting memorial of the illustrious original. The statue is as large as life, and arrayed in Roman costume. All the physical marks and intellectual characteristics of the original are fully developed, and the resemblance is strikingly admirable, although it is not to be tested by our recent recollections, as It represents Mr. Calhoun, we learn, as he appeared thirteen or fourteen vears since, 'I he right arm points to a new broken scroll in the left bund, on which were inscribed the words "Truth, Justice and the Constitution," but the upper scroll has been broken off, and "the Constitution" only is left, shorn of "Truth and Justice." The left arm was represented as reposing on a Palmetto tree, but it hus been broken off, from the elbow to the hand, nnd iliu}, wiin itiu portion 01 inu scron grasped uy the hand, have oeen lost, the first joint of the thumb only having been found in the box. Otherwise the statue is uninjured, save some stains of the marble, which, it is thought, can be removed. It remnins in the box in which it was packed, when recovered from the deep, but the removal of one of the sides of the box onablcs the spectator to have a very fair view of the figure. The i : J \.<1 i. i i i uiiect, iiuwi'vcr, >vn# m* uuuuuew luuciy tMiiuiiiceu when the stutue shall occupy a pedestal in a fitting receptacle or locality. We learn that the artist has been heard from, since he w as made aware of the ahipwreck, and that he has given ; the assurance that having preserved all his ori- ! ginal models, he can readily fppnirany mutilated liujb on receiving a cast of it. The patriotism and public spirit of those citizens who originally secured this noble memorial of the illustrious Southron to our pity, at their private cost, is worthy of all uommendation ' ?and so is the act of the city authorities, in making it public property.?Charleston Courier. Bask or East Tskkessbe.?The Juckson,' West Tennessee Whip of Thursday last, speaking of the notes of this Bank, say :? The Mils on the Bank of East Tennessee, at Knoxville,aro very unevrrent in this section, j They are not received in payment of debts, not | pven from a printer, ? I , V ' " * - - rrmitie TTtWail a*r J<rnmm. -' -?*"1 Ubjok MBET?JM* IS New YORK.?On# <4 the moat farcical affairs of the id*y i? the lute great Union inc|ting in New fork city. Ope of the New York letter writers spoke of it as follows i a few days before it assembled : "Let ine toueh onee more on politics. Arliew movement lias souie days been in contemplation, but yesterday and last evening it developed t itself quite smartly. Papers were in every public hotel, and at the corners of the streets, for name^ calling for a monster Bieetiog, to be soon hoiden in favor of the Union, and opposed to the further agitation of the slavery question. In whose brains this project had its origin, is more than I know ; but one thing is quite certain, many of the New York merchants are afraid of losing the Southern trade, and this movement is made to counteract such an operation, and to soft-atup the Southerners. These papers are signed freely, and what gives a peculiar aspect to the whole movement is the fact, that those who are the political friends of, and will vote for Washington Hunt and the Whig ticket generally, put their names to these papers ns cheerfully, imd apparently with as much enthusiasm as any of the most radical pro-slavery men. New York city is a great country, especially so far as politics are concerned, and some curious developments in the political world here will soon be made. Who will have the control of this contemplated meeting remains to be seen. Political alfairs are here taking a most singular turn, but nothing can stop the progress of the anti-slavery spirit which now animates the masses. Read the foregoing, and then turn to the following resolution iwisscd by tlie meeting?remembering that Washington Hunt, the Whig candidate for Governor, has come out against the Fugitive slave bill. 8. Resolved. That in the opinion of this meet ing, a further agitation ot the slnvery question | in Congress, would be fraught with incalculable danger to our Union, and that wo will support no candidate ut the ensuing, or any other election, for Slate officers, or for members of Congress, or for the legislature, who is known or believed to be hostile to the 41 peace measures" recently adopted by Congress, or nny of them, or in favor of re-opening the questions involved in them, for renewed agitation. They will support no "candidate," &e., and yet are the ardent supporters of Hunt, the nominee of the Seward convention. The Charleston Mercury says: Wo look upon the movement as altogether | hollow and selfish. " Money is their suit."? Their profits are threatened, and they are willing | to rescue them by spending one day in passing | conciliating resolutions, on condition that they shall bo allowed all the, rest of the year to aid | the cause of abolition. From the Georgia Constitutionalist. New Yokk Politics.?Notwithstanding the spasmodic pocket-patriotism, got up in New York city, on the eve of the election, in the shape of a Union meeting, at Castle Garden, higher-law Sewardism has been triumphant, and there is now no longer a doubt that New York is an Abolition State. A few thousand merchants and property holders, trembling for their Southj cru custom, and for their rents and money bags, assembled together and passed some Union reso' lutious, which we have already published. Put , it was a mere rippie on uie great Aoouuon uae. I It spoke not for the masses, or for any portion | of tiie working-men even of the great conimor! cial emporium. But of un adult male population | of over one hundred thousand, scarcely six thou! sand assembled to give a pledge of their willing! ness to stand by the Constitution and laws as | they are?a smaller number than attended Jenny Lind's concerts in the samo place. Had the hearts of the people been in tho cuuse?were they willing to do justice to the South and stand by the Fugitive slave law, the only law that 1 shows her any modicum of justice, even noiniJ unity, there would have been a corresponding j demonstration. The South will fully understand how to appreciate this sort of dollar and cent ' patriotism,and to regulate her patronage accord; ingly. It is to be lioped the time is not far oft' when the Southern States will have as little use for the port of New York, the goods of its merchants, and the services of its factors, as for those of the Celestial Empire. Commercial independI ence of the North is her true policy, and her j only safe course. From the Albany (Ga.) Patriot. Judge Colquitt's Speech at Blakely.?We j were present and heard Judge Colquitt address ! the citizens of Early county, on the great subjects which now agitate the whole South. I This speech will long be remembered by the , citizens of this patriotic county. Tho Judge [ spoke in a manner that came home to their feelj ings. He asked them, whether it was the name. or the principles ot the V\ ilmot Proviso to which they objected. If it was only the name that they opposed, it could just as well bo cnlled David's Proviso, and thus silence all their objections. But if it was the principle of excluding the South from all the new territory to which they objected, this was just as completely effected by admitting California with her pretended constitution, as by enacting the Wilmot Proviso.? The Judge also illustrated the ridiculous position of the submissionists, in a manner that every man could understand, and appreciate. The speech was just such an one as the occasion required, and appeared to make a powerful impression upon the people. At the close of the speech, the Southern Rights party of Early made their nomination of candidates for the Convention. Mr. Speight and Dr. Vincent, the nominees, are both very strong men, and there can be no doubt of their election by a triumphant majority. Early will go for constitutional action for the protection of our rights. From the Alabama Advertiser and Gazette. Southern Rights Association in Dallas. ?We observe from the Inst Dallas Gazette that there was a Southern Rights Association formed at Cahaba on the 4th inst. Col. George J. S. Walker and John A. Loder were-electea Presidents, and J. W. Lenior, Secretary. At a meeting of the club subsequently held, the following resolution waa adopted) on motion of Mr. John A. Strother: " Whereas, this club is of opinion that it would tend greatly to advance the cause of the South, for all the Southern Rights Clubs and Associations of this State to become united by a thorough organization into one common league or association, and that such an organization may be effected by the institution of a Central Club at the capital of the State." Signal Failure or tuie Union Mass Meeti ing.?The great mass meeting which wgf to take | pliieo nt Kinrretnn nil the 8th. nud wlliuU W119 to 1 be such a powerful demonstration or the masses, ! has turned out a miserable failure nnd abortion, i Our correspondent, J. P. C.,makes it out a most 1 forlorn and shabby affair, both in numbers nnd ! in spirit. After nil the drumming up in the subj mission newspapers, nnd by hnndbills, nnd by lavish promises of hosts of eloquent speakers, | and an abundant barbacue, sufficient for all the world, it was but reasonable to expect a small portion of tho masses. But the masses know that the South has lost California and all the territory she helped to fight nnd pay for, and they will not assetnblo at trie beck and call of humbugging politicians, to be told that the South has gained a great victory. Their common sense 1 revolts at the imposition.?Augusta Const it u tionalisi. The sririr of tub FAHATius.**-Tho Con- 1 terville (Ohio) Whig announces the arrival of an 1 abolition agitator, named A- C. Wright from | New York, to raise funds to keep up ' agitation" on the Slave question. The Whig says "Re I is in the habit of publicly calling George Wash- < ington a "kidnapper and a negro drivef." "He 1 denounces God Almighty for not making the < Bible Freesoil enough, nnd says he has no revcr- t encpfor the name of God!" Is jt not too bad, I that such men shoqld find encouragement and receive approbation from any part of the people ? of any portion of the Union ? c I Ja' jcsobvilbs,- Ala.^, Get. 21, 1850. 0OVTW.N Riu*js MuTtK.?Agreeable to 1 a call male by $. meeting of a previous date, a large and cnthu-M.iMic meeting ? the citizen* of Ret)ton county, asseggblcd at the Court-hous^ it being the lint dajjpf Court; #fter the charge to the dfind jury, the Court adjourned for tne purpuaafe' of the meeting. Upon motion, E. T. Smith (Democrat) and G. L. Alexander (Whig) were called to the Chair, and Gen. R. G. Earle (Democrat) and Dr. Robert Burton (Whig) were appointed Secretaries. Upon further motion, a committee of three, consisting of J. B. Martin, esq., Col. J. R. Clark, and Cot John N. Young, was appointed to extend invitations to Messrs. F. W. Bowdon, our member to Congress, Hon. L. P. Walker, Judge of the Circuit Court, S. F. Rice, J. L. M. Curry and A. Q. Nicks, esq., [gentlemen who reside out of the county] to address the meeting. On motion of A. J. Walker, esq., a committee j consisting cf twelve, to wit: A. J. Walker, John ! Foster, T. G. Watkins, E. S. Simmons, Miles ML I MeCatherine, John Boyd, John M. Crook, J. T. Pope, G. W. Horter, John N. Wills, Jerry Langston, and William C. McMahan, was appointed to draft resolutions to be offered for the eonsid- \ eration of the meeting, who immediately with- J drew, and Mr. Curry was called for. He ascended the Judge's stand and had addressed the meeting in an eloquent and soul-stirring address of about 20 miuutes, when it was announced, ( that from the press of people in the Court-house there was daiger of its giving way. The meeting was then udjourned to the open air where Mr. Curry continued his remarks some 20 minutes longer, amid the cheers of a vast multitude. When Mr. C. concluded his remarks, the committee through its chairman reported' the following preamble and resolutions?which were tli&cimni.H hi' Messrs KnwHnn mid Rice in their ' support, and by Mr. Alexander White in opposition. The resolutions were as follows: Whereas it is a conceded right of free American citizens to meet and commune together in reference to all questions, that involve their peace, happiness, prosperity, rights and liberty, and to express with fearless freedom their opinions, and their mutual firm und fixed resolutions and determinations, and whereas we, a portion of the citizens of Benton county now assembled together, deem the subjects connected with slavery and its extension, acted upon by the recently adjourned Congress of the United States, as fraught with the most momentous and fearful consequences to us and to our prosperity, and as presenting a crisis in which it behooves us to speitk, to resolve, and if need be to act with the firmness, and untcrrified boldness which characterized our revolutionary ancestors, whose example we revere and desire to imitate, and whereas we have calmly, deliberately and dispassionately taken council together on those subjects, now therefore we do adopt the following resolutions, pledging ourselves to maintain and support the same. Resolved, We regard the admission of Cali< .?it..:..., :... n,?r lUllJIil tllt'VS Wic VII1VU uy tliu I LXCIIt vUll^ltOO "I the United States, as n measure unauthorized by the Constitution, which contains the stipulations of the Union of these States, as a measure without precedent, and both pre-eminently unjust and degrading to the slavoholding States, and in it* consequences perilous to the institution of slavery us it exists in the South. 2. Resolved, The rights of the slaveholding States, and of their citizens in the territory acquired from Mexico are equal with those of the non-slnveholding StateH and their citizens, because under the Constitution of the United States and as freemen, we acknowledge no inferiority to any other States or people of this Confederacy, and because Southern, 110 less than Northern valor and treasure were instrumental in the acquisition of these territories. 3. Resolved, When we recollect that at the first clash of arms between Mexico and the United States, the Southern people rushed with a promptitude and boldness unsurpassed in the annals of history, to the endangered standard of their country, and in its support bore a prominent, if not the chief part in every notion which ensued, and left the bones of their best citizens, killed in battle, and dying from the diseases of the climate, scattered from the ltio Grande to Buena Vista, and from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico, we cannot regard the surrender of the I rights of the South in the territories acquired, as the result of the Mexican war, otherwise than as degrading, and debasing, and will never consent to that surrender. 4. Resolved.?Regarding the rights of the Southern people to emigrate to the territory acquired from Mexico with iheir slaves as clear and indisputable, we consider that it was the duty of Congress to have maintained that right, by making or causing to be made, provision for its protection in Utah and New Mexico, and by settling the question, whether the Mexican laws prohibitory of slavery are In force in those territories by an act declaring their invalidity and the continued assertion of the validity of the Mexican anti-slavery laws, and that their failure to do so, are indicative of a determination on the part of the Northern majority in Congress to degrade the South, and provent the extension or expansion of slavery. 5. Resolved,?The action of the recent Congress of the United States in the admission of California, in the failure to provide protection for the rights of the slaveholders in Utah and New Mexico, and in the prohibition of the slave trade in the D strict of Columbia under the penalty of the emancipation of the slaves sold, indicate a fixed determination to do injustice to the South, fi. Resolved.?The growing spirit of Abolition and fanaticism on th? mrt nftho nnn-olrtc<.h<il,l. ing States?the hemming in of the slave by free States on almost every side; the prospect of n great increase in a few years of a number of free States, nnd of abolition power, and the growing state of infuriated nnd relentless opposition on the part of the free States nnd their people, admonish us that the institution of slavery in the South, is in danger, and that if we would guard against a war of extermination between the black nnd white races in the South, to come upon us or our children, or the general emancipation of the slaves, and the consequent necessity of abandoning our sunny South, by us or our children, we must resolve and act now. 7. Resolved.?The crisis requires action on the part of the aggrieved Southern States as Stutes. 8. Resolved, We as citizens of the State of Alabama do conjure the Governor of the State to speedily convene the Legislature?-that the Legislature may call a convention to speak the wishes of Alabama in reference to the question *i?* ? -> vi ouuiiiiSQiun vi rcoi3Wiiii,u~~uiui we owe HIIC" giancc primarily to the State of Alabama?and that we pledge ourselves to abide by, adopt, and to the extent of our ability to carry nut what??r mode, nwano, or monaura of rositttunco mny be determined upon by a legally constituted convention of the State of AlaUaum. 9. Resolved, We recommend to the people of the State of Alabama and of the whole South to form associations in every County, for the purpose of guarding Southern rights, cultivating a proper sentiment in reference to them, communicating with each other, and circulating intelligence among the people, and that all other means of securing concert and harmony of action among the people of the South and the Slave-! holding States be adopted. Mr. White addressed the meeting for about! an hour after the resolutions were presented. When Mr. White finished his remarks in op-, position to the resolutions, Mr. Bowdon \vm loudly called for and cheered?he arose, saluted by tire shouts of his follow-cltisens, and spoke for about an ho?r aepjist their continued applause. When Mr. Bowdon closed, Mr. Rice responded !o the call of the meeting. It is impossible to ' lo justice to his effort, and the astonishing enthusiasm evinced by the multitude of his patri-! jtic countrymen. He spoke an hour and a quarter, and during the whole time he was disturbed j ay the friendly shouts of his audience. When he concluded, the question on the postage of the resolutions was put, and a division nlled for, and out of about two thousand, not , ? 1 more than tioui four to six were found on the of *iul Utttie are strong hopes that th ay will 00 ma ri^ht vet. ?0n motion, it was raaolved that the proceedings of this meeting be signed by the two Cnuirnioo and Secretaries, ana published in the Jacksonville Republican, the Southern Preu at Washington city, and that all papers in Alabama friendly to Southern rights be requested to publish them?and that a copy be sent to tho Governor of Alabama. The meeting then adjourned. E. T. SMITH, I President! G. L. ALEXANDER, f rnsuiemi. R. Bubtob, ) ? _ , R. G. From the Journal of Commerce. THIRTY SECOND CONGRESS. No more elections/or members of the next Congress, except to fill vacancies, wiH be held until March, 18S1. The results thus far, will be seen below. THE SENATE. The senators who hold over from the 4th of March next, are 41, viz : 18 wliigs and 23 democrats. Those whose terms expire at that date, including Mr. Ewingof Ohio, wlio holds his place by appointment of the Governor, are Whigs. Democrats. Phelps, of Vt. Hamlin, of Maine. VVintlirop, of Mass. Dickinson, of N. York. Greene, of R. I. Sturgeon, of Penn. Baldwin, of Conn. Vinson, of Vs. Dayton, of N. J. Davis, of Miss. Wales, of Del. Turney. of Tenn. Ewing, ofOhio. Cass, of Michigan. Pratt, of Maryland?8 Benton, of Missouri. A whig has been elect-'Yulee, of Florida, ed in Vermont to succeed Rusk, of Texas. Mr. Phelns ; a whig le- Dodge, of Wis. gialature has been chosen [ Bright, of Indiana, in Maryland ;and Rhode Fremont, ofCal.?13. Island is aure to elect a| whig. Democratic legis-j latures have been chosen: in New Jersey and Delaware. The other three are doubtful. Of the Democrats, Ilainlin, Davis and Rusk, have been re-elected ; the legislatures of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Michigan, Florida, Wisconsin, Indiana and California, are democratic ; Tennessee and Missouri are doubtful ; the legislature of New York is whig. Hence it appears that two of the eight whigs whose terms are about to expire, will be succeeded by democrats; and one or the democrats by a whig; that three of the whigs, and two of the democrats are in doubt; and thut three whigs and ten democrats are certain to be succeeded by gentlemen of the same politics. It follows that if the Senate is now decidedly democratic, it is likely to be still more so after 4ui of March next. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House, when full, comprises 233 members. Of these, 127, or more than half, have already been elected to the next (32d) Congress, whose political existence will commence on the 4th of March next. The following is a list of the members elected: Missouri. District. 1 John F. Darby, whig gain Q Gilchrist Porter, whig gain 3 John G. Miller, whig gain 4 Willard P. Hall, dem e T_i... a nL>i? n .i? J? * 0 JUIlll O. JTIlCipg, Dt'IllOM ueinucnu. Iowa, 1 Lincoln Clark, democrat 2 Bernard Henn, democrat. Vermont. 1 Ahiman L. Miner, whig 2 William Hebard, whig 3 George B. Meacham, whig 4- Thoa. Bartlett,jr., democrat. Maine. 1 Moses McDonald, democrat 2 John Appleton, democrat . 3 Robert Goodenow, whig 4 Charles Andrews, democratic gain 5 Ephraim K. Smart, democrat 6 Israel Washburn, jr., whig gain 7 T. J. D. Fuller, democrat Florida. Edward C. Cabell, whig. Soum Carolina. 1 David Wallace, 2 James L. Orr, 3 Jos. L. Woodward, 4 John M'Q-ueen, ; All democrats. 5 Armistead Burt, C Aiken, 7 William F. Colcock, Pennsylvania. i Ti./im.o rt ,i? ! 'J Joseph R. Chandler, whig; 3 Henry D. Moore, wh g 4 John Robbins, jr., democrat 5 John M'Nair, democrat gain 6 Thomas Ross, democrat 7 Dr. J. A. Morrison, democrat gain 8 Thaddeus Stevens, whig 9 J. Glancey Jones, democrat 10 Miles M. Dimmick, democrat U Henry M. Fuller, whig 12 Galusha A. Grow, democrat 13 James Gamble, democrat grain 14 T. M. Bihighans, whig 15 Wm. H. Kurtz, democrat gain 16 James X. M'Lanah n, democrat 17 Andrew Parker, democrat gain 18 G. L. Dawson, democrat gain 19 J. H. Kuhns, whig gain 20 John Allison, whig 21 Thomas M. Howe, whig ' 22 J. W. Howe, whig 23 C. B. Curtis, democrat 24 Alfred Gilmore, democrat. Ohio. 1 David T. Disney, democrat 2 L. D. Campbell, whig 3 Hiram Bell, whig 4 Benjamin Stanton, whig 5 Alfred P. Edgerton, democrat 6 Frederick E. Green, democrat 7 E. M. Ellsbury, democrat 8 John L, Taylor, whig 0 Edson B, Olds, democrat 10 Charles Sweetser, democrat 11 Geo. K. Busby, democrat 12 John Welsh, whig 13 James M. Gaylord, democrat 14 Alexander Harper, whig 15 Wm. F. Hunter, democrat 16 John Johnson, independent democrat 17 Joseph t;al>Ie, democrat 18 David K. Carter, democrat 19 Eben Newton, whig 20 Joshua R. Giddings, whig 21 N. 8. Townehend, democrat gain. New York. 1 John G. Floyd, democrat gain 2 Obadiah Bowne, whig 3 Emanuel B. Hart, democrat gain 4 J. H. Hobart Hawes, whig 5 George Brigga, whig 6 James Brooks, whig 7 Abraham P. Stevens, democrat gain 8 Gilbert Dean, democrat gain 9 William Murray, democrat gain 10 Marius Schoonmaker, whig 11 Josiah Sutherland, jr., democrat gain 19 David L. Seymour, democrat gain 13 John L. Schoolcraft, whig 14 John H. Boyd, whig 15 Joseph Russell, democrat gain 16 John Wells, whig 17 Alexander H. Buel, democrat gain 18 Preston King, democrat 19 Willard Ives, democrat gain UU Timothy Jenkins, democrat gain 21 Wm. W. Snow, democrat gain 22 Henry Bennett, whig 23 Leanuer Babcock, democrat gain 24 Daniel T. Jones, democrat gain 23 Thos. Y. Howe, democrat gain 26 H. S. Wallbridge, whig 27 William A. Sackeu, whig 28 A. W. Schermerhorn, whig 29 Jedediah Hosford, whig 30 Reubon Robic, democrat gain 31 Frederick S. Martin, whig 32 8. G. Haven, whig I 33 Aug. P. Hascall, whig ' 34 Lorenzo Borrow*, whig. 1 Wisconsin. \ 1 Charles Durkee, democrat 2 Benj. C. Eastman, democrat gain 1 3 James B. Doty, demoorat. < New Jersey. i 1 Nathan D. Stratton, demoorat gain 2 Charles Skelton, democrat gain 3 Isaac WiWrick, democrat 1 1 1 1' 4 George H. Brown, whig | 5 R. M. Price, democrat gain. . . j*>. I .... , J?-. . "MICHIOAN. i p??rf'J?*gain i T7.TC7 uiuart, a am ocrat gain 3 James 1. Conger,-whig gam. MASSACHUSETTS. 1 William Appleton, whig 8 Horace Mann, free soil whig 9 Orrin Fowler, rh,s . . In the other aeven districts, no eboica. DSLAWASX. G. R. Ruldle, democrat, gain. ILLINOIS. 1 William H. Bisselt, democrat 2 Willis Allen, democrat 3 Orlando B. Ficklin, democrat 4 Walter Maloney, democrat 5 William A. Richardson, democrat 6 Thomas Campbell, democrat, gain 7 Richard Yates, whig, gain. aECATITULATIOM st nouses. 1850. 1848. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dem. Missouri 3 2 5 Iowa 2 1 1 I Vermont 3 1 3 1 Florida 1 1 Maine 2 5 2 5 South Catolina 7 7 Pennsylvania 9 15 15 9 Ohio 8 13 10 11 New York 17 17 32 2 New Jersey 14 4 1 Wisconsin 3 12 Michigan 2 1 12 'Massachusetts 3 3 Illinois 1 C 15 Delaware 1 1 50 77 75 52 * Six vacancies. Showing a whig loss of twenty-five membe s. oiiouiu me remaining jo States be represented in the next Congress politically aa at present, the democratic majority would be about 30. In reference to the contingency of the next Presidential election devolving upon the House, for lack of a choice by the people, nine of the above Slates would go democratic, five of them whig, and one (the great State of New York,) would be a nullity, its delegation'being equally divided. The delegations of the same States in the present Congress are as follows, viz: 7 whig, 7 democratic, and one (Iowa) equally divided. From the Belmont, St. Clairtville (Ohio) Chronicle. The Fugitive Slave Law and the Colonization Herald.?We clip the following remarks from the lust number of the Colonization Herald: "The Fugitive slave bill is exciting immense alarm among our colored population here, and great numbers have armed themselves. Some are hastening to Canada, and some are intent on going to Liberia, among the latter, some of considerable property. It is the opinion of some of our legal gentlemen, that a fugitive slave who once steps on the soil of Canada, may return and defy recapture ; our laws mnkinnr nn nm_ vision for the recovery of such. " Among the white population, there is a quiet but resolute determination to refuso to aid in tire recapture of slaves, unless they can liuve a trial here, and the privilege of the habeas carpus law. It is evident that tho grossest fraud and tyranny may be exercised against persons of color, if they are to be dragged away to the ' South, at tho instigation of any who choose to claim them as property. Few of them hero could command enough energy to provide themselves with documents, witnesses, and counsel, in a distant State. " We give in another column the offensive law as it now stands." Wo are opposed, decidedly, uncompromisingly opposed to the Fugitive slave law. We cannot advocate it. We think that all thut should be asked of us under the Constitution, would be, the privilege of catohing their own runaways, and taking them home, at their own expense. Anything beyond that, is more than the Constitution requires of us?and while we go for the Constitution, we would not go one step beyond it. Any attempt to-go farther, is an attempt to make slavery a national institution, instead of a local, State regulation, and is a violation of the rights of tho Northern States, and that, too, upon a point that is abhorrent to their feelings. But, as we said before, the ballot box is the remedy for these evils, and to that remedy we hope our citizens will direct their sole nttention. Let the sentiments of every cand:date for public favor be clearly known, and let no one bo voted for who will not advocate the reneal of evorv nrn i ? -- J r w vision that would make our citizens negro catchers, or that would allow the national treasury robbed, to t?ike them home. Firm, calm, decided efforts directed to this object, will soon wipe from the statute book a la so obnoxious to the censure of the freemen of the North. New Bedford.?Weyesterday copied a paragraph from a Northern Abolition print, which stated that there were about seven hundred fugitive slaves resident in that place, and inviting additions to the number. This we thought sufficiently pregnant of meaning by itself, but wo nave since been reminded that it has a more direct and immediate application to our friends of the seaboard, in this State and Georgia, than we were at ti e time aware of. Wc have been shown a list of some of the Northern coasters which were engaged in our trade last winter, and find that no less than twenty-one vessels of that class hail from the ports of New Bedford, Fall River, and Sipicon, all in the immediate neighborhood, and within a few miles of each 1 other. This fact wiil nn fif t/> c~- -i-~ ... nv nwwuunii iui 1110 seven hundred runaway negroes under Quaker protection at New Bedford. We have seen that Charleston alone paid last year from $-40,000 to $50,000 tribute to these Friends; but not satisfied with taking our income, they have already abducted a large share of our capital. Tho seven hundred fugitives stolen from us are wortli on an average $600 each, and the aggregate is $-420,000?a very handsome contribution bv the planters on tho seabord of Georgia and South Carolina for tho blessings of the Union, and the privilego of calling the citizens of New Bedford "brethren." As a matter of information, we annex the names of the vessels alluded to:?1, Henry Clay, of New Bedford; 2, Pearl, do; 3, Mediator, do; 4, Savannah, of Fall River; 5, Wm. Russell, do; 6, Florida, do; 7, Jane P. Glover, of New Bedford; 8, Meridian, of Fall River; 9, Geo. Hotchkiss, of New Bedford; 10, Carrier, of Fall River; 11, Geo. Gibbes, do; 12, Paugasset, do; 13, Hopeton, of Sipicon; 14, John Frnser, do; 15, Altanmhn, do; 16, Hume, of Fall River; 17, Corella, of New Bedford: 18, Nile, of Fall River; 19, Corinna, do; 20, Wando Passo, of Fall River; 21, Stranger, of New Bedford. _ The Majorities on the State Ticket.? We have the official vote or majorities in all the counties except St. I/iwrence, of the several candidates on the State tickets. The aggregate majorities (estimating, St. Lawrence at 1500 for Benton and Angel, and 1421 for Church and Mather) stand as follows; l>em. Whig. Seymour, . . 16,567 Hunt, . . 16,814 Chiirrli. 'io>w " "" , . . v/vrueu ? . i f 91UI Mather, . . 16,330 Blakely. . 15,352 Benton, . . 24,369 Smith, . . 17,891 Angel, . . 24,822 Baker, . . 15,241 Hunt's Whig, majority over Seymour, 247. Church's, Detn., majority over Cornell, 7,225. Mather's, Dem., majority over Blakely, 978. Benton's, Dem., majority over Smith,6,478. Angel's, Dem., majority over, Baker, 9,581. Average Democratic majority on the wholo ticket, 4,803. This simple statement of the result of tho reeent election is suggestive of reflections which we will not now indulge in. Upon its face, it tells a tale of treachery and dissension which it is not easy to eomtemplate with composure. For the present we content ourselves with the mere presentation of the picture, for the consideration jf such as arc more inclined than we to inquire Into tho "causes and consequences."?Albany Argus. It is rumored that Com. Stockton will he elected to the Senate, by the Legislature of New iersey. in the place of Mr. Dayton.