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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, November 20, 1850, Image 2

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DAILY. n. ... $10 oc
WEEKLY, - - <--* * * 2 00
From (Ac (A. Y.) Fvtni*f Post.
Crime is the City .?The report of U?e
v Chief of Police, Mr. MateeH, was transmitted to
the Common Council last evening, by tbe Mayor
it gives the atatisiics of the-Pelice Department
for the quarter ending on the 30th of fcmpI
teinber last. Mr. Mataell lias arranged liis matter
neatly in a tabular form, which gives at the
same times comprehensive yet succinct view ol
the whole subject.
It appears from one of these tables thai during
tbe last quarter, there have been ten thousand
and ten persons arrested for offences against
the laws of the State, showing an iuorease over
the number of arrests during the previous quarter,
of one thousand seven hundred and eightysix.
This large increase of arrests was mainly for
such offences as assault and battery, disorderly
conduct, intoxication, and vagrancy, while there
lias been a proportionate decrease in the number
ol arrests lor tbe higher grades of crime. The
captains of the several districts have reported
eight hundred and eighty-five burglaries, grand
larcenies, and petit larcenies, us having been
committed in toe city during the quarter, and
nne fVi/miomrt/l ansi fl.iidtr mamiohu (...???. L..
Wiiv Mivuot?MH rniu ?uu?jr j/uiouun ua ijuviug UVt'll
arrested for the commission of similar offences.
The report for the present quarter embraces
two additional tables?one showing the amount
of property lost and the amount recovered ; the
other showing the number of offences against
property in the several patrol districts.
1? roin the table in regard to property lost, it
appears that property stolen by burglars amounts
in value to three thousand one hundred and five
dollars and seventy-three cents; of which five
hundred and fifty-eight dollars and twenty cents
have been recovered ; grand larcenies, fourteen
thousand seven hundred and twelve dollars and
thirty-five cents, of which nine thousand and
fourteen dollars and two cents have been recovered;
petit larcenies, two thousand six
hundred and eighty-five dollars and twenty-eight
cents, of which fifteen hundred and eighty-seven
dollars and sixtv-one cents have been recovered
?making a total loss of nine thousand three
hundred nud forty-three dollars and fifty-three
cents; while there lias been property to the
amount of twenty-one thousand five hundred
and nine dollars recovered by the members of the
police, which had been stolen in other counties
or States.
From the tabic in relation to offences committed
against property, it appears there have been
one thousand r\r.d forty eight offences of that
description committed during.the quarter. .
Three hundred and eighty-three violations of
the corporation ordinances were reported to the
corporation attorney.
Durinar the ouorter. there were neveii thousand
five hundred and eighty-nine persons accommodated
with lodgings; twelve hundred and four
lost children restored to their parents or guardians
; two hundred and four sick or injured persons
aided; thirty-five persons rescued from
drowning; forty-lour fires extinguished; three
hundred and seventy-six stores and dwelling
houses found open and soeured; ninety-foui
cattle, and seventy-live horses found astray anc
restored to their owners, by members of the de
partinent; and ten thousand five hundred not
thirty-six dollars and twenty-one cents takei
from drunken persons and lodgers, and reslore<
to them again.
Mr. Matsell adds a new feature to the presenl
report, and one that is likely to be useful, in a
tabular statement of the number of days that
each policeman has served, his absences, and the
causes thereof, and the nature of his services.
There is al^o a table appended, showing the
number of places m the city at which spiritous
liquors are sold, giving a total of 4,985, of which
3,716 are open on Sundays. The Sixteenth
Ward claims 510 of these, the Eleventh Ward
415, and the First Wnrd 417. The Second
Ward has the fewest, being ouly 108, and the
Fifteenth?the next?being only 171.
Another Public Convenience.?We learn
from the Philadelphia Ledger tiiat the manager!
of " The Magnetic Telegraph Company* hav?
nsenniVA/l /\ Iiova n muoaonfroe ui ilxxx. a?ro \Tt\C\t
the arrival of each through train at the severa
way-stations between New York and Washing
ton, who will receive any messages which pas
scngers may with to send forward or back tc
stations upon the lino. The Ledger says:
"It frequently occurs that persons leaving
home may have forgotten, and left something:
or have neglected to give somo instructions in
tended, in the haste of departure, or that the)
wish to telegraph to their friends in ndvance, o
to secure comfortable quarters at a hotel, an<
we think this arrangement will prove to be quit
an accommodation to the traveling public. B
the way, the line of thia Telegraph Compnn
has been undergoing extensive repairs duriu;
this season, ana its regulations have been s
thoroughly systematized that there is now littlr
ground of complaint for wont of promptness
fidelity and despatch of business. The line ha
four wires up and in operation between Phila
delphia and Washington, nnd Philadelphia am
New York, and as it employs the best operators
ought to be able to transact its business satis
Great Rush.?There were mortf than fort)
letters mailed on Monday for Mrs. Cole, the heii
at law of the late John McDonogh, the saic
letters bein", no doubt, from enterprising members
of our bar, who desire to recommend them
selves to Mrs. C.'s favor, with a view of up
setting the will of Mr. McDonogh. We think
it highly probable that the lawyers will be the
principle legatees of Mr. McDonogh. This will
not be a great misfortune, as some of them have
a decidedly lean and emaciated appearance.
That was a good toast offered some years ago
at a meeting of the bar in London :
"To the greatest benefactor of the bar,?the
man who writes his own will."?Delia.
Census of Lynchburg.?Capt. Shields, Deput;
ing state.meht^Yh&'f
White Males, '2,335
White Females, 1,843
Free Black Males, 223
Free Black Females, 268
Slave Males, 2,061
Slave Females, 1,341
Population in 1840, 6,395
Increase, 1,676
The increase in ten years, it will be seen hai
been 1,676. This is not so great as we had an
tioipated, but it nevertheless shows that on
town is rapidly growing. Had we had the ad
vantages of Rail Roads that Petersburg an<
other cities have enjoyed, the census of 185(
would have shown a very different state o
things.?Lynchburg Republican.
Rational.?A man residing in a New Eng.
land town, at some distance from a near relative,
received a message one cold evening in
November to hasten to his residence, as he was
in a dying state. When he arrived, he was told
that his reasoms had entirely left liiru. The sick
man presently turned his head, saying in a faint
"Who is that?"
He was informed that is was his relative wIk
had been sent for.
"Oh?" said lie, "he must be cold. Make him i
good warm toddy^?yes, a hot toddy."
"I guess he ain't crazy," said the visitor, "In
talks very rational."
: | i?_
Nboro Voters.?At Detroit 1376 votes were
given against the right of suffrage ib all persons
t>f all colors, and 19$ for it,
*!" Fa the .American Journal iif Bnrnce.
There are but two Primitive CSeipn. ,
I Some monihasince, I made the proposition that
there are but two primitive color*.?this proposition
1 was nmde in the Ch rleston Courier, ietouth Carolina.
I now offer, through the ipatUtinr of your
jjoumal, the following in support of it : j
There are but tw^fnimitive for itoa, the straight
and circular , and as color re the sensatioh or an
impression, and all impressions are made through
the mediant of forms, there being but two primitive
ones, there can be but two primitive colors.
When the elastic fluid, which causes, by im-!
pression upon the sense of sight, the sensation ofj
color, is unagilated, ita form impressing is that ofj
a straight line and the color formed is black.?
When the elastic fluid is put in motion and runs
into waves that impress the sense of sight with a
s A
( \ Si
, \
: \ .
. Y<
The straight line, which is the base of the triangle,
represents the elastic fluid stationary, making
a mere pressure without agitation, and therefore
without curved form ; and us they are curved,
the curved impressions as they are less or more bo,
form all the colors from black up, including white;
the white being the &ensation of a full semicircle
at the vertex of the diagram?the waves or curved
lines diminishing in length according to Newton's
measurement from the red up, including the violet
near the vertex ; below the red and above the violet
there hus as yet been no measurement. But
as the violet has lately been proved by Profe.-sor
Draper, of the New York University, to be the
most intense, we have reason to believe that white
is found above them?and still shorter than the
violet waves, and therefore perhaps not appreciable
by measurement?as also may be said of
their times of undulation.
The increase in the number of the undulations,
from red to violet, makes nothing against this
theory ? as with fewer undulations the colors
| would only be of a lower tone?and these undula!
tions would produce an effect corresponding with
i the sensibility of the person upon whom they may
r operate. The undulations, as the colors rise from
I Ted to violet, increasing in number with the dimi- ]
. nution in the length of the waves, tend rather to supJ
port this theory. We here then see why white is
, without black, as the circle is unmodified by the
I straight line. We here see that all colors between
black and white, are formed of black and white and
so derivatives of black and white, being impres1
sions of forms partaking of each, of the circle and
1 the straight line and that, therefore, black and
white are the only primitive or elementary colors.
i It may be added, as another proof, that each
color or degree of color has its wave length, as
proved by Professor Draper, each color or degri e
of color having its wave length ; white has its
wave length, as black lias also its line of impression.
I fit should be objected that black is no
color, I ask, what is a color ? A color is a sensntion
caused by an impression upon a special orgnmttttion.
Now, should this special organization
beaoeent, there would be no sense of color, or in
i other words, there would be no color, any more
j than without.an organization of a special sense
for hearing, would there be a sense of sound, or
i 1 sound as such. Man would have juRt as little
i i idea of color, or notion of sound without a special
. ' organization to appreciate them, as inanimate mat,
ter, although the medium by which they are imi
pressed, might beat upon him forever. lie might
feel the agitation through his system that causes
' , sound, but not as sound, but as agitation, caused by
other means upon nny other part of the body?and
' hence was given to him his special organization,
that he might have the special sensation of color,
[ sound, taste, and smell. If then, without the spe;
cial organization of sight, we could have no idea
. of color, or have color, then 1 take the position
. that, there being a special sense for this purpose
r without whicli we could have no color, no idea of
? color, and this sense being pressed by the elastic
fluid that pervades all space, every animated body
e must have a sensation of this pressure that has the
Y special sense of sight, although this fluid may be
JT unagitated.
? Without (he special sense of color, we should be
o taken up with our other sensations. The world
K would then be, to us, a world of sensations alone,
, that we could have through the other senses with^
out that of sight. It would be, to us, n colorless
world?and would be to us, what it must be to
j some animals that we know have existence.
" But if black be not a sensntion what can it be ?
?> And if it be a sensation through the organ of sight
"r- why not a color?
It will be observed by the render, that I have
represented black as a straight line?a simple
nrtiflBitfP ftf thp plnatir flnul nntitri tpf Pfl Itnf am flip
fluid is never without some agitation, there is
never seen perfect black?perfect black is then
' imaginary. The black, which we see, is the sen
sation of an impression, by a slight undulation of
the elastic fluid, and therefore, by a line of im:
Boston Mob Law.?The Chronotype lias the
I following account of nn nttempt at Lynch law
i in Boston.
It was reported on Monday afternoon, that a
1 colored man was in the city, and about the vicinity
of South street, who informed against YVm.
' L. Chaplain, the champion of liberty, who is
now on trial in Washington, charged with nn
attempt to j?et men and women out of slavery
f in the District of Columbia! As Hoon as it was
- known that such n person was here, the colored
. ? *?_.? iuok mm
up. The supposed informant is about 45 years
of age, and wos spotted on Monday by a fugitive
from Washington. About 4 o'clock yesterday
afternoon, lie was seen to go into Plummer's
grocery store, corner of Southac and Gardner
streets. The store was soon visited by fugitives
to the number of about one hundred.
Such a crowd of course was the cause of inquiry,
and very soon about one thousand persons armed
with stones and cIiiIm were collected upuu the
corner. Cries of u kill him."?" tar and feather
the informant,"? " he is here to spot fugitives,"
1 &c., &c., were made against the unknown, who
nil the while declared his innocence of the charge.
r Police officer Morrill was soon on the ground,
J and succeeded in getting the man out of the
J store.
I When the officer left with his charge, the
crowd followed close behind. Before they had
proceeded far, officer Morrill was hit with n stone
in the hack of the head. At the same instant a
; colored chap by the name of John Smith seized
the supposed informer with the intention of taking
him away from the officer. Suffice it to say,
however, the man waa secured unharmed. Smith
was arrested for assaulting the officer, and lodged
in jail, and will be brought before the Court
this morning to answer. A posse of police
wore on hand and very soon dispersed the crowd
and quiet was again restored. We did not
' learn the name of the man who is supposed to
i be guilty of entrapping Chaplain, but understand
that he acknowledges himself to be from Washington;
says he has been a slave and belonged
to one of the Lieutenants engaged in the Coast
Survey, lie says he has been here from Wash- i
ington with the officer referred to about twenty
i times. He was biken caie of last night by one 1
i of the officers of the city and to-day will leave '
perfect- sOtiHeiixIfc/ lhe: sensa(?hHT^tr:~-!W'
as, however, these curves, from the straight line
to the perfect semicircle, are innumerable, there
would oe innumerable primitive colore. But as all
corvee are but parts of circles of different diameters
forming different impressions more or less straight>
as thejrare of circles greater, or less in diameter,
aH the colors formed by the different curves must
ba resolved into the two of which they are modifications?these
modified impressions of modified
forms of curves, forming modified sensations of
curved and straight forms from modified colors ?
the colors from black to white.
An illustration is offered here by the following
diagram. This, although drawn without any numerical
or proportionate accuracy, may yet serve
to impress the reader more clearly with the views
presented in this article :
/ \\
/, ! \
m / \.
/ \
: . I
" /
pression slightly curved?by the curve of a larger
circle than those which cause brown, red, yellow,
That the reader may more fully understand me,
I will here stale that 1 include in the words special
organization, all the nervous structure in the brain
that is special to sight, or the appreciation of
color, as such, for the optic nerve without the
eyeball may feel light and darkness, as such, as in
the case of the Planaria?although it cannot look
and make a miniature picture of the external
It may seem to the reader, that this theory confounds
sensation with impression, and makes
them identical. In answer, 1 offer that the sense
of sight is intended to appreciate the motions and
their forms of the elastic fluid, not appreciable by
the other senses?that the feelings we have by
these impressions, areof like character with those
which follow the impressions of like forms upon
any other part of the body?such as piercing and
blunt, sharp and dull, as in the case of sounds.
I nm nujiiro tlml mptnnhvh!cinns linvp nnid that the
color of an object beam no resemblance to the
form that produces it. In this they are mistaken.
We feel the form that makes the color, and we
feel nothing else. It is the sensation of the form,
just us much us the sensation of a point pressed
upon the hand is of the form of that point, only it
is appreciated by a special sense of u different organization.
We feel the form of the wave producing
the color, as we feel the form of anything
with the hand. If the wave is nearly straight in
impression upon the eye, we feel through the
eye this impression of nearly straight, which we
call bythe name ofsome color. We feel colors,or in
other words, colors are feelings, sharp or dull, and
piercing, and flat, &c., as feelings produced by
sharp, und dull, and piercing, and flat bodies impressed
upon the hand, or any other part of our
system. This is illustrated by the form of the
lines of expression in the face and in the actions
of the person under these sensations. It is more
familiarly exhibited in the case of sounds. The
motions of the body, under the influence of
the sounds of inusic, are in the lines of the
sounds impressing the sense of hearing?when the
perfect sense exists to appreciate the waves of
sound. This can be easily proved, ns the waves
of the particular sounds can be ascertained by
sight. In all cases, I think it may be affirmed,
that, when the senses are perfect, the same line of
sound, of color, of gesture?and even of taste, and
smell, and heat, work in a hurmony of lines in
the action of the person, and hence it is that the
most effective orator is lie thnt suits the word to
the action, and that whatever he may desire others
to feel, he must first feel and express himself?
forming in the mind of the spectator, if perfectly
organized, the same line of personal action which
he himself exhibits. In regard to sensation, I
would further observe, as we know nothing about
it but what we feel, and ns we feel it with the lines
of the impressing object, we are led to conclude
tlmt the lines of impression and sensation are the
I have used the word primitive, instead of pri
mary, used by writers on colors. I have used it
because I contend, that all impressions made by
forms, other than those of the perf.ct semi-circle
and straight line, are parts of these, modified one
by the other, although each wave, whatever may
be the degree of curve in its impressions, forms
immediately a particular sensation', or color; yet
this sensation, or color, when anaylzed in character
of feeling, is certainly, if less than a semi-circle
forms it, composed of curved nnd straight, and so
far may be suid to be derived from them as their
elements. Primary signifying the first of a succession
of things, does not imply that the one is
derived from the other, nnd is properly used by
those who speak in reference to the colors, as they
succeed each other in the prism; but it is not applicable
when the quality of the colors, or the elementary
means that produce it are to be indicated.
Power's Statue ok Calhoun.?Our citizens
gathered in considerable numbers yesterday, at
the City Hall, to visit this noble work of art,
which is indeed an exquisite and masterly performance,
at once worthy of the reputation of
the great American artist wjjose chisel achieved
it, and a fitting memorial of the illustrious original.
The statue is as large as life, and arrayed
in Roman costume. All the physical marks
and intellectual characteristics of the original are
fully developed, and the resemblance is strikingly
admirable, although it is not to be tested by our
recent recollections, as It represents Mr. Calhoun,
we learn, as he appeared thirteen or fourteen
vears since, 'I he right arm points to a new
broken scroll in the left bund, on which were inscribed
the words "Truth, Justice and the Constitution,"
but the upper scroll has been broken
off, and "the Constitution" only is left, shorn of
"Truth and Justice." The left arm was represented
as reposing on a Palmetto tree, but it hus
been broken off, from the elbow to the hand, nnd
iliu}, wiin itiu portion 01 inu scron grasped uy
the hand, have oeen lost, the first joint of the
thumb only having been found in the box. Otherwise
the statue is uninjured, save some stains of
the marble, which, it is thought, can be removed.
It remnins in the box in which it was packed,
when recovered from the deep, but the removal
of one of the sides of the box onablcs the spectator
to have a very fair view of the figure. The
i : J \.<1 i. i i i
uiiect, iiuwi'vcr, >vn# m* uuuuuew luuciy tMiiuiiiceu
when the stutue shall occupy a pedestal in a fitting
receptacle or locality. We learn that the
artist has been heard from, since he w as made
aware of the ahipwreck, and that he has given ;
the assurance that having preserved all his ori- !
ginal models, he can readily fppnirany mutilated
liujb on receiving a cast of it.
The patriotism and public spirit of those citizens
who originally secured this noble memorial
of the illustrious Southron to our pity, at
their private cost, is worthy of all uommendation '
?and so is the act of the city authorities, in
making it public property.?Charleston Courier.
Bask or East Tskkessbe.?The Juckson,'
West Tennessee Whip of Thursday last,
speaking of the notes of this Bank, say :?
The Mils on the Bank of East Tennessee, at
Knoxville,aro very unevrrent in this section, j
They are not received in payment of debts, not |
pven from a printer, ?
I , V ' " *
- - rrmitie TTtWail a*r J<rnmm. -' -?*"1
Ubjok MBET?JM* IS New YORK.?On# <4 the
moat farcical affairs of the id*y i? the lute great
Union inc|ting in New fork city. Ope of the
New York letter writers spoke of it as follows
i a few days before it assembled :
"Let ine toueh onee more on politics. Arliew
movement lias souie days been in contemplation,
but yesterday and last evening it developed
t itself quite smartly. Papers were in every public
hotel, and at the corners of the streets, for
name^ calling for a monster Bieetiog, to be soon
hoiden in favor of the Union, and opposed to
the further agitation of the slavery question.
In whose brains this project had its origin, is
more than I know ; but one thing is quite certain,
many of the New York merchants are
afraid of losing the Southern trade, and this
movement is made to counteract such an operation,
and to soft-atup the Southerners. These
papers are signed freely, and what gives a peculiar
aspect to the whole movement is the fact,
that those who are the political friends of, and
will vote for Washington Hunt and the Whig
ticket generally, put their names to these papers
ns cheerfully, imd apparently with as much enthusiasm
as any of the most radical pro-slavery
men. New York city is a great country, especially
so far as politics are concerned, and some
curious developments in the political world
here will soon be made. Who will have the
control of this contemplated meeting remains
to be seen. Political alfairs are here taking a
most singular turn, but nothing can stop the
progress of the anti-slavery spirit which now
animates the masses.
Read the foregoing, and then turn to the following
resolution iwisscd by tlie meeting?remembering
that Washington Hunt, the Whig
candidate for Governor, has come out against the
Fugitive slave bill.
8. Resolved. That in the opinion of this meet
ing, a further agitation ot the slnvery question
| in Congress, would be fraught with incalculable
danger to our Union, and that wo will support
no candidate ut the ensuing, or any other election,
for Slate officers, or for members of Congress,
or for the legislature, who is known or
believed to be hostile to the 41 peace measures"
recently adopted by Congress, or nny of them,
or in favor of re-opening the questions involved
in them, for renewed agitation.
They will support no "candidate," &e., and yet
are the ardent supporters of Hunt, the nominee
of the Seward convention.
The Charleston Mercury says:
Wo look upon the movement as altogether
| hollow and selfish. " Money is their suit."?
Their profits are threatened, and they are willing
| to rescue them by spending one day in passing
| conciliating resolutions, on condition that they
shall bo allowed all the, rest of the year to aid
| the cause of abolition.
From the Georgia Constitutionalist.
New Yokk Politics.?Notwithstanding the
spasmodic pocket-patriotism, got up in New York
city, on the eve of the election, in the shape of a
Union meeting, at Castle Garden, higher-law
Sewardism has been triumphant, and there is
now no longer a doubt that New York is an
Abolition State. A few thousand merchants
and property holders, trembling for their Southj
cru custom, and for their rents and money bags,
assembled together and passed some Union reso'
lutious, which we have already published. Put
, it was a mere rippie on uie great Aoouuon uae.
I It spoke not for the masses, or for any portion
| of tiie working-men even of the great conimor!
cial emporium. But of un adult male population
| of over one hundred thousand, scarcely six thou!
sand assembled to give a pledge of their willing!
ness to stand by the Constitution and laws as
| they are?a smaller number than attended Jenny
Lind's concerts in the samo place. Had the
hearts of the people been in tho cuuse?were
they willing to do justice to the South and stand
by the Fugitive slave law, the only law that
1 shows her any modicum of justice, even noiniJ
unity, there would have been a corresponding
j demonstration. The South will fully understand
how to appreciate this sort of dollar and cent
' patriotism,and to regulate her patronage accord;
ingly. It is to be lioped the time is not far oft'
when the Southern States will have as little use
for the port of New York, the goods of its merchants,
and the services of its factors, as for those
of the Celestial Empire. Commercial independI
ence of the North is her true policy, and her
j only safe course.
From the Albany (Ga.) Patriot.
Judge Colquitt's Speech at Blakely.?We
j were present and heard Judge Colquitt address
! the citizens of Early county, on the great subjects
which now agitate the whole South.
I This speech will long be remembered by the
, citizens of this patriotic county. Tho Judge
[ spoke in a manner that came home to their feelj
ings. He asked them, whether it was the name.
or the principles ot the V\ ilmot Proviso to which
they objected. If it was only the name that
they opposed, it could just as well bo cnlled
David's Proviso, and thus silence all their objections.
But if it was the principle of excluding
the South from all the new territory to which
they objected, this was just as completely effected
by admitting California with her pretended constitution,
as by enacting the Wilmot Proviso.?
The Judge also illustrated the ridiculous position
of the submissionists, in a manner that every
man could understand, and appreciate. The
speech was just such an one as the occasion required,
and appeared to make a powerful impression
upon the people. At the close of the
speech, the Southern Rights party of Early made
their nomination of candidates for the Convention.
Mr. Speight and Dr. Vincent, the nominees,
are both very strong men, and there can be
no doubt of their election by a triumphant majority.
Early will go for constitutional action
for the protection of our rights.
From the Alabama Advertiser and Gazette.
Southern Rights Association in Dallas.
?We observe from the Inst Dallas Gazette that
there was a Southern Rights Association formed
at Cahaba on the 4th inst. Col. George J. S.
Walker and John A. Loder were-electea Presidents,
and J. W. Lenior, Secretary.
At a meeting of the club subsequently held,
the following resolution waa adopted) on motion
of Mr. John A. Strother:
" Whereas, this club is of opinion that it would
tend greatly to advance the cause of the South,
for all the Southern Rights Clubs and Associations
of this State to become united by a thorough
organization into one common league or association,
and that such an organization may be effected
by the institution of a Central Club at
the capital of the State."
Signal Failure or tuie Union Mass Meeti
ing.?The great mass meeting which wgf to take
| pliieo nt Kinrretnn nil the 8th. nud wlliuU W119 to
1 be such a powerful demonstration or the masses,
! has turned out a miserable failure nnd abortion,
i Our correspondent, J. P. C.,makes it out a most
1 forlorn and shabby affair, both in numbers nnd
! in spirit. After nil the drumming up in the subj
mission newspapers, nnd by hnndbills, nnd by
lavish promises of hosts of eloquent speakers,
| and an abundant barbacue, sufficient for all the
world, it was but reasonable to expect a small
portion of tho masses. But the masses know
that the South has lost California and all the
territory she helped to fight nnd pay for, and
they will not assetnblo at trie beck and call of
humbugging politicians, to be told that the South
has gained a great victory. Their common sense 1
revolts at the imposition.?Augusta Const it u
The sririr of tub FAHATius.**-Tho Con- 1
terville (Ohio) Whig announces the arrival of an 1
abolition agitator, named A- C. Wright from |
New York, to raise funds to keep up ' agitation"
on the Slave question. The Whig says "Re I
is in the habit of publicly calling George Wash- <
ington a "kidnapper and a negro drivef." "He 1
denounces God Almighty for not making the <
Bible Freesoil enough, nnd says he has no revcr- t
encpfor the name of God!" Is jt not too bad, I
that such men shoqld find encouragement and
receive approbation from any part of the people ?
of any portion of the Union ? c
Ja' jcsobvilbs,- Ala.^, Get. 21, 1850.
0OVTW.N Riu*js MuTtK.?Agreeable to 1
a call male by $. meeting of a previous date, a
large and cnthu-M.iMic meeting ? the citizen* of
Ret)ton county, asseggblcd at the Court-hous^
it being the lint dajjpf Court; #fter the charge
to the dfind jury, the Court adjourned for tne
purpuaafe' of the meeting.
Upon motion, E. T. Smith (Democrat) and G.
L. Alexander (Whig) were called to the Chair,
and Gen. R. G. Earle (Democrat) and Dr. Robert
Burton (Whig) were appointed Secretaries.
Upon further motion, a committee of three,
consisting of J. B. Martin, esq., Col. J. R. Clark,
and Cot John N. Young, was appointed to extend
invitations to Messrs. F. W. Bowdon, our
member to Congress, Hon. L. P. Walker, Judge
of the Circuit Court, S. F. Rice, J. L. M. Curry
and A. Q. Nicks, esq., [gentlemen who reside
out of the county] to address the meeting.
On motion of A. J. Walker, esq., a committee j
consisting cf twelve, to wit: A. J. Walker, John !
Foster, T. G. Watkins, E. S. Simmons, Miles ML I
MeCatherine, John Boyd, John M. Crook, J. T.
Pope, G. W. Horter, John N. Wills, Jerry Langston,
and William C. McMahan, was appointed
to draft resolutions to be offered for the eonsid- \
eration of the meeting, who immediately with- J
drew, and Mr. Curry was called for. He ascended
the Judge's stand and had addressed the
meeting in an eloquent and soul-stirring address
of about 20 miuutes, when it was announced, (
that from the press of people in the Court-house
there was daiger of its giving way. The meeting
was then udjourned to the open air where
Mr. Curry continued his remarks some 20 minutes
longer, amid the cheers of a vast multitude.
When Mr. C. concluded his remarks, the
committee through its chairman reported' the
following preamble and resolutions?which were
tli&cimni.H hi' Messrs KnwHnn mid Rice in their '
support, and by Mr. Alexander White in opposition.
The resolutions were as follows:
Whereas it is a conceded right of free American
citizens to meet and commune together in
reference to all questions, that involve their
peace, happiness, prosperity, rights and liberty,
and to express with fearless freedom their opinions,
and their mutual firm und fixed resolutions
and determinations, and whereas we, a portion
of the citizens of Benton county now assembled
together, deem the subjects connected with
slavery and its extension, acted upon by the recently
adjourned Congress of the United States,
as fraught with the most momentous and fearful
consequences to us and to our prosperity,
and as presenting a crisis in which it behooves
us to speitk, to resolve, and if need be to act with
the firmness, and untcrrified boldness which
characterized our revolutionary ancestors, whose
example we revere and desire to imitate, and
whereas we have calmly, deliberately and dispassionately
taken council together on those
subjects, now therefore we do adopt the following
resolutions, pledging ourselves to maintain
and support the same.
Resolved, We regard the admission of Cali< .?it..:...,
:... n,?r
lUllJIil tllt'VS Wic VII1VU uy tliu I LXCIIt vUll^ltOO "I
the United States, as n measure unauthorized by
the Constitution, which contains the stipulations
of the Union of these States, as a measure without
precedent, and both pre-eminently unjust
and degrading to the slavoholding States,
and in it* consequences perilous to the institution
of slavery us it exists in the South.
2. Resolved, The rights of the slaveholding
States, and of their citizens in the territory acquired
from Mexico are equal with those of the
non-slnveholding StateH and their citizens, because
under the Constitution of the United
States and as freemen, we acknowledge no inferiority
to any other States or people of this
Confederacy, and because Southern, 110 less than
Northern valor and treasure were instrumental
in the acquisition of these territories.
3. Resolved, When we recollect that at the
first clash of arms between Mexico and the
United States, the Southern people rushed with
a promptitude and boldness unsurpassed in the
annals of history, to the endangered standard of
their country, and in its support bore a prominent,
if not the chief part in every notion which
ensued, and left the bones of their best citizens,
killed in battle, and dying from the diseases of
the climate, scattered from the ltio Grande to
Buena Vista, and from Vera Cruz to the city of
Mexico, we cannot regard the surrender of the
I rights of the South in the territories acquired,
as the result of the Mexican war, otherwise than
as degrading, and debasing, and will never consent
to that surrender.
4. Resolved.?Regarding the rights of the
Southern people to emigrate to the territory acquired
from Mexico with iheir slaves as clear
and indisputable, we consider that it was the
duty of Congress to have maintained that right,
by making or causing to be made, provision for
its protection in Utah and New Mexico, and by
settling the question, whether the Mexican laws
prohibitory of slavery are In force in those territories
by an act declaring their invalidity and
the continued assertion of the validity of the
Mexican anti-slavery laws, and that their failure
to do so, are indicative of a determination on the
part of the Northern majority in Congress to degrade
the South, and provent the extension or
expansion of slavery.
5. Resolved,?The action of the recent Congress
of the United States in the admission of
California, in the failure to provide protection
for the rights of the slaveholders in Utah and
New Mexico, and in the prohibition of the slave
trade in the D strict of Columbia under the penalty
of the emancipation of the slaves sold, indicate
a fixed determination to do injustice to
the South,
fi. Resolved.?The growing spirit of Abolition
and fanaticism on th? mrt nftho nnn-olrtc<.h<il,l.
ing States?the hemming in of the slave by free
States on almost every side; the prospect of n
great increase in a few years of a number of free
States, nnd of abolition power, and the growing
state of infuriated nnd relentless opposition on
the part of the free States nnd their people, admonish
us that the institution of slavery in the
South, is in danger, and that if we would guard
against a war of extermination between the
black nnd white races in the South, to come
upon us or our children, or the general emancipation
of the slaves, and the consequent necessity
of abandoning our sunny South, by us or
our children, we must resolve and act now.
7. Resolved.?The crisis requires action on the
part of the aggrieved Southern States as Stutes.
8. Resolved, We as citizens of the State of
Alabama do conjure the Governor of the State
to speedily convene the Legislature?-that the
Legislature may call a convention to speak the
wishes of Alabama in reference to the question
*i?* ? ->
vi ouuiiiiSQiun vi rcoi3Wiiii,u~~uiui we owe HIIC"
giancc primarily to the State of Alabama?and
that we pledge ourselves to abide by, adopt, and
to the extent of our ability to carry nut what??r
mode, nwano, or monaura of rositttunco mny
be determined upon by a legally constituted
convention of the State of AlaUaum.
9. Resolved, We recommend to the people of
the State of Alabama and of the whole South to
form associations in every County, for the purpose
of guarding Southern rights, cultivating
a proper sentiment in reference to them, communicating
with each other, and circulating intelligence
among the people, and that all other
means of securing concert and harmony of action
among the people of the South and the Slave-!
holding States be adopted.
Mr. White addressed the meeting for about!
an hour after the resolutions were presented.
When Mr. White finished his remarks in op-,
position to the resolutions, Mr. Bowdon \vm
loudly called for and cheered?he arose, saluted
by tire shouts of his follow-cltisens, and spoke
for about an ho?r aepjist their continued applause.
When Mr. Bowdon closed, Mr. Rice responded
!o the call of the meeting. It is impossible to '
lo justice to his effort, and the astonishing enthusiasm
evinced by the multitude of his patri-!
jtic countrymen. He spoke an hour and a quarter,
and during the whole time he was disturbed j
ay the friendly shouts of his audience.
When he concluded, the question on the postage
of the resolutions was put, and a division
nlled for, and out of about two thousand, not
, ? 1
more than tioui four to six were found on the
of *iul Utttie are strong hopes
that th ay will 00 ma ri^ht vet.
?0n motion, it was raaolved that the proceedings
of this meeting be signed by the two
Cnuirnioo and Secretaries, ana published in the
Jacksonville Republican, the Southern Preu at
Washington city, and that all papers in Alabama
friendly to Southern rights be requested to publish
them?and that a copy be sent to tho Governor
of Alabama.
The meeting then adjourned.
E. T. SMITH, I President!
G. L. ALEXANDER, f rnsuiemi.
R. Bubtob, ) ? _ ,
R. G.
From the Journal of Commerce.
No more elections/or members of the next Congress,
except to fill vacancies, wiH be held until
March, 18S1. The results thus far, will be seen
The senators who hold over from the 4th of
March next, are 41, viz : 18 wliigs and 23 democrats.
Those whose terms expire at that date,
including Mr. Ewingof Ohio, wlio holds his place
by appointment of the Governor, are
Whigs. Democrats.
Phelps, of Vt. Hamlin, of Maine.
VVintlirop, of Mass. Dickinson, of N. York.
Greene, of R. I. Sturgeon, of Penn.
Baldwin, of Conn. Vinson, of Vs.
Dayton, of N. J. Davis, of Miss.
Wales, of Del. Turney. of Tenn.
Ewing, ofOhio. Cass, of Michigan.
Pratt, of Maryland?8 Benton, of Missouri.
A whig has been elect-'Yulee, of Florida,
ed in Vermont to succeed Rusk, of Texas.
Mr. Phelns ; a whig le- Dodge, of Wis.
gialature has been chosen [ Bright, of Indiana,
in Maryland ;and Rhode Fremont, ofCal.?13.
Island is aure to elect a|
whig. Democratic legis-j
latures have been chosen:
in New Jersey and Delaware.
The other three
are doubtful.
Of the Democrats, Ilainlin, Davis and Rusk,
have been re-elected ; the legislatures of Pennsylvania,
Virginia, Michigan, Florida, Wisconsin,
Indiana and California, are democratic ; Tennessee
and Missouri are doubtful ; the legislature of New
York is whig.
Hence it appears that two of the eight whigs
whose terms are about to expire, will be succeeded
by democrats; and one or the democrats by a
whig; that three of the whigs, and two of the
democrats are in doubt; and thut three whigs and
ten democrats are certain to be succeeded by gentlemen
of the same politics.
It follows that if the Senate is now decidedly
democratic, it is likely to be still more so after 4ui
of March next.
The House, when full, comprises 233 members.
Of these, 127, or more than half, have already
been elected to the next (32d) Congress, whose
political existence will commence on the 4th of
March next. The following is a list of the members
1 John F. Darby, whig gain
Q Gilchrist Porter, whig gain
3 John G. Miller, whig gain
4 Willard P. Hall, dem
e T_i... a nL>i? n .i? J? *
0 JUIlll O. JTIlCipg, Dt'IllOM ueinucnu.
1 Lincoln Clark, democrat
2 Bernard Henn, democrat.
1 Ahiman L. Miner, whig
2 William Hebard, whig
3 George B. Meacham, whig
4- Thoa. Bartlett,jr., democrat.
1 Moses McDonald, democrat
2 John Appleton, democrat .
3 Robert Goodenow, whig
4 Charles Andrews, democratic gain
5 Ephraim K. Smart, democrat
6 Israel Washburn, jr., whig gain
7 T. J. D. Fuller, democrat
Edward C. Cabell, whig.
Soum Carolina.
1 David Wallace,
2 James L. Orr,
3 Jos. L. Woodward,
4 John M'Q-ueen, ; All democrats.
5 Armistead Burt,
C Aiken,
7 William F. Colcock,
i Ti./im.o rt ,i? !
'J Joseph R. Chandler, whig;
3 Henry D. Moore, wh g
4 John Robbins, jr., democrat
5 John M'Nair, democrat gain
6 Thomas Ross, democrat
7 Dr. J. A. Morrison, democrat gain
8 Thaddeus Stevens, whig
9 J. Glancey Jones, democrat
10 Miles M. Dimmick, democrat
U Henry M. Fuller, whig
12 Galusha A. Grow, democrat
13 James Gamble, democrat grain
14 T. M. Bihighans, whig
15 Wm. H. Kurtz, democrat gain
16 James X. M'Lanah n, democrat
17 Andrew Parker, democrat gain
18 G. L. Dawson, democrat gain
19 J. H. Kuhns, whig gain
20 John Allison, whig
21 Thomas M. Howe, whig '
22 J. W. Howe, whig
23 C. B. Curtis, democrat
24 Alfred Gilmore, democrat.
1 David T. Disney, democrat
2 L. D. Campbell, whig
3 Hiram Bell, whig
4 Benjamin Stanton, whig
5 Alfred P. Edgerton, democrat
6 Frederick E. Green, democrat
7 E. M. Ellsbury, democrat
8 John L, Taylor, whig
0 Edson B, Olds, democrat
10 Charles Sweetser, democrat
11 Geo. K. Busby, democrat
12 John Welsh, whig
13 James M. Gaylord, democrat
14 Alexander Harper, whig
15 Wm. F. Hunter, democrat
16 John Johnson, independent democrat
17 Joseph t;al>Ie, democrat
18 David K. Carter, democrat
19 Eben Newton, whig
20 Joshua R. Giddings, whig
21 N. 8. Townehend, democrat gain.
New York.
1 John G. Floyd, democrat gain
2 Obadiah Bowne, whig
3 Emanuel B. Hart, democrat gain
4 J. H. Hobart Hawes, whig
5 George Brigga, whig
6 James Brooks, whig
7 Abraham P. Stevens, democrat gain
8 Gilbert Dean, democrat gain
9 William Murray, democrat gain
10 Marius Schoonmaker, whig
11 Josiah Sutherland, jr., democrat gain
19 David L. Seymour, democrat gain
13 John L. Schoolcraft, whig
14 John H. Boyd, whig
15 Joseph Russell, democrat gain
16 John Wells, whig
17 Alexander H. Buel, democrat gain
18 Preston King, democrat
19 Willard Ives, democrat gain
UU Timothy Jenkins, democrat gain
21 Wm. W. Snow, democrat gain
22 Henry Bennett, whig
23 Leanuer Babcock, democrat gain
24 Daniel T. Jones, democrat gain
23 Thos. Y. Howe, democrat gain
26 H. S. Wallbridge, whig
27 William A. Sackeu, whig
28 A. W. Schermerhorn, whig
29 Jedediah Hosford, whig
30 Reubon Robic, democrat gain
31 Frederick S. Martin, whig
32 8. G. Haven, whig I
33 Aug. P. Hascall, whig '
34 Lorenzo Borrow*, whig. 1
Wisconsin. \
1 Charles Durkee, democrat
2 Benj. C. Eastman, democrat gain 1
3 James B. Doty, demoorat. <
New Jersey. i
1 Nathan D. Stratton, demoorat gain
2 Charles Skelton, democrat gain
3 Isaac WiWrick, democrat 1 1 1 1'
4 George H. Brown, whig |
5 R. M. Price, democrat gain. .
. j*>. I
.... , J?-.
i p??rf'J?*gain
i T7.TC7 uiuart, a am ocrat gain
3 James 1. Conger,-whig gam.
1 William Appleton, whig
8 Horace Mann, free soil whig
9 Orrin Fowler, rh,s . .
In the other aeven districts, no eboica.
G. R. Ruldle, democrat, gain.
1 William H. Bisselt, democrat
2 Willis Allen, democrat
3 Orlando B. Ficklin, democrat
4 Walter Maloney, democrat
5 William A. Richardson, democrat
6 Thomas Campbell, democrat, gain
7 Richard Yates, whig, gain.
1850. 1848.
Whig. Dem. Whig. Dem.
Missouri 3 2 5
Iowa 2 1 1
I Vermont 3 1 3 1
Florida 1 1
Maine 2 5 2 5
South Catolina 7 7
Pennsylvania 9 15 15 9
Ohio 8 13 10 11
New York 17 17 32 2
New Jersey 14 4 1
Wisconsin 3 12
Michigan 2 1 12
'Massachusetts 3 3
Illinois 1 C 15
Delaware 1 1
50 77 75 52
* Six vacancies.
Showing a whig loss of twenty-five membe s.
oiiouiu me remaining jo States be represented in
the next Congress politically aa at present, the
democratic majority would be about 30. In reference
to the contingency of the next Presidential
election devolving upon the House, for lack of a
choice by the people, nine of the above Slates
would go democratic, five of them whig, and one
(the great State of New York,) would be a nullity,
its delegation'being equally divided. The delegations
of the same States in the present Congress
are as follows, viz: 7 whig, 7 democratic, and one
(Iowa) equally divided.
From the Belmont, St. Clairtville (Ohio) Chronicle.
The Fugitive Slave Law and the Colonization
Herald.?We clip the following remarks
from the lust number of the Colonization
"The Fugitive slave bill is exciting immense
alarm among our colored population here, and
great numbers have armed themselves. Some
are hastening to Canada, and some are intent on
going to Liberia, among the latter, some of considerable
property. It is the opinion of some of
our legal gentlemen, that a fugitive slave who
once steps on the soil of Canada, may return
and defy recapture ; our laws mnkinnr nn nm_
vision for the recovery of such.
" Among the white population, there is a quiet
but resolute determination to refuso to aid in
tire recapture of slaves, unless they can liuve a
trial here, and the privilege of the habeas carpus
law. It is evident that tho grossest fraud and
tyranny may be exercised against persons of
color, if they are to be dragged away to the '
South, at tho instigation of any who choose to
claim them as property. Few of them hero
could command enough energy to provide themselves
with documents, witnesses, and counsel, in
a distant State.
" We give in another column the offensive
law as it now stands."
Wo are opposed, decidedly, uncompromisingly
opposed to the Fugitive slave law. We cannot
advocate it. We think that all thut should be
asked of us under the Constitution, would be,
the privilege of catohing their own runaways,
and taking them home, at their own expense.
Anything beyond that, is more than the Constitution
requires of us?and while we go for the
Constitution, we would not go one step beyond
it. Any attempt to-go farther, is an attempt to
make slavery a national institution, instead of a
local, State regulation, and is a violation of the
rights of tho Northern States, and that, too, upon
a point that is abhorrent to their feelings. But,
as we said before, the ballot box is the remedy
for these evils, and to that remedy we hope our
citizens will direct their sole nttention. Let the
sentiments of every cand:date for public favor
be clearly known, and let no one bo voted for
who will not advocate the reneal of evorv nrn
i ? -- J r w
vision that would make our citizens negro
catchers, or that would allow the national treasury
robbed, to t?ike them home. Firm, calm,
decided efforts directed to this object, will soon
wipe from the statute book a la so obnoxious
to the censure of the freemen of the North.
New Bedford.?Weyesterday copied a paragraph
from a Northern Abolition print, which
stated that there were about seven hundred fugitive
slaves resident in that place, and inviting
additions to the number. This we thought sufficiently
pregnant of meaning by itself, but wo
nave since been reminded that it has a more direct
and immediate application to our friends of
the seaboard, in this State and Georgia, than we
were at ti e time aware of. Wc have been
shown a list of some of the Northern coasters
which were engaged in our trade last winter,
and find that no less than twenty-one vessels of
that class hail from the ports of New Bedford,
Fall River, and Sipicon, all in the immediate
neighborhood, and within a few miles of each 1
other. This fact wiil nn fif t/> c~- -i-~
... nv nwwuunii iui 1110
seven hundred runaway negroes under Quaker
protection at New Bedford.
We have seen that Charleston alone paid last
year from $-40,000 to $50,000 tribute to these
Friends; but not satisfied with taking our income,
they have already abducted a large share
of our capital. Tho seven hundred fugitives
stolen from us are wortli on an average $600
each, and the aggregate is $-420,000?a very
handsome contribution bv the planters on tho
seabord of Georgia and South Carolina for tho
blessings of the Union, and the privilego of
calling the citizens of New Bedford "brethren."
As a matter of information, we annex the
names of the vessels alluded to:?1, Henry
Clay, of New Bedford; 2, Pearl, do; 3, Mediator,
do; 4, Savannah, of Fall River; 5, Wm.
Russell, do; 6, Florida, do; 7, Jane P. Glover, of
New Bedford; 8, Meridian, of Fall River; 9,
Geo. Hotchkiss, of New Bedford; 10, Carrier,
of Fall River; 11, Geo. Gibbes, do; 12, Paugasset,
do; 13, Hopeton, of Sipicon; 14, John
Frnser, do; 15, Altanmhn, do; 16, Hume, of
Fall River; 17, Corella, of New Bedford: 18,
Nile, of Fall River; 19, Corinna, do; 20, Wando
Passo, of Fall River; 21, Stranger, of New
Bedford. _
The Majorities on the State Ticket.?
We have the official vote or majorities in all
the counties except St. I/iwrence, of the several
candidates on the State tickets. The aggregate
majorities (estimating, St. Lawrence at 1500 for
Benton and Angel, and 1421 for Church and
Mather) stand as follows;
l>em. Whig.
Seymour, . . 16,567 Hunt, . . 16,814
Chiirrli. 'io>w " ""
, . . v/vrueu ? . i f 91UI
Mather, . . 16,330 Blakely. . 15,352
Benton, . . 24,369 Smith, . . 17,891
Angel, . . 24,822 Baker, . . 15,241
Hunt's Whig, majority over Seymour, 247.
Church's, Detn., majority over Cornell, 7,225.
Mather's, Dem., majority over Blakely, 978.
Benton's, Dem., majority over Smith,6,478.
Angel's, Dem., majority over, Baker, 9,581.
Average Democratic majority on the wholo
ticket, 4,803.
This simple statement of the result of tho
reeent election is suggestive of reflections which
we will not now indulge in. Upon its face, it
tells a tale of treachery and dissension which it is
not easy to eomtemplate with composure. For
the present we content ourselves with the mere
presentation of the picture, for the consideration
jf such as arc more inclined than we to inquire
Into tho "causes and consequences."?Albany
It is rumored that Com. Stockton will he
elected to the Senate, by the Legislature of New
iersey. in the place of Mr. Dayton.

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