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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, November 20, 1850, Image 3

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J-#"" Our New York letter of to-day contain)
food for reflection.
Read it?and learn what the real friend* o
the South in that city deem the only true polk]
for her to adopt.
invite attention to a very profounc
article in our paper to-day, on a new theory 01
light It waa thought many years ago, that Sii
Isaac Newtok had determined its n ture or ai
least its elements. But the wave theory has oi
late made grout progress with men of science
Ik is said that if two currents of light meet in i
certain line or angle, a dark spot will be pro
duced. We confess that the theory of our cor.
respondent meeting in our brain with the othei
two, has involved the whole theory of light wit!
us iu darkness.
Let the South Prepare.
We congratulate the South on the positlor
assumed by the Nashville Convention. Tht
recent acts of spoliation by Congress are repn
diated, tho right of Secession is asserted, a Con
gress of the Southern States is proposed, anc
the rights of the South proclaimed?in tht
Union if possible?if not?they must be pre
The Convention lias acted wisely, faithful!)
and firmly. It hns refused to submit to th<
late stupendous attempt of Congress to sacrifict
one section of the country to the power of th<
other. The Convention has treated with the
contempt they merit the pretences and excuses
assigned for the deed, and have called on the
States of the South to take council together ir
a Congress of delegates representing their sovereign
The South will now profoundly investigate
all the elements of her condition and destiny
She will examine the principles of her domestic
safety, her social prosperity and her political
greatness. She will choose l>etween the alternatives
of waiting to defend her firesides, 01
acting now for tiie advance of a mighty system
to empire. She looks from her farms and plan
tations on the Atlantic and Mississippi to the
golden land of California, the dominion of the
Pacific and the commerce of the East, and will
determine whether she will assert her right to
wealth mid power, or whether she will bow
down to the aggressor for a brief and uncertain
respite from the fate of Jamaica and Saint
Domingo before her. These questions will
awaken the thoughts and quicken the pulses ol
the people in every dwelling, from the Delaware
to the Rio Grande, from the sliores of the Gull
of Mexico ever blooming with summer, to where
the Missouri pours his icy llood from the trackless
plains and mountains of the West. The
South will tread the westward path of empire
hand in hand with the North to the Pacific, 01
she will tread it alone. The elements of a great
continental epic are in action, which none but a
Milton could sing, and greater than ever inspired
the muse of history. The fate of sections, ot
institutions, of races, of continents, of seas and
of islands, of civilization and of liberty, Is involvod.
Let lis hope that the struggle will be
a moral one, worthy of the age, worthy of the
parties, worthy of the principles, worthy of the
consequences. Let us employ in the conflict
the reason and the virtues of our race, and the
ti-legrnph, the post, the press and the ballot box
--not the arguments of cannon and of charging
squadrons on fields of smoke and slaughter
But the argument must be made, and ever)
State and son of the South are called on to dc
their duty.
Tt ? /../.ol n<M> irronlor if nnacjililp than that
it la u -J.tat. t... g-? I
of the Revolution?greater in its causes and in
its consequences. The South summons hei
rising sons to greatness and to fame: summons
them by the voices of her sages. Tazewell and
Cheves, and Trouf and Lumpkin, the men who
have transmitted to this generation from the
last the electric fire of liberty and of genius.
Let them gather to her council?let there be a
council where wisdom shall preside over the
deliberations, and destiny attest its decisions.
But let no faltering or treacherous spirit be
found there. It will not be a place or a time
for the weak, the servile or the timid, the tricks
of pnrty or the low ambition of spoilers. Let
the talent, the energy and the principle of the
Soutli alone be eligible to seats in that great
political sanctuary of her States.
fJT The Richmond Whig copies, without
one word of comment, an editorial from the
Mobile Advrr/iser, denying the doctrine of State
sovereignty in toto.
That the editor of the Adcer liter, born and
reared in the land of chowder and consolidation,
should reverentially bow down before the doctrines
of Mr. YVkbster, is not surprising, but
that a native of Virginia, should circulate the
teachings of such a school, shows how progressive
some of the sons of Old Dominion arc becoming.
The Washington Union, the National Intelligencer,
the Richmond Enquirer and Richmonc
Whig will we think accept the outrage offered
to Thompson the English Abolitionist in Boston
as an atonement for that offered to the Fugitivi
slave law.
Give ns our negroes, say Virginia and Georgia.
"Wc wont" says Boston " touch them nut
we'll shoot you lika dogs." " Oh fie, oh fie, die
wo ever hear the like from such a nice place a!
Boston" say the forlorn submissionists. "Bu
we will hiss an English Abolitionist" says Boston
"Ah that's something like" say thc'sobniissionisti
"we knew Boston was a law and order town.'
a _ A!- - - ?? TKo nnrrpAna nrc
00 II1U CUlliprwmiov; ui.iuv. ??vg.vw ... >
not given up?their claimants are chased out o
town and an Abolitionistis hissed down at tin
Faneuil Hall Theatre.
If Mr. Cheeves desires to test the ecrect
ness of his opinion, let him embody his wisliei
in overt acta ; let hiiu and his conspirators lev]
war upon the Federal Government, and we doub
not that a U. S. Marshal will soon dispel hii
doubts on this point.?Richmond Whig.
VVc expected that some whining apologist o
Northern outrage would recommend the em
ployraent of United States force against South
ern mou contending for their rights; but we di<
not expect the most low down submiasionist o
Virginia to do it
If the Marshal of the United States canno
arrest a couple of negroes In Bosf*on, lie wouh
cut a figure in attempting to ajrrest a vcncrabli
patriot in South Carolina.
While Southern subruissionisU * Rejmce"
over " the Adjustment," us' giving safety to the
South, foreign journals rejoice over it too aa a
. triumph over the slave power, and a prodigious
i stride towards the consummation of that "-prayer
for its abolition everywhere? put up by one of
f the compromisers long ago. We liavo already
r given the emphatic avowals and congratulations
of several of the leading English papers. We
now subjoin auother.
' The London \eu>s, of Oct. 18th, in an elabor'
ate article on American affairs, thus refers to
r the measures of the late session :
\ "These measures were originally embodied in
the proposal which was long familiar to the pub.
lie in both hemispheres as Mr. Clay's Comproi
mise bill. We treated the accession of Mr.
. Fillmore to power as a guarantee that that measure,
or something equivalent to it, would |>ass.
The proposal was, in its totality, rejected, hut
r the measures which were afterwards adopted,
> contained in piecemeal neither more nor less
than Mr. Clay's scheme. They were the bill for
the admission of California as u State, that for
settling the Texan boundary, the acts erecting
Utah and New Mexico into territories, the Fu'
gitive slave bill, and the important measures for
> the abolition of shivery in the District of Co.
We may hereafter take occasion to show that
| five of these measures are not only hostile to
the further extension of slavery, but that they
' also tend to circumscribe and weaken it within
* its present limits. The sixth, the Fugitive
slave bill, on which we luive already commented
r as a disgrace to American legislation, was a sop
thrown to the South to compensate in one di'
rcetion for defeat in every other. Nor have we
' ally reason to change the opinion we have hith)
erto expressed, that this uieiisure, whilst an np,
parent gain to the South, will ultimately, like
the others, prove a real gain to the North. With
' ont some compensation, the South would not \
have abandoned its resistance to the other mens- i
i ures, and without these, tlie North would not
. have conceded this one. There was another i
reason which induced some to vote for the Fu- i
gitive slave bill, who would not otherwise have j
! done so. The protectionists saw that until the
. slavery question was disposed of, they could not
. hope to secure attention to any other."
I "" '
Major Rappahannock's Fight.
The acerbity of political controversy is some-1
( limes relieved by a dash of the comic, which
gives point to a thrust, while even the victim
( must " grin and bear it."
( The following hit at Mr. Webster, from tire
I Albany Atlas, is too good to be lost; and even
, the stern brow of the statesman must relax over
, the recital of Major Raitahak5ock's adventure,
! although its application may bo no joke to hiui:
; A Man Overboard.?Every one has heard
I the story of Mujor Rappahannock's great election
fight with Colonel W.,as recounted by hiin'
self. It commenced in a ball room of the tavern,
where the hustings were held; but the venue
f was soon changed by the niolu proprio of Lie
( combatants, or the pressure of the crowd, to the
narrow lrnll. " Hero it was," said the Major,
when recounting the affair to an auditory long
' after, "here it was, hip and thigh, tug and tug,
> which and t'other, at last I determined to throw
. the Colonel over the bannisters, I was sorry 1
had to do it, but my passions were aroused, and
' then, you know, I am ready to annihilate any
1 one. I got the hold?strained with ail my j
I strength?the struggle lasted a minute?there
t was a fall, and the Budden crash of a body on
the floor beneath." " Was the Colonel killed V
' inquired the listeners. "It was'nt the Colonel
at all,?it was I, Major Rappahannock, who had
i been thrown over the cussed bannisters, break,
ing three ribs, and lameing myself for life."
When Mr. Webster comes to recount his
! election fight with Horace Mann, in Massachu'
setts, to the listening Cabinet ut Washington, it
> will have very much such a beginning and con.
elusion ns the narration of Major Rappahannock.
r Mr. Webster seized upon the Massachusetts representative,
called him Caj>(at<rr Verborum, and
in god-like rage tried to throw him beyond the
' pale of the Whig party and into outer-darkness.
, In tho first of the struggle, the god-like evidently
iiad the best of it; but upon the final
throw, he found that the follow s name who
1 came bruised and limping from the fight, was
i Daniel, and not Horace, as he had intended.
The mantle of John Quincy Adams seems
i indeed to have descended on the shoulders of
1 Horace Mann, as far as hatred to the slave
i States is concerned?although it would be uni
just to the memory of the former, to put him on
the same intellectual platform with one so utterly
i inferior in reasoning powers as Horace Mann,
i a declaimer and demagogue?'.and nothing else.
Great Speeches.
Mr. Benton has been making a great speech
, at Saint Louis, Mr. Clayton has been making
a groat speech at Wilmington, Mr, Webster
, has been making a great speech at New York,
and Mr. Clay ngrent speech at Lexington. All
of these gentlemen declare the Union is in no
danger, which is very consoling; although the
suddenness with which they have started up to
declare it, is suspicious. Mr. Benton and Mr.
Clayton say that the Omnibus Compromise
and the speeches in favor of it, produced the
agitation, and Mr. Webster and Mr. Clay tell
us the. Omnibus saved the Union. All of them,
however, are probably looking after the Presidency,
except Mr. Clayton, who is for General
Scott. So we must make large allowances for
.! them, and put up with an immense quantity of
twaddle and rigmarole.
Is it not a little remarkub'o that the loudest
complaints ugainst the non-execution of the Fugitive
slave law, come from those sections and
' States of the Union, where the evils resulting
I from it are least felt, and that, where these evils
are most felt, there ) on hear least talk about dis.
I union. The clamor is loudest from Georgia,
! South Carolina, and other States farther still removed
from tho free States, whilst in Kentucky,
Virginia, Maryland, and Missouri, where the es|
cape of slaves is of daily occurrence, you hear
I least of It.?Richmond Whig.
, Now wo beg leave to say, that this must bo a
t grand typographical error. We think the forti.
tudc of the remote slave-holding States, under
i tho defiance of the Fugitive slave law, is much
* superior to that of the border States. Even
, the most abject submissionists are threatening
f to threaten and struggling to be indignant.
Sam Houston's influence at Home.
We hud the following statement in the Mar- j
. shall (Texas) Republican.
i W^lkeh County Erect !!?1 he election in
f Walker county came ofl' on the 14th. A gent
tleman just from there, informs 119 it has gone
9 against the Penrce bill by n decided majority.?
Walker county, is the county where Gen. Sam.
j- Houston resides.
The South can never demand her rights until
* she acquire* the strength which will make those
1 rights respected.?Lynchburg Virginian,
f This is, we suppose, the reason why the Virginian,
which is a submission paper, docs not
t demand them. But how long will it take the
i South to acquire the strength, whilst she is
s robbed of her land by law, aud of her slaves in
contempt of law 1
Telegraphing by Bound
A correspondent of the InteUigencert htu describes
a new inveotion which, if successful, will
prove a very valuable one, and sate much loas
of life. Wo loarn from the writer that the succesful
application of the invention is deemed
certain by some of the most scientific gentlemen
to whom the rationale bus beou explained :
Telegkafhic Sigsal i oa Lighthouses.?An
invention for telegraphing by sound, to be uaed
in lighthouses in cases or logs, is about being introduced
to the notice of the Government by
Messrs. Wilder & Wilson, the former of whom
(who is proprietor of an iron foundry at Detroit)
is a gentleman of great ingenuity in inventing
aids to the difficult and dangerous navigation of
the great Northern Ijukes; the latter was late
superintendant of lighthouses, and is now in the
employ of Government
The telegraphing of the name of a lighthouse
to a vessel in the oiling enveloped in an impenetrable
fog, is effected by means of an immense
steam whisle, which can be heard at a great distance
on the water. By means of a simple chart
containing an alphabet of the sounds to be used,
the navigator is enable to ascertain, beyond the
possibility of mistake, what lighthouse he is near;
and the sound will enable him, with his knowledge
of the geography of the coast, to find a
roadstead, or at least disposed himself in safety
from the storm which usually succeeds the clearing
uj> of the fog.
This invention is a great desideratum which
has long been sought for. To ship-owners,
commercial men, nnd navigators, its importance
can scarcely be estimated. The accidents which
yearly occur all along the Atlantic coast, involv.
ing immense losses of properly, in consequence
of fogs, not to say any thing of the delays which
occur to ocean steamers, as well as all other
kinds of craft on the coast, has induced many
attempts at arriving at some means of prevention,
but nono have seemed to succeed.
That this plan of telegraphing is feasible, can
scareiv admit of a doubt, when we consider the
extraordinary naes to which telegraphing has
been and is undoubtedly destined to be put.?
Its simplicity, too, in such that one can easily
understand how the thing is to lie done. Some
of our sciuntitic officers of the Government, we
understand, have already pronounced upon its
The inventors are talking of giving an experiment
some evening ut the iron foundry on the
Island, which whistles the time for us thrice a
day. If strange noises arc heard, therefore, let
nobody be alarmed.
The Bairler of Color.
Mr. John Bigelow, one of the latent editors
of the New York Evening Post, has just published
a volume containing the fruits of u tour
to Jamaica during the present year. An Abolitionist
of the strongest odor, lie endeavors to
make the picture of that experiment at amalgamation
as attractive as possible, yet one short
paragraph will prove the insuperable barrier
which nature has erected by means of color.?
Mr. Bigelow says:
"While the entente corJiale between the whites
and the colored people is apparently strengthening
daily, a very different state of feeling exists
between the negroes and the browns. The latter
shun all connexion by marriage with the former,
uml can experience no more unpardonable
insult, than to be classified witli them in any way.
They generally prefer that thuirdaughtcrs should
live with a white person, on any terms, than be
married to a negro."
One of the critics 011 his book has the good
sense to sec this, and referring to this passage,
administers the following dose to Bigelow, Biiyakt
& Co.:
Now if, after reading that, any one is willing
that mutual antipathies should be engendered,
una pcniups winie uiooa snea ; mm inoiABses
and water may look down upon molasses, ho is
beyond the reach of any other arguments than
the purgatives and a struit-jucket.
Chips from the Old "PoBt."
The Boston Post is blessed with a corps of
contributors, who possess a great deal of the
peculiar oddity and humor of the down-east."
We give two of the splinters from the chip of
the old block.
When was It??An amusing story is told,
by his friends, of Judge R , now chief justlee
of one of the New England States. His
father, a worthy man and a good farmer, was remarkable
for his economy and for his inattention
to his dress and personal appearance. One day
he sat conversing with a neighbor, in his usual
shabby habiliments, nnd (as usual also) with
very airty hands. The neighbor complimented
the old farmer on his good husbandry, and general
shrewdnoss in the management of his affairs.
' Yes," said Mr. R -, complacently, "I believe
I do make one wash the other.'" " When 1" cried
the son, eyeing with vexation the dirty digits of
his paternal ancestor?"when ??in G?'s name,
When ?"
North Americvn Fur.?Who would have
thought it! The North American Reviewthat
oracular-spoken, grave, solemn, and sometimes
somniferous quarterly, is really growing
i 1.. i.? ?,u?*
uuu iiiv;ruuii9. uc suuci'iy ivuuw ? nai,
to make of it, but it's nil right, we dare say.?
The North American hns made a joke, (and a
very good one, too, by the way,) and let it be
duly advertised for the astonishment of the
public. Henceforth It will be known as "the
great North American joke, Hero it is;?In a
criticnl notice of Street's poem of "Frontenne,"
the reviewer complains that there is too much
"Indian love" in the shape of "Onondaga phrase-,
ology," and rather too free use of tomahawk and
8calpking-knives in the pqeiq, and concludes his
comments as follows : Uneusy lies the head
that wears n crown,' says the great poet. lie
might have addod, had hp been Mr. Street, or an
Iroquois, ' still more uneasy lies the head that
docs nt r " "Our Jeems" "cottons" to the North
American, and respectfully tenders his hat.
Tueatment or the Scarlet Fever.?Jm
portant Prescription.?Dr. Lindsly, of Washington,
in a letter to the Boston Medical Chirurgical
Journal, strongly recommends tho mode
of treatment of scarlet fever resorted to by Dr.
Schneemann, physician to tho King of Hanover.
It is as follows, and exceedingly simple :
" Treatment of Scarlet Fetcr by Inunction.?
From the first day of the illness, and as soon as
we are certain of its nature, tho patient must be
rubbed morning and evening oyer the whole
body with a piece of bacon, in such a manner
that, with tho exception of the head, a covering
of fat is everywhere implied. In order to make
this rubbing in so mew I ml easier, it is best to
t:iko a piece of bacon the size of the hand,choosing
a part still arinocl \\ith thu rind, that we may
have a lirtu grasp. On the soft side of this
piece slits are to bo made, in order to allow the
oozing out of the fat, The rubbing n^ust be
thoroughly performed, and not too quickly, in
order that llio skin may bo regularly saturated
with the fat. The beneficial results of tbe application
are soon obvious ; with a rapidity bordering
on magic, nil, oven the most painful
symptoms of the disease, aro allayed ; quiet
sleep, good humor, appetite return, and there
remains only the impatience to quit tho siek
jI^Judge Warner, of Georgia, we are told by a
Eersonnl acquaintance, is not n M Southerner by
irth, education and continued residence," but a
Northern man?a New Englander. Southerner
or Northerner, however, his opinions are worth
very little in the contest of right and justice in
which tho South Is at present engaged- If a
Southern man, the more shame that he should
take side* against his own hearthstone and kindred.?
Vicksburg Sentinel.
a uk???
On another column will be found the proceedings
of a very large and respectable public meeting
held in Beuton county, Alabaiuu. The
Hunteville (Alabama) Democrat, one of the
ablest and most iuHuuntial papers in North Alabama,
thus expresses the feeling of mingled indignation
and resolve, which animates that section
of the State:
One Hundred Cheeksvok Person Cocktv!!!
?It is highly gratifying to ua to give place to
the proceedings of snclt meetings as the South.
I ern Rights mect: i^ ,u Benton. The resolutions
! are judicioiw moderate; and en r iently Southern
in their to and conceived in the lofty and independent
spirit of freemen, who acorn submission
to wrong and outrage, perpetrated in utter
disregard of their natural, inalienable and constitutional
rights. What a contrast do they
present to those meetings, which assemble to
rejoice uvet the perpetration of these wrongs, to
glory over Southern defeat and degradation, and
to shout hozannas to the glorious Union, to
which the South is indebted for her present humiliating
condition?a Union of Northern Freesoilers
and Abolitionists with Southern dupes,
traitors and submissiouists, to build up a Federal
consolidated dynasty to ride rough-shod over
the Constitution of our fathers and destroy all
its guarantees of separate State sovereignty and
protection of individual rights and property!
What a merited rebuke have tbe freemen of
Benton bestowed upon Alexander White, that
Federalist dyed in the wool, whose ill-judged
zeal in behalf of nil unconstitutional Union, has
led him out of his own county of Talladega,
(whore he was twice signally rebuked by the
indignant voice of ber noble sons) into other
cuutuu'H, u? pruacii mill submission to deliberate,
premeditated, long continued wrong, insult and
oppression is the highest duty of patriotic.m.
If this be patriotism, whnt traitors where
Washington, Jeft'erSon, Madison, Henry and the
host of spirits in Revolutionary times, who
deemed the paltry stamp and tea taxes oppressive,
and the yoke of British tyranny, as evinced
bv those taxes, too galling to be borne, and
worthy of the most determined and bloody resistance
! If the Northern ubolition hive do not
recede 1'rom their present position, we will be
called upon by the sternest duty of self-preservation,
of affection for our families, of philanthropy,
of patriotism, to follow the examples of
our fathers. We are more and more convinced
almost every day, that these are the sentiments
of the masses of our people. Let the North
beware how she hazards the putting of the last
pound 011 the camel's back which breaks it?the
next act of injustice and oppression may prove
the last. The Southern people are being more
and more aroused to the sense and injuries they
have received. "Caesar had his Brutus, Charles
the First his Cromwell, (Jeorge the Third" his,
Washington?May that consolidated essence 01
Free-soilism, abolitionism, and federalism, King
Union (treason ! treason!)?not yet, Mr. Submissionist?May
King Union "profit by tlicir
example. It that be treason, make the most of
The same spirit also burns brightly in the
southern section of the State, although the submission
and Northern influence about Mobile
and Montgomery, is leaving no stone unturned
to subjugate tho true Southern population, to
the will of the Northern majority.
The Mobile Register, thus records an effort of
this kind.
The people of Dallas have been in motion, in
reference to the great questions of the day. A
public meeting was held at Cahawba, on the 14th
inst.,of " the friends of the Union, disposed to
acquiesce in the recent measures of Congress."
It was organized by appointing William 8. Phillips
and Dr. Adains, chairmen. As soon as this
was done, Messrs. G. W. Gayle, Beeue, Byrd,
and Loder, upon tho-part of tho "Southern Rights
men," enquired into the objects of the mooting,
so as to learn whether all persons, without distinction
of party, who were anxious to save the
Union, and yet were firm and unflinching in their
advocacy of Southern rights, could participate in
the proceedings. They wore nnswered that alj
who professed a desire to save the Union, and
who conducted themselves with courtesy, could
be heard. A committee of fifteen was then appointed
to prepare resolutions, to unable them
...i, ..i. 4i.? .. n?.;n..
thin recess, another meeting was convened, and
Hudson Powell, esq., appointed chairman. The
Hon. F. W. Ijowdon, being present, was called
upon, and delivered a lengthy and eloquent
speech agninst supineness in the South. He
thought the repeal of the Fugitive slave bill
would bo the first act of the grand dramn to be
performed in the National Theatre, at Washington,
this winter.
At the close of his speech, the first meeting
was re-organized, and the committee reported
resolutions of "a decidedly submission character."
For these, J. A. Loder, esq., offered a set.
which "advocated non-cquicseenco." Considerable
debate ensued, and the substitute was decided
to be out of order. Upon this, Col. Jas.
If. Campbell called upon the friends of the substitute
to withdraw ; whereupon about two hundred
persons, said to be more than half the as- j
sembinge, withdrew to the street, and, amid
shouts of "Southern rights" organized another '
meeting, with Col. James II. Campbell as Chairman,
and Dr. English as Secretary. Mr. Lo
dor's resolutions were now proposed, and unanimously
ndopted ; after which. Col. George J. S.
Walker, Col. George W. Cnyle, and W. A.
Becnc, esq., made speeches, In which " they 1
viewed secession as the only probable ultimate |
remedy." Meanwhile, the other meeting was ,
addressed, among others, by Col. Bethca, of
Wileov, and adopted its resolutions. The next
day a Southern Rights Club was formed, with
Col. Walker and Mr. Loder as Presidents, and
Mr. Bowdon made another speech.
We have not seen the resolutions of either of
' i[)eac II|CWI|IIM?, nuu unimuvt wiwrmui*^ cuinmuni
upon tlu'ir character. The above account we
have gleaned, as chroniclers of the times, from
the correspondence of the Montgomery Atlas.
! The Boston Atlas accounts for the defeat
of the Whig party in Massachusetts, by saying
that it was not sufficiently abolitionary.
" We have been whipped this year, because a
majority of our people have boeu made to believe
that the Whig party has been false to the 1
groat question of human freedom; and they
have had some reason to believe so. And if the
same course is pursued by the Whig party, if 1
means are not tauen to disavow all such desire,
and to plant ourselves upon the old and everhonored
platform of freedom, we shall not only
fail next fall of regaining our power in Massachusetts,
but we shall sink into a still smaller
minority. We say to the Whigs of Massachusetts,
and particularly to the Whigs of our own
good city, that these things must be looked plump
in the face."
* * * * * ? - *
<l Wo give It aw our opinion, that in order to
regain our lost power, and bring Massachusetts
bock again into the Whig ranks, ull that is necessasy
for the Whig party is to stand by its
_iJ i i_? J 4t.? Au rni
. ?MU pniiuijHC#* aiiu tin; uiu i in;y are aw
true and us potent as they ever were."
New York Police.?The quarterly report of
the Chief of the Police of New York city, shows
that during tho quarter ending September 30th,
10,010 persons were arrested, being an increase
of 1786 over the previous quarter; 825 burglaries
and larcenies are reported, and 1030 persons
arrested fbr the same Tho value of all the
j goods taken by burglars was $3,105 70; by
grand larcenies $14,712 35 ; and by petit larcenies
$2,685 28. The amount of property recovered
amounted, in the aggregate, to $llr
159 83, leaving a )oss of $9,343 53. The police
also recovered property to the amount of $21v
509 stolen front other coanties in the State.
The effective police force amounts to 896 men.
The number of licensed liquor selling places it
4,267 ; unlicensed 718; those which sell on Sunday
3.716 : whole number of taverns, etc., 4,985.
" Thsrs wm a piper had a eow,
And he kail naught to gioe her,
He took the pipee?began to play,
Consider, cow ! Cinuukr
The ruinored Proclamation of President Fillwore
touching the Crafts case, it seems wm ad.
dressed not to the people of Massachusetts, but
to those of Georgia.
The humble expostulations and complaints
of Dr. Collins have, it seems, been laid ut the
foot of the throne, and assurances of the most
distinguished consideration for the laws of
the U.S. have been graciously vouchsafed in reply.
If Dr. Collins has not received his negro,
he has received u letter from the President, and
of course should be coutent.
We append this letter, which, appearing in the
Georgia papers just on the eve of the election,
might look to some persons like an attempt at
interference on the part of the Executive in behalf
of its submission allies.
W e suppose it will be asserted, however, that
the coincidence was one of those fortunate accidents
that will occur. The Savannuh News thus
copies the letter from the Citizen of Macon,
me Biieei wincn was put down by public indignation
for its Abolitionism, some time since?
but which has again revived since submission
reared its head in Georgia:
Letter from the President.?We received
by last night's Western Mail an extra from the
ottieejof the Georgia Citizen, eontuining the following
communication from the acting Secretary
of State to Mr. Collins, of Macon. The letter
is prefaced by a paragraph of editorial laudation
of the President, for what the editor of the Citizen
calls ulhi* noble ami frank eJCjtression of
pinion, in favor of the prompt and faithful execution
of the laws und constitution entrusted to
his keeping."
For our own part we can find nothing in the
letter to justify the editor's encomiums. On the
contrary we regard it, under the circumstances,
as anything but satisfactory. It is a piece of special
pleading, uubeeoining the Chief Magistrate
of the Union, und so far from affording the South
any assurance of an enforcement of the law in
our behalf, by its tone is calculated to aggravate
rather than ullay the just indignation of our
people at the outrages and wrongs which
are daily perpetrated against our rights. But
we have no space or time fur comment, and sub
mit the document to the consideration of our
Department of State, )
Washington Nov. 9th, 1850. J
Robert Collins, Macon, O'a:
Sir:?I am instructed by the President to inform
you that your lettor of the 3d inst., addressed
to him, enclosing several slips from
newspapers, in reference to the proceedings of
a portion Of the community in Boston, on the
subject of the Fugitive slave law, was received by
him yesterday, and that he hns given to the
letter and its enclosures, a careful perusal.
You state, in substance," that you are the
owner of Crafts, one of the fugitive slaves for
which warrants of arrest were issued iu Boston, i
and call the President's attention to the enclosed
slips taken mostly from Northern papers, by
which he will perceive the manner in which i
your agents wcro received and treated for i
merely asking that the slaves be returned according
to the laws of the United States. That
they have been arrested under various warrants,
as kidnappers, and on other frivolous pretences,
and unreasonable bail demanded ; and that your
friends have become their sureties for more than
You also say, that tho manner in which olfi- 1
cers have performed thoir duty will appear by i
the slips ; and that the warrants now lie dead in '
the Marshal's office. You then speak of the i
pernicious effect of such proceedings, and of i
their tendency to disturb tho harmony of the <
Union, and of the great importance of having i
ilie law faithfully executed; and finally, impure
"whether it is not in the power, and is not the
intention of the Executive of the United titaten
to cause that law to bo faithfully and properly
To this the President directs me to reply, that
you cannot be more deeply impressed titan he
is, w itli the importance of having every law faithfully
executed. Every statute, in this country,
passed in accordance with the provisions of the
Constitution, must be presumed to embody the
will of a majority of the people of the Union ; i
and as such, is entitled to the respect and obe
dmnce of every true American citizen ; and the
Constitution which the President has sworn to
support has made it his especiul duty " to take
care that the laws be faithfully executed." He
hns no thought of shrinking from his duty, in
this or any other ease ; but will, to the utmost
of his ability, firmly and faithfully perform it.
But how is ho to cause the law to be executed ?
First, by appointing proper officers to fill the
various offices and discharge their various functions
with diligence and fidelity ; and if any shall
be found incompetent or unfaithful, by removing
Lliern, where lie has the power of removal,?and
appointing more competent and faithful ofBoers
in their places. And secondly, In extreme cases, <
'whenever the laws of the United States shall
he opposed, or the execution thereof obstructed, i
in any State, by combinations too powerful to 1
he suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial i
proceedings," or by the power vested in the civil j
riOitMiru with fKa d/iccp uuhinli fho lour nntliAri7ua I
and requires them to cull to their aid, it would
be his duly to call forth the militia, and use the
urmy and navy for the purpose of overooming
such forcible combinations against the laws.?
But, in either case, prudence and justice require
that there should be more satisfactory rtiilence
of official delinquency, or forcible resistance,
than mere rumor, or newspaper statements ; and
yet these are all which have been furnished in
this ease.
If any Marshal neglect to perform his duty,
the law gives a right of action to the aggrieved ,
jairty for the injury whioh he inay sustain; and
if he refuse to jxjrform it, the statute has imposed
upon him a severe penalty. But if he 1
refuse or wilfully neglect to perform it, when i
this shall be satisfactorily made to appear to the
President, then, in addition his liability to the <
aggrieved party, it would doubtless bo the duty
of the Executive to remove him from office, and
annoint another in his nlaoc. But vour letter
contains no proof of the kind, and therefore
seems to require no action. It is equally clear that
no case Is presented justifying ti call upon the
militia, or the use of the army to execute the
laws; and the President has so much confidence
in the patiiotism and devotion to the laws which
have always characterized a large majority of
the people of Boston, that he cannot for a moment
believe that it will ever bo necessary to call
in any, extraordinary aid to execute tho laws, in
that community.
Individuals may bccomo excited, and may in
the. heat af the moment, offer resistance to the
laws, but lie has no doubt that in such event, so
much to be regretted, the good sense of tho
community would soon rally to the support of
the civil authorities, and that those who sustain
the law would triumph : but he directs me to
assure you, that if, unfortunately he shall find
himself mistaken in this, and the painful necessity
should arise, he is resolved to perform his
duty by employing all the means which the
Constitution and Congress have placed at his
disposal, to enforce the law.
As to the complaint thnt your agents were unjustly
prosecutea, nnd held to bail in unreasonable
amounts, for pretended offences, tho President
directs, me to say, that however he may regret
ttny auo|? Injustice and incivility, he is not
aware that he has the power to remedy the evil.
If the complaints against your agents be unfounded,
the defendants will doubtless be acquitted,
and if malicious, they have their remedy
in an action for a malicious prosecution. But all
these ure judical questions over which the Executive
can exercise no control, and the evil cqm
plained of, raaqlti from the acknowledged rift*
of every individual 4o prosecute any one for an
alleged offence or violation of right
The President fuels the importance of avoiding
as far as practicable, all ciuses of irritation between
the North and the South, and especially
on the exciting subject of slavery. Were he
jteruiitted to anviae, he would suggest to all, the
importance of permitting the laws to take their
usual course; and that every thiug like intimidation
and illegal or unjust annoyance, should
be scrupulously avoided. Every effort should
betnade to cultivate a fraternal feei ng. We
should be a people of one interest and one sentiment,
knowing no local division, and tolerating
no sectional injustice. Our Union, so dear-to
the heart of every true American, can only be
preserved by strict observance of tbo Constitution,
and an impartial administration of the laws.
I am, Sir, respectfully, your ol>ed?nt serv't.
W.S. DERRICK, Acting Scc't/.
The admirers of a dense population have
been struck frith the misery and vice of large
cities, and huve proposed as a reuiedy the policy
of a minute sub-division of land. This has
been tried very thoroughly in Franco, and the
result is described in the following:
Agriculture in France.?Between Blois
and Tours, on the right bank of the river, property
is very minutely sub-divided, and isolated
peasant dwellings common. In a single meadow
of moderate size, you will frequently see half a
uozeu sinai i square oounaary stones marking
out the different lots. The cultivation, notwithstanding
the great amount of hand-labor bestowed
upon the fields, is correspondingly superficial
and slovenly; the fact being, that what
can be done with tiie hands is overdone, while
what can be done only by means of proper and
snfticient implements, and machines, and horsepower,
is neglected, or only very imperfectly
performed. One plough, which I inspected in a
field within a mile or two of Tours, was a machine
which, except the iron wit'i which the
wooden coulter was shod, might have been
shown as a specimen of the agricultural implements
of n South Sea island. It consisted of a
rough thick pole of wood, to the centre of
which the ploughshare was attached, furnished
in front with two knotted and twisted brnnchca,
by wuy of trams, and behind with a p lir of stilus
of the same rough manufacture, and not thr<*e
feet long. Tlu; excessive supply of manuul labor
was everywhere evident. In one field,lsaw
two old women engaged in scattering manure
with their bare hands; in another, two mon
were yoked by ropes to a harrow, and were
dragging it slowly und weurily ueross the furrows.
The svstetn of ploughing commonly adopted
hereabouts is curious. A deep furrow, is turnud
up,aiul thon two very shallow ones?the field
being thus converted, so to speak, into a series
of narrow stripes or ribbons of soil, with serniditeh-like
divisions between them. The waste
of land produced by this method must, one
would think, be considerable. In the more
marshy meadows, close to the water side, rows
of closely-planted poplars abound ; whole acre,
of rich grass land are abandoned to these trees
which run in files at right angles to the river,
with, perhaps, some dozen or fifteen feet between
each rank. Occasionally; you find patches
of hemp growing beneath the shade of these not
very profitable trees: or, if the land be ?rass,
an ola woman is squatted upon it watching a
cow, and, perhaps, a couple of gonts. Rude
huts of wattled bushes and straw stand here and
there for the reception of tools, and in order to
afford shelter in rainy weather. In the Boaucie,
by the way, I frequently found cavernous looking
holes, scooped out in the road side for the
same purpose. Amid the vines, these places
arc regularly built stone ar.d lime houses?often,
as It struck mc, more substantial looking
structures than the dwellings of the laborers
riie small farm buildings were very much the
same sort of things as those I have described
is abounding near Blois. I came across one
jart shed composed of a framework of straw
and wattles, slung by ro|>es from the projecting
branches of a tree, and swaying and creaking as
the wind moaned and rustled among its sup-1
porters. About Amboise, hedges abound
among the meadows?generally overgrown
sprawling lines of bushes, cutting the field
into all manner of irregular segments, very much
after the fashion of some parts of Devonshire.
jPloUirhinir was hereabout* lieinir minanillv
conducted by means of ono horse?the first example
I had Heen in France of such economy of
power?while the few sowers in the fields were
scattering- the grain after the old-fashioned broadcast
method. Everywhere the fallow ground
was overgrown with weeds, great tall bushes of
ragwort covering it, and the same species of
plant was common among the potatoes, which
were very widely planted, and left ample room
for the intrusion of such interlopers. Thickly
scattered were the cottages and adjoining furuihuildings
of the small proprietors. With here
and there an exception, nothing could be more !
slatternly and utterly inadequate to all the purposes
of dwellings and fnrm-stendings than these
ill-contrived and worse-managed structures. The
tilth was repulsive. Beside the duugh'll, and
before the door, was usually u green cesspool of
liquid manure. Passing to leevvnrd, you perceived
the prevailing scent of the melon beds,
varied by a trial of dismal stenches from each of
those foul laboratories. The out-houses were
Frequently built after this fashion:?A double
*et of thin straggling stakes are stuck in the
'round, and between them are piled up, in the
manner of a wall, loosely-bound sheaves of
itraw, fortified, in some eases, by a meagre!
wattle-work of fir-cuttings or broom. Of course,
the sheds so formed, are neither wind nor water
tight. A still'gale drives them down before it j
like liou-us of cards, but the materials are none
the worse, and a few hours labor suffices to pile j
them up ugaiu. When striiclures of a more
substantial character are reared, there is abundant
evidence of an utter wnnt of design and j
coherency in their parts. Even the bettor class !
of farm offices of these small proprietors, form a J
jumble of stone, briek, wood, and clay buildings, j
stuck on one to the other without method ori
order, generally in a more or less advanced stage !
of dilapidation, and surrounded by masses of j
rotting vegetable refuse. j
During the course of a long afternoon's walk, j
and many a peep into barn and granary, 1 ob- j
anri'ii/l ii'A winnmuiiuf moaKinaki 1 fAiinrl I
I * vv* V" W ?? 11IHU ?? 111^ IIKH^IIIIIV>1 " ttllvj * IVUIIUf
perhaps, a dozen of instances of people separating
tne grain from the clinft' by moans of the
wind; and this, the proprietors of the machines
said, was still the usual method of the country.
The operation was uniformly performed on the
road side. A clean sheet was spread, upon
which a sievo was laid?the operator then holding
a basket above his head, shook from it the
mingled grain, dust and chuff, and the process
of separation was nfterwards rendered more
complete by means of the sieve. Pigeon towers
abounded, and in farm yards which did not boast
any, and infinity of roughly made open cag<m
were frequently suspended as roosting places
for the birds beneath the eaves. Irrigation
forming an important part of the vine and vegetable
culture about Blois, the ground is pierced
with abundance of wells, some ten feet deep,
from which the buckets are drawn up by means
of a long hooked pole. It was odd, nt first, to
see scores of people dispersed among the potatoes,
vines and melons, continually driving as it
appeared, long poles deeply down into the earth.
A good deal of poultry is reared, but the ducks
show a love for the green stagnant pools quite
unaccountable, considering the immediate vicinage
of the bright waters of the Loire.
Editors, Attention !?We perceive from
the Charleston Sun, that the Librarian of the
Philadelphia and Loganian Libraries, proposes
to take charge of a copy of all the newspapers
published in the United States, if sent to him
tVee of jKwtage, and tranamit them to the London
exhibition. They must be addressed to
John Oav Smith, at Philadelphia. '
? J .
[Telegraphed?Forthe Southern *^.1
1 N*W Yoaa, Mat. 18.
RacrrtroK or Diwul W?*aT*?.?Daniel
Webater had a grand reception in thto eity to-day,
111 nm speecn, in answer to ine welcome by Hiram
Ketch um, he said that he approved the sentiments
of the Union meeting, which was held at
Hustle Garden, and declaring himself always
ready to carry them out. He spoke from principles,
for which the Union wan created, and the
main object of which was to protect trade and
commerce?when these were endangered, he believed
it time to rally for protection. The Union
was not in dancer, when the spirit of the people
waaawakened for itsdefence.
Conventions North and Houth do no harm.
The objecta for which Government was formed,
were greater now than ever known before, and
people will not abandon them. We shall continue
to. live together in Union, aa long aa we
continue to cherish the interests that make ua one
people.. Mr. Webster was sublimely eloquent
and loudly cheered.
The Michigan Railroad depot was destroyed by
fire to-day. Loss one hundred thousand dollars.
The Hon. Henry Clay delivered a grand Union
speech at Frankfort, Kentucky, to-day.
c1* rtl fhj. anuthurn Press.
New You, Nov. 15, 1850.
The reaction ia now a manifest thing. The
compromises of Mr. Clay, Mr. Cass, Mr. Webster,
Mr. Fillmore, and Gen. Foote, the men who
stood out on the footboard of the omnibus to call
up the passengers?44 Ride up, sir?only twelvs
inside?Mr. Clay is a aafe driver, sir." From
Mr. Clay down to General Foote, North and
South, there has been an aw'hil breaking up of
the crockery-ware of the president-makers.
Our Northern elections have 44 inscribed upon
their banner, in characters too legible to be misunderstood,"
the motto of 44 Repeal the Fugitive
law?the Proviso for New Mexico and Utah?
,, abolition of Slavery in the District?no more
slave States?no more annexations of slave teiritory?no
connivance in the support of slavery in
the States."
The results ought to satisfy tht veriest Southern
doughface, of the amiable temper of the North.
Seymour, by the Castle Garden meeting, was
identified with the odium of unionism?conservatism?obedience
to the laws as they are. It destroyed
him?it elected Hunt, while the Democratic
State ticket, otherwise, is successful by majorities
ranging frohn one to seven thousand. Freesoil
and Abolition did it. They have the Legislature?they
have Congress?they have the State.
So much for Mr. Fillmore and Mr. Dickinson.
How is Massachusetts? Never has there been
such a triumph of abolition in this country as
that of Horace Mann over Daniel Webster. Call
you this the law and Constitution abiding Massachusetts
? The 44 higher law" of abolition is su
preme. Very like conciliation ana Harmony.
Look out for a particularly offensive assault by
Horace Mann upon the South at the opening of
Congress. Thus much for Mr. Webster.
Abolition rides it rough-shod over Michigan.
General Cass was kind enough to dodge the Fugitive
slave bill, but he was proved to have encouraged
Mr. Buell, of the House, to go it. Mr. Buell
is down, and Free-soil rules in Michigan. So
much for General Cass.
Delaware is accounted a sort of slave State.
Mr. Wales voted, in the Senate, for some of the
compromise bills. He is condemned, although
almost as good a Northern man as Seward. He is
too much Southern even for Delaware, and he
and Clayton are laid over among the wreckB of
the adjustment. Beuutiful harmony!?delightful
concord! most fraternal spirit of conciliation, how
it spreads!
Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin tell the same
story ! No compromise with the slave hunters?no
concessions to slavery?no quarter to the soul-sellers
of the South'.' Splendid? Satisfactory, no
doubt, to General Foote, and Sam. Houston ; but
if Henry Clay does not plead guilty of deception
or delusion at the coming session, he will fall short
of public expectation.
The Tariff, you know, was the passenger in the
boot of the omnibus. The tarifT was to be the
share of Pennsylvania and New Jersey in the compromises.
They have not been rewarded as yet,
with those desirable increased bounties in the way
r\f rtvAf aniiAn Tlintr Irnnup tl\A?r muot liair^ ?.?_
u' jMuivwiuii. *?< ; iiiuni nave aumc
Southern votes to get them. Hence the triumph
of the compromises in the late New Jersey and
Pennsylvania elections. Let the coming session
close without doing something for the iron business,
and you will hear different music from the
key-stone State.
What is the South about? We see that some
wise " doughfaces" propose that if Congress pass
the ten million bill over ngnin, or admit another
State in the same way that California was admitted,
itmust be resisted. " Knock me down again,"
said the peace man, and I will regard it aa an insult.
We look with anxiety to Nashville. It is
time there was some definite Southern platform
luid down?something upon which to stand and
to rally. This backing out from one position to
another, as the North advances, ia worse than an
unconditional surrender. The North ia in for the
extermination of slavery. Mercy, saya the South.
Jenny Lind ia still the lioness, though the Italian,
Purodi, is winning golden opinions at each
representation, at the Opera house. Stocks are
up?cotton is up, and there is a very general im
preasion that the South is loo weak to resist, and
ought to have the privilege to bluster; that the
Union can stand any thing, and that the prosperity
of New York is founded upon the imperishable
basis of the commercial centre of from thirty to
forty States. Hence every thing in New York
city goes on prosperously, while the interior is in
a ferment, of which even South Carolina resistance
affords but a weak comparison.
It is time that the South should proceed to determine
upon an unconditional surrender, or a
spirited resistance to meet the avalanche of abolition,
which will pour down upon it with the meeting
of Congress.
i? ?
The little Adelphi Theatre has been in full
blast for a week or two past. We have not attended
the performances, but understand that they
have two stars shining there at present, Chavt
rac and Setmocr, said to be capital comic actors.
The Theatre has recently been refitted.
, 1* '
The Fugitive Crafts.?Tha Boston Pus
states that, a report having been in circulation
that Crafts had on Thursday evening returned
to Boston in the steamer Admiral, tnc United
States marshal at once instituted an inquiry, and
ascertained that no colored person came passenger
in the boat. The Post states that thus far
the marshal hna acted in relation to this matter
according to tho instructions of the agent of the
owner or his counsel, Hughes, the agent, it
says, arrived there from New York on Friday
morning, and returned again in the afternoon,
en route for Macon, On.
WILL be opened at Mrs. S. Parker's.on Saturday,
23d inst., at lOo'elock A.M.,in the
new store under the National Hotel, a rich assortment
of Winter Millinery, consisting of Hats,
Caps, Head-Dresses, Feathers,. Florences, RibI
boos, Ac. Ac. PARKER'S
Comb, Fancy and Perfbmery Store,
: Pa. a*#,, under the Notional Hotel.
Nor. T, r '
r.ee-?v^ ir*.-.,'
t,i ,t7n .<{" -df,w *.

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