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The southern press. (Washington [D.C.) 1850-1852, November 21, 1850, Image 1

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till wood Fisher Jk Edwin De L*m.TERMS.
D ULY, f 10 Ut
TK1-WEEKLY, 5 01
g/- Subscriptions payable in advance. Any person
procuring live subeoribers shall receive one copy
gratis. All letters to the Editors to be post-paid.
printed bt a. a. sags.
Office, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, betweeu
3d aod 11 streets.
<2>OAA REWARD.?On the night of the
eJprwUv/ JOth of September, 1850, my brother
Col. John Jones of Pittsylvania county, Virginia,
was very badly wounded by Dr. John M. Clopton,
of Henry county, Virginia. Col. Jones had
called to spend the night with Mr. Bryant W.
Nowlin, who lives near Leatherwood Post Office,
Henry. About dark Dr. Clopton rode to the gate
and requested an interview with Col. Jones, who
immediately started out to see him, and when he
had arrived within about ten steps of the gate,
Clopton inquired if that was Col. Jones, and being
informed it was, discharged a gun at him heavily
loaded with bullets and shot, which took eff-r-i
in the led leg. breaking the thigh bone and
-VV: D A I: L Y . ~
i Vol, Washington, Thursday, November til, 1S50, flf?. 35.
otherwise seriously injuring the limb. I will pay
the above reward of two hundred dollais, for the
apprehension and delivery of said Clopton to the
proper authorities of Henry county, to be dealt
with, pursuant to law, where warrants have been
issued for his apprehension. Dr. Clopton is about
45 years old, about six feel high, has blue eyes,
very gray for his age; he is singular in his manners
and dress, at times quite polite, converses
well and weighs about 160 or 170 pounds.
. Oct. 6, 1&50.
Washington without one of Parker'N wonderul
Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; his Badgerhair
Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Shaving
Soap. A new assortment of all the above opened
this day. PARKER'S Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Penu. uv. near National Hotel.
Library or Congress, Oct. 7, 1850.
brary of Congress will be closed on Tuesday,
ttie 15th instant, and will not again be opened until
Thursday, the 14th day of November.
JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian.
Nov. 8, eod2w
MEDICAL department ur rt.nivi.rDEN,
VA.?The thirteenth Annual Course of
Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of
October, 1850, and continue until the 1st of the
ensuing March. The cominencment for conferring
degrees will be held about the middle of March.
11. L. Bohannam, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
and Diseases of Women and Children.
L. W. Chamberlaynk, M. D., Prof, of Materia
Medica und Therapeutics.
S. Maupiv, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and
Cuas. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery
and Surgical Anatomy.
Cakttkr P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy
and Phyatology.
David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and
ractice of Medicine.
Arthur E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator
of Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted
with the most ample facilities, and at very
iriflinp- exnense.
Clinical Lectures are regulurly given at tne college
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
Infirmary, under the same roof with the College
and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
m all times well filled with medical and surgical
cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical
instruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under
the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities
for becoming familiar with the symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Lxpenses?Matriculation fee, *5. Professors'
fees, ?105, Demonstrator's fee, $10. Graduation
fee, $25.
The price of board, including fiiel, lights, and
servants' attendance, is usually $3 to per
The catalogue, <?c., containing fuller information
concerning the institution, will be forwarded
to those applying for it, or specific inquiries will
be anaweree by letter. Address,
S. MAUP1N, M. D.,
Oct. 2 Dean of the Faculty,
of the
Maryland State Agricultural Society.
APPEAL to the Members ok the Maryland
Statf. Agricultural Society.?Wc desire
that you should bear in mind, that on the 23d,
24th, and 25th days of October, your Society will
hold its umiual Exhibition and Fair at the city of
Jialtiuiore : and we appeal to you, one and all, to
bring for exhibition thereat portions of your stock,
the products of your orchards, and of your gardens.
I Don't presume that any animal, or product, you
may own iS inferior to others that will be here,
I and be thus deterred from bringing them, as it is
' * ?,-4'"A anv
only by comparison that me renin**: m*.....
thing can be determined. The safer presumption
for you to arrive at, will be that what you have
is an good, if not better thgn that of others, and
that it behooves you to gallanUy enter the list of |
competition : if defeated honorably, and the high
character of the judges is a guarantee that you
ca-n be defeated in no other way, you will enjoy
the luxury of knowing that others were more entitled
to success than yourself.
And while we address you to bring such articles
as are properly in your department, we crave per- I
mission to solicit your interest, to induce your I
wives and daughters to bring whatever appertains
to their peculiar departments, as embroidery, household
manufactures, the products of the dairy and of
the poultry yard, preserves, domestic wines, confections,
and, above all things, to come themselves, as
without tcoman, and the beautiful elaborations of her
taste and genius, no disj)lay can be perfect.
To the Manufacturers if Agricultural Implements j
and Toots, we would say, that interest and patriotism
both combine to enjoin upon you the propriety
of making a grand exhibition of your machinery
of all kinds, as from our present advices,
we itre led to believe that the assemblage of tanners
and planters, und of distinguished strangers
from most ot the States of the Union, will he
greater than upon any former occasion here or
elsewhere. We therefore say to the Agricultural
Implement makers and Mechanics of the United States,
nake it a matter of pride to display your machilery
at our exhibition, und vie with each other in
laving the beet und largest assortment on the I
rround. Such ambition is laudable?is worthy of I
Ymerican genius, and should be cherished by the
Vmerican heart.
Editors with whom we exchunge will con
or a favor by copying; this notice.
WILLIAM TUCKER, Merchant Tailor,
(of the late firm of Lane &. Tucker,) would
all the attention of bis friends and the public genrally
to his stock of Goods now opening, which
us oeen selected by himself from the largest imorting
houses in New York, and by far thegreatst
variety and richest styles I ever offered in this
ity. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly so-1
cited to give me a calj and examine my stock be-re
purchasing, us 1 am confident it will be to
leir ad vantage.
And 1 would er-peciaHy call the attention of of- i
cers, both of the army and the navy, to the-fact
iat 1 am prepared to execute all kindsof uniforms,
ccording to the lute regulations, at the shortest
otice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both in
le cutting and making departments, equal to any
itablishment in this country.
W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to His nurnerja
friends for their long and continued patronage,
id hopes, by the same diligence and attention to
ashless, to merit a continuance of the same.
I All orders promptly executed,
sep 'JO?3tw3w?d&trw
r T71LL BE RECEIVING every day during
> |(V next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancy
i nods suitable for PRESENTS, Ac. Also a
? rge assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums,
u taps, fiatr-washes, and every article pertaining
the toilet. PARKERS'Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Penn. av., near National Hotel,
.. J sepJl?3td
v|j Sept. 19tiuf
1 )AR1S MILLINERY. Will be opened a
Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on Saturday, the 5th
In., a rich assortment of
rpHE public will be gratified to learn that the
I United States Mail Steamship Company are enabled
to announce that their arrangements are now
complete for sending passengers through from
New York to San Francisco and back.
In the first attempts of this Company to meet I
the wants of travel to California, uy providing
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
shins from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed
upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
through passages from Panama in advance, for
their ships then going round. This was done
from a desire to accommodate those who could
procure passages in no other quarter, and by
which, whatever might be the detention, they
would reach San Francisco sooner than by any
other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence
of fever at Itio de Juneiro at the time, prevented
their ships from reaching Panama as soon
as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus,
which'was increased by the impatience of
passengers in going forward, against the advice
of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship
could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now all removed.
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended
for the Pacific service, have arrived ut Panama,
aud several of them have performed trips to San
Francisco and back. So that the Company are
now able to give the public the assurance that the
voyage through from New York to San Francisco,
will be performed with regularity and despatch
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Fran
cisco, consists of the
REPUBLIC, Capt. Hudson.
1THMUS, Capt. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck.
ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.et.
Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York
to Chagres, of the
GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N.
The connection between the two lines will be
carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama,
will arise.
The large size, well known speed, and superior
accommodations of their New York and Chagres
Line, and the speed and accommodations of the
ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certrfin,
rapid,and pleasant through passage to California.
Cor, Warren and West sts., New York.
Aug. 15?lm
National Medical College, Washington,
District of Columbia.
THE annual course of lectures will commence
on the first Monday in November, the 4th
f actti.ty.
Tho8. Miller, M. D,, Professor of Anatomy and
Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics
and the diseases of women und children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Medica, Therapeutics, and Hygiene.
John Frederick May, M. 1)., Professor of Surgery.
Grafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
and Practice of Medicine.
Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor
of Anatomy and Physiology.
Edward Foreman, M.D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three time* a weeir, on cases
selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - $90
Demonstrator's ticket - - It)
Graduation fee - - - -25
Good board can be procured at from $2 to $.'1
) per week.
Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty.
C. ?fc E. Li. KERRI80N At CO.
WOULD respectfully inform their friends and
those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
city, that they are now prepared to oiler a large,
choice, and well assorted stock of
Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods.
As they receive the bulk of their goods DIRECT
from EUROPEAN PORTS, iliey feel assured of
being able to compete successfully with any other
market in the United Stales.
209 King street, north-west corner of
King and Market streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3m
K ?2 I S II L I N i; J* S.
subscribers are constantly receiving direct |
I from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR j
ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern I
trade, and to which they with confidence inyite
the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that
the goods will be found PURE FL~1X, to wit :
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns | I
Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens i <
Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers j <
Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, ot as- i
soi led widths I
Damask Doy.'ico, Napkins and Clolhs, of vari- i
ous sizes 11
Dowlass, Glues Cloths, Black, WhiteA Brown ] I
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric j
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc. I i
909 King street, Charleston, S. C.
1 Sep. 3, 1850?3m i
medical college of THE STATE OF I!
rjlHE Annual COURSE OF LECTURES in thte j'
_|_ Institution will commence on the first Monday j i
in November next, on the following branches:
Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D.
Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Hen- j <
ry Dickson, M. D. 11
.Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D.
Physiology, by James Moultrie, M. D.
Materia Medico, by Henry R. Frost, M. D. ! (
Obstetrics, by Titos. G. Prjo|eau, M. D,
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
pemonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravene), !
M. D.
Dr. D, J. Cain, Physician to the Murine lion- j
pital and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a |
week on the Diseases of thut Institution,
Dr. E. B. Flagg, Physician to the Alms House, j
| Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Sur|
gery at the College Hospital.
| HENRY R FROST, M. D., De^n.
THE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all
WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per
Ships, "Gulnare," " Orion," and "Somerset,"
from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS,
Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, &c., &c., expressly
suited to our Southern Planters trade, and !1
u> an inspection of which, they confidently in- i
vite all who visit the Charleston Market.
309 King st., northwest cor. King & Market sts. I
Kant ^ I
Charleston, ?r. ??
'Georgetown College, D, C.
X will b? resumed on the 16th instant.
Mpl 14?3td JAMES RYDER, Pres
A Dictionay of Machines, Mechanics,
Engine-Wok, and Engineering.
Designed for Practical Working-Men, mul those
inltiuled far the Engineering Profession.
Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor qf
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ;
Author and Inventor of "The Calculus qf Form,"
" The Aetc and Improved System of Logacithims,"
"7Vie Eleinentsqf Euclidby Colorstic., etc.,etc.
rIMllS work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly
A <u"o thousand pages, upwards at frfleen hundred
plates, and six thousand xcood cuts. It will present!
working-drawings and descriptions of the most im- j
portant machines in the United States. Independently
of the results of American ingenuity, it will 1
contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics,
Machinery, Kngino-work, and Engineering; witli j
all that is useful in more than one thousand dollars'
worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other
books, among which may be mentioned the following
1. Bibliothequc des Arts Industricls. (Mass or,,
2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal.
3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackic,
4. PublicationIndustricllc. (ArmengaudAinc,
5. Jamieson's Mechanics of^Fluids.
6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.)
7. Allgemine Bauzeitung mit Ahhildungen.
(iorster, Wien.)
8. Organ fur die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesens
in technischcr Bezichung. (Von Waldegg,
G. Shtrwiu's Logarithims.
10. Byrne's Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of
Oliver Byrne.
12. Sillimnn s Journal.
13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (llulssp,
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contrasted.
15. HoJtzaptFels' Turning and Mechanical Manip
1G. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eiscnbahn-Zeilung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20. Dictionnaire des Aits et Manufactures. (Lahoulaye,
21. Sganzin's Civil Engineering.
22. Brown's indicator and Dynaonmetcr.
Orin-in and Proeress of Steam Navigation.
24. Essai sur l'Industrie des Malieres Textiles I
(Michel Alcan, Paris.)
25. Macneill's Tables.
20. Criers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Templeton's Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary.
29. Maiine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Mathematician. (London,)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. Ilann's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and !
* Architecture. (Mosloy,)
35. Journal of the Franklin Institute.
30. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil j
Engineers, (London.)
37. The Artisan.
33. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Pub- j
lished by Wealc, London^)
39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.)
40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine.
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Barlow,
42. Recueildcs Machines Instrumensct Appareil. j
(Lc Blanc, Paris.)
43. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Ma-1
chines. (G. Rennie.)
45. Repertoire del'lndustrie r ranquaise ei r.irangere.
(L Mathias, Paris,)
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Acoo;u,
47. Setting out Curves on Railways, (Law,
48. Hodge on the Steam-Engine
49. Scientific Ameiican.
50. Railroad Journal, (New Yoik )
51. American Artisan,
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dictionaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapcur,
(Dc Bonncfoux, Paris.)
55. Conway qmj Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fair-j
barn.) i
56. Brcet' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical JJictjonary.
58. Bowditch's Navigation,
59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men.
GO. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia.
(Luke Herbert.)
CI. Patent Journal ; London.
62. Brec's Glossary of Engineering.
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy. J
64. Cramlock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine.
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Has-;
66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard,)
The great object of this publication is, to place
acforc practical men and students such an amount j
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a conlensed
form, as shall enable them to work to the j
oest advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which j
hey might otherwise commit The amount ol I
jseful information thus brought together, is almost
rejond a precedent in s^ph works. Indeed there is
:iaiilly any subject within its range which is not t
eatcd' with such clearness and pi ccision, that even |
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail ot |
understanding, and thus learning from it inuch I
a hich it is importrnt for him to know.
from the annexed list of the principal authors ,
md subject comprised in this work it is sell-cviient,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
aseful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
from the possession and study of this publication,
Hie following may be especially designated i
Moulder and Boiler Makers.
Artificer* i" Brass, Copper, and Tin.
Cutlers, and Workers ol Steel in general.
Woikers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn.
Civil Engtmers, Railway Contractors, and Oontrantois
for Earih-Work, and Masonry of every
Architects an i Bridge Builders.
Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers.
Ship Bnildcrs, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpen-1
ters, and others connected with Building and
Docking Ship*,
Block an5 Pump Makers.
Ilernp Dre-sersand Rope Makers
Manufacturers of Linen and Col'oti Fabrics.
Mauu factum* of Spinning Machines, itoving
Machines, Curd Breakers and Finishers, Drawing
Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected
with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery.
Calendcrers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers.
Clqth Foldcii, and Measures, ami persona inter}
esled in Sewing Machinery.
Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers.
Cutting and Turning Tool Makers
Pin and Nepdle Makers.
Mail and Rivet Makers.
Bolt and Screw-Bojt Makers,
Nail Cutters.
Leather Dressers and Currier*.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms.
Candle Makers.
Biscuit and Cracker Makers.
Lace Makers.
Ribbon Weavers,
Stone Ouitei* and Marble Masons.
Dyers, Cloth Waahers, and Scourers
Cider and Cheese Manufacturers
' , Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers.
< Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of
! Sugar Plantations.
| Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
1 Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the
Locomotive generally.
| Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
I Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills.
Veuoer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
nod Bran-Separating Machinery.
Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornameni
Makers in general.
Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
Mckers of Copper and Lead Tubing.
Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interested
in Dredging Machinery.
Well Sinkers.
Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Phil- j
osopbical Apparatus and Instruments.
Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping
Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic
Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws,
Common and Feed Cranes.
Woikers in Metals and Alloys.
Tin Plato Workers.
? ...j,
Wheelwrights, Clock Makers llorologists, Sic.
The publishers have expended a large sum of
money to get original drawings of Machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
almost every work on the sudject, whether published
in England, France, or Germany, the most
essential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored
to use great economy in type, so that each page of
the work contains at least four times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate woiking-drawngs
of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic
may construct accurately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, tegardless
of cost, to make the work as complete as possible
j and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain
lire work will procure it as issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise,
The work will be issued in semi-monlhly numbers,
commencing in January, 1850, and w ill progress
w ith great regularity.
The whole work will he published in JO numbers
at 35 cents per number, and completed within
the current year, 1850. A liberal uiscount will
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers #10 in advance
shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
Notice to Proprietors of JSewrfxtpers throughout the
United States and Canada.
iris. s. : .?.i a
II mi, iuii-^'iii^ uuiciuctcuitiii in III9CI icu II* c
times during the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will he sent gratis
in payment.
American Statistics.
A short time past we published some statistics
relative to the number of soldiers supplied from
the different States to the revolutionary war. De
Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables relative
to this, and other subjects of equal interest,
which we copy.
1. The number of soldiers furnished by the
American States during the revolution, and the
population of each Stale in 1791) and in 1847.
2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several
dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses oil
each side.
.1. Amount of continental money issued to support
the war, and the estimated cost in specie.
Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1847.
Mew Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000
Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 07,097 475,257 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - - 5,008 09,110 130,000
Connecticut, - - - 3J.959 238,141 330,000
New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000
New Jersey, - - - 10,726 181,139 416,000
Pennsylvania. - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000
Delaware, - - - - y,38u 59,098 80,000
Maryland, - - - 13,912 319,728 495,000
Virginia, - - - - 26,678 748,308 1,270,0(H)
North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000
C? a I. I! n ,i i ~r tlia i c* t) m ik n/ut
nulfiu v^ufuiuju, ? * iij'h1 <iw.j,ijmw
Georgia, ----- 2,569 82,546 800,000
Total, - - - 231,971 3,820,95911,546,000
2. hatti.es or the revolution.
Whtrt When diner. British.
fought. faught. Com. Loss. Com. Loss.
Lexington. A|?r '75 ?? 84 w 2^5
Bunker IIill,Jun'75 "VYarren 45.4 Howe 1()54
Flatlnish, Aug '7(i Putnam 2000 Howe 400
W. Plaina, Oct '70 Washt'n 300 Howe ,400
Trenton, Dec '7G Washt'n 2 Ralil 1000
Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n J00 Maw'd 400
Bennington,Aug "77 Stark 100 Bautn GOO
Brandy wine,Sej>'77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500
Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e GOO
Monmouth, Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400
R. Island, Aug 78 Sullivan 2H Pigott 200
Briar Creek,Mnr79 Ashe 300 Frevoat l(i
Stpney P't.,Jul '79 Waynp J00 Johns'ii GOO
Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cornw'a 375
Cownens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
Guilrord, Mar'81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523
Pu. Snriiura.Sen'Hl Greene 555 Stewart 100(1
The surrender of Coruwallis at Yorktown, October
1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073.
*3,732 British taken prisoners.
Amount issued in 1775 # 2,000,000
" " 1777 - - 20,000,000
'* *' in all to July, 1709 308,000,000
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
specie, amounted to #135,193,703.
We compile from the New York Shipping List
and Price Current, of the 11th September, the following
statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
the several States for the year ending 31st August
1850: 1850. 1849.
Louisiana 78J ,066 1,093,797
Alabama . .... 350,952 518,706
Florida 181,344 200,180
Te*a? 31,263 38,827
Georgia ....... 344,635 391,372
South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117
North Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041
Virginia 11,509 17fh50
Total crop 2,096,715 2,728,596
Derease from last yeur 63J,881
Derreime from vear before .... 250,928
The Past, the Present and the Future,-^-Of
the cotton trade, from the London Economist,
August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards
of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
trade in nil its branches. American cotton crop :
1835 6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875
1836-7 1,422,030 1843-4 8,090,409
1837-8 1,801,407 1844 5 2,394.503
1838-0 1,300,532 1845-G 2,100,337
1839 40 2,177,895 1846-7 1,778,051
1840-1 1,632,945 1847 8 2,347,634
1841 2 1,684,211 1848-0 2,728,596
Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315
Average crop of the last ueven years exceeds
that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the
lr.ct just double that of the first?and the crop of
1848-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent.
Average consumption in Great Britain of American
cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales.
The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales,
Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales.
TYARKER, Agent for the above very superior
JT HAIR WASH, received, this day, 12gross.
Wholesale and retail, at -j,
iCj"7o show what U done, and what should be done
in nfficc.^^Xi
peter Q. WAMtrNOTON, ) pvn,~rlnr*
Charles m. Willarp, \ Editors and Proprietors,
Term*.?" The United States Postal Guide ana
Official Advertiser," containing about 3xi super-royal
octavo pages, is published monthly ftir one doi.i.ali
oni.v, per annum, payable in advance?or Jive
dollars far six copies onlered at any one time.
The enterprise in which we now embark, and
of which this paper iM at once the commencement,
and a sample of the papers that are to follow, has
j for its aim no less a purpose, than to impart inI
slruction, in the general and detail, to the Officers
and Agents of the American public, in respect both
to their duties and their rights, and to make them,
and the people at large, acquainted with the organization,
decisions and action of the Executive departments
of their Government. There has hitherto
teen no vehicle for the regular and proper
communication of information ot' this kind. rlhe
publication of the Laws uud the issue of instructions,
mors or less comprehensive, and at intervals
more or less extended, have proved wholly inadequate,
in the absence of the construction of those
Laws, as applied to particular cases, and of details
and illustrations to make the regulations and in
sirueuons intelligible, i'tie valuable documents
annually reported to Congress, are too voluminous,
and are printed in quantities too small for general
circulation; whilst the debates in Congress and
the commentaries of the press upon their proceedings,
and the proceedings of the Executive branch
of the Government, besides turning mostly upon
general principles, address themselves only to
oarty ends, and to matters of national policy.
These publications in their various forms are
highly useful in themselves us far us they go, and
some of them indispensable; but there is much
that do not reach the hands of all, nor if they did,
do tliey furnish those rules, methods, und examples,
for the despatch of the public business which
can render the discharge of public duty either safe
or easy, whether in respect to the incumbent himself,
or the department or bureau under which he
acts. Wc shall muke an honest effort to supply
this vacuum, Hiid to provide fur these necessities.
If we succeed in rendering the functions of the
primary offices more uniform, methodical, and exact,
we shall make the administrative duties of the
departments more easy and effective, and thereby
promote the real and substantial interests of the
country. And this we expect to do, to some extent
ut least?apart from, and independently of
any party or personal interest or question whatever.
It is known to most of those to whom this paper
will be sent, that the Senior Kilifor An,li_
lor of the Post-Office Department until the month
of November last; with by far the larger portion
| of both postmasters nml contractors, iie has had
direct intercourse, in person or by letter. He entered
the department fourteen years since, and for
many years previously, had been, first in the War
Department, and subsequently in the Treasury.
He has therefore had the best opportunities for
understanding the arrangements of business in ull
the departments, and being acquainted with those
who curry it oil. Since his official connection with
the Government ceused, he ilatters himself he has
preserved the respect and regard of most of the
present incumbents of the departments, und is on
becoming terms of intercourse and civility with
theniall. The Junior Editor has been asssiduously
engaged for several years, in studying, by personal
inquiry und examination, the practical and
daily routine and details of the Post-Office and
other brunches of the public business. It is with
this stock of experience, and these advantages for
reaching the vurious sources of administrative action,
and for imparling minute and illustrative instruction,
and valuable periodical and statistical
information, that we challenge your confidence
and solicit your support arid patronage.
We Jiuve fixed upon the 15lh of each month us
the day for the publication of our paper, so us to
afi'ord time for obtaining from the departments,
all the orders, notices andclmnges issued, or made
by them during the preceding month. Tables of
Post Offices, and compilations of the Laws and
Regulations, are issued by the Post Office Department
only once in two or three years. It is a
matter of inconvenience and complaint, for which
hitherto there has been no remedy, that in one
mouth from the time of these issues, there are offices
in the tables which are no longer in operation,
und offices in operation which are not in the tables.
At this time there are perhaps over three thousand
offices of the two descriptions. In like manner
laws have been paused and regulations established
since the issue of the last volume of regulations,
of which ninny postmasters and others are wholly
ignorant. We propose to prevent, for the present,
any increase or the evil of either kind, and from
the time nnotlier issue shall be made, our paper
will furuisli the additions, corrections, and modifications,
made in each month, and by being filed
and preserved, will iill'ord to postmasters full and
exact iiiiormuuon upon uoin euujecu, up iu and
for lime being. How much of the present misdirection,
reniailing, doubt, confusion, error, and
imposition, will be saved by the progressive state
of fUll and exact knowledge, f<jr which we have
provided, and ior which ^e engage, every intelligent
postmaster can estimate for himself.
These advantages alone and independently of all
others, are worth many times the price we charge
for the paper, and will, it is hoped, induce every
postmaster who feels a just pride in his office, or
a patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, and
efficiency of the whole Post Office system?at once
to subscribe. The same considerations apply to
the orders and notices, decisions, and instructions
of the Wur, Navy, Treasury, State, and Interior
departments, and the satpe course is intended in
respect to them, Notices of the decisions of the
Supreme Court, in cases turning upon questions
of ofticiul duty or national interest, will find a place
in this paper.
A department of our paper addressing itself not
merely to postmasters und other officers of the
Government, but to all other citizens who give attention
to the affairs of the nation and the progress
and devolopment of the country, will embrace in a
condensed form the matters submitted to, or arising
in Congress. At cacli session a vast deal of
valuable information is communicated to Congress,
by the several departments and their subordinate
bureaus, and profound and comprehensive
reports are made by committees of both Houses.
But the great mass of the community know nothing
of the contents of these documents and reports,
except the brief notices of them, which
from time to time appear in the public papnn.
The standing number printed of each dociirOt
and report, is only twelve hundred in the Si i nte,
and fourteen hundred in the House of Representatives,
which at once shows the impracticability of
their dissemination. Tho Apvjsbtiukr will contain
short abridgments or analysis of all these
ilnrnmenis and reports, und the comnend will
therefore not only prove exceedingly useful and
instructive in itself", but will furnish an easy index
to those interested, whenever it is found desirable
to obtain und examine the document at large.
There is a large field befbre us, the materials are
ample. It will be our zealous aire to collect nnd
arrange them in the proper form. We have every
confidence that the subscriptions will bo ample to
enable us to accomplish it all. The information
we propose to give, comprehending nnd confined
to the action or the Government, is solid, useful,
and (we might almost say) necessary to the officer?if
not to the citizen. It is intended for all,
nnd put nt a price which can constitute no obstacle
with any. If at the end of the year, any subscriber
shall find thut he has not received the full value of
his money, in intellectual enjoyment and in the
increased light and aid afforded him, for the discharge
of his official duties or in exercising by his
vote li is just share in the conduct of our public affairs,
then shall we be ready to admit, that our
hopes and expectations have been disappointed,
and that the contract on our part has failed.
Wa??OV?tow, D, 0? Junt, 1830.
Jipgn THE HOUSE now occupied by Mrs.
HM SPRIGG, on Capitol Hill, Carroll Place,
anu immediate poeeeseion given. To a good tenant
the terms will be reasonable. Apply to
Oct. 17-3t. 2 BEN, E GREEN.
' Published every Saturday, at 12} cents a Number,
, Yearly, in advance, $,6. <
rilHIS work is conducted in the spirit of Lit[
JL tell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which
j was favorably received by the public for twenty
years,) but as it is twice us large, and appears so (
, often, we not only give spirit and freshness toil
by munv things which were excluded by a month's
delay, out while thus extending our scope, and
gathering a greater and more attractive variety,
] are able so to increase the solid and substantial
i part of our literary, historical, and political har- \
vest, as fully to satisfy the wants of the American
The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh,
(Quarterly, uud other Reviews; and Blackwood's
notable criticisms on Poetry, his keen
i political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales,
and vivid descriptions of rural and mountain
scenery ; and the contributions to Literature, History,and
common life, by the sagacious Spectator,
the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenarum,
the nosy and industrious Literary Gazette, the
sensible and comprehensive Britannia, the sober
, and respectable Christian Observer; these are intermixed
with the Military and Naval reminiscences
of the United Service, and with the best articles of
the Dublin University, New Monthly, Eraser's,
Tuit's, Amsworth's, flood's, and Sporting Magazines,
and of Chambers's admirable Journal. We
do not consider it beneath our dignity to borrow
wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think
it good enough, make use of the thunder of The
Times. We shall increase our variety by impor|
tattoos from the continent of Europe, and from the
new growth of the British colonies.
The steamship has brought Europe, Asia, and
Africa into our neighborhood, and will greatly
j multiply our connexions as merchants, travellers,
j and politicians, with all parts of the world; so that,
much more than ever, it now becomes every intelj
ligent American to be informed of the conditions
| and changes of foreign countries. And this not
only because of their nearer connexion with ourselves,
but because the nations seem to be hastenintr
throucli s mnirl hpn^?oa ..k-..?
u 0 _ . fMyuvoa x?? IU OUIIIC
new state of things, which the merely political
prophet cannot compute or foresee.
Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization,
(which is extending over the whole ^
world,) and Voyages and Travels, will be favorite
matter for our selections; and, in general, we shall q
systematically and very fully acquaint our readers
with the great department of foreign ulluirs, without
entirely neglecting our own.
While we aspire to make the Living .Ige desirable
to all who wish to keep themselves informed
of the rapid progress of the movement?to statesmen,
divines, lawyers, and physicians?to men of
business and men of leisure,?it is still a stronger
object to make it attractive to their wives and
children. We believe that we can thus do Boine
good in our day and generation, and hope to
make the work indispensable in every well-in- '
formed family. We say indispensable, because in
this day of cheap literature, it is not possible
to guaurd against the influx of what is bud in
taste and vicious in morals, in any other way than
by furnishing a sufficient supply of a heulthy
character. The mental and morul appetite must
be gratified.
We hope, that by " winnowing the wheat from
the chair, ' bv providing abundantly for the imagination,
and by a lurge collection of Biography,
Voyages and Travels, History, and more solid
matter, we may produce a work which shall be .
popular, while at the same time it will aspire to
raise the slandurd of public taste,
j jX3~ Letters in commendation of the nlan and I
I execution of the work from Judge Story, Chuncellor
Kent, Dr. Bethune, and Messrs. Jttred
Sparks, W. II. Prescott, George Bancroft, and
George Ticknor, have been published in former
Postage.?When sent witli a cover it is ranked
as u pamphlet, and costs 4^ cents. Without the
cover it comes within the definition of a newspaper
given in the law, and cannot legally be charged
with more than newspaper postage.
Monthly Parts.?For such as prefer it in that '
form, the Living Age is put up in monthly parts,
containing four or live weekly numbers. In this
shape it shows to great advantage in comparison
with oilier works, containing in each part double
the matter of any of the quarterlies. But we recommend
the weekly numbers as fresher and ful- t
ler of life. J
The volumes are published quarterly. Each of u
them is equal to three ordinary octavos. t
Orders should be addressed directly to the pub- f
lishers. E. LITTELL & CO., c
oct 22 ?
or the
To Mechanics, Inventors, ami Manufacturers: ai
^PIIE Publishers of the Scientific .American re- w
_|_ sj)ectfully give notice thut the sixth volume ^
or this valuable journal, commenced on the 21st .
of September, offering a valuable opportunity for !l
all to subscribe who take an interest in the progress
and developement of the Mechanics' Arts T
and Manufactures of our country. The character
of the Scientific American is too well known
throughout the country to require a detailed account
ol the various subjects discussed through its
It enjoys a more extensive and influential circulation
than any other journul of its class in <
It will be published weekly, as heretofore, in a
Quarto Form, on fine paper, affording, at the end c\
of the year, un ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLO- ?
with an Index, and from Five to Six Hundred ?
ORIGINAL ENGRA VINGS, described by letters Qj
of reference; besides a vast amount of practical tj
information concerning the progress of SCI EN tl
ING, MANUFACTURING in its various w
ANY,?in short, it embraces the entire range of v
the Arts and Sciences. | q
It also possesses an original feature not found in A
any other weekly journal in the country, viz., an I p
Ojjicial Liit of PATENT CLAIMS, prepared ex | si
pressly for its columns at the Patent Office,?thus | ri
constituting it the " AMERICAN REPERTOR Y I o
Terms?$2 a-year ; "ftl for six months. | v
All letters must be post paid and directed to | o
, Publishers of the Scientifiu American, In
128 Fulton street, New York.
Inducements for Clubbing. I p
Any person who will send us four subscribers j
for six months, tit our regular rates, shall be entitled
to one copy for the suine length of time ; or {
we will furnish?
10 copies for 6 inos., $8 I 1 j conies for 12 mos. $22 j I
10 do 12 15 | 20 do 12 " 281 o
Southern and Western money taken at par for tl
subscriptions; or Post Office Stamps taken at o
their full value. a
Any person sending us three subscribers will be j h
entitled to a copy of the " History of Propellers \ e
and Steam Navigation," republished in book form c
?now in press, to be ready about the first of Oc- t
tober. It will be one of the most complete \Vorks 1
upon the subject ever issued, and will contain I
about ninety engravings. I
Oct. 22? tf I
T IFF. INSURANCE.?British Commercial
JLj Life Insurance Company, established in 1820,
ami empowered by act of Parliament, for the In- ,
surance of Lives and Survivorships, and the en- |
dowment of Children, Ac., Ac., CAPITAL .
JL^Office 3d story Colonization Buildings,
near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Wash-1
inton city, D. Cj
M THOMPSON, Jgent. j ,
October 21, 1*30?dtf.
" Th9 Sootharo Pr?M,"^w?Bkiy, j
Is published every Saturday.
advuriaum bates.
Kor one square of 10 linee, three insertions, |1 ou
" every subsequent HMTtMS, io
Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising.
z ?, 1
%~f- Individuals may forward the amount of their
subscriptions at out risk. Address, (poet paid)
Waskiaftoa City.
Established in 1S00, and Empowered by act of
For the Inaurauce of Livee, and the Endowment
jf Children, Ac.
london, nkw-yoek and washington city.
CAPITAL 3,000,000.
M. THOMPSON, Jigtnt.
Office on Penneylvania avenue, one door
iveat of Jackson Hall. J
*60,0001. ?..> ... |
*40,000! *20,000! *11,460!
For the Benefit of Monongalia Academy,
Class L for 1850.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Saturday,
November 23, 1850.
Under the superintendence ofCommissioners.
75 Number Lottery?12 drawn ballots.
1 splendid prize of - - - *60,000
1 do 40,000
I do 20,000 j
I prize of 11,460 '
I do - 10,000
15 do 2,500
25 do 2,000
25 do t.ouu
so do 1,200
100 do 1,000
63 do i?o
6.1 do 120
6.1 do 100
6.1 do SO
3,906 do 40
23,436 do 20
Ac. &c.
Vhole Tickets ?20?Halves $10?Quarters $5
Eighths $2,30
!ertificates of pack 'es of 23 Whole tickets $240,00
Do do of 23 Half do 120,00
Do do of 23 Quarter do 60,00
Do do. of 33 Eigtli do 30,00
$20,000! $15,000!
30 pri/.es of $1,000!
Tor the benefit of Monongalia Academy,
Clans 133, for 1850
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va., on Satdrday,
November, 30, 1850.
78 Number Lottery?13 drawn ballots.
1 pri/.e of $40,000
1 do 20,000
1 do 15,000
1 do 8,000
1 do 5,000
1 do 3,842
50 prizes of - 1,000
50 do 500
180 do 250
65 do 100
05 do ----- - 50
65 do 40
130 do 30
4,745 do 20
27,040 do 10
&c. &c.
Tickets $10?Halves $5?Quarters $2,50
ertificates of pack'es of26 whole tickets $140,00
Do do 26 half do 70,00
Do do 26 quarter do 35,50
For Tickets and Shares or Certificates of Packges
in the above aplendid Schemes, address
J. W. MAl/RYdCo.,
Richmond, Va.
An account of the drawing will be sent to all
ho order from us.
October 30th, 1850.
[ AW AND AGENCY' OFFICE.?The undersigned,
Attorneys and Agents, practice Law
it the Supreme Court of the United States, and
he Courts of the District of Columbia, and attend
iroinntlv to claims uttainsl the United States, in
lulling the settlement of ull accounts of officers
nd agents of the Government, Bounty Lands,
'elisions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inentions,
&c., &c.
They tender their services to members of the
rofession at a distance, and, when.the case is
repared by a IocmI agent, will abate one-half their
sua! fee. All information relative to the forms
nd usages of business in any of the Departments,
ill be furnished to our regular correspondents
ithout charge. They have made arrangements
>r the payment of tuxes, and for the sale or locaon
of bounty land warrants on the best Western
?[3=*0ffice on Pennsylvania avenue, Lane &
'ucker's Building.
Oct. 14?3tnw3m.
I T7E beg leave to call your attention to an ndVV
vertiseinent, and to the memorial annexed,
rid tender our services in the prosecution of any
aims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you
my send to us. We will allow you one hulf our
?uul fee, which in Jive dollars for obtaining a warmt
for 160 acres, und three dollars for a warrant
f eighty acres or less, for publishing our adverseinent,
and preparing and forwarding the papers
i us.
If you accept this proposal, please insert this
ircular and our advertisement in your jrnper,
,ith the following editorial notice:
" We call the attention of our readers to the adertisemer.t
of Messrs. Dulf Green, Ben. E.
ireen, and Richard II. Clarke, Attorneys and
.gents at Washington, D. C., and would say to
Imvinir claims for Bounty Lands or Pen
ions, that we have made arrangements Tor the
equisite forms, ami that claimants calling at our
flice can have their papers properly prepared and
orwurded to these gentlemen at Washington,
itho will properly ullend^to them in their proper
Please get each claimant to sign the memorial,
nd forward it to your member of Congress.
Please send us a copy of your paper containing
ur curd, which will notify us that you accept our
ropoaition. DUFF GREEN,
_ To the Senate atul House qf Representatives ?f the
Jutted. States in (ingress assembled: The memorial
f the undersigned, respectfully represents that
i?ey are entitled to Bounty Land, under ike act
f 28th of September, 1850, that they are informed
nd believe tliat the unlocated warrants are worth
lore to tliem than the patented lands w'ould be;
hat they do not expect or desire to reside on the
*nd thus granted; that if patented to them, the
xpense of ugencies and taxes will be an annual
barge, reducing the value of the grant, which
hey could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant,
four memorialists further represent that the law,
>y preventing the sale of the warrants, assume^
hat the officers and volunteers entitled to bounty
lands, are not competent to act for themselves,
whereas many of litem are among the most intelligent
and respectable citizens of the Stales. They
therefore respectfully tusk that the act aforesaid
may he so modified as to make the warrants for
bounty lands assignable, and they will ever
nay, Ac.
AaL A SMALL HOUSE on Capitol HilJ.ynn
HQ, taming six or seven rooms, with con. id* ible
ground attached.?Apply at this office,
OrT. 16?,Tt.

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