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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, November 23, 1850, Image 1

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EUw*od Fisher A Edwin Oe Lnra
DUJLH, - ?11) UO
f>> Subscriptions payable in advance. Any p<u
>u unxmring live subscribers shall receive ooe copy
gralu. All letters to the Editors to be POST-PAID.
OpflCI, Pennsylvania Avenue south side, betweca
3d and 41 streets.
UIjQOO REWARD.?On the night of the
10th of September, 1050, my brother
Col. John Jones of Pittsylvania county, Virginia,
was very badly wounded by Dr. John M. Clopton,
of Henry county, Virginia. Col. Jones had
called to spend the night with Mr. Bryant W.
Nowlin, who lives near Leatherwood Post Office,
Henry. About dark Dr. Clopton rode to the gate
and requested an interview with Col. Jones, who
immediately started out to see him, and when he
hod arrived within about ten steps of the gate,
Clopton inquired if that was Col. Jones, and being
informed it was, discharged a gun at htm heavily
loaded with bullets and shot, which took effect
in the left leg, breaking the thigh bone and
otherwise seriously injuring the limb. I will pay
the above reward of two hundred dollais, for the
apprehension' and delivery of said Clopton to the
proper authorities of Henry county, to be dealt
with, pursuant to law, where warrants have been
issued for his apprehension. Dr. Clopton isabout
45 years old, about six feet high, has blue eyes,
* ---'-w-*'- -TTTT-T-r^.- ;!.?W ' ; WW ' T-- - ' ^rvfrii
- I , > HIM I
DAILY. ' ;:;:T :
Vol. 9. Washington, Saturday, November 2?l, 1850. No. 37.
.II' " ' ' ! ? ?
very gray for his age; tie in singular w m? manners
and dress, at times quite polite, converses
well and weighs about 160 or 170 pounds.
Oct. 6, 1850.
Washington without one of Parker's wonder ui
Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; his Badgerhair
Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Shaving
Soap. A new assortment of all the above opened
this day. PARKER'S Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Penn. av. near National Hotel.
Librarv of Congress, Oct. 7, 1850.
brary of Congress will be closed on Tuesday ,
the 15th instant, and will not again be opened until
Thursday, the 14th day of November.
JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian.
Nov. 8, eod2w
VA.?The thirteenth Annual Course of
Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of
October, 1850, and continue until the 1st of the
ensuing March. The commencment for conferring
degrees will be held about the middle of March.
R. L. Bohannan, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
and Diseases of Women and Children.
L. W. Chamberi.avne, M. D., Prof, of Materia
Medica and Therapeutics.
S. Maupin, M. D., P#bf. of Chemistry and
Ciias. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery
and Surgical Anatomy.
Cartter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy
and Physiology.
David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and
raclice of Medicine,
Arthur E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator
of Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted
with the most ample facilities, and at very
trilling expense.
Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
Infirmary, under the same roof with the College
and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
at all times well filled with medical and surgical
cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical
instruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under
the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities
for becoming familiar with the symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors'
fees, $105, Demonstrator's fee, $10. Graduation
fee, pt5.
The price of board, including fbel, lights, and
servants' attendance, is usually $3 to $3j per
The catalogue, &c., containing fuller information
concerning the institution, will be forwarded
to those applying for it, or specific inquiries will
be answeree by letter. Address,
S. MAUP1N, M. D.,
Oct. '2 Dean of the Faculty.
of the
Maryland State Agricultural Society.
APPEAL to the Members or the Maryland
State Agricultural Society.?We desire
that you should bear in mind, that on the 23d,
24th, and 25th days of October, your Spciety will
hold its annual Exhibition and Fair at the city oj
Baltimore : and we appeal to you, one and all, to
bring for exhibition thereat portions of your stock,
the products of your orchards, ami of your gardens.
Don't presume that any animal, or product, you
may own is inferior to others that will be here,
arid be thus deterred from bringing them, as it is
only by comparison that the relative merits of any
thing can be determined. The safer presumption
for you to arrive at, will be that what you have
is as good, if not better than that of others, and
that it behooves you to gallantly enter the list of
competition : if defeated honorably, and the high
character of the judges is a guarantee that you
can be defeated in no other way, you will enjoy
the luxury of knowing that others were more entitled
to success than yourself.
And while we address you to bring such articles
as are properly in your department, we crave permission
to solicit your interest, to induce your
wives and daughters to bring whatever appertains
to their peculiar departments, as embroidery, household
manufactures, the products of the dairy and of
the poultry yard, preserves, domestic wines, confeclions,
and, above all things, to come themselves, as
without woman, and the beautij'ul elaborations of her
taste and genius, no display can be perfect.
To the Manufacturers of .Agricultural Implements
and Tools, we would say, that interest and patriotism
both combine to enjoin upon you the propriety
of making a grand exhibition of your machinery
of all kinds, as from our present advices,
we are led to believe that the assemblage of farmers
and planters, and of distinguished strangers
from most ot the States of the Union, will be
greater than upon any former occasion here or
elsewhere. We therefore say to the ?Agricultural
Implement makers and Mechanics of the United States,
make it a matter of pride to display your machinery
at our exhibition, and vie with each other in
'having the best and largest assortment on the
ground. Such ambition is laudable?is worthy of
American genius, and should be cherished by the
American heart.
Id"3* Editors with whom we exchange win confer
a favor by copying this notice.
T T71LLIAM TUCKER, Merchant Tailor'
W (of the late firm of Lane & Tucker,) would
call the attention of his friends and the public generally
to bis stock of Goods now opening, which
lias been selected by himself from the largest importing
houses in New York, and by far the greatest
variety and richest styles 1 ever offered in this
city. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly solicited
to give me a call and examine my stock before
purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to
their nd vantage.
And 1 would especially call the attention of officers,
both of the army and the navy, to the fact
thai 1 am prepared to execute all kinds of uniforms,
according to the late regulations, nt ihe shortest
notice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both in
the cutting and making departments, equal to any
establishment ill this country.
T?r t? Kit, sincere thanks to his nttmer
VV . J. ICllUvio iku
oua friends for their long and continued patronage
and hopes, by the same diligence and attention tc
business, to merit a continuance of the same.
All orders promptly executed,
sep 20?3lw3w?d&trvv
WILL HE RECEIVING every day during
next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancj
Goods suitable fbr PRESENTS, &c. Also i
large assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums
Soaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining
to the toilet. PARKERS'Perfumery am
Fancy Store, Penn. av., near National Hotel
' sep21?3td
Sept. 196tif
PARIS MILLINERY. Will be opened i
Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on Saturday, the 5tl
net , a rich assortment of
'"PIIE public will be gratified to learn that the
I United States Mail Steamship Company are enabled
to announce that their arrangements ure now
complete for sending passengers through from
New York to San Francisco and back.
In the first attempts of this Company to meet
the wants of travel to California, by providing
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
ships from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed
upon, ut the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
through passages from 1'unama in advance, for
their ships then going round. This was done
from a desire to accommodute those who could
procure passages in no other quarter, and by
which, whatever might be the detention, they
would reach San Francisco sooner than by any
other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence
of fever at ltio de Janeiro at the time, pre- I
vented their ships from reaching Panama as soon
as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus,
which was increased by the impatience of
passengers in going forward, against the advice
of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship
could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now all removed.
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended
for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama,
and several of them have performed trips to Sun
Francisco and back. So that the Company are
now able to give the public the assurance that the
voyage through from New York to San Francisco,
will be performed with regularity and despatch.
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco,
consists of the
REPUBLIC, Capt. Hudson.
ITHMUS, Cant. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck.
ANTELOPE, Cupt. Acki.et.
Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York
to Chagres, of the
GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N.
The connection between the two lines will be
carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama,
will arise.
The large size, well known speed, and superior
accommodations of their New York and Cnagres
Line, and the speed and accommodations of the
ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain,
rapid,and pleasant through passage to California.
m. oTroberts,
Cor. Warren and West sts., New York.
Aug. 15?lm
National Medical College, Washington,
District of Columbia.
THE annual course of lectures will commence
on the first Monday in November, the 4th
Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics
and the diseases of women and children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Medica, Therapeutics, und Hygiene.
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of Surge .
Grafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
and Practice of Medicine.
Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor
of Anatomy and Physiology.
u J r? n ?f rkom.
HiUWtLTU I'UILIIIUII, m. i iiucoaui vt vumiistry
and Pharmacy.
James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three tiroes a week, on cases
selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - $90
Demonstrator's ticket - - 10
Graduation fee - - - 2.r)
Good board can be procured at from $2 to $3
per week.
Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty.
C. & E. L. KERRISON ?fc CO.
WOULD respectfully inform their friends and
those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
city, that they are now prepared to olFer a large,
choice, and well assorted stock of
Foreign, Fancy, and Staple Dry Goods.
As they receive the bulk of their goods DIRECT
from EUROPEAN PORTS, they feel assured of
being able to compete successfully with any other
market in the United Stutes.
209 King street, north-west corner of
iving anu lviaraei streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3m
rPHE subscribers are constantly receiving direct
I from the manufacturers, MADE TO TIIEIR
ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern
' trade, and to which they with confidence invite
the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that
the goods will be found PURE FLJIX, to wit:
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns
Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens
Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers
Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted
Damask Doylies, Napkins and Cloths, of various
Dowlass, Glass Cloths, Black, White & Brown
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc.
209 King street, Charleston, S. C.
Sep. 3, 1850?3m
Institution will commence on the first Monday
in November next, on the following branches:
Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D.
Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Henry
Dickson, M. D.
Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D.
Physiology, by James Moultrie, M. D.
Materia Medica. by Henry It. Frost, M. D.
Obstetrics, by Thos. G. Prioleau, M. D.
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Itavcnel,
M. D.
Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine Hospital
and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a
week on the Diseases of thut Institution.
Dr. E. B. Flagg, Physician to the Alms House.
Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
I Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Sur"
eery at the College Hospital.
; HENRY R FROST, M. D., De?n.
> rpiIE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all
A WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per
Ships, "Gulnare," " Orion," and "Somerset,"
from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAINS,
r FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts,
J Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, &c., &c., ext
pressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and
to an inspection of which, they confidently in'
vite all who visit the Charleston Market.
C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO.,
209 King st., northwest cor. King & Market sts.
Charleston, Sept 3?
'Georgetown College, D. C.
l? I lege will be resumed on the 16th instant.
?pp.t4?3td- JAMES RYDER, Pres,
, . ,i. . ...
have in course op publication, in parts, price
twenty-five cents eacu,
A Dictiouay of Machlueg, Mechanics,
Engine-Wok, and Engineering.
Designed for Practical Working-Men, and those
intended for the Engineering Profession.
Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Prqfessor <f
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ;
Jiuthur and Inventor of "The Calculus of fbrm,"
" The vVew and Imvrored System of Logarithimt,"
"The Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc.,etc.
^THIIS work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly
A tico thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred I
plutes,and six thousand toood cuts. It will present j
working-drawings and descriptions of the most im- |
portant machines in the United States. Independently
of the results of American ingenuity, it will
contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics,
Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering; with
all that is useful in more than one thousand dollars'
worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other
books, among which may be mentioned the following
1. Bibliotheque des Arts ludustriels. (Mussou,
2- Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal.
.'t. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. fBIackie.
4. PublicationIndustrielle. (ArmcngaudAine,
5. Jamicson's Mechanics of_Fluids.
6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.)
7. Allgemine Bauzeitung mil Abbildungen.
(Forster, Wiun.)
8. Organ fur die Fortschritte des Eisenbahnweseus
in technisoher Beziehuug. (Von Waldegg,
6. Sherwin's Logarithima.
1U. Byrne's Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works ol
Oliver Byrne.
12. SilJiman's Journal.
13. Algemeine Masehinen-Encyclopcdia. (IIulsse,
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contraMed.
15. Iloltzapffels' Turning and Mechanical Manippulation.
16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eisenbahn-Zcilung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
13. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20. Dictionnaire des Aits et Manufactures. (Laboulaye,
21. Sganzin's Civil Engineering.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmetcr.
23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation.
21. Essai sur l'lndustric des Matiercs Textiles
(Michel Alcan, Paris.)
25. Macneill's Tables.
26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Templeton's Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lady's and Gentlemen's Diary.
23. Marine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Wcisbach's Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Mathematician. (Loudon.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. liann's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and j
Architecture. (Mosley.)
35. Journal of the Franklin Institute.
36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil i
Engineers. (London.)
37. The Artisan.
39. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published
by We ale, London.)
39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.)
40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine.
41. Railwav En cine and Carriage Wheels. (Bar
low, London,)
42. Recueil des Machines InstrumensctAppareil. i
(Lc Blanc, Paris.) I
4.1. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Ma- J
chines, (G. Rennie.)
45. Repertoire dcl'Industrie Franquaise et Elrangere.
(L Mathias, Paris.)
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom,
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law,
48. Hodge on the Steani-Engine
49. Scientific Ameiican.
50. Railroad Journal. (New York )
51. American Artisan.
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Arcliitec
54. Dictionairc de Marine a Voiles ct a Vapcur,
(Do Bonnefoux, Paris.)
55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.)
56. Brces' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
58. Bowditch's Navigation.
59. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men.
60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia.
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London.
62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering.
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy.
64. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine.
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Has-j
66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.)
The great object of this publication is, to place I
before practical men and students such an amount j
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed
form, as shall enable them to work to the j
best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which
they might otherwise commit The amount ot
useful information thus brought together, is almost
beyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is
hardly any subject within its range which is not
eated with such clearness arid precision, that even
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of
understanding, and thus learning from it much |
which it is importrnt for him to know.
From the annexed list of the principal authors
and subject comprised in this work it is sclt-evident,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
from the possession and study of this publication,
The following may be especially designated :
Mill wngnis.
Moulder and Boiler Makers.
Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin.
Cutlers, and Workers ot Steel in general. 1
Workers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn.
Civil Engineers, Railway Contractors, and Co?'-1
tractors for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every
Architects an 1 Bridge Builders.
Builders, Master Masons, and Bricklayers.
Ship Bnilders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpenters,
and others connected with Building and
Docking Ships.
Block and Pump Makers.
Hemp Dre-scrs and Rope Makers
Manufacturers of Linen and Cotton Fabrics.
Mauufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving
Machines, Card Breakers and Finishers, Drawing
Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connected
with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery.
Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers.
Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons inter]
eited in Sewing Machinery.
Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers.
Cutting and Turning Tool Makers]
Pin and Needle Makers.
Nail and Rivet Makers.
Bolt and Screw-Bolt Makers.
Nail Cutters.
Leather Dressers and Curriers.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms.Jj
Candle Makers,
Biscuit and Cracker Makers.
Lace Makers.
Ribbon Weavers.
Stone Cutters and Marble Masoos.
Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers*
Cider and Cheese Manufacturer*!
' i\ < \ *
, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers.
Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors of
Sugar Plantations.
Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the
^ Locomotive generally.
Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills.
Veneer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
aod Bran-Separating Machinery.
Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornament
Makers in general.
Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
Mekers of Copper and Lead Tubing.
Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interested
in Dredging Machinery.
Well Sinkers.
Astronomers, Philosopheis, and others using Philosophical
Apparatus and Instruments.
Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping
Persons intorostod in Canals and Aqueducts.
Warehousemen, anil others, using Hydraulic
Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws,
Coiumtn and Feed Cranes.
Workers in Metals and Alloys.
Tin Plate Workers.
Spring Maeufacturers.
Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c.
The publishers have expended a large sum of
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured |
almost every work on the sudject, whether published
in England, France, or Germany, the most
essential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored
to use great economy in type, so that each page of
the work contains at least lour times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
Tnio V.n? nlcn I In ua.-h nlntn u/nr Ir i n ir.it r?U'
ngs Of ample size and clearness, sothat a Mechanic
may construct accurately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, regardless
ol cost, to make the work as complete as possible
; and it is hoped every one desirous lo obtain
the work will procure it aa issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
Tile work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers,
commencing in January, 1850, and will progress
with great regularity.
The whole work will be published in -10 numbers
at 115 cents per number, and completed within
^he curreut year, 1850. A liberal discount will
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance
shall receive the work through the post oflicc free
of expense.
Aotice to Proprietors of Aeuspapers throughout the
United States and Canada.
If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five
times during the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis
in payment.
American Statistics.
A short time past we published some statistics
relative to the number of soldiers supplied from
the dilferent States to the revolutionary war. De
Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables relative
to this, nnd other subjects of equal interest,
which we copy.
1. The number of soldiers furnished by the
American States during the revolution, anil the
population of each Slate in 1790 and in 1847.
2. Principal battles of the revolution, their several
dates, commundcrs-in-chief, and losses on
each side.
3. Amount of continental money issued to support
the war, and ihe estimated cost in specie.
Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1847.
New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000
Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 07,097 475,2.57 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - - 5,908 09,110 130,000
Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330,000
New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000
New Jersey, - - - 10,726 181,139 416,000
Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000
Delaware, - - - - 2,386 59,098 80,000
Maryland, - - - 13,912 319,728 495,000
Virginia, - - - - 26,678 748,308 1,270,000
North Carolina, - - 7,263 393,751 765,000
South Carolina, - - 6,417 249,073 605,000
Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000
Total, - - - - 231,971 2,820,95911,546,000
Where When Jimer. British
fought. fought. Coin. Loss. Com. Loss.
Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245
Hunker Hill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054
Flatljush, Aug '76 Putnam 2000 Howe 400
W. Plains, Oct '76 Wusht'n 300 Howe 300
Trenton, Dec '76 Washi'n 9 Rahl 1000
Princeton, Jan '77 Wusht'n 100 Maw'd 400
Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Baum 600
Brandy wine,Sep'77 Wusht'n 1200 Howe 500
"Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e 600
Monmouth,Jun '78 Wusht'n 230 Clinton 400
R. Island, Aug 78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260
Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16
Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wayne 100 Johns'n 600
Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cornw's 375
Cowpens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
Guilford. Mar'81 Greene 400 Cornw's 523
Eii. Springs,Sep'HI Greene 555 Stewart 10(H)
The surrender of Cornwnllis at Yorktown, October
1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,070.
*5,752 British taken prisoners.
3. contineftal monev.
Amount issued in 1775 $ 2,000,000
" " 1777 - - 20,000,000
" in all to July, 1799 358,000,000
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
specie, amounted to $135,193,703.
cotton statistics.
We compile from the New York Shipping List
and Price Current, of the 11th September, the following
statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
the several States for the year ending 31st August
1850: 1850. 1849.
I Louisiana 781,880 1,093,797
| Alabama . .... 330,052 518,700
I Florida 181,344 200,186
Texas 31,263 38,827
Georgia 344,035 391,372
South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117
North Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041
Virginia 11,509 17,55<J
j Total crop .... 2,096,715 2,728,596
Derease from last year 031,881
Decrease from year before . . . 250,92?
The Past, the Present anp the Future.?ol
the cotton trade, from the London Economist,
August 24, 1850. "It is calculated that upwards
! of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
trade in nil its branches." American cotton crop
j 1835-6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,871
! 1836-7 1,422,930 1843-4 2,030,401
1837-8 1,801,497 1844-5 * 2,394,50:
I 1838-9 1,300,532 1845-6 2,100,53'
1839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,65]
1840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,631841-2
1,684,211 1848'J 2,728,591
j Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,31:
Average crop of the lust seven years exceed
i that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of tin
| Inst just double that of the first?-and the crop o
I 1848-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent.
Average consumption in Great Britain of Ameri
| can cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales
The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales
Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales
TAAP.KER, Agent for the above very superio
I HAIR WaSII, received, this dny, 12gross
wholesale and retail, at??*
C '> jr. * !r * ' ' i >: 6V- '
tiVtailrj- -
VC^Tu show what is done, and what should be done,
in Office.
PeTKR G. WASHrNGTON, > n, ... , n , .
Charles M. W.llard, 1 Edilor,and Proprietors.
Terms.?" The United Stales Postal Guide and
Official Advertiser," containing about 32 super-royal
octavo pages, is jeublished monthly Jin- one doli.ar
only, per annum, payable, in advance?or five
dollars for six copies ordered at any one time.
The enterprise in which we now embark, and
of which litis {Riper is at once the commencement,
and a sample of the {tapers that are to follow, has
for its aim no less a purpose, thun to impart instruction,
in the general and detail, to the Ollicers
and Agents of the American public, in respect both
to their duties and their rights, and to make them,
and the people at large, acquainted with the organization,
decisions and action of the Executive departments
of their Government. There has hitherto
Leen no vehicle for the regular and proper
communication of information of this kind. The
publication of the Laws and the issue of instructions,
more or less comprehensive, and at intervals
more or less extended, have proved wholly inadequate,
in the absence of the construction of those
Laws, as applied to particular eases, and of dataiU
and illustrations to make the regulations and instructions
intelligible. The valuable documents
annually reported to Congress, are too voluminous,
and are printed in quantities too small for general
circulation; whilst the debates in Congress and
the commentaries of the press upon their proceedings,
and the proceedings of the Executive branch
of the Government, besides turning mostly upon
general principles, address themselves only to
narty ends, and to matters of national policy.
These publications in their various forms are
highly useful in themselves as far as they go, and
some of them indispensable; but there is much
.u_? .i_ . i. .u_ i i_ ..ii :e .1 .i:.i
null' uu inn rami nit- mums ui an, uur 11 nicy uui,
do they furnish those rules, methods, and examples,
for the despatch of the public business which
can render the discharge of public duty either safe
or easy, whether in respect to the incumbent himself,
or the department or bureau under which he
acts. We shall make an honest effort to supply
this vacuum, and to provide for these necessities.
If we succeed in rendering the functions of the
primary offices more uniform, methodical, and exact,
we shall make the administrative duties of the
departments more easy and effective, and thereby
promote the real and substantia! interests of the
country. And this we expect to do, to some extent
at least?apurt from, and independently of
any party or personal interest or question whatever.
It is known to most of those to whom this paper
will be sent, that the Senior Editor was Auditor
of the Post-Office Department until the month
of November last; with by far the larger portion
of both postmasters and contractors, lie lias had
direct intercourse, in person or by letter. He entered
the department fourteen years since, and for
many years previously, had been, first in the War
Department, and subsequently in the Treasury.
He has therefore had tne best opportunities foi
understanding the arrangements of business in al
the departments, and being acquainted with thost
who carry it on. Since his official connection witl
the Government ceased, he flatters himself he hai
preserved the respect and regard of most of th<
present incumbents of tire departments, and is or
becoming terms of intercourse and civility witl
them all. The Junior Editor has been asssidttously
engaged for several years, in studying, by personal
inquiry and examination, the practical and
daily routine and details of the Post-Office and
other branches of the public business. It is with
this stock of experience, and these advantages foi
reaching the various sources of administrative ac
tion, and for imparting minute and illustrative in
struction, and valuable periodical and statisticu
information, that we challenge your confidenci
and solicit your support and patronage.
We have fixed upon the 15th of each month a
the day for the publication of our paper, so as t
afford time for obtaining from the departments
nil Hi, ni-flpm linfitpu n nil r hn ncrpa inniiAil nr until
by them during the preceding: month. Tables c
Post Offices, and compilations of the Laws am
Regulations, are issued by the Post Office Depurt
ment only once in two or three years, it is i
matter of inconvenience and complaint, for whicl
hitherto there has been no remedy, that in ont
month from the time of these issues, there are of
fices in the tables which are no longer in operation
and offices in operation which are not in the tables
Al this time there are perhaps over three thousam
offices of the two descriptions. In like inanne
laws have been passed and regulations estublishci
since the issue of the last volume of regulations
of which many postmasters and others are wholli
ignorant. We propose to prevent, for the present
any increase of the evil of either kind, and fron
the time another issue shall be made, our pane
will furnish the additions, corrections, and modili
cationp, made in each month, nnd hy being filet
and preserved, will afford to postmasters full ant
exact information upon both subjects, up to ant
for time being. How much of the present misdi
rection, remniling, doubt, conftision, error, ani
imposition, will be saved by the progressive statt
of full and exact knowledge, for which we havt
provided, nnd for which we engnge, every intelli
i;ent postmaster can estimate for himself.
These advantages alone and independently of al
Mtlwrsi ?w u/ni th miinv limes the nrice we chnrsx
for ilie paper, and wilf, it is hoped, induce every
postmaster who feels ti just pride in liis office, 01
a patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, ant
efficiency of the whole I'ost Office system?at onc<
to subscribe. The same considerations apply tf
the orders and notices, decisions, and instruction/
of the War, Navy, Treasury, Suite, and Iriterio;
departments, and the same course is intended it
respect to them. Notices of the decisions of tin
Supreme Court, in cases turning upon rpiestion
of official duty or national interest, will find a plac
in this paper.
A department of our paper addressing itself nc
merely to postmasters and other officers of th
Government, hut to all other citizens who give al
tention to the affairs of the nation and the progres
and development of the country, will embrace im
condensed form the matters submitted to, or nris
in" in Congress. At each session a vast deal o
valuable information is communicated to Con
gress, by the several departments and their subor
dinate bureaus, and profound find comprehensiv
reports are made by committees of both Houses
But the great mass of the community know noth
ing of the contents of these documents arid re
ports, except the brief notices of them, whic
from time to time appear in the public papcrf
The standing number printed of each documcr
and report, is only twelve hundred in [Jie Senatt
and fourteen hundred in the i louse of Represents
lives, which at once shows the impracticability <
their dissemination. The Advertiser will cor
i tain short abridgments or analysis of all thes
documents and reports, and the compend wi
i therefore not only prove exceedingly useiui an
instructive in itself, but will furnish an easy inde
I to those interested, whenever it is found desiiabl
to obtain and examine the document at lurgi
f There is a large field before us, the materials ar
, ample. It will be our zealous care to collect nn
i arrange them in the proper form. AVe have ever
s confidence that the subscriptions will be ample I
: enable us to accomplish it all. The informatic
j we propose to give, comprehending and confine
j to the action of the Government, is solid, usefu
j and (we might almost say) necessary to the ofl
j cer?if not to the citizen. It is intended for a
I and put at n price which can constitute no obstuc
j with any. If at the endof the year, any subscrib
shall find that he has not received the full value
his money, in intellectual enjoyment and in tl
- increased light and aid afforded him, for the di
charge of his official duties or in exercising by h
? vote his just shnre in tiie conduct of our public s
f fairs, then shall we be ready to admit, that 01
f hopes and expectations have been disappoint?
and that the contract on our part has failed.
Washington, D. C., Junr, 18.K).
AA THE HOUSE now occupied by Mi
r MlSl SPRIGG, on CapitoJ Hill, Carroll Plar
l. anil immediate possession given, loa good te
I ant the terms will be reasonable. Apply to
gjoct. 17?3t. .ft?GREEN.
. ?' .
Pttblished every Saturday, at 12J cents a jWmber,
Yearly, in advance, $6.
TI1IS work is conducted in the spirit of Littell'a
Museum of Foreign Literature, (which
was favorably received by the public for twenty <
years,) but as it is twice us large, and appears so t
often, we not only give spirit and fYeshness to it {
by many things which were excluded by a month's
delay, but while thus extending our scope, and t
gathering a grenter and more attractive variety, a
are able so to increase the solid and substantial
part of our literary, histiyical, and political harvest,
as fully to satisfy the wants of tne American
The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh,
Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's
notable criticisms on Poetry, his keen "*
political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales, S
and vivid descriptions of rural and mountain
scenery; und the contributions to Literature, His- (
lory, and common life, by the sagacious Spectator,
the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenaeum,
the busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the
sensible mid comprehensive Uritanniu, the sober
and respeclableCnristianObserver; these ure inter- .
mixed with the Military and Naval reminiscences
of the United Service, and with the best articles of
the Dublin University, New Monthly, Eraser's,
Tail's, Ainsworth's, flood's, and Sporting Magazines,
and of Chambers's admirable Journal. We
do not consider it beneath our dignity to borrow
wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think
it good enough, make use of the thunder of The
Times. We shall increase our variety by importations
from the continent of Europe, and IVom the
new growth of the British colonies. (
The steamship has brought Europe, Asia, and
Africa into our neighborhood, and will greatly
multiply our connexions ns merchants, travellers,
and politicians, with all parts of the world; so that,
mucn more than ever, it now becomes every intellii^pnt
A mPi'it'nn In ? ? -I
. ..0? luiuuimi uj me conuiuons
anil changes of foreign countries. And this not
only becuuse of their nearer connexion with ourselves,
but because the nations seem to be hastening
through a rapid process of change, to some
new state of things, which the merely political
. prophet cannot compute or foresee.
Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization,
(which is extending over the whole
world,) and Voyages and Travels, will be favorite
matter for our selections; and, in general, we shall
systematically and very fully acquaint our readers
with the great department of foreign all'airs, without
entirely neglecting our own.
While we aspire to make the Livinp; .tfgc dcsira- '
ble to all who wish to keep themselves informed
of the rapid progress of the movement?to states- J
men, divines, lawyers, and physicians?to men of
business and men of leisure,?it is still a stronger
object to make it attractive to their wives and
children. We believe that we can thus do some
good in our day and generation, and hope to
make the work indispensable in every well-informed
family. We say indispensable, because in
' this day of cheap literature, it is not possible
1 to guard against the influx of what is bad in
' taste and vicious in morals, in any other way than
1 by furnishing a sufficient supply of a healthy
* character. The mental and moral appetite must
s be gratified.
, We hope, that by " winnowing the wheat from
r the chafl*," by providing abundantly for the imagination,
and by a large collection of Biography,
i Voyages and Travels, History, and more solid
I iiiuuci, we may prouuce a worK which shall be
( popular, while at the same time it will aspire to
. raise the standard of public taste.
fl^r" Letters in commendation of the plan and
- execution of the work from Judge Story, Chan1
cellor Kent, Dr. Bethune, and Messrs. Jured
2 Sparks, W. 11. Prescott, George Bancroft,
George Ticknor, have been published in former
n advertisements.
0 Postage.?When sent with a cover it is ranked
'? as a pamphlet, and costs 4g cents. Without the
et cover it comes within the definition of a newspaper
given in the law, and cannot legally be charged
^ with more than newspaper postuge.
( Monthly Pai?ts.?For such as prefer it in that
f form, the Living Age in put up in monthly parts,
, containing four or five weekly numbers. In this
* shape it shows to great advantage in comparison
with otlier works, containing in each past double
' the matter of any of the quarterlies. But we rej
commend the weekly numbers as fresher and fuller
of life.
j The volumes are published quarterly. Each of
t them is equal to TiinsK ordinary octavos.
J Orders should be addressed uireclly to the pub\
lishera. E. L1TTELL & CO.,
|( oct 22 Boston.
of the
j To Mechanics, Inventors, and Manufacturers :
s rjtllE Publishers of the Scientific American re
JL specuuiiy give notice that the sixth volume
of this valuable journal, commenced on the 21st
of September, offering a valuable opportunity for
all to subscribe who take an interest in the pro
gress and developement of the Mechanics' Arts
' and Manufactures of our country. The charac
ter of the Scientific American is too well known
1 throughout the country to require a detailed ac?
count of the various subjects discussed through its
' columns.
r It enjoys a more extensive and influential cirI
culatiou than any other journal of its class in
It will he published weekly, as heretofore, in
Quarto Form, on line puper, uffording, ut the end
of the year, an ILLUSTRATE!) ENC YCLO|t
with an Index, and from Five to Six Hundred
ORIGINAL ENGRAVINGS, described by letters
' of reference; besides a vast amount of practical
' information concerning the progress of SCIENTIFIC
and m E CIIA NICA L IMP ROV Ements,
chemistry, civil engineering,
ma n ufa c t u r ing in its various
; branches,architecture,masonry, hot
e any,?in short, it embraces the entire range of
, j the Arts and Sciences.
i- It also possesses an original feature not found in
any other weekly journal in the country, viz., an
h Official l.iit of PATENT CLAIMS, prepared ex
?. p'ressly for its c lumns at the Patent Office,?thus
ill constituting it the " AMERICAN REPERTORY
l- Terms?jjcl a-yeur ; ?1 for six months.
>f All letters must be post paid und directed to
ic Publishers of the Scientific American,
II lAiltrm ut rppl. IMpu; Yftrlf
x Inducements for Clubbing.
o Any person wlio will send ua four subscribers
i. for six months, ut our regular rates, shull be ene
| titled to one copy for the same length of time ; or
d we will furnish?
y 10 copies for 6 inos., $8 I 15 conies for 12 mos. #22
:o 10 do 12 15 | 20 do 12 ? 28
in Southern and Western money taken nt par for
:d subscriptions ; or i'ost Ollice Stumps taken at
il, their full value.
le Any person sending us three subscribers will be
J 1- .i._ 11 ?r i>
er entitled to a copy ui mc inmui; ?. iu^huo
of and Steam Navigation," republished in book form
lie ?now in press, to be ready about the first of Ocis
tober. It will be one of the most complete works
lis upon the subject ever issued, and will contain
if- about ninety engruvmgs.
ur Oct. 22?tf
d' r IFE INSURANCE.?British Commercial
Life Insurance Company, established in 1820,
I and empowered by net of Parliament, for the Insurance
of Lives and Survivorships, and the en
dowment of Children, ?3tc., &c., CAPITAL
Il^-Oflice 3d story Colonization Buildings,
,e* near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Wash'
iuton city, D. CI
0<^iober 21,1830?dtf.
" " 1"
" Tti? Boutharo Pi?m, "A~Trl-weekly
is published on Tueadoya^ Thursday #nd Msrhyi
" Thm Southern Pieaa,"?Weekly
Is published every Saturday.
advertising sates.
For one square of 10 lines, three insertions, $1 0,1
" every subsequent insertion, - 2b
Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising.
??. I I lu i a . ... . I >
Individuals may forward the amount of their
lubacriptions at our risk. Address, (post-paid)
EL.L.WOOl) KlS'HKfi,
,av.'- Waehiuffton City.
???? ???qgmmmmmm
Maryland state lottery.
for december, 1850. ?
F. morris i CO.,
Id* All Schemes of the Maryland Lotteries are
xamined and approved by the State Commistioners,
and all Drawings conducted under their
leraonal superintendence.
Bonds to a heavy amount are deposited with
he State Commissioners to secure the payment of
til Prize*.
Clnsa No. 1.
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 7th, 1851',
$40,000 capital.?510 prizes of $5,000.
Rich Scheme.
1 Prize of $40,000 is $ -lO.CO.I
M) Prizes of 5,000 ure 100,000
N) Prizes of 1,000 aro 510,000
Tickets $12?Halves AG?Quarters $3.
Certificate of Package 26 Whole Ticket, $160 00
do do 26 Half Tickets, 80 00
do do 26 Quarter Tickets, 40 00
Class A.
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 14th, 1850.
75 Numbers, 14 Drawn Ballots.
$52,500, Capital Prize.
Rich Scheme.
1 Prize of $52,500 1 10 Prizes of $1,500
1 do 22.500 10 do 1,000
1 do 11,500 10 do 750
1 do 5,500 10 do 500
10 prizes of 2,500 300 do 250
10 do 2,000 &.c. &c.
Tickets #15?Halves #7 50?Quarters #3 75.
Certificate of .Package 25 Whole Tickets, #190 00
do do 25 Half Tickets, 95 00
do do 25 Quarter Tickets, 47 50
Class No. 2.
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 2lst, 1850.
75 Nos. 13 Drawn Ballots.
Splendid Scheme.
I Prize of #40,000 I 1 Prize of #5,000
1 do 20,000 1 do 4,005
1 do 10,000 20 do 1,000
1 do 7,500 I 20 do 500
Tickets #10?Halves #5?Quarters #2 50.
Certificate of Package 25 Whole Tickets #130 00
do do 25 Half Tickets, 65 00
do do 25 Quarter Tickets, 32 50
ClasB B.
Fo be drawn in Baltimore, December 28th, 1850.
Capital Prize #61,370.?200 Prizes of 2,000.
Lowest Prize a ticket with three druwn Numbers
on, can draw, is #2,000.
J\IagniJicent Scheme.
1 Prize of $61,370 5 Prizes of $7,500
1 do 35,000 5 do 5,500
I do 25,000 5 do 3,500
I do 15,0u0 200 do lowest
I do 10,000 3 Nos. 2,000
&e. &r.
Tickets #25?Halves $12 50?Quarters #6 25.
Certificate of Package 26 Whole Tickets, $350 00
do do 26 Half Tickets, 175 00
do do 26 Quarter Tickets, 87 50
do do 26 Eighth Tickets, 43 75
Orders for Tickets, Shares, or Packages,
in any of the above magnificent Lotteries, will
meet with prompt attention. All communications
strictly confidential.
Addrehs F. MORRIS & CO.,
Managers, Baltimore, Md.
Outstanding Prizes in Lotteries under the
management of D. Paine &. Co., will be received
by us in payment of Tickets, or we will pay the
cash on presentation.
nov 16 F. MORRIS & CO.
] AW AND AGENCY OFFICE.?The nndersigned,
Attorneys and Agents, practice Law
in the Supreme Court of the United States, and
the Courts of the District of Columbia, and attend
promptly to claims against the United States, including
the settlement of all accounts of officers
and agents of the Government, Bounty Lands,
Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions,
&c., &c.
They tender their services to members of the
profession at a distance, and, when the case is
prepared by a local agent, will abate one-half their
usual fee. All information relative to the forms
and usages of business in any of the Departments,
will be furnished to our regular correspondents
without charge. They have made arrangements
for the payment of taxes, and for the sale or location
of bounty land warrants on the best Western
iE^-Office on Pennsylvania avenue, Lane
Tucker's Building.
Oct. 14?3taw3m.
iu -tiJLU.xv.tttJ ur xytiworArtiHa.
WE beg leave to call your attention to an advertisement,
and to tlie memorial annexed,
mid tender our services in the prosecution of any
claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you
may send to us. We will allow you one half our
usual fee, which isyire dollars for obtaining a warrant
for 1 GO acres, and three dollars for a warrant
of eighty acres or less, for publishing our advertisement,
and preparing and forwarding the papers
to us.
If you accept this proposal, please insert this
circular and our advertisement in your paper,
with the following editorial notice:
" We call the ultention of our readers to the advertisement
of Messrs. Dull' Green, Ben. E.
Green, and Richard II. Clarke, Attorneys am!
Agents at Washington, D. C., and would sav to
persons having claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions,
that we have rnnde arrangements for the
requisite forms, and that claimants calling at our
ollice can have their papers properly prepared and
forwarded to these gentlemen at Washington,
who will properly attend to them in their proper
Please get each claimant to sign the memorial,
and forward it to your member of Congress.
Please send us a copy of your paper containing
our card, whicli_will notify us that you accept our
proposition. DUFF GREEN,
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United Slates in Ccngress assembled: The memorial
of the undersigned, respectfully represents that
they are entitled to Bounty Land, under the act
of 28th of September, 1850, that they are informed
and believe tnat the unlocated warrants are worth
.. ., .1 ._J I?1_ u L._
more to tnem umn mc jiaicnicu muud wuuiu uc,
that they do not expect or desire to reside on the
land thus granted; that if patented to them, the
expense of agencies and taxes will be an annual
charge, reducing the value of the grant, whieh
they could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant.
Your memorialists lurther represent that the law,
by preventing the sale of the warrants, assumes
that the officers and volunteers entitled to bounty
lands, are not competent to act for themselves,
whereas many of them are among the most intelligent
and respectable citizens of the States. They
therefore respectfully ask that the act albresaicl
may be so modified as to make the warrants f'?>r
bounty lands assignable, and ihey will ever
pray, &c.
<fcsL A SMALL HOUSE on Capitol Hill, con
BI1S taining six or seven rooms, with consider
ableground attached.?Apply at this office,J
" Oct. 16?3t.
IF you want a newspaper from the North that is
all riodit on the great question of the day?" the
l._ P-,?rr?>rence with Southern institutions,"
' I lurinpr . ....
! fake the Day Book. It is standing up boldly tor
,jie South and Southern rights, ana doing a good
' j deal of good in the right way. Its influence and
popularity is extending throughout the whola
>1 country.
j The Day Book, daily, is |5 per annum.
I The Weekly of it, is $2 per annum.
| No Southern merchant should be without ona
or the other.- J JJ ^ Nor. 7?tf^ j
? MlIIll I

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