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The Government or tiu United States or 1J
America, a. d., 1850.
The Extcutivr. 1!
Millard Fillmore, of N. Y. . President. p
William R. King, of Alabama Vice Preaident. ^
The Cabinet. 2
Daniel Webster, of Mass. . . Sec. of State. a
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio,. . . Sec.oftheTreas.
William A. Graham, of N. C. Sec. of the Navy.
Charles M. Conrad, of La. . . Sec. of War.
A. H. H Stuart, of Pa. Sec. of Interior.
Nathan K. Hall, of N. Y. . . P. M. General.
John J. Crittenden, of Ky. . Alt. General.
The Judiciary.
supreme court of the united states.
Roger B. Tanet, of Maryland . Chief Justice.
John McLean, of Ohio Associate.
James M. Wayne, of Georgia . . "
Joun Catron, of Tennessee ... "
John McKinlet, of Kentucky . . "
Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia . . "
Samuel Nelson, of New York . "
Levi Woodbury, of N. Hump. . "
Robert C. Grier, of Penn. ... "
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS
Term commenced March 4,1849, and will end Murch
4, 1851.
Senate.
Number of States represented. 30.
President. William R. Kino.
Secretary. Asiibury Dickens.
Whigs in Italics; Natives in Small Capitals; Democrats
in Roman; Those marked F. S. are Free Soilers.
Term Trim
Expires. Exjiires.
Alabama. ' Michgan.
Jeremiah Clemens 1853 Lewis Cuss 1851
Wm R King 1855 Alphtus Felch 1853
Arkansas. Missouri.
Wm K Sebastian 1853 Thomas H Benton 1851
Solon Borland 1855 David R Atchison 1855
Connecticut. New Hampshire.
Roger S Baldwin 1851 John P Hale (F S) 1853
Truman Smith 1855 Moaes Norris, Jr 1855
Delaware. New York.
John Wales 1851 Daniel S Dickinson 1851
Presley Spruance 1851 William II Seward 1855
Florida. New Jersey.
David L. Yulee 1851 Win L Dayton 1851
Jackson Morton 1855 Jacob W Miller 1853
Georgia. North Carolina.
John M Berrien 1853 Willie P Mangum 1853
Wm C Dawson 1855 George E Badger 1855
Indiana. Ohio.
Jesse D Bright 1851 Thomas Ewing 1851
J Whitcomb 1855 S P Chase (F S) 1855
Illinois. Pennsylvania.
Stephen A Douglas 1853 Daniel Sturgeon 1851
James Shields 1855 James Cooper 1850
Iowa. Rhode Island.
George W Jones 1851 Albert C Greene 1851
Aug C Dodge 1855 John H Clarke 1853
Kentucky. South Carolina.
JosR Underwood 1853 Robt W Barnwell 1853
Henry Clay 1855 A P Butler 1855
Louisiana. Tennessee.
Sol U Downs 1853 Hopkins LTurney 1851
Pierre Soule 1855 John Bell 1853
Maine. Texas.
Hannibal Hamlin 1851 Thomas J Rusk 1851
Jas W Bradbury 1853 Sam Houston 1853
Massachusetts. Vermont.
Robt C Winthrop 1851 Samuel S Phelps 1851
John Davis 1853 William Upham 1853
Maryland. Virginia.
Thomas G Pralt 1851 James M Mason 1851
James J1 Pearce 1855 R M T Hunter 1853
Mississippi. > Wisconsin.
Jefferson DaviH 1851 Henry Dodge 1851
Henry S Foote 1853 Isaacr Walker 1855
California.
William M. Gwin,
John C. Fremont.
THE SENATE IN FIGURES.
Democrats. 32
Whigs. 25
Free Soil era. 3
Total number of members. (Jtt
Democratic majority. 7
House of Representatives.
Speaker. Howell Cobb.
Clerk. Wm.L. Youno
Dial. Arkansas. Mississippi.
1 Robert W Johnson 1 Jacob Thompson
Alabama. 2 W S Featherston
1 William J Alston 3 Wm McWillie
2 Henry WHilliard 4 A G Brown
?3 Sampso 'W HarrisJ Nebraska.
4 Samuel W. Inge i ? ?
5 David Hubbard New Jersey.
e s*r:ii: o sxr t a...? n i/_..
U ?* 1111(1111. IT VUUU A. fJHUICW n Jlliy
7 Francis W Bowden 2 FFni A Newell
Connecticut. 3 Isaac Wildrick
1 Lorenzo P Waldo 4 John Fan lhjke
2 Walter Booth (F S) 5 James G King
s 3 Chaun'y F Cleveland new Mexico.
"4 Thomas B Butler ? ?
'California. Mew Hampshire.
1 Amos Tuck, (F S)
Delaware. 2 Chas H Peaslee
1 Jolsn IV Houston 3 James Wilson
Florida. 4 Harry Hibburd
1 Edward C Cabell North Carolina.
Georgia. 1 Thomas L Clingman
21 Joseph W. Jackson 2 J P Caldwell
2 M J Welborn 3 E Deberry
3 Allen T Owen 4 AN Shepherd
4 HA Haralson f> A W Venable
5 Thomas C Hackett G W S Ashe
6 Howell Cobb 7 J It J Daniel
7 Alexander HStephens 8 Edward Stanley
8 Robert Toombs 9 David Outlaw
Illinois.
1 Wm H Bissell New York.
2 John A McClernand 1 John A King
3 Thomas Ft. Young 2 David A tinker
4 John Wentworth 3 J Phillips Pheenix
5 Wm A Richardson 4 IValter Underbill
G Edtcard D Baker 5 George Briggs
7 Thomas L Harris 6 James Brooks
.Iowa. 7 IVilliam Nklson
1 Vacancy B R Halloway
2 Shepherd Leffler 9 Thomas McKuxsock
i to xi r?
INDIANA. I" JJHTIHHI 1/ "inuu
1 Nathaniel Albertson 11 C R Sylvester
2 Cyrus L Dunham 12 Gideon 0 Reynolds
3 John L Robinson 13 John 1, Schoolcraft
4 Geo W Julien (F S) 14 George R Andrews
5 W J Brown 15 J. R. Thurman
f> Willis A Gorman 16 Hugh If kite
7 Edward McGaughey 17 // P Alexander
fi Joseph E McDonald 18 Preston King1 (F S)
9 G A Fitch 19 Charles E Clarke
ID Andrew J Harlan 20 OBMattison
Kentucky. 21 Iliram Wnlden
1 Linn Boyd 22 Henry Burnett
2 J L Johnson 23 William Duer
3 F E McLean 24 Daniel Gott
"4 George A Caldwell 25 Harmon S Conger
5 John B Thompson 26 Wr T Jackson
C Daniel Breck 27 IV A Sackett
, 7 Humphrey Marshall 28 A M Schennerhom
' 8 Charles S Morehcad 29 Robert I. Rose
J) John C Mason 30 David Rumsey
10 Rich'd H Stanton 31 E. Risley
Louisiana. 32 E G Spaulding
1 Entile La Sere 33 Harvey I'at nam
2 Vacancy 34 L Burrows
3 John R Harmonson _ .Onto
4 Isaac E Morse 1 David 1 Disney
Maine. 2 L D, Campbell (F S)
1 Elbridge Gerry, 3 Robert C Schenck
a Nat'lS Littleheld 4 Moses Cortcin
3 John Otis 5 Emery D Potter
4 Rufus K Goodenow 6 Amos E Wood
5 Cullen Sawtelle 7 Jonathan D Morris
6 Charles Stetson, 8 John L Taylor
7 Thomas J D Fuller 9 Edson B Olds
Maryland. 10 Charles Sweetzer
1 Richard J Bowie 11 John K Miller
2 Wm T Hamilton 12 Samuel F' Vinton
3 Edw W Hammond 13 W A Whittlesey
4 Robert M McLane 14 Nathan Evans
5 Alexander Evans 15 Win F Hunter ( F S)
6 John B Kerr 16 Moses Hoagland
Massachusetts. 17 Joseph Cable
1 8 Jl Elliot 18 David K Cnrter <
2 Vacancy 19 John Crowd! (FS) 1
3 Janus H Duncan 5)0 Jos RGiddings (FS) 1
4 Vacancy 21 Joseph M Root(FS) \
5 Charles Jlllen, [F S] Oregon. t
6 George dshmnn 8 R Thurstonj
7 Julius Rockwell Pennsylvania.
8 Horace Mann 1 Lewis C Levin f
9 Orin Hiwler 2 Joseph R Chandler
1(1 Joseph Grinnell 3 Henry D Moore
Michigan. 4 John Robbins, jr*
1 A W Buell 5 John FreeMcy 1
Wm Sprarue, (F S) 6 Thomas Iloss
R S Bingham 7 Jesse C Dickey
Minnesota. 8 Thaddeus Stevens .
H H Sibley t 9 William Strong
Missouri. jy M M Dimniick i
James B Bowlin n Chester Butler I
IWm V N Bay 12 David Wilinol(FS) t
i James S Green 13 Joseph Casey ol
4 W'llurdIP. Hall 14 Charles W Pitman
0 Johnb Phelps 15 A>nryJV>j , t?
- )
Jus X McLanahun 11 Ckru'r // William*
T Samuel Calvin Texas.
i A Jackson Ogle 1 David Kaufman r
1 Job Mann 2 Volney E Howurd f
j 11 It Reed ' Utah d
1 Moses Hampton ? ? 0
2 John W Howe (F 8) Vermont. a
3 James Thompson 1 Win Henry
A Alfred Gilmore 2 Wm Ilebard c
Rhode Island. 3 James Meacham c
1 George G King 4 Lucius B Peck I
2 JVathan Dixon Virginia.
South Carolina. 1 John S Millson
J Daniel Wallace " 2 Richard K Meade c
2 J L Orr 3 Thomas H Averett t
3 J A Woodward 4 Thomas S Bocock s
4 John McU.ueen . 5 Paulus Powell I
5 Armistead Burt ti James A Sedden I
6 Isaac E Holmes 7 Thorns H Bayly i
7 W F Colcock 8 Alex R Holliduy
Tennessee. 9 Jeremiah Morton i
1 Andrew Johnson 10 Richard Parker <
2 Albert G Walk ins 11 James McDowell <
3 Josiah M Amlerson 12 H A Edmundson j
4 John H. Savage 13 FM'Mullen
5 Geo W Jones 14 J M H Beale j
6 James H Thomas 15 Thomas S Haymond |
7 Meredith P Gentry Wisconsin. ,
8 Andrew Ewing 1 Chas Durkee, (F S)
9 Isham G Harris 2 Orsasmus Cole
10 Fred'k P Stanton 3 James D. Doty.
California.
Gcotge W. Wright,
Edward Gilbert.
Contested by Mr. Littell.
1 Delegates from the Territories.
the house in figures.
Democrats 111
Whigs and Natives 101
Free-Soilers 14
Vacancies 5
? rv-i ,vn
i UiAiy exclusive ui ucic^aicn
Should the vacancies be filled as before, and
dividing the Free Soilers into Democrats and
Whigs, as they are on all other questions but that
of the territories, the House will ue as follows :?
Democrats 117
Whigs 114
Democratic majority 3
The General Result in Figures
Oi.d Parties. Free-Soil. Vacancies.
States. Whig. Dem. Whig. Vein. Whig. Vein
Arkansas ? 1 ? ? ? ?
Alabama 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Connecticut 12 ? 1 ? ?
Delaware 1 ? ? ? ? ?
Florida 1 ? ? ? ? ?
Georgia 3 5 ? ? ? ?
Illinois lti ? ? ? ?
Indiana 18 ? 1 ? ?
Iowa ? 1 ? ? ? 1
Louisiana ? 3 ? ? 1 ?
Maine 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Maryland 3 3 ? ? ? ?
Massachusetts 7 ? 1 ? 2 ?
Michigan ? 2 1 ? ? ?
Missouri ? 5 ? ? ? ?
Mississippi ? 4 ? ? ? ?
New York 32 1 ? 1 ? ?
New Jersey 4 1 ? ? ? ?
N. Hampshire 12 1 ? ? ?
N. Carolina 6 3 ? ? ? ?
Ohio 5 11 5 ? ? ?
Kentucky 6 4 ? ? ? ?
Pennsylvania 14 8 1 1 ? ?
Rhode Island 2 ? ? ? ? ?
S. Carolina ? 7 ? ? ? ?
Tennessee 4 7 ? ? ?r ?
Texas ? 2 ? ? ? ?
Virginia 2 13 ? ? ? ?
Vermont 3 1 ? ? ? ?
Wisconsin 11 ? 1 ? ?
Total 102 111 9 5 3 1
Democratic majority in the 31st Congress 3
Whig majority in the 30th Congress 5
Democratic gain 8
Jlspect of Congress.
IVhig. Vein.
Exclusive of Free-soilers 102 111
Free-soilers 9 5
Vacancies 3 1
Total 114 117
Actuat Democratic majority 3
iVec and Slave State Classification.
Whig. Dem. Free-soil.
Fr States 75 51 14
Slu\1? States 30 51 ?
Total 105 112 14
ENLARGEMENT OF THE CAPITOL.?
J'j The Committee on Public Buildings of the
Senate, having been authorized by a resolution of
that body, " to invite plans accompanied by estimates
for the extension of the Capitol, and to ullow
a premium of five hundred dollars for the
plan which may be adopted by the Committees on
Public Buildings of the two Houses of Congress,"
accordingly invite such plans and estimates, to be
delivered to the Secretary of the Senate on or before
the first day of December next.
It is required that these plans and estimates
shall provide for the extension of the Capitol,
either by additional wings, to be plnced on the
north and south of the present building, or by the
erection of a separate and distinct building, within
the enclosure to the east of the building.
The committee do not desire to prescribe any
condition, that may restrain the free exercise of
architectural taste and judgment, but they would
prefer, that whatever plan may lie proposed may
nave such reference to and correspondence with
the present building as to preserve the general
symmetry of the entire structure, when complete.
Although but one plan can be adopted, the committee
reserve to themselves the right to form such
plan by the adoption of parts of different plans
submitted, should such course be found necessary; in
which event, the committee also reserve to themselves
the right to divide or apportion, according
to their own judgment, the amount of premium to
be awarded for the whole, to those whose plans
" r"'* ??
importance and merit of each part adopted.
R. M. T. IIUNTER,
JEFFERSON DAVIS,
J011N II. CLARKE,
Committee of the Senate on Public Buildings.
Senate Ciiambep., .10th September, ]8.50.
N. B. The several daily papers published at I
Washington will please insert tne above daily for I
two weeks, and send their accounts to the Secretary
of the Senate. oct 4
PENSIONS AND BOUNTY LAND
OBTAINED for the officers and soldiers of the
Revolutionary war, or their legal representatives.
Pensions for life, for the widows of such
cers and soldiers who married previous to 1800.
Bounty land for the surviving, or the widows,
or minor children of deceased officers and privates,
who served in the war of 1812 with Great Britain,
the Mexican war, or in any of the Indian
wars, since 1790.
Attention paid to suspended and rejected claims.
Terms moderate, where the claim is established,
otherwise no charge.
Communications addressed to the subscriber,
Washington, D. C., will receive proniptattention.
M. THOMPSON,
Commissioner of Deeds for North and South
Carolina.
Refer to the heads of Departments, and to
members of Congress generally.
UCl 4?IW11
STEELE'S FASHIONABLE IIAT
HOUSE.
Charleston, South Carolina.
^ THE SUBSCRIBER'S establish
JH ment being one of the most extensive
fashionable retail HAT HOUSES
Charleston, the public muy depend
on finding tliere n superior assortment of all the
ntest styles of Hats for this fall. Fine French
Moleskin and Beaver Hats, with an extensive
,'ariety of fine black, and blue cloth Caps for gen
lemens, youths, and children.
TO SOUTHERN PLANTERS.
Planters can be supplied with Hats and Caps
or plantation and house servants. Black, white,
?earl, and drab water-proof Wool Hats with good <
iair and coarse cloth Caps.
W.STEELE,
fashionable Hatter, 231 King, opposite lluzel |
street, Charleston,17?
J. Knox Walker, a
'Ittomry at Imip and General Jgrni,
OFF K.llS his services in his profession and as '
L/ Agent lor the Prosecution and Collection of ^
Maims before Congress and the Dcjartment*, also for 1
blaming Patents.
AH business confided to him will be promptly at
ndcd to. ^ ~ j 17 tl
SO UTHERN C KN T RA L
AGRICULTURAL. ASSOCIATION. i
[MiE Fiflh Annual Fair of the Southern Cent, |
ral Agricultural Association, will beheld
uring the week embracing Wednesday, the 1 Uh
ay of August next, which is the day of the fifth
nnual meeting at Atlanta Georgia
The Committee charged with the duty of pre'sribing
such general rule3 as they may decui neessary
to a proper management of the approaching '
rair, have adopted the following
General Reovlations.
1st The Fair Grounds, and Buildings will he
ipencd for visitors on Monday morning, and coninue
open until Friday evening. It is therefore desirable
that all persons having articles forexhibi.ion,
shall be on tbe ground as early as Friday or j
Saturday, the Dili and 10th August when a Coin- !
inittec will be there ready to receive them.
sid. The Association has an ample fund, and will, !
in all cases, become responsible for the sale-keeping !
>t articles which may be placed in the hands of its I
Jlicers and committees, (the owner taking a check
for the same,) until the close of the Fair, which
will be announced beforehand, in ample time to
give them opj.orlunty to recover their goods, and
lo prevent thereby the leaving of any goods or
articles unprotected after the adjournment of the |
Association.
3d. Mark A. Cooper, Richard Peters, David W. I
Lewis, Win. Ezzard, and James M- Calhoun, arc
appointed a committee whose duty it shall he to see !
that all articles entering the fair grounds for exhiition,
shall have first been enlcredin the Secretary's
book or registry?then labelled with the owner'sname
and residence?and price, if for sale?giving
to the owner a corresponding card?and then classified
and arranged by departments, and in such order
as lo facilitate the labors of the several committees
on premiums; and also to employ such police and
doorkeepers and clerks, as shall be necessary for
the protection of the grounds and buildings, and
such clerks as they may need iu the arrangement
and labelling of articles.
4tli. There will positively be required, in all
cases, a minute and accurate written statement
illustrating and explaining every article sent for
exhibition?the statement to be delivered to the
Secretary. For instance, if a Machine, a statement
of is powers and uses, cost, time of invention, and
any other fact deemed valuable by the inventor or
maker. If Horticultural or Agricultural Products,
mode of preparation of land and soil, manure and
time of planting, mode of cultivation. If an Animal,
the pedigree or stock, age, mode of raising, Ike. If
Needle-work or Painting, or any work of Art, the
length of time bestowed on it, or the amount of
labor ; the age, if by children or very old persons
the value, uses, &c. Since this is the most reliable
mode of collecting such information as may be
worth publishing in the transactions of the Society,
visitors, patrons and members, all will take notice,
that a premium will not be awarded to any article,
whatever its merit, unless accompanied by
illustrative and explanatory statements, made out
in legible hand, and in a style fit at once for the
press.
5 th. The delegations of the serveral county Societies
arc requested and enjoined to make out, upon
consulatiou, a report of the present condition of
Agriculture in their several counties, of the improvements
in farming, tillage, draining and manuring,
which have been or arc in progress of Icing
adopted The leading products of their counticcs
the modes of preparation, time of planting and modof
cultivation. The means and measures of preserving
and increasing the fertility of lands. Accurate
Agricultural memoirs from the serveral county
societies would make up an amount of valuable
information to be sent out in the published transactions
of the Society.
Gth. It is desirable to make the Fair a Central
Southern Agricultural andManufacturcrs Exchange
We request individuals who have a surplus of
choice urticles, or who make them for sale ? such
as choice seeds, machines, stock, &c-^-to carry
them there for sale, and not aloue for exhibition for
a premium.
7th. Premiums.?It is impossible to name inanotice
like this all, the various articles to which pre
miums will bo granted. However coinprelicn9ivo
we might make any enumerated list there would
still be many articles of merit offered which would
not be embraced in it, and yet richly deserving
premiums, lest therefore the announcement of premiums
fur particular articles might be construed by
someintoan exclusion of all urticles unannounced,
the Committee requests the people generally to
observe, t hat it is intended to give the action of
the Association the very widest scope, embracing
every thing that is ingenious or useful in business
or art. All then, with whatever they have for sale
or exhibition, are invited to come. The only
regulation further necessary on this point perhaps
is, that, on all articles of the highest merit in the
department of Stock, Mechanics, Agricultural Implements,
and valuable improvements or inventions
in any of the departments, a premium of a cup
worth $ 10 will be given ; on the second best articles
a cup worth # 5 will bo given, on the third best
$ 2. 50 ; on the fourth an honor. And on all articles
of the highest merit in the remaining depart
nients a cup worth <jj> 5 will be given ; on the second
best $ 2. 50 ; on the third an honor; on the fourth,
2d honor. On miner and miscellaneous articles,
premiums from one to three dollars?these, however,arc
general regulations, and in particular case
or cases of peculiar merit the committees will be
permitted, Indeed are requested, to vary the rule.
Hth. A hall will be prepared and assigned particularly
to the Ladies lor their garden products,
fruits, flowers paintings, needle-work, &c. They
are cordially invited to attend. Their assistance
in many departments of the fair is absolutely necessary
to a proper management:.
9th. The facilities of getting to this central
point induce us to invite, and to expect the presence
and contributions of many of our fellow
citizens of Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and Florida.
Wc hope they will unite with us in making
this institution indeed, what it is in name, a Southern
Central Agricultural Association.
10th. The President upon a consultation with
such members as he can call to his aid, shall appoint
committees and assign to them their respective depdrtments,
and to these committees so appointed
the committee of reception shall furnish lists of the
articles classed and arranged in their respective
departments. In order to the perfection of this
arrangement, the committee appointed to publish
these regulations/^Hl b>rc repeat, and enjoin
upon all to take noticeTliat articles for exhibition
may be received and arranged on Friday and Saturday
the 9th and 10th of August, so that when
the President shall appoint nis committees on
iviDtulay morning, the committee of reception may
have their lists of articles, and the several committees
proceed at once to the examination of arti- >
cles, anu thereby have ample time to make their
reports to the annual meeting on Wednesday.
Tmtrsday will be devoted to sales?Friday to general
re-delivery of articles. The exhibition continuing
the whole time.
11th. Any alterations of, or additions to, the
foregoing rules, will be published at Atlanta early
Monday morning of the Fair week.
J2th. The annua! oration will be made on
Wednesday, the day of the Anniversary meeting,
immediately preceding the reports of committees,
by Col, John Billups, of Athens, Georgia.
13th. The Committee have the prospect of
making arrangements with the Macon, State and
Georgia Railroads, to run accommodation cars
early every morning and late in the afternoon, to
Griffin, Marietta, Stone Mountain, and Decatur,
to give visitors the opportunity of the accommodations
of the good Hotels at those places while in
attendance upon the Fair.
14th. The citizens of Atlanta have provided
comfortable quarters for Committees and Officers,
and others engaged in the laborious business of
the fair.
15th. The Secretary is directed to publish
these regulations in the Cuj.tivator, and to procure
as far as practicable their publication in the
weekly papers of this and the adjoining States.
By order of the Committee of Arrangements.
L)A V I l? >V . L.L'.W IS,
Sec'y Southern Central Agricultural Association, j
Spnrtn, 25th June, 1S50.
MATHEWKS & KOPKR,
B factors and Commission Merchant p, for Cotton,
r Rice, Ranging small country Produce, Vanderhorst's
Wharf, Charleston, S. C
FERDINAND MOULTON,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Will practice in the several courts in the District,
and attend to the prosecution of claims
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7th streets, opposite the
Genera! Post Office.
2nw,tf
FOR THE SPRINGS.
[A DIES retiring to the springs or country, vtill
j find at PARKER'S, just opening, a fresh
lupttly of Toilette Articles, such as very superior
JAY RUM,COLOGNE, in bottles and on draught, I
CAU LUSTRAL, OX MARROW, DBwTIi-RlCE,Ac.,COMB,
HAIR,TOOTH,andNAlL 1
IRU8HBS, at 1
PARKER S
Fancy Comb and Perfumery Store,
nug 8- Peuii. Av. near National Hotel,,
- g-L \ j LL
) FKOiFfCTt*
OF
"THE SOUTHERN PRESS."
An association of sixty-three Members of Congress,
.Senators anil Representatives, have constituted the
undersigned a Committee to superintend the establishment
of a Southern Press at Washington City,
to be devoted to the exposition and defence of Southern
flight* and institutions?the dissemination of
correct information as to Northern Policy, and the
course of Political a flairs generally, without reference
to the old party lines of Whig and Democrat. Arrangements
are now iu progieas, promptly to ensure
the issue of such a paper under the title of
"THE SOUTHERN PRESS,"
for the conduct of which, suitable Editors have been
engaged, who will also receive the aid of a number
ol eminent and and able contributors.
'1 here will be a daily, a tri-weekly, and a weekly
issue?the latter to contain substantially, the same
matter as the former, aud intended to reach those
jkjintx ol the country whose mail facilities are limited.
The paper will not be exclusively political?but
w ill embrace on its broad sheet the General News of
the day, Domestic and Foreign, by mail and teleIraph
; Commercial and Agricultural Intelligence,
.iterary Criticisms, Original Essays, Literary and
Miscellaneous) and, in short, all those items of
general interest, the collected aggregate of which
constitute* the interesting and valuable Newspaper.
Great care will be taken to give full and correct
Reports of the I'rocoedings and Debates in both
Houses of Congress, as well as the action ol the
local Legislatures on the Southern ipiestion.
A limited number only of Advertisements will be
eccived?-the mai.i object being to l'urnisb a large
amount ol reading matter.
The paper will be printed oil a sheet eijual in size
to tliosn of tli? ol her Washington napent. and the ma
terial will be procured especially for the purpose.
It is confidently hoped that every true frieud to the
South will aid in procuring subscribers, and forward
lite names, with the amount subscribed, to some
Southern Representative at Washington, forthwith.
Postmasters are authorised by law to remit subscriptions
tree of post ago
Terms.
For I'aily?the price will lie per annum, - $10,00
For Tri-weekly during the Session of Congress,
and Semi-weekly during the recess, - 5 00
Weekly paper, - - 2 00
The price of subscription must be paid invariably
in cdvauce, and the cash accompanying the name
sent.
All persons procuring ten names shall be entitled to
receive a copy gratia tor one year.
A. P. BUTLER,
JACKSON MORTON,
it. TOOMBS,'
J. THOMPSON.
WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE.
rpHE next annual session of this Institution will
L commence on the 2d Wednesday in October.
FACULTY.
The Right Rev. John Johns, D. D., President
ami Professor of Moral Philosophy.
Judge Ekvkri.y Tucker,ProfessorofMunicipal
and Constitutional Law.
Benjamin -S. Eweli., Professor of Mathematics
and Astronomy.
Monr.an J. Smkad, Ph. D. Professor of llu
I?? "" >
William F. Hoi-kins, A. M., Professor o
Chemistry ami Natural Philosopliy.
11. A. Washington, A. M., Professor of History
and Political Economy.
ltev, Sii.as Totten, D. D., Professor of Intellectual
Philosophy, Belles Lettres, and Rhetoric.
There are two courses of study for under-graduates?the
regular course for the degree of Bachelor
of Arts, und a Science course, occupying two
yeurs. Candidates for admission to the Science
course will be expected to produce the written re3uest
of their parents or guardians. Students not
esiring to join a regular class may, for special
reasons, be admitted to study with the regular
classes, in those branches which, on examination,
they may be found qualified to pursue.
The necessary College expenses range between
#18(i and $1% per annum.
Circulars will be forwarded to all who may desire
fuller information, or specific inquiries will be
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New Yore, Jan. 1. 1850J
DN CONSIGNMENT.?Oak l\inneil Russett
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July lf?, 1850?d4m r,.K,'?-leston, S. C,' I ^
I
the grand industrial exhibition
of 1861.
meeting of the central committee for the united
states.
Pursuant to the notice Riven, the Central Coimnit ce
mete at the rooms of the National Institute, in the
Patent Othee, on Thursday evcuiug. the 13th instant,
at 8 o'clock.
The meeting was called to order by Professor Walter
It. Johnson, on whose motion Col. Peter Force
was called to the Chair, and Charles F. Stanbury
chosen Secretary of the meeting.
This temporary organization having been effected,
the committee pioceeded to organise permanently by
the appoiutinens of the lion. Millard Fillmore, Vice
President of the United States, Chairman, and Prof.
Walter 11. Johnson Secretary.
At the the request of the Chairman, (Col. Force,)
the following papers were read by l'rof. Johnson, in
explanation of the appointment and duties of the
committee :
State Department,
Washington, May 17, 1850.
To the President of the JV'utioiiul Institute
for the Promotion of Science.
Sir: 1 have the honor herewith to transmit copies
of a correspondence which lias taken place between
the Minister Plenipotentiary of her Majesty
the Queen of Great Britain and this Department relative
to the proi>osed Industrial Exhibition to be held
in London in the year 1851.
From the circular of the Royal Commissioners of
Great Britain, hereto annexed, itwillbcoliservedthat
all objects intended to be introduced from foreign
countries and entered for that Exhibition arc required
to have been first submitted to and approved by a central
authority or commission of tiie cuuntry from
which they shall be brrouglit, and tint no other will
be recognized as a central autltority except such as
shall have been so certified by the Government of the
country in which it exists.
That American industry and arts may be enabled to
appear in the place allotted to them, it will be indispensable
that a recognized central authority should Inconstituted
; and 1 am under the impression that the
National Institute, having been regularly incorporated
Dy act ol v.ongrcss, aim ncing naouuaiiy i iifdncu in
matters pertaining to tho arts and sciences, is the
proper body for taking the initiative in constituting
such a central authority.
I therefore l>eg leave to submit to its consideration
the interesting and important subject which has been
brought to the attention of this Department by the
distinguished Envoy of her Majesty's Government,
and to request such action or suggestions as may seein
necessary in order that the natural productions, the
ingenuity, industry, and arts of the United States
may be fully and suitably represented on the interesting
occasion herein referred to.
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours,
JOHN M. CLAYTON.
This communication was laid before the National
Institute, and by it referred to a select committee,
which brought forward the following report:
Report qf tlie Committee of the National Institute:
The special committee, to which was referred
the communication from the Hon. John M. Clayton,
Secretary of State, relative to the formation
of a central authority for transmitting articles to
the Industrial Exhibition to be held in London in
1851, offers tho following report:
The eonimittee, impressed with the importance
of the subject commended to the Institute, have
given to it their earnest and careful attention.
The resourses, the ingenuity, the industry, and
arts of the United States are conceived to merit
he best eddeavors to procure for them the opporunities
of being adequately represented in the
great Industrial Exhibition at London.
Aggreeably to the programme adopted by the Royal
Commission, no articles are to be received from
Foreign Exhibitors except those which shall have
been approved by a central authority, recognized as
such by the Government of the country from which
they are sent.
This Institute being the only Society for the Prootion
of Science and the Arts, directly incorporated
by the Government, the Secretary of State has deemed
it the appropriate body to take action or make suggestions
relative to the fulfilment of the wishes of the
Royal Commissioners, by tlie establishment of such a
central authority as the case seems to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Secretary
of State, the committee consider the National
Institute in duty bound to respond.
' ? onnoviln noa xaritIt title viour Hip cnmmiltpn i-p.
spcetfully recommend the following resolution :
1. Resolved, That the Institute will take action
on the subject submitted to it by the Department of
State.
2. Resolved, That the Institute do now proceed
to constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government as a central body to hold correspondence
with the Rritish Commissioners, and to secure
the reception of American pioductions at the proposed
Industrial Exhibition in .London.
PETER FORCE, 1
JOSEPH HENRY,
WALTER R. JOHNSON, Committee.
J. J. GREENOUGH,
' CHARLES WILKES, J
National Institute,
Washington, May 27, 1850.
Sir : I have the honor to make known to the Department
of State the action which this Institute has
taken on the subject of your communication of the
17tli instant. That action is comprised in the following
resolutions, unanimously adopted after full discussion
at the meeting held this evening.
"Resolved, That the Institute will take action on
the subject submitted to it by the Department oi
State.
"Resolved That the Institute do now proceed to
constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
mu * ?uvt:rnmciii iu noiu correspondence vvun me
British Commissioners, and to secure the reception of
Americsn productions at the proposed Industrial Exhibition
in London.
"Resolved, That a committee of not less than nineteen
be appointed to constitute a Central Committee
on tbe Industrial Exhibition, and to correspond with
societies and local committees throughout the United
States.
''Resolved, That the President of this Institute he
a member of the Central Committee.
"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary communicate
to the Secretary of State a copy of the foregoing
resolutions, together with the names of the
Central Committee."
The following arc the names of the members of
the Central Committee appointed in accordance with
the foregoing resolutions :
Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice President of the United
States, and ex officio Chancellor of the Regents of
the Smithsonian Institution.
Col. l'etcr Force, President of the National Institute.
Hon James A I'earcc, U. S. Senate, member of the
Board of llegciits of the Smithsonian Institution.
Hon. Eevi Woodbury, M. N I., Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United States.
Commodore Lewis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography.
Prof. Joseph Henry, Vice President of the N. 1., Secretary
of the Smithsonian Institute.
Prof. Walter 11. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary of !
the National Institute. '
Prof. Alexander 1). Baehc, M. N. I., member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute, and
Superintendent of the Coast Survey.
Commander Charles Wilkes, II. S. N., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition.
Hon. Willinin W. Scaton, M. N. I., Mayor of Washington.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, U. S. Senate, member of the i
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute.
Lieut. Matthew F. Maury, U. S. N., Vice President
of t lie National Institute, and Superintendent of the
National Obsservatory.
I. James (Ireenough, Esq., M. N. 1.
Charles F. Stansbury, Esq., Recording Secretary of
the National Institute.
Col. J. J. Abort, M. N. I., Chief of thu Tojiographical
Bureau. t
3en. Joseph (?. Totten, Vice President N. I , Chief (
Engineer, U S. Army,
rimtnas Ewbank, Esq , Commissioner of Patents.
IVilliain Easby, Esq., Treasurer National Institute.
Leonard 1). Gale, M. D., M. N. I., Examiner of j
Patents.
Foseph C. O. Kennedy, Esq., M. N. I., Supcrintcn- F
dent of Ccn?u3.
:ra C. Seaman. Esq., M.N.I. t
1 have the honor to be r
Very respectfully, your ob't serv't,
WALTER Jl. JOHNSON,
Cor. Secretary of the National Institute.
Hon. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State. -I
Department op State,
Washington, June 8, 1850. a
Sin : I have duly received your letter of the 27th /
lit into, communicating to this Department the pro- S
cedillas of the National Institute on the subject of my
mtc of the 17th of the same month. Those proceed- 8
n"s appear to inc to be pcrfcctiy satisfactory j and 1 c
i.avc accordingly transmitted them to the British Miu- v
iter in this city, with the communication, a copy of
rhich is enclosed for your information.
I am, sir, respectfully, your ob't scrvf,
JOllN M. CLAYTON. "
Walter N. Johnson, Esq., Corresponding
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department or State, j
W ashington, June 1, 1850. *
Sir : 1 have the honor to transmit to you herewith ?
copy of the correspondence which has passed bear
< w this Department and the National Institute for ?;
lie Promotion of Science, respecting the organization '
f a committee to constitute the central authority reuired
by the regulations of the Koyal Commission (*?
I
the proposed Industrial Exhibition, to correspond wnb
(JUmiu In London, and with societies, local committee*,
and individuals in this country, and to sanction the
forwarding of articles applicable to the exhibition.
1 need hardly say to you, sir, that the proceedings
of the National Institute, as set lortb in this correspondence,
meet tire approbation of the Department, which
has full confidence ig the committee named by tlwt
Institute.
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to you
the assurance of my kign and distinguished con
sideration. JOHN M. CLAYTON.
ltight Honorable Sir H. L.. bliLWfctt, Ike.
Extract from the Circular qf the Hoy at Coimuis'
doners.
"The Commissioners have felt that it would be
desirable, as far as possible, to prevent uny persons
from sending hi titer articles which cannot be
admitted, rather than to reject the articles after
their arrival in London. They feel also that the
delicate and responsible task of deciding on the
admission or rejection of articles destined for exhibition
by foreign contributors oughtnot to be imposed
upon any English tribunal, but should be
referred to one jiving tire confidence of the exhibitors
theirn..ves, and standing entirely free iVoin
possibl* .nputalious of national partiality. They
accrr uigly propose to admit to exhibition such
foreign articles only as may be forwarded to them
by the Central Authority (whatever may l>e its
nature) in each country. They will communicate
to such Central Authority the amount of space
which can be allowed to the productions ol' the
country for which it acts, and will also slate the
conditions and limitations which may from time
to time be decided on with respect to the admission
of articles. All articles forwarded by such Central
Authority will then be admitted,provided they
do not require a greater aggregate amount of
space than that assigned to the productions of the
country from which they come; and, provided,
also, that they do not violate the conditions and
limitations of which due notice shall have been
given. It will rest with the Central Authority in
each country to decide upon the merits of the
several articles presented for exhibition, and to
take care that tnose which are sent are such as
fairly represent the industry of their fellow-countrymen.
#
? Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider
that to be the Central Authority in each case which
? staled to be so by the Government of Us country.
Having once been put in communication with a
Centrtd Authority in any country, they must decline,
absolutely and entirely, any communication
with private and unauthorized ,iiidiv id uals ; and,
should any such be addressed to them, they can
only refer to a central body. This decision is
essentially necessary, in order to prevent contusion.
?? No articles of foreign manufacture, to whomsoever
they may belong, or wheresoever they may
be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
come with the sanction of the Ceutrul Authority
of the country of which they ure the produce.
The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles
being in all cases actually forwarded by the
Central Authority, though they consider that this
would generally be the most satisfactory arrangement
; but it is indispensable that the sanction'of
such authority should in all cases be expressly
given, and that it be held responsible for the lit- >
ness of such articles for exhibition, and for not
authorizing the exhibition of a greater quantity
than can be accommodated in the space assigned
to the productions of the country in question."
A ftill discussion was then had of the subject
thus laid before the committee, and, on motion of
the Hon, W. W. Seaton, it was?
Resolved, That the Committee of five firstehnrged
with this sukyect by the Institute (substituting
Mr. Kennedy for Mr. Greenough, who is absent)
be an Executive Committee to take all necessary rj
steps to carry out the views of the general com j
mittee.
The following gentlemen constitute the Execu
tive Committee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
R. Johnson, Prof. Joseph Henry, J. C. G. Kennedy,
Esq., Capt. Charles Wilkes.
On motion?
Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to
prepare the proceedings of this meeting for publication.
And the Committee adjourned.
CHARLES F. STANSBURY.
Secretary of the Meeting,
N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals
desirous to make propositions or to receive information,
are requested to address their communications
to J. C. G. Kennedy, Esq.
~THE THIRD ANNUAL VOLUME
OF THK
SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE,
Wns commenced on Saturday, the 4th of May,
1850, under its original name?instead of Richards'
Weekly Gazette?as more significant of its peculiar
character, it being the only weekly organ or Litemturn
in tltn ontiro Q/vn?U I I* ?
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns of
matter. It is, moreover, in an
Entirely Js'eto Dress
"from head to foot," and upon beautiffil wnire
paper, so that, in mechanical excellence, it is not
surpassed by any paper whatever in the United
States! It continues under the same Editorial
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will be spared to make it
Jl Choice Family Newspaper,
"as cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the
best!" Utterly discarding the notion that u
Southern journal cannot compete with the northern
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The Southern Literary Gazette
rivals the best of them in all the characteristics of
a truly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim is the
diffusion of cultivated and refined taste through.:- *
the community?and it embraces in its ample
folds ever species of intelligence that can tend to
this result.
Original Contributions
from many of the ablest writers in the South,
chiefly occupy its columns, but not to the exelu- .
sion of choice misrellnriv ooio^io.l 0?? '
?, Wviwtvu iiuiii me ucsi t
American and European sources.
The tone of the "Gazette" is independent >n
criticism and in the discussion of every legitimate
topic, but it is strictly
Neutral in Politics and Religion !
Its columns are occasionally embellished with
Southern Portraits and Landscapes,
engraved expressly for the wc?-k, and accompanied
by biographical uud topographical sketches.
Us General Information
is copious, but caiefully condensed from the
leading journals of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in the size
ind attractions of the paper, it is still published at
Tico Dollars Per Jlnnvm, in Jidrancc !
it will be furnished to persons becoming responsible
for the whole number of copies, and hn\ iog
:hem sent to one address, on the following terms :
Three conies, {,.1
Five copies, 8
Ten copies, l.r?
Fifteen copies, lit)
Twenty copies, 2a
Fifty copies, tit)
All orders must be accompanied with the
noney, and addressed, post pai, to
WALK Kit & lUCHAUDS
Charleston, S. C
WORTHINGTON G. 8NETHEK,
Formerly Solicitor of the General I.and (>J/icr.
Attorney and Coonseli.or at Law,
Continues to practice in the Supreme Court 01
he United States, in the Courts of the District oil
Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, to prosecute
lainis of all kinds against the United States, ti-'j
her before Contrress or anv of the i
mrtments, and to procure fetters patent lor inv. u-'t
ions. Business confided to fits care, will lie.
>romptly attended to.
N. B. Particular attention paid to the pruse nion
of claims before the Brazilian Commis sion'
low sitting in Washington
Wasiiim.ton t il v. I). C. July 11, 1'otij
RA. PRINGLE, No. 30, East Bay street 1
t Cliarleston, South Carolina.?Importer .>
'rench CALF SKINS; Manufacturer's Aim..J
nd Dealer in BROGJA'S, BOOTS and S/P>/> 1
Ldvances made on consignment of Brogans
iouthern Manufacture. Parties wishing ton, '
ign, will .send samples of their make, una on i 1
eipt of their consignment, a liberal rn.-h ndv.i,
/ill be made. Information promptly impart..!
s to the style, but adapted to the trade.
Charleston, S. C., July 16, 18,r>0.?dly
To Southern Gentlemen or Literary j:i *
stitutions.
A young man, a graduate of St. Mary's < < i
i*. lege, Baltimore, wishes to obtain as itunti i
s Assistant in an Academy, or Private Tutor.-j
le is qualified to teach the highest branches.^*
rreek, Latin, French, Natural Philosophy, <|
listry, Mathematics and English Literature
'he highest testimonials as to character and qua
falions can he produced. Address, post-pan
X. V. Post Office, Baltimore, Md*

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