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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, November 28, 1850, Image 1

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' EDITED BT **&" ' * '-* .- -> **
?il wood Flitter * Edwin De Lmi.
??-? ?, .
D VlLY, : . . ?10 00
WEEKLY, - . - . . 8 00
f/- Subscriptions payable in advance. Any person
procuring live subscribers shall receive one copy
grali*. All lexers to the Editors to be post-paid.
OfFlCE, Pennsylvania. Avenue south side, betweeu
3d and H j streets.
REWARD On the night of the
lOili of September, 1850, my brother
Col. John Jones of i'uuylvunia county, Virginia,
was very badly wounded by Dr. John M. Clopt
'it, of llenry county, Virginia. Col. Jones had
. ' . -L - V;_L. ...:.e U. U ..I W
c ilU'Q 10 spenu ine nigui wmt ...... .. .
Nowlin, wno lives near Leather wood Post Office,
llenry. About dark Dr. Clopton rode to the gate
and requested an interview with Col. Jonet, who
immediately started out to see him, and when he
had arrived within about ten steps of the gate,
Clopton inquired if that was Col. Jones, and bein;
informed it was, discharged a gun at him heaviiy
loaded with bullets and shot, which took efI'-rt
in the left leg, breaking (he thigh bone and
i therwise seriously injuring the limb. I will pay
the above reward of two hundred dollais, for the
apprehension and delivery of said Clopton to the
j roper authorities of Henry county, to be dealt
with, pursuant to law, where warrants have been
i. sued, for his apprehension. Dr. Clopton is about
4.i years old, about six feet high, has blue eyes,
Very gray for Ilia-age; he is singular in his manners
and dress, at times quite polite, converses
well and weighs about ICO or 170 pounds.
CM. 6, 1850.
1 ni.rrtus to be ikkye d.uiaTiToUIh
be ii ell do.ye.
VrO ME-VIBE It OF CONGRESS should leave
J i Washington without one of Parker's wondern
Razor Strops and a Swiss Razor; his Budgerhair
Shaving Brush and Walnut Oil Shaving
Snap. A new assortment of all the above opened
this day. PARKER'S Perfumery and
Fancy Store, renu. tiv. near National Hotel.
aep::2o ? ij.'l
Liuu.wtv ok Comukess, Oct. 7, ISoO.
ATOTIC 13 IS HEREBY GIVEN, that the Lij.\|
brary of Congress will be closed oil Tuesday,
tue 15th insiant, und will notaguin be opened until
!'J'hunduy, the 14th day of November.
JOHN W. MEHAN, Librarian.
Nov. 8, eodilw
Medical department of hampden,
sydney COLLLEGE, lilClliMuND,
VA.?The thirteenth Annuul Course of
Lectured will commence 011 Monday, the 14th of
October, Idol), and continue until the 1st of the
ensuing March. The connuencinent for conferring
(I. i eea will be held about the middle of March.
i. I.. Rouan'n'am, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
a.i l i nleases of Women and Children.
h. W. C'u amuehl. avmk, M. D., Prof, of Materia
Medica and Therapeutics.
5. Maiti*i.v, M. D., Prof, of Chemistry and
Chas. Hell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery
and Surgical Anatomy.
C Ait .'teh P. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anatomy
and Physiology.
David 11. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and
r ictice of Medicine.
Arthur E. Plticoi.as, M. D., Demonstrator
of Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted
with the most ample facilities, and at very
trilling expense.
Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
Infirmary, under the same roof with the College
and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
at all times well filled with medical and surgical
A A ' ILLIAM TUClv&K, meklua.-mi ? *11...., ,
\\ (of the lute firm of Lane & Tucker,) would
call die attention of bin friends and the public generally
to his stork of Goods now opening, which
has oeen selected by himself from the largest importing
houses in New York, and by far thegreateat
variety and richest styles 1 ever o lie red in this
city. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly solicited
to give me a call und examine my stock before
purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to
their ad vantage.
And 1 would especially call the attention of officers,
both of the army and the navy, to the fact
thai I am prepared to execute all kindsof uniforms,
according to the late regulations, at the shortest
notice, and ut moderate prices, warranted, both in
the cutting and-making departments, erjual to any
establishment in tlAs country,
W. T. tenders hi sincere thanks to his numerous
friends for their Jong and continued patronage,
aijd hopes, by the sfliue diligence and attention to
business, to merit a continuance of the same.
All orders promptly executed.
?ep Stu?utu..)w?uetirw
\\J ILL BE RECEIVING every day during
YV next week, a,beautifal assortment of Faucy
Goods suitable for PRESENTS, &c Also a
large assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums,
Soaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining
to the toilet. PARKERS' Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Peun. av., near National tiolel.
Sept. 19btif
PARIS MILLINERY. Will be opened a
Mrs. S. PARKER'S, on Saturday, the jth
net , a rich assortment of
cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities lor clinical
instruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
being freely admitted to the wardN, enjoy, under
t he guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities
for becoming familiar with the symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors'
fees, ?IU3, Demonstrator's fee, $1(J. Graduation
fee, $2f>.
The price of board, including fuel, lights, and
servants' attendance, is usually #3 to $3j per
The catalogue, &c., containing fuller information
concerning the institution, will be forwurded
to those upplying for it, or specific inquiries will
be unsweree by letter Address,
Oct. 2 Dead of the Faculty.
Marvl.nn<i State Agricultural Society.
Al'l'KAL to the Memhehs ok the Maryland
State Agricultural Society.?Wedesire
that you .should bear in mind, that on the 23d,
2ill), und 2oih days of October, your Society will
bold its annual Exhibition and Fair at the city of
Baltimore : and we appeal to you, one and all, to
bring for exhibition thereat portions of your stock,
the products of your orchards, and of your gardens.
Don't presume that any animal, or product, you
may own is inferior to others that will be here,
and" be thus deterred from bringing them, as it is
only by comparison that the relutive merits of any
thing can be determined. The safer presumption
f?u- you to arrive at, will be that what you have
is as good, if not better than that of others, and
that it behooves you to gallantly enter the list of
competition : if defeated honorably, and the high
character of the judges is a guarantee that you
can be defeated in 110 other way, you will enjoy
the luxury of knowing that others were more entitled
to success than yourself.
And while we address you to bring such articles
as are properly in your department, we crave permission
to solicit your interest, to induce your
wires and daughters to bring whatever appertains
to tiicir peculiar departments, as embroidery, household
manufactures, the products of the dairy and of
the poultry yard, preserves, domestic wines, cotfectioiw,
and, above all tilings, to come themselves, as
without woman, and the beautiful elaborations of her
toxic and genius, no display can be perfect.
To the -Manufacturers cf Agricultural Implements
and Tools, we would say, that interest and patri- J
otisni both combine to enjoin upon you the pro- i
priety of making a grand exhibition of your machinery
of all kinds, as from our present advices,
we are led to believe that the assemblage of tanners
and planters, and of distinguished strangers
from most ot the States of the Union, will be
greater than upon any former occasion here or
elsewhere. We therefore say to the Agricultural )
Implement makers and Mechanics of the United States,
make it tx matter of pride to display your machinery
at our exhibition, and vie with each other in
having the best and lurgest assortment on the
ground. Such ambition is laudable?is worthy of
Ahicncan genius, and should be cherished by the
American heart.
iTjf * Kditors will) whom we exchange will confer
a favor hy copying tins notice.
- - ?? ? 'r...
ggsgsgas,. i i ?i
Vol. 3.
i ~
'T^HE public will be gratified to learn that the
i UniledSiates Mail Steamship Company are en
iiuicu IU cimiuuijccr uiai men ui i uu^cuicnu^ ai c nu n
complete for sending passengers through from
New York to San Francisco and back.
In the first attempts of this Company to meet
the wants of travel to California, by providing
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
ships from New York to Chogres, they were prevailed
upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
through passages from Panama in advance, for
their ships then going round. This was done
from a desire to accommodate those who could
procure passages in no other quarter, and by
which, whatever might be the detention, they
would reach San Francisco sooner than by any
other hue. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence
of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, prevented
their ships from reaching Panama as soon
as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus,
which was increased by the impatience of
passengers in going forward, against the advice
of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship
could possibly reach Panama,
These interruptions are now all removed.
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended
for the Pacific service, huve arrived ut Panama,
ami several a if them huve performed trips to San
Francisco anil back. So tlmt the Company nre
now able to give the public the assurance that the
voyage through from New York to Sun Francisco,
will be pcrronr.cij with regularity u;id ilea
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco,
consists of the
REPUBLIC, Cant. Hudsow.
1THMUS, Capt. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Cupt. Pkck,
ANTELOPE, Cupt. Acki.ev.
Their Atlantic anil Gulf Line, from New York
to Chagres, of lite
GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Capt. HahtstMNi U. S. N.
The connection between the two linGS will be
carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Panama,
will arise.
The large size, well known speed, and superior
accommodation# of their New York and Chagres
Line, and the speed and acaomrr,0tlations of the
ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain,
rapid, and pleasant through passage to California.
Cor. Warren anil West sis., New York.
Aug. lit?1 in
National Medical College, Washington,
District of Columbia.
'HUE annual course of lectures will commence
A on the first Monday in November, the 4th
Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Wm P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obste- j
tries and the diseases of women and children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Medica, Therapeutics, and Hygiene.
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of Surgery.
Grafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
and Practice of Medicine.
Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor
of Anatomy and Physi dogy.
Edward Foreman, M.D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
JnmeS E, Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three times a week, on cases
selected from the Washington Infirmury. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - $90
Demonstrator's ticket - - - JO
Graduation fee - - - - 25
Good board can be procured at from $2 to $3
per week.
Sep 3?2awtNov}if Dean of the Faculty.
C. & E. L, K E R It I S O N C O.
WOULD respectfully inform their friends and
those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
city, that they are now prepared to olfer a large,
choice, and well assorted stock of
. un,l tit.lllc r?!-v Goods
rurciK.i, iniiK,,
As they receive the hull; of theirgoods DIRECT
from EUROPEJIJY PORTS, they feel assured of
being able to compete successfully with any other
market in the United States.
209 King street, north-west corner of
King and Market streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3 m
I^HE subscribers are constantly receiving direct
from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR
ORDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern
trade, and to which they with confidence invite
the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that
the goods will be found PURE FL*1X, to wit:
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns
Pillow Cuse, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens
Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers
j Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of assorted
Damask Dcy.ics, Napkins and Cloths, of varij
ous sizes
Dow lass, Glass Cloths, Black, White & Brown
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc.
209 King street, Charleston, S. C.
Sep. 3, 1850?3m
rpiIE Annua! COURSE OF LECTURES in this
[ Institution will commence on the first Monday
in November next, on the following branches:
Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D.
Institutes ami Practice of Medicine, by S. Ilenry
Dickson, M. D.
Surgery, by E.Geddings, M. D.
rnysiolugy, by James Moultrie, M. D.
Materia Mudica, by Henry R. Frost, M. D.
Obstetrics, by Thos. G. Prioleau, M. 1).
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravenel,
M. I).
Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine IJ?cpital
and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a |
week on the Diseases of thut Institution,
Dr. E. 1). Flnfg, Physician to the Alma House.
Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Surgery
at the College Hospital.
HENRY It FROST, M. D., De.,n.
THE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all
WOOLEN GOODS, have ;ust received per
Ships, "Gulnare," " Orion," and "Somerset,"
from Liverpool, their fall supply of PLAIN'S,
Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, Ha., &a., ex
pressly suited to ouroouinern x iunit-rii imuc, uuu
to an inspection of which, they confidently invite
all who visit the Charleston Market,
C. & E. L. KEKIUSON & CO.,
:209 King et., northwest cor. King & Market sts.
Charleston, Sept 3?
Georgetown COLLEGE, D. C.
I lege will be returned on the 16th instant,
ept14?3td JAMES KYDEK, Pre.
lltvk in course or publication, in parts, price
twenty-kive cents each,
A Dictionay of Machines, Mechanics,
T*r-i- -3 n 1 -S
AUjguiu'Tvuii, auu uii5Uiooiiiig.
Designed fur Practical Working-Men, and those
intended for the Engineering Profession.
Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor qf
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ;
.luthor and Inventor of " The Culculus if Form,"
"The .Yew anil Imiwored System of Lugarithims,"
" The Elements of Euclidby Colors," etc., etc., etc.
THIS work is oflarge8vo. size, containing nearly
two thousand pages, upward* of fifteen hundred
/tittles, aui six thousmul wood cuts. It will present
working-drawings and descriptions of the most important
machines in the United States. Independently
of the results of American ingenuity, it will
contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics,
Machinery, Engine-work, a-d Engineering; with
ill that is useful in more than one thousand dollars'
worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other
oooks, among which may be mentioned the following
1. Bibliotheque des Arts Industriels. (Massob,
2. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal.
J. laigir.eer and Machinists Assistant. (illackie,
4. Publication Industrie lie. (Armengaud Aine,
5. Jainieaon's Mechanics of Fluids.
C, Treatise on Mechanics. (Poisson.)
7. Allgeinine Uauzeiiung mil Abbildungcn.
(Forster, Wien.)
8 Organ fur die Forlschri'le dcs Eisenbahnweaens
in technischer Bezichung. (Von Wal
degg, Wiesbaden.)
.6. Shtrwju's Logarjthjijis,
10. Byrne's Logarithm*,
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works of
Oliver Byrne.
12. Silliman's Journal.
13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopedia. (llulsse,
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contrasted.
15. Holtzapffels'Turning and Mechanical Manip
1C. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Essenbahn-Zeitung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Sleam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20. Dictionnujre des Aits pt Manufactures. (Laboulayo,
21. Sganzin's C,vil Engineering.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter.
23. Origin and Progress ol Steam Navigation.
24. Essaisur I'lmlustric dos Malieres Textiles
(Michel Alcan, Pari-.)
25. Macneill's Tables.
2U. Griers'Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Templeton's Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lad)'sand Gentlemen's Diary.
29. Marine Stegin Engine. (Brown.)
30. Weitbach'a Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Mathematician. (London.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. liana's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and
A rch iter lure. (A J uslcy,)
35. Journal of ttie Franklin Institute.
3G. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil
(Engineers. (London,)
37. The Artisan.
33. Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published
by VVeale, London.)
39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.)
40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine.
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Bar
low, London,)
42. Recueil des Machines Instrumens ct Appareil.
(Le Blanc, Paris.)
43. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Maclwaes.
(G. ilennic.)
15. Repertoire do l'Imlustrie Franqtiaise et Etrangefe,
(L Mathias, Paris.)
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom,
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law,
48. Hodge on the Steam-Engine
4'). Scientific American.
5tl. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik )
51. American Artisan.
50. Mechanic's Magazine..
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dirtjonaire de Marine a Voiles ct a Vapeur,
(l)e Bonnpfoux, Paris.)
55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fairbarn.)
5G. Brees' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
58. Bowditcli's Navigation.
5'J. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men.
60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia.
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London.
62. Bree's Glossary of Engineering.
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crnsy.
64. Craddock's lectures on the Steam-Engine.
65. Assistant Engineer's Railw'ay Guide. (ilui*-j
G6. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.)
The great object of this publication is, to place
before practical! men and students such an amount
of theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a condensed
form, as shall enable them to work to the
best advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which
ihey might otherwise commit The amount of
useful information thus brrtught together, is almost
beyond a precedent in such works. It.deed there is
hardly any subject within its range which is not
eated with such clearm ss a id precision, that even
man of the most ordini iy capacity cannot fail of
understanding, and thus learning from it much
which it is importrnt for him to know,
From the annexed list of the principal authors
and subject comprised in this work it is sell-evident,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
useful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
from the possession and stqdy of this publication,
The following may be especially designated i
Moulder and Boiler Makefs.
Artificers in Brass, Copper, and Tin.
Cutlers, and Workers ol Steel in general.
Woikers in lvnrv, Bone, and Horn,
Civil F.ngini ars, Railway ('ontr o tors, and Contractors
for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every
Architcc'x an ! Bridge Bui'ders.
fSuildcis, Master .Masons, and Brit klaycrs.
Ship Builders, Masters of Vessel-, Ship Carpenters,
and others connected with Building and
Docking Ships,
Block anil Bump Makers,
Hemp DiCneps ami Rope Makers
Maniifaetuieis of Linen and Coi'on Fabrics.
Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving
Machines, Card Bicakers and Finishers, Draw
ing. Frame*' wuitow *, anu i it*cri,r?-, uimhchcd
with Cotton, i lax, and Wool Mac hinery.
Calenderers, Weat hers, and Calico Printer*.
Cloth Folders, and Measurer*, and persona inter*
csted in Sewing Machinery.
Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers.
Cut'ing and Turning Tool MakersJ
Pin and Needle Makers.
Nail and Kivet Makers,
Holt and Screw-JJolt Makers.
Nail Cutters,
Leather Dressers and Curriers.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Anns
Candle Makers.
Biscuit and Cracker Makers,*
Lace Makors,
Ribbon Weavers.
Stone Cutters and Marble Masons.
Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourers'
Cider and Cheese Manufacturers
- -
?nf Saturday, IVovcmbei
, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers.
Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Propnetors of
Sugar Plantations.
Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persons connected wilh tho
Locomotive generally.
Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills.
Veneer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
and Dran-Separatuig Machinery.
Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornament
Makers in general.
Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing.
Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Uwneis, Harbor Masters, and others inter- ]
ested in Dredging Machluery.
Well Sinkers,
i Astronomers. Philosophers, and others using Phil- J
I osopbicul Apparatus and Instruments.
I I.-??..a s_.
w""v? " aiiu umci uivcrtsiui in ruiu|iing
Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic ,
Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Herews,
Common and Peed Cranes.
Woikers iii Metals and Alloys.
Tin Plate Workers.
Spring Maeufacturers.
Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horolog*sts, &c.
The publishers have cxpendtd a large sum of
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
almost every woik on the audject, whether published
in England, France, or Germany the most
essential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored
louse great economy in type, so that each page of
the work contains at least four times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate woiking-drawngs
of ample 3ize and clearness, so that a Mechanic
may construct accurately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, regardless
of cost, to make the work as complete as possible
; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain
the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
The work will he issued in semi-monthly numbers,
commencing in January, 1850, and will pro>
gross wit'' great regularity,
The whole work will be published in 40 numbers
at ^5 cents per numbci, and completed within
the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers ?10 iu advance
shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
.\nlirfi In f\f imn/>r? lit* /??#trlmtil tin
.? .... ....
United Slates and Canada.
If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five
times during the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will be sent gratis
in payment.
American StatisticsA
short time past we published some statistics
relative to the number of soldiers supplied from ,
the different States to the revolutionary war. De ,
Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables re- i
lative to this, und other subjects of equal interest, ,
which we copy. i
1. The number of soldiers furnished by the
American States during the revolution, and the
population of each State in 1700 und in 1847.
2. Principal buttles of the revolution, their several
dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on
each side.
3. Amount of continental money issued to support
the war, and the estimated cost in specie. ,
Soldiers. Pop. 1700 1847. I
New Hampshire, 12,11)7 141,801 300,000 i
Mass. (iiicl'ng Me.) 67,097 475,257 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - - 5,008 00,110 130,000 i
Connecticut, - - - 31,050 238,141 330,000 i
New York,- - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000 I
New Jersey, - - - 10,736 181,130 410,000 i
Pennsylvania, - - 25,078 434,373 2,125,000 i
Delawure, - - - - 2.380 50,008 80,000 i
Maryland, - - - j.j.uitj .Jiu.vtiB t.u.uuu |
Virginia, - - - - 2G,G78 748,308 1/270,000
North Carolina, - - 7,2(53 393,751 705,000
South Carolina, - - G.,417 249,073 (505,000
Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000 <
Total, - - - - 231,971 2,820,959 11,54(5,000 i
2. batti.es of tiijc devolution.
Where H'lim Pilfer. British
fougltt. fought. Com. Loss. Com. Loss. '
Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245 1
Hunker Hill,.Inn'75 Warren 453 Howe 1054 '
Flatbusn, Aug '70 Putnam 2000 Howe 400 1
W. Plains, Oct '7(5 Washt'n 300 Howe 300 '
Trenton, Dec '7G Washt'n 9 Rahl 1000 1
Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400 '
Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Hautn GOO I
Brandy wine,Sep'77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500
Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e GOO
Monmouth, Jun '7w Washt'n 230 Clinton 400 '
R. Island, Aug 78 Sullivun 211 Pigott 2(50 '
Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevost 1G I
SlmiK.tr I"t 1 iiI '70 Wuvne 1(10 Johns'n (Kill I '
Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Oornw's 375
Cowpens, Jan 'HI Morgan 72 Tarle'n HUD
Guilford, Mar'HI Greene 400 Cornw's 523
Eu. Springs,Sep 'HI Greene 555 Stewart 1000
The surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktowu, October
17H1, closed the war; prisoners 7,073.
*5,75)2 British taken prisoners.
Amount issued in 1775 ? 2,000,000
" " 1777 - - 20,000,000
" "in all to July, 1709 358,000,000
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
specie, amounted to ?135,193,703.
We compile from the New York Shipping List
and Price Current, of the lltli September, the following
statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
the several' States for the year ending 31st August '
1850: 1H50. 1819. 1
Louisiana 781,886 1,093,797 i
Alabama . .... 350,952 518,706 J
Florida 181,344 200,lH(j
Texas 31,963 38,827 1
Georgia 314,635 391,372 1
South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117 '
North Carolina . . . ll.HCl 10,041 1
Virginia 11,509 17,-50 1
Total crop .... 2,096,715 2,728,596 1
Derease from last year . .... 631,881 1
Decrease from year before . . 250,928 1
Tim Past, tub1 Prkiekt AND TI1E Fl/TL'RE,?Ol
tlie cotton trade, from the London Economist,
Angus' 24, 1850. "It u calculated that upwards
of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
trude in ull its branches. American cotton crop :
1805 6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875
1830-7 1,422,030 1843-4 2,030,409
1837-8 1,801,497 1 84 4 5 2,394,503
1838 9 * 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537
1839-40 2,177,835 1840 7 1,778,651
1840-1 1,032,945 1H47 8 2,347,034
1841-2 1,684,211 1848-9 2,728,590 \
Average 1,035,590 Average 2,251,315 j
Average crop of the last seven years exceeds 1
that the prior 615,719 hales, and the crop of the i
last just double that of the first?and the crop of I
1848-9 was mate than 1846-7 by fifty per cent. i
Average consumption in (Trent 1'nluin of American
cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales.
The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales.
Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales.
rjARKER, Agent for the above very auperior
Jr HAIR WASH, received, this day, 19grow. (
Wholesale and retail, at i
~V? iK ' A#-- - ? ' - '-...-u.. - N
' SO, 1SSO.
THb i
show what is done, and what should be done,
in (tflce.^#
Charles M. Willard, \ *-^0" and Proprietors.
Terms.?" The United States Postal Guide and
Official Adrertiser," containing about 32 super-royal
octavo pages, is published monthly for one dollar
onlv, per annum, payable in advance?or Jive
dollars for six copies ordered at any one time.
Tl.* ; ls-L ..... ? >
-..v %...vi|/Ma? an ? mv.il ? C HUW tflllUlUtV, UI1U
of which this paper is at once tlie commencement,
and a sample of the papers that are to follow, has
for its aim no less a purpose, than to impart instruction,
in the general and detail, to the Officers
and Agents of the American public, in respect both
to their duties and their rights, and to make them,
and the people at large, acquainted with the organization,
decisions and action of the Executive departments
of their Government. There has hitherto
Leen no vehicle for tlie regular and proper j
communication of information of this kind. The
publication of the Laws and the issue of instructions,
more or less comprehensive, and at intervals
more or less extended, have proved wholly inadequate,
hi the absence of the construction of "those
Laws, as applied to particular cases, and of detuils
nnd illustrations to muke the regulations and instructions
intelligible. The valuable documents
annually reported to Congress, are too voluminous,
tnd are printed in quantities too small for general
circulation; whilst the debutes in Congress and
he commentaries of the press upon their proceeduga,
nnd the proceedings of the Executive branch
af the Government, besides turning mostly upon
general principles, address themselves only to
uarty ends, nnd to matters of national policy.
These publications in their various forms are
highly useful in themselves as far ns they go, and
some of them indispensable; but there is much
that do not reach the hands of till, nor if they did,
Jo they furnish those rules, methods, and exami,l?
4v... !.- ?r .1 i i:~ i :
t?M v.ic ucopivii KJI VIIC |iulmi<: uuptiiirsn which |
:nn render the discharge of public duty either safe
ur easy, whether in respect to the incumbent himself,
or the department or bureau under which he
sets. We shall make an honest effort to supply
[his vacuum, and to provide for these necessities.
If we succeed in rendering the functions of the
nrimnry offices more uniform, methodical, and extct,
we shall make the administrative duties of the
lepartments more easy and effective, and thereby
promote the real and substantial interests of the
country. And this we expect to do, to some extent
at least?apart fVom, and independently of
toy party or personal interest or question whatever.
It is known to most of those to whom this paper
will be sent, that the Senior Editor was Auditor
of the Post-Office Department until the month
if November last; with by far ths larger portion
of both postmasters and contractors, lie has had
direct intercourse, in person or by letter. He entered
tlie department fourteen years since, and for
many years previously, had been, first in the War
Department, aid subsequently in the Treasury.
He has therefore had the best opportunities for
understanding the arrangements of business in all
the departments, and being acquainted with those
who carry it on. Since his official connection with
the Government ceased, lie flatters himself he has
preserved the respect and regard of most of the
present incumbents of the departments, and is on |
becoming term* of intercourse and civility with
Litem ull. The Junior Editor has been asssiduously
engaged for several years, in studying, by personal
inquiry and examination, the practical and
Jaily routine and details of the Post-Office and
other branches of the public business. It is with
this stock of experience, and these advantages for
reaching the various sources of administrative action,
and for imparting minute and illustrative instruction,
and valuable periodical and statistical
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and solicit your support and patronage.
We have fixed upon the 1.1th of each month as
the duy for the publication of our paper, so as to
afford time for obtaining from the departments,
all the orders, notices andohanges issued, or made
by tliem during the preceding month. Tables of
Post Offices, and compilations of the Laws and
Regulations, are issued l>y the Post Office Department
only once in two or three years. It is a
matter of inconvenience and complaint, for which
hitherto there has been no remedy, that in one
month from the time of those issues, there are offices
in the tables which are no longer in ope.ation,
and offices in operation which are not in the tables.
At this time there are perhaps over throe thousand
offices of the two descriptions, In like manner
laws have heen passed and regulations established
since the issue of the last volume of regulations,
of which many postmasters and others are wholly
ignorant. We propose to prevent, for the present,
my increase of the evil of either kind, and from
the time another issue shall be made, our paper
tvill furnish the additions, corrections, and tnotlifi;ations,
made in each month, and by being filed
uid preserved, will afford to postmasters full and
?xuct information upon both subjects, up to and
or time being. How much of the present inisdi
'ccuuii, rerunning, uuuui, coniuuion, error, nnil
imposition, will be saved by tbe progressive state
if full and exact knowledge, for which we have
irovided, and for which we engage, every intelligent
postmaster can estimate for Inmself.
These advantages alone and independently of all
itliers, are worth many times the price we charge
or the paper, and will, it is hoped, induce every
loatmaster who feels a just pride in his office, or
i patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, and
?fficiency of the whole Post-Office system?at once
o subscribe. The same considerations apply to
he orders and notices, decisions, and instructions
if the War, Navy, Treasury, State, and Interior
Jepartments, and the same course is intended in
espcct to them. Notices of the decisions of the
Supreme Court, in cases turning upon questions
if official duty or national interest, will find a place
n this paper.
A department of our paper addressing itself not
merely to postmasters and other officers of the
Groremment, but to all other citizens who give attention
to the affairs of the nation and the progress
md development of the country, will embrace in a
mndensed form tbe matters submitted to, or arisng
in Congress. At each session a vast deal of
valuable information is communicated to Congress,
by tbe several departments and their suborlinate
bureaus, and profound and comprehensive
eports are made by committees of both Houses,
liut tbe great mass of the community know nothng
of tiie ccntents of these documents and rew.rtcj
nvranl tlio iwifwAu nf \*.*l?irh
rom time to time nppenr in the public papers.
I'lie standing number printed of each documen
uid report, is only twelve hundred in the Senate,
nid fourteen hundred in the House of Representaives,
which ut once shows the inipracticnbility of
heir dissemination. The Advertiser will connin
short abridgments or analysis of all these
Inciiments and reports, and the compend will
hcrefore not only prove exceedingly useful and
instructive in itself, but will furnish an easy index
:o those interested, whenever it is found desirable
:o obtain and examine the document at large.
Fhere is a large field Ixsfore us, the materials are
lniplc. It will ho our zealous care to collect and
trrange them in the proper form. We have every
jonfidence that the subscriptions will be ample to
>nable us to accomplish it all. The information
ive propose to give, comprehending and confined
:o the action of the Government, is solid, useful,
ind (we might almost say) necessary to the officer?if
not to the citizen. It is intended for all,
md put at n price which can constitute no obstacle
ivilh any. Ifat the end of the year, any subscriber
shall find that he has not received the full value of
lis money, in intellectual enjoyment and in the
increased light nnd nid afforded him, for the dis
hargc oT his otticial Unties or in exorcising by his
rote his just share in the conduct of our public affairs,
then shall we be ready to admit, that our
liopcs and expectations have been disappointed,
uid thut the contract on our part has failed.
Washington, D. c., Junrt 1s50.
AaL* THE HOUSE now occupied by Mrs
M!M SPRIGG, on Capitol Hill, Carroll Place,
uid immediate possession given. To a good tenmt
the terms will be reasonable. Apply to
Oot 17?31 _ E. GREEN.
No. W.
| Published every Saturday, at 12J rents a Number,
Yearly, in advixnee, &(t.
rilHIS work is conducted in the spirit of LitJL
tell 's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which
was favorably received by tlie public for twenty
years,) but an it is twice aa large, and appears so
often, we not only give spirit and freshness to it
by many things which were excluded by a month's
delay, but while thus extending our scope, and
gathering u greater and more attractive variety,
are able so to increase the solid and substantial
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as fully to satisfy the wants of the American
The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh,
Uuarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's
notable criticisms on Poetry, his keen
political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales,
and vivid descriptions of rural and mountain
scenery; and the contributions to I.ii?r?inM Hi?- 1
lory, and common life, by the sagacious Spectator,
ilie sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenaeum,
the busy and industrious Literary Qozette, the
sensible and comprehensive Brituuniu, the sober
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of the United Service, and with the best articles of
the Dublin University, New Monthly, Fraser's,
Tail's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Magazines,
and of Chnmbers's admirable Journal. We
do not consider it beneath our dignity to borrow
wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think
it good enough, mal e use of the thunder of The
Times. We shall increase our variety by importations
from the continent of Europe, and front the
new growth of the British colonies.
The steamship has brought Europe, Asia, and
Africu into our neighborhood, and will greatly
multiply our connexions as merchants, travellers,
nnd politicians, with all parts of the world; so that,
much more than ever, it now becomes every intelligent
American to he informed of the conditions
and changes of foreign countries. And this not
only because of their nearer connexion with ourselves,
but because the nutinns seem to be hastening
through a rapid process of change, to some
new stale of things, which the merely polilicul
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Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization,
(which is extending over the whole
world,) and Voyages nnd Travels, will he favorite
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systematically and very fully acquaint our readers
Willi the great department of foreign affairs, without
entirely neglecting our own.
While we aspire to make the Living Jlge desirable
to all who wish to keep themselves informed
of the rapid progress of the movement?to statesmen,
divines, lawyers, and physicians?to men of
business ami men of leisure,?it is still a stronger
object to make it attractive to their wives nnd
-I. .1.1 ur. i.
we ueneve dial we can thus do some
good in our day and generation, and hope to
make the work indispensable in every well-informed
family. We suy indispensable, because in
tins day of cheap literature, it is not possible
to guard against the influx of what is bud in
taste and vicious in morals, in any other way than
by furnishing a sufficient supply of a healthy
character. The mental and moral appetite must
be gratified.
We hope, that by," winnowing the wheat from
the chaff," by providing abundantly for the imagination,
and by a large collectioji of Biography,
Voyages and Travels, History, and more Bolid
matter, we may produce a work which shall be
popular, while at the same time it will aspire to
raise the standard of public, taste.
jXTJr"* Letters in commendation of the plan and
execution of the work front Judge Story, Chancellor
Kent, l)r. Bethune, ami MeBsrs. Jured
Sparks, W. II. Prescott, George Bancroft, and
George Ticknor, have been published in former
Postage.?When sent with a cover it iAfeanked
as a pamphlet, and costs 4J cents. Without the
cover it comes within the definition of a newspaper
given in the Jaw, and cannot legally be charged
with more than newspaper postage.
Monthly Parts.?For such as prefer it in that
form, the Living Age is put up in monthly parts,
containing four or five weekly numbers. In this
shape it shows to greut advantage in comparison
with other works, containing in each part double
the matter of any of the quarterlies. But we recommend
the weekly numbers as fresher and fuller
of life.
The volumes are published quarterly. Each of
them is equal to three ordinary octavos.
Orders should be addressed directly to the publishers!
. oct i&J Boston.
ok the
To Mechanics, Inventors, and Manufacturers:
fpIIE Publishers of the Scientific American re
spectluliy give notice that the sixth volume
of this valuable journal, commenced on the 21st ,
of September, ottering a valuable opportunity for
nil to subscribe who take an interest in the progress
and developement of the Mechanics' Arts
and Manufactures of our country. The character
of the Scientific .1meric<in is loo well known
throughout the country to require a detailed account
ol the various subjects discussed through its
columns. ,
It enjoys a more extensive and influential circulation
than any other journal of its class in
It w*U-. be published weekly, as heretofore, in
( luarlo Form, on fine paper, affording, at the end |
ill the year, mm /I./, US I Jul J ED ENC r ( /.() I
witli an Index, iinil from Five to Six Hundred
ORIGINAL ENGR. 11 INGS, described by letters t
of reference; beside*) a vast amount of practical I
information concerning tlie progress of SCIENTIFIC
and .1/ / : C HAN! C.I I. JM PROVE- <
M.1NUFAC T IJ It INI I in us various
ANY,?insliort.it embraces the entire range oi
the Arts and Sciences.
It also possesses an original feature not found in
any other weekly journal in the country, viz., an
Official List of P.ITENI' CLAIMS, prepared ex
pressly for its columns at the Patent Olfice,?thus
constituting it the " AMERICANREPERTORI
Terms?$2 a-year ; 5' for six months.
All letters must be post paid and directed to
Publishers of the Scientific American,
128 Fulton street, New York.
hiduceinenls fur Clubbing.
Any person who will send us four subscribers
for six months, at our regular rates, shall lie entitled
to one copy for the same length of time ; or
we will furnish?
10 copies for 6 mos., $8 I 15 copies for 12 mos. $22 '
10 do 12 15 | 20 do 12 14 28 1
Sniakirn null Western mnnev taken at oar for
subscription* ; or Post Office Stamps taken at '
their full value. 1
Any person sending us three subscribers will be |
entitled to a copy of the " History of Propellers
and Steam Navigation," republished in boolc form
?now in press, to be ready about the first of October.
It will be one of the most complete works
upon the subject ever issued, nnd will contain
about ninety engravings.
Oct. 22?if
7 IKE INSURANCE.? British Commercial
JLj Life Insurance Company, established in 1820,
and empowered by act of Parliament, for the Insurance
of Lives and Survivorships, and the endowment
of Children, &c., &.c., CAPITAL
jLj^Office 3d story Colonization Buildings,
near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Wa?hinton
city, D. Cj
M. THOMPSON, Agent 2
October 21, 1830?dtf ^
M Mootk^gi M I
" Th# Bonthtm Pi mm,"?Weekly, I
Is published every Saturday.
For one square of 10 lines, three insertions, $1 UO I
M every subsequent insertion, - ? A5 I
Liberal deductions made on yearly advertising. I
O- Individuals may forward the amount of their I
subscriptions at our risk. Address, (poet paid) fl
Washington City. I
All Schemes or the Maryland Lotteries are
examined and approved by the State Commissioners,
and all Drawings conducted under their
personal superintendence.
Bonds to a heavy amount are deposited with
the State Commissioners to secure the payment of
all Frizes.
Class No. 1.
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 7th, 1850,
$40,000 capital.?20 prizes of $5,000.
Rich Scheme.
1 Prize of $40,000 is $ 40,00#
20 Frizes of 5,000 are 100,000
20 Prizes of 1,000 are 20,000
Tickets $12?Halves $6?Quarters $3.
Certificate of Package 26 Whole Ticket, $160 00
do do 26 Half Tickets, 80 OO
do do 26 Quarter Tickets, 40 00
Class A.
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 14th, 1850,
75 Numbers, 14 Drawn Ballots.
$52,500, Capital Prize.
Rich Scheme.
1 Prize of $52,500 10 Prizes of $1,500
1 do 22.500 10 do 1,000
1 do 11,500 10 do 750
1 do 5,500 10 do 500
10 prizes of 2,500 300 do 250
10 do 2,000 Ac. &c.
Tickets $15?Halves $7 50?Cluarters $3 75.
Certificate of Package 25 Whole Tickets, $190 00
do do 25 Half Tickets, 95 00
do do 25 Quarter Tickets, 47 50
Class No. 2.
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 21st, 1850.
75 Nos. 13 Drawn Ballots.
Splendid Scheme.
1 Prize of $40,000 I Prize of $5,000
I do 20,000 1 do 4,005
1 do 10,000 20 do 1,000
1 do 7,500 20 do 500
Tickets $10?Halves $5?Quarters $2 50.
Certificate of Package 25 Whole Tickets $130 00
do do 25 Half Tickets, 65 00
do do 25 Quarter Tickets, 32 50
Clans B. ,
To be drawn in Baltimore, December 28lh, 1850.
Capital Prize $61,370.-200 Prizes of 2,000.
Lowest Prize a ticket with three drawn Numbers
on, can draw, is $2,000.
JSlaftnificenl Scheme.
1 Prize of $61,371) 5 Prizes of $7,o(M)
L do 35,000 5 do 5,500
1 do 25.0(H) 5 do 3,500
I do 15,000 200 do lowest
1 do 10,000 3 Nob. 2,000
I Ac. &e.
Tickets $25?Halves $12 50?Unarters $6 25.
Certificate of Package 26 Whole Tickets, $350 00
do do 26 Half Tickets, 175 00
do do 26 U-iinrter Tickets, 87 50
do do 26 Eighth Tickets, 43 75
Orders for Tickets, Shares, or Packages,
in any of the above magnificent Lotteries, will
meet with prompt attention. All communications
strictly confidential.
Apdkesr F. MORRIS & CO.,
Managers, llaiiimore, Md.
53= Outstanding Prizes in Lotteries under the
management of D. Paine & Co., will be received
by us in payment of Tickets, or we will pay tha
cash on pi tscntalion.
nov 16 F. MORRIS A CO.
signed, Attorneys and Agents, practice Law
in the Supreme Court of the United States, and
the Courts of the District of Columbia, andullend
promptly to claims against the United States, iu[
eluding the settlement of all accounts of officers
and agents of the Government, Bounty Lands,
Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions,
Ac., Ac.
They tender their services to members of the
profession at a distance, and, when the case is
prepared by a loial airent, will abate one-half their
usual fee. All information relative to the forma
and usuges of business in any of the Departments,
will be furnished lo our regular correspondents
without charge. I'hey have made arrangements
for the payment ol '.axes, and for lite sale or location
of bounty land wurrunts on the best Western
LCfpOlFn-e on P* nsylvania avenue, Lane <fc
Tucker's Building. *
BEN. E. GREEN,*7^^
Oct. 14?3taw3in.
WE beg leave to call your attention to nn advertisement,
and to the memorial annexed,
and tender our services in the prosecution of any
claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you
may send to us. We will allow you one half our
usual fee, which is^irr dollars for obtaining a warrant
for 1GU acres, and three dollars for a warrant
of eighty acres or less, for publishing our advertisement,
and preparing and forwarding the papers
to us.
If you accept this proposal, please insert this
circular and our advertisement in your paper,
with the following editorial notice:
" We call the attention of our readers to the advertisement
of Messrs. Dull' Green, Ben. E.
Green, and Richard II. Clarke, Attorneys and
Agents at Washington, D. C., and would say to
persons having claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions,
tlmt we have made arrangements for the
requisite forms, and that claimants calling at our
office can have their papers properly prepared and
forwarded to these gentlemen at Washington,
who will properly attend to them in their proper
Please get each claimant to sign the memorial,
and forward it to your member of Congress.
Please send us a copy of your paper containing
our card, which will notify us that you accept our
proposition. DUFF GREEN,
lit* Vs?h/t/* nu/l llniLip nt' Itpiirrvrntntim nf th*
United Slain in Congress assembled: The memorial
>f the undersigned, respectfully represents that
they are entitled to County Land, under the act
of 28th of September, 1850, that they are informed
and believe that the unlocated warrants are worth
more to them than the patented lands would be;
that they do not expect or desire to reside on the
land thus grunted; that if patented to them, the
expense of agencies and taxes will be an annual
charge, reducing the value of the grant, which
ihey could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant.
Your memorialists further represent that the law,
>y preventing the sale of the warrants, assumes
hat the olHcers and volunteers entitled to bounty
ands, are not competent to act for themselves,
whereas many of them are among the most inteligent
and respectable citizens of the States. They
herefore respectfully ask that the act aforesaid
nay be so modified as to make the warrants for
bounty lands assignable, and they will ever
pray, &c.
LaA A SMALL UOl/dE on Capitol Hill, co
Kfig tabling six or seven rtfoms, with consul ?
?TTri??,n.t attached.?Apply at this office.] MB
Oct. 16?
IF ?ou want a newspaper from the North that is
all right on the great question of the day, " the
further interference with Southern institutions,"
take the I>?y Book. It is standing up boldly for
,!,? South and Southern rights, and doing a good
deal of good in the right way. Its influence and
popularity is extending throughout the whole
The Dat Book, daily, is $5 per annum. J
The Weekly of it, is $2 per annum.
No Southern merchant should be without one
or the other. . Nov. 7?^

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