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The southern press. (Washington [D.C.) 1850-1852, December 03, 1850, Image 4

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Tut GrOKEEMMENT ok IH( united states of
America, a. d., 1850.
B Tkc Executive.
Millard Fillmore, of N. Y. . President.
William R. King, of Alabama Vice President.
The Cabinet.
I Daniel Webster, of Masa. . . Sec. of State.
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, . . . Sec.oftheTreas.
I William A. Graham, of N. C. Sec. of the Navy.
Charles M. Conrad, of La. . . Sec. of War.
A. H. H Swart, of Pa. Sec. of Interior.
I Nathan K. Hall, of N. Y. . . P. M. General.
John J. Crittenden, of Ky. . Att. General.
I The Judiciary.
i supreme court of the united states.
I Roger B. Taney, of Marylaiul . Chief Justice.
i John McLean, of Ohio Asaociatc.
I James M. Wayne, of Georgia . . "
I John Catron, of Tennessee ... 44
i John McKinley, of Kentucky . . 44
i Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia . . 44
I Samuel Nelson, of New York . 44
I Lew Woodbury, of N. Hamp. . 44
' O n ?r D.?. ,,
k.oblkt v. ui & villi. .
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS.
Term commenced March. 4,1849, and will end March
4, 1851.
Senate.
Number of States represented. 30.
President. William R. Kino.
Secretary. Ashburv Dickens.
Whig* i in Italics; Natives in Small Capitals; Demo-\
crats in Roman; Those maiked F. S. are Free Sutlers.
Term Term
Erjiires. Expires.
Alabama. Michgan.
Jeremiah Clemens 1853 Lewis C-nss 1851
Wm 11 King 1855 Alpheus Felcli 1853
Arkansas. Missouri.
Wm K Sebastian 1853 Thomas H Benton 1851
Solon Borland 1855 David R Atchison 1855
Connecticut. New Hampshire.
Roger S Baldwin 1851 John P Hale (F 8) 1853
Truman Smith 1855 Moses Norris, Jr 1855
Delaware. New York.
John Wales 1851 DanielSDickinson 1851
Presley Spruance 1851 William H Seward 1855
h lorira. New Jersey.
David L. Yulee 1851 Win L Dayton 1851
Jackson Morton 1855 Jacob W Miller 1853
Georgia. North Carolina.
John M Berrien 1853 Willie P Mangum 1853
B'm C Dawson 1855 George E Rodger 1855
Indiana. Ohio.
Jesse D Bright 1851 Thomas Ewing 1851
J Whitcomb 1855 S P Chase (F S) 1855
Illinois. Pennsylvania.
Stephen A Douglas 1853 Daniel Sturgeon 1851
James Shields 1855 James Cooper 1850
Iowa. Rhode Island.
George W Jones 1851 Albert C Greene 1851
Aug C Dodge 1855 Jolm H Clarke 1853
Kentucky. South Carolina.
Jus 11 Underwood 1853 Robt W Barnwell 185.':
lltnry Clay 1855 A P Butler 1855
Louisiana. Tennessee.
Sol U Downs 1853 Hopkins LTurney 1851
Pieire Soule 1855 John Bell 1851
Maine. Texas.
llunnibnl Hamlin 1851 Thomas J llusk 185]
Jas W Bradbury 1853 Sum Houston 1851
Massachusetts. Vermont.
Robl C Wlnthrop 1851 Samuel S Phelps 185
John Davis 1853 William Uphum 185!
Maryland. Virginia.
Thomas G Pratt 1851 James M Mason 185
James A Pearce 1855 It M T Hunter 185
Mississippi. Wisconsin.
Jeflerson Davis 1851 Henry Dodge 185
Henry S Foote 1853 Isaac 1? Walker 185
California.
William M. Gwin,
John C. Fremont.
THE SENATE IN FIGURES.
1 Democrats. 3d
Whigs. 25
Free Soilers. 3
Total number of members. (>0
Democratic nnyority. # 7
House qf RepresetUalives.
Speaker. Howell (Jobb.
Clerk. Wm. L. V oun d
Dist. Arkansas. Mississippi. > | J
Robert W Johnson 1 Jacob Thompson
Alabama. 2 W S Featherston
1 William J .llston 3 Wm McWillie
2 Henry WMiliard 4 A G Brown
3 Sampso ?W Harris} Nebraska."'
4 Samuel W. Inge \ ? ?.
5 David Hubbard New Jersey.
6 William. R W Cobb 1 .indrew R Hay
7 Francis W Bowden 2 Wm Ji Jewell
Connecticut. 3 Isaac Wildrick
1 Lorenzo P Waldo 4 lohn Van Dyke
2 Walter Booth (F S) 5 James G King
)3 Chnun'y F Cleveland new Mexico.
J4 Thomas B Butler ? ?
California. Mew Hampshire.
1 .linos Turk, (F S)
Delaware. 2 Clias H Peaslee
J John W Houston 3 James Wilson
Florida. 4 Harry Hibbard
1 Edward C Cabell North Carolina.
Georgia. 1 Thomas L Clingman
"1 Joseph W. Jackson 2 J P Caldwell
;2 M J Welborn 3 E Deberry
3 Jlllen T Owen 4 A K Shepherd
4 HA Haralson 5 A W Venable
'"5 Thomas C Hackett 6 W S Ashe
6 Howell Cobb 7 J R J Daniel
7 Alexander H Stephens 8 Edward Stanley
8 Robert Toombs 1) David Outlaw
Illinois.
1 Win H Bissell New York.
2 John A McClernand 1 John .1 King
3 Thomas R. Young 2 David .1 Bokee
4 John Wentworth 3 J Phillips Phwni-x
5 Wm A Richardson 4 Walter Underbill
6 Edward D Baker 5 George Briggs
7 Thomas L Harris 6 James Brooks
;Iowa. 7 William Mbon
1 Vacancy 8 R Halloway
2 Shepherd Lefller 9 Thomas McKissock
Indiana. 10 Herman D Gould
1 Nathaniel Albertson 11 C R Sylvester
2 Cyrus L Dunham 12 Gideon O Reynolds
3 John L Robinson 13 John /. Sclwolnafl
4 Geo W Julien (F S) 14 George R .Indretrs
5 W J Brown 15 ./. R. Thurman
J(i Willis A Gorman 1G Hugh White
7 Edward McGaughey 17 H P .Alexander
8 Joseph E McDonald 18 Preston King (F S)
9 G A Fitch 19 Charles E Clarke
10 Andrew J Ilarlan 20 O B Mattison
Kentucky. 21 Hiram Walden
1 Linn Boyd 22 Henry Burnett
2 J E Johnson 23 William Dtur
3 F E McLean 24 Daniel iJntt
George A Caldwell 23 Harmon S Conger
5 John li Thompson 20 W T Jackson
G Daniel Breck 27 If .1 Sackett
J7 Humphrey Marshall 28 AM Schermrrhorn
'8 Charles S More head 2!) Robert L Rose
*9 John C Mason 30 David Rumscy
10 Rich'd H Stanton 31 E. Rislry
Louisiana. 32 E C Spaulding
1 Emile La Sere 33 Harvey Putnam
2 Vacancy 34 L Burrows
3 John R llarmonson Onto.
4 Isaac E Morse 1 Dnvid T Disney
Maine. 2 I. D CamphtU (F S)
1 Elbridge Gerry, 3 Robert C Sehenek
2 Nat*18 Littleheld 4 Moses Cortoin
3 John Otis 5 Emery D Potter
4 Rufu* K Goodenow 0 Amos E Wood
5 Cullen Saw telle 7 Jonathan D Morris
6 Charles Stetson, 8 John I. Taylor
7 Thomas J D Fuller 9 Edson I! Olds
Mahvlanb. 10 Charles Swertzer
1 Richard J Bowie 11 John K Miller
2 WmT Hamilton 12 Samuel F finton
3 Edw W Hammond 13 W A Whittlesey
4 Robert M McLane 14 Nathan Evans
\ 5 Alexander Evan if, Jf'm F Hunter ( F S)
G John B Kerr jg Moses Hoagland
Massachusetts. 17 Joseph Cable
1 B A Elliot 18 David K Carter
2 Vacancy 19 John Crosrtll (F ft)
3 James It Duncan 20 J us R did,lings (FS)
4 Vacancy 21 Joseph v\f Root(FS)
5 Charles Allen, [FS] Dar.miv.
6 George Ashmun S R Thornton]
7 Julius Rockwell Pennsti.*ania.
8 Horace Mann 1 Lewis C Levin
9 Orin Fowler 2 Joseph R Chandler
10 Joseph Grinntll 3 Henry 1) Moor,
Michigan. 4 john bobbins, jrm
1 a w buell 5 John Freedley
win Sprague, (F 8) c thomas ross
it s bingham 1 Jesse C Dickey
Minnesota. 8 Thadileus Stevens
II h sibleyt 9 william strong
Mi'rocri. 10 m M dimmick
james b bowlin \ 1 Chester finite r
win v n bay 19 l>avid wilmot(fs)
3 james s green 13 Joseph Casey
4 willard p. hall 14 Charles w Pitman
? john s phelps 13 msry mj
I Hi J as X McLanahan 11 Ckru'r H William*
17 Samuel Calvin Texas.
18 A Jackson Ogle 1 David Kaufman
19 Job Mann 2 Volney ? Howard
20 R R Reed Utah.
21 Moses Hampton ? ?
22 John W^Howt (F S) Vermont.
23 James Thompson 1 Win Henry
24 Alfred Gilmore 2 Wm Hebard
Rhode Island. 3 James Meaclutm
1 George G King 4 Lucius B Peck
2 AliMan Dixon Virsinia.
South Carolina. 1 John S Millson
J Daniel Wallace 2 Richard K. Meade
2 J L Orr 3 Thomas H Averett
3 J A Woodward 4 Thomas S Bocock
4 John McQ-ueen 5 Paulus Powell
5 Armisiead Burt 6 James A Sedden
6 Isaac E Holines 7 Thorns H Bayly
7 W F Colcock 8 Alex R Holliday
Tennessee. U Jeremiah Morton
1 Andrew Johnson 10 Richard Parker
2 filbert G Watlcins 11 James McDowell
3 Josiah M Jlnderson 12 H A Ednuiudson
4 John H. Savage 13 FM'Mullen
5 Geo W Jones 14 J M H Beale
6 James H Thomas 15 Thomas S Haynumd
7 Meredith P Gentry Wisconsin.
8 Andrew Ewing 1 Chas Durkee, (F $)
9 Isham G Harris 2 Orsasmus Cole
10 Fred'k P Stanton 3 James D. Doty.
California.
Geotge W. Wright,
Edward Gilbert.
Contested by Mr. Littell.
fDelegates from the Territories.
the house in figures.
Democrats 111
Whigs und Natives * 101
Free-Soilers 14
Vacancies 5
Totul, exclusive of Delegates 231
Should the vacancies be filled as before, and
dividing the Free Boilers into Democrats and
Whigs, as they are on all other questions but that
of the territories, the House will be as follows :?
Democrats 117
Whigs 114
Democratic majority 2
The General Result in Figures
Old Parties. Free-Soil. Vacancies.
States. Whig. Hem. Whig. Dew. Whig. Vein'
Arkansas ? 1 ? ? ?4 ?
Alabama 2 5 ? ?? ? ?
Connecticut 12 ? 1, ? ?
Delaware 1 ? ? ? ? ?
Ln :.i? I
r iifi iuu i ? ? ? ? ?
Georgia 3 5 ? ? ? ?
Illinois I G ? ? ? ?
Indiana lb ? 1 ? ?
Iowa ? 1 ? ? ?
Louisiana ? .'1 ? ? 1 ?
I Maine 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Maryland 3 3 ? ? ? ?
| Massachusetts 7 ? 1 ? 2 ?
? Michigan ? 2 1 ? ? Missouri
? 5 ? ? ? Mississippi
? 4 ? ? ? I
New York 32 1 -! 1 ?
New Jersey 4 1 ? ? ? I
N. Hampshire 12 1 ? ? I
N. Carolina G 3 ? ? ?
Ohio 5 11 5 ? ?
I Kentucky G 4 ? ? ?
3 Pennsylvania 14 H 1 1 ?
Rhode Island 2 ? ? ? ?
1 S. Carolina ? 7 ? ? ?
3 Tennessee 4 7 ? ? ?
Texas ? 2 ? ? ?
1 Virginia 2 13 ? ? ?
'5 Vermont 3 1 ? ? ?
Wisconsin 11 ? 1 ?
Total 102 111 9 5 3
Democratic majority in the 31st Congress
Whig majority in the 30th Congress
Democratic gain
Aspect qf Congress.
JVhig. Den
Exclusive of Free-soilers 102 11
Free-soilera 9
Vacancies 3
Total 114 11
Actuat Democratic majority
Free and Slave State Classification.
Whig. Dem. Free-soil
A-Free Slates 75 51 1
olave Slates 30 61 Total
105 112 1
Enlargement of the capitol.The
Committee on Public Buildings of thi
Senate, having been authorized by a resolution o
that body, " to invite plans accompanied by esti
mates? for the extension of the Capitol, and to al
low a premium of five hundred dollars for th<
plan wnich may be adopted by the Committees or
Public Buildings of the two Houses of Congress,'
accordingly invite such plans and estimates, to bi
deliverecf to the Secretary of the Senate on or be
fore the first day of December next.
It is required that these plans and estimate
shall provide for the extension of the Capitol
either by additional wings, tb be pla?ed on th
north and south of the present building, or by th
erection of a separate and distinct building, withii
the enclosure to the east of the building.
The committee do not desire to prescribe nrp
condition, that may restrain the free exercise o
architectural taste and judgment, but they wouli
prefer, that whatever plan may be proposed ma'
nave such reference to and correspondence will
the present building as to preserve the genera
symmetry of the entire structure, when complete
Although but one plan can be adopted, the com
mittee reserve to themselves the right to form sucl
plan by the adoption of parts of different plan
submitted, shoulil such course he found necessmij; ii
which event, the committee nlso reserve to them
selves the right to divide or apportion, accordinj
to their own judgment, the amount of premium n
be awarded for the whole, to those whose plan
may in part be adopted, according to the relativ
importance and merit of each part adopted.
R. M. T. HUNTER,
JEFFERSON DAVIS,
JOHN H. CLARKE,
Committee of the Senate on Public Buildings.
Senatk Chamber, 30th September, 1850.
N. B. The several daily papers published a
Washington will please insert the above daily fo
two weeks, and send their accounts to the Secre
lary of the Senate. oct 4
PENSIONS AN1) BOUNTV LAND
OBTAINED for the officers and soldiers of the
Revolutionary war, or their legal representa
Pensions for life, for the widows of such
cers nnd soldiers who married previous to 1600.
Bounty land for the surviving, or the widows,
or minor children of deceased officers and privates,
who served in the war of 1812 with Great Britain,
the Mexican war, or in any of the Indian
wars, since 1790.
Attention paid to suspended and rejected claims.
Terms moderate, where the claim is established,
otherwise no charge.
Communications addressed to the subscriber,
Washington, D. C., will receive prompt attention.
M. THOMPSON,
Commissioner of Deeds for North and South
Carolina.
Refer to the heads of Departments, and to
members of Congress generally.
Oct 4?twtf
STEELE'S FASHIONABLE IIAT
HOUSE.
Charleston, South Carolina.
THE SUBSCRIBER'S establish
ment being one of the most extensiv
and fashionable rslail 11AT I lOUSEi
Charleston, the public may deneni
on finding there a superior assortment of all th
latest styles of Hats for this fall. Fine Frencl
Moleskin and Beaver Hats, with an extensivi
variety of fine black, and blue cloth Caps for ger
tlemens, youths, nnd children.
TO SOUTHERN PLANTERS.
Planters can be supplied with Hats and Capi
for plantation nnd house servants. Black, white
I pearl, and drab water-proof Wool Hats wilhgooi
hair and coarse cloth Cops.
W.STEELE,
Fashionable Hatter, 831 King, opposite llazcl
street, Charleston,17?
J. Knox Walker,
?Ittomfy at Imw and Central .flgenl,
OK F F. U 8 his service* in his profession and as
Agent lor the Prosecution and Collection ol
I Claim* before Congress and the I tepartments, also lot
obtaining Patents.
All business confided, to hun vsill be promptly at
tended to. ? J17 tl
SOUTHERN CENT RAL
AGRICULTURAL, ASSOCIATION.
fTUlE FifJi Annual Fair of the Southern Cent,
X ral Agricultural Association, will beheld
(luring the week embracing Wednesday, the 14th
day 01 August next, which is the day of the fifth
annual meeting at Atlanta Georgia
The Committee charged with the duty of prescribing
such general rulc3 as they may deem necessary
to a proper management of the approaching
Fair, have adopted the following
CtNtllAL REGULATIONS.
1st The Fair Grounds and Huildiugs will be
| opened for visitors on Monday morning, and conJ
tinue open until Friday evening. It Is therefore de
su able that all persons having articles ior exniDition,
shall be on the ground as early as Friday or
Saturday, the 9th and 10th August when a Committee
will be there ready to receive them.
2d. The Association has an ample fund, and will,
in all cases, become responsible for the safe-keeping
ut articles which may pe placed in the hands of its
cilicers and committees, (the owner taking a check
lor (he same,) until the close of the Fair, which
will be anuounced beforehand, in ample time to
give them op;>ortunty to recover their goods, and
to prevent thereby the leaving of any goods or
articles unprotected after the adjournment of the
Association.
3d. Mark A. Cooper, Richard Peters, David W.
Lewis, Win. Ezzard, and James M- Calhoun, are
appointed a committee whose duty it shall be to see
that all articles entering the fair grounds for cxhiition,
shall have first been ent credit! the Secretary's
book or registry?then labelled with the owner'sname
and residence?and price, if for sale?giving
to the owner a corresponding card?and then classified
and arranged by departments, and in such order
as to facilitate the labors of the several committees
on premiums ; and also to employ such police and
doorkeepers and clerks, as shall be necessary for
the protection of the grounds and buildings, and
such clerks as they may need in the arrangement
and labelling of articles.
4th. There will positively be required, in all
cases, a minute and accurate written statement
illustrating and explaining every article sent for
exhibition?the statement to be delivered to the
Secretary. For instance, if a Machine, a statement
. of is powers and uses, cost, lime of invention, and
I any other fact deemed valuable by the inventor or
maker. If Horticultural or Agricultural Products,
mode of preparation of land and soil, manure and
time of planting, mode of cultivation. If an Animal,
the pedigree or stock, age, mode of raising, &c. It
Needle-work or Painting, or any work of Art, the
length of time bestowed on it, or the amount of
labor; the age, if by children or very old persons
tl.e value, uses, &.c. Since this is the most reliable
mode of collecting such information as may be
* worth publishing in the transactions of the Society,
" visitors, patrons members, all will take notice,
" that a premium will not lie awarded to any arte
" cle, whatever its merit, unless accompanied by
' illustrative and explanatory statements, made ou
" in legible hand, and in a style fit at once for the
press.
5th. The delegations ol Hie scrverai county oocie
~ ties are requested and enjoined to make out, upoi
~ consulation, a report of the present condition o
~ Agriculture in their several counties, of the im
provements in farming, tillage, draining and inanu
ring, which have been or are in progress of bein|
adopted. The leading products of their countiee
2 the modes of preparation, time of planting and mod
~ of cultivation. '1 he means and measures of preser
~ ving and increasing the fertility of lands. Accurati
_ Agricultural memoirs from the serveral count;
_ societies would make up an amount of valuabl
_ information to be sent out in the published trans
_ actions of the Society.
_ Gth. ll is desirable to make the Fair a Centra
SouthernAgricultural andiVltnufacturersExchang
We request individuals who have u surplus u
choice artieles, or who make them for sale ? sue
_ as choice seeds, machines, stock, &c?to carr
1 thein there for sale, and not alone for exhibition fc.
3 a premium.
rt 7th. Premiums.?It is impossible to name inane
_ tice like this all, the various articles to which pri
g miuins will he granted. However compreheusiv
we might make any enumerated list there woul
slill ho many article's of merit olfered which woul
not be embraced in it, and yet richly desen in
j premiums, lest therefore the announcement of pre
,r, miums for particular articles might be construed b;
] somcintonri exclusion ol'all articles unannounced'
_ flic Committee requests the people generally i<
"r I -sKcnerrn ? Khi i( Jc I nloti/Url i n-SvA (Iwt o/tii/tn a
i ,V,J UIHV 4 11 ,P VW HI,V *"V UV",,V/" W
_ the Association the very widest scope, embracing
3 svery thing that is ingenious or useful in businesi
or art- All then, with whatever they have for suh
or exhibition, are invited to come. The onl<
regulation further necessary on this point perhap
4 it, that, on all articles of tlio highest merit in tin
~ department of Stock, Mechanics, Agricultural Im
~ pleinents, and vuluable improvcmcntsor invention
4 in any of the departments, a premium of a cii|
s worth $ 10 will be given ; on the second best art!
clcs a cup worth ? 5 will be given, on the third lies
? ? 2. 50 ; on the fourth an honor. And on all arti
f cles of the highest merit in the remaining depart
. mcnts a cup worth $5 will be given ; on the secone
. best # 2. 50 ; on the third an honor; on the fourth
? 2d honor. On miner and miscellaneous articles
! premiums from one to three dollars?these, how
' ever,are general regulations, and in particular casi
e or cases of peculiar merit the committees will b<
. permitted, indeed arc requested, to vary the rule
ISlli. A hull will be prepared and assigned parti
h cularly to the Ladies for their garden products
, fruits, llowers paintings, needle-work, &c. The;
e are cordially invited to altcnd. Their assislanci
e in many departments of the fair is absolutely lie
n cessary to a proper management
9th. The facilities of getting to this centra
y point induce us to invite, and to expect the pre
f senco and contributions of many of our fellow
1 citizens of Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and Floy
rida. Wc hope they will unite with us in niakinj
It this institution indeed, what it is in name, aSouthcrr
il Central Agricultural Association.
10th. The President upon a consultation wit!
- such members as lie can call to his aid, shall uppoin
It committees and assign to them their respective de
s pdrlments, and to these committees so appointee
it the committee of reception shall furnish lists of the
articles classed and arranged in their respective
? departments. In order to .the perfection of this
0 arrangement, the committee appointed to publish
8 these regulations, will hero repeat, and enjoin
e upon nil to take notice that articles for exhibition
may be received and arranged on Friday and Saturday
the 9th and 10th of August, so that when
the President shall appoint his committees on
Monday morning, the committee of reception may
have their lists of articles, and the several committees
proceed at once to the examination of arti1
cles, and thereby have ample time to make their
r reports to the annual meeting on Wednesday.
" Tlmrsday will be devoted to sales?Friday to general
re-delivery of articles. The exhibition continuing
the whole time.
11th. Any alterations of, or additions to, the
' foregoing rules, will he published at Atlanta early
Monday morning of the Fair week.
12th. The annual oration will he made on
Wednesday, the day of the Anniversary meeting,
immediately preceding the reports of committees,
by Col. John llillups, of Athens, Georgia.
1.1th. The Committee have the prospect of
making arrangements with the Macon, State and
Georgia Railroads, to run accommodation cars
early every morning and late in the afternoon, to
Griffin, Marietta, Stone Mountain, and Decatur,
to give visitors the opportunity of the accommodations
of the good Hotels at those places while in
attendance upon the Fair.
14th. The citizens of Atlanta have provided
comfortable quarters for Committees and Officers,
i and others engaged in the laborious business of
the fair.
15th. The Secretary is directed to publish
these regulations in the Cultivator, and to procure
as far us practicable their publication in the
weekly papers of this and the adjoining States.
Rv order of the Committee of Acransrenients.
DAVID W. LEWIS,
Sec'y Southern Central Agricultural Association.
Sparta, 25th June, 1850.
5 MATHKVVKS & KOPEK,
j 1/lnetors and Commission Merchants, for Cotton,
r Rice, Magging small country Produce, Van(
derhorst's Wharf, Charleston, S. C
e FEHDINAND MOULTON,
i ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Will practice in the several courts in the District,
and attend to the prosecution of claims
t against the Government.
, O/fice corner of E and 7th streets, opposite the
I General Post Ullice.
!taw,tf
' FOR THK SPRINGS.
I" ADIES retiring to the springs or country, will
j find at PARKER'S, just opening, a fresh
supply of Toilette Articles, such as very superior
BAYkUM, COLOGNE, in bottles and on draught,
EAU LUSTRAL, OX MARROW, DENTIFRICE,dir.,COMB,
HAIR,TOOTH,and NAIL
BRUSHES, at
PARKER S
Fancy Cmnb ami Perfumery Siorr,
i nug. S. I'enn. Av. near National llotel^
1 mmmmmmmmmmtrn
. m - Yi.r -ir -m.
$ * #??/, i j " */ x ,^.f;
I'ROSPJECTUS
OK
" THE SOUTHERN PRESS."
Au association of si sty-three Members of Congress,
Senators and Representatives, bave constituted the
undersigned a Committee to superintend the establishment
of a Southern Press at Washington Citv,
to be devoted to the e*|>ositioii and defence of Southern
Mights ami institutions?the dissemination of
correct information as to Northern Policy, and the
I course of Political allairs generally, without reference
to the old party lints of Wing and Democrat. Arrangements
are now in progieas, promptly to ensure
the issue of such a paper under the title of
~?rTmrmma nociea >
" thh ouuxavuui * ?ww,
for the conduct of which, suitable Editors have been
engaged, who will also receive the aid of a number
of eiuiuent and and able contributors.
There will be a daily, a tri-weekly, and a weekly
issue?the latter to contain substantially, the same
matter as the former, and intended to reach those
[mints of the country whose mail facilities are limited.
The paper will not be exclusively political?but
will embrace on its broad sheet the General News of
the day, Domestic and Foreign, by mail and telegraph
; Commercial and Agricultural Intelligence,
Literary Criticisms. Original Essays, Literary and
Miscellaneous; and, in short, all those items. of
general interest, the collected aggregate of which
constitutes the interesting and valuable Newspaper.
Great care will be taken to give lull.and correct
Reports of the Proceedings and Debates in both
Houses of Congress, as well as the action of the
local Legislatures on the Southern 4ue?tion.
A limited number only of Advei tiscinents will be
eccived?the main object being to furnish a large
amount of reading matter.
The paper will be printed on a sheet equal in size
to thosu of the other Washington papers, and the material
will be procured especially for the purpose.
It is confidently hoped that every true friend to the
South will aid in procuring subscribers, and forward
the names, with the amount subscribed, to some
Southern Representative at Washington, forthwith.
Postmasters are authorised by law to remit subscriptions
tree of postage
Terms.
For Daily?the price will be per annum, - $10,00
For Tri-weekly during the Session of Congress,
and Semi-weekly during the recess, - 5 (Kl
Weekly'paper, - - - - - - - - - - '2 Ot
The price of subscription must be paid invariably
in edvaiice, and the cash accompanying the name
sent.
All persons procuring ten names shall be entitled t<
receive a copy gratia for one year.
A.P.BUTLER,
JACKSON MORTON,
R. TOOMBS,*
J. THOMPSON.
WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE.
r rpHE next annual session of this Institution wil
' commence on the S2d Wednesday in October
FACULTY. .
The Right Rev. John Johns, D. D., Presiden
and Professor of Moral Philosophy.
J. Judge Beverly Tucker, Professor of Municipa
ana Gunstiiuuoniu jluiw.
Benjamin S. Eivell, Professor of Mathernatic
and Astronomy.
? Morgan J. Smead, Ph. D. Professor of llu
s manity.
1 William F. Hopkins, A. M., Professor o
" Chemistry and Natural Philosophy.
e II. A. Washington, A. M., Professor of Hit
/ tory and Political Economy.
? Rev. Silas Totten, D. D., Professor of Inte
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THE GRAND INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION
OF 1861.
mfcjttlnu of the ee-nthal committee tor tme deited
itatfcs.?' ot x*<-au+2
1'ursuant to the notice given, the Cestui Committee
mete el the rooms of the National Institute, in the
Patent Office, qn Thursday evening, the 13th instant,
at 8 o'clock. '
The meeting was called to order by Professor Walter
K. Johnson, on whose motion Col. Peter Force
was called to the Chair, and Charles F. Stanbury
chosen Secretary of the meeting.
This temporary organization having been effected,
the committee pi oeceded tu organize permanently by
the appointment! of the Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice
President of the United 8tates, Chairman, and Prof.
Waiter K. Johnson Secretary.
At the the request of the Chairman, (Col. Force,)
the following jmpers were read by Prof. Johnson, in
explanation of the appointment and duties of the
committee :
State Department,
Wasiunuton, May 17, 1850.
/V) t)k0 PrEJlJifsM# a/ #law Wflt'/iw/ll flivii/fiiit
....
for the Promotion of Science.
Sir: I ha ve the honor herewith to transmit copies
of a correspondence which has Ukeu place between
the Minuter Plenipotentiary of her Majesty
the Queen of Great Britain and this Department relative
to the proposed Industrial .Exhibition to be held
in L.?ndon in the year 1S51.
From the circular of the Hoyal Commissioners of
Great Britain, hereto annexed, it w ill be observed that
all objects intended to be introduced from foreign
countries and entered for that Kxhibition are required
to have tieen tirst submitted to and approved by a central
authority or commission of the country from
which tbey snail be brrought, and that no other will
he recognized as a central authority except such as
shall have been so certified by the Government of the
country in which it exists.
That American industry and arts may l>e enabled to
appear in the place allotted to them, it will be indispensable
that a recognized central authority should be
constituted ; and I am under the impression that the
National Institute, having been regularly incorporated
by act of Congress, and being habitually engaged in
matters pertaining to the arts and sciences, is the
proper body for taking the initiative in constituting
such a central authority.
1 therefore heg leave to submit to its consideration
the interesting and important subject which has been
brought to the attention of this Department by the
distinguislied Envoy of her Majesty's Government,
and to request such action or suggestions as may scera
necessary in order that the natural productions, the
ingenuity, industry, and arts of the United States
inay be fully and suitably represented ou the interesting
occasion herein referred to.
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours,
JOHN M. CDAYTON.
This communication was laid before the National
Institute, and by it referred to a select committee,
which brought forward the following report:
Heyorl qf the Committee qf the National Institute:
The special committee, to which was referred
the communication from the Hon. John M. Clayton,
Secretary of State, relutivc to the formation
of a central authority for transmitting articles to
the Industrial Exhibition to be held in London in
1851, offers the following report:
The eonimittee, impressed with the importance
of (he subject commended to the Institute, have
given to it their eamest and careful attention.
The resourses, the ingenuity, the industry, and
arts of the United States are conceived to merit
Jie best eddeavors to procure for them the'opporunities
of being adequately represented in the
; great Industrial Exhibition at London.
Aggrceahly to the programme adopted by the Iloy'
al Commission, no articles are to do received from
' Foreign Exhibitors except those which shall have
been approved by a central authority, recognized as
sucn Dy me oovcrmnciu oi me country lruui which
they arc sent.
This Institute licing the only Society lor the Pro'
otion of Science and the Arts, directly incorporated
i hy the Government, the Secretary of State lias decui|
ca it the appropriate body to take action or make suggestions
relative to the fulfilment of tlic wishes of the
Royal Commissioners, by the establishment of such a
central authority as the case seems to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Secretary
of State, the committee consider the National
Institute in duty hound to respond.
In accordance with this view, the committee rc,
spcctfully recommend the following resolution :
' t. Resolved, That the Institute will take action
on the subject submitted to it by the Department of
i Statu.
i 2. Resolved, That 'be Institute do now proceed
to constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
I the Government as a central body to hold corrcspond
ence with the British Commissioners, and to secure
. the reception of American piodnctions at the proposed
. Industrial Exhibition in London.
PETER FORCE, 1
JOSEPH HENRY,
WALTER R. JOHNSON, j. Committee.
J. J. GREENOUGH, I
CHARLES WILKES, J
National Institute,
Washington, May 27, 1850.
Sir : I have the honor to make known to the Department
of State the action which this Institute has
taken on the subject of your communication of the
17lh instant. That action is comprised in the following
resolutions, unanimously adopted after full discussion
at the meeting held this evening.
"Resolved, That the In titule will take action on
the subject submitted to it by the Department ol
Slate.
"Resolved That the Institute do now proceed to
constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government to hold correspondence with the
British Commissioners, and to secure the reception of
Americsn productions at the proposed Industrial Exhibition
in London.
"Resolved, That a committee or not less than nineteen
be appointed to constitute a Central Committee
oil the Industrial Exhibition, and to correspond with
societies and local committees throughout the United
States.
"Resolved, That the President of this Institute be
a member of the Central Committee.
"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary communicate
to the Secretary of State a copy of the foregoing
resolutions, together with the names of the
Central Committee."
The following arc the names of the members of
the Central Committee appointed in accordance with
the foregoing resolutions :
Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice President of the United
States, and ex officio Chancellor of the Kegents of
the Smithsonian Institution.
Col. Peter Force, President of the National Institute.
Hon James A Pearc.e, U. S. Senate, member of the
< Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Hon. Levi Woodbury, M. N I., Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United States.
Commodore Lewis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography.
Prof. Joseph Henry, Vjce President of the N. I., Secretary
of the Smithsonian Institute.
Prof. Walter K. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary of
the National Institute.
Prof. Alexander I). Bao.he, M. N. I., member of the
Board of Regents of the Smilhsouian Institute, and
Superintendent ofthe Coast Survey,
Commander Charles Willie*, U. R. N., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition.
Hon. William W. Scaton, M. N.I., Mayor of Washington.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, U. S- Senate, member of the
Board of Kegents of the Smithsonian Institute.
Lieut. Matthew F. Maury, U. S. N., Vice President
of the National Institute, and Superintendent ofthe
National Obsservatory.
J. James Greenough, Esq., MJN. I.
l1lrnrloc TT WlnncKiirtr Van W Ai?nrfl?n(r QiiosnL? ** of
? j > j"? r, u.
the National Institute.
Col. J. J. Abert, M. N. I., Chief of the Topographical
Bureau.
Gen. Joseph G. Tottcn, Vice President N. I., Chief
Eugineer, U. S. Army.
Thomas Ewbank, Esq , Commissioner of Patents.
William Easby, Esq., Treasurer National Institute.
Hconard 1). Gale, M. 1)., M. N. I., Examiner of
Patents.
Joseph C. O. Kennedy, Esq., M. N. I., Superintendent
of Census,
zr.i C. Seaman, Esq., M.N.I.
I have the honor to be
Very respectfully, your ob't serv't,
WALTER R. JOHNSON,
Cor. Secretary of the National Institute.
Hun. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State.
Department of State,
Washington, .htne 8, 1850.
Sir : I have duly received your letter of the 27th
ultimo, communicating to tliig Department the proceedings
of the National Institirtc on the subject of my
note of the 17th of the same month. Those prcx-ecfl
nigs m me in uc pcnccuy sausiaciory ; and I
have accordingly transmitted them to tire British Minister
in this city, with the communication, a copy of
which is enclosed for your information.
I am, sir, respectfully, your obt serv't,
JOriN M.CLAYTON.
Walter N. Joiinsdn, Esq., Corresponding
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department or State,
H'tuhmgton, June 1,1850. 1
Sir : I hare the honor to transmit to you herewith (
a copy of the correspondence which has pawed between
this Department and the National Institute for \
the Promotion of Science, respecting the organization
of a committee to constitute the central authority re- '
quired by the regulations of the Koyal Commission m 1
-a^msttsfacmsmsssmasBat
the proposed Industrial Exhibition, to correspond with
them in l^ondoo, and with souietiea, local committees,
and individuals in this country, and to sanction the
forwarding of articles applicable to the exhibition.
1 need liardlv say (o you, sir, that the proceedings
of the National Institute, as set forth in this correspondence,
meet the approbationof the Department, w inch
baa full confidence, in the committee named by that
ilnatitaU., ( ? *. , . ,
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to you
the assurance of my high and distinguished con
sideration. JOHN M. CLAYTO^.
Might Honorable Sir H. L. Bolwek, Me.
Extract fhnn the Circular t\f the Royal Cotnm'udaman.
"The Commissioners have felt that it would be
desirable, n? lw tin possible, to prevent any persons
from sending hither articles which cannot be
admitted, rather than to "Meet the articles after
ihair m rri t/al in I JlBfl/ul Tknw A^.l ? I aI. _ a. . I _
? ... ?? ?'/ iwcj aiso uiai me
delicate and responsible task of deciding on the
admission or rejection of articles destined for exhibition
by foreign contributors ought not to be imposed
upon any'FngUsh tribunal, but should be
referred to one jiving the confidence of the exhibitors
their sc. ves, and standing entirely free from
possibi* .iiputations of national partiality. They
accc* ?ngly propose to admit to exhibition such
foreign articles only as may be forwarded to them
by the Central Authority (whatever may he its
nature! in each country. They will communicate
to sucn Central Authority the amount of apace
which can be allowed to the productions of the
country for which it acts, and will also state the
conditions and limitations which may from lime
to time be decided on with respect to the admission
of articles. All articles forwarded by such Central
Authority will then be admitted, provided they
do not require u greater aggregate amount of
space than that assigned to the productions of the
country from which they come; and, provided,
also, that they do not violate the conditions uud
limitations of which due notice shall have been
given. It will rest with the Central Authority in
each country to decide upon the merits of the
several articles presented for exhibition, and to
take care that those which are sent are such an
fuirly represent the industry of their fellow-countrymen.
' Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider
that to be the Central Authority in each case which
is staled to be so by the Government of its country.
Having once been put in communication with a
Central Authority in any country, they must decline,
absolutely and entirely, any communication
with privute and unauthorized individuals ; and,
should any such be addressed to them, they cuu ,
only refer to a central body. This decision is
essentially necessary, in order to prevent concision.
'* No articles of foreign manufacture, to whomsoever
they may belong, or wheresoever they may
be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
come with the sanction of the Central Authority
of the country of which they are the produce.
The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles
being in ull cases actually forwarded by the
a,,, i.<i ~i. .1 *
uwujii mey cunsjuer mat tins
would generally ue the most satisfactory arrange- j
meat ; out it is indispensable that the sanction of
such authority should in all cases be expressly
given, and that it be held responsible for the fitness
of such articles for exhibition, and for not
authorizing the exhibition of a greater quantity j
than can be accommodated in the space assigned
to the productions of the country in question."
A full discussion was then had or the subject
thus laid before the committee, and, on "motion of
the Hon, W. W. Seuton, it was? ,
Resolved, That the Committee of five first charged
with this subject by the Institute (substituting
Mr. Kennedy for Mr. Greenough, who is absent)
bean Executive Committee to take all necessary
steps to carry out the views of the generul coin
mittee.
The following gentlemen constitute the Exem
tive Committee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
R. Johnson, Prof. Joseph Henry, J. C. G. Kennedy,
Esq., Capt. Charles Wilkes.
On motion?
Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to
prepare the proceedings of this meeting for publication.
And the Committee adjourned.
CHARLES F. STANSBUIIY.
Secretary of the Meeting.
N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals
desirous to make propositions or to receive information,
are requested to address their conumnih u- j
tions to J. C. G. Kennedy, Esq.
~THE THIRD ANNUAL VOLUME
OF THE
SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE,
Was commenced on Suturday, the 4th of May,
1850, under its original name?instead of Richards'
Weekly Gazette?as more significant of its peculiar
character, it being the only weekly organ of Litem- I
ture in the entire South! It is
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns of
matter. It is, moreover,.in an
Entirely A "no Dress
"from head to foot," and upon beautifhl wrure
paper, so that, in mechanical excellence, it is not
surpassed by any paper whatever in the United S
States! It continues muter tlm it*.i:. ?
direction as heretofore, and no pains or expense
will be spared to make it
JJ Choice Family Newspaper,
"as cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the .1
best!" Utterly discarding the notion that a I
Southern journal cannot compete with the Morilt I
era weeklies, in cheapness and interest, I
The Southern Literary Gazette I
rivals the best of them in all the characteristics of JH
a truly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim is the il
diffusion of cultivated and refined taste through.
the community?und it embraces in its aibple |H
folds ever species of intelligence that can tend to
this result. ]H
Original Contributions,] H
from many of the ablest writers in the South,|H
chiefiy occupy its columns, but not to the exi lu-lH
8ion of choice miscellany, selected from the bestjlH
American and European sources. H
The tone of the "Gazette" is independent ,n
criticism and in the discussion of every legitimate H
topic, but it is strictly
Neutral in Politics and Religion ! H
Its columns are occasionaJly embellished with H
Southern Portraits and Landscapes, H
engraved expressly for the wck, nnn accompa- H
nied by biographical and topographical sketchcs.JH
lis General Information H
is copious, but caiefully condensed from tlie?^|
leading journals of all parts of the world. H
Not withstanding the great increase in the size".
and attractions of the paper, it is still published at H
Two Dollars Per Jlnnum, in Advance! H
it wilj be furnished to persons becoming respond
sible for the whole number of copies, and having^ H
them sent to one address, 011 the following terms :
Three copies, ?,'? H
Five copies, 8 H
Ten copies, l,r>
Fifteen copies, 20
Twenty copies, 25
Fifty conies, (>U
JCy3 All orders must be accompanied with tin
money, and addressed, post pai, to
WALKER & RICHARDS
Charleston, S. C
WORTHINGTON G. SNETHEIv, H
Formerly Solicitor of the General Land QD'ice. I
Attorket and Counsellor at Law, j
Continues to pructice in the Supreme Court of
the United States, in the Courts of the District <>}
Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, to proserin..
claims of all kinds against the United States, eil
ther before Congress or any of the Executive Del
partments, and to procure letters patent for invvnl
lions. business confided to his aire, will b|
promptly attended to. L
N. B. Particular attention paid to the prosraJ
tion of claims before the Brazilian Commissiol
now sitting in Washington
washington ClTT. D. C. .tnlw 11 1m-.i1' i
RA. PRINGLE, No. 30, East Day street
? Charleston, South Carolina.?Importer it
French CALF SKINS; Manufacturer's Agcij
and Denier in BROGJiA'S, BOOTS and Af/0?.<jj
Advances made on consignment of Brognns <
Southern Manufacture. Parties wishing to eoi(^
sign, will send samples of their make, und on rtL
ceipt of their consignment, a liberal cash advancj
will be made. Information promptly importer?
ns to the style, but adapted to the trade.
Charleston, S. C., July 16, 1830.?d 1 y f
To Southern Gentlemen or Literary po H
sti tut ions. {.
A young man, a graduate of St. Mary's Oofc
lege, Baltimore, wishes to obtain *?
as Assistant in nn Academy, or Private Tutor.
He is qualified to teach the highest branches
Greek, Latin, Frencli, Natural Philosophy, Ch<-^^|
mistry, Mathematics and English Literature K
The highest testimonials as to character and <ptnl||^^|
Mentions ran he produced. Address, post-pan 7
rJ X. V, Post Office, Baltimore,Md*

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