OCR Interpretation

The southern press. (Washington [D.C.) 1850-1852, December 20, 1850, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014764/1850-12-20/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

I JW.'H'W W'. T T.yrr?* '
I tillwood VuMr * tMwuk Dm Leva.
DAILY, - |iu (tO
l'ltl-WEEKLY 6 00
f> .Subscription* payable in advance. Any pers
>u procuring live subscriber* shall receive one copy
g alia- All letters to the Editors to be post-paid.
Office, Pennsylvania .Jrtnue, between Third and j
Four-and-a ha(f streets.
- - -- -J-- I
Medical department ot* hampden,
sydney colllege, richND,
VA.?The liiirteemli Annual Course of
Lectures will commence oil Monday, the 14th of
October, 1?5U, and continue until the 1st of the
ensuing March. Theconiinencinent for conferring
degrees will be held about the middle of March.
R. L. lionannan, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
and Diseases of Women and Children.
L. W. Ciiamberlatne, M. D., Prof. of Mate- 1
i, ria Med tea and l'herapeutics.
S. Miiirm, M. D., Frof. of Chemistry and
Ciias. Bri.i. Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery j
| and Surgical Anatomy.
Cartter F. Johnson, M. D., Prof, of Anato- i
luy and Physiology.
Davio H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and i
ractice of Medicine.
Arthitk E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator
| of Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted
with the most ample facilities, and at very
trifling expense.
Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
Infirmary, under the same roof with the College i
I and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
at all times well filled with medical and surgical
cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical
instruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under
the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities
for becoming familiar with the symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors'
fees, #105, Demonstrator's fee, #10. Graduation
fee, y>5.
The price of hoard, including fuel, lights, and
servants' attendance, is usually #3 to #.'V. per
The catalogue, Ac., containing fuller information
concerning the institution, will be forwarded
to those applying for it, or specific inquiries will j
be answeree oy leuer yiuuicoo,
Oct. 'J Dean of the Faculty.
01 the
Maryland Male Agricultural .Society.
APPEAL to the Member* or the Mahycano
State Aorucltiral Society.?YVedesire
that you should bear in mind, that on the "J.'jil,
L'4th, and :25th days of October, your Society will
hold its annual Exhibition and Fair at the city of
Baltimore : and we appeal to you, one and all, to
bring for exhibition thereat portions of your stuck,
the products of your orchards, and of your gardens.
D on't presume that any animal, or product, you
may own is inferior to others that will be here,
and be thus deterred from bringing them, as it is
only by comparison that the relative merits of any
thing can be determined. The safer presumption
for you to arrive at, will be that what you have
is as good, if not better than that of outers, and
thut it behooves you to gallantly enter the list of
competition : if defeated honorably, and the high
character of the judges is a guarantee that you
can be defeated in no other way, you will enjoy
the luxury of knowing that others were more entitled
to success than yourself.
And while we address you to bring such articles
as are properly in your department, we crave permission
to solicit your interest, to induce your
wives and daughters to bring whatever appertains
to their peculiar departments, as embroidery, household
manufactures, the products of the dairy and of
the poultry yard, preserves, domestic wines, confections,
and, above nil things, to come themselves, us
without woman, and the beautiful elaborations of her
taste and genius, no display can be perfect.
To the Manufacturers of Agricultural Implements
and Tools, we woiiltt say, that interest and patriotism
both combine to enjoin upon you the propriety
of making a grand exhibition of your machinery
of all kinds, us from our present advices,
we ore Ird to believe that the assemblage of larmers
anil planters, and of distinguished strangers
from most ot the States of the Union, will be
greater than upon any former occasion here or
elsewhere. We therefore say to the Agricultural
Implement makers and.Mechanics of the United States,
make it a matter of pride to display your machinery
at our exhibition, and vie with each other in
having the best and largest assortment on the
ground. Such ambition is laudable? is worthy of
American genius, and should be cherished by the
American heart.
Editors with whom we exchange will confer
a favor by copying this notice.
\1/1LLIA.VI TUCKER, Merchant Tailor,
V V (of the late tirm eff Lane Tucker,) would
call the attention of his friends and the public generally
to his stock of Goods now opening, which
has been selected by himself from the largest importing
houses in ISew York, and by fur the greatest
variety und richest styles I ever offered in this
city. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly solicited
to give me a call and examine my stock before
purchasing, as 1 am confident it will be to
their advantage.
And 1 would especially call the attention of officers,
both of the army and the navy, to the fact
thai 1 am prepared to execute all kinds of uniforms,
according to the late regulations, at the shortest
notice, and ut moderate prices, warranted, both in
the cutting and making departments, equal to any
establishment in this country.
W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to his numerous
friends fur their long nnd continued patronage,
and hopes, by the same diligence and attention to
business, to merit a continuance of the same.
All orders promptly executed,
sep 20?3iw3w?d&trw
WILL BE RECEIVING every day during
next week, a beautiful assortment of Fancy
Goods suitable for PRESENTS, Ac Also a
large assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums;
Soaps, liair-washes, and every article pertaining
to the toilet. PARKERS'Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Perm, av., near National tlotel.
/pi* A SMALL HOUSE on Capitol Hill, con
WtKj taining six or seven rooms, with cons.ueralTIegrtiiind
attached.?Apply at this ofKce.
Oct. id?:n.
THIHE undersigned respectfully informs his old
JL customers nnd business men of Washington
in particular, that he has put his Book and Job
Printing Establishment ugain in complete order?
having added new type, presses, &c., to his former
materials, which enables him to execute
Every description of Eet/er-fjress Printing
in a superior style, with neatness and despatch,
and as cheap as it can be done in any of the Northern
Having added a large Napier Steam Tress to
his establishment, he can print pamphlets, books,
or any other work, with greater speed than heretofore.
He respectfully solicits the patronage or
the businets community.
G. A. 8AGE.
Office : Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Jackson
Hall, Washington,
Vol. ?.
'PHE public will be gratified to learn that the
| United States Mail Steamship Company a re enabled
to announce that their arrangements are now J
complete for sending passengers through from
New York to San Francisco and back. j
In the tirst attempts of this Company to meet
the wants of travel to California, by providing .
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
ships from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed
upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
through passages from Panama in advance, for
their ships then going round. This was done '
from a desire to accommodate those who could
procure passages in no oilier quarter, and by /i
which, whatever might be the detention, they \
would reach San Francisco sooner than by any f
other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the preva- il
lence of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, pre- t
vented their ships from feaching Panama as soon ?
as anticipated, and caused detention at the lath- ?
tuus, which was increased by the impatience of |
passengers in going forward, against the advice j t
.if the Coninanv. at an earlier day than the ship , |
could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now all removed. [
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended j
for the Pacific service, huve arrived at Panama, (
and several of thein have performed trips to San |
Francisco und buck. So that the Company are (
now uble to give the public the assurance that the
voyage through from New York to San Francisco,
will be performed with regularity and despatch.
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to Sun Fran- .
eisco, consists of the
REPUBLIC, Cnnt. Hudson. |
ITHMUS, Capt. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck.
ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki kt.
Their Atlantic and Gulf Line, from New York j
to Chagrcw, of the
GEORGIA, Cupt. Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Capt. Schenck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Capt. Hahtstein, U. S. N.
The connection between the two lines will be
carefullly and regularly kept up, so that 110 delay I
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port ul Punama,
will arise.
The large size, well known speed, and superior
accommodations of their New York and Cnagres
Line, und the speed and accommodations of the
ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain,
rapid, and pleasant through passage to California.
Cor. Warren and Weststs., New Yolk.
Aug. 1A? lm
National Medical College, Washington,
District of Columbia.
'rtHE annual course of lectures will commence
A on the first Monday in November, the 4th
instant 1
Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
\Vm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics
and the diseases of women und children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Medica, Therapeutics, und Hygiene.
John Frederick May, \1. D., Professor ol surgery.
Grafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
and Practice of Medicine.
Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor
of Anatomy and Physi 'logy.
Edward Foreman, M.D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three times n week, on casss
selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - $00
Demonstrator's ticket - - JO
Graduation fee - - - 2.r>
Good hoard can be procured at from $2 to $0
per week.
Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Fuculty.
C. ?fc E. L. KEKRISON & CO.
\YJOULD respectfully inform their friends and
YY those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
city, that they are now prepared to oiler a large,
choice, and well assorted stock of
Foreign, Fancy, and St.pie Dry Goods, j
As they receive the bulk of their goods DIRECT J
from EUROPE.1.V POUTS, they feel assured of!
being able to compete successfully with any other |
market in the United States.
C. it E. L. KERRISON & CO.
209 King street, north-west corner of
King and Market streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3in
'i1111-" o..t.on,.;i,?r? m-n rnuMtmiilv receiving1 direct I
from the manufacturers, MADE TO 'FlIEIR
ORDER, ami expressly adapted to the Southern j
trade, and to which they with confidence invite '
the attention of purchasers, with a guarantee that |
the goods will he found I'L'RE FLjIX, to wit : j
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns b
Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens , o
Russia, Bird's Eye, and Huckaback Diapers id
Bleached and Brown Table Dnmusks, of as- b
sorted widths ; II
Damask Dc.y ics, Napkins and Cloths, of vari- ' it
ous sizes j b
Dowlass, Gloss Cloths, Black, White & Brown ; h
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric i
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc. J u
C. & E. L. KERR1S0N & CO. ! ?
!209 King street, Charleston, S. C.
Sep. 3, 18S0?3m . ! a
Institution will commence on the first Monday I )
in November next, on the following brunches: ! j
Anatomy, by J. llolbrook, M. D. I /
Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Hen- ^
ry Dickson, M. D. ! (
Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D. j p
rnysiology, by James Moultrie, M. D. 1 ^
Materia Medica, by Henry R. Krost, M. D. ^
Obstetrics, by Thoa. (r. Priolesu, M. D.
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravene), i
M. D. . E
Dr. D. J. Cain, Physician to the Marine
pital and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a ! '
week on the Diseases of thut Institution.
Dr. E. B. Flugg, Physician to the Alms House, p
Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine andSur- j ?
gery at the College Hospital.
11EiYRV R ' KROST, M. D., I )e.,n. j
T?HE SUBSCRIBERS, Direct Importers of all I [
-a- WUULL?^i uuuuot iiuvl* jii.ii i vusitcu prr
Ships, "Guluare," " Orion," and "Somerset," 4
from Liverpool, their full supply of PLAINS, q
FLANNEL BLANKETING, Guernsey Shirts, p
Kilmarnock Cups, Scotch Bonnets,Ac., Ac., e\- ^
pressly suited to our Southern Planters trade, and ?
to an inspection of which, they coufidenlly in- p
vite all who visit the Charleston Market. \
C. A E. L. KERR I SON A CO., c
201) King st., northwest cor. King A Market sts. p
Cliarleston, Sept 3? I
? ii
Georgetown College, D. C. S
I leee will be resumed on the 16th instant. t
ept 14?3td "TAMES RYDER, Pres. C
: soi
A Dictionay of Machines, Mechanics,
Engine-Wok, and Engineering.
Designed for Practical Working-Men., and those
intended for the Engineering Profession.
Zdited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor if
.Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, l^ndon ;
.luthor and Inventor of "The Calculus of Form,"
iiThe Aiir and Improved System of Logarithms,"
"The Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc., etc.
rHlri work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly
two thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred
dates, and six thousuiul wood cuts. It will present
vorking-drawings and descriptions of the most imlortant
machines iu the United States, lndepen
lently of the results of American ingenuity, it will
ioutain complete practical treatises ou Mechanics,
Machinery, Engine-work, a id Engineering ; with
ill that is useful in more than one thousand dolaiV
worth of folio volumes, magazines, and other
looks, among which may be mentioned the folowing:
1 Bibliothcque des Arts Industrials. (Masson,
tl. Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal.
3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackic,
4. Publication Industriellc. (Ariaengaud Aine,
5. Jamicson's Mechanics of.Fluids.
6. Treatise onJVlcchunics. (Poisson.)
7. Allgemine Bau/.citung mil Abbilduugcn.
(Forstcr, Wieii.)
8 Organ fur die Fortschri'tc des Eisenbahnwcsens
in technischer Bczichung. (Von Waldegg,
6. Sherwin's Logarithims.
10. BvrneV Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Matltcmatical Works of
Oliver Byrne.
1*2. Silliman'a Journal.
13. Algemeinc Maschmcn-Eucyclopedia. (Hulssc,
11. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contrasted.
13. Iloltzapffels'Turning and Mechanical Manip
16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eiscnbahn-Zei.rung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on the Steam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20- Dictionnaire des At ts et Manufactures. (Laboulaje,
21. Sganztn's C.vtl Engineering.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter.
23. Origin and Progress of Strain Navigation.
24. Fssai sur l'lndustric des Matieres Textiles
(Michel Alcan, Pari .)
25. MacneilPs Tables.
26. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
ill T Mill,.,-. I.IV ,....1 l.'.,,.,
Pocket Companion.
28. Cad)'s and Gentlemen's Diary.
2i>. Mai ine Steam Engine, (Brown.)
30. Weisbach's Meebanics ai d Engineering.
31. 'Flip Ajatnpmatician, (London.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Matei ials.
33. llann's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and
Architecture. (Motley.)
35. Journal of the Franklin Insti'ute.
36. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil
Engineers. (London.)
37. The Artisan.
33. Quarterly l'apeis on Engineering. (Published
by VVeale, Lond iii.)
30. Imperial Dictionary. (Gla-gow.)
40. Student's Guide to the Locomotive Engine.
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Bar
low, London,)
42. Recueil des Machines lnstrumenset AppareiJ. I
(Le Blanc, Pol is.)
43. Buchanan on Mill Work.
44. Practical Exainpl -s of Modern Tools and Ma- i
clsii.es. (G. Kentne.)
45. Bepertoiredel'lnduslrie Fianquaise et Elrati- |
gcre. (L Ma'hias, Paris.)
46. Tnatme 011 the Manufacture of Gas. (Ac- !
com, London.)
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law,'
48. Hodge 011 the Steam -Engine
4'). Scientific Aineiicun.
5(1. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik )
51. American Artisan.
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dictiunaire de Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur,
(De Bonnefoux, Paris.)
55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges (Fair- j
56. Brees' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
68. Bowditch's Navigation.
53. Gretrorv's Mathematics for Practical Men. i
CO. Enijineeis' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia.
(Euke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London.
02. Brec's G.ossaiy of Engineering.
6';i Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Cra?y. j
l>4. Craddock's Lectures on the Steam-Engine. I
Co. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (HasIvOll.)
CG. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.)
The great object of this publication is, to place '
efore practical men and students such an amount!
f tlieorcticul and scientific knowledge, in a con- i
enscd form, as shall enable them to work to the '
est advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which
hey might otherwise commit The amount ol !
seful information thus brought together, is almost'
eyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is ]
aidly any subject within its range which is not |
catcd with such clearness and precision, that even !
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail ol j
nderstanding, and thus learning from it much |
vhich it is imporlrnt for him to know.
From the annexed list of the principal authors
nd subjeit comprised in this work it i? self-evient,
tliat all citizens engaged in the practical and
seful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
rom the po-sessiou 3nd study of this publication,
"he following m y he especially designated :
Moulder and Boiler Makers,
krtificcrs in Bras*, Copper, and Tin.
lutlers, arid Workers of Steel in general,
Voikcrs in Ivory, Bone, and Morn.
'iv11 Krigimers Kdilwjy Conlm'tor?, and i;oii-i
tractors for Carth-Woik, and Masonry of every
trchjteilj an I Bridge Bji'der*.
luildeia, Master Mason*, an.) Bricklayers,
Ihip Bnihkrs, Masters ot Vijh.o'N, JSiop Carpcn* J
tcrs, and others connected w ith Building and I
Docking Hup-.
Hock and Pump Maker*,
Icmp i)ie-seisand Hope Makers
ilanufaeturers of l.iocu and Cotton fabrics.
Uuufacluicrs of spinning Machines, Roving,
Machines, Card Breakers and finishers, Drawing
Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc..connected
with Cotton, Has, and Wool Machinery,
'alenderers, Bit u? hers, and Calico Printers,
'loth Folders, and Measurers, ami persons inter*
e?led in Sewing Machinery,
mchorand Chain Cahle Manufacturers,
tutting and Turning Tool Maker*
'in and Needle Makers,
fail and Ki.et Makers,
tolt and Scrcw-liolt Makers,
fail Cutters,
.eather Dressers and Curriers.
fanufacturers of Croat Guns and Sir.all Arms.? j
tandle Makers,
liscuit and Cracker Makcrs.J
.ace Makers.
Libbon Weavers.
itone Cutters and Marble Masons.
>yer?, Cloth Washers, and Scourer*f
'ider aud Cheese Manufacturers
(Ion, Friday, December
[ , Crystal, and Mate Glass Makers.
, Sugar Boilers and Refiners, with Proprietors ol
| Sugar Plantations.
! Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
! Wheel, Axle, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the
Locomotive generally.
Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
Lumber Dealers and owners of Saw Mills.
Veneer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
{ Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
and Bran-Separating Machinery,
j Farmers and Persons using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
i Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornamenj
Makers in general.
Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
j Makers ol Copper and Lead Tubing.
! Lineu and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others interI.
ested in Dredging Machinery.
| Well Sinkers.
j Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical
Apparatus and Instruments,
j Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumpj
ing Engines.
, Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
! Warehousemen, and others, using Hydraulic
Presses, Dyuauometric Cranes, Jack Screws,
Common and Feed Cranes.
Woikers in Metals and Alloys,
j Tin Plate Workers,
i Spring Maeufacturers.
Wheelwrights,Clock Makers Horologists, &c.
1 lie puousners nave expenutu a large mini 01
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
almost every work on the sudjcct, whether published
in Kngland, France, or Germany, the most
essential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored I
to use great economy in type, so that each page of
the w ork contains at least four times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate woiking-diawngs
of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic
may construct accuiately any machine described.
The publishers are, in short determined, legurdlessol
eost, to make the work as complete as possible
; and it is hoped every' one desirous to obtain
| the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
The work will he issued in semi-monthly numbers,
commencing in January, 1850, and w ill progress
wit i great regularity.
I'he whole work will he published in -It) numbers
at 35 cents per number, and completed w ithin
the current year, 185U. A liberal discount will
he made to agents.
Any one remitting the puhli-hyrs $10 in advance
shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
Aotict Proprietors of etrspapers throughout the
LrniteU States anil Canada.
If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five
times during the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, a copy of the work will he sent gratis
| in payment.
American Statistics.
A abort time pant we published some statistics
relative to the number of soldiers supplied from
the (1 ififM'piiL SfMlHM id the re vo'iitimiHrv whi\ I V
How's Commercial Review gives some tables relative
to this, mid other subjects of equal interest,
which we copy.
I. The number of soldiers furnished by the
American States during the revolution, and the
population of each Slate in 1791) and in 1847.
9. Principal buttles of the revolution, their several
dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on
each side. I
3. Amount of continental money issued to sup[
port tl a war, and the estimated cost in specie.
J. revolutionary states. !
Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1H47.
New Hampshire, 12,497 141,891 300,000
Mass. (incl'ng Me.) 07,097 475,257 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - - 5,908 09,110 130,0001
Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330,000
New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000
New Jersey, - - - lo,720 181,139 410,0001
Pennsylvania, - - 25,078 434,373 2,125,00!) i
Delaware, - - - - 2,380 59,098 811,000 j
Murviand, - - - 13,912' 319,728 495,000
Virginia, - - - - 20,078 740,308 1,270,000
North Carolina, - - 7,203 393,751 765,000
South Carolina, - - 0.417 249,073 005,000
Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000
Total, - - - - 231.971 2,020,95911,540,000 j
2. matti.es oe the revolution.
Where When Jlmer. British
fought. fought. Coin. Loss. Com. Loss.
Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 215
Bunker Hill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054
Flatbusn, Aug '70 Putnam 2000 Howe 400
W. Plains, Oct '70 Washt'n 300 Howe 300
Trenton, Dec '70 Washt'n 9 Raid 1000
Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400
Bennington,Aug'77 Stark 100 Bauin 000
Brandy wine, Sep'77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500
Saratoga, Oct '7 7 Gates 350 Burg'e 000
Monmouth,Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400
R. Island, Aug 78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 200
Briar Creek,Mar'79 Ashe 300 Prevent 10 j
Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wayne 100 Johns'n 000
Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Coruw's 375
Cownens, Jau '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
Guilford, Mar'81 Greene 400 Coruw's 523
Eu. Springs,Sep'81 Greene 555 Stewart 1000
The surrender of Cornwnllis at Vorklown, Oc
tober 17H1, closed the war; prisoners 7,07,'J.
'5,75:2 British taken prisoners.
Amount issued in 1773 $ 2,000,000
" " 1777 - - 20,000,000
" " in all to July, 1709 35b,000,000
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
specie, amounted to $135,193,703.
We compile from the New York Shipping List
and Price Current, of the 11th September, the following
statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
the several States for the year ending 31st August
1*30: 1H50. Ib49.
Louisiana 7bl,SS6 1,093.797
A . 350.952 51H.700
Florida 181,344 2110,186
Texan 31,263 351,827
Georgia 344,635 391,372
South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117
Xorth Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041
Virginia 11,509 17 , 50
Total crop .... 2,096,715 2,728,596'
Dcrense from Inst year . . . 631,881 j
Decrease from year before . . 250,928!
Tiik Fast, the Present and the Future.?Of
the cotton trade, from the London Economist,
August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards
i.f 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
trade in all its branches." American cotton crop :
1835 6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875
1836-7 1,422,930 1843 1 2,030,409
1837-8 1,801,497 1841 5 2,394,503
18.38.9 1,360,532 1845 6 2,100,537
18,39-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651
1840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,634
1841 2 1,684,211 1818-9 2,728,596
Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315
Average crop of the last seven years exceeds
that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the
last just double that of the first?and the crop of
1848-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent.
Average consumption in Great Britain of American
cotton the first 7 years 1,153,219 bales.
The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales.
Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales.
PARKER, Agent for the above very superior
HAIR WASH, received, this day, 12gross,
w nonsuit und retail, at
20, IS50.
niviTEn STATU* prtsT11. mnnR
tX^f'To show what is Jour, anil what should bt done,
Peter G Washi-mcton, | , n . ,
r. .. u. ' Editors and Pren>rietors.
Chari.es M. v\ ili.ard, ^ '
Terms.?" The United States Postal Guide and
Official Advertiser," rr/a/aintng about .'J2 super-royal j
octavo pages, is published monthly Jbr one dollar
only, per annum, payable in advance?or Jive j
dollars for sis: copies ordered at any one time.
The enterprise in which we now embark, and
of which this paper in at once tiie sommencement,
and a sample of the papers that are to follow, has
for its aim no less a purpose, than to impart instruction,
in the general and detail, to the Officers
and Agents of the American public, in respect both J
to their duties and their rights, and to make them, |
una me people at large, acquainted with the organ-1
ization, decisions and action of the Kxecutivc de-!
purtinenls of their Government. There has hitherto
leen no vehicle for the regular and proper j
communication of information of this kind. The !
publication of the Laws and the issue of instructions,
more or less comprehensive, and at intervals
more or less extended, have proved wholly inadequate,
in the absence of the construction of those
Laws, as applied to particular cases, and of details
and illustrations to make the regulations and instructions
intelligible. The valuable documents
annually reported to Congress, are too voluminous,
and are printed in quantities too small for general
circulation; whilst the debates in Congress and
the commentaries of the press upon their proceed- j
ings, und the proceedings of the Executive branch |
of the Government, besides turning mostly upon |
general principles, address themselves only to j
uarty ends, and to mailers of national policy.
These publications in their various forms are |
highly useful in themselves as far as they go, and j
some of them indispensable; but there is much i
that do not reach the hands of all, nor if they did, |
do they furnish those rules, methods, und exam- i
pies, for the despatch of the public business which
can render the discharge of public duty either safe
or easy, whether in respect to the incumbent himself,
or ihe department or bureau under which he |
ads. We shall mntys an honest effort to supply |
this vacuum, and to provide for these necessities.
If we succeed iu rendering the functions of the
primary oflices more uniform, methodical, and exact,
we shall make the administrative duties of the
departments more eusy and effective, and thereby j
promote the real and substantial interests of the I
country. And this we expect to do, to some extent
at least?apart fVotn, and independently of
any party or personal interest or question whatever.
It is known to most of those to whom this pa- |
per will be sent, that the Senior Editor was Audi- '
tor of the Posl-Olliee Department until the month j
of November last; with by far the larger portion
of both postmasters und contractors, he lias had
direct intercourse, in person or by letter. He entered
the department fourteen years since, and for 1
many years previously, bad been, first in the War
Department, ar.d subsequently in the Treasury.
He has therefore had the best opportunities tbr !
understanding the arrangements of business in ull I
the departments, and being acquainted with those
who curry it on. Since hiu official connection with
the Cinvernmenl censed, he Halters himself he has
preserved the respect and regard of'most of the
present incumbents of the departments, and is on
I becoming terms of intercourse and civility with
them all. The Junior Editor has been asssiduously I
engaged for several years, in studying, by personal
inquiry and examination, the practical and
daily routine and details of the Post-Office and
other branches of the public business. It is with
this stock of experience, and these advantages for
reaching the various sources of administrative action,
and for imparting minute and illustrative instruction,
and valuable periodical and statistical
information, that we challenge your confidence
1 and Bolic.it your support and pntronage.
I We have fixed upon the 15th of each month as
i the day for the publication of our paper, so as to |
afford time for obtaining from the departments, j
all the orders, notices undchanges issued, or made
by them during the preceding mouth. Tables of J
Post Offices, and compilations of the Laws and
Regulations, are issued by the Post Office Department
otdy once in two or three years. It is a |
matter of inconvenience and complaint, for which
hitherto there has been no remedy, that in one]
month from the time of these issues, there sre of-!
fices in the tables which ure no longerin ope ation, '
and offices in operation which are not in the tables. I
At this time there are perhaps over three thousand |
offices of the two descriptions. In like manner j
laws have been pussed and regulations established ;
since the issue of the last volume of regulations,]
of wjiich many postmasters and others are wholly i
ignorant. We propose to prevent, for the present, I
any increase of the evil of either kind, and front j
the time another issue shall be made, our paper
w ill furnish the additions, corrections, and ntodifi- I
cations, made in each month, and by being filed ]
and preserved, will afford to postmasters full und
exact information upon both subjects, up to und
for time being, flow much of the present misdirection,
remailing, doubt, confusion, error, and
imposition, will be saved by the progressive state
of full and exact knowledge, for which we have
provided, and for which we engage, every intelligent
postmaster can estimate for himself.
These advantages alone and independently of all
others, are worth many times the price we charge
for the paper, and will, it is hoped, induce every
postmaster w ho feels a just pride in his office, or
a patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, and j
efficiency of the whole Post Office system?at once |
to subscribe. The same considerations apply to j
ine ornerH and notices, uecisions, ana instructions i
of the War, Navy, Treasury, Slate, untl Interior |
departnients, ami llie same course is intended in i
respect to tlietn. Notices of llie decisions of the |
Supreme Court, in cases turning upon questions i
of official duty or national interest, will find a place i
in this paper.
A department of our paper addressing itself not
merely to postmasters and other officers of (he 1
Government, but to all other citizens who give attention
to the affairs of the nation and the progress
and devolopment of the country, will embrace inu
condensed form the matters submitted to, or arising
in Congress. At each session a vast deal of
valuable information is communicated to Congress,
by the several departments and their subordinate
bureaus, and profound and comprehensive
reports are made by committees of both Houses.
But the great mass of the community know nothing
of tlie cr ntents of these documents and reports,
except the brief notices of them, which j
from time to time appear in the public papers t
The standing number printed of each docurnen1
and report, is only twelve hundred in the Senate,
and fourteen hundred in the i louse of Representatives,
which at once shows the impracticability of
their dissemination. The Advertiser will contain
short abridgments or analysis of all these
documents and reports, and the compend will |
therefore not only prove exceedingly useful and j
instructive in itself, but will furnish an easy index j
to those interested, whenever it is found desirable j
to obtain and examine the document at large, j
There is a lurge field before us, the materials ure j
ample. It will be our zealous care to collect and
arrange them in the proper form. We have every |
confidence that the subscriptions will be ample to ,
enable us to accomplish it all. The information j
we propose to give, comprehending and confined :
to the action of the Government, is solid, useful, I
and (we might almost way) necessary to the otfi- !
cer?if not to the citizen. It is intended for all,
and put at a price which can constitute no obstacle '
with any. If at the end of the year, any subscriber i
shall find that lie has not received the full value of j
his money, in intellectual enjoyment and in the
increused light and aid afforded him, for the discharge
of his official duties or in exercising by his
vote his just share in the conduct of our public affairs,
then shall we be ready to admit, that our
hopes and expectations have been disappointed,
and that the contract on our part haw failed.
W amtlnoton, D. C., Juilt, 1860.
M * THE HOUSE now occupied by Mrs*
m SPR1GG, on Capitol Hill, Carroll Place,
andtinmediatc possession given. To a good tenant
the terms will be reasonable. Apply to
j^oct 17-31 BEN. E. GREET*,
F?? I ' . ?f?
Wo. 7?.
Published every Saturday, at lvij rents a .Winiber,
Yearly, in advance, f,(i.
rWlIJIS work it* conducted in the spirit of Lit- 1
I M / M ? 1
_m. ten s museum 01 v oreign Literature, which 1
wnfa favorably received by the public fur twenty
yearn,) but as it is twice as large, anil appears so
often, we not only (five spirit and freshness to it
by many things which were excluded by a month's
delay, but while thus extending our scope, and
gathering a greater and more attractive variety,
are able so to increase the solid and substantial
part of our literary, historical, and political harvest,
as fully to satisfy the wants of the American
The elaborate and stately Esaays of the Edinburgh,
Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's
notable criticisms on Poetry, his keen .
political Commentaries, highly wrought Tales,
and vivid descriptions of rural and mountain
scenery; and tiie contributions to Literature, History,and
common life, by the sagacious Spectator,
the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenumni,
the busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the
sensible and comprehensive Britannia, the sober
and respectable Christian Observer; these are intermixed
with the Military and Naval reminiscences
of the United Service, and with the best articles of
the Dublin University, New Monthly, Eraser's,
Tail's, Amswortli's, Hood's, and Sporting Mnga- 1
zines, and of Chambers's admirable Journal. We
do not consider it beneath our dignity to borrow
wit and wisdom from Punch; and, when we think
it good enough, mal e use of the thunder of The
Times. We shall increase our variety by importations
from the continent of Europe, and from the
new growth of the British colonies.
The steamship lias brought Europe, Asia, and ,
Africa into our neighborhood, and will greatly
multiply our connexion* as merchants, travellers, |
and politicians, with all parts of the world; so that, |
much more than ever, it now becomes every intel- ,
ligent American to be informed of the conditions \
and changes of foreign countries. And this not ,
only because of their nearer connexion with our- f
selves, but because the nations seem to be hasten- |
mg through a rapid process of change, to some t
new state of things, which the merely politicul i
prophet cannot compute or foresee. i
Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colo- v
nization, (which is extending over the whole
world,) and Voyages and Travels, will be favorite r
matter for our selections; and, in general, we shall e
systematically and \ery fully acquaint our readers t
with the great department of foreign affairs, with- i
out entirely neglecting our own.
While we aspire to make the Living >1gt desira- '[
ble to all who wish to keep themselves informed j
of the rapid progress of the movement?to statesmen,
divines, lawyers, and physicians?to men of
business and men of leisure,?ii is still a stronger '
object to make it attractive to their wives and
children. We believe that we can thus do some '
good in our day and generation, and hope to
make the work indispensable in every well-in- I
formed family. We say indixpentable, because in I
this day of cheap literature, it is not possible I
to guard against the influx of what is bad in 1
taste and vicious in morals, in any oilier way than '
by furnishing a sufficient supply of a healthy
character. The mental and moral appetite must 1
he gratified. 1
We hone, thai l>y " winnowing the wheat from ?
the chaff, hv providing abundantly for (lie imagi- j
nation, an J by a large collection of Biography, ,
Voyages and Travels, History, and more solid ,
matter, we may produce a work which shall be ,
popular, while ut the same time it will aspire to *
raise the standard of public, tuste.
JCj5* Letters in commendation of the plan and |
execution of the work from Judge Story, Chan- |
cellor lvent, Dr. Hellene, and Messrs. Jared j
Sparks, W. 11. IVeseoit, George Bancroft, and
George Tickuor, have been published in former ,
Postauk.?When sent with a cover it is ranked 1
us ti pamphlet, uiul costs 4j cents. Wi'Iiotii the I
cover it comes within the definition of iv new spa- i
per given in the law, and cannot legully bechurged j
witli more than newspaper postage.
Montiilv Parts.?For such its prefer it in'that
form, the Living Age is put up in monthly parts,
containing four or live weekly numbers. In this
shape it shows to great advantage tit comparison
with other works, containing in each part double
the matter of any of the quarterlies, lint we recommend
the weekly numbers u? fresher and fuller
of life. |
The volumes are published quarterly. Each of i
them is equal to tiikkk ordinary octavos. v
Orders should be addressed directly to the' pub- I
lishers] E E1TTELL <V CO., r
vet 'JtJ Boston. t
01 v he '
S C I E N T I V I C A M E It I f A Pf . |
To Mwlxjnics, Imrnlors, oml Manufacturers: ?
r|MlE Publishers of the Scientific .American re- '
J[ spectfully give notice that the sixth volume
of this valuable journal, commenced on the xllst
of September, olfering a valuable opportunity for
all to subscribe who lake an interest in the progress
and developenient of the Mechanics' Arts j
and Manufactures of our country. The churuc- '
ter of the Scientific .American is too well known
throughout the country to require a detailed account
ol the various subjects discussed through its
It enjoys a more extensive and influential cir- [
dilation than any other journal of iLs cldBH in
It will be published weekly, as heretofore, in '
Quarto Form, on fine paper, affording, at the end 1
of the year, an ILLUSTRATE!) ENCYCLO- 1
with an Index, and from Five to Six Hundred
ORIGINAL ENGR.'I VLS'GS, described by letters
of reference ; besides a vast amount of practical 1
information concerning the progress of SCIEN- v
ING, MA N U FA C T U R ING in its various
ANY,?in short, it embraces the entire range ot '
the Arts and Sciences.
It ulso possesses an original feature not found in
any other weekly |Ournal in the country, viz., an
Official List of PATENT CLAIMS, prepared ex
pressly for its columns at the Patent Office,?thus
constituting it the " AMERICANUEI'ERTOUi
Tkhms?$2 a-year ; $1 for six months.
All letters must be post paid and directed to j ,
Publishers of the Scientifia American, j
l'2d Fulton street, New York.
Inducements for Clubbing.
Any person who will send us four subscribers
for six months, at our regular rates, shall be en- '
titled to one copy for the same length of time ; or '
we will furnish ?
10 copies for 6 iiioh., $8 I 15 copies for 12 iiioh. $22 j
10 do 12 15 I 20 do 12 " 281
Southern and Western money taken at par for j
subscriptions; or Post Office Stamps ta(ten at J
their full value. I
Any person sending us three subscribers will be
entitled to a copy of the " History of Propellers
and Steam Navigation," republished in book form
?now in press, to be ready about the first of October.
It will be one of the most complete works
upon the subject ever issued, and will contain
about ninety engravings.
Oct. 22?if
1IFE INSURANCE.?Liniisli Commercial,
j Life Insurance Company, established in 1820,
and empowered by act of Parliament, for the Insurance
of Lives and Survivorships, and the endowment
of Children, dec., dx., CAPITAL
3d story Colonisation Buildings, t
near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Wash-1
inton city, D. C j.
October St, tSyO?dtf,
TJM BouUmu I^im " TTI ?hIj
is published on Tucaday s, Thursdays and Saturday*
of C*T.k? woci.
" Tbe Southern Piosa,"?Weekly.
Is published every Saturday.
Kor one square of 10 lines, three lusextious, |1 00
" every subsequent insertion, - ii
liberal deductions made on yearly advertising.
Indiv iduais may forward the amount of tbeo
iubitcriptiuns at our risk. Address, (post-paid)
Washington City.
j signed, Attorneys and Agents, practice Law
111 ine supreme u.ourt 01 me United States, mid
the Courts of the District of Columbia, and attend
promptly to cluims against the United States, including
the settlement of all accounts of officers
and agents of the Government, Bounty Lands,
Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions,
Ac., dec.
They tender their services to members of the
profession at a distance, and, when the cuse is
prepared by a lo al agent, will abate one-half their
usual fee. AH information relative to the forma
and usages of business in any of the Departments
will be furnished to our regulur correspondent*
without charge. They have made arrangements
for the payment ol 'axes, and for the sale or location
of bounty land warrants on the best Western
rL^Office on f*4 nsylvania avenue, Lane A
Tucker's Building.
Oct. 14?3taw3m.
Leonard scott a co.,JYe.54 Gounrect,
AVio York, continue to publish the four Jead?g
British (Quarterly Reviews and Blackwood's
Magazine; in addition to which they have recent- ,
ly commenced the publication of a valuable Agricultural
work, called the
" Fan.mln's Guide to Scientific and Practical
Agriculture, "
By IIknry Stephens, F. R. S., of Edinburgh, aulior
of the "book of the Farm," Ac., Ac.; assisted
lyJoiiN P. Norton, M.A.,New Haven,Professor
if Scientific Agriculture in Yale College, Ac., Ac.
This highly valuable work will comprise two
arge royul octavo volumes, containing over 1.400
>ngen, with 1H ur 20 splendid steel engravingH,
md more than 600 engravings on wood, in the
ligheat style of the art, illustrating almost every
mpleinetU of husbandry now in use by the best
iirmers, the best methods of ploughing, planting,
laying, harvesting, d;c.,dtc., the various domes.ic
antmalH in their highest perfection; in short,
lie pictorial feature of the book is unique, and
a ill render it of incalculable value to the student
if agriculture.
The work is being published in semi-monthly
lumbers of 61 pages each, exclusive of the Steel
ngraviiigs, and is sold at 25 cents each, or $5 for
he entire work in numbers, of which there will be
t least twenty-two.
The British Periodicals re-published are as foldwb,
viz :
I'iik London Quarterly Review (Conservative),
Piie Kdinhihoi! Review (Whig),
['he North British Review (Free Church),
I'iie Westminster Review ^Liberal.)
Slackwood's Edinbi rcjh Marazine (Tory).
Although these works are distinguished by the
inlitical shades above indicated, yet but a small
Ririion of their contents is devoted to political sub- ,
eels. It is their literary character which gives
hem their chief value, and in that they stand con.
I'essedly far ubove all other journals of their class.
Blackicootl, still under the masterly guidance of
Chrislop/ur .Vorth, maintains its ancient celebrity,
ind is, at this time, unusually attractive, from the
;erial works of Bulwer and other literary notables,
vritten for that magazine, and first appearing in
ts columns both in Great Britain and in the United
suites. Such works as "The Caxtons" and "My
Mew Novel" (both by Bulwer,) "My Peninsular
Vledul," "The Green Hand," and other serials,
if which numerous rival editions are issued hy the
ending publishers in this country, have to be rcf
minted by those publishers from the pages ollackwood,
after it /ins been issued by Messrs. Scot's'
Coy so that subscribers to the reprint of that
Vliijjjfciiie may alwuys rely on having the enrfiest
ending of these fascinating talcs.
Per nnn|
For any one of the four Reviews - - $-'t,0u
For any two do. - - 5,00
For nnv three do. - - 7,00
For all four of the Reviews, * 8,00
For Bl ickwood's Magazine, - 3,00
For Blackwood and three Reviews, - 9,00
For Blackwood nod the four Reviews, - 10,00
For Fanner's Guide (complete in 5W Nos.) 5,00
( Paijinents to be made in alt cases in Mvance.)
A discount of twenty-Jive per cent, from theabove
i.'i en will bt- allowed to Clubs ordering four or
no re copies of any one or more of the above
vorks. Thus : 4 copies of Blackwood or of one
teview w ill be sent to one address for $9 ; 4 copies
if ilie four Reviews und Blackwood for $30 ; and
to on. Orders
from Clubs must be sent direct to the
ivhlishers, as no discount from these prices can be
illowed to . Igent*. 1
Money, current in the States where issued, will
>e received at par.
' Fj-*Remittances and communications should be
Iwnys adilrcssed, post-paid or franked, to the
79 Fcliok Street, New York,
Entrance 54 Gold at.
|L^"Subscrintions received in WaMlunglon by
'rank Taylor, Taylor &. Maurey, and W.Adam,
looks Jlers.
WE beg leave to cull your attention to an advertisement,
and to the memorial annexed,
md tender our services in the prosecution of any
duims for Bounty Bands or Pensions, which you
may send to us. We will allow you one half our
usual fee, which is^icr dollars for obtaining a winrant
for Ilk) acres, and three dollars for a warrant
if eighty seres or less, for publishing our adveriseiiient,
and preparing and forwarding the papers
o us.
If you accept this proposal, please insert this
irculnr and our advertisement in your paper,
villi the following editorial notice:
" We call the attention of our readers to the ad ertisenier.t
of Messrs. Dull' Green, Ben. E.
Ireen, und Richard H. Clarke, Attorneys and
Vgents at Washington, D. C., and would say to
lersons having claims for Bounty Lands or Penlions,
that we have made arrangements for the
efpiisite forms, and that claimants calling at our
Hire can have tlieir papers properly prepared ana
'orwarded to these gentlemen at Washington,
vlio will properly attend to them in their proper
> dices."
Please get each claimant to sign th? memorial,
ind forward it to your member of Con;ress.
Please send us a copy of your paper containing
>ur card, which will notify us that you accept our
imposition. DUFF GREEN,
To the Senate ami House of Representatives of the
'Jutted Stales in ('digress assembled: The memorial
if the undersigned, respectfully represents that
hey are entitled to Bounty Land, under the act
if JHtli of .September, 1850, that they are informed
nd believe that the unlocated warrants are worth
nore to them than the patented lands would be,
hat they do not expect or desire to reside on the
and thus granted', that if patented to them, the
xpense of agencies and taxes will be an annual
harge, reducing the value of the grant, which
hey could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant,
four memorialists further represent that the law,
ly preventing the sale of the warrants, assumes
hat the officers and volunteers entitled to bounty
amis, are not competent to act for themselves,
whereas many of them arc anion* the most intelb'ent
and respectable citizens of the States. They
" - ' -C..M L 11, n f ll.n u(.| .r/>r?u.;a
therefore renpeuiniujr ?"<? " ?>
may be so modified as to make tlie warrants for
booniy lands assignable, and tliey will ever
l>rny. Ac.
A SELECT variety of Fine Gold Jewelry, ?
Guard and Vest Chains, and the beat quality
if London, Liverpool, and Swiss Watches, for
iale at low prices for cash. Every article war anted
to prove what it is represented to be at the
ims of sale; also. Watch Repairing in all its
tranches, by CHAUNCEY WARJUKEfc,
dec >'o. 'J, Todd's bpildiu^, Pa. avequt,

xml | txt