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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, December 21, 1850, Image 2

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-??M . " -
DAILY, ...... - ... - $10 00 j
' WEEKLY, 2 001
Prom the Boston Liberator.
I A woman once nude her escape from the slave- |
I prison, which stands midway between the Capitol ;
I and the President's bouse, and ran for the Ion? j
bridge, crossing the Potomac to the extensive ;
ground' and woodlands of Arlington place.
I Now rest for the wretched. The long day is pant,
And night on yon prison descendeth at last.
I Now lock up the bolt. And ha, jailor ! look there J,
I Who flies like a wild bird escaped from the snare? | j
A woman,?a slave ! Up! out in pursuit,
I While linger some gleams of the day !
I Ho ! rally thy hunters, with halloo and shout, i 1
I To chase down the game,?and away !
I A bold race for freedom !?On, fugitive, on !
I Heaven help but the right, and thy freedom is (
I won.
I How eager she drinks the free air of the plains !
I Every limb, every nerve, ever fibre she strains ;
I From Columbia's glorious capitol
I Columbia's daughter flees, <
I To the sanctuary God hath given,
I The sheltering forest trees. i
I Now she treads the long bridge, joy lighteth her
I *ye?
Beyond her the dense wood and darkening sky ;
I Wild hopes thrill her breast as she tienreth the
I shore;
I O despair! there are men fast advancing before ;
I Shame, shame on their manhood! they hear,
I they heed,
I The cry her flight to stay,
I And, like demon-forms, with their outstretched
I arms,
I They wait to seize their prey !
I She pauses, she turns?ah ! will she flee back ? j
I Like wolves her pursuers howl loud on her track ; j
I She lifieth to Heaven one look of despair,
I Her anguish breaks forth in one hurried prayer. J
I Hark, her jailor's yell!?like a blood-hound'a |
B On the low ni?ht wind it sweeps! |
Now death or the chain!?to the stream she j
And she leaps, 0 God, she leaps!
The dark, and the cold, yet merciful wave
Receives to its bosom the form of the slave.
She rises,?earth's scenes on her dim vision gleam,
But she struggleth not with the strong, rushing
And low are the death-cries her woman's heart
As she floats adown the river ;
Faint and more faint grows her drowning voice,
And her cries have ceased forever.
Now back, jailor, buck to thy dungeon again,
To swing the red lash, and rivet the chain!
The form thou wouldst fetter a valueless clod,
The soul thou wouldst barter returned to her God!
Sheliftain His high light her unmanacled hands;
She flees through the darkness no more ;
To freedom she leaped through drowning and
And her sorrow and bondage are o'er.
Proin the Western Citizen.
BT C. 811 III AS, Ksu.
Spring up ! spring up ! my brave blood-hounds.
Spring up from the drowsy lair !
Let every jaw be firmly set,
Let every eye-ball glare ?
The lash is cut and the collar broke,
The muzzle no longer binds ;
And the scent of the blood we love so well
Comes down on the Northern winds !
O brothers, awake ! for the time has come
To brighten the blood-hound's fame ;
They've opened a nobler field for us,
To follow our human game.
We'll hunt 110 more in the Dismal Swamp,
Where the snake and the wild beast hide,
nui we ii course on ine mgiiwuyj? m me iiumi,
Where the fields are fair and wide.
And never, again, will the prey escape, ^
When we faint nnd the scent grows cofo';
For every man in the conquered North
To aid in the hunt in sold.
The old, the young, the weak, the great,
Are bound alike by the law,
To follow the trail till the negro's throat
Is locked in the blood-hound's jaw.
In the thoroughfares of their proudest marts, I
We'll hunt by night and day ; i
Sometimes be seen in old State Street,
Sometimes along Broadway ;
And oft in the City of Brotherly Love
The worn-out slnve shall fall,
For many a chase we'll have around
Old Independence Hall.
In the dingy streets oftheCity of Smoke
They'll hear the blood-hound's bay ;
From factory, foundry, mill and shop,
We'll drag our bleeding prey.
And the stalwart smith snail his hammer drop,
As the slave to him shall cling ;
For he will dare to lift his arm
When the blood-hound is his king !
In the North they've many a battle-ground,
Where men of liberty fell ; |
But soon the blood-hound's vengeful voice
A different tale shall tell.
We'll hunt on the sacred fields where once
Tyrants were forced to fly ;
And the blood of slaves shall wet the graves
Where heroes' ashes lie.
And boldly shall we claim the right
To hunt where'er we will,
In Concord's streets, in Lexington,
Yes, upon Bunker's Hill !
They'll hear the shriek ot the flying slave,
And the crack of the driver's scourge,
Where the soldier s hare leet pressed the snow
On the road to Valley Forge.
The freeman's house was his eastle called,
In stubborn days of yore ;
But a knock that co:r.es from a blood-hound's name
Shall open the strongest door ;
And wives and daughters shall shrink in fear,
And children forget their mirth,
Should the lord of the castle shelter a slave
By the side o! the Bacred hearth.
There is no spot that we will not search ;
There is nothing shall daunt or awe ;
The right and the wrong are alike with us,
For we fear no higher law.
We'll follow the scent, though it leads us across |
The grave-yard's rugged sod,
Nor stop to leup o'er the altar's rail,
In the house of the living God !
Then up! spring up! my brave blood-hounds !
Spring up from your drowsy luir !
Let every jaw be firmly ser,
Let every eye-ball glare !
For the men of the North, who once were free, I
In the gyves of shame are bound ;
From the Golden Land to the State of Maine, j
Their lord is the fierce blood-hound !
clip the following from a communication in the j
N. Y. Journal of Commerce :
The destruction of property in this city, by tire
originating in cotton stores, has become so great i
as to demand serious attention. The loss from J
this cause, in eleven fires oceuring here and in
Brooklyn during- thirteen months, has been estimated
at about a million and a quarter of dollars.
Hence, there is a disposition among insurance
companies to increase the rate on cotton J
Experienced underwiters entertain the opin-1
ion that fire arises sponloneouxlt/ in cotton stores
and strong circumstantial evidence can be produced
in support of their opinion. A chemical
investigation would readilv lest the truth of
opinion, an! the bear J of underwriters will pr< b
ably submit the question to that test. Mean- j
time, however, would it not be advisable for j
public authorities here and elsewhere, to devote i
some nttention to an investigation of the origin j
and cause of fires ? Would it not bo advanta- j
geous to the public welfare to authorize the|
chief engineer of the fire department to call I
a jury and examine witnesses, to ascertain, if j
possible, the origin and cause of every fire oc- |
Ctiring in a city or a town ?
From the Charleiton Courier.
*WAUOURAIj address
P mnourictd before the General Assembly of South
Carolina by his Ejcc lltncy, John 11. M ans.
Senators and Gentlemen if the
Ho use o/ ' Uepreaenlalii es if Smith Carolina:
I (i| pear before you to qualify for the office to
wliic'i 1 have been elevated by your suffrages,
and although 1 must experience the emotions of
pride and gratification which a scene like this
would inspire in any heart, yet the too painful
conviction impresses itself upon me. that I owe
this mark of your approbation more to the exertions
of old and cherished friendships, than to
any merit of my own; and I should consider
myself as an entirely unworthy recipient of your
kindness, if my heart did not re-echo with gratitude
to its inmost recesses.
Tl le olliee which I ain about to assume, is at
all times one of importance, but more particularly
is it so in this eventful crisis, when dangers uni
difficulties are casting their dark and gloomy
Windows around our federal relations. I trust
that I approach it with n due sense of the deep
responsibility it involves, and with n firm determination
to devote all my powers and energies
to the discharge of its arduous duties. And
may I not indulge the hope tlml the same kindness
which induced you to bestow the office
upon me, will permit you to assist and support
tne amid the difficulties that may encompass it.
[ may, no doubt, will frequently err, hut never
intentir nilly, for, thank God, I hear about me
a heart burning with indignation at my country's
wrongs, and which has never known a thought,
feeling or emotion, higher than that which heats
for the glory, honor and welfare of my native
Although the office of Chief Magistrate is one
full of responsibility, because it involves the
"faithf ul execution of the laws," yet it has little
or nothing of patronage or of power connected
with it. Vet there is a degree of influence that
always belongs to high official stations, which
can he exerted for good or for evil, to a greater
or less extent, according to the capacity for
management in the incumbent. It is important,
therefore, that the opinions, the purposes and
feelings of him upon whom it is bestowed,
should be fully known.
From the views I have ever entertained of our
internal policy, I see but little that I would alter
or amend, nothing tnat 1 would radically change.
Being under the firm conviction that the institutions
of the country, exercise a powerful, nay an
irresistibly influence upon the formation of
the character of its citizens, and being justly
proud of the reputation which South Carolina
has ever sustained, I come into this office, to the
fullest extent and meaning of the word, a conservative.
Although I aiu not blindly wedded
to ancient laws and customs on account of the
sn: ''ty which antiquity may throw around them
yet when under these laws and customs, a nation
characterized by every thing that is great
or noble has trrown and flourished. I feel that
what experience has shown to be the cause of
those great results, should be protected from
the ruthless hand of the innovator, and should
be held sacred on account of their usefulness
and venerated as time honored monuments of
the wisdom of our ancestors. 1 know that by many
abroad who cannot appreciate ils character, or
are envious of its tone, we have been sneered
at as braggarts on account of I lie just pride we
feel in our beloved State. Vet he who looks
upon that State as his nursing mother, who with
unfaltering allegiance is willing to cling to her
destinies through weal as well as woe, is not
ash ined to thank God that his lot lias been cast
amongst her warm-hearted- and generous sons,
and that her sunny plains contain the home around
which are elu tered the dearest objects
of his heart's devotion. Whatever of influence
I therefore may possess, shall he honestly devoted
to the maintenance of our State institution
in their integrity.
The most important discretionary power which
is entrusted to the Executive, is that of "granting
reprieves and pardons." Although it is
proper that this power should be placed in his
hands that" th<> lawn may be executed in mercy."
yet it is one so liable, to abuse, and in some instances
baa been ho entirely subversive of the
very ends of justice, the question has gravely
suggested itself to the minds of many, whether
more good or evil has resulted from its exercise
Nor do 1 think that this abuse has ever arise'
from a deliberate design to pervert the power or
to perpetrate an evil; but from a weak, though
sometimes irresistible yielding, to the purest
and holiest sympathies of our nature. I no not
1 profess to be above the frailties of human nature
?certainly not above its sympathies : but it will
be my honest endeavor to forget the feelings of
the man in the discharge of the duties of the of
ficer, and to grant pardons in no instance, where
the pence or good order of society would suffer
bv it, or where the majesty of the law might be
1 violated or dishonored.
| In contemplating our federal relations, I wish
j J could see the same cause for satisfaction that
1 see in our own State, institutions. The Foili
crnl Union is now at peace with all the world.
Its power and influence are every where acknowledged,
its commerce whitens every sea :
yet with all these external signs of splendor and
prosperty, within there is discord,dissatisfaction
and discontent.
Two great parties are arrayed in deadly hostility
against each other, and what is the cause
of tiiis hostility ? It results on the part of the
South from a knowledge of the foul injustice
which has been practiced against it?from the
insults and injuries which have been heaped
upon it by a government which was instituted
for its protection, and to the support of which
it has ever contributed more than its just proportion
; from the indignatb n which every true
Southern heart must feel, that we are called
upon to share in all the dangers, expenses and
privations of its conquests, and are permitted to
enjoy more of their benefits. The dissatisfaction
and discontent of our people with their
government is just and natural. One of the
principal ends of the government is the security
of property, yet cur property is in danger from
no other power upon the face of the earth, than
from that which was instituted for its protection.
I doubt if there ever was a government purely
constitutional in its character, which had made
sueli rapid strides in breaking down every constitutional
barrier and in the prostration of the
rights and liberties of tin- citizens. To prove
the truth of this as-sert'on, I need hut point you
to the net of Congress for the Inst few yonrs.
He must he wilfully blind who does not see
in tln-in a settled deterrninntion ori the part of
Congress to break down the institution of
slavery?an institution the protection of which
is indelibly stamped upon the Constitution?nn
institution in which all our feelings, nil our interests,
nay. nil our hopes, are so completely
blended, that its destruction must carry w ith it,
in its dreadful crash, the ruin and downfall of
our beloved country.
The determination is shown in the manifest
disregard of the rights of slaveholders under the
Constitution?it s shown in the nets which deprive
him of any participation in the territories
won upon battle-fields where every sod is sprinkled
by Southern blood, and where every silent
mound with hurtling eloquence, tells that it eontains
the corpse of a Southern hero, still green
and festering with the wounds received while
fighting the battles of our common country,
and iu winning that very soil?it is shown in the
mueceni nasie wiin iviih'ii new oiaies are numitted,
that the equilibrium of the sections may
be destroyed, and power given it to eariy out
its unjust purposes against us?it is shown in
the open declarations of the Abolitionists, whose
wild fanaticism has inspired them with boldness
to tell the truth?in the conduct of that class of
politicians who, contrary to their convictions of
right and justice, and i i direct violation of their
solemn oaths to protect and defend the Constitution,
are swept along before the current of
public opinion of tbeir sections, like chaff before
the whirlwind?it is shown in the undivided
public s.-ntiment of the North, a public sentiment
whose mighty waves for the last ten yesrs
have been moving higher and higher, dashing
their foaming crests against our verv cspitol,
but heretofore breaking at its feoL Those
j ttormy waves, warmed by no genial sunbeam o
I humanity, are fast becoming frozen into u solii
mass, nod soon must come, tike a mighty uvn
1 lauche torn by the storm from its Alpine hills
! to crush and bury us beneath their weight.
Who can contemplate without a shudder thi
j consequences of the abolition of slavery in tn
j States. Their terrors are not alone to be seen ii
i the misery caused to tiie slaveholder by stripping
| him of his property, bought and honestly paid fo
! by a life of industry?not in the starvation am
; ruin of the merchant and mechanic by the proa
1 I ration of those who buy his merchandize or pn]
! him fo' his labor?not in deserted fields and de
j ejying towns and villuges?tut in the still mori
direful consequences resulting from the camming
1 I'hj* together of two races so entirely distinct ii
| their genius and character upon terms of politics
j equality. One or the other of them must be an
I militated, and that too amid scenes of terror, o
| anarchy and blood, greater than any which his
j tory recoiu* upon tier uarKesi unu uiouuiesi
j But even laying aside this great question, \v<
have sufficient reason for dissatisfaction with tin
I Federal Government. The whole tenor and coin
| plexion of irs acts show that the Constitution, s>
; far as the rights of the Soutli are concerned, nffort
not the slightest protection. The will of the ma
jority, irrespective of us checks and balances, ii
the law of the lund.
Our liberties, our property, our characters, an
to be submitted to the tender mercies of a major
ity, whose every thought, feeling, and emotion
is concentrated in one burning focus of hatret
I against us and our institutions. Under these cir
j cumstunces, what are we to look for, or what ari
; we to expect. Through the dim vista of the darl
j and gloomy future before us, we can see no cheer
| ing ray of hope that our condition will be bet
tered, but, on the contrary, a sad vision of tin
graduol ruin and decay of our State, until we an
reduced to a condition of colonial vassalage, fa
j worse than that from which our fathers rescue*
) them. Sad experience has proved that the safe
I guards placed over the rights of our country ii
] the foriu of parchment, is but parchment at last?
| that the only effectual bulwark which can b
thrown around them, is a bulwurk of men, win
know their rights anil have the courage to maintaii
i them.
Finally, we are dissatisfied with the Federa
I Government because it has utterly failed in ac
J coniplishiiig the ends for which it was created
The " harmony and good feeling" it was designei
to promote between the Stales, the injustice, th
| fanaticism, the impertinence of the North has en
; tirely destroyed. The "general welfare," it wa
I ....on.la,i in nrnmAif. has resulted in building ui
I one section upon (lie ruin of the oilier. Tiie " do
I mesne tranquility" it wjs intended to secure, w
have never known, for under its protection thos
J are actually supported and encouraged who ar
setting measures on foot amongst us, the fata! ter
| initiation of wluch cun alone be Been amid all th
terrors of blood and burnings. And yet we ar
even called upon to venerate such a government?
a government which would stamp the brand of in
j feriorily and degradation upon us, which like i
| fell malaria, is scattering it? blighting und withe,r
j ing influence all around?which by the consuni
| mation of its measures, would iiglit up the, darl
! future before us by the bluzo of our own happj
! homes. We are called upon to about hosanua;
; to a Union which has been entirely perverted fron
I its original purposes into an engine of fraud, cor
! ruption, and oppression, or incur the odium o
| reckless disorganizes who for ambition or wickei
| purposes would pull down a glorious fabric ce
inenteil by the blood of our fathers.
The history of our State, from the first dawn
ing of our revolution to the present time, brand
j the foul aspersion as fulse. Whenever and where
ever the star spangled banner has been raised, lie
I patriot sons have been among the first to rally t<
its support, and the bloody tracks over wliicl
they have trod, testify that they did their duty.
A few years buck, when it first became mani
lest that corruption hud crept into our system
that the powers of the Federal Government wer
about to be used to oppress und plunder itu citi
zens, that ilia Constitution was 111 danger, Soutl
j Carolina, prompted by her ardent love of th<
I Union, threw herself solitary and alone into th
[breach, by (he interposition of her State sovereign
[ ty, to save both the Constitution and the Union
I Vet for this generous, this self-sacrificing act, u'
| the [lower, patronage and influence of' th" Federa
Government, lias been used to brand the actor
I in that scene, as disunionists, and cover thei
nil !<<> infnmu u liii'h should nllnrli it
| Hitmen nun ??? v??%- j ..
self to Hartford conventionist , But how ditfei
ei;i are the circumstances under which they acte
?how different their motives. The IJurtfor
conventionists attacked the Government when i
was weak, when it was engaged in a war with
foreign power, and when a generous patriotinr
called upon litem to forget their private griefa an
rush to the standard of their common country.'
Sonth Carolina bearded the "linn in his den,' an
' the "Douglass in his halt." We would have es
tabliehed upon a firm and lasting basis, the prin
ciples of liberty and equality, upon which ou
| country would have flourishtd forever. They
like traitors, would have given assistance to tli
! enemies of their country, m the hour of its dan
I gers.
In future days, the impartial historian, unin
rtuenced by the passions and prejudices wltic
surround us, and possessing the ad vantages of th
developemcnts which lime in its progress wi
make as to this effect of that event?will recnr
this tinted and derided act of nullification as th
! first step towards the restoration of u down trod
den liberty ; and the names of Calhoun, of Mat
per, of Hayne, of Turnbull, and of Miller, wit
all their talents, their patriotism and their virtues
will hate no halo of glory encircling them, mor
brilliant than that which enshrines their memorie
in the hearts of posterity, as the able defenders o
constitutional liberty, and the fearless advocates o
the only remedy by which the Union could havt
been saved. No ; we never have been false to tin
Union or onr fathers. Just give us hack that glo
| Watt* Union under which just and equal lawi
j threw their broad tcgis over a contented, confiding
j and happy people, and we will cling to it with ?l
I the devoted fondness of a child to its mother'.j
But to this union with tyrants and plunderer!
we owe no allegiance; for if we have no love, un
der it we will not live, unless we are recreant t<
all we have heretofore held dear or sacred, to oui
i honor, our interest, the bright example of a gal
I lain ancestry, aye to the bright and glorious des
I tiny which awaits us. It' we could Itave snvet
| the Union we would have done so. If the Soutl
were united, as their common dangers pleat
I trumpet tongued they should be, it could bring
| back the Union to its original purity and dictatt
| the terms of future security. But as long as thest
(unhappy divisions exist, as long as amongs
prominent politicians, treason flourishes and Iran
I tors are rewarded, the only hope which is left ui
I is to be derived front bold hearts and strong
i arms. And if the Union is to he dissolved, (us
disso ved it will lie) and nil the direful rouse
quencesare to flow from its dissolution which thi
imagination of some have pictured, if with it.downfall
the last expiring shouts of liberty are tr
be heard, let the curses -of posterity light not upor
| our heads, but upon the heads of 'nose whomigh
i have saved it, but that they preferred the hopes o
officp, or even the filthy lucre, to their alleginnrt
to their country like the " base Judean" who, foi
I thirty pieces of silver, sold his fidelity to his God
[ and with it his hnpea of everlasting salvation,
j VVe have heen accused of rashness?hewart
j that we suffer not from lameness?lest we " line
! the delusive phantoms of hope until our enemies
I have hound us hand and foot."
With these opinions and feelings, senators and
' representatives, I shall deem it roy duty to use
I whatever influence my position may stive me, tr
j keep alive that spirit of resistance which now ani
I mates the bosoms of my countrymen, and in carry
out faithfully and promptly any measures you in
your wisdom may devise, to put the State in a
condition of thorough preparation for whatever
may happen. Yet I love the cause in which we are
engaged, too well to hazard it hy any rashness or
indiscretion. And I beseech ynu to remember
| that we are now actors in one of the most im
| portant scenes the world has ever known. We are
I on the eve of great events?events which may not
only decide our fate as a nation,hut the fate ofliberI
ty throughout all generations. Every a t you comj
mil is to become a part of history, and for weal or
j for woe, is to he felt by posterity. How important
is it that no more should be made without
calm deliberation, and consultation with the wisest
and most prudent of our land. Although I feel
impatient at delay, yet as we have gone into
consultation with our sister Sin es of the South,
j good faith demands that we should wait the result
of the measures suggested by the Nashville Convention.
We should meet them in the proposed
j congress. Cut if all our honest exertions to unite
! the South should fail, and South Carolina should
I stand alone, then solitary and alone, let her throw
| her banner to the breeze, and leave the conseI
quences to God. Common interests and common
I dangers will rally the other Southern Stctes to
| our standard. But if their fatal blindness to
[ these interests and dangers should induce theni to
join the standard of our enemy, and their enemy,
and they should triumph, what will they gain by
- - ?- - **<* '.: ? _ -.> >
fjit? It will be a triumph over their own cause. If c
1 | their ehouia of victory should ascend, they roust r
. ascend amid the wails and groan* of their own'[
j I countrymen, whose fate must sooner or later be j %
' theirs.
} Every effort has been made to isolate our State 1 (
t and prejudice her in the eyes of the other South- I c
I ern States, by holding out the idea that she wishes ;
i to lead them. But I am sure 1 speak her univer- | 1
r mil sentiment, when I say that she it willing to '
j, follow any one of Iter gallant sisters that will lend |
. | oii'upou the path of honor and duty. All we ask, |
, j is that in the day und hour of her danger, we may ! (
. I he assigned a Upluce in the picture near the flash- j
e I ing of the guns."
. j 1 have given you, (very imperfectly I know,)
1 * my views and feelings on this all important sub- j1
I ;ject. I do not presume to dirrct your councils ; i ?
. inclination as well us duly, demand that i should j r
f J carry out your high behests. 1 owe no allegiance /
. J to any power upon earth, except that which 1 owe
_ | through South Carolina?when she speaks, her j
K voice must be nbeytd. Hound to her by every j
B lie which man holds sacred on earth, I seek or ; '
. desire no other fate than which is to be hers.a If:
, she is to triumph, (as all her son who have heen j u
I devoted to her cause ci.n do,) 1 claim a share in j f
. her glory. If alien lo full, all that I desire in a j t
s grave upon her bosom. All that I have and all ?.
that I am, I here devote to her service. And if
2 for feeling a deep indignation at her wrong*, and j'
. u burning desire to redress them, 1 am to be j 4i
branded by the minions of power as a traitor, j
j then be it so ; I desire no more brilliant fame ; '
. while living, no more glorious epitaph when deud I
t In conclusion, suffer me to remind you that all a
t our efforts must fail unless we put our trust in : i
. Ilim in whose hands are the destinies of nations.
. And while we ere in the discharge of the high and 1
B sacred duties which devolve upon us, let us not | .j
8 forget to implore the guidance and direction of j "
our Heavenly Father, and His blessings upon our i l!
^ country and its cause. '
i Fi om lite London Times, A'oe. 26. j )
" The Great Disturbance in the Silver Mar-1 .
e ket of the V/orld. ; ^
n A singular rise which ha* been going on for \
some time in the price of silver has created
j much inquiry. The idea that it may he owing j .
- to tlie influx of California gold naturally occur-. I
. to every?otie, and gives the subject its chief inJ
terest. In ordinary times the question imglii be ~
e easily settled; but from the peculiar state of the ''
' continent, together with the change recently
" made in the Dutch currency, a definite conclu- '
. sion at present is rendered impossible.
e The three causes now in operation, namely, | c
e the California influx, the requirements for the j
e pay and maintenance of the German armies, and
- the substitution of silver for gold in IiolLnd, 11
e have come into active operation almost simulta- ^
e neously. They all have the same tendency;
and the task, therefore,simply is, to discover the
s proportionate influence of each. For this, however,
the materials are wanting. We do n< t J
.) know with certainty the total increase which has
, I illin tin. Morinlv of wold. nr. na recrurds
/ silver, the quantity absorbed in Germany, or on 1
s the continent generally, either by tho armies or '
1 -from hoarding, or other causes; and even if this (
j nformation were before us, wo should still be '
j gnorant of the total stock of bullion in the j1
world, upon the amount of which alono could I'
any accurate calculation be founded.
Although, however, wo must thus wait until i!
s some of the perplexing elements of the question j
shall have been removed?for if the war mania j"
r were to terminate, and the eti'ect of the Dutch M
1 legislation had passed away, we should then I *
1 have no difficulty in looking to California for | v
its solution?there arc many considerations that
may, even now, throw some light upon the mat- I
e ter, and which may usefully borne in mind ' v
. in watching the future.
a We have remarked that all the influences 1
e now existing operate in one way. The only { 1
e direct mode in which any divot from the Cali-1 e
fornia gold could first be observed, would be by ' !.
j". looking at the relative price of silver. We must!
I measure the state of the market for gold by the j ,*!
s purchasing power of thai iquti)!; and .silver is j
r the best commodity wherewith to test this pur- j '
chasing power, as it is less liable so fluctuation, j j;
- than any other. Iu proportion, therefore, as the f
d supply of gold increases, silver will steadily bed
come dearer?that is to say, a note, rcpreII
smiting a certain weight of gold, will buy less 1
* silver than previously- At tho aamo time the *
'l ' purchases of silver by Germany and Holland, 0
_ must of course, have 11 similar eticct. 1 hey are
d mado by moans, either of gold coin transmitted (
i- j to ns direct, or of yojd due from us for credits .
* allowed or shipments received; our merchants
r J in the latter c se, being instructed, instead of s
' sending the gold that is owing, to send as much
e silver as it will procure. 1
* In the combined action thus going forward, '
!_ enough is consequently presented to remove all ?
I, surprise that remarkable results should already
e | have been preserved. Ti ere ale, however, some
li | minor circumstances to be noticed, which modify ;
il j these general operations, although, as it is im- j
e | possible to estimate their aggregate bearing, it x
I cannot bo ascertained whether, on the whole, j
lj' tliey have tended to mitig ate or to increase the ' 1
| change tliat has been in progress. Among these.! *
e on the ore hand, is the demand for silver in ! 4
s California, and on the other, the alleged increase ' 1
f of production in the silver mines of South i r
f America, the expensive issue of small piper !'
e currency, by which silver lias been displaced in I 11
e Austria, and finally, n gruduu'displacement ot j l'(
silver by gold, which is observable in the United t '
? States. ['
I Supposing it to be a question, whether the
j effect of the demand for silver in Germany has ()
not been counteracted to a very great extent by 11
* the issue of Austri >n paper, and also of the sup- "
- p ias (if silver required at S, n Francisco have "
> not been met by the more abundant yield oftlie 8
r South American mines, we should then be
' driven to attribute the late rise in this country
j mainly to the Dutch operations or to California, h
or to both. The step adopted by Holland, of fi
I calling in he* 3 to 10 guilder pieces, took place v
, on the 'JJd uf June, and the amount of gold dis- p
? engaged by it, has been about four mil lions ster- i'<
? I ling. As yet, however, not more than abou'
1 j JC.100,0!IIi is believed to i ave been replaced by F
silver, me remainder ucine renresenien ny tunes, j p
" which will continue in circulation until the re-! t<
' qnisito iinii'imt of sil\er can be obtained? I I'
Whether this or the possible f.iet tlint ?10 000,- j I'
000 of gold (being nearly double the total esti j \
< mated annual yield of all the South American ti
> mines in 1840.) lias been suddenly added to the j I'
) j store of bullion in the world, wiiieh some have a
1 j conjectured not to exceed ?330,000,000 in all, a
' and of which "fold constitutes by far the small- si
? est proporti' n. may have lutd the greatest force, b
r is a point which must be left for speculation. n
But whatever view may be adopted by each el
; individual, as to the influence which has been n
; predominant in producing the effect that has oc- p
i currcd, there can he no question tliat that effect o
has been of a most decided and important char- o
' ncter. At this period ln>t year, the price of si I - nl
ver was 4s. 11.Vd. per ounce, and it is now fts. E
) 14d., the rise being within a fraction of 3 per w
I cent.; a difference which (apart from other con- n
,1 siderations) is considerable, as nffeciing the seig- fl
j noras in our own silver coinage. This coinage, rr
based on the forming of 06 shillings out of b
..rod' nmin/1 rrl 11 nf vj t n r i < I -i n\ wili'iT l*vivimr 11
a gross profit to the government, when silver I at
was at the usual price of 4s. lljd. per ounce, n<
of nearly 11 per oent, and' which profit is now ni
reduced to ahotit 7| percent. In France, th?? j cc
premium on gold h is fallen within the same pe- , in
riod from 13i per mille to 2f per ni lie ; so that, p<
it. is now reduced :o only about | per cent.? j in
Should any further Important decline take pl .ee, 111
the silver coins of that country will then gradu- j vr
I allv bo displaced by gold: for they will intrinsi j A
j rally be worth more than their nominal value, j h.i
! Again, in the United States the same effect is j oil
'observable. Fast year the half* dollar silveri vi<
I coinage was at par. it is now ipioted 3 } pre-' nc
miurn. This will cause silver to bo exported,
and its place to be sup lied bv an increased
I coii age of gold dollars, half eagles, and eagles. ^
At the same time it is to be remarked, that in
J proportion as silver thus comes to be displaced 110
| by gold, in countries where it has hitherto been en
j in extensive circulation, its further relative rise
will he checked, because its use*, and the con- ?
sequent demand for it, will be diminiahed. A
decrease in the intrinsic value of qnch metal 1*
nay then be looked for, although not In equal
iroportious; and the only way in which it will
h> possible that thin fall can be traced thereafter
vill be, by ascertaining from time to time the
general exchangeable relation between thein and
?tlier commodities, so aa to compare the purhawing
power of both with what it was at Corner
t\om the Boston Post.
The Aztf.c ChiLdhks.?Those inexplicable
pitoinea of humanity, the "Kanna" children,
ontinue to attract multitudes to Horticultural
lull, School street, and to astonish the curiosity
>f enthusiastic inquirers to an extraordinary decree.
In every point of view they may he reallt
cgurded us unfathomable mysteries of matikiad.
U Burns said of the old bridge,
Tluy might be worshipped on the bended knee,
And still the second dread command be free ;
or they are unlike any thing in the heavens
bove, in the earth beneath, or in the waters
inder the earth ; and yet they are not without
i.rrn, or void. On the contrary, they have all
he parts and facilities usually to be found in
marvellous proper persons." They live, move,
ntl|s|>eak a little, and yet it is almost impossible
0 realise while looking upon them that they are
of woman born." Their tiny size, their shape,
heir notion, in the classical language of one of
lie eloquent members of the bar, "disrumple
ill our conceptions" of the vagaries of nature
n diversifying her specimens of the genus hotno.
The boy, named "Maximo," is about ten
ears of age, and 33? inches in height; weighs
10 lbs. 12 oz.; eiiciimferenee of chest, which
s well developed, 18^ inches; ditto of waist,
7 inches; circumference of head, 12J inches.
The girl, named "Bartolo," is about eight
ears of age, and 29J inches in height; weight
7 lbs.; iireumference of head, 13 inches. In
intli the arms and legs are of the pipe stem orIcr
of architecture, hut aie muscular, strong and
ougli. Their physiolugieul and anatomical fornations
have been pronounced perfect by Dr.
iVarren, after several very careful examinations;
nd although llieir heads are in size rather
mailer than the average of new born infants, the
.uatomists have not been able to discover on
he skulls any sign whatever of artificial coiniression.
Those who have not had an opporuuity
of seeing tliein, will hardly be able to coneive
of the outre appearance of a child under a
uird in height, with a head less than a day old
lube's, a finely developed nose, long enough for
1 brigadier general's. To indicate the oxtent in
?i.:..u n,..;- i.,...9a ?n.i
ions from those of people generally, and'"the
est of mankind," would exhaust our vocabulary
d' anatomical terms. In short, they arc like
>aeli other, and nobody else, and nothing else,
iving, dead, or imagined.
Though more diminutive than dwarfs usually
ire,there is nothing dwarf-like in their action ojq
ippearanue. Sprites they might pass for, with>ut
contradiction, since the means of comparison
ire not at hand. Though almost mute, they can
!ftt, drink, laugh and be merry, and jump, run,
uid climb. Max loves to strike out with his
ist, stamp on the floor when his blow falls short,
uul to bang away on his drum ; and little Barty
)iisies herself very much with a little cradle,
ind is in the habit of running up to her brother
md wiping his face with her handkerchief,
whenever it occurs to her that his appearance
vould be improved by the operation: and Max
ubrnits with a good grace. When not annoyed
>y having too much fun poked at them byovervaggish
visitors, they are docile,affectionate,nod
iluyful; but when teased, or treated with indiglity,
each can command a "cloud-compelling"
ouutcnnnce, and give full expression to the
motions of anger and disdain, their dark lusrous
eyes lighting up with wrathful fires.?
riiuir fondness for frolic is great, and if dealt
nth gently, they will sport from morn till night,
rhcir origin and race are of course involved in
irofound mystery, unless we accept the account
;iven by the adventurers who profess to have
bund them in Central America. A suspicion
ias been hinted by outsiders, that they are of
he monkey tribe; but their anatomy, no less
han their countenances, decisively demonstrates
hat they are not; nor have there been discovired
in their conformation any of the organic penihilities
which distinguish the negro from the
itlier races of mankind.
Their muteness is attributable to the Caspar
Iinser seclusion to which they must have been
ubjected from their birth. Their vocal organs
re perfect, and since they have been under the
utelligcnt care of Mr. Knox they have been
auglit to articulate so far as to utter with tollable
distinctness the words?"mamuia," "papa,"
Pety," "John," "di iiiy," and "suppy."
It is quite possible that they are what thev
ire represented to be in the extraordinary narraive
which was sent to this country with thcin;
iz : descendants of the Kaunas, an order of pafan
priesthood m Central America, now nearly
xtibct.?Their features differ from those of the
\ztee Indians generally, but they correspond in
i remarkable degree to the profiles on the buseliefs
found on the temple ruins at Palenque ,as
cpresented in the great work of Mr. Stevens
>n Central America. That those profiles were
itended to commemorate persons of some exlusivo
mid distinguished order among the
Utecs, is exceedingly probable, and it is equally
irobable that it was a select order of ricsthood.
t may have been, and may be still, in the interior
f Central America, a practice to seclude some
ietubers of a devoted fan ily, and train them
p as mutes, with a view to using them ultilately
in the mysteries and pious frauds of paanism.
Our Minister to Russia.?The Hon. Neil
I. Brown, of'Tennessee. Minister Plenipotentiary
rom the United States to Russia, has recently
,'ritten a letter to his friends at home, whieh is
tiblished in the Pulaski Star. From it the
allowing extracts are taken :
On the 13(h of August I was presented to the
Jniperor, Empress, and other members of the In eri.nl
family. The ceremony took pi >ee at 1'e rhof?sqme
ten miles distant?where the
imperors' p a lace is situated. Tliere^ was less
irmality than I expected. A speech from the
linistcr was dispensed with according to ens.
mi here, and the whole ceremony between the
Imperor and myself was a mere conversation of
bout ten minutes. lie is a fine looking1 man,
nd would impress any one with the idea of
uperiori'y. He is over six fe t high?well
uilt?with marked face and head : and his maner
and conversation indicated great energy of
liaractcr. He is said to be the most laborious
lan in the empire. His eye is upon every do-1
artment, I saw him on two other occasions,
n the parade ground, drilling his troops. On |
ne day there were eighty t lousand troops, of
I arms, under parade, and under tho eye of the
Imperor. There is not much intercourse beteen
Russi a and the United States. There lias
at been an American ship her since f arrived, j
>?ir trade here is much less than formerly. Seveil
causes exist for this. In the first place, we
uv very little from Russia: some sheet iron,
rilling, and sail cloth make up the principal:
id what ?he used to buy fro u ua directly, is
aw bought intermediately through Great Brit- j
n. < )lir vessels find bill, little indiu-nmnnt t.1 !
>mo here, for, in the main, they have to return
ballast. I am about as well pleased as I ex-;
>oted to l>o, except I fear the business of the 1
ission will be lean. I would rather have as ;
ucli as I cou d do. I would not have so many
leant hours, in which to cast my eyes over the
tlnntie. I do not feel willing, from what I
ive seen, to bring my family here ; I fear mv j1
liidren eonl l not stand the climate. With this j
ew, I think I shall ask leave to return home I
xt spring or summer.
New VortK Expenses.?The City Comptrol- j
r of New York estimates the expenditures ,
cessary to carry on the government for the <
suing year at $2,947,597. Amount to be
scd by tax, 83,897,507?showing an increase j
* the coming year, over the expenditures of ^
50, of upwards of half a million of dollars! <
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Extract Jrotn the He port of the Hon. Thomas
Corwin, Secretary of (he Treasury, December
Coast Surrey.
The Coast Survey was organized in 1813, and
placed upon its present footing by legislative authority.
lly that organization tho land opera
tions, constituting four-fifths of the whole, were
assigned to civilians and officers of tho army,
nnrl tlwi lii'ilrnirrnnhv fn nfTiitura nf ilia nnvtr
v.. ?..v n?." J
Tlie distinguished and suienifie gentleman
who has so long and so well superintended the
work, with this temporary corps, were placed
under the supervision and control of the Treasury
Department, to which all works affecting
commerce and navigation, it was believed, should
bo properly committed. It was also thought
that officers of the army and navy could not he
biought to act harmoniously together under the
control of either the War or Navy Departments.
This organization was tiie result of the experience
of the work up to that time. It has
proved eminently successful in its operations;
the rapidity of its progress, as well as its nccu
racy, and the magnitude of its results, have
commanded the applause of those most distinguished
for scientific attainments in Europe and
This department has from time to time, as the
work demanded, called for as many officers of
the army and navy as could be spared from their
appropriate duties.
An application for an additional number of
officers of the army is now pending before the
War Department, and will, it is expected, receive
a favorable consideration.
When the recent war with Mexico was declared
there were five officers of the corps of
Topographical Engineers and nine of the line of
| the army employed in the coast survey.
The service thus becomes an admirable school
of practice for stieh of the graduates of West
Point and the officers of the navy as had a pro
dilection, fur the science called into practice by
the work, each bcingeng.iged in his appropriate
While the scientific character of the survey
is such as to reflect lasting credit upon our
country, it is also eminently practical in its results;
the highe-t brandies of scientific knowledge
are made subservient to the most useful
The economy of the work deserves commendation.
It will bo found Unit as much useful
work is done, and as much advantage to the
country r?tid mankind obtained for tho same
amount of expenditure, as in any other department
of the Government. In this respect the
j last seven years have shown a gain in economy
of one and three-quarters to one over the expenditures
before t at time for the same work.
This may be ascribed to the enlargement of the
scale on which the work proceeds, which also
j greatly tends to hasten its final completion.
The trigonometrical portion of this survey
now extends unbroken front Portland, in Maine.
I to within fifty miles of the Capes of the Cl.esaI
penke, and, with an interval of about one hundred
miles, which is rapidly filling up, to a point
la ynnd Cape llatterns.
It has been commenced in South Carolina.
Georgia, and Florida; is complete in Alabama,
and nearly so in Mississippi; and lias been
commenced in Louisiana and Texas. The other
operations follow closely in their order, and the
publication of the maps and charts keeps pace
with the fieldwork. Nearly one-half of the coast
of the Atlantic and of the Gulf of Mexico habeen
surveyed. Since our recent acquisitions
of territory on the Pacific, parties a'fached to tne
survey have been actively employed on the coast,
and have contributed important information to
thi? Department in regard to the p'ooer -itutor
lighthouses and other aids to nr-'i rnt'on
A detailed report of the ro/'e-s eft -e were
will ho submitted to (.'on.re- > at a t art/ pori'.n:
o, t.'ie session.
Land Warrants?Curiams Case.?A Washington
letter in the New York Herald says:?
" A curious ease of the location of a land
warrant is reported here. An old soldier, in the
full acceptation of the word, living at Harper's '
Ferry, being entitled to 1G0 acres of land for J
his services in the army, according to the bounty ,
land law of the last session, for tiie sake of con-1
venienee, located his " patent right" on a tract !
of government land unoccupied, or in some way '
open to location, at Harper's Ferry. He* had <
consulted one of the ablest lawyers on the sub- t
ject, whose opinion is that the old soldier will <
get the land, which is said to be, from its loca- ^
tion, worthat least 8150,000. It is to be hoped '
that, between him and Uncle Sam, the land will
go to the old soldier, if the law says so." j
Mice Power.?A gentleman in Kirkalda, J
ocuuuna, nns irainea n couple ot mice and in- '
vented machinery enabling them to spin cotton 1
yarn. The work is so constructed that the com- '
mon Imuse mouse is enabled to make atonement e
to society for past offences, by twisting twine, c
and reeling from 100 to 1*26 threads per day. To j
complete this, the little pedestrian has to run 10* r
miles. A half-penny's worth of oatmeal, lod. ?
per peck, serves one of these tread-wheel eul- f
prits for the^ong period of five weeks. Fn that 1
time it makes 110 threads per day. At this rate =
a mouse cams 7s. (id. per annum. Take off 6d. '
for hoard and Is. for machinery, there will arise j
5s. clear for every mouse annually. The mouse "
?mployer was going to make an application for 11
he lease of an old empty house, which will hold "
Len thousand irouse-mills, sufficient room being ^
left for keepers, and some hundreds of spectators.
Allowing for rent, tfcere wiU boa balance p
>f $10,000 p?r annum. F
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From the Boston Courier.
Board.?Al the last meeting of tlie Common
Council, the annual report of the Cochituate Water
Board wua subnuited, and from it we quote
the following interesting statistics :?
The receipts of the Water Department from ,'J
| January 4th, 1850, to December 4th?a period of
11 months?have been? I
For Water Ilents ... $'J7,91J II
Other "sources, principally for sale
of old materials - - - - 7,171 23
Making a total of - - $105,114 .'J l
The total number of water-takers is 13,4f>3. The
| water was cut off in 49b' cases ; of theue 335 afi
terwards paid, and had the water let on again,
leaving ltil still cut oft*.
The expenditures of the Department have been
as follows, v z :
For the extension of the works to
East Boston .... $283,715 8*2
Expended last year on the same ac1
count, by the water commissioners 29,170 40
Probable amount required for completing
the same - - - .'10,000 00
$342,886 22
This amount includes not only the cost of taking
the 20-inch main to East-Boston, b_t also
that of the reservoir, lands, and distribution.
The expenditures for all other purposes, including
the settlement of land claims and damages, ,
i salaries, wages, repairs of aqueduct and pipes,
completing the Beacon Hill reservoir, and maintaining
the receiving and compensating reservoirs (
in the country, &c. &c., have been $47,095 28.
The expenditures for saiaiiis were $11,012 81.
For land and water rights, $7,023 05. beacon
Mill reservoir, $5,074 02. The sum ol $1,097 45 t
was paid for taxes on property conne ted with
the water-works. The whole expenses include
upwards of forty items.
The total amount expended by the city to December
4'-h, on account of t e water-works, not
including interest paid by the Treasurer, is $4,326.533
>ay $266 19. One stenin engine pays $1700 ; H
mother piys $9.70. T; e total revenue from steam ^B
ngines and buildings where they are used for me- H
hanical purposts is $5 505 25 There are ]2<>2 H
>ersons who pay for the ose of hand hoee. The fl
evenue front this source is $3,620 08. The w?- H
er need in the public buildings, owned by the ci- ^B
y, the school, engine, and other houses, the city fl<
nstitutions, etc., would amount to $2405 20. fl
PARKER "S CHRISTM AS opening takes place B
this da^r and will continue through the Christ- B
aa3 and New Year Holidays. He respectfully fl
nvites his friends and strangers to call at his new fl
tore under the National Hotel, and look through B
lie selection of beautifVil fancy articles suitable H
or Presents for all ages. fl
^ancy and Ferfumery Store, under the National ^B
lotef. Dec. 21 3t fl
The total length of distribution pipes laid since
January 4>h, in the city and at Last Bo* on, is 13
miles and 3J08 feet. The total length laid from
the commencement of the work to the present
time is UG miles 4301 feet. This does not include
the service pipes, of which there are 15,143 in
number, an increase of 181*2 since last year.
The number of Fire Hydrants now established
In the Cit" Proper .... 701
South Boston 154
Last Boston jj 35 I
Brookltne ...... 1
Box bury 5
Charlestown - - - - - 11
Chelsea 3
Total - - . - - 1(,IJ5
The extension of the work to Last Boston has
progressed very nearly to completion ; and it is
believed the Cochituate water will be introduced
into the reservoir on Eagle Hill by or before the
close of the current year.
The channel of Chelsea creek is passed by a
flexible pipe, instead of a pile bridge and syphon,
as was originally contemplated It is iieheved
this change-will result in the saving of $30,000.
The reservoir on Eagle 11 ill is 30 feet deep, and
will hold, when filled to a level 3 feet below its
(?r> " r.ni on; ...: o
K'l>, uiu w uir gallons.
The brick aqueduct from Lake Cnchitunte, has
heen examined and found to he in good order.
The amount required for repairs to this work has
heen very small.
The amount of water wasted from Lake Cocliituate,
and never allowed to enter tlie aqueduct at
all, since January 4ih, 1850, cannot be estimated
very accurately ; hut enough is known to enable
the Board to state that it is little over an average
of 15,000,(100 of wine gallons for every day. ^B
No estimate has yet been made of the en'ire
quantity consumed in the city ; hut occasional ^B
trials show that the daily draught from the Brook- ^b
line reservoir varies from four to six millions of
gallons. This would show that the Lake might
have supplied, during ti e past season, an average ^B
of20,000,000 gallons daily, cou:d it have been
savetl. This, however, was not the case ; the capacity
of the Lake for retaining the large qtiantities
which occasionally fell in a few days, being
From the statement of the water Registrar in ^B
relation to the classification of the water takers,
we make a few extracts. There are 357 dwelling
houses which pay $15 each for the Cnchitunte wuter,
504 pay $10 each 108 pay 9 each, 100 pay
$8 each, 114 pay $7 each, 203 pay $6 each, 7083 H
I ay $5 each, 200 pay 4 each, 101 pay $3 33 e rh. H
Total receipts from dwelling houses, $61,119 77. H
There are three boarding houses which pay $90 H
each, and one $45 One store pays $50, and two H
nay $30 ench, 97 stores pnv $10 each, 83 pay
$6 , 998 pay $5, 91 pay $4, 791 pay $3. Total re- H
reipts from stores and shops, $8,304 10. One lio- H
el pays $285, one $2*25, one $200, 26 pay $15 H
?nch. The whole revenne from hotels is$2,54923. H
Vine stables pay upwards of $50 each, The revMine
from stables is $4306 33. The Hospital pays H
>75. The Medical College $20. Gas Light Com- H
mny, $300. The Custom House $400 ; Faneuil H
E-foll Market $322 9*2. The Tost Office and State H
douse $20 each. One railroad company pays
(1023 25 and tine each of the following rates, viz : H
>530, $445, $305, $307, $120, $70. The East Bat
on Ferry bonis pay $188 23. The Chelsea boats H

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