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The southern press. (Washington [D.C.) 1850-1852, December 21, 1850, Image 3

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?WMWIWP LI |
THE SOOTHERN PRESS.
WASHINGTON CITY.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1850.
Governor Floyd's Special Message in favor
of a National Convention.
Governor Floyd says:
I would recommend the adoption by the ?
gislature, of resolutions inviting all llie Stales of
the Union to unite in sending lelegates to represent
the tchole people ii general Convert- j
/ion, which ought t?n -inble at an varlij , i iod j
?not later than M ?a' lialtiiuoro, or some ;
other convenient central point, for the purpose
of bringing to an end all sectional controversies
relative to slavery. To secure that end, the |
principles which should govern the action of the j
convention ought to be announced in the resolu
turns by which it ts called. AU sncuia oe xntuea
to unite in this inurement who are in fa cur uf I
the perpetuation of the Union, and who, to tt'ain
this mult, are in favor of the Fugitive slave bill,
honestly and cordially enforced?who are ?j*fiosed j
to Us repeal or essential modification, and who!
are deverse to any farther agitation of the slavery
question, either in Congress or in the Slates.?
With this the Sou'h will be content?less than
this can only eventuate in the dissolution if the
Union. The action of such a convention, if successful
and fully sustained by the non-slaveholdin^
States, would satisfy and quiet the South?
if uuauecessiul, it would prove tliat the friends
of order and the Union are impotent tp control
the fanatical passions which are now urging on
a speedy dissolution. It is a measure which
addresses itself to no particular party, and refers
to no political organization, but risks the
cordial support of every true patriot in all sections
of our widely-extended republic, and which
alone seems adequate to redress or avert the
terrible evils under which the country now labors,
or of which it is apprehensive.
We have great respect for the opinions of
Governor Floyd and bis motives. But we cannot
see bow the movement ho proposes, will
promote the Union or tranquility of the country.
The proposition is singulnrly anomalous and
incongruous. It proposes that " delegates to
represent the whole people," shall uieet iu general
convention. But then those only are invited
to unite in this movement, who "are in
favor of the perpetuation of this Union, and who l
to attain this result, are in favor of the Fugitive
slave bill, honestly and cordi illy enforced?who
are opposed to its repeal or essential modification."
Now, about three-fourths of the Northern
States are pretty well known to be in favor of
the repeal or essential modification of the Fugitive
slave law?hence they would be excluded.
The Governor says that with the execution of
the Fugitive slave law and without further ugitation
of the slavery question iu Congress or
the States, the South would be content. That
is to say, the South would be content with the
late pretended compromise. He is utterly mistaken.
She never will be content with it.
If those States only in the South who are |
*? n,Q wnmnpntnisfl. were to send dele I
cuiitnn ** (in II?VP VV.MJ,. ? --
gates, and those from the ^orth who are in
favor of sustaining the Fugitive slave law, the
convention would be a very meagre one.
If a convention were proposed to amend the
Constitution to provide for difficulties now existing
that were not foreseen?and to settle the
pen ling controversy, it would be quite a dift'erent
tiling.
But a convention of delegates from States
only that were in favor of the late omnibus,
could do but little to give peace to the country.
By the way, it may be as well to remind Vir-1
ginia that Georgia has now virtually deserted !
the Fugitive slave law. For she docs not enumerate
its n n-execution as ono in the list of
causes for which she would separate. Her convention
has also dodged, or befogged the issue
of abolition of slavery in the District. These
are both r<ther more important to the border'
slave States, than to the cotton States. So !
Georgia supposing that Virginia acquiesces in the j
territorial outrage, acquicsces.dso,and indicates!
quite plainly enough, that she will acquiesce in j
the non-execution of the Fugitive slave law, and I
in the abolition of slavery in the District.
Georgia according to tho platform of her con-1
- u ? i..J
venuon, ?uiuu nut uc cnuuw iu unuuv.vu ,
from Gov. Floyd to the National Convention.
We mu?t beg Virginia to remember that of
all the rights of the South involve I in the late
measures, one only was respected, by Congress,
and that was a right affecting the border slaveholding
Slates childly. The delegation of Virginia
was the only one from these border States
that remained faithful to the whole South.
The rest n ited generally in a scheme to sacrifice
all the Southern rights involved, except that
of extradition. But behold what it was easiest
for Congress to grant, it is hardest to compel
the North to observe. And now the right which
is considered the most important to the border
States, is the most in danger.
It is not compatible with the course of her |
delegation for Virginia now to propose acquiescence
in the wrongs of the adjustment to secure
her right of reclamation. We hope she
does not contemplate deserting '.he cause of the
whole South, to patch up an alliance with a few
Northern States for the benefit of Maryland and j
Kentucky chiefly with herself.
The Southern States will co-operate cordially
with Virginia in asserting the rights of all.? |
They will Lake no part in maintaining the single
right in which she and two or three other States '
only, are principally interested, upon the condition
of finally renouncing, the more important
territorial rights of all.
A Southern Congress is already called by a
Southern Convention. I<et Virginia and the
other Southern States assemble together?let I
them adopt a moderate conciliatory, but
five declaration of the basis on which they will (
maintain the Union. And they will save both |
the South and the Union.
J"
Fall of Paxtiea.
TIio majority in the Georgia Convention, that j
adopted the report and resolutions, met after-1
wards, nnd formed a political coalition or Union I
party, to supersede the Whig and Democratic
parties of that State. Messrs. Toombs and]
Stephens were foremost in the movement.
Thus perish, the two great national parties in 1
Georgia. They were not strong enough to j
contend singly with the Southern party?and j
had to combino.
There will bo an amusing tumbling of plat-1
forms and falling overboard of national politi-1
cians all over the country. The coalition, if it ^
extends as it will and must to other States, will j
contain entirely too many office seekers for)
the coalition to accommodate, and it will but
found the moat divided Union party that has
yet been aeen.
wmssrnmm?m?pmaMiaMni
Georgia Convoatlan.
The fourth resolution reported by the eoto*
> mittee of 33 to the Georgia Convention, waa in
' these words:
Fourthly, That the Stute of Georgia, in the
judgu.ent of this convention, will.ond oui.'ht to
resist, even (as a last resort,) to a disruption of
' every tie which binds her to the Union, any future
act if Congress, ab ashing s lately in the
District if Columbia, without the consent and
pi tit hot of the slave owners the reef, or any act
abolishing slavery in places within the slaveholding
i>! ties, purchased by the United Stales, fur I
the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock i
yards, navy yards, a-d other like purposes; of
uny act suppressing, the slave trade between
vluveholdiug States, or in any refusal to udinit
as a State any territory hereafter applying, because
of the existence of slavery therein ; or in
fill? nvi< j/i mc iiiviuuuviiwii ui ninvrn IIIto
the territories of Utah and New Mexico, or '
any act appealing or materially modify irtjr the j
laws now in force for the recovery of fugitive
slaves.
And we inferred from the telegraphic de?- I
patch that it was passed, as reported. But this j
was not the case. It was changed to the fol- !
lowing:
Fourthly, That the State of Georgia, in the
judgment of this convention, will Hitd ought to '
resist, even ('is a last resort,) to a disruption of ;
every tie which bind her to the Union, any action <
of Congress, upon the slavery in the District of j
Columbia, or in places subject to the jurisdiction
of Congress, incompatible with the safety, the i
domestic tranquility, the rights and the honor
of the sluvuholding Slates, or any acts suppressing
the slave trade between slaveholding States,
or any refusal to admit us a State any territory
hereafter upplying, because of the existence of
slavery therein ; or any act prohibiting the introduction
of slaves into the territories of Utah
and New Mexico, or any act repealing or materially
modifying the law now in force for the re- !
covery of fugitive slaves.
It will be seen that the Convention declined
making the issue of Disunion on the ubolition !
of slavery in this District even without the con- j
sent of the owners, or on the abolition of slav- j
urv in tlm iVxrta (irurtnnlu an/) runlu Thiu '
was a definite issue, by which submissionists '
might be embarrassed, so the words Were alter- j
ed to the more vague expression of doing any
thing incompatible in the premises with tho |
safety, the domestic tranquility, the rights awl \
the honor of the wlaveholding States.
The original form was weak enough. This
is so vague that it amounts to nothing?but :
words.
insert to-day two poetical productions
of the anti-slavery school, one by u poet of ;
Pittsburg, tho other by a poetess of the East, |
The popular effect of ballads is well known and j
is a good deal employed by the fanatics. YVo I
give these as specimens of many we have seen, j
in order that our Southern readers may know i
|
the agencies employed against them.
It is a g eat mistake to suppose that tho Abolitionists
are either few in number, or inferior
in talents, standing or wealth at the North.?
They have their full proportion of all. They
gave sixty thousand rotes at the late elections in
Ohio, New York and Massachusetts, notwithstanding
both the national parties in those
States conform to them so much. And as n !
further evidence of their spirit and zeal, the I
\altonal Em, their organ in this city, has a sub- |
seription of fifteen thousand?the largest of any
paper here.
To suppose that with a party thus numerous j
and thus indued with zeal, ability, wealth and '
influence, we are to have peace on the slavery |
question, is one of the most extravagant chime- 1
ra- of the day.
A Novel Idea.?The proprietors of the As- |
tor House, New York, obtain daily by telegraph i
for the benefit of travelers, the state of the j
weather at various points of the Union.
Soulouque is to be crow ned Emperor of all |
Hayti on Christmas day. His crown and other
insignia of royalty has been received from I
France. The first of February has been fixed i
for him to march to capture that portion of the j
Island which does not acknowledge his sway, j
Three men from Aux Cayes were publicly shot j
for political offences about the 15th of last j
month. The paper money of the Island was at j
the rate of ten dollars for one of silver.
A New Move ?Mr. John YV. Davis of Indi- ;
ana, formerly Speaker of the House of Repre- >
sentatives, and more recently United States j
Commissioner to China, has felt himself called j
upon to communicate his views upon various ;
matters to the public in a letter. The person i
who communicates it to the public, through the '
ci lumns of the New Orleans Delta, thinks the I
author good timber for a lhesident; and the !
New York Post thinks that it was with that ]
the letter was written.
Railhoad Imtrovements.?The citizens of!
Sussex county, Virginia, recently held a meeting j
to consider the expediency of connecting the j
Western States with the Atlantic by railroads. \
It was resolved to request their delegates and j
senators in the General Assembly of the State j
to co-operate in promoting the construction of j
a lin? of railways from the Missisippi river to
the city of Norfolk?provided two-fifths of the
necessary amount of stock he raised and secured
by individual subscriptions.
|
Splekdid Opera House is New York.-The j
New York Tribune says that they are about to i
have a new opera house on a splendid scale. It '
states:
"We learn that initiatory steps have been
taken for the creation of an immense opera house I
one worthy of the magnitude of the metropolis j
of the western world and of the genius of the \
famous impressario who, is supposed to be the I
main mover in the enterprise. Within a short j
time, the Stuyvesant heirs have sold the block :
of ground bounded by Third avenue, Astor |
Place, Fourth avenue and Ninth street, (the
place lately occupied by the menagerie. and j
circus,) for tne sum of $75,000. It is intended j
to erect thereon a splendid opera house, cover- i
ing the entire space, capable of seating five or j
six thousand persons, and having entrances on j
each of the four sides, so that the greatest crowds !
can be dismissed or received speedily and without
danger. The building will be about the j
same shape as the present opera house, but it j
will be four or five times as large ; it is to cost |
not less than $100,000, and will probably come
nearer $'200,000?to be equal to the first class :
onur i liniuos Af* I tind Pneij
There are two names rumored in connection !
with the enterprise?Luinlev, of London and ;
Paris, and Marti, the head of the Italian Coin- i
pany. It is understood that the great London j
manager, Lumley, is the man ; and that he in
tends to put New York on a par with the Euro- j
pean capitals in musical celebrity?that all the :
stars who shine beneath his transatlantic dime
tion, will rise within our hemisphere?in short, j
that New York sh ill not be behind any city in i
the world so far as musical arts and artists are
concerned. We learn that the contracts for the i
ground are ready for signatures, but that the ill- j
ness of some of tho parties has temporarily post- j
poned this concluding act."
Jessy Lisd arrived at Richmond on Thnrs
day evening in an extra train. She gave a Con.
cert there last evening.
TIM Hatlttll Organ*?Tbair Oioas At- I
tempt at Deception
Everybody lias, no doubt, been amused for
some time past, at the spectacle exhibited by the
writhing of the Intelligencer and Union, under
the late nullification law of Vermont. It came
iu so unluckily to disturb the hnrmony of their'
congratulations of the country under the blessed
effects of the u peace measures." They have !
vied with each other from day to day, in their
expressions of surprise and horror at the oc- i
currenoe. It is so unreasonable! so out ofj
place! so wonderful! so absurd! Surely it
was a monster, a lusus naturcr ! or at least a j
joke! Vermont did not mean it! The legisla-1
ture was certainly asleep when it got through. j
Of course there would have been a clamor, an j
outcry ! Such have been their luughnble decla- |
uiationa for the lust ten days. Luckily, or per- ;
Imps designedly, to enable them to mislead their j
readers, an anonymous communication appears >
in a New York paper, professedly written from I
Vermont. The writer declares that the bill J
was passed without examination, and without I
discussion, and it seems, too, without one word 1
of objection from any single member, at theend {
of the session. The writer then complains that the |
Governor, the newspapers of the State, &c., are !
so much in favor of the measure, that they will
not tell the truth about the affair,and that the people
of the Stute are not in favor of the law.?
This silly al surdity has been seized upon by
both the national organs here, nnd paraded before
the public with a view, as they pretend,
of enlightening their readers.
To expose this humbug, we present below,
taken from the statutes of the Slate of Vermont,
a law passed as far back as the year 1843. This j
has been the law of Vermont for the last seven
yenrs. It is even more stringent in its previa-1
ions than the late act. No wonder, therefore,!
that the recent movement created no surprise,
nnd found no opposition in the State,according,
as it did, with her entire legislative policy. This,
as well as the similur statutes of many of the
other Northern States,, has been so often discussed
in Congress, that we can hardly suppose
the Intelligencer and Union iirnorant of them.
Is it not then extraordinary, even for these
papers, to make such an attempt to mislead
their readers! But we give the law, and ask
any man who reads its provisions, and compares
them with the late act, to find, if he can,an excuse
for such outcry as these papers, and others, are
making, after their having, for such a length of
time, concealed all knowledge of such enactments
:
It is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of
the State of Vermont, as follows :
Sec. 1. No court of record in this State, nor
any judge thereof, no justice of the peace nor
other magistrate, acting under the authority of
this State, shall hereafter take cognizance of, or
grant any certificate, warrant or other process,
in any case arising under section three of an act
of Congress, passed February twelfth, seventeen
hundred and ninety-three, entitled "an act
respecting fugitives from justice, and persons
escaping from the service of their masters," to
any person claiming any other person us a fugiti<
e slave, in this State.
Sec. 13. No sheriff, deputy sheriff, high bailiff,
constable, jailer, or other officer or citizen of
this State shall, hereafter, seize, arrest, or detain,
or aid in the seizure, arrest or detention, or
imprisonment in any jail or other building, belonging
to this State,or to any county, town, cit ,
or person therein, of any person for the reason
tint he is or may be claimed as a fugitive slave.
Sec. 3. No sheriff, deputy sheriff, high bailiff,
constable, or oilier officer or citizen of this Slat.*,
sh ill transport, or retnbve. or aid or assist in the
tpiinannrtiitinn nr ri>mni':tl tntv ftitriliv'i* hI'\v<*
wuimjfviwu.v.i w? iviou.... ""J i,46"".* v ' '
or any pursuit claimed as such, from any place
in this State to any other place within or without
the same.
Sec. 4. If any such judge, justice of the peace,
magistrate, officer or citizen, shall offend against
the two preceding sections, such judge, justice
of the peace, magistrate, officer or citizen, shall
he subject to the penalties provide 1 in section 5
of this act.
Sec. 5. Any judge of any court of record in
this State, any justice of the peace or other
magistrate, any sheriff, deputy sheriff, high bailiff,
constable, or jailer, or any citizen of this I
State, who shall offend against tiie provisions of
this act, by acting directly or indirectly under |
the provisions of section three of the act of Con-!
gress aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding
one thousand dollars, to the use of the State,
to be recovered upon information or indictment,
or be imprisoned in the State prison not exceeding
five years.
Provided, that this act shall not be construed
to extend to any citizen of this State acting us a
judge of the circuit or district court of the I'uited
States, or as marshal or deputy marshal of
the district of Vermont, or t<> any person acting
under the command or authority of said courts
or marshal.
Sec. 6. An act entitled "an net to extend the
right of trial by jury," approved October 29th.
1810, is repealed.
Sec. 7. This act shall take effect from its
passage.
Approved Nov. 1, 1843.
According to the statement of the Governo
r of South Carolina, there are twenty thousand
persons in that State who can neither read
nor write, llad not the State better aonro
priate all her spare funds to the purposes of education,
than to throw them away in building
fortifications, buying gunpowder, and such like
curiosities ??Louisville Dem era!.
Some of the other States had better appro j
priate money to send a delegation of their editors
ar.d politicians, to learn of the twenty thousand
people of South Carolina, who can neither |
read nor write, a knowledge of constitutional j
rights and spirit to maintain them.
?
The Babes in the Snow.?A correspondent j
of the Boston Transcript narrates a singular incident
which happened in the village of Pied-j
mont, N. II., last week. Two little children, j
one five and the other three years of age, strayed j
from home. Not returning at dark, a general
search throughout the night was made by the
people of the village. In tin morning the chil
dren were discovered in an open field, lying
upon the frozen ground and locked in each other's
arms, one sleeping soundly and the other awake.
Although the night was a severe one, the little
ones have shown as yet no ill effects from the |
exposure. It is wonderful how two such little
children could pass a winter's night upon the
frozen ground without perishing.
The Esn.ostoN or the Anoeo Norman.
There were 210 persons on board the Anglo-!
Norman at the time her boiler burst at N. Or- i
leans, of whom 100 are wounded, missing, or
killed. Among the latter, private dispatches to
New York give the names of Mr. Alfred Stillman,
ot" the firm of Stillman & Allen, of the
Novelty Works, and Mr. Ewd. C. Stoim, formerly
of the firm of Storiu Ilughsou, of New
York city, and lately the agent of Stillman JL
Allen, at New Orleans.
Illinois Legislature.?The next legislature
is politically divided aa follows.
Dema. Whigs.
Senate 17 8
House 46 29
63 37
Far Uu 6eutktrn Prtu.
Th? Compromise?ThoDoalftn of ita Authors
and tbelx View* of the Beault.
Ft is profitable to review the scenes of a political
conflict and analyze the agencies w.iich gave
character to its progress and determined its effect.
The excitement of the contest prevents
impartiality in the formation of a judgment, and
disqualifies for that min te observation of events
indispensable to any valuable conclusion. Mutters
apparently unimportant, turn out to be those
which determined the issue, whilst those which
were regarded of the highest moment, prove to
be mere accidents, exerting little or no control
over the result. The present is the parent of
the future, as well as the offspring of the past.
No great revolution is to be wisely attributed to
accident, neither can the effect of existing causes
be prevented, unless the causes are themselves
removed. T e policy of a sagacious statesman
is always referable to some well conceived purpose,
which, though not at all times apparent, is
still the end of his efforts and the object of his
pursuit. He may mingle in other designs, und
unite in other enterprises?may bind himself to
parties and to individuals, but a close inspection
of all his acts will disclose the muster purpose,
the ruling passion of his heart.
It is thus that after years of effort, the end is
reached, and a review of what has been done,
reveals the connexion of all his acts with the
purpose sometimes avowed, ever cherished and
stea ily pursued. Thought, hopes, sentiments,
friends, Htution, power, nil made available to
"construe the times to his necessities," to minister
to the attainment of the darling wished for
end. The letters, speeeiies and conversations, as
well as the votes of such individuals, however
varying and sometimes even conflicting, show
the coloring which opinions earlv formed, and
determinations early adopted, give to their character
and to theiractions. The truth of these reflections
is most manifest in considering the compromise,
the design of its authors and their views
of the result.
No discreet man, in reflecting on the Compromise,
can regard Mr. Foote as. the author
.o'tk,. .u i ?i : ?? . e
VI VUU lutuouit, 11V Jll U^UOUU Hit? VVMII III IllCt? IM |
thirteen, it is true, but with the avowed purpose
of counteracting and defeating Mr. Ci.ay's resolutions
in his speech of February last. 11 is soul
was stirred witl.in him at the horrible outrage
which they inflicted on the South, and his committee
was to be the panacea to restore health
and tranquility, it is true that he was active,
busy, and even ready to interfere, but ho was
no more the author of the Compromise than the
iron casting in which the meat is cooked is the
author of tlm dinner. It is an agent used in the
culinary art to make other things available. The
proposition was readily adopted, because it was
I thought of some importance that the individual
who had supposed himself to be the chief agent
in getting up the meeting which adopted the
Southern address, should be committed to a
mode of settlement which would demonstrate
to the country, that the meeting and the ad|
dress were alike unnecessary. That meeting,
| it was well known, assembled because of the
! passage of Gott's resolution, which merely suggested
the propriety of the abolition of the
slave trade in the District of Columbia. Mr.
Footk was understood to have been wry uc
tive, with his friends in the House of Representatives,
in urging that convention, also very
zealous in its several meetings?and a signer ol
the Southern address. It, was therefore vcr\
desirable to commit him to a settle...ent, which {
would do the very thing, in fact, which (Jon
only proposed to inquire into, and thus emascu
' late any opposition to nnti-slavery which In
might offer. It was known that he iiad aspired
to lead for Southern rights in the early part ot
the last session, and his acquiescence in the
purposes of the. majority would be readily obtained
by accepting his proposition for a com
mittee. Wiser, deeper and more skillful tacticians
perceived the use that might be made o!
him, and promptly availed themselves ol
the offer which he made of his services.?
It is not of him, or such as he, that we
are proposing to write. He has attained thai
prominence which was his early purpose, his
ruling passion, and the country have about as
much interest in his opinions as his State has appreciation
of his services as n Senator, a prominence
fully secured, nnd which is likely to be
quietly enjoyed, because founded 011 the most
undisputahle title. It is well known that he
has taken great credit in company with Messrs.
Cass, Clay and others for the passage of the
several measures composing the Compromise.?
Now in the joint letter to Governor Quitman of
January 21 he declared that ho in common with
his colleagues " h id a well defined opinion that
California will bs admitted us a State during
the present session of Congress." The I'resiA,.rO
It .. ...1 ...? . I...
UCIJL c?i IIUOUj i ULUuiim iiun 11 .inn r% t HIIIIUL UV
mistaken in supposing that n majority of both .
houses of Congress will be found to vote for it
* * * * * We regard the proposition to i
admit Calafornia as a State under nil theeireumstances
of her application as an attempt to adopt
the Wilnjot Proviso in another form.'1 The
admission of California which was in his judgment
a forgone conclusion' January 21, and
against which be voted August 13th is one of
the moasures for which he claims the esteem and
gratitude of the country, notwithstanding his
assertion that the admission of that State under
the circumstances of her application is the
adoption of the Wilmot Proviso in another form.
He did not vote upon the bill to abolish the I
slave trade in the District, which was the consummation
of the enquiry suggested one year
before by Gott's resolutions, for which he was
so active in getting up the convention which
adopted the Southern address?which address
he approved and signed. Although, from the j
journal, he was in the Senate the moment be-1
fore, and spoke on the Bill his vote does not |
appear upon the record one way or the other.
Where was Senator Foote then? The Fugitive
bill which was passed, in no way rosembled that
reported by the committee. That was an insult
to the South, and a mockery of the rights of
the slaveholder. The country is not indebted
to the compromisers, or to Mr. Foote, for this
bill, or its provisions. If, then, opposition to
leading measures of a compromise, amounting
to n denunciation of them as flagrant outrages
on the South at one time ? if actual votes
against the leading measures of the acheme
give prominence to the individual, who takes
great credit to himself for its adoption, its
calming and sedative operation on the public
mind, Senator Foote has acquired that celebrity
however undesirable. But the crowning glory
of that celebrity is his appeal to tbb people of
Mississippi, from the judgment of hi* legislature,?that
he doe* n >t represent tho State, and
tiuit her interests are unsafe in his hands.?This
is more remarkable, because of the astonishment
willi which he regarded similar conduct on the
part of Senator Kenton, during the past year.
It would be unprofitable to follow farther the
devious course of this eccentric Senator. He
sought and obtained public notice, he has his reward.
It was proper that he should be assigned
his proper place in the drama which hus Wen performed?that
the true actors who had a previous
purpose long conceived, and cordially cherished
and fostered?who well knew the value of
agents, and the inducements which would secure j
these, should be brought into public view. 11'a
debt of giatitude be due, let it be paid to those
who hold the obligation, if responsibility rest
upon them, let them bear it. It is of those wily,
deep, designing politicians to whom allusion has
already been made, those fishers fur men, who
bait their hooks with little men, and thus ensnare
their prey, to whom the attention of the
reader shall be called before this subject shall j
pass from our hands. Skilful sportsmen who
with a fly can catch a salmon.?Who resort to |
professedly retired politicians to obtain letters I
from them in advance of a vote on the Compromise
measures, in reply to those addressed to
them, by one whose services have been so
promptly tendered and cordially received. Those
letters like oracular responses, admit of two constructions,
lest they might harm the writer.?
Admit the wrong done the South, but suggest
the propriety of accepting the commutation, because
the best that can bo obtained. Like the
man in thy story, who when questioned by a
stranger about his acquaintance with a freebooter,
looked up and sighed, then looked down
and smiled, being prepared for any further enquiry
that might be made. Of them it is proposed
to write, of Clav, and Cass, and WnnsrEit
and lesser names, to show from history
that the extinction of slavery was the object of
the compromise, and those who designed it.
Hrattleboro, (Vt.) Dec. 13, lb30.
To the Editor of the Journal of Commerce.
Sir : In behalf of many of our citizens, I take
uoerty, uirougn your journal, ot explaining the j
legislative plot by which, on the hist day of the
suasion, a moat odious and unhuurd of law was
foisted upon the people of this State, regarding
the surrender of fugitive slaves. It came upon j
the people like a thunder clap, and many of our
senators and representatives were entirely ignor- {
ant of its existence until they saw it in news |
prints ; and all declare that it never coul I have
passed lunl it been brought before a full house, j
1'lie facts are these : On Tuesday before the
adjournment all the most important bills were '
passed, leaving a few minor bills to pass the I
senate on Wednesday morning, and then to ad-1
journ sine die. On Tuesday evening a large
number of the members (including some of the
most influential and conservative) took theirde |
parture in the cars. O.i Wednesday morning
in the senate, .Mr. Currier, from Windsor county,
a Kree-Hoil Whig, introduced a string of patriotic
resolutions, together with this law, which was
passed immediately, and sent down to the House,
which, like all Houses at the closing hour ot
the session, with members in a great hurry to
bike the cars for their homes, is more like a bear
garden than a deliberative body. So the bill
was passed and the House adjourned.
This the first instance in Vermont legislation
where a hill of this importance was passed without
mature discussion, and goes to show that ii
was a trap set by a few disorganizes, and
urnui' at the last hour of the session. The
, e >pit' have been caught, but you may depend
a|>o11 il that it will remain Imt one year a hloi
upon our statutes. More than three-fourths of
the people of Vermont, when fully informed ol
Jie laets, will repudiate this law, and all mils
Iciest the juggling trick l>) which it was eon-uinmated.
Hut now comes the question, how
came Gov. Williams to sign it, the ahlc jurist,
our former chief juslii e ? Why, upon investiition,
it turns cut that it was his w hole em-1
Oodiment?his one idea. It was n formed by a
teiiator tliut Jud^e Williams v* as consulted
ihout all the details of the bill, and you will
observe that it is well and cautiously draw n. It '
was not the work of a moment, but a mature
und deliberate plan. This accounts for the large
vote Governor Williams received. Von will remember
th .t Vermont has not elected a Governor
by the people for some years; and when
I Judge Williams was nominated by the Whigs,
I was informed that he would carry the Free
soil Whigs generally, which proved true, although
it was industriously denied by the press
during the canvass. Zou can now see the fix
in which the Whig press is placed throughout
the State. They dare not uttack this law, as it
was made by a Whig legislature. Though they
all wish to, yet none dure throw the first stone.
So you can hear nothing from Vermont papers
ut present against this law, excepting the Burlington
Sentinel, and one or two other organs
of the Old Line DemArats. But I ean tell you
the exasperation of t fic people?of the conservative
Whigs and Democrats, the true friends
of the Union?knows no bounds, and w ill break
forth before another election in a manner not
to be misunderstood. As it is, we must sulfer
for one year the odium which we richly deserve
for our carelessness. A. C.
From the Boston Journal.
Stxte Vai.i'aeios t on 1850.?The following
interesting table shows the State valuation for!
the present year, as determined by the Vidua- I
tion committee, compared with that of 1840: |
1850. For 18-10.,
Suffolk til 4,789,372 110.000.0001
Essex 55,550,440 31,110,204!
Middlesex 82,204.719 37.592.0821
Worcester 55,497,79:} 29,804.3161
Hampshire 12,331,019 7,268,351 I
Hampden 23,641.220 10,188,423!
Franklin 9,751,728 6.548,694 J
Berkshire 17,137,607 9,546,926
Norfolk 47,086,510 15,522,527
Bristol 38,733,046 19,493,685
Plymouth 19,163 558 10,691,719
Barnstable 8,897,349 4,826.683
Dukes 1,236,292 1,107,311
Nantucket 4,505,202 6,074,3741
590,531,881 299,878,329 1
The Potatof. Tkibe?They tell a laughable!
story of the late Indian sub-agent at Fort Snell-' 1
ing, and an excellent otlieer, to this effect?thai j |
when the Major first met the Indians at Fort]
Snelling, he introdveed himself to their acquaint- ' ,
ance as follows : " Tell them, Mr. Preseott, (in-1 (
terpreter,) that I am their father?that I am i
Major Murphy, the Big Potatoe." Mr. Preseott
according said to the Indians," this is your father, 1
Mc?do Tonka," (big potatoe.) The Indians j
grunted out an admiring ugh! and shook the
Maior verv cordially by the hand. When Major
McLean, Murphy's successor, was introduced to |
the Indians, Mr. i'reecotl was not instructed to
inform the Indians what McLean's name was,
but they, taking it for granted that he te n must
be ono of the I'otatoe family, sent to supply |
their necessities, called him, probably with re-1
fere nee to his personal contrast to Major.Mur-!
phy, their ' father, Men/In Christina," (small po-!
Uitoe)?and the Sioux, in Dakota, now uniformly j
call him " the Small I'otatoe." j
Mortality on Shipboard?The disease on
the ship South Carolina, at Boston, from Liver-,
pool, proves to be ship fever, and not small pox. J
The ship had 3U3 passengers, 5 of whom had |
died; 60 of them were removed to the Deer Island
hospital?of these three subsequently died, j
The ship was filthy in the extreme. . I
The Death or a Husband ard a Wiie.? l
At Philadelphia, on Tuesday, the bodies of
James Farley and Sarah his wife, were found
deud in their bed at their dwelling, on the West
Cheater road. They had been sleeping in a
chamber adjoining, in which was a coal tire.?
The gas froin this tire had for several nights at- jj
fected Mrs. Farley, who, with her husband, were
ignorant of the cause. They were natives ot t;
England. A child in the same room escaped
any serious effects. s
? lj
Dielilicit ate and Singular Suicide.?Yesterday
afternoon u large sized mastiff, a fine 1
looking animal, was seen walking moderately j1
hut directly down Lumber street, towards the 0
river. On close examination it was discovered
that he had in some manner become seriously
wounded, there being n large gash laying open t
the fiesh to the bone, and several other wounds r
in different parts of Ilia body. On being called tl
or spoken to, he paied no attention, but continued
bis course towards the river, and upon 1
reaching the dock plunged off, swam a lew feet c
out into the stream, dove under and was seen 1
mo wore. This was witnessed l>v a number ot'
persona.?( Altxiny Evening Atlas.)
Complete Census of Maine.?We find in ]
the Portland Advertiser the official table of the ,
complete census of that State, by which it appears
{that the population on the 1st of June i
last was 583,026 Ten years previously it was J
501,796. The census for 1850 does not include I
1,875 inhabitants residing North of the St John
Kiver, which were included in the census of ?
1840, but, being in the territory ceded to Great ^
Britain by the boundary treaty, are now out of
the State. c
From the Huntsville (Ala.) Democrat. f
The Southern Convention.?This body ad- 1
journed on Monday, the 18th inst., afier having
adopted an exposition of wrongs which the South- )
ern Statea have suffered, and a declaration of
rights to which they are entitled under the federal a
compact, together with a series of resolutions.? '
We publish the result of the convention's action t
to-day, and fully approve and endorse it as & suitable
platform for the whole South to adopt. The t
hill of rights (as the preamble may he appropri- I
ately styled,) is, with slight modifications, the
same offered by Gov. Clay, and the resolution*! >
are substantially those offered by Mr. Davenport, <
of Mississippi. We cannot perceive any good
reason, why any State rights republican, whether
he calls himself Wing or Democrat, should ubieet
to the action of the convention. There is no- c
thing in it inconsistent with the Constitution of ?
the United Slates, disloyal to a constitutional
Union, or repugnant to the resolutions of Virginia ?
and Kentucky of 1798 and 1799, the former wit- I
ten by Mr. Madison, the latter by Mr. Jefferson,
which have ever since been regarded by all but i
, Federalists, the truest expositions of the rights of
| the States as parlies to the federal compact. If
the convention had done less, it would have betrayed
a timidity unworthy of freemen, the repre- 1
senlatives of freemen, and would justly have forfeited
the respect and confidence of their constitu- 1
ents. i
The great bugbear to Federalists, who want a
strong, consolidated central government, to over- '
awe the separate States, and ride roughshod over
the liberties of the people, is the right of secession, '
which the convention distinctly avowed. It is a
right claimed for the several Siatts by Mr. JefTer- i
son, Mr. Madison, (Jen. Jackson, Judge Philip
P. Barbour, Mr. Tazewell, Mr. Calhoun, and a i
host of other good and great men, whom our country
have delighted to honor. We have no evi- J
dence that (Jen. Washington expressly sanctioned f
the doctrine, hut he did not deny it, when Ken- I
lucky, in 17'JH, threatened to secede. It is a right j
of self-|ireservation belonging to the people of
each and every State in the Union. In fine, it is I
a right " inestimable to freemen, formidable to ly- i
ranis only." We will, from time to time, discuss J
this doctrine, and lite our authorities in support i
of it. i
We cordially concur in the recommendation of I
the convention to all the parties in the slaveholding
Stales, lo refuse to go into or countenance any I
National Convention, whose object may be to <
nominate candidates for the Presidency and Vice t
Presidency of the United States, under any party *
denomination whatever, until our constitutional I
rights are secured. We do lake and have for
some time past taken little or no interest in the 1
elections in the Northern StHtes, because neither t
the Whig nor ihe Democratic party at the North
is free from free-soil lendencies and a' yjfuion in- t
fluenc.es. Neither (with the exception of a few I
Democrats) has, of late, shown any disposition to <
.i... ^ : vv? ...._ o.
I of repudiating till party connection witli the North, | '
abolishing all nutionnl parly organizations, and I
' uniting all true Southern men in a great Southern
party, to buttle together foi Southern rights equal
ity arid independence in the Union, tin long ns
there is a reasonable prospect of attaining those
objects,or ontofit,ifNorthern ambition and funati- J
asm inexorable mid unyielding in their tyrannical |
and oppressive demands, drive us to extremities. I
We, likewise, cordially approve the recom- |
meudation of a congress or convention of sll the j
slaveholtling States, or us many ns will go into it, I
to be composed of delegates clothed will full power !
and authority to deltb rate and act, with the view 1
of arresting Northern aggression, and, if possible,
of restoring the constitutional rights of the South,
and, if not, to provide for their futur* sa ety and
independence. This is no time to mince matters ,
?to doubt, dally, and delay, fearful to assert our j .
rights, and fearful not to do it. Let the issue be 1,
plain y presented to the North, and the Inst and ,
only conditions on which we are willing to re- j
main tn political fellowship with them. The t
sooner it is done, the better for all parties. The ?
North is largely in the majority, and has the \
power to suve the Union, if it desires. Let the c
united South force the people of the North, if possible,
to acknowledge tier constitutional rights m j
such a manner that they cannot recede, and if the ; (j
North persist in denying them, let us renounce ti
the Union, regarding them us our forefathers re- j f
garded the people of England, " enemies in war, i p
in peace friends." ?
Rrvmsr. 01 FoRrt'vr..?The Dublin Evening jl'
Mail furnishes some particulars of the history of i
Mrs. Bell Murtin, w iio recently died in New York '
city, immediately on her arrival in a sailing vessel J n
from Ireland. Mrs. Martin was the daughter and j
he r of Thomas Martin, M. 1'., of Ballinahinc.h |
Castle, in the county of Galway. She was born j
to an immense inheritance, exceeding in extent an j(l
entire kingdom of some of the German princes, | '!
and yielding a yearly income, above all iiicuin- "
brances tied expenses, of some .f5,0(W), or *c25,UOO. !
Such were her circumstances and prospects five |
years ago. In two years time the potato rot, j '
ilxrn/'o til** 1'Imiiiim of rnniifU lf-n/l^rsi I
IOIIIIIIC, J/SOV.U.I. M ...V .... ... j . , .
hltd the agency of British laws, reduced thin lady I
of fortune to absolute penury. Her whole estate I
was brought into the Encumbered Estate Court S
and advertised for private sale, and she herself d
compelled to go forth as a wanderer without a d
home. The Mail says of this sad history :?
" Never was hard fate less deserved; for her si
untiring und active benevolence had been devoted h
from her childhood to the comfort and relief of 01
those who suffered, and her powerful and origi- . ct
nal mind was incessantly employed in devising
means of moral and physical amelioration in the j F
condition of the tenantry on her father's estates, at
She gave up her whole time to such pursuits, I
avoiding the haunts of fashion and those amusements
which might be considered suitable to her | ct
age and place, that she might perform the various j pi
duties of physician, schoolmistress, and agricul- rt
tural instructor. Her almost daily habit was to T
visit the |?oor and the sick in the remote recesses ( ai
of that wild region, sometimes on foot?more frequently
in her little boat, well provided with med- d<
icaments and food, which she impelled by the i in
vigor of her own arm through the lakes which j B
utretch along the foot of the mountains. How di
grievous it is to reflect that she should so soon i to
have been driven across the oceun in search of n j
place 10 lay ntr uctiu. .
Ol
The Latest News.? Warlike Rumors.?Capt. .
Sliannnn brought on "one day Uter" intelligence.
I'lie'London Shipping Gazette of the afternoon of .
Nov. 29, ^o'clock, containa the following latest 1
ntelligence from the Continent :
"The intelligence from the Continent thia morn- .
ng ia again of a warlike character. The Cabineta
>f Berlin and Vienna are now aiated to have ar
ived at a point at which the diapule must merge
nto open hostilities, the late negotiations between ~
he two cabinets not having led to any satisfactory j?
esult. The French Government is said to have ft|
eceived a despatch from Berlin, announcing that j
he Austrian government has demanded theeva-|rj|
nation of Hesse by the Prussian troops, within _
wenty-four hours! The same report states that I r
in the same day a note drawn up in energetic terms | (
vm communicated by the Russian ambassador ?t jj
Jerlin to the Prussian govtrpmept." jtn
THIRTY flRRT CnrcRtSS.
.. S*fcO*D SiMTO*.
HOUSE OK Ku.fHt.sh.iXTATlVES.
- December 30, IttaO.
Mr. VINTON announced the presence of D.
\ Miller, representative elect from the first concessional
district in Iowa. Mr, M. appeared,
nd wan duly Qualified.
Mr, Li AN ILL moved to go into Committee of
he Whole, to take up the private calendar.
After some conversation between Messrs. Marhall
and Daniel relating to the bill for the reief
of Charlotte Lynch,
Mr. POTTER asked if it would not be in order
o move to go into Committee of the Whole on
he atale of the Union, to lake up the special
rder.
The SPEAKER replied that such a motion
vould be entertained.
Mr. POTTER then made the motion, stating
hat it was at the request of the friends of the bill
educing the rates of postage. The motion was
lisagreed to.
ivir. MARSHALL, asking whether the bill ror
he relief of Charlotte Lynch would not take preedence
of the motion of Mr. Daniel, was anwered
that it wnuld not, unless the House reused
to go into committee.
Mr. DANIEL'S motion then prevailed.
Mr. SCHENCK, in the chair, stated that the
irst business in Committee of the Whole, would
be upon the bill for the relief of the legal representatives
of Col. John H. Stone.
Messrs. Bowie, Evans, of Maryland, McLanc
md CnowELL supported the claim, while Messrs.
Million, Thomas, Dcnham, and Daniel, opposed
it.
Mr. M1LLSON moved that the bill be laid
[side to be reported to the House with a recnninendation
against its passage. Carried Ayes
>5, noes 64.
The bill for the relief of Col. Willis Redilick,
leceaaed, wan taken up, and after the reading of
he report of the committee recommending its
tannage, it was laid aside to be reported to the
rlouse, with a recommendation that the bill pass.
The bill for the relief of John G. Wilkinson
vas next taken up, and after debate by Messrs.
I'homas and Waldo in opposition to the claim,
ind Messrs. Stanton, of Tennessee, and Million,
in favor, the bill was laid aside, with the recommendation
that it do not pass. ;
The Committee then proceeded to the consider- |
it ion of the bill for the relief of Benjamin F. Wealey.
Mr. DUNHAM moved that it be laid aside,
end that it be reported to the House with a recommendation
against its passage. Carried.
The bill for the relief of William Slocuni, of N.
Fork, was then taken up.
Mr. DUNHAM moved that the bill be laid
iside, and that it be reported to the House, with
i recoinmt pdation against its passage.
Mr. WENTWORTH moved to amend the bill,
10 iih to make the pension commence in January,
IHT?I.
Mr. EVERETT moved to amend the amendnent,
ao as to make the pension commence in
1842.
After debate between Messrs. Wv.ntworth,
Everett, Pr brow Kino, Houston, Conuer, and
Gr. VV. Joves, upon the merits of ihe claim,
Mr. HOUSTON proposed an amendment,
which was accepted by Mr. VVevtwortii us a
nodification ofhis amendment.
The amendment to the amendment was not
tdopted.
Mr. WENTWORTH'S ainendment was agreed
o.
The bill as amended was then laid aside to be
eported to the House.
Mr. (J. W. JONES moved that the committee
ise. Carried.
The bill for the relief of the legal heirs of Col.
lohn H. Stone was laid upon the table. That in
avor of Col. Willis Iteddick was passed. The
>ills for the relief of John G. Wilkinson und Benainin
F. Wesly were laid on the table. The
intendment of tbeCommitlec of the Whole, to the
mil for tlie relief of William Slocum was adopted,
....i ,i._ i.:ii ?.i
,,,c
Mr. McCLE .NAND introduced ft bill grain
in** Illinois, Indiana and Ohio ? ri?*!?t of way
lirough public lands, mid for other purposes. Reerred
tfl the Committee on Roads ?nd Canals.
Mr. MARSHALL called up the motion for
aving upon the table the motion of Mr. Jou.vsnv
d Tennessee, to reconsider the vote, discharging
he Committee of the Whole from the further conlideration
of the bill, for the relief of Churlottc
L?ynch.
Mr. HUBBARD of Alttbnma, moved that when
he House ad journs, n adjourns to meet on Motility.
Carried.
The SPEAKER laid before the House a comnuriicution
from tne Commissioner of Public
ISutldiuga, relating to rontracts. Refeired to the
Committee on Public Buildings.
The SPEAK ER laid before the House a comnunicalion
from the Treasurer of the United
Stntes, transmitting the report of the Supt. of
Lighthouses. Referred to the Committee of Ways
and Means.
Mr. S TRONG moved an adjournment. Carried
TELEGRAPHIC. I
[By Telegraph?for the Southern Press.]
New Orleans, Dec. 20th?r. m.
The steamer South America burnt yesterday
lear Bayou Sara, and 30 or 40 livea lost. There !
were 200 persona, including 100 United States
joldiere, on board, on their way to Texas, 7 of
whom periahed. The boat was totally destroyed
n twenty minutes, the passengers losing all their
>agg?ge, and ntanv compelled to jump overboard
ind were drownerf.
Cotton is more active, and prices remain unhanged.
Columbia, S. C., Dec. 18.
In the South Carolina legialaturc, to-day, a
>ill to elect members to a Southern congress, und
o provide for u convention of the people, passed
lie house by yeas, 109 ; nays, 12. The delegates
or the convention are to be elected in February,
nd for the Southern Congress, in October. No
ime litis yet been fixed for the meeting of either
he convention or the congress.
Rhett was elected United States Senator, on the
th ballot. The vote stood 97 for Rhett, Ilamnond
46, scattering 10.
Columbia, S. C. Dec. 19.
Yesterday the convention bill passed the Senate
in a second reading, amended, by 40 yeas to 3
ays. The minority are actuated by conscienous
scruples as to constitutionality.
ARRIVAL OF THE CHEROKEE.
aterfrom California?More Gold?Progress of the
Cholera?,lnother Fire?Markets, Sfc,
New York, Dec. 20, 1850.
The steamer Cherokee arrived here to-day ?
he brings 301 passengers, one million six hunred
thousand dollars worth of gold dust, and
ates from San Francisco to the 15th ult.
The city of San Francisco, and other places
urrounding, were very unhealthy. The cholera
?(1 been prevail ng to an alarming extent, Seven
nt of eight had died. It is, however, on the deease.
Another disastrous fire has occurred at San
rnncisco. The Eagle Hotel, the Galena House,
id twelve other buildings destroyed. Total loss
15,000.
The Pacific News says that nothing has ocirred
since the previous accounts to mark the
rogress of California. The cholera has made
ipid strides, consigning many to their graves,
he number of deaths in San Francisco is 105,
id at Sacramento City about 1,000 have died.
The extra session of the legislature is still un r
advertisement. It is not improbable, as the
terest of the State demands of Congress, making
enicia a port of entry. The subject has protced
much discussion, and excited no little usinishment.
The Indian difficulties continue, but not alarmigly.
General skirmishes have taken place, but
ily two or three lives lost.
Gov. Burnett has issued a proclamation for
i L_ lo.i.
mu r\r?m > nig uil III C MO HI
Coffee wan quiet, with large suppliea. Sugars
we declined. Provision* remain about the same
i at the previous accounts.
The prevailing epidemic has produced much
ullness and irregularity in all departments of
ade. Some articles have been sold at extremely
>w rates, especially at the auction sales.
Money is abundant for commercial purposes at
to 4 per cent, per month premium. Gold dust
rings from $15,50 to $16 per ounce. Prime bills
sight are par.
The mails from San Francisco had not reached
hagrea when the Cherokee left that port.
10MBS AND BRUSHES.?The mosT exten)
sive assortment of superior Dressing and Fins
tsth Combo ; English and American Hair, Natl
d Tooth Bruahea?will be found fttPARKER"S,

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