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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, December 24, 1850, Image 3

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THE SOUTHERN PRESS.
DAILY. #10 00
TRI WEEKLY, 5 00
WEEKLY 8 00
From the .Vw York Herald.
ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
Highly Interesting News.
The Royal mail steamship Africa, Capt. Ryrie,
arrived at Quarantine about eight o'clock on
Saturday evening, and reached her dock at Jersey !
City at half-past twelve.
She left Liverpool on the 7th instant, and brings
dates from London and Paris to the 5tb instant.
Captain Ryrie reports having experienced very
heavy weather.
"I'll* A., at half-paat 6 o'clock Saturday evening,
saw the steamship Arctic, hence foi Liverpool yesterday
afternoon, fifty miles east of Sandy Hook.
The mail steamer Washington, Captain Floyd,
arrived oil' Cowes, at 8 o'clock, p. in., on the 5th
instant, and sent her mails for England and
France to Southampton next morning. She proceeded
to llremen at daylight next morning.
The threatened war in Germany, from the current
reports, seems to have been stayed for the
present, and, as a matter of course, the influence
of the amicable news was almost instantly experienced
in the various markets.
The scarcity of silver continues to attract considerable
attention, and has caused a still further
rise in the precious metal, as will be seen by the
report headed Liverpool. The money market,
generally, h id also greatly improved.
Option, it appears, has been acted upon by the
pacific, news from " Faderland," and large transactions
were being entered into.
it. will be observed, that while the grain market
at Liverpool is quoted "firm," in other places
it appears to be rather languid.
With regard to Gi rmanir affairs, there seems to
be considerable doubt. The Liverpool Timet of
the 7tli, lemarks that "ths uncertainty whether
there is to be peace or war is as great as ever, and
the outers for tlie armaments on both sides have
not been suspended." The ministry at Berlin appear
to be in a rather disorganized state, and their
proceedings hnve naturally drawn forth various
conclusions and misgivings aa to the actual state
of the negotiations. Ii they had been really favorable
the Prussian government would have so informed
the public. At Vienna (he purchase of horses and
munitions is still continued. We are told that
M. Manteulfel has been thwarted in his endeavors
to bring about an arrangement upon the basis proposed
by Prince Schwartzenburg, and has now
submitted a plan of his own ; what that plan is,
we ore not informed.
The "Papal aggressions," as the recent Catholic
movements in England are called, still excite
some degree of attention. However, the reflecting
and sensible portion of the peop e are beginning
to view the matter in a more Christian-like
spirit, and it is to be hoped that, by the arrival of
the ritxt steamer, Xve shall receive the gratifying
information that all creeds ate allowed to worship
after their own fashion, with as much freedom as
do the inhabitants of this great and glorious republic.
From France our news this week is not very
important, as all political interest is bound up in j
the German quarrel. The legislative assembly
has declared its neutrality, and in such a tone as
to enforce a strict obedience to its mandates. It
is said,that M. Persigny, the private friend of
Louis Napoleon, and lute Ambassador at Berlin, |
has been incessant in urging the President to join
Prussia and involve France in the quarrel, but private
intrigue, in the present temper of the nation
is innocuous. There have been serious disturbances
in some of the departments, but the strong
military attitude of the government keeps all quiet.
tVI. Men, who is at Paris, has been recalled to I
Madrid by telegraph, nnd it is conjectured that a
ministerial crisis has taken place in tlie Spanish
capital.
At Rrtne there is rather an increased uneasiness
about the excitement which has taken place in
England on the Papal aggressions. At present
everything is quiet in Lombardv and Turin, but,
if a war breaks out in Germany, we tear that
tranquillity can scarcely be maintained.
The disturbances in Aleppo have ended in a
frightful demonstration of Turkish vengeance, as
will be seen in another column.
The news from India by the overland mail, is
not important. Beyond some fighting in the dominions
of the Nizam, abont some quarrel which
(the English Resident is called upon to settle, everything
is tranquil.
The shin Coromandel, of Liverpool, was abandoned
by her crew, during the late ^gale, oft' the
south-wrst coast of Ireland. She has since been
secured by the Amphitrite cutter. Her value, including
the cargo, exceeds -?6,000.
Ireland is about to be united to Leith by a lire
of steamers.
The Peninsular and Oriental Company are
building two steamers of sufficient tonnage and
power to run between Southampton and Alexan- I
dria in ten days, including Gibraltar, four-anda-half,
and Malta in eight days.
/Yo/ii the London Times, Dec. 6.
Russia, Austria, and Central German*.?
' The papers and letters which have come to hand
this morning, leave the question of peace and war
almost as undecided as it was before. It will be
seen from our correspondent's letter that positive |
information had reached him of the cabinet coun-1
cil which sat on the 2d inst., having approved the |
arrangements which Baron Manteuflei made with |
Pi luce Schwnrzeuberg, at Olmutz, and that the!
IKing, himself, had given them the support of his
assent. This news tallies with the information
winch has reached Berlin by a. telegraphic despatch
of the Corresfwndtn: Burma, and which was I
forwarded thence to the Kolner Zeitung. Themes- (
.sage of the Corresponden: Bureau (a private estab- i
lisliment for the transmission of despatches) states !
j that the cabinets'of Berlin and Vienna have as-I
seated to the Olmutz arrangements, nnd that pence |
may be considered as certain. This despatch is
ft t '"dieted by a statement of the same date in the j
I l.erlin I.illingraphuclu Correspondent (a ministerial j
j paper) which is to (he effect that a telegraphic |
despatch had been received from Vienna on that
day; that in consequence of the arrival of this
dpspatch the armaments will be continued with
the greatest zeal and expedition, and that the purchase
of horsea in particular is being effected nt
very hitrh prices. The ministerial paper adds
that these circumstances are rather alarming, since j
at the time the despatch was sent, the result of!
the Olmutz conferences must have been well j
known at Vienna, Ilut it adds that this news
f need not serve as an encouragement to the war
party, since it is evident t nt " although a war ie
not ii tended in the present position of affairs,"
nevertheless an " armed peace" is likely to be con- I
tinned during the course of the free conferences.
Jn c.oncln-ion, the l.ilhographiselte Correspondent
sees no renson to doubt the sincerity and the honesty
of purpose of either of the two cabinets.
The mystery which prevails on the subject of
the Olmutz arrangements, is not likely to be removed
by the following official declaration of the
Deutsche fit form:
" For the present we do not think that all the
i-,v i i ... .,1 ?n
(11 mjrnu.rs na*e uccii icnivwu nuu an ain.vun.va ,
overcome. Nor is it to be supposed that a tew
<1Myh will cause the disunion of years to merge in-1
to the desired satisfactory and lasting understand- j
ing. But there is renson confidently to trust that I
t ne possibility of preserving the peace of Germany j
for the blessing and welfare of Prussia and Austria
is now no longer a subject of hope, but that it
has come to be a probability."
Some further light is thrown on the subject by
the letter of a correspondent of the Kolntr Z< itung,
who states that the government has made important
communications to the " Address Committee"
of the Upper House?viz: that the free con- j
lerences should be held at Dresden, and that the
federal Diet (at least in its relations to the Ger- ,
> man Constitution and to pending questions) shall I
be suspended. Frussia and Austrian Commis- j
doners will proceed to Holstein to persuade the j
Stadlhnldera to consent to a cessation of hostili-1
ties. If this peaceable intervention were to prove
unsuccessful, it will be left to Austria to enforce
her will by an armed intervention. In Electoral
Hesse, the two powers will attempt to effect a
reconciliation between the Elector and his estates.
The Constitutional Zcitung adds to this news, that
the above agreement was condemned in the cabinet
council of the 1st instnnt, but that it was accepted
on the 3d, and that Bar'>n Ladenberg had
insisted on resigning his post. We learn from the J
same paper that the Cabinet have appointed j
General Brese to act as Prussian Commissionerin !
Holstein, and that M. Niebuhr has bean sent to i
Cassel, to threaten the Common Council with the j
occupation of their city by Bavarian troops, and j
in this manner to induce them ro send a deputation
to the Elector, and to submit to the payment
of taxes.
The draught of the addresaof the Lower House
has made an unfavorable impression on the press
I throughout Prussia. This w shown more by a
few slight remarks than by any long or elaborate
i
article*. The Kolner Ztitumg protests that the
draught ia in keeping with the unfortunate compoeilion
of the committee, that it is n iddling in
style, forced and pedantic in its tone, and altogether
eouivocal in its character. The publication
of this draught made a very unsatisfactory
imprrssion at Caasel. In the opinion o: the Hessian
papers the draught is woi ?e than the speech
to which it is intended us a reply. They protest
that there were reasons why the speech from the
throns should be couched in cautious and ambiguous
terms, but that the considerations which fettered
His Majesty could be no excuse for the evident
pusillanimity of the Lower House.
Prom the same sources we learn that Messrs.
j Niebuhr and Oelbruck, both of them Prussian
functionaries, have commenced their negotiations
With the m nicipal authorities of Caasel, but that
their proposals have excited the greatest disgust.
Messrs. Niebuhr aud Delbruck have however, received
reinforcement in the shape of two officers,
General Bresejund Captain Boddieu, of whom the
CasseliournaJ says :?
Li IVa il I l/l O CO I II I w I flint tllOoO ffanllamAn l.lf
ww 5 uiimwivvuiiu sssiwi uivju ^CllllCIIICM ilivcn ISC
have entered into negotiations on the same subject,
but there can be no doubt as to their having
failed in inducing the authorities of Cassel to certain
steps which some people at Berlin may think
desirable, but which are at variance with the just
claims of the country?which cannot-be reconciled
to the honor and the attitude of a people which
ha? never, for a single t oment, neglected its duties
to its sovereign, and which has, in no manner
whatever given an occasion for his departure
from Cassel. If the Elector returns, we will give
him a hearty welcome ; if he will reform his government,
he shall have our blessing ; but our enmity
against Haasmpflug and his associates will
never cease and death is preferable to infamy."
The same views are expressed in the last number
of the Deutsche Zeitung, which protest that if
the Elector were but to dismiss M. Haseenpflug,
and if by this means he were to become reconciled
to bis p ople, the occupation of Hesse, by Austrian
and Prussian troops, must csase, and one
pretext for discord at least would be removed.
On the part of the Elector, it ia generally stated
that he is very eager to return to Cassel, but that
shame, and ttie fear of M. Hassenpflug combine
to hold him back. He regrets that be has gone
to extremities, and, in short, he is in a fit condition
to accept almost any compromise which secures
to him the enjoyment of his private fortune,
and a legal authority in the Electorate. Such, at
least, are the statements of the Frankfort Journal.
[Prom our own Correspondent ]
Berlin, Dec. 2, 1850.
Notwithstanding all obstacles thrown in 1)is
way by an adverse party in the cabinet, there is
every likelihood that M. von Manteuffel will carry
his more recently adopted policy against hie
opponents in the ministry, and in the first and
second chambers to boot. At the council, yesterday,
there was a majority of the cabinet against 1
him ; this morning he held another, and being
provided with the assent of the king to the conditions
more or less firmly established at Olmiitz,
the opposition disappeared, reducing itself to that
of one minister, M. Von Ladenburg, who it is still
more confidently stated to-day will resign, leaving
Manteufltl master of the field. The constitution alists
will not believe that this assent has been
given, for it is a fatal blow to their opposition ;
to expect that a chamber, composed almost entire- 1
ly of officials, to resist any course the government 1
declares clearly and decidedly it has determined 1
in tailing, is to expect what has rarely happened j
in any continental State, and certainly not in
Prussia, except in the fever of 1848. As usual, '
too, the opposition in the second chamber having 1
been allowed time ertough to differ, has split up
n the true German fashion, into almost as many 1
fractions on the address, as there are paragraphs I
in it; and the leaders of each small section are
running about with lists of a new ministry, to be
composed on their "programme," as soon as the 1
necessary preliminary of upsetting the old one has 1
been accomplished. There are thus some fifty 1
names put up as candidates for office, but the fall 1
of the ministry us a whole will not be so imme- 1
diute. There may be partial changes, but the 1
strength of it will remain. There is not a para- I
graph in the address of either chamber which may
not be reconciled with a support of the policy of
peace and negotiation, if the minister intimate that' J
such is the wish o.' the King, and possessed of '
that assurance, M. Von Manteuffel has proved, on 1
one memorable occasion, that he can convey that 1
wish to the chambers in the most rapidly convinc- '
ing manner, hs lie will do again.
The terms nrrunged, or put in course of arrange- '
ment, at Olmutz, wcie suited yeaterdny. There '
is not much to udd to them to-day, as some of the '
points are postponed to the free conferences, and '
are thrown on the future for final settlement. But :
the conferences themselves, being agreed on the '
other questions, cense to be the main difficulties.
Two States, which have agreed to treat on two
out of three subjects in dispute, will scarcely fight ,
on the third during the negotiation.
Dres en is named as the place where the con- '
ferences will be held, and, it is stated, they will '
commence about the middle of the present month. '
The " parity" of Prussia with Austria, in the sittings,
would have been conceded, but it is op- '
posed by the allies of Austria, Bavaria, Wurtem- '
berg, and Saxony. Prince Schwargeuberg could !
not decide the question for them, but promised to I
use his influence with those States to remove their I
scruples of dignity, the secondary powers I einsr J
more sensitive on the matter than the principal.
With the reserve of their consent also, the shar- '
ing of the future executive power between Aus- 1
tria and Prussia is also agreed on; but the ques- 1
tion as to what provinces Austria is to bring into 1
the German Bund, is, it is apprehended, still un- !
settled.
From Ilesse there is still no intelligence of 1
any change in the aspect of affairs; but the posi- '
tion of the troops of the Bund is described as becoming
every day more untenable for want of supplies.
The military preparations on both Rides will
probably continue for the present; and their recal 1
on the part of Austria be made dependent on the '
proposals Prussia may make in the conferences.
This condition had been agreed to by M. Von Man- '
teul'el, and was rejected by the Cnbinet as ex- ,
ceeding his instructions; but now this too has !
been accepted.
THE LATEST.
PRUSSIA.
Letters from Rerlin to the 3d instant, state that
Baron Ladenberg had resigned.
Bamn Vinck's party were preparing to uphold
nn address in opposition to the draught. This ,
address incluJed a vote of want of confidence. The
Olmutz arrangements had been stated to parlta- 1
ment.
In his speech, Baron Manteuffel declared for 1
the maintenance of peace. lie protested that he 1
would keep office.
The parliament was iikely to be adjourned, and
perhaps dissolved.
Latest intelligence by telegraph from Berlin, of J
the 4th instt?"The lower house had assumed a
hostile attitude. Its committee on if e address had 1
agreed on a new draught condemnatory of the 01- '
mut/. arrangements. Of the committee, voted
for the opposition. The cabinet had four votes. I
\ cabinet council has been held. The King has
ad|ourned the parliament to the 3d of January I
1851. [
AUSTRIA.
Our Vienna correspondence is to the 1st instant.
The Imperial cabinet had notified its assent to
the t Itnut/. arrangements.
Nevertheless, the armament and concentration 1
of troops are still continued.
CENTRA!. GERMANY.
Our advices from Frankfort and Cassel are of
the 3d instant.
No change has taken place in the position of!
affairs.
Prussian troops from Westphalia continued to j
march upon Cassel.
Nothing was heard of the retreat of the federal I
forces.
The news of the Olmutz arrangement came to
I** i n it Lr fnrt nn t h p *1/1 inDlnnt ft uaa A u ruii..e. .
able impression on 'change.
THE FRENCH REPtBI.tr.
The Times contains the following letter, dated |
Paris, Dec. 4?5 P. M.
Accounts from the Cote d\)r, received this
morning, state that at the municipal elections of
Sanlieu, in that department, the twenty-one conservative
cardidatea were all elected.
The last number of the Proacrit contains a long
proclamation from the HevolutionaryCommitteein
London to 'thearmies of the tyrants of the North,'
to induce them to desert thtir standards, to fraternize
with each other and proclaim the republic.
A pathetic exhortation is appended, calling on the
"brothers and friends" to send in their subscriptions
to the democratic treasury in London for the
Italian loan of 11,000,000 frapes, "placed under
the protecton of the European democracy." People
here laugh at this, as they do at the invitation
| to "conquer or die martyrs," proceeding from
| men who jump out of windows at the first moment
of danger. The slightest hint about "martyrdom"
i invariably reminds one of the Coneervatoirejdee
Arts et Metiers, snd the 13th of June, 1849.
ryj-ij- .1 SSx- :- -flfl, J&tT
MM. Dufougeraia, Nettsment, and JLaboulia
have presented a proposition relativetgpkiroceed- |
ings against responsible editors of journals. According
to this proposition, no responsible editor
can be prosecuted for an article published in his
journal, unless it be unsigned, or have a fictitious i
signature, in which case he is to be responsible,
not only for such breaches of the law, but also for
any offences which may result from the publics- !
lion of the article.
The late visit of M. Guizot to the Elysee, on
the occasion referred to in a former letier?the '
election of a m mber o! the Academy of which he
is the director?having given rise to u variety of
rumors, it may be as well to recur to the subject,
and state the actual words that passed between
them. After the announcement of the election
made by the Academy, the conversation turned on .
the subjects of public interest?on the National !
Assembly, the revision of the Constitution, and
me internal situation ot me republic and of its
government.
The President began by expressing to M. Gui- | 1
zot the satisfaction he felt at seeing him chez lui. j !
He then touched on the condition of society in |
Prance, of this society almost in a state of disso- i
lution. He drew a comparison between it and so- i
ciety in England; and lamented that the former t
had none of the resources possessed by the latter ?
in such abundance. "Society in France," observed
the President, " was, as it were, decapitated
during the period between 1791 and 1794,
and since then it has not succeeded in finding u 1
head. This is a great misfortune' The govern- f
ment has no jutinl d'upuui." These observations i
naturally led the President to remark on the divi- ?
sions of parties and the increasing breaches both
out of doors and within the Assembly; and added c
that the divisions of the Assembly made its action ,
an incessant cause of embarrassment and difficul- (
ty. M. Guizot on this observed, " But, Monseigneur,
it is, nevertheless, necessary for you to *
govern with the Assembly; without it you can do j
nothing." The President referred to the consti
tution, and remarked on the incoherences in it, ti
and on the impossibility of the two powers it ?
created acting together. Then, observed M.Gui- j
zot. " whv do vou not occudv vourself in obtain
ing its revision ? The constitution itself gives you I (
the fight, and offers you the means of doing so. I
You have at your disposal all the time necessary.
Commence from the month of June. You will 1
encounter resistance in the Assembly, but you J"
will also find there a large and powerful assist- ii
ance. Sumttion to your aid public opinion to over- j.
come that resiatance. The influence of public
opinion will act on the Assembly. Invite peti- E
'ions, and let the wishes of the nation be expressed E
legally and orderly, and you will end by obtain- \
ing the majority of three-fourths of the Assembly J
necessary to authorize the revision of the consti- b
tution. A similar course succeeded with reference E
to the Cmatituent Assembly, which had no de- It
sire to quit its place, but which retired before the I
movement of public opinion. The Legislative 'I
Assembly will do the same A Constituent As- J
sembly will be immediately convoked, and it will C
make n new constitution before May, 1H.V2 " The b
President then referred to the little confidence C
shown in him by the present Assembly. " It n
distrusts me," he observed; " every proposition I T
make is rejected, or, at least, regarded with suspi- L
cion. I can undertake nothing which does not at I
once excite a sentiment of mistrust and suspi- J
rion " " That is possible," answered M. Guizot, 1
" but it is not your condition alone, but that of all
irovernments, to be suspected on every occasion V
They must, however, make up their mindg, and go \
in- To be suspected is no motive for abstaining 1
or stopping short." L
The conversation might have been continued in
the same strain, bad not M. Guizot stood up and G
prepared to take his leave. The President asked
M. Guizot if he intended to pass some time in
Paris ; and M. Guizot having replied that he s
iliould pass the winter in the capital with his chil- o
Jren, according to hid custom, the President said fi
in the kindest tone and manner, " 1 am delighted,
sir, at having contributed to the tranquility you a
enjoy this winter in Paris." At these words M. u
Guizot took (lis leave, and both separated highly
pleased with each other.
We find the following in the Ott/re: tl
" Much has lately been said of a note which the
ipostolic nuncio at Vienna delivered to Prince de '
sen warzennerg on theyuth ultimo, demanding inn' .
:he number of the Austrian troops in the Stales '
if the Church should be decreased. This corjts "
Varmce is composed of an effective force of 20,00(1 r
men, and is entirely at the charge of the Human 1
jovcrnment, on which it entails an annual expense
if (5,000,000 francs. This enormous charge weighs I1
heavily on the Roma" treasury,and paralyses the H
efforts made by that government to bring about 41
in equilibrium in its budget. The court of Rome "
thinks that the present state of, things admits of
this auxiliary force, furnished by Austria, being s
reduced to 19,000, and that this measure would j '
procure a saving which is indispensably necessary, j '
The note, which is couched in very moderate .
terms, was preceded by a step taken some months "
Once at Vienna, by an Envoy extraordinary sent s
from tbe Holy See. The Vidian cabinet, at |
that time, replied that tranquillity was not ye j ^
mrticiently secured to rendci such a measure safe, j
Now, the Roman government insists upon it; it i
says that the slate of the country is every day mi- ! ,
proving, and that it is better able to judge on this
matter than any other party. It is athrmed that!8
it is so deeply impressed with the necessity of j J'
bringing the question to a solution, that it intends j '
to address itself to France, to demand its friendly
mediation in the event of Austria giving an evasive I 1
inswer. The voice of France would have ihe 0
more weight as she gives the example of a gene- I .
rosity which is appreciated by all Europe, by | '
keeping up, at her own expense, a force of 10,000 i '
men, who constantly observe the most admirable
iiscipline." * 1
Seven o'clock, P. M. 11
P. S.?I have been assured tl at a telegraphic 8
Jespnti li had been received in Paris, within the v
ast half hour, announcing that on Mon ay last, v
the 2d, a convention was concluded and signed be- 1
tween the Prussian and Austrian governments, .
,..|..?l. I.rm;n.f.. tl.e I 11
WU.r.vvv,j w..
Jiflerence between the two powers.
A telegraphic deKpatcli has been received from
Madrid, summoning M. Mnn, who hits been in n
Paris some days past, to return forthwith to that (
city. It is believed that a new ministerial crisis 11
has been the result of the resignation tendered bv
M. Bravo Murillo.
A meeting was announced to take place last 1
night, of the members of the parliamentary club, *
which used to assemble in the Rue de Richelieu,
but who now meet in the Rue des Pyramides. '
I'lie object was to consider the course to follow, n
should the report of M. de Remueut come on to n
morrow for uiscussiou. M. Leon Faucher was
in the chair. Contrary to expectations, only "
thirty six members attended. This was very pro- .
coking, no doubt ; but it may be attributed to the
hopes, even then entertained, of a pacific solution I
nftheGerman question. The meeting was ad- J1
|ourned till to-night.
The conservatives have again triumphed in the j
municipal elections of Cresaj -sur-Somme (Som-! 1
me.) j (l
The Bourse was most animated to-day, and | :
public securities rose considerable.
In the Chamber on the 5th, a discussion took i
place upon the I vying of 40,000|men, The For-1 tt
sign Minister, in a firm but extremely pacific
speech, urged the necessity of the levy on the 0
grounds, that although the main points of the |
German questions were settled, future events j
might render it necessary for France to be pre- | '
pared for emergency. j
THE COTTOS* TRAPF.. ?
f ivtro.ini Il*r*iT.lipr ll ? The nnnrnnr-h to n 1
peaceful seltlement of the disputes of Germany, j
with a final assurance that we may dismiss from
our minds all fear i f war, has had its legitimate] .
influence on our market, For some tune past
consumers have prudently fnrhnnie laying in any
considerable stocks of the raw matei fal, contenting
themselves with taking their supply front
week to week, until these disturbing national
quarrels had been disposed of, and the channel securely
kept open for the sale of their yarns and j
manufactures. We have ?!? > felt the steady eup- j
port of the uniform and consistent advices from j
America n? to the short crop, the latest accounts j
fully confirming all that have gone before. The I
result is, that with some fluctuations, there being ;
more depression on Saturday, and njjain a strong j
and active market on Wednesday, while yesterday |
we had a fair amount of business transacted in a j
more accommodating way; we terminate the week
with the middling and common qualities of A me- i
rican, id to Id higher; and fair and upwards at id j
on our last Friday's quotations. The committee
of brokers place fair uplands 7Mobile 7id, and j
Orleans 8d. The important question, however,
still remains, viz: how far the higli scale of prices
now existing will check the consumption on the '
continent. 4630 American, 2150 Sural, 210 Egyp- ]
tian, 1000 Maranham, 1120 Pernam, nnd 1730
Bahia, have been taken on speculation, and 490
American, 650 8urat, 10 Egyptian, and 10 Pernam,
for export. Sales for the week, 41,350 bales. J
The Ekd or the Cuaplix Cask.?Mr. Cha- >
p'in was, on Thursday, liberated from the jail of j
Montgomery county, $19,000 bail bavins been j
intered for his appearance at Howard pistrictj
t
i m?. 1 nm n
From tke .Matagorda (Ikrw) Triburu. pi
Southern Rghta % uociation of Matagorda ??
County ??l
v The following paper having been circulated jn
in this county for the space of about ten days ce
previous to tlie meeting, obtained the sigmt- er
ture of those whose names are attached there- or
to: su
W/vrran, We think it the duty of every patriot
and freeman, sedulously to watch over and J"
guard his country umt liberty, with unsleeping
vigilance at all times, but most especially in 1
Limes of danger and difficulty ; and inasmuch n*
we feel that u great crisis in the affairs of this au
I Minn hits nunc nrrived? n crisis l.rim.rlit r\n 1.,
solely by tho wanton and unlawful aggression
?f the more Northerly States of this Republic; us
rod as we have constantly aeon the most sacred ' ^
'oinpacts and guarantees of law and tlie Con-1 f11
ititution violated and trampled on, by an onscrupulous
majority, regardless of every prinei- |(l
;?le alike, save tho ono of self-aggrandizement;
ind when we see daily the circle of our rights fei
jround into a smaller compass?ourselves redu ed
from our boasted condition of freemen?our fei
State from an independent sovereignty to that le'
>{ a mere colonial dependency, we know that ',e
lie time has come, when, if we w ish to leave ,n
intarniahed to our children the sacred heritage ?
{iven us by our fathers, it becomes the stern and al|
mperative duty of every man to stand forth firm ol]
md decided. ti,
Under these circumstuces, we, the undersigned tie
ilizens of Matagorda county, have agreed to
brm ourselves into a ' Southern rights assoeia- ea
ion." The objects of this association ure, to
trganize more fully and effectually the people of J"'
tlatagorda county, for a proper resistance to
Northern aggression and federal usurpation?to
iwaken the attention of every man in this, and w|
ill other counties of the St ate, to the imminent ar
>erils that threaten us; and to preserve, by all
md any means, each and every right guaranteed 1,0
js by our federal compact w
It i the one grerit principle of this associaion,
that the Southern States of this Confedoacycan
never, w ith honor and propriety, rem in
n {lie Union, when refused or debarred one sin(lo
right as equd sovereignties:
Philip E. Pearaou, J. B. Cosnahan, Edward A. U'
enreson, Lemuel Hunter, Will. Gibson, G. A. sei
lertrand, Henry P. Cayee, John H. Lawson, Inn
Vm. H. Loverin, H. Thorn, H. P. Brewster, tn(
as. B. Collinsworth, Jesse S. Gordon, M. Tal- 1M,
ot, R. \V. Kennon.John W. MeCa oly,Richard
I. Stewart, Robt. H. Williams, Edward S. Huge- j
?y, Henry Jones, Wm. P. Corben, Elbert A. 10
'hompson, J. W. Gordon, Francis Waldeman, P?
'hornaa M. Dennis, Jno. Rugeley. D. J. Parks, j an
anies C. Willaon, Mordecai Chambers, James wt
Ihambers, G. Stewurt, R. Fisher, P. "W. Her- 11<
ert, Frank O'Brien, John Royal, ArlhurO'Brien, vvl
iolen Hodges, J. W. Gordon, jr., Wm. P. Nu- on
er, Sebastian Dietrich, jr , Richardson Melville, a()
'honias McLauchlin, Theophiius Thomas, Robt.
.udington, Jno. H. Gibson, J. F. Martin, J F. .
I liner, Lewis T. Bennet, James Armstrong, ,
as. O, Myers, Daniel Downer, Henrv Crann, j '?t
'bos. H. Forrester, Peter D. Pledger, Win. L. j gri
nrtwelle, John B. Jones, Martin H. Royston, en
Vm. A. Pledger, P. C. Gibson, F. Layton, John | nil
IcDonald, Daniel Elani, A. Wads worth, Setli |
ngram, Burwell Kendrick, B. H. Kendrick, J. i.,t
.. Th up, Henry Brown, P. R. Pearce, John D. *
fewell, Perry Reed, A. Buikhart, E. F. Gilbert, ' "
r. Elliott, William Layton.
lie
On Monday the 35th of November, 18.10, the | hit
igners thereto met nt the Court-house, in order to po
rganize, form a Constitution, and appoint the of- inl
cera necessary for organization. tin
Capt. John Rugeiey was appointed chairntan, JK.
nd W. H. Loverin was chosen secretary ; where- .
{ion the following constitution was adopted ??
CONSTITUTION. p'
Art. 1.?This associntion shall he known as the
Southern Rights Association of MatugordaCouu- ,,,
yr."
Art. 2.?This association shall he presided over .
y a president, assisted hy five vice presidents, '
nd the other otlicers shall tie a recording secreta- *
y, four corresponding secretaries, and one treasuer.
he
Art. 3 ?It shall he the duty of the president to su
reside at nil meetings off is association ; in the |>e
bserce of the president, it shall he the duty of l)(
ny one of the vice presidents to preside at such (((
neeting.
Art. 4.?It slmll he the duty of the recording '
ecretary to keep a regular record of all proceed 11
ngs of this association, and to make a minute of ),r
he proceedings ut each succeeding meeting. 1,1
Art. 5. ?It shall be the duty of the correspond 'h
tig secretaries to correspond with any similar as i<
nidations in this or any other Slate, to report t< >j
lie association all communications received In
liem, to keep copies of their correspondence, ti ^
le nil letters, received hv them, anil to dis
liarge all-other funrtii ns incident to their office.
Art.f!.?It shall he the duty of the treasurer tc
eep all moneys of the association, and to make I"
uch disposition of the same as the assoeiaton s<'
lay order at any regular meeting, from time to tin
iine. mi
Art. 7.?Any twenty members of this nssociaon
shall constitute n quorum for the transaction ,.jj
f business. j.
Art. 8.?This association shall have four regit- "
ir sessions in each year, to be lioldeu on the fust
.Innil.n. in .,..>1 tl(
...... J., ? ......... , , J ...... v.,
Art. 9.?It shall be the duty of the president,
r any one of the vice president's, to call an extra tic
leeting of the association, when in his opinion til
ny event may render such meeting expedient, or |jt
rhen any five members shall make and sign a jr
rritten requisition for the same, and public no- ,ls
ice shall be given of such meeting. (l
Art. 10.?New members of this association may
ie made hereafter, in such manner as the aaaociaion
may order. 1,1
Art. 11.?The term of all the officers shall be '?
me year, except the officers first elected, who shall en
onlinu* in office until the first Monday in Jan- co
lary, 1852. ,,f
Art. 12.?All officers of this association shall be jj,
lected by ballot, except when but one candidate
nay be nominated for an office, in which case the .
ote may be by acclamation, a plurality of votes
ieing necessary for eleciion. AH succeeding elec- ,n'
ions to be holden on the first Monday in October an
if each year, or on the day to which such regular th
nesting shull be adjourned. an
Art. 13.?The constitution of this association
nay be nltered Jjy a majority of all its members. H[J
Art. 14.?The association may pass such other r
jus for its government as it may deetu proper. ..
Art. 15.?The rules regulating the association -1
nay be suspended by a majority of votes of memiers
present, at any regular or called meeting.
Art. Hi,?An executive committee of five shall at
ie appointed by rhe president at the first meeting h::
if each year, w ho, together with the president of tli
he association, shall perform such duties as may to
ie assigned to them by the rules and by-laws (1|
iereafier to be adopted, and make s report of their (j(
ction to the association at any of its meetings. ,
Which constitution having been adopted, the '
fficers were elected in conformity thereto. ,
Capt. John Rugeley wim elected th" president.
Vict-I'reitUlenti.?Capt. John Duncan, William <T
I. Lovenn, J. W. McCamly, Henry Jones, Dr. in;
I. A. Peareson. dr
Corrtsyonding Stcretarie>.?P. E. Peareson, M.
falbnl, J. B. Cosnahan, .1. C. Wilson.
Recordiug Secretary.?Henry Thorp. (
Tretuurtr.?Galen Hodges.
Errcutivt Commilltt,?J. B. Cosnnhnn, M. Tal- mi
oi, J. C. Wilson, P. I?. Peareson, Henry Thorp, br
M. Talbot, J. C. Wilson, and P. E. Peareson, fn
cere appointed by the president to prepare the jgj
roceedings for publication, and to prepare an ad- p((
less to all fViends of the.South, and ttrjing upon
he citizens of every county in this State, the pro
riety of a like organization) then the meeting adinrned
to meet at candle-light, at the Lafayette
Lcademv, at which the citizens generally were in- P'
ited to attend. be
At the appointed time the meeting took place? m
here being many person* present other tlinn the tj(
nctr.bers, including many of the fuir daughters of c|,
he South. The president took the chair, who ^
tated the object of the forming the " association," ,'
ogether with the object of the jirtunl meeting. 11
rhe latter having been explained, mine n< w mem>er?
were admitted, who came forward and atached
their eignatures to the " pledge of memberhip."
The follow ing resolutions w-ere introduced by J.
3. Cosnahnn, eso., who made a speech urging j hi
heir adoption, anu in which he ably and manfully
let forth our true position as citizens of the South. U(
Jaa. C. Willson, esq., also made some happy j(1
Ilustrutions of our true position; whereupon the .
>resident put the resolutions to the vote of the
nembcrs, who unanimously adopted them. c'
RESOLUTIONS. ci
Rrsolvrd 1?That the Federal Government of ?
beue United States is a government of delegated S
mthoriiy and limiltd power ; that the States com- ti
rising it are eaual, aa well aa independent sorer
giities, and thai no law can exist but by virtue
'the Constitution, which makes ihetn a unity.
Resolved 3?That we see with equal horror and
dignation the tendency of this government to
ntralism, and the disposition it manifests to excise
powers not ves'ed in it by the Constitution
any other authority, which we recognise as
ich.
Resolved 3?That in I lie recent acts of Congress,
the admission of California into the Union as a
ate, and in the bill for the suppression of the
jve trade in the District of Columbia, we see
anifested an intention to deny us the benefits of
territory bought equally by our blood and treare,
and an attack on the properly, rights, and
nor of the Southern States of this Union.
Resolved 4?That no system of lo?ic has enabled
i to perceive in the conduct of the people of
orthern States, in robbing us of our property, in
ohbing us when we seek to regain it, in heaping
suits on us, in striving to deprive us of our equal
are of our common property, and in nullifying
ws passed for the protection of our property,
iher the existence or appearance of any other
eling than hostility.
Resolved 5?That with these facts before us, and
uring that the Constitution can no longer proct
us, we deeply sympathize in the feelings, and
artily rejoice at the efforts now making by
any of the Southern Sta'es, to organize a propresistance
to these aggressions, and hereby
lemnly pledge ourselves to abide and uid by ail
d every means that God has given us, any plan
ir united wisdom may devise for the preserva>n
and defence of our common rights and liber8.
Resolved 6?That we respectfully invite and
rnestly request our fellow-citizens of the other
unties in the State, to co-operate with us in ef:ting
an organization, for the preservation of
luthern rights, and the more effectual resistance
unconstitutional aggression.
Resolved 7?That all friends of the South,
nether as organized bodies or as individuals,
e cordially invited to correspond with t is arisoition,
touching the important questions which
w agitate the country, and the vital interests
hi<-h are now at slake.
On motion the meeting then adjourned.
From the Boston Courier. ,
We stated yesterday that Mr. Atwood, the
mocratie candidate for Governor of New
inipshire, had wri ten a letter in which lie diluted
from tho compromise measures of the
it session of Congress. It was a strange
jvement, indued, for n man to muku in his
sition, but the correspondence appeared in the
ate Free soil paper, and tire story seemed to
all correct. Two short questions wero pro-1
sed to him, by a self-constituted committee,
d Mr. Atwood knew who the committee
ire, and what was their political character.
3 framed a letter in reply, surrendering the
lole ground which national Whigs or Delimits
take in that State. We copy all but the
urishcs and the compliments :?
To the first inquiry, Whether lam nppose<l to
extension of shivery !. I reply, that having
many years regarded the whole system as a
. at moral, social, and pol lical evil, inconsist
t w ith the spirit of our republican institutions,
ii dangerous to the well-being of the Union,
am, in the. language of the New Hampshire
fislaturu of 18 lit, " firmly and unalterably opsed
to the further extension of slavery over
y portion of American soil now free." Bering,
also, in the language of the same legis
lire, that ' Congress has the constitutional
wer to prohibit the introduction of slavery
Lo any territory now free." I am in favor ot
i) use of that power in the territories recently
quired by the United States, where legal en
tinents in the organization of territorial gov
nments have not rendered it absolutely imiicticiibl
,
To your second inquiry, What are my view;
relation to the present Fugitive slave late ! I
n free to say that while I recognize the validity
that clause of the United States Constitution
hich provides that "persons held to service or
bor in one State, escaping into another, shall
delivered up on claim of the person to whom
eh service or labor may be due," I cannot but
ilicvc tint the present law contains provisions
>t warranted by the letter of the ('oustitution.
>r necessary to carry out the spirit of its reliremcnts.
It does seem to me, tliat the fillers
of that ins'rnment, when tliey guaranteed
ial by jury ' in all criminal prosecutions," and
"all suits at common law," involving more
an twenty dollars, did riot intend to deny tin
rfit to such tri d in cases involving the liberty
1 a person for life.
Inasmuch as the present law denies this right
all persons claimrd as "fugitives from sor
e," and also impo.-es obligations and serviceion
the people of the free States which, in my
dgmeiit, neither the Constitution nor eonienee
require at their hands, I cannot give the
ensure my support. Regarding many of its
ensures as unprecedented, oppressive, and lile
to l?e perverted to the enslavement of free
izens, 1 shall, whatever station I may occupy
vor all proper, peaceful, and constitutional
ensures for its repeal or essential modified>11.
This is Mr. Atwood's letter in its first eoncocm.
The " sober second thought" told liirn
at ho hud hotter keep laiina If out of the aboion
agitation at the present time, and he withew
the letter. It was not published with lib
sent. But a man who once trusts himself in
e hands of the Abolitionists, is not likely t<
cape with a whole skin. Somo of the comlinii
n rfthi' nf Ilin c 1 riihtw ttiuu-nf
i' correspondence has hwn published. No our
ii doubt Hint this w ould make a censatinn, and
nscquently we have Mr. Atwood's repudiation
the whole ill the following letter to the New
rttnpshirC Patriot of yesterday :
Gentlemen: Having had my attention calle '
a letter purporting to have been w ritten b\
e arid add reaped to John M. White and others
d published in the Independent Democrat o'
is date, I w ish in justice to itiv political friends
id myself to make a brief explanation.
I had received the lett r from the gontlern.it
mken of, and intended to make a well consid
ed and candid reply. Down to Friday last
e original was within'my control, and not i
e hands of the gentleman who wrote to me
id at that time I was making modifications
id had others to propose, in my reply. Bu
iving become satisfied that the design was. am
at the effect of the correspondence w ould !?
create agitation. 1 deemed, it rnv duty not !
it forth even the substance of that reply, witli
it more careful and deliberate considerat on n
e present attitude of tlie country, and of id
e measures of which the "Fugitive slave law"
rined a part. With this view I destroyed th
iginal letter which was in my own hand w ri'
g, fully believing that no copy of my ronj h
a ft-was in existence.
I wish now distinctly to state, that what
id in inv unfinished letter of the " Fugitivi
ivc law," was said regarding it as an isolate!
ensure. 1 believe that there are features en
need in that law to which many persons in th
so States do not give their coidiid ns?cn
ill. ii was not passed as a single measure, bu
rined a link in a series of measures of compro
ise and concession.
Regarding it in this light, and in view of th
iminent dangers which evidently threaten tin
rj'riuiiy ui uur union una me pence 01 nu
loved country, I shall stand by those compro
ise measures as a whole, with a (irm con vie
>n that such is my duty as a patriot and .
ristian. 1 wish this to bo distinctly under
ood to be my unalterable position as a candi
ite before the people of this State.
1 am, with respect, yours truly, Ac.
JOHN AT WOOD.
New llobton, Dec. 1D, 1850.
The Convention.?A grand salute of on
jndred ?un? was fired Iroin the b itterv yes
rdayat lio'eloyk, by the Washington Attillor<
nderthe command of Lieutenant DeSaussurf
i honor of the passage of the convention bil
y the legislature. At the salute three heart*
icers were given by the artillerists and tin
umt rous spectators. The adoption of this de
sive measure, the vindication of the sovereignty
f the State, will be greeted in every district o
outh Carolina with equally cordial manifipajta.
one of approval.??Charleston flercury.
From the A'tu) York Herald.
Philadelphia, L>cc. 21, 1850.
Slave Case ih Philadelphia?Cheat ExI
citement.?About noon, to-day, considerable
j excitement was caused in this city by the arrest <
' of Adam (iibson, a colored man, on a non inal j ^
| charge of stealing chickens, but rejilly as a tugitive
slave belonging to Win. Knight. of Cecil J p
county, Maryland, lie was taken to the IJ. S. j
Marshal's office, and a hearing shortly afier took j,,
I place before Ed ward D. Ingrahum, esq., commit j |,
I sioner. ! ti
After several ineffectual motions to postpone J o
j the case, made by David Paul Brown, and Messrs. ; c
j Pierce and Harbert thrt evidence of the claim j 11
was gone into and the identity of the negro was | 8
proven by one, witness, who saw him on the farm I
of William Stark, in 1811. He was claimed as ! ^
I Kinorv Rice. who mil nurnu in 1 W 1 I iw.rl ij ,w.o- I
. . < . J ~ 1 """ It
said to be 35 years old. I,
Tlie prisoner's counsel contended that his true ii
name is Adam Gibson, formerly owned by Par- d
son Hegry Davis, hut liberated by the last will p
of his owner, ill 1840, on condition of emigrat- ; 1,1
ipg to Liberia. This statement was attempted *
to be proved by a certified copy of the will. *
The ease was argued by William E. Lehman,
for the claimant, and Messrs. Pierce and Brown |
for tlie defence. | ?
i Mr. Brown's speech was a masterpiece of ii
I fervid though deceptive eloquence, abounding w
| with bitter invectives against the parties engu- t(
| ged in this pursuit of their property. *
i At the close of the argument, theconiiuissioner ^
I declared that all the formalities required by the
law had been fulfilled,and being satisfied of the
fugitive's identity, he ordered him to be reman-1
ded, for the purpose of being placed in the poa- 0
session of his owner. ni
A large crowd of colored people congregated
in front of Independence Hall, where the case
was heard, and they still continued there at a P'
late hour; but the fugitive had been removed bv j ?J
tho back way, and will go South t>v the mail i '
. .i . n j c(
train tins evening. w
I'lltsburuh, Dec. til, 1850
Many Persons Killed, and Several o
Severely Scalded.?This afternoon, tho "
steamer Fashion, No. ;2, eollaps-d a flue, a "
short distance above Pittsburgh, on tho Monongahela
river, and so severely scalded many of ^
tho passengers and crew, that some of them
in**"* tlv 'rcd. Tho list of killed embraces tlie a,
i rmes of Josep Carrol nnd A. Little, passen- r>i
{.era ; Isaa . cobles, assistant engineer, son of
toe c.q i .ni, and James Louderback, fireman.
Tho scalded are, \V. Gaskill, first engineer; A.
Peebles, assistant engineer, son of the captain ; tr
Jesse Giililand, passenger; John Petligrcw, Ii?
deck hand, Kindly Gould, deck hand, and one
cabin passenger. The boat is almost a total ^
wreck. The forward part of the cabin was ^
blown overboard, and it is supposed that several
persons were carried along; but, as yet, no lj|
bodies have been found in the river The scald- m
ed wore conveyed to the city, to receive medical ed
treatment.?.V. V. HernUl
Facts about Ikon ok Vikcinia.?There are ? (li
lew facts connecter! with this subject which may
be new to some people^ both in Virginia and out C(1
of it, who seem to think that nothing good can re
come out of this old Commonwealth.
Joseph R. Anderson, Esi| , the intelligent sj
and enterprising proprietor of the Trcdyar Iron V(
Works of this city, has been casting cannon (3- H|
lbs.) for the United States navy for many years, it
ind has not had u gun burst in proof during tin
last seven years. This shows incontestibly tin "i
superior ipiality of Virginia iron, one of the I'
many mineral treasures with which the prolifit "
soil of Virginia teems.
We will now add another f et worth noticing
and remembering. The Virginia railroad iron (|,
made in this city has been tested at the estab ?l
lished English standard of strength, and did not el
break ut double the pressure and weight of the I'1
English standard! Of course a light Virginia 1)1
rail would stand as great a pressure, and be as '''
cheap, as a heavy English rail. The English
rails do not last-near so long ; and, when they t
are worn out, will not command as much by 2/>
or 3<t per cent, as the iron made in Virginia. n
These faets will surprise many persons, .but il
they are susceptible of the fullest proof, and <?
should arouse a proud and stern resolution to '
develope the wonderful resources of this great 1
Commonwealth, to keep its trade at home, ami , "*
to make it take its proper place among the fore s
uost, States of America.?Richmond lirpuh- |(
Hani. ,,
Charleston, Dec. 20, 1850.*' c
Cltot.etta at Ska?The ship Silas Leonard | fl
touched oil'the baron Wednesday, to procure I hi
a supply of medieine, the cholera having broken l'
out on board during her passage from Tampa
!>.... e?_ v v...i. i 1 01
imy lur ini* w v* iui uiiuni nniirn
Ten cases liavo already terminated fatally,
AT ODD FELLOWS' HALL. *
WHIPPLE'S GUAM) ORIGINAL KXHIRI .
TION OP T1IE DISSOLVING VIEWS, l(
c<
,1s Exhibited in the cities of Boston, Philadelphia, ?
and elseicherc. ?
Representations of the most beautiful r<
Scenery of all parts of the world, with a great
variety of Ancient and Modern Structures, Ruins, K
Cities, Castler, i?c., which tire produced in u truly
woudrrful manner. The most beautiful scenes m
grow into proportion nud ueain disappear, but so st
sudden and mysterious is the transition that it ran to
only lie compared to the magic of a dream seen by pi
the eye.
Commencing Tuesday evening the SHth instant,
dsn every successive evening through the week; V
ind Wednesday and Saturday afternoon, com- IT1
uiencing at 3 o'clock. ol
\ splendid Series of Views, among which several \ ?
represeetitations or White Mountain Scenery j
in New Hampshire. ,,
After which the a
OX VI1VDROGEN MICROSCOPE f n
Will be applied, revealing the Wonders of the
Aninialcular World. rt
- t
Followed by European Views, among which is a 11
View of Rome, the Coliseum, the Castle of St. Vl
Angelo Ht night, illuminated by Fireworks.
The Swiss Cottage?The Snow Storm. ''
\.iiy ci v-/unr?ianiiii?#j*?c.
I'lie Lake of Killarney, City of Lisbon, City and ^
Hay of Naples. nl
Eruption of Mount Vesuvius!
\nd ninny others of the most sublime and beauti- ri
ful scenes in Europe. '
_ __ n
The whole enlivened with music, and concluding S(
with n brilliant display of
PYRA VIIC FIRES!
Interspersed with a variety of Ueautiful Scenes, '
among which is an equestrian likeness of
(jien. Taylor on parade.
\ correct likeness of Jenny Lind, acknowledged '
by all to l.e perfect, taken by (lie uid of daguerreotype
instruments, from the Swedish ?-i
Nightingale in person.
Marine View of Ships in actual motion.
V Calilbrniuii's Dream, and many others of|
nimcnic&s uenuiy. I
Doors open hi hnlf-past G; exhibition commence*
it lmir-(Mutt 7 o'clock.
Tickets 25 cents; children half-price, fleduclioiiH
mude for schools, dec 23
Smithsonian Lectures.
Dlt. COX, of Brooklyn, N. V., will continue
his Lectures on the evenings of Monday, Tueslay
and Thursday of this week, at 7] o'clock, i*. sl
a. The Hosing lecture will Lie delivered on Krilay.
Subject "Poetry." | y
A plank walk has heen constructed directly west !
rom the building to the brick pavement on 12th
Htreet, where a lump will 1 e placed at the gute.?
'ersous coming in this direction, will enter the a
.ectiire room ttiiough the north-east tower. s
Dec. 21 4 Ml f
MARKER'S CHKISTM ASopening takes place a
| this day and will continue through the Christinas
and New Year Holidays, lie re*|>ectfully | c
nvites his friends and strangers to call at hia new I t
'store under the Nationnl Hotel, and look through
his selection of beautiful fancy articles suitable I
for Presents for all ages. I /
PARKER'S IJ
Fancy %nd Perfuraary Stors, under the NetionsJ i C
Hotel, w P??2|
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRK8^. H
second fcEMio^.
IN SENATE. H
Moroat, Dec. 23, 185ii.
1r. DAWSON appeared in his seat to-day.
THE
Mr. CLAY presented a petition from citi/.enaof
'ennsylvanin praying for a modification ofthe
riff. Mr. Clav, from the present apparent
ulmness on the surface of puolic affairs, which
e hoped was a real calmness, thought it a proper
me (o take up the subject ofthe tariff, in a spirit
f calm deliberation and liberality of feeling. It
onUl hardly be desired to make any great dmirbanc.e
of the turiff of 184G, nor to restore to any
reat extent the duties of the act of 1842 ; but he
nought it was expedient to act upon such amendtents
as would prevent frauds in the revenue, and
t the same time enlarge the benefits ofan inciden I
protection to home industry. There was no
uiger any doubt that the fires are extinguished
i our furnaces, there could no longer ne any
oubt that the spindles in our fuctories were stoped.
He hoped the Senate would be disposed to
ike up the subject, at least with a view to tha
rants of the treasury, and consider it in the liberI
spirit of harmony and nationality. The petiion
was referred to the Committee on Finance.
LOUISVILLE AND onto RIVER CANAL.
Mr. BENTON, pursuant to notice, introduced
bill to remit the tolls on the government stock H
i the Portland and Louisville ship canal, (by H
Inch the falls ofthe Ohio are surmounted,) ami H
) provide for the purchase of the remaining stock,
-ith the view of making said canal free. Mr.
en ton explained at some length the object of
le bill, auu the history and importance of this caul
to the navigation of the Ohio.
Mr. JEFFERSON DAVIS replied, chiefly to
line incidental remarks of Mr. Benton upon the
oaat Survey. The bill was referred to the Couinttee
on Roads and Canuls.
removals from office.
The resolution of Mr. BRADBURY on the.
ending amendments, proposing certain inquiries
f the President, in relation to the removals from
ffioe under the administration of General Taylor,
jming up au unfinished business, on motiou, it
as postponed to Monday next.
california land claims.
A bill providing for the appointment of a board
nd claims to land in the 8tate of California, was
iken up.
Mr. U WIN submitted a substitute for the oriinnl
bill, which was accepted by the Senate, and
-dered to be printed.
And the Senate went into Executive session,
id lifter h short time spent therein, ndjourncd
rer to Thursday.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Muniut, Dec. 23, 1853.
Mr. ILAYMOND, by unanimous consent, inoduced
a bill granting to Virginia certain pube
lands to nid in the construction of rtul roads
lercin. Referred to the Committee on Public
lands.
Mr. A. G. BROWN asked unanimous consent
i introduce a bill granting to Louisiana and Mtsssippi
a right of way and public lands in uid of
e construction of a rail road from Mudisonville
Louisiana, to Jackson in Mississippi. ObjectI
to.
Mr. A. G. BROWN then moved a suspension
'the ruleN for the above purpose. The motion
d not prevail.
Mr. RICHARDSON sent to the clerk's table a
>py of the New York Tribune and asked the
ailing of the letter of a Washington correspondit
of that paper. The letter was read at the
etk's table. It charged Mr. R. with suppressg
a letter of Mr. Ewing to the committee ofin stigntion
of the last session and that it did not
ipeiir in the printed report of the proceedings of
ml committee.
Mr. RICHARDSON denounced the statement
* an unmitigated falsehood. If any of the pacts
did not appear in (lie report, the fault was
ot with him. All were handed in to the clerk,
besides the resolution authorizing the printing
r<?vule?J only for the priming of the report.
Mr. It. thought there wiih tt peculinr fitness in
le selection of the Tribune as tiie vehicle of these
tinders. The editor of that paper rested under a
targe of falsehood fastened upon him on this
>or. The editor and correspondent were worthy
T each other; a fellow feeling makes them wonrous
kind.
Mr. STRONG moved to proceed to the conde
ation of the bill providing the mode of oblining
evulAifee in cases of contested elections.
Mr. STRONG proceeded at considerable length
> explain the provisions of the hill. He 'stated
lat it, in several respects, was similar to t^ie act
f 1T!IH, which had expired by its own limitation,
le then set forth the advantages that would arise
y having at hand, at the commencement of a ses1011,
nil the evidence in a contested election. It 1
/mild ensure a speedy action, and snvetheTreaury
from the expense hitherto experienced by ulnwing
at the close of the session,pay and mileage >
> conleMrints.
Mr. &CHENCK moved to refer the hill to the
onimittee of the Whole on the state of the
'iiioti. After some discussion hy Messrs.Sciienck
nd McGaughev, the motion was put and negttved.
Mr. (.?. W. JONKS moved to amend hy striking
nt that part of the hill making it the duty of the
intestant to notify within thirty days of his 111 nlion
to contest iIip right to a sent. After deate
hy Messrs. Jones and Strong, the question
'as put and the amendment rejected,
Mr. HALL, of Missouri, submitted the foliwing
amendment; " Provided, that if from any
ansc: not within the control of the contestant, said
otice cannot he gi\en, then said notice shall he I
iven within thirty days after said disability shall
tase.
After debate between Messrs. Hunter and
a1fman,
Mr. PUTNAM proposed an amendment to the
nendment. It provided that in case of the ab'I"*
v%amlio?? ti'linen eonf uriid ronlPMtpri.
itice mIiuII be served by leaving the same at his
ace of residence. ;
After discussion by Messrs. McMci.i.f.n, McA!
i.ih.y, PrTVaMi and Sciikntk, the last named '
sntleman moved a reference of the bill and amendlents
to the Committee of the Whole on the suite
C the IJnion. Negatived.
Mr. N ELSON'S nmendment was then adopted.
The amendment to the amendment was then
egntived.
The bill was read a third time, and under the
peratiou of the previous question, was passed.
Mr.McDOWELL moved that when the House
djourns, it adjourn to meet on Thursday. Cared.
Mr. STANLEY moved a suspension of the
ties to introduce a resolution allowing the Hall
i Mr. Whitney for explanation of his project of
railroad to the Pacific. The motion diu not prei
I.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Mississippi, introduced
te resolutions of the legislature of the State of
lississinpt, condemning the course of General J
ootk, and approving that of her other representlives
in Congress.
Mr. CALDWELL moved a suspension of the
lies for the introduction or a joint resolution nulorizmg
the transfer arid sale of bounty land warinia
to be issued under the act of 185U.
Pending this question, Mr. Johnson-, ofArkanis,
moved an adjournment. Carried.
I II ROL LII LINE TO CALIFORNIA.
FOR CHJGRES, DIRECT, via IMVAJM.
I* II F. United States Mail Steamship Company
will despatch as above, the splendid double
igine steamship
FALCON,
II. J. Ilarstein, U. S. Navy, commander, on
hursday, December 26th, at 3 o'clock, p. m.,
om the pier f m! of Warren street, North rner.
Ft eight to Chag.es 70 cents per cubic foot, p/ elid.
passage to c11acrkh.
Cabin $100 * Steerage |30
to havana.
Cabin $70 Steerage $25
The Falcon will connect with one of the Pacific
earners of this line, and passengers having
trough tickets will not he delayed at Panama beond
the usual stay at that port.
passage prom panama to san francisco.
Cabin $300 Steerage $150
The Falcon has just been thoroughly overhauled ;
he ia furnished with new boilers, and has a new
aloon and state-room deck; her cabins are newly
urnished throughout, and Iter accommodations
or passengers are now equal to those of any other
iteamer afloat.
For freight or passage, apply at the office of the
ompany, 177 West street, corner of Warren st.,
? M. O. ROBERTS.
Dec. 23?128
? uaviuv ,u. 1c.k trial ?h?ll nncn *
Ill ?UVI^ 1/rt I t " r - _
I preaaly for the Concerts, an invoice of fine
jm<i QIumv, ?nd Of?r* Ho^i.^ovw, 4?.4c,
I ?

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