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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, December 28, 1850, Image 3

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SOUTHERN PRESS."
VVASIIINGTX )N CITY. 1
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 38, 1850; ,
Internal Improvement Syitems of Virginia ,
and Haw Yoik f
On the appearance of Gov. Floyd's annual (
message, which d scuased at some length the
- - * ? I SmnaAUaninnlo /if Vin/vinia mi/1 V
UllOrilUl llll|Hu<ruiviiia vi ? ugiuiii nuu iiCn
York, we took the occasion, in commenting on
it, to repel the imputation made on Virginia in
Ilunt't Merchant't Magazine, for not being the
first to construct a canal to the West, instead of
New York.
We s dd that the Virginia route was longer
thnn that of New York, and was obstructed by
several high mountains, whilst that of New York
had none : and that the latter extended through
the most level and fertile portion of the State,
whilst the Virginia route ran through the most
broken and unproductive. We also stated that
the Virginia work, at its eastern terminus, was
three hundred miles further from Europe, the
great region of civilized commerce, than the
New York terminus?and that there was a necessity
'or an artificial outlet for the lake region,
in consequence of British restrictions on
the St. Lawrence, its natural outlet, which did
not exist at the mouth of the Mississippi, the
natural outlet of the great valley, which the Virginia
work was designed to drain.
We also showed that the New York system
was not so wonderful in its conception, so great
in Its execution, nor so successful in its results
as to authorize the claims made by its admirers.
We thought it proper thus to present the reasons
for priority in the construction of such a
w ork by New York, and the actual results of it,
in order to vindicate Virginia from the reproach
of want of sagacity and enterprise, which had
been so freely bestowed on her.
It has been the fate of the Southern States
generally, to experience this reproach from ignorant
and superficial Northern men, and it lias
i _ 1 ? M/vnfli fn Iiuym nn h at
UINU Hit* laic vt WU... .M..V w.. .... .
own soil, n tribe of shallow and presumptuous i
scribblers and aspirants, to echo these Northern
sentiments, as evidence of their own vast attainments,
and claims to Southern leadership.
The Richmond Enquirer is one of these ami (
accordingly takes otfonce at our article?treats i
it as an attack on the Virginia route, although
we expressed -the hope that the work would he
prosecuted, since it had been so far advanced.
Tha Enquirer also calls in question our preteusions
as a statistician and undertakes to put
forth its own. The Enquirer asserts that the
distance is not so great by the Virginia route
to New York city from Cincinnati us by way of
the New York canals. That is not the question:
it is, which of the artificial routes in the
he,) Slates is the longest, tho most costly and the
most productive. That is the main question on
which depends the relative euterprize of tintwo
States and the relative feasibility of their
two works or systems. And as the Enquirer
lias not either the sagacity to see, or the courage
to meet that question, the evidence of its
weakness is too clear to require commentary.
It is convenient?it is necessary for the Enquire*
to assume that Cincinnati is the common point
of termination and completion of t'.e New York
and Virginia works. But every man who knows
anything of the subject knows, that the New
York work was mainly intended for the valley
of the Lukes of which Sandusky is the central
point, instead of Cincinnati. The Virginia work
aims at the Mississippi valley to which Cincinnati
belongs.
But the Enquirer undertakes to convict us ol
great mistakes as to the cost and income of the
New York works?and to strengthen its attack
on our statistical ability, cites "Mr. Kettei.l's
lucid account of New York finances," and pro
nouncos him "an abler, sounder and infinitely
more learned statistician" than we are, and sug.
gests that wo may " receive instruction" from
him. Well, we are always ready to receive instruction,
without instituting comparisons, but
we confess that the endorsement of the Enquirer,,
renders us rather suspicious of its favourite
We have in accordance witli the benevolent
suggestion of the Enquirer, looked into "Mr.
Kettf.i.l's lui id account of the New York finances,
published in the Merchant's Magazine foi
1848," and we don't find it very lucid. It does
not state either what the cost of the canals was
or what the amount of New York public debt
is. The nearest it comes, is to state in an aiti
c-le written in March, 1848, that the amount ol
stock outstanding in-1813, was $*25,999,074, al
though on the previous page, it appears that
there was only $22,13.7,OGG outstanding.
But let us see how the result will appear by
the joint light of Mr. Kettell, and the Rich
? 1 n
ijithill JUrilftllTGT.
According to Governor Floyd's message, thr
total cost of the New York canals up to 184t>
was 933,914,148.
But according to Mr. Kf.ttell, the act of
1342, stopped the expenditure?so that the cost
must have been what the Governor makes it up
to that period. The works were commenced in
1817, and hence were twenty-five years in construction.
Assuming that the money was expended
on an average at the same rate annually
for the whole period, the interest would be
equivalent to six per cent on the whole amount
for half the period or twelve years, which would
amount to twenty four millions of dollars, and
which added to the principal, makes fifty-seven
millions as the cost of the works up to 1842.?
Up to thai period the tolls according to Mr.
. Kettell, amounted to $32*205,792. What the
expenses are, Mr. Kettell does not say, which
is rather surprising, since the item is so important.
The Enquirer estimates them at onefourth?but
that estimate is based on the last
\ear when the income was greatest, and the expense
of course, not materially greater than In
all previous years, in some of which the total of
tolls amounted only to this estimate of expense.
We think it will be exceedingly moderate to estimate
the average of expenses at half the tolls
?which would leave a nett revenue of 911,102,986
up to 1842. The main canal was in full operation
in 1825 : before which but little toll was
received. There would be interest therefore on
>811,102,898, for half the time from 1825, to
1842, or eight years, which amounU to $5,329,390,
and which added to the nett tolls, makes
SI0,432.280, which deducted from fifty-seven millions
makes the nett cost of the works in 1842
over forty millions of dollars.
From 1842 to 1847, inclusive, which is as far
as Mr. Kettell goes, the gross receipts for
tvljf were $14,008,717, from which, if we deduct
i little more tluui ome~tkird for expenses, we M
lave a nett revenue of nine million*. But the r
(itereat for au year* on forty million*, the coat
>f the work* up to that period, ia nearly fifteen ; t
uillioua of dollars, or tux million* more than i
.lie nett income?thus making the coat of the . <
vorka, up to 1847, forty-six millions of dollars, J
ind we estimated it at fifty millions of dollar* t
ip to 1849?#o tliat we were remnrkably accu- j
rate, and did not, a* the Enjuirer assert*, overook
the interest on the tolls, u a mistake whieli
juglit not to have escaped the eye of a professed
ttatiatk-ian."
Now, we have made do re*t in the computa-1 ^
lion of interest anywhere in the whole period,
ixeept at 1843, when the expenditure ceased.? I
Hence, the interest draws no interest, except' *
lince that period. But in practice, in all private t
transactors, and among New York's creditors,'1
it is more or less compounded, and if allowance '
were made for that, as there ought to be, the
present nett actual cost to the State of New
York, of her public works, exceeds fifty millions.
VYe don't know whether Governor Floyd in- *
eludes repairs in his estimate of cost?if not,
l he cost is far greater than we have made it, and
her present income is therefore less than five ^
and a half per cent on the cost, as we stated.
According to the calculations of that remarkable
statistician, the Enf/uirer, it is true that New
York ought now to owe nothing for her public 1
works, but ulas for the fact, her present public
debt exceeds twenty-two millions, to which ^
she has reduced it by direct taxes, and by salt, ^
auction and steam boat duties, which in addition (
to her nett revenue from the canals, she has applied
to the payment of principal and interest.
In the first nine years, from 1817 to 1836, the
revenue from salt, auctions uud steam boats only, .
amounted to more than six millions, and were .
all applied in that manner. And her present debt
is not owing to other works' besides her canals,
for all that she contracted for such other works,
was only about five millions of dollars.
But the Enquirer does not like to consider
the w hole canal system of New Y ork together
?and prefers to present "the main Erie canal itself,
which it Bays cost Jfc7,143,789, and its tolls
wipea oui ine lasi ceni 01 was cun 111 iue year
1836, or ten years after the entiro line was opened."
But the Enquirer mistakes. The tolls
collected on the line of the main canal, consist
of charges on boats coming into that canal from
the lateral canals, as well a? on boats starting
from the two ends of it, and hence the Enquirer
gives the main line a credit it does not deserve.
And thus fail all the calculations of the Enquirer
about 11? per cent, 84 per cent and J4$ per
cent income on the cost of the New York canals.
The Enquirer evinces its usual perspicuity
in controverting our position, that the revenue
of only about live and a half per cent received
by New York from her canals is sustained by
prohibitions and restriction on the transportation
of freight by the parallel rail-roads. The
Enquirer says :
"Her total receipts of railroad tolls in 1849
were only $142,463, a sum to which her public
creditors would cling wjth the pertinacity of
Shylocks, but which her princely canal pould
easily spare, and, but for their grumbling, would
magnanimously relinquish. A stout competition,
indeed, is this $142,463 of railroad, compared
with $3,406,990 of canal tolls!"
Yes, and if the State were to impose double
its present duty on railroad transportation, the
railroads would take still less freight perhaps
none at all, but would that indicate the capability
of the latter for competition, to any but the profound
genius of the Enquirer.
The State of New York actually charges the
railroads one dollar and eight couts per hundred
pounds for transporting the first class of
merchandise from Albany to Buffalo. If they
can pay this and yet carry freight in opposition
to the canal, how much more could they carry,
if left to compete with it unrestricted .' Why it
is reasonable to believe they could carry all the
upward bound freight, and an equal amount of
the downward, and if they did, what would the
great main line canal of New York be worth? 1
Why it would not pay three per cent, nett, and
thus New York whose lateral canals do not pay
expenses, would have sunk some thirty millions
by her public works.
The Erupiirer proceeds:
Mr. Fisher continues his argument in this remarkable
strain: J
u But the work has been done, and the general
impression is that immense benolits have resulted
incidentally to the State. What are they? She
has not now as much property as Virginia, where
public works have not been so very fashionable.
The landed property of Virginia has increased
from $211,930,508 lo $274,680,220, or 29i per
cent in the last len years [he should have said
lutein1] an increase, we will venture to say,
greater than in New York during the same period,
the period of the completion and triumph
of her system of public works."
If Mr. Fisher will consult official documents
instead of his own jaundiced imagination, he
will find that the total value of real estate in
New York in 1838 was $214,802,204, while that
of Virginia was $211,930,508 ; that in 1850, the
value in mew lorn, is 9000,102,00 1, while Hint
in Virginia is $275,680,226. It' he will make
the computation, he will find that with an even
start New York has outstripped Virginia in the
raoe of wealth in the degree that $321,360,877.
the amount of her progress, outstrips $62,749,718,
the amount of Virginia's progress : that is
to sav, he will find that while New York has
added 119 per cent, to her real property, Virginia,
with whom " public works are not fashionable,"
has added but 29^ per cent.
. Mr. Fisher will find no such thing by consulting
official documents. On the contrary, he
does find that the real property of New York,
has hardly advanced a single dollar in vnlne, since
1838, whilst that of Virginia has advanced more
than sixty millions. And we are rather surprised
at the Enquirer, to make such a blunder in order
to disparage its own State. If the Enquirer
will consult ajlicial documents, it will find that in
1837, the total property of New York real and I
personal, was ?072,372,487, whilst in 1848, not j
1850, as the Erujuirer pretends, it is only $660,- j
089,526?so say the. Comptroller's reports so\
that instead of an increase, there has been a <h-!
cline. '
The Enquirer goes 011: |.
He will find also in the Inst report of the New j,
York Comptroller the following passage eon-i
fu matory of that " general impression"1 the accu- j
racy of which he gainsays:
"It is conceived to bo a safe estimate to assiime
that the eannls have doubted the aggregate j '
value of the property of the people of the State, j J
and of its annual product. If we assume that ,
one-half the assessed value of the State [real j <
and personal, which together amount to $651,- 1
619.595,] have been created by those channels 1
of trade and intercourse, it follows that our poopie
are indebted to the canals for more than
$325,000,000 of real and personal wealth." "
Yea we have seen Northern estimates "concei- (
vetT and uassumetT to be "safe" before, and have t
long since learned that tfiey are anything but ^
- - L- -
safe," or fit for anything but to humbug igaoant
Southern admirer* of Northern notion*.
After all this the following, which concludes
he Enquirert article is quite cool and funny :
"After the sample we have given of Mr. Fisher's
iccuruacy of statement and soundness or argunent,
we think the Comptroller's opinions upon 1
his subject will be allowed as much credit as
hose of our Southern, self-righteous, politico>hi!osopher.'*
The Enquirer may now go.
South Carolina.
The State of South Carolina it iw>m? is
sver destined to continue au eyesore to the poiticsl
quidnuncs at Washington, and to perplex 1
he feeble understandings of speculative and
ipeeulating correspondents.
When her legislature met, loud was the out- J
ry, contident the predictions of these knowing ;
gentry, that she would secede in five minutes,'
ind not allow her delegation to return to this!
1 city of magnificent"?fabrications.
The arrivul of the delegution put an extinguisher
on this story?and the reverse of the tuedul
vas instantly exhibited by the newsmongers:1
tome even hinted that the State might " aajui-1
net"?though they themselves did not believe '
his?nor any one else in possession of his sober1
icnses.
Then expectation stood on tiptoe for the pro:eedings
of the legislature, which went to work
vith a systematic und business like coolness,
iot anticipated by the compromisers, who
loped and prayed for some indiscretion on
:lieir part, which might tend to isolate the State
rom her sisters.
The indefatigable correspondents of soiuo of
the paj?era transmitted imperfect despatches
from tho seat of Government, from which it was
inferred that tho two Houses could not concur
in their action?and consequently, that there
might possibly be some division of opinion, ns to
the mode and measure of redress for the spoliation
bills, and other Northern outrages.
Now, the fuct of the matter simply is, that all
these despatches, and this talk about diversities
of sentiment, &c. in South Carolina, amount to a
new version of the old play of, "Much Ado About
Nothing"?as the final and almost unanimous
action of both Ilousos, and the fraternal harmony
which characterized their proceedings, proves.
From an eye witness of those proceedings,
who was present at the seat of government during
almost the entire session, we learn that
ono spirit only animated the House and Senate,
(with butone solitary exception,) and that a spirit
of resistance to Northern aggression at any and
every hazard: and the only question was,whether
separate State action should be resorted to at
once, or be reserved for the last resort, at'ler all
hopes ofco-operation from sister States bad been
exhausted.
The only member, whose voice was raised
against separate State action in the last resort, |
was Mr. B. F. Ferry, of-Greenville, who believed
a Southern Congress all sufficient to redress
Southern wrongs, and provide security
for the future, if not indemnity for tho past.?
His was the only speech that even hinted at
"acquiescence" in the acts of spoliation, and
the reception of his sentiments was ko chilling,
that ho abruptly terminated his remarks, so evidently
distasteful to his audience.
Mr. Perry is one of the projectors of the
proposed paper in Greenville, South Carolina,
the advent of which was so enthusiastically heralded
in certain quarters before its exact complexion
was known.
The minor differences of oninion between va
riuus members, as to the precis mnnner in
which,delegates to the Convention should be
elected, have been magnified into grave matters :
and we doubt not, the sage speculations they
have given rise to have afforded much amusement
in Carolina, where their real character
was rightly understood. VVe understand, that
on the receipt of the despatch which the Mercury
refers to in the editorial we subjoin, certain
politicians in this city were hugely delighted,
and swore as awfully as " our army in Flanders,"
that South Carolina iras going to desert
Mississippi! The '-bluster and back-out party"
were highly indignant at such conduct on the
pait of a State?however proper they might
deem it for individuals?but when the truth was
known, they felt how premature were their "rejoicing*/"
and shuddered ut the poetic justice of
the doom which befell the animal commemorated
by (ioLTtSMlTM?when similar prophecies
resulted in a similar misfortune.
" But sure, the rogues they lied?
The man recovered of the bite?
The dog it was that died."
The Mercury snys:
The Leoislatiri^vd the Convention.?The
National Intelligencer of last Friday, his, among
its latest news from South Carolina, the following
statement under dale of the 17th inst., from Columbia
:
? The House of Representatives of South Carolina
rejected yesterday, by thirty-one majority,
the Senate's bill calling a Stale convention to
consider matters relating to the slavery cpiesiton,
and other things growing out of that subject."
The telegraphic despatches to Charleston were
so worded that those who did not know or remember
the stringent provisions of our constitution
in reftrence to the calling of a convention,
might be led to believe that there was a majority
of the House opposed to the Senate bill. Nothing
less than two-thirds of the full number of each
house is competent to order a convention. The
senate bill passed through its several stages in the
house by large majorities, till it came to the final
vote on the question, will the house agree to this
bill? which resulted, yeas 7f>; nays 42. There
not being two-thirds of the full house, the bill was
lost.
It is proper here to state the points of disagreement
between the members. The Renate bill made
no provision for the appointment of delegates to a
Southern Congress, and its leading friends were
opposed to such appointment by the legislature.
They thought it should be left to the convention,
which, all agreed, had the power to act in that
matter, while many doubted the power of the legislature.
A separate bill in the house for the ap-!
pointment of delegates, had been indefinitely poet-'
poned. But a minority in tlie latter body, sufficient
to control the convention lull, (which re- j
quired two-thirds,) considered thnt the failure to !
appoint delegates would be eon.-'rued in other
Stales as a refusal to co-operate with them in such (
a congress, and the expression of a determination |
to act w iihofit consulting their opinion. The mi-!
norily in the house, therefore, used their power
on the convention bill, in order to carry out their
views in reference to the appointment of delegates j
to the Southern Congress. As all the members
uf both houses w ere in favor of the State being represented
in such congress, differing only as to;
the mtuinsr of appointing the delegates, and as
they were almost as unanimous in favor of a con-1
venlion of the State, it was not a work of much
time or difficulty to bring them ti?gether, as soon j
is the fate of the senate bill showed them what j
consequences must follow the uncompromising |
idheston to their favorite views. The final votes
sf the two houses on Mr. Campbell's bill, were a
triumphant vindication of the patriotism and deerminalion
of the legislature.
Colonization Movements The New York
Society will Bend out six persons by the Liberia
ticket, sailing from Baltimore on the 15th of
his month, and an expedition will sail from New j
ifork jn February.
Practice end Profession. y
The following paragraph from the Charleston 1
Sun, very pithily "points a moral," if it does 4
not "adorn a tale
The Albany (N. Y.) Register contains the ,
following paragraph: I
"The Governor of South Carolina, iu his mea- t
sage to the Ifgislatute of that State, proposes I
the extradition of 9,000 free negroes, which it \
contains. Wc give him fair notice that we shall i
not receive them here." t
respect of the fanatics," or "tlie confidence of
the North," by submission.
Elf We extract from the Augusta (Ga.) Republican
tho following interesting letter from
Judge Berrien.
The editor prefaces it with nn explanation of
the reasons which have caused a delay in its
publication :
Judge Bertien's Letter.
It would perhaps be proper to explain the
cause of the long delay, in publishing the following
letter of Judge Berrien. The committee
preferred publishing some other anticipated
correspondence with this letter, uud soiue miscarriage
through a private source, prevented its
reaching us till a recent period. It will be seen
that the invitation was extended to the Hon.
Senator by citizens of Lincoln, Wilkes, und Columbia.
We refer to the fact, because, in the notice
made in our paper of it at the time, it was attributed
incorrectly to citizens of Lincoln county
alone.
Rockingham, Oct. 'Jfltli, 1850.
Gentlemen :?I have received your letter of
the 17th inst., by the mail of this morning, and j
hasten to reply to it.
Aeeept for yourselves, gentlemen, and do me
the favor to render acceptable to my fellow citizens
of Lincoln, Wilkes, and Columbia, my acknowledgements
for the honor thus conferred i
upon me. As a representative of the State of I
Georgia, esteeming it to be iny privilege,as well
as holding it to be my duty, to eonfer with my
constituents, I would cheerfully uvail myself of
the opportunity which you have so kindly afforded
me, but prior and contiicting engagements
compel nie to deny myself that pleasure.
Pressed as I am in the hurry of preparation
for my departure from thi? place, and by a voluminous
correspondence requiring my immediate
attention, I have only time for a very brief
' remark. We have fallen on evil times, and arrived
at a crisis in our public affairs, which, in
my judgment, demands the earnest, intelligent,
patriotic consideration of every Georgian. I
fear that the excitement which prevails throughout
the State, will tend to paralyze our efforts
j in a cause alike interesting to us all. Redress
j for past wrongs, and security against future nggression,
can only he hoped for, from united
counsels, leading to united action. I would
gladly have spoken to you in a practical illus|
tration of the mens by which this concert of
j counsel and of action might be attained, in the
| spirit of a Southern man, zealous in the asser1
tion of the rights of Georgia, and anxious for
I the preservation of the Union established by |
! our fathers, but that privilege is denied to me. j
I am very respectfully.
Your fellow citizen,
J.xo. McPherson Berrien. |
J. M. Dorsey, Asa Paschal, II. A. Ran sey, I
W. H. Murray, Felix Shank, and J. Walton,
csmiires?Committee of citizens of Lincoln. I
Wilkes, and Columbia.
fcfiPArticles like the following, which we extract
from the Eufaula (Ala.) Sjriril of the South,
speak a language which must make the old
party spoilsmen shake in their shoes.
The people of this country have long enough .
been made the pawns of desperate political j
gamblers?and they are evidently indisposed to '
forui any .new Union parties, for the renewal ofj
the same game.
National Conventions.?There is one re- \
oonunendation of the Southern Convention at |
least, which seem* likely to be observed by the ,
Southern people?that which warns them 1
against any further connection with national j
conventions where presidential nominations are
every four years knocked down to the highest
bidder. Tho old parties are so thoroughly broken
up, and scattered, that all the legerdemain
of the politicians, sharpened by the hope of national
spoils cannot restore them. The nc
No doubt of it. And yet it would t?e a tine '
experiment to teat the true feeling of the Nortli- >
ern fanatics for their black and eolored brethren, 1
although a rather cruel one for the negro, were I
we to aend aotne two or three thousand among *
them every year. If there i? a man in the world '
that has a really cordial hatred for the negro, it 11
is the true blue vankee. Their philanthropic *
speeches are all made for effect. They would 1
dissolve the Union to liberate a slave from con- 1
tended servitude, and yet they sutler hundreds J
of negroes to live among them in utter destitu- >
tion. ?
What Kind of Union is needed.
The Huntsville (Ala.) Democrat, one of the
ablest Democratic papers published in the Southwest,
thus shows up to its quondam ally, the
Union, the inconsistency of its practice and pro- ,
fessiona. I
The facts so strongly arrayed in proof of the
assertion that to " Southern agitation" alone is |
due the respite given to the South by the ngita- i
tors, cannot be controverted or parried by our J
politic politicians, with contingent remedies and
sliding ultimatums. 1
" What the South most wants is union?union
in herself?to command the respect of the fanatics
and the confidence of the North?to save
the Union of our country."?Washington Union.
We clip the above from an editorial of the 1
Washington Union of the 3d inst We agree
in the position assumed : it is union we want?
and if the u Union" had practised as well as
preached the doctrine, we should have been in 1
much better condition at present. 1
The effect and influence of a united front, on
the part of the South, was manifested when the
Southern members of Congress, without distinction
of party, met to resist the introduction
of abolition petitions some fifteen or sixteen
years ago, and adopted, (or rather desired to
demand the adoption of) the celebrated 21st
Rule, by which all discussion, or debate, or even
reference to any committee, of any petition, memorial,
or other paper, or document, touching
the subject of slavery, was forbidden. Owing
to such united action, the agitation of the subject
of slavery was almost wholly suppressed
for 6ight or ten years?and we had comparative
quiet and safety.
Again : On the adoption of the infamous
Gott resolution, instructing the Committee on
tho District uf Columbia to bring in a hill to
abolish slavery therein, the Southern members
met in the Senate chamber to take counsel together,
nnd adopted the celebrated "Southern
Address," setting forth a truthful history of
Northern aggressions on Suuthern rights. The
I mnWA nxxtlitirv nnr\ns/?nt ?? ? * ? ??? ?
! III*. I V IIICVUH^, ? IUI UU4WIIMIIIJ , IIUl Ulliy
hml the effect of arresting any further progress
in that attempted outrage, but induced the
Northern majority to reconsider that resolution,
ami retrace their steps. Hut even then, the
course taken by the patriotic men of the South,
was deprived of half its influence by the recreancy
of certain Southern members, who refused
to sign it. If the North could bo made
to believe that the South was united in the determination
to resist aggression, we might save
our constitutional rights, and enjoy them in
pence and quiet?but while every effort to do
this is met by the opposition of the "Union"
and its co-laborers, and denunciations of ultras,
disunionists, and sinvlar epithets, are applied to
the patriotic men, who make exertions to bring
about such a union, we have little to hope for.
Nobodv believes that wo shall ever seeuro "the
inow'edged military genius of Clen. Scott, who |
wis just been brought forward for the preaideit- J
y the Whigs of Delaware, and the skilful1
actios of (Jen. Cass, who has been nominated
"or the same office by various Democratic eon-1
entions at the North, w ill be wholly powerless
to reunite the broken columns.?The "noise ;
ind confusion" of the Southerp question, will
jo the death of Baltimore and IMiiludelph a con- {
mentions, and Nicholson letters. If we can do ;
10 inor.', our own self-respeut will at least deer
u? from any further participation in these ir- {
^sponsible assemblies, into which the South |
;ocs us a victim bound for the sacrifice, to be !
heated witii equivocal resolutions and arabi-1
jious letters, which "palter with us in a double
tense," or to be duped into generous confidence,
?y a studied and ouiinous silence. Let us
tvoid these shambles, where our politicians of
<u*y virtue are bought up by the promise of national
office, and the hope of national reputaion,
where principles and patriotism are swal- I
owed up in a party?where politics degenerate,
nto a miserable scramble for the spoils, and j
stupendous chcatery is reduced to a science. t
Reception of The Lind in Charleston.
The Courier thus notices the reception of(
lenny Lind in Charleston.
It will be seen that the people there were not >
is noisy in their demonstrations as they were
urther North :
Jewry Lind.?It will be perceived, by advertisement,
that this lady will give three concerts ,
n this city. The demand for tickets yesterday, J
was such as to ii.sure a full house on Thursday,'
lier first appearance.
We learn that she was called on yesterday !
by a number of ladies, and lust evening, at her
lodgings, (Charleston Hotel) a Forest Tree was
placed at her window, decorated with variegated
lamps, which attracted much attention.
While there has been none of tlio undue exI'iteuieiit
that has characterized the progress of
lliics lady through olhercities,exhibited in Charleston,
still there is a great desire on the part of
our citizens generally, to hear her, and her con?4_
a J L* *1 -a* * I' M J!
iH-ri-i, w iiimui uouui, win attract a iuii uuaieuce
every night she appears.
No Coal in California.?It has been frt>'
quently stated that there was plenty of coal to
be hud in California. Mr. I'. T. Tyson, of Baltimore,
us the result of a scientific visit to that
Statu etl'ectuullv contradicts these reports, in a
communication to one of the Departments at
Washington ; and it seems likely he says, that
the same geological features extend from the
Oregon boundary to the Southern terminus of
Lower California. An inspection of the various
localities where coal has been reported to exist,
proved that every one of those beds described
as of "best quality for steaming," were composed
of either lignite of bitumen, or something
or other still further removed from the character
of coal. It is to Vancouver's Island, Mr. Tyson
says, that California must look for supplies, unless
they may be obtained from Oregon.
A curious case of the rights of husband and
wife bus been lutely brought before the English
public. Mr. Cobbett, son of the celebrated
William Cobbett, has been for many years an
inmute of the (Queen's bench prison, whither he
was committed for contempt of court. His
wife, who is thoroughly devoted to his cause,
has been in the habit, from time to time, of appearing
in the courts of Westminster, vainly endeavoring
to ameliorate his condition or procure
his release. She lias brought action against the
keeper of the prison, and even against the
Home Secretary himself, for being instrumental
in the incarceration. One of these causes was
to be tried at the last Midsummer Assi/.es, and
lie not having retained any counsel, deputied
his wife, who appeared before the court to conduct
the cause of her husband. The learned
Judge refused to hoar Mrs. Cobbett, and as
there was no counsel retained, the plaintilf was
nonsuited. Mr. Cobbett moved the court
against this decision, which wus, however, continued
by Lord Chief Justice Campbell, upon
the plea that if permission was given to women
to conduct causes for their husbands, in courts
of law, such a measure would seriously tend to
compromise the honor and delicacy of the female
sex. This decision has pleased some and dis
[Ht'itwii many. mey, u wue nuDLnmq a
wrong, her husband may plead for her, or sue
for damages in his own name, and conduct ti e
ease in p rson. 'l'ho rights of husband and
wife are identical, and when placed in danger,
should be defended by either.
izr There have been not less than 900,000
cotton spindles stopped in various parts of the
country in consequence of the Tariff of 1810,
of which 302,200 were in Boston and vincinity.
Exchange pajmr.
The best remedy for this is to move these
302,000 spindles which have stopped '-in Boston
and vicinity" away from there, and start theui
going again "down South," in Tennessee, Mississippi,
Georgia, Arkansas, aye, and South Carolina,
too. Relieved of the burthern of transporting
the raw material some thousand or two
miles to them, and the manufactured nrlicle the
same distance back from thorn, with the attendant
fees paid to those through whose hand they pass
in their transit, and our word for it these spindles
will hum away right merrily and profitably.
That's the remedy. Let's try it awhile.-jlfrmphis
Enquirer.
Fire Proof Ropes.?Professor Johnson, of
St. Louis lias discovered a method, it is said, by
which ropes can be rendered entirely indestructible
by tire. The process is stated to lie very
simple, and so cheap that the commonest fabric
can be prepared with it, and its use be made universal.
Wood for the lining of safes prepared
by this process possesses a perfect resistance to
a tire capable of melting the cast iron, and burning
out the wrought metal enclosing it.?Mobile
Tribune.
Colonel Baker, of Illinois, formerly a Whig
member of Congress, has been engaged for
some weeks in enlisting men for Messrs. Howland
&i Aspinwall of New York, to work upon
the Panama railway. We understand that several
hundred have been employed in this city, and
have already taken their departure. A rumor
was afloat Saturday evening and yesterday, that
these men were enlisted for another Cuban expedition.
We are inclined to think this was a
- i i il? :
nnslaKe, aunougn we nave no uouui me projectors
of the former expediton yet entertain
the purpose of getting up another one so soon
as they can find the means and appliances.? Si.
Fort is Tim's.
Another Compromise.?The Vermont Legislature
has passed avery offensive act,nullifying|
the Fugitive slave law, and a Washington letter
writer says that this nullification act is disapjrroVfi
of by the Senators and Representatives of
that State! This is, of course, all satisfactory
to the Southern compromisers; nor do we see
why it should not lie, as it is fully as liberal to
the Southas their passed compromises have been.
The Yankees keep our negroes and we get in
exchange their "resolutions" and "disapprovals,"
and occasionally a "patriotic anecdote" from the
President through the columns of the WashingIon
Union.
So says the I.ynchhurg Virginia Republican.
From the Savannah (Ga.) Morning .Wirt.
Late from Havana.?Bv the arrival on the I
24th inst., at this port, of the schooner Fakir,,
('apt. (Jnrdner, four days from Havana, we are
in possession of commercial circulars to the
17th inst.
The cholera still lingers in several port* on
the \orth side of the Island, and on the South
side it prevails in some of the most important'
sugar districts, with considerable mortality, oc-j
caaioning fears that a diminution in the yield of
many entatea may be the consequence, owing
to the serious reduction in the laboring force, j
The Island is quiot, and business brisk.
There is a large quantity of shipping in thqj
port of Havana,
I
| The Keaaou Why.
The New York Tribune explain* the reason
why it ami its politico-Abolition friends "uequiesce,"
for the present, in the "peace measures."
The cry of the compromiser* that the
hill will not be repealed,and that therefore "our
Northern friend*," are actuated by a returning
sense of justice, i* all rigmarole?and they know
it, a* well a* Senator Sew .vitu or the Tribune
do. The Tribune says :
"It is the truth that the Fugitive slave law is
obnoxious here, whenever it is atteinoted to he
enforced, (as (iunernl Cass and his friend Kcel
can bear witne.se,) and that, if the South were
to really hunt up and arrest even half the fugitives
now living in the free States, not twenty
members would be chosen from all the free
States, not positively pledged to vote for that
law's repeal. So long us it is rarely enforced,
its existeuee mny be endured, nnd no longer."
Alabama.
We find the following important suggestion
in the Mobile Tribune,
The results effected by concerted action, are
always more speedy and sure than those produced
by isolated efforts :
Soi tmkkn Rights Convention.?The Southern
Rights Association at Denton, lsiwndes
county, in this State, has adopted the following
resolution:
Whekeas, There apiieurs to be great discrepancy
of opinions among the true friends of
Southern lights as to the mode a d manner of]
resistance to Northern aggressions, which the
exigency of the times demands; and whereas.
concert of' action and unanimity of purpose are
essential to the advancement of any great cause,
or the accomplishment of any important object,
therefore,
j Resolved, That wo recommend and propose ^
to the Southern Rights Associations throughout i
the State, the appointment of delegates to a]
convention of said associations, to be held in I
y ontgomery on the 2d Monday in February j
next, t-r the purposes indie,tiled in the above
preamble.
The Steamship Ohio arrmiu ai Norfolk.
?Safety of her Passengers.?The steamship
Ohio sailed from New Orleans on the 17th and
llavanna on tho l*th iust., for New York, with
a large number of passengers, and her non-arrival
at the latter place has caused a great deal
of anxiety in the minds of the public, especially
among those who have friends on board,
j Yesterday afternoon Mr. Gibson, of the firm
I of Gibson & Co., North Charles street, received
a despatch from Norfolk, from his father, stating
that the Ohio has arrived at Norfolk, und although
no particulars were given, it is infered
that the steamer hud experienced a tremendous
gale, hut that the passengers were all safe. They
will probably arrive here this morning in the
Norfolk boat, when we shall publish full particulars.
It is very remarkable that Mr. Gib-ion received
the only despatch, and we can account for this
in no other way than that the wires between
Norfolk and Petersburg were interrupted immediately
atter the message referred to had been
sent-?otherwise we certainly should have received
a despatch, with particulars.
I A note was Sent to Mr. Gibson, enquiring the
purport of his despatch, and the following reply
was promptly received, which we give to the
public by way of relieving the anxiety of those
having friends on hoard :
Sir: The despatch we received was from the
writer's father, Mr. John (iibson, one of the passengers
in the steamer < >hio, simply announcing
their safe arrival at .Vorfolk. We infer the
steamer was compelled to put into that port
from severity of wcuther, but feel quite satisfied
that the passengers have arrived in safety, and
will most probably be here to-morrow morning
by the Norfolk boat. Respectfully, Ac.,
GIBSON & CO.
Thursday night, Dec 2<?.
The Ohio has on board, as passengers, the i
lion. Roverdy Johnson, Brantz Mayer, esq.
Gen. Bcnj. C. Howard, John Spear Smith and
Mr. (iibson, of this city. She also has on b?*ard
the Hon. A. G. Penn, M. C., elect from Louisiana,
in place of the late Mr. llarmnnson, and
Gen. Rusk, senator from Tex**.?<-Ha/t. Suit.
From the liallimore Son?Extra.
The Steamship Ohio Arrived al Norfolk
Safely of her Passenger*?Account of her Perilous
Voyage?Passengers three days at the,
Pump-?Damage to the Vessel, ?f?c.
We arc indebted to Brantz Mayer, of this
city, who came p ssenger in the Ohio, for the
following account of tho perilous passage ot
the Ohio, and her arrival at Norfolk :?
The U. S. Mail Steamer Ohio arrived at Norfolk
yesterday, after a most perilous voyage
from Havana. On leaving that port, lust Wed lies- j
a i, .... l.? ? I
tut) n cri\, an iikuiuciit iiu^ja iifu u- urr mil- j
chincry, which detained Iter a day in the harbor,
whence she departed on Thursday, with the perfect
use of only ore of her engines. She was
full of passengers, and among them was the
Hon. Reverdy Johnson, and a number of other |
gentlemen well known in the country.
On quitting the port of Havana it was soon j
! noticed bv those skilled in marine life, that the
i Oidu was but badly prepared to encounter the
risks of a winter approach to our Northern
shores. Her single operative engine was, in all j
likelihood, unequal to the task of encountering
the violent storms along those coasts, and her |
frail masts and light sails could nIVord but slender
protection if she were forced to "lay to," or if
her engine proved useless on a lee-shore or in
the open sea.
However, all went fairly nnd prosperously
until last Sunday night, when the breeze, which j
had all day been freshening, rose to a violent j
gale, in the midst of which the engine stopped j
on its center, and the ship broached to in the j
midst of the tremendous sea that had been at- j
ready raised by the violent wind. Skilful sea- j
manship immediately rescued her for the mo-1
ment, but from that hour until the. morning of I
the 25th December, the Ohio was forced to 44 lay ;
to" under the scantiest sail, and to bear tho i
brunt of the hurricane. j
Her immense size made tier unmanageable by j
canvass. She lay like a log in the trough of the j
sea rolling between the walls of waves that |
towered on either side of her, and threatened )
her immediate destruction.
Sad as was the plight of the gallant ship from [
these events she was destined to encounter J
another danger. On Tuesday morning it was |
announced that she had sprung a leak, and that 1
the rising waters had extinguished the tires be- j
neath the boilers! This dreadful announcement [
at once arou>ed the energies of the passengers, |
who manfully organized in bands under the j
charge of General Benjamin C. Howard of Bal- j
timore, and from that moment until she passed
IVatiMt tlm ( BiSik tirnu nrwlnr Prnvu^Mco '
V?pc ItC'II Y) IMC \/?iH/ n'k?, ?nwv? - ?v? i?.vmvv? |
by their incessant, but patient labors, together
with those of the officers and crew, enabled
to reeover the use of her engines since the morning
of the 23th.
1'his is but a brief and hasty summary of the
dangers encountered by this noble ship, and is !
intended only as introductory to a correspondence
between the passengers and our gallant!
friend, Capt. J. F. Schcnck, of the U. 8. Navy,1
who commanded her.
(We omit the correspondence.)
There were several lady passengers on board j
the Ohio, hut, throughout the perils, their noble |
fortitude encouraged and nerved all who were
in a condition to labor for the vessel's safety.
Ajothkh tkobaclk Isihas Outrage.?The!
Tallahassee Sentinel of the 10th inst states that j
a 'etter from a relative to Dr. Hawes, rcpresen-1
tative from Orange county, now at tho seat of;
| (Jovernment, makes it probable that another ItvI
dian murder or robbery has occurred in that
county. The mail carrier between New Smyrna
! and Indian River, on teaching Fort Anne Ijaai
'
"l
lover, found uis boat gone, and a l>oat which a
free negro wasexpected to takedown to Indian
River in company with him waa gone also. The
negro'a bwilftlt was still on tno fire, burnt almost
to a cinder, and he not to be found ; while
there were Indian signs about the plaee. This,
the Sentinel supposes to be tlie work of the Indian
outlaws lately reported by Captain Casey ;
but it affords fresh evidence, if any were needed,
that there can be no peuce or security so long as
the Indians remain in Florida.
The follow ing squib was w ritten by Richard
Peters the first reporter for the Supreme Court
01 ine United Mates, nnd has be?n preserved by
John Adauis in his diary. It was handed by
Peters to Judge Willing, in Philadelphia, one
day in court, while the convention of 1774 was
in session, as a reply to a question which the
judge had asked in pleasantry at a dinner:?
Evening Pout.
"You ask rne why lawyers so much ar,e increased,
Though most of the country already are fleeced ;
The reason, I'm sure, is most strikingly plain;?
Though sheep are ort sheared, yet the wool grows
again,
And though you may think e'er ao odd of the
matter,
The oftner they're fleeced, the wool grows the
beirer.
Thus downy chin VI boys, as oft 1 have heard.
By frequently shaving, obtain a long beard."
B Y T E L E G H A P H.
[Telegraphed for the Southern Press.)
Nr.w York, Dec. 127.
Long, the alleged fugitive, was brought up for
further hearing thia morning, but was postponed
until the afternoon, to enable Long to produce
witnesses to prove that he was not in Virginia at
the tune that Dr. Parker swore he saw him there.
MAGNIFICENT SCHEMES
of the
MARYLAND STATE LOTTERIES
FOR J .1 .V U . 'I R Y, 1851.
F. MORRIS 6c CO., MANAGERS
(jiltcckhhors to d. paine * co.,)
All drawing conducted by State Commissioners
$55,366! 40 prizes of $5,000 !
GRAIN D CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY,
Class C.
To be drawn in Baltimore, January 11th, 1851,
RICH SCHEME.
1 Prize-of 55,360 dollars is $55,366
40 Prizes of 5,000 dollars are 200,000
170 Prizes of 600 dollars are 107,400
Lowest three No. Prize in the Lottery, $600
Tickets $15 00?Halves $7 50?Quarters $3 75
Certificate of Package 26 Whole Tickets, $220
do do 26 Half Tickets, 110
do do 26 Quarter Tickets, 55
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY,
Class 4,
To be drawn in Baltimore, January 18th, 1851,
SPLENDID SCHEME.
1 Prize of 20.0001
1 Prize of 20,000
1 Prize of 20,(HK) [ Dollars are $100,000
1 Prize of 20,(MM) |
1 Prize of 20,000 J
5 IMtes of 3,000 dollars are $15,000
5 Prizes of 1.750 dollars are 8,750
5 Prizes of 1,332 dollars are 6,660
Tickets $10?Halves $5?Quarters $2 50.
Certificate of Package 25 Whole Tickets $130 00
do do 25 IlalfTickets 65 00
do do 25 Quarter Tickets 32 50
Splendid Scheme, for 25th January, 1851.
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY,
Class D,
To be drawn in Baltimore, January 25th 1851,
fLj-"20 Drawn Ballots out of26 Tickets.
brilliant SCHEME.
1 Grand prizeof$80,000 1 Prize of 3,000
1 Spl'd prize of 40,000 1 do 2,500
1 do do 20,(MM) 1 do 2,000
1 do do 10,000 10 prizes of 1,750
1 prize of 7,500 10 do 1,500
1 do 4,000 100 do 693
1,0000 prizes of $400 each,
Lowest three Drawn Numbers, $400,
Tickets $32?Halves $10?Guar. AH?Eighths $4
Certificate of Package 26 Whole Tickets $480
do do 20 Halves, 240
do do 20 (.Quarters, 120
do do 20 Eighths, 00
SUSQUEHANNA CANAL LOTTERY Class 9.
To be di-awn in Baltimore, January, 29th, 1851,
I r I. I N I) I D SCHEME.
1 Prize of $40,000 1 1 Prize of $4,800
1 Prize of 12,497 100 Prizes of 1,000
1 Prize of 0.0(H) | 100 Prizes of 500
Tickets $10?Halves $5?Quarters $2 50,
Certificate of Package 2G Whole Tickets, $140
do do 20 Half Tickets, 70
do do 20 Quarter Ticketi, 35
Orders for TicketR, Shares or Packages, in any
of the above Magnificent Lotteries will meet with
prompt attention. All communications strictly
confiilentinl. Address
F. MORRIS A. Co., Managers,
Baltimore, Md.
AT ODD FELLOWS' HALL.
WHIPPLE'S GRAND ORIGINAL EXHIBITION
OF THE DISSOLVING VIEWS,
.In Exhibited in the cities of Hoston, Philadelphia,
and elscichere.
Representations of the most beautify
Scenery of all parts of the world, with a great
variety of Ancient aud Modern Structures, Ruins,
Cities, Castles, Ac., which nre produced in a truly
wonderful manner. The most beautiful scenes
grow iuto proportion and again disappear, but so
sudden and mysterious is the transition that it can
only be compared to the magic of a dream seen by
I the eye.
Commencing Tuesday evening the 24th instant,
' also every successive evening through the week;
I and Wednesday and Saturday afternoon, comI
mencing at 3 o'clock.
A splendid Series of Views, among which several
represeentntions of White Mountain Scenery
in New Hampshire.
After which the
OXYHYDROGEN MICROSCOPE!
Will be applied, revealing the Wonders of the
Auimnlcular World.
Followed by European Views, among which is a
View of Rome, the Coliseum, the Castle of St.
Angelo ut night, illuminated by Fireworks.
The Swiss Collage?The Snow Storm.
City of Constantinople.
The Luke of Kiilarney, City of Lisbon, City aud
Bay of Nuples.
Eruption of Mount Vesuvius !
And many others of the most sublime and beautiful
scenes in Europe.
The whole enlivened with music, and concluding
with a brilliant display of
PYRAMIC FIRES!
Interspersed with a variety of BeautiAil Scenes,
among which is an equestrian likeness of
Gen. Taylor on parade.
A correct likeneas of Jenny Lind, acknowledged
by all to be perfect, taken by the aid of daguerreotype
instruments, front the Swedish
Nightingale in person.
Marine View of Ships in actual motion.
A Californian's Dream, and many others of
matchlees beauty.
Doors open at half-past 6; exhibition commences
at half-put 7 o'clock.
Tickets 25 cents; children half-price. Reductions
made for school# dec 23
W.v. HOW LAND,
Import?i awl Dealer In Dry Goods, in
CHARLESTON, S. C.
"M*7"0L'LD call the attention of planter? rioting
yy Charleston for their supplies, to his stock
j of Dry Goods, which is kept constantly full, and
embraces a complete assortment for families and
plantation wear; and, in Dress Goods, from the
low-priced, to the richest, latest, and n>oai fashionable.
As a large part of his stock is of his own importation,
he is enabled to compete with any Dry
Goods establishment in the United States, either
in nrice or variety.
All Goods of Southern manufacture, he will particularly
keep.
No. 224, bend of King St., Charleston,
dec 4? 2atMa

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