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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, December 30, 1850, Image 4

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The Government or the United State* or 1
America, a. d., 1850
The Executivi. ]
Millard Fillmore, of N. Y. . President.
William tt. King, of Alabama Vice President.
The Cabinet
Daniel Webster, of Muss. Sec. of State.
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio,. . . Sec.oftheTreus.
William A. Graham, of N. C. Sec. oftheNavy.
Charles M. Conrad, of La. . Sec. of War.
A. H. H Stuart, of Pa. Sec. of Interior.
Nathan K. Hai l, of N. Y. P. M. General.
t i n -c it-- ?* - n i
X UMN J . ayrittknden, OJ l\y. All. UtMelill.
The Judiciary.
supreme court of the united states.
Roger B. Taney, of Maryland . Chief Justice.
John McLean, of Ohio Associate.
James M. Wayne, of Georgia . . "
John Catron, of Tennessee ... "
John McKinley, of Kentucky "
Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia . "
Samuel Nelson, of New York . "
Levi Woodrury, of N. Hamp. .
Robert C. Gricr, of Penn. ... "
THIRTY FIRST CONGRESS.
Term commenced March 4, 1H49, and mill end March
4, 1851. 1
Senate.
Number of States represented. 30. j
President. William R. King. '
Secretary. Asiibury Dickens.
Whigs in Italics ; Natives in Small Capitals ; Democrats
in Roman; Those marked / ' S. are Free Sailers. |
Term Tn in 1
Expires. Expires. ]
Alabama. Michgan.
jereunun Clemens 1803 Lawis Cass 1851 |
Win R King 1855 Alpheus Felch 18531
Arkansas. Missouri.
Wm K Sebastian 1853 Thomas H Benton 1851
Solon Borland 1855 David It Atchison 1855
Connecticut. New Hampshire.
Roger S Baldwin 1851 John P Utile (F S) 1853
Truman Smith 1855 Moses Norris, Jr 1855
Delaware. New York
John 11 'ales 1851 Daniel S Dickinson 1851
Presley Sprunnce 1851 Willi am It Stir aril 18551
Florida. New Jersey.
David L. Yulee 1851 Wm L Daijlon 1851
Jackton Morton 1855 Jacoh W Miller 1853
Georgia. North Carolina.
John M titr)-itn 1853 Willie P Mangum 1853
Wm C Dawson 1855 George E Badger 1855
Indiana. Ohio.
Jesse D Bright 1851 Thomas Firing 1851
J Whitcomb 1855 8 P Chase (F S) 1855
Illinois. Pennsylvania.
Stephen A Douglas 1853 Daniel Sturgeon 1851
James Shields 1855 James Cooper 1850
Iowa. Rhode Island.
George W Jones 1851 filbert C Greene 1851
Aug u Doilge 1855 John 11 Clarke 1853
Kentucky. South Carolina.
Jos R Underwood 1853 Robt VV Barnwell 1853
Henry Clay 1855 A P Butler 1855
Louisiana. Tennessee.
Sol U Downs 1853 Hopkins LTurney 1851
PieireSoule 1855 John Bell 1853
Maine. Texas. .
Hannibal Hamlin 1851 Thomas J Rusk 1851
J as W Bradbury 1853 Sam Houston 1853
Massachusetts. Vermont.
Roil C Iftnthrop 1851 Samuel S Phelps 1851
John Davis 1853 William Uphatn 1853
Maryland. Virc.inia.
Thomas G Pratt 1851 James M Mason 1851
James .1 Pearce 1855 RMT Hunter 1853
Mississippi Wisconsin.
Jefferson Davis 1851 Henry Dod e 1851
Henry SFoote 1853 jJsaai'V Walker 1855
California.
William M. Gwin,
John C. Fremont.
THE SENATE IN FIGURES.
Democrats. 32
Whigs. 25
Free Soilers. 3
Total number of members. 60
Democratic majority.V 7
' House of Repiesentatives.
dSpenker. Howell Conn.
Clerk. Wm.L. Youno
PHst. Arkansas. Mississippi.
1 Robert VV Johnson 1 Jacob Thompson
Alabama. 2 W S Featherston
1 JftUiam J Alston 3 Wm McWillie
9 Wpvlsn lif 1 A n Rri?u*?i
3 Sampson W Harris Nebraska.
4 Samuel W. Inge ? ?
5 David Hubbard New Jersey.
6 William. R W Cobb 1 Andrew R Hay
7 Francis W Bowden 2 IPm A Newell
Connecticut. 3 Isaac Wildrick
1 Lorenzo P Waldo 4 John Fan /h/ke
2 Waiter Booth (F S) 3 James G King
3 Cbauii'y F Cleveland new mexico.
4 Thomas B Butler ? ?
California. Mew Hampshire
? ? 1 Amos Thick, (F S)
Delaware. 2 Chan II Peaslee
' | John IF Houston 1 3 James Wilson
Florida. 4 Harry Hiblmrd
1 Edward C Cabell North Carolina.
Georgia. 1 Thomas I. Clingman
1 Joseph W.Jackson 2 J P Caldwell
2 M J Welborn] 3 E Deberry !
3 Allen T Owen 4 AN Shepherd
4 H A Haralson 5 A W Venable
5 Thomas C Hackett 6 W S Ashe
a 6 Howell Cobb 7 J R J Daniel
* 7 Alexander II Stephens 8 Edward Stanley
i 8 Robert Toombs 9 David Outlaw
llinois.
1 Win H Bissell New York.
2 John A McClernand 1 John A King
3 Thomas R. Young 2 David A Bokce
4 John Went worth 3 J Phillips Phernix |
5 Wm A Richardson 4 Waller Underbill
6 Edward D Baker ,r> George Briggs
7 Thomas L Harris 6 James Brooks
^Iow a. 7 William Nelson
1 Vacancy tat II llalloway
2 Shepherd Lefllcr 9 Thomas Jilc Kissork
Indiana. 10 Herman I) Gould
1 Nathaniel Albertson 11 C It Sylvester
2 Cyrus L Dunham 12 Gideon O Reynolds
3 John L Robinson 13 John L Schoolcraft
4 Geo W Julien (F S) 14 George R Andrews
5 W J Brown 13 J. R. 7'hurman
6 Willis A Gorman lb Hugh White
7 Edward JMcGaughey 17 // r Alexander
8 Joseph E McDonald 18 Preston King (F S)
9 G A Filch 19 Charles E Clarke
'0 Andrew J Harlan 20 O B JWattison
Kentucky. 21 Hiram Walden
1 Linn Boyd 22 Henry Burnett
2 J L Johnson 23 William Duer
3 F E McLean 24 Daniel Colt
4 George A Culdwell 25 Harmon S Conger
5 John B Thompson 26 W T Jackson
G Daniel Brtck 27 W A Sackett
7 Humphrey Marshall 28 JIMSchennerhorn
8 Charles S Morehead 29 Robert I, Rose
9 John C Mason 30 David Rumsey
19 Rich'd H Stanton 31 E. Risley
Louisiana. 32 E G Spaulding
1 Emfle La Sere 33 Harvey Putnam
2 Vacancy 34 L Burrotcs
3 John R Harmonson Ohio.
4 Isaac E Morse 1 David T Disney
m vine. 2 L D Campbell (FS)
1 EHiridtre Gerrv? 3 Robert C Schenck
2 Nat'l S Littleneld 4 Moses Corwin
3 John Otis 5 Emery D Potter
4 Rufus K Good enow G Amos E Wood
5 Cullen Sawtelle 7 Jonathan D Morris
6 Charles Stetson, 8 John L Taylor
7 Thomas J D Fuller 9 Edson B Olds
Maryland. 10 Charles Sweetzer
1 Richard J Bowie H John K Miller
2 Wm T Hamilton la Samuel F Vinton
3 Edw W Hammond 13 W A Whittlesey
4 Rabert M McLane 14 Nathan Erans
5 Alexander Evans 15 W'm F Hunter (F S)
6 Jo.'iti B Kerr 16 Moses Hongland
Massachusetts. 17 Joseph Cable
1 S A Ethot 18 David K Carter
2 Vacancy 19 John Crou-tll (F S) (
3 James H Duncan 20 Jos R Giddings (FS)
4 Vacancy 21 Joseph M Root (F S) I
5 Charles Allen, [F S] Oregon.
G George Aslnnun S R Thurstonf
7 Julius Rockwell Pennsylvania.
8 Horace Mann 1 Lewis C Levin
9 Orin Fowler 2 Joseph R Chandler
10 Josevh Grinnell 3 Henry D Moore
Michisan. 4 John Robbins, jr*
1 A W Buell 5 John Freedley
H'm Sprague, (F S) 6 Thomas Ross
R S Lingham 7 Jesse C Dickey
Minnesota. 8 ThaddeusStevens
H H Sibleyt 9 William Strong
Missot ri. 10 M M Dimmick
1 James B. Bowlin 11 ?
2 Wm N Bay 12 David Wilmot (F S)
3 James S Green 13 Joseph Casey
4 Willurd P Hall 14 Charles tV Pitman
John S Phelps 15
K
WtMSMmNMSaMaiMSMNIHMSMSNMBMaMRafcJBMMm
[6 J?s X McLanahan 11 Ckris'r H Williams
17 Samuel Calviu Texas.
18 Ji Jackson Ogle 1 David Kaufman r
[9 Job Mann 2 Volney E Howard .
50 R R Reed Utah.
51 Moses Hampton ? ? d
52 John If' Howe (F S) Vermont. *
53 James Thompson 1 Win Henry
54 Alfred Gilmore 2 Wm llebard c
itii ode I si. and. 3 Janus Meacham c
1 George G king 4 Lucius 13 Peck f
2 Ab//ian Dixon Virginia.
Sooth Carolina. 1 John S Millson
J Daniel Wallace 2 Richard K Meade o
2 J L Orr 3 Thomas H Averett ti
3 J A Woodward 4 Thomas S Bocork s
4 John McQueen 5 Paulus Powell ti
5 Armiatead Burt (i James A Sedden fc
ti Isaac E Holmes 7 Thorns H Bayly n
7 W F Colcock 8 Alex R Holttuay
Tennessee. 3 Jeremiah Morton ii
1 Andrew Johnson 1U Richard Parker i
2 .llbtrt G Watkitu 11 James McDowell c
3 Josiah AI .Inderson 12 H A Edmundsou f
4 John H. Savage 13 FM'Mnllen v
5 Geo W Jones 14 J M H Beale R
ti James H Thomas 15 Thomas S Haymvnd t
7 Meredith P Gentry Wisconsin. a
8 Andrew Ewing 1 Chas Durkee, (FS) j
3 I sham G Harris 2 Orsatmu$ Cole
[0 Fred'k P Stanton 3 James D. Doty. 1
California. # a
Jeotge W. Wright, t
id ward Gilbert.
'.Contested by Mr. Iultell. ^
jDelegates from the Territories. t
THE HOUSE IN ElOUHKb. t
Democrats 111 1
Whigs and Natives 101 j
Free-Boilers 14 <
Vacancies 5 i
Total, exclusive of Delegates 231 |i
Should the vacancies be filled as before, and
dividing the Free Soilers into Democrats and
Whigs, as they are on all other questions but that
of the territories, the House will be as follows :?
Democrats 117
Whigs 114
Democratic majority 3
The General Result in Figures
Old Parties. Free-Soil. Vacancies.
States. tl'hig. Dem. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dens'
Arkansas ? 1 ? ? ? ?
Alabama 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Connecticut 12 ? 1 ? ?
Delaware 1 ? ? ? ? ?
Florida 1 ? ? ? ? ?
Georgia 3 5 ? ? ? ?
Illinois I ti ? ? ? ?
Indiana lb ? 1 ? ?
Iowa ? 1 ? ? ? 1
Louisiana ? 3 ? ? I ?
Maine 2 5 ? ? ? ?
Maryland 3 3 ? ? ? ?
Massachusetts 7 ? I ? 2 ?
Michigan ? 2 1 ? ? ?
Missouri ? 5 ? ? ? ?
Mississippi ? 4 ? ?
New York 32 1 ? 1 ? ?
New Jersey 4 1 ? ? ? ?
N. Hampshire 12 1 ? ? ?
N. Carolina 6 3 ? ? ? ?
Ohio 5 11 5 ? ? ?
Kentucky 6 4 ? ? ?
Pennsylvania 14 8 1 1 ? ?
Rhode Inland 2 ? ? ? ?
S. Carolina ? 7 ? ?
Tennessee 4 7 ? ? ? ?
Texas ? 2 ? ? ? ?
Virginia 2 13 ? ? ? ?
Vermont 3 1 ? ? ? ?
Wisconsin 11 ? 1 ? ?
Total 102 111 9 5 3 1
Democratic majority in the 31st Congress 3
Whig majority in tlie 30th Congress 5
Democratic gain 8
Aspect of Congress.
Whig. Dnn.
Exclusive of Free-soilers 102 111
Free-soilers 9 5
Vacancies 3 1
Total 114 117
Actuat Democratic majority 3
^ Free and Slate Stale Classification.
* - Whig. Dem. Free-soil.
Free States 75 51 14
Slave Slates 30 61 ?
Total . 105 112 14
Enlargement of the capitol.? ?
The Committee on Public Buildings of the ]
Senate, having been nnthnriyed liw n reanlutinn nt i
that body, " to invite plans accompanied by esti- 1
mates for the extension of the Capitol, and to nl- I
low a premium of five hundred dollars for the :
plan wnich may be adopted by the Committees on |
Public Buildings of the two Houses of Congress," <
accordingly invite such plans and estimates, to lie 1
delivered to the Secretary of the Senate on or before
the first day of December next.
It is required that these plans and estimates
shall provide for the extension of the Capitol,
either by additional wings, to be placed on the
north and south of the present builuing, or by the
erection of a separate and distinct building, within
the enclosure to the east of the building.
The committee do not desire to prescribe any
condition, that may restrain the free exercise of
architectural taste and judgment, but they would
prefer, that whatever plan may be proposed may
have such reference to and correspondence with
the present building as to preserve the general i
symmetry of the entire structure, when complete.
Although but one plan can be adopted, the committee
reserve to themselves the right to form such
plan by the adoption of parts of different plans
submitted, should such course, he found necessary; in
which event, the committee also reserve to themselves
the right to divide or apportion, according
to their own judgment, the amount of premium to
be awarded for the whole, to those whose plans
nitty in part be adopted, according to the relative |
importance and merit of each part adopted.
it. M. T. HUNTER, 1
JEFFERSON DAVIS, I
JOHN H. CLARKE, I
CotnniUler of the Senate on Public Buildings. !
Senatk Chamber, 30th September, 1850.
N. 11. The several daily papers published at
Washington will please insert the above daily for
two weeks, and send their accounts to the Secretary
of the Senate. oct 4
PENSIONS AND BOUNTY LAND
OBTAINED for the officers and soldiers of the
Revolutionary war, or their legal representatives.
Pensions for life, for the widows of such s
cers anu soiuiers wno rr.arrieu previous to iCUU.
Bounty land for the surviving, or the widows,
or minor children of deceased officers and privates,
who served in the war of 1812 with Great Britain,
the Mexican war, or in any of the Indian
wars, since 1790.
Attention paid to suspended and rejected claims.
Terms moderate, where the claim is established,
otherwise no charge.
Communications addressed to the subscriber,
Washington, D. C., will receive prompt attention. I
M. THOMPSON,
Commissioner of Deeds for North and South
Carolina.
Refer to the heads of Departments, and to
members of Congress generally.
Oct 4?twtf
STEELE'S FASHIONABLE HAT
HOUSE.
Charleston, Jsotmt Carolina.
THE SUBSCRIBER'S establishIfl
ment being one of the most extensive
and fashionable retail HAT HOUSES
Charleston, the public may depend
on finding there a superior us.-ortinent of all the
lnte*t styles?f Hats for this full. Fine French
Moleskin and Beaver Hats, with i.n extensive
variety of fine black, and blue cloth Caps for gen
ilemens, youths, and children.
TO SOUTHERiN PLANTERS.
Planters can be supplied with flats and Caps
for plantation und house servants. Black, white,
nearl, and drab water-proof Wool Hats with good (
tuur and course cloth Capa.
W. STEELE,.
Fashionable Hatter, 231 King, opposite Hazel
street, Charleston,!??
J. Knox Walker, s
Attorney at Late and General Agent,
OFFERS b?i services in his piofesiion and as J
Agent loi the Prosecution antP Collection of ?
Claims before Congress and the Departments, also for I
obtaining Pat, nts.
All business confided to him will be promptly at
Uudad to. j!7 u
ir . > |? ae twr??r?r
sTuTh e r n c ent ra l
AGRICULTURAL. ASSOCIATION.
rllE Fif.h Annual Fair of the Southern Cent,
ral Agricultural Association, will beheld
uring the week embracing Wednesday, the 14th
ay of August next, which is the day of the tifth !
nnual meeting at Atlanta Georgia
The Committee charged with the duty of presribir.g
such general rules as they may deem neessary
to a proper management of the approaching
'air, have adopted the following
Gkmkrxi. Regulations.
1st The Fair Grounds and Buildings will be
pened for visitors on Monday morning, and coninue
open until Friday evening. It is therefore deirable
that all person; having articles forexhibiion.
shall he nn the irroiind as earlv as Friday or
Saturday, the 9th and 10th August when a Com- !
ait'ce will be there ready to receive thorn.
2d. The Association has an ample fund, and will, !
ti all cases, become responsible for the safe-keeping 1
>. articles which may be placed in the hands of its j
iiicers and committees, (the owner taking a check
or the same,) until the close of the Fair, which !
k ill be announced beforehand, in ample time to |
;ive them op; ortunty to recover their goods, and j
o prevent thereby the leaving of any goods or |
rticles unprotected after the adjournment of the i
Association.
3d. Mark A. Cooper, Itichard Peters, David W. |
^ewis, Wm. Kz/.ard, and James M. Calhoun, are j
ippointed a committee whose duty it shall be to see
hat all articles entering the lair grounds for exliiilion,
shall have first been entered in the Secretary s
rook or registry?then labelled w th the owner'slanre
and residence?and price, iff i sale?giving
o the owner a corresponding card?and then olasstiud
and arranged by departments, and in such order
?s to facilitate the labors of the several committees
an premiums; and also to employ such police and
ioorkeepcrs and clerks, as shall be necessary for
Lhc protection of the grounds and buildings, and
such clerks as they may need in the arrangement
and labelling of articles.
4tl?. There will positively be required, in all
rtikps 'a mimitr :iml iifriin?t<> written st;?(r.inc.iit
illustrating and explaining every article neat for
exhibition?he statement to lie delivered to the
Secretary. For instance, if a Machine, a statement
of is powers and uses, cost, time of invention, and
any other fact deemed valuable by the inventor or
maker. Jf Horticultural or Agricultural Products,
mode of preparation of land and soil, manure and
time of planting, mode ofcultivalion. If an Animal,
the pedigree or stock, age, mode of raising, 8ic. If
Needle-work or Painting, or any work of Art, the
length of time bestowed on it, or the amount of
labor ; the age, if by children or very old persons
tl.e value, uses, &c. Since this is the most reliable
mode of collecting such information as may be
worth publishing in the transactions of the Society,
visitors, patrons and members, all will take notice,
that a premium will not be awarded to any article,
whatever its merit, unless accompanied by
illustrative and explanatory statements, made out
in legible hand, and in a style fit at once for the
press.
5lli The delegations of the serveral county Societies
are requested and enjoined to make out, upon
consulation, a report of the present condition of
Agriculture in their several counties, of the improvements
in farming, tillage, draining and manuring,
which have been or are in progress of b>-irig
adopted The leading products of theii countiees
the modes of preparation, time of planting and no dof
cultivation. The means and measures of preserving
and increasing the fertility of lands. Accurate
Agricultural memoirs from the serveral county
societies would make up an amount of valuable
information to be sent, out in (lie published transactions
of the Society.
6th. It is desirable to make the Fair a Central
SouthernAgricultuial and MLnufacturers Exchange
We request individmls who have a surplus of
choice articles, or who make tin m for sale?such
as choice se da, machines, stock, ?to carry
them ihere for sale, and not alone for exhibition foi
a premium.
7th. Premiums.?It is impossible to name'iia notice
like ttiis all, tiie various articles to Xrtfcli pre..,.11
u l
iiuuiiia nui uc pauicu. nuwncr UUIIiprtriltrilBMC
we might make any cnurneiutcd list there would
still be many articles of merit offered which would
not be embraced in it, and set richly deserving
premiums, lesl thceloie the announcement of pie
miums for particular articles mig tbeco stiu-ob)
sonieintosn exclusion ot'all articles unannounced,
the Committee requests the people generally to
observe, that it is iu'endcd to give tl.e e-'ion ol
the Association the very widest scope, eo.or-i eg
Mvery thing tr.at is ingenious or useful in t,u*un <?
or art All tlien, wiih whatever they have for sale
or exhibition, are invited to coine. The only
regulation further necessary on this point perhaps
is, that, on all articles of the highest merit in the
department of Stock, Mechanics, Agricultural Implements,
and valuable improvements or inventions i
in any of the departments, a premium of a cup
worth $ 10 will be given ; on the second best articles
a cup worth ? 5 will be given , on the third best
$ 2. 50 ; on tiie fourth an honor. And on all at tides
of the highest merit in the remaining depart
ments a cup worth $ 5 will be given ; on the second
best $ 2. 50 ; on the third an honor; on the fourth,
2d honor. On miner and miscellaneous articles,
premiums from one to three dollars?these, liowBver.arc
general regulations, and in particular case
ar cases of peculiar merit the committees will he
permitted, indeed are requested, to vary the rule.
8th. A hall will be prepared and assigned particularly
to the Ladies for their garden pronucts,
fruits, tlowers paintings, needle-work, &c. They
are cordially invited to attend. Their assistance
in many departments of the fair is absolutely necessary
to a proper managemen'
9th. The facilities of getting ho this central
point induce us to invite, and to expect the presence
and contributions of many of our fellow
citizens of Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and Florida.
Wc hope they will unite with us in making
this institution indeed,what it is in name, a Southern
Central Agricultural Association.
10th. The I'resideut upon a consultation with
such members as he can call to his aid, shall appoint i
committees and assign to them their respective departments,
and to these committees so appointed
the committee of reception shall furnish lists of the
articles classed ami arranged in their respective
departments, in older to the pcifcclion of this
arrangement, the. committee appointed to publish
these regulations, will lore repeat, and enjoin
upon all to take notice that articles for exhibition
i,? i i i .... i.i..:.i i tj...
iimj iv^incu ohm m iniigm uii i'liuay auu oauurday
the 'Jilt mid 10th of August, so that when
the President shall appoint his committees on
Monday morning, the committee of reception may
have their lints of articles, and the several committees
proceed at once to the examination of articles,
and thereby have ample time to make their
reports to the annual meeting on Wednesday.
Thursday will he devoted to sules?Friday to general
re-delivery of articles. The exhibition continuing
the whole time.
lltli. Any alterations of, or additions to, the
foregoing rules, will he published at Atlanta early
Monday morning of the Fair week.
rill". The annua! oration will he made on
Wednesday, the day of the Anniversary meeting,
immediately preceding the reports of committees,
by Col. John Billups, of Athens, Georgia.
I'lth. The Committee have the prospect of
making arrangements with the Macon, State and
Georgia Railroads, to run accommodation cars
early every morning and lute in the afternoon, to
Gritiin, Marietta, Stone Mountain, and Decatur,
to give visitors the opportunity of the accommodations
of the good Hotels at those places while in
attendance upon the Fair.
14th. The citizens of Atlanta hnve provided
comfortable quarters for Committees and Officers,
and others engaged in the laborious business of
the lair.
lath. The Secretary is directed to publish
these regulations in the Cttltivator, and to procure
as far as practicable their publication in the
weekly papers of this and the adjoining States.
By order of the Committee of Arrangements.
DAVID W. LEWIS,
Sec'y Southern Central Agricultural Association.
Sparta, 25th June, 1850.
MATH EWES & ROPER,
Ilnr tiirKnnrl (*r?mmis?ion \fprchnntN. finrPnftnn- I
ft Hire, Hanging; small country Produce, VunderhorRiV
Wharf, Charleston, S. C
FEKDINAND IViOULTON.
ATTORNR AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Will practice >n the several courts in the District, j
and atieuti to the prosecution of claims
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7th streets, opposite the |
jrenerul Post wffice.
2a w.tf
FOK THE ??'R'.\GS
LADIES retiring to the springs or country, will
find at PARKER'S, just opening, a lYesh
mpply of Toilette Articles, such as very superior
3A Y RUM.COLOGNE, in bottles and on draught,
SAU LUSTRAL, OX MARROW, i ENTI?'R
ICE, dtr., COMB, HAIR,TOOTH.and NAIL i
3RUSHES, at
TARKER S
Fancy Comh and Perfumery S err,
aug. 8. Petin. Av. near National Kotcl |
?e
? ? , -??
iVJHU'U'-ll'ilUIMhlf! '* ?' **
PRO s PECTUS 1
or
" THE SOUTHERN PRESS."
An association of sixty-three Members of Congress,
Senators and Representatives, have constituted the
undersigned a Committee tc superintend the establishment
of a Hout hern 1't ess at Washington City,
to be devoted to the exposition and defence of Southern
Rights and institutions?the dissemination of
correct information as to Northern Policy, and the
course of Political afljns generally, without reference
to the old party lines of Whig and Democrat. Ar
raugcmcms arc now in [uogies*, promptly 10 unsure |
the issue of such a papier under the title of
'THE SOUTHERN PRESS/'
for the conduct of which, suitable Editors have been
engaged, who will also receive the aid of a number
ol eminent and and able contributors.
'I Here will be a daily, a tri-weeklv, and a weekly
issue?the latter to contain substantially, the same
matter as the former, and intended to reach those
|Kiints of the country whose mail facilities are limited.
'I'he paper will not be exclusively political?but
will embrace on its broad sheet the General News of
the day, Domestic and Foreign, by inail and tele>
graph ; Commercial and Agricultural Intelligence,
Literary Criticisms, Original Essays, Literary and
Miscellaneous; and, in short, all those items of
general interest, the collected aggregate of which
constitutes the interesting and vuluable Newspaper.
Great care will be taken to give full and currcct
Reports of the Proceedings and Debates in both
Douses of Congress, as well as the action of the
local Legislatures on the Southern question.
A limited number <>:ily of Advci tisements will be
eceivod?the main object being to furuisflfu large
amount of reading matter.
The paper will be printed on a sheet equal in size
to those Qf the other Washington papers, and the material
will lie procured especially for the purpose.
ft is confidently hoped that every true friend to the
South wilt aid in procuring subscribers, and forward
the. names, with the amount subscribed, to some
Southern Representative at Washington, forthwith.
Postmasters are authorised by law to remit subscriptions
li te of postage
Terms.
[ I-or Many- mc price *vin oc per annum, I
For Tri-weekly during I lie Session ol' Congress,
andSemi-weekly during the recess, - 5 00
VVeekl* paper, ------- - . 2 00
Tlie price of subscription uiust be paid invariably
in edvance, and the cash accompanying the name
sent.
All persona procuring ten names shall be entitled to
receive a copy gratis for one year.
A. P. BUTLER,
JACKSON MORTON,
K. TOOMBS,"
J. THOMPSON.
WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE.
rpHE next annual session of this Institution will
JL commence on the 2d Wednesday in October.
FACULTY.
The Right Rev. John Johns, D. D,, President
and Professor of Morul Philosophy.
Judge Beverly Tucker, Profesaorof Municipal
and Constitutional Law.
Benjamin S. Ewell, Professor of Mathematics
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THE EDITORS.
Taylor and Maury and Franck Taylor, A genu Tor j
va?hinpton
New York, Jan. 1, 1850
AN CONSIGNMENT.?Oak Tanrxtd Am*I
i f BR0GJ]*\*S.?1,000 pair Oak Tanned Russett J.B (
Jropans, a prime article of Southern Manufec- tw
ure. For sole by R. A. PRINGLE, 1 tb
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July 16, 1850?d4m ^r'v*rUston, S. Cj i qu
rHB GHAHD ISDU8TEIAL EXHIBITION
OF 1861.
IEET1NO Of THE CBNTIUL COMMITTEE FOE THE UNITED
STATES.
Pursuant to the notice given, the Central Commitee
mrte at the rooms of the National Institute, in the
*atent < tflice, on Thursday eicuing, the 13th instant,
it 8 o'clock.
The meeting was called to order by Profi-eeor Waler
It. Johnson, on whose motion Col. Peter Force
was called to the Chair, and Charles F. Stanbury
I lost u Secretary of the meeting.
This temporary organization having been effected,
he committee pioceeded to organize permanently by
he appointmens of the Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice
President of the United States, Chairman, and Prof.
Walter K. Johnson Secretary.
At the the request of the Chairman, (Col. Force,)
he following papers were read by Prof. Johnson, iu
>zulanation of the auiiointiueut and duties of the
sotamiltee :
State Department,
Washington, May 17, 1850.
To the President qf the National Institute
for the Promotion of Science.
Sir: 1 have the honor herewith to transmit copies
of a correspondence which has taken place between
the Minister Plenipotentiary of her Majesty
lie Queen of Great Britain and this I tepartment relaive
to the proposed Industrial Exhibition to be held
in London in the year 1851.
From the circular of the Royal Commissioners of
Ircat Biitain, hereto annexed, it w ill be observed that
ill objects intended to be introduced front foreign
aiuntries and entered for that Exhibition are required
to have hoeii first submitted to and approved by a central
authority or commission of the eountry from
which they shall be brrought, and that no other will
be recognized as a central authority except such as
ihall have been so certified by the Government of the
country in which it exists.
That American industry ami arts may be enabled fo
appear in the place allotted to them, it will be indispensable
that a recognized central authority should be
constituted; and I aui under the impression that the
National Institute, having been regularly incorporated
by act of Congress, and being habitually engaged in
matters pertaining to the arts and sciences, is the
proper body for taking the initiative in constituting
such a central authority.
1 therefore beg leave to submit to its consideration
the interesting and important subject which has been
brought to the attention of this Department by the
distinguished Envoy or her Majesty's Government,
and to request such action or suggestions as may seem
necessary in order that the natural productions, the
ingenuity, industry, and arls of the United States
may be fully and suitably represented on the interesting
occasion herein referred to.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours,
JOHN M. CLAYTON.
This communication was laid before the National
Institute, and by it referred to a select committee,
which brought forward the following report:
trport of the Committee qf the National Iiutitute.
The special committee, to which was referred
tli^ommunication from the Hon. John M. Clay
ton, Secretary of Slate, relative to the formation
of a central authority for transmitting articles to
the Industrial Exhibition to be held in London in
1851, offers the following report:
The eommittee, impressed wiih the importance
of (he subject commended to the Institute, have
given to it their earnest and careftil attention.
The resources,, the ingenuity, the industry, and
arts of the United States are conceived to merit
he best eddcavors to procure for them the opporunities
of being adequately represented in the
great Industrial Exhibition at Loudon.
Aggrceably to the programme adopted by the Royal
Commission, no articles are to be received from
Foreign Exhibitors except those which shall have
been approved by a central authority, recognized as
such by the Government of the country from which
they aie sent.
This Institute being the only Society for the Proof
ion of Science and the Arts, directly incorporated
by the Government, the Secretary of State has deemed
it th-- appropriate bod v to take action or inakr suggestions
relative to the fulfilment of the wishes of the
Koyal Commissioners, by the establishment of such a
central authority as the case seems to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Secretary
of State, the committee consider the National
In-titute hi duty bound to respond.
In accordance with this view, the committee respectfully
recommend the following resolution :
1. lletolved. That the Institute will take action
on the subject submitted to it by the Department of
State.
2. llesulvcd. That the Institute do now proceed
to constitute a committee suitable to he recognised by
the Government as a central body to hold corrcspon encc
with the British Commissioners, and to secure
the reception of American productions at the proposed
Industrial Exhibition in London.
PETER FORCE, 1
JOSEPH HENRY,
WALTER R JOHNSON, I Committee.
J. J. GREENOUGH,
CHARLES WILKES, J
National Institute,
Washington, May 27, 1850,
Sir : I have the honor to make known to the Department
of State ttie action which this Institute has
taken on the subject of your communication of the
17th instant. That action is comprised in the following
resolutions, unanimously adopted after full discussion
at the meeting held this evening.
"Jfcsolved, That the In-titutc will take action on
the subject submitted to it by the Department ol
State.
Resolved That the Institute do now proceed to
constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by
the Government to hold correspondence with the
British Commissioners, and to secure the reception of
American productions at the proposed Industrial Exhibition
in London.
"Resolved, That a committee of not less than nineteen
be appointed to constitute a Central Committee
>n the Industrial Exhibition, and to correspond with
locietics and local committees throughout the United
States.
"Jtcsolreil, That the President of this Institute he
i member of the Central Committee.
"Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary communicate
to the Secretary of Stale a copy of the foreroing
resolutions, together with the names of the
Central Committee."
Tlie following arc the names of the members of
lie Central Committee appointed in accordance with
:lie foregoing resolutions :
Hon. Millard Fillmore, Ticc President of the United
States, and ex officii) Chlfiecllor of the Regents of
the Smithsonian Institution.
Jol. Peter Force, President of the National Institute.
Hon. James A Pcarce, U. S. Senate, member of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.
Hon. Levi Woodbury, M. N. I., Associate Justice ol
the Supreme Court of the United States.
Commodore Lewis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography.
Prof. Joseph Henry, Vice President of the N. I., Secretary
of the Smithsonian Institute.
?rof. Walter R. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary ol
the National Institute.
Prof. Alexander I). Bac.lic, M. NT. I., member or the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute, and
Superintendent of the Coast Survey.
Jommaudcr Charles Wilkes, U. S. N., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition,
don. William W. Seaton, M. N.I., Mayor of Washington.
Ion. Jefferson Davis, U. S Senate, member of the |
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institute.
.icut. Matthew F. Maury, U. S. N., Vice President
of the National Institute, and Superintendent ol the
National Obsservatory.
. James Greenniigh, Esq., M. N. 1. *
'harles F. Stansbury, Esq., Recording Secretary of
the National Institute.
Jol. J. J. Abett, M. N. I., Chief of the Topographical
Bureau.
Jen. Joseph (*. Tottcn, Vice President N. I., Chiel .
Engineer. U S. Army.
Hiomas F.wbank, Esq . Commissioner of Patents. c
Villiam Easby, Esq., Treasurer National Institute. 1
ji onard D. Gale, M. D., M. N. I., Examiner ol f
Patents. t
oseph C. (i. Kennedy, Esq., M. N. I., Superinten- I
dent of Census.
ra C. Seaman. Esq.. M.N. I. ?
I have the honor to be r
Very respectfully, your obf servt,
VVALTEK R. JOHNSON,
Cor. Secretary of the National Institute. 1
Hon. John M. Clayton, Secretary of State. J
I
Defartment op State,
f Washington, June 8. 1850. a
Sir : I have duly received your letter of the 27tli A
Itimo, communicating to tlrs Department the pro- ?
citing* of the National Institute on the subject of my
>te of the 17th of the same month. Those proceed- 8
gs appear to me to be perfectly satisfactory ; and I c
ive accordingly transmitted them to the British Min- M
ler in this city, with the communication, a copy of
hich is enclosed for your information. a
I am, sir, respectfully, your ob't servt,
JOHN M.CLAYTON. *
Walter N. Johnson, Esq., Corresponding *
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department op Stat*,
Wnefungton, June 1,1850. ai
Sir : I have the honor to transmit to you herewith
?py of the correspondence which has passed be- "
een this Department and the National Institute for 111
t Promotion of Science, respecting the organisation T
a committee to constitute the central authority re- fit
ired by the regulations of th? Royal Commission on C
the proposed Industrial Exhibition, to correspond with
them in London, and with societies, local committees,
and individual* in this country, and to sanction the
forwarding of articles applicable to the exhibition.
I need hardly say to you, air, that the proceedings
of the National Institute, as set lorth in this correspondence,
meet the spprobatioaof the Department, which
has full confidence in the committee named by that
Institute.
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to yon
the assurance of my kigfc and distinguished ran
siderution. JOHN M. CLAYTON.
flight Honorable Sir H. L. Bcluer, kc.
Extract from the Circular of the Royal Commissioners.
"The Commissioners liuve felt that it would be
desirable, as far as possible, to prevent any persons
from sending hither articles which cannot be
admitted, rather than to reject the articles after
their arrival in London. They feel also that the
delicate and responsible task of deciding on the
admission or rejection of articles destined for exKiKifinn
hv t'nrMirn frfrnlriliutoni fritirkf not in Ur. ism
posed upon any English tribunal, but should be
referred to one ovine the confidence of the exhibitors
then"*..ves, ana standing* entirely free from
possibl' ..iputations of national partiality. They
accr- ?ngly propose to admit to exhibition such
foreign articles only as may be forwarded to them
by the Central Authority (whatever may be its
nature) in each country. They will communicate
to sucn Central Authority 'the amount of space
which can be allowed to the productions of the
country for which it acts, and will also state the
conditions and limitations which may from time
to time be decided on with respect to the admission
of articles. All articles forwarded by such Central
Authority will then be udmitted, provided they
do not require a greater aggregate amount of
space than that nssigned to the productions of the
country from which they come; and, provided,
also, inat they do not violate the conditions and
limitations ot which due notice shall have been
given. It will rest with the Central Authority in
eacli country to decide upon the merits of the
several articles presented for exhibition, and to
take care that those which are sent are such ns
fairly represent the industry of their fellow-countrymen.
" Her Majesty's Commissioners will consider
that to be the Central Authority in each case which
u staled to be to by the Government of its country.
Having once been put in communication with a
Central Authority in any country, tliey must de
cline, absolutely and entirely, any communication
with private and unauthorized .individuals ; and,
should any such be addressed to them, they can
only refer to a central body. This decision is
essentially necessary, ill order to prevent coufrision.
44 No articles of foreign manufacture, to whomsoever
they may belong, or wheresoever they may
be, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
come with the sanction of the Central Authority
of the country of which they are tl;e produce.
The Commissioners do not insist upon such articles
being in all cases actually forwarded by the
Central Authority, though they consider that this
would generally be the most satisfactory arrangement
; out it is indispensable that the sanction of
I such authority should in all coses be expressly
given, and that it be held responsible for the fitness
of such articles for exhibition, and for not
authorizing the exhibition of a greater quantity
than can be accommodated in the space unsigned
to the "productions of the country in question."
A frill discussion was then hud ol the subject
thus laid before the committee, and, on motion of
the Hon, W. W. Seaton, it was?
Resolved, That the Committee of five first charged
with this sulked by the Institute (substituting
Mr. Kennedy for Mr. Greenough, who is absent)
be an Executive Committee to take all necessary
steps to carry out the views of the general com
mittee.
The following gentlemen constitute the Execu
tive Committee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
R. Johnson, Prof. Joseph Henry, J. C. G. Kennedy,
Esq., Capt. Charles Wilkes.
I On motion?
Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to
fire pare the proceedings of this meeting for publication.
And the Committee adjourned.
CHARLES F. STANSBURY.
Secretary of the Meeting.
N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals
desirous t?. make propositions or to receive information,
are requested to address their commuuications
to J. C. O. Kennedy, Esq.
THE THIRD ANNUAL VOLUME
or THE
I SOUTHERN LITERARY GAZETTE,
Was commenced on Saturday, the 4th of May
1850, under its original name?instead of Uitliards
Weekly Gazette?as more significant ot its peculiar
character, it being the only weekly organ of Literature
in the entire South! It is
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns of
matter. It is, moreover, in an
Entirely New Dress
I" from head to foot," and upon beautiful wnite
paper, so that, in mechanical excellence, it is no?
surpassed by any paper whatever in the United
States! It continues under the same Editorial
direction as heretofore, and no pains or expense
will be spared to make it
A Choice Family Newspaper,
"as cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the
best!" Utterly discarding the notion that a
Southern journal cannot compete with the NorthJ
em weeklies, in cheapness und interest,
The Southern Literary Gazette
rivals the best of them in all the characteristics ot
a truly valuable firesitle Journal. Its aim is the
diffusion of cultivated and refined taste throughovt
the community?and it embraces in its ample
folds ever species of intelligence that can tend to
this result.
Original Contributions,[
from many of the ablest writers in the South,
chiefly occupy its columns, but not to the exclusion
of choice miscellany, selected from the best
American und European sources.
The lone of the "Gazette" is independent ,n
criticism und in the discussion of evcy legitimate
topic, but it is strictly
fiYtutral in Politics and Religion !
Its columns nre occasionally embellished with
Southern Portraits and Landscapes,
engraved expressly for the w??-lr, and accompanied
by biographical and topographical sketches.
Its General Information
ib copious, but caiet'ully condensed from the
leading journals of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in the size
and attractions of the paper, it is still published at
Two Dollars Per .annum, in Advance !
it will be furnished to persons becoming responsible
for the whole number of copies, and having
them sent to one address, on the following terms
Three copies, $,5
Five copies, 8
Ten copies, 15
Fifteen copies, 20
Twenty copies, 25
Fifty copies, (JO
Kf-Air orders must be accompanied with the
money, and addressed, post pai, to
WALKER & RICHARDS.
Charleston. S. C (
WORTHINGTON G. SNETHEN,
Foi merly Solicitor of the General Land Qffire
Attorney and Coitnsei.lor Ait Law.
Continues to practice in the Supreme Court or
he United States, in the Courts of tie District or
Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, to prosecute
btims of ail kinds ngainst the United States, ether
before Congress or any of the Executive De?artments,
and to procure letters patent for invenions.
Business confided to his care, will be
iromptly attended to.
N. B. Particular attention puid to the prosecuion
of claims before the Brazilian Commission
tow sitting in Washington
Wakhinoton City. D. C. July 11, 1850
II A PRITvrsT T? XT- on . r.
w ... . .....vuu, iiu. ju, n.1181 i>?y street,
Lv Charleston, South Carolina.?Importer of
^rench CALF SKINS; Manufacturer's Agent
nd Dealer in BROGji*\*S, BOOTS and SHOES;
idvnnces made on consignment of Brogans or
iouthern Manufacture. Parties wishing to conign,
will send samples of their make, und on rceipt
of their consignment, a liberal cash ndvance
rill be made. Infbrmation promptly imparted,
s to the style, but adapted to the trade.
Charleston, S. C., July 16, 1850.?dly
"o Southern Gentlemen or Literary 'n~
tltatlom.
A young man, a graduate of St. Mary 's Coirs
lege, Baltimore, wishes to obtain as ituation
Assistant in an Academy, or Private Tutor.?
le is qualified to teach the highest branches ot
reek, Latin, French, Natural Philosophy, Cheistry,
Mathematics and English Literature he
highest testimonials as to character and qualimtions
can be produced. Address, post-paid,
X. Y. Post Office, Baltimore, Md?

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