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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, December 31, 1850, Image 1

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BOvm4 maker * Edwin D? Uw.
DAILY, . . - ? . . #10 00
, Till-WEEKLY, . 6 (10
ff- Subscriptions payable in advance. Any person
procuring five subscribers shall receive one cop)
gratis All tetters to the Editors to be post-paid.
Qffict, Pentutflvania .tvtnue, better en Third end
Futu -and-a-hulf grerfs.j
__ _
? ? ? ?? '
Vol. 9. Washington, Tuesday, December 31, 1850. No. 79*
fD, VA.?The thirteenth Annual Course of
Lectures will commence on Monday, the 14th of
October, 1650, and continue until the 1st of the
ensuing March. Thecommencment for conferring
degrees will be held about the middle of March.
R. L. Rohanman, M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics
and Diseases of Women and Children.
L. W. CuAMsaaLATMa, M. D., Prof, of Materia
Medica and Therapeutics.
o w n Pmf of Cheinistrv and I
o. maurin| m. ?-r., ? ,
Chas. Bell Gibson, M. D., Prof, of Surgery
and Surgical Anatomy.
Cartter P. Johnson, M. D., Prof. of Anatomy
and Physiology.
David H. Tucker, M. D. Prof, of Theory and
ractice of Medicine.
.Arthur E. Peticolas, M. D., Demonstrator
of Anatomy.
The study of practical Anatomy may be prosecuted
with the most ample facilities, and at very
trilling expense.
Clinical Lectures are regularly given at the College
Infirmary and Richmond Almshouse. The
Infirmary, under the same roof with the College
and subject to the entire control of the Faculty, is
at all times well filled with medical and surgical
cases, and furnishes peculiar facilities for clinical
instruction. Many surgical operations are performed
in presence of the class; and the students
being freely admitted to the wards, enjoy, under
the guidance of the Professors, unusual opportunities
for becoming familiar with the symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment of disease.
Expenses?Matriculation fee, $5. Professors'
fees, $105, Demonstrator's fee, $10. Graduation
fee, ?15.
The price of board, including foel, lights, and
servants' attendance, is usually #3 to *3J per
The catalogue, &c., containing fuller information
concerning the institution, will be forwarded
to those applying for it, or specific iuquiries will
be answeree by letter Address,
S. MAUP1N, M. D.,
Oct. 2 Dean of the Faculty.
or the
Maryland State Agricultural Society.
A PPEAL to the Member* or the Maryland
/X State Agricultural Society.?Wedesire
that you should bear in mind, that on the 23d,
24th, and 25th days of October, your Society will
hold its annual Exhibition and Fair at the city of
Baltimore : and we appeal to you, one and all, to
bring for exhibition thereat portions of your stock,
the products of your orchards, and of your gardens.
Don't presume that any animal, or product, you
may own is inferior to others that will be here,
ana be thus deterred from bringing tliem, as it is
' 1 ?~ m??rim of anv
oniy oy cuiupannun *.???* v?v . v...... .... ^
thing can be determined. The safer presumption
for you to arrive at, will be that what you have
is as good, if not belter than that of others, and
that it behooves you to gallantly enter the list of
competition : if defeated honorably, and the high
character of the judges is a guarantee that you
can be defeated in no other way, you will enjoy
the luxury of knowing that others were more entled
to success than yourself.
And while we address you to bring such articles
as are properly in your department, we crave permission
to solicit your interest, to induce your
wives und daughters to bring whatever appertains
to their peculiar departments, as embroidery, household
manufactures, the products of the dairy and of
the poultry yard, preserves, domestic wines, confec- |
tions, and, above all things, to come themselves, as
without woman, and the beautiful elaborations of her
taste and genius, no display can be jierfect.
To the Manufacturers of Agricultural Implements I
ami Tools, we would say, that interest and patri- I
otism both combine to enjoin upon you the propriety
of making a grand exhibition of your machinery
of all kinds, as from our present advices,
we are led to believe that the assemblage of farmers
and planters, and of distinguished strangere
from most ol the States of the Union, will be
greater than upon any former occasion here or
elsewhere. We therefore say to the Agricultural
Implement makers and Mechanics of the United Stales,
make it a matter of pride to display your machinery
at our exhibition, and vie with each other in
having the best and largest assortment on the
ground. Such ambition is laudable?is worthy o
American genius, and should be cherished by the
American heart.
Editors with whom we exchange will confer
a favor by copying this notice.
TTJILLIAM TUCKER, Mkrciiant Taii.or.
VY (of the late firm of Lane & Tucker,) woulc ]
call the attention of his IViends und the public generally
to his stock of Goods now opening, which
has been selected by himself from the largest im
porting houses in New York, and by far the great '
est variety and richest styles I ever offered in this
city. Strangers are respectfully and earnestly solicited
to give me a call and examine my stock be*
? ,.,iii i,? i?
fore purchasing, us i um cuuuucm ,? ?lu .v.
their advantage.
And I would especially cull the attention of of
ficers, both of the unny und the navy, to il^e faci
that 1 am prepared to execute all kinds of uniforms,
according to the late regulations, at the shortest
notice, and at moderate prices, warranted, both in
the cutting and making departments, equal to any
establishment in this country.
W. T. tenders his sincere thanks to his numerous
friends for theirlongand continued patronage,
and hopes, by the same diligence and attention to
business, to merit a continuance of the same.
All orders promptly executed.
sep iO?3tw3w?-d&trw
WILL BE RECEIVING every day duri.q
next week, a beautiful assortment of Fan '
Goods suitable for PRESENTS, &c Also a
large assortment of fresh Perfumery, Pomatums
Soaps, Hair-washes, and every article pertaining
to the toilet. PARKERS'Perfumery and
Fancy Store, Penn. av., near NutionaJ Hotel.
ApL A SMALL HOUSE on Capitol Hill, con
taining six or seven rooms, with cons ,er*
aole ground attached.?Apply at this office.
Oct. 16?3t.
riNUE undersigned respectfully informs his old
J. customers and business men of Washington
in particular, that he has put his Book and Job
Printing Establishment again in complete order?
hairing added new type, presses, &c., to his former
materials, which enables him to execute
Every inscription of Letter-press Printing
in a superior style, with neatness and despatch,
and as cheap as it can be done in any of the Northern
Having added a large Napier Steam Press to
his establishment, he can print pamphlets, books,
or any other work, with greater speed than heretofore.
He respectfully solicits the patronage of
the business community.
O. A. SAOE. *
Office : Pennsylvania Avenue, opposite Jackson
JtaU, Washington,
THE public will be gratified to learn that the
I United States Mail Steamship Company areenaoled
to announce that their arrangements are now
complete for sending passengers through from
New York to San Francisco and back.
In the first attempts of this Company to meet
the wants of travel to California, Dy providing
ships on the Pacific, in connection with their
shins from New York to Chagres, they were prevailed
upon, at the urgent solicitation of the great
number then desirous to go out, to sell tickets for
through passages from Panama in advance, for
their ships then going round. This was done
from a desire to accommodate those who could
procure passages in no other quarter, and by
which, whatever might be the detention, they
would reach San Francisco sooner than by any
other line. Unforeseen difficulties, and the prevalence
of fever at Rio de Janeiro at the time, prevented
their ships from reaching Panama as soon
as anticipated, and caused detention at the Isthmus,
which was increased by the impatience of
passengers in going forwurd, against the advice
of the Company, at an earlier day than the ship
could possibly reach Panama.
These interruptions are now all removed.
Three of the four ships of the Company, intended
for the Pacific service, have arrived at Panama,
and several of them have performed trips to San
Francisco and back. So that the Company are
now able to give the public the assurance that the
voyage through from New York to San Francisco,
will be performed with regularity and despatch.
Their Pacific Line, from Panama to San Francisco,
consists of the
REPUBLIC, Caiu. Hudson.
ITHMUS, Capt. Hitchcock.
COLUMBUS, Capt. Peck.
ANTELOPE, Capt. Acki.et.
Their Atluntic and Gulf Line, from New York
to Chagres, of the
GEORGIA, Capt. Porter, U. S. N.
OHIO, Cupt. Schenck, U. S. N.
FALCON, Capt. Hartstein, U. S. N.
The connection between the two lines will be
carefullly and regularly kept up, so that no delay
beyond the usual stay of the ship in port at Punama,
will arise.
The large size, well known speed, and superior
accommodation! of their New York and Chagres
Line, and the speed and accommodations of the
ships of their Pacific Line, offer the most certain,
rapid,and pleasant through passage to California.
Cor. Warren and West sts., New York.
Aug. 15?lin
National Medical College, V/ashington,
District of Columbia.
THE annual course of lectures will commence
on the first Monday in November, the 4th
Thos. Miller, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and
Wm. P. Johnson, M. D., Professor of Obste(tries
and the diseases of women and children.
Joshua Riley, M. D., Professor of Materia
Medina, Therapeutics, and Hygiene.
John Frederick May, M. D., Professor of Surgery.
Grafton Tyler, M. D., Professor of Pathology
And Practice of Medicine.
Robert King Stone, M. D., Adjunct Professor
of Anatomy and Physiology.
Edward Foreman, M.D., Professor of Chemistry
and Pharmacy.
James E. Morgan, M. D., Prosecutor and Demonstrator.
Clinical lectures three times a week, on cases
selected from the Washington Infirmary. Operation
performed before the class.
For a full course of lectures - - |90
Demonstrator's ticket - - 10
Graduation fee - - - 25
Good board can be procured at from $2 to $3
per week. j0SIIUA RILEY, M. D.,
Sep 3?2awtNovlif Dean of the Faculty.
C. At E. L. K E R R I S O N At CO.
tTTOULD respectfully inform their friends and
YY those who purchase DRY GOODS in their
:itv, that they are now prepared to oiler a large,
hoice, and yell assorted stock of
Foreign, Fancy, and St.. pie Dry Goods
As they receive the bulk oftheirgoods DIRECT
rout EC'ROPExhVPORTS, they feel assured of
)ein<j able to compete successfully with any other
market in the United States.
C. & E. L. KERR1SON & CO.
209 King street, north-west corner of
King and Market streets.
Sep 3, 1850?3m
IRISH JL I ft E ft S.
I TIE subscribers are constantly receiving direct
from the manufacturers, MADE TO THEIR
JRDER, and expressly adapted to the Southern
rade, and to which they with confidence invite
he attention of purchasers, witn a guarantee uiai
.he goods will be found PURE FU1X, to wit:
Shirting and Fronting Linens and Lawns
Pillow Case, Coatee, and Sheeting Linens
Russia, Bird's Eye, und Huckabuck Diapeqg
Bleached and Brown Table Damasks, of asrted
Damask Doy:ies, Napkins and Cloths, of vari>us
Dowlass, Glass Cloths, Black, White & Brown
Lady's, Gent's, and Children's Linen Cambric
Handkerchiefs, etc. etc.
C. & E. L. KERRISON* & CO.
209 King street, Charleston, S. C.
Sep. 3, 1850?3m
ptlE Annual COURSE OF LECTURES in this
JL Institution will commence on the first Moiulay
in November next, on the following branches:
Anatomy, by J. Holbrook, M. D.
Institutes and Practice of Medicine, by S. Henry
Dickson, M. D.
Surgery, by E. Geddings, M. D.
riiysiology, by James Moultrie, M. D.
Materia Medica, by Henry II. Frost, M. D.
Obstetrics, byThos. G. Prioleau, M. D.
Chemistry, by C. U. Shepard, M. D.
Demonstrator of Anatomy, St. Julian Ravenel.
M. D.
Dr. D.J. Cain, Physician to the Marine Hospital
and Clinical Instructor. Lectures twice a
week on the Diseases of thut Institution.
Dr. E. B. Flagg, Physician to the Alms House.
Lectures twice a week on Diseases.
Demonstrative Instruction in Medicine and Surgery
at the College Hospital.
BTTnorDIBKRS nir?t ? -I of all
X WOOLEN GOODS, have just received per
Ships, "Gulnare," ' Orion," and Somerset,"
from Liverpool, their fall supbly of PLAINS,
Kilmarnock Caps, Scotch Bonnets, Ac., dre., expressly
suited to our Southern Planters trade, and
to an inspection of which, they confidently invite
all who visit the Charleston Market.
C. & E. L. KERRISON & CO.,
V09 King st., northwest cor. King & Market sta.
Charleston, Sept 3?
Georgetown College, D. C.
I lege will be resumed on the 16th instant.
?ept 4 - 3td JAMES RYDER, Pree
D. appleton & co., NEW YORK,
A Dlctionay of Machine*, Mechanics,
Engine-Wok, and Engineering.
Designed for Practical Working-Mcn, and those
intended for the Engineering Profession.
Edited by Oliver Byrne, formerly Professor if
Mathematics, College of Civil Engineers, London ;
Author and Inventor of "The Calculus if Fort n,"
" The .Vetc and Improved System of Logarithms,"
"The Elements of Euclid by Colors," etc., etc., etc. j
This work is of large 8vo. size, containing nearly
tico thousand pages, upwards of fifteen hundred
plates, and six thousand mood cuts. It will present
working-drawings and descriptions of the most important
machines iu the United Stales. Independently
of the results of American ingenuity, it will
contain complete practical treatises on Mechanics,
Machinery, Engine-work, and Engineering; with
all that is useful iu more than one thousand dol- I
lars1 worm 01 ioiio volumes, magazines, ana omer .
books, among which may be mentioned the following
1. Bibliotheque des Arts Industriels. (Masson,
2- Civil Engineer and Architects Journal.
3. Engineer and Machinists Assistant. (Blackie,
4. Publication Industrie lie. (Artnengaud Aine,
5. Jamieson's Mechanics of.Fluids.
6. Treatise on Mechanics. (Poissbu.)
7. Allgemiue Bauzeitung mil Abbilduugeu.
(korster, Wien.)
8. Organ Air die Fortschri'te des Eisenbahnwesens
in technischer Beziehung. (Von YValdegg,
8. Sherwin's Logarilhims.
10. Byrne's Logarithms.
11. The Mechanical and Mathematical Works ol
Oliver Byrne.
12- Silliman s Journal.
13. Algemeine Maschinen-Encyclopcdia. (tlulssc,
14. Cotton Manufacture of Great Britain and
America contrasted.
15. Holtzapffeis' Turning and Mechanical Manipulation.
16. The Steam Engine. (J. Bourne.)
17. Eisenbahn-fleiiung. (Stuttgart.)
18. Tregold on'dhe Steam-Engine.
19. Pike's Mathematical and Optical Instruments.
20. Dictionnaire des Ai ts ct Manufactures. (Laboulaye,
21. Sgauzin's Crvil Engineering.
22. Brown's Indicator and Dynaonmeter.
23. Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation.
24. Essai sur I'Industrie des Matieres Textiles
(Michel Alcan, Paris.)
25. Macneili's Tables.
20. Griers' Mechanic's Pocket Dictionary.
27. Teinpleton's Millwright's and Engineer's
Pocket Companion.
28. Lad) 's and Gentlemen's Diary.
29. Maiine Steam Engine. (Brown.)
30. Weisbach's Mechanics and Engineering.
31. The Mathematician. (London.)
32. Barlow on Strength of Materials.
33. Hann's Mechanics.
34 Mechanical Principles of Engineering and
Architecture. (Mosley.)
35. Journal of the Franklin iustiruTe.
3G. The Transactions of the Institute of Civil
Engineers. ,(lx)ndon.)
3^. The Artisan.
3a. (Quarterly Papers on Engineering. (Published
by Weale, Loud- n.)
39. Imperial Dictionary. (Glasgow.)
40. 8>udeut's Gu.de to the Locomotive Engine.
41. Railway Engine and Carriage Wheels. (Bar_low,
4;.'. Kecueil des iviarnines instruments ei/ipparcu.
(Le Mane, Paris.)
43. Buchanan on MiU Work.
44. Practical Examples of Modern Tools and Maclwnes.
(G. Kennie.)
45. Repertoire de ('Industrie Franquaise et Eirangere.
(L Maihias, Paris.)
46. Treatise on the Manufacture of Gas. (Accom,
47. Setting out Curves on Railways. (Law,
48. Hodge on the Steam-Engine
4'l. Scientific American.
50. Railroad Journal. (New Yoik )
51. American Artisan.
52. Mechanic's Magazine.
53. Nicholson's (Peter) Dictionary of Architecture.
54. Dictiinaire dc Marine a Voiles et a Vapeur,
(De Bonnefoux, Paris.)
55. Conway and Menai Tubuler Bridges ( Faiibarn.)
56. Brees' Railway Practice.
57. Barlow's Mathematical Dictionary.
58. Bowditch's Navigation.
50. Gregory's Mathematics for Practical Men.
60. Engineers' and Mechanics' Encyclopedia.
(Luke Herbert.)
61. Patent Journal ; London.
62. Brce's Glossaiy of Engineering.
63 Encyclopedia of Civil Engineering. Crasy.
64. Craddoclc's Lectures on the Steam-Engine.
65. Assistant Engineer's Railway Guide. (Ilaskoll.)
66. Mechanical Principia. (Leonard.)
The great object of this publication is, to place
>eforc~practicul men and studenU such an amount
>f theoretical and scientific knowledge, in a contensed
form, as shall enable them to work to the
rest advantage, and to avoid those mistakes which
hey might otherwise commit The amount of
iseful information thus brought together, is almost
>eyond a precedent in such works. Indeed there is
uidly any subject within its range which is not
catcd with such clearness and precision, that even
man of the most ordinary capacity cannot fail of
inderilanding, and thus learning from it much
vliicli it is miporirni lornim m.vw.
From the annexed list of the principal authors
ind subject comprised in this work it is sell-cvilent,
that all citizens engaged in the practical and
iseful arts, etc., may derive essential advantages
i'rom the possession and study of this publication,
Hie following may be especially designated :
Moulder and Boiler Makers.
Artificers in Brass, Copner.'and Tin,
I Cutlers, and Workers of Steol in general.
Wotkers in Ivory, Bone, and Horn.
'ivil Enginters, Railway Contractors, and Contractors
for Earth-Work, and Masonry of every j
Architects an I Bridge Builders.
Buiide.'S, Muster Masons, and Bricklayers.
Ship Builders, Masters of Vessels, Ship Carpenters,
and others connected w ith Building and
Docking Ships.
I Block and Pump Makers,
Hemp Dressers and Hope Makers
Manufacturers of Linen and Cotton Fabrics.
Manufacturers of Spinning Machines, Roving j
Machines, Card Bieakers and Finishers, Draw-j
ing Frames' Willows, and Pickers, etc., connect- 1
ed with Cotton, Flax, and Wool Machinery. |
Calenderers, Bleachers, and Calico Printers.
Cloth Folders, and Measurers, and persons intcrg
cited in Sewing Machinery.
Anchor and Chain Cable Manufacturers.
Cutting and Turning Tool Makers^
Pin and Needle Makers,
Nail and Rivet Makers.
Bolt and Screw-Bolt Makers.
Nail Cutters.
father Dressers and Curriers.
Manufacturers of Great Guns and Small Arms.
Candle Makers.
Biscuit and Cracker Makers.
Lace Makers.
Ribbon Wearers.
Stone Cutters and Marble Masons.
Dyers, Cloth Washers, and Scourersf
< oopers.
Cider and Cheese Manufacturers 1
??, Crystal, and Plate Glass Makers.
Sugar Hollers and Refiners, with Proprietors of
Sugar Plantations.
Manufacturers of Railway, Bar, Round Ribbon,
and Rod Iron.
Wheel, Aale, and Spring Makers.
Engine Drivers, and Persons connected with the
Locomotive generally.
Engineers, and Captains of Steam Vessels.
Managers of Stationary Engines.
Lumber Dealers and owners uf Saw Mills.
Veneer Cutters.
Owners of Planing Machinery.
Corn Millers, and Persons connected with Bolting
and Bran-Separating Machinery.
Farmers and Pernios using Grain-Shelling and
Threshing Machinery.
Buhl Workers, Carvers Engravers, and Ornament
Makers in general.
Persons employed in the Manufacture of Gas.
Makers of Copper and Lead Tubing.
Linen and Straw Paper Makers.
Ship Owners, Harbor Masters, and others inter-;
ested in Dredging Machinery.
Well Siukers.
Astronomers, Philosophers, and others using Philosophical
Apparatus and Instruments.
Miner's Engineers, and other interested in Pumping
Persons interested in Canals and Aqueducts.
Warehousemen, ami others, using Hydraulic I
Presses, Dynanometric Cranes, Jack Screws,
Common and Feed Cranes.
Workers in Metals and Alloys.
Tin Plate Workers.
Spring Maeufacturers.
Wheelwrights, Clock Makers Horologists, &c.
The publishers have expended a large sum of
money to get original drawings of machinery in
practical use in this country, and have procured
almost every work on the sudject, whether published
in England, France, or Germany, the most
essential parts of which being comprised in this
Dictionary, render it as perfect and comprehensive
as possible. The publishers have endeavored
to use great economy in type, so that each page of
i the woik contains at least four times the number
of words found in ordinary pages of the same size.
This has also secured to each plate woikinn-diawngs
of ample size and clearness, so that a Mechanic
may construct accurately any machine described.
'I he publishers are, in short determined, regardless
of cost, to make the work as complete as possible
; and it is hoped every one desirous to obtain
the work will procure it as issued in numbers, and
thus encourage the enterprise.
The work will be issued in semi-monthly numbers,
commencing in January, I860, and will progress
uit'i great regularity.
The whole work will be published in 40 numbers
at 25 cents per number, and completed within
the current year, 1850. A liberal discount will
be made to agents.
Any one remitting the publishers $10 in advance
shall receive the work through the post office free
of expense.
Police to Proprietors of Jsevespnptr* throughout the
t oiled States ami Canada.
If the foregoing advertisement is inserted five
times during the year, and the paper containing it
sent to us, it ropy of the work will be sent gratia
in payment.
American Statistics.
A short time past we published some statistics
relative to the number of soldiers supplied froin
the different Stales to the revolutionary war. De
Bow's Commercial Review gives some tables relative
to this, and other subjects of erpiul interest,
which we copy.
1. The number of soldiers furnished by the
American States during the revolution, ami the
population of each State in 1790 and in 1847.
2. Principal buttles of the revo4uti<.n, their several
dates, commanders-in-chief, and losses on
each side.
3. Amount of continental money issued to support
the war, and the estimated cost in-specie.
Soldiers. Pop. 1790 1847.
New Hampshire, 12,407 141,89J 300,01)0
Mass. (inci'ng Me.) 07,097 475,257 1,450,000
Rhode Island, - - 5,908 09,110 130,000
Connecticut, - - - 31,959 238,141 330.0(H)
New York, - - - 17,781 340,120 2,780,000
New Jersey, - - - 10,726 181,139 416,000
Pennsylvania, - - 25,678 434,373 2,125,000
i n ua r.n miv un nun
j L/ClflWIirt:, - u.l|Vi/U C/Vf|X/V/w
1 Maryland, - - 13,912 .119,728 49.1,000
i Virginia, .... 20.078 748,308 1,270,000
i North Carolina, - - 7,20.1 393,751 705,001.
I South Carolina, - - 0,417 219,073 005,000
' Georgia, 2,589 82,548 800,000
| Total, - - - - 231,971 2,820,95911,540,000
If "here When diner. British
I fought. fought. Com. Loss. Com. Loss.
j Lexington, Apr '75 ? 84 ? 245
i Bunker Hill,Jun '75 Warren 453 Howe 1054
I Finlbush, Aug '70 Putnam 2000 Howe 400
! W. Plains, Oct '76 Washt'n 300 Howe 300
i Trenton, Dec '76 Wusht'n 9 Raid 1000
t Princeton, Jan '77 Washt'n 100 Maw'd 400
! Bennington, Aug'77 Stark 100 Baum 600
! Brandy wine, Sep *77 Washt'n 1200 Howe 500
I "Saratoga, Oct '77 Gates 350 Burg'e GOO
| Monmouth, Jun '78 Washt'n 230 Clinton 400
J It. Island, AugL78 Sullivan 211 Pigott 260
| Briar Creek,Mar 79 Ashe 300 Prevost 16
j Stoney P't.,Jul '79 Wnyne 100 Johns'n 600
Camden, Aug'81 Gates 720 Cnrnw's 375
Cownens, Jan '81 Morgan 72 Tarle'n 800
I Guilford, Mar'bl Greene 400 Cornw's 523
j Eu. Springs,Sep'81 Greene 555 Stewart 1000
I The surrender of Coruwallis at Yorktown.Ocj
tober 1781, closed the war; prisoners 7,073.
*5,752 British tuken prisoners.
Amount issued hi 1775 - - $ 2,000,000
1777 - - 20,000,000
" " in all to July, 1799 3.j8,000,000
The whole expenses of the war, estimated in
specie, amounted to $135,193,703.
We compile front the New York Shipping List
j and Price Current, of the 11th September, the fol*
lowing statement, showing the crop of Cotton in
the several States for the yeaf ending 31st August
I 1650: 1850. 1849.
! Louisiana 781,886 1,093,797
| Alabama 350,952 518,706
Florida 181,34 1 200,186
Texas 31,263 38,827
Georgia 344,635 391,372
| South Carolina .... 384,265 458,117
North Carolina . . . 11,861 10,041
Virginia 11,509 17,.'50
Total crop .... 2,0.46,715 2,728,596
Derense from last year . . . . 651,881
Decrease front year before . . 250,928
The Past, the Present and the Future.?Of
the cotton mole, from the London Economist,
August 24, 1850. " It is calculated that upwards
of 4,000,000 persons depend entirely upon this
trade in all its branches. American cotton crop :
1835-6 1,367,225 1842-3 2,378,875
1836 7 1,422,930 1843-4 2,030,409
1837-8 1,801,497 1844-5 2,394,503
lojoO 1,360,532 1845-6 2,100,537
1839-40 2,177,835 1846-7 1,778,651
1840-1 1,632,945 1847-8 2,347,634
1841-2 1,684,211 1848-9 2,728,596
Average 1,635,596 Average 2,251,315
Average crop of the last seven years exceeds
that the prior 615,719 bales, and the crop of the
last just double that of the first?and the crop of
184$-9 was more than 1846-7 by fifty per cent.
Average consumption in Great Britain of American
cotton the fir?t 7 years 1,153,219 bales.
The 2d period of 7 years 1,449,398 bales.
Largest consumption, 1849, 1,586,608 bales.
tyARKER, Agent for the above very Ruperjor
jf HAIR WASH, received, this day, 12grOM>
Wholesale aid retail, at
ii-J/* To shou- what is done, and what should be done,
m ,??
cVkms M. \V, ? ' \ Editors and Proprietors.
TcHMk. ?" The United States Postal Guide and
Official Advertiser," containing about 32 svper-royal
octavo pages, is published Monthly Jbr owe dollar
only, per annum, payable in advance?or Jive
dollars for sir copies ordered at any one time.
The enterprise in which we now {embark, and
of which this paper is at once the sommencement,
and a sample of the papers that are to follow, has
for its aim no less a purpose, than to impart instruction,
in the general and detail, to the Officers
and Agents of the American public, in respect both
to their duties and their rights, and to make them,
and the people at large, acquainted with the organization,
decisions and action of the Executive departments
of their Government. There has liiih
erto leen no veliicle for the rseular and proper
communication of information of this kind. The
publication of the Lawa and the issue of instructions,
more or less comprehensive, and at intervals
more or less extended, have proved wholly inadequate,
in the absence of the construction of those
Laws, as applied to particular cases, and of details j
and illustrations to make the regulations and instructions
intelligible. The valuable documents {
annually reported to Congress,ure too voluminous,
and are printed in quantities too small for general
circulation; whilst the debates in Congress and
the commentaries of the press upon their proceed|
iugs, and the proceedings of the Executive branch
of the Government, besides turning mostly upon
general principles, address themselves only to
onrty ends, and to matters of national policy.
I These publications in their various forms are
j highly useful in themselves as far as they go, and
some of them indispensable; but there is much
j that do not reach the hand* of all, nor if they did, j
do they furnish those rules, methods, and exam- j
pies, for the despatch of the public business which |
can render the discharge of public duty either safe i
or easy, whether in respect to the incumbent himself,
or the department or bureau under which he
acts. We shall make an honest effort to supply
this vacuum, and to provide for these necessities.
If we succeed in rendering the functions of the
primsry offices more uniform, methodical, and exact,
we shall make the administrative duties of the
departments more easy and effective, and thereby
| promote tiie real and substantial interests of the
country. And this we expect to do, to some ex[
tent at least?apart from, and independently of
any party or personal interest or question whalj
It is known to most of those to whom this paper
will be sent, that the Senior Editor was Audi
lor or me rosi-umce uepnrtmenc until tne nioniii
of November last; with by far the larger portion
of both postmasters antl contractors, lie has had
direct intercourse, in person or by letter. He eni
tered the department fourteen years since, and for
1 many years previously, had been, first in the War
.Department, aid subsequently in the Treasury,
i He has therefore had the best opportunities for
understanding the arrangements or business in all
the departments, and being acquainted with those
who carry it on. Since his official connection with
; the Government ceased, he flatters himself he has
I preserved the respect and regard of most of the
C' resent incumbents of the departments, and is on
ecoming terms of intercourse and civility with
I them all. The Junior Editor, has been assiduously
engaged for several years, in studying, by personal
inquiry and examination, the practical and
daily routine and details of the Post-Office und
I otner branches of the public bus'npss. It is with
ibis stock of experience, and these advantages for
II reaching the various sources of administrative uc|
lion, and for imparting mtnute and illustrative instruction,
and valuable periodicul and statistical
i information, that we challenge your confidence
and solicit your support and patronage.
We have fixed upon the 15th of each month as
the day for the publication of our paper, so as to
afford time for obtaining from the departments,
all the orders, notices and changes issued, or made
by iliem during the preceding month. Tables of
Post Offices, and compilations of the Lnws and
Regulations, are issued by the Post Office Department
only once in two or three years. It is a
matter of inconvenience and complaint, for which
hitherto there has been no remedy, that in one
month from the time of these issues, there are offices
in the tableR which are no longer in ope ation,
and offices in operation which are not in the tables.
At this time there are perhaps over three thousand
offices of the two descriptions. In like manner
laws have been passed and regulations established
since the issue of the last volume of regulations,
of which many postmasters and others are wholly
ignorant; We propose to prevent, for the present,
any increase or the evil of either kind, and from
the time another issue shall be made, our paper
will furnish the additions, corrections, and modifications,
made in each month, and by being filed
and preserved, will afford to postmasters full and
avanl infnrmnlinn imnn linfli Riiltiprti. tin to miiH
for time being. How much of the prevent misdirection,
remaiiing, doubt, confUsion, error nnd
imposition, will be saved by the progressive state
of full and exact knowledge, for which we have
protided, and for which we engage, every intelligent
postmaster can estimate for himself.
These advantages alone and independently of all
, others, are worth many times the price we charge
for the paper, and will, it is hoped, induce every
postmaster who feels a just priue in his office, or
a patriotic regard for the credit, prosperity, and
efficiency of the whole Post Office system?at once
to subscribe. The same considerations apply to
the orders and notices, decisions, and instructions
of the War, Navy, Treasury, State, nnd Interior
departments, and the same course is intended in
respect to them. Notices of the decisions of the
Supreme Court, in cases turning upon questions
of official duty or national interest, will find a place
| in this [ ep?\
I A department of our paper addressing itself nol
| merely to postmasters and other officers of the
, Government, but to all other citizens who give ati
tention to the affairs of the nation and the progress
and devolopntent of the t* untry, will embrace in a
i condensed form the matters submitted to, or arising
in Congress. At each session a vast deal of
valuable information is communicated to Congress,
by the several departments and their subordinate
bureaus, and profound and comprehensive
reports are made by committees of both Houses.
But the great mass of the community know noth.
ing of the contents of these documents and re!
ports, except the brief notices of them, which
from time to time appear in the public papers.
The standing number printed of each documem
and report, is only twelve hundred in the Senate,
and fourteen hundred in the House of Representatives,
which at once shows the impracticability of
their dissemination. The Advektisf.r will contain
short abridgments or analysis of all these
documents and reports, and the compend will
therefore not only prove exceedingly useful and
instructive in itself, but will furnish an easy index
to those interested, whenever it is found desirable
I to obtain and examine the document at large.
There is a large field before us, the materials are
ample. It will be our zealous care to collect and
arrange them in the proper form. We have every
confidence that the subscriptions will be ample to
| enable us to accomplish it all. The information
we propose to give, comprehending and confined
1 to the action or the Government, is solid, useful,
! and (we might almost say) necessary to the officer?if
not to the citizen, it is intended for all,
and put at a price which can constitute no obstacle
with any. If at the end of the year, any subscriber
-- u - II C?/l ikiil Ka Itau nitl rAfMi'Pil flio t'ull villus* rtf
\ his money, in intellectual enjoyment and in the
increased light and aid afforded him, for the dis|
charge of hia official duties or in exercising by his
vote his just share in the conduct of our public affairs,
then shall we be ready to admit, that our
; h >pes and expectations have been disappointed,
I and that the contract on our part has failed.
WunwcTOK, D. C., June, 1850.
JjaSL THE HOUSE now occupitd by Mrs]
jjfiffi SPRIGG, on Capitol Hill, Cauoll Place,
and immediate possession given. To a good tena>
t the terms will be reasonable. Apply to
Oet 17 -31 BEN. E. GREEN} 1
Established in 18*20, and Empowered by act of
For the Insurance of Livee, and the Endowment
of Children, Ac.
CAPITAL 3,000,000.
M. THOMPSON, .Igent.
Office on Pennsylvania avenue, one door
west of Jackson Hull.
A RESPECTABLE man, who has his forenoons
unemployed, would like to occupy
himself in a suitable way during that time. He
writes a good hand, and would undertake copying,
translating from the French or German, keeping a
set or two of books, where a regular book-keeper
is not employed, Ac. Please inquire at the office
of this paper. 6?tf
QTEVENS, No. 1, Brown's Hotel, has just reO
ceived a further and full supply of Beebe's
riais. Also, a complete assortment 01 ms own
make, of every quality and style. Gentlemen
wishing Hats of fancy shapes can have their orders
filled at
STEVEN'S great Hat, Cap, and
Gent'8 Outfitting Establishment, No. 1 Brown's
1 lotel.
Nov. 30?fitif. (Intel. Repub. Union.)
THE United States Mail Steamship Company
will desjiatch the splendid double-engine
steamship GEORGIA, on Wednesday, Dec. il,
at 3 o'clock, p. m., from the nier, foot of Warren
street, North river, New York, with the Government
mails and passengers for San Francisco
and intermediate ports.
The connexion at Panama will be carefully
kept up, and passengers for San Francisco are
guaranteed that they will not be delayed at Panama
beyond the usual stay in port.
The books are now open, and passage can be
Necurcd at the following rutes :
State-room berth - #100
Standee berth, forward aalooon - - - 80
Steerage berth, found bed A, separate table 50
State-room berth #300
Steerage berth, found bed A separate table 150
Stale-room. Standee. Steerage
I To Charleston or Savannah #25 #'20 #10
To Havana 70 55 25
To New Orleans - - - 75 60 25
Freight to New Orleans 30 cents per cubic foot
Freight to Iinvnna will be taken in limited
quantity at reasonable rales.
Passengers for Clmgres will he transferred at
Havana to the new and splendid steamship PACIFIC.
To secure freight or passage, apply at the office
of the company, 77 West street, corner of AVarren
steet, to M. O. ROBERTS.
Special Notice is given io shippers by this
line, that the company have prepared a form of
bill of lading adupted to their business, which will
be furnished to shippers on application at the
company's office, and with which they are re
quested lo provide themselves, us no other form
will he signed l>y the agents of the company. All
bills of lading must be signed before the sailing of
vessel. Dec. 7, 1H50.
of tlllt
I'o Mechanics, Inventors, and Manufacturers:
'CUE Publishers of the Scientific American reI
npectfully give notice that the sixth volume
of thin valuable journal, commenced on the 21st
of September, ofFermg a valuuble opportunity for
all to subscribe who take an interest in the progress
and developenient of the Mechanics' Arts
and Manufactures of our country. The character
of the Scientific American is too well known
throughout the country to require a detailed account
ol the varioua subjects discussed thrwugh its
It enjoys a m ire extensive and influential circulation
than any other journal of its class in
It will be published weekly, as heretofore, in
Quarto Form, on fine paper, affording, at the end
with an Index, and from Five to Six Hundred
ORIGINAL ENGRAFL\YiS, described by letters
of reference; besides a vast amount of practical
information concerning the progress of SCIEN
Tin c una .111. v h.i.m tv/ 1. i.v r no r t:ME.YTS,
M .1 A* U F Jl C T UR / A*G in its various
AVI',?in short, it embraces the entire range 01
the Arts and Sciences.
It also possesses an original feature not found in
any other weekly journal in the country, viz., an
Official List of P.ITENT C 1^1 IMS, prepared ex
pressly for its columns at the Patent Office,?thus
constituting it the " HMERICHNREPERTORY
Terms?$2 a-year ; $1 for six mouths.
All letters must be post paid and directed to
Publishers of the Scientifia American,
128 Fulton street, New York.
Inihicr.mcnls for Clubbing,
Any person who will send us four subscribers
for six months, at our regular rates, shall be entitled
to one copy for the same length of time ; or
we will furnish?
10 copies for 6 mon., $8 I 1.1 copies for 12 mos. $22
10 do 12 1.1 | 20 do 12 " 28
Southern and Western money taken at par for
subscriptions ; or Post Office Stamps taken at
their full value.
Any person sending us three subscribers will be
entitled to a copy of the " History of Propellers
und Steam Navigation," republished in book form
?now in press, to be ready about the first of October.
It will be one of the most complete works
upon the subject ever issued, and will contain
about ninety engravings.
Oct. 22?tf
1IFE INSURANCE.?British Commercial
j Life Insurance Company,established 111 1820,
ami empowered by act of Parliament, for the In- j
surancc of Lives and Survivorships, and the en- i
dowment of Children, Ac., Ac., CAPITAL
}Lj"*Office 3d story Colonization Buildings,
near Jackson Hall, Pennsylvania avenue, Wash-1
inton city, D. C
October 21, 1850?dtf j
WILL be opened at Mrs. S. Parker's,on Saturday,
23d inst., at 10 o'clock A. M., in the
1 new store under the National Hotel, a rich assortI
ment of Winter Millinery, consisting of Hate,
j Caps, Head-Dresses, Feathers, Florences, Rib1
bons, Ac. Ac. PARKER'S
DRESS COMBS.?We are just opening an
other and prettier assortment of those nand [
some Rope and Chain pattern Shell and Buffalo !
Dress Tuck Combs; prices from $2 to 420 each.
Also, 200 different patterns Spanish Dress Fan;
Laces from 75 cents to $10 each.
TM^HE Subscriber returns his thanks to the
J. public and the old customers of Simms A Sot*
and informs them that TH E GROCERY AND
WINE BUSINESS heretofore carried on by them,
is contiued by Edward Simms ; he has added a ,
full and fresh supply of the fines'.TEAS, BLACK
| has also on hand a full assortment of the finest
WINE, and will be sold at the lowest rates,
amongst which will be found 100 baskets of the j
choicest brands of Champagne, Hock, and (,-laret \
Winee, of the purest kinds.
tte SoutiMta FMm,"?fn-wMkly
u published oo Tuesday*, Thu/?Uym and b-tUuiay*
of each Week.
"The Southern Praae.'-Waakly,
la publiabed every Saturday.
AOIMtlUlia RATfcS.
Kor one square of 10 linea, three insertions, f 1 00
a every subaequeat insertion, Ki
Liberal deductiona made on yearly advertising.
Individuala may forward the anouat ef tbcii
subscriptions at our risk. Address, (poet-paid)
Washington Cits.
LAW AND AGENCY OFFICE.?The undersigned,
Attorneys and Agents, practice Law
in the Supreme Court of the United States, and
the Courts of the District of Columbia, and attend
promptly to claims against the United States, including
the settlement of all accounts of officers
and agents of the Government, Bounty Lands,
Pensions, Return of Duties, Patents for new inventions,
&c., &c.
They tender their services to members of the
profession at a distance, and, when the case is
prepared by a lotal agent, will abate one-half their
usual fee. All information relative to the forms
and usages of busiuess in any of the Departments
will be furnished to our regular correspondent!
without charge. They have made arrangements
for the payment ol "axes, and for the sale or location
of bounty land warrants on the best Western
Jd'Dffice on P? nsylvania avenue, Lane &
Tucker's Building
Oct. 14?3taw3in.
Leonard scott & Co., a*o. 54 GoUitreet,
AV?> York, continue to publish the four le&Jtng
British Quarterly Reviews and Blackwood's
Magazine; in addition to which they have recently
commenced the publication of a valuable Agricultural
work, called the
" Farmer's Guide to Scientific and Practical
By Henry Stephens, F. R. S., of Edinburgh, autlior
of the "Book of the Farm," dt-c., &c.; assisted
by John P. Norto.v, M.A.,New Haven,Professor
of Scientific Agriculture in Yale College, &c., <ic.
This highly valuable work will comprise two
large royal octavo volumes, containing over 1,400
pages, with 18 or SO splendid steel engravings,
and more than 00(1 engravings on wood, in the
highest style of the art, illustrating almost every
implement of husbandry now in use by the best
farmers, the best methods of ploughing, planting,
haying, harvesting,&c.?dr., the various domestic
animals in their highest perfection; in short,
the pictnrial feature of the book is unique, and
will render it of incalculable value to the student
of agriculture.
The work is being published in semi-monthly
numbers of 64 pages each, exclusive of the Steel
engravings, and is sold at 25 cents each, or $5 for
the entire work in numbers, of which there will be
at least twenty-two.
The British Periodicals re-published are as follows,
viz :
The London Quarterly Review (Conservative),
The Edinburgh Review (Whig),
Tiie North British Review (Free Church),
The Westminster Review (Liberal.)
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (Tory).
Although these works are distinguished by the
political shades above indicated, yet but a small
portion of their contents is devoted to political subjects.
It is their literary character which gives
tliern their chief value, and in that they stand con.
| fessedly far above all other journals of their class.
Hlackwood, mill under the masterly guidance of
Christopher North, maintains its ancient celebrity,
and is, at this time, unusually attractive, from the
serial works of Bulwer and other literary notables,
written for that magazine, and first appearing in
its column s both in Great Britain and in the United
Sluies. Such works as "The Caxtoris" and "jVly
New Novel" (both by Bulwer,) "My Peninsular
Medul," "The Green Hand," and other seriuls,
of which numerous tivhI editions are issued uy the
lending publishers in this chuutry, have to be ref
printed by those publishers from the pages oBlackwood,
after it has been issued by Messrs. Scotso
that subscribers to the reprint ofthat
I vlagazme may always rely on having the earliest
reading of these fascinating tales.
For any one of the four Reviews - - *>3.u0
For any two do. - - 5,00
For any three do. - - 7,00
For all four of the Reviews, - - 8,U0
For Bl ick wood's Magazine, - - 3,00
For Blackwood and three Reviews, - 9,00
For Blackwood and the four Reviews, - 10,00
For Farmer's Guide (complete in 22 Nos.) 5,00
( Payments to be nuide in all rases in Mrance.)
A Miscount of licenty-Jive per cent. from the above
prices will be allowed to Clubs ordering four or
more copies of any one or more of the above
works. Thus: 4 copies of Blackwood or of one
Review will be sent to one address for $9 ; 4 copies
of the four Reviews and Blackwood for $30 ; and
so on.
*?* Orders from Clubs must be sent direct to the
ptiblishrrs, as no discount from these prices can be
allowed to .tfgrn/s.
Money, current in the States where issued, will
be received at par.
JCf^Rennittancesand communications should be
always addressed, post-paid or franked, to the
70 Fulton Street, New York,
Entrance 54 Gold st.
'Or'Subecriptiohs received in Washington by
I Frank Taylor, Taylor & Maurey, and W.Adam,
I Booksellers.
WE beg leave to call your attention to an advertisement,
and to the memorial annexed,
| and tender our services in the prosecution of any
| claima for Bounty Lands or Pensions, which you
may send to us. We will allow you one half our
I usual fee, which is fire dollars for obtaining a wnr|
rant for 160 acres, and three dollars for a warrant
I of eighty acres or less, for publishing our adverI
ti8emer?t, and preparing and forwarding the papers
to us.
If you accept this proposal, please insert this
I circular and our advertisement in your paper,
I with the following editorial notice:
| " We call the attention of our readers lo the adj
vertiaenier.t of Messrs. Duff Green, Ben. E.
Green, and Richard II. Clarke, Attorneys and
| Agents at Washington, D. C., and would say to
j persons having claims for Bounty Lands or Pensions,
that we have made arrangements for the
! requisite forms, and tlmt claimants calling at our
I office can have their papers properly prepared and
forwarded to these gentlemen at Washington,
j who will properly attend to them in their proper
I offices."
Please get each claimant to sign the memorial,
I and forward it to your member of Congress.
Please send us a copy of your paper containing
| our card, which will notify us that you accept onr
i proposition. DtJFF GREEN,
To the Sennit and House of Representatives of the
United States in Congress assembled: The memorial
of the undersigned, respectfully represent* that
they are entitled to Bounty Land, under the act
ofiWth of September* 1850, that they are inrttrmed
and (relieve that the unlocaied warrants are worth
more to them than the patented lands would be,
that they do not expect or desire to reaide on the
land thus granted-, that if patented to them, the
expense of agencies and taxes will be an annual
charge, reducing the value of the grant, which
they could avoid if permitted to sell the warrant.
Your memorialists further represent that the law,
by preventing the sale of the warrants, assume."
that the officers and volunteers entitled to bounty
lands, are not competent to act for themselves,
whereas many of them are among the most intel|
ligent and respectable citizens of the States. Tbey
| therefore respectfully ask that the act aforesaid
| may be so modified as to make the warrants for
J bounty lands assignable, and they will ever
j pray, Ac.
A SELECT variety of Fine Gold Jewelry,
Guard and Vest Chains, and the beet quality
of London, Liverpool, and Swiss Watches, for
sale at low prices for cash. Every article warranted
to prove what it ia represented to be at the
time of sale; also. Watch Reiwiring in all its
dec 13 >To. 5, Todd'e buildtof, Pa. aveaytt

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