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The southern press. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1850-1852, January 03, 1851, Image 3

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and direct you ud the GM< to proceed u the organ
of hie administration, give yon all bis confidence,
sad all would bo woUand end well.
7%ii it Uu ruMence; and 1 had a hope on the ,
receipt of this letter, and some others written by
mutual friends, would have restored all things to
harmony and confidence again. 1 rested on this
hope until the 7th, when 1 received yours of the
3Uih, and two confidential leuere from the Preei- |
dent, directed to be laid before me, from which it
would seeiu that the purchase of the Globe, and to
get clear of you, ita editor, is the great absorbing
questiou before tjis President. Well, who it to be
Ou jutrchatcrf Mr. llnchieand Major A. J. Don
c.ouii 113 tailor*, i^utry as to the latter. 1 lit
above question 1 have asked ihe President. I# ,
that renegade politician, Cameron, who boaata he
haa $50,(MO to set up a new paper, to be one of,
them??who ie a bankrupt in polittca, and who got ;
elected aenalor by selling hi i.self to the Whigs,
and could not raise f 1,000, to be one of the proprietors
to unite the democracy. His very elec
lion haa divided them in Pennsylvania; ana a letter
to me auys he has done our mutual frieud
much injury, he being charged with using secretlv
lus influence to effect it; or would Cameron s
ownership in part unite , -, , |
, and a host of other old time Democrats in j
your expuUion? What delusion! Or is ,
to be the purchaser? Here, it is stated he is vastly
encumbered with debt?by many a perfect bankrupt.
Who ib to purchase? and where is the
money to coine from? Is , the satellite of
, the great friend of ? a perfect bankrupt
in property. My own opinion is, that the
contract made, the money cannot be raised, and
the Globe cannot be bought. What then? The
President will find himself in a dilmma, having to
apologise, and the Globe be the organ, and Ritchie
will return, not so well satisfied with the sagacity
of the Administration as when he left Richmond.
These are my speculations. I may be in error.
1 would like to know what portion of the cabinet
are supporting and advising the President to this
< course, where nothing but injury can result to him
in the end, and division in his cabinet, arising from
jealousy. W hat political clique is to be benefitted
? My dear friend, let me know oil about the
cabinet, and their movements on this subject.
ii ... i_ .i ?l,l iv.?.I
UUW lOUlUBUIIlC II IS IU MIC IU occ an u.u msuu
laid aside, principles of justice and friendship forgotten,
and all for the sake of policy?and the great
democratic party divided or endangered for policy
?and that a mere imaginary policy, that must
tend to divide the great democratic Party, whilst
the Whigs ure secretly rejoicing at the prospects
of disunion in our ranks. I declare to you, it is a
course that common sense forbade the adoption,
when the administration was entering on its career
with so much harmony and prospect of success.
1 cannot reflect upon it with any calmness;
every point of it, upon scrutiny, turns to harm
and disunion, and not one beneficial result can be
expected from it. 1 will be anxious to know the
result. If harmony is restored, and the Globe, the
organ, I will rejoice; if sold to whom, and for
what. Have, if you sell, the purchase money well
secured. What is the President doing for Mr. r
He was to have had the . This, I see, is given
to another.
This may be the last letter I may be able to
write you; but, live or die, I am your friend, (and
never deserted one from policy,) and leave my papers
and reputation in your keeping. As far as
justice is due to my fame, I know you will shield
it. 1 ask no more. 1 rest upon truth, and require
nothing but what truth will mete to me. All
mw imiiKohnid inin me in kind wishes for your
health and prosperity, and that of all your family;
and that you may triumph over alt enemies. May
Qod's choicest blessings be bestowed upon you
and yours through life is the prayer of your sincere
friend, ANDREW JACKSON.
E. P. Blair, esq.
It thus appears from these letters of Gen.
Jackson, that Mr. Polk and his cabinet found
it necessary to change the organ, and as appears
from rece t articles in the Union, the editor
of the Union after much difficulty about principles,
and about terms was selected. But Messrs.
Blair and Rives would not agree to the arrangement
without the consent of Mr. Van
B(/ren, and of Silas Wright. So that the
question of orgauship was discussed nnd settled
by Mr. Polk and his cabinet, General Jackson,
Martin Van Buhen and Silas Wright.
Now a President has patronage enough not
only to support, but to enrich an organ. The
power of an organ is very great. Whatever tone
it adopts, all the lesser organs must keep time.
All cai didatcs for Executive favour must ol
course do the same thing?and so must all the
candidates of the party in power, for Congress.
Yet organs have been and are the creatures ol
a single man, or a very few men. Such is the
practical working of our great Federal system?
of the elective franchise-?of the freedom of the
p rcss.
But the Globe, which exercised dictatorial
power over the Democratic party, had only between
four and five thousand subscribers. The I
Southern Press without party patronage, State
or Federal, comes into being and at once lias
double the number.
Of late years, however, a class of ncutra'
papers has arisen with influence enough to hold
the balance of power between the two great
parties. But these papers are professedly neutral.
To make them subservient to the views of
party, correspondents nre employed, who write
constantly for party. The Baltimore Sun, Phila- i
delphia Ijedger, New Orleans Picayune, nre ol I
- j l_: i i i
tills CWBS, mill lit-lllg |iu Uliam-u HI lai^r vines in
very low prices, obtain a wide circulation.
A correspandcnt of those papers and others' 1
signing himself X, Observer, le Diablo Roitenux,
dtc., was actively engaged last season, in behalf
of tho Com promise and of General Cass. He
was used generally as an instrument of personal
abuse, and an inditer'of rumors of the most
rodiculou* and contradictory character,for party
purposes. We never thought him worthy of
notice, but bis letters were frequently copied
into the Union, And he refered to editorially as the
"intelligent," tho "well informed"correspondent
of the Bultimore Son, &c., showing that he was
in the secrets of the party.
Well, the Compromise passed. But very
much to the astonishment and dismay of its contrivers,
it has prostrated them at the North and
South. And they naturally betook themselves
to the expedient of combining for their own preservation,
under pretence of preserving the
Union.
The "intelligent correspondent" X has been
quite active in this Union movement. The
Union paper has been wavering?and a quarrel
has arisen. Wo publish the lust passages of this
controversy ; not ft.at we think the testimony
of either p irly is of any consequence ns to any
body else?but ns they evidently know each
other, and are mutual endors rs of each others
intelligence and patriotism, it is rather conclusive
to themselves.
The assistant editor of the Union would state
that he hns noticed the impertinent puerility of
the Washington correspondent of the Baltimore
.Nun, who gives to the world his blank ignorance
and vapid conceit over the signature of X.
Having lieen curbed in his insolence, this
.mercenary camp-follower, who is ready to serve
nnv cause, endeavors to shield himself by stat
ing that the punishment which he has received,
and which his contortions prove to have Keen
very painful, was not inflicted hy the editor, hut
hy the assistant. editor of the Union. Well, l>e
it so, if that ^ives him any relief. The editor
of the Union left Washington at ft o'clock, December
24. Within an hour or two after his
departure the -IMtiiadelphia ledger, an abolition
paper, and the Baltimore Sun, a southern paper
?both owned, we believe, by the same Jnnusfnced
establishment?were placed In the hands
of the assistant editor of the Unum. He souths!
both the Washington correspondents of the
abolition paper and the Washington coriespon
dent of the uouthcru piper luui mentioned and
described diiferently the position which the
Union assumed toward* Governor Floyd'* message.
We contrasted tlie two atateotenls, *o
that it might appear not only that these correspondent*
hud upoken fuiuely of the position of
the Union, hut that each hud convicted the other
of direct falsehood. But it seems that the writer
for the IjfJfftr and the writer for the Sun did
not couvicl each other of fdsehood, since it has
come to l>aaa liial they are one and the same
person, encompassed in the eume suit of clothe*,
who proved by hi* different statements a double
falsehood himself. He not only did this ; but he
debased himself still further by voluntarily appropriating
to himself general remarks, which no
man worthy of the name would claim us Ids
property.
We feel it to be our duty to correct the false
statement of this self-conceited correspondent,
as well as to refer to the origin of his groundless
imputation upon the principles entertained and
advocated by the editor of the Union for yeura
as sectional and "provincial." The very use of
the term "provincial" satisfied us that the writer
waa ignorant of tho nature of our political sys
tern, and of the principles on which it is founded.
We knew that no one would have employed
such a ii-rui uui un liimviauui caucniea abroad,
in the midst of the petty systems and downtrodden
nations of Europe, or would have applied
it to principles which were lirst recognized
by the ablest men of this country, and have ever
constituted the groundwork < n which the Democratic
party rests. No Federalist even in this
country would have used such a term. He
would have had too much respect for himself,
if not for others, to have done so. The term itselfsmells
of serfdom and abasement. We knew
it did not spring from an American mind. We
hit the mark at the first blow.
We have been tender and forbearing to this
man. We knew the difficulties of his position.
He had to cater for the abolition sentiments of
the readers of the Philadelphia Ledger?he had
to give a different set of dishes for the readers
of the Baltimore Sun?and at the same time he
was playing the toady to men of the North, the
South, the East, and the West, in order to gain
employment as a political turnspit We do not
blame those gentlemen from tjic "four points of
the compass: men are but children of a larger
growth; they love the rattle; they must hnve
their lap-dogs. But they have no right to annoy
other people's cars, or permit their interesting
nnopinipna nf mAplr-ovod ??liror_rrr.'?v
ninity to annoy harmless wayfarers. For ourselves,
we must object to such ideas of enlarged
liberty ; and if the lap dogs are turned loose in
bad weather, we will kick them off", preferring
their angry barks to their muddy paws planted
fawningly on our pantaloons.
This man?like all other men who harbor in
their hearts contempt for themselves?endeavors
to shield himself by pretending that the lash
struck others. He strives to make it appear
that our adojUed tilizens are wounded by the
blows which have been given to him when he
misbehaved. Whnt arrogant conceit or cowering
timidity! Where are his credentials for
thrusting himself forward as the exponent of
foreign immigration ? Who constituted him the
leader and defender of better and honester men?
How comes it that his flatulept conceit is to be
taken as an index of Gernirn honesty and industry?
How comes it that his card-tricks are taken
as the insignia of the honest labor of Belgium,
the devoted courage of Baden and Bavaria, and
the many high qualities which flourish on the
Rhine? Wo did not endeavor to cast a slur upon
foreigners; least of all did wo attempt to cast a
slur upon German ronublclanism. We meant to
prick a bubbles, ana show the emptiness of a
foreign pretender, who came to our country, not
as a foreigner seeking an asylum, but as a Jew
to trade in his wares?mock wares, too?mere
words, and the semblance of principles.
Bnt enough of this man, and the tribe of
trading politicians to which he has ever bolonged
?this ape of foreign manners and eulogist of
foreign customs?a moral commingleinent of
the physical traits of the Hessian and Cowboy,
with the bad qualities of both, and good qualities
of neither?a man who neither respects his
country, his creed, nor his religion, who leaves
Europe to preach Democracy, nnd who remains
hi America to mimic me" uign-iue-oeiow-siairs
of eastern monarchies. We always wish to write
English ; but on the present occasion we nre
speaking of an anomalous character, and all the
rules permit us to invent words to describe him
the foreign native?the tariff free-trader?the
European American, the royal Democrat, and
the Democratic royalist?the Northern man with
Southern principles?the Southern man with
Northern principles?the man with different
opinions recorded in all the Atlantic cities?the
political Dugald D dgetty, ready to serve either
the ledger or the Sun for a consideration, provided
that the courage and constancy of Dugald
are not exacted from him.
We have done with this character. Wc make
tn humble apology to all the renders of the
Union for giving so many portraits of a disable
subject. Wo will never offend again.
[Correspondence of llir Baltimore Su/i-]
Wa8iiincton, Dec. 31, 1850.
The vQssaulls o f the Union?Return of Father Ritchie
?Retort to Personalities, See.
The ardent-spirited "assistant" of the Union,
(partizan print, not newspaper) cannot obtrude
himself on my notice. He is not my equal in any
respect, and I must needs address myself to hit
master.
Father Ritchie, in the Union of the 21st instant,
after having been for two days on the anxious seat,
endorsed Gov. Floyd's message in terms of the
most submissive provincial adulation, differing
t'rom it only in regard to the time when a national
convention was to lie held. Some of his friends
exposed to him the folly of his course on the evening
of that day, and on Sunday morning, ths
Union contained another article on the subject,
begging the ouestion, and asking time to consider;
on Tuesday foil owing, however, the Union shifted
its ground altogether, and came out against a national
convention, but in favor of separate State
actions. Mr. Richie's first editorial was a humbug;
Mr. Ritchie's second editorial was a humbug;
ana Mr. Ritchie's third editorinl was a humbug;
and it was precisely the articles in the Sun and
Ledger whicli mnde that humbug explode, by stigmatising
it as a provincial humbug, and Father
Ritchie as n provincial man. The article which
appeared in the Ledger was in reply to Mr.
Ritchie's first editorial, thnt in the Sun in reply to
the second editorial of Mr Ritchie; it is Mr.
Ritchie who lias veered round, not the letter-writers.
Indeed, the course of ths Union has been a
perfect curiosity, and it would rune contradict itself
every day, were it not kept in the traces by
Ovio F. Joiivsov, esquire, late Attorney General
of Pennsylvania, under the administration of
Governor Porter. It is he who furnished brains
to the concern. Mr. Ritchie himself furnishes
twattle, and his ardent assistant nothing but vulgarity
and nonsense.
Mr. Ritchie, when attacked, always pleads old
age, and respectable connections. Both plena are
vain, and entirely inadmissible in a public print.
All respect, to be sure, is due to a venerable old
matron, but when she puts paint on her cheeks,
and cotton in her stays, and affects to gof angry i
when no longer considered the f|ueen of the ball |
room, then she must expect not entirely to escape 1
satire. Mr. Ritchie is a good deal mnde up of |
rnllnn?a great deal more so than is satisfactory !
to (he south western members and to the members 1
from _lhe Middle States, nnd it is qui(<% time, I 1
think, that he should lie n little wanted. The I
Union wns ns ultra n Southern paper as thpre wris !
in the country, when the Southern Pre.? wn? en
tnblished which took off the palm, nnd forced Mr.
Ritchie, against hin own inclinations, to become
n rjunti nntionnl man. He saw that he was broke,
nnd thnt hin only chnnce wnn to hehnve himself,
nnd apply to CnngreRn for relief. Now thnt the
dnnger of disunion is past, Mr. Rilrhie, having
secured the approbation of the friends of the
Union, is currying favors with the Southern ultrns,
by foiling bask into hisold prnvincinlism
nnd Southern championship. Mr. Ritchie hns
contributed more to the split in the Northern Democracy,
nnd to the defeat of the party, than nny
other man, nnd he is now at his old work ngnin,
relying for his individual success on the dire necessity,
(becoming daily more urgent.) to get rid
of him in some way or other. He wnnts to force
the party into n divorce n mrnsn rt thorn-, suing for
alimony.
The first mnn thnt called Mr Ritchie a provincial
ntan wns General Andrew Jackson, when he
said, Ritchie would do very welt in Virginia, and |
the South, hut not in Wasnin'ton, at the head of
> a national organ; and it i? ratuer late in the day I
to hold a man to account for agreeing aubalanll- '
ally with General Jackson. Mr. Ritchie became
a technical Democrat becauae he woe born in dem- j
ocralic Virginia, in the aliade of aurh democratic
oake aa J rlierson and Madison. llad be been
, born in France, the highest honors to which his 1
ambition would have aa|>tred would have been to '
become the editor and proprietor of the njficial
(rrqan. La Monitkuk. '
I'bere are men wha are Democrats in every t
clime and under every government?they are the (
men of independent character and mind, not wor- ,
shippers of idols, and toadies 11 authority. We .
all remember Mr. Ritchie as the editor of the
government organ under Mr. Folk?how he sent ;
round his beggar's basket to the departments for
news, and how, when any one chanced to gel *
news in advance of him, he came down on the
" letter writers" like the house-maid in the farm
yard on the poultry. Mr. Ritchie was then a
national man as far aa the administration was national;
he was for 54 40 as long as the administration
was for 54 40, and came down " ilatfooted
" on 49, when the administratipn conceded
that boundary. The only times when Mr. Ritchie
was national, on his own acrount, was, 1st, when
iic cuiuract-u jenny i_.iuu in me mime 01 me /liner- h
ican people; (a western member might have per- c
formed that interesting; ceremony in a manner t
quite as satisfactory) and 3d, when, taking the J
Prince of Hates for his model, he upplied, through
parliament, to the nation, to pay his debts.
1 again hope that Congress will not turn a deaf '
ear to Mr. Ritchie's importunities. If Mr. Ritchie s
really means to leave Washington, there is 110 ll
sum, however large, which the people would b
grudge to effect so desirable an object. As to my- tl
self, I am neither an applicant for ollice, nor a sup- d
phenol for charity. I am alike independent of the tl
administration and of Congress?of parties and v
party hacks, and quite indifferent to the dying u
curse of the Washington Union.
I have now done with Mr. Ritchie. I have no
business with his understrappers. If, in this controversy,
I was driven to a point farther than I
wished to go, it is Mr. Ritchie's own fault. I have o
not indulged in personalities, but argued the case d
of Gov. Floyd's message; while the Union, instead
of meeting me in argument, made an unworthy
and ungentlemanly assault on my character.
1 have now stated the case, and lyave it to tl
every impartial reader to say on which side, are |,
candor, justice, reason, propriety, moderation nnd
truth. I wish Mr. Ritchie a very happy New !.
Year. X.
From the Jhheville (AT. C.) AVim. H
For What do They Rejoice I?Any one <"<
who has (mid the least attention to what has <1
boen going on in this town during the pust R1
week, cannot fail to have noticed the rejoicing a
of 11 certain class of uicn over the failure of the b
proposed meeting on the 30th ult. What wns t'
there in that failure to rejoice over? What was
the avowed object of the meeting? Wns it not
to take into consideration the present alarming
condition of the country ? Was there any J
" treason" in that ? Did any one fear that Bun- J4
cotnbe intended to dissolve the Union, simply
because her citizens, in accordance with their
constitutional rights and the precedents set by
so many communities, thought it not amiss to j?
meet and express an opinion as to the merits of .'
the controversy now threatening to engnlph the ~
nation? What was there in this circumstance r
to furnish occasion for such senseless brayings
as have been dinned into the ears of this com- P
munity for a few days past? What great vie- s'
tory did the Union and the Constitution achieve, ^
that those highly respectable men who were the fr
prime movers of the meeting should be do- H!1
nounced as traitors nnd iliso-ganizers 1 Are al
they willing to rest under these charges ? The ^
meeting was a fail tiro not because the people
did not heartily approve of the objects proposed, n
for there was a large crowd in attendance, but a(
becauso of a personal difficulty which occurred cc
between two gentlemen just as the meeting was j*
organizing. in
Now, where in the name of common sense is :l
room for tlio rejoicing that linn disgusted this
community ? The secret is this: the enemies of
Southern rights in this town expected that
ground would he taken in defence of Southern tl(
rights and Southern honor; nnd any thing short J1
of an expression of such sentiments, they eon- l''
sider a triumph! A strange sort of triumph 1?
truly! Men living in the South professing to
lovo her institutions and making their bread out
of her people, rejoicing at every thing which ca
prevents her citizens from expressing their love P(
for the land that gave them birth!! If these are w
the men to whom the South looks for protcc- a'
tion she is indeed an object of pity. The hypocritical
cry of " Union! Union !" is not suffi- 011
ciently potent to blind the people much longer W1
to the real eharacter of their betrayers. We c0
love the Union as il was, but not as our North- se
em oppressors would make it. When it ceases
to be a Union of equality, of common rights, of dc
protection to all.it becomes n eurse, nnd should ul
no longer be roverenecd as the foundation of
our liberties. ex
Then we would ask if the " union of the
South for the sake of the Union," should not be- 'u
come the watchword of every truehearted to
Southern man ? But the course of those men
who are now In such extacles of joy, is well caleulated
to create dissensions here and to Invite 0
renewed aggressions from the North. We hurl P*
back the epithet of "Nullitiers," which has been w
applied to the editors of this paper nnd other 'K
Southern men in this town, and charge those rt'
\vh use it with beinar not onlv enemies to the ?'
South mid traitors to their country, hut Free- b;
soilera and Abolitionists! Though they may to
deny their abolition sympntliios, let some of
them be careful, or their own statements in pri- ct
vate conversations may rise in judgment against gi
them J The tune is passing by for gulling the ra
people with professions of attachment to the 01
Union, when every day adds proof upon proof,
that those who have no other means of proving g<
it than by opposing every effort to unite the w
South, are pursuing the very course to weaken tii
and destroy the Union, by tamely submitting to w
all the encroachments or the North. VVa com- na
incnt Mr. Clingman'a letter to the perusal of ti
those who nre rejoicing over what they esteem ki
a blow to the South. t!
Mr. Asa Whitney will deliver a lecture
on Saturday evening next, at 7^ o'clock, precisely,
at the National Hall, for the purpoae of tl
explaining his project for tho construction of a
rail-road to the Pacific ocean.
d
lie will oxhibit maps, and explain the posi- j,|
tion, ns well the condition of the population in si
the principal parts of the globe with the Ameri- Hl
can Continent, ns the geographical, commercial, 0
and political centre of nil.
As the first pnrt of the explanation is absolutely
necessary to a full understanding of the P
wbole subject, those who seek correct informs- p
tion should take pains to be present when the C
lecture commences.
To members of Congress especially, this lecture
will be a labor-saving machine, in giving
information otherwise not easily procurable.
? M
Jon*; Adams.?In the 3H:h year of his age, it
John Adams mado the following entry in his ti
Diary, lie was then practising law in Boston,
though living in Braintrce.
? |i has been my fate to Ik1 acquainted in the m
way of business with a number of very rich men d
(Jardiner, Bowdoin, I'itts, Hancock, llowe, R
Lee, Sargent, I looper, Do,inc. Hoojter, Gardi- g
ner, Ituwc, Is-e, and Doaiic, have nil acquired tl
their wealth l>y their own industry ; Bowdoin
and I iancock received theirs by succiNsion, de- hi
seent or devise ; Pitts by marriage. But there j n
is not one of all these who derives more pleasure j p
from his pro|x-rty than I do from mine ; my litt le |
farm and stock and cash afford me as much sat- j f?
isfaction ns nil their immense tracts, extensive
navigation, sumptuous Iniiuimgs, ineir vasi sums' n
at interest and styeks in trwio yield to thorn.' w
Tho pleasures of property arise from acquisition h
more than possesion, from what is to come d
rather ttmn what is. The rich are seldom ro li
mnrkahlc for modesty, ingenuity or humanity t,
Their wealth has rather a tendeney to make b
them penurious and Bcltiah." j tl
* '
NT We extract from the Nor'olk, Va , Soulk- I
th Argus the following article. The facts act r
"ortii arc well worthy of serious reflection :
Funic Faith.?There ia a certain easy-of- t
uith class of politicians iu our country, who,on |
ill occasions, without rhyme or reason, uio |ir.t- B
.ing of "Fence" and "Union," and who put them- j
lelvoa to infinite puina to convince the public ?
uind that the miserable compromise of "shreds c
ind patches" will be observed iu geod faith by >|
.he people in the free {Status. A temporary f
ruce at present prevails iu Congress, and from t
notices of policy, Seward and Co. desist from f
he agitation of abolition. This is held up, with t
rreut jubilation, as a sign that the Treaty of 'j
Jeace is to be perpetuated, and .that, hereafter, H
i very thing is to be sunshine and good fellow- r
iliip. All the extra patriotic professions of ?
iVebster and others, are paraded in the news- t
>apors for the purpose of showing the beauties 0
aid practical operations of the glorious adjust- u
nciit. They attempt to delude the people by a
resenting them with but one side of the pic- u
ure, and studiously keep them in ignorance of ?
he number of instances where the North disre- j
;ards its obligations, and the only portion of the ..
Amnrnmiao f'utrif ivo ?Iiiva lnu/^ ?-uu
o operate for the %unefit of the South, con- t.
cui nod and trampled under foot. j(
We find in the eolumns of the Nashville pa- u
era, a letter from a gentleman in East Tennes- t|
ee, giving an account of his unsuccessful atempt
to recover fugitive slaves under the new
iw. It shows how faithfully the officers under tl
lie United States Government discharge their si
ulies, and how utterly hopeless it is to expect
lint the jieoplo in tho non-elaveholding States j,
/ill sufier this law to be executed. Whutcoursc ?
ill Mr. Fillmore now pursue towards tho offi- a]
ials of Michigan ? Will lie lefer their cuae, like n
lie ono from ftoston, to Attorney Guiieral Crit- C(
unden, and he content with a maruby-pamby t|
pinion frpm him in justification of their con- a
uct? We give the letter below: 0
Nashville, Dec. 14, 1851. f'
Messrs. Editors:?Several years ago it was
:ie bad luck of my father, John F. Chester, to ?
?sc some negroes by their flight to the free 1
itutcs; by the merest accident, lie ascertained 'V
ten that they were in Washington, near Rosin J.|
'ost ollice. Some years ago, he, in connection
ith myself and another man, attempted an ar- ''
?t by force, but being overpowered and out- .
one, the slavos were recaptured mid again set .c
t liberty. A short time afterwards, I received t'
letter from one Mrs. Ilowlnnd, an urrant abo- V'
tionisls of the Abby Folsom school, which con- ?
lined the following extract: 'J
? Rasiw, Dec. 31, 1846. p<
Dear Sir:?Yours of the 3d inst. 1 received tl
esterduy, in company with one from ltoss Wilins,
United States Judge, who resides in Deoit,
both on the same subject, but of entirely
ifferent import." A
So you see that this pink of kindness, this C
em of humanity, and this theoretical and prac- n
cal Abolitionist and amalgamator, was *in the ft
ubit of receiving letters of the creed and tenor lo
om Ross Wilkins, United States Judge. ti'
A few days days ufter the passage of tho Fu- e'
itive slave bill, 1 started in pursuit of the same ca
aves; by great exertion and expense I found
leni in Washtenaw county, Michigan, ten miles nr
om Ypsilante and 40 miles west of Detroit. I Ul
iw them, a friend who was with mo saw them, ,w
id fifty other circumstances corroborated the
ct tliut they were there. 1 hastened to Detroit ^
i get my warrant?applied to one Mr. Watson, m
commissioner?he declined issuinc the writ on
count of private engagements in an adjoining
>unty or town, stating to me that if he issued Pa
that he would lose thereby, pecuniarily, and JU!
i character, or in other words, that he lived in 8'1
free State?that public sentiment was against
ie law?that it would injure him. Ho is a ' 1
wyer. He with a gentleman by the name of w'
eorgo C. Bates, United State's District Attor- kr
:y, advised me to apply to the United States rf>l
idge ; Hiid in fact they urged it in such a way * ''
at I saw no other course. I finally resolved P<]
do so. ?'
F went to a lawyor by the name of Douglass, m!
employ him to assist me in making out the P?
se. That gentleman had, as he informed me, Wl
diticnl aspirations, and any connection with it nr
ould injure hiin. I asked others, and all were
raid of public sentiment, and declined. I then ft'J
id to rely upon my own capacity, and execute t'1
i ntlidavit myself. I did so?presented it, as I "f
is urged, to the United States Judge. After
nsiderable parley he issued my writ in the proncc
of the clerk and deputy marshal. I handed
instantly to that worthy, who peremptorily ,nl
dined serving it. His htmor told me to hunt ev
> the principal marshal. I did so?demanded Wl
imediate service. He declined it?said night
posure would kill him?-had no posse?danirous
without one?that the free negroes and f'1
gitivo slaves would kill us?advised me to go ,ni
Vpsilante hv the morning train, and lie and mi
s posse win] a come by the evening one. I did
11 was advised?got to my destination by nine
clock, A. M. At two, I1. M., a telegraph dis- W1
itch came to abolitionists and negroes that I
as at Ypsilantoaflera nunil>erofnegroes. They" '01
;ing well organized, sent runners in every di- C'
ction ; run the slaves to Canada, by the way Ju
'r.n.rl>IUr fk? I... I ..A..IA 1 (1 Sll
y the ears, or any other conveyance?lie having w'
> leave Detroit at 7 o'clock, r. w. ,n
Thus you will see the fallibility of the miss- "r
tiled compromise ; the humbuggery of the Fulive
slave bill; the duplicity of the North ; the
.Hcality of the officials whose duty it is to cxelto,
in good fulth, this law. "
The man, or rather the villain, from whom 1 n.'
at my warrant, was Ross Wilkins, U. S. Judge,
ho corresponded with this practical amalagmaonist,
Mrs. Howland, she being the instrument ^
ho prevented us in 1846 from capturing them,
id who harbored them for years before that
me, and within a short time of this. No man s
new where they were nave Ross Wilkins and c
ic marshal, nor did any one know my name
rcept them, for I was known bv an assumed
1 J n(
M.
As a Southern man, I know my duty. I know ^
ie feelings of the people North. I know that
icy will not execute this law if it be possible
) avoid it. No reliance should be put in their /
rotestntioiM; no faith must be bad in their de- j
arntions. They would poison rather than asst
you ; assassinate you rather than see you
iii-oeed. Of the thousands of negroes who are
jgitives only four have been arrested. Iltin- j
reds nre there in search of their pro[>ertv, and
nc out of the whole number may succeed.
In conclusion, I would advise those who have
ropcrty there to capture it by force, rather than '
xpose themselves to the treachery of their offi- j
sra or people. Most respectfully,
THOS R. CHESTER, JJ
Jonesbnrt?, Jv, Tennessee. f(|
" sn
From the Charleston (8. C.) Ssin. ol
South Caroi.iiia is the Oi.ijek Time.?The n<
lew York Express lias been reviving some re- d(
liniscences of the love of the Union which ac- th
lated tlie earlier statesmen of South Carolina, si
t Ims been '(noting largely from the speeches
f the Pineknoys, and other groat men of the vi
olden time," to show how fervent was their ni
npport of that Union which their degenerate fn
escendants would now sever. The Richmond "1
^ publican quotes much of this article with in
rent unction, and concludes iU remarks with hr
lose words: of
' Is this the time for South Carolina to talk of to
cession ? Let her consult the pages of her ih
nrly fathers, and lenrn with them to regard the
Inion as the 'Palladium of Safely.'" w
Rut the hxprcss and the Republican have both '
>rpotten one important fact. ?r
Tlio Union that our ancestors an ardently ad- pi
lired, is the Union for the preservation of hi
hidi South Carolina would even now spend
er last cent of treasure, and pour out her last
rop of Wood. The Union winch South Caro- T
na would dissever, is a Union which these nolo
ancestors would have scornfully spurned is
eneath their feet, had the North dared to make fo
bom the offer of so iniquitious a compact. l><
Mouth Cauolina.?The New York Tribune
oferring to the tone of the message of the Gov
if Mouth Carolina, says:
"Let no blood be needlessly shed, but let lit
inivorthy concession$ be made. What we approlend
ia not that Mouth Carolina will practically
ecedo froui the Union, but that undue trucking
to her will be resorted to 011 the pretext ol
verting that deplored catastrophe. The tarifl
ompromiso of 1833, and the tun million* to
Pexas in 1851), are precedents which must not bo
ollowed in 1851. Gentlemen of the Mouth!
he free States will not surrender half of Culiornia
to slavery, and will nut consent to the osablishment
of slavery in New Mexico or Utah !
rhey do iitti repent of having successfully re sted
the extension of slavery into our new toritories.
They do not feel that they have do
Handed any thing that was not right, nor that
hey have in any way encroached upon the right*
f the South. They do not regard the 'Adjustment'
of last summer, as, ou the whole, favorble
to the North, nor will they consent, on the
ssumption, that it was to give new guarantees
............ ... !.? -1 1
,et it be fairly understood that, in case of a seession
of South Carolina, the North will not
eedlcssly shed one drop of her blood, nor any
onsideration, surrender one tittle of its cliorihed
principles, and we shall arrivo speedily
ud happily at the end of this now deinonstruion."
5-t#"The New York Herald thus speaks of
10 fugacious long trial in New York. One
hullle is as good as another :
The Fugitive Suave Cask.?The proceediira
in the case of llenry Long, the alleged fuitivo
slave, which have been occupying a large
hare of public attention, and a very considorble
portion of the time of many of our law
ourts for the last week, are yet untiuished ;
ley have, however, taken an extraordinary turn,
nd one which will be culculuted to adjust the
nly apparent point at iasuc. Is Henry Long a
igitivo slave, or is ho a freeman 1 The counsel
>r the defence havo issued half a dozen writs
f habeas corpus, disputing the legality of the
ibunal before which the accused was being cxnined.
Nono of these writs have been as yet
ecided, and two remain adjourned over till the
th of January. Yesterday, the cluimant npliod
for, and obtained, a warrant from the United
'tales Circuit Court, for the body of the ulged
fugitive, and he was accordingly brought
t'fore thai tribunal, where the case will be projded
with this day, nud the result may probably
ad to the grave and important <|ueation, whether
is Stale Courts, or the United States Courts,
e paramount in their authority as to the disrisition
of a case which comes peculiarly before
10 United States authorities.
From the A". O. Daily Eiuiuirer.
Experience ok a Blown-up Man.?Mr. II.
. Kidd, one of the oditors of the New Orleans
Crescent, who was on the Anglo-Norman, and
ported killed by the explosion of that boat,
irnishes the following account of his iniracuus
escape from dealh. After giving a narrave
of the excursion up to about the time of tho
[plosion, and stating that ho wus on the liurriine
dock, lie goes on to say:
Mr. Bigny [one of the oditors of the Della\
id myself took tho only two chairs remaining
wwciinii?<l nil t.hft ilcck nnil flmm hiu
ith his back to tho pilot-house, and mine with
i back to the chimney. It will be seen at once
at we seated ourselves immediately over the
ouster boiler of the boat.
We bad been but a very few minutes engaged
conversation, when a jet of hot water, accom.nied
by ateum, was forced outof the main pipe
st aft the chimney, and fell in a considerable
ower near us. I had not before noticed any
ing of tho kind, and thought it very strange,
was just about remarking this to Mr. Bigny,
hen I was suddenly lifted high into the air, I
iow not to what distance. I have a distinct
collection of passing rather irregularly, though
e air, enveloped, it seemed to me, by an imnetrnblo
cloud. There was a sufficient lapse
time for me to have a distinct impression upon
y mind that I was inevitably lost. In what
isition I entered the water, and what depth I
cnt, I have not the slightest idea. When I
ose to the Rurfnco, I wiped the water from my
c, and endeavored to get a view of things
out me, which I was prevented from doing by
o vapor of steam which enveloped everything
a cloud. This, however, wuh, in a short time,
?appared, and I then had a clear conception
my situation. I found myself still in posses
>n of my senses, and my limbs in good workg
condition. I looked round, as I thought, in
cry direction, and could only discover that I
is not far from the middle of the river, and in
e neighborhood of some twenty or thirty
ners, who w^meu to uavo ihhhi uiruwii iuiu
e river somewhat in a heap, they were sustainrr
themselves on the surface as best they could,
any of them endeuvoring to get in possession
floating pieces of tha^wreck to aid thorn.
I could see nothing oflha exploded boat, and
is fully satisfied in iny Vinrl that she was
own all to pieces, and everyNheing on board
st but those who, like myself, were still Btrugingin
the water. I will do myself the simple
stice to say, that from the time I arose to the
rface I had no apprehension of drowning, notithstanding
the ohnnces that seemed against
e. I never felt more buoyant, nor swam with
eater ease. Still I thought it well enough to
ipropriute, whatever aid was within my reach,
like others I hegan n race, which proved a
dions one, after a plcco of shattered plank. I
inllv reached g, and putting one hand rather
dely upon it got a sousing for my pains?the
eee was too small to render me any material
rvice. I abandoned it nnd turned in the dircc>n
of a steamboat [which I afterwards learned
be the Nam<rpn\ which was making towards
i. To keep my face toward the approaching
earner I found that I had to oppose the strong
irrent of the river. This, together with the
ddnoss of the water, so exhausted mv physical
lergies that for a brief space, I felt that I might
it be nble to keep myself 011 the surface until
10 boat should come within reach of mo. As
ie boat came near to us there was a cry from
large number 01 my nnionunau*. neighbors?
Stop the bout!" "Stop the boat!"?There was
Heed great danger of our being run over by it.
however, had no fears on this point, and made
i effort to get out of its way. Fortunately for
yself I was one of the first the boat approached.
A sailor threw out to me a large cable, which i
succeeded in grasping at the first effort 11
as drawn to the boat's guards, which were sev al
feet above the water. While drawing mo
p the kind-hearted sailor cried out: 'Hold on,
irtner.' But I could nof, my energies were
(haunted, the rope was slipping in my hands,
id I should certainly have fallen into the water,
id perhaps have, been carried irrecoverably out
r reach under the boat's guards, had not another
lilor quickly reached down and got hold of one
f my arms. I was drawn 011 board about as
arly lifeless as folks get to bo who are not
sad. Two stout men kindly assisted me into
e cabin. A blanket was wrapt round my
dvering and almost insensible body.
As soon as there was a restoration of a litttlc
tal warmth, I I men me deadly sick, and but for
V rather ungraceful casting up of the bountiil
dinner and fine store of champagne, tsken
tout an hour before, by a violent eruption front
y stomach, I am not Hiiro as to what. would
ive been the consequence. About half a glass
'brandy and peppermint wns then administered
mo; my chest, which I discovered, both from
i soreness nnd my spitting of blood, to have
en somewhat bruised, was copiously hat lied
ith whiskey, nnd I began gradually to improve,
riend Bigny was one of the first whom I met
1 hoard. He had escaped in about the same
ight as myself. You may be sure it wns a
ippy meeting on both sides.
k$r*Connccticnt always was great, on clocks,
ho New Haven Register nsks:
Why is a clock the most humble thing in cxtenee
? Because it nlways holds its hands here
its face, nnd however good its works may
: is always running itself down.
I Paoi kstakt (Jon* tllkSCt.?We liilil ill till
- Raleigh Standard the proceeding* of the coil
I ferenee of this denomination of christians ii
North Carolina, held in Granville county on tin
j 8th inst. During the session, the following roI
solutions were adopted with respect to the Ohio
p I Wesleyan Methodists, lately preaching against
I slavery in Guilford county :
Resolved, That in the view of some cfibrls thai
arc being made under the specious iiume ol
Wesleyan Methodism, to introduce and enforce
the doctrine of abolition of slavery in this Hute
by the agency of certain men, who have dnret
to assume the name of christian ministers, it h
the duty of ull the ministers and preachers ol
this conference, to show their unqualified dump
probation of all such efforts and ministers, b)
standing entirely aloof from all such aasociu
tious, and not to assist or participate in any o!
their mischievous and wicked ami lawless effort*
to subvert the order, peace, und prosperity of tht
citizens of our State.
Resolved, furthermore, That those ovil and arcl
agents in this mischief, McBrido, ("rooks, ami
Bacon, should not be permitted to nssuinc any
part of any religious service performed in any ol
our chapels or preaching places.
Whereis, It is publicly known Hint curtain
ministers, calling themselves true Wesleyan
Methodists, havcoeen convicted of intermeddling
with the institution of slavery in our Statu, ami
have fomented strife and discord, both in social
and religious point of view, and luivo brought
Millet) odium on the Christian name; and furthermore,
an persons at a distance from tho scene
of these transactions may not lie fully aware
that the ministers above mentioned are not ot
our own order,
Resolved, That tho political pnpers in " our
Htato, friendly to truth and justieo, be requested
to announce that the authors of these disturbances
are not Methodist Protestants, but true
Wcsleyan Methodists, (so called) from the
State of Ohio."
From the I lolly Springs (Miss.) Jncksonian.
Jackson County for the South.?A meeting
in Jackson County, in this State was held
some time since, at the house of Mr. Grantham.
A committee was appointed, who reportod a
preamble and resolutions, which we unanimously
udopted. We select and publish tho following,
as the best, and most important ones :
Resolved, That Congress, having no power
but that dologutod to it by the Constitution, had
no right to ndmit California as a State, on the
mere merit of expediency.
Resolved, That we look upon tho fraudulent
admission of California, as a State, into the
Union, and the abolition of the slave trade in
the District of Columbia, as a gross and unprecedented
violation of the Constitution.
Resolved, That we hold it to be self-evident
that when a parly to a contract, discards one or
more of its stipulated conditions, that all parties
therein interested, are released from any further
obligations, to wit;
Resolved, That when n bond of an agreement
ceases to secure the objects for which it is made,
it then becomes necessary for the party aggrieved
to seek redress.
Resolved, That in view of the present state of
governmental affairs, our representatives and
serial ore, arc rieroDy requested lo use nil honorable
means to restore to us, our lost equality,
even if it be in secession.
Resolved, That in the absence of an union of
equality, which has been denied us by acts of
Congress, through an abolition agreement, we
hereby pledge ourselves to the " Union of the
South."
Resolved, That Jefferson Davis, one of our
senators, and our four representatives in Con
grcss, have our sincere thanks for their fair and
manly course in battling for Southern rights.
Prom the. Indiana State Sentinel.
Letter from the Editor to Hon. G. N. Fitch.
Washington, Dec. 19, 1850.
Deaii Sir:?The following article is front aAm?
Indiana Statesman :
"DR. FITCH.
Dr. Graham N. Fitch, pHssed through the
city last week, en route for Washington. The
Doctor assures us that the disunion humbug was
the veriest farce imaginable, that he was opposed
to the passage of the Fugitive slive bill,?went to
Bill Brown and urged him not to vote for it, and
for himself was determined to vote for its repeal,
lie regards the Fugitive slave bill an utter abomination."
It refers to an alleged conversation between
yourself and the editor, (not intended, I presume,
for publication,) in which my name is used and
in such manner as to imply a controversy between
you and myielf, relative to the Fugitive slave bill.
In legislating, I have aimed to consult my own
judgment, and what I regard as the interests and
wishes of my constituents, and to vote accordingly.
In doing so, 1 often differ with my colleagues;
but never call in question their votes. Under your
instructions and pledges, I regarded your vote on
the Fugitive slave bill as correct. Being differently
situated, and under no pledges, I voted differently.
As Dr. Ellii has made the alleged conversation
public through the columns of his |wper,
I should be pleased to know to what extent you
rcclly represented you.
Very respectfully your ob't serv't.
IIon.G. N. Fitch. W. J. BROWN.
rkplt ok hon. o. n. fitcii to tiib above.
Wasiiinoton, Dec. 19, 1850.
Dear Sir: I regret much that my old friend, the
editor of tl* Statennian, should ho fnr step aside
from the courtesies of social life as to build art
editorial involving others, nnd rxart/y in accordance
tril/i hi? men prejudice* nml uietri, out of a private
conversation, and without my knowledge or consent.
It is impossible to remember the details of
the half hour's conversation with him. That I
expressed no fears of immediate disunion is doubtless
true?having entertained none such; though
thnt civil war would have ensued hnd not the
Texas and New Mexico boundary been settled I
have no doubt. I have usually in conversations
upon the subject (whether I did in this instance
or not) stated my conviction, that continued
cnttses of dissatisfaction, crimination and recrimination,
between North and South, must inevitably
result in a few yrnrs in attempted dissolution
of the Union; and therefore, the sooner such
causes ceased their operation, the belter and safer
for the country. This conviction hne been coupled
with another, viz: that there were those, North
and South, who desired such catastrophe, (disunion,)
and would leave no effort untried tobrin^
linilOUI. 1*1 y opi'll"" um-unii... w,n,v I,,,,
[ can readily be ascertained by any one desirous of
knowing, without going to private conversations,
by reference to a synopsis in the Pharos, of my
speech in i.ogansport in October Inst. I regret
the temper of the article to which you have called
my attention, na it manifests a disposition to make
an issue between myaelf nnd those of my colleagues
who voted for the bill. My opinion relative
to it waa well known to my colbagues;
hence, whether I did or did not urge you or any
one else to vote ngninst it, can be of very little moment.
I remember to have solicited you, either
personally, or through one of our colleagues, to
vote against a proposed amendment of the slave
trnde bill; nnd probably so stated to the editor of
the Slatesmnn.
I presume it was this statement to which the
editor desired to allude, as I do not remember to
have made any other to him relative to your votes.
The Indiana delegation differed in their opinion of
the Fugitive slave bill ; but the difference was
an honest one. Each voted according to the dictates
of his own judgment. I trust I shnll be the
Inst one to introduce or encourage the introduction
of a difference of opinion relative to that bill,
or any other sectional question, as an issue among
Democrats. Such course should be deprecated by
all good Democrats as unwise, unnecessary nnd
mischievous. We hnve notional objects and prin-1"1?
?'l.-l. uirilo ami ahnilld avoid St
tempting to engraft upon them any Hertionnl queatinna
r nn such attrmptn run only lend to dinuatrnu*
ilenaione. I regret furthermore, the temper of the
article bernme it by implication malt eg me a party
to the personal feeling apparently entertnined by
the editor townrda yourself, one of my colleagues,
with nil of whom my relation* are and have been
of the moat friendly character. I would no more
be uncourteoiiH in language or act toward a colleague,
than toward the editor of the Statesman ;
with whom, n* editor of the Goshen Democrat, it
wne my pride for many year* to co-operate politically
in the same congressional district. The ar
1
t tiele niaillfeeU <t wish -or at tool ban a tendency i
. ?to pledge me u< a certain course of action in relation
to (he Fugitive alave hill, before tt la known
> whether any ijucsUons relative to It will be prej
am led, or occaaion offered for any action whatever.
If there i* uiiy uctiun bail in relation to tUat
bill, 1 prefer, whatever my own courec in the mati
ler may Lie, to precede or accoui|iuny an avowal
of that course with an exposition of the reaaona
by which it ia governed.
Respectfully yours,
tilt AII AM N. FITCH.
[ Hon. W. J. IIhown.
[ THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS.
, IN SENATK,
f Thursday, Jan. U, 1351.
r Petitions worn presented by Messrs. Clay,
. Hell, Shields, Finite, ami others. Several re,.
ports were made from several committers.
1 II. IVWCUUDKI lumi. .?
( iui. . ujmwn ui\i in msue a repori ironi |
' the Military Committee, upon the subject of the '
recent Court Martial at Fort Constitution, Now
Hampshire, under which certain alleged cruel
I punishment* were inflicted upon a private of
the Army. The report, together with the proP
ceedings of the court, were ordered to be I
printed.
california. 1
Mr. G WIN introduced a bill providing for the
! survey of the public lands in California, and for
granting donation and other privilege#, to actual
settlors, and for other purposes.
snip ISLAND.
A bill reported from the Military Committee,
appropriating .$50,000 for the fortification of
Ship Island 011 the gulf coast of Mississippi, I
. was taken up, and ordered to a third reading.
removals from office.
Mr. BRIGHT moved to suspend the other
orders of the day, and to take up the resolution
of Mr. Bradbury, inquiring of the President
the number of removals from olliee under
the bite administration of General Taylor, die.
Mr. BRIGHT, in a lengthy and elaborate argument,
addressed the Senate upon the general
subject of proscription, but more particularly in
defence of Gon. Lane, late Governor of Oregon,
from certain charges made against him in the
course of the preceding debates upon this resolution.
Aflor an argument, going to show that
Gen. Lane was superseded in office because lie
was a Democrat, ami from no other cause, Mr. 1
Bright replied to the statement of-Mr. Mangum,
that Gen. Lane, having been guilty of a
breach of decorum towards Gen. Taylor, his superior
in command, in reference to the battle of \
Bucna Vistu, ho, Gen. Taylor, was authorized
to dismiss him. Upon this branch of the subject,
Mr. Bright went into a minute examination
of the conduct of the 2d Indiana regiment
at the battle of Bucna Vista, exonerating it 1
from the responsibility of its flight; and complaining
that after Gcii. Taylor knew that they
had retreated under orders, he should have corrected
his official report, which he never did. It
was true that Gen. Lane hnd complained of this ;
hut this was not the ground of his dismissal
from office. He was dismissed because he was
a Democrat, and in violation of the pledges
under which the lute administration came into
power.
Mr. KWING said that he thought he could
prove it to the satisfaction of the Senate, from
documents which he would be uble to produce,
that (fen. Lnno and Col. Wellor were properly
discharged from the offices which they respectively
held, as Governor of Oregon and Mexican
Boundary Commissioner. In order to have time
to produce the documents desired, Mr. Ewing
moved the subject he postponed till Monday
next, which was agreed to.
CALIFORNIA LAND TITLES.
On motion af Mr. GWIN, the hill was taken
up, providing for a board of Commissioners for
the adjudication of land titles and land claims in
the State of California. The hill provides also
for a regular judicial examination, and for an appeal
to the Supreme Court. All private titles
and claims to land in California to he examined.
Mr. GWIN moved an amendment, extending
over these California cases, the benefits to the
claimants of the act of 1828, providing for the
settlement of land titles and cluiius in the Territory
of Florida.
Air. BENTON proposed a substitute for the
hill, whicli substitute provides flint (here shall
fie a recorder of land titles in California, who
with the District Attorney ahull but,., niitliArilu
to decide upon nil land titles and land claima of
i Spanish and Mexican descent, except the claims
of J. C. Freemont, with regard to which there
may he nn appeal taken to the Supreme Court.
Air. Benton considered the original bill as tantnmont
to a confiscation of all the real estate of
the resident inhabitant? of California, holding all
their titles to he invalid till proved to bo valid,
lie recited Uio history of the Spanish grant, to
actual settlers in California, a system followed
up by Mexico; and while he considered titles thus
descended to be good, he urged thRt it would be
equivalent to a confiscation to run them through
the guantlet of our Courts. He wished therefore,
to see these titles respected, but he excepted
from the general provisions of his substitute, the
claims of Col. Fremont, because he desired to
stand in his true light ns perfectly disinterested
in behalf of the people of California.
Mr. CiWIN defended his bill, and contended
that it would be acceptable to the people of California?that
one of the largest land-holders in
that State, now in this city, and n warm advocate
| hi me "in ; n:iu mat, wotnnel fREMOHT had expressed
himself perfectly willing to submit to
its provisions.
The debate was continued for an hour between
Mr. Berton and Mr. Gwm, in behalf of
their respective measures, when
On motion the subject was laid aside till tomorrow,
and the Senate adjourned.
TELEGRAPHIC.
[By Telegraph?for the Southern Preaa.]
New Yonx, Jan. 2.
The United Suites ship Preble arrived from the
Pacific. She left San Francisco August 2d, Valparaiso
Nov. 22d, and baa been absent from the U.
States four years and three months, and has sailed
over one hundred thousand miles. Owing to
sickness among the crew, and want of proper
j n{uipiiienu uu uiciuip,ine wan uname to*remain
at sen more than eleven month* of this time. Th*
ship has been unavoidably aickly. Out of one
hundred and forty-five person*, who sailed in her
in 1846, but ten remain.
Bukfai.o, January 2, 1851.
We have a painftil rumor here, that the steamer*
Napoleon and Independence have both been lo*t
on Lake Superior in a recent pale, with all on
board: We live in hope of the rumor being incoi
reet.
Rostov, January 2, 1851.
The Free-soilera and Demor.rata, at a caucus
last nipht, appointed each a committee of twelve to
confer together on their course of action.
Piiii.adei.phia, January 2?p. m.
The steamer City of Glasgow has just arrived
at her wlinrf on Pine street. She was welcomed
Ity the firing of cannon, and made a very imposing
appearance. The committee met ner at
Chester, and escorted her into port.
New York, January 2?r. u.
The partiea interested in the case of Long, the
alleged fugitive slave, made their appearance in
court this morning, but owing to the indisposition
of Judge Judaon, the case was indefinitely postponed.
GLOVES I GLOVES! ! GLOVES III
Bajotus Gloves, of nil sizes and colors, for Ladies
and Gentlemen's wear, at PARKER'S
| New Store under the Notional Hotel. .It
EVENING DRKSH FANS.
~1 AA nrweat. pnlterns Evening Dreaa Fnn?,
(SpnniRh) mounted in Pearl, Ivory,
and Papier ntnrhe, just opened at PARKER'S
I near fancy and Perfumery Store, under the National
Hotel. 3\
Ulr^yj

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