I "A HE (ioVCHNMENl OK HIE liNlllU BtATJCH Or I It
Amlkha, a. i>., 1850 J'
The Executive. ' J9
Millard Fillmoiie, of N. Y. . President. 'M
William It. King, of Alabama Vice President jjj.1,
The Cabinet. 03
Daniel Webster, of Mass. Ser. of State. 544
'I'llumat Cokwin, of Ohio, . . . Ser.ofthe Ireaa.
William A. Uhaiiam, of N. C. See. oftheNavy. 1
Charles M. Conrad, of La. . Sec, of War. y
A. H. H Stuart, ofl'u. Ser. of Interior.
Naiiian K. Hall, of N. V. !' M. General. J
John J. Crittenden, of Ky. Atl. Geuerul. y
The Judiciary. j
si rMKMI cov'a^ok the united it at a3. 5
Roger B. Taney, of Muryland . Chief Justice. (i
Jomn McLean, of Ohio Associate. 1
James M. Wsxna^of Georgia . . "
John Catron, of Tennessee ,..*? 1
John McKindry, of Kentucky " :2
Peter V. Daniel, of Virginia . " 3
Rami ki. Nelson, of New York " 4
Leu Woodrcry, of N. Hamp. . 1
Robert C. Griei}, of Pcnn ' t
THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS. I
Term commenced March 4, 184'J, ami will end March 'J
4, 1851. l(i
Number of Stales represented. 30. ,
Preaident. William R. Kino. b
Secretary. Asubury Dickens.
Whig! in Italics; Natives in Small Capitals; Demo
....... i??>iuiti, a fiaw maraeu r. c. are rrec ooncrj. q
Term Tti in \\
Expirea. Expiree. Fi
Alabama. Michoan. V,
Jeremiah Ciemeua 1853 Lewie Cans 1851s"
Win R King 1855 Alpheus Felch 1853
WmK Sebastian 1853 Thomas H Benton 1851 jj
Solon Borland 1855 David II Atchison 1855 ^
Connecticut. New hampshire. f
Roger S Baldwin 1851 John P Hale (FS) 1853 Vj
Truman Smith 1855 Moses Norris, Jr 1855 ^
Delaware. New York
John Hates 1851 DanielSDickinson 1851
Presley Surname 1851 William II Seicard 1855
Florida. New Jersey. '
David L. Yulee 1851 Wm L Dayton 1851
Jackson Morton 1855 Jacob IV Miller 1853
Georgia. North Carolina.
John M Berrien 1853 Willie P Mangum 1853
Wm V Dawson 1855 George E Badger 1855 \j
Indiana. Ohio. q(
Jesse D Bright 1851 Thomas Excing 1851 q,
J W hitcomb 1855 S P Chase <F S) 1855 pi
Illinois. Pennsylvania. q
Stephen A Douglas 1853 Daniel Sturgeon 1851 m
I James Shields 1855 James Cooper 1850 |tl
Iowa. Rhode Island. ic
George W Jones 1851 Albert C Greene 1851 r
Aug C Dodge 1855 John H Clarke 1853 ]y
jT" , T?N'.EhUK.. _ I ;
" - . -4-. - ' 1-.
Hannibal Hamlin 1851 Thomas J Rusk 1851 n
Jas W Bradbury 1853 Sam Houston 1853 j*;
! Massachusetts. Vermont. O
Robt C Winthrop 1851 Samuel S Phelps 1851 ^
John Davis 1853 William Upham 1853 p
Maryland. Virginia. r
Thomas G Pratt 1851 James M Mason 1851 g
James A Pearce 1855 RMT Hunter 1853 qMississippi
Jefferson Davis 1851 Henry Dodue 1851 y
Henry S Foote 1853 Isaac P Walker 1855 y
William M. Gwin,
John C. Fremont.
ttir qrvatp txt nrrttmr?n I r
jl I.XVJ utiii aici in nuunrjo. ~
Total number of members. 6(1
Democratic mcgority. 7 g
f House of Representatives. ^
Speaker. Howf.ll Cobb.
Clerk. Wm.L.Y oun 6
Hist. Arkansas. Mississippi. j
1 Robert VV Johnson 1 Jacob Thompson . ?
Alabama. 2 W S Featherston
1 William J Alston 3 Wm McWillie
2 Henry W Hit hard 4 AG Browti ^ F
3 Sampson W Harris Nebraska. s
4 SamUel W. Inge ? ?
5 David Hubbard New Jersey.
C William. R W Cobb 1 Jlndrexo R Hay .
7 Francis W-Bowden 2 Win Jl .Wicell
Connectici#. 3 Isaac Wildrick
1 Lorenzo P Waldo 4 Jfmn Van Dyke I
2 Waiter Booth (F S) 5 James G A'ing
3 Chaun'y F Cleveland new Mexico.
4 Thomas B Butler ? "
California. Mew Hampshire ,c
1 Amos Tuck, (F S) P
Df.i.aware. 2 Chus H Peualee '
' J John tV Houston 3 Janus Wilson B
Florida. 4 Hurry Hibbard *'
1 Edward C Cabell North Carolina.
Georgia. 1 Thonuu L Clinginan
1 Joseph W. Jackson 2 J P Caldwell "
2 M J Wei born J 3 E Debeny e
3 Allen T Owen 4 >4 JV* Shepherd "
4 H A Haralson 5 A W Venable e
5 Thomas C Hackett (5 W S Ashe l'
6 Howell Cobb 7 J R J Daniel
7 Alexander II Stephens 8 Edward,Stanley c
8 Robert Toombs 9 David Outlaw n
1 Wm H Bissell New York. ''
2 John A McClernand I John J1 Ring
3 Thomas R. Young 2 Darid .1 /inker K.
4 John Wentwortli 3 J Phillips Phanix
5 Wm A Richardson 4 Holler Underbill
6 Edward I) Baker 5 George BriggY
7 Thomas L Harris 6 James Brooks
Jowa. 7 William ACelson
1 Vacancy B R Hallowj/y
2 Shepherd Leffler 9 Thomas Me Kisserk
Indiana. 19 Herman I) Gould
1 Nathaniel Albertson 11 C R Sylvester
2 Cyrua L Dunham 12 Gideon 0 Reynflds "
3 John L Rcbinaon 13 Julin L Sehoolctafi
4 Geo W Juiien (F 3) 14 George R .Tndretrs
5 W J Brown IS J. R. Thurman 1
6 Willis A Gorman 16 Hugh While
7 Edward McGaughey 17 ft r Alexander
8 Joseph E McDonald 18 Preston King (F S)
9 G A Fitch 19 Charles E Clarke
*0 Andrew J Harlan 20 0 B Maltison
Kentcckt. 21 Hiram Walden
1 Linn Boyd &2 Henry Burnett
2 ./ 1. Johnson 23 William Duet?
,3 F EMcUan Vi Daniel Gott f
4 George A Caldwell 25 HarmnnS Conger V
5 John B Thompson 26 W T Jackson \ ,r
6 Daniel Breck 27 W .1 Sackett
_ 7 Humphrey Marshall 28 J] M Schermrrhom ct
8 Charier S Morchrad 20 Robert L Rptte
9 John C Mason 30 David Rumrey 'or
iO Rich'd H Stanton 31 E. Ritlpy w
Louisiana. * 32 EG Spaulding *
1 Emile La Sere 33 Harvey Putnam
2 Vacancy . 34 L Burrnu-s
'J John R Harmonson Ohio. h
4 Isaac E Morse 1 David T Disney ot
Maine. 2 L D Camt>bell(F S)
1 Elbridfce Gerry, 3 Robert C Schcnck W
2 Nat I S Lilllefield 4 Mores Corvin
3 John Otii 5 Emery D Potter
4 Rilfns K Goodtnmo f, Amos E Wood Ci
5 Cullen Suwtelle 7 Jonathan I> Morris
6 Charles Stetson, 8 John I. Taulor m
7 Thomas J D Fuller 9 Edson BOIds
Maryland. 10 Charles Sweetzer ~~
1 Richard J Rosrie 11 John K Mdler
2 Wm T Hamilton 12 SaAiuel F fin/on
3 Edw W Hammond 13 W A Whittlesey
4 Rabert M Mr Lane 14 JVathan Erans
5 Alexander Evans 15 H'm F Hunter (F S)
6 John B Kerr 1G Hoapland
Massachusetts. 17 Joseph Cable 4
1 N .i Elliot 18 I)nvid K Carter 01
2 Vai-nncy 19 John Crmrrll (F 8) |n
3 James // Duncan 2(1 ,/o.t H (lidding* ( IS) ]^|
4 Vacancy '21 Josrph M Hant(FS) v,
5 Ckmrlts Jillen, [F S\ Oreoon. (j(
6 George .'hlnnun S R Thurston f
7 Julius Rockwell Pennsylvania.
8 Horace Jilanh 1 Lewi? C Levin fa
9 Orin Fmrler 2 Joseph II Chandler )l(1
10 Josenh Grinnrll 3 Henry D Moore [|(l
Michioan. " 4 John Rnhbins, jr*
1 A W Buell 5 John Fretdley p,
H'?n Sprague, (F 8) 6 Thorns* Ross
*? R S Bingham 7 Jesse C IHckey
Minnesota. Thadile.us Stevens
<- ' H II Sibleyf ' 'J William Strong
Missouri. 10 M M dimmick ' g
1 James B. Bowlin 11
'3 Win N Bay . 12 David WHmot (F 8) CI
r 1 ' 3 James 8 Green 13 Joseph Casey. oh
* 4 Willard P Hall ^ J4 Charles H' Pitman
. ? John 8 Fhelp? , 15 ? - .Jtoi
, : *
*. , d >
Jab X McLaiialian 11 Chris'r II Williams
Samuel ( altin Tixai
.J Jackson Ogle 1 David Kaufman rI
Job Maim 2 Volney K Howard 1
H H Heed Utsh.
Musts Humylun ? ? ? da
Juhii It' How* (F S) VaioioNT. tt"
James Thompson 1 H'm Henry
Alfred Gilinore 2 Ifm Hebard <n
Rhode 11>i and. 3 Jautes Mtachum ' ce:
George (J lung 4 Lucius 11 Peck Fa
Muhon Ihxon Vihoinia.
South Carolina. 1 John 8 Millnqn
Daniel Wallace 2 Richard K Meade o|>
J L Orr 3 Thonius 11 A?erelt tin
J A Woodward 4 Thomas ft liocock sir
John McClueeu 5. 1'uulub Powell tie
> Arinisteud Burt (i Jamea A Seddeu 8a
i Isaac 1? Holmea 7 Thorns 11 lluyly mi
W F Colcock 8 Alex R Holliday 1
Tennessee. 0 Jeremiah Morton ill
Andrew Johnaori 10 Richard l'urker oi
Albert G (Catkins 11 Jamea McDowell ctl
I Josiah MAnderson 12 11 A EdntUildson lol
John H. Savage 13 FM'Multen vvi
i Geo W Jones v. 14 J M ii lleiile gii
I Jumrs 11 Thoinaa 15 Thomas S llayiuond m
MereilitU P Gentry Wisconsin, alI
Andrew Ewing 1 C'l^a Durkee, (F S) \t
i I a liain G Hums 2 (hsasmiU Cole
I Fred'k-P Stantou 3 Jamea D. Doty.
eotge W. Wright, t|,
Jward Gilbert. jl
Contested by Mr. Littell. (,0
jDelegates front the Territories. na
Tim HOUSE IN KIOUBES. tO
emocrais 111 fic
rhiga and Natives 101 as
rec-Soilers 14 ot
acancies 5 dc
Total, exclusive of Delegates 231 mi
Should the vncancies be filled as before, and ai
viding the Free Soilers into Democrats and
'hign, as they are on all other questions hut that ca
the territories, the House will he as follows :? ill
entocrats 117 e>
rhigs 114 Sh
Democratic majority 3 at
The General Result in Figure*
Olu Parties. Free-Soil. Vacancies, (j,
Slates. Whig. Vem. Whig. Vein. Whig. l)em' jy
kansas ? 1 ? ? ? ? le
abama 2 5^- ? ? ?^ |a
innecticut 1 2 ? 1 ? ? t|
tlaware 1 ? ? ? ? ? m
orida 1 ? ? ? ? ? w
eorfjia 3 5 ? ? ? ? vj
linois 1 6 ? ?- - ? ? ,j,
itltana 18 ? 1 ? ? C1
iwa ? 1 ? ? ?r 1 jj
ouisiaua ? 3 ? ? 1 ?
I sine 2 5 ? ? ? ?
icw * 1
I. Hampshire 12 1 ? ? ?
I. Carolina 6 3 ? ? ? ?
hio 5 11 5 ? ? ? ?!
ientucky 6 4 ? ? ? ? ^
ennsylvBnia 14 8 1 1 ? ?
hode Island 2 ? ? ?, ? ? Rt
. Carolina ? ,7 ? ? ? ? lr
ennessee 4 7 ? ? ? ? 81
exas ? 2 ? ? ? ?
irginia 2 13 ? ? ? ? ^
erniont 3 1 ? ? ? ? "
Wisconsin 1 1 ? 1 ? ' ? c'
Total 102 111 9 5 3 1 11
lemocrutic majority in the 31st Congress 3 8
Vhig majority in the 30th Congress 5
JJemocratic gain 8 ?*
Aspect of Congress. si
H7iig. Dem. ?
Ixclusive of Free-soilers 102 111 p
'ree-soilers 9 5 n
Vacancies 3 Is
Total 114 117 o
Lctuat Democratic majority 3 ?
J"" Fret and Slave State Classification. 0
Whig. Dem. Free-soil. ?
'ree States 75 51 14 '
Have States 30 61 ? V
Total 105 112 14 P
HNLARGEMENT OF THE CAPITOL.? c
P/ The Committee on Public Buildings of the #
lenate, having beep authorized by a resolution of c
int body, " to invite plans accompanied by esti- n*
lates for the extension of the Capitol, and to al- b
iw a premium of five hundred dollars for the 2
Ian wnich may be adopted by the Committees on p
ublic Buildings of the two 1 louses of Congress," e
ccordingly invite such plans and estimates, to be o
elivered to the Secretary of the Senate on or be- p
ire the first day of December next.
It is required that theRe plans and estimates c
hall provide for the extension of the Capitol, fi
ither by additional wings, to be placed on the a
orth and south of the present building, or by the ii
rection of a separate and distinct building, within c
lie enclosure to the east of the building.
tTjie committee do not desire to prescribe any p
ondition, that may restrain the free exercise of si
rchitecturnl taste and judgment, but they would c:
refer, that wlwtcver plan may be proposed may ri
........ ......... Willi lr
tie present building as to preserve the general C
ymmelry of the entire structure, when complete.
11 though but one plan can be adopted, the com- M
littee reserve to themselves the right to form such c,
Ian by the adoption of parts of different [dans p,
jbinitted, should .tuch course he found necessary; in t[
hioh event, the committee also reserve to them- aJ
dves fhe right to divide or apportion, according
> their own judgment, the amount of premium to u|
e awarded for the whole, to those whose plans [
lay in part be adopted, according to the relative u|
nportance and merit of each part adopted. '
R. M. T. HUNTER, I"
JEFFERSON DAVIS, j
JOHN H. CLARKE, J(j
Committer of the Senate on Public Buildings.
Senate Chamber, 30th September, 1850. m
N. B. The several daily papers published at (.|
I'ashington will please insert the above daily for re
vo weeks, and send their nemnnls In iti? ...
.ry of the Senate. oct 4 er
pensions am) BOUNTY LAND 111
)BTAINED for the officers and soldiers of the fn
Revolutionary war, or tJieir legal represenUivea.?
Pensions for life, for the widows of such * V
rs and soldiers who rr.arried previous to 1800. in
Bounty land for the surviving, or the widows, i,j
minor children of deceased officers and privates,
ho served in the war of 1812 with Great Hri- m
in, the Mexican war, or in any of the Indian Q
ars, since 1790. es
Attention paid to suspended and nyected claims, q
Terms moderate, where the claim is established, t0
I erwise no charge.
Communications addressed to the subscriber, m
'ashington, D. C.,will receive prompt attention.
M. THOMPSON, Cf
omtnisnioner of Deeds for North and South
Refer to the heads of Departments, and to
embers of-Congress generally. | t|,
Ocl 4?twtf ci
STEELE'S FASHIONABLE HAT
cium.tstok, South Caboi.ina. Si
THE SUBSCRIBER'S establishBH
merit being one of the most extensive
fashionable retail HAT HOUSES
Charleston, the public may depend I
i finding ITiere n superior assortment of all the ,
test styles of IlatR for this fall. Fine French
lolr.skm and Beaver Hats, with an extensive
iriety of fine black, and blue cloth Caps for gen \
:mens, youths, and children.
TO SOUTHERN PLANTERS.
Plnntera can be#supplied with Ilata and Cnpa
r plantation and house aervanta. Black, white,
arl, and drab water proof Wool Hats with good Q(
lir andreoarse cloth Caps.
? W. STEELE, tahionable
Flatter,'1 231 King, opposite Hazel
street, Charleston,17? J
. J. Knox Walker, *u
Attorney at Lre qnd Gtntral .Agent, Bi
)FKEHS hi a services in his profession and a* Ki
Age nt lor the Prosecution and Collection of h '
ims liefore Congress and the Departments, also for BI
taining- I'ati nts. ,
All business confided to him wilt be promptly at
idcil to. " , J17 H i
8 O I) T HERN C E N T KA L
AtiKlCULTUKAL AHKOCUTION. i
'HE Fif'.h Annual Fair of the Southern Cent,
ral Agricultural Association, will beheld ,
ring the week embracing Wednesday, the 14th I
y of August nest, which is the day of the fifth i
Dual meeting at Atlanta Georgia
'l'he Coiniulttee charged with the duty of pros- j
ibing such general rules as thev may deem ne- ;
ssary to a proper management of the approaching |
iir, have adopted the following
1st The Fair Grounds and Buildings will be
ened for visitors nu Monday morning, and conue
open until Friday evening. It is therefore doable
that all persons haviig articles for exhibits
shall be on the ground as early as Friday or
turday, the 9th aud lOlh August when a Couittee
will he there ready to receive them.
Wd. The Association has an ample fund, and will,
all cases, beuouie responsible for the safe-keeping
articles which may be placed in the hands of its
ioers and committees, (the owner taking a check
' (lie Name,) until the close of the fair, which
II be announced beforehand, in ample time to
ve them opj.ortunty to recover their goods, and
prevent thereby the leaving of any goods or
liclcs unprotected after the adjournment of the
3d. Mark A. Cooper, Hichard Pe*ers, David W.
iwis, Win. Ezzard, and James M- Calhoun, are
ipoinled a committee v\ hose duty it shall he to see
at all articles entering the fair grounds for exhiLion,
shall have first been enteredln the Hecretary s
iok or registry?then labelled wth the owner'sime
and residence?and price, if for sale?giving
the owner a corresponding card?gnd then clussi:d
and arranged by departments, and in such order
to facilitate the labors of the several committees
i premiums ; and also to employ such police and
lorkeepers and clerks, as shall be necessary for
e protection of the grounds and buildings, and
cli clerks as they may need in the arrangement
id labelling of articles.
4th. There will positively be required, in all
ises, a minute and accurate written statement
uBtratingand explaining every article sent for
tlubition?ihe statement to he delivered to the
scretary. For instance, if a Machine, a statement
is powers and uses, cost, time of invention, and
ly other fact deemed valuable by the inventor or
aker. If Horticultural or Agricultural Products,
ode of preparation of land and soil, manure and
ne of planting, mode ofcultivation. If an Animal,
e pedigree or stock, age, mode of raising, &c. If
eedle-work or Painting, or any work of Art, the
ngth of time bestowed op it, or the amount of
bor; the age, if by children or very old persons
e value, uses, &c. Since this is the most reliable
ode of collecting such information as may be
orth publishing in the transactions of the Society,
sitors, patrons and members, all will take notice,
lat a premium w ill not be awarded to any artie,
whatever its merit, unless accompanied by
lustrative and explanatory statements, made out
i legible hand, and in a style fit at once for the
s ire requested art..' loltu'd ? .. upon
.griculturn in their ..evrral Ovoutiei, of the .ro
jopted 'The leading products oi their couritiees
in infidaR f if nl'<< r>:ir?t inn tilnft nfnlnnlii.ir ?r,U .....I
C cultivation, ^iie means and measures of preserving
and increasing the fertility of lands. Accurate
.gricultural memoirs from the serveral county
>rieties would make up an amount of valuable
iformalion to he sent out in the published transctious
of the Society.
6th. It is desirable to make the Fair a Central
outhern Agricultural and Manufacturers Exchange
ITe request individuals who have a surplus of
Iroice articles, or who make them for sale?such
a choice sei ds, machines, stock, &c?to carry
tern there for sale, and not alone for exhibition for
7th. Premiums.?It is impossible to name hianoce
like this all, the various articles to which preliums
will be granted. However comprehensive
e might make any enumerated list there would
till be many articles of merit offered which would
ot be embraced in it, and yet richly deserving
remiums, lest therefore the announcement of preliums
for particular articles might be construed by
umeintoan exclusion ofall articles unannounced,
lie Committee requests the people generally to
bservc, that it is intended to give the action of
he Association tho very widesKscope, embiacing
very thing that is ingenious or useful in business
r art. All then, with whatever they have for sale
r exhibition, are invited to come. The only
egulation further necessary on this point perhaps
1, that, on all articles of the highest merit in the
epartment of Stock, Mechanics, Agricultural Imlemcnts,
and valuable improvcinenlsor inventions
:i any of the departments, a premium of a cup
forth g 10 will be given ; on the second best artiles
a cup worth 15 will be given, on the third best
2. 50 ; on the fourth an honor. And on all artiles
of the highest merit in the remaining depart
icnts a cup worth #5 will be given ;on the second
est $ 2. 50 ; on the third an honor; on the fourth,
il honor. On miner and miscellaneous articles,
remiums from one to three dollars?these, howver,are
general regulations, and in particular case
r cases of peculiar merit the committees will be
muti u m t* 11 ijucsieu, 10 vary me rule.
Hth. A hull will be prepared anil assigned partiularly
to the Ladies lor tbeir garden products,
mils, flowers paintings, needle-work. &c. Tbey
re cordially invited to attend. Their assistance
i many departments of the fair is absolutely neessary
to a proper management
i)th. The facilities of getting <o this central
oint induce us to invite, and to expect the pre3uce
and contributions of tunny of our fellow
itizens of Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and Kloda.
Wc hope llicy will unite with us in making
lis institution indeed, what it is in name, a Southern
entral Agricultural Association.
10th. The President upon a consultation with
ich members as he can call to his aid, shall appoint
immiltees and assign to them their respective detriments,
and to these committees so appointed
le committee of reception shall furnish lists of the
tides classed and arranged in their respective
ipartmcnU. In order to tl^s perfection of this
-rangement, the committee appointed to publish
icse regulations, will h>-rc repeat, and enjoin
pon nil to Lake notice that articles for exhibition
ny be received'and arranged on Friday and Sntrday
the 9tli and 10th of August, so that when
ie President shnll appoint nis committees on
fonday morning, the committee of reception may
we their lists of articles, and the several comitices
proceed nt once to the examination of arties,
and thereby have ample time to make their
ports to the annual meeting on Wednesday.
Iiursday will be devoted to sales?Friday to genal
re-delivery of articles. The exhibition con
iumg me wnoie time.
lltli. Any alterations of, or additions to, the |
regoing rules, will he pul>liHhed at Atlanta early j
onday morning of the Fair week.
12th. The nnnun! oration will be made on
fednesday, the day of the Anniversary meeting,
tniedialely preceding the reports of committees,
f Col. John llillups, of Athens, Georgia.
'3th. The Committee have the prospect of
axing arrangements witli the Macon, State And
eorgia Railroads, to run accommodation cars
irly every morning and late in the r.fternoon, to
riftiii, Marietta, Stone Mountain, and Decatur,
give visitors the opportunity of the accommnuions
of the good Hotels at those places while in
tendance upon the Fair.
14ih. The citizens of Atlanta have provided
imfortahle quarters for Commiiteeu and Officers,
id others engaged in the laborious business of
loth. The Secretary is directed' to publish
ie?e regulations in the Chi.tivatoh, and to proire
as far as practicable their publication in the
eekly papers of (his and the adjoining Stntes.
By order of the Committee of A.*rangemsnts.
DAVJD W. LEWIS,
sc'y Southern Central Agricultural Association.
Spwtt, 111 June, 1850.
MAT1IKWKS & KOPKH,
[Nactorsand Commission Merchants, forCotton,
L Hire, Lagging small country Produce, Vnnirhorst
"s Wharf, Charleston, S. C
TTORNEv AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
'ill practice in the several courts in the District,
and attend to the prosecution of claims
against the Government.
Office corner of E and 7th streets, opposite the
pneriil Post Office.
FOR THE SPRINGS.
ADIES retiring to the springe or country, will
j find at PARKER'S, just opening, a (Vesh
pply of Toilette Articles, such as very superior
\Y RUM,COLOGNE, inhottlesand on draught,,
\u LU8TRAL, ox marrow, i.entiuce,
Ac.,comb, II AIR,tooth.and NAIL
Fancy Comb and Perfumery Store,
aug.8._ Penn. Ar. near National Hotel J
" THE SOUTHERN PRESS."
An iiwciatinii of sixty-three Members of Congress,
(Senators and Heprcseulativea, bave constituted the
undersigned a Committee to superintend tbe esta
hlisluuenl of a Koutliern Press at Washington City, 1
to be devoted to the exposition and defence of Southern
Mights and institutions?the dissemination of
correct information as to Northern Policy, and the
course of Political ailuiis generally, without reference
to the old party lines of Whig and Democrat. Ar- t
rajigcuients are now in progiess, proiuptly to ensure |
the issue of such a paper under the litfe of
"THE SOUTHERN PRESS,"
for the conduct of which, suitable Editors have been ,
engaged, who will also receive the aid of a number
ol eminent and and able contributors. I
'there will be a daily, a triweekly, and a weekly j
issue?the latter to contain substantially, the same ,
matter as the former, and intended to reach those |
pomtx of tbe country w hose mail facilities arc limited. ,
The paper will not be exclusively political?but |
will embrace on its broad slice! the General News of j
the day, Domestic and foreign, by mail and tele- |
graph } Commercial and Agricultural Intelligence, .
Literary Criticisms, Original Essays, Literary ami
Miscellaneous; and, in short, all those items of |
general interest, the collected aggregate of which |
constitutes the interesting and valuable Newspaper.
Great care will be taken to give full and cor- ,
reel Jieports of the Proceedings and Debates in both ,
Houses of Congress, as well as the action of the ,
local Legislatures on the Southern ipiestion.
A limited numlier only of Advertisements will be |
eceived?the main object being to furnish a large
amount of reading matter.
The paper will be printed on a sheet cipral in sue j
to those of the other Wasliington papers, and the material
will be procured especially lor the purpose. I
It is confidently hoped tliat every true friend to the (
South will aid iii procuring subscribers, and forward .
llic names, with the amount subscribed, to some
Southern Representative at Washington, forthwith. ,
Postmasters are authorised hy law to remit sub- ;
script ions Irea ot postage i
For Daily?the price will be per annum, - $10,00
For Tri-weekly during the 8ession of Congress,
and Seini-werkly during the recess, - 5 00
Weekly paper, - - 200 i
The price of subscription must be paid invariably
in edvancc, and the cash accompanying the name
All persons procuring ten names shall be entitled to
receive a copy gratis for one year.
A. P. BUTLER,
WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE.
IfHE next annuul session of thin Institution will
commence on the 2d Wednesday in October.
ft,- TT ' T?r-. T J,.If.- n D P ' ]rr*
ftidse Bfcii-air Twcaai, i roft .. , fM'.w; 1
.ii" o'.ifiinl i,r?
ft ' t?: S. Ewn.l.i . Profi-tso' '.'r -'he j
.Viol...** ^ M. M>, JPh .0. I' ' ot- ' ! '
William F. Hopkins, A. M., Professor o
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H. A. Washington, A. M., Professor of History
and Political Economy.
Rev. Silas Totten, D. D., Professor of Intellectual
Philosophy, Belles Lettres, and Rhetoric.
There are two courses of study for undergraduates?the
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The necessary College expenses range between
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answered, if addressed to Professor Morgan J
Smf.ad, Williamsburg, Virginia.
Students, not desiring to attend either the Re-g
ular or the Science course, will be permitted to
study with any class which they may be prepared
July IS?1 MT.
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THE AMERICAN FARMER, published **
in the city Baltimore, Maryland, commences the jn
lith volume of the present series on the 1st July, m
1850, (which will be the 32d of its existence.) It j0
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" A GREAT NATIONAL WORK.
THE GALLERY OF ILLUSTRIOUS
Daguerreotypes by Brady?Engraved by
EDITKD BY AS' ASSOCIATION OK LITERARY MK.N. n,
UNDER tliii title will-be published, during the
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ajul those which are being engraved for this jc(
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The drawings and engravings of D'Avignon have iv
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best artists of I,oiulon and Paris ; and every iinprcssion
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THE EDITORS. | w
Taylor and Maury and Era nek Taylor, Agent* for
New Yoat. Jan. 1. ]?MV
YN CONSIGNMENT.?Oa* Dmned R??rit S|
/ BkOGJM^S.?1,000 pair Oak Tanned Ruaaett , r()|
rognna, a prime article of Southern Manufhc- twee
re. For eale by R. A. PRINGLE, thai
No 30, Enat Ray atreet, of a
July 16, 18.10?d4m 5r,^r'e8t?"? S. C <p"r<
UK GRABID INDUSTRIAL HXHIBI- t th
TION OF 1861. tk
ETIMli OK THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE TOR THE UNI- iiM
I'urauaut to Ik notice riven, Ik Central Commit- do
uictc at the room* of the National Institute, in the ha
tent Office, on Thuiadsy evening, the 13th inatant, In
The meeting wu called to order by Prof< saor Wal- th
K. Johnson, on whose motion Col. Peter Force ?k
?called to the Chair, and Charles F. ijlaiibury
jsen Secretary ol the meeting. j,.
i'his tenipoiajy organization having been effected,
: committee proceeded to organize permanently by
: appoiiitinens of the Hon. Millard Fillmore, Vice
I'xioent of the United .Slates, ( banman, and Prot.
alter H. Johnson Secretary. 8,1
At the the re4uest of the Chairman, (Col. Force,) ud
: following papers were read by Prof. Jobuson, in ill
plaiiation of the appointment and duties of the d(
uuuittce : ? ad
State Department, hi
Washington, May 17, 1850. p<
i the 1'remitnt of the National I intitule re
for the Promotion of Science. hi
is..,, i i a. _ i._? ;*i. ir,n....a i.,.. .?/
:s of a corresjKjiidemx which has takcu place b?- n<:
ecu the Minister Plenqioteiitiary of her Majesty fo
s Queen of Great Britain and this Department rela- bj
e to the proposed Industrial Exliibilioii to be held
Koodoo in the year 1851. to
From the circular of the Royal Commissioners of w
real Britain, hereto annexed, it Mill be observed that cc
1 objects intended to be introduced front loreign C(
unines and entered for that Exhibition arc required l()
have been first submitted to aud approved by a can- ,
tl authority or cniiiiiiission uf the country from
liicli they shall be brrpught, and that no other will
recognized as a central authoiity except such as
all have been so certified by the Government of lilt SI
unlry in which it exists. CJ
That American industry and arts may t>e enabled to tt'
ipear in the place allotted to them, it will be mil is- III
usable tbat a recognized central authority should lie gi
instituted; audi am under the impression that Ihe et
ational Institute, having been regularly incorporated hc
r act of Congress, and being habitually engaged in tti
alters pertaining to the aits und sciences, is the fu
oner body for tuking the initiative in constituting tr
icli a central authoiity.
1 therefore heg leave to submit to its consideration .
e interesting aitd important subject which has been :
ought to the attention of this Department by the '*
stinguislied Envoy of her Majesty's Government, *]
id to request such action or suggestions as may seem '
pessary in order that the natural proiluctions, the c'
genuity, industry, and arts of the United States w
ay be fully and suitably represented on the interest- si
g occasion herein referred to. ol
have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours, et
JOHN M. CLAYTON. ft
This communication was laid before the National
istitute, and by it referred to a select committee, g<
hich brought forward the following report: b
cport of the Committee of the National Institute: ct
The special committee, to which was referred
te communication from the lion. John M. Clay .
i ..Fecrctary of State, relative to the formation S,
entral authority for transmitting articles to
. dustrial Exhibition to bo held in London in
otfers the following report:
? eomuiittee, impressed with the importance
(no subject commended to the Institute, have ?
to it their earnest and careful attention.
The resources, the ingenuity, the industry, and tj
rts of the United States are conceived to merit t(
le best eddea vors to procure for them the oppornities
of being adequately represented in the t)
reat Industrial Exhibition at LoudoD. tj
Aggrccably to the programme adopted by the RoyI
Commission, no articles arc to be received from
oreign Exhibitors except those which shall have ^
ien approved by a central authority, recognized as ,
icli by the Government of the country from which
icy are sent. 8'
This Institute being the only Society for the Prootion
of Science and the Arts, directly incorporated
y the Government, the Secretary of State has deem- ti
1 it the appropriate body to take action or make sug- R
cations relative to the fulfilment of the wishes of the n,
oyal Commissioners, by the establishment of such a
uitral authority as the case seems to require.
To this voluntary proposal on the part of the Secitary
of State, the committee consider the National f"
istitute in duty bound to respond. ' <
In accordance with thi* view, the committee reicctfully
recommend the following resolution :
1. Resolved, That the Institute will tako action
i the subject submitted to it by the Department of
2. llesolvrd, That the Institute do now proceed
i constitute a committee suitable to be recognised by 'V
le Government as a central body to hold correspond- _
ice with the British Commissioners, and to secure
le reception of American piodurtions at the proposed
idustrial exhibition in Condon. ,
PETER FORCE, j
JOSEPH HENRY, | If
WALTER R. JOHNSON, V Committee. ?
J. J. GREENOUGH, | 7
CHAULES WILKES, J ^
Washington, May 27, 1850.
Sir : I have the honor to make known to the De- m
rtment of State the action which this Institute has
ken on the subject of your communication of the
th instant. That action is comprised in the follow- P"
g resolutions, unanimously adopted alter full dis- "u
ssioi. at the meeting held this evening. St
(lRcsolved, That the In titule will take action on di
e subject submitted to it by the Department ol w;
" Resolved That the Imlitute do now proceed to "|
nstilntc a committee suitable to be recognised by
e Government to hold correspondence with the s^
ili.-li Commissioners, and to secure the reception of cr
nericsn productions at the proposed Industrial Kxhitiun
"Resolved, That a committee of not less than nine- ^ (
*u he appointed to constitute a Central Committee ,tlufliiduslri.il
Exhibition, and to correspond with ^
:icties and local committees throughout the United ^
"Resolved, That the President of this Institute he
ncmber of the Central Committee.
14Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary coinniieatc
to the Secretary of State a copy of the fore- ch
itig resolutions, togctlicr with the names of tin- sic
sural Committee." Al
The following are the names of tlic inemliers of
*. Centtal Committee appointed in accordance with c.ri
i foregoing resolutions : tr>]
in. Millard Fillmore, Vice President of the United
Rtul... *nA M-r rk,? llnr?l 11? i? - f
, u. .....
;lie Smithsonian Institution.
1. Pcler Force, President of the National Insti- en
in, James A Pcarec, U. S. Senate, member of the
Board of Repents of the Smithsonian Institution,
in. Levi Woodbury, M. N. I., Associate Justice ol .
he Supreme Court of the United States,
mmodorc Lewis Warrington, U. S. N., M. N. I.,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. ftn'
of. Joseph Henry, Vice President of the N. I., Secretary
of the Smuhsonian Institute.
ol. Walter R. Johnson, Corresponding Secretary ot
he National Institute. the
of. Alexander I). Bache, M. N. I.j memher of the
doard of Repents of Ihe Smithsonian Institute, and
Superintendent of the Coast Survey,
mrounder Charles Wilkes, U. S. N., M. N. I., late
Commander S. S. Exploring Expedition,
n. W iltiam W. Seaton, M. N . I., Mayor of Washnpton.
n. Jefferson I">avis, U S Senate, memher of the mo
hoard of Repents of the Smithsonian Institute,
ut. Matthew F. Maury, U. S. N., Vice President
if the National Institute, and Superintendent of the
lames tireenouph, Esq., M. N. I.
arles F. Stansfcury, Esq., Heeordinp Secretary of i
he National Institute.
I. J. J. Abcrt, M. N. I., Chief of the Topographical f
n. Joseph U. Totten, Vice President N. I , Chiel ,,ie,
Engineer. U S. Army. '
umas F.whank, l!?<| , Commissioner of Patents. ?
lliam Eashy, Esq., Treasurer National Institute. ,',e
inard I), (iale, M. !>., M. N. I., Examiner ol l1nr
ph C. fl. Kennedy, Esq., M. N.J., Superinten- pro
ent of Census. P
C. Seaman, Esq., M.N. I. tior
I have the honor to he nov
Very respert fully, your obt eervf, \
WALTER R. JOHNSON,
a Cor. Secretary of the National Institute. T)
Ion. John M. Clayton, Sceretary of State. IA
ItFFARTMF.NT OF STATF.
fVtuKngton, hinr S, IHftO. nnd
ir : I have duly received your letter of the, 27th Adi
no, communicating: to tine Department the proImp"
of the N ational Institute nil the subject of my
i of the 17th of the name month. Those proceed- f"K11
appear to me to he perfectly satisfactory ; and I ceip
s accordingly transmitted them to the British Min- w j|
in thin city, with the communication, a copy of
r.h in enclosed for your information. ns
I am, sir, respectfully, your obt nervf. C
JOIIN'M. CLAYTON. ?ral.ter
N. Johnson, Par, Corresponding * ?
Secretary of the National Institute.
Department of State,
Washington,.hinr. 1, 1850. as A
r : I have the honor to tranamit to you herewith He i
ry of the correspondence which han panned he- Orel
n thin Department and the National Institute for mist
'romotion of Science, respecting the organization The
committee to eonnt/itute the central authority re- fionli
id by the regulations of the Hoyal Commission ?i 0 X
Bui in Loada*, wad with ****&?, hand committee*,
d individuals in tkit oawatry, apd to sanction tb?
warding of Article* applicable to the exhibition.
I need hardly say to yoo, air, that the proceeding*
the National loatitute, as act forth in thi* corresooonee,
meet the approbation of the Department, which
? full confidence in the coiuinittee named by that
I avail myaelf of thin nMmtanttr to renew to you
e assurance of my high and distinguished coo
leration. JOHN M . CLAYTON.
Might Honorable Sir H. la. iiULWKH, kc.
clract from Ike Circular ttf the Royal Coiiihmriuncrs.
"The Commissioner* have felt thai it would be
suable, ?? far an possible, to prevent any perns
from sending hither articles which cannot be
linitted, rather than to reject the articles after
eir arrival in London. They feel ulso thut the
ilicale and responsible task of deciding on the
linissiofi or rejection of articles destined for exbilion
hy foreign contributors ought not to he iinised
upon any Kiiglish tribunal, but should be
ferred to one xviiig the confidence of the exhitors
their a., ves. and slaiulinv r..?. a
. _ ? -.? ....j >HCHUI1I
issibl' .npulntions of nutioiiai partiality. Tbev
?ft >ngly propose to admit to exhibition such
reign articles only as may be forwarded to them
I the Central Authority (whatever amy be iis
iture) in each country. They will ennnnuiiicute
such Central Authority the amount of njMK-e
hicli can be allowed to the productions of the
puiiti y for which itucts, and will also state the
uidilions and limitations which inuy from lime
time be decided on with respect to the admission
' articles. All articles forwarded by such ('dial
Authority will theii be admitted,provided they
> not require u greater .aggregate amount of
>uce than that assigned to ilie productions of the
lunlry tVom which they come ; and, provided,
m>, that they do not violate the conditions and
mutations of which due notice shall have been
veil. It will rest with the Centra! Autborily in
ich country to decide upon the merits of the
verni articles presented for exhibition, and to
,ke care that those which are sent are such as
irly represent the industry of their fejlow-counynien.
'Her Majesty'? Commissioners will consider
iat to be the Central Authority in each case urhick
staled to be so by the Government of its country.
laving once been put in communication with a
entral Authority in any country, they must de
ine, absolutely and entirely, any communication
ith private and unauthorized .individuals ; and,
lould any such be addressed to them, they can
rily refer to a central body. This decision is
isentially necessary, in order to prevent collision.
?? No articles of foreign manufacture, to whomever
they may belong, or wheresoever they inuy
e, can be admitted for exhibition unless they
ime with the sanction of the Central Authority
T the country of which they are the produce,
'he Commissioners do not insist upon such arties
being in all cases actually forwarded by the
entral Authority, though they consider that this
ould generally tie the most satisfactory arrangelent;
out it is indispensable that the sanction of
ich authority should in nil cases be expressly
iven, and that it be held responsible for the lit
ess or sucn aructes lor exhibition, mid for not
tithorizing the exhibition of a greater quantity
lan can be accommodated in the space assigned
?the productions of the country in Question,"
A fdll discussion was then had ot the subject
ius laid before the committee, and, on motion of
le Hon, W. W. Seaton, it was?
Resolved, That the Committee of ft ve first charged
'ith this subject by the Institute (substituting
Ir. Kennedy for Mr. Greenough, who is absent)
e an Executive Committee to take all necessary
.eps to carry out the views of the general com
The following gentlemen constitute the Exeeu
ve Committee : Col. Peter Force, Prof. Walter
.. Johnson, Prof. Joseph Henry, J. C. U. Kenedy,
Esq., Capt. Charles Wilkes.
Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to
repare the proceedings of this meeting for puliation.
And the Committee adjourned.
CHARLES F. STANSBURY.
Secretary of the Meeting.
N. B.?Associations, committees, or individuals
esirous to make propositions or to receive inforation,
are requested to address their communicaans
to J. C. G. Kennedy, Esq.
THE THIRD ANNUAL VOLUME
(OUTIIERN LITERARY GAZETTE,
Was commenced on Saturday, the 4th of xMay
150, under its original name?instead of liicluwtLs
'tekly Gazette?as more significant ot its peculiar
laracter, it being the only weekly organ or Liteiare
in the entire South! It is
Greatly Enlarged and Improved,
Containing weekly Thirty-two Columns ol
alter. It is, moreover, in an
Entirely Arte Dress
< _? 1?J - ' -
iium UCU.U 10 1001, and upon beautiful wnire
iper, so that, in mechanirnl excellence, it is no'
rpassed by any paper whatever in the United
utes'. It continues under the same Editorial
recti on as heretofore, and no pains or expense
ill be spared to make it
J Choice Family Art''?pnp?r,
!is cheap as the cheapest, and as good as the
at!" Utterly discarding the notion that a
mtliern journal cannot compete with the North*
n weeklies, in cheapness and interest,
The Southern Literary Gazelle
rals the best of them in all the characteristics of
ruly valuable fireside Journal. Its aim is the
[fusion of cultivated and refined taste th roughest
e community?and it embraces in its ample
ds ever species of intelligence that can tend to
>m many of tlie ablest writers in the South,
iefly occupy its columns, but not to the exelu>n
of choice miscellany, selected from the best
uerican and European sources.
The tone of the "Gazette" is independent m
tirism nnd in the discussion of eiery legitimate
>ic, but it is strictly
A^ utral in Politics and 11 dig inn !
Its'columns are occasionally embellished with
Southern Portraits and Ltr'AscOpts,
grnved expressly for the wo'lr, and accompa;d
by biographical and 'opigraphical ; ketches.
Its General Information
ooriioiis- but rj?r?fnllw J c
, ] w.iur.irni irom Hie
ding journal* of all parts of the world.
Notwithstanding the great increase in the size
d attractions of the paper, it is still published at
TVo Dollars Per Jinnum, in Advance !
icill be furnished to persons becoming response
for the whole number of copies, and having
sm sent to one address, on the following terms :|j
Three copies,) $15
Five copies, 8
Ten copies, 15
Fifteen copies, 20
Twenty copies, 25
Fifty copies, 60
All orders must be accompanied with the
ney, and addressed, post pai, to
WALKER &. RICHARDS]
Charleston, S. f'J
WORTHINGTON O. SNETHEN,
formerly Solicitor <,/ the General Land C^Jire
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Continues to practice in the Supreme Court oi
United States, in the Courts of the District oi
lumbia, Maryland and Virginia, to prosecute
ms of all kinds against the United Stales, eir
before Congress or any of the Executive Petments,
and to procure letters patent for invents,
Business confided to his care, will be
mptly attended to.
j, R. Particular attention paid to the prosectti
of claims before the Brazilian Commission
v sitting in Washington
Vakminotov Citt, I). C. July H. 1850
A. FRINGLE, No. 30, East Ray street,
. m?i? ? ??i
. unm irBiuii) ooum Carolina.?Importer of
nch CALF SKINS; Manufacturer's Agent
Dealer in RROGJJVS, ROOTS and SHOES-,
ranees mode on consignment of Rrogans or
tliern Manufnrture. Parties wishing to coni,
will send samples of their mnke, und on rct
of their consignment, o lihern) cash advance
he made. Information promptly imparted,
a the style, hut adapted to the trade,
ha r lest on, S. C., July 16, 1850.?dly
Southern Gentlemen or Literary Institutions.
young man, a graduate of St. Mary's Col.
lege, Baltimore, wishes to obtain as ituation
ssistant in an Academy, or Private Tutor.?
a qualified to tench the htgheai branches ot
k. Latin, F"trench. Natural Philo?nr,v... /m.,.
ry, Mnthemntic* and English Literature - I
nifheetMMUmoniklkM tochnrnr?crnnd<pmli- fl
lane con 1)P produced. AddreM, no?t-nnuL I
Y. Post Office, Baltimore, Md? I
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